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m ti ii tr ei 1
AH INDEPENDENT FAULT NEWSPAPER.
TWO DOLLARS PER ASSAM
' "nonpRlETOR. J
jpetoJtefc to all tf)c S tmste of E)e Souti), iterate; true atton, Pmulto, Mttos,fyt JHarfetts, &c;
RALEIGH, .NORTH CAROLINA, SATl 3D AY, MARCH 3, 1855.
.voL'iv. m u.
WHOLE NO. 109
THE JEWISH PILGRIM.
Are these the ancient holy hills
Where angels walked of old f
Is this the land our story fills ...
With, glory bo t .yet. told 1 . . ..
k'ornriVo pS&Sd UJ mu a sb&ie, .
.'' O'er many a land and sea,
Bat still, oh, promised Palestine, .
My dreams have been of' thee.
I see thy mountain cedars green,
Tby valleys fresh and fair,
With summers bright as they have been,
When Israel's home was there;
Tho' o'er thee sword and tinie have past,
And Cross and Crescent shone,
And heavily the chain hath prestj
But thou art still our own ! '
Thine are the wandering race tl at go
Unblest through every bnd,
. Whose .blood bath stained the polar snow,
And quenched the desert sand,
And thine the homeless hearts that turn
From all-earth's shine to thee,
With their lone f ith for ages borne
la sleepless memory.
For thrones are fallen nations gone,
Before the march of time,
And where the ocean rolled along
Are forests in their prime.
Since Gvntle ploughshares marred the brow,
Of Zion's holy hill .. ;
Where are .the Roman Eagles now ? '
Yet JmLh wonders still.
And hath she wandered thus in vain, . :
A pilgrim of, the past? .
No, lon deferred her hope hath been,
But it shall come at last ;
Fot in her wastes a voice I hear,
As from her prophet's urn ;
It bids the nations build not there,
For Jacob "sua! I return.
O, lost and loved Jerusalem,
Thy pilgrim may not stay
.To see the glad earth's harvest home
In Jhy redeeming day.
But now resigned in faith and trust,
I seek a nameless tomb ; ' .
At least beneath thy hallowed dust
O give tl waUartr room. .
THE NEW YEAR'S WISHES.
lit CARRIE SEYMOUR.
! . .
f It was New Year's Eve, cold and windy. The
'"ale blew fieicelv around the corners of the streets
. 1 "
howling up the narrow alleys, and causing each
(pedestrian to wrap the- garments close around I
In the library of a. large mansion on Fifth
Avenue, a gay group of girls- was assembled.
The room was furnished with all that wealth
and taste, could desire. I. f re the bright coal
fire, which gave liHt and warmth at the same '
time, those -.gathered there little heeded the
tempest without, but chatted. merrily on, regard
less of aught save themselves..
" And this is New Year's Eve," said Julia, the,
eldest, a tall,, regal-looking" girl. "I wonder
where we shall be one year from to-night."
" Oh, girls, girls," said Susie, interrupting,
" let each one tell what they most desire for the
I next year, 'and! one year from to night, let us
meet here, and relate the -fulfilment or disap
pointment of their wih."
,! " Agreed, agreed," cried they all. , '
; , - "Julia, you are the oldest, you commence." ,
.; "J ask only for fame," . replied Julia. "I
would like to be a poetess ; to have my poems
ladmired by old -and" young ; to hear my praises
sung from every tongue."
f "And would you be perfectly happy ?" said
"Perfectly," said the enthusiastic girl.
" As for me," said Susie, " I ak only for love,
and ijfftppy home of my own ;" and as she
spoke, a' rosy1-blush suffused her cheeks.
f Well done, Sasie," was the general cry, amid
a burst of laughter' " your are sure to have
yoar wish, if Fred Wharton has his way ; we
should-be fortunate if there was as good a pros-
; p'iet of our success." . : :
. I After a little more good-natured raillery, they
balled upon E lei., a quiet,- pleasant-looking girl.
" I would like," said she, " to do my duty to .
: Jny fellow creatures ; to teach the gospel to the
I "Well,! have no such whimsical ideas of
duty,", said Lizzie. "I would dke to roam the
.wide, world oYr; to . wander 6ver the classic
ground of Italy ; to inhale the jb dmy air of la
belle France ; to traverse good, old England."
;' "And I," ciiedAnne, "desire wealtl)r-unbounded
wealth ; and then I cohld have every
" Everything but happiness," said Alice, the
fast of the group. .
- " Oh I But I should be happy, if I had all the
wealth I ask for" replie 1 Anne. "But it is
your turn now, Alice. What is your wish j"
! " To fit myself fbr heareti," was her reply4 in
a gentle tone ; and her large, spiritual looking
pes lUJued with tears.
Asolesnn sih nca fell upon the group, for they
dearly loved the gentle girl, who, it was evident
-was fast passing to that "bourne whence no
traveler re' urns." Th j si'encj was broken, in a
few minutes by an elderly gentleman, who had
enter d Urtperceived.
j " wn, girls," said he, " my wish ia this, that
I may be8 allowed the privilege of listening to the
fulfilment of your wishes."
Surprise had kept the girls silent till he "ceas
ed, when exclamations broke from every lip at
his presence. " Why, grandpa, bow came you
here ? How long have you been here ? You
are too bad, to listen," fcc.
rr, rrandsire smilingly replied "I was
commissioned to summon you to the drawing--room;
the door was ajar, so I did not disturb
you. Julia was just expressing her wish, and
feeling an interest in you all, I remained silent.
I hope you will forgive me, and grant my wish."
" We will," they replied, "a d one year from
to-night we will meet here again,"
''If our lives are spared," said the old gentle
man. "My dear girls," he continued, ' I hope
your wishes will all be granted, if they will adJ
to your happiness. Alice's, I am surewill,"
and lie imprinted a kiss upon the forehead of
the lovely' girl, "and if we all thought more of
heaven than we do," he continued, ''.we should
be far happier. But, come, Susie," he resumed,
changing his tone, "if we do not go down soon,
! I am afraid your wish will not bo granted. I
i dare say Fred has been pacing bek and forth
this lono- time, anxiously waiting vour arrival.
! I fear I have incurred his displeasure, for he
! told me, as I left the room, to be as expeditious
I as possible ; for he had not seen you for three
! days. And with a merry laugh at poor Susie's
I expense, the party decended to the drawing-
j A year later, as they had promised, the same
! group were again assembled in the library. Let
j us look in on them. , ,
I Time has wrought some change in their per
sonal appearance, but a greater change m their
hearts. They are not as light-hearted ; their
laugh rings' less joyous!'; but there is still
much-happiness in their countenances. After
chatting awhile, their grandpa said.
" Well, girls, you all know what we come
here for ; pray proceed, for I am impatent to
hear you. Begin, Julia.11
"' My wish has been granted," said she. -"
This little book," and she laid her" band upon
a small volim e of poems which lay - upon the
table beside her, "is fast finding its way through
the world. ' I hear them quoted by the most
eminent speakers. Yes, indeed, my wish has
been granted, and beyond my utmost expecta-
' And has all this brought you happiness V
said grandpa. "Have you -never sighed for
something higher and nobler than the applause
of the multitude
" It has never" .sighed Julia, "brought me
one hour's happiness. It has gratified my am
bition, indeed. But there is a void m my heart
which their praises do not fill.' Come, Susie,"
said she, and with a light laugh she endeavored
to throw off the gloom which had settled upon
her brow, " let us have your experience, though
we ail know your wish has been gi anted."
' It has, in e-jd'said Susie, who bad borne
the name of Wharton for a number of mouths.
"This has been a happy y-ear to nie, and I
have learned much. It has taught me that 1
must not live for myself alone ; there is another
whose happiness depends on me ; and if I would
keep the love I have won,-! must conform to
his wishes and habits, . and endeavor to make
his home ploasanL Wje have been very happy
thus far, and it shall not be my fault if we do
not continue so. (Jod grant we may."
" That is right, my child, that is right," said
the grandsire, " too many marriages that com
mence happily are marred by the wife's persist
ing in her own way in opposition to that of her
husband. ' Not that I think the wife should
always give up. No man who truly love, and
is governed by the right principle, would re
quire it. There should be mutual concession.
You are happy now, my dear child, and if you
act up to your views, you will most assuredly
continue so. But come Ellen it is now you
turn." And he looked at her.
"I have not attained my wish," said she,
"and it is best that I have not. The past year
has made me wiser. I now see that 1 am un
fitted for the station 1 desired. I lack the forti
tude and patience necessary for the work ; and
my heart shrinks from the weight of responsi
bility it involves. Besides, I feel that there is
greater causa to teach the heathen of our own
city, the poor, nigged children that roam through
" You are right, Ellen," said .grandfather.
" The Pagans at our doors need the gospel.
Go on in your good work." '
" I have realized my wildest dreams," said
Lizzie, in her turn, "I have seen Italy, Greece,
France and England ; and have been happy.
Some time I will tell you all about it."
" It is your turn now, Annie," said grandpa,
and he addressed a delicate-looking girl, dress
ed in deep mourning.
, "My rash wish has also been granted," said
Annie, " but at how great a sacrifice ! The
wealth I have obtained wifrnot compensate ft r
the loss of my dear parents. Oh ! how gladly
would I resign it all if it would return the dead
to me." And she burst into tears.
I " Your wish was thoughtless, not heartless,'1
answered her grandsire, "and though, if you
could have foreseen all, you would not have
made it, it was not the consequences of vour
wish. " There is a higher power that preside
over our destiny, and He would not suffer a
thoughtless -desire to be the cause of so much
sorrow to you. If you had the faith of our
sweet Alice you would not think bo."
":' Alice, who was also present, had changed
much during the pasj year. Her whole appear
ance betokened the swift approach of death.
Heryes gleamed with an unnatural, lustre,
and her skin, which was of dazzling whiteness
wag heightened by the hectic spot, which burn
ed on either cheek- A few short weeks, days,
or even hours, and her place- woullbe vacant.
A pag shot through tho U-ru a group,"
as they gazed upon 'her, and the tears coursed
down their cheeks in silence.
"Why should you weep for rae, dear cousin"
said Alice. "I am going home to my heaven
ly Father, no more to suffer or to sin. My
wash has been granted me, and I can now,
with sincerity say, 'Thy will, not mine be
dons.' But it has caused me many a heart
struggle to reconcile myself. After I realized
that my days were numbered, I endeavored to
turn my thoughts and desires away from earth
and fix them on holier things. The worst of
all is to feel that I must leave my dear parents
alone. May God comfort them ! We' shall
probably never meet again on earth," she con
tinued, "but, oh, I entreat you, obtain that
peace of mind which passeth all understanding.
It will make you happy through life, and com
fort you on your doing bed."
She cea-ed,rand the group, sadly and in si
lence, left the room.
A few short days, and Alice was laid in the
But her word's on New Year's Eve, were
lon remembered :- and more than one of the
group profit ted by them.
Buttino on a Certainty. The following
funny anecdote is taken from the published
journal of a British officer in India : '
"At seven o'clock the dinner" was served up,
and a better one was never given in Calcutta ;
but as every pleasure must come to an end, so
this excellent dinner was at las finished. The
dessert was served up, and the hookahs began
to emit their gutteral notes. Many were the
subjests broached and got rid of, many the toasts
which enlivened the fashionable' feat.
At length, by the most skilful manoeuvring
and with infinite tact, Macauley brought the
beauty of the new tables on the tapis. Every
one admired them, and felt grateful to them for
having so lately supported the rich dinner of
' They are of the fiues't mahogany I ever saw,'
said Major Briscoe.
'They are perfect,' said another. 'I never
saw any so well proportioned in my life. I must
have some made like them.'
' They are too high,' chimed in Charley Mac
F . -
cauley, with affected indifference 'just a little
too high. Duiit you think so', Gordon V
' On" the contrary,1 replied the host, 'if any
thing, I consider them a shade too low.'
' You are mistaken, my dear fellow ; I havej
an excellent eye, and I am sure I am iight. No j
table should exe.i-1 t'o feet six, and these are at
least one inch higher.'
' ou are in error ; ,fhev are not more than
two feet and a half.'
' Don't bet, Janie.-, fur I am sure of the fact.
I tell you 1 cannot be deceived ; my eye is al
ways correct.' i
'Npt bet? If the tables were not my own,
and consequently 1 should bet on a certainty,
I'd lay you a lac of rupees that they are not
more than 30 inches in hVight.'
' Oh, if you ara willing, I Ai!l make the bet ;
but remember, gentlemen, I tell you before
hand that I am certain of the fact. 1 say these
tables are at least thirty-one inches from the
'Done ! for a lac of rupees,' cried Gordon. .
' Done,' re-echoed Charley.
'The wager was duly registered. A servant
was ordered to bring in a yard measure, when
Maeauley turned around with an air of triumph
and said :
'You may save yourselve the trouble of mea
suring! ha, ha,' and he chuckled with delight.
I warned you fairly that I bet on certainty, so
the bet. must be binding, James.' v,
.'I stand to my bet,' said Gordon.
'Well, then pay n.e the money. I measured
the tables this very morning while you were
shaving, and here is their memorandum of height
thirty-one inches exactly.'
' And the Col. burst into a roar of laughter,
as he produced his pocket book with the memo
randum in it. '
' I know you did,' said James ; ' I saw you do
so in my looking glass.'
The Col, started.
'Yes, I saw you doit, and as soon as you
had gone away,, knowing well your object,
I had an inch sawed off every leg ; so for
once, my very knowing friend, the tables are
'The roar that shook the table would have
drowned Niagara. Charley Maeauley left Cal
cutta the next day ten thousand pounds sterling
poorer than he was the day he arrived, and
w hat was still worse," the very youngest ensigns
in the army quizzed him about it for ever after
ward. Perhaps he was richer in the end, how
ever, for it was his last bet.' "
Laura was disconsolate. Henry had long
flirted, but never- put' the question. Laura's
aunt, for consolation, brought her a love of a
spaniel pup. " My dear," says her aunt, ' the
puppy can do every tiding but speak." u Why
will vou as nize me ?" said Laura, "that's the
only fault I find with the other."
an Indian a
.rv old Pawnee
'.je same tribe,
oat,' and knew
.. ngton once,
Ijatfih'ow'ing'thaviis" brouiers would 8et"bimw
down as a liar if he mentioned half what he saw1.
The Major and his companions went on board a
steamer on the Missouri en route for St. Louis,
The old chief carefully examined everything on
board the boat, and manifested much surprise
at the-machinery, &c. He was greatly delight
ed, after the boat stared with the everlasting
"puff," "puff," "puff," oi. Jtfae steam-pipe,
which he regarded as the breath of the huge
monster, but he was astonished at the progress
the boat made through the water--and she was
an old hulk at that. The interpreter inwardly
chuckled as he observed the interest the chief
took in these tilings, all of which he had him
self previously been familiar with.
"Tell the chief," said Major to the in
terpreter, as they all sat down on the hurricane
deck, " th? t we have steamboats at the east
ward, which goes twice as fast as this !"
The interpreter told him. .
" Poh' was the answer of the unbelieving
chief a! only an Indian can pronounce the n'o
nosyllable. "Tell him we have iron horses on land vlhich
go 60 miles an hour."
The information was conveyed.
"Poh, poh!"' bluntly answered the incredul
" J ell him that we have a machine which can
take his likeness so faithfully that his wives
could not tell the difference between the picture
'Toh, poh !" replied the chief, still discredit
ing these marvels, with all of which, as we have
said, the interpreter was acquainted. The fast
steamers on the Hudson, the railroad, the da
guerreotype, he knew all about.
" Tell him, finally," said the Major, " that we
can place two men three thousand miles apart,
and they can talk just as easily to each other as
we can do now."
This staggered the interpreter himself. He
had never seen the telegraph. It 'as too mod
ern for him. It had been introduced since he
had left civilized life.
' Three thousand miles apart !" he exclaimed.
" That story too tough. I can't believe th t. I
poh, that myself. Poh.
The old chief vociferated '-Poh!" and the,
steampipe, taking up the strain, belched forth a
" Poh !" which made the forests ecbo again.
The M; jor never told a story afterwaros, that
some mischievous fellew did not interfere with
a "poh," at the precise moment be wished to
be most implicitly believed. He generally had
an opportunity, however, to return the favor be
fore the night ended.
The Bishop Bit. The following editorial
hit appears in the Banner of th-; Crbs-, an
Episcopal paper, of December 23d : " One of
our bishops is in the habit of reviewing the ser
mons of his clergy preached before liim at his
visitations, and sometimes of flatly contradicting
their doctrines and views, in the presence of the
congregation immediately after their delivery.
It is not long since, as we learn from undoubt
ed authority, that an excellent young minister
was appointed by oue of the Convocations of
the diocese to de iver a discourse on 'Apostolic
Succession.' Knowing that, the Bishop would
be present, aud anxious to avoid offence, the
clergyman copied and preached the sermon of
Bishop , as contained In his two volumes
of 4 Select Family and Parish Sermons ; a series
of Evangelical Discourses, etc., 1838 'a ser
mon preached originally at the consecration of
Bishop , and the publication of which the
first Bishop , with others, had asked at ihe
time of its delivery. As soon as the printed and
re-written sermon was finished, Bishop a-
rose in the chancel, and in a pointed and pro
voking manner denounced its leaching 1 The
young clergyman was about to stop the congre
gation, and read to them Bishop 's note to
Bishop , asking the publication. of the very
sermon which he had just read to them ; but
for ' peace's sake ' was persuaded to abandon
Singular Optical Illusion. The Paris
correspondent of the New York Times states
that a gentleman living in Brussels, somewhat
troubled by cobwebs and spots in his eyes, rub
bed them one night with a few drops, of extract
of beliadona. In the morning the cobwebs had
gone, but the whole outer face of the world had
changed. His newspaper, which had been plac
ed by his bed-side, was composed of type so
small that he could hardly decipher it. He
rang the bell, and hisftout serving wench bd
shruck into a thin little girl of ten years. He
got up in a great fright, and looked after his
clothing; they were the garments of a child,
but as his own limbs had, diminished in propor
tion, he easily go into ibem. He found his
wife and children at the table, the former a
dwarf, and the latter a row of dolls. He hur
ried off to his, physician ; the horses he met
looked like dogs, and dogs like rats. Every
thing was Lilliput and Cinderella. Lotions
were applied to the vict;mVye8, and the next
day Brobdignag returned, bringing back the
cobwebs and spots. This f phenomenon, called
microscopic, does not seem to have occurred
" Poh !" Or, one Woke
Some years ago, Major -gent
was taking to Washingt
chief, with an interpreter fr,o
The chief had never seen a ste
but little respecting the wond
The interpreter had: been to
and on his return 1 to his
more than half-a-dozen times, though it may
be brought on at will by the employment of
. LETTER FROM GRANT THORBURN.
WR1TTKX ON HIS 83d. BIRTHDAY.
: Winsted, Conn, Feb. 18, '55.
Mb. Prixter: .,. - :
' T!,;.J t,. ' ' -s , , i
year, except tuat mv hearing and seeing are
nt .n . T - ., , . v . ,
not so acute, I am not sensible of any material
Aa u u r x civ . .
decay for the last fifty years. During that peri-
, . -
od, I have been only one day confined to the
house by sickness. Goodness and mercy have
followed me all the days of my life. I owe
the Giver of ail good a large debt of grati
tude. And as there is but a step between me and
death, I awe it to generations yet to come, to
tell what I saw and heard of Thomas Paine.
Perhaps there lives not a man on earth, who
traced him from his cradle to his grave, except
myself. Carver and I wtre fellow-laborers in
the same shop. Paine and Carver were born in
the same town in England. Paine and I board
ed with Carver. I often heard Carver, his wife
and Paine, as we four sat bv the fire on a win-
Ttir run- Lf , . I , . it i t i i
p. .uMI u.e items oi t.is .lie. i uunK ; lH?JJillgf will gene,.a;!v cure ;m ordhClTy coli.
he was the worst member of the body politic I j xlie sauw m peieVereJ in will blJ!tk n
ever met m ad my journey through lite. Uc I alm08t anj cok) however sem,. There is
married a respectable lady, who died 11 months j llolhillg Wter for a eo!J than thorouirldy soak
thereafter, ,n consequence of brutal trea ment. h the fe,t in bot wat,rjust before going into
He then married a daughter of the Collector of ail (.vfr:l wnrm
tlie 1 orfot Lewis after thre vearsshe obtain
ed a divorce for like treatment.
In 1773, while he held an office in the Cus
tom House, given him by his father-in-law,
he was detected in taking bribes from the smug
glers, and lied to America. He was made Se
cretary to the plicate Committee of Congress,
and took an oath of office to keep their secrets
He broke this oath by divulging the project of
a secret mission to the Court of France by Si
las Dean. Ho was dismissed with disgrace.
See the Journal of Congress h 1774 '5.
This treachery was the cause of much trouble
in Congress, and in the Court of Louis XVI.
We next find him in Paris, helping Pobes
pitrre in his labors of love to establish the 1'ec
dom of the Press, and the right of speech, by
means of the guillotine. He quarrelled with
Robbie, and was -chalked for the - guMlotine.
God, williug to make the wrath of Paine to
praise him, sent an angel, who delivered Lim
out of prison. (For particulars of this miracle
see the Life of Thorburn, 101st page.)
In 1801, when King Thomas the First ascend
ed the throne of his kingdom, he instautlv dis-
patched a national frigate to convey to our j
shores the venerated Thomas Paine. He arriv
ed early in the year 1S02. I spoke with him
at the City Hotel, Bowery, a lew hours after j
his arrival. 11 found letters ur i is sr him on
to Washington then, a four days' journey.
lie started next morning. At Georgetown a
lHii;pitrrAr n-nc emit firirnr.) tn un in ,11 iir. n
, , . ,. , I
miniVinf. 1 T..Qt woj rr,t rfl! r anil ! 1 IhrwA '
. . . ,. ,. . . , ,. . ,
ot like thinking were invited, i'aiue entered
. , , . . , . . , , . ,
late, his tdnrt unwashed, his beard unsuorn, and
... , . . , .
reding like a drunken man. A look ot couster-
nation shoue forth from every face, mirth ceas
ed, one by one they went out, leaviug'Pame
jilone on his chair fast asleep. Next day he re
ceived letters aud instructions to return to New
: When Aaron Burr returned from Europe,
whitlier.be had fled after his duel with llamil
j ton, he kept his office in Nassau street, ljear rny
' seed store. From him I received the account as
I above stated.
i i Paine on his return was unable to find lodg
t ings. Carver took him in for old acquaintance
' sake. lie died at Greenwich, of delirium tre-
; To return from this old infidel to myself. I
am now near the end of my journey. It is a
coincidence worth noting, that on the 13th of
April, 1794, I first sailed lrom Scotland, and on
the 13th of April, 1854, I first entered my
dwelling in this place, being sixty years com
plete. The yard of my dwelling is separated
from the Presbyterian church and its place of
skulls, by a fence. If it so will heaven, here
. iliy bones will rest "till time shall be no
I The partner whom God lias given me, is a
light to my feet, and a lamp to my path, mak
ing smooth my track to the Banks of Jor
dan. She hath "known the Scriptures from
her youth up." A thankful heart completes my
'; I was born 18th Feb., 1773.
; Singular Incident. During the year 1838
an old colored woman, named Mary Ridgely,
while passing through one of the streets of the
city of Baltimore, found a bank note, which, on
taking it to a grocer near by, proved to be for
ene thousand dollars. The grocer retained the
liill and advertised it for six months, after which
he. invested it until 1842. At the last date he
paid over to the City Register $1,080, being the
1 amount, with intere;t, after deducting the ex
penses of advertising. Since that nine, a period
of thirteen years, it has remained in the posses
sion of the city, and has been used by the city.
The woman now comes forward and by petition
asks that it may be returned to her, as there is
no probability haUhe real owner will ever call
for it The whole amount, including interest, is
now $1,842.40, wtiich she is entitled to, and
which she can recover from the city. Baltimore
FEED A COLD AND STARVE A FEVER.
The above is one of a class of popular "sayings"
which have come to be regarded as truisms,
but many of which are founded entirely in error.
It would be nearer right to say, starve a fever.
We believe there are comparatively few of the
common ailiugs which may not be entirely over-
vwuro ui u.ieuuou.io aieu yiaxe s com ior ex--.-1
- . ... ---v.v-1
v t-emjjeiuiure me system oecomes disarranged,
.nA AfF (f V. 1 ,4, . .
and tae different functions of the body are per-
fm.mp , -Q f . . . , ,. 3
tormecl imoertect v. 1 ha o lrc.nlMtinn of the
blood, especially, is disturbed; usual secretions
do not go on ; headache and general dullness
throughout the system are experienced, and un
less a reaction takes place, local inflammation
of the throat, lungs, fcc, and a partial orgeueial
fever is" the result.
Now, to "feed" the stomach, -and thus add
more material to the already overloaded blood
is the worst thing that can be done. On the.
j contrary, let the diet and drinks be greatly or
j entirely diminishhed, and give the blood an op
j portUnity to throw off the superabundant matters,
j Avoid wet or cold feet, and sudden changes of
j temperature, and one or two nights' sleep with
j an empty stomach, under a double supply of
A word or two ni tre in regard to " catching
cold." It is generally thought that a cold is
taken by changing from a warm to a cold at
mosphere. This is hardly so. A cold is more
the resttlt of Inequality of temperature in different
parts of the body. ' A person may go from a
warm bed and plunge r.aked into a snow bank,
and not take cold., and yet become quite sick
from merely holding one arm in warm, and the
other in Cold water. The body may be warmly
clothed, and yet a cold be taken by having the
feet wet, or a slight current of air blowing upon
an arm, or upon the head or neck. So a person
may take cold by the side of a blazing fire, be-'
cause the draft of air toward the chimney cools
that part of the body away from the fire. One
part of the body being clothed warmer than an
other part, will disturb the- circulation of the
blood, and induce some form of disease ciaesud
under the general name of a " cold."
One of the most common sources of a cold is
getting a part of the clothing wet, and thus cool-,
ing that part of the body below the general
temperature of the system. On the contrary, a
ierson may be entirely drenched with rain, and
Lv t!rv; " he ci0tb.T umfcrmlv. or cha,,
1 J O i-3 O
them eutirely, no difficulty wiU be experienced.
Let it be kept in mind that the greatest danger
of ,.Cfit(.bi Coi j Ki fr0!n au inequality of
warmth in differed parti of the bod y. Amercian
The : Fighting Powers of 'Different
I Rations, Ihelrencn, proverbially a brave
. . 1 '
; and excitable people, are brilliant and tormida-
j , , . ; , , , . .,
i b:e 111 an attack. Ii repulsed, a revulsion equally
j . . ' , , ,. '
; violent usually taxes piace, a:iu wouiu otten prove
fatal if it were not for the precaution of placing
reserves. When these are not wanting they are
capable of being easily rallied and their lively
spirit is soon restored. The Prussians are less
excitable ; but, nevertheless, in an attack they
ate not to be surpassed in bravery and perse
verance by the troops of any European natiou,
with this advantage, that they appear to be
incapable of panic, and, though they may be
repulsed and defeated, they cannot be forced to
run in confusion from the field of battle. The
Prussian armies engaged in these campaigns
were not, for the most part, very young soldiers;
a spirit of enthusiasm prevaded their ranks,
which rendered them capable of the most bril
liaut achievements. In cases of defeat, the effects
of momentary hurry and confusion, to which all
young tioops are liable, were less violent with
ibem thaa the French; but though easily rallied,
and their patriotic enthusiasm soon restored,
they could not rival the Russian stoicism in
adversity. The Austrian?, propeily so called,
were highly disciplined and brave, but the in
fantry of that race appeared deficient in energy
when compared with the French' or Prussians, :
and their physical powers cold not be compared
with those of the sturdy Russian soldiery. The
Bohemians appeared to be somewhat more
healthy and robust, but did not materially 'differ
in point of national character from their Aus
trian brethren inarms. The Hungarian infantry
were decidedly superior to both in point of
entnry and physical powers, and the select corps
of Grenadiers furnished by that nation were
equal, if not -superior, to any in the field
Ca thca r fs Commen ta ries.
A Beautiful Thought. As in the light of
cultivated reason you look abroad and see a
wealth of beauty, a profusion of goodness in the '
work of him who has strewn flowers in the wild
erness, and painted the bird, and enameled
the insect, in the simplicity and universality of
his laws you can read this lesson, An un.
educated man dreams not of the common- sun
light which now in its splendor floods the
firmament and the landscape; he cannot com
prehend how much of the loveliness of the world
result from the composite chauacter ot light
and from the reflecting propensities of most
physical bodies. If, instead of red, yellow, and
blue, which the analysis of the prism, and ex
periments of absorption, have shown to be its
constituents, it had been homogeneous, imple
w hite, how changed would all have been. ! The ,
growing corn and the ripe harvest, the -blossom
and the fruit, the fresh greenness of spring and
autumn's robe of many 'colors, the hues of the
violet, the lily. and the rose, the silvery foam or
the rivulet, the emerald of the river, and tho
purple of the ocean, would have been alike un
vwu, xie .iiud
known, The rainbow would have been but a
.n. t 1 . . . --
would have canopied the sun, instead of the
clouds, which in the dyes of flaming brilliancy,
curtain his rising up and going down. Nay,
there would have been no distinction between
the blood of the children, the flush of health,
the paleness of decay, the hectic of disease, and
the lividness of death. There wonld have been
an unvaried, unmeaning, leaden hue where we
now see the changing and expressive counten
ance, the tinted earth and gorgeous firmament. -
Tower of London. It would not do; to
neglect the Tower, so I went thither, and saw
the traitor's gate open on the river, and under
whose frowning portcullis the victims of an
cient tyranny were obliged to pass ; the blocks
with their convenient notches for the better re
ception of the neck, on which the three Scotch
Lords jvere executed for folluwino- the Pretend
er; showing the indentations made by the axe
said axe itself .a most c'umsy instrument, the
appearance of which sufficiently accounts for
i the hacking and mangling often perpetrated with
jit; the gloomy room, forever hallowed, where
j S;r alter lUleigh, of American memory, spent
! so many weary year-, and which at last he
; gladly left for the horrid block ; the ancient
j softs of armour, and the various weapons of of-'
fence, of gha-tly aspect, the hooks for cutting
bridles and dragging riders off their steeds, the
halbert with spear-heads a yard long, the knot-.
! ty maces to brain an enemy, the old fashioned.-
harquebuss superseded by the match-lock which
i after passing through various modilications in
i the course of centuries, has at length arrived
j at the unimprovable perfection of the Minie ri
jfle; finally the thumbscrews ami other instru-
monts of torture brought by the SpanishArma
da for the benefit of English Protestants, a fool
ish freight, seeing that the cruel spirit of the
time hud furnished England with ample means
of brutality, as shown-by the above -catalogue.
There too is the ic-aucn;tmp "towrr''Ia-which so
many unfortunates were confined, whose names
and devices are still to be seen arved by them
selves on the walls to beguile the tedious hours
of imprisonment. The most interesting, .rime
there inscribed is, to commemorate the ace s. i
plished but unhappy Lady Jane Grey, done ; a
her equally unhappy husband, Lord Guilfor
Dudley. They show you, too, the Jewd room,
containing the crown jewels, the sceptres, the
Koh-i-noor Diamoud, A"C, altogether valued ut
three and a half millions sterling. Cor. A". Y.
Horrible AffAir. From a private letter,
dated Paton, Capjb Girardeau comity, Missouri,
we are permitted to make the, following extract :
"An atrocious murder and house burning took
place on Wednesday night last, within eight
miles of this place. A young man by the name of
Buckner, some time since married a widow who
j haJ a daughter nearly grown. Not long after
they were married, Buckner seduced the young
lady, or, as some say, ravished her, since which
time, Buckner, the old lady and the girl have
been quarrelling and fighting. On Wednesday
night last, Buckner returned home, after an ab
sence of some two months, when his wife caught
him and held him, while her daughter killed
him with an axe ! To hide all traces of their .
work, thev then set fire to the house, consuming
the body of Buckner in the flames. What led
to a discovery of the murder was, tho circum
stance of Buckuer being absent so long, and '
some of the neighbors seeing him come Lome
on Wednesday evening. They saw no more of
him, so they went to raking and searching
among the coals and ashes of the burnt house
and found some bones, which excited fearful
suspicions. An inquest was held on ibem yes
terday, and they were declared to be human
bones. All the parties concerned have been
arrested, except the young woman. - Mrs. Buck
ner has made a full confession."
Suspension Bridge over the Mississippi.
On the 30th ult, the citizens of St- Anthony
aDd Minneapolis, Minnesota, celebrated the
opening of a wire suspension bridge over the
Mississippi River at that place, by a procession,
firing cannon, and public dinner. Although
the Mississippi in its course between Minnesota
and the Gulf laves the bank of nine prosperous
and mighty States, yet to a territory of the
Union, almost without capital, but certainly not
without energy, perservance and mechanical
skill, appertains the honor of first "bridging"
this noble stream with a magnificent structure,
equalling in beauty, strength and durability any
suspension bridge in the country. The work
consists of a wire suspension bridge of one span
of 630 feet, and seventeen feet width of road
way, connecting the western bank of the Missis
sippi River w th Nicollect Island,, about 100
yards above the first break of its waters into
rapids above the falls.
Gen. Jose Tadeo Monagas was inaugurated as
president of Venezuela on the 20th ult. for four
years. Avoid temptation through fear that you may
not withstand it.