i w 4 PM
nil isiikk wkkkIjY iiy
t. X3 W I 3EC -A- "
A'ui'for and J'roprirtor.
One Ykau, payable in advance. ...
Six Months, "
ft Copies In .ulUTCSS
l) l 'op'n- in oil'- address
.'iftV of Aiinti!'"-
. I ..VI
fir.st iiisiTtioll $1.00
Special m. tires will be ehaw'l pr ww
higher ili.m In- kliov'c rate's.
Curl and .lustier. Order w ill he publish
ed at (ho MHU rales uitli nthcr ad vert ise-
Obituary notire, over nix lilies, chargc.1
as advert i i incuts.
( ONTKACT RATI'S.
I vn Tare.
sortt) .-i-.-.O slMOO
4 .t: a
(I on ! mi
is oo 1 1 oo
1 1 oo Hi no;
i-i oo ri-l oo
js oo 10 no
J IN) 'JO (Mt :l(l.(Nt I
r.oolasoo :.. I
jihmi :o oo 43,00
:tu (Hil l., on 7'i.ini i
.VI oo hi iK;i:io,oo
ISTorth Carolina, Si-pbriovk
Hi vii. I ..i srv K Fait Te'llii
'!in)i fjrS'"f .''.
Jul, ii S. Maxwell, AdmiiiiMratoi i.Uohn Max
Tl.oin.in T. Maxweli, Tlu.inas M. Brck, Jas.
X. Urww, rAaeah K yhw, wi'' o. i.ji
miti T. Savior and Camilla A. Hrock, Kd
iv..r l Ilrock and J..li" K. Hrock, minor chil
dreiM.I John W. U.taJ., di-ceastnl.
In 'liit ci-c H apr.c itiin; lo ill.; salisfartion
of the court that Jam.-. V. Hr.-k and Sbu.Ii
Nayiif wit.-of Il-i.jaii.in S. Naylor. defend
null in Shis case a'.- noi.-ie-id.-i.ts ol llns Stt.e;
Tlierefore. il IS ordered I'V ll'eeoiilT lial iuo
l-,..-i I . made lol -;N Weeks i
X..rlli cHate" liewf paia r, imlilyiii
llie aid do-
leii-Unls to Kii'.-ar
liellili- ll.e Jiidtfe ol urn
next Sup. nor t
of Davie at llie
.iiirt in lie la-Id lor ll.e c ainlj
Court l.iseiii Mocksvillc, on
the firsl Monday iu Apiil, I8i0. then a'l iln-rc
to answer llie -lili ui of il.e jilniiililT. flliil Hi
ll, is court, orj idjitiuiit wilIU- ukeii tx jut
lis lo ll en
Willi- i-s. II K.
rmr Court ol llavi
min. Clelk of
iimtj , al . -fflce
i ii lr I he 1 1 th dav i'r
AUSTIN, C S. C.
Cvvfi.r fee $10 )
State of North Carolina, '
ST.ixi.v CornTv. )
Sitlrtvr Cii'irt. .
John W Smith. John Parker and wife Isahel.
H-iuon Parker ami wile Ma V C.au-1 Uriah
S'ial.-n, Gnaiiluni ol Susan UriK.ka, and G.
(). Williait, Guardian l Alire.l A. Brooka.
Marv V. Uiookn, and Caroline C. Brooks,
William, Austin, NVIm-y Ann Biooka and
William Brooks delemlanla.
TUHUnn SnJr aini Partili'M of Ihf l.nnJ of
the lit t'ornrfiu Hruok.
It appearing to the satisfaction of t he court j
llmt William. Anslin. Wincy, Ann Brook and '
Williau HiuaJca, ilcfetidai.ls in ll.i .ro"'eel
ing.are imn-resideuls ol thin Stale, ii in Oninni.
That publicalioii be made weekly f.rsixnu.-ein.- j
aive weeks in the 'Old North Stale.' u.-w-paper
piililisliid in Salt-bury. N. C., Miiouinuii.g .-( K .
ol s.iid i'.i fcilda-ul lo In-and spt" ar at ihe.HW .
i the ele.k ol the Sns.-,t..r Curl d Slaii'y I
Couuty.on llie 20ih Ni.vemM-r 18ii'). ih.'ii ai.d
III! ll " " - -- ,
... .iiii.f or ilen III To Sa i In-1 ll n HI, m
the same will he taken pro roi'Jrtxo and
rjr rmrlt. as lo their..
.I.mien M. U ilvVifi Cle k of
..ml court al office, the I Hi dv of'Vtoher,
J309.' J. M. IUUW1NE
Stata of North Carolina,
Al.KXA.M'KK CtiUNTY, $
EdmunJ Kerley, iidiiiili.straior of Alfred fa
it. Nun, '
I-iaO I!ns.-!l am' veil- Kl aals-lli, G. V. Sweet
iin.i wife t'yntliia, B-.beil ri-iwe a-l 'le
........ l.,l,n ll .i iilMHI Xllir rsre! A. Kerlev.
WiIImiii Davidson John 1. Davidson, Dan'l.
Davidson, lluld.il. Davi I..;. Jane David-
oii and' Willia u Davids-Mi, heirs hi Uw ol I
I( i L. Davidson.
To William Davidson, (one of the dcfc::daula
alatve nanie.1, a n-n-resident. ;
Yi.are liri-hy iwiifleil, "hal a wimtnons, in
tLe idiove i-ttlioVd ea-e, has iul agaiusl you, i
u i. I the Criliililaiiil ilo-rein vfHS filed III the Su- ,
... i 1 .. . I,.. I7il. 1
perior I..H1M oi nli'lilluH.'i jwiii.,1111 i Mm ii.ii
if A ugust 1X00. '
V .u !' rttwr irotttird-. 'tmt-te-amtwron "
the case is relumalile !- the m-xt term ol
u-ii i .i. r Court nMreai-i; lo r in-ni in
I Olin I 10II3-- III lijnnn."-,
of Dec 'ii'.er next, when ami where
.... .i :.. t....i..,..-:II.. no NJie
l...r..i,, . ,.ii,i.d :o aiewnr ami answer
ii. lull, i in default
I .1... ..I.. ,,,1,11
while... the iluiiillll
w ill appnV to sa d .' url rrr the reliel Oeuianu-
tu hi the eoniiilaint.
A'itness, K. M. Stev.nsoh. ('Ink of tie-said
Bupertoi CV-urlai at Ty loi-vilV', the 3d Mon-
iiay in Angus! SU.
E. M STEVKNS')N.
Cler'. Supi- ior Gn'irl
4J iw:(pr he $!)
Kc rescue Lamps. At Cost
gi-'lftla eonc.ilenth;.- lot of then- lAnip.. some
of llii-ni VMrv It.-autiful. ha.iug la;eu sent lo I
in s'lhseribeT 1"V mistake, on the part ol 'he
. . I 1 )
V nul.icti.rer.- and having l.ee i rr.p.s. -
lis, .se of them, with a little deUy a. ,Hs.ble.
be ow ntf. rs Item at the Co-I a id Charge-
,,nl;. !ealer- wi.o may lie in want of the ar -
tf )'e. hnve.u opjaifl unity of huyiug the whole
or a'p.rr.at p.Te .piite as low as they can be
Umptit u. th.viv .hem et.L's.
T ' ' '! - -i cnrrespoiiuingiy ei-ap n.
At K 8 ILLS' Drugstore Salislmry.
nnnnm R i
foil 1 Or . n dlvN 1 1 iw
. . v ill 1 l ' l I ' .
I ....... ....... TlM If III I
,1( .IO' 1 II ' I . . ...... -
U.-comr ended and prescribed ly iliyiciaii
Tin' "Compound Ot-rtinn Bitter" are mad
i ..fii ....-I i,ii,l l...t e.-i rub e Tonics am
hi mi .... - - r - - -
Aromatic known to tin- prolc-sion, 1 hey a-'n
contain twenty r cent of
rT Ji V C II I' ' -jgH
Which nuke them, beyond all qucsiimi. the
1 het Dll'llKi'lC in existence; in ! for Dis
ii.-acd Kiilncv, Bladder ami l niiiiry iirjjau
i -. ii . i
u,vc no mom inn, ii nui i.,u.
j .. if 'll.. u.. tv in
not .!. i
lev tliee llillci-, nn
.1... ...ll....- m ),j.ii..h
w ill in every ease tind litem a
rci..ly ami fdttttnl KfmwtT.
't'l ..v nn. n Hiii i' nrevelilive and cure
ClnllHuiid Kever, and all Malaiial Disease-, I
C'U3 it Col OH,
rases of Kidites.Gia.-l, ic, and every
,. .i i , t:i I 1 1 inunvsshiii. ,
l.,-n.e ..em i .
Ki- l'. Di-eus. s iHn.n!iar lo hcmales it is
Iii eouvaleccnee from Typhoid
oilier low forms ol Fever it ia llie very U-sl
Tonic that can l-e tied. ,
The Compound O.-tnian Uilterine" t will,
universal lavor, and have rev ived ihe Mronp
est icnliuionials ever given lo any medicine, a
te.v of which we append lu-low:
Thm is to certify ihat 1 have ueil Or. God-
dm'- C wmiiiiI Gentian Biltem and cheerlul-
Iv rccoiiiinend il as llie very best Hitters lhat
ran lie used Inr ordinary ilebihlV. sick sloinauh
,v,. E. M. HOLT, M. D.
i.ipai onil., 0-anjrr co , N. C, May 1j, Oil.
I iiereliv. c-riify iliat 1 have been using Dr.
Oisiiliii n '"Coiiioun.t Gentian iiilters," lor
Co. gh. General IMulily. ic. and 1 am fully
snli-licd lhat Ihev are Iheln-st Killers ol winch
I n,v. anv knowledge, ami 'he best Tonic ol
lercd to Hie Aiiieiici.il people.
liOUT. Y. SLATER.
Il.-nnco county, W, June2,
Dtl Gonnis: Dear Sir : I have la-en suffer
ing (or twenty year- with an affection o! the
kidiievs, prostrate gland and stricture of the
i.,'... I,,,.-,, I miller ll.e treatment ol
! tin; best' physicians in the country, one of whom
j is now a prol'csnui
in a medical college. All
lulled to iclieve III'
Jiualiy u.cu youi i. uni-
. I. ....
I i;..i, ii .ii liuier-: the effect was like
,.lftnn one bollle gave meconiplcte rebel. 1
believe it to be the beat medicine I have ever
,,1 Verv ren-clfullv, .
JAS;. A. KAULCO.V.
Uitile'on, N. C, Jan. 70i, IWi'J.
l'repared only l-v Dr. tiishbn.
JAMKS T. WKKSIN'S,
Proprietory WhttlemUe Af'nt,
J NUKKol.K, VA.
tST IT.tr sale bv Dr. G. B. Poillsoii, Sali-
Int. V. N r.
I'UK HKUNCII.AI. v.D liIVJ-sK 1)1
S K A E-S read I ho fol 1 wing :
Thomas H. Itatn-v, i:- . Urniiville eo., X. C,
sa.s. - I liml n.r I'llln l ne ll.e ln-l fiiniily m-ili-ri.Mt
I have ever used. T4hX have provl very lien-i-Hrial
in my awn case. ! Iiavi- Ik-en very miirli iif-Hii-teil
fur nneen vcar. ami have tried ''very kiiulul
it, t I ,',,i.l.l iret. Inil Imvi' (i.innl Ve c
lief H um ymir I'llln ll.Mii all ntliers. My iliwane in i
hr-.n. Iiial ami-Ti-.n sml ".aiilete pm-.trat mi f ,
tla'nerM.Mssv'-t.'iii. I Imve iiwil Ikein in ten "rut- J
teen i-iis-sin lay family, mill lliirtllienn" e me --r)
....ll.lna i,,r Men I r ail f.l III 1 1 V llisl-llSCIfc "
. illWMI. "... .
Tbo Cure is Vborourn.
I Kenneth Havnes. Ksj". . -rterkTrt rfSirtimtwa eouaty
com I. nte(A.ril 2. IH03.) "Iaring tin- latter
iiartof tl.e ve:u imri l waa severely aui cien mm
.llM.MPAli.-eraailn.aliv liifc'Us n liilr III lied llic uslll
. . i .,. iieiulim.' llnil I .vaarniain-lleu
ta K''t ont "' li'-l nl sit up jmiil the jain would
nnliaiile. I ifered'a few boxosaf thMUf HKHN
i IIKI'i'l'lt'rlt.r.s. ami tin lire! done I Iihik (rave me
I Brest relief. I 'e,.i.Unneil t use ta Pin lr two
: weeks, ami have not suffered fnuii liver disease
stare. I liavcrei-iiinnM-inleiltlirui ai euriliif I), and
i sever:.' is-rsons me in want of them.
Ail disease I ah ewmv li tin- luiman system, and
is nt win itli it mid wilt oii(iier it. unless nature
I with all the assistance It ran receive Irnm ntreugtb-
' siiiiii.' lapilHaea and -uilal-le mmrWiinenta
rtlic en.Tiiv : whlel. "nnlil In; aest. In
f meihriiic Is-ftire von gel sick. ! li-.-.il niel l "-'w
1 m take iw-.1i.-ii alter y pet sick l.te .resickness.
ft" .ml In the in-e is eiainjrii. s
i i,...,:.. ,.inr ,,.n iiiilL.iiieiit in ll. nn Him of
r.,. i... .',i.., v w ifl i-oine. Is- ye aln'i r Bily
She Southern Hepatic Pills,
77m - , limg'kunwn ami iftf trinf munhj
fur nil liiUnn ifturtriK. caHMhiJl
TO ALL KSnttRAXTH Ynaare abmittn inke
a home firy-wnsstfajiJ famll) 'a a eliaiste whfa-b
vim or thev haie leit l".-n a-eiislaneil to ; yn will.
..fr-mr. Is; vHined t.i .11 the .limni-e pe.-nliar to
that clim ite. van nliould I ran-ful tn use such Mi-l-li
lnes a a- nd:irW! tW tr itlsrase f Wt-!lBate;.
yi.n w illfiii d the ereatest sei-nrity in the one of
tirms' sfic-i iirasti IlKrane I'll.!.-.
! 'Iliev ran Is- .-eat to any point ia the Liuted States
I Iiy Kxpre-..
i Pair-r..rlirlinx.!.r.i t'.- !. S.5a rlt(!rll
i tin Our lira... ! Tlirrr tinww, 3i f ive llm., '
1 IHr.in. nn.-. rim'1 ... r.,...r.
, ., ,,,, r h . ..r.,i,..ul.l HsMna
; a. . .... II. ..,.1., r..rtl V..II.
( ,a io
u. W. nrKM.
. is. foo-ii Ci Laura .rtr.
s leT. t'i-v wilt I.. t-rsfii..lj alt. mini In.
for Hi M-.llrin-s e .ll on nil r, .,i, ll,l lrulll
.rerrwaric i.4 PS
G. B. POULIKIN,
July 2 ttlt, Salislwrt. K . C
LEPAGE BROS. & Co.,
if oininission JHtuifconls
rrr'f7l XT f,T A n'V C
, (JQffOy FACTO Jl
f V ' "m 1 '
, . Commerce St., MOrfOlK, VI,
I jSiMH-ial attsuition paid to the aa! r.
; OUAlN- t-UTTtlS and all other kinds l1
,., .. .. ,..
jr 1JIral aJvane.-a oifl,ensiirnin
. mi Hr-eii.si rwturu. jul.tra!?--
.... rat vivvriiHHTK Mo.NKY
.... , ..... JllV, .fc,
. . , .1.. DJJI' . U
rn.rf. H,,fr ..W.W KrM'i.m-.WCou ;
I rr., ..,,,.,.. i'u f ,irilrr,ite .V.i. .
r.'onn wi 1 1 v v.... . v I
urt w h Wl.
In the Su.reim Cvurt of the L'uiled Slnl. on I
Moiidav, in the m.' of Tl.orrinsrton, a.rn-llalit,
v. Hnii'ih and lUftley Wl -'" '"' 'fT !
C.Hirtnf the t'nitwl Statea A.r the middle lw-1
.: f u.l lr ( liiff .Iiflirv rhaae
lllll 'II -M.' .
livcrcd the opinion of the eonrt, reverMi.
deere of the iiiil District t uri.
' n inamliuK wid iium to the Mid IHXiKt t onn,
iiiiiinii df ilim c'otirl
- . ..
... , ,.;;.... f i im i-otirt. Ibe ilecUion m a
m,mI iitiiMirtiitil uiic. involving IIK
. r . . .i .. ri
conlrx l mwlc lliriiit; llie n Ullion. i
: , . i ii- . I., i ,,fl l
Mile dnrii. the r. U lhoi.. M onfc
I erate ni.inev
i- ,,d mm tU-relora m Um. opu.ua.
U juatUsi ... full. 1 ho Chief J...-1
i read bv Cli
Thin is a bill in .iiiity for the enforcement of
a vender's lien.
I II is not denied that Smith and Hartley pur-
chase.1 Tin irrinmn's laud, or that they rxx:tiul
.Jo him their lMmionr wrtr for part of the pur
j i luise money, iiaiwt forth in liia bill, or that, if
! there was nothing more in the ease, he would be
! entitled to a dein-e for the amount of the note
and intcreet, and for the aalc of the land to rat-
Iliii ii ia insiiiicd hv wnv of defence that-the
' hcirotiation for the purchase of the land took
! i ..1 ..... . !H M..l.tf.n,g iiv il.'e
,.i.,,. ,,n,i tlmi .lie mile in enntroversv, liayaii e ,
-.... - . ...... . i
, ,,e dav after dale, was made at .Moiilfmery,
i in the State of Alal.ai.ia, where all the partu
r.-sirleil in NoveuiU r. 1WI4. at winch time the
authority of the United Slates was excluded
from that portion of ll.e Stale, and the only cur
rency in use consisted of Confederate treasury
notes, issue.! and put in circulation by the per
sons exercising llie ruling siwerof the State iu
rebellion, known as the Confederate government.
it was also insist.-.! that the land purchased
was worth no more than three thousand dollar
in lawful money; that the contract price wa
fi.rty-uve thousand dollar-; that thi price, by
llie agreement of the parlie", waa to be paid iu
I en federate noten ; that thirty-live ihonaand dol
lars were actually wd in these notes and lluit
tlio note given for the remaining ten thousand
dollar was to In-discharged in tl.e name manner ;
and il is claimed on thin state of factn that the
vendor i entitled lo no relief in a court of llic
And this claim waa aivtainc 1 in the court la
low, and the bill wan dinuuascd.
The iuestion before iw non appeal are lliene :
1. Can a contract for the payment of Confed
erate noten, made during the late rebellion be
tween pariii-s residiug within the so-called Con
federate Stat.ii, be enforced at all iu the courts of
I the United Statea?
i 5. Can evidence lie received to urove thai a
promise expressed to be for the payment of any
.1 1 .1,11 .'.1 I . .. I ....!... .
,,uier than lawiui miliars oi ...e ui..u.-. .m.i
I A. I Kkm the evidence "if the record eaianiisu
the fact that the mile for ten thousand dollars
waa to be p ild, by agreement of the parties, in
The limt question ia by no means fr.u from
It cannot la questioned that the (sMiwnlerate
notes were issiltil iu furtherance of an unlawful
attempt to overthrow the government of the Uni
ted States bv insurrectionary force. Nor is it a
,1... da fnl i.rmeinle of law that no contract made
in aid of such an attempt can he enforced
through the courts of the country whose govern
ment i thus assailed.
But was the contract of the parties to thi suit
I a contract oi inai cnirneaer i vat. ..
' dtweribed as a contract in aid of the rebellion?
In examining this question the stale of that
) part (d" the country in which it was made must
j be considered.
I It familiar history lhat earlv in INnl the
i authorities of seven St-ile. supsrt.-l, n-i wan al
'leg.nl, by pomilar majorities, comhin.il for the
loverthniw of the National Union, nnd for the
I e-stablislim. nt within its boundaries of a separate
j an I independent confederation. A goven.nii-nt
org initiation represciitinq: tlie.se State, was es
I tablh.he.1 at MtMttgotnenr, in Alabama, first ,jm
dcr a provisional ixjii-litntion, and afterwards
umler a eonstit ilion interaled to be permanent.
In the course of a few months Hair other State"
acceded to this lonfederation, anil the sent ol llie
central authority was traiislcrred to Richmond,
It was bv thcccnlrl! authority lin y organized,
and under it direction, thai the civil war was
carried on upon a vaslt scale again.! the govern
ment of the in he I StuU-n for more than four
vears. Its p iwef 'w.is rccogui.cd as Snpn-uie in
iiearlv the whole of the territory of the States
confederated. It wan the actual' gyyernnu nt of
alt til ? insurgent Slates, ex eept tluwe portions of
tlwfn proteettsl from Tls control by the presence
of the armed forces of the national government.
What w-u. lite prccifte i harai ti r of this aov
i.rnnieut iii r rmleiii.il .1 ion of law? It is ilifli-
cull to define il will. a itiu-sn. Anv ie diition
that may Iw given jnay not unpuj autly Uefouud
to require limitation ;.ndqii:ilili-alion. But the
gi-neral prim-tides of law relating loilrfiirtu gov
erntnent, will, we think, conduct ns to a conclu
There .-vfi- several degrees of what is Called
Such a government, in u niguen iirpir,
sumci. a high rharacter very closely rcsymbllng
thai of a lawful gorernnM-nt. This in whet, th
usurping govenunent exjielslhe regular author
ities run their customary seats and function,
and estahtbihe itavlfn tlieir place, and an TS
oomes the actual govcn.nu-nt of a eonnlry.
The distinguishing eharaeteristica of sui'h a
government is lhatalherents to ll in war against
the government nV jure do not incur the penal
ties of treason, and, under certain limitations,
obligalbms assumed by it in behalf of the coun
try iw otherwise, will, in general, he rusjMjcied by
tlie government dr jnn wl.cn restored.
Example of Ibis' description of governments
t- fariu nre found 'In I-jiitlLh history. The Sta
tute 11 Henry, Statute atj
I .-.ree i n-lii-Tcs from ocnalties for treason all
pera- ms who, in defence of llie King for the time
being, make war agniimt those who endeavor to
subvert his .authority by force of .anus, though
warranted in so doing by the lawful monarch,
(4 HI. Com, 77.) .
Hut thin is where tne usurper onuiuis aiiuai
pssi-ion of the royal authority of the kingdom,
not when lie has micceeded only in establishing
his power over particular he.ilit.es. Ileing in
such pnasessior, allegiance i doe to him as a
king de'icto. i.i
Another example may he found in the gov
ernment of F.ngland under the commonwealth,
first bv Parlianvnl, and afterwards by Cromwell
u protector. It waa no, in the cooleropbukKl
f law, a government but was a govern
ment dtjartv iu Hie hiimI abaoluto aense. It
made laws, treaties and conquest", which rvmnin.
el the laws, tn-aties and i-nmineate of Kngland
af er the restoration. The lietter opinfoo is that
acts done in obeli enc to this government could
not Is- instlv recard.-d as 1reaw.nal.le, though in
hostiluv lo ibe King uV jurt. Siuh art were I made in thai .smi.lrv, ev hleoee would he admit-pr-itiiietl
from criminal prosecution by ihf spir- j ted to prove what kind of dollars were intended,
it if not the letter of the statnte of Henry the i and if it should turn out that foreign dollar
Seventh. It was held otherwise by the jmlge J were meant, to jwove their .tpiivalcttl Vahe in
bv whom Sir Henry ane w as tr eu lor iPeawm
.a Hi. I.. Trial I I'll in lie- vear following the
restoration. Hut such a Judgment, in sorb time.
SALISBURY, Jf. C NOV.
ll ui very vrtin lhl lb; CwirVib nile piv
rrnmenl w' iM?ver aekiM.wllKiil by llie I'niU-U
s,. ... . ... r. tU tnrtu ifii Him. ill III ' ' 11
- " . V .
an il or fnni. ipii iwiiiio m .i.i" ,
. it uliiH.wTeUit.il -mh Ii by ml., r i.w-
X.rcti. wer,. nmde by it. S ol.Va- ;
.r. r.iii.nl i lmr.vUT were ercuUM bv ,t, 1
itftWXT. Sa.es ,vi,i, -.! I
I r- I.rn.il, w .... .. r nau.H.i. K;. c
. " .. .i .i i '
Iroin n vrrv .arlv iri.Hl of the civil war ro
- ."..ll ! l .1... II,. r, .,. I
, li ..i- .1 ... n'tf: nu.i a. nini.n. in. .11. ....-. .v.-
rm-iiiativw of iIm inmnwtion ?nin-t the uii
ll.orilv of the 1 nil.il MaUw.
Itilt there l another l.-. ritim of cv. rn
ment, eall.il li l mMiciM a KOtrenmu-ut .
Imt whi. I. im'ul.t rl.a Iw more uoliy
I . I .Ill . , I 111 I" I 111! . : I 1 Illl't'lV
ai-iiiiiriiitii ehnraeteriilK-H nr. : 1. TLai
i w i i iiiniii i i i
...... .... i .
athr:.r ( it.ll.li.hel and
laiwerp wnn.n nw in -
1 nL-ai'i-l i'i
I ,.ll l lWflll
riulli no aiooiii ii. m ...-' - -
. ', o ,,,. t,;t- it ,., H mmt
a ;, . ,,rIvat
;. by of ,,i(.I,1 , r,a,ri( i
IIUi l., WHO, DV IM'ls HI oiMsneiii c ii iiin ii'i ...
snI.niiN.iiHi In such force, do nol beforu rew.n
sible as wr.anilo.-m I'nr llu s,' acts. Ih.aih nol
warranted by the laws of the rightful covern-
Actual KOTcn.ments of this rt are vtalilihb
ed over district- dinPwiiK (rreatly in extent and
eomlitinns. Tliev arogislially administered di-
ris-ll- Iiv n.ilitarv authnrilv, lull llie'
administered, also, bv civil authority,
iiwre or less directlT hv military fon-e.
One example of this sort of government is
frmnd in the rase of Cistinc. in Maine, rchiccd
to Britlslririsscssion dnring the war ol I'M-.
From the lirsl of Sejteml-r, ISH, lo the ralili
eation of the treaty of peace in IhI '., according
to the judgment of the emu l in United Sluton
vs. Hii-e, (4 Wheat, 2W: "The BrilLh govern
ment exercised all civil and military authority
over the place." '-The authority of the Ui.iu d
Siali-s over llie territory wiu- su-pciuled, and the
laws of the United Stales could no longer be
righlfullv enforced there, or l-e obligatory upon
the inhabitant who remained and submitted to
the eonqueror. By the surrender the inhahi
lants pass.nl undcr'a lemjajrary allegiam lothe
British government, and were bound by s i.-h
laws, ami sueh only as it ch.sK- lo reeognire anil
i:,.p . ' . , ,
ll is not to la- Inferred from this lhat the ob
ligations of the i?oplc of Casline as eiiitcns of
the United Stales were abmrated. Tbey were
suspend.-d merely by ihe presence, and only
during the presence", of the paramount fon-c.
A lute example is found in the case of Tani
pico, oc- upi. d during the war with Mexi.x) by
the troop of the United Static. It was deter
mined by thin court in Fleming vs. Page, 'J
How., I4,1 lhat. although Tampicu did not be
come a pari of llic United State- incotisetjiieiK-e
of that occiiaiion, still, having Df, together
with Ihe whole Slate of Tamuulipas, d" which ii
was part, into tl.e exclusive psmcssion of tl.e na
tional forces, it inusl be regard.nl and respected
by oilier ualioua as the territory of the United
These were east of tcm.rary possesion of
territory hv lawful and regular government at
war with tbo eoiintrv of which the territory '
lsecd was a ran. Tire central government j
e.tal.lisheil tor the imurgcnl Slaves .nner. n mn.i
the temporarr governments at Castine and Tam-pi.--i.
in the eireumstanees lhat iu authority did
not originate in lawful aim of regular war ; hut
it wan not mi that account less actual or less su
preme, and we ihink thai it mil! le claesid
uiiHii.tf ihe eovernmenta of which ihe-c an- ex
amples. It is to be observed that tin- right and
obligation of a belligerent were unii-eded to it iu
its military rharacter very soon after the w ar la-
from motive of huinaliily and cx.-dn'iu'
by the United States. The whole territory col -trolled
by it was then after held to bo the enc
mv's territory, and the inhabitant- of ijmi terri
tory were held, in most rp-.vts. for enemies.
ro the extent, then, of actual snpremacy, how
ever unlawfully gained, in all matter- of govern
ment within il military line, the "evi r nf the
insurgent government canrad la- queslioned.
That supremacv w ould not justil'v acts of hos
tility lo the United States. How fir it should
excuse them must be left to the lawful govern
ment iiMin the establishment of iis authority.
Cut it made civil obudieuee lo its anllnwity not
only a n.n'esaity but a duty ; without such obe
dience i iv'.l order was impossible.
ll was by ibis government, exercising '.Is kiW
er throiicli an immense territory, that the. Con
federate notes were i-wusl early in the w ar, and
these notes, in a short time, became, almost ex
clusively the currency of the Insurgent Kfnte.
As contract in themselves in the contingency
successful revolution, these nop wore nulli
ties, for except in that event there ronld be no
paver. Thev bmxy indeed,-this character np-m
tlieir face, for they were made iayabkonly "af
ter the ratifie-ition tif.a treaty of peace la'tween
between Ihe Confederate Stales an 1 the United
States of America."
While the war l isted, however, they bad a
certain continwenl value, and Were used an mnn
cv in iiearlv all ihe business transaction of
many millions nf people. I hey must-las regam-
ed, Iherefore, a a enrrenf-y imsp.( on the cuiil-
muntly by urats ih e roree.
It Mini- :u lol low, :.s a nocensary eonstnpiwieo,
from the actual suprciiaey of the insurgent gov
erni.ieiif an lajlligert'lit, within the territory
Where i'i etr.vtitat.-rt, and ttie neceMsltV of civil
'il.ediei.ee on the part of all w'ni remained in it,
that liiir enrrenev ni'isi be nuardi'd tu isiirts ol
law in the sane- light il if il " id I
i. -si ! by
a foreign govern-ii-'iil, : . m,. .r-.t ,' , .. .v -!
part of tin- tcritlnir' ' "'..e t'mi. -. S'-.-e. .
naHf b-Ts wilililaring frri-i.era --' : rh.-.i.-irv
n -icy canixR be regaclcd v ra v- ro afci if th- j
lorelgn luvasioll l ' or tn iur tannsiir
instnrcetioti in the other They lia ve.no .neces
sarv n'b.tion to the bolrtil gov. rnr.ttnt, wbetb. r
iuvatling or insurgent. Tney are tranari,i"ins in
tlie onliiuiry course of civil aod-ty, and, tliougb
th.iv may indirectly and remotely promfite the.
end of 'tlie unlawful governmenl, are without,
blameexeept when prnvwl lo iave Un-.i eJiltreil
into with actual ink-nl to further thv invasion or
Wemuot doubt that such contrv-t sh.sHd lie
enforeiil in the eonrt of the TTnitoil ftatms alter
ihe restoration of puane to tlie extent of their
The first question, IlK-reJir-, mil! rcc-tve an
The aeoiHvl qiH-srii-n, wh.-ther evldcmn? can Is
received to Drove that a promise mad- in om- of
the insurgent Slates, and ex.prcd to be for the
payment of dollars, witlio.it qualifying words,
wan, in fact, male for Ihe payment of any other
llein law tut dollars ol the Untied Mates, is next
to be eoii.idered.
Jt is quite clear that a contract to pa dollars
made between eitiaen-nf any St itc "if the Union
maintaining its-constitutional relation with the
national iroven.metrtj i a contract to paV lawful
money of tlw Jinited Stat-, and cannot be Uiisl
ilied or rxplnin.il by parol evidence.
Hut it is enalry clear if in any other country
coins or noten ileriominated dollars should b.e at.
thoriiil of ditterenf value from tin. coins or
notes which are current here under that name,
thai in : suit it sin wiiii.ira.-t to Iiav dollars
; lawful nn-ney ol tl.e I uuea caa.es.
Km-h evidence d.s-s nol mialify or all
I cornract. It simply explmns
nr. mnmc ntv
'! wM, twder tie ge;.erl rale, of eviden.-e uny
. rcinovnl bv wro cviilcin .
WV liiv, nfn.,itly neon llial llie K-oilo
- t - . ..
nunt were .n legal conU-jni.lnlUin -nltntin v
"i H.e Hn,e .-omlunic. s ml. m j.tH -I u ,
"f a CMinlrv oiiiineft anil contn.lli 'I liv at in
va-lin LellWnt'. Tl- n.lt- wl.i-l. would a,,
iiii-nrc'it t i:r- ni.di r llic miirni r.uc jim
. .- --- -- - ---- .. . ,
I, v in llic Inn, u i- fiwi' would ami v in
lv iii iliclaiicr,
Ullll.il Mlli.ivln l.f II foiI'llTil IMlWlT, ail fotl-
. - r, .
Inu4s i.inoiiL' ihem In- inlcriircliil and ei.lnrccd
with reference ui ll.e laws misis,sl by the ron-qiii-ror,
so in Ihe latter ease the inhabllanls must
bu regardc l a- nnd r ll.e authority of ihe insur
gent la-lligiA-ui wer, actually artablisbed as
ihe go.eriunciil nf (he country, anil coiilracU
made with them must lie. interpreted and inferr
il with refrrwico to llie condition of things
rre-ited by the acts of the governing power. It
is raid, indeed, lhat under ihe Insurgent g.ivcni
nuaU llie word di.lliu- Juul ll.e aaiue Msaaiug as
under thccovcrtimsiit of thr 1 'nlted States ; that
the Confederate notes were never made a IckiiI
lender, and therefore that no evidence can ben
reived to show any .riher meaning of the word
whin used in a contract.
lint il .....si be r.-mcu.bcd lhat lite whole
condilnih of tilings in tin Insurgent Slates was
matter of fact rather than matter of law: and
as mailer of fact, these notes, payable at a future
and contingent day, which has not arrived and
can never arrive, were forced into circulation a
dollars, if nol directly by ihe legislation, yet m-
'ZLw, .;.:i.ier1 i them-1
111. iii.-.ii.i.ii ' -I
.,,,1 ii, .Li. li.rl.i siihseoiienl events
ihese nnlea had no n-al value, but thev wen-1
mad.-current as dollars iiy im-M-inuc inr.-e.
.:i.i . I
Thev were llieonlv measure of value winch Ih
people had, and their use was a mailer of almns; ,
IiJilnto ncccssi.v. And tbi. gave them a sort
r ...i. ;i':... i ..,.1 i....i-i.,. . i.nh ii
ill .nine, iu.-i. ........ i. . !.. j... ..... r.-, -- i
in true, but always having a sitfliriently dt-linite ;
relation to gold and silver, the universal mean- i
uns of value, so thai it was always easy maaccr-
tain how much gold 1 silver was the rcl :
Mnivaltnt of a son. expteed iu this currency. ;
In the light of tbec facts it seems hardly less
than anaiird t j far llcil these dollars iniist lie re-
1 a. identical in kind and value wiih the
rs which s..afi tit. the money of the Uni-
;.U . V.i cariiol shut our eves to the fact
lhat tliey were c:aint.al! . diltt-ivnt in both re
iecls; and it mem. In us tiiat lio rule of cvi
dem e, properly uideratood, rmiuiresus lo refuse,
under the circum-lancc, lo admit pruot oi tl.e
sense in which ihe wonl dollar wasactuaiiy used
in the c-mlrai t In-fore us.
Our answer to the scsmd question i- therefore
also in the urlirmalive. We arc clearly of the
.minion thai such evidence must Is? received in I
, . i . .i .. :.. !
r.-spici to Mien coiiirac.s in onicr .uni J"s'"
may .aju.aaeui-.wer-. ...c p.ir..es. ... ... ...... ... ,
1 I 1 . ... ... .1.. . ... .1 .....I t .
liar v ci.lil id lo is- 1.,-u.i in wn-sc i ouieoerate ,
dollars eon only niaiVer their actual value al ll.e
lima of the contract in law ful money of the Uni
We do not think it necessary lo go into a de
tailed examination of the evidence in the record
in order to vindicate our answer to the third
iitiCHtion. It is enough to say that it has left no
iloiiht iii our miuds that tlui nuU- tu- ten th.xu-
ili'i dollars, 10 enforce payu.cn! of which suit
w as uroiight in the "irctiit Court, w as lo be pei.l,
I.V agreement of the parties, in Cimfeilenite
ll follows that the jtulgnu-nl of the Circuit
Court must U-reversed, and the can-' remanded
for new- trial, in conformity with this opinion.
JIV HAN'S I ' 11 UI n I'I A X AXDEIiSOX.
" Whenever a good child dies, an angel ol
find comes down to earth, takes the d.-ud
child in his arms, and itireadine out his
large white wing, flies with him over
the. places that were dear to linn
the angel gathers aliundful of flowers, and
1 . 1 J . 1 11. A . 1. ..
'akis tlicm to the good t.ott mat uiey may
bloom yet more bcutitilul in heaven ihau
lis - y did on earth. And the flower which
most pleases the Creator, receives a voice,
and, supremely happy joins in tlio chorus
rims snake an angel (,f Imil while car-
rying dead child lo heaven, and the LM, c,iue in which he baa embarked, btri
child listened as llioitglrtlTirdreaio, and wbelberetliets can pn-sent as clean a re-loguih'.-r.
t.liey Hew over all the places eowl u t iinnossiblc to sny.
.. u,-3 i-.,.i t,.r.,...i.- l.,vi..l mid
tin y pasred over gardens f.,11 of lov.-ly
flowers. -Which flower si. ill we lake
. ii, i . i ,i ii .' i .. .i ,. ,. . I
wiih usaiul plant in heaven .;" nsk. d Ihe
Agel. And there stood a fair delicate rose
tret , but an evil liftnd bud broken llie
Ho thai a'l the bianche with largo hall
opened buds hung faded down io llie
grniuiil. "Poor tie.- !"
said the child, "let ns lake ii, that it may
bloom again with the good God in hen-
And-ihis angel took it, and kissed the
child, and tjie little one half opened his
yes. Tin y plueh.l many a spleudio
i ..jirden flower, but they also took the mt-ea
i iitih-daisy and the wild hearts ease.
"Now we hvc flowers enough !" said
t-be cliild, and llm Awgt-I seemed to as-
ceiid, but ho did not yet fly nji lo heaven;
It was night, it was v. ry still, they
stayed near a town, they hoven-d over one
of its narrowest streets, whcrcitraw,-h-
ea, and rubbish of all kinds, were scatter-
od; there had been a removal that day,
lying on the ground wen- broken plate ;
bits of nl ister. rags fragm-nts ol old
bats ; in short, nothing but things uhscem-
i Amidst ibis confusion the Angel point
ed to.lhe broken j.iece of an old flower
pit, and a lump nf earth fallen out of it j
tbey wer only held together by the root
of a large faded field flower, which wa no
longer worth looking at, and had, there
for.;, been thrown into the street
"We will takeMhis flower with us," fluid
tbe Angel, "1 will tell them about it ns
w nre flying " a
And they flew away, and the Angel
spake as follows :
"There once lived in a low cellar down
in that little narrow street a poor, sickly
boy, who bad bei n confined t .Jits bed f om
his earliest years; perhaps now and then
he was able to take few turns up ui.d
Jwu I.i little room on Ins crutches, but
that was all be could do.
durine tlc summer, the sunbeam w .tild
stream through.bis' little cellar window,
.,.! if the child sat uu and f. lt lhf
.I.;.....w mm., him. and could see
ii 1 : . u: . I: I. i u'n.n.Muii
1 tin- crimson moon in ins nam "."in""'
i -. r . ...,' - . .. i- i..
he would nav, "To-tlay I Imve been nal I"
Ho only know tin' ilM.iut wood-, and llic
....... r - n
b . )im jf p1 ,OUK, of tin-
- , lol.M.!cl hold over hi.
lien. , and tbo.. f-.ncy I... . .d.r u
limr in vi in il irrei ii nv tne n i'iinn
shade ol I in- liccch -tret
willi llie bud.-.
warbling, mill the sun
'One (lav ill the mprinpr. the nei;libnr's
so;i brought iiiiii some fii-liNMowera, and
ainoii-' tin ui was one wilb a root, o it j
1 was nut into a llower pot an
lliiwer pot nun piacen at
, i . .
tin- window, closn by llt.i bed, and being
carefully planted, it flourished and put
forth ulioota, and bore Ho went every year ;
' it was lik i. Ii all iful gartlen to the boy
; - his liitk tieitstite upon earth; he wn
; lered it, and tended it, inking ore: ib'at
'every uubeam, from the first to the last
which penetrated bis little window, should
fall upon the plant, and its flowcia, with
i their aoft coR.rs and fragrance, mingled
with hi dreams, and toward them be
turned when lie was- dying, when our
! Lord calle 1 him to himself. The child
' li.is now h-eii a year with the blessed
for a p.lIlt ,as stood in the
-ow failed mid loigoUc.i, and to day it was
, V .1. I I 1. i. ll...
tlliowtl lilt I .Tlliong llie luoois
llie iuooisu nun ii.c
street. And this is I lie lower which
. . . . i i I 1
have lust now taken, tur tins pool
' . !.i HntmM 1, n.if.11 MIAN' lihMl. l-C than
. ... , , .' ,.,i..
'he most splendid blossom ill the B.wlen
of a unecn. "Anil how do you know
- - T , - . -. ,
this ?" asked the child whom the Angel
bearing to b-iiven.
j . .. t .nu the Anrcl.
. . . .. . . , ,
"I ''ttle sick Uy who
went npon crutches. Ought 1 not to
know mv own flowers V And ibe child
0pciicd wide tls eyes, and looked i'lto the
L f f bright countonance and in
, y B i . ;. i,....
Hie same uioiiiuui in. y -cic ... i... . ..
And the dead child received wings like
the Angel's and they flew hand in hand ;
and a voice was given lo a poor, faded
field-flower and it sang with the Angels
snrroHiidiiig the great God, some very
m ar Him, and others forming large cir-
ct.s, farther and farther away, extending
. ... . i i
ii0 iiinnily, but all equally ulesseu
... . .
v . .
Anj (,)e M together, the Angela,
. , - ,. c..
the good child, and the poor, faded field
fluwer, which bad lain among thu rubbish
of that dark and narrow street.
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF THE
FAILURE OF THE CIJ3A3 EX
PEDITION. ' The Unban privateers Lillian and Ou
j ba, says the New York Herald, have cer
tainly been in. fortunate iu their career.
; Without accomplishing anything tbeves
I s.-Is have been seized and members of the
! aew.s of each vessel have been arrested
1 end held by American nnd English bu
thoiiiics respectively, From the manner
of the seizure ol both vessels and the
aiiciimsloncea under which the arrest of
the crews were mud. it would seem that
there is a screw loose somewhere in ihe
nl of these . xiieditions. Fossi
' jj v treachery may form a large share of
. " .... 1 1-1
ihe cause of the tlisa.iimititintTies which
have thus lar attended the Aorta of the
Cuban's at sen. That there is somo room
for these repeated failures there- is no
reason to d obt. So far n regards Cap
lain llnrris. of the Lillian, we believe he
i ..,, 1,; ... j the wmk and is trite to
i i ... tot.....! ;;.!
, n : eia; o I io in.l 1 1 ei ? no in. ii- oo o i.
ittlu4Mihle, however, not to rt-coguiie the
r..'. ,i.... Ji.ili.wp Lw lowi.,.r icmi-ts
lac'- that w
ll. ie w i- .1,1..: uiunuii; i.i.,...,
r a i.i. .. ...' iL..
of the I.i nth
j i.UIVasen activity of Tc Bodus, Valuiane
lll! III H Milieu imioii 1,11.1 m.
I " .
,H naj tK. remainder ol Spanish officials,
the insurgents nre able to lu l l their own,
notwithstanding their embarrassments on
i ,). BCa
. i- . . f ;. .....i
I Ins state ol affairs cannot pos-
sihly be lost sight of by Preside.,. Gra.-I,
whose syn.im.hie. are wilb the Cubans
i wh,g(. riohev the result of serions re
diction will in the end, no do ibt, s'uine
ptgpjf go as to n-pn-setit the wishes of the
American people. The preseiit troublesin
' R.min ao hasten a solution of the On-
; oan problem. There is really tm much to
j thing of at home to wntch Cuba very
1 chisel v. Affairs hare air'ved at that
8tiige wbk-h it quires something more than
y,c Bhipmeut ol troops from Cadi to
I crush a n volution over four thousand
miVs distaiit With a fierce domestic
. struggle agil.tiing Spain, destroying the
I conAdciicc of ihb people In her leading
j m,,n au(j gpn ading ttniveisal discontent-
throughout the country, it t not difficult
to foresee the future of Cuba. Hetween
the blunders of Spanish politicians at
home and -military lead, is abroad the
island will yet scenre it independence
even i hough d'suppointmeut on the se
may at the present time temjorariJy fBi
barras her leader.
HENBY CLAY'S CBADLE.
From iho Bichmoud Dispatch we clip
the following item, which we doubt not,
will prove of interest to the mat y friends
of the great Ktnucky statesman, who,
though dead, still lives iu their memory t
1 Among the arlk-lra sent for exhibition,
and was unavoidably thrown out, wafl
the cradle in which Henry Clay was
rocked. Mrs. N. B. Griffi-i" ifl the lady
i who owns it. The cradle was bought at
J Mr. Clay's sale by Captain Nat. Bow
I.N. F. Bo we, Esq.'. (a'.ber and has been
i preserve by lite tamtlv wltn gieat care
It was a source of creat mortificatfon to
! m i t iffi.i liml llii i.i, .' 1.11..S 1 1 . . t sliullld
j ' -j--.. -- r-
! have beeu left Oat.'
Yii was juyrut.
'I'be discovery of Junius o often an
ununed, lia at I. ngth it ifl aaid been
plae.-d beyond donbl by the rcflcarcbea of
the Hon. Kdward Twialeton, Knglnnd,
who li.is for the firal time called iu ll.e
aid "i a flcieniifie export iu laud writing,
tin- well known Mr. Charles Cliabut. The
res -ills will shortly be mailt public, to
gether will) fac similes ol the autograph
r iu( :u -H IA.ui-jto WoodfJIaiid (JcoriTO
We shall await with some interest the
revelations of I he Hon. Mr. Twisclton.
But we hnve grave doubts of the truth of
any proofs which may be adduced, if they
go to eatablish any other theory than
that the elder Pill was the substantial au
thor of the letters, and bis secretary, Sir
Phillip Francis, the actual compoeer ai
them. We have evidencu in Virginia,
which docs not admit of Question of iba
direct port which Sir Phillip Franci
played in the a flair. He found it con
venient, when the feeling ami coriesity
excited by tbu Junius letters was at ilfl
hci-lit in London, to send t private see-
, pemmtient MtiltM ia Auw'rica.
t , , lw.rni.'s uriinil was llav or. ita
ciime to Vinrinia and nurchaeea lartre e-
lutes, lie brought with him a cosy la
manuscript made by himself, as each let
ter went to press, of the entire Aeries af
the Junius letters. This voluminous
manuscript is now extant, in the posees
sio i of a son of Mr. Baylor, who ifl a
highly respected and well known citi
zen of our Commonwealth. This cotcm-
poraneous manuscript copy o( tbe letter
of Junius, made by the private iocretary
and nmeiiuensis of pit Phillip francia,
actually settles, in connection with tba
easily substantiated facta of Im origin
and authenticity, the authorship of th
Junius letters., If the disclosures of Mr.
Twislelon shall coincide with Urn facts
which we now present for llie fir t time
in print, bis investigations will have prov
en valuable. If they shall not do to, w
incline to believe that they will be of lit
tic woi th. Rirlimond State Journal
A LITTLE SFOUr ABOUT MB.
The Tims ville (Peon.) Herald relate
the io '.lowing:
Mr. Lincoln wa much pestered by ofc
fict- seekers. A gentleman from Illinois,
who thought himself peculiarly fitted to
represent the country abroad, followed
Mr. Lincoln with great pertinacity, but
tniiholing him at all times and in every
place without the slightest mercy. Final
ly tin- Prcsidtnt, wilb a pleasant sen fie,
asked him if he could speak Spanish.
Xo," "Well, learn Spanish, and I will
tell you of a good thing you ean get. Af
ter ihrce months of hard study the would
be diplomat returned to the charge, ra
mimliug the 1'resident ot nis promise, ana
assuring l.tm lie bad thoroughly mastered
the Mmnislt language, -utii,
Lincoln, "I promised to tell you of a good
thing you could get. Get Don Quixot4
and read it; it will make you laugb."
A GOOD JOKE ON A TOPER.
A few years azo there lived
town of a son of Judge H - ,
whom wo will caH Joe, who had frequent-
ly imbibed more limn he could comfort
inblv carry. 1 hero also trestfled in the-
. - . . - . . , ...
; ucigliUorliood a painter named
lio kept a saloon. Now W. was a great
-, . , ,
practical inker. On one occasion Jo
i , ,
I.. r 'a
came to W.'s saloon, and rather early io
the morning got very much intoxicated,
and finally lei I asleep in his chair. Jo
was very near-shighted, and always wor
.. i i i .i n.r
specs. Alter lie nau slept some time, w .
-rl , ' . , ,r , . . '
llJ0K ,on " 8 "T-"' l"" K'
fPt tbem back .Jr-in, flighted the lamps.
and men awnwc ,ioe leiiuig nun i wm ic
o'clock at night and hn wanted to shut
op. Joe started round and remarked thai
be hd slept some time. W. then said,
"Joe, it is very dark, and if you will
bring it back 1 will lend you a lantern." ,
Therenpon W. lighted a lantern, gave it
lo Joe, and helped him up the sUirs.-.
.Joe went off toward home, (up the mailt
business street,) in tlie middle nf tbe day,
with his lantern, everybody looking at
him, and wondering what wa the matter.
A Man's Life. Saved fVy the ( loth
Striking Thirterm. Mr. John Hatfield, a
man who died in England at ihe agn of
102. was a soldier in the time of William
and Mary. He wa tried and eondrroned
to death for sleeping at hi post, an tb
terrace of U indent, lie absol itely fa.
p' I ie cl r ani sojemr.ly declared
that instead nf sleeping on his peat ha
distinctly beard tbo clock of St. Paul's
s'rike thirteen at m'dnighv The trntb
f thi wis much doubted by the '
because of the great distanceof St. Paul's
from the post where he wa stationed.-
While under tbo tmHmm of death, af
fidavit was made by arwcral jeraona that
the tl ck oi St. Paul did ocutally strike
thirteen instead of twelve umn that
night. Thi circnmalanec aavri bis life,
and he waa pardoned by Hi Majeaty .
This number 1.1, nanally ermtidered m
unlucky, coold not be called so io thetea.
of John Hatfield.
.t MirJvrt far Saltmg FvHtr. - n',w
j a pound of fine .alt and a quarter f.
pound f pulvertaed Uf sosnr. lit.
liem well t gi-ther, and on oonee nl i(,
niixtaro U .very pound nf butter. t
ja lo keey buitcr sweet tu- wUaUr aae.