R- m , 1 .' . .'.l ' . - -, - - ' ' T : r '
1 , 1 ' i " . j y 1 ' ; i
i r- -. . jf jrv aw 1 1
. -" ' -- - i inn
1 ' ' . ' . -ft
SALISBURY, N. C, JULY 2, 1869.
PURMHIIKD WEEKLY BY
w is h a r si s
Editor und Proprietor.
it n or si in inr rm
Ose Year. payable iu advance.
Six Months. " '
5 Copies ( one address
Hates of Advertising.
One Square, first lusertiou tl.QII
For each additional insertion
Special notices will c.h irged 50 per rent
higher ili. in (he above rates.
Court Hud Justice's Older will be publish
ed at the tame rate with other advert ise-
Mutuary unties, ow six lines, chargi!
ger time than two mouths the nmst I1U1.1I
terms will he given.
3 2 I
i ( '.it i in ii .
ti 54) : 75
4 .") li
8 INI 1 1 (Ml
s:, h i s- ;,n i;iim
8 5( l.'i (HI (Ml
I5 00s5 0n 37. 5(1
c i 5
i L . '
MOOItiO.I 20IHi:KMMI 4.1.(10 reinxnjvd 'he same, celt dying the exe
180(12400 300045 00 75.110 cut ion of their dulii eonhiimMbly to la w,
28 00 40 (W 5(1 (K 80 00 IJtl.lMI
Citrate Manc la.
1 HIS DEMGUTFUL MEDICINE i being
daily prepared tiy the subscriber, and can there
fora he had iu its perfection; at a price very
Considerably less thii has heretofore lieen
charged here ; as also, everything plsn mi'.i!
Esn.iiv i.oules Will lie taken as part paymeut.
At .E. l l.IS Drug Store.
June 25 'it Bttkjibury, N . C
1 VVILLA'II public s.iie. al the Court -hohw
in Lexiiigion, on Moinlav the olli dny ol July,
at 2 o'clock. P. M . Thirty Ji Shwn of Stork
in the N. C. H. Rtxid Company, and trt
Burke County Bond vf 0 e Hundred Dollars
each. Terms will be ii.ail." ku.'VMi on day ol
sale. ALFliED 11 A KG HAVE,
June 25, 1869. 2b:2 w Adm'r.
WV A IS IfiD I -jiried Xlack-
beri ies, and other kinds of liuip.rt I'm tr.
for which we will ay the liigin-st market
price. BOBERTS, McNEELY tc CO.
June 25, I8(i9. 25 2 w
On the 3o da y ok july i?r, Bt the
rerideneeof JdHN 11. HANKS, in r'nlton, I
will sell, for Cash, to the high.-l biddc, the
following valuable piopertv, to-wit:
170 ACRES Ok" LAND,
lying on the waters of Cai t.-r's Cn ek.
ALSO Illinois as follows:
One sixih part ol a tract of valuable hotton
lands on the Ysdkin river.
Two tilths ol ihe I lo.uc snd Lot in whti I.
Jno. tl. llaiies Don resides.
One-tliiid ol tin- Fulton Mill and lands r-l
Two-thirds of the Fulton Ferrys
Tunty 8ve-ei)hl Inuulre litis ol the Piiis.m
Sge lioii-e and Lot, situated in toe town .1
ALSO 250 Bushelsof Corn.
Eight bushels Ol Wheal,.
Eight bushels of Rye.
One (wo horse Wagon and Harness.
One Siigjty and Harness.
0 .e Sugat 'Mill and lioili-r.
Watch. Pistol and Pivot Gun.
Some llojfs and .'shi i p.
Household and Kitchen Furniture
WM. J. ELLIS, A- e.mee
June 25. 18(59; 2".--2 -
Pleasant Grove Academy.
IVXale and Female.
THE' SEVENTH 8Esslt) rt il L i
mence uu IheOih ol Auyusl n.-ii
Cfttirpe kiKjllxh. dflvtt'tCiiU Math.
Teuis: I'uitioti bom So to $' i - . ;m.
Board with the Piiiii;ImI SK9 pel in ! ih.
For parlH'uUrs addie-s tlie prmeipu! F t
ton, Davie Co.. N. C.
, W. J. ELLIS, Pi ilicrpal.
Pleasant Grove N. C
June 25, 18o9
CTAIB of K orth Carolina,
O (UtDhLL ' titTNTY
Superior Court, Spring Tenn, liiU.
, It appearing to the saiisfactioii ol ti e Com:
tbat the Civil business ol tin" Cowl li quire .
Special Term thereof; ll is ihsrei.ire ordeie.1
that a Special teim of (he Supefior Court, lot
the trial ol Civil causes only, Is- held for iln
County of Iredell al the Court Hons,, in Stales
ville. cornineciLiuL' on Monday the liiih day ot
July next, at which time and place, a.l put t . -to
Civil causes are hereby notified in he pu s
en( with their w ilnees, to the end thai the
Civil business of said Court may be disposed oi
as n quired by Law.
Witness: CbarleS L. Summers, Clerk of our
said Com I, at uflice in Slatesriiie, this 10th
day of April, A. D.. lHC'J.
C. L. SUMMEHS.C. S. C.
aptil 30 17td
joh s. iii;di;i:o.
ATTOKAEV A COLASELLOR AT LAW,
SALISBURY, N. C.
-1 lrWill attend promptly to the Collec
tion of Claims fcb6 l y
Dr. 1. W. JONES,
HAViM. located ill gaiUbury, oMrr his
PrufeaaumikJ :ht. to tbi .public. Uf.
i, rV.nnv.il kfronf AKfiiBttvB t h t 'ailirf IFirt, ...
and next door to the Law office of Hon. Burton j
May ?. ie69.tf
ThE HOMESTEAD LW AS A I'
PLIOABLE TO PRIOR DEBTS
. .... titm ' IP VP Vi)P IIVi'OV
i-iTi'ii PifiVWr ni'IMIiiV np
M 1 1 u I k;.,vi; utiaiu.i "f
.i i i'ii i, i'iih, ir .t.
iv tiik roiRT Hi tivviiv ri.EAS
unuoin.uniii.oi. mem,) jjiveu or cn-nted, or any property I when there were in attendance 151, of
A. D lltkt an I I. Q. hitilhnn, A I ; lv r u d rthe pnivisional. rebel or ante-1 whom iG were whites, In the institution
m:ii'Strnttra of D tciJ 11 ';e a. L'.Kl j war jroveroiii s tint eisiei in South proper, and l!8 coloi.-d in the new building
trine Ware. M 'aroliua, and ilireeted all officer created , ihe ppnite side of the city. Tbead
The second execution above was levied by tln ir I'oiiKiitniioo to refuse to puloiee vaucerneni ol the jiupM in their several
upon cei tain lots anil ri al ertale the such liens, could its- power h ive been mudii-s has bee r quite satisfactory during
pmperiy of the defendant, by 'he Slier I ju slioned, ami it so, how and belore j ,), y,.r, anil wh n the record is exauiin
iff of liiei nville. count v, iiicludi ig a liael what Irihu nil could llm liens have been j ,., ltli,l Wl. (,.rtri ,oW iinteh lias been uc
01 lot ol land In the "town of Greenville, euloiei dl Now, if tiny c nil. I h ve i-1 ctiiipliolitMl iu jpiti ftf iIih difficulties in bo
rmt'Mioiog thirty acres, mora or less, a.l- ( noret' all liens by dedi.iing to pnr.iile lor , l u.-mnieied ami ox , n ouie, ihu iustiiuiiito
4iiing A. A. Toh usaiiil otheis.". Upon j their eiiforeeiu i t, wh it pi. ven.u d lb'1 ; and its benevolent work has bi come a
tb's Had of land the dwelling ami out I.Vmveiiii.iii fnnu recognising tlie liens J ,.lllc,. f pi jde and raii(ijiion lo every
houses of i he defendant were .-it ii ite.l. j wild su-h ot.tiitron as then judgment ei 1 1 1 i lei id ol eitlie.lli.HI in the State. In
f I oil lo linn ana nei mi;i ii ' no -n v
ol the value of he Im nlred dollars, in toimer government was reeo.ilzert by a ) couiiii ih with oilier schools of the kind iu
em (urmity to the piov isious of an Act ot vutiug p .pnlati.ni totally different from t Sutes, skilful woikineti have been
he tii niril Assemtilv eiititftal "An Act i irom ihe pop.ilatwtu lUsl was p:.--..ie.l , nipl ivi ij I i givi: ih ilujllfil dumb in
to deiernii ue and perp- tn lie lloirnvt id " i in the firmer government, 'hat the pmlfiWll n, ncikii..' I.... is ami shoes, cab-
pa-s d 'Jth day ol September, lSuS
lll'i i" aiiprai.-eis Were aliinn. t
the pi li itifl'-i, one ii V llie il f nl I'll , a nil
the third by the Sheriff, Vickers. Thee
appraisers set otil by metes and hounds
a lioine-ieail of the estate of the it blur,
Willi a description and plat of the same,
also personal property of tin- value ot
live hundred dollais, and made sepu rale
lo ihe Sliei itl, lor record in Uourt, 1 he
la ii I iff-1 in execution have filed various
,- ouuds of objection in these returns of
of the appraisers, ami ask of this Court a
I'oast-igutneut and re-appraisement of the
real and personal propi-ny of the debtor.
The objection of the pl.iintiffs, when
an a ly Bed, in ly bj-reduced to three: F.rst,
that the Homestead law is unconstitu
tional as to liens existing it the date of
its passage. S"cnuil, that in the valua
tion and lissigiinient of the personal prop
el tv, i- jns'e,. i;i done to plainlifTs, be
Culsetlic estiraati d v line 01 the pel sou
al tnop itv is greatly below its market
aluc. i iiiru, liiat "lie real estate s!
eigtved ami set oft, greatly exceeds in
value tin- sum of one thousand dollars,
and unit in making such estimate. lh
appraisers did not lake into the esliijale
the value of the dwellieg house and the
out-buildn gs corrnttt o tin it with and
inc ili i,t tin i to.
The fi"ri objection is overruled. The
Stale nt .Niuih I ..roltiiii mtl no cousi'u
liui.nl i s'i i ci f, i in the close of tin war
in Apt il, 1865, until July, 1868, when
represetiiaiitm Under, ai d in couloriuiiv
to ihe lt-coti-ti iiction Ac s of ( 'ongreps,
was utlujiiteil. It is practically a uiaffef
of lit lie consequence, whether the State
w as legally ill or out of the Union by the
Act of Secession. The Stale certainly had
no constitutional light
July, '808, when she was re admit tell in
consilium it inn of the reconstruction Acts
From 18n5 to 1868 the State was not rep
resented in the S n.ii. ir House. It a
Staie, (he right of n pi' i-iiiation Could
not have been floiiicd, Hiid yet the Courts
of the United States have decided that
the lii coiisti ucliou Acts of Congress
were coiislitutioi.nl gain, if wiihiu the
dales above, South Carolina had been a
Constitutional State, ihe Ciil w-uuld have
heeg supeiior lo ihe Miiil.uy law of ihe
Uoiud S a! a the lebelliou having
fiidedy'4tiil the fiipr macy ,if the auilmri
tv i. the I" n ,.ed Stall s h iving been es
tHld.sbed after Ap il. 1863 and yet, il is
a nototious and conce.l d fact, that no
cl il g ivrntm'-tTi e xisted i i tin-Si ne at
t r ibe passage ol ihe Reconstl liclloii
At- of Man h, 1557, thiiiV: not sub
dilate, to ibe miliary auihoi ily of the
U'I'ied tales. The Mifit.lK' Coullll.lu
ill' ( tn.-f llirinit, mider tlusr1 Act-,
WU- Hi. b I . o te shiiijate nil l ivil go
i'i ill. .1 in his h d oih i Si a es, in d it is
Mill kunwu tint ibis ;t ic limit v was t-x-
i rcis' d ii, 867 in (temgia, and a lew i
in uths lalei I1. Mississippi. I' n-il ii .g' money, and the present process
Toe ('otiv. i, lion lint m as calf d in tlTi- ' '.-e'j by lie- goVm in -til, fir pitn ing hi
Sa - in 1 mi' a lo-w Coiislijuli.ei ... c dins, f.n wh'clia I iigeuioiiii( ispildlu
all i , i i l. ih - et il an h niy of tin pale ores, i- ih; ; "Id pi oc-s of M r. D. unn,
Mate, bit b, ibr Military Coniui.indii t ! no which li s p . t . n I had expired long be
nt the U.iled Stah s. A In ge intpu i: v ol , b.re, ami lb pie.-e.il patent an lllere-
the p. isotis who were declared enuthd lo I
vole fin delegates lo this Convention had 'ol ill iking colli Jon fur the photographers
never been recognised as citizeus by the and assisted Mr. HiirMon in getiitg a
laws or ('oiistilulioii of South Carol, tia as- 'true system for grinding the lenses for
they existi d piior lo, or Hurintr ibe war, camera tubes He originated the anli
bt weie made citizens by Act of Con j frictioi m tal, ihat has been for a great
gn ss and ewforci d by mtltlarv orders in i iiiauy years kuowl as "Babbiit mcUil,"
lie ehrtion of d legates lo (the Con.-titu
.Mortal Con veil lion. They asu-mbl d i
Convention and adopted a Constitution,
w Inch according to the provisions ot the
Ri coiisiructi ti Acts of Congress, was 4
mere nullity, unless Congress accepted
. I... n llnr its r 1 I ill.:! I i.,11 l.v- till fit i
ph. of the Stale. The people f the
Mate ratified the Constitution by a I
taiaioritv '' verv decisive, and OoWress I
aco pled it as presented, and thereupon t
, f. . i A. . . ' . .. .
adimtt'd ll.e Stale to representation 111
I....I1 Houses of Conercss. If the Home I
stead provision had beeu Objectionable to j
Congress applying to existing Jiens at j
the date ot the adoption of the Consiitn-
ion, it would doubtless have been except-
A . . . ... . ".I
ed to iu the Act aduiitiug the State to re
presentation in Congress with reference to
certain features in the Constitution of
The view now presented, that the
Homestead Act, sato liens existing at the
date el the adoptiou of the Constitution,
violates that clause of the Constitutum,
of the United Statd-v, which prohibits any
tv&te from passing ."any. law imputing
the obligation of contracts,
lo be fully met and answered by therore-
- I going statement of the history of the
""l "l''c,,9n n,lT he answered
vffT s.inslactoiily by this view ol the
question : Suppose the CWliiutional
vention iu i iianeston, in .January,
; Ibn8, hail reluHoil to recognize any I
; whatever, (whether mortgage or judg
w" t l
ni"i i-iK- m iiiii;iiiriii uui.iiue.i niran n
rii"lili ur i-iii.iii.ni rii.ijn. . in.
ihe defend in' iu i-x -ci ma or mortgage lo
a homestead of the Value of i lhnt-
. i. ...in i... ....i .1 ..1.: ... ti i .. ..i
sand dollars. These views might be
elaborated and sustained by the decisions
iu New York, Michigan, North Carolina,
(ieorgi.i and other Stales, but it is not
considered uecessaty to pursue the nut
ter further iu this case. The Horn iiead
Act "f this Male carrying i.i'o ill'-ct the
provision of ih.- Constitution of ibis "late,
Article 11., Section 32, providing a
hoinesiead for the bead of each family in
this State, and the Cnustiiutinii.il provis
ion itself, s not a violation of the provis
ion of the Constantino of the United
States, which prohibits any Mate from
passing any law impairing the obligation
of contracts, and ih it tie? sa ne is consti
JAMES L. OUR.
Andrrson, S. 0., June 3d, lSG'J.
THK LATE JOSEPH DIXON RE
WIXTSEEXCES OF A RE MAE K-
The J&lr York Express says : Joseph
Ditou, who died iu Jersey City on Mon
day, ngi d 7 1 , v, is a most remarkable, not
In m . et i tnmii nary, man. lie fn.itie a
machine to cut files before be attained m
majority, leaiuad ihe printer's trade, aftei
wanls that of wood engraving, then litho
graphy, and afterwards studied medicine, ;
and in that connection became interested
iu eiu-inistrx , becoini
iff final! V one ot t'u
ft uri cnnipn heiisive
Miemists iu the country, tie w;is a llior-
ougo optictau, Hint hail no rqn.it in Ins i
knowledge of photography He took up i
the expenjneuir ot I) igui-rre m 18. i'.), and
was .probaluv the fust person to take a
poitrail by the camera. He shoivi d Pro
lessor,,Moise how to, lake a poitrail by
means of a rjlb dor, r-a that tlLe subjecis
- In i ti III not apj. ai leversid. Morse tried
to gei the pla i patenhd in Eii. ope. Mr
Dixon built the first lecoiunlive. with
wooden wheels, hut with the same double
crank now it-ed; il canst d a Sneer lit the
linn-, hut wlieti it IxaMui" demuifsmued
thai a steam e, giue louitl run on wheels
ma! iM-rfonn I hi' services of beasts of bur
deli, his double crank was adopted. He
originated the process of trtmsf riiug on
stone, imw used ihe woild over by li -gr-ipheis.
He in igi nireil the process of
pbot.dithograpliv, a. nl publisln-il it yea V
belore it vnUHr I eyed in be mp In'. Bv
his process of iriiusb'iri: g, the old bank- i
li iles Weie i-.ity coiinterlei ei, and it
was to guard against the abuse of his iwn
p oc.ess thai he brought out the system of
prilllii-j- j lo;s i oi J he bills, aid had
the method pa.-- 'eii, but n.vr roc' ive d
an', h in lit fimii il ' piifiil, all the banks
having useii it wiihiuit pay Mnn of
our reaiti is wdl i'i ue inln t ihe original
lore untenable. 11 perfected the; system
and he is the fitiier of the steel melting
business in this -com try He originated
.1 vast number of machim and processes
that do not occur to us at this moment,
iiut he is most widely know n among man
ufacturers us the originator oi (be plum
bairn crucible as now uiade. He started
the business in in fidblll, Ms.,
und brought it to Jersey City in 1847.
His name had become known iu all civil-
u -d countries as a crucibleXmaker, and
1-: i n. 1 :.. 1. ........ :- .1...
Ins estatilisnmenl ni .reyscy uy is, me
I irffi-st of the kind in the world, tie was i
singularly self-reliant, never failed in hie
meckauhwl undertakings, even in the last,
that of the great orchestrion, that occupied
his time lor nearly eleven years, nut wntci
. . m .. . . . .1 .1 .",,
i stood before hitu .perfect al last, and still
stands a mouimeut of bis great skill,
patience aud perseverance. He was self
educated. "Mr. Simpkin has an abominable gait
don't yon think so I"
. "No, indeed ; I think it quite hand
some, especially since it was painted."
'Excuse me, I 1 1 you don't uudsistaud
mc lallude to bis carriage.
"Why. la me1 be has no carriage.
INSTITUTION FOR TUB DEAF
AND DUMB AND THE BLIND.
The annual session of this institution
terminated yesterday. The terra opened
,,t fall with considerably less than a
hundred pupils in attendance. The num-
- .r conrftantlv increased until the close
,ililn,o.i In ilie i.istmclluu in the cleiuents
,, I (;n?rTr wtrtffr rrre t.-n-?rf re fits
enjKI :l : li! 1 1 1 : ; i ! ng J a.iflill" lllllll'
,.ue had a parlm.-ni where they were
,,i il. . buii.is ,,l hrii.iiii in.ilcii.il'
. .. - i i - ii.i-
The I icili'y ilii.pl i yd in reading, wri
ting, &., is very ' gratifying lo all, and
gresliy in conii ist
wiiieh most of the
without this iusli utinii . Hut of perhaps
more interest and importance to many of
I hem, who must support themselves or
remain obji els of en.iriiy, is thn practical
teaching in industrial pursuits, w hich will
give tip ui a trade by which they cau sup
port themselves und becouiD industrious
and useful members of ihe community.
We have seen specimens of their work,
and notwithstanding their misfortune of
being deprived ol soiui! of jjio censes
through which e i nv nioet Jllitm,
ih ir w ..I km itiship wouid he cre.lilable in
those who have filif'" possession of exau-y
sense, and no douhi some of these appren
tices wdl make successful rivals in tlie
battle of life. Through tliis means file
late will have an aeiii tl return in dnl
tars and cents lor the money expended
mr-thi instil ut ion, I y ihe iucre.iscd pro
diic'ive power of the "late, and the Far
ing made through p-rsous becoming self
snpporting, many ol whom uouhl lie a
State i-haige w it li. hi i tills u-o-'ul liaioiiig.
No. ii hi
il- will sia; I for tie it
bouies to-day, ilnuer the eye
te.icle is, who wt giiil.d see tile
wil h tin ir ii lends. Most id the
Companies have cousenii'd to give then
fiet,pases ; for wheih wo are rcijHcstcd
to return i li.iuks.
1 lilting t ileal ion ihe work shops w ill he
ci I irge.il, so as in give room for more pu '
ptls to learn ti.ui s, the acconiinodalions
now being, iusullici nt. I u fact the build
ings llieiusehis me not liuW iai ge enough
to accommodiite all who should receive
I iheir I ein fiis.
It is esiiin i led
nearly a n u n.t i ii inr
Slate w hn Ought to be
v aolages of i he i, , i u
sholibl be alive a.ni
light, and if in ci.- i
be taken lo eulaige I II
persons in the
enjoying the ail -on,
and its fi iends
: i ji g them to
-eii. i means should
1 on much credit caniint le given to
the "uperinleudeiit, Mr. Willie J. Palmer,
and his assistants for the energy and zert
with which ihey have performed their du
ties. The i! fii.'uliies and vexatious which
liny hive In eucoiliitei can hardly be over
istiiniied. They work on in silence,
pel blip,- soiuelnui.s with doiitits und mis
givings ;Jiu' success crowi.s their efforts,
and that uialies e isier tlte'ruilmt,t thank
less ta-k. lusiittittou was never
in 'rettnarhdnri''. its nrosD(efs were never
brighter ban now. Dm notice will be
iveu ofihi time vhenithe next sesiiou
will comrn-uce. Standard.
hi'ath of a Sntt-Mt'Jxnr- tf Robert Bih m
A I it i.-g 'W jkp n records the d a Ji f
J Mi. -lohu Thomson, the husband ot lile
i sol isiii'viviu'g daaghtei r.l B ir;is,ii5 Ctoss
I mylool recently. Mi-. Timiiisou was
b ought up tr ih-t lotvn, hut about the
i ''egi nog i.t lb S CeillUiy Wis a SCI g Mill
ih S nhnffsl
-lute m-l! I.I. and In colonel
h Whom in
w as uiiti h resinvcted, often
spoke nt liltll as i!h 4ia..ds.uu
t man 111
I the regiiue.it. U hilu at Dumfries-he mei
j Elizabeth, daughter of Burns, whom he
married while sin: was not quite nut of
j her teens ; and on leaving Dumfries he
was presented bv Jean Armour with
many m innscripts and relics of the. poet.
Thomson was not only a man of physical
si length, hut had a viguroiisAn elhct ftvid
a great fund d genuine humor, aud in bis.
day prodoci-d some good verses. Eor
manly independence of character, he was
such a roan as Bums would have been
proud of as a son-in-law. L ist May his
friends celebrated the sixtieth anniversary
ol his marriage wall the poet's daughter,
with whuin he led a very happy life.
H : leaves, besides bis venerable widow,
tw o sons and four daughters, about thirty
grandchildren and several great grand
children. Among the obituary notices of an Ohio
paper, we find the following : "Mr. Wil
liam Jones, of Malta town-hip, aged
eighty three, passed peacefully away, on
Tuesday last, from siugle blessedness to
matrimonial bliss, afier a short but
sudden attack by Alice Blossom, a
blooming widow of thirty-five.''
Not so many are the blades of grass
growing in tbr fipld as ibe gifts and mer-
j ch s of ..God to those thai have a soil in
j which they can grow.
Wanted the musket and powder horn
: oi a shooting star.
Fx. m the Atlantic Monthly.
If he 4j)esirabte Accession to our Popu
lation The Question Considered from
a New England Standpoint.
The erer-prVsent Chinese piqne onr ca
rionity. We must look into their homes
Compact, simple, yet not over clean or
sweet-smelling quarters into their re
staurants and tln ir theatre, if it is in oper
ation, and into their " Jos Houses." 'I heir
stores invite us with open doors, and tempt
our pockets with all I be various special
lien of i line ne uniuuf ictlir at reasoiirtble
price. A tew are men ol stature and
presence, with faces of refinement and
Ken tie strength ; ihe many go stieaking
about their work-a low typt'of mankind,
physically and menially, imported here
like merchandise, and let nut to labor tin-
i . . .
i,. erv usell. letttiey are a-i importunt
ery useit. let tney are a i imp
element iu the iudusliy and progress of
ill this side of the continent. But for
llieir labor tin- Pacific railroad would have
been at lens' two years longer iu build
ing. 1 wclve thousand ot tliein nave
done nearly nil the picking and drilling
and shovelling and wheeling oj the road
from Sacramento to Salt Lake. They
furnish the principal labor in the facto-
j ries j lin y make cigars ; they dig and work
over neglected gold gulches; they are
cooks; they almost motiopuiiae the clothes
washing and ironing ; iu all. the lighter
and simpler departments of labor where
fidelity to a pattern, and not flexibility
and originality uf action are required,
i hey make the best and most reliable of
At least 75.000 of them are scattered
over tin Pacific States, west of Utah;
and though our American and European
laborers quarrel with and abuse them ;
though the law gives them no rights but
that of suffering punishment ; though they
bring no families and seek no citizenship ;
though their woman here are -not only
.Tomtnereitil, tint expressly imported as
such; th ugh tin v are mean and con
temptible in their vi'ies as iu their man
ners ; though they are despised and kick
ed about ou every hand, still, they come
and thrive, slowly better their physical
noil moral and mental conditions, und sup
ply this eotlinry Willi what I most needs
n r its growth a mi pi o. pei iiy cheap la
bor. What we shall do with them is not
quite clear yet ; bow are they to rank,
socially auri politically, among us, is one
of i he nuts for our Social science students
to crack, if they ran; but now that we
have depopulated In land, and ( tin. my
is holding on to its own, and the old sour
ces of our labor supply are drying up, all
America needs 1 hem ; and obeying the
great natural law ot demand and supply,
Asia seems almost certain to pour upon
and over us countless thousands of her
superfluous, cheap-living, slow-changing,
iiiiassiiuilaiiiig but very useful laborers.
Ami we shall welcome, and then quarrel
over and w ith them, 11s we have done
with 'heir European predecessors. Our
vast grain, cotton and fruit fields, our ex
tending system of public works, our mul
tiplying manufactures, all. need and can
employ them. But must they vote ; and
if so, to w hat 1 fleet 7
-"HOW WE APPLES SWIM"
The Admission of Colored People to Places
The action of the Washington City
Councils in regard to the admission of
colored people lo places of amusement ou
the same footing as the w hites attracts at
tention throughout the country, and there
r seems to be considerable difference of
opinion amongst the Republican press as
to the wisdom the course udopted. Ihe
Chicago Tribune, the leading iv -publican
pa (m i- ot the West, has the following iu
regard to the matter :
" ?Some ill-rtdvised people in Washing
ton are endeavoring to procure a city or
dinance compelling the hotels of tbat
city to accommodate colored guests on the
same terms and at the stitie tables as
whites, or forfeit their licenses. An
ordinance has uln-udy been passed, pro
viding for annulling the licenses' of thea
tres uuliiss they shall seal negroes and
whites without distinction on account id"
color. 00 lor 11 out ociug democratic, or
in uccoidance' with the principles of
equality, such attempts are as flagrantly
at war with equality of right as they are
with politeness. The only persons who
an; ufi'ecicd by obtruding colored guests
at a hotel or in a theatre are the other
guests or attendants and and the proprie
tor. ""NTiTeteen-tweutieths of these would
be white under any circumstances, and
the effect of such a measure is to enable
one black man or woman to force his or
her company upon nineteen white men or
women who do not desire it. Displeasing
the nineteen to please the one is not
equality but the grossest inequality.
Hotels and theatres are not public offices.
or government institutions, ihey are
not supported by tuxes, like free schools,
nor do tiny enjoy any legislative monopo
ly like railroads. They offer entertain
ments aud amuescment merely. The
only function the government has iu
relation to them is to preserve order ; not
to regulate the class of people who shall
go to them."
IV is true of many persons that their
memory itj nothing but a row of books to
hang up grudge on. ---1.
L Tlie Christian is very frequent the only
oiuie worm win reau. now saa uiai me
copy scbould be so defaced f
EPI8CPAL BISHOPS ON THE
PRAYER BOOK. 0
. . ...-
Bishop Bedell has published letters
from sis bishops of the Protestant Epis
copal Church on the subn et of ritualism
and a change in the prayer book, sag
cested by Hishop Mcllvuitie n recent let
tor to the Stand. ii d of the Cross. Bishop
Henry W. Lee, of Iowa, says that "from
the first the ritualistic innovations hare
tilled him with pain and aporehe'iisioi..
and he has done what be could for their
discouragement and prevention. He be
lieves that they iiave a most erroneous
tendency, and that theydsue unspeakable
injury to our beloved Church, and that
the real teaching of the prayer book, as
well us Its whole history, is against them
He thinks, however, that the present sea
son ot strife and controversy is a poor
i inn inr a p j i in sini u 1 u a ! nfiiiruiruin
tune for a calm and wise and deliberate
r-t.- t.-f. it
i " .7. V . .
mon Draver. His ion Albert l.ee. ot Drl-
t j r ,
aware, heartily concurs in Bishop Mc
1 lvalue's low church sentiments, and ad
vocates as a question of expediency an
alteration of the prayer book, allowing
the liberty of using alternate forms. He
thinks the discussion on these subjects
has) been harsh, captious and unfair.
Bishop Ma n ton Eastbuin, of Massachu
setts, is still more cordial in expressing
his sympathy with Bishop Mcllvaine.
He also tiruks the time unpropitious for
a change of the prayer book. Biihop
Thomas H. Vail, of Kansas, thinks there
need be no explanatory revisal of the
Ritual or Liturgy. Bishop Thomas M .
Clark, of Rhode Island, concurs heartily
wth Bishop Mcllvaine, as do also Bishop
Johns, of Virginia, Bishop William Ba
con Stevens, of Pennsylvania, and Bish
A Prompt Ilep?y.Rer. Rowland Hill
used to ride to aud from Church in a car
riage. This gave offence to one oi his
members at least, who went so far as to
hand iu a notice requesting t he "prayers of
this congregation for the pastor, who yield
ing to .ride, is in the habit of riding in bis
carriage, not content, like his Divine Mas
ter to ride upon an ass." It was not un
til Mr. Hill had read the paper, and ob
served the sensation created, that he no
ticed the import; and then laying it down,
he said : "it is true, brethren, 1 ride 111
my carriage, but if the author of this no
tice will appear nt the door at the conclu
sion of the services, saddled and bridled,
1 will do my best to ride him home."
The Universalist denomination of this
coimtryrwMI be one hundred years old in
1 hey propose celebrating the
event by a general convention in Septem
ber of that year, to convene al Gloucester,
Mass., where Rev. John Murray estab
lished the first Universalist society in
America. In the month of May next spe
cial meetings will be held in all the prin
cipal cities, and the various congregations
be called upon for an offering to cancel
debts, endow colleges and bnild churches.
The hope is expressed that the centenary
offering will reach 81.000.000. Of this-
sum $100,000 w ill be applied to a monu
mental church in Washington city.
Heaven help the man who imagines he
can dodge euemics by trying to please
everybody. Other people have a right to
their opinions, so have you; don t fall into
the error of supposing they will jespect
yon more for turning your coat everyday
to match the color of theirs. Wear your
own color in spite of wind or weather,
storm or sanshine. It costs the vacilat
iug and irresolute ten times the trouble
to wind, shuffle and twist, that it does
honest, manly independence to stand its
The late Mr. Thackeray had a nose of
most peculiar shape, a may be seen by
his portaits. The bridge was very low,
and the nostrils extremely well develop
ed. On one occasion, at a party where
Douglas Jen old was present, it was
mentioned that Mr. Thackeray's religi
ous opinions were unsettled, and that a
lady of his acquaintance was doing her
best to convert htm to Romanism. "To
Romanism ?" exclaimed Jerroldi; "Let
us hope she'll begin with his nose."
.Miss Amanda J. Craig, who reccnty
obtained a verdict tor SI 00,000 damages
in a suit for breach of promise against Mr.
Sprague, at Whcaton Illinois, has return
ed to her home, iu Newport, and is an ap
plicant, it is understood, for reappoint
ment to her old position as teacher in the
public schools, which place she will no
doubt get. Dr. J . G. Beck, also a citi
zen of Newport, who testified against
Hiss Craig, and who was sent to jail for
for contempt of court, is still iu durance
vile at When ton.
A sentimental chap intends to petition
Congress for a grant to improve channels
of affection, so that henceforth the course
of true love may run smooth.
A man turned his son out of doors
lately, because he wouldn't pay him house
rent a striking proof of pay rental af
fection. The minister who divides his discour
ses into too many beads will fiud it
difficult to procure attentive cars for all
It is unwise to worry about wht '
cannot be helped, and foolish to worry
about what can be helped. Therefore
worry not aiail '
LETTER FROM JUDGE READE
We re publish the following letter writ
ten by Jade Reade in 1864. It contrast!
strangely with the conduct of our Judges
in this radical and progressive age-
RoxuoKO, July 1, 1864.
My Dear Sir : I received yours of the
23rd nit., enclosing an editorial of the
Progress of that date, in which it is said,
that Governrr Graham, myself and oth
ers, have not declared for Gov. Vance,
and that we cannot vote for him without
stuliilyiug ourselves, and you ask wheth
er my position is correctly given, and if
not, tbat I will give it, and allow yon to
publish it. I received a letter some time
ago from Col. Little, to the same end, and,
after consulting my friends, I declined his
request, maiuly because I thought that
proper tbat 1 should do . Since receiv
ing your letter, I have reconsidered the
matter. Respect for your opinion, and a
disposition to be obliging, inclined mc to
accjilu to your request, but the strongest
conviction of my judgment is, that it
would be a breach of propriety, fo( which
I know no precedent in North Carolina,
and for which I would be severely cen
sured. By universal consent, if not by
the imperative demand of the pnblie
sentiment, the Judges have stood aloof
from active participation in parly contests.
Of course they think aud vote with the
same independence which others nse, but
the Press and the Rostrum have uot been
common to them. I am the youngest
Judge upon the bench, and I am snre I
ought uot to violate a ctrstota which has
been so well approved. 1 think it would
be best if it could be forgotten that a
Judge ever belonged to cither, or to any
party, but if tbat cannot be, then the
next best thing is that he should be
claimed by all If there ever was a time
when the Judiciary should be free
from party prejudices, that time is the
present. In war the laws lose much of
their strength and influebce. 'ihu pas
sions run wild. And Judges, to be
influential and useful, must be more than
ordinarily prudent, iu order to avoid pre
judices of any man, or of any party
Aud, besides, l think yoa will agree with
me, that there never was a time when tbe
Press used so much freedom, not lo say
licentiousness, in denouncing any and
everybody who appears before the pnl.U
"Fool," "knave," "abolitionist," "scoun
drel," "coward," "liar," "traitor," are
the delicacies of its language, until the
State, if respected abroad nt all, must be
so in spite of its. press. In tbe article
which you send me from the Progress, it
is said tbat I cannot declare for Gov.
Vance without "stultifying" myself.
If 1 were to del are for Mr- Hidden 1 am
sure you wonld have no kinder word than
that. So that, whether I declare for one
or the other, I could be nothing better
than a fool at tbe least. In 1 ebruary
last, your neighbor, the Confederate,
placed me side by side with Mr. Uoldea
indeed, put me at the very bead of the
list of "agitators;" so tbat, in whatever
Mr. Hidden was bad, I was worse. But
in its issue of yesterday it says, it is
"morally impossible that I can support
him." And yet I have said not a word,
and am neither better nor worse than I
was in February.
So that, declare as I might, if I were
to declare at all, I could not hope to es
cape denunciation, and the consequent
prejudices of a large portion of the pub
lic, by reason ol which my influence ou
the bench, where I really desire to be
Useful, would be impaired.
I consider that if a Judge's position!
politics were misrepresented, professedly
by authority, and injury to himself or lo
others were likely to ensue, thero would
be no impropriety in his making correc
tion. 1 But tat) article in the Progress is -
only speculation upon my an antecedents,
and your paper has freely indulged in the
same. My antecedents are before thepnblic.
The public are not easily deceived, and up
on their good sense I must rely, and shall
be happy if I can possess their good
opinion in my new position and serve
them with profit. 1
With an earnest desire to oblige you,
and any portion of my friends, I have to
regret that I cannot, consistently w ith
my sense of propriety, comly with your
With considerations of distinguished
regard, I am very truly yours.
E. G. READE,
J. D.H ym Air, Esq.
. B. You can make any use of thir
you think proper omitting Col. Litfle's
uame. E. G. R.
A THRILLING STORY.
Three little children of Mr. Crduse,
says tbe Lynchburg Virginian, oi the
22d, attempted to cross tbe rail road bridge
over tbe Black w water, on Sunday even
ing. Whtn nearly over they heard a
train coming and attempted to run back,
thiuking that it came from the west. But
in tbat they were mistaken, and the train
came on the bridge before they could get
off. The oldest, a girl, seized the young
est child and jumped from the briditu
down an embankmentigbleep or tweuty
feet high. Tbe other, a little boy, clun
With his hands to the bridge until tba
train had passed, and then fell to tho
ground and rolled down a declivity of
some eighty or ninety fret. Httr heiil
t was badly cut and bruised, but bis it.ju-
L ries are not serious. The escap r-t ins
rui.' ?- . . .."
nuie ones is almost mtracuinus.