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THIS 0 0 T H E E Ef W EES LT P 0 S T .
' "i it
i r v
- 5 i
if i !
- i- 1
W 7 in: J
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direct conffict with your statements. Ad oyer
zealous delegate from one of the Congregational
Associations down East, being admitted to the
floor as a corresponding member, so far forgot
his whereabouts as to undertake to lecture the
Southern members upon their ' sins and duties H
Instantly a dozen or more Northern members
, sprang to their feet, each eager fo cast the first
tone at' him. And among them, they gave him
' very much, such a letting down, as the old man
did to the young intruder whom he found rob
bing his orchard. Most handsomely and ably,'
says my informant, ' were the Southern members
defended by their Northern brethren, without
the necessity of a Southern man saying a word
such men as Dr. Boardman of Philadelphia.
Dr. Dumont of New York, and Dr. Rice of St,
Louis, taking the lead in tho defence V
1 1 Instead, then, of its being true that we of the
South are in danger of being overpowered, and
driven out by these avalanches of abolition, of
which you speak in so earnest admonition, the
fact is we have put them where they deserved to
be m thlgwlside, while toe remain secure with-
. f frnm nnr vhnla ni-Ana a.nA
v at one of tfte'"2gj
-rvZ2& first of AtelMSFS8
?! ?.!'a:ir -.us.!. J nt left to annov !
13"l Ol lUJtl UIBlUIUlllg - " i
instead of ceaseless and intolerable dissensions,
' as you stated we have perfect peace ! I nsi ead
of impending and inevitable -division no such
thing is even contemplated. Indeed we have
nothing about which either to contend or divide.
Such are the' facts in relation to agitation, fra
vternization and the prospects of division. But
. there are other facts.
The Principal religious newspaper of our de
nomination is published in Philadelphia a large
and ably conducted paper called the 'Piediyte
rian.' That paper is now in the 20th year of its
age. It circulates through the United States.
It is one of the most conservative and reliable
papers in the world. I have never yet seen in
it an infected article, nor one in any other way
'.offensive to the South. We have also a book
publishing establishment, called the Board of
The members of that Board are elected from
year to year -by the whole General Assembly.
The majority of the members are always North-
- em men. Our Publishing House is also in
Philadelphiawithin that vast region whence
you have supposed nothing 'clean' ctuld ever
issue. The publications of that Board amount
now to about five huudred different works.
Large and repeated editions of many ot them
have been for several years scattered all over our
i . country. They embrace a vast variety of sub
jects, and are adapted to persons of all classes,
characters and conditions, tracts, children's
books, and ' nursery lullabies' forming no incon
siderable portion of their issues ! And yet, sir,
- if you can point out a single paragraph in any
one of them which directly or iudirectlv in
culcates abolition sentiments, you can do what it
is believed the whole South has thus tar been
unable to do ! Indeed, it was precisely on these
grounds that the 'Simon Pures,' who now cn
stitute the 4 Free Synod' of the West, left i
. Our Assembly whs firm as Gibraltar aiT' ii"!
their uctiont and assaurandthe.v r.oul,U
pour none of their lava streams through any of
the presset-of either the Assembly or the Synods.
They left ;- and for the ' reformation' of the rest
of mankind, they are now doing their own pub
lishing. With little if any qualification, I believe that
the same may be said of the millions of b oks
published by the American Sunday School
Ujiion, the American Tract Society, and t'.e
Episcopal Church, ay, and of their newspapers
andchildrens' papers also, which have an ini
. mense circulation. And yet all these are pub"
lished north of the line. Indeed, nearly all our
books, of every kind,"Come from the North.
Large, then, as is the mass of rabid, fanatical
publications, vastly greater is the strength, and
incomparably more numerous are the works of
those millions who have not bowed the kiiee to
the modern Baal. Nor do I agree with you that"
in regard to any of these matters is there any
thing portentious of a worse state of things in
future. So far as the Old School General As
sembly is concerned, the South may have the
fullest confidence in its future character and ac
tion. For not only are its spirits and its prin
ciples thoroughly conservative ; but it is all jow
. erful as regards ability to keep out or suppress
fanaticism or error of whatever kind, or under
whatever name. And so determined have its
members been, that agitation on vexed and fruit
less subjects should be excluded, that they have
in several instances broken off all correspon
dence with which they formerly held intercom se,
-on account of their attempts to cast firebrands
among our churches, or distract our eccleiati
Cd councils. The New School, Presbyterian
Church, a large and respectable body of chris
tians, is also, from year to year, becoming strong
er and more united. Their approach is steadi
ly toward the position which we occupy. Its
mixture of uncongenial foreign element is work
ing off. Their tendency is to greater compact
ness and order. Id their last General Assembly
their c(f''' "v"' tdedly conservative ; and, so
far as I know, satisfactory to their membership
in the South. Even as regards that body there
is less probability of division than there was
No one, it seems to me, can doubt the con
servative spirit of the Episcopal Church. It is
; one of the last bodies in which we should expect
.to find fanaticism of the rabid stripe of w hich
you spoke, u Order" and "unity" have ever
been their boast. And so far as I can learn, no
division on the subject of slavery has been an
ticipated, or is likely ever to occur. But those
several bodies, taken collectively, constitute a
iwell ordered conservative phalanx of prodigious
strength. And they are actuated by a spirit
which will neither flag in doty nor suffer itself
to be ovei borne.
' Thus, sir, have I, as in duty bound, laid the
facts respecting these severe points briefly before
yon ; and hoping that it will meet your appro
val, I shall, through the press, present them to
the Southern public.
i$Mfjdue to all parties concerned that this
jhd,be-Jone. Facts and investigations are
-rt J? men always desire. It affords me
eWfWWPfcl01 o be able in these disjointed
SifPfkiP IW1 gratifying a picture. And I
doubt not that yourself and 1 11 other true pa
oill, eJoic with us, whose battles have
-uentand won, and whose peace now is
1wjfc$9aiake. You politicians know best
01 ,bod iadj a -
what can be done in the political world; but
; until I shall indulge the pleasing hope that you
may yet be able to adopt and carry out the
principle on which we have acted instead of
dividing, hold on to your Constitution, and mid
out from under it those who plot its overthrow !
Very respectfully, fcc,
Spartanburg, Sept. 13. 1855.
The Wheklkr Slave Case. Philadelphia,
Oct. 12. Judge Kane delivered an opinion this
morning, adverse to the reception of the petition
of Jane Johnson, to quash the writ of habeas
corpus in the case of Passmore Williamson,
pronouncing her to have no status in the Court,
and the matter being entirely without its juris
diction. The opinipi of the court is very elaborate,
reviewing the whole case and re-afiSring the
former opinion. It is asserted that the law of
nations guarantied the right of transit of slaves,
and every other species of property, through j
territory where slavery was not recognized. If
the contrary principle was sanctioned, Hie time
of Carolina, and the rum
y jpf Louisi ana, the
of New Englan
would be restricted from transportation without
the bonds of the Slates producing them. He
maintained that the Federal constitution recog
nized slaves as property, and up to 1830 it ex
isted in the thirteen original States. The said
Williamson's duty, then as now, was to produce
Jane Johnson and her children. If the petitioner
were led to abide the action of the court, she
would have the right' to be heard ; but being
without its jurisdiction, the records of" the court
cannot be opened for a stranger, f- f -
On the conclusion of the reading of the opin
ion of the court, John Cadwalader, a member
of the bar, not engaged in the case, in order to
remove a false impression from the public mind,
said that from his recollection of the circum
stances attedding the commitment of Passmore
Williamson, for contempt, the proposition was
made to amend the return to the writ, when
Judge Kane replied: "I will not receive an
amendment now, but will be prepared to receive
it when the record has been completed. No
such motion was subsequently made, and the
puUie impression thafr'permission to amend was
refused is not warranted by the facts."
Judge Kane replied that the recollection of
Mr. C. was correct. He had been prepared to
receive a supplementary return from the council,
but none had been offered.
Mr. Cadwalader suggested that an addition'
be made to the opinion of the court, embracing
the remarks of a member of the bar not euo-aif
ed in the case, axid the reply of the Judge.
The Kachel Head Dress. The Rachel
style of dressing the hair has been introduced
in New York. It is as follows :
"The back hair plaiied in the wide Circas
sian braid, and arranged so as to form a star ; a
Grecian braid, through which pearls are inter
woven, is brought round, forming a border or
trimming to the wider braid, and in the centre
of Wayekeu Between each of the four
points of the star are placed bunches of small
flowers, violets, myrtle blossoms, or rosebuds,
with pendant sprays falling on each side of the
neck ; the two upper clusters meet the front
hair, which is looped up in two thick curls,
brought down rather long on the face."
t C. STAJE FAIR
LIST OF PKEMIUMS
Awarded at the Third Annual Fair of the y.
C. State Agricultural Society.
We give below a list of the Premiums award
ed by the Judges at the late Fair. There may
be a few omissions or errors in the list We
have not been able to procure the report en
Fruit and Fruit Trees, as it was not handed in
before the hour for reading out the premiums.
BRANCH I -LIVE STOCK.
First Class Thoroughbred.
Best Stallion over 4 years Old, Gen. M. T. Haw
kins, 1 st premium, $25
2nd best Stallion over 4 years old, W. F.
Petts, 2nd premium, " 15
Best Brood Mare over 4 years'-old, Gen. M.
T. Hawkins, 1st premium, 13
2nd best Brood Mare over 4 years old, P.
C. Cameron, 2nd premium, 10
Best Mare over 2 and under 4 years old,
Gen. M. T. Hawkins, 1st premium, 10
The committee cannot '.withhold their admi
ration of a yearling colt, the property of Gen.
M. T. Hawkins, and recommend him to the
consideration of the Discretionary Committee.
William It. Holt, John KirMand, Walter
2nd Class Quick Draught and Saddle Horses.
Best Stallion over 4 y'rs old, S. O'Bryant,
1st premium, $20
Second best Stallion over 4 years old, F.
M. Parker, 2d premium, 10
Second, best Brood Mare over 4 years old,
S. O'Bryant, 2d premium, 5
Best pair matched Carriage-Horses raised in the
State, W. H. Holderness, 1st premium, 20
One Colt, 2 years old, Ab. Scott, 1st pre
' One Blackllorse, Jacob Sorrel 1st pre. 0
One Harness Horse, S. T. Cuthbertson,
1st premium, . jq
C. M. Jordan, Ch'm.
Zrd Class Heavy Draught Horses.
2nd best Stallion over 4'years old, Jno. Hayes,
2nd premium, .
Best Brood Mare over 4 years old, Starling :
Parrish, 1st premium, 15
In this claas the committee examined a very
fine Gray Horse, 5 years old, exhibited by S.
O'Bryant of Roxboro, being superior to any
horse in this class on exhibition all other
horses were ruled out for the first premium.
In consequence of this horse having drawn a
premium at the N. C. State Fair last year, the
committee could not award the same hor e a
premium this year. Given under our hands
this 17th of October, 1855.
H. T. Clark, J. A. Whitaker, J. M. Cunning
JACKS AND JENNETTS.
Best Jack, with approved certificates, imported,
A Walker & Co., 1st premium, $20
Best and largest Jack, raised in the State,
Gen. M. T. Hawkins, 1st premium, 20
Best and largest Jennette, raised in the State,
S. W. Cotton, 1st premium, 10
John S. Dancy, S. P. HU1, Alexander B.
1st Class-; Short Horns and 'Jhsrhamt.
Best Bull over 8 years old, N. Devon, S. Smith,
1st premium, $15
Over 3 and nnrtAr 8 vmvw TVi-
han Wnx Russell lst premium,
Best Bull overland under 2 years, Wm.
Russell, lst premium,
Best Heifer over 1 and under 2 years, Wm.
Russell, lst premium, .
Best Cow over 3 years old, N. Devon. Dr
R. H. Mason, lst premimm,
Best Calf, N. Devon, S. Smith, lst premium,
Best Calf 6 months old, Devon & Durham,
' Wm. Russell, lst premium,
Best Heifer 15 months old, N. Devon, Dr.
Wm. B. Holt, lst premium,
Best Bull Calf 1 year old, N. Devon, Dr.
Wm. R. Holt, lst premium,
Best 2 year old N. Devon, Gwynn, lst pre-
Best Heifer over 1 and under 2 years old,
Devon. E. Hall.
Jas..E. Williams, H. G. Williams, A. W.
G HADES OR MIXED BLOOD AND HATIVE CATTLE.
Best BulL Native, 3 and a half years old, M. S.
Henly, lst premium, $15
Best Cow, Grade, 4 years old, Seth Jones,
lst premium, 10
L. O'B. Branch, Thqs. Ruffin, R. R. Bridgers,
" WoRKrNG Oxe
Best pair of Work Oxen, John Hayes, lst pre
C. L. Hinton, Thos. Miller, Committee.
Fat Cattle. -Best
fat ox, Dr. E. A. Crudup, 1 st premium, 6
W. A. Graham, C. Graves, Bryan Grimes,
Best Milch Cow giving not less than 20 quarts
on exhibition, Seth Jones, lst premium, $20
2nd best Milch Cow giving not less than 16
quarts on exhibition, Jno. Hayes, 2nd
premium, ' 10
Best Bucks, 4 years old, South Down & Leices
ter, Dr. Wm. R. Holt, 1st premium, $10
Wrm. Long, John H. Bryan, G. J. Ward,
1st Class Large Breed.
Best Breeding Sow over 2 years old, with not
less than 4 pigs, W. T. Hopkins, lst pre
mium, , $5
Ind Class Small Breed.
Best boar under 5 years old, J. C. Partridge,
lst premium, $5
Best sow under 2 years old, J. C. Partridge,
lst premium, 5
3rd Class Xathes. -Best
single fat Hog, raised in the State, S.
R. Ireland, lst premium, $5
Rich'd H. Smith, S. AY. Humphry, Commit
tee. i Poultry.
Best pair of Shanghais, F. J. Haywood, lst
Best pah- Brahmas, Mrs. J. C. Partridge,
lst premium, 3
Best pair Game, J. D. Newsom, 1st pre
Best pair Cross-Breed, E. E. Hunter, lst
Best pair Domestic Turkeys, Mrs. Dr. Ma
son, lst premium, 3
Best pair Muscovy Ducks, Jas. McKimmon,
lst premium, - -8
Best exhibition of Pigeons, F. M. Ironmon
ger, 1 st premium, 5
Best and largest exhibition of Poultry by
one exhibitor, Mrs. J. C. Partridge, lst
Golden and Silver Seabright Bantams,
Mrs. J. C. Partridge, 1st premium, 3
Best Wild Indian Game, Thos. Greer, lst
Thos. Mcllhenny, Thos. S. Ashe, A. M. Lew
Second Clam Agricultural Productions,
Raised by the Exhibitor.
For the best variety of Bread Corn, T. S.
Hoskins, lst premium, $3
Best variety of Stock, do. W. D. Jones, lst
premium, 3 :
Best variety of Wheat, W. D. Jones, lsV
premium, . . ' 3
Best variety of Oats, W. H. Robards, lst
Best variety of Rye, Dr. E. A. Crudup, lst
Best variety of Field Peas, W. D. Jones,
lst premium, 3
Best variety of Sweet Potatoes, Crawford
Taylor, lst premium, 3
Best variety of Irish Potatoes, P. R. Hines,
1st premium, 3
Best variety of Grass Seed, John Stafford,
lst premium, 5
Thos. Bragg, W. W. Holden, E. Hall,
Best jar of Fresh Butter, W. B. Williams, lst
H. II. Watters, A. B. Hawkins, S. P. Hill,
Food, Condiments, &c, from 14 to 19.
For the best specimen of the following dried
fruits; Peaches, Pears, and Apples, of each
not less than 1-2 bushel, S. W. Westbrooks,
lst premium for each, $ 2
For the best and greatest varietv of the
above dried fruits made and exhibted by
the same individual S. W. Westbrooks,
lst premium, 5
For tbi best specimen Domestic Wine, not
t less than 1-2 dozen bottles, D. YV. Lewis,
1st premium, 5
W. H. Walters, A. B. Hawkins, S. P. Hill,
FOOD, CONDIMENTS, &c. to 14.
For the best specimen of Wheat Flour, Alex
ander Dixon, 1st premium, $10
JJnd best specimen of Wheat Flour, N.
Price, lst premium, 5
For the best specimen of Corn Meal, W.
F. Collins, lst premium, 3
A barrel of superior Flour, made from 3 8-4
bushels of White Wheat at Long Creek Mills
bv S. H. Hunt, deserves notice.
J. B. G. Roulhac, Wm. Upchurch, M. B.
For the best stalks of Egg Plants, T. E. Pen
der, lst premium, $ j
Best Pumpkins, M. Lambert, lst premium, 1
Best Beets, K. ii. G. Williamson, lst pre
Best Turnips, J. Kirkpatrick, lst premium 1
D. W. Courts, W. A. Gwynn, W. W. Hol
BRANCH III -MECHANICS.
First Class Plows, dbc.
For the best Side Hill Plow, W. B. Church, 1st
For the best double Mould Board Plough,
Borum & McLean, lst premium, 5
For the best Cast Mould Board 1 horse
Plough, W. B. Williams, lst premium, 10
For the best Cast Mould Board 2 Horse
Plough, J. H. Gooch, lst premium, 10
For the best Wrought Mould Board 1 Horse
Plough, R. Sinclair fe Co., lst premium, 1
For tho best Wrought Mould Board 2 Horse
Plough, A- Dixon, lst premium, 10
For the best Wrought Subsoil Plough, W. '.
B. Williams, lst premium, 10
For the best Wrought Cotton Scraper
Plough, W. B. Williams, lst premium, 10
For the best Toothed Cultivator, R. Sin
clair & Co., lst premium, 5
For the best Toothed Harrow, W. B. Wil
liams, 1st premium, 5
For the best Iron Roller, smooth, R. Sin
clair & Co., lst premium, 5
For the best Iron Roller, peged, R. Sin
clair & Co., lst premium, 5
For the best and greatest variety of Agri
cultural implements, manufactured in
the State, by the exhibitor, or under his
supervision, W. B. Williams, lst pre
Second Class Farm Vehicles, die.
For the best 2 Horse Road Wagon, J. L. Woods,
1st premium, $u
For the best Wheel Barrow, Cobb, Hilton
& Co., 2
Best pair of Wagon or Plow Hames, J. L.
Woods, lst premium, 2
Best 2 Horse Pleasure Carriage, Dibble &
Bros., lst premium, 25
Best Top Buggy, Nelson & Doughty, 1st
- premium, jg
Best Open Buggy, Nelson & Doughty 1st
Best lot of Wheel Hubs, Cobb, Hilton &
Co.', lst premium, 3
Jas. Leathers, C. B. Root, R. R. Bridgers,
Committee. ' '
" Third Class Machinery.
Best Sweep Horse Power, J. H. Gooch, lst
premium, 1 $15
Best Corn and Cob Crusher, Bobbins &
Best Threshing Machine, Stafford, Clark
& Dixon, lst premium, 15
Best Broadcasting and Drilling Machine for
grain or grass, C. Burnett, lst premium, 10
Best Cotton Gin, J. S. Carlisle, 1 st premium, 20
Best Hay Press, R. Sinclair & CO., lst pre
Best Fanning Mill, C. Burnett, lst premium,
Best Corn Sheller, R. Sinclair & Co., lst
Best Straw and Shuck Cutter, Stafford,
Clark & Dixon, lst premium,
Best Smut Machine, J. A. McMannin, lst
Willis Lewis, A Brown, W. Albright, Com.
Jurth Class Saddlery, de.
Best set Carriage Harness, Houston & Overby,
lst premium, $15
Best Ladies' Saddle, Bridle and Martingals,
C. W. D. Hutchins, lst premium, 5
Best et 4 Horse Wagon Harness, John
SflS. - -r?-JA
Best Bedstead, Parker Rund, 1st premium, 5
Best Spring Seat Lounge, Watson & Booth,
lst premium, 5
,T. E. Pender, A. F. Garrett, Chas. Latham,
. Shoes, Hats, &c.
Best pair of Gentlemen's Boots,- Henry Porter,
lt premium, $3
Best pair Gentlemen's Shoes, Henry Por
ter, lst premium, 2
Best Dress Hat, silk or fur, G. W. & D.
Gee, lst premium,' 3
Best Plantation Hat, G. W. & D. Gee, lst
Best half dozen Wool Hats, W. D. An
drews, lst premium, 2
Best Straw or Grass Hats, Mrs. Nancey
Newton, lst premium, 3.
Best Bnnet and Bandbox made of Hair,
S. Hardy, 1st premium, 3
. Geo. T. Cooke, H. J. B. Marsh, W. D. Jones,
Fifth Class. Sundries from 2To 13 to 17.
For the best and greatest variety of Mechanics
Tools, made in the State Stafford, C'ark
& Dixon, lst premium, $10
Best lot Manufactured Tobaeco, Chewing,
Y. & E. P. Jones, lst premium, 10
Best Box Cirrars,Lash & Bro. lst premium, 5
Best Box Tallo.v Candles, Mrs. Jno. C.
Partridge, 1st premium, 5
J. W. Harris, L. O'B. Branch, Thos. Miller,
Fifth Class Sundries to 2To. 12
Best lot of Rifles, A. C. Ledbetter, 1st pre
Best Brass Kettles, Jos. Waltering,jlst pre
Best Harness Leather, Jacob Ramsour &
Co., lat preaiium, 5
Best Side of Harness Leather, W. V. Hul
bard, lst premium, 3
Best lot Edged Tools, Jos, Waltering, lst
Best Turpentine and Brandy Stills, Jos.
Woliering 1-t premium. 5
Best Improved American Rifle, W. W.
Clark, lst premium, .5
J. W. Lewis, David Hinton, Committee.
BRANCH IV MANUFACTURES.
First Class. Mill Fabrics.
Best piece Sattinette, Carson, Young, &
Green, 1st premium, " 5
Best piece Woolen Jeans, Carson, Young
&- Green, lst premium. 5
Best Felt Blanket, W. D. Andrews, lst
Be-t piece Woolen Carpet, Mrs. R. A.
Lewis, 1st premium, 5
Best piece Shirtinir and Sheeting, J. Newlan
& Son, lst premium, 5
Best Bale Cotton Yarn, (all numbers.) J;
Newlan &. Son, lst premium, 5
Jno. H. Leavy, H. G. Spruill, Wm. Hill,
Second Class Household Fabrics.
Best counterpane, Mrs. Roxana Harris, lst
Best Quilt, (cotton) Mrs. Jno. Y. Jones, lst
Best Quilt, (silk) Mrs. G. W. Mordecai, lst
B'jst Home made Carpet, Mrs. R. A. Lewis,
lst premium, 3
Best pair home-made Blankets, Mrs. Re
becca Broughton, lst premium, 3
Bent Hearth Rug, Miss A. McRae, 1st pre
Best pair home-made Silk Hose, Mrs. Lucy
Savage, lst premium, 2
Best Knit Counterpane, Mrs. E. Cuthbert,
lst premium, lo
Best Bed Spread, Mrs. B. Williams, lst
Jno. P. H. Russ, C. H. K. Taylor, Wylie
REPORT OF THE COMMIT. ON DISCRE
1 Crochet Collar, Miss Maria E. Cooke, 1st
1 " D'Oyley, Miss A. Sherwood lst
1 B-x Wax Flowers, Miss Nichals, lst pre. 3
1 Ladies Mantilla, Mrs. E. Hall, 1st prem. 3
2 Vest Shirts, Miss B. F. White, lst prem. 1
1 Shirt Bosom, Miss J. McRorie, lst prem. 1
1 Ladies Basque, Mrs. C. C. Raboteau, 1st
I Infant's Shirt, Mrs. Alley, lst premium, 1
1 Ladies Under .Dress, Mrs. R. H. Wynn,
lst premium, 2
1 Embroidered Collar and Sleeves, MissM.
Kuhn, lst premium, 3
1 Embroidered Collar, Mrs. J. C. Par
1 Embroidered Collar, Miss V. C. Royster,
2nd premium, 2
I Lady's Basque, Mrs. Roulhac, diploma.
1 Jacket, Miss Rebecca Trull, (blind) 1st
1 Sett Architectural Drawings, lst prem. 2
1 Bed Spread and Curtains, Mrs. Kreth,
lst premium, 3
1 Brahma Down Tippet, Miss Maria Par
tridge, lst premium, 2
1 Box Hair, da 1
1 Map of N. Carolina, W. D. Cooke, to
which special attention is called.
3 Tidies, Mrs. T. Partridge, Diploma.
1 Large case Papier Macbe Boxes, Cabas
Baskets and Filagree Work, H. D. Tur
Specimen of Bees Wax, Mrs. J. C. Par
1 Patch Work Chair, Mrs. Wm. Hill, 1st
1 Medicine Chest and Medicines, A. O.
1 Box Artificial Teeth, Dr. Benbow, lst
1 Pair Work Screens, Mrs. W. Lewis, Dip.
1 Worked Cushion, Mrs. Nelson, do.
1 Pair Ottoman Covers, Miss E. C. Loyd,
1st premium, 3
Oil Paintings by Prof. J. J. Eyers of Edg
worth Fem. College, and by Prof. Fre
risch of Greensboro' Fern. College, are
deemed entitled to a high degree of mer
it and are equally deserving of a lst pre
mium each of 5
2 Leather Frames, Mrs. J. C. Partridge, lst
1 Knit Cloak, Marion Johnson, Dip.
1 Lot of Ambrotypes, J. T. Haven, do,
1 Lot of Daguerreotypes, J. T. Havens, lst
1 Child's Sack, Mrs. Roulhac, lst premium, 2
1 Collar and Cufla, Mrs. E. Hall, dip.
1 Baby's Skirt, Miss M. Kuhn, do.
1 Case Jewelry, C. H. Thompson, do.
Alfred Dockery, R. A. Hamilton, W. A. Ea
Report or Com. on Essats and Experimwts.
The Committee on Essays and Experiments,
to whom were referred the Essays on the accu
mulative preparation and application f stock
yard and stable manures, report : .
That they have examined these Essays by
Messrs. R. H. Drysd.de, E. L. Perkins and J.
H. Bryan, Jr., respectively; and that while they
take pleasure in commending each of them, as
replete with learning and information on Asn
cnltural Chemistrv and useful reflections, and
deem each one worthy of publication, they
award the premium to Dr. E. L. Perkins .f
Sampson county, his performance being deemed
to conform most nearly to the species of ess-ay
for which the premium was advertised.
Will. A. Graham and Thos. Bragg, Commit
tee. Trial of Speed in Trotting in Harness.
Gray Horse, Ole Bull, belonging to J. S. Ives
Trial of Speed in Paving in Harness. Bay
Horse, Majort belonging to J. B. Whitaker
A W. Venable, J. A. Whitaker, W. H. Hol
derness, Tho's D. Meares, Committee.
WILLIAM D. COOKE,
JAMES A. WADDELL
UV.l O..IL ftCIEL.20 ,J 855.
Terms TWO DOLLARS PEE. ANNUM, in Advance.
Three CoDies S5 full price, $6,
Eight Copies .12 .....
Ten Copies, 15 " .....
Twenty Couies 20 "
(.Payment in all caset in advance.)
VT Where aclubof eight, ten or twenty suDscribersia
sent, the person making up the club will be entitled to a
Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents tor
the Southera Weekly Post.
Mk. H. P. Doctbit is our authorized agent for the
States of Alabama Mississippi and Tennessee.
Since the fall of Sebastopol, the tone of lead
ing British journals has become more than usu
ally arrogant. Not content -with the design of
reducing1 Russia to the lowest humiliation, they
openly boast of an intention to turn the whole
power of their tiiumphant alliance against the
(limited States, f r the purpose of regulating
the affairs of the Western Continent, and putting
a fiunl stop to what they are pleased to cal
It is natui;i! that the two nations, whose arms
have so signal, y triumphed over the power of
the Czar, should indulge in enthusiastic exulta
tion over the brilliant termination of so prolong
. d a struggle; nor do we in the least regiet
that the colos-al tyrant of the North, whose
iron hel s recently crushed out the liberty'
and nationality of Poland ;iud Hungary, has
been made to experience such heavy losses and
so deplorable a def at. Ku-sia has not only
prov d a giasping and un-ci npulous aggressc
towards MiiTou:;ding nations, bnt in her tri
umphal inarch, wheree;- her empire ex
tends, she has sysMnatically crushed out and
extinguished the civilization and hopes of the
conquered. It is the opinion of the Hon. Mr.
Marh, our late minister to Turkey , that nothing
would have been more fatal to the progressive
improvement of that country, than the sin c -ss
of those designs which liussia had formed a
iainst it. All the facts at ur command cou
spire to confirm this opinion. The Tuiks are
gradually hut certainly advancing in civiliza
tion. The r institutions are liberalized, their
piejudices are softened, and the religion of Pro
testant Europe and America is steadily diffusing
light, liteity, and hope among the nations sub-
jject to their sway. All this would have disap
peared under Russian dominion, and Grecian
jdloatry, intolerance, and ignorance would have
j.aken the place of Turkish indifference, and
But while we njoice in the humiliation of
jjtussia, and hope it may yet be complete, we
fcan see no reason why the United States should
he involved in her disgrace. There is no com
munity of spir.t or institutions between the two
countries. Russia is a military despotism ; the
United States tiie freest country on which the
sun shines. Russia is a part of the European
Continent. We are separated from the com
munity of European powers by thousands of
miles of Ocean. The extension of Russian
territory carries with it tyrrany, superstition and
the scourge. The extension of American do
minion, conveys to other lands the b'essings of
liberty', order, and an enlightened religion.
What reason then have American politicians to
manifest an open sympathy with the Russian
cause? And what right has the British press to as
sociate us with Russian humiliation ? Why, in
the moment of their proudest exultation, over
prostrate tyrrany, turn a look of haughty defi
ance across the water,towards a civilized repub
lic which stands alone among all nations, the
guardian and defender of the rights of man !
The answer to all these questions is conveyed
in one single word slavery. American politi
cians of one idea are loudly boasting of their
Russian preferences, as if the fact that millions
)f Europeans are held in bondage on Russian
soil could cement a cordial friendship between
two such powers. And on the other hand, the
4nti-slavery spirit of England and France, to
gether with their jealousy of our rising power,
prompts the allied nations to a display of hos
tility against u, for reasons the very op
jkisite of those which have armed them against
J There is very little cause for alarm on account
of these absurd threats of the London Times
ana other British papers. In the first place,
they are not quite through with the Russiau
far ; in the second, if victorious, they must
Come out of the contest a good deal drained and
fatigued ; and in the third, they, would proba-
oiy onci some ditterence between a nation of
freemen and a nation of slaves, should thev un
dertake to organize a ''Crimean Expedition"
against the United States. The yellow fever
and "cotton bags" of New Orleans might prove
still more stubborn of resistance than the earth
works of Sebastopol. But it is worthy of re
mark that the present time is quite as favora
ble as auy other for a destihet understanding
between the Unied States and the European
courts on the subject of "a balance of power"
of this continent It is time that the British
and French press should cease to threaten us
with allied vengeance. The issue should be
presented now, whilst Russia is in the field, and
while the belligerents may not feel disposed to
encounter a third and less accessible antagonist.
THE AQEIfJTJLTirRAL FAIR. .
The third annual fair of the North Carolina
State Agricultural Society was opened on Tuesday
last, according -to announcement, under the most
auspicious circumstances. The weather was mild
and delightful, the only drawback upon comfort
being dust, which a long drought had accumulated
in the roads and streets. - Favored by increased
facilities of travel and the rapid extension of our
railroad lines, the people began to arrive in consid
erable numbers on Monday, and before the close
of the Fair the throng became even greater than
it had been on any previous occasion.
On Tuesday, the Fair Grounds were opened only
to the members of the Society. The public exhi- i
bition commenced on Wednesday. The grounds
and buildings had been put in an improved order
by the Ex. Committee, and in many respects a
better system appeared than had been observed
before. On the whole, we think that both the So
ciety and the State have reason to be disappointed
. by the exhibition, as it fell far short of what might
have been expected of a commonwealth which
justly boasts of the variety of its productions and
of the solid character of its population. We have
time to notice only a few of the more prominent
features, and the more striking articles of the ex
hibition. It will, we hope, be understood by the
readers that awards of superior merit belone to the
Juries, and that we cannot pretend to sufficient ac-
ijuauiutuw vi 1 vu v 1 a iumo vkyvw3 va auvi vov tv
give a minute description or to render impartial
justice to all. -
We would remark that the number of articles on
exhibition was evidently less than on former occa
sions. This was, however, in part owing to the
fact that imported foreign articles were not brought
in without great expense, and difficulty, and the
deficiency chiefly consisted in the absence of such
articles. So far as the productions of our own
State were concerned, although the number of
contributions was smaller on the whole, they ap
pear to: us to have made up to some extent in
quality, and there were several classes of articles
which were nobly represented. For example :
In the Facrr Line, we noticed with particular
interest the large collection of apples contributed
by the Messrs. Lindley of Chatham and Guilford,
and Mr. Westbrooks of Guilford. Their display was
such as to do credit to the Penological department
of any Fair. The varieties of apples exhibited by
them were so numerous that it would be impossi
bles for us to particularize. There was also on ex
hibition by a gentleman from New York, of another
rich collection of fruits; but they were not such as
to throw those of native growth into the shade.
Several other contributors presented specimens of
apples and pears of remarkable size and beauty,
among which we remember a nice basketful sent
by Mrs. Chas. Phillips of Chapel Hill, and another
credited to Master Henry Turner Coley of Raleigh.
Also a few specimens of very large Pears, contri
buted by Mrs. Roublac of this place. The speci
mens of dried fruit exhibited by Mr. Westbrooks
are also worthy of note.
Among other notable articles in Floral Hall,
were a fine large show-case full of elegant vases,
work -cases, baskets, &c, exhibited by Mr. Henry
Turner, a large show-case of every variety and
patterrr of shoes, by Mr. Porter of Raleigh, a mus
lin Basque and Sleeves wrought in application by
Mrs. Raboteau, a beautiful worked infant's shirt,
by Mrs. AlleyH crocheted collar and undersleeves
exhibited by "Mrs. Hall, of Wake, a pair of crock
eted curtains by Mrs. Kreth of Raleigh, a patch
work' chair by Mrs. Hill of Halifax, two pair of
silk'socks, knit by Mrs. Savage, a lady sevenry
hve years old, of silk raised on the Fair Grounds,
a knit counterpane by Mrs. Taylor of Raleigh, a
child's jacket, made by Rebecca Trull, a perfectly
blind pupil of the N. C. Institution for the Deaf &
Dumb and the Blind, and a number of other hand
some articles exhibited by persons whose names
we cannot now remember.
In Mechanics' Hall several beautiful Carriages
and Buggies were exhibited by Messrs. Dibble &
Brother of Kinston, and Messrs. Nelson k Daugh
erty of Greenville. One of these articles especial
ly, a splendid buggy, the running gear of varnish
ed Hickory, and the body inlaid with the same, at
tracted universal attention. It was, we believe,
the property of Messrs. Nelson and Daugherty.
Farming implements were rather scarce. The
cattle, sheep and swine were comparatively few,
but we noticed some fine North Devons belonging
to Dr. Holt of Lexington, and a noble grade Bull,
exhibited by Mr. Russell of Caswell. There were
many fine horses on the ground, and in this re
spect the Fair did not fall short of its predecessors.
Nor was it at all behind in the Poultry Line, in
the opinion of a good judge. Mr. J. C. Partridge
and old Nash can always make a good show.
Prof. Eyers of Greensboro', Female College,
showed some beautiful paintings, among which we
noticed a 'Landscape? 'Sicilian Fisherman,'1 and
'Cascade' near Piedmont Spring.
Montgomery & Bro. of Baltimore, exhibited two
double Screen Fans High street, Bait
John Simpson of Atlanta, Georgia, exhibited a
horse power capable of being used to run any kind
McMannen of Orange, N. C, exhibited a smut
machine, a threshing machine, and one beam
J. H. Gooch of Tally-ho, Granville, N. C, a
C. H. Drury of Bait, a wheat thresher.
A great many plows and cutting knives' were ex
hibited, also a small steam engine, and many other
things we have not named.
Sinclair of Bait, whose best articles we learn
did not arrive in time, showed a wheat thresher,
hay press, corn sheller, &c
A A. McKethan of Fayetteville, exhibited a corn
H. Harbaugh of Wilmington, had on exhibition
some beautiful drawings, but we do not now recol
lect his designs.
THE STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
The regular annual meeting of this body was
held on Tuesday evening last in the Hall of the
House of Commons, the Hon. Thos. Ruffin, Presi
dent in the chair. At this meeting we were pre
sent but a short time. The time was consumed in
part in reading and correcting the various commit
tees of examination. After this . was concluded,
some -discussion took place on a motion to adopt
the "Arator," published in this place by Thos. J.
Lemay, as the "organ" of the Society. It was fin
ally moved to lay this proposition on the table,
and whilst the motion was pending the Society ad
journed. On Wednesday night the Society convened again
in the same placev a large number being in attend
ance. The motion to lay the resolution to adopt
the "Arator" as the organ of the Society, having
been called up, was without debate put toa vote,
and decided in the affirmative. The Society thua
virtually sanctioned a previous decision of the Ex
ecutive Committee, and put to rest a question
which threatened to involve some of its members
in disagreeable dissensions.
After the disposal of this matter of an organ,
which leaves the Carolina CtrinvATOB and the
Abator to sink or swim by their merits alone, and
saves the Society from an unnecessary discrimina
tion, it was resolved to go into an election of offi
cers for the ensuing year, when the following gen
tleaoen were duly chosen, For President, the
Hon. Thos. Ruffin of Alamance ; Vice Presidents,
Messrs. Smith. Dancv TTnlf onA r- .1
ing and Corresponding Secretary, Mr. Th
may ; Treasurer, Mr. J. F. Hutchins. S" J I
" The remamderf the evening was oCc
onimnfpd addressps hv dntr n l uP,e'i .
j vjianam, iir. -
Mr. uurgwyn, uov. Morehead, Mr. S
smith of Ha;-
fax, and Dr. Crudup.
fin Thnrsrlav th aimi,l j ,
7 J " auureSS Woe AV
on the Fair Grounds bv the
fin. At night the Society convened amin
Commons Hall, when the report of the Co
on the Constitution was presented. Th
section was amended so as to reduce the 6
of the Ex. Committee to seven member.".?
make the President chairman er-ojfich. Th r ':
mittee appointed were. Mer ir r . oc
L. Hinton, R. A. Hamilton. R
Jno. S. Dancy, Paul C. Cameron, and W H j""
The fee for membership was reduced to'io'
.. ...6 lue receipts of the Si
during me r air up to 1 hursday
Payments by 418 members
At the Gate,
From the State, - - .
-I'iV- s, ------
- IUIHI, - - - . 4. 1 - . ,
On Friday night the last meeting oftheSocietv
was held, and thcbusiness, of its annual session,
completed. ; Various committees were appoint
for the ensuing year. Their names we omit fw
want of space.
ME. BAIRD'S LETTER.
By some .unaccountable accident in the print
ing office last week, the letter of the Rw
Washington Baird, to the Hon. L. M. Keitt, it
vindication of the Presbyterian Church, was n -set
up in our columns as directed, along w.u,
mat ot tue Kev. Mr. Buxton of the Episcopal
Church. We nc w present it in fml to our '
readers. . We notice also that Mr. Keitt has re- f j
plied to it, and endeaWs to sustain his alle- 1
1 ... a
gations oy a sentence 111 Mr. Cah.oun's farewell
speech '11 the Senate in March 1850; when he
remarked that the Presbyterian Church had
not quite snapped, but some of its strands haj'
given way." How such a remark, made !r em 'I
so intelligent a pobtican, can justify q public p.
man now in representing that Church as on the j
eve of dissolution on account of slavery, in the
face of its pwn published records, and in tie ,
face of the facts produced by Mr Baird. we are
at a loss to conceive. We fully agree with Lim .
that the political Tnion will do well, if it wea
thers lhe storm as succesfu''ly as the Pr.-sbv.pr- ;
PM. .-!, TT
atiuu shail be as completely Lushed iu uie
Halls of Congress as it is now on the flours of
. I ' . . . 1 i l. I .. ... . L 1 - ' 1.1
iue vieneiai Asseuiui) or uie uenerai ioumi
tion. THE BOSTON LECTURES.
The Hon. Henry A. Wise has written the fol
lowing spirited and pungent letter to the Bos
ton Committee of Correspondence, who have
been endeavoring to fatter southern orators in
to a dicusion of slavery alternately with their
own abolition agitators. His refusal is credita-
b'e to hi jndgnv-tit, ih.mgli there 11 ay he somt i
quti' 11 as 10 the taste wiib ,ieh--k as con
vey d. The policy of she innveu ep' is as clear
as 11 on-dy. It is to mak airi slavery capital
out of the extravagances jmi'1 indr-cretieiis of
southern speectes.- it is to keip anve tneagt-
tati-n which-thrwrtens to die out lor want of
Hctie opposition. Tm.-y want to hear some
wilJ, eccentric fire-eater from the Sjtith, in the
heart of New Eng'and, declaiming ab ut the ad
vantages and charms of the servile staK in or
der to arouse the fanaticism of their people to
tempest of passion and fury. We hope A
may be disappointed 1
Only, near Onascock. j
Accomac County, Va., Oct. 5th, 18"; 5. )
Gentlemen : On mv return home t'tern
ab-ence of some days, I fcmnd yours of ibe 19th j 1
tilt., " resp cuully inviting me t deliver one 01
"the lectures of the course on Slavery at Tre
" mont Temple, in the City of Be ton, on Thur?
"day evening, January 10th, 185b' ; jpr, if that--"
time will not suit mv engagement, you re
"quet that. I will mention" at once whatThor?
" day evening, between the middle of December
"and the middle of March next, will hest ac
Now. gentlemen. I desire to pav vou due re-
spect, yet you compel me to be very plain wun
you, and to say that your request, in every
sense, is insulting and offensive to uie. W hat
subject of slavery have you " initiated " lectures
upon? I cannot conceal it from myself thai
you have undertaken in Boston, "to discn
and to decide whether my property, in Virginia,
ought to remain mine or not," and whether it
shad be allowed the protection of laws, der al
and Sutc, wherever it may Ije carried .or may
escape in the Tidied States ; or, whether it
shall be destroyed by a higher law than constitu
tions and statutes !
Who are you, to assume thus such a jurisdic
tion over a subject so delicate and already fixed
in its relations by a solemn compact between
the States, and by States which are sovereign .
I will not obey your summons nor recift) K
your jurisdiction. You have no authority an
no justification for thus calling me to account at
the bar of your tribunal, and for thus arraigning
an institution established by laws which do not
reach you and which you cannot reach, bye
ing on me to defend it.
You send roe a card, to indicate the character
of the lectures. It reads :
" Admit the bearer and lady to the Indepen
dent Lectures on Slavery. Lecture committee,
S. G. Howe, T. Gilbert, George F. William.
Henry T. Parker, W. Washburn, 13. B.Mussey,
W. B. Spooner, James W. Stone."
It is endorsed :
u Lectures at the Tremont Temple, Iwton.
1854-5, November 23, Hon. Charles Sumner,
Rev. John Pierpont, joem. December 7, Bon
Salman P. Chas-, of Ohio. -Deceinlier H, iig
Anson Buriiiigame. December 21, Ven e
Phillips, Esq. Dec 28. CassiusMClay.M
of Kentucky. Jan. 4, Hon. Horace Greeley
January 11. Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. J
18, Hon. John P. Hale; January 25, Kj-p
Waldo Emmersou, &q.; ' February 8, tl
Nathaniel P. Banks, Jr ; February 15,
Lewis !). Cambell, of Ohio; February 22,'
Samuel Houston, of Texas; March L '
Dai id Wilmot of Penn.; March 8th, ,
Charles W. Urpham." All Honorable
Squires, except those who are Reverends .
card does verily indicate their characters
simply naming them. And your letter 8..
these characteristics, I am at no loss to
stand you and vour purposes."
lou say, during the next seasou
. f" 1 t Grt,ifh will De'
1 . if'
iiuiuuvi vi griincjllru iiuiii .in?
viiea, bc, Ec. 1 regret it, u auj
be found in the Slave-holdirg States to w c
your invitation. You plead the example 01
tri T iL . i... ? 1 fallow. 1 b
-U.UU3UUU. lb IS UIO las 1 wuumv-
no doubt that you accorded very respeci
1,254 i- r J
5 Otj t
f 3,022 H ' I
v T l