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0 / 75
From the Arthur"! Home MsfaJBas.
PASSTJTO THEOTJGH THE FIBB.
BT T. . AKTHC.
"Hare you com to a decision, Mr. Brad-
fordr - v
. Yes, sir.". This was meant to b firmly spo
kn; but thera wu a low tremor in the soft,
gad Toice of the pale young woman, in widow's
wsed. who answered, that betrayed more feel-
v - -
i ;i i :
Mg UM U WBUCU VW IUUI1CSI , . .
You will let Edward come."
Excuse me sir, I 1 n
Oh, very well I very well F said the visitor,
in- an impatient stone of oice. Just as you
please, ma'am.'' And he arose quickly, and
""commenced, buttoning Lis coatcross lits breast
fit's a matter of indifference to me wholly so
As an old friend of Mr. Bradford's, 1 thought it
l .' V. m nffr fnr th. benefit of
his son. Not that it is of any special importance
to me ; for I can hare nay pick of a dozen lads
quite as bright as your boy, and as well suited
f.ir ra v tii rnnnfl. To Edward I have eWen the
- preference, ,ut of regard to his father. You
decline my offer to take him, and that ends the
Mr. Gardiner that was the man's name
turned partly away, and made a step towards
' the door. Mrs. Bradford, instead of seeking to
prevent his abrupt departure, shrunk deeper in
.the chair that supported her slender person.
r llow strong a contrast presented between the
two; one a stout, coufident, eay-to-do in the
world, self-reliant man ; the other a weak, al
most friendless, sad and desponding woman.
With his hand upon the door, Mr. Gardiner
paused, and looked back, half proudly upou the
. sorrowing widow of bis early friend, whose eys,
cast down, ventured not to meet his gaze.
Think again, ma'am," said he coldly, almost
44 1 have thought it all over, Mr. Gardiner,"
was answered in a firmer voice than the man
expected to hear. At the same moment the eye
of Mrs. Bradford were lifted to his face. Stead-
ily she gazed, until his eyes fell to the floor.
: UI have thought it all over," she repeated,
" and my decision has nut been made without a
long and paiutul struggle. For your kind pre
ference, believe me, I am grateful; aud I thank
. yeu for it in the name of him who, when living,
you called your friend. But, I cannot accept
; the advantage you offer my son."
"Good morning, ma'am." The words weie
.. said abruptly, almost rudely. A momeut after,
and the door closed heavily.
"Mother," said a lad, who, until now, had
remained a silent observer of what passed be
tween his mother and her visitor, "why won't
you let me go to Mr. Gardiner's ? I'm sure he
offered us very fair. Three dollars a week fo.
'the first year; and after that, as much morea
1 might be worth to him. That Whs what he
Edward had come to the -ide of his mother :
and stood looking quite sober ly into her face. I .
wrs clear, from tbe tone of his voice, that I t : s
was not pleaded with her decision. .
fer again, --lie wanted me, and said he'd d
well by me';" added the boy pettishly."
44 1 have not declined this proposition of Mr.
Gardiner's without good reason, Edward." Mr
Bradford, spoke with gentle earnestues, an-i
there were tears in her eyes as she lifted them
to the fine, manly face of her son.
"I'll never have another chance like thi--,''
" A chance for what !" asked his mother.
Mr. Gardiner is a rich, man," t-aid the boy.
" X know he is," was answered.
" lie's doing a large business."
"And he promised to do well by me."
"He did. And yet, Edward, it 'was best for
me to decline his offer ; and the day will coin.-.
I trust, when you will see lh as clearly a. 1
The boy was far from being satisfied. The
necessity for entering upon some employment
vat imperative ; that be clearly undtrsiood,
and his mind was made up to do his part brave
jy. Two places were offered for his acceptar
one in the large, wholesale store of Mr. Gardin
er, and the other in the counting room of a Mr.
Lee, a young man of small means who had just
ttarted a commission business. Mr. Lee could
offer no salary for the first year ; and this was
rinui drawback, for Mrs. Bradford's income
was exceedingly limited insufficient in fact, for
-the comfortable maintenance of herself and son
In deciding between the two situations offer
ed to Edward, she had suffered a strong conflict.
The fairest promise of worldly advantage for
her son, was on the side of the rich merchant :
but, she had no confidence in his principles.
That he lacked integrity of character, and, in
business, was guilty of practices which her clear
tense of what was right between man and man,
hesitated not to . class as dishonest actions, she
knew through her husband, who had become
attached to him early in life, but in later yews
bad withdrawn himself from an intimate avi
James Lee was the younger brother of a very
dear friend, and a man of different sump from
Gardiner. He had been careiully educated
morally as well as intellectually and bore the
reputation, among all with whom he had any
intercourse, of a just man. ? This was the reason
why Mrs. Bradford decided to place Edward in
bia care, instead of accepting the more advan
tageous offer of Mr. Gardiner. In looking to
the future of her child, she had a regard for
something more permanent, more to be desired,
and more aouT-eatiafjing, than wealth or posi
tion. Of all things, she wished to see him grow
sjp a true man- Not a mere self seeker; not
one who, to elevate himself, would coldly irea-i
down the weak, or wrong the helpless and ignor
ant She had tried to make Edward compre
hend the wide difference between the character
of these two men, and the great injury he
Bight sustain in coming under the influence
and control of Mr. Gardiner. But jiawaru saw
only tha worldly advantage that was promised,
and perceived in hit mother's objections only
'; idle fears.
Thus was Mr. Bradford's trial made only the
more severe. If there had been cheerful, or even
dutiful acquiescence on the part of her eon, her
feelings on 'ta occasion would have been of
leas painful character!.., But she was- resolute.
'The place offered by Mr. Leo was accepted, and
.Kdwara entered. nu counting room, simply in
obedience to his mother's wishes. . '
When it became known among the friends of
Mrs. Bradford, that she refused to let Edward
go into Mr. Gardiner's store, she was severely
blamed. A brother -of her late husband said
many harsh things to her on, tlifli .subject ; and
some that she felt to be insulting. But she did
not water, even though family estrangements
followed; , end she was left -still more alone jn
the world 1 V-:-" : V ' 'i
One of the fake views of life which Mrs, Brad
ford had now, under the teaching of stern neces
sity, to unlearn, was, that for a woman to work
for many had in it something degrading. From
childhood. up to this period, all things needful
for life and comfort had been provided for her
by the hands of others. Father and husband
had kept her above the sphere of care as to
what we shall eat, or what we shall drink, or
wherewithal be clothed ; and insensibly she had
come to feel something like contempt for al
women who were compelled to toil for the bread
that perisheth. , ,
TTnui all was 4ncrAfl onV. The mother'i
-" - f . .1
him greatest of ail who became servant of a
that never before came even dimly to her per
ception. All hopes, all aspirations, all purposes
in life, were now terminated in the future wel
fare of her son; and for his sike she was ready
to do and sacrifice all that a true and loving
heart can do and sacrifice in tins world
As Edward would receive nothing for the
first year, and as the meagre remnant of pro
perty that survived to her after the settlement
of her husband's estate, was insufficient for the
ftupporl of herself and son, Mrs. Bradford now
begun to revolve iu ner mma me ways anu
meat s of procuring an additional income.
" What shall I do ?" How earnestly, even
tearfully, did she ask this question. llow earn
esily and tearfully is it daily asked by thousands,
who, like Mrs. Bradford, are thrown upon th
world, and made wholly dependent on thei
feeble resources ! Yet to whom comes a clear,
confident answer f
Tne educatiou of Mrs. Bradford had not bee
thorough. A little of almost everything taught
iu taiiionable schools she had learned ; yet no
tiling nad been so lully acquired as to give her
a teacher's proficiency. She had a fair acquaint
ance with French and could speak it wiih some
fluency ; but possessed no critical knowledge of.
the language. She could draw tolerably well
but had uo taste for the beautiful art. For
years Ler music had been neglected. So fa
therefore, as her early education was concerned
it availed her little or nothing in the preaeu
lr3 i"S posifonjf affairs.
VVhat siiall I doi" How sadiy, almos
hoj.rU-sly, over and over again did Mrs.: Brad
lord repeat tuese words; and yet there was not
evt-n an echo to the-question.
Uiie day it wa mentioned in ner presence
th-ir tlie Matron of a certain charitable instilu
tii -ii had resigned her place, and that the board
ei' Directors were about appointing another.
tlash'-d thr ugh Iter mind that here was a chance
for her ; but, wiih tbe thought prftle awoke, and
liL-r i becks burned as she imagined herself in
tlirf isiiion of a Matron where she had once
been a lady patroness. For a time she shrunk
away into herself, and pushed tbti thought afar
off. Bui turn which way she would, no light
from any other quarter broke through the
clouds that gather ed above her,, black as mid
night. Nearly a month had gone by since Edward
entered the counting room of Mr. Lee. From
the begiuuing, he had looked sober, and seemed
spiritless. To h'mi ihe present was cheerless,
and the future lured him on with no bright pro
mise. A school companion, named Henry Long,
had obtained ihe situation wiih Mr. Gardiuer,
aud it so happened that the two lads met al
most every day. Their conversation naturally
turned upon their relarive positions; and the
contrasts which were drawn, always left Ed
ward's mind in a state of dissatisfaction. The
business of Mr. Gardiner was very heavy, his
employees numbering over one hundred ; while
in the store and counting loom of Mr. Lee were
only Edward and a porter. Mr. Lee kept his
own books, Mr. Gardiner was, moreover, a " lib
eral" man generous towards his clerks, nd
not over particular in regard to them, provided
ti.ey were always in place and active during
bu-ine-s hours. There was in tbe whole oper-
aii n of his large establishment, an imposing
progression, which, in contrast with the inter
mitting and lighter operations of the young
ootimi'S-ion merchant, made the latter appear in
the eye of Edward, almost contemptible.
He came home one evening, after one of his
talks with Henry Long, considerably fretted at
what be chose to think the great injustice prac
tised by his mother in refusing t let him accept
the plai-e which had been offered by Mr. Gar
diner." On that very day, a favorable answer
had been received by Mrs. Bradford to her ap
plication (or the situatiou of Matron iu an Or
bha had not spoken to Edward on the subject,
and he had no suspicion of what was in her
mind. How to break it to him, was now the
subject of her thoughts. That he would oppose
her, she knew ; and the more strongly, because
it involved the breaking up of their home. And
was it just to him for her to do so ! That was
still a question, ever recurring, though answered
oer and over again conclusively, the mother
tritd fo think.
Edward came in with his usual quiet step.
There wax no smile on his lip as he g anced in
to his mother's face ; and though she tried to
smile an evening welcome home, there was only
a W!e ray upon her countenanae that soon
Edward," said Mrs. Bradford, as they were
abut leaving the tea table, almost compelling
herself to introduce a subject that could no
longer be kept back," we shall have to make
a change in our mode of life."
Ths boy looked at her inquiringly.
"I need not say, my son, that we are very
poor," she added ; " too poor even to maintain
our present styl-ef living."
- well, motner, whose fault is it ! Edward
spoke coldly nay, severely.
I do not charge if as the fault of any on.'
answered Mrs. Bradford...: "
I do, then," was the quick response. Accu
sation and rebuke, both, were in the boy's tones.
" Upon whom FThe mother looked him firm
ly in the face.
"Itia-youriault,'' said he.
- Edward T
"I cannot help it, mother. But for your re
fusal to let mo accept the offer of Mr. Gardiner,
might now be receiving three dollars weekly,
which would help a great deal."
"Jo, that sinali gain 'would have been, I tear,
the seed Of an infinite loss, my son." me voice
of Mrs. Bradford trembled, and her eye grew
sud enly dim. - '
" Uncle Bradford said that was all a woman s
silly notion, and I believe him."
Edward uttered this with a cruel thoughtless
ness, and his words pierced th ; heart of bis
mother. A little while she looked with a rapid
ly changing countenance into his face looked
half timidly, but oh ! so sorrowfully ; and men
leaning down until' her forehead rested upon
the table at which she sat, sobbed out loudly,
while her body shook as with a conv ulsion.
Touched, but not subdued by this effect of his
hard word, Edward arose and commenced walk
5nr thfl room
rposon or tier leeungs, nd, in l
a few minutes, was able to command, her voice
"1 have looked to your good alone, my son,'
said she ; " and time will prove that I did not
err in accepting the place you have, instead of
the one offered by Mr. Gardiner. Do. your mo
ther at least the justice; to believe that she was
governed by no selfish consideration. . But to
recur to what I wished to say in the beginning.
We are too poor to retain even ibis humble
home. Providentially, however, in this our ex
tremity, a w ay has been opened. This afternoon
I received notice that I was appointed Matron
in the Orphan Asylum. The salary is
:five hundred dollars."
Edward's face flushed suddenly, and then
grew pa'e as ashes. He had continued walking
the floor wiih uneasy step, but now he stood
still, gazing upon his mother with a strange
doubting, startled look.
" With this income," she added, " and no ex
pense of rent or housekeeping, I shall be able to
sut port you comfortably, until your services in
Mr. Lee's counting-room command a salary.
The only diauback in the matter is the giving
up of our home."'
.The whole manner of ihe boy underwent a
change. Without speaking, he moved across
the room to where his mothi-r still sa', and,
bending down, laid his head upon hor bosom,
and burst into tears. Not nly was his pride
w ounded at the thought of her taking the place
of a matron in au orphan Asylum ; he was
touched by so strong a manifestation of her self
sacrificing love for him. And he had, moreover,
an oppre ssive sense of loneliness home sickness
it might almost be called as the idea of se par
ation from his mother presented itself vividly.
" You will not go there, dear mother," he
sobbed, lifting his tearful face from her bosom.
"It would be wioiig, under-present ciicum
stances for me to refuse the offer,
u You cannot do it you must not do it, mo
ther ?" Edward spoke with rising warm.h.
" There is no alternative, my son."
" Don't fy so, mother. WTait, wait."
.' Wait for what, Edward ?"
" I can, I will earn bomelhing. I must sup
port you ; not you support me. My hands are
ready and my heart willing. No no you
thftll not go there."
Mr. Lee caunot pay you a salaiy at present"
"Then I must fii.d soui one who can," was i
the rt solute answer.
I do not wish you to leave Mr. Lee's service.
I know it will be best for you in the end to re
main with him," interposed Mrs. Bradford.
"I canuot work, surviug," taid the lad, bit
Calm yourself, Edward." The mother spoke
earnestly and tenderly. " Trust something iu
my judgment. Time will prove to you that I
am right in what I propose doing."
Uight to take from me my home ?'' laid the
boy, with a mournfulness in his voice that thril
led on Us mother's heart-strings, and startled in
her mind a new train of thoughts. Yes, it would
be taking from him his home, poor and humble
though it was; for when she entered upon the
Matron's duties, he would go in among strang
ers ; and who could tell whether the new rela
tions into which he must come, would be for
good or evil ?
And now, Mr . Bradford's purpose, so firmly
settled, began to waver.
You have not yet accepted the offer P' in
q ired Edward, after his excitement of feeling
had iu a measure subsided, and thought beau
to flow on in a clearer current. t,
No, but I will be expected to give an answer
" Cau it be put off untiil the day after to-mo.-
" It might."
"Then dout say you, to-morrow ; don't, mo
ther! Promise me, won't you !"
" But w hat will it avail, my son ?"
" Only wait, mother," urged the lad eagerly.
" hay that you will wait"
" I need not give the answer to-morrow ; and
if you so earnestly desire it, I w ill not"
Edward said no more, but from that moment
his thoughts were indrawn, and he remained
during the. evening in a state of deep abstrac
tion. All the powers of his young mind he was
taxing for a solution of one of life's intricate pro
blems. He was in a mere tranquil, hopeful
stat on the next morning; for be had come to
a decision, and that was, to tell the story of his
mother's extremity, and a-k from Mr. Lee either
the payment of a salary, or a release from his
Mr. Lee heard his story, and it awakened a
strong interest in favor of the lad, for was a man
of generous sympathies. But the question of
paying hdward a salary was one that be could
not easily decide. His business was only in iu
forming stage, and in commencing it, he had
graduated his expenses to the very lowest scale,
It was part of his calculation to do without a
clerk for the first year ; and to take an office
boy, who would be compensated for his services
during at least that period by the knowledge of
business be would acquire. This economical
arrangement of bis affairs was not, in any sense,
the offspring of mean cupidity; nor was it
grounded in a principle of injustice to others. It
was only a measure of prudence, the dictate "of
a clear judgment. "Little boats keep near the
shore," was one of his safe axioms.
- " I wiil think about this, Edward," he answer
ed, kindly, after the boy had told his story, "and
se what can be done. I like your manly spirit,
and right feeling towards your mother."
There was something so cheerful andencour-
as'mg in Mr. Lee's voice, that the lad felt his
Jiearf bound with hope. The fact was, on this
very morriine, the young commission merchant
had received a letter from a large manuractunng
establishment at the Est, notifying him of a
handsome consignment of goods, and promising
to keep him supplied. The goods were in
demand, and sales could be m ade to some of the
best houses in the city. From this source alone
his profits would be several hundred dollars in
Mr. Lee was not one of those men whose sym
pathy for others grows narrower, as the dawn of
a more prosperous day begins to break along
a murky horizon.
" I am glad for his sake, as well as for my
own," was the thought which flitted through
a iaurawie iiag. -rrtiew bTOspf
just occurred. I can now afford to pay bim
something ; and I will do it A lad with such
a spirit deserves encouragement"
(Concluded next week.)
FOE THE LADIES.
The following beautiful and true sentiments
are from the pen of that charming writer, Fred
rika Bremer, whose obseavations might well be
come rules of life, so appropriate are they to
many of its phases : "Deceive not one another
in small, things nor in great. One little single
lie has before now, disturbed a whole married
life, a small cause has often great censequences
fold not ttiearms togetnerana sitiaie. L,an
ziness is the devil's cushion." Do not run much
fiom home. One's own hearth is of more worth
than gold. Many a marriage, my friends, be
gins like the rosy morning, and then falls away
like a snow-wreath. And why, my friends!
Because the married pair neglect to be as well
pleasisg to each other after niarringe as b fore.
Endesvor always, my children, lo please one an
other; but at the same time keep God in your
thoughts. Lavish not all your love on to-day,
for remember that marriage has its to morrrow
likewise, and its day after to-morrow, too
Spar?, a one may say, fuel for the winter. Con
sider, my daughters,-what the word life expres
ses. The married woman is the husband's do
mestic faith ; in her band he must be able to
confide hou?e and family; be able to entrust to
her the key of his heart, as well as the key of
his eatiner-roora. His honor and "his home are
under her keeping his well-being in her hand
Think of this ! And you, son be faithful bus
bands, and good fathers of families. Act so that
your wives shall esteem and love you." -
.UJl -fctt t Poetry ,U Hba, k,w th. market
out 61 the simplest materials, andbaun- j() A(broal md wbat ar
ting, more or .less, the secret recesses of every
human heait; or rather, it is divided into a
thousand separat poems, full of individual in
terest, and little, quiet touches of feeling, and
golden recollections, interwoven with our very
being ! common things, hallowed and mad
beautiful by tbe spell of memory and assoeia
tion; and owing all their glory lo the halo of
their own fond affection. The eye of a stranger
rests coldly on such revelations; their simple
pathos is hard to be understood ; and they smile
oftentimes at the quaintness of those pasage!
which make others weep. With the beautiful
instinct of true affection, home love retains only
the good. There were clouds then, even as now,
daike.uing the hor zen of daily life, and breaking I
tears or wild storms above our beads; but we
remember nothing save the sunshine, and fancy
somehow that he has never shone so bright
since 1 How-little it took to make us happy in
those days, a) e, and sad also; but it was a pleas
ant sadness, for we wept only over a flower or a
book. But let us turn to our first poem ; and
in using this term we allude, of course, to tha
poetry of idea, rather than that of the measure;
the beauty of which is so often lost to us from a
vague feeling that it cannot exist without
rhythm. But pause and listen first of all, gentle
reader, to the living testimony of a poet heart,
brimfull and gushing over with home love:
4-Tbere are not, in the unseen world, voices
more gentle and more true, that may be more
implicitly relied on, or that are so certain to give
none but the tenderest counsel, as the voices in
which the spirits of the fireside and the hearth
address themselves to human kind !"
, CROSS PURPOSES.
This Game is a decided improvement on con
versation cards, as giving employment to a lar
ger number of players, and being less trouble
some in preparation.
Each player furnishes his neighbor with an
answer, after the fashion of the hidden word.
One of the party stands at a little distance, so
as not to over hear wbat is said.
Tte office of this isolated individual (all the
answers being arranged) is to come forward and
address the question in turn to each player, who
is bound to give the answer that has been con
fided to him by his neighbor. The result is of
teu highly amusing.
Thk game offers no difficulty whatever, be
yond that of knowing bow to put the questions
so as to make them apply to all sorts of an
Let us suppose that tbe members of a select
company have been provided with an answer
each, aud that the interrogator (Charles) ques
tions them as follows :
Charles. How do yoo find your self to-day !
Maria. With pepper and vinegar.
Charles. Are you fond of dancing f
Ellen. On the table.
Charles. Are you fond of equestraio exercise !
Alexander. Trimmed with point lace.
Charles. What is your opinion' of Tennyson f
Lucy. Hot with sugar, fcc &c
Habit in a child is at first like a spider's web;
if neglected it becomes like a thread or a twine,
next a cord or a rope, finally a cable; and than
who can break ill
ij . .HUMAN STOVES.
To secure warmth in-doofs, tie Russian nobles,
knowing nothing about what is wholesome or
unwholesome, indulge in double windows, double
doors, closed chimneys, and the stoppage, with
sand, of every crack that could admit the air.
There '-was a French comedian, M. Frogere, in
great favor with the Emperor, who amused him
off the stage with mimicries, and buffooneries ;
for, says M. ' Robertson, "a man with a pupil in
his hand bad only.to pull the string and tarn
more money and applause thn was to be got at
StPPetersbnrg from any benefaction to the hu
man race.' One dav M. Frogere was dining with
a party at a country house near St. Petersburg,
when his presence suggested the idea of getting
up, at once, a little comedy. The only diflaculty
was that the season was 'severe, and tnai it
would lake two or three hours to heat the room
in which the comedy would have to be perform
ed. So much delay would spoil tbe entire plan,
and it was about to be abandoned, when the
host suddenly declared that he had solved the
difficulty. He would guarantee them a warm
room in half an-hour. Accordingly, be caused
1 the serfs, laborers, and mechanics in the
neighborhood to be hurried into the cold saloon,
and, when it was quite full, shut all the doors,
and left the poor men to establish a black hole
municate their heat to tne atruosp
e their heat tolTie atnktsprrere. me r
doors were then thrown open, the serfs were
ordered to make a precipate retreat; the smell
they left was disguised with a profusion of
choice perfumes, and the guests entered, clap
ping their hands with delight at feeling the
warm air and smelling the sweet incense. So
ibey shut themselves up comfortably in the
warm, poisonous air, and played their little
BARGAINING ON SUNDAY-
A Scotch paper has the following account of
the mode by wh eh busiuess may be transacted
on Sunday, and no harm done :
" Long before there was any word of disrup
tion, and when the Church of Scotland was
deemed by those who have since seceded from
her communion as the glory of ihe whole earth,
the following conversation ensued between his
reverence, now in the Free Church, and one of
the hearers in the nual parish, on a Sunday
forenoon, immediately after divine service :
Well, John, there's a fine dev.' 'It is that,
Sir,' was the leply. 'That s a fine poney you
have got, John.' 4 No cannier or better behav
ed creature in the paris!., savin' yer-eif,' replied
Hodge. 4 If it had not be n S inday,' ?aid the
man of Scripture, 4 w-u'd have been inquiring
the price of it' ' 'Deed, sir,' replied the owner
of the beast, 4 if it hadna been Sunday, as ye
say, I would bae said aught pounds.' 4 Indeed,'
replied mass Jbn, 4 we will see about that to
morrow.' ' Very well, Sir. That's a bonny
stack o' hay ye bad i' the yard I wouldna be
na waur o' a pumhle o' it; and it hadna been
ihe day it is 1 would iiae speeded tie price of it,
too,' 4 I think the more of .u for that John,
as it is just the way wish mysel,-1br had it not
been this hallowed day, I would have said nine-
pen, e i,er stone. 1 m;srht litewise nave aked a
asking for your Ayrshire lull calf, and so on.'
4 'Deed, ay Sir: but as we canna be tellin' that
wheat raise a shiliin' and ails fifteen pence the
quarter, on sich a day as this, an' it would be just
as ill sayiti' that th bit cauhVs w!rth thirty
shillings till anybody.' 4 Good day, John.' 4 Gui 1
day, Sir,' was then pased, and thus ended the
above equivocal reverence for '.he Sabbath, al
though ihe conversation eded to the mutual
worldly of both parties.
Microscopic I 'uotographs. Some micros
copic photographs exhibited at Manchester,
England, the other day, excited much admir
ation. One, of the size of a pin's head, when
magnified several bundled times, was seen to
contain a group of seven portaits of members of
this artist's family, the likenesses being admira
bly distinct Another raircroscopic photograph,
of still less size, represented a mural tablet,
erected to the memory of William Sturgeon, the
electrician, by his Manchester friends, in Kirkby
Londsdle church. This little tablet covered only
l-900th part of a superficial inch, and contained
680 letters, every one of which could be distinct
ly seen by the aid of the microscope.
Mail Coaches and Steam Trains. Warn't
them mail coaches, pretty things, sir ? Hon the
old King's birthday, sir, when tbey all turned
out with new 'arrms and coaches fresh painted,
end coachman aud guard in new toggery, and
four as beautiful bits of blood to each on 'em as
was to be found in England, warn't it a sight to
behold, sir ? The world could show no.hin' like
it, sir. And to think they are past and gone, it
makes ones 'eart hache. They tells me the
coouhman now, sir, has a dirty black face, and
rides on a fender before a large grate, and flour
ishes a j-ed ,'ot poker instead of a whip. Sam
House in the Moos. A rustic having gone
to the Calton-hilf observatory to get a sight of
the moon, alier having got a glace of it, drew
away his head to wipe his eyes, and, in the in
terval, the end of the lelescop noiselessly fell
dow n, so as, instead of pointing to the heavens,
to point down to tne eartn. 1 he rustic s sur
prise was unutterable when he again looked
through, and beheld the sign of a public house
at a short dislance, with tlie customary declar
ations 14 Edinburgh, ale," Arc. lie started
back, and exclaimed, 44 Edinburgh ale in the
moon ! Gude preserve us, that beats a'!"
Another " Joan of Arc." A modern 'Joan
of Arc,' recently appeared at Orleans in France,
but was not well received. The authorities sent
her to prison, instead of to the Crimea. We
have this account of her :
A French paper states that a young woman,
who pretends to have a divine mis ion, has just
been locked up in the Orleans prison. She asked
to be sent to the Crimea, pretending that she
could take Sevastopol in a very short time. She
speaks on the subje ct in the most calm and delib
erate manner. All she aks for to accomplish
her glorious mission is an escort of a sergeant, a
corporal, and ten men. She is at preseut com
mitted ingloriously as a vagabond.
WILLIA DT COOKE, i
JAME3 A W ADDELL. M. D. f D 1 T 0
RALIIGHrSEPT, 29, 1855.-
Terms TwO DOLLARS FEB AH HUM, In A (Wane.
$5 full pries,.
!.".".15 " '.
Three Copies,. . . .. ,
ifat Copf .
Tea Copies,. ......
Twenty Copies.. . .
V- ; (foment in all eoeetin odimnci.) H 1
83T Where clnb of eight, ten or twenty subscribersis
sent, the person making up tbe club will be entitled to a
Posftnisters are authorized to act ss Agents for
the Southern Weekly Post.
Mi. Hi P. Doutbit is our authorized agent for the
States ot Alabama MrssTSsrm and Temwsssct, "
"When parties' differing widely in ooinion, are
induced ly considerations of expediency to a
dopt a common expression of principle?, the
terms of ihe compromise will either be unmean
ing and worthless, or embrace important con
cessions on one or both sides. Iu the latter
case, the document must make a frank acknow l
edgment of error, or involve inconsistencies
and contradictions incompatible with candor and
Tktuwr'g " TTY ."A
constructing an apparent compromise out of an
tagonistital materials, has been recently furnish
ed by the American Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions in session at Utica. That
body employs a number of missionaries among
the Choctaws. For several years, a serious is
sue has been pending between these missiona
ries and the Prudential Committee, in regaid to
slavery. One of the secretaries visited i he Choc
taw settlements, for the purpose of effecting an
adjustment of the difficulty, and reported to the
Board an instrument of compromise adopted by
the missionaries and himself. The report was
received and approved of first by the Commit
tee, and then ratified by the Board. That body
embraces a large cumber of the Northern cler
gy, as well as many influential laymen from the
non slavebolding S ates, ar.d on the last occa
sion of its meeting was presided over by the
Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen.
The document presented lo tbe Board, and
adopted as a compromise, exhibits ery strcng
internal evidence that both parties were so ear
nestly beni upon a settlement of some sort, as
to le willing to make as u'uch substantial con-ce-sion
to each other as could possibly be done
withiu the limits of truth ; and we think that
each in its anxiety to secure this tesuit, has real
ly, though perhaps unconsciously, even transcen
ded these limits. Ir.deed we have never seen a
great public declaration of principles ia which
the consulting parties seemed so ready to pur
chase concord at a saciitice of consistency and
The Board wanted slavery condemned. The
missionaries wished to deal moderately with
slaveholders. It was necessary' therefore that
their agreement should satisfy both conditions.
It was made to do ko by force. Hear its lan
guage -1. Slavery, as a system, and in its own pro
per nature, is what it is deciib-d to be, iu th;
General Assembly's Act. of 1818, and in the Re
port of the American Board adopted at Brook
lyn in 1845.
2. Privation of liberty in holding s'aves is,
therefore, not to bo ranked w ith things indiffer
ent, but with those which, if not made right by
special justificatory circumstances and the in
tention of the doer, are morally wrong.
The Roman Catholic Church has been justly
condemned for ascribing infallibility to tfie de
cisions of its popes and councils ; but here is a
body of the descendants of the Puritans, not
only nv king the resolves of certain ecclesiastical
bodies the ultimate test of truth, but even car
rying the stream of deduction above the level
of its premises. t Because others hare said so
and so, therefore we are bound to regard slavery
in a certain moral light. It is the logic of Ro
manism introduced into a missionary society of
the nineteenth century, which loudly boasts of
its foundation on the voluntary principle. And
it is worthy of note that the Sriptnies, the only
pei feet rule of faith ai.d practice, are not once
referred to in this lengthy report, as authority
in regard to the question at i-sue !
But further, if we remember aright, the lan
guage of the acts and resolves appealed to, is
forcibly altered and perverted to answer the
fixed purpose of the occasion. . That which in
1818 was describe'1, as a moral evil, the report
now assumes, on the bare authority of that act,
to be, not a thing indifferent, but one morally
wrong, in all cases where it cannot be shown to
be right. It is not a thing which is right or
wrong according to individual circumstances!
That would be too great a concession ! The great
majority of human actions are to be classed a
mong these 44 indifferent things. Blasphemy
perjury, envy, malice, cruelty are all p skive
evils--offences against the laws of Heaven,
which no circumstances can make right, or jus
tify. Qu the" other band, honesty, chariiy, fi
delity, reverence, piety, are positively right, and
cannot be imagined to be w rong. Such acts of
rational beings are not indifferent ; but human
life is for the most part made up of acts and af
fections which belong absolutely neither to the
one nor the other of these c'asses. Their moral
character depends upon circumstances and mo
tives, and we cannot a&ign them such a char
acter till we know the motives and circum
stance under which they are committed. Ac
cording to the American Board, slavery does
not belong to this cla.s, but to that which is
composed of things necestarily evil; and yet
that grave and wise body ba, in the same sen
tence, admitted that, under some circumstances,
that which is thus essentially wrong, may be
made right by the motives of the wrong doer !
But hear them again :
9. While, as in war, there can be no shed
ding of blood without sin somewhere attached,
and yet the individual soldier may not be guilty
of it; so, while slavery is always sinful, we cau
not esteem every one who is legally a slavehol
der a wrong doer for sustaining the legal rela
tion. When it is made unavoidable by tlie law s
of the State, tlie obligations of guardianhip, or
the demands of humanity, it is not to be deemed
an offence against tlie rule of Christian right.
Here the . reader will observe that we have
not misrepresented the American Board as hold
ing that slavery is essentially sinful I Their
language is too explicit to be misunderstood for
a moment They say it is M always" sinful, and
in the same sentence, with equal exf.i;c:tn
declare that it is tometimtt not sinful!
appeal to eTery candid reader if siic, js Dot '
plain, unmistakable interpretation of tbe 1 '
paragraph we quoted. But what m;ikes
matter ludicrous as welT as absurd if ,,., '
writer of the report, whilst endeavoring to in
tute a parallel between slavery and war, asm
moral evils belonging to the same caiirotv
dently discovered that his parallel w0u( '
fatal to his theory, and cunningly, but awkwi
ly changed the phraseology, to asf noss.t, '
conceal n:8 mirortune. me who e f. c
war and slavery are similar as moral e
l ' r .
insieau 01 repiseui.ng war as a ni.-ral evil l
writer speats or sin as an inctdnt.i WHr
tenure attached to it. llow or wh..,
inent of moral evil U comes counecM with J
we are not informed, but war itself is ,.x ij-J'
according to the reporter, an "indifferent" thij'
of which sin or moral evil is merely the ijj'
dent We can easily understand ' ther. fo,'"
how an individual soldi.T nriv fi.rht
-IU US COQl).
try s battles, and be reo-m d ;no the Chris--fold
without aforrmil explanation of tie Ino,;r
thai impelled him to the field. ',. ean , , '
stand how the patriot cau be jus ifiVd h-f.re- Y"
conscience and his God, for deeds of U ,,0(i . m
mitted in the cause of duty ai d . f". .
cause v,,OTJea In repi.rt, ti,,t r ;
not Always sinful." But in the case , f su,ve
ry, instead of similarity, s we are hd jo .Xiw
we are furnished with a startling coutrasl, i
p s tion that it is not sometimes rig!tttul .
way, wrong; nd at the si.me tin", w'earesv
sured that the individual slaveholder my 1,
innocent, for the same reason that the iudividu
al soldier is so. In other words, a- warlm
slavery are essentially different, th.e wimire
engaged iu them may be properly classed ,u
gether ! Tbe connection between the prernki
and the conclusion is entirely bidden fr.-in our
We have alluded to the terms of tin's renwrt
able report, not to increase sectional feel.'njr but
lo must-ate the diameter of ihat theory in mor
al philosophy and Christian etl.ns which gov
erns every sumsMve step i- the social move
ments of tbe Northern people. They we insave
on the subject of moral evil. T They reason v0:i
tinually fmnj a set of false premises, and have
consequently converted their sec ion of the Un
ion into a vast Bedlam, agitate I ( distantly with
conflicting creeds "and opinio:., lffhey could
only b- brought to entertain a little doubt in
gard to the correctness of their prem ses. there
might be some-hope of a, testoration of ordermd
good feeling. But so long a 'this fae cmirc
tion, this miserable d liiJ-ion remains, we inures
pect from that quarter, nothing bu'. confute.
iigitati n, and fanaticism !
THE " N. C. STATE FAIR."
The Chftiinviu of the Executive Gomnvttw
t of the North Carolina State Agricultural Socie
ty, in accordance with the directions of the
Committee.' has prepared the foli .winu' prelimi
nary notice, which we insert wiih pleasure.
Tbe impor.ance of an arlv attention' to the
rules and suggestions contained in it v. ill he ob
vious to all.
The thiH annual Fair" of the " N. C. Statt
Agricultural Society," will open at Raleigh en
Tuesday, ihe 16th day of October, :aid cun'.inue
AH articles to " be exhibited for premiums" mut
be entered and registered by 'he Monday night iin
medrately preeedi-n;.-lhe riny f Ti'peninr t'.e 'Fa:r;'
Articles intended for exhibition only wiTl lie re
ceived at any .time during tbe 1 Fair, entirely it
the owner's risk.
When ctoek ba lieeir received by the "Retpp
tion Commit'ee" and properly registered, k si I
be keptst tlie expense of the Society, and like :il
other ariie'e car not be. removed wit'iout pmu
sion from the "Ex. Committee."
Exhibitors are earnestly requested towtvivp
their articles e;irly (ilie pr.cedinq w cek tlmi h-y
may be properly brrned before rl.e Oiic: I & -f
The annual address before the Societv fl!-be
delivered by the Hon. '1 honias Ruffiit en'tlie "Fai
I tn authorized to stnte (he "Nonh Carol inn'
Wilmington and Weldon," and 4- K:eih r,l
Gaston" Railroads will observe the fo! oi t rulei
in transporting articles for exhibition at the 4 tstau
Exhibitors will be permitted to pnt-s a fiige
specimen of each of their articles lo be exhibit,
free of charge.
Lit stock will be carried at half rate of fart, t
VUi'ors to the 44 Fair" will be permitted to p -ss
at I alf rate of "ore" by buying a.4 Return Tick
e:" (which wiil be good for five days), o;!ieri-e
the usual rate will be efarged. .
The alwve rules apply equally to the "Union
Fair" to be held at Henderson on the 10th, lln
and lath of October.
During the 44 State Fair" extra Tmin of P.
gcr earn will be run on the N. Curolina Mid K
leigh and Gaston fLuilrnads, by which visitors e-n
attend the Fair in the day, and lodge nt night ,l l
various villages idong ihe line of ti-e Ro. A. A
schedule will be published, giving no ice of tbe ar
rivals and departures of tbe extra trai"?.
E. A t'RUDUP,
Chm'n Ex. Com. oPN. C. State Agr. Society
Raleigh, Sep. 29, 1855.
EST" IV-pers throiiffliout tbe State fsvorablf I"
the Agikuitural and Mechanic interest oi iVr
Carolina will please copy.
THE COLLEGE OF MAYNOOTH. .
Those who are acquainted with tbe more re
cent his ory of British parties, arc aware t! a
end years since, the government, for th-aio
purpose of conciliating In land, determiced Bp-"
the decided measure of endowing the colhge of
Maynooth, a R .man Catholic itjstituton,
dedforthe education, of the prietho.-d. Ti
system having been put in operation, a commi--sion
was appointed A Parliament to iq"i'e
to iu management. The result has beta
elaborate report, the proof bheets of h"cu "
said to have been forwarded to the ppe by l)
Cu'len, with the approval of some of th ";'
missioned, lefoie the document was f.rnier f
presented to the British Legislature. A
number of theEdinbuig Roiew, a period"
which has always taken the lead in advocsti'l
Catholic emancipation and the &laycvo:b &
dowmen'. and is still za.'ous in the cause, cot
tiins a long criticism up- n the report, and s
account f the in-titution. From this aru.
we leain lhat the report is ra:her unfavorable
The College of Maj nooth is conducted P
mediaeval principles, wi.h a discipline snJ
agemeut such as nvght have been seen
ford jn its earlie-t da . Tbe studeuts are w
Jected to the most rgid system of restrict
The Reviewer remarks 44 We cannot, fa f"f
part, imagine a system better devised tbn
described in the report, for dwaifing all iDttl
ftess of character." It may confirm this pio"