' - ;v r I. ill: J , ' I, '
SALISBURY, N. C.. JULY 1. 1870.
Largest! Best! Cheapest I
Tact. Liberality, atnl the iU--t Jaluit.l-.ui
for over twenty rear bum freely ueU upon
aM M a malt It la now, nre-emiaentlr, tb I.ai
K Bwt tad Cheapest niastrsteel Hntl, I.tt-mrr
aa4 raorilr Weakly in the World. Ten of Hum
and. of wida awake Ptople all over the CanUaaoi,
taaa aad a4aak tka Mrml Car lu superior Ability,
Valaa, lllastiat;oa.M-!e. o.
th ram an no li raira m
For example, an e xchanre says': "Tbe Rural la
tkaBMMt E.esantly Printed. Ably EiMted Widely
Circulated aud Heartily Welcomed Taper, at a
whole which now dad it. war amonjr tbe people."
If V.. I XXtl. beslne Jaly 3. Try it! Ualv
91 .M par volant of SS uombcra, or $1 par year.
Laaa a clabe. rtnlMcrib now sDnstss
D. D. T. MOORE, 41 Pass Row. Nkw Topi.
will pay for the Xew York
Weekly Hollar Pun from
saw la January 1, 1171
HIM L ft will u.y for the 81111 VEK1.T
do , do 10 font.- a month p ,y. for TH). DAI
hi fUN dsrese
I. W it.QLA.hO rabUsasrs, fttw T.rk
CAM VASBKBS WANTED FOB PUNCHlNf.LLO,
The crest original Illustrated comic weekly paper
Tho rX 10 aambara aent on receipt of lOe.f aiiifrle
oombers We. Liberal terma to agents. Splendid
Chromo Premlusa to 'iiscribeni Address fuacli
fnello Publishing Co., S3 Nassau St. N. V. Toat
oMoa box, 1 TBI. .
Inventor who wkokto takeout Letters Patent are
adviaed to counsel with MINN A CO., editora of
the Scientific Imericaii, who nave protecuted claims
before the 1'atent -mea Tor over W yeaie. llieir
American and European "'stent Agency la ti.e moat
xUnaive in the world. (.barsee fen than any oth
er reliable agency . A j aniphlet eoatalniaf full in
atructions to inventor-' U rent irrstis.
WSn A CO- T Park Row. Maw York.
A Book of 136 closely printed pagea, lately l
aned eontaiaa a iat of tue beat American Adrerti
alng Mediuma, firing the aamee, ciietiiationa, and
full particnlara oonreruiaa; the leading Paily and
Weealy Political aad Family Xewrpapera. togttl er
with all thoie having large circuiatmna. pubii.l ed hi
the Interest of religion agrienltnre. literatura. c..
Ac. Mvary advertiser aad everv uercon who engv
lamplelne baeoaaiaa such. irfH ttnd this Wok of
great value. Mailed free to any address on tereint
of fifteen cenU. CEO. P. ItUWRLL k Co., Pub
liahera. No. 40 Park Row. New York.
The Plttabnrg (Pa.) Leader, In its issce of May
29, 187". aaya Tbetlrm of (Jeo. P. Rowell A- ..
which issues thia interesting and rahintiic hook, is
the largest and beat advertising agency in the L'ni- I
ted States and we can cbeerfuHy recommend it to ;
the attention of those who dca.re lu adverl se their I
buaineea scicntificil.) and sjsteniatitii! y n mu-1, a
war; ttat ia. ao aatu seenre the largest amount uf H
pabtleity for the least expendituic of money."
" Yen i It Is Trite !
That the Best Mowers- the Beat Dropuera TTie
BestSelf-Hakere to be Ibum! in Hie world aie tiie j
Orierinat and llelialne loiible Motion -ttna Ma
chines, made by the JSina Manufacturing Company . ;
of Salem. Ohio, Send for 1'aiuplilet conuiuing par-
mllE HUMAN MACHINE -New B- o. free lor riaiu.. .
X ta...tc,.. y .- v. i
CtAfASMKN anie.i Ii. a ix' i.ii.iu.i. M-.s. ,
15 Nt DT. Chestnut it.. Pt.lla.le.M.
Prompt. Honorable. Reliable.
Agaots wanted ia every town ami viilspo for the
largmt and must successRii I'oliar t louse in the cotui
try Only One endorsed bvtlie leading psmrsoT the
United .states. Our (ioods give nniveial satisfsc
tlon. onr Drseaians m asenis cannot be exec 'led.
and our checksare free. Havingtwn horses flos-
SOD ailU 1 li.CaLU our iUCU.IiVft iil l,M',l. Sl.tii. n:. li
our business exceeds in amount all other concerns j
lo tlila trade combined.
..1.' -i:.o. . i. a ... .1 ,
Cr Bead for ctrenlara and free club to . i
8. U. THUaiSU.i iLU
186 Federal Street, Poston. ot '
ion stste sasssn, i nicspo.
A victim of early indlacretion. causing nervons : has been anu is yet, a pauipu source oi perjorv,
debility, premature ifceSyTAc.. h ivlngtredinvain snd the femoral of all tire dlssbHities imposed
every advertised remedy, has discovered a simple lir the Fourteenth Amendment, upon all riti
masaa of self-curs, aliich he will seiuL fice to his , v. w., ., ,.;rt,,.,. to the civilisation of the
fallow-sufferers. Address i
J. a. BRBVKS. TH etamaa St., s. V.
Monstaclies mw tor so i-'nt. ad" sweat at-w?
ABO'.BotMM K.w Tofk Fcsrt OSle. Jun IT tm
PHILLIPS aV BROTHERS,
TWO DOORS ABPVE 'THE -Court
Borne, oa TJl a in Street,
"OKTURX THEIR THANKS TO THE
Xt pabite tor the very unsrai patronage
loved by them during the past yen
ir, and h
by fair dealing and strict attention to business
to merit a continuance, if nut an increase of tbe
Te will enntinne to keep on hand a good snp,
plv .f rAMIIiV OROCBKIES, in
Frraih s.ntf Suit Tinh,
Ot KVXRT TAKIBTIT
Whiskeys, Brandies, Emm, Gin, 4tc , Jtc.
BOOTS, 8HOES, IHiMESTlCS,
la fact, almost everrthine, usually kept in a va
rlety Store, ail of which we will sell low for ;
Jfrodm at the high-,
est market price
PHILLIPS A BB0THKR6
Feb. 18. 1870.
SS A G I G
To be tba Greatest and Best REMEDY
NOW m U8E
-1 FOR ALL PAfNS.
It is becoming more and more popular every
day. The demand for it is great.
Prepared and for sale at
DR. POCLsSON'S Drugstore.
JenS1-3:lv Salisbury. X. C
THE ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT meet
ing of the Society will be held, in the Phi;
Ball, on the evening of the smb. inst All tin-
orarv and Alumni Member, are earnestly and
cordially invited to attend.
- , Uy -order of Sociefr.
Jnnr.l3th. t70v-t- at-gt- ltu!
l)t (DIH Nod! State
ri 111.:- Ill l WKKKLY BT
LKW1H II A N E S.
Editor aud Proprietor.
RATES OfT atBt'ltlPTION
Omb Yeah. payiWe in advance. ..
Su Moxtjis, '
5 Cfpie to uue aulJrcaa
JO f'-H ' HAX j li njjjja.
JZte of Ailverttftnq.
Onaflqtiitr. flrat insert ion fl.OO
For each additional tnaertion 90
Special notica will be charged 5U per cent
Lllier than tlit- above rate..
Court and Juatice'a Orders will be iulliah
ed at the tame rataa with other advertise
Obiuiarr notices, over alx lines, charged
1 Suimre. .VI if: 1 75 $5 Oil - 50 1 M 00
2 Squares. 4 50 6 125 8 50 13 00 2J WI
:i Squares. 0 00 9 00 12 00 20 00 'JO.OO
4 .Squavea. MWI1 00 15 00 U5 00 37,50
1 Column. I r 00 ttlOO 20 00 : 00 45.00
a Column. 18 00 24 00 .10 00 45 00 75.00
1 Column. 28 (XI 40 00 50 00 HO (Ml 1 .'10,(10
ADDRrS OF H. II. HELPER,
TO THE l'KOPLE OF THE SIXTH ('OM.KEsnlo.N
Fellnir Cilixem : In coming before you aa a
candidate to represent you in the 4 2d Congress
of the Cnited Ktalea, I feel c nstrained to say,
that I lay Claim to Titine of those high qnalitiea.
of Statesmanship, for which in other days, the
delegations from orth Carolina were distin
guished. I am a plain man, and propose to em
ploy the common sense which nature haa endow
ed me with, for the advancement of your inter
ests. 1 know that I hare many friends at th
North, and some in Congre, with whom I hope
to hare no little degree of influence. They km-w
me, in "the times that tries! mens1 souls," as the
friend of the Union: and although calumny has
for a time succeeded in sullying my political
good name, because of my inalterable adherence
to truth and right, in the estimation of the new
men who hare been installed into power, I am
quite sure of leint able, iJStj expose tire
abler men cannot do. I
l will liiicflv enumerate.
the leading ointa ol p iicy, which I shall en
deavor lo establish, if I should bean fortunate :w
lo receive a majority of your suffrages.
1st. I am in favor of Universal Amnesty. It
seams ,U' be. litti:.-' il.nl I should this (Joint of
mv addre. stnK' my plan of Reconstruction,
written out ns ear'y ':- Mnv, lStlo, ami read lo
W. W. Holden and R. P. Dick in that month in
the parlor of ir. Powell, Washington City, to
wit; lst. l.'iiiversal Amnesty. 2nd. Allow
North Carolina to reconstruct under the old
Constitution, save the abolishment of fhose pro
visions in it reemrnrsing sin rr. 3d. Alh w eV-
.., n,M.r-i u lio I .I1M s, t vi ll I 1 I IP
rmv and a-
yv f Culled States., as v e!l as all frc-c ne-
ca ri, u, a;1(, wriIi rhc right of suf-
, . ,,. - Frslr lan who ran
frage. 4th. Allow c m ry I re. ut.ian who c an
1 reati anu wriie. anil every i reeuinaii ih tiiiii
j ing at tbe age of -JI years afterdate of the Eman
' cipntion Proclamation the same privilege."
Trie whole countrv is heartily disgusted with
the pie: emeal anitiWypohcTTndnlged in-byCon-
n -to from b'ia In the precept dnv. Wo now
i have unireraal sufl'mee, nhd we acre prorhisi-d
i .i.-. .1.. .i i.i ..
111 Vers I iiiiiliei 1 1 1,, i ,ii.: i piiui'tu
. , i V ill I III
Jfether. 1 shall hold them to the word. I here
assert tlwt, if the present Xlelegat ions in Utl-
oress ironi the soiitliern Olates nail been .native
Republicaua, instead of Crpet-laijgeri, tins most
desirable measure would have Iniifj s.-ncc lieen n
I complete success. Connected with this I hnll
l . . . i.i.i r
- and hasnrdnns to the HlH?rtv of Repnbliesn
tttssimttona, as naa neen aireaoy seen,
franchise the whole governing class of the conn
try at. the moment when their sin vow were en
franchiscd. And the only possible way to make
the latter experiment of enfranchisement a snc
ces. is to give the targest lilserly to the cdiieatetl
nes of an eoual distribution of the proceeds
the sale of the public lands, or an equal distri-
tion of the Isnds themselves to nil UieState, for
entionat and Internal improvement purpose.
nifferent enactments bv Congress, have within
trie last decade, granieo ny estimarioi) iza.wo,
000 acres of onr raiblic domain to the Union Pa
cine, th Central Pseific, tbe Northern Pacific
and the Memphis, El Paso Railrosds. Pre-
Vious to these cranls7cTinfHssion-
. - . W. s .
ad neen grant
ed to Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Kansas, Missouri,
Minnesota, Wisconsin, Arkansas, Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Homlu. Louisiana, and (.alllornia,
amountine to 57.588,581,40 acres.
The agsTrepite'cohceded, IriCltidtng the quan
itv fluarantecd for wavon roails. in round num
bers, is estimated at 184,813,iW0 acres: of whicbl
quantity 22,321,808.80 acres hare been certified
to the proper benencinrie.
The quantity of land granted to-these improve-
meoU j greater in area, by 5,000,000 acre than
tbeaix New England States, including N. York,
New Jersey, I'ennsylvania, Obio, Delaware,
Marvland and Virginia.
The public domain ia a great national heri
tage, and North Carolina is entitled to her share
of it. Of this common territory there is now
unsold 1,396,286,163.94 acres. Now let me as
certain how many acres belong to you. The
present population of the United Statea is, say
fri round numbers, 40,000.000. Of this number
N. Carolina has 1 .000.000. Thus it will be per-
iy,tt nv a matnemaucai calculation maiwe are,
of common right, entitled to 31,907,154 acre.
Could this number of acrea.be appropriated for
the sole use of rhe State, as it should bev and ju
diciously sold, it wotild produce the enormous
sum of at least $70,00,000. This amouhi of
money would be sufficient, if properly investevl,
to discharge our legal State debt and build all
the rail roads we might need for the next half
century, or it would be ample to educate all the
ii. utile of the State now ami for all time to come.
In this ace of boasted ciTiliiation It ia a shame'
and a crime, that millions are appropriated an
nually orer all christeridom for war, and only a
few thousand dollars doled out for educational
purposes'. Members of Congre outside of thia
jsiaic are cLunoriuZ-dailv hr land and money
for internal improvements, the erection of wharf,
' :r . - a t . ' -t f ijK... . .i - i u iiuxucanarllltBluii I mmi m.: i.
cliractfT ol mv enemies, mu voumi ami tiius i leci ni wxauon cru mira ci in ine internal : nave m inirmi
I priiieipie, t rtatu-r mrsou mat a na iiaiiiii m : . .- - . . ,
I 1 . i.' . 'j .i ' :.. .1 t. ,.i tho tircsent onerous, aire it until sale can be mail
mv power lo reni.er veil services, uiuier oie cir- vu.. i-.v.s -, - - , . -
.1.- k-, canala, and highways for other State, and
i lo-y are obuininir, theau Lr the tniilimia, hut wi
not from North Carolina for North Carolina.
8rd. The grtaatnet proU-ction, iwaaitile, ahotilil
I given to Amerii-an indnatrv, c-ouipalible with
the needa and nacesHitaeaof all (ha pxople. Now,
that slavery ia no Metre, Southern capital, al
ready becoming available, aauat iieceaaarUy seek
investment in sHamlic and local unttvpriatM,
and inannfactnrfclig eatabliahmaiHa of every de-
atfitxloii, not oid of cotton, wool, iron and
I ateal, bait for agricultural implcinenta, aoap,
I leaiher, starch, ated the like, will aoua brjpu to
(hi Congre-wional district, catabliKbuienl eo.tiai
In extent, to the CM now rapidly being put into
complete ronninc acder in Atlanta, Georgia.
Who is it that disss not know Ihey would giro
.an Impetus to indnatrv unparalleled in our limes?
Thev would give employment, at the lowest ce
llmate to (1,000 at our catmaua. That wevhauic,
the farmer, the mercTiant. and every other p. r
son of whatever occupation would ilm. by be
greally Is mhted. And wbo is it that woiiiu not
foster ami itroteet thear home manufacturers in
advocacy of a proper discriminating tariff? I
shall always support a protective drill, though,
at the same time will insiat uon a free tarifl on
all importations that doea not .compeU with the
iiroduda of our own industry. When we shall
hare inhabitants iaNorth Carolina, instead of
one as we now bare, and a united population of
100,000,000, ius'.-a.l,of 4u.o,.o.ouii, L.i.s -ysU-in of
protection-will tia lpwr beueutttarjf.
vahcement of the interests of our people. For
then we shall not oftly be able to compete with
all the world in tha production of manufactured
gooda, but we shall be able to supply all nations
with every article Df industry known to the
need of cirlHsed man.
4th. I am in faror of abolishing forever the
special and gallon tax on brandy distilled from
fniit of whatever kind, and I shall insist on an
appropriation snfBeient to refund to Eran Ben
bow, J.Buchanao A Co, Epiiraim Block, J. A.
Fisher, P. A. Homer, N. H. Fry, "d others of
thia district who paid a special tax for the priv
liege of distilling fruit in under an eiro
neou const ruction of the law by the Commission
er of Internal Revenue. There would be aa
much inatiee and wisdom in 1c wing a tax on
the farmers cider or vinegar pressed from his
fruit as of the brand v distilled therefrom. Thous-
amtsnf sssa oilixens.'esiiecislIr those of Yadkin,
Wilkes, Alexander, CaUwba, Lincoln and (ias
ton, hare been deprired from obtaining the
common necessaries of life, such as sugar, wffee,
mil, ahoe-lenther, and the like, because of this
hard and uniust law.
fith. The Income tax is inquisitorial and ex-
eessive, but no Jess so thsn the tM:rcesion sna
I-egacr tax. The nerds of the Treasury no Ion-
ger require the taxes derived from these aud
many other subjects of taxation. I sm there-
fore in faror of their absolute abolishment, a
also the tax on sales licenses, special taxea ef
all kinds, gross receipts, and manufacturers' tax.
In fact I sm in fsvar of the repeal of every sub-
complex and oppressive law under which tnc
lax on spirits n now collected, l ins law is more
vexatious anil cruelly suvt-re on me utsoij
hurthetied people of the Booth, and at the same
time has hindered their general prosperity to a
than ntiv law that could have
! oen d. -
A "pei la! r ii'i t'v ' i en
At .Sf iff
ii i Ktit vc mrrt hate.
s4is--,ir i,f this District, I
Following letter iuthe Cotomissioiu r of Internal
Revenue. !t!id Hon. X. Boydcn, our represeiifa
tive in the lnt Congreas, of date" mpectively,
st iting the importance of substituting a capacity
tax in lieu of the oppressive one then and now
Salisbury, April 1st, 1SG7.
Hon. E. A. Rollins,
Com'r. Inter. Rev., WasMngtpi I. C,
Sir; I am thoroughly convinced that there i
but one practical, fair and satisfactory way of
reaching the distiller's wishes throngboot the
I'nitcd States. If you will issue a circular let
ter to the Assessor of every district throughout
tbe Country, requiring them to furnish you with
a complete census of every still owned m their
several districts, together with the names of the
ral orioftensibje owners thereof, nnd the capa-,
city ofwach ami every such fcliTI, I writl nnder
tuke to acquaint yon, in less than twenty-lour
hours, how a tax of onehtindred million dollars,
iu my opinion, can be rcalirer' per annum, by
imisising a special tax on cach Still, accoitfins
to its capp.clty tlicrcbv ohliterating (0 or more
MCtiona uf.conipli.Cii ted! law relative to the as
sessment and collection of the tat oil spirits per
gallon. My plan would not only obliterate law,
but also smuggling, fraud, inspection, labor, hea
vy expense to the government and general de
moralisation of t he tyx payen and officers of
t he Revenue of the vrho!e""country in fact. A
a matter of information I think lite Departoitut
ought to be put in possession of the census re
ferred to above. Respectfully,
Signed II, H. HsLPBB, Assessor.
x RAtlsBHtr.an'y 874869.
House of Bcpresentntiycs, Washington, D. C.
JJEAR SIR : 1 ara satisfied that a law can
be enacted that will readily contemplate tbe
distilleries of our section of the Country without
detriment to those of other eeetiona. We need
a taw that will enforce the collection of a capa
city tax on steam distilleries, and one that will
applv to the -oIIeetion of a capacity tag on the I
1 A i r ..'ll ii l 1 , k I
Kiuu oi Mills uae-u iit our ptsupic, inun u ns ii.c
common tub copper still, without attachment of
any kind. The present law was created in or
der to enforce the collection of the tax from
large steam distilleries. Tbe industrial interests
of-nur section of country ia estopped by it.
With us it n mounts to a complete prr.hiMtion.
Onr farmer could ln.dav reiilixe $1 .00 herhllsh-
rfel for their corn, if tbe distillers were permitted
to distill it. i. It is clear to my mind tJiat th(e
whiskey law ought to he incorporated into three
sections, ami by it proper appTTcstion $HK),UUM
could le collected in this district per annum. I
believe there are not' Jess than one thousand
stills owned in this district, of various capacities',
ranging from forty to one hundred and afiy gal
lons. I reckon a still of 125 to 150 gallons ca
pacity capable of producing 1,300 gallons of
whisker per annum, estimating 2 gallons to the
bushel of grain, which is, by our process, a large
Now I propose a special capacity tax of $500
shall be imposed on each and every still of E 25
and not more than 150 gallons capacity, parable
quarterlv ; a tax or JvlisJ per annum on each and
even.- still of 100 and not more than 125galton
capacity ; and a tax of $.300 per annum on each
and every still lasa than 100 gallons capacity.
Onr people need a whiskey law greatly .simpli
fied. A law such as 1 suggest will require no
metis, no store-keepers, no $2.00 per diem, no
inspectors, no ikt gallon tax, and no other un
necessary rubbish. No other mode of taxation
than the one auggcat-xl above can satisfactorily
apply to our people. Our people are poor.
Ttrry cannot introduce new systems, involving
laree expenditures. 1s t us have a law for our
i people that will advance their prosperity.
v. ery Kespcctlullv,
Signed II. H. Hki-per," Assessor.
1 1 l shall ravclr an nd rotor, tax on nuinu
factored tobacco, In place of QtTfSWBM m
tax ; that la to aar; If a pntinj o minnfncturetl
lolmcoo ia worth in the nitrket jD rta. per !.,
tax it 10 cents : and if it is worth , a tax of
20 cents should be imposed x'rB.
8th. I shall ni-jfe the iiiirortarex of greater
mail facilities in fhU nrt of lh Slate, and in
connection therewith, will insWOon the abol-
isluuent of the franking priv
Wblrh ia a
of the lew,
fraud on the people lor the
and a heavy tax on the rvaou
!Hh. I shall not cnlv mik
hut will r.
ursj 1 1
.i . . . u
shall cease to nrjre iiion Congresa, ireleete.1. the
(ustnesa of an appropriation snrTieipnt to satisfy
j full every man in thia district Sr the loss ana-
(aineel tiy a looii'ii nnrt oppressive, n no nirgni
and tyranieal military order of sla,of your hor
aea aud mules in 18M. I beg leare here to in
trotluce a Inter addressrd to Vie President
Schuyler Colfax, then !! seeker of the House
Representatives, on this suhject, which serves
hnwtine of the mant erbrefieesyvf mv-spi-r.'l
lion of your rights,' and whlelt 'l knowrrad eflect
in ctitintermanding (he last advertised sale in
this ! though to be of much practical bene
fit, in consequence of the then longdrla;' of such
papers in rewSling their destinatinai through tha
red-tape cirotiuilociilion ollices:
S.ui-nmY, The. 14, 1865.
Hon. 8. Colfax, Spesker Heuse of Reps.,
Washington, I. ( '.,
8nt : A late order emanating from the Q. M.
fiehmt.'r.y. Amyrat Wiffin?frm. f now in
operation in. this department, which, if carried
-out will weigh most heavilv, injuriofisly and un
justly on a large portion of tbe good ami well
disposed people in my district In jnstincaiion
af the plain reasons why 1 think the order allu
ded to, should be revoked, I shall not enter into
any argument, I will simply state a few facta.
1 hiring ( ieneral Moneman s raid through tins
section of country, many, very many of the peo
ple's horse and mules were taken by hia com
mand. and broken down horse and mnlca left in
place thereof. The people in possession of them
horses hare been permitted to retain them until
now. Now. I know that the interest of the
Government will be greatly subserved if the
people are permitted to keep this stock, and that
it will lie injurious both to the Government and
the people should it be taken from them. The
people's interest is the (iovemment's interest.
No one believed but a few thousand dollars
Revenue tax could be assessed in this district
for the present and next year. Since the organ
ization of only a part of ray district- October
I2th last I shall have relumed to the Collector
br the 3lst inst., orer one hundred thousand
, dollar-, lortv tiiotunnci oi wiucn nasnireauy Deeu
col!eHe.L There is Hit little currency in this
country, the drain opou it is continual. The
J people are not able to purchase horses should
them be taken away from them. How can the
' Government receive income unless the people
j can have that which is required to produce ii ?
1 The people li dding this broken down stock
n a condition now lo iio mem
fit. M? I not
sk vou to see Major General Mlgga immediate
ly, and p-oicst him to rescind 1 i order which
authorizes the (Juarterinaft.'r to gather ii
! d seruninatele the stock tiu- l- tt by
I Slum-man's command, for which fresh and bet
ter wa .taken instead.
Whatever is does m- be done quickly.
yrv Kespect fully,
Styrcd IL II. IIlEt.PKR, Assessor.
10th. I shall propose the division of the State
into two .JnrtietariTOtricW. ti is iiowembraceu
in one, wiflf on'e Jiftce, one Iifrict Attorney,
and uue Marshal. The vast increase of busi
ness, growing out of the Internal Revenue laws,
has demons! rated the fact thst the District is
entirely too large. In my judgment the line of
division ought to be Guilford.
1 1 lli. I need not any to you that I am the foe
of the svstem of reckless extieiiiiitare and fraud,
which have existed in the Stale dining the last
tab years; and which hare destroyed its credit,
and brought disgrace upon it good name. I do,
not hesitate to declare that, the State debt crea
ted by the late lopslatnre for railroad and oth
er purMsi(s, must lie sea left tftwii, and the peo
ple held responsible only f .rtl payment of the
amount actually realized front the talo of said
Sta1e"b6h'tbpdjfic residue thereof repudiated, and
the people set free from it navmtnt forever.
.Oh tho taxes ! the taxes!! fte taxe! ft The
people must be relieved from the heavy taxa
tion, both State and National, under which they
are now suffering,.
. 1.2th. there are roan v other important mat
ters(iniieeKa wlih tl -'em-rat pi-ivjvrtn- rrf the
whole cnttntrr, and of North Carolina especially,
which" strati Tlatrn nTV" eltrnTst consideration,
such as Immigration, the Ctirjcuey and liaukiug
s st nis, Ac, &e.
' Finally, it is my duty to state frankly my po
iitieiil piisiti in m. far as any connection I may
mnv have with the present orgaiiired, or rattier
lr l.:l . A i r f lit i ..-
oisortfanizeo. artiCH in xn. varyioia, in- wn
rernea. Why do I say disorganized? Recause
it is a tenth lliat the political parties as they ex
ist to-day, arc nnpopn lar and orliw t a great
majority of the people, and bewe their imper
fect organizations The old Whigs, except, a
few extremists, can never fully affiliate Jtith (he
Llemoersta, for tire very just reason that the old
Democrats are held accountable br the Whigs
.for the southern share of responsibility for the
rebellion and its results; and The Democrats
will never coalesce with (he old Whigs, moder
alc Republicans and Radicalt js enure faSW bold
all these in utter contempt. But the Whig,
moderate Democrats and Radicals can and will
receive all tnie Republicans into fellowship, for
they know, that honest ' Republicans are true
Conservative. All these will'TeeTrialpTRirt
me in this contest.
I was reared up politically in the good old
Whig party. It was a noble, patriotic party. I
still revere ita virtues, and could wish it back
. . lsrr- .1. . .
Strainj Its nsiionai policies, sucn as protection
to American lndiis(xv,a(ionatBaiiks, lulernal
Improvements, Ac, Ac, aa ennncialed by Clay,
Webster, and John C. Calhoun, in his younger
days, were essentially American, and these meas
ure have now become the settled policy of the
I shall fight my first and only political battle
overTlrkCongreasional course as a Conserva
tive, not ah Conservative Democrat ; for there
ia no such thing as that ; nor as a Conservative
Radical, for there is Ho such thing aa that ; but
n a Conservative Republican. Now, let us see
what this means: Webster's Dictionary, the
best authority in th World, give the political
definition or the word l onservative thus : 1ne
who hohl int r nediate or moderate opinions in
politic ; 2d, one who desires to maintain exist
ing instil utions and customs; 3d, opposed to
rmJuiionary or radical." The second ooristrnc
tion of tbe meaning of tbijaord Conservative,
to wi: -'one who desires to maintain existing
institution! and customs," I diravow in part, but
embrace the other two,, most cordially.
The name authority defines the word Repub
lican lo be one who favor or prefers a republican
form of ( iovernment, and a Republic as a "State
in which the sofejign ,0m' Is exercised by
representative elected by the people," or in oth
er words, a government of the people by the
people. Then, I am a Conservative Republican.
Tpe-ex( ereaf nel;,:-e-!l MVms in tbi
as rtotectimiUts and Antl-1'rota.-tionUu, with H.
I. Chase aa the friend and atandard-bearer for
the south and north, and some Dwlructlra for
the north and north m l.
In conclusion, 1 will say, that It la rmircr 'Ay
aduiittetl hy everybody that whilst I was Aara
aor of thia dlstrii-t, I succeeded in obtaining
greater favore ana beneflta for the people, than
It was possible, perhaps, for any other person to
have done. My nieces In behalf of the people
can be attributed only to a faithful refinvi nta
tiun ofTneTfcondliion, netsla and necessitier.
If I can sci vc the people of tbH district, li a
legislative crpaciiy ., tr,e next Cmtmras more
mvself Itl.Inklcan as T will endeavor M show
during the canvass.
You aril! so decide by your
Now, what we need in Vorth Carolina, la
men of incorruptible integrilv, tstcmen arlfh-
ont guile or cunning, hader wrrhont private
of ate ends, and legislators above the approach of
to temptation. te need and miwt have a unity
founded upon popular education, popular intel
ligence, and popular freedom, and indeed a tuoee
perfect unity with Almighty God. When we
shall have these, we may then look for the dawn
of better days, in which the happiness of all th?
Iieople shall rest serenely on the foundation of
.now ledge and virtue, and the sullen images of
euperslition, arbitrary rule, venality and-icrrmr.
will then disappear forever, before the tight of
truth. Now, let us 'cease to do evil and learn
to do well.' Let us cease forever to war with
each other. Let ns embark In more laudable
enterprises, such ss moral and social reforms.
Let ns frown down, and discountenance all po
litical secret organisations. Iet us raise our
voices against the hideous murders and crime,
perpetrated throughout the land. Let ua raise
ourselves up to higher aims and nobler purposes
in behalf of a greater nationality. Let us hare
less political strife, go to work and improve our
farms, build cottages, school houses and church
es. "Let ns hare peace,'' Then industry, thrift,
and good - go v er 1 1 1 nent will Overspread (he whole
land, and God will, through Hia divine agency
give us tbe increase of our labors, and abundant
ly bless the united and happy people we
destined to be.
H. II. Hsxraa.
The following very interesting letter
was written for the Columbus, Qa. Sun
by 0. A. Miller, Esq., formerly an editor
of a paper in Suli'hury :
MAlt.,UA'. ALIAS, iTEB STEWART KEY.
Ed, of Sun The vexed question u
mong ns some years ago, was "Have we
n Bouiboii in the country t" It puzzled
the brains of the best Historians and Crit
ics to solve the perplexed enigma. By a
kills' tl UuiismigTthi " ""XT
eTTT luuinptirsiiTtHir or Ibcologmns, the
soul of the Doiiphiii the heir of the un
fortunate Louis XVI and the beautiful
Maria Antoinette of r ranee, who was
i supposed to liuve miserubly perished .U,n-
iter ttio iivntl oi lire aiountHin jacoiiius ;
at last, found rest from inhuman cruelly
in the body of one Willi.iuis, an Kuglisli
emigrant to thf l.'nitod Stutes. Whether
the Kev. Mr Williams was tbe Dauphin,
or the ITauphin was Mr. Williams, the
world never knew or Cared uch to know.
It now, only ktviwa that Nnpoleon III
sits where Loois XVI sat, and that if the
Hoarboiie "never forgot," they are forgot
ten. (tliieBtionsjjf personal identity are some
times extremely difficult lo solve, os was
illustrated in the ease of liitnkley, known
to solas of your readers. The question
littcly mooled by a correspondent of ihe
Columbia ( 8.' '0. J ' Ftomil-
the "Weekly Sun" of the 5ih inst.wlieth
er Marshal Key and Peter '8, Ny v.erc
fileiitic.il individuals, miy now perplex
scholars, lawyers and historians, as much
as (he eases of Williams and Buukley did
some years agotie. I propose in a bum
suitable to my lime, absence of historical
t ., . , ii . ; T . .1 !
aUihoiities and your valuable space, to
cast altUle'llgllf on tnl JsltjWrt, utwBW
from personal oliseryationatid expertanee
JTJie writer says WberTI cahie fmm
Alabama to Davit; Co., N. C , in 1829, a
mVltet ions person calling himself Peter
Stewart Key was .eacbins.BjBbJ.in that
rounly." We saw Mr. Key for the first
tune, anterior to this date. e vfnted
him at nts school in company with two
nephews then his pupils. About 1833,
and fur years after, until his death, our
in; 1 1 course ws as familiar' as could be
between persons of different ages audtrrf
ferent ages and pursuits, he, being old,
a resident of the country and a teacher,
-wepw ciliaen ef town and a. la w student
under the present Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of North Carolina.
The venerable and dignified deport
ment of Mr. Xey his imperial air - his
great learning and unexampled scholar
shiphis perfect acquaintance with the
Greek and Latin classics, the modem lan
guages and especially the history of .the
French Revolution and every particular
in relation to the personal, civil and mili
tary career of the Great Napoleon ; these
qualities of mind and person, united to an
impenetrable mystery which clung around
his own history a mystery, which noth
ing could surprise or remove, attracted
every one like tbe secret properties of the
magnet. There was a something about
ibe man winch once seen, seemed to say
"I dare you to forget me." It stamp
ed itself on the brain in letters never to'
be blosted ont "I am not booked on ihe
roll ofeommon awn.'' He appeared, to
others, what we often heard him s i iu
regard to Napoleon "that he was the on
ly mortal be could never look full in tbe
We have seen Mr. Ney under all cir
cumatanees. We have seen his courage
tested and his face never blanched, nor
hia nerves never treinbled. We haye
seen him when the saying of Horace "In
rina, est Veritas," could be best verified.
We have seen him at midnight, courting
and recording the inspiration of Muses;
We have seen him kiss the portrait of Jo-
fepiime, while the tears ol anYclion au:
tLa memnriea of tho dead past rolled down
hit farrowed, aud bronxed cbeuka. We
hare heard him tell with remarkable par
ticularitr, ilia ftXavloiu ot the Great Cap-
Wain, aa the French Kaalea were borne iii
triumph as wi II auiid the aauda of f'gypi,
aa the anowa of Kuaaia yet in all plaoea,
twd under all circumatanees, tba mystery
f hia own life was untold he alill graap
ed the key to tli s crcta of bis paat ; and
no "open aessape" whether of frtondslilp,
or conviviality, could ever persuade hiiu
""l checkered existence. Aa be Heed,
ao be died, and like tbe writer of tba Let
(era of Junius, hia secret who be waa f
died with him.
We hare, bean enriooa to know the past
history of tula moat singular nan, and
thank the correspondent of the Phoenix
for the information he baa been pleased lo
make known to the public. The best re
turn we cm make for his kindness ia to
record briefly a few other particulars con
nee ted with (tie life of Mr. Ney.
He landed in Charleston, S. C , after
die battle of Waterloo, which w know
was lough . on the 18th of Juue, 1815.
He taught school for a few year near
Chcraw, 8. C, and then removed to Da
vit, N. G., then a portion of Rowan coun
ty. Here he lived the greater part of his
life. He died about fifteen years ago at
tbe residence of Osborne Foard. Esq., the
brother-in law of the late Gov. John W.
Rllis. His remains were buried in Third
Creek Church Yard, Rowan county, and
on tbe marble monument is inscribed (at
welt aa we remember) these words-
"Hera lies the body of Peter Stewart Ney
an officer under Napoleon Bonaparte."
These simple words may mark the but
resting place of the man who was known
as the "Bravest of the Brave" the right
arm of Napoleon, and when the star of
the "Child of Destiny" went down in
blood on tba field of Waterloo, cheered
the broken spirit of his captain with the
reply "The Guard dies, but never sur
renders." With the permission of Mr. Foard, we
examined the papers of Mr. Ney soon ut
ter In dear )i We found any quantity of
Poetry and Prose on all subjects, bnt no
thing to throw light on the object of our
search his own life. Tbe longest and
most labored production of bis mind, was
a History of tbe French Revolution writ--
i-1. - ... , -j, i j i , .. .i t.
which we could not understand, bnt in
part was explained to us by Dr. Matthew
Locke, one of his former pupils. Mr.
Foard told us that a night or two before
be died, he destroyed all of his more pri
vale correspondence and among mem
some ship letters lately
ship letters lately received rrom
i . 1 ... i r
France, which contained valuables.
Jf you can spare the space, wo wish
you would re-publish the description of
his person by the Phoenix correspondent,
which is very correct, except the omiss'on
of the sabre cut mark, over his head. It
may lead to a comparison of the known
personal appearance of Marshal Ney.
Here it is "
"Ney was n man about five feet ten
inches high, heavily set and compactly
trail 1 1 bo weighed about 170 or 180
pounds, and was of extraordinary muscu
lar development. He had every appear
anco of a large, rough Scottuh Highlati
def, of symmetrical proport tons, well adap
ted to energy nnd endurance ; qualities
which Mr. Ney possessed In a high de
gree. He was more adapted to Hercule
an strength than agility. Hia baek was
straight shoulders broad and a little
stoope.d, bewHsWell balanced, the top bald,
the back aud sides of the hed covered
wrth Irah evriiee sroburn, but t hen a lii 1 1 c
silvered ; his nose was straight and very
large, with a massive end; his mouth
large and broad ; lips firm, the under ap
parently a little thicker than the upper ;
complexion florid, face full nnd pitted
with email pox, countenance a nitle down,
but stern, thoughtful and intelligent ; his
eyes no' large, hut rather biilliant, indi
eating a strong percep ive and penetra
We have not the books at hand lojudge
whether or not this description corres
ponds with (he recorded portraits of Mar
shal Ney, but wo learn from a gentleman
who haa seen the statues and paintings of
the Marshal, in France, that tbe two gen
erally agree. V
In the language of the editor of tha
Phoenix, the qnestion returns? -"If this
person was not Marshal Ney, who was
Altbongh it is possible, we do not think
it probable, that the Marshal, and I a.
Ney were the same persons. Marshal
Noy, like nearly all of Napoleon's .Mar
shals, was not classically educated P. iv
Ney was a scholar without any doubt.
It may be replied that the Marshal may.
have learned to w.-ite and speak Seotch,
French, Italian, English and Russian iu
his intercourse with these nations, when
in the "Grand Army." If so, is there an
instance on record of the Greek, Latiu
and Hebrew having been learned perfect
ly, aftei years of maturity T Such a task,
would overmatch the powers of even Eli
hn Burrett, thf'Learned Blacksmith."
and the greatest of modern self-taught
Could Marshal Ney have escaped tbe
doom pronounced by the Allies', after his
defection, whu.JNapoleon escaped from
Elba, in the manner related by the Phoe
nix correspondent T We think not, from
the form of rtilitaryeCTtionrwolnrve
witnessed, and the gnat and supposed
dangeroua character of the intended vic
tim. We believe that P 8. Ney once held a
distinguished position under Napoleon,
but nonm Marshal .---The -mystery of
his life may have been caused by the fear
of involving bis French friends in his sa
cs no during the reign of the Bourbons.
He has gone down to the grave leaving
no sign as to who he was. Like the great
est Captain of tbe g, he devoted bis im
mense experience and learning; in tha lat
ter years of his life la tba education of
Amerieau youth, and thousands will be
dew the grave of the unknown stranger,
with tears of affection and gratitude. No
foot pi in t ot hia blood will ever be aeon
around bis tomb, bast b 4spa aa sound
ly as the hero, who only surrendered t
Death, can sleep, amid the flowers of Pirn
la Chaise. He breathed Ms last breath,
not like his (rest Commander, amid the
bowlings of a tempest and the deep bass
of a vexed ocean sounding in his exiled
ears, bat with his last wants supplied by
kiad.and hospitable hearts and hands.
White Snlphar Springs, Ga.
DO YOTJ'EVER FORGETf5
A little boy went np into his room one
night, raid bis prayers very properly, and
wend to bed. But ho could not sleep.
He tossed from side to side, counted
hundred forwards, and backwards, reci
ted to himelf the multiplication table,
long poems and hymns ; but try as ha
might, be co aid not gto sleep. Ho had
neglected something, and it bad weighed
so heavily upon his conscience, that it waa
impossible for bim to find rest. At last
he got np, groped bia war down stain, to
Ins mother's room, and timidly knocked
at the door.
"Who's there V cried bis father.
"It is I, pa."
"Well, who are touT"
Ho had several other children, and,
upon first awakening, conld uot distin
guish the voice.
"It is Met, pa. Please let me come
"What do you want, Matt Ara you
"No, sir, I am not sick, but I must ace
At this tbe mother got on iu the dark
and unfastened the door. When the lit
tle boy fonnd her, he threw his arms a
round her neck and kissed ber warmly.
There were tears on bis cheeks, aud tears
got it mother, indeed 1 did ; and 1 could
not sleep when.1 thought of it."
You may be sure the mother was by
this time in tears herself. They werj
tears of gratitnde to God for having given
her such an affectionate child. She drew
him to her and kissed him again and
again, and with a blessing upon bim dis
patched bim .again to bed. Tho burden
off his conscience, he soon fell asleep;
and never again, until he left home a man,
to battle with (he great wicked world, did
he forget to kiss his mother good night.
Now a story is not worth much which
does uot '"point a moral."
It seems to me, little children who for
get to pray before they go to sleep at
night, should feel far worse than the little
boy who forgot to kisa his mother. And
seme little ones do forget their pravera.
They are so very sleepy when tuejrtdo
grow sleepy, that they fall down any-,
where, and before they know It they are
sound asleep, without ever asking God to
take care of them through the dark, long
night. Now, if God wero as forgetful as
they are, ho might forget to take care of
these forgetful little ones, and death migh t
come and lock them in his coldLemhrace
before tliey could ever ice the beautiful
Last 3 1 TrrTt r mnn " ' ' . " "
Dear little ones, let the good night pray
er toGod go with the good-night kiss to
dear)mamma, and in the course of time
yoinwill not be able to do without either,
Except through pain. The time may
come when yon will not have a dear mo
ther to kiss good-night, for God may take
mother to himself; but there never will
be a time when you cannot pray to God.
f on need not probe for him in the dark
uess, down the stairway, for he is by you
in your chamber, it matters uot where,
nor how dark it may be.
Do not forget to kiss mother good -night,
but, above off things, do no t forget t o ask
God to take care of yon before you go to
sleep, and not only you, but your father,
mother, brothers, sisters, and all friends.
Do not forget your prayers. .
Tbe following paragraph from an ex
change is worth more than a corner in a
"news column :
' "It is said when mechanics have land
they generally give it better cultivation
than farmers, and consequently have more
grapes, pears, strawberries, watermelons,
and cucumbers. They devote more car
and labor to a small apace, and reap a
larger pr.fit from it."
If any one will look at the immense
crops a very small garden will produce
for a family, and compare it with the lit
tle crops from very large firms, they
should need" no better inducement to en
rich their soil high).
The great point to remember is this,
that labor is the great item in farming ;
but that it takes no more labor to farm
rich ground than poor ground. We have.
as it were, double crops with the same
Neve- make that man yonr friend who
hates music or tbe langh or a child.
We can do a great deal fpr onr friends,
but there are some things we cannot do.
We cannot repent for thtm, or die for