ssSIRSSkakRrktiaJ U All
: s Si
. mm I i
a ; , ' . - , . . 1 , i, : ii i X.. .
Nbw Toui, August 15, 1868.
Allow a to rail jour atuattoa to agr Rtaaasa,
COMPOUND EXTRACT BUCHU.
i art Baabu, Look 1 sat Co
PRINT1M0 PRESS FOR SALE.
VMM OF FBSTAKATIOV.
Jaahwr Barries, by diotllU
tM, w (atssaRaw ta. Cwawaa Wanted by dis
m null yn,arisa)i aWaaaril treat Jaaiiav Bar-
rioo, very libtto uM It used, and a Small propor
roraawaU numottpsUteblo taan any now
It i. a
fcjr Btvffteto. to of a dart col
it Mat oauU tat fnmui ; tbo ac
4ssirors this (IU aolirs priocito),
Manas a ear aad aiauaoui oecoitron.
the color of taasasasaai Tat Baran io my praaar
atloo predoailaalat Ux amallrat quaatttv of taw
other laaradtoaai are added, to prrreot mraaau-
a. It will be found not to be
Tincture, aa aaade la PWataoopaaa, aor to It a By
rap aad therefore eaa be used ia rasa where forar
or inJUmwtaUan extot. In thto, you hare tbe knowl
edge of tae
la aad the aiodeofprepa ration.
Hoping that you will favor it with a trial, aad
that upon faapartton it will meet with your approba-
wiu a netlBg oi continence.
I aai. rery reapectrallr.
H. T. HELM BOLD.
Cheattot aad Dniggitt of 16 Yean' Experience
From the largest Manufacturing ChemltU in the
World. J - '
Nonas 4. 184.
"I am acquainted with Mr. H. T. Helathold : he
occupied the Drug Store opposite mr residence, and
wae snccessral la coaducting the buaineaa where
othcra haa not been equally ao before hisj. I hare
been favorably Impremed with hia character aad
eaternciae." WILLIAM WEIOHTM AN
Cheat lata, Miath and
for aale aa exrel-
IUmaor Printing I'rees. Heti UoVJfl
tm lie I'rinU a form UOx.tO and down to a
single Una. It la in ifod ordur, and always
ready for any find of printing. Price very
moderate, Adaveaa, J. J. Broth,
FOB. SALE !
CASH, at the
SALISBURY, N. p., SEPT. 80, 1870.
fje lb Nodi) State
rtilUIBID WSEKLT IT
E W I 8 H A N
Editor and Proprietor.
Ohm Y bar, payable in advance. . . .
Six Months, ... ...
THE DIVOBCK tAyPAION.
i of Powera A Weightraan. Mannfactniing
I Brown Street, Phitadel-
FLUID EXTRACT BUCHU,
For weakneaa arising from indiscretion. The ex
hausted powers of Nature which are accompanied
ay ao many aianaiag symptoms, among wnicii win
be found. Indisposition to r.xi
eV 'J . sajdmsssR)i
I WILL SELL FOR
Court House In
MOCKSVILQi, DAVIE CO., N. 0.,
or the 4th day of OCTOBER, being Tues
day first week Superior Court, the well
known tomtit USE PROPERTY,
which la one of the beat country stands for
MerehamlMng in Western N.C., b. rim situ
Ht.-r.M mil.- i.. .in SaHHbury. on the Wiikes
ln.ro Hoail. 10 miles from Ntatesville, lu a
flue neighborhood, wilb good
witb all necessary Warehouaes for a general
trade. Also. Rood
Out Houaea, Ice Houae, go,l Oreharda, and
aouie Two or Tbree U uudred Acres uf very
and is, upon the whole, one of the most de-
airable places io the country.
Any oue wishing to examine the Property
tit,., will olease cull ou J. V. GRAY, or the
Messrs. STIMPSONS. who are uow iu lua-
inesa at that place; and for further particu
lars, addreaa me at Eagle Mills, Iredell Co..
N. C. T. N. COOPER.
July 22-29: 1 1 w.
NflflPBwwMOTaMraKrV: . . .
Rate of AdoerUtxnq.
iipi has now fair-
uftr sig cases
on the docket ol
Rrlug the tern
I mid cruullv
!l gtfl by WRRaRO
Till M.I I's a BROTHERS,
TWO DOORS ABO VE THE
Court Home, on Main Street,
RKTURX Til I, I K THANKS TO THjE
public for the rery lilwral patronage en-
'oyed by Ibem during the naet year, nml hope,
ly fair dealing and strict attention to business
to merit a continuance, if not an increase of the
We will enntinneo keep on hand a good sup-
ll V "I l AflUUX UAVbiiAUiB, 11
Frewh and Salt Finn,
OK KVKRY VAUIETr
Whiskeys, Brandies, Hum, Gin, dtc , tc,
adiaposition to Kwrtton, Lo of Memo DOOTS. SIIOKS, I0MJ:ST1CS.
raRRRsBjs eUeRawsaaasa aad? Jaawaaeaeaer -a AaaJaiSajp a a tr-'t trs r i i a
Ona Sauare, I rat iaaertiuw $1.00
For each additional inaerlioo, SO
8p.ial notion will be eharsaad 60 pas aewt
higher than tha above rataa.
Con i t and Juatiee's Orders will be publish
ed at the same rates with other adssiai
Obituary untlcei, over six Unas, charged
1 Square. $2 50 $3 7!i 5 00 $8 .VI 1 1 .'1 00
2 Squares. J 4 30 6s 8 50 13 00 22.00
.ISquarea. 6 00, 9 00 13 00 20 00 30.00
4 Square. 8 00 1 1 00 15 00 25 00 37.50
1 Column. 1 1 00 16 00 20 00 30 00 45.00
i Column. 18 00 24 00 30 00 45(10 75.00
1 Column. 28 00 40 00 50 00 80 00 1 30,00
of Evil; In fact. Universal Lassitude. Prostration,
and inability to enter into the eujoymentsof society.
The constitution once affected with Organic
Weakness, requires the aid of Medicine to strength-
aa aad invigorate the system, which IIKI MHOLDs
Extract Buc ho invariably does. If no treatment!
submitted to, Consumption or insanity ensues
FLUID EXTRACT OF BUCHU,
'. Iff i T .'," ,
In affections "ertiliar to Females is nnequalled by
any other preparation, as in Chlorosis or Retention,
Painfulness or oppression .f Custoinarv Kracna
tions. Ulcerated or rScbirrus State of the Uterus, and
all complaints Incident to the sex, or the decline or
easnge ol lite.
y FLUID EXTRACT OF BUCHU
IMPROVED E0SE WASH
Will radical ly exterminate from the system diseases
arising from the habits of dissipation, st little ex.
psase, little or ao change in d at. so inconvenience
or exposure; coranletely superseding those unpleas
ant and dangerous remedies, Copaiva and Mercury,
In all these diseases. - - .mm.
FLUID EXTRACT OF BUCHU
la alt disease of these organs, whether existing la
It Is pleas-
whatever cause originating.
and no matter of bow lone standing
aat la taste and odor, "immediate" in action, and
more strengthening than sny of the preparations ol
Ran or iron.
in fact, almost everything usually kept in a vn
rict v Store, all of which we w ill sell low for
Cash, or Country Produce ut the high
est market price.
PUILLIPS 4 BROTHERS.
Feb. 18. 1870. 7 tf
XeBing's Via Fura cures all Liver,
Kidney and Bladder Diseases, Organic
Weakness. Female Afflictions, General De
bility and all eomp'oints of the Urinary Or
gans, in male and female.
i 1.000 will also be paid for any ease of
Blind. Bleeding or Itching Piles that De
Bing's Pile Remedy fails to cure.
DeBing's MAGIC LINIMENT cures
Rheumatism. Pains. Bruisee aud Swelled
Joints, tn man and beast.
Sold everywhere. Hand for Pamphlet.
Laboratory 142 Franklin st.. Balti
more. Md. . apr22-ly
RKTUK.VS HIS THANKS to his OLD
tHISXItS andthe Public fur the liberal
jatronage heretofore extended to him. He uow
mforms them that he has fitted up a rlew and
commodious t , -
Shop, in Dr. Henderson s Brick
Building;. Room no. a.
where he tmuld be pleased ti see them. He
nsriinteefi to give satisfaction in every case.
He haatn his employ ol tne nest uair irremwrs
in Western . ortu Carolina, lie request a can
Salisbury, K. C, Peu. 17, 1819. 50 tf
' Is Boito VO H not m;,
RALEIGH, y. C .
Having no. connection with any other Hotel
in Raleigh, shall make the
WHAT IT II AS RRRg,
The only First Clans Hotel in the City.
March 18 tf
J. 111. Blair,
Those an lie ring fro rlt broken -down or delicate con
Ututioas, procure the remedy at once.
The reader most be aware that, however slight
may he the attack of the above diseases, it is cer
tain to affect the b-dily health and mental poeis.
All tha above diseases require the aid of a Din
ratle. HKLMBOLU S Extract Bnchu is the great
Held by Droggteai every here. Prlee 11 .98 per
bottle, or 6 bottles for SS. 50. Delivered to sny ad.
graaa. Describe sy at ptosis-la all commaaications.
""-Rtf S"SH,-'f5( fr
i H. T. HELM BO LP, Drag and Chemical
Ware ho use, S94 Broadway, If. T.
K0!CK ARB GESI ISE CXLE8S DOXE CP IX
steel-en grared wrapper, with mc-stnik ofay C jem
tcal Warehouse, aad signed
'r H. T HH MB", .
Fruit Trees, Small Fruits,
Ornamental Trees and Plants,
CHOICE GAIMMELP SEEDS, f.
A splendid stock or the choicest varieties.
Bend for descripiive catalogues and Priced
All Trees well packed so a to carry safely to
any part of the United Antes.
Small FruiU and Small riant of all kinds,
sent by mail, postage paid, to any Post Office in
the United tales.
Edward J. Evans dt Co
Snmery and Seedmen,
sept 2 3m YORK, PA.
NORTHCAROLINA. I In the Superior
Rowan Count-it Court of Law.
In the ease of Julia Riggs. vs. Johu Riggs.
IttitioHfor Divorce from the Bonds of Mat
rimony. It appearing to my satisfaction that the de
fendant, Johu Riggs, is a non-resident of
this State, notice is hereby giveu that he, the
said John Riggs. must appear at the next
term of the Superior Court to be held for the
county of Kowan, at the Court House in
Salisbury on the Fourth Monday after the
Third Monday in September, and plead, an
swer or demur tn the complaint filed in this
case, or the relief prayed for will be granted
A Jl'DSOX MASON,
Clerk Bokom Sup. Court.
Aug. 30, 1870 35:6V pd
We copy the following from the Ne
Berne jiepuottcan, and endorse every
Newspaper men are al ways aettinr forth
the advantages of advertising. They try
to prove if there is anr "Royal Road" to
fortune, that judicious advertising is that
road. They cite examples of meu who
were not worm a dollar a lew years ago,
and who art now rolling in wealth and
luxury ; and they tell us that this magi
cal change of fortune was all brought
about through the agency of advertising.
The evidence in favor of advertising is
certainly too strong to admit of a reason
able doubt of its efficacy as a business
stimulant and tonic. Advertising brings
popularity, and popularity brings success.
M r m rS wMM, ta oUbU a Ll:al I. .
in the hands of an individnal, what is to
prevent it being of far more power in t'.ie
bands ol a community I it a bu-iuuss
man, uy me, outlay ol a lew dot an, can
increase his business several hundreds of
dollars, what is to hinder a Town, a
County, or a State from increasing its bu
siness by means of a little money spent in
judicious advertising f It advertising
Bttiente an individual, it will benebt a
community. Then in the name of com
mon sense, I ask the Press of North Car
olina, Why you do tint tidvertisu the na
tural advantages of the Good Old North
State ? Why not bring the entire news
paper force of the State to bear on the sub
ject ? Let every town and every county
have its peculiar advantages : let each
paper st forth the advantages of its own
particular neighborhood, but let them unite
in advertising the State in geueral. Why
not declare a political truce, discontinue,
bitter political and personal articles. Do
not pander to the tastes of a few depraved
politicians who gloat over a ''red hot ui-
ticle" as the buzzards gloat over the pu
trid carcass of a dead mule. Endeavor to
build up the business of the State ; invite
the capitalists, the mechanic and the la
borer to join us in developing the uiilirri
ted resources of this good old State. It
certainly lies within the power of tbe
North Carolina press toturn a large stream
ol he nde f immigration Inwards the
siion s nt mis mate ; and all that i re
quired is to stop advertising "Ku Kluxers"
'Uiiioti Leaguers"and all "Politicianers."
For Cod's snke give tha old North Slate
the benefit if the writ of "ilabeaa Cor
dus," releare her front tile claims of poli
tics, give her a rest, give ber a breathing
spell. Let a healthful stream of immigra
tion course through her veins and build
up In r wasted energies. Remember that
immigrants looking for a place to settle in,
cannot be expected to come to North Car
olina, if you continue to fiarht aud auarrcl
and scold, arid make believe that a terri
ble reign of terror is boveiing over tbe
The excitement created by the politi
cians of the Stale would not amount to
much if the Press would only chronicle
the work accomplished, and not deign to
notice the little side-show fights that take
place outside of the arena. Oentlmen of
the North Carolina Press, we appeal to
yon in the name of the good people of the
State, to advertise the Slate. Let the
outside world know that tbe, Old North
State can, and does offer aa many induct -
mi nts to tbe capitalist, the merchant and
the laborer as any State in the Union.
The fall divorce earn
ly opened in Indiana,
lor divorce are regist. r
tbe Court of Common
county for consideruti
which opened on fl
are the principal causal
coinpla aula, wLik
tShTefly of cruelty, abanesmmeutand adul
tery. Wo. H- Brown wishes to separate
from hia wife, Sarah J. Brown, because in
the year lbCt sue was guilty of crnel
treatment of him by petting eowiteb in
Ilia bed Thirty-seven of the applications
for divorce are ited by women, and ouly
nineteen by ineu. August Ferbar't win
ceta drunk and stays oat at night. Geo.
W. WilUrd gets drunk end marries other
women Thomas McKair abandons his
Rachel and goes and serves a term at
State prison. Robert Monrbouae com
plains that hia dear Hsitie tails to "pro
vide plaintiff witb money wherewith to
provide tbe necessities of life," and cruel
ly prosecutes her. Bobby before n justice
of tbe peace for assault and battery. An
na Si dam refusea to allaw ber Charles to
enjoy the comforts of hn borne by (bis or
her) living therein, and taxes him with the
support ot worthless male relatives. Catb
ariue Pugh brings two suits by two differ
ent attorneys against Run Pugh, who
leaves her alone and drinks with vile as
sociates. Some of these discontented per
sons have lived together a long time. Ab
igail G. Townsend having been married
in 1846 to Horace Townsend, from whom
he now asks to be divorced because he
abuses and fails to provide for her. Oth
ers found each other out more quickly.
Mr. J. A. Deli off married iu I hoi), gets
drunk and abandons his wife in 1870.
The divorce list shows most curious facts
nd is well worth careful reading.
As to ChicagOiaJfiwre divorce ia in the
air, statistics aud culled facts of last year's
compuign, from Marcb, 1S69, to March
of tbe present year, are also interesting
I'he whole number of divorces applied for
u the ilecordor s court whs 447 ; in the
Circuit court 36, and in the Superior court,
from January to July, 1868, it was 86
n all ,ii,: ; to winch, in order to form an
stiiuutf, about liny should be uddnd to
make up the y ear's balauce, a goodly pile
how limited Was Tennysdjn's notion that
in the spiinffc p. opie s taney lightly turns
t thoughts of love, may be seen from the
lact that at the opening of the vear the
fancy of more persons to thoughts of di
vorce than to those of matrimony, rising,
on the average, from about to seventy.
The. fact tha: desertion figures so largely
us a cause of marital difficulty in Illinois
is due, among other things, to tbe unsta
ble and migratory tendencies of Westet.i
life. Intemperance, which is another
source of this moral abomination, is a ne
cessary consequence of living in tbe ex
hausting, because intoxicating, climate of
the West, where (or the same reason, in
sanity is prevalent. In all climates and
under all conditions it is the nature of wo
man to be discontended. In the East
tliis peculiarity appears in woman's rights
agitations, salacious literature, curtain lec
tures, nnd assumption of the garb of men;
in the West it crops out as divorce be
cause of facility. Io Illinois, whether
the husband gains or loses a divorce suit,
he is responsible for all costs therewith
connected, and Ossa upon Pelion while
the suit is going on the wife can enjoin
him from the use or possession of his own
real and persoual property. 1 has la ch
mate aided and abetted by law. and di
vorce made eaay. Throwing affection and
decency aside as not entering into tbe
question the Wife has all to gain and noth
ing to lose by an Indiana or Illinois di
v nOe Law, public opinion and vagrant
desires, push the inhabitants of the West
down an inclined plane already greased
by climate and social influences, and when
they gt t to the bottom they will find that
it is a greased plane they have to climb
again. Aleap York World.
TBOCHU ON WAR.
Now that the approach of the Oermau
armies to Paris kftRMi with anna day into
greater prominence the name of Troebu,
the General whom the French army re
jected, but a pan whom the republic bos
hnpoaed iU greatest taek, it will be inter-
rm,nm so mm aaa what ansrof man ha l"T
want spirit be ia hktity-to ad- . ,.
" FVsaa fas Xm Ijt World.
A THOUSAND YE 4 US AGO.
Forgiveness. The brave pnly know
how to forgive. It is the most refined
mmt geHrivuB pitvu illluc IIUUIBU Hi's gOVel
lure can arrive at. Cowards have done VV'illi
1 j - j i n
tou sou kiiiu niu'Mip, cuwnrug nave even
fought, nay, sometimes even conquered :
but a coward never forgives It i not-his
nature. 1 be power ot doing it fiov on
ly from a strength and greatness of the
soul, conscious of its own force and seen
rity and above tbe little temptations of re
senting every fruitless attempt to inter
rupt its happiness. This ia as true as
preaching. Let afiy one skeptical notice
and profit by their judgment.
The Empress Eugenic and her Son, the
Prince imperial, are living .it Hastings in
England, secluded from society.
A United Germani-. The Tribune
aays : After all, the notable fact ot the
war is uot that each side is enthusiastic,
or that splendid armanjnnts are used, or
that all Europe see ma wrging upon tbe
struggle. The notable fac. is that King
William, at the Prussian headquarters,
c '111111.1 mis the aitny of United Germany.
The dream of German philosophers aud
statesmen for a' century has been accom
plished by the rudej stroke of Benedefti's
diplomacy in an hour. The soldiers ot
Bavaria, Wurtemburg and the petty Ger
man States, that a year ago would almost
as soou have thought ol fighting under the
French ti i-color as beneath the Prussian
eagles, now accept toe orders of the
Crown Prince as it they were already a
part of the Prussian nationality. The
battles to be fought may be lost or won
by 1 'ruse in, but the grand issue of the war
ia already won. German unity, from the
day that the troops of the smaller German
governments were turned over to King
mm. was an accomplished fact.
aji . mi that tf U
RVRRK NHBW tJVCI WIlRNVll IV th PWIUIUI.
In a remarkable passage of his very re
markable book on the French army a
book which, in the light of recent events,
assumes an alntoat prophetic character
irochu thus speaks of tbe temper In
which war must be viewed by soldiers
who are also citizens: "I must bear my
witness, " he says, "to a troth with which
my own experience has has deeply mi
pressed me, when I declare that nothing
less resembles war and battle than the
common descriptions of both. War, which
imposes so bmrt sacrifices in men and
money en the people who engage in it.
end upon the armies which make it so
many trials and efforts, breeds, especially
in tbe countries over which it is wsged,
most inevitable misery and disorder.
Those of old time always degenerated,
and in our own timea often still degener
ate into outrage, violence and devastation,
wreaked upon tbe innocent and habitual
ly inoffensive populations which are tram
pied under foot by the contending hosts
Here are the real, widespread, terrible
evils of war. They are little spoken of,
if they are spoken of at all, for the cry ot
these ruined people is stifled by the emo
tions of the battle -field and of polities.
But the spectacle of these dumb and help
less Bufferings is heart-breakiug to every
soldier who possesses tbe least magnanim
ity. All such soldiers are amazed that
modern civilization, which is so proud of
having supplanted force iu the dealings of
man with man by principles aud by the
law, should still be attempting to settle
international disputes by letting loose the
scourges of war. The soul of such sol
diers sickens with scorn at tbe aspect of
carpet knights who invoke war and cele
brate its glories in a conventional jargon
which betrays their vanity, their ignor
ance, their ambition and their pretension.
But, at the same time, the duties and the
responsibilities ot iiigit command cannot
rut to elevate the sentiments of atl sucti
men. To lead, then, troops, by the au
thority of character and of example, into
adopting tbe habits snd accepting the
rules ot discipline; to dispose them to
consideration and kindness towards non
combatant populations ; to inspire the
soldier with respect for himself, with re
spect for the mission confided to him by
his country, and with such devotion to
the highest interest represented by his
country's flag as shall make it easy for
him to lay down his life in their behalf
what work can be more worthy than this
of the noblest heart and the loftiest spir
it t From this point of view, I firmly be
lieve that wars which bear the double
stamp of right and of necessity exalt the
temper of a nation, snatch a community
from the enervating enjoyments of a long
peace and reconstruct its manhood by
tempering anew In the ordeal of peril and
of endurance its character and its soul
These are the words, and this Is the
spirit of no ordinary captain, aud there
can be little doubt that, under such
commander, the defence of Paris and of
v ranee, whether it be successful Or unsuc
cessful, wifl at least be worthy of a great
people and ot a civilised age.
New York World.
It is certainly one of thsrgreatest curios
ities in history that exactly one thousand
years ago, in tha year of our Lord 870,
the people oi France aud Germany fought
unu r their kings apon tbe same soil, tbatot
Lorraine, for very nearly tbe same reasons,
ROMANCE ABOUT EUGENIE.
How She ones Became Engagtd to
gtnia GenlUmam - The Match
of bw the Lover's Aunt A Wonder
fui Change of Destiny.
eeiLi T"." -ti j . i ssi sbs
I OBJ a liUU
THE ENFORCEMENT ACT.
An odd little poem ia called MUowb
Repleni.h the Church Treasury," in
which the lesson of saving, to tbe end
that meaua may b had lor charity, is en
forced after a somewhat novel method :
Let Annie buy one ribbon low.
And rannie give up one ring:
Grace sacrifice one change of dress,
One sash and fancy string.
Keep good fences, especially line fen
ces ; they promote good feelings between
The Baltimore Sun publishes the opin
ion of J udge Hugh L. Bond, of the Uui
ted States District Court, in rt t'erenco to
the act of Congress of May 31st, 1870, fir
the enforcement of the fifteenth Amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States. The Judge holds that it was not
the intention of Congress to abolish the
laws of the several States which prescribe
the qualification of voters, or even .to alter
tbem, except so far as sucb qualifications
are founded upon race, color or previous
condition of servitude, i He quotes tbe
first section of the statute, which declares
that it relates to "all citizens of the Uni
ted States who are or shall be otherwise
qualified to vote j and says that the mean
ing of this language is, that these citizens
shall be qualified to vote by the laws of
tbe Stale, or l erritory, and that these
persons thus "otherwise qualified," shall
vote -without distinction on Recount of
race,, color or previous condition of servi
tudc. 1 1 enee, it was decided that a regis
tering officer, who in accordance with the
Election law of West Virginia had refused
to enter the name of a white citizen who
bad participated in the ''Rebellion," wrs
not liable under the act of Congress. The
Judge also decided that tbe act of Con
gress only operated on the officers of any
election at which any Representative or
delesrate in Congress shall be voted for,
and tbe registering officer was not such au
The passion for spreading woman's
kingdom to the political arena, court
greens, tha ballot box, ace, is using root
in certain portions of our country-but to
the credit cf the ladies of tbe Soath, we
find here but few, if any, aspirants for
such employment ot honors.
Wendell Phillips has accepted the
nomination of the prohibitory law party
for Governor of Massachusetts. He .had
aleo previously accepted the nomination
of the labor party.
his sobs' who succeeded b
wig L, called the Pious, was divided by
hia three sons, tbo grandson of Charle
magne and that of his sons who Succeed
ed him, Ludaig.L, called ihs'PisSM. RTRRji
divided by his three sons, the grandson of
Charlemagne, in 843, and the congress of
Verdun, between themselves in such a
manner that Lolhaire received, besides tbe
title of emperor, Italy and what was then
called Middle f ran con is, a strip of land
running from tbe North Sea to the Medi
terranean, and there joiuinr Lpper Italy,
a broad strip of land contajniug modern
Holland, Belgium, tbe Lorraine, the Al
sace, and all that part of Southern France
lying between tbe (Jbone and Suone and
the Alps on the east. Ludwig received
Eastern Franconia, which was from that
time called German ia, or Germany, and
from which he. as Germany's first king,
was called Ludwig the German.
v.,i i... .1 1 1... ii .i.i r......
, KM v.,,,.,, tin u 111, ll Hill
KTTEald head, received Western Franco
nia, from that time called Franconia, or
France. Lothaire died in 855, and again
subdivided his empire amongst bis three
sous. To tbe oldest, Ludwig, he gave
Italy and the crown and the title of em
peror; to the second, Lothaire, tbe south
ern part of his dominion, comprising a part
of modern Holland, Belgium, and tbe
province called up this day Lorraine or
Lotharingen, tbe Alsace, and all the land
extending down to the Saone. To the
youngest, Carl, he gave all the land south
of the iSaoue to the title of Kingdom of
In 8o'J Lothaire died without heirs after
be had previously become possessed also
of his brother Carl's Kingdom of Province,
and it was then that Carl the Btld King,
of France, stepped forward to take sole
possession ol bis nephew s kingdom, com
prising all the eastern part of modern
ce, and extending from the Meuse to
tbe Rhine, and ftom the Rhine to the
A 1 .,,,,1 front il.u 'tlt Ma way down
to the Mediterranean. ' He was oomnlete-
y successful, for his nephew Ludwig. the
King ot Germauy, bad both their hands
too full to claim their share of the rich in
But a year later, in 870. just one thous
and years ago, suddenly a large and well
appointed German nrmy crossed the Rhine
broke into Franee, and defeated Carl the
ISald and bis armies at once, and so com
pletely that he was compelled to sign a
treaty of peace iu the same year (870,) by
which he ceded to his brother Lndwig,
the German, all the eastern part of the e
lands which he had appropriated from is
nephew, and comprising the modern-pmy-iuces
of Alsace, Eastern Lorraino,and the
territories around tne cities ot j rier, or
Treve, Cologne, Msstricht, and Utrecht
down to the mouth of the River Rhine.
Ihe firet grand fight for the Rhine
provinces on tbe part of France, and tbe
Alsace and Lorraine on that of Germany,
which is, after all, if not the sole cause,
certainly one of the principal causes of
the present war of 1870, took place con
sequeutly just one thousand years ago, in
870, Rud witb tne same result.
appeared in society isnsn sfrmWMlri de
Uazman, Uonntess of Montfjo, a lovely
person and an aristocratic name securing
her fa illiant conquests in that society, nnd
constituting her one of tha most rasnous
ladies in Paris. It wan tbcogbt, nasi in
deed freely remarked, that Mr nMfher
was more ambitions than herself; that the
former designed for her some grant' stllt-
ance, while Eugenie herself asMSRsad a
model or Simple sincerity, a
woald ebooee tsssnanait hat kasnt fenny
matrimonial affair. Her sister bad lost
married tbe Duke of Alba aad Berwick,
a lineal descendant of James II of Eng
land ; and tha worthy another, Doaoa la
ria, no donbt designed at least an equal
matrimonial destiny for the more beauti
ful of ber daughters. But tbe heartlislnot
always to be controlled even in tha most
autocratic life, or to yield to its exactions
or convenience. Lugeiua lost hers to a
fine-look ing blonde Virginian, young Wil
liam C. Rives, son of the American Min
ister. I bey were engaged to be married.
But Aunt Judy Rives, a Virginia matron,
very decided and angular in her scruples,
interfered end broke off the match : tha
Countess was too "fast for her old Virgin
ia views of social sobriety. Tha woman
for whom future bad reserved so mheh
escaped the comparatively bumble match
that her heart had decided upon the Jni
tiuj of r quiet Virginia housewife to as
cend tbe throne ot Ft enee. Alas, what
other contrasts may yet remain for Iter !
If an event had been ordered differently,
if a prospective mother-in-law had proved
complacent, the Empress, tbe woman who
has adorned the thromo of France and
displayed to the world the charms of an
other Cleopatra, might at this mosnsnt be
a quiet country matron living in n farm
house near Cobham Depot, county of Al
bemarle, and State of Virginia !
MOUNTAIN SCENERY IN NORTH
CAROLINA AND VIRGINIA.
A NEW INVENTION FOR EXTIN
The New York Post says that a com
pany has been formed in Brooklyn for
the purpose of extinguishing fires by
means ot carbonic acid gas.
"I'he average annual damage inflicted
upon property by hies in the United
States amounts to $50,000,000, aud of
this immense loss one half is art fronted to
the water with which the flames are ex
tinguished. The properties of this gas
are singular. It is composed two-thuds
of oxygen aud one-third of carbon. Ox
ygen is au agent of combustion, but when
mingled with carbon its whole 'character
is changed, and flames cannot burn in an
atmosphere containing this gas to tbe ex
tent of one-fifth of its entire volume. In
England, in the year 1851, a coal mine
that bad been burning for 30 years, over
an extent of 30 acres, in spite of the ef
forts of chemists and engineers to bonauer
the flames, was saved from total destruc
tion by I he injunction of 8,000,000 cubic
feet ot carbonic acid, gas. It is, moreov
er, claimed by tbe Brooklyn company
tuat tins gas cannot injure the moat deli
cate fabric or discolor plate, and is so
cheap that a few dollars only would suffice
to. pay for euough to rescue a house of
medium sise from destruction. They pro
pose to build in some central position a
reservoir similar to a gasometer, and from
this reservoir to lay four-inch pipes in ev
ery direction through the streets. In front
of every house s valve is to BeT placed, 'to
which a small India-rubber hose. can easi
ly he attached to direct the stream of gas
in any direction
"To build a reservoir of adequate sine,
to furnish it with all the necessary retorts,
and to lay down two hundred miles of
pif.es through the city, will, it is said,
cost less than 9250,000, and the project
ors of tbe enterprise assert that one year
will repay 'the expenditure."
A few months ago wc called the atten
tion of our readers to an article in Apple
ton's Journal recommending the artists of
tbe country to visit tbe unexplored moun
tain regions ot Virginia and North Caroli
na and to transfer their beauties to canvasa
for the heneft of pleasure seekers and lov
ers of the grand and picturesque. The ar
ticle has elicited -several letters tn the
Journal on that subject, two of which,
possessing unusual interest, appear fu the
number of August 27. One of these, da
ted Cambridge, Massachusetts, speaking
of the scenery of Western North Carolina,
ssys : "I have been there for years, and
assure any one from real knowledge that
neither the Catskill, Green, nor White
Mountain can hegm to compare with
those of Western North Carol
the Blue Ridge, Cumberland and Alle
nies unite they form a perfect Switzerland
in America ; many European geo jfmen
have declared in favor of this, arajoa
will find English, Scotch and French fam
ilies a noug these immortal hills."
The second letter is from Giles county,
in this State, and gives a graphic descrip
tion of the view from Bald Knob, flrom
which can be seen a general landscape' ri
valling that from Mount Washington.''
Commenting upon these, the Journal
says: "Wo shall soon see hotels and
mountain houses springing up on eRgfble
points amid these grand hills aad the
travel that now sets so persistiently to
wards the Catskilis and Adirondacks. io
fiart at least, diverted to mis region. It
urther announces that it has sent a spt -
cial artist on a tour through the South
whose illustrations will soonHBpl
PHL"- Jmrnmrntm -
We feel convinced that the representa
tions of tbe Journal' correspondents are
not overdrawn, and hope the day is not
far distant when the scenes tbey describe
shall be better known aud appreciated.
Iu these days of travel and sight seeing
the mountain regions of Virginia and
North Carolina, abounding in grand nnd
beautiful scenery, must become more at
tractive in future to tourists and visitors
of cultivated tastes 1n proportion as the
facilities for reaching tbem are improved.
From tne returns made to the United
States Marshal it would seem that Ten
nVssee is" the healthiest country, on tbe
.globe, aud most remtrkabjo for longevity.
Death or Episcopal. Cleugi
Tbe Baltimore papers announce tbe death
ot Hey. Milo Ma ban, V. V., rector Of 1 1.
Paul's church in that city, and one of the
most eminent of the clergy of the Episco
pal church iu this country ; also the death
of Rev George R. Morrison, rector cf
Holy Innocents Episcopal church, HCIhe
same city. Both of tbem died on SsjMjbty
last. Dr. Mahan was a native of Nanse
moud county, Va., where he was bora in
T8I9. Mr. Morrison was .native of Scot
laud, but came to this country when quite
Jeung, and was educated at tbe Aloxan
rja Theological Seminary. He was about
forty-eight years of age.
The six New England States, witb a
voting population, it is thought, less than
that of Ohio, have a representation in
Congress of twelve Senators and twenty
seven Congressmen, while the latter State
has only two Senators and nineteen Representatives.