' SALISIU KY, N. C.. AUBT 5, 1870.
'aa.fryTm.il, m tjr sou s.ir, i . tfraa. far
eary Ward lt ; lu r
WVW wau-a la gitr.- ilni .op-fa and a,l4-r -
Bww'-S We'S . I a lMarah tr II M nil l,r.,i I
Wa.' lactate. " Tit- krispvr aai u4t .n .vt i
la AJMsis Ait.nl. it, ..i i k ii 'I i ran la .If .
a. aalMri. Hi. ii I k. .Ml .r..ii .rtaiOT." I..-
rawrMlffffM - l lM.iwn.at.lc .nil ruiuni.ilr.
M tm$ m . wfmtt In IkM than miriHin. ... Ii .
nl ' link eim-r'fc n i I, In. ..fnl..
.Mlrr'j- raw, aalaa sn ai ; c .m.J . n.k4-
r U. ua- li.l l-r c .1 ir an I li-'m. U
J. a. nasaco., rubu.h.i.,Mi r.rk tuw, m. rtt.
laveators who wi.-lito tsko-mt l.vitera l atrnlara
fj4lo coomwl wiih Ml MS k ll.. cditoni of
imwuiuic ininraii.KiioiuiTciru.-.iiiii ii. iniuia
bra the rt, nt DfliLe tor ovty lean., liwu -
HBWiv.il .nu ...ii ,,M-.i ii nirin .11-1111 III".
attaaiva la the world, 'harass less tl a 11 anroth
ar reliable amm-y . lamiililrt iiUmi iu- full in
ou Hi inventor is sent jtrstia.
MDNN A id., 37 I'm k Itow, New York
A Beek of IM closely uriated tuses, lately is.
tains s list of the best American Adverti-
atag Msliuins, giving the names, cirenlatioiw. and
Mfpaitiriilsniciinrrniinc the lesdins; Paily sod
Wajaaly 1'olitical and Family NewsisperK. together
with all those having large circulations. iub! hed In
the interest orreliiriiin. airrlcnlturc, literatuie. tr..
Ac Kvery advertiwi' and every ion who eon
templates becoining such, wifl lnd .this book of
mat value. Mailed free to nv ni',licrs nn rrceint
nsnneen cents. iit.. r. liunn.i. i ( u., rub
Ushers. No. 411 I'srk How. New 1 oik.
The Pittsburg Tu ISSef, in u '-sue of Slay
3S, IHT, says The firm i ee. P. Koweli Pa.,
which issues this interesting and vnluubie book, is
the largest aud ln-t sdreilislng agency in the I'ni
ted States, and we can cheerful ly recommend it to
the attention of those who desire to sdvert .re their
knataisa aeiantlBcally and systeniatlrsl'y in Mich a
war; ttat is. so aa to secure ti e lurp -I uinouat ef
ablicity for the leaM expendituie ol money."
Please Read This !
R silir, 1 . 1 u hd Tiukhsw's "Widernil Htsd-
1 sassay "f ITn I, try. u., snil u 1 will oac t,o
' r.titeny Warral.red 1 cure Ilie a r ' cs e "f U.S4-
ache, Earsclie, or Tontha.-he 'n rtve mli tit. It c -tttalnf
Botklnu nnlMinoua, I' la t;n lliiilil, an. I ran ft appiieil by
any sfcllil. It oontaln. r.o ma le power, "ml ii i , puttin.
aside aU psnnt tnetlictiir. sad lniinhujr , th It -I Keutedy
tn ttl wcrtd lor rh- sitter- -ilamiaia. AVar'snled to to
ur the aioney i.ruitilnl. Il has bwa Uiaruxby teite-lln
this psrt of Ihe Unl'in sn'l huti4re.ll laie-heen rarid
w-lh UtU rrotely. R-e rtlH resd'-r, llii. la 110 liilnias,
bat S p'flllve Tart I'ai, lir I v hi m! -'i?- I hi y
art of the fit be, aikI warrant. .1 I r.-. h lie y (re' or .
neass send fur slot by uia l.wn.l be c n !..,, J i:,xi
Headachs, Karsel e at,l T,..,i,u he cmi t.e rn-'. Dl ec
tlons seal alth ev.-rv ln.x. Tri e 1 .I'.'ia i, r ' us l.y
asail to any i tm utile. In h- L'nl n. Onn 1 lull l try I !
1 doa-bmea 10 dellais 1 u a ..... & ullars. Ad
dress OT 1IXKIIAM. ..r.li SUddlebro, Ma . jb.x
41.) riscoual tu lite Ira
OOvrnMPTivKy. u -an a. I . -tire cure fur
CulllfhSSn'l C.lil au,l f-ll ' ntr roc .' r.t.li.e-
li h i .k. , t'.t it. mis. rend fur 't tu l)Mai. Ansa, f.
O. Box ttoMI, Raw V. rk.
JL lul book ; It alio. a I,
narcltlie. Kle Uniniliu;
( M puasesa iMa power ) It
,e wlsa los snt I .
Laches b lp' rlob. Wiemy
S re. rlea. tncsnt illuin.
n.mnnnlli v. Maalc. felli n.t.t, riplr! us lam. Marrla -e
nW, sou a ItMWiaan I wnnd'rj Wi II d ( .r 95 c t t
AdrlrrnT. WIt.UAM A CO , I'ubllahe I, S..u!l. 7ll r, el.
Philadelphia, Fa. J ly ii:m
The Clreat Medical Discovery !
Dr. WALKER'S C.VLIFOIISIA
Ijiji II ii ml reds of Thousands jj1
j J Dear KalimoTiy to tb.-ir wonderful
22 Curat ire EIT.tcts. C-5 a
THET ARB NOT A VILE I
T API C Y DRINK.!
II atle of Poor Bum, Whiskey, Proof Spir
its, and Refuse Xaiquora, doctored, aprced,
Md sweetened to pleatiTli ta.t, ca'led "Tonlca
latlsers, " Jteawn-eia, aa.;., fcu.tt, imi mm
roa to drunkenness sod ruin, but arc atrus
mtmAa from th a Hatira Koots and
efi Calitontla, free from all Aloohollo
I ney amine irrtaiai mivvu ,
ana AaLTJiUXVi-Bivr x-avaxi- v
a nerfaet Ranorator and lnvlenratot
the Brstem, carrrlnf o8 all poitwnous matter,
mmA aatarliis the blood to a healthy condition.
- . . . Tl 1 . . .unHtl.L,
I ean laaa utaa ah.iv, wmhw w
and remain lonir unwell.
,100 Will be given for an incursMo case, pro-
xxi as are no oasvyoyeu t.y mineral
or otoer means, ana we vuai organs
Inflammatory and Chronic Rhou- -T
a, and Gout, Dyspepsia, or Indi- ,
inn I lot u ui r,-p.r.
. Bilious. Remitdeus. and Inter-
BemiHeut ana inter- 1 J
tai a have been moat suecesslul. Such Dia-
aasts an teased by Vitiated Blood, which
a genially produced by derangement ef the
Invigorate the stomach, snd stimulate
aU lirtir and bowels, which reader litem
uf aennnslinrl rffi r in eleanains the blooilor
all imparities, and Imparting new life snd Vigor
to the whole system.
nyapeDsia or Indigestion, neadache.
Pain In the Bhooldera, Oooaha, Tishtneea or tno
Aaaav DixzinBas. Soar Btomach, Bad Tasts in
th. Bidious Attaetia. TalBltKtion ef tbe
eart. Copious Diacnargea of tJrinn, Fa n In
th regions of the Kidneys, snd SSWiiiirea otner
painfal symptoms which sro tAS.-urincs of
painfal symptoms wmcn sro wcvon.
- -- .Misin Inrtheaa Hittera.
taSauiae the Vitiated Bl.md Whraarsr you find
ties boxauns; turuu n itia aturt-ni on- .
CuT sad yourfcelimrs will tell you l
ttobiood pure aud tbo health ol the
or SOTva ; cieanac in saaa it, w
oil wnvn. t' .
r5i, TAPE, another WORM, hxrttef In
Ha, ayatem of so many thousands, an eoeetuauy
"iwrfall direetkms, read sarefully the circular
earn Sottas, pnnieu in iu,.r iEs
Oennan, JTreoisri, ana t-panjaii.
B. BT. MeDOXALD m CO.
rw,nriara and Oeneral .'
ae ss i rmi""T- t '
Baa rranctaco, e 1,111-u" , .
BtsolxTby' ALL DBCOGISTB AKD
trnla, and 32 snd St Com.
A G I
To be the Greatest and Best REMEDY
NOW IN USE J
FOR ALL PAINS.
It is becoming mom snd more popular every
aa- The demand for it is great
Prepared and for sjde jt
DR. rOULSOyS Drug Store,
jan-.il-.. !. Salisbury, N. C
-1 .. i ,
' BaSlng Via Tnga ura all Liver,
Kidney and Hladiier' Diseasea, Organic
Weakneaa. Female Afflictions, Oeneral la
bility and all eomp'aiut of the Urinary Or
gans, iu male aud female.
1, INK) will also be paid fur any eaae of
Blind. Hleedlng or Itching Pilea tbat De
Hiug's Pile Remedy fails tu sure.
Deliinc'a UAtilC LINIMENT eorea
Kheumatlam. Pains. Bruiaa aud Swelled
Joint, i man end bemit.
bold everywhere. Send for Pamphlet.
laboratory Hi Kraoklin at.. Bnlti
more. .M.I. apr82-ly
T)ETritXa HIS THANKS to hia OLD
XV Htmh.S and the 1'ulilio tor, the liberal
uatruUU(re Deretulure eJtenileil U
; ia.L.r. ih.n, lW ka iw i.n.i
atroiiuc herctufure ettemletl to him Me uow
aa a aar aud
hop, in Sr. Hondcrion s Brick
Sollding. Room SJo ft,
where he would be pleased to see them. He
guarantee to give tutisfaction iu every caae.
Mo has in Ms employ Hf the best Hair tresert
in Western North Carolina. Herequests a call
SaUtbury , S. C, Dee. . 17tfl69.j 60 If
RALEIGH, N. h-r
Hnring no connection with any other Hotel
in ualeigh. I ahull make the
WttAT IT HA HWr ----''..
. '..; Cltias Hotel ia fe City.
J. IW. Blair,
March 18 tf
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Thia well known House having Keen kewlt
Ki KM-ii m. and befitted in every depart
ia now open fyxjjie. accouAiuodation of
gBTOmniKus at Ihipnt nn n i i il nfTmini
eh 4 i-itf H. C. VXVLVJH, Profr.
EDGEWOIITII FElllLE SEMLWRY.
THE NEXT SESSION will commence on
the first Momltiy of .September. We make
good Scholars good Mtiviciaas. and good
Tent-In t a uf our pupils, nnd give them a
training fitted to make them practical and
For circulars, address,
J. Al. M. CALDWELL.
July l-2in Ornirboro, N. C.
U. PUI IiSO ",
UKALEU IN EIlt.ST CLASS
OIL, DYE STUFFS,
kc, &c &c.
Hf Piescriptions carefully componnded all
nour day or night Prices greatly reduced.
Salisbury, N. 0 , January 21 . 19. ly
OSSSXaEOlVS SIAOB LINES!
I j rentSnndav. If you are in Western N
Carolina en to Raleigh and procure s through
ticket to Kayetteville for 8; Through Tickets
from OoldslMiro' via Warsaw, to Kayetteville,
kti. Through tickets from Weldon to Fayette
villcMu. Ttro'-igh tickets from Wilmington,
via Warsaw, to F.ivi'tti'ville,.
CH AltLOTTK TO Tf ADESB0R0:
Ienvc Charlotte after trains trom rtaleign
and Columbia, via Monroe, for WadeBboro'
Tuesday, ThursdiiV. nnd Saturday Leave Wa
deslHiro', Tuesday, Tburfday, und Saturday, af
ter arrivalnl trrtius and Stage from Wilmington.
Rend ol Chatham Hail Road to Joneshoro,
N. C, daily except Sundays, ,
Leave head of Chatham Rail Road alter ar
rival of train from Raleigh.
Leave Jonesboro' after arrival of train from
Fayette i illc. . ,
CUmmons' Accommodnt'um Line
Between Salem nnd High Toint, will charter
Stages at all hours -''Cheaper than the Cheap
est." Office at Butner's Hotel, Salem. N. C.
, E. T. CLEMMONS,
Oct. 1; 1869 tf Contractor.
Enconragq (Homo ManulaetHre !
tHE BEST BITTERS MANUFAC
tured by any Druggist, Pharmaceutist, or
any body el.-e is
For the cure of Rheumatism, Scrofula. Chills
and Feyiet and all diseases of the Blood, Liv
er, Kidney and Lnngs, restoring health and
vigor to all.
t is nope of your Quack" BeTernges, hut
PRICE mER BOTTLE,
Druggists and all Merchants will do well
to address i J."M. NICHOLSON. Sr.
Jnly 15 1m" Yadkinville, N- C.
Charlotte Female Institute,
( HARLOTTEE, N. C
The 13th Annnal Session of this Institution
commences the 3t)th September antl continues
nntil the 30th of June, lr371.
An a -eomplished enrpa of Teachers has been
employed in all branches usually tanght in
first -class Female Seminaries.
For Circular and Catalogue containing full
i particular as to tevaik. te-, address
Hit T . II. nut. e il i.i, ,
Cb rlotte. N. C;
B B Rolierts, Esq., I-exington, V. C.
Rev F II Johnson, " "
rw V Vre Hutchison. Charlotte. IN. C. i
Rev ( has Phillips, D D, Davidson College, N C.
: Prof J B Itiake. " " "
t; UO Richardson,
tov . It v ancr, luiuiuitrrt. .
July 22-21:2m '
(TllC COih X'nrlll l1 1 1 t r 'iC T ! T " 'fc thhin,t 'ok from th crime, with abhorrence,
6lljt KJIU aUlUJ .rresled by 1,.,-ut. C.I. Hurff Col, and I cll upon all good men to units
published weekly bt Kirk's regiment of North CafBs Bute with me in putting thia ruinous orgauisa-
, n m . fi II 4 i- o Troops, by order of the OoveMr of the tion djwn.
l , 8,aU' 1 "J,1,in incHPrfrom It has often bW charged that no such
.iffor and Proprietor. the time of my arrest until tfrVdnes- organisations at I have above described
bit.,.. . folw,nK. owing 4 eondi- exist, Let all doubu on thia point cease,
v.- . T, , .on., tion of my family, my wile osflg at tbe I ean vouch for the existence of audi or-
a.. U-.J-.1J 3 .. i in "me quite unwell, aud her cepoa run- dem, and that Is aa well known
5 Copies , one addrea. " ! wiflO drred, P.""'00" on ccon"t d'"'
10 Coi-ms to one address, 80.00 ,f mln,d eeasfoned by royflpest, and
. . . , through the influence of a-VrtBlajl Ho-
,jcW,,,,,V. publican, I was brought beiKfgov
One Souare. flr.t in.M.rti..,,. 01 llA or st Baleigh, Slid PCvlriBlvO
For each additional insertion . . . i aurety ,- my apm . . taiu, uunh I am satisfied that
Juatice's Orders w ill be publish-
ed at the
rates with other advertiae-
! 4 50! 6 25i
6 OIK 9 00.
a oo ii oo
II 00 16 00
18 00 24 00
SW 00 40 00
5 00 ri 50 1300
t) 50 13 00 22.00
12 00 20 00 30,00
15 00 25 00 37,50
20 00:I00 45,00
80 00 45 00 75.00
50 00 80 (Ml 130.00
J 'nun the Rukigh Standard
LEADING CITIZENS OF ALAMANCE
EXPOSE, ABJURE AND DENOUNCE
THE KU KLUX KLAX.
The Signe, Pass- Words and Grips of the
We Iiasteii'loTaT before the tublic llie
followiug confession of citizen oi Ala
mance County in relation to their coimcc
tion with the diabolical Ku Klux - Klan.
No one can doubt now as io the existence
of this Klan. or a to its desperate, wicked
ana oioody character. It had also abso
lute control for more than a year past of
Alamance, Caswell and mauy other Coun
ties, nnd has menaced, intimidated and
scourged hundreds, and committed nu
merous murders. Bui the energetic and
well-directed action of the State govern
ment is bringing much of the heinous
character of thia organisation to Iight,nd
lead to the disruption and dispersioti of
the Kl in, but to the punishment of the
criuiiii.il.- who belong to it.
Alamance Cocntt, July 28th, 1870.
We, the undersigned, citizens of Ala
mance Connty, do hereby acknowledge
that we have been members of an organi
zation in said County (tuown to the mem
bers thereof as the "White Bkothek-
Ssoov," or -'Constitutional Union
Gdakd." This organisation in the out
set, as we understood it, was purely po
litical and for the mutual protection of the
members thereof and their families ; but
since joining, we have been pained to
know that while the objects of the organ
ization were to Attain certain political ends
the means used and resorted to were such
as would shock a civilized and enlighten
ed people. And we hereby publicly and
independently dissolve onr connection
with this organization, and call upon up
right law-abiding citizens everywhere to
do the same thing, knowing as we do,
that unless the crimes which have been
J committed by this organization can be put
a stop to aim ine organization iteen
ken up, civil liberty or personal safety
are at an end in this country, nnd lile,
property or anything else will soon be at
the mercy of an organized mob.
We intend to see that the sigirs, grips
and pass-words of this organisation are
fully exposed, together with the plana of
nnernttons, be, so that people eyery where
mnyee wJttt their own eyes. In making
these cotifessious we have implicated no
one bnt ourselves, bnt we hope that our
friends will take warning from what hns
transpired within the last few days, and
tmmediatelv withdraw from organisations
such as we have mentioned, and assist us
and all other good citisens in restoring
peace and good order iu anr County.
; ELEMENT C. CURTIS,
t? JAMES E. BOYD,
JOHN R STOCK A RD,
JACOB MP HAEL,
J II. N. CLENDENIN, -HENRY
JAMES W. FOUST
.... D P. TEAGUE,
A. J'. P"ATTEK8T)Np'
J. A. J. PATTERSON,
JOHN G. ALBRIGHT,
CARIST C. CURTIS,
8. A- CURTIS,
W. 8. PRADSHAW,
JASPEH N. WOOD.
We-invite particular attention to the
Card below of James, E. Boyd, Esq.- Mtv
Hioyd is a yoOng lawyer of standing and
character in Alamance County, and his
statements may be relied on :
Graham, N.C.,'Jnly 20th, 1870:
To the People of North Carolina:
, As a matter of self-defence, and in con
sequence of 1-epflTts and publications
which have been circulated within (he last
few days, I have fe't it my duty to take
this method,, of explaining the position
whiclri have occupied and do now occu
py 'in regard to matters now directly be
fore the people of (hi Stale. As has been
heretofore made known through the pub-
. I " - . . . A I ............ . . i . . t .....I... -.
nan me aoove rates. vy, v"'""'""1 cnuinii ivasninmuT
111 I 11 ' " " ' - PfH " PJ 111 1 " Mil
canvass as the Uemocratic candidale lor
the House of Representatives. I found,
upon my return (here at such candidate,
I would hay ii to carry the Ka Klua-Kku
upnii "my shouTJeis. This I '.fad hot the
impudence or disposition to attempt to do,
and at the first gathering after my return,
several prominent citizens, members of
the Conservative party, came oat openly
and avowed tbat limy were members of
this organisation, and called aloud for its
dissolutiou. I then took the opportunity
to conft that I had been a member of
(hi same organisation. I hailed with de
light mu opportunity (o publicly dissolve
my connection with an organisation which
I bad Joined under a total mieapprehen
sion of its designs, and from which I had
privately cut loose shortly aftei I was in
itiated. I was initiated into the organisa
tion known tn the members thereof as the
'White Brotherhood," in the month of
November, 1868 At the time I was in
fcrmed that this organization was in the
interest of the CoBscrvative party, and in-
fended to defeat entirely th reconstruc
tion acts, and to deprive (he negro of all
privileges as a citisen in this country, and
in the obligation was a section which
bound the mcmbsrs thereof never io sup
port any man for office who was in f i vor
of the civil or political advancement of the
colored race I was also informed at the
time that Andrew JohnsorJ of Tennessee,
then President ofthe United States was
I ii. I .
tne grand head centre of te organization
in the United States. Thire had been no
outrages committed in mWsountr by this
organization previoss'to thitime I became
a member shot tly after wird some whip
ping was done and other Uemonstrai ions
made by the organisshioni which did uot
agree with my feelings. 1 1 immediately
put my foot upon it as fyr us I possibly
conld, lefXWViO pufiim exposition oi h
JiaW rWiWIlie reason that ny life
would hot have been safe for one moment,
if I had. I made it my business ip know
nothing of its operations and procsediiigs,
and I used every effort in ray power to
have the organisation broken up in my
enmity, and for this reason I know that I
was abnsed and accassd of unfaithfulness.
That the organisation was in th interest
of the Conservative Democratic psrty ev
ery man who has everbcen a member
well knows, and all of its actions, so far
as I am informed, were intended to secure
the triumph of that party. I have long
known, that the operations of these organ
izations if persisted in wonld brinp; about
a desperate state ol affairs in onr country.
Men had no right for mere political pur
poses to whip and to kill unoffending cit
izens, and one great object I had in be
coming a candidate in Alamance County
was (o use my position as such to destroy
these organisations ; bttt before my can
vass begun the Governor of the State had
put into operation his plan to put an end
to it. Hqwrr his plan ha succeeded is
evidenced by the fuct that hundreds of
the best men of ray County arc taking
the occasion to confess that they bad be
come membcrsof it under peculiar circum
stances, and lhy have witnessed with
shame its workings and are now willing
to lend their aid in breaking it entirely
up. In conclusion I call upon the peo
ple to give this thing a careful considera
tion aiid snjy whether snch organizations
are becoming to a free and enlightened
people. J know that the condemnation
of every patriotic man is apon
ganisations and upon any psrty or set ot
men who foster or encourage (hem.
Knowing what I do of them I hereby de
nounce these organisations as dangerous
to civil liberty, as calculated to tear down
a Repnblican form of government snd fi
nally to inv lve onr whole coantry in civ
il wsr and bloodshed. The Sentinel in
the issue of the 28th inst., in an article
headed "Prepare for grast develop
ments" I, is aeen proper, after stating
,i,.,t . knr.s thief and murderer of
Moore County bad made stBdnvite to
the Governor, to say that it was
.nM tbat I was going to turn State's
lllllawawF I llllllf HIT in tf- -J!1 of
the Sentinel that lie need not be fright-
L a -ias mc. Whilst t nave ncara u
7.-,lrs of the Coostitution-tand
a I I',, in. I Cuard that
Guard that this fame Ed iter
was supposed to be chief of that concern
in the State, still I do not know thia fact
of my own knowledge, and therefore will
not be State's evidence against the editor
of the Sentinel. It has also been report
ed and getretelly believed among the mem
her of these organisanons that a number
of (he leading Democrats and Conserva-
; fi.ij 4tale arc members, and that
they hsve directed the organisation in Rs
wicked and bloody operations. It U a
fact established to every unprejudiced
mind that these organisations perpetrated
the whippiogsandacourgings in Alamance
County, and were th murderers of Out
law and Puryear, though as to the indi
viduals who committed those crimes I
b.,- .witHine- nor bv whom they were
counseled or advised to commit them. I
opeu confessions. It comprises a Isrgs
majority of m members ot the Conserva
tive party in my County. I have learn
ed from many sources that there are tsri
memberships in other Obuuties througb-
ttatlt 1 am ratisfi. d that
organizations have been dragged Into
them under a total misspprehension of
their purposes ; that they have not oo-on-erated
with them io their crimes, snd will
asset with joy an opportunity to release
rhnnsehret from Thr-1 hm Mom under which
they hsve been suffering.
JAMES E. BOYD.
We learn from some of the shove citi
zens of Alamance that the signs, pass-
ords and grips of the organizations are
at follows :
Of the White Brotherhood the sign of
recognition is sliding the right hand down
the hft collar of the cost. The answer to
this is given with the left baud sliding
down the right collar of the coat. The
grip is, in shaking hands, in pressing the
AT dl i . s a a - a
rorennger against tne Daca part ot the
palm of the hand. The answer to this is
by drawing the hand and pressing be
tween tne joint of the middle finger.
The sign or ery of distress is Shiioh.
nil a . .
Ane pass-woras, grips ana signs ot the
Constitutions! Union Guard are the ssme
ss those exposed in the trial at Newbern
some months since.
For prudential reasons, which the pub
lic will appreciate, it is deemed best by
the government not to publish any part
of the mass of evidence it has in hand.
This will come out when the criminals
THE ENFORCEMENT BILL.
An Act to enforce the Right of Citizens of
the United States to vote in the several
States of this Union, and for other pur
Be it exacted by the 8enate and House of
Representatives of the United States of
America tn Congress assembled:
I II "at '"J. i. r ,
law to vote at any election by the penpvT,
in any State, Territory, district, county,
city, parish, township, school district, mu
nicipality, or other territorial subdivision,
hall be entitled and allowed to vote at
all such elections, without distinction of
racecolor or previous condition of servi
tude : any constitution, law, custom, usage,
or regulation of any State or Territory, or
by or under Us authority to the eontrary
Sec. 2. Andbe ttfurtlier enacted, Tha(
if by or under the authority of the consti
tutions or laws of any State, or the laws
of any Territory, any act is or shall be re
quired to be done as a prerequisite or qual
ification for voting, and by such constitu
tion or laws persons or officers are or shall
be charged with the performance of duties
in furnishing to citisens an opportunity to
Derform such prerequisite, or to become
qualified to vote, it shall be the duty of
every person and officer to give to all cit
izens of the United States the same and
equal opportunity to perform snch prere-
quirites, ana to Decomo quanneu to vote
without distinction of race, color, or pre
vious condition ot servitude ; and if any
such person or officer shall refuse or know
ingly omit to give lull ettect to this sec-
ttnn itn all-ill fnr everv Hllch oH'onec. tVl r-
1 ll"M, " ' - 1
fcit and pay the sum of five hundred dol
lars to the person aggrieved thereby, to
bo recovered by an action on the case,
with full costs and such allowance for
counsel fees as the court shall deem just,
and shall also, for every such offence, be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall
on conviction thereof, b fined not less
than one month and not .more than one
year, or both, at the discretion of the1
Skc. 3. And be it furtltcr enacted, That
whenever, 1by or under the authority of
the constitution or law of any State, or
under the laws of any Territory, an act is
or shall be required to be done by any
citizen as a prerequisite to entitle him to
vote, the oflkr of any such citisen to per
form these! required to be done as afort
said shall, if it tail to be carried into exe
cution by reason of the Wrongful act of
omission aforesaid or the person or omcer
charged with the duty of receiving or per
mitting snch performance, or oner to per
form or acting thereon, ho deemed, and
held as a performance in law of such act ;
tire person so offering and fauingas-
foresaid, and being otherwise qualified,
shall be entitled to vote in the same man
ner and to the same extent as if he had in
fact performed such act ; and any judge,
inspector, or other officer of election,
whose duty it is or shall be to receive,
count, certify, register, report, or give
effect to the vote of any such citizen, of
shall wrongfully refuse or omit to receive,
count, certify, register report, or give ef
fect to the vote of such citisen upon the
presentation by 'him of bis affidavit sta
ting such offer and the time and place
thereof, and tlir name of the officer or
person whose dnty il was to act thereon,
and that be was wrongfully prevented by
such' person or officer from performing
such act, shall for every such offence for
feit snd pay the sum of five hundred dol
lars to the person aggrieved thereby, to be
recovered by sn aetiou on the ease, with
fall costs and such allowance for counsel
fees as the court shall deem just, aud
shall for every such offence he guilty of a
misdemeanor, and shall on conviction
thereof, be fined not less than five hun
dred dollars, or be imprisoned not less
than one month and uot more than one
I year, or
discretion of the
Sec. 4. Andbe it further enacted, That
if any person, by force, bribery, threats,
intimidation, or other unlawful means,
sbair binder, delay, prevent or obstruct,
or shall combine and confederate with oth-
any citisen trom noing any sot require
to be done to qualify ran to vote or from
voting at any election as aforesaid, snch
person shall for every such offence forfeit
and pay the sum of five hundred dollars
to (he person aggrieved thereby, to fee re
eoverea by an action oa the esse, with fall
costs snd such allowance for counsel fees
as the court shall dorm just, and shall
also for every such offence be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on
conviction thereof, be fined not less than
five hundred dollors, or be imprisoned not
less thsn one month, snd not more than
one year, or both, at the discretion of the
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That
if any person shall prevent, hinder, con
trol, or intimidate, or shall attempt to pre
vent, hinder, control, or intimidate any
person from exercising or In exercising the
right of suffrage, to whom the right of suf
frage is secured or guaranteed by the fif
teenth amendment to the Constitution of
the United States, by means of bribery,
threats, or threats of depriving such per
son of employment or occupation, or of
ejectiug such person from rented house.
lauds, or other property, or by threats of
violence to himself, or family, such per
son so offending shall be deemed guilty
of a' misdemeanor, snd shall, on convic
tion thereof, be fined not less than five
hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not less
than one month, snd not more tbsn one
year, or both, at the discretion of the
FRANCE AND PRUS8IA THE
The plan of the comjng war campaign,
forwarded from Europe by telegraph, may
or may not be entitled to credence. There
,,VriVTJ!lut,t. however, that the fighting
of the fortifications, tHerefore," will be reao
Of the French towns on the west bank
of the west bank of the river, Strasburg
is one of the most noted. Tn has 85,000
inhabitants, chit (I y of German descent.-r-The
fortress has been lately strengthened
and the numerous outworks and detached
forts, including the ciudel, render it a
place of great strength. A bridge here
crosses the Rhine, which is strongly forti
fied on the French side. Though partial
ly upon the Rhine, the town lies chiefly
upon the river III, which is also bridged.
Farther up the III are Colmarand
Schlettsudt, both strongly fortified, and
securing important communications.
Neu Breisacb is on the Rhone Canal a
mile west of the Rhine. It has strong
towers, and Fort Mortior, nearer that riv
er, is a strong fortification.
Metz, ou the river Moselle, is the most
impartant strategic point in the eastern
part of France, and has a most powerful
fortress, which is yet uncompleted. The
city contains 60,000 inhabitants and a
garrison of 10,000 men. A strong wall
with bastions surrounds it, and the forti
fications at large are constructed with a
dne allowance for the produce of modern
projectiles. They stand on four command
ing sites. The river Seille meets the Mo
selle at this point, and iu case of a siege
the water of both streams can be raised
sufficiently to inundate the low ground to
the south and sanlhwett of the Jo wn.
Montmedy, Verdun, and Longwy, on
the Rhine, are all strongly fortified ; and
near to Metze, on the Mescllc, is Thion
villc, within a few miles of the Prussian
frsutier. The river is bridged at this
point, and the fortifications ats Strong.
The Moselle furnishes the most direct line
of operations between France and Prussia
and a strnggle will in every probability
take place for its several stronghold.-.
The Weisscnburg line is a chain of light
works running from the left bunk ol tue
Rhine fifteeu miles along the Lauterj in
the .neighborhood of Basle. The line was
abandoned in t867, but the works were
The Vosjses mountains run parallel
with the 'Rhine; and fortn ftti addttional
batrier far the Exeiichirontiei:. They av
erage 4,000 feet in height, and are twenty-five
miles wide. All their practical
passes are fortified- The most northern
of these is the fortress St Bitsch, which in
1793 aud 1815 withstood two Prussian at
tempts. The dtutral passages of the
Vosges ii b? way of Ssveroe, snd is held
by the fort at Pfslsburg, supported by
Strasburg at a short disUnee. Between
Saverne and Bclfort there are but- two
practicable passes, tbat by way of St. Die
and that of Remiremont. These are well
euarded by the fortresses on the neighbor
" - a I
mg plains and by Bcifort. The latter is
, . . I.S kalaaan thi.
in tne centre ot tuts opening
Jura snd Vosges mounUins, and being in
the direct line between Basle and Paris,
is an important junction for land commu
nications. It has been much strengthen
ed of late.
Of the fortresses on the R bine and its
vicinity, the most important are Mayence,
Rastadt, Ehrcnbreiistein, snd Cologne.
Msyence Was formerly a citisen of the
werman Confederation, the old Zollverein,
and was garrisoned by Austrian snd Prus
sian troops. Its peculiarly dangerous po
sition, being on the left bank of the Rhine
and greatly coveted by the French, led
to iu fortifications being of the strongest
character. It was originally garrisoned
by 8,000 men, but after the decisive defeat
of Austria in the late con test it was agreed
by the treaty of Prague that iu fortinoa-
bob withdrawn. This stipulation was in
sisted on by Austria, bat the Prussians
have never carried out the conditions, sad
Mayence is at this moment one of the
strongest cities iu the world. The four
lines of works sro greatly strengthened
by outworks sud detached forts, and by
Fort Weisensu, which is on the upper
bank of the Msin. The city of Msyence
is opposite to the mouth of the river, which
here talis into the Rhine about twenty
miles west of Frankfort, to which it is
connected by a railway A bridge some
1 ,690 feet long connects it with the forti
fied suburb of Costel. It has now s yery
large garrison, and is commanded by
Prince Waldemar, of Scbleswig-Holstein.
RasUdt is on the right bank of the
Rhine, and is very strongly foRified. ft
is in the territory of Bsden Baden, and
formerly held a garrison for the German
Confederation, bnt since Ssdowa iu garri
son has been Prussian. It is situated
fourteen miles south of Carlsruhe and some
thirty miles from Strasburg, and will un
doubtedly be a point of capital importance
during the comiiig struggle. Iu fortifica
tions are on the Vauban system, and de
clared to be the perfection of engineering,
but experience has proved that earthworks
are stronger thsn stone walls. There are
three large forU on the little river which
i uns past Rastadt, which have many bas
tions, wet ditches, curtains, glacis, and
lunettes, bnt the chief strength will pro
bably be in the fortified camp which the
Prussians are about to form there. Should
it be necessary to withdraw iu garrison,
it could easily be replaced by Baden sol
diers, the Grand Duke having shown the
most unmistakable sympathy fur the Prus
Ekrenbretutein is the fortress dot ex
cellence of Prussia, and is regarded as the
Gibraiur of the Rhine. It is on the right
bank of the Rhine, opposite to CoblenU.
It is connected with this town by abridaw
almost perpendicular ; but since il was Ta
ken by the French in 1796, and again in
1799. its fortifications having been treb
led and quadrupled in strength, and the
entire hills has been turned into a fortress.
It has been thought unnecessary to scarp
the steep sides, though it is on record that
a British tourist, accompanied by a terrier,
made the assent to the intense astonish
ment of the sentry. The garrison amoonU
to 14,000 men, and has been hitherto un
der the command of Governor Prendiyn
ski, who belongs to the eighth army corps,
commanded by General Mcswarth, whose
headquarters arc in Coblentz, on the op
posite side of the river. The troops are
furnished with Water by an artesian well,
and the fortress con tains a steam cooking
apparatus of unexampled magnitude
Provisions for three years are continually
kept in store, and the greatest precautions
are Uken to prevent a knowledge of the
fortifications falling into the hands of
strangers. Ehrenbreitstein has been be
sieged many times by the French, and was
uken only on one occasion in 1799,
when the garrison wail forced to surren
der from lack of supplies. The chief dan
ger now is from tho hills iu the mar,
which command the lower ranges of fotti
ficni ion from the increased power of mod
em projectiles ; bnt though much of the
citadel might be laid in tains, it wonld
seem impossible to take it by regular as
sault or by a coup de main. Ehrenbreit
stein is mounted with 600 pieces of artil
lery, and its lines cost 33,750,000.
Coblentz may be considered under the
same head. It is situated on the conflu
ence of the Moselle and the Rhine, and its
fortifications were built by the famons
Vauban, being improved afterward by
Montntcmbcck. Its garrison is eery
large, and is chiefly from the eighth corps.
In time of war Coblentz and Ehrenbreit
stein will accommodate 100,000 men. Co
blentz was taken by the French Directo
ry iu 1794. after a very fierce i struggle.
The French built a stone bridge over the
Moselle here, and fortified it with a Ute
du pont bristling with cannon.
Cologne is on the left bank of the Rhine,
forty-five miles above Coblents. It is built
close upon the river, in the form of a cres
cent, and connected with the town of
Dents, on the other side, by a handsome .
oiiihTe bridf erected Itr i860; It is sur
rounded by walls of very ancient date,
which form a circuit of several miles.
Outside these, which are not considered
of any strength, are houses and gardens
and a considerable suburb. But there are
strong fortifications in, the river in frontof
the bridges, and there is a fortified camp
garrisoned by 7,000 men of the eighth ar
my, corps, under Lieutenant General
Fran ken berg, and this neucleus of an ar
my will probably be increased very con-
siderabiy, for Cologne is a strategic point
of importance, sine it commands the ap-
proaches into Hesse-Cassel and Hanover.
It will probably be the station of a corps
, Miss Mary Curtis Lee, daughter of the Gen
eral, is attracting much attention in 8t. Louis.