.'''. 1 I
p. COOKE, j.
AF INDEPENDENT FAMILY NEWSPAPER.
TWO DOILIES FEB AN5EM
Slclotcfc to all rtjc 3n tcrcats of Eije Souti), Citeraturc, Mutation, agriculture, tefcs, 0 iWarfcet, &c.
IV, --NO. 15.
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, MARCH .10, 1855.
. ! '
WHOLB NO. 160
From Blackwood's Magazine.
.. .. - ' ; '
,. . . . . : r V, i V
Thfe Wall-flower the Wall-flower,
Slow beautiful.it blooms!
learns above the ruined tower,
ike i-uidight over lombs;
It siheds a halo of lepose
' Around the wrecks of time.
ToWauty give the flaundng rose,
'. 'he Wall-flower Ls sublime.
Fl.cjw-cr of the solitary place !
(r.y ruin's golden . ciown,
Thlt li-nclyst rm luncholy grace
o haunts ot' oil renown ;
Tliu in ntk'St ter the battlement
ljv strife or storm decayed ;.
i lil lest up each euvions rent
Times canker-tooth hatu made.
roots outspread the ramparts oer,
W here, in war's stormy day,
1'cfcy oi iKiugl ..ss ranged of yore
1 ncir lauks in gi i m -array ;
Thp clang of the field is fled,
The beacon on the hill ( - - .
No more'through midnight thlizes
but thou art blooming1 still!
Whither hath lb d the choral band
: Thai lillei the Abbey's nave?
Yon dark sepulchral yew-trees stand
er many a level grave.
In ..the belny's cievi.es, the dove .
Her young brood. nurHetb well,
W iile thou, lone (lower! dust shed ahove
A fweet decaying smell.
In he season of the tulip-cup,
Vtieu hlossoms .clothe the trees,
llo.v sweet to thru". the lattice u,
jint ce..t thee cn the bieeze. ;
Th butterfly is then abroad,
' .'he be is on the wing.
And on ihc .hawthorn by the road
'I tie linnets .-it and sing.
Sw ?et Wall-flower sweet .Wall-flower!
1 hon coujuirst up to me
Fu. I manv a soft and sunny hour
Of hoy hood's thought less glee ;
Wllen j y irrxti it the daiuiws gr,
i woodland pastures s:reen,
Ami sinnm r skies were far more blue,
' 'I'Lai. since itii y e't-r have been.
. Now autumn's pensive voice is heard
Amid the yellow bowers.
The robin is tire regal bird.
J.n,l thou the queen of flowers!
lies sings ou th- laburnum trees.
Amid ibe twilight dim.
Anjd Araby ne'ec gave the breeze
. iuch scents, as thou to him.
Riqh is the pink, the lily gay,
The rose is .-tinnier s guest :
l,l4.l a: e thy c'jarm w he n these decay
ijifloweis first, his!, aud best!
Thl-re may lie gau liei m the bower,
'And stateliei oh the tree.
"But Wall-flow ,-r love I Wall-flower,
Tbou art the flower for me!
wlij feared neither burg or injins, and who cou! J
srtim the Mississippi, and single handed whale
his; weight in wild-cats before breakfast. Yet
Logwood had a weakness; he was excessivtly
t.uiiid in the society of females, lie adored the
whole sex indiscriminately ; but he seemed to
reach to be admired but not approached. I
do jnot know to what to attribute it, unless, in-d'-ekl,
it was a conse ousness of his want of per
sonal attractions and accomplishments ; but in
early times the sight of a w hite female complete
ly Unmanned him. It is not to be wondered
at,t! en. when it is told that Logwood's heait
htar ily thumptd hi- ribs upon making the dis
covery that a family had suddenly s-itled. on the
Bar, within two huudr-d yards ot his ctbin, in
the: fall 1851 e;-p' -dally when it is made known
that one of the tVmales of that household w-as a
widow tf some thirty-tive years, whose husband
liad died on the plains early in the Spring.
Logwood saw ht-r,- and in that case, to see was
Lut to admire, at least on his part; whether or
I'olih-- widow was similaUy aff-cted we will en
deavor to make tlie sequel show.
Yes, in mountain parlance, Logwood 'weaken
ed to the charms of the widow, and the conse
quence was that af er one week, he could occa
sionally be seen sneaking round the cabin of his
adored: with a M ile i' shirt j eeping up stiffly
aroii d hi-throat. For thus oujagonsly habit
ii g himself, he was ca led to accouut 1-v the
boys, and as such .-ingular conduct required an
explauaiion ot' some kind, Logwood was compell
ed; to point to t! e widow as the cau-e.
i.M' course everv encouragement was rr'ven to
hiqn; sh.- c;iinforts of a lime, and tlio pleasure
'of i-iiariied life were pictmved t him in" tlitir
mjst slowing colors by the entire mess, an 1 10
occasion was Iroin tiiat time heticef th s ighed
byfany of them when in Company with the w i3
ovy, of exalting Logwood's exce.lence. The
wilow:. doubtle.-s, wasshiewd enough to suspect
everything of hat sort, and laughed at tfe etfect;
u she could not.be insensi.de to Logwood's
if she was to his honet d-.-votion. The fact
was, the wid w was a woman who had seen
considerable of the worid, and knew from a'
fifteen years' experience of inatrini-nial life that
a .J poverty migL ' p s-1 dy eiot toa h-. r
under the same roof, yet it wa- rath r incon.-ist-eni;
and, luring out-grown all girlish fancies
of ilove ai d- lomanc . lik a sen-i . e woman, .-he
anothtr maiiimoirial alLance
s rictlv with an eve to LVisiness.
L gwood was pretty well supp.kd. witlf lucre ;
a-certa iied beyond a doubt,
"LOGWOOD' AND A CALIFORNIA
. Yes, t!
to him li
far as to
in our m
Ilol the J
to surt li
NINO RKCOI.LECilON OF "49-'50.
e bovs would always call him 'Log
;twit::st nd ng all his pries"ations to
i 1 ,. ,
f u-i . . .. i:. i
C.'UirillV. U. 11 kilf. liailic war. mob ttj'j iuru
swore, threatened, and even went so
ivt'.v roii 'hlv Ivan lie one little lellow
vs; out hj g.aiuihy became reconcil-
itnie li l s. pher, to that winch he had
wi-r 10 re'medv, and s m an -we red to
that naaii as wed aV to the oae which his parents
d hi u and it was a-out all they did
m in o the woild with 4'oaU Woods.
a rougii. uututorei spcimen of the
baek wool-Mian. sti.d six-fe. t-s'x m his s cks,
- I- . : I . I - T .1.. IdlA 41
i a .u emiaieu roin iosa eaiv in ici). vi
though t ie ex:ent of hi erudi.ion Went no tur
llier than a very iini.;e. 1 Miowl.-dge of the trst
elenieut- hi au E.gli-h edu -aii. u, and
mau .d a
- sits J euj.i
bv the b
- : Akho
t'is t ack;
i: sin n as in person, vet ne was a
tine feelings and a- good a leart as
d "('Aithouv .-UMthii.g.) the iik and
i eirt: alone did he owe l.is name r-f
'Lcwood ;' an i although he cou;itt-i:iuieed with
i ' ,
i; -upon 1
Oi!ll r t.i
ua'.n it w
. - i
aice -v ti
this the widow had
mhU toe sun es which she liad bestow el Ujtoii
hi ill during the two or three occa.-ioiis on which
t ey had met, made L -gwood duubt, like Lich
aitjl whether hliad not always 'mstook his er
s n.'- But sin'uten h- was there was no reason to
d-dibi.for never had he ben known tc exercise
-o great caie in his ure-s as during the mouth
which elap.-ed pieviotis to hi fikst attempt to
pay the lady a regular visit. S -vera! tunes
.n he attempted it, bat as often had h;s cou
rage tai ed him, tinril at la-t,-froin ind -.cations
quite unmistakable, we were ma le conjM nt that
hejhiul deteimii.ed iipo;i the tini.- to tarry out
hisl ieoluiioti which was to he the Sundty
evening following: Early Saturday auemoon,
hejstopped his latnirs and commenced pr.-j r ng
h tne f for it by washing and diyii g one of the
wa te -hlrts with whicii th. presence of the lad v
onjtlie btrha l induced 'him to piovide h m-e!f.
aujl puttii g the remainder of his waidrol e in
r-rair, and tiie next morning saw hint arr ived
inthe very ch iice-l suit that it li .d prabablv
ever been his lot to appear in. He waited
r tind quite absiractedly duiingthe dav.apparen
ly inmani,ed at the thougat of l!iixial to which
hewiis about subjectiu"- hiin-elf.
The boys winked at each other, but sai 1 no
thing. Evening came, and at leng h eight o'clock,
ani Logwood was still in hi- cabin; hut in
tit-teen minutes after, the ites ess-iarv courage w as
suilimoned. and he sauntered slowlv towards
thej c;bin of tiic w.dow. How matteis wou d
l ave terminated 1 4im unable to sav, had n t ac
cident stepped to the a d of the ba-hf d lover.
Asj he whs passing the door for the tenth
t me, the '.ather of the lady in question, an
olJj man of ab ur s xiy, happened to di-cover
rni, and invitwl him in. He at first refused,
but subsequently agreed to 'step in for a mo
ment.' and the n it minute he was in the pres
. nee t f his charmer. The cabin was divided
inivj two appartments, one of w hich wa- oc-- u-
pi. A as a sleeping room or rooms, and the
! other answered tor the purposes of dining and
proximity nearer her than U-n feet, took occa
sion, while applying a hale more fuel to the,
fire, to lesson that uncomfortable distance by
taking a seat within three feet of hi in. This
was indeed trying to the courage of unfortunate
Ww ood, and uow the- combined warmth of a
blazing fire, froirrthe heart of which he "had irot.
the courage lo-move, and the '-excitement of hi
situation otherwise, huge drops of perspiration
began to" gather upon his forehead and course
down his lace. He pulled his handkerchief
from iiis pocket and commenced mopping the
sweat from his eyes; but the mu-iard wth
which it had been well dus ed by the boys was
uot calculated'togive much relief to his watery
optics by the Application, and two of the rogues
who wer,e watching the operations within
through a displaced chinking, saw that all
things w orked as desired.
Of course, the more his eyfs became affected
by the mustard, the moie he rubbed them; and
the more they. were rublted, the more he f uced
into tl em. There could be but one result ; he
became as blind as a bat ; the pain was perfect
ly maddening. He snatched his hat fiom the
bench beside him, and leaving solelv on chance
in making it, made a rudi for the door. But
he was adly in error regarding its point of coin
pa?-s from the spot where he was st iii iing. for
instead of jumping out 'of the door he j onped
into the arms of the widow, who, unable to ac
count for his strange conduct, had risen to her
feet and was standing in fiont of the bench
upon which sffenad been setting. Widow.
Logwood, and bench were in an instant piled
upon the floor together. The ladv screamed
and Logwvod made another plunge .for the door,
Ahich he succeed' d in reaching and getting
through in some way. just a the old man m ale
lis appearance. Iut hi- troubles were not en
ded ; tlie boysjiad p'aeed a barrel in front f
the door, and over it h- roll- d just in time to
receive a bucket of cold water in hi face and
eyes, completely drenching him. Njw enabled
lo see aliitie better, he raised to his feet, per.
tectly boiling with wrath, and the first ol jec
which met his imperfect vision was the old man
who was completely i-wildere I. Logwood,
without knowing or earng wIid he was, but
i-elievinrr hint tu some w-tv connec
irick pl;iyd uj on him, knocked
ling, and then started fo;- the river to bathe hi-
yes. ' -
In about an hour Logwood returned home,
find.ngail the boys in bed, an I not caring aboui
di-c tvering to them his sanation, 'turned in'
withouta 1 -lit: The next m Tning he a; trib it
ed the inflamed ap earanee of his ev's to a bad
cold, nor did any on. deem it advisable to ie
him understand that he knew t the contraiw'
i The ladv and the- f.mii'v w s-lv keni the cir
I - 1
i i uiii"tance to themselves, although thev never
could exactly exp'ain it; and it was tiot until
I atVr Logwood leit the bar, that the mvsterv wa
S solved to the widow. H-i always bel eved tin-
ladv was concerned in the plot in some way,
and the opinion of the fair sex. and of wi h ws in
particular, uuderwi m a grea1 change in con-e-qtience.
He never call d upon her agdn, but
the next day of the evening of his lo-t visit he
gave his white h;rts to an Indian, and from
: hat day to t' is has never troubled himself
about matrimony. (J olden Era.
miseries of war, famine and ice. His fingers
soon lost their power ; his drum became Bifent ;
and before he reached Smoieusk, thin fav'giite
companion of his march had dropped fri&Lis
hands, and sunk into the wmtry snow. ? f $S
At Smoleu.-k. our hero's strength fciVvSlt'
ami piucuea aiiKe wiut coiu Kiiciuiuger, U9 it
out of the ranks, and was made prisoner' by
some Russian serfs, who shut him up in a dreary
mill, where he lay more dead than alive during '
a night of intense cold. He was aroused from
this state of torpor on the follow ing morning, by
finding himself once more in the clutches of his
barbarous captors, who dragged him along a
cku-eway, one sido of which was bordered by a
frozen river. Some of tlie party began to dig
a hole in the ice, while, others gave him to un
derstand by very inlelligible signs, that it was
intended for his accommodation. The terrified
youth besought them to spare him, and a-ked
their pity for his mother's sake 'so tender a
mother, that she would break her heart if he
did not return to her.' This piteous appeal had
no effect upon the peasants, who, of eOurs:, djd i glaIiC towards 1
not understand a single word of what he. was
saving. Some iaugl.ed at the strangeness of
his language; some mimicked his impassioned
gestures; ami one of them had ju-t iol!areC the
unhappy Francois, With the 'intention of plung
ing him into the river, when suddenly was
heard the merry tinkling of bells, and there
cam.- da-hi; g along the causeway a large and
parjfment, he turned to Lejeune: 'Allonn, allonnj
les, yours a nous voir, votre talent ; joue, joue;'
soye pas hontee.' (Equivalent to 'Come let us
see a specimen of your talent.'
Poor Francios was nearly at his wits' end,
on reewving this command ; for tlie dmr?, :L
Tns. only -instrument, and never in his life had
he.even touched a pianoforte. However, he felt
that his life was probably hanging on the result
of this moment; and so, assuming an air of con
fidence, and bowing low to the ladies, he seat
ed himself before the instrument. At first, he
placed his hands g.-ntly up-n it, and moving his
fingers like drum sucks in time with some fa
vorite regimental air, he began to hum the
tune, while he swayed his head and body from
left to right, and right to left, with all the im-
I portance of a fir-t-rate professor. He was wont
in after life to describe the w hole scene verv
humorously. ' I expected every moment.' said
he, 'that my preserver, would have called in a
couple of lackeys, and ordered tln-m to pitch
me out into the snow; but on casting a furtive :
ter expressing thV!l from taI mlar
to oil cake. One pint of "I cake could not
be replaced by two poufeL1 Wheu
attempt was made, there waKOUud esl.ally
a decrease in the amount of bufc" COQta,ned ,n
milk. Th. A,n;tv Ar A06 craj?ea
FOR HOUSEKEEPEES. -
Milk is Bread. I have more objections
than one to milk in bread, but the most serious
is, that persons of advanced age, who are in the .
daily, use of milk-made bread, will be expected
to suffer, from an over supply of osseous or bo-
maining fodder, the amount of beets, cirriots, effected. Bread should be always made with
potatoes and straw is liberal, a bad taste u the j water, and when so made it is suitable for the
sged and the yug. the sick and the well. And
as for sour milk, a microscopic view would, I
butter, will be less perceived. Mairtt Farmer.
The following is an account of the process
adopted by Mr. Woodard, who obtained the
premium from the State Agricultural Society
in 1847, for the best article of maple sugar :
" In the first place, I make my, buckets, tubs
and kettles all perfectly clean. I borl the sap in
a potash kettle, set in an arch in such a manner
that the edge of the kettle is defended all around
from the fire. This is continued through the
day, taking care not to have any thing in the
kettle that will give color to the sap. and to
i keen it well skimmed. At nin-ht I leave fire
mil. 1 tK-rceivcd that he was . , ', ,
tMion'Mi miut-r i ne Keiue n orm iiip Tienr v
presume, present additional arguments against
its u-e. Water Cure Journal.
To MtKE Fnrrr Ties. No under crust
should be made to apple or any fruit pie. It is
always heavy and not fit to eat Dace a narrow
rim of paste around t e edgn of the plate, and
fill it with the fruit, either raw or stewed, and
cover it. The juices will be reta:ned much bet
ter, and it will save' a sight of flour and butter,
which is no-trifiing consideration in these days,
and what is of more consequence save dyspep
sia, which costs more. After cutting they aie
taken ont with a spoon.
To Cleax Kio Gloves of axv color.
Take white s -ap and make a very thick lather,
r..i.K.. . : ss .i i- i l
nu'i Miiiiicvimi v lowaici- n .s uau,rincrs. as . . , , . T ,
- ' :or qure to svrup bv the next morning. I then
if'to make then remark what a treasure he hud ;lke u out J,- lLe h tUwu a
procured tor them; so I took courage, struck j flaimc! into a tu!,, if it is ,weei ,.uug!( ;
i,.e. lusuuiiiei.l more oo.;iy, sang my song . ifnnt t ,,nf :t : a (.i, a.i,,,,, i,,,,., ..-..i, T ,.0 . i.,,. .. , ..... . . a-
moje en.phatica'ly, and took st II greater airs , hnig ou a m a niamitr thal j cjm wilh a dean fianuel ,;n it dlT; R,,ieal th9
upon myself; whereupon the worthy gentleman SW;Kff it on aud off the fire at pleasure, and fin- j process, until the glove is dean, being careful
v.-..j"vt ill.-; nr.ii.i-. nun UC 1 11; I H , C I ICU Oil i. OlaVO,
with a soft brtt-li, such as gentlemen use ia
shavirg. and put the glove upon the handj
handsome sleigh, drawn by thtee beautifu hllle
Yi.itkin 1i.t.ms. Seated in the sleigh, wrapt up
in costlv furs, was a stout, hale-looking geutle
uian. "What are you about there, my children?'
inquired he o! the seifs.
' We are oi,lv drowning a Frenchman. '
'Oh! is that ail V rejoined he.
' Mo.-s eur, m nieiir '.' cried ti e unhappy
drummer, as he struggled to free hiinse.f fro.n
the hands of the serfs.
'Yervfine, indeed?' muttered the fur-clad
gentleman in an angry and supercilious loiie.
Yery tine, indeed ! Here i a fellow who comes
nish boiiiii!-. then strain into the tub. and let it i that it is done n oni. L-K- not i.,ntnrfltA ihn
o. rt nuuuS came over, anu ciapp.-u j stanJ u1 tl)Q next morniIlff. I then take this
me amieaoiv on uie : snou:or, savin': Ire
Land thp svnin in tlie keltie and Vint ir alti .rreili.
i ,, r J i ' r - e
bnnn, tie bn uti, ois que vous .-ave; v us al e - .i , ,i , a- t . v
' J i i er in the chaldron, and sugar it oil. lo c.anfv
.. i. . ..ii ' 1 1 oi 3
coueue, ane. very wen. very wet, 1 See vou
j 100 lb-, of sugar, I use the whites of five or six
I eggs, well beaten, about one quart of new milk,
kid. and '' it wili look
To Make Fine Pancakes, Fried without
BniEK or Laud. Take a pint of cream and
s i new laid eggs; beat them well tog ther; put
in a Quarter . f a r und of surrnr and one nut-
! lie mtsciiKt he c n
cupol.t of Ivan the Great; and ticpyjjt
fire to Mo-cow, tears down the cros- fro the
undeistand; now go to bed !')
Aever was an order more readtlv obev.-d ; ; a, R,w,iiinl of KjiWatn a-fll A wUli m.. or bttU b,...t ,n,.a d,';l, ,b.ae
for jHM.r Francois was worn out with fatigue ; Srup before it is scald mg hot. I keep a mod- arufso much as will thicken almost, as much
and eXCItemeilt. S" that he needed It t to 'WoO I p.ote fir, direct!.- under th ehul.lro., until i as ordinary ran..l- ftonr le.ttr vniir-i.an
-cum is all raised; then skim it otf clean, tak- i must le heated reasonably hot, an 1 wipy wiih
ing care not to let it boil so a- to rise in the ' a clean cloth ; this done, spread your batter
kettle before I have done skimming it ; when it
is sugared If, leaving it so damp that it will
drain a little. I let it remain in the kettle until
it is well granulated ; I then put it into boxes
j consent to yield to him his protection. This j made smallest at the bottom, that wid hold i ed, tie them up immediately in a clean cotton
iwasmanted; and Lejeune now found him-e'f i fiom fiftv to eveniv noun. is havii o- a thin i or lu en bag, and lung them up. This method
- .- - . 1 -J !
placed under very favorable circum-tances, for piece of board fi ted in two or three inches. ab. ve j is preferable to heating in an oven, as that is
soft slumbers to his drooping lid.'
i About a fortnight afterwards. L&j -tine's pat
ron receiv. d a visit from a nobleiaan of higher
j rank than himself, a man of talent and uluca
j lion, who took so great a fancy to the vounr'
j drummer, th.-lt he a-ked his host if he woul I
! thin over it. and fry.
To Keep Worms from Dkikd Furrr. Place
I your fruit in a steamer, over a pot of-botling
I water covered tightly. When thoroughly hat-
ted with the j ;s rQ;e iut -C" 'tfr - ' " 'nd not only treated him kndiy,'l.tit i. the bottom, which is bored full of smad holes apt to render them hard, even if you are so for-
hfmpi ter ash7 rahr Ttirong. ibe bo-Uore to Luru tham. . , .,
Come, let us g on Filka,ccV.Kulcc"'T'-- ' mm',u ,um w yom g lady, a protege ot ; i put ((, ,he top of the sugar in the box, two or i 10 ubess a old rowL. i eei on tne sivin,.
and pull oil the flesh tj-ofn the bones in as large
do you uiid.-r-t and music V inquir-
addr s-ing his coachman, and throwing r?Mfsvlt
back in hi- comfoitit! !e seat.
A touch of the whip i- given, and tlie fiery
1 i tie steed ar- darting forward, when suddenly
some now thought seeins to" have occurred to
t :e nobleman, who call- .ut
' l'rav, sir.
ed lie in Bu-sian of the tremo'ing dnimmer.
Sauvez m in. inon b.ui luoti-ietir, sauv z mo; !'
"Save me. my go-nl r, save me'.' cried out
Lejune in an agoay -f terror, as be felt that hi
existet.ee w as h:ti.g:iig by a slender thread upon
the g -io ! otnVe of th- stnsn-er.
'(..jo ! heavetis ! what a strange people the-e
three thicknesses of clean, damp cloth, and over
tluv, a board well fitted in, so as to exclude the I P;'Ces as possible ; then dredge it with a little
air from the sugar. After it has nearly done ! nW aDcI f,T t0 a nice brown in butter, serve it
draining. T dissolve it, and sugar it off again, go- ! u? with rich gravy, well seasoned, and thicken
ing-through the same process in clarifying aud it with a piece of-butter rolled in flour. Just
draining as before." " j before you serve it up squeeze in half the juice
I of one lemon.
ORIGIN OF VARIOUS PLANTS.
Everv geir.l-'man farmer ought to be soine-
ench are !' b-eived the nobleman.
milfoil of theui have com- into Bussia, and not
one of tht-m can, 1 i el. eve, sp. ak a woid f our
auguage the baibarian-'.' And then turning
w-.ih ati aif of self -coinplaceuev and conscious
-nperiority to Lejeune: Meou-i-(tie, ra.o simie,
save meous-que. vous ? Eh bieim. repoi.d mo
vous. friiitiv-e! stir f.-r;e-piauo, joue, save?
(Mu-ic, niu-ic, do y ou und. rs'and music f Ah,
weil. answer me in French '. on the piano-forte,
do yon understand V) ,
At anv oth- r time, Francois would have
tns win', and the marr age proved a prosperous
and a happy one. L jeune, in accordance with
the de-i:e, of his patron, entered the Bus
j sian sefTice, and through the influence of thi
nobleman he acquired personal, and su' seqtn-n
! t!v hereditaiy. nobility. In after-life, he b.-came
i - ;
ailnd ly the marriage f his or.lv d :ighter with :
j a distinguished nobleman, named L-hysanief,
I who was high in power in the government of
i Or ; and for the sake of bein" nar his child, ' WIiat acqua nted with the oiigin and history of j
; whom he tenderly loved. Fiancois L jeune or. i aT ordinary plan's and trees, so as to know J
s he was now called, Frautz lvanovitch Le-! their nature, country and Condition. ueh I
came to reside, in t!i;;t pait of the i ki-o ledge, besides being a great source of -
' country. It was here we fii.-t met him. and ! pleasure, and very desirable, wid often enable
; made his acquaintance. We remember him 1 him to explain phenomena in the habits of ma-'
weli a lively, courteous little man. with dark ay planus that otherwise ; would appear iuexpli
; eyes and givy hair. His usual attire was a ' cable.
! b.ack velvet surtot.t. ' Wheat, although considered by some as a
I Most probably the firmer French drummer ! "ative of Sicily, original! came from the cen-
I still dwells in the fir east of liussia. among I
. bjs 1 tral table-Sand of Thibet, where it yet exists a3
THE FORTUNE OF A FRENCH DRUM
MER IN RUSSIA.
T:-ere dwelt at )rieans, in Fiance some forty
or fifty years : go, a worthy young couple nani-
...1 Io,, voi.l Mmvim T.eieim, I bee vvra n.mr it.
' ' I! 11 1 . .1 11 ill.. Li i- . 1 . .1 .. .1. . . . .... .
worldly goods, but rich m the jovousness ot I . , 1 . . ,.
, j it sounueavjKKe l ue sweetest mus;c in ins ears,
for it gave him In p,. He quickly perceived the
drift of the inquiry, and immediately replied :
' Yes sir, I am a musician, and if vou only save
my life, I wili play ali day, and all night too for
displeasure the first attempt to fa-ten
m, -yet it stack to him 1 ke pitch and
0 the head ol a mourning mgger ; ,kg ro,,m He found the lady and her moth-
1 i- he g a he was c died Long Woods, er .'t ho,u au l w.t!l- ,ie aid Jf tlt, pence
p ,v Nt d toLogwonl by an hombn uf jthe olJ gen;!eluan Logwood, managed
evtive i as t. organ Oeued . ltu en-i.e to jmake
himself ouite ea-y tor the, time
e t r Ivor articulation of the letters ; being. In t!, ,re .-.f lour th nl.l U.Ir
- i :.. i i . i,..
nioiiieo ii 'lie; oiu iouii. u--
1 e I to p.olioU ce it
vouttdul lite. A time went on, thev became
wealthy in sonsa!s ; but these we-ie not des
tlned to be the tay of their parents in ad van
cing life, f r as each oise of them re-v uj to
manhood, he found himself, e. titer f.om choice
or necessity, enrolled in the service of Napoleon
the Gteat. Ou-j only U'V remained to ch-'er
t;;e jiarental home : he was s;ill a child, and the
darling of his mother, who fondly hoped to
keep him alw iys by her s;de, and with this
vicw.she labored bard to instil into his mind a
love f peace and hatred of war. Yain, how
ever, were poor Marie's 'endeavors', for Fran.-ois
even in his earliest boyhood, listened with avid
ity to tales of war and gloiy; and when the
note of preparation sounded through, ut France
for the great Bass an campaign, ls imagination
became so inflauied by a iove of in litary adven
ture, th it he flung himself int i the vortex of
that g'gantic en er prise, an I soon found him-elt
in the midst of the Grand Ar:i.e serving as
drummer in a distinguished regiment. The
position of Francois was not, truly a verv dis
tinguished one, but he already regarded himself
as a hero; fordid he not s-rve ' l'Empereur,' and
I was he not one of the Grande Armee, by whom
Russia was to le overrun and conquered ! Now
and then a thought or a sigh wou d be given to
his go ni mother, who had wept so bitterly at
his departure, but he was a g ty, light-hearted
boy, and soon became the favorite of Irs com
rades, so that each graver thought quickly van
ished from his mind, and he dreamt only if the
adopted countrymen ; but when he hears of the
gallant deeds of his true- cow fat notes upon
the heights of Seba-topol, who know, but that
hts spirit mav be chihing ben -ittli the bondage
of Russian .despotism, and -that he mav long to
find hm.-elf once more servii g under a name
he had once reveied-aud idolized L'Empereur
a grass, with small, mealy seeds. , .
live exists wild in Siberia.
Bailey exists wild in the mountain" of Ili
Oats were brought from North Africa.
I Millet, one species is a native of India, anoth
er Egypt and Abyssinia.
Maize, Indian corn, os of native growth in
j Kice was brought from South Africa, whence
J to Europe and America.
I Peas are of unknown origin.
...11 ...l t. V 1 .... , -
, iu wu lu i p , room, and m a
utu red l . fewlmmutes after, without frivin? him a mo
o w; h Wck,1-, man- a v. ry near m reflection, the old man bid Logwood
i . logwd. tin I to humor the j ke ; gd night and followed suit. It was then that
.the vie; i uis .c .nfusi n at having id- j the horrors of his situation lr:m fon-inf thi-m-
. i T .I . 1 , ... 1 : -t i ... - SA
tls tiuiasiue I, 1-OgwcKH.i was au. aeu ; seiteS upon tDe mtnd of tl, i , . v.
- , i ' i iiniw iove , as lie
vs. until nnay lie wa known iy uo , saw ir.m-ed alone in the presence of the w idow. I glories that lay before him.
. ,! 11 I w ,uU Lflve snalchd his "at and'departed. i 0a the entry of the French into Moscow, no
ig!i Logwo ;d was as peaeable and in -f- : hus a kind of f.scina ion fixed him to hi, 1 rtd I.a .1 his head higher than Frin,, T .;,,
!?4an infante as lLe ,a?t U tur" I aa, the,e tb P febow sat, until the sweaJ I and he beat m drum with an air of s much
to danger. let it com - in what shape rafted from every.jK.re of hi, huge lly. The imnor ance as if the success of the whole xpe-
He h id-be -n raised ,n the backwoods, lady was very agreeble, felt very ,au.l, at home, ! ditioa depended on the flourish of his drum-
a ou several hunting excursions to the am
Lojky Jjlountaitis, and bad once a companie I a evej
, sympathizing with her timid admirer, did
ythiug in her power to relieve liis embar-
governrent uaVtf fro n lnde; endanc to Santa rassment. He attempted to converse with hi
had only thtj effect of creating w t hi i h
eUs that fie was still LoBan Woos, a mm that there was no hope of hi moving in
equendy. the s;ght of a ho-tile ndian : com an on ; b .t he scarcely knew wh it hesa'af
. . i -. f . t : i I j ' '
n a con- , or iow to a t Tha 1d w pitied him, and fin-
sticks. But now a new leaf in the pages of his
life was about to be ojeiied. Mo-cow .was bunt,
and thf French army began it disastrous retreat,
amid all the inclemencies of a Kussitu winter.
Fiancois was obliged, like his conirad s, to set
out on his homeward way amid the combined
you, if you p!ea-e.'
' Well, you may thank your stars for it'.' said
the getfllemau laughing. ' Come, children, let
him go". There! I g ve you twenty topecks to
' Thank yon, sir ; there he is for you.'
S saying, they loosed their hoi I up n poor
Lejune, who, on finding himself safe in thesieigb,
was m bewildered with j.y, that he laughed and
cried, and bowed and smiled to ab around him
His gratitude was so expansive, that he not only
ihauked the uoblem in, but also the coachman,
and the veryinuujikgs, loo. who had been on
the point of drowning him five minutes before.
A moment moie, and he found himself whir ing
along ly the side of his preserver, who, observ
ing tnat he was quite blue and shrivelled with
cod, kindly wrapped a fur mantle round him.
In a short time, they drew up before a large
house, and w re received at the door by several
s rv ants, to whose care France is was consigned.
They conducted him into, a w arm apartment,
chafed his ha.f-frozen limbs, and clothed in a
suit of comfortable garments. Then they set
food before h m. of which the poor boy g adly
partook, as he was quite exhausted with hunger..
His benefactor now appeared, and addressing
him in his ow n peculiar dialect of French, Mos
sie, mossie, vene vene,' beckoning the youth at
the same time to follow him.
Lej-une obeyed, and soon found himself in
ihe presence of two young ladies, who were
t a ed at w o; k in a large drawing-room. 'Here,
my children,' said the father, 'is a gentleman
who will instruct you in mu-ic and trench.
He will teaeh you the true Parisian account.
You have long been teaching me for a master,
and I have just been so bcky as to ptci up one
for you atSm lenk.' Then advancing' towatd
thu old epinnet, that stood at one end of the af-
HOW MUCH SHOULD A COW EAT?
Yeiches are natives of Germany.
Since the drought has become severe, the ; The Garden Bean, from the Ea-t Indies,
milkmaids brii g in light pails of milk, and the i Buckwheat came originally from Siberia and
but.er atid cheese diminish in quantity in pro- j Turkey
portion to the number of cows milked. The
reason, as every one knows, is because the cows
do not obtain food as succulent and nutiiiious as
heretofore, and also Ix-cause they do not obtain
enough of what there is to eat
How much "should a cow have to eat? Ac
cording to a series of experiments, carefully
ly person, well versed in the principles of feed
ing in Bavarii, a translation of the repoit on j
Cabbage grows wild in Sicily and Naples.
The Poppy was brought f ro a the East.
The Sunflower from' Peru.
Hops came to perfection as a wild flower in
Saffron came from Egypt'
The Onion is also a native of Egypt'
Horseradish from South Europe.
Tobacco is a native of Virginia, Tobago and
. . . .i r . I . . . . . i I . . -1 . I C 1
which we find in the country gentleman, oi tue j vjalilorma. Anotner species nas a.so ixxu iuuuu
17th tilt., furnishid that paper by S. W. John-j wild in Asia.
son. who is at present in that country, it should j The Grasses are mostly native plants, and so
be one-thinietb of the cow's live weight. Thus, I are the Clovers, except Lucerne, which is a na
if the cow weighs 500 poinds, she should, tiye "of Sic.ly.
have 20 pounds. j The Gourd is an Etstern plant.
The following is an extract from the report ; ! The Potato is a weli known native pf Teru
"Our trials have confirmed he view that tows, j and Mexico.
t "ive the gr a est po-sible quantity of milk, j Koriander grows wild near the Medilerra
must dailv receive and con-umeone-thirti-th of nean.
their live we ght in hay, or au equivalent there- j Anise was brought from the Grecian Archi
f.r. If more feed b-given, the excess goes to j pelago. Dollar Newspaper.
the formation of flesh and fat. without occa-ion- j
in-a corresTK,ndigg increase in the yield of j Fkcit Trees. It is a theory among fruit
1L- bat if. on the contrary, less feed be fur- growers tiiat the peacti is ac-iroyeu oy co.u
i' i a,o,1T,t and value . f the milk wid i when the thermometer reaches iu degrees De-
L .r-iHT'J, -'- - -
be imm-d alv and considerably diminished." j low zero, and that this tree cannot live when
We cannot now say what number of pounds j the temperature is at that point ; but, an exami
of nreen rrass would, as a general thing, be ( nation of the trees in the western part of New
equivalent to one pound of one hundred pound
1 . . i . 1 . u
THE MOST PROFITABLE KINDS OF '
The inexpeiiei.ct d lover of poultry is likely to -be
bewildered with tlie extr.vagant and contra
dictory recommendations of hew kinds of poul
tiv, which are everywhere forced on his no; ice;
and in his natural anxiety to seenre the best, he
will sometimes gain wisdom at considerable; cost.
The sellers of fai cy-poultiy are not the worst
men, nor are tin y on the other hand free from
I- the- tenipiatiom to sell as w ell, and as soon as
! possible. Besides they are often deceived in
i dieir purchase, and quite as mnocently repeat
j the deception when they sell.
The question then, how to select ones stock,
j i? interesting and important to one who is going
! into the business. A few hints' may prevent
loss and discouragement.
Buy of a re-pousible and conscientious dealer.
You can find such near by, or farther off, and
i the difference of a few shillings in cost and
transportation, will be more lhan overptid in
j the certainly that you are getting the thingyou
i order. Then if you are deceived, the mistake
I Can be corrected more easily.
Buy, if possible, those kinds only, whose mer-1
its have been tested in the climate in which
you live. This may not always be possible; but
when it is so, much loss may be avoided by ob
serving this caution, Novices should not try
costly experiments. V
Buy young birds rather than old ones. From
six mouths to a year and a half old are the best
Use the judgement of an impnrtial and ex
perienced friend, if possible, in your purchases.
Among the kin's ho-e meiits for profitable
rearing have been best tested in Ohio, are the
Cochin Chinas and Shanghais for s:z and rapid
i growth, ihe .Dorkings for fineness of fibre and
delicacy of flavor; and the Black Polanders and
B aok Spanish for layers. With these kinds,
S especially the Dorkings and Black Spanish, the
i young polander may be sure that he is by no
i means poor'y furnished.
j If he is disposed to indulge his taste at the
j expense of his purse, he may buy some Sea-
bright Bantam3 Sumatra Games, Golden Pheaa
j ants, ai d some others . But if he wishes to
make his investments pay, be will be cbary in
respect to them all. He w ill make the solid
reture in the weight of thebrrJ and in the
number of eggs, the rule by which' to test the
merits of all the offers that are made to them.
Ohio Farmer. : '
of good hay, but it is pretty evident that the
most of the milch cows in our vicinity do net
; attain it now, in common pastures.
The same experimenters also lay it down
that in order that cows may vield abundant
and good milk in wintc, they must recive a
certa n quantity of concentrated food, such as
bran, meal, or tape oake, the substance left af-
York State, fai's to show that any injury has
yet been received.
Ose Pair of Pigs, according to Allnutt,
will increase in six years to one hundred and
nineteen thousand onebundred and sixty-nine -taking
the increase at fourteen times per annum.
A pair of sheep in the same time would be
Galls from tbx Harness or Saddli.
Major Long, in his va'uable account of his ex
pedition to the Rocky Mountains, says, that his
party found white lead moistened with milk to -succeed
better than anything elese in preventing
the bad effect of the galls on the horses' back
in their march over the plains that border the
mountains. Its effect in smoothing or sothing
the irritated and inflamed sulfate t admirable. .
Y American Farmer.