fflLLIAM D. COOKE,
AN INI) E PEN DENT Fill L Y NEWSPAPER.
TWI DOILIES : 71 AIM!
i ' ti -SV.
: .' .
V . ' ss t .
VOL. IV, NO. J8.
me following beautiful lines from .the Dublin
University Magazine, will remind the reader of the
lt acene in Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress :
Time UjjjMlA&P nlJFide i--v,V
' "Xnd While along its banks We stray ;
We see our loved ones o'er its tid
Sail from our sight away, away, ,
Where are they sped they who return .."'
So more to glad our longing eyes !
They're passed from life's contracted bourne
To land unseen, unknown, that lies
- Beyond the river. .
'Tishid from view ; but we may guess
How beautiful that realm must be ;
For gleamings of its loveliness,
In visions granted. oft we see.
The very clouds that o'er it throw
Their veil, anraiseil for mortal sight,
With gold and purple tintings "glow,
Reflected from the glorious light
Beyond the River.
And gentle airs, so sweet, so calm,
" Steal sometimes from that viewless sphere,
The mourner feels their breath of balm,
And soothed sorrew dries the tear.
And sometimes list'ning ear may gain
Entrancing sound that hither floats ;
Theecho of a distant strain,
Of harps' and voices' blended notes,
Beyond the river.
There-are our loved ones in their rest ;
The've crossed Time's river now no more
They heed the bubbles on its breast,
Nor feel the storms that sweep its shore.
But there pure love can live, can last
They look for' us their home to share ;
. When we in turn a w ay have passed,
What joyful greetings wait us there,
Beyond the river.
BUBBLES AND BLUNDERS.
A NEWPORT LOVE TALE.
' ' j , . (Concluded.). ....
If ever: El la Chase, the belle of Newport, and
the reigning belle of New York, lo6t her self
pqssession, it certainly was for about three .min
utes after Lennox Murray had made his most
unexpected speech , and iis dignified exit, , Mr.
Stacey.sat looking vacantly at the card before
Lim, and mechanically continuing to move his
fan. Ella played with her rings; Moreton
Hashed up the chicken, until one would have
thought it was destined to be eaten by the
chicken itself, into such small particles did he
cut it ; and Douglas was very Lng fumbling at
The tuly unconcerned individual of the party
was Mrs. Chase, over whose haughty features a
fluile of satisfaction appeared to play, as she
continued placidly to diseuss her breakfast.
But a belle's self-possession never deserts her
Ug ; and, with a little giggle, Ella exclaimed,
"How funny ! quite dramatic, wasn't it, Sta
eey ! I thought the man was an actor.'
"Very bad taster" said Moreton ; I'm sure
you didn't do anything but look at him ; and
I think a fellow ought to be flattered by that,
rather than offended."
. "Lenuox Murray is likely todcnow something
about good breeding," said Douglas, now join
ing in the conversation.- "He has been to all
the courts of Europe ; he belongs to one of the
first fanilies of Virginia, and was quite the rage
in Paris rcountesses and dutchesses dying for
him." ' -
"lie has, besides, ten thousand dollars a year
from his aunt, and his father is rich and a man
f great influence," said Mrs. Chase, UI know
him quite well, thou1i he is altered since I saV
.him Iat, and I did not remember him. ,
Ella looked up thoughtfully at her mother ;
then, with a pretty toss of her head,and a smile
to Moreton, and a nod to Douglas, she roe
gfaeefully from her seat, and taking Stacey's
offered arm, slowly left the room.
'Ella," whispered Siacey, as they walked along
Tm sure that Yellow was suddenly stmck with
-you." '' .
"And suppose he w as, Mr. Stacey ! do you
ink because I havthe honor to be admired
Mr. Stacey, that I. am to renounce all other
"eli, after your promises "
"Promises !" exclaimed Ella, opening her
blue eyes to their utmost extent ; "we are not
me to that yet, I imagine; and indeed I don't
now that we ever shall particularly if you
take to tyrrannizing already. I declare I won't
ubmit to it you know We are not engaged."
"Ella, Hear Ella," pleaded the astouishe'd Sta-
"What have I said !" .
t jealous, and most unjustly, and made
me 'rable," said Ella, putting her handker
c!f to her eyes ; "and I wont go out with you
1 promised, so you needn't wait for me, I
speak to you again to-day."
, " llh these words Ella broke from Stacey,
Qrred along the corrider, and dashing into her
roora, closed the door after her.
. So " said she, as soon as she was alone, go
nP t the glass and smoothing the hair and
Jbbnsher quick flight lmd disarranged "so,
Ve got rid of him, at any rate. Ten thousand
Jear a good name and the bean of Paris
certainly handsome and elegant that can't
Passed by. Now, the eirl he distinguishes
lTkI511 ella at ouce an rm not ffomg
ent out. I've been a belle undisputed for
-.5 : ; ,
three seasons, and I mean to be so to the last ;
for I suppose I must marry this year, r they'll
say I'm getting old. Well, I can .have Stacey,
and he understands life and style, and between
us we shall be pretty rich. However, ten thou
sand a year ! - But how to get over thai blun
der f .Oh, ma knows them. V LeVme thiisVwc
let me' find" something striking something
new." ; .
The beautiful Ella reclined on her sofa for a
few minutes, lost in thought ; then, a bright
flush passed over her ' features, she rose and
rang her bell.
. w What is the number of Miss Dormer's Toom?'
said she, to the waiter who answered it.
"Take me to it,"'said she, and rising, she fol
When they reached the door, she dismissed
the waiter, and going up to it, knocked gently.
"Come in," replied a voice from within, and
Ella Chase entered the parlor appropriated for
the use of Mr. Murray and his party, and where
at that momen. all three were assembled.
Mary, as she saw her enter, looking up in a
mazement, while Lennox immediately rose from
his seat and stood leaning on the back of his
chair. ;f -
With what timid, blushing confusion did the
sweet, sylph-like creature, witha gentle tripping
step, run up to" Mary,and taking both her hands,
"Ob, Miss Dormer you must excuse me for
coming in this unusual way, but I'm so ashamed
of myself, and so unhappy, that I couldn't rest
any .longer, indeed I couldn't. Wont you for
give me ! You look so sweet, I'm sure vou will
Oh, I know you're the best tempered girl in the
world. How naughty I was ! Oh, Mr. Mur
ray, you will ask Miss Dormer to le friends,
wont you ? You know ma she says you knew
poor dear papa and I've been sucli a spoiled
child ! A d oh, Mr. Lennox," added Ella, turn
ing with a, most irresistable, appealing look to
Lennox f "you know you introduced yourself,
so I know your name ; oh, Mr. Lennox, I hope
you wont be too much shocked. You know
American girls are allowed great privileges
and then we haven't the advantages i f Euro
pean manners." -
With this insinuating, coaxing, flattering
speech, did Ella Chase contrive, by a masterly
stroke, to form an alliance with a part-, she fore
saw might have been a party of rivals. In a
few minutes she was seated by Mary and oppo
site Lennox,chatting in the most familiar, charm
ing way, and, from that day, Mary Dormer and
Ella Chase were inseparable friends.
As for Lennox, from the hour of her sweet,
guileless apology, he had not attempted to con
ceal his admiration of her, and soon beeame her
avowed adorer. How Ella Chase's triumphs
were increased by this homage, it is impossiMe
to state ; for Lenpox Murray was the cyn"sure
of all eyes. The'. men copied his dress biided
Lemoine for a pattern of his coats tried to im
itate his manners and interladed their conver
sation witih French, which they flattered them
selves was as pure. Parisian as Lennox's. The
ladies were all more or less in love with him ; a
word from Lennox Murray gave distinction ;
and a polka or a w altz with hiui, w as sure af
terward to bring the happy girl the best part
ners for the evening.
How fortunate was it for EIJa that she ha1
enlisted tliis new glory in her train '. How she
was envied, how she was hated by the women ;
how she was flattered, how she was courted by
the men ! How Marv admired her, and trsns
formed all her follies into virtues, merely from
the fact of her being the chosen object of her
cousin's admiration, which at once conferred a
patent of perfection. Mr. Murray, too tried to
love the object of his son's choice, for that gave
her a charm in his eyes ; but as yet all he could
do was to admire her beauty, and rery on what
Mary said for her other qualifications,.
How the principal parties . were affected in
this alliance, which set all Newport speculating
and which revived the flagging interest of the
last month of its expiring season, can be seen
from the following conversation :
Ella and Lennox are seated under the large
piazza, and the music is playing, and ihe crowd
is parading up and down before them,every one
as they pass casting a sly glance at the belle
and beau of Newport.
"For Heaven's sake, don't laugh so loud,"
exclaimed Letfnox, ''my dearest Ella, you forget
you are in public ; a woman shouldn't attract
public attention in that way.
'Oh, Lennox dear, do let me enjoy myself a
little am I not with you ? I declare, I forgot
I was in public, as you call it."
"Well, Ella, I trust you will never be in pub
lic, as you call it, again ; for when once you are
mine, you shall nver mingle in the vulgari
ties of Newport or any of these public crowds
We will live on on our fine Virginian estates. '
In the winter we will go to New York we will
enjoy all the artistic novelties of the season, and
a few select friends. Mary shall go with us,
of course ; but we will not live in a crowd like
this that is insufferable. I'm sure, you don't
like it, my beautiful, my charming fairy."
"Of course I like anything you like, Lennox
dear ! but as long as I am amongst the crowd,
as you call it, you know I must do as everybody
does and so, you musn't be angry, but I really
do mean to go to-morrow, to the fancj ball, and
to go in .character, too, and not to tell you what
character I assume."
"Ella," replied Lennox, "I'm sure you are not
in earnest for to imagine that the woman I
RALEIGH, NORTH-CAROLINA, SATURDAY,
love, was actually going to make a mountebank
of herself, would be more, than I.coold bear.
Mary has promised me to give up the idea, and
will go quietly with my father and myself, and I
trust that you "
"Oh, Mr. Stacey T exclaimed Ella, to that
band to play 'Sounds from Home.' No, Mr.
Stacey, on second thoughts, don't go, but come
here ; I want to talk to you a little just sit
down here. Don't listen Mr. Lennox, for it's a
little secret between Stacey and me."
"Ella," whispered Lennox, "are you going out
of your senses ? You know that Stacey and
myself are not on speaking terms.
"I don't want you to speak to him 'wi go
ing to speak to him," replied Ella, with a laugh.
"Come, Mr. Stacey, come !" and drawing her
dress round her,she made room for the delight
ed but surmised Stacey. who. nothing daunted
by Lennox's haughty looks, seated himself in
the chair by Ella, and began a whispered con
versation with her, interrupted by an occasional
laugh which set Lennox into a perfect fury.
At length, he could stand it no longer ; and
perceiving Mary, he rose, and with a sl:ght bow
to Ella, joined her.
Mary had the art of soothing all Lennox's
sorrows to which she first implicity lUtened,
and then, one by one, provided a remedy and
a consolation, so that by the time they had ta
ken two or three turns in the piazza. Lennox
was convinced that Ella was quite as charming
as he had thought her in tlis raorniug ; and it
was with a feeling of n mose that he ever should
have had a harsh thought of her, that he rush
ed back to where he had left her. - -
But there he found her not. Mr. Stacey a
lone was there. To him Lennox of course could
not speak ; bait Stacey, coming up to him, ad
dressed him, in a cold supercilious tone. ,
"If you arejooking for Miss Chase," said he,
"she will not return this evening ; she has re
tired to her room."
'Did she desire you to deliver this message
to me ?"
"She did sir."
"She might have chosen a more agreeable
"Perhaps she might, as far as regards- Mr.
Lennox ; but she took the one which pleased
herself," replied Stacey in an insolent tone.
"Sir," said Lennox, lowering his voice, and
assuming a tone of the most formal politeness ;
"thjs is scarcely a place in which to discuss
such a matter. It is not' my custom to have so
many witnesses to conversations of this nature
and though I may. have objected to any message
from. Miss Chase, sir,deli ered through you be
lieve me, Mr. Stacey, any message from your
self, shall meet with my most prompt atten
tion." With these words, Lennox, raising his hat
and courteously bowing, retired with a slow
and dignified step and mingled wiih the crowd.
"Hang the fellow !" said Stacey; ' but he de
sphcs a lesson ! With what an air he speaks
to one ! Does he think I'm going to fight, a
la. Partsienne i JNo, no, my nne tellow we
wont fi 'ht about the lady, we will just let her
be the umpire ; but we will dispense with the
Thus soliloquizd Mr. Stacey, as with a tri
umphant air, he too joined in the crowded and
noisy procession, parading up and down the
piazza before the distracted orchestra.
Meantime from the window opening into the
piazza, where, shaded and hidden by the cur
tains, she had sat a witness of the whole scene
stple Mrs. Cl.ase through the deserted corridors
to her daughter's room.
Here th shutters were closed, and Ella, en
veloped in her white dresing-gown, was lying
half buried in pillows, on the sofa.
Mrs. Chase opened tbe door, and after looking
for an instant at her daughter, she walked a
cross the room and opened one of tjie blinds, so
as to let in the light; then drawing a chair close
to where lier daughter reclined, she addressed
her in a sharp, authoritative tone :
"Ella,"' said she, "will you condescend to ex
plain your conduct to me !"
"Really, ma I don t see why I should " re
plied Ella, with a forced laugh.
"Because, Ella, though I am perfectly un
conscious, either of your motives or your actions.
the world will make me responsible for the re
sult of both. Are you aware t'hai Lennox and
Stacey have quarrelled ?"
"Nonsense !" exclairaned Elia, half rising and
looking up eagerly at her mother ; "you don't
say so ? that's too good !"
"Good Ella! I thought you were engaged to
"Did you?" said Ella, in the most innocent
ly unconscious tone.
"And are you not ?"
"Excuse me," said, Ella with mock deference
' that is a question I must decline to answer."
"What, to your own mother 1 Well diugh
ters- are strangely altered from my young,
"You see, mother, fashions change. It's a
good many years since your young days."
"It is, Eila ; for you, I believe, are five-and-twenty."
"I believe I am, mother you see quite old
enough to be my own mistress, and entirely
beyond your control."
"Ella Chase," said Mrs. Chase, "Lennox Mur
ray is not a man to be trifled with, nor a match
to be thrown aside! Your vanity, I should im
agine, inordinate as it is, must tare been grati
fied by this conquest, the envy of all Newport.
The very New York papers hare iporded your
triumph. Lennox himself is, I should imagine
a man to have touched a girl's heart, if she had
a heart. I warn vou Stacey and Lennox have
quarrelled you will be the Jac of tbj whole
Place." ... ..Vfc-'j
"Oh," vx&, l hnve such a headache T"
"Which means to say that you will neither
isten nor reply to me ?"
Ella bowed affirmatively, and thrust herself
eeper into the pillows. Then Mrs. Chase rose,
and looking for an instant on her, as she lay,
"Foolish ! heartless ! absurd !" and swept
from the room.
"So I really have contrived to become the
talk of the whole of the fashionable world !
Oh, it's a grand thing to be the principal thou't
in the minds of so many to be talked about
to be written about to be quarrelled about !"
added Ella, with a laugh. "My Don Magnifico,
did you really imagine that the belle, the lead
er of fashion, Ella Chase,' was going to sink in
to the obscure aud subservient wife, overshad
owed by her splendid husband ? Pas du tout
Mr. Lennox ! To have made your conquest,
brought you to my feet, made your absurd Eu
ropean airs bend before American caprice, is a
great triumph ; there is but one greater that
is, my hero, to jilt you having won the prize,
to disdain it to reject ten thousand a year and
your charming self. Oh, that is a splendid ter
mination to my carepr quite a bouquet !
Though, after all, I am only going to begin an
other career of fashion the married belle has
quite as much power as the unmarried one if
she has a sensible husband,one who understands
life not Lennox ye gods ! Our fine Virgin
ian estates ! and a little quiet music as a treat!
I should have been a mummy in a year !"
Ella's headache continued all the. next day
she was invisible even to her mother even to
Mary, who came several times to her room.
But this event, which might have pie-occupied
he world of Newport at some other time, was
carcely observed on this particular day ; for the
grand concluding fancy ball was to be given in
the evening, and every body was thinking too
much of velvets, satins, and feathers, of final
effects 8f dress arid fliflaTBffs aJT
on that evt-ning, to be very much preoccupied,
even with the health and affairs of the rjigniug
Lennox kept entirely in his own apartments
lie had, of course, not mentioned his encounter
with Stacey to any one, and was in hourly ex
pectation of a message from him. He sat by
Mary the whole day ; and Mary, seeing her cou
sin, as she always called him to her.-elf, unhap
py and restless, gave up the whole of her time
and thoughts to his amusement occasionally
creeping to Ella's room, for with a woman's in
stinct she guessed that some lovers' quarrel was
the cause of Leucox's disquiet.
Very restless, and difficult to please, indeed,
was Mr. Lennox ; but Mary's gentleness, cheer
fulness, and tact, almost brought him iuto a
contented state of mind.
As evening drew near, Mary began to hint
distantly at the ball. Her own pretty dress
was lying on the bed, in her own room, aud she
longed to put it on and show her cousin bow
very becoming and simple it was though, in
compliance with his wish, it varied in no way
from tho fashion of the day.
But Lennox took no hints, and appeared to
have forgotten all about the ball, till Mr. Mur
ray, knowing how much his little Mary eared
for it, asked her ifirshe wag not going to dress.
"Yes no not yet," replied Mary blushing
and looking at Lennox.
"I am not going, Mary," said Lennox, "but '
my father will take you, and "
"I don't care about it, at all, Lennox indeed
I don't!" .
"Mary, Mary !" said Mr. Murray.
"Well, I don't care enough about it, to leave
Lennox here alone and unhappy I mean, tin
comfoi table," added she, blushing ; for she
did not like Lennox to imagine that she divined
the cause of his unhappiness:"
"Mary," said Lennox,"stay here then, with
me. I know your heart so well, that I am
sure you would be unhappy, knowing "
A kuock, here interrupted Lennox's' praise of
Mary,to which she was listening with such grati
fication ; a waiter entered and delivered two
notes one to Miss IXrmer, the other to Mr.
Mary's note was from Ella, and contained
"Dear Mary Your cousin (I believe Mr.
Jennox Murray. ,s your cousm; w., very aux-
r tt :
10us to Know u.e cuaractei x auuu.u assume
tms even.ng, w.u you tea mm cuw uiuugu
. n i.-n xi t.
I shall go to the ball, I shall appear, neverthe
w 1 11 -i. .11 T 1 II 4. V '
less, this evening, in the character of a bride ?
Tha note addressed to Lenox, was a mere en
velope, and contained but one card, highly gla
zed, and with an elaborate silver border ; on it
"Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Stacey.
Some months after these, events, . Mary and
Mr. Murray sat together under the porch of
their own beautiful Virginian home. It was
evening, and the stillness was broken only by
the sonss from the distant habitations of the
merry slaves, and the lowing, of the caftle, re
turning to the farm yard. r Mary and Mr. Mur
ray looked at the distant' sunset, making the
glowing' tints of the gorgeous antumn foliage
still deeper and more glorious. They were seat-
OCTOBER 20. 1855.
ed side by side, and for some time spoke not.
"There was a pensive look on Mary's face which
it had not wonj when, first we saw it ; but il
vanished, arid jivas replaced by a bright smile,
the moment Mr. Murray addressed her.
Thm a, im m. ,,l,.ou fa jhy "W6liI H!SeTlfis;T
Mary ; not even boasted Italy can show tints
like the massive woods, which seem to have ta
ken their color;) from the very sun itself as it
sets. Those blue hills, and these plains, so rich
and fertile, though we are so near winter is it
not Beautiful Mary f
"Lovely," said Mary ; "and look, dear sir, to
add to the picturesque effect of the scene, there
is actually a traveller coming down our unfre
quented road, which leads to nowhere but here
you know and he seems coming toward the
"And," exclaimed Mr. Murray, rushing, for
ward, "I am sure I recognize the form, though
on foot, and alone. It can scarcely be"
"Yes, it is !" exclaimed Mary, "it is Lennox ;
it is my cousin Lennox !"
"It is your cousin Lennox !" cried the travel
er, who now reached the porch, and eagerly
grasped the hands extended to welcome hi in.
"Lennox, so happy to see you both, and to re
turn to his home."
"But we thought you had sailed for Europe,"
said Mr. Murray.
"So I almost did," replied Lnnox, laughing;
"but at the last moment I decided to stay, and
only sent Lemoine, with my blessing and his
dressing-case for I found that it. was not Eu
rope, But Virginia, that contained what I wan
ted, arid so I came as fast as I could on foot,
Mary, from the station thank Heaven, we have
no railroad nearer than six miles ! though it is a
long way to walk."
' It is indeed, cousin."
"Cou-in !"said Lennox ; "now, Mary, dear,
do you know w-ijat I wanted to come here in
such a hurry, for ? It is, that I have made a
discovery, and that I know why I didn't like to
cail you cousin."
"Yes d irling Mary," continued Lennox, and
putting his arm round her, he led her aside ;
' yeS! darling Mary, I have discovered in this
abseTicTTaW-sma the reason I
could not bear to call you cousin was, that .the
only happiness life can offer me, will be to call
you w ife !"
Mary did not reply, though the ardent gaze
she felt, but saw not, thrilled her. She leaned
a little heavier on Lennox's arm, and walked by
his side to the end of the green embowered piaz
za; still she spoke not, nor paused, but turned
and resumed her walk, coming to where Mr.
Murray stood, most discreetly gazing at the
sitting sun. When she came up to him, she
paused ; then putting her hand on his arm,
tears in her eyes, and a deep blush on her cheek,
Mr. Murray looked for one instant at his son;
then, with a face beaming with joy, he stooped
down, and kissing Mary's forehead, said, in a
" God bless you, my child.
Mary, then turning toward Lennox, put her
arms round his neck, and hiding her face on his
shoulder, murmured " Husband !"
And the happy Lennox clasped her tightly to
"Take her, my boy," said Mr. Murray. "The
pure, guileless, devoted and simple minded Ame
rican wife not the belle of a season, such as
paltry, mistaken imitations of foreign follies and
vices, fashion makes the girls of our city aristoc-racy--but
the wife fitted for old nge, as well as
youth the mother of whom your children will
be proud the mistress, making a home a para
dise, her household a scene of peace and happi
ness her pride, not to be the talk and admira
tion of the world, but her glory to be the hon
ored and virtuous wife of a Virginia gentleman.
.." The favorite dance so much in vogue among
the Spanish and their descendants, but which is
in fact of Moorish origin, is designed to repre
sent, as is well known, the different stages or
shades in the progress of the tender passion:
love, desire, hopej proud disdain, and relenting
tenderness. Cold refusal and warm confession
of the ' soft impeachment' are vividly represen
ted by means of the modulations of the music
and the voluptuous movement of the dancers.-
Temperament and custom have rendered the
f fandango and bolero (the latter of which is but
a continuation or sequel to-the former) expres-
j of lhe intoxicaling joy of succes8fuI love,
., r.AVnrual rie tue ouu anA ,ma!1v
form the finale ef all social pleasure. There-
i serve aud characteristic hauteur of the Spaniard
S instantly quit the field when tbe light tinkling
ot tne guitar cans mm to me wanton lantiango.
" It is recorded that the elergy, shocked a- the
i immoral nature of the fandango, resolved in
solemn assembly upon its suppression. A con
sistory was commissioned to make it the subject
of inquiry ; audi after due deliberation, when
they were about to pronounce sentence upon
and banish the dance, one of the prelates, actu
ated by sentiments of right and justice, and act
ing upon the principle that no defendant should
be condemned unheard, urged that the fandan
go, the accused, should be brought before the
bar of the court in propria ptrtona. The just
ness of this benevolent dignitary's views was at
once acknowledged, and accordingly two of the
most noted Spanish dancers were summoned to
appear before the Court by way of counsel for
the defendant-; sor,' in other worda,, to introduce
the fandango before the august tribunal. The
dance commenced; the holy fathers, with con
tracted brows, looked for awhile barneyed; at
iness of" the dance exhibited their effects in
chasing away the wrinkles from the foreheads of
its austere judges. Hostile indications and bel
licose intentions with reference to the dance by
imperceptible degrees merged iuto lively inter
est and fixed attention. Now, as its charms
more fully developed themselves, one of the rer
verend gentlemen so far forgot himself and his
position as to be guilty of the manifest impro
priety of beating time to the movements of the
music. The dance went on, becoming still more
and more seductive, when one of the worthy
clergy suddenly bolted trom his seat and com
menced executing the movements of the dance.
Another and another followed ; the furore be
came general, the J udges' bench was empty,
and what was late a clerical Court was suddenly
metamorphosed into a dancing saloon.
" It is needless to record the virdicL The
fandango w as reinstated with all its former rights
and privilegesand its glorious triumph has prov
ed its security against all similar attempts on the
part of the clergy."
From the Spartanburg Express.
THE POLITICIANS AND THE CHURCHES.
Ye ' heap your dust on quick and dead."
Hon'. L. M. Keitt, Orangeburg, S. C.
Sir : The maintenance ot the cause of truth
and righteousness frequently imposes on men
unpleasant duties. The application of this fac
to the case beforo tne, I will now state
In common with thousands of deli edited citi.
zens, I had the pleasure of listening to the ad
dress delivered at a complimentary dinner given
recently in this village, to Col. )it the worthy
representative of this Congressional district.
When, that day I took the posiiion of hearing,
nothing could have been faithr bom my mind
than the duty which now devolves upon u:e
that of calling your atlenuou and that of the
public, to certain statements niadefiu rour speech.
Had you confined yourself to politics proper; ort
humane act t interring decet)y t remains of
the supposed defunct kno nothing organiza
tion, you never should have heard trom me.
With matters of that sort 1 have nothing to do.
In the language, however, of the "deathless
Shakespeare" and I quote from 'him as a com
liment to yourself aud your honored compeers,
for I noticed that several of you drew largely
from his rich treasures in his language, I say,
ye "heaped your du.-t on quick and dead." In
other words, your statements respecting the
Presbyteriau and the Episcopal churches, as re
garded their alledged connection with abolition
ism, although whollv without intention on vour
part to do them injustice or injury, consigned
their now strong and compact organizations to a
speedy dissolution, if not an infamous grave.
You will not understand me to deny ei'her
the right or the propriety of referring publicly
to the Church', in any of its aspects, conditions
or bearings, even in political speeches. It was
your right. The church also plants herself bold
ly before the world, and invites nay challenges
investigation of her character, her condition and
her works. What I regret is that ou had not
informed yourself more fully of the facts in rela
tion to the churches of which you spoke. And
what I complain of is, that your statements, un
corrected, place those churches in a false light
before the world, and thus do them great injus
tice and injury.
In support of your argument in favor of a
Southern organization, you pronounced the
w hole mass of the population north of the slave-
rv limits, with the rarest exceptions " thvrwtffh-
ly and hopelessly abolitionized " stated that their
conversation, their teachings, their books, and
their nursery lullabies, were all deeply imbued
with those execrable sentiments that, in con
sequence of this state of things, division had ta
ken place, years, ago, in the Methodist and Bap
tist churches that the Presbyterian and the
Episcopal churches were in a state of deep agi
tation, were indeed on the very eve of division, i
and that division, was inevitable !
Now, while I freely admit that the fanatical
element in that regirn is large, that portions of
it are so. far gone that no reasonable hope can
be entertained respecting them ; and while I
agree with you that their spirit and course of
action are highly censurable, I dissent wholly
from your inferences, as to what must be the in
evitable result of their fanatical course ; and I
protest against the occupancy, on the above
named churches, of the position in which your
statements would place them. You spread out
before your hearers those loathsome ma.-es, and
represent them as abounding equally in all the
churches. But the Baptist and Methodist
churches, years ago, cut loose front their portion
of those contaminating hordes, and of course,
have, ever since, stood forth before the world
purged, commendable and glorious; while the
Presbyterian and Episcopal churches " itU
the odious contact still fraternizing, or striving
to do so, with those on whom politicians not
always very fastidious in their moral taste spit
only venom, and from whose touch their purer
spirits instinctly recoil ! ! . This sir, the I posi
tion in which you have placed usl-: r:
Now, in relation to those 'divided churches,' I
say, blessings on them in their deed I: .They
chose their own cause bad a perfect right to
do soactea no doubt from conscientious mo
tives pursued the only course, which, as they
' WHOLE W 2U
supposed, could be taken. Wa t?cV different
course j and, as I shall .show, rtc Jeiih$ tarns
.v . j z.7. ,r " i ... "
Aa.regardsalsQ the Ep-73.;
w jutvu uyt
Its proper defenders will goafa itoiKJtJor.
as a minister of the Presbyterian'church 1
also on the ground upon which you spoke, and
in the midst of the community before which your
statements were made, I consider it incumbent
on me due also to yourself to state the tacts
as they are, respecting said churches ; and thus
afford you an opportunity of placing yourself
right with this community, and also before the
Church at large in the South. As long ago
as 1831, the Presbyterian Church commenced
its reform, and made its division not by a sec
tion line, but in relation to doctrines and church
order separating at one time a large portion of
that loose, floating, fanatical element to which
you have referred. Since that period our duty,
as regards that matter, has been easy and gen
erally pleasant. Here and there a few obstre
porous spirits for a time remained. Most of
these have since gone off some in one direction,
some in another, thinking themselves, holier than
we. Others a little fractious, have under con
servative influences, been restrained. Thusliaa
the process of reformation gone on, until now,
aye, and for years past we have, as a ohurch been
wholly free from agitation on that subject, not
only in the meetings of our General Assembly,
but, so tar as I know, in all the subordinate in
dicatories ! The fires within have died out for
want of combustible material ; and all attempts
to introduce firebrands, from without have so
signally failed, that agitators have abandoned
the hopeless task.
There were two points to which you gave great
prominence in your speech : 1st. The imminent
danger, nay the certain ruin'to Southern minori
ties whenever Northern majorities obtained the
sway. 2nd. The utter impossibility of Southern
men holding any sort of fraternal intercourse
with men on tho other side of the line! Well,
I do not know what you politicians may find
possible or impossible ; but your statements have
led me to look narrowly into this matter as I
wished to be pipared to ine&'dfcnal'. should
thre be any, audvcWW. also all intercourse,
should It be found at cefhjrMferitiMand's
honorahle. But on turning the iAstori pages,
I find 1st. That so far as the Presbyterian Church
s concerned, we at the South have from the first
been in the minority; 2nd. It appears from the
minutes of the General Assembly that of our
present Synods thirty in all-ony twelve are in
tie slave States, and one other is divided by the
Of the one hundred aud forty-eight Presby
teries, ouly fifty-eight belong to the South I
Moderators of the assembly have the appointing
of most of the Committees consequently they
have great power over all the business transac
tions. There have been sixty-seven meetings of
our General Assembly, and each has had its own
Moderator. But of these sixty-seven Modera
tors, only eighteen have been frota the Sooth;
All this looks very alarming in view of your re
cent picture ! But j et it is also true. 3d. That
instead of being overrun and driven out of the
Church they of tbe North having more than
double our strength we have, with the aid of
good men and true on the other side of the line,
turned out the fanatics !
As regards fraternal, intercourse, I need only
mention the common bond of union among all
the churches. It covers the broad area of the
United States and the territories. The delega
tion is in proportion to the number and the
strength of the Presbyteries. There may, Ihen,
in any Assembly be twice as many members
rum the North as from the South. Tbe meet
ings of the Assembly are held without respect
to lattiude. In 1852 it met in Charleston;
and never, probably was there a more harmo
nious and perfectly delegated company of men
fouud on the earth. Dr. John C. Lord, ot Buf
falo one of our strongest defenders against ra
bid fanaticism, in tbe chair, as Moderator.. I
mingled much among tbe members of that As
sembly, and I know that their expression of fra
ternal regard for their bretbt xsih and
their grateful feelings for tbe warmth of their
reception in that Emporium, were most cordial
and profound, and that, not only while they
were in the South ; for I saw in my exchange
papers for I was then editor of the Southern
Presbyterian a large number of letters publish
ed by the members of that Assembly, in the
Northern and Western papers, after their return
home strongly expressive of the same noble sen
timents. Even to this day, also, there i& a fa
miliar and pleasing correspondence kept up be
tween many of those members and their friends
by whom they were entertained in that city.
Since that, the Assembly has met hi Phila
delphia, in Buffalo and Nashville, in all of which
places there have been the same harmony of ac
tion, and the same cordiality of social intercourse ,
I was myself a member of the Assembly which
met in Philadelphia in 1833. There were! many
delegates from the'South ; and I deny thai Jairj
discrimination was made against Southern- men
in that Assembly. I m persuaded also that nb
members of the Assembly from- rfSyebteMpart
of the country were more WSSflrWe&lrTali,
more respectfully treated, nSWlii
tained by the dttzeinis;
South. The same, I bav Beeti'afoia,0?
case at3uffalo.! ' Jiwiuoy, isdJ toa idoob
AmemDeroi tne dpemg ykwmcj
met in JJadmlle hasated mmi
ing incident, which occurred in that body, in