North Carolina Newspapers

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1- Conimnnicationi
si4 :
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A CALX..
TQI the SURVIVING PATRIOTS or
lifiS n4t?oftsay,tbe glpriwS goverbmetitof the Uaite
I p l -I jl " i ?M! is jeopardy; isome say tht if U abeadj
I P' l T &qbferted ioto arcpmfleta Despotisni I ilUt
' :tnediate aaspicioassmile of; Jearen,; 'vrhich' ftir-
)retsion for thefi benefit of po6terityf to Jxadet i to
bmittinnr to oppression, would ' be binding iba
t)iens, when they might get better. prejreJ
!(io:isist--J Bocii T?flectioiisvhad jdoi , excited
t , td resistance, ' we ;woald bzre "spfftr-
j 1 1 eo oppression oanng- our natural ujes, rainer
litltafjpiave entered Intd sach an unequal cwnflUitj
I it being the most hazardous (enterprise that or
I er hak any accoo t of, we ieing bot very iejvirn
i immBer perhap9 about two tnillionsj including iri
jl ipryienominauoiilof while people in the thirHeeo
I s British Colonies. In sach a dispersed sitajtion
I'litnatllt was difficult to come an understanding,
What;cooid or ouiii to oe dooe; but Dy. theCir
I tnlatloin awocialion papers through said jftllo
iniesyU?e tinited and detertn'med to procure "ee
I donlj pot posterity' or die in the attempt,! al
ithogh We .had (bmpiratiyely noarms, no j Jim-5
llmnftitonj ho ;money,fnp credit abroad, ,noniti
If abU ilothuig or other manitiofis , of warnoap
f enmean3 of procuring thenii we were without
j offioes experienced in war; had ab Fleet, not no
jeffillnt coveTnn.cnt U ccnduct or keep ustioSEth
ijsplaftjof 4ur citiiens : 'were exempted, from ili
1 1tary puty op conscientious rinciples,'aud a lrgo
jRumber uhdef the allorements of .Untish emis-
V 'iEiri turned Tories, under the influence of cfew
IMdisej, : aVaiice and aspiration being parsiie
thatii was Impassible to withstand such a tow-
. erfuj foe; atld that' the King would confiscatelmr
estates for the use of saidrories, and also rhake
- them ;Xi0rd3 and Taskmasters over as, when; we
fchoula be reduced to slave! y, and were1 nlichi
nore iroublesunie than the British. We also hid
iinanyftfibes of Indians on our backs, but opposed
to alt intimidation, we rose like a bandofbrih
ers against . the ? most warlike! and powerfolina-
iioti Vih? earthy and under the banner oft the lni-?
. frarsalRuler, t have succeed ed in the iestablbli
. mentjof the best 'government that ever was for
'Jmedncler which!, fot half a century we hlive
lienjoy unparalelled happiness and prosperity. -
fOuir : peace being only impaired by ai short con-
'jHlci WJin v"e - unusa na inuiaus. wiucn :as
btV hWre frolick when
a well Organized government, not onjyjrich' ind
!polverful,, But able and" willing, to supply lour
ltr6 with Tevery thing necessary for their sife-
5fTi fcomiorr. ease aaa sausiaeiiun, ana pay tijem
f ' . .4 ' i r . 1 i . t . '
rvej tar'tneir seryices.--in ine war 01 tne rev
Mtiutiontwe were destitute of "all these ad van ta-
es j add nad-no hopes at government i everjbe-
.tr I tvf A kAmiuflMf A tlO frvm r e'ArviMa 1 n m
in-i-"'- 2-ir -ib-i -":J i::, . i- r- i .j- iV .11. iJ ,
Kh;. f n.: ' pecuniary way money, was not our oojeci, ana
!rj; .fij.; :-i ei hlgQf ourselves; amply paid t by the acquire-Sfi':liiC-
.ehxi-aObd Gve'rnmenn ;4 ' .' lt
l 1:. When tne convention lormea tne oonsutniton
. (3j ine uniiea oiaies, Dy meir msaon ana exe
iffence i not' by inspiration from Omnipotonce,
' hey;, divided . the powers of government mirf
separate; and. distinct from eacnotner, viz., jne
r.,rclainrft tn make livvs the Ju-liciarvto juigre
rjtApm; nrl the ?Chief Magistrate to execute (
'tiernahd tfie endeavpured to guard eachl of saine povyeri an d aijthorityj they adopted the Cun
thbsi iAnciies agimst the, infringement or uir- sthntion jof ) the Upited States, and gave the
pati
- y Jxi-u-J.' .-.ah ko.lonn-onT.ir tV,o .,tir. I dpfpnd iu and thatehr Dtiinminced to the world
eratSWsSd powers, bur said government lis' that slid! Ckstitu'tipn, ajthe laws of Congress, da the same j exceptj 1 could be induced to dte-
tentwSelyiahdivondfully administrated j by and trpsfes; were the S tetnelwof the land, regard oaths, ui the same manner that one of the
1 ttaviti ft creat natbnal debt, building, fitting! otf and that: the Judges irtf every ciaie st.au dm vv woiip mem us .u..
Sdfeanm? a-largeeet; keeping up a large bound' thereby, any thmih the Constitution or Jiy tQfl (viz) "Constitutions are but papery
fclimTu---.rJ;f-tnU. nr hrn,rfnvidlnn- . lAwsfoflthe said State 1 the contrary nptwith-fl bul breath &c meaning that sacred
stanHind" arm v . fortify
icr jurther progress m suiv uu"'gi .vv'u-
; ing a'city worthy of tho great name it bears;
$ r other ffrat internal Improvements very geai
ij DipiotnaUc expenses, purchasing extensive tjr n
lorifelahd bivdizing the Indians; and all he
Vlt lntlbpPtioioiy .iuan5 except by ajdi-
jieot.iax ior aooai wo yfa4s nun.u if
pressiye; and raised but yeryjsmau pariuue
feevenue tn snort, I thiok-the formation pfjhe
crnmetit-f .tht United States, is as wrjfect.
s aayl pf the acts of thejiutharf race; anj- rit
1 ever materially changed, if-must be for: the
WorSe,!as itTis sure to be in all revolutions hat
are i wadtontv made.1 As common report sjys ;
this' Glorious Goternment is now in jeonaidy.
KtxtjptitQ dtMhenad both: ptofesstng.he
1 1cttte4 by Jtrue republican princi plesThe totd
llepublicani may:by a ceep aesignmg t?s
JraenlaM
IllLHDUi ClllJlia m f4 "T ; 1
UrM the standard of Uberty, and ai
' advanced in astate of superannuation, ywhus out
ahlniallneyentat, powers mtah impaiiedj let
"S'dluUv inouireiiuto the real situation of
iffiaSealiran
intrudelsiand the effects thereof, and striate
-1oui!ycurg3rethren to ;bejas true to the present
Moverninerit of the United States, as their; f f th
Yra; wefelto the cause ot Liberty for then; ftfene-
thr Unoh; wmchjwas; aboufc' as cwrecsn
J iAt.- t.'M..-ihw:toaIa kill
WIW .nS nothing &ald
best neinoour w pjiniiwiuu."" l- -J s j
i ami Aiw. mvw""-7-i- -
J' 'S?.tt"T . 'i- i 1 .1. . m rr
neW exploded; fey fflSfit
t-ITi- v .wtitfitinn thsn to their misrfpresen-
I of Uomesiicxuaaujacuws v-f.
kl.y Jl. tsvout of the South Caroh
St ?weu as the i
"l-U i viiilU. "-ii.H,,.- t 1 i : - tM'fnfetP J -drpat with a torergniation,ana if war ever commen
te lli4f. SSSuk ccs between the. States, ?we cannot conjecture
f jdllfendsKip to WASfluft how it Uf tenmnate-1 he revolutionary motto
; their Ittea In defeiiCfl t0rvi wasi -dnifid we standdirided we faU- I cao-
i tA iivrii thereof was jtnfl pmj ns 10 PTV- ,LiftJf t!i.k i).. 'tfn. nf &nhth Cnlin.
!the.r
IF"" 1
I Pttt Wtrernely. Ps? M StShlSjf iii jbnt Mieirinnst
; lfeanfr Which MTfeife 'iJffiCSi; vSSfto-deTiheVthe Uitf
f)l rtnpUy iM ,?"JT?A SsteJiandteruthe ruins thereof, erect a
mails, as
: IU ; hetelthey pleas without pay
! -M I ' - T i r - -I Ta 1 1 1 T w m Ml mm w M1IIU v mmar. v s -f -
f$aitof,Thej
m t J ti nbfbrd
10 other nationsnu4
Keased ciye for them, and in return we, should
mmm? ii?clc4
5 fhat teywoeld .please ;tol(ask; butby said'pontr
1 TJetlticothe prices cf 6M iiw -Imateriala are en
honisei.and ;w6cah msf chasa4 f all ' manulactared
ccf cwiua oeiyie oeswes ute great advantage 01
XforntthiQg taanj! bfou'f c?&reaawiih proftwbJu
4t ingf he 1 Vast wpensa of transporting oar taw
ooaienais many tnoosaaua of milea te otAef na
jUQMand'briflgin their manufactured articles to
America and the verv srrat advantaeeof incres-
ing Uur jlndependence of het nations, for these
comrnna; necessaries of ligi, and eepecially if the
Untted;- States should ever be involved in war
trith any other nation jl ' t '"-' y'v x
ThoJ &utbCaroliniah:c1aini ' a privilege bf
secedinjg ifrom tjibe Union as aTOnstitutiobal
ght, and have made great '-'eflbrta In a.'warlike
manner for that purpose. Ill they have that right
it niast rflUct dtace on those Wba formed the
eoBStitiitjop ;fj U. Stai$sj hut I think it entire
fy unreasonable td suppose-that the best and wisest
of tnen.twhikne the injsufficiency of the oldAr
ticles ol Confederatioo td keep the Stales together
land provid for the welfare of the Union, and to
coercff the diflereniptatcf intor.bbedience for the
whole, injonld actTso icjdnlistenjlT- with thejr du
ty and the iaterestj of the Union as to allow any
ichprivilegedr not to guard igainst such event
if atUtnpted; for if any one State has V right to
secede, each and every oilier State would have
an eijual right, which would be transmuting the
United States into a 'monster, haviog twenty
tout heads, each posscsifiug equal," separata and'
distinct powers over the body. My Friends ex
amine the; Constitution, and the free and solemn
manner ! in which it was adopted, and the more
Solemn and sacred oath tovsupport it, and see if
such an.'event is not sufficiently guarded asrainst.
The INullifiers pretend to fear that a consol-
icauon 01 tne mate Lroverpments will tans place;
but they know that it is impossible for any event
of that kind to take place in any manner, so as to
impair the rights ol. any one of, the States, with
out destroying- the very 'foundation '"of the Gov
ernnieniof the United States; and they have
made the (host perfidious attempts to effect that
j Vlulethe Copstitutitfejrjof iheUnited States
rema(ns inviolate, all.. thpwers that aw neces
sairy jlo perpetuate the Stale Go Vernmnnts, and
advance,fhe happiness of their inhahitants are se
caredi toUhem; but to avoidl culisru.is among the
Stales, and more pennants! f t secure t ha peace,
happiness and prospttrinihitbt; American people
posejStatos; wiejyi .ai icjreetly surrendered
saen aiirwuies 01 yreaty as tney possessed,
to the; GWramentlthqjynited iS'tates, 'and by
said sonjender, the jStates are individoally debark
red frornUhe exercise of fald attributes such as
raising "a . Revenue by ; impost or export duties,
declaring war, making peace, keeping troops,
ot snips 01 war in trine of peace, entering into
or with a
iuret"ii power, -no oiae snan enter into anv
- : . . 11: ...
Treaty, jAUiance for C6nwdj?rationj grant letters
of marque and reprisal, coin moaey; vnit bills of
credit, make any.thifi? bnt gold or reiver coin a
tendejr in- payment of debtsVpass any t)ill of attain
der, ex post facto4a'w( orJlaw impairing the obli
gation ofjcontracts, orgr4ftt ay title of nobility.'
"The South Carolinians stickle much on a
claim to spvreign 'prwer and apply it in a sin
gular iniSner to the, Government uf their own
Sate,: add not to the UnijStates in our Dec
laration of Independence Uhe title ut sovreignty
is j not! ascribed to ahy cf the Slates. By "said
Declaration! we abrogated jjthe word sovereign;
ankl delegated to the pe3l.f acl State, a su
pipmo-iiuwer wcgnsmutea Kiyc" yr injyw.
came eon'virjeed of t,he nelespity f a mora per
manent union ot saia ??iates,t()r the satety,bene-
fiti and happiness of the pedple thereof, by the
standing, I have had - i sincere hope that the
mil ifiers! had become cortVinced of the imnroon-
etV of their lebnducti and that they were ready to
retrace their steps, as they have appeared to de
sist from! their violent acclamations, butby lat
Dublications f discover that the violence of party
spirit Still exists, and that they are actuated by
. -. ' . : .. m .
Uieir lormer pnncipies, ana ine unionists are oe
. - j- - - r i t - a- wt ' r . l '
termined at! the risk of
termined atTthe risk of their property and their
lives to resist thej operation of tho Ordinance
passea oy couvennon in ijkiarcn iojo, compelling
all officers to take k Telt i Oath 'as a condition
As boiuing office) which- iheyj think uncon
SUtutionil ahd opposed toibe sanctity of baths al-
ready tatcerf to. proteet ana; ueienu tne vonsuiuuan
of the United Stales, and think the intention is
- ' ' 'ii . - . ii ilt iliL
to oissotye tne union,tjn;tae exisieoce ui wnicu
$The present situation gf onr uoyernmental at;
fairs beas a gloomy aspetitj for if insurrections, or
rebellions arise in the ohion j they must be repel-
led.fandj although the South Carolinians,, who
were fit to fun mad to gef General Jackson elect-
I . , . - . . . . .
.-?
,A
u va5C ..u W'?J",4UU "" f
(strtieedto issuebyaue sexrse ofy, and
which, perhaps, may sav the nqion1y causing
gentlnjto rette morlously, jtnd better
nndestanapn wnat groutdaney stood. '
j Sometimes a spark of fire; raises a great ft
ame,
- or caostjs a;grea explosion; we Jkftow that re-
i ubUcs areonoxious to tpe irowns ot monarch
war
ever wanted to secede from the Union for the
nPoseW establishing -alleparate; and 'distinct,
sovereign, and indie pendent Ggyernmeat of their
twn hich' wonfil placi4hem pfitj disa-
dod-1 greeabie giiuaiionas iney mast. .uow iui any
WoaM lever command the respeei of other Da-
r A- .ir ; ..s.
Soumem Cfederacy, In which other States,
v A W a. H
r K r. ll- i n ""i t t:
WatK apprisedja
and have a pariicular art of eulogising
... . . .iT I '.111 ? J C.. v
although enfee-
admonish each
iMjLt l wwi. tn tnosia un.and conxnouw miw wwarua
vinff our guwiouB v hbwwj
f i - ; --Kur-1'.. I' ! ' '
the yomeniho are h$?&j&&0ftwM
ciatmg the. value of said government astthoVei
that experimental! v Kno-v n!i KfSit -m'
JayeA-gwKf eflect;--4dtisei inem ItnaiaVe hot
heen rnformed of the evi's. n. ifieih.r f hr
Mveofefelbarihe -wernaeiktr jptHrtions
by.dividing and subdividing their I gpvernments.
iiauijr 4cvjies f uumouation ot incuen
ttalr office hunters,; to thinly seriously on the
subject and determine in their own minds, wheth
er it is possible tbil any good cinresuli from ahy J
diyieion of these United States; and at the samf
time to consider, the . in'calculablek evils, that
Would result. from any suchdivisipn, Wnich must
greatly accnmulate the expenses, itrpair the hap -
ppess,,and safety of the people and jeop
ardise the , whold nation.! The princip flul.
Bfiers teem to Utii froni I t&eir T fi ulous
pretensions joC'-'ftticanisni sinice - Ihejiha
so clearly convinced" the world of, the fala y of
said pretensions ; by endeavoring j to desq jy a
Government founded on genuine republiean priii
ciples formed amicably and rmaheotlylfunl
der which they had eojoyed so man v leslngs,
and a vast increase of opulencyt; without bjvinjj
arjy sufficient reason for so doing, or the least
cause of complaint Against the principles of Vsaid
government.- A nd now it appears that they ave
instead of republicanism adopted the fulsome tuund
of sovereignitya which they harp so much; thit
to me it seems probable that if they were separa
leoirom, ine union ny mutual consent, that on the
incjease4of party discord, aspirtkM, ib du
her of theirfjobilifyl ' they wtuld divide theinet;
mory inioanumoer ot sovereignities tn propor
tion to the number in Germany,: where, accord
ing to, historical accounts, there are more than
three hundred sovereign princes. Is sovereign'-!
ty magical enough! to expiate or absolve from the
obligation of oaths pr the crime of perjury ? : (
It seems to me very strange that "any created be-
.ing in the most prosperous circumstances,, and ap
parently in tne most nappy situation that we can
reasonably' suppwe our Creator ever design
ed them to be in this state of probation should
be the ImoSt reckless andi anxious ' .for a
change ; but sacred history proves ; .that
fact. The angelsj of light j supposed to be
the first rank of created beings In a state of per ;
feet happiness, by ' aspiring after ah equilibrium
withJUieir Creator nullified bis kws and were
hurled "to perdition il Adamiand Eve being: pla4
ced abDarentlr in nrfpt tto rr konmh-o
nulhSed the laws ot God, and -thereby broutrhn
disgrace and misery bo themselves and their off
spring. For nullifying the laws of - God the
Sodomites were destroyed by fife' and brimstone
and the world was drowned,' and the ancient;
nations destroyed by the sword,' plague,pestilence
and famine, &c. &ci. ;': : ) s:j v:ya
s r "aouiugMjnj aaia me
Very idea of the power, and the right of the. peo
ple to establish a government, presupposes the5
duty of every individual to Pbey the; established,
Government he also said the propitious smiles i
of Heaven, can never! be expected on a nation that I
disregards the eternal . rules .of order and
right which Heaven itself has ordained.! ; It
appears to me that ne of the most prominent
rules of orders ordain$d by Heaven, is the intro
duction of olenm oaths, forthe promotion of jus
tice, and security of life. ! liberty and propef
tyi, and m revolution I was convinced, that ah
Umnipoten:,Omnidcint and Omnipresent Deity,
did deign m his mercy,to lexik down & iii some de
gree to act as an arbiter in great national affairs.
Hence the voluntary flaking ot a false oath, does
seem, to be, the most? presumptuous wifAHnfiU
that a man can be guilty ofj in which he invokes
ti''n-i;.'' WMffi 1 .
he draws i to sed his
bfessinor orJ venjreance
on his soul according to the; truth of falsehocdi
of what he says or promises to : do ; under Cte
aforesaid belief, I never could be induced to take
an oath of allegianceiW the Government of the
United States, and then take another oath, di
rectly counter to it;
coinpacis were no ntfre than blank paper, and
loai sacrca oams.weie no more man common air;
md his promotion si ncej shows an acquiescence
in his opinion. Good Lord deliver us from such
men ! Principles which will promote private
virtue, will advance public; happiness.
Having already given ray ideas, on the origin
design, and pernicious consequences of nnllifica-
iwu, vui owPiFumy fu'
ism; mfeat.ing th,; usurpations .of .the President of
1 will now explain mv vh.v on Jackson
, . , .
hadno personal enmihr against
his public services to their full value, and
desirous that he should be well paid for said ser
vices, but was opposed to his being, elected Pres
ident of the United States ; because did believe
that he was the most dangerous man in the Uni
ted States, for President, for the following rea
sons: while he was commander-in-chief of ;the
Southern. Army, he convinced me cf his; violent
and dngovernable temper; and disposition; not
restrainable by the Constitution $c Laws, of the
countrv :
and in the mean time gave the Span-
I J y
ish people just cause pf war, against tbp United
- 1 &tae?, and nothing but their, imbecility pre-
vented sucn a war ; and placing no stress on
me. reroris 01 nis Drotaneness. immoraiiiv. ava-
rice, or hard heartedriess, in taking the; JiveS of
six respeetahle mtlitia men, in an instant when
the exigencies of the Government did hot require
it &.?, and as 1 was not informed of h;s having
made any great display, of superior talent in the
fulfilment of any of his duties, in any of the civil
appointments he had rilled, I did believe, that
his opponent was In every respect, much better
qualified to preside over the Governmtpt of the
Uoiled'j States than General : Jackson. His
opponent J. Q. Adams haying been Sufficient
ly tried, and convinced the world of his com
petency and integnty, under? the fery Jm
portant appointments he, had filled j although
he was calumniated by a combination of design
ing men, for a lucrative purpose, who knew that
President Adams already had a full Cabinet, tod
toppusintr if he kcbnld, be . supDlanted. ; that
his. successor, would dismiss them, and promote
- U jY. : . . - .' ; ' . i ,
his own friends: while there were others, who,
in my. opinion did not believe that Gen. Jack
son was' a safe repositorv bf Dower, exerted them-
selves in favor of hi3 election under an expec
i' -a m . M T. . 7 -- i i.
tation, that he would serve only one term of tour
years, and if they i weretnot elevated, by him
they -would huzza themselves into the favor of
as General Jackson's claim1 to ; the . Presidency
tieularly on his success m the battle 'olJSew
was DraoiaiHini ma miuizrr : cuvnuon
of
leahs, and knowing t
Governmsnts have been
-
w
great militaryCbieftains
1834.
..a . , -r - II . ! r
da wai Kwell calecrated t& &kv-Xtts:
m mj Md he exciled mi lnfferthW any
ryaferiantsr6t ca
Flinch ItJe. Aat thiP .UEHTLTi
C i in nis amaiuoos views nu
ns alaiobt reined thA V
ations.? Military servifeRa ari
to theleartsofme, than any thing , e, a-U
- i Micvaie ine umind aaa na:Ja
lv have the command of ?eis and men, fuUj e-
qual to themselvesJn ever renect. onlv in lint t
Tes4n 0ver resoect, only in -.iut '
of graded the enforcing prao)pi obedience will
make themmore aossere and arrogant, aid in
due therfl to believV they were bora ;to com
mand.and will havS ksa compassion on iothers; &
we are too apt to comeet theMe nf wlnrv uritK
tb4 of success.. General Jickson; hasten bet-
omer
services
iinfermed that
he Hver was wound
in the public serjrice; nor
much exposed to da
eri and hissnfierisgS wereJ
,nrio f-.K..
a mere nothing, in
lparisoa to ifrhat we expert
encpa in tne Indian Campaign id the year 1776. f
wehaving nogovetoenrovidefsbe
inJ beforpM, fJLLl :.3A, : I
in before our State Constitution tra formed. Iani
unacquainted with General JaekWn lalpnta Vn
ttopcsfr his friend have neeinibrtned die of a-
I PfSlaJ' yea Ishipihat Iro hasmade,
" V ground it Drfeias was a 2aerwrtt
sepcted hysome person for making fortificatkos,t
ril rapraved by art;hut whether the commander
miit-f was the greatest engineer in fortifyu.g, I
Je ' was mere well Used with a
suf went number of as good officers and soldiers
as i mid be paraded, well fortified by nature and
art n such a manner- that no act of Generalship
wa necessary or could be displayed by the com
ma der. Whether it would have been proper
for Sen. Jackson to have risked a ; display of
Ge eralship by pursiping the endmy oh j their re
tre; (when they were in a state of consternation
by ie loss of their hief commander, and other
offi xrsornot I am not prepared to give'an opin
ion! But whether General Jackson Was elected
President of the United States! uider the influ
ence of a combination of designing mer is "not
thehuestion; but letus examinethow he has ad
ministered the government One of the most
eminent Senators in congress in his public speech
on tie removal of the Deposites, said, "the eyes
and tlie;bopes of the American People aie anx
iously turned to Congressi they t feel that they
have heed deceived and insulted, their ednfidence
abused, their interest betrayed, and their' liberties
in danger; they see a rapid and alarming concen
tration t)f all power in one man's hands,' and al
so says, the will of .:oqe man alone prevails and
governs the Republic;." i i
: By takings viewof the publications of Gen.
Jackson's conduct towards the committees, com
posed of highly respectable citizens,' who were
delegated by many - thousands of his constituents,
to bear their memorials, and explain their griev
ance cm the removal of the Deposites, and par
ticularly his reply to a, delegate who was the
bearer of a Memorial from Massachusetts aS fol
lows, ' I . .
' In the eame of God; fir. what do the People
think to gain by sending their memorials here, if
they send ten thousand of them signed by all
thej men, women and children, and bearing' the
aajes from all the girave-stones, I Will not relax
a particle from my position." puts an end to the
question 'whether this is a government of the
tic cxaueu ser
vant of the people, aiits like an inflexible master.
This removal of the tTeposites was certainly, an
unconstitutional act, which neither the President
of iho U. S. nor the Secretary of the Treasury
had any right to perpetrate, for although the Se
cretary (of the Treasury) has seme power in the
recess of Congress, to direct where deposites
should be Dade, yet he has no pr-ver to remove
them aftef they are made, without a special act
of Congress, makings appropriations &c. for that
purjlbse; and the precipitate and disgraceful
maper ii which that business was transac
ted shows that the principle object of the Presi
dent was, to deprive j Congress of their constitu
tiiial power, and get the command of the pub
lie purse (which agreeable to the old adage,
wfl command the sword ) I understand the
Ptttipnt had no ilmiht of thfi fsafitr nf thfi PnH
liittiohe where it was properly placed, in the
Bank of the United States, and was raising a
reienu? of sixty thousand dollars per year : and
.it k ow placed in many State Hankswhere it
. J, f raises 5 0 the
z H 1. r1 - W m
- ISJilUU kV UO lUtadlC, BUU lai.-CP IJU ICICIIUC III .Ills
j,, . -. ui:- t,;
collar men1, by secret contract, receives Soy inter
est on said money or not I am hot prepared to
say;-ibut ,the money is placed, in i many
Ranks, ! over i which the Government i ot the
United States has no control 3 and if Congress
was to P3SS a law for returning -said Deposites,
;the President would be sure to veto it : so I do
not know anv wav to ffet it cut of the hands cf
the President and his party, and thereture, we,
the people; must suifer extremely by that unjus
tifiable usurpation of power. B
Ine predictions of the Great and nood V ash
1toion. ahont xtrfeitie oartv-smrit. ("thelbane of
"jb " . j a 7 '
... . . ... r 1
iiepuDUcantsm,; destroying mis uovernmeni.is
aJmafetyerified ; and the most atrocious step to-
incr worn omce. so raanv nunareus 01 ine oesi 01
'. m . . i i . t Y I . . C
waras it, was. inai 01 ine rresiuem a ui''
bfc4rt(against whom there was no complaint,;
tor tie only purpose m supplying, ineir piacea,
witbfhia partial friends, to strertsrthen hjs party
Those 'officers eXDecti'ricr to holdiheir offices, da-
ring good behaviour, provided no other means 01
maJriuj a support ; and after brig service, with
great dexterity and integrity, ana wnnouv nj
complaint against them, were turned opt, and
their families ruined. iy an ; old puoucauon
fthe truth of which I have never heard ; ccntro-
irertd the removals from office were as follows:,
irln VVashtngton's Adra'tion. '8 yearsj 1 tana
i ' " ... TY . Y: . ,1
no doubt for good reasons.
John-Adams'
j Jefferson's
i,f Madison's
: Monroe's !
fJ. Q Adams ;
it
it
!
it
Jackson's
in
According to this stitement, in forty yitv
President's removed from office only seventy-four
knerf, and in one year and a half, Jackson remov
ed fourteen hundred and seventy ; and it is aid
that an enquiry after the cause of said removals,
U conceived as an insnlt. ;
i J 5 ? dt kt. dC
thm above
Statement, and thatfmany hundreds of good of&
) naye no couui 01 uie uum v
Add lfcert have since shared the same fate; and I think
1 ihe object of the President isso clearly demonstra-
nan. i im nr uis ususocuuus ; iuuuiw
Or - fthtasbject is unnecessary. . .-;. .--t
-jr. b ..1.. uu i
A do: i 11 co.f
8 do. ;36 do.f
a go. 1 a 00.
(9 do. I 9 do
; 'd i O An
a ti 1 j. 1 si, uii.
Ii da. 1470 do.
hat ancient- Republican II ilOypubJicaUons.It appears, that tne rresweu
uniformly subvetted by I has aearly absorbed the executive powers of the I
, and ithat his dispose- Senate, and only hiu&s himself bound t oy tne
. H-NO. 51
where they meet
; eom3ji:vt .wifl
its praraiSes and thd exptatii. fc fh'ends;-
w- r . '-t - w' . a4-T
lri 7"? JU,X sta
I mini
stratr.srhisiVfifpf publredebt, 4 the last
ot) Jacisun'si eiefasive of wiblwday il-jJ
year
ily Jackja, A
33, ' S,0)64r
And he ha rtwst ia ejferj. wpect accontra-
2
l
lUons to his predecessors: and the
I:' ,0, " 7i J r l 4 - G3i a,w ,QU nP - Ue
wa4peafSito;iwit4ti,f,g Wilishiwsof ades
1 1 'i. But my dear friids. let's not viveiin the
pot z -f cut my dear fntibds. Ieta not jrira n th
ship. While we can bq$fthi auspicious smilea
r'ica'cl1 re anamaoie : uur Government is
tn jeopardy, and our j greatest exertions are re
quired to save it; extensive memorialising Jias
been tried without snccek ;; we hate no re
lief by impeachment j and it will not dok to raise
mobs, cr insurrections, of any think like a miUta-
If ;f "T 7 1 - v TfT
?l wyernment, except as a denret resort. We
17 Vl l ituum, as iue pnae
America, he baneef f Tyrants, the envy of
enslaved nitionSi and a Satterri to the world.
enslaved nitionSj and a fatterh to the world.
In whal does our freedom consist f t answer,
in aething hut the freedom and frequency of e
lectiotw ; aad in that Wi. if w Mk v
.temaijt winost, not on!yj dhouat-jaance
the conduct of the PriientandiNoyiaew ; but
we most withdraw oar jconfidence from ail who
justify ; their usurpations J
It may. with some propriety, be said, that the
Revolutionary soldiers wre raised in the dark
ages of the American people, when a liberal ed
ucation, waj not, to many, attainable ; ; but we
can communicate our ideas to, and understand
each other as wellas those who have spent the
primeof their lives in literary and. scientific 'tu
dies,'at Colleges andothlr Seminaiie3 of Learn
ing ; and we have aai good a right to express our
sentiments or jdeas, in puv dognatical , manner,
as the most brilliant rhetorical orator has j and
let It not be forgotten that,in those "dark dav
there most certainly wast Jess sophisuy, r jtrty
spirit, envy, intrigue, pride and insolvent nd
piore pairtousm, punctuality and 1 6iny lQn
in the present, enlightened age ; )fdl' therefore
admonish and! intreat eaclt of you, to exert your
selves, in the fearless toosj of manly freemen.
and notin the cautious Whispers ; of tremoung
slaved ; , let us not be, bashful, 6ccause we were
not raised at the feet Cl Gamaliel, nor oecause
our mental powers are impaired, but remember '
sacredivxit Saya. IhaL. Hod ihas chosen the
foolish things of the world, to confound the wise,"
and the weak things f the world j to confound
the mighty," and that thd truth of this Scripture
was verified in the Revolutionary war 5 there
fore let us enquire diligently into the character
and political principles, ot ' all the candidates,
who may offer for the State or Federal Legisla
ture, and for all other important appointments,
ahd vote for none, who pre varicate, or-.Jtaye not
independence to openly and positively .'declare,
their political principles, in favor of the I Union,
to our satisfaction; taking fare in the mean time,
to not be deceived by the 6phistry of designing
aspirants, for in the present polluted isiate of
men, power Will not fail having supporters, and
flattery is by some, supposed to be a speedier and
more sure high way to preferment, than merit or
abilities. ; I j I ;
! In elections, let us no! regard partial friend-
tship, nor relationship, but above all things, pro-
it either ot my sons was a candidate, and I knew
him to be attached to any party, that was against
the Government of the h rated States, or desir
ous to abridge or curtail any of the essential pow
ers thereof, or only careless about its preserva
tion, 1 would vote against him, in favor of any
man, that l could depend on to be troe,
and firm, in the support add defence of the Un
ion ; or if any candidate for an important ap
pointment, had done me thfe 'greatest favor, that
one man. could do for another, and I knew he
would oppose the Union in any respect, I would
not vote for him. but would endeavor to reward
him in some other way for his favors.
Rrother Soldiers, I feel an indelible attachment
to you, for your patriotism! ; although many of
you I never saw ; and supposing that you have
-y j t 1 . -11.1 ir
reciprocal leenngs towarusau taose wno partici
pated with you in the arduous struggle for Litj
erty 1 have, with my feeble palsied hand, writ
ten this long and incoherent address to you, in a
crisis that,' to mi? exh&its -as great si arm at did
that or the year iii 6 The object of this letter
is to stir up iJie spirit jpf 1776, iaxirder to perpet
uate the best Government that ever was estab
lished, and to prevent so many , patriotic lives
being sacrificed m vaLi, 111 the establishment
thereof; and to not let our posterity be deprived,
of the benefits for whicb we snfl'ered as much
hardship, and as many privaops as our constitu
tions could oeari &. some of 1 us hvjourown blood
spilt by the lead of our eojnmon enemies ; and
now when ou uflspriug appears to beSr dangrr
of being involyedin a jivilwar,aid the: untry
drenched with their blood, arid in awoise K4W
tion than under British oppression If the tro
of 1776. orevails thrduarK these; United
States, we are safe for no despot or combination
can get fixed !so permanently, butwhat a pru
dentexercisedf our power at the Ballot Boxes,
may defeat j their machinations. It might 1
presumptuous in me, to expect to live till the
next election j But while 1 do live, my ?rdent
wishes for the duration and prosperity of the Un
ion will not cease, and if the loss of "my life
would restore to the Government of these Uni
ted Slates a perfect reconciliation and tranquility,
I would not hesitate one moment to urrender
it ' '
I fio'w Wd a final farewell, to my Brother Sol-
?'ipr5. in hones the Gracious smiles of fleaveri,
Wut roatnnnfi Tnii!l till we meet in a State of
perpetual bliss: WM. LENOIR.
'1 (IA.L lOH.
trri The! hand of the author of tbe foregohigT
? V.-i.lrox hoinr mncti nslsied.as 10 ienuej' 11
difficult and very fatiguemg for him to write legi
Kj,l have at his request Written thut true copy ,
t - 1 - j I. U V -
I one in nis own mjuiu fiwx' - -v
j i :TllOS. LENOIR
The fire in thaTreasurj
par iment seems
likely to answer much tUe same purpose ibr the
Preasury ufficr8,thatthelbonfiittthe old cas
tle oi Kavenswood, in the Bride of Iammermoor,
did to the oldsteward, Caleb Balderstone : "ISo
; 'this fire said Caleb, 'for ! a fire it shall be, if 1
suld burn thtf old staite to make it mair feasible
'this fire, besides that it will be v an excuse lor
iskinr onv tbimr we want through the country
this fire will settle moujr things on an honors
W fnntintr iae the familv'li credit, that cost me
telhn twecitv daily lies to s J wheea idle ebaps
and aueans, and whxt Worse; without gaintog
credence JkHon Daily ddr.
M-TMsiuns oi ine ouprense vourt,
his approbation. ' 1
: . fit o. ; -- : -
iw nas'frftdeot ?Uxckorr
r
JL
WHOLE iXO. ;I03t j '
- t
x r it
Jn tcc .tra
j . .1 i - L . J
axciy,n part of Ihe troopa trcre creatine
a certain Tlar.e n-r Kiln"s'T3-r?-'v
sammer iicmn a ccldjer: Whd Was !W
Y T ( w .,w 4 .U.i.ki
cellent twimmcr aisf l Veil as- fifer took hist
fife WitfiJjim to'Xhi Water and ebgedia
fifing and jswirarnins at the same rJmbf !Th
Cirjsiceachcd the ear of l4factte.) 1 Early Kt?
nexl inohuns he sent an offieEr
or the mart who had thui disobeyed the or
ders of tho carhp 4 ; j - -1, . :i
The soldier was a f halivd cf COTnecticnl'
ahd a mart of rulbT iTFhea arresteolby tho
officer he considered iKatjpcVKsphi might
escape a severe punchmenf by den ting tho
deed. , On a moment's re3ec&n,1h6weverf"
he said to himself. I have! a!wat
the truth-rrcannottell i lie." . i T,
: With ihts principle in hii mind,'helcamo
into the presence of the general woo asked
" " ine inaiviouai, wno piayed; upon,
the water the evening previous; to which
he replied I am." i ' " ': ,
uTo morrow evening, her at such an
hour, I wish you to repair to my tent T i
He came at rtio appointed thpe. j The
general then informed hirjj; thit thmt hnr
which he had f?eaf d tKe cven-n? before arTect
ed him very much f hat on a former occasion
it had been played at the funeral of A dear
friend of his, who died in his native couu
try Since then, until nowi, he hiad never
met with an individual who could play i.
uFor the purpose of 4ndtilgir.g i the mel
ancholy pleasure of Jiearing jit once more, I
have,' said bH 'sent for you. j
. The gtMral afte; being agrteably enter
tained with the conVbrsution afai- m-.sir of
pjpest, dismissed ! him with bis thanks
and some money from hisj puise. as an
expression of his satisfaction in the per
formance, f '
follok1101 tC" 'le'" iS !a Sod rule to
i A! K Jrtrror.
CHARACTER OF THE VOICE.
tract is from a volume of perjrnomii tecentj7
published in Edingburghina wriMenouuij
as it may sound) by Jarjowllojgthe Ettrick
Shepherd. t ?s
I 1 know some young rv6pte wpo choose
tbeir friends by tbe ejr-10 81106 13 l',e.v
choose a coat or a ve I do not disapprove i
of this altogether;, or, there certainly li
something in evry jhuraan! countenance
less or more avract:ve,or less oir more re
pulsive; and I would j trust n?ore to Lavater !
than toSpurzieim. But never once form
the least esttotate 01 a cnaracier umu yuu
hear him or her speak. Trio tones of tlu
voice are the best symptoms in the world
whereby to form a true and immediate
judgment dfa chariater. They are the
iui iuusic,-ytrrj"may as easily iiloge cf tlie
sterling value of the character as jof a violin
or an organ. 1 here is net a sjnalo featuro
of a character which is not delineated in the
tones of tbe voice, i f have been taken
with the appearance and cb.inlenan
ces of young men in public assemblies, and
yet the verv first time I heard them speak,
I found at once that they were cbnsumatc
blockheads But whenever 1 found the
countenance and the voice accord in sweet
ness, I could ten form an jcstinate of the
character, whicly. in all my life, I have nev
er had occasion to change. I But there 13
one thing, I think) I may affirm that irtiho
whole world, amcteg human! beings as a
mong sheep, thcruis cotouecharacter,coun
tenance, nor voice, exactly! like another;
and yet, among all ,thte diversity, you will
scarcely find tivo individuals! in whdm thero -is1
not sonv point oTT Gmtnsvurm ,j
render them agreeable and accepUbleto
each other. We are,! indeed, strangely 5r
wonderfully made." j
i JS I". Mirror.
JOE MILLER.
is a fact not generally! knownV'tfays
3fr. Mathews, tn bis 'celebrated Moftopoly
logue, that the well-known Joe 5Iiller,who
has fathered all our jests for the last half
, 4. .a t'.e..
centurv, never uiterea a jest in n uic.
Tkovgh an excellent comic j actor, ne was
the most Uciturn and saturnine raaa orcatn-
irig. He was in the I daily habit of spend
irig his afternoons at the Black Jackj a &m
known public-house in Portagal-ftreel,
Clare-market, which was at the tirrle fre
quented by most of the respectable trades
men in the neighboVbodd, who from j J oe's
imperturbable gravity, whenever any fisiblo
saving was recounted, derisively, ascribed
it to bun. . After hisj deatty having left his
family unprovided fox, advantage was! taken
of this badinage. A Mr. Motley, a well
known dramatist of that day; was employed
to collect all the stry jests then current in
Atftwn. Joe .Miller's; name was prefixed to
tbemi St from that tiay to this,tne man wno
npfpr uttered a iest
has been tne reputea
I utbor Qf CTery Jck past, ! present i and to
Pcbme.
i few, YcrkMirrcr.
Tlie J2on TF3b A small lad asked per-
n ,1 1 ti:. ... .V.A ,4 him it
mission to go to a xkm4 uf411' "f
was a bad place for UyM "vnj rnower.
did at yoaand father use to go to balls when yea
was oun?' "Yes but we have aewi ths folly
of it," answered the mother Well mf!'
exclaimed the son,. tcantiosee IhefoVijy U
toor t .. j . ' ?!
. Jl fCMd rtpjr-A nobleman observing! a tirgb
sWelymrnear his g?te. ordered his ? rjryenrf
the serxattt,I were to throwt to hu, it
wald be mere out J fm krcsbip s way
.: IwH.tiwl thejory eiturrciated
in the folldwjg paib- Jr,i.' , . -,t . i
tnrrp.thpr riAstihifM rf foundation. r',l-'- ' !
1 l .. 1..-
ft- -1 ? . . ' :
t T - ! i T
1 -
V; :
,f
6 i j
-if- W
!. 'f! " iY.
4. "i
yi't- jiir'-"r-i ' - ' ": : ' j : i . ; . ' . '. :
- til-' ' ' - I i I - " 'f . i -
iatiii f ,h . i.
I JH ! " - - ; 1
1 ' ' i j 1 ' y Y- t; . . ' " ;
. i : ' ! i j
: . . t . . , . ; ... 1
- i-i' I
    

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