. i ). . ..... ' . . ft - V '. I
v .. . f J v aftVM
' t V
IV - -a af i -- "aw ! asa- -
m ::: f ai hi ii i i i ii ai ii. ii r ... .. ii imj mm i1
' 4 . .
QP ii hi mi I mm""-" 9flnHHBt
VOL 1Y' walisim nr. v , hot a 6t
Patronise your own Institutions.
THE Exrrciftcs of the C laeurd Female
OolWc. at StMtdviile, will be retained the
let of Si'pteiulAr ext.
Board, fuel, wnnhiiiff. il5 p iMmth.
Tuition in regular claue from $tt,SO to
Maoic, Drawing. Painting, tee., extra at
moderate rat ; vfnt half io advance for
t-rm of (yur utouths, endiug Dee. 33. For
further particulars address
E. F. ROCKWELL.
Statesville, July 9. n President.
SUN'xirnii' Male tendemj.
TUB KVTJ, TBRK (if this grftool will open
on the 6th it' September, and continue nixteen
eeK8. Tt'tTtOM :
Enh Dep't SSSm'" " $,2
ff IlitertiU'dlOte.... 12 00
Clftsxieal Oonartuient Mi 00
Cofltiuircnt Fee 1 00
Hoard in l'ooiI Hiniitie.-i at t IV per month
One hall 'of the above ehargei. i required In
For further partieulare,addreiithe Piincipaln
July M, lrtiit. ao mn
Edge wortliPeinale Seminary.
1 he m;xt .session will com
iiience on the liiv M.nuluy of Septeilnbi'r. Thi
f ntire exjwt, ol Hoard sinl Tinti wid bi
from f 100 to $11(1 if paid in advnoee. Kacl
boarder will lu nish her own lights and towels
and also a p:ur of Mteets and pillow case. For
circular addrea J. M. M. CALIJW ELL,
jnlj 2. 18ftp ,1in Oreensljoro', N. C.
Pleasant Grove Aeademy.
Male and Female.
THE SEVENTH SESSION WILLCOM
mencc on ihe Uth of Aujrusl next.
Conrse Engl ixh, Classical, Mathe
-n Xttim- Tiiilinn Jroin iu to $10 per session.
MKAVI 'XN ACADEMY. I v
jL first Ses.-'i in this Aeadeiny will com
lueuce on tl. t - t MoinUy in August ensuing.
Pupil? i-an tali rai n v tinie and be flbargt-d from
the time f entranei'.
i ,The rate" tu t hp will ) as fbllons: I7.r0
l$t'.4Wii.i iiti IMMI e:' sc-nion of5 inoutliS jmjable
uttiend ill' every montb.
X,i buina i! e p'ired lo give pupils s thomngh
trsiniljsr hi all flic l .r..icl.e usually taught ina flrsl
class .Wdemy. '." ;.. i t
The -V .-ayiir is lo.-sten in a lieaitby and moral
cn.nminnty in r mukliu Township lour milee from
,-ati.l.n!,. on the iwv rind to Mocksvide.
Uoarii V'.m la liail in ivncttablc families from7to
8aollrspcriiionth. L. U. KOTHliOCK,
June J5. i3:3m Princ'pal
W. C. BKap and Oaseteer.
PhE SUBSCRIBER HAVINQ Purchased
the entire Copy-right Plates, &c., of the above
Works and desirous to expedite their Kile
through the entire State, at an early day, offers
to active, bwinesH young men a good chance
1 ofief three-fourths' of a map, in sharca of five
or ten counties each. This new map will be
abonrtre feet by four; illustrated Iwrder, haud
somely engraved, counties, railroads, toit offices,
mines, mountains, Ac, Ac. A Map worthy to
be hong up in every house, office and school in
Specimen copies readv about the 1st Septem
Terms accommodat ing, address with 2 stamps.
Rav. SAMUEL PEARCE,
augl3-32-3m Wilmington, N. C
Uuinersit v oi Worth Carolina -
HH SPiitllAL COfTRSK of Agnoulfnre
and the Mechanic Arts will begin op tne
nth day of September. Instrnction m Military
Tactic will not be given until later in the sea
3-3t . 6. POOL, President
BOOKS for"m AGI8TRATE8
and XOWWSSZV CLERKS.
God Of Civil Procedure which
every Magistrate must have. Sent
free of postage. $3 00
Magistrates Docket Book
Prieein Store. 00 by- Mail,-. . . 3 50
rorms for Magiatratea, as con
tained i'i act of Assembly to provide
forma in anvil jrroeedure before Mag
istrates. Bv mail 25 eta
&ecord Books for Township Clerks.
to record proceedings of all meetings
of Township Trustees. Price in
Store, ffc-90. By mail. 13 00
For ordera of School Committees, oB
County Treasurer in course of pre
paration. Blank Summons. Executions, tate War
rants. ke.. fNjOO per 100 and $1,00 per
ijuire, sent ffi;e of postage.
Address all orders to
i JAS. II. ENNISS, Agent,
No. Ca. Book Store, Salisbury.
r27 tf NV Ca. BHk Store. Ralegh.
ATIOUNKV AT LAW.
LEXINGTON, S. C.
W ILL PRACTICE in the courts of David
Son, Forsythe. Guilford, AUrflance and Ban-
doph counties :
E (i. Keade, Associate Justice, "'
" ThomasSellle, ' " "
R P O,. !
- Bedford Broiy'n. Ya'.ceWille, N. C '
" Hon. J. 'rin Kerr,
J ft Met so. G-eerisboro-, N. C.
'( " Thomas Itulfiii, Jr.. u
' J l Cl .nl rMv m, N Q
J .imarv 2', lo0. i -r! .
' Dr. I. W. JON El
nATINC KicaUd hi .ili-!.,:ry, offers his
Profestsioual wrvu-c to the pnblie. Of
fice on Council SUeet. opptwite Ibe Cnrt Bouse
acdE'Wt dom to tee La "2rc u Hon. Bartow
nrayt, nwy sv, n
i - 1 i i 'mm. 4 m n ii ii . , n u t i (-it. r. r tot
Superior Court, Spring Term, IdCB.
W. II. Wilhelmand wife Arabella, J. E. New -n
and wife Margaret, Angus! us Gray and
wife Mary, and S. R. Harrbon Plamtifh.
W. D Lindsay, Trustee of Caroline Hampton.
dee'd., Jatm-a Tansy, Trustee of Simpson
Wi!n, Margaret Tansy his wife, and Chss
A. Wethero, Defendants.
rttitiomnr Suit and Pktrtitum of On Landi
the Imte Margaret Wihon.
It appearintr to th satisfaction of the court
that VV. D. Lindsay. Jas. Tansv Murj.roi Tan-
ay and C A VVet hero, detondaiUs in this proceed -
That publication be made weekly, for tig sneers
aire weeks in the Old .North State.' a newspaper
pabl.shcd in Salisbury. N. C, summoning eiu h
of said defeudants to be and appear at !ie next
term ol our said court to be bidd at lite Court
House in Lexington on the 2d Monday after
the 3d Mo' day in September next, then and
there to answer or demur to said petition, or
(he same will be taken pro conjemo and heard
ex parte as to them. 1
Tli. M,kiLut!Al. i i .
Witness, L E. Johnson. Cleik of oor mnl
Court at office in Lexington, the 2d Monday
after the 3d Monday m Anril. lSf.O
L E. JOHNSON, C 9. 0.
Order made and issued Aug. 23, 18C0.
310",.. te. f 10.
E. Nye Hutchison & T. J. Sumner, Plaintiff
John E. Brown, VVm. J Brown, Z. B. Vncf
end Kobert F. Hoke, DefencautF.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
io the Mertjot liomtm f.Viaafy Greeting.
Von are hereby commandeO to snininuii
lohn E. Brown, W.J. Brown. Z R Vane.- aim
Rvb'rt F. Hoke, if to be found in 1 a ail t- ( inn.
iy; oersonallv to be and npner bclorehi Hon.
or, the Judge of our Superior Court, to be held
tor tne iounty of Rowan, at the Court. House
n Salisbury, on Ihe third Monday in Senlem.
plainC HereufTail noTTiind lilwyuii TficiVafTii
there this Wrif.
Given under my Jiand, and .the seal of. ihe
id Court, ai Salisbury tin- 24th dav of July.
A. D.. 18f!9. A .ICMSON MASON.
Clerk ol the Superior Court fn If, wan County.
Duplicate of this summons issued to Bun
combe f ir William J. Brown; u .Uocklenluiru
lor Zeb'ulon, R Vance, and ! Mitchell lor Bob
ert F. Hoke. A. Jrosos Mas , C. S. C.
Worth Carolina, jl . g,.' rurt
KOWAN COUNTY, ( in we WP" t,m
E. Ntk IIutoiiison & T.J. Scaxicn, Plaintiffij.
John E. Bnows. William J. BaoWM ZEnrtoN
3. Vai!S and Robert F. Hoke, Defendant?
It appearing to the satisfaction of the Conn,
by affidavit filed that the defendant John E
Brown above named, is not a resi lent ol this
s!tate that his residence is not known and cm
not af'er due diligence b. asccitaii.ed, and thai'
nf;er due diligence he cannot be Ibuud in l In
state that a cause of action exists against him
iu favor ol said plaintiffs, the grounds of wiiii li
appear by the sworn complaint that he is a
proper party to this action, and thai the fnm
inoos and complaint herein were filed in the
Superior Court of Rowmi County on the 24tii
day ol Julv. 1
ORDERED, That the summons herein, a
copy of which appears above, be sei ved as to
the said Joim E Baows by publication ol the
some in a newspaper styled '-77e Old North
State," published in the city of Salisbury, once
in each week for six weeks.
Witness, A. Judson Mason, Clerk of the So;
perior Court of Rawiui County, at office in
Salisbury, the 28th ly at July. SfWr
A. ItUWOM MAl Ci iMa. "
30 gw (prfee18.)
Worth Carolina, ) Spperioii CorttT.
Caldwell County. S Spring IV rm, iNili
Consfrwcfion of Will.
J. R. Wilson, execu.or of James Blair, dee'd
W. A. White and wife, Nancy M. White,
Avsy Selena Pool, Avey Selena I sen hour,
by W. A. White, Guardian. Benjamin
Steele and wife Elizabeth Steele, James
Barnes. P. G. McCrary and wife Martha
MeCrary. Emma Barnes by G W Barnes.
Gnardinn, Sarah Isabella Fortuer, by Ad
eline Fortner, James R. Barnes, by his
In this ease it appearing t the satisfaction
of the court that James Burues. P. G. Mr.
Craryand wife Martha McCrary, Emma
Barnes by G. W. Barnes. Guardian, defend
ants in this ease are non-residents of this
Stat : Therefore ordered by the court, that
publication he made for six weeks successive
ly In the "Old North Mate," a newspaper
published in alisbnry, N. C, notifying the
said defendants to be and appear at the next
term oTonr Superior eotirt ti be held for the
county of Caldwell, at the court house in Le
noir, on the 8th Monday after the lid Monday
Hi August next, then And there to answer the
complaint of plaintiff filed In the clerk's of
fice, or judgment wil be taken ex parte as to
Witness R. R. Wakefield, clerk of our
asid eourt the 8th Monday after the 3d Mon
day in March. 1800.
R. R W IKEFJELD. c. s. o
31 w fprfeeflO)
Tiaast ilSLs w n. c. hailhoab.
srtijR. STATiajrs. aiuiive.
Salishwv. & a. X.
13 Third (Wk, 4.1J
3K)5 A. m.
ia5 Sutanrillc. fc17
32 Plott's 5A,
38 Catawba, 6:29
50 Newton. 7:22
f 60 Hickorv Tavern, 8r07
70 lcard. :f2
Mr- Morgantnn, !B:47
jtixbs. STAnojta. AJUtivE.
10 lcard, 4:10 r. .
Hickory Tavern, 4w6
State of Worth Carolina, J INJUNCTIOff. M vmU
1 11 1 i i i i - - v 4. wi
Worth Carolina, t ,. .
Moses L. Holmes, Keuheu J. Holmes, Tslen
tne M.nm v. Ephraim Mauney, 0. B. Rob
erta and D. A. Mavis, Plaintiff.
Amos Howes and tne Not th Carolina Ore
Dressing Company, Defendants.
Stat of North Carolina:
To Amos Howe' snd the North Carolina Ore
Mr-sng Company Oree'inp.
In chedience to an fwier Irom Hon. Jolm
M.Cloud, Judge of the 8th Judicial District of
this Stale : You ale hereby commanded to re-
.T","i'.,r m nnJ ",anil,'r "'
' ! t of me (7of,r Hill nroherttf as deserilMHl
ro peri v us dcsci iiicil m
muffs . on. plaint, either by yourselves or
agents, servants or attorneys ami to appear
rx iore me j uuge oi onr superior tenrt at the
Court Hone in Salisbury, on Ihe 2Sth day -
ScpfemU r ncx', ihen and there lo show cause
why the injunction slmll not be continued till
judgment be rendered in this action :
And it appearing to the satisfaction of the
court that alter due diligence the defendants
cannot be found within ihe State, but that de
fendants are non residents of this State, it is
ordered by the court that service of this order
for injunction be made by publication for six
weeks in the "Old North Stale" newspaper,
commanding the defendants to appear at the
lime and place designated, then and there to
show cause why sj injunction (hall aot be
granted till ihe judgment b rendered in this'
Given under my hand and seal of said court
i his July 30, I860.
A. JL'DS'W MASON.
Clerk Snjtrrir Court for Rotrnn County.
31 Gw (prfre 12
Kow.ix t'or.vTY. i
Sf PKttlOB Cot BT.
Klizalieth Jenkins. Administrator of Wm. Jen
kins. Deceased, Plaintiirs.
The North Carolina Ore Pressing Company, De
It appealing upon alfi lavit that the defend
fna ava laanama aar sasnwi. ami them is no oi
oonnty of Bowan nt the Court House in Sali?
bury, on the 3d Monday in September and !
nil. M r 1 II.,' 11,11111 II I 1 I 111 . .1 1 I 1 . .4 II IIHL
of which is tiled in the Superior ,ourl offiee.
II the snd de endant -hall rail to answer the
said complaint during the 'enn of said couri , ;
ii. it iiir - " j i-H-J
ant as demanded in sahl said wiit.
Given under mv hand and seal of said oouit
this 30th day ol July. A. D l?6.
A. JL'DSON MASON.
Clerk Superior Court for JtoMr-CtoRNfy.
310w (pr. lee $S)
Calilv. ell County.
Spring Term, IrtOil.
Elizabfth'A. Est vs.
James ii. Collett. )
In this enseit is made to appear to tlie sat
istai tloii ol the court that the defendant James
II. Code'.t resides beyond the limits of this
Slate: It is therslre ordered by the court thai
publication he made in the "Old North State,"
a newspejter published in Salisbury, N C , for
ix weel s successively, iiotityinglhe deb-ndant
ll-at he be and appear at the next term ol our
Superior Court to be Tielu l"r the county
ol Caldwell at the Court House in Is.
noir, on the 8th Monday alter the 3d Monday
in August next, ihen and there to plead, an
swer or demur, or judgment pro confesso will
be taken against him.
Wiinefla, R K. Wukcfiield, c!erk of onr said
court at uflVe. the 8th Mondoy after the 3d
Monday in March. 1860.
B. R. WAKEFIELD, o s. c.
31pw(pr fee .)
Worth Carolina, I SrrKBio CoOut.
V J .Ijprtlfg- t-erntv tvnv
Michael 4paiihour, use of J
Elizabeth A. Estes, !
Jam.-s H Collett, J
In this cirw it is made to appear to the sat
isfaction ol the court thai James II. Collett re
sides beyond the limits ol the State: It is there
fore ordered by the court that publication be
made in the 'Old North State," a newspaper
published in Salisbury, N. CU lor six week
successively, notiiyiug the defendant that he be
1 mA iL.. , A u.a Mineiiiii
well at the Court House m Lenoir on the
8th Monday after the 3d Monday in August,
next, then ai d llieie lo ph-ad, answer or de
mur, or judgment pio conlcsao will bo taken
agitasi him. i
Witness R tt. Wakefield, clerk of our said
court at office the 8 h Monday alter the 3t!
Monday m Mairh 1809.
B. R WAKEFIELD, c. s c.
31 Gw-pi leed)
Worth Carolina, f ScrKK)0R C( :pRT.
Bow AM LotSTV, J
Moses L Hollnes, Henbi n J. Holmes, Ephraim
Mauney, Valentine' Mauney, B. B. Roberts
arid D. A Davis, Plain! id. '
Amos Howes, and the Notih Carolina Ure
Dicssinj; Company. Defendants.
Summons io the Defendant.
If appearing to my satislactHui upon the affi
davit ol the Plaintiffs that tlie Defendant Amos
Howes is a non-resident of the Stale snd that
the North Carolina Ore Dressing Company isa
foreign corporation, having its principal office
of business beyond the l.mils of this State ; and
it furthet appearing that a cause of aeiiim ex
ists against the dSendants in respect to whom
the service is to be made, and after doe dili
fence the defendants are not lo be fotindwirh-
j in the State, and that the cause of actum arose
I in fliis Sttrte, iclat-rug to real -prop.'ily--situate'
i:l this State, it is therefore ordered that piih
i boatmn be made lor six weeks Hn "The Old
North State" newspaper noiilying the defend
ants to appear belore the Judge ot onr nexi
Superior Court to be held for the- CountV of
Row an at rtiC Court House iu Salislur oll,e
3d Mom'lav in eeittcmher nest, then and there-
I to answer tlie complaint oi ti e i lamtm-, wuicn
j was filed in the offli.-e ol the ccrk ol this coutt
on 30th ol July, I860, or jmlgment will be
granted for the renV! demanded.
Given under mj hand and seal of said Court
this 2Giii day if Julv, A D.. 1880.
A . J V DSON M SON,
CTeik Fineiio''f Virt tor Rowan "Count y
I 1 90-9 fpr ft tU-J
ITULISHKI, VTKEKt.V UY
"W" X aS 3EI ZS. . J'
Editor ond Vtopritfor,
ATBa or ai m m in 'io
Osa Yaaa. payable in advauee. ...
!i (''ples to linn address
10 CopieM to one it.l-v .s
ItatAA of Atintrtininq.
'! ipmre. first i iseruou,
For each aJditional insertion.
Special notjnw will be eh urged 51) i-.-r con;
hh?her than the aoiire-fates.
roi-unndJi.. I,,' -.-,!..,. v')lV'P'i'.;;..L.
eI at the ame rates with ;'th-r. sdveriis
imrnta. Unitn.iry notices, over six liues,
as advert iaeuients.
I ONTRACT RATES.
s If i Hi H
H 30 m 7o
' 4 50 0
0 (a 9 (hi
S (KI1T 0)
18 0021 fW
88 00' 40 00
50jd&) J -i 00
13 (l .. is)
. , ;vtooi :ith
'' ,;j()00. 4" no
: 00 15 on' 75 no
:IKHI -ill 00 130.00
PRQiPECTS OF THE BOPS.
KEFTS alptlVZlJ AT Tltr DKP.tRTMEJfT OF
AffHK VLTl HE.
The W'ashingtc4,yriTpondent ofthe Nc
. J.I Adrertmr write-, from the August n-
I .'I I. T V. I ...1 .
. .. .B.vwuVerapireceiveaai itu lAparttmiil
... ..,iiniinin'. ii appears that .New Jcrse
i ennsyiv.inia, ami 1
in tbf, U'..
tnTiir TTorasTTT.intTiTIf f'T. "rr-'
p r . nt. in Kmisas. even iar it:,:. In Texas
percent. m Ftr.riHa.TOii i HHtm?iai rfi
Hi Arkansas, 1 iiii-t-tntt, at;
,,, . .t.v.fhtloi, in ai nut
ik,. .. . ', 9;, . fc,., l,.l,
" Mb I'dly thirty JW Pt-fH - '
wason at -ante ilatc ; nn ti ina,tlie se-o'iu .-inie iu
production, puts the figuri s nearly as low ; Michi
gan, W i -cousin, atid Mitmcnrta, mte If'lio :tl p.-!-(Viil.
Iielow; Iowa twenty p ; cent.; Missouri, Kyu
Uicky, and Tennessee, ti iVpeir cent.' Tite Ne'w
Engfand States runge from ten to fifteen pi r
cent, below; New York iwonty to tsrenty-hvu
per rem.; Maryland, Vir.-inin, North farolina,
Oeorgia, Mississippi, ar.d Tennessee, ten per ct.;
and South Candina thirty peseent. below. Tex
as promises twenty nr cent better yield ih in
lust year, with an incrlascd Rcreagc, as noted ;
snd Kansas and A rkan -as Wn per tfetit, lsilter
than last y'nar.
In fi w of toe larger States will the iAereaseol
acreage make up for fbe decrease in t ;i. ral con
dition, while in several of tht largest coni'jrow
ing Sijtes the sTeagc has bmi nd'tcvd yfpjp
last year, owing to the wry unfavorable spring;
heiux- it seems hardly possible that I cropeirunl
ing that yf last yr can i.-w bs made mtdef ihe
most favorable future, while Ine indicatji . k are
that the yield of the season wili fall consiuera
bly below that of 18tiS. Drought hasdonc much
damage in some sections, succeeding the exces
sive rains, which had previously retarded the
growth of tlie crop. Favorable weather hence
forth, with late fall, may do mueh for the gen
eral yield ; but a short corn crop anears inevi
table! Illinois and Indiana produced nlsvtit one
fourth of the crop of ihe whole country hist year,
and now threaten to rednc their pronrrct twen.
ty-five lo thirty-live per cent, Ohio, lows, ML;
swiri. Kcntuckv, and Tctttieesee, whicfi raised
one-third f 0e erop of piiiiftihe-a tit -
tsl ynlil ol Irotn ten.Io twenty percent, tue
season, which has beennwpnipitioif' for tlri
.real national crp, has, bowevor, proved f.tvwr
able to most others, and (liOBgh the corn be wrt
short, there must be an afctinoance in the land.
IXCllEASEir OOTT03I CHOP.
While all the cotton St;Uc excel twtoind
Florida reported the condition oi tlx' coltonnp
in July as considerably todow the averse of the
crop of LS68 at corresiouding date, m arly all
now report an inuirovcment upon tliose esti
mates, and several of the more important cotton
August of last vcar, the weather having bei
generally propitious snd the injury by the worm
couipariitively inccn..idei;iMe, though thett is no
lack of npprehen.-ioii of damage from the latter.
Mississippi, the largest producer of this Haple,
with an increase often pet eels, ii; acreage, re
ports the condition fully up to that of last scayon
at that date. Georgia, condition cuual to last
year, with fifteen er enn. incteaaa in acreage ;
Louisiana, ten per cent, butter in condition and
fifteen per cent. Increase in acreage; Arkan-as
and Texas report condition above average, with
twenty .per cent, increase of acreage in the fur
nier himi thirty pr cent, in the totter State ; and
Florida, eondition above average, with twenty
live ier cent, increase in acreage.
On the other hand, .onh Carolina reports the
condition live to ten jwr eem. Iielow tost year,
though the increase of arreagS, ten percent., btil
nncos the loss. Tennessee a'o:ic, resirts deerea"
ed acreak.a. and tfio rvbOiic eoloution ten per
cent, below last yca Alahmna, with eight per
cent, increase in acreage, places the condition of
the crop ten per cent, nelow o.ait ot iasi year.
South l aroliiia makts the aorst showing, r
thfl untoruUBUea of the weather, and the rtatw
of damage by in-ets, to which the crop i- sul -jeet
it is yet too early toeelirr.atcthe proihietK.il
of the year with anv deSm-e of ot natiaty : l"it i
is reasonable to anticipste, with an averagi ii -
naatl fif acreage equal to iiiiecn" .
vield fully UP lo the ligurcK I
. A ....1 I . -.1.1 .1! i.
reaehrn HH'W nines ; iwu mm' i- 1101 oui.- in i
the present rrosi'srs t to disebnrepe the piax-nt j
exiKt lation ol a coiwidralde iiicn-a-e, ivnieu
. can alone lie prevuiled by M-me signal disaster
I , a ... ;
troiu weather or iiij-irucuve xn.-c. is. i
,.1. rtrxATO p. ... !
tin quiic-a.iafge um-.- ... ...r . ,
td in pototoes, this crop prom
mUW the twnriiirS of b.si v .., -. New I
Vork aiiil Pennsvivania, whih -rn!"e liearh
quite oni-miru 01 uie .'imut vmy o ;
. r .I- , . ,: ,w.r
is.rting the condition iw. ntv-.'ve ts-r nt. Mow W a very large number litre becalm; oi U.. dti- er ney wore omnia to aiv ... rV''
lu'crop of last vcar. hv.t 1 1 1. I. ; '-c r-'H f.iLv ,,,' umtnig t'he vrc, am 1 of -hipping , ld them I do M lcOW. t nrter the tVncorda.
seven to ten per cent, in acreage, iu v.. a of i rcqmred. In Inis way they would quiet your they wou Id, but I think scarcely now.
ot, in'acreagc, vriti an advanc' of w f . twiVf'? fto-impiii ia'uimmev. he started, with-a snf-
cvin. ... A. ,,n. In iicrain it fbe American mip -
Vhtoeoiirtsi. P, r e.i. more scrcg-x noA
wnt in in.iierai oonninon an i opinnse. 1
.Luii imm hetito- in -c..dhrn Tlli-'
I fiivj ' - r " w .
l.in.'1 ,en per cent more
if 111. I- .... la. ......
acrejg; Indiaim, a slight increase )n acreafrc
bill ten iht cent, advance in eonditi..n I,.., .'
ten to twelye percent iiWrense to acreage, and
w mueh bt Ucrineaadjioa New Jatser, twelva
!"'f ' l'irKw ''f'-ajje, mid condition fifteen
Per cent, ala.vc last y, r; Maine, Vermont,
.Michigan, ami W isconsin, are the onlv States
which report decreased nireage, and the crop,
wWiout unforesc, n casualties, must be large.
The tohncco crop is not producing so great a
,r w. Virginia, me largest priKl u
cer, reports the condition as ten to twelve tier
cent, less .ironii iinr than IsM vmmr
nii a u, . re.w.' nfsevin to ten per ceuU ill
it) 1 L . u ' .' l-aw'"a, leniiessee, and Ken-
. .. ibivi: oui in .ui acriase six nirfviit, la-t-'t-r
i La ii in LS(,J,ut.repurt the eoudiWaaike to
iOi i;Ci' it. lirWw tost - vear; - M a rv land and
lu.tuna.r,rt snaYeriti ii.-r. Me arnVprnapsrt ;
llimois ,nd Ohio, five to ten in cnt. dicrcae
in u. rengH,.ui.d alsatt live ir cciu. di-ciinc in
The spring-Town wheal is generally vichling
well, thungfi in M.nje se.ti,,ns it falls below an
average. In Illinois the returns indicate
a product thirty to forty itr cent, below
last pears crop. In the Northwe-t, howevi r,
the yield is reported much better, as also in the
cw England Htau-s and in Northern New York,
where lie siirinir varietur imn 'ri...
-nJu of ihe sUl harvests, both fall and spring
vftr eficMliough not yet estimated, were an-
liri.Ylt lt anJ will ,l...l..l , .
Hiuernniy utivetl the yield of Vm. The sin iii
rrrnin tor si. i w-t i . '
-I ruMK. . s.,.JLl..- i ....
rrr-""- r"'til evcrywncre, Willi aoont an av
Should the droug'nt now rs?rvading many sec
tions of he country long cyjitintie, the growing
....j. iiibv inn eniiKiocraiiiv iielow present ami
ciMitiips, but i i.e prrtbattUtiarlrver a generous
g neral ham-st for the year 1809.
SENATOR CASSERLY AND THE CHI
NESE. The press of the Atlantic Stales have freely
uuoted Senator Casseriy, of('aHfornia,inextraT-
agant eulogy- of the Chinese. Th.u genU. man
Ti$Z& Tifci, yteh.ieWta,w.iiT.vw
the irinark impaled to hiiu in it "the Chinese
are We iuost frugal, iiiilitirio'ts, and 'iiwini""
j people on Uwnsjm raiaoRie etilojryof the f'hi-
no wicn amuru nix-i on the wbrkiii '-
;mJii" ' . " It
f ... . , ....I w.... .
J. r ...
Chinese as 'coniiietitors not to be di-spised even
l.v our skilled mechanics, for the reason that as
a race, they were industrious and frugal, and in
genious in tinny himdicrufts."
Fpon ihe tiesiton of tjhtnoM Imfionatifln'Mr.
("as-i 1 1 y says! m ,
" In discussiilg Ihe subject of Chjinese labor in
California it is well enough first to understand
what it means. It is not a question of a few
( h in amen here mid there, or of many China
men here ami there, in hriMieltc of labor which
are comparatively iuiimKrtnnt or which, for
any cause, are not sought by white men. But
Ihe .question which troubles us, which we hive
to eoiiihr. which we must meet in thtseleerion
tiid o' er it, is the question of a systematind, if
no", (ouerted, movement for, the purpose of;
brining here the W orersof China iman-hnum-bi
rs a- practii-nily to supplant the white labor of
the whole country, beginning lirst in this city
and Srate, and supplanting it here as absolutely
as it is possible for one form of labor to supplant
another. That is the question we have to face
a great question ; great in its proportions,
great in its ccust-quences ; in short, in my judg
ment, the greatest qui tioii, the most momentous
problem, of the lime. In tlie first place, die
tuisle of introducing.ilieac laborers is extremely
i.bjectionablc. It is not an im migration, but an
importation. These people do not come here of
iheir own free will, prompted either by a spirit
rif adventure, or, if that were conceivable, by any
interest or attai hment" to our itistitutions. Thai
o cot U (littrcjy out of tlie question. Th
"Chim'seTtnoiTis mwii about our institutions as
tiu great hulk of ijur people know of the Chi
iresc lSngjaagc, and that is just tis mr to nothing
as ii is pos Pile. When an immigrant from Ire
land, from j jiglanil, frtun Fruncoyor from (ier-nriny.-toene
his face to tlie West and following
tin siiUi finds himself on the aliores of the great
livjiublic, he is jirnnipted by a purp'jse and nn
intclligeiC which of themselves form some
pledge to us here of his fitness to la-come a citi
zu. of the'fnitid States. They prove his inter
est in tlie country. Thry prove also his dispo
sition to ally himself with it to aenriaint tfnt-
sclf with its poifcy an 1 with, the prin tples. of its
frsfitU'.Hav. iou cannot say mat n t-eings lm
p. i t. ( hi1 the mass like a herd of cattle, and it is
alleged that thiw Chinese people have bwn, and
it is understood they are to be hereafter on a ai
canlic'sierlc. I say nothing at present of tne
ei:irge, ilouiless not will unfounded, that many
of t hi m arc brought lure not only without
km w'e'ge of where they are going, but even
against their will aud in souie sort ol' servitude,
fjiider the eiiorhious stiumlus of a great system
of imj ortRtion e shall have results very far le
yoml those from any ranveinvntNtf iminigratioii.
We shall see the Chinese bronghtmong, us in
a veiy short time by hundreds of thousands, ami
after no long erid by millions, through the
country at large. We are struck by thecaseand
freqnenty with which great numbers are men
tioned, and men talk of 'laying down' these peo
ple in m sses just as if ,it were "laying down' so
maiiv bu.-neis ol wlieal ol 'laying nown o,uou
( hinautui here, 'laying down' If MHKj there, and
30,009 at another phup, and Uk,0(4 at ainth r
p!;,cc. And there is no impassibility a'smt it.
Our opisanents, while elaiunrinjf for Chinese la
bor, tell us that there is no possiluTuy of Wmf-
of the movements of similar labor aba where.
l' v.-srs there has been an organized svstem,
. .... L., .X ;j . I
not ol Ki;sri.'.;ion, nut oi iiiiiingrauoii iu(mv,
from HiWIosun of a race timkamu to the csl-
... i .... .. .a... M........- ,. i-ui. '..;.- I
i : ;, . nt i.l , I- th. M'tn.rdus, to Hntis'li Guiana,
.. .I o, 1 , ,, .tdi.it rn li eSotTth ni, n.-an eolL-l
vhvage, as vou ill ieneic. taking the three 1
, . . j i. i
i rvooiis icgeuier, lis oiu, anu ru- ininnm. ii.i-
pninSS togciher. as Itmc and
j.lv mon -o, than the vovage from hina to ,
these shores. Yet 1 discdier that in So& the !
. . . . i n c.j .t . : ..s '
mttst ncuics mai i comu mm w;o. i ni'.-i on-u
had un r in a f, w vear to over 102,000 men, j
se flfsl wo,e total. 135.dH emiarant cool es
. -,."'"':.' .i.'T ?i s.
Nbw. those Uirci' district and
the field ihy olS-r are MM incmishhrableiMm-
rvrr-rA fn rHfrrrii r.fl the Pacific (Wirt, and
, - -: - - , '
vi rv irsicniiii ant coinparcd to the 1 ruled States.
gr,edtoj ad means whli w,U be frre ry
: - - ,
will ssUty mv the I.VISM -Mrerem m taw -
... - - r .- - . -f. i ., t i.l-r .1... 111. In
tr .....In,,. Tl.uv -...1,1 InL.nrd ft 1 . . o.l'rv IT. WCV lcoilirin it ucc u (law "
coast taking as a standard the Hindoo emigra-
.1 1 I..-.. I .... I?
tioii m 1369-at die rate of 250,000 to half a
minion a year, rh.-n, my friends, what be
come of yonr State of California ? Your whole
population loOO,OW men, women, snd children,
and in one year you would be buried under an
Asiatic avalanche. In one year, with an im
porlation of 500JJOO added to the Chinese popu-
1"" of'' of 0'000 ,0 80'000' oe nov
elty wul be, in some parts of yonr State, to tss
a whim tore. From her vast swarms of 350 to
;,I"'1MJ"",,), 'hirm could, without feeling the
loss, throw npon onr shores ton millions of ahle-
sHueo iim-ii -two millions more than all the
ahk-boditd male to the I'lilted States. What
wiMi.ur that people here are agitated and dis-
turbisl !" '
This is Just and orthodox. The Labor Con
vention at Philadelphia expressed (he oftiniim
of Mua uatlW The sobiert is we exmnsi riled
j 'rinrl,vMr. ihisserly. R-wfrl ocenhv
a promiueiit'i'lace in politics in thi eountrv.
The difference which has at wavs been made
by the Railroads of the South between the rates
charged "through" and "local" travellers, and
the same dilfi rvHcc ciuallv olisenrable between
"through" and "local freiKhts, an well as the
iiisproportmnate charges for the carriaire of per
Sons and ftviaht iiave ever baea atonlainMl
and inexplicable to us. .is public carriers the
whole comoumity has a right w crilieise these
Roads, and a- interested as all must be in cheap
and rapid transportation, both of persona and
property, a fair discussion of this subject can do
injury to noi,e; In alluding to a particular
Road nothing M intended for that rood which is
not applied to the others. The emit of a ticket
from Wilmington to New York is tvearr-fbur
dolhirs. The distance is six hundred and thir
ty mile The cost of a ticket from Wilming
ton to Weldon is ten dollars. The distance is
one hundred and sixty miles. The distance
trom v ilming to Wchlon is onlv two and a half
nines over one-fourth the distance to New York,
and yet ihe charge is over wo-tiff lis - tn Wt mm.
curate, it is tfn-tceuhi-fourth. Now whv (a ii
oi-erone-foimli, or s.x dollars? Here to the
disparity. If the roa.l i-MM i"irrv .in,, n i..nrv.-r.
for six dollars whv does it char , so, ,ik,,r iu,n.
jn ing a seat by the side of the Srst ten dollars?
This is unexplained, it is unsatisfartorv. What
is Mid relative to nuno.,. : uJ i:
f Jtaw r nan wm lssij nig wm ui iuwii
over .-anic mill does noi exi-evi one ooiiar, ano
hTdVS bv Hw 'awI f" tonwSs
' "l K' I ........ I .. ,"
Ctiu 'n 'rf f : ni- - t?j . have one rh
-I'm- eliargc? ncrrsMajC.
o ten dollars ano tner one aonar, auu me o.n
iliiferenee lielwcen the transiiortation aflordisl is
in the character of the car in which the two are
carried, ihe p -enget v. -,piir. nothing but
iiis at ; no handijug, m storage, no responsl
hilitv, ami vet pavs ten times as much as the
barrel. We know there should be a proper al
lowance for the accommodation afforded the
passenger; but that it should be ten times ss
great no reasonable person ought to assert Now
look at the interest of the road. Sc y that daily
four pawengcr car pass oyer ir. Tlie capacity
is, say for two tpindrcd and forty psraons. If
they "were lille!, at three dollars each passenger,
the" receipts would be eight hundred and forty
dollars. The receipts of the road nosr from tra
vel, wc are satisfied, doc not exceed, if It reach
es, thi- half of thai amount What thinking
person does not know that, if a man could go
back and forth over that rond for three dollars,
the cars would he filled, and that receipts would
be up to the amount stated? In the way of
freights every inducement seems to be oflercd
for carrying away from our markets produce in
large quantities, while obstacles areactually pi.
cedin the way of the small producer of every
article for gefting a quick market What here
injures the producer reflect 'with' Amble force
upon the inhabitants of our towns and cities.
What is ebarged upon poultry in bringing it
even short' distances causes it to sell for from
twenty-fivc io fifty jar cent, oyer its country
price." The same of every fglieV article demand
ed In the daily wuutsid wunmunitiea. The sea
son for act ic work' is mpidly aiwwachliig, and
we urge our railroad authorities to do all thai
wisdom and accoiuimsiatiiig sjnritcan suggest to
remedy Ihe evils which so sorelv pri-ss ujwjn ev
erv class of our own people, and which go lo en
rich the eapitalista of distant plai-cs.
If the Railro.nl managers can throw satisfac
tory light on what now seems to obscure, we
shall be glad to give them the use of our col
umns. B dmintjton Joit'-nal.
A HORRIBLE STORY.
a jrcsr tMnagp m a rowan cowvaaT
fiiirespondenreof tie London Tin.es.
The police magistracy of Cracow lately re
... !., ,1 nn anonvmous letter Rtating that a nun
had been immured in a neighboring cloister
sinw 1S4H. and bogging that justice might be
done to her. The name of tlie nun is Rarlmra
Ahryk. She was borTKin 1817, joinol the clois
ter of barefooted Carmelite nuns in 141, wlietli-
er as a nun or as an extra is not yet juuicau
asocri'iined, and in 1848 was confined ui the cell
where die was found. The nunnery where she
was immtmd lies In one of the pretties fau
bourgs of Cracow, near the Botanical Harden.-,
a favorite resort of the citirens. Little did they
fancy that within these cloisters a scene was be
ing "enacted which, if described by one of our
seiisatiinal romance ymtcrs, wc should regard tis
the offspring of a diseased famy, but which here
was a frightful reality.
The magistracy, being informed, immediately
fnnlr .five stens'to ascertain the truth. Wheth-
ww granted, while at the same time he f'.xgfsi
td that it might prove a mystitiitioii. Vith
n.,v" , - 1 ------- -- -r - ,
tracy, he 'opt also a reverend prelate, Lr. tj&m.
itn rriral st the e oislurr thev had sonic i!i.i
lr..licbhan1t, the represeaiaiive oi me ibibi
4-s6: r t. 1- j . ; 1l 'il.l sz
,.,,ltv in ,,! lalninir an entrance, but this was
ovir.-onh' Dy toe presciu-e oi tne preia.r am.
..Vii., u;.'.. , i. . ib, ir . i ni.iii Iv
- ; . ' r . . . , j
the magi-trite inloimcu the sister wno , recti v
thenvtbat he Iw.l come here to see aim to spe...
,t.. mm Knrluini Al.rvk. sue shrunk nark.
. . . . ' ' .i .i j
and replied that it was not possibto. Mm would
then have h.Wily retm d with another sister, but
n-.ve..ii Or. . bh ,nh. th ma Satrate. or
dcrifig her, in the name of the law, not to move. :
Accompanied, then, by the nuns, th" own mis-!
toners s.viuleil to the uppux corr.iicr, where
between the dining room and the cloaca they ,
where shown the cell of the nun, with it strong. ,
i fnJ,r, nA ,1, n'.le di-vnr On entering the cell, a ,
, . t i
?"JT? ' LT w 1 !. 1 ,7 7eriai i
O lsijeeiin.si. am.
yA n w...-, w -
I Jjgg BW be perpetrated if individuals aiw
handed over to the tender melt-lea of Concordat-,
and to the arhtoarv irnpMmstKle nde. The
cell was some seven feet in length bv six fret in
breadth. The window was walled lip, and only
through a narrow chink a sav of aunjight could
penetrate. There were n tables norchaJrs, nmt
no stove to furnish heal in the inclement winter
Ihe stench of (As cell was hasdlt suiiportaUt
la a corner, lying on rotten, stinking straw, toy
Lf FT '. "toA ifea-, h.,ih
-""f- half a brute, half savage, hail'
aad, mterly naked " hex borlv tllthy.for siie
bad net been washed for year. Her lean bones
hanng loose, her cheeks sunken, iter hair dis
heveled aiuldinv-a fearful being, whom , von
tawte, with bis aniaiingimaginatiye force, could
not hav portrayed. This noor skclrton of a
vnsnann aha siwha t iW .kiw. i. t
... '""Ung nor hauUs bitUriv waaptng s.iid
I an. htmgry have pity on me, give HskI
t irwm aim l Wlll be obedient " Tl.u
i ior tne Histiop, who, to
him jiiMtice,showed as mueh indignation as any
other. Let the naaae of ft, ilMwW ho.
!'u r .'IT "' U! i11 " b "d
the father confessor into his presence, and re-
tft-ulo lnn,ll.i.l. M.r .. ... . .
iuu neu tnom with the utmost severitv for their
inhuman conduct. The wretched abbes he oom
luan.hsl the mm Barbara into another call to be
clothed and cared for. As the poor nun retired
she asked if "she was to be led back toher grave
rn. Tha abbess seemed quite anwilling to
- .he ecclesiastical order. She evidently
thought that in sparing the nunnery a scandal
she had done a work pleasing to God. Thefcth
er confessor of the cloister ventured to say that
the immuring of the nun had l-eea known by
the Uhureh authorities, which both the Bishop
aiKl the rrrelate indignantly denied as sn utter
o.iseiioo.1, anci tne former suspended both him
and the abbess at obco from their offices. The
nuns tried in their turn to excuse themselves,
but with as little success. "Is this," he wid!
your love of your neighbor? Will vou reach
heaven in this way, you Furiem, nieht Weiker)
funea, not women?" And when thev attempted
to answer "Be silent," he t hundred out ; "go
out ol my sight you who have scandalised reli
gion. Away with you. ' The poor nun was
askeU why she had been immured. Hhe answer
ed, I have broken thevow of purity f bat then
added with a fearful gesture and a wild spring,
, m not poet ; they are no an
gels. Then she smarm nn ib
b u wv inueeo, count i rial
Bartwrn, the nun, has since been taken in an
asyinm for the insane, and she seemed a fitfle re
vived by the fresh air. but stotre-i -c
''ie-ccAi 6tSVrtTy, 6m J5 ienvi
1 w, ,ur ststnr Htiempieii io
destroy the nunnery and expel the
nuns. Military tore aione prevemen uie ac
complishment of their purposes. They sfter
ward attacked a Jesuit institution where there
is a rumor that great cruelties have also prevail
ed. The moral we draw from this horrible sto
ry is that monasteries snd nunneries must be
thrown open to the free inspection of the civil
WttisKEY SETS A Bfll.niS.-n 01C FlBE.
About one Mock yesterday a fire was discov
ered in a building formerly occupied as a car
riage shop on iiargett street, near the residence
ofilr. Jeff Fisher, and on the land belonging
to the estate of the late John Fort, deceased.
Cant W. W. White, John J. McOuire, and m li
tre, who were near, rushed to the spot and put
out the Gre before any serious damage was done,
mailing but one workbench being destroyed.
Mr. Frank O'Doaneil admitted setting the i house
on -fire, and was arrested and taken to jail by
officer Brbert Crawson. ODonnell is a quiet
industrious oil i ten when sober. He had been
on a heuvo two week's bus, and for a day of two
had been fighting the demons of aVferinai tre-
ment ; and doubtless set the lire in sell
The true verdict is whiskey did JL
1 1 ion i v Figveatite. At a colored meet
ing Sunday, we learn that a brother in his prayer
praved that "God would come down on horse
back snd ride through the congregation," while
another prayed that "Jeremiah would eonie
dowit with T a sledge hammer and break lliest
flints." We do not recollect of avering Jere
miah called upon before to perform such a feat,
and are persuaded that those making such re
quests did not want to see either one or these
personages iii such character. We mutpray
"believing that whatsoever we ask shall be giv
en ns" or else onr prayers are an abomination
in the sight of God. "We would suggest thst
our friends use simple words and figures that
thev understand themselves, otherwise, thcy
mav ask for something they know not what, and
fr things that would be injurious. trederteh
The Louisville Journal says: The word
ConservAtW' oes not gjve a very graph
ic or truthful descripliou of the elements 1 1
the South which hnve been throVg together
in defiance of past associations auo preseut
party relaUoaa. They are Dot Conservatives,
f r' conservatism means the preservation of
old and existiug institutions, w-jiile the gen
tUuieu calliug thinel e8 Conservative am
auiinatid by a Jotal disregard of autecedeola.
and have foy iheir ptiiiciiml object the Weaf
Ing away .iTflie poljtie af bnishwoiid whicl.
war and RadicalisiD imve piled up around
them. The most picturesque aud appropn
af. bertisc the most characteristic, term
whi-h tliey can adopt is that wh-'ch is be
ginning to be eiitouiiterid here and thre.J
They lire Liberals, and Liberalism ts their
stvle and quality. They had better let U'U
se'rvatism slide. It smells of dry bones and.
viv - l 'U:. &?irKX. r- i.
A western paper relates this story t
"Deacon B-, of Ohio, a very pious man, was
notiHIor his long prayers, eepecially in his
fnnil'yVOne Monday morning the deacoi,
and his w'do were alone, as was his cus
tom after break last a prayet was offered.
Time being an upueulal amount of work
that dav, the deacon's prayer was short
and seiting bis hat and milk pail lie sta.
ed for the hiiin. Hi wile being de;
did not notice Uia absence, but' auppos.
him to be still engaged in prayer. On h
return from milking he wa surprised 1
titid her Stilj kneeling He stepped np 1
her and shoaled 'Aram, when slit- imnx
tliaiejv arose and went al not her w
if nolliiit$, had happen, d."
A Connseticnt couple wno hi
Ai vw r- d cf apad .md mmsrev.d