TEU31S. ' :
LnVtvcutf ma hereafter be had I'
t ivjun ad, Fifty Ueuioper jear.
I. rUMif nDI MW .IIUMIIMn VM
I i iJito4 the -whole som at one- payrneot.
r ikt him terms shall continue.
f;2!rUaihey i be cUard m utltor subaort
r.siharewhe eVnotrisy doting the
Sinners i,, .H .,,,.
will awoM'g in"" '"1"" -
i . .1...;. will h received fur kss than
f ' ... 1 , H J kill ttl Mb
, ,ihe Editor, eolees eirearges era paid
3A1I lertera to the Editor must be posf
id; otherwise they will cettaiuly ixt be al-
LAA In -
F . .. nn. n i. -
fsjius er Aovkbtisiso ioe "V,. -
leu pertwtari fat tc insertion ajurwmro
1 . - . . . ill a. i ..-.. J ft..
rata m r " w-w a
No advertisement win m
m amb rVn.i.ia.
Advertisements will be continued until orders
rMdvd in etoD them, where no directions
Advettiaeinentoby ike year erelx months will
,! at a Dollar ner montn lor c aqua
ith thepriTileje of haojinf ibr form - every
Tnr pvhUMng m arJk Journal tn f4
1 ar it m AT
TO BE ENTITLED
tzzo xxzasxssmi star.
iJlHE Rapid and iiicreaiiig f rowih of thia 8c
1 Mlkwhber Ui MtailMh a weekly Journal at
it plaoe. It 10 well knuwn that whilct uther
rtiiMituftke State are aiuplv kuuulted with
tree of pulitiel iifunuaiHHit tiiii ia uf re
MuiinaUiio. tbat thiarioh and lriil( iliuiigU
arwly p.puliun eeeiitMi la wiihoul a eingie
gm; eut-q vnily ihn auucwaa f a Jtntraal,
nuiwbirtJ eiKier aurb oirotimnaocM, in a
hiI dovrtm, Joiwnil mix mi the merit of n cua-
bciur and the eeiiring vtf fta iif his frHMida.
Ua2 ka rmiilr:4 it Wiiiiirr uu I he im-
Lcumuf puW'C JHirnal, bHlWa ewerim. aiiuo
leu Ju iH. lugr an ttMium of their puliti-
kliMMiia, ana we frel nu hiuiioy in auw-
g var amiiuiMtN'e. eilhrr bwauHe i4 their uu-
ifNilar irepi.ai with ili. in rower, oi the
liuara bich iri..e-)Ml their conviction. inwl
IIii.kI Uo rxNiiorin hi the laak. In the
Irmeni pa3lero irf out Nitiuu aiMjwa aee
dcM tuvuirxfA the lutereal and exerinm ( the
lim.dtuf lrmte;rriiineiii ih preeent criaiaM
B? .f Hk ea!rr. &purtenda iluidMiuuoUuw 4
a rlrdiva fuH-thien anil the ot'erthruw ol lliimo
ktt(il-ajm wtitoii piitdUr f.vtruiuiiU ale
iim, ait eNi vmon alor.a, Kpu)ilie can
hiM VVeare dundailly umiok1 lu iha iia-
uiM4ii Hi tf tue Pe nile' aeniiinauia by Cau'ii
,iimiii!l f d.eulirul md iriiiutf, and bo-
I'irt i hit tM iiirt'hMi at each a iUnnMi tntrf-
imw with ike fMHiile'a llngUta will m iirouc4-
ut the w:trMeeqiitu-i, and whiui ho
Inity iwht of tutii Hiirrmldliu with the
iiiIiuuhhm taT Irtwrnau, we nut anlemnly ujipwe
v iihIivwumI wImmh tke Ualtuoure LneiiiiNi
th-Htyht lut-dieiil lu iiMiuinaie aa Ike aue
InH 4 1b pfttKtiil liyiiibeiiNl the Exetmlive
n.iir. It w uuiixtnMary lu advert hi iii van
lui rrf which mubiiaii our upKiiioii in ike
uMidaie of Hie U tlilitiorn lonveutiMii: built
j tM well ! aiy, we li , nu iMin"i:il in con-
uimu with h in we believe bun committed on
lie .iij ot 4 elaVery.enlMtM hi receni letter i
lull and eiq-ialiBed aeltnowlnlga.ntnl id bta be
i in ibe j Minx ot ti uancipiitiiui and AUiiiinm.
' ihaiHimr iw-icandidatea the Preauleney.
laa but tuile to aay their nuluical h.MtMy
kml tiriiiiNia ileooriin'ut in puWm a well a in
lri.a lirtfvea uinlubll ible eVideu-n id the
'new tlf therUim nhieh thev hidil uimmi the
UiAlem-ean4 aff-enuua oi the (xile 4iut b
een tluuh U. Wbrteaml Wiu II llirriwMi,
K liall tibMi 4ke farl defeat .yield intr far
let tuppirt and onliiing cseriigu ui the el-
f iiUHl id th " Cnl'i ! rat lenneHaett"
UOII LAWantl WII1T W.tna.ri.lMnt.
Ij Wtea tn hi un irtpg pi rHrtnt and Mh-ere
lutiin hi ike imereata ot the S 411k, and cm
I'Mer kiin tally adeqnate t ihauincliaiueol the
ugh fuiii3tiHu Hluoli that Orfioe wou'd i-nicnte:
kiui iiid nuiMttHienily. he will reeetve Hum
tht aupp.irt, la winch Ine private virtuua and
viaiiient amiiiiH au jusily entnln him.
I In adv tat inf the pnuciple we have avowed,
I it reaaunible to oiuect that not uirHieui ill
paaail uk; but whilst we ehall atreiiuuimly adhere
F" a digits d and tn-ideraie ouoroe, we leel per
ly willing luuiMl the adv.ateof Power up
N uy auljeci iuvidviiig the prmciplee of ranuual
iiieeumu, wiieuever ibey may chiame to open
neir Datleriea uivmi ua, bntertnu; the arena a
wed.., vt ith no iilt,save the jikiice id out caiiae
nd feeling Ike full reapmiaibiliky of the dime
"-TinTinir noun u. 11 aiiait be our ana to ana am
lliecauaiid the VVhltrfartv and Wlim P1111-
eiplea wiib all tbd Seal and ability we can bring
The 8Tfl, eriii be publiahed neee a wki
aon, Noxuty e umiiiv. Aiiaa.. iw a neat iinne
rial aheet, at in tu vat.ee, or tf at ba end of
Newepanere friendlv In the eanae. are reanea
led in publish ike above Prup. cu and rtceive
w'ecriptiona for the earue, 1 he iJrat Number
ill ha iaaeod early in Uiionmber, if the nialeii
a oaa be orucered M-ibatttine-.
. JO. U A LES JOHNSON. ;
Stop the U una way.
Tf AKAWAY from the unhscriher liiig near
Lihertv ilili. iu Ired. II couiitv. N.LVa
aegro man psmed
JWmetly owned hy Jauiea tiniuiiigham. He ia
wweea forty and fifiy years old : i.ta yelluw
'uoimplexiunnaind face and small eyes. He
raaraad with a soar in one ol hie ears, which
aaa sot grow faajeiher alao with a sear on the
ndereide ol kiaoetd, which haa not filled op :
aae a' a auiall scar on one of his cheeks, and
h about fit fa, five or six inches' in height.
pj, woe tiKing 4ip thH-negro and todglng Dim
a jailor del vriig him to me, stiaJI be reaaoni
Liberty HiH; redeflxoN.C. - . -Juis"lllhiI83rJtr7
SPEECH OF MR. BELL,
031 TB HEW II4RDOB BILL. J
Burrwrnheiniealiave gratlv chariged
inre- General Jackaun came into pnwrr.
The pptril of tb age, nH content with the
womlerrul ad vance in the intermediate pe
riod in all the arts, baa infuaed itaelf into
politics. The inventive gentuaof the times
has been bile in this , department also.
New and improved plans of party organisv
tinn and dirripline have bepn started, end
new ronreptiona formed of the uses to
Pwhich the spirit of party maj be applied.
The idea or the existence or a party in the
cuuatry of undefined and nodefiuable dan
ger and designs npon the eoo6titutiea is
made at once the raw head and bloody bones
to' alarm the credttloua and ignorant, and
the pretest for a vigitant, rigid, and eiclu
sive party aseociation. Thia dangerotfa but
visible party may be, not inaptly, called the
Devil of llits new political system. As tins
new party is assoruled up(n tlie, alleged
principle of Reserving ibe country and the
liberties of the People front that destruc
tion which awaits both, jf tbv should. fU
into the bands of the arch-enemy, h ia
plausibly and conclusively argued that all of
fices, emoluments jobs, contracts, and agen
cies in abort the, whole revenue of the
Government, should be distributed among
Its ' members. Thia party may change or
shift ita pi maples of policy or adininistrt.
tton with the changing seasons themselves,
but it may still maintain its original giound
of being the only defenders of the lilierlies
of Ibe Peopli f It may adopt and iMactiee
upon principles of ultra-federal policy to
day; it ma) practise upon the most latitu
dmnriiQ doctrines to morrow; it may follow
in the narrow path of the straightest sect of
the State tights parly; it rry re-eoai.t Hie
alien and sedition laws; it may commit ev
ery abuee known in nhe administration if
Ihe most corrupt Government; hut atili it
will claim lo be exclusive champion of the
constitution and the liberties of the Peo
ple ajfainst Ihe unknown and unknowable,
designs of a .dangerous party; and this is
suffii'ient to rally Ihouaands to lis wlanilint.
Who does nut see that all lliat could j'ulily
party divisions in ihe rtNintry is wh.illy dm'
regiinied; that a new party is forming, mm
Ksed of memb rs of evif y M.htie.ij hue
and complexion, and whielt niuM. frnnriti
very nature and cnuipoHitoii, en 111 h mere
association Aw shariuK lh spoil; and (tint
the profesiMi of any tartiriihir net of rin
ctjdes is nly a den to d leit i Sir, it ia
not Gen. 'rl JrkHiii, men, tt hia chami
e.l, au much ik 1 ho f ni'lln H,.iriH of that
party whieh now i iiu in his en l.Mive
supporters; it I thu infliienre an I oowrr
of this new prinviolu ol pirty a.i.-i itcui.
vtlitrWM'giu t'i op'iHie at ti r)s f thia
siliiiinistrHtioii, and win -li n exe-i .'l to
itnroiluve and gxveru the course .of thu
But does there not extsit at this time, or
IS there in t Uideru,nit lb" pro.'es .fr
gnnlX'.tton, a jMily.oue i the fuioU ueriul
111.1XK11S of which is, I In! ill !h. ol!i e.
Iiihiots. and euial.itii-iita all ic-lieil to p . lin
eal (Niwcr belong .I nulit to. and might in
pririetr to be aw.irdi'd t , llic vicIhii.mis
in all pirty coiiHu t; a putty winch .Iimm not
hesitiile to uvo tins to lie oiiu ol the pun-
c 1 pies upnil which thi'y as H'lile as a pott;
party which not only aos this nu-iple
as One ol the iniiit.nirKi 01 nieir i.iture
action, should they conquer 111 I In- pr..'nt
c meet lor the control of the Fed nil Giv
ernoient, but whirh, whenever 111 miy Si oc
they have hretifre possessed llu;ms lv x
of the reins of power, U actu illii pr m-Ih-ed
upon this principle 1m this not trie ot
ihe jmi ly no w iu power in .ine.3i.ae mIM
YiKk. and is not iim parly now ii power in
that Sl'ile Ihe d lui and ii.k I. iim .round
which it is proposed to form a ore it nation
al parly? I aUirin thul it is. Air I is there
any farm ,tif military diio iplmv, ll'idii in,
Prussian, or AiMn in, more d gr.hni2 and
tuexraile. and at the same time h lt r l
i ii luted to suhjuct the m iss- llie rioK and
tile of the - people to Ihe absolute, eiuitrol
and guidance of a chief or chu-f', thnn te
mule of Mirty lat in s and discipline enforced
by the dominant ply in New York? The
epitil of frisedoiu and of free di lrli. r.ttn.
auioiiK the meiulM-rs of Ihe, p.rty, is eup
pressed, IliH indeed by the bayonet, but liy
a system scarcely less elleliv and tciriUle.
While It holds out the lure ol olli.-e ! Hie
obedient and frtiH1f.1l, it ord inis cut roiiin
lion to Ihe actual or alleged and rhitirily
prnai rilied off. ndcr , Aoiiin wIiosImII 4i.ie
the indeieadenci to tut Ihe devices of th'!
parly, however obtained, whether br lh fi
at d. a awglo head or3 th" resolves ol a
rret iiinlil. at ili-fiance, or shall refusn to
iiiiimrt them in Ihe nriinnrv assemlilies of
the people assemblies r filled ti'd j" JTi'
.in.iu.diai..i 11 -i.ll.-d lant in council in or
derail lalifv what h b"n already deci
m tn tall I alM ii. who d ire to onpose thn
....... - . 1 .
acli.m of this svstem. nom ittnrlo what un
juM or-4nichievoiiaexir'ines it may lead,. is
not onU .trioned cf all his privileges, and
iS u l.ii..-r luiriniii of the sooilj which
uia'v have falleii to his lol in former tri;
umiihs. but he is to be latloed--lo have a
black line drawn around hnnin nne, 10
be shot as a desert ei! I know of no paral
lei 01 anv analoirooa nraclice iu the history
d the count rv. but ia recorded of the poll
of id Indians, who
m.M finirl tKc-ir rxkcllsa And fttftlnWCt III
thm country which now forms the State of
New York,' dictated the conduct of the
subject tribes arotind lbemv extending, at
one time, nearly , a thousand, miles to the
south and lo lbs west. Those cnqaeiexs
of xW rorest or .Lined mUUf144 the i
w h ine nimu ana woandextcrminstion
wrte the Jot of the unhappy inbe lha wn
itiingly or otberwNM btmiened er dared to
nare, 11 seems, in a spirit or fHjnl address
and comprehension of design, esttblisbed
their law of the Aunt, but not the bant of
the buffalo, of the bear, and of the beaver,
but of therwi, Those who hare drives
these lavage visiters flora their haunts nkve
profiled by their policy, and the subtlety
and enterprise of ihe Mohawks areiwitaM
and surpassed by their white invaders. But
let them beware, and let those who regard
the success of this system of pirty dtm-i
plme with the same apprehension that I do,
take couragn from the historical fact that the
Five Nations, terrible and powerful as they
were, bad bounds "t to their ambition and
their doMinion The Catawbas of South
Carolina, staid the torrent of desolation in
Its progress along the Atlantic bordivjhmigh
they were well nigh exterminated in tlw
conflict; hut when they were rotluced to a
,,ep3r-J!,!l 1 ,9,ln Ibwyr U MaaaM4d'-MawaHci
rich repriaala of Mood upon their numerous
and haughty foe, and utiT triuiiipiianlly
held llieir country ( But these conq-ierers
of the North wetesiiccsiifully met, beaten,
and driven back with ala.ighler, in frequent
recountera in another quarter Along tba
whole line of the couutry running east and
west, and conatit tiling what moo w the Slate
of TeiuMtuce, the ImluN proprietnrs inain
tamed 1 heir grounrl m a contest of half a
century, and still bid d.-fiieoe u the bun
lets of all the country to the north and the
north west; ay, sir, and they were icady to
submit to extermination rather than politi
cal slavery. The analogy might be traced
further. In this war for national indepen
dence, waed by the natives of this iiohle
tract of country, they had lo encounter, not
the Five Nations and their allies of the
North and VVest only, but often a combina
tion of otAof the tribes of the Soul It
lluir own natural a I Iter, but still they at tod
and foutflit undistiuyed, and were fita sll
Sir, I Ix-lieve I have not misrcnt sented
the (..ln- ami discipline of lb pirlv now
in powtr in tbu Slate of New Y rk I
mean, in nffirmiiig that all tlie offi. ea ol lh-
Sl.te, are regn';d aa the prop-Tty.
1 -ouise, of the victorious Hi a p;irtv coiit. nt
If I Hin ii'd iiiitlxken, it ts not '-r. t th it
hucIj 1 Ine csUbUshed - policy nnt.'Th" iT
MC.itiely any man of any potv (' wll '''
Hriiiiitoniiy it mis svatein t-ujraii.'.i iK(i
I he - pe. j4e of tlt State) -e er tttttk te?
questioning ot oppstaing it ft tts r'-j.r.icl
as a thniK not only Kelt led, IimI ioltiii4 tM-
and junlirlable, by tm pditiriaii ' 011 ii.-.tu
Hlde.4. B it It la not ill lfe Si lie of New
York alHM th-il llim aysie'it of p.rty M -ii-x
lus lound fior. It Hev.iiln. in -.m-i 1-;ra-liia
ettenl, in Pejtii.iilvam r. in N rtm Jer ,
Milne, and it lit h...I.ii- r !
.11 inw, nn.i it ill!. H 111,.- .'. HU 'I III
New llifiihire In Iilv tn my oiium i u--11
has m ido a r-uccessf.il lii.ig ii.-nt, lii i iw
tid. I am awrc tn .t it m , , .nk.-il.'i it
danger there 14 in all III Hn r f im- pr -i
perny or liie li'n-rt:ei ..f uu-en oiirt? 'l;
ia precisely till' pi.lu! In Urtiii'li I inmk - I I"
rioM iitl'-niiou of id Mt 'i ir m . " I
Wlll I could exl Ml I 01. ii-.' 1 . t 1 ll 11 n
boiiuilsol the couutry lu I a . 1 . rS u.i- nil Hn
Without iiiteiidiuii I 1 i n i'. ii.-r.-i'ii -irv
inoiv.' to all Us ne iin r n ,ml mi l. .
au.-U a parly inu-l ie-c- - inlt uol i -v it-.lit
liec.Miie 111 ici n-rv, nu.' u'l -n, ic.nr.il- n.4
oi all couM-neiiev ( wM-ut pimriiile. In
wh ilever St lie lln-i n.ii n.-i n.ii.- lte e ib
llnheti pfnli.'e.f ll.e 'tu in i nl r of a'i
t .yoiiHi p .rue: Hi. r-- you dl ti ol ihe.n
H liirunt lUHt iiice ot- n hJOhii i 1, in '!. n.d
only 111 tin- . ..ure of 1 'li vt. f 11 tin, but of en
lite ptrlK'rt. iin.rv-r p.rty iitteresila are
iiO'.i or l n wort -C5 nToTf'liMei'i;!!!
lil; uu ill.' ad 11 ii.Hir ill m. .he ore.iti-.st e
ceases, an I -.'.u-ie-i iu e 11 MU,f llm 'IKimI j
dedi'ideil M.ile ol p .li.i. mm n These al
r.iiulea o 4 ci.ff ipi i 1 t vi.-.eia p.'lv as-
so.'Uii'.n ii m"re , Miii,t 1,1 , niriki.i( in
t-vi-ry M-it- wn.re it . x m, in proeniou lo
the amount ol b 'cilive pilioiMg-'. In
line btaies. Ill He'll III.' j. lca hT-- iiiiik'HI
led I. r hii.kI t. ruii. in.-, ire c...ii;i' lle.l lo
ll.ile llie l.ile of w.-iy .-llicr olti--:d ineuiii
In-lit. U'l How 011 any olhi-i iimlive or
utcresl 1 1 111 1 nit 4 of iim pirly bu
nion the lea 'I i an I It'lvi ruin ml -, when
very otli't 1 01 Hv Slit.- and ol Iim U il-
ted Slio s, Iro'U I in liitfli.-l !.i lli' lowest;
HI Hl United S .lie. Iroui ile head of a
)ep .riiiKiil .1.111 to a pHy ponliu is'er. of
Kinder 1.1 Hut cos o n; and mllie Stales,
Iroui lie I iiit' Ml a court down loiiw clerk
of .an iui. r..M i:otil. or ln'k-kef-p-f nixm a
caiiHi, 111 u "t b.i reni'ived to give place to the
Iniiiiiry ptri sans of a new and triumph:)!
p.irti? No leiilll of service, no degree of
lid. lily in me dirclnrge of -olhcial liutie.
noHt.de of dependence upon the receipts of
MdTiu:ui1mni from the general law of the
Aii if. I'M fate of the eonqueied. Besides
tiirtgeueial servility and hypoi-racy whtcn
s icti a practice c.innot fail to . introduce, a
lon train of evils besides is obliged to fol
low foul the success of a political combina
tion-tf this nature. 'Incompetent and un-
folliful olliccrs and agents aie it-rust into
ihe most important public stations, the pub
lic service and interests suffur accordingly.
Subordinate officers, instead of rely inn up
on their diligence, skill and fidelity to the
ditcha-M of their ollicial duties, for their
continuance in office, compromise with
their consciences for a neulect of duty by
eontrihotinff Isruelv to. the success of the
parly in the management of caucuses, pub
lie nieetings, and elections; they look to the
chiefs of the oartv te connive al their de-
linauences. and to sustain them in office in
considsraliua of tlteu leal and acuitrta
the general cause, fc bl'nwt, ; ihesunnled
aiaiOAiaA Iwia.tl a kak aCaaal ..lltu ail. . ' s3a, - . I
wif- sviv, uri wihm m iti iii at f
afl .1 aT a I ! 1 - a a S I a .
Goweral ('overaiaxoOs are liable to be filleil
by enea equally incom;ietent and unfaithful.
t-analtersDot.wbj.ta Governor f a Statw
or President of the United Siarea, whtt may
bo, his principles, bii .'pefsm( unpolitical
chaacler pfovvdod be niawses what, , ia
eaMe( pirly KJelify, aaa has lacl eeoufh to
wield the patronage and wfl.ienee of bis
ojfioe aecordiag to party law and wage, ami
so as to advance, not ike cause of toe coun
try, but ol the party! .'
If it be true that any patty avows the
doctrine that lot he victor a beltings thcsM-i!s
of office; if it be true that it is the tractic
of that prty to put noun into olfi re hut
those of their own prty'. ant!su(f.r none to
remain in olfice but such as are already, or
may be willing to becoiiM,prtisabsd Ihoee
in power, ran a President eleefd by such a
pirty chose to do otherwise than to ue the
palnmaiie of t'e Government, intrusted lo
um by laws and constitution, according to
ihe s-itne rule? Must he not, in the first
plae. so drstribule it aii la' secure Ins elec
Iiini; fur a second term; and afterwards, is
be not bourn I by the laws and usages ol the
puty of which ho 4lie official fcesdf to nse
Ins whole- influence, and the entire means
in bis hands, the election of that man for
his sticcttesor whoshall be chosen according
to the same party usage, to wit, a national
caucus, .wjuch briMiglit him, inlo powei
repeal the q.estion, can bu do 'otherwise
than interfere in elea-tmna, and employ the
whole patronagi of Ibe Goveinnient is con
trolling them, if I am ul mistaken in this,
a President elected by meansof this system
is by the act id his induction into power,by
the veiy terms of his engagement with his
Milittcnlis.M-utes.lMund to prostitute those
lireat powers and that imnense patronage
intrusted tn bun by the constitution, to be
administered exclusively for Ihe good of the
whole country, to 'objects of aggrandise ;
ihenl and ambition.-' The steds. then, of
this misrhii f of Executive interference are
Siiwu much deeper than one would suppose
iiiou a snperficil view of the- subject.
I'hev lie deeply imbedded in this new sys
tem of parly tactics aad , discipline . which
iltr atens to fmleu its deadly andciKruuting
fings up u every Side of this Union.
Whatever Id one, therefore, may attach.' in
lb un I of any, lo the course of Ihe Pies
ident jjp iu thia subject, let the rcsouiibili
Ty ! attached to Ihe sources of ihe evil
let 11 tin traced to its iroper hd. lilting
mImwu- tUit thi practice of Eieeutive 111
iwU'f em'-it is a., neteisiry rsul t of . a irinci
(Vie of pirly ussmMal ton, let any oon atte'f
! ir on lus f ncy to conceive all ihe cm
if q lences of -ihe success of this S. Stem
liie deyr i.IhIiou id the national eharacler.
the iumii grade of ein'iilion whic-h .n'lit
li!f 1 n'iKlt tti leidiiig mun of ib cxiutry
ib.t itcticiil corrupt tu.1.-
Will any 111 111 h.-reirier aTi' n tSat llKone
imu'lreil il.i'iind oitio s h d l.-r, aj'ita,
iiru'liira. all I deMlldulits UtoH the QoV
ern 11e.1t 111 gmn') form i other, are n loiij-
... .... ... r f
er to ies.ii-iv iruaioii wnn ii.eri'm 01 nui-
Ir i i" in t te elect too of a free oul. ? Sir.
t'l't f lei. of IliepuntV ail I (ree.lo.n of the
eleelivu fia icbil III lilH cmu ry nh Mild
i .k.i e less-m i;i'n ln s 1 t li.en tlw
urictieH of a G ivero ui h lofm less free
Hi 111 our own I o-aii Ureal Ibil uu; and I
bei leave to l' f'-r lo hei ataHites, nd only
for depriving the om "111 fe-ud inU lip'OI
tie G miiruuieul ll'i'O vidlod. Hut M.dilluiiig,
ll.llel Hfrre p- llllll -a. tin-, alid it"Sl lilt 1
lereliee d" o-liillC fffi vrs III I' Cll. HI. The
stilutei iclerred u are Ihe l.dtowiug:
'Jin t bt '' ,rw!hr ttntcted by ,'k author
it a or mi J, Tinit from anil llcr III.
HIiH-iteir iweolHlb dav of 8diiiMlier, one
ll sand st-veu hundred -ud one, no com
minno'i-r, e.IU'tor. com tioller. aearcher.
cerue I or eoipTiy. d in ihe charjiutf. eollec
liui. levyin; or m igm inc. euatoms, or
anv branch or oiri tn. r.ol, shall by word.
in. !. or writing, or hi any iHle r nun
ner a baloM-ver, . n l".inr lo le-rsiMile any
elector In give, or diitsiude any elector fiom
ifivuiJ, hi vote fm the ilions of any iter
s ui to lie a kmgbt of ih shire. rMiien.hor
ges-i, or hiroii. id any c-anil v, city. horotih
ia-cHiq ie port, lo serve in P .rliam.-ii; and
every oihvi r 01 oilier ier.ou otleniiiiiif mere
iu. nh til forfeit tbo sum of one bundled
poii.ids. one iiioirty thereof to the informer
the other moiety to the poor of the parish
where snc:i ofl.-uce. shall he comrnitted;to bo
recovered by any pm-son that shall sue for
lb sain by action id debt, bill, plaint,
1 informal 11 m, in any of bis Mijesty's cihiMs
ol leciKO al o inHiiiniBiri, m which no
. 1 . t,r.... . .... .. L. .
sum, wolectinu. or wager of law, of mm
thaif'one impirtance, shall be allowed: an
eveiy person convicted on any such suit ol
. ... ! . . 1 . . .
the saM onence, snan inereoy oceoinn uisa
bled and incapable of ever beating .r exe
riding any if5 -e iw place concerning or re
liuuff to the cuido.ns, or anv otner otu ,e or
place of trust whatsoever 110 ler bis U ije.
ly. bis' heirs or mtfxessorsnl 1 and 1 3
William III.C. 10.
o And be it further tnacUi by the
f Aorty aJortaid .. That 110 commissioner,
officeror other person, concerned or -enr-
ployed in the charging, collecting, receiv
ing or managing any of the duties granted
by this act, shall, by word, message, or
writing, or in any other manner enueavor
to persuade any elector to giveor dissuade
any elector from giving, his tote- for his
choice of any person to be knight of the
shire, commissstoner, eilisen, burgess,, 01
baron, for any county, city borough,, ( or
cinque port; and every.nfficei or other per
soa offeodinir therein, shall forfeit the sum
of one hundred pounds, one moiety thereof
to the inrormer, the other moiety inereni 10
. . a. - a .. a
the use of ihe parish or place wnerra aucn
offence shall be coamiusd to be reeavsr
by any pern that shall sue for iht
. at . a. ... . . a
time, nj niun of amu mu mttlnr. or in-
a a . T - '
i.nnaii.n in any or her s Mnjnety's eottrts
of rennrJ at Westminster or lheLeiuiijof
Exc1,eq ier In Inat part of Great Bruln
called S.'otltnd, in which no essibn,' pro
Stion, privilege or tfager'of law, of more
an one imparuone, shall be allowed t
and every person eon vicied of anysadt suit
shall Uterahr beromn diaablel ami incapa
ble of ever bearing or executing any office
or place of trust wliirtsoever under her M
jeary, her heirs and aucceasors:M--10 An
ne, U. 19.
" For the better seeming the freedom ol
elections of members 10 serve in Parliament,
be it enacted by the King's moat excellent
Majesty, by and with the advice and eon
aent of the Lord 8pirhud and Temporal,
and Common, in this present Parliament,
aisemhled, and by authority of the aame,
that from and after the first diy of Atigusk
one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two
no com 'nitsioiier.collec tor, upervior, gau
arer or oilier officer or oeraon whauoever.
concerned r emlptye I in the rharring,eol
lecting. levying, or managing the duties of
exuiae, or any branch or part thereof ; nor
any oorrrmiwsioner, eollecior, "comptroller,
searclter, or other officer or iersoti whatso
ever, eonvemed or employed in the charg
ing., collecting, levying, or managing the
customs, or any branch or part thereof,
nor auyjrommiaioner, officer or other per
son concerned or employed in collecting,
receiving or managing any of the duties
on stamped vellum, parchment, and paper;
nor any person appointed by the cotnmis.
ainners for distributing of stamps; nor any
commissioner, oifi wr or other person em
ployed in collecting, levying or managing
any of the unties on salt ; nor any survey
or, collector, eompiroUer, inspector, officer,
or other person employed in collecting,
managing or receiving the duties on win
dows or houses; nor any imstmasier.orpoat
muster generator 'liS or their depu ty or dep
uties, or any person employed by or under
itn or them in receiving. nor any captain.
master, or male, of any ship, packet or oth
er vessel employed by or under the post.
master or postmaster gereral, in conveying
the mail to and from f ireigi ports, shall be
capable ' Ktviug his vote for t.'ie election
f any ghl of the shire, commissioner,
ciiixen, burgess, or hnrou, to serve in Par-
li nnftiit for any county, stewarty, city bo
rn igh or cinque purt ; or for choosing any
legate in whom the right ofclcciiiig mem
hers 10 serve in Parliament, for that part of
Great Britain called Hi-otUrtd, 4s - vested
A'i.1 ifanv tierson hereby miile incapable
d voting as aforesaid, shall nevertheless
pr snuie to give Sis vote, during the time
e shall bold, or within twelve calender
tu. mill nfier he shall c.eaae hi hold or exe
cute any of the offiee aforeaid, contrary to
the true intent and meaning 11I . Uiu-aol.
siicii vote so given s'i ill tie held null and
void to all tiitet.ts and purposes whatsoever;
ami every person mi offciiiling shall forfeit
1'ie sum of one hundred pouuds." 2J
G tortre III. 0. 41.
U 11 the nbltgaiion of parly service whinit
atU'-hei. to all office holders nnder this new
sysieui e mentis far beyond a mere espousal
if llie inienwis of imrtv 10 power, licii
one is hound lo show himself worthy
his station, and tu render a full equivalent
for Un offi.'e hy his seal and success
in controlling the sentiments and politics
f his particular district or community
Hut this is not the full extent of the danger
winch threatens, fmm this source, the free
d... it of elections. Besides the corps or
uciu:tl incumbents and dependents of al
Mnrts noon liie iovernmcui. mere am 01
the United Stales, prolmiiiy, one nunoreti
. - ... .
tlioiiHand men who lire either actual office
seekers : or who mV he induced to give
their influence sod their -votes in'-fsvor'"Nf
the dominant party, hv llie promise , of o
fice.tiowever deceitful that mi be,lu thou
sail. I of instances.
Let anv one attempt tn calculate the
force and inU lence of a band of two lion
,r v .
dred thousand pnrtisans of any man or
anv nartv in ttower In this country, uniieu
. . . - ...
and roailedou by the hope of reward, or
feetiutf of dependence fir their places, snd
in many insiaiwes for the very subsistance
f their families, upon Hie stii'ceas 01 men
efforts in s common cause. Who will un
dertake to estimate tle effecis to be pro
diiced, not only upon the spirit but upiin
the very foruis ol tiuvernmeni, ny ine in
trodiiciiou iuiti ihe service of a suceessfu!
pany, and for its protection snd suport,
of a guard of one himdred thousand men,
who hold 4heir employment by the tenure
of party service, aiid'UMwe distributed over
the whole Uiion ; d iff used, among the
whole people all acting by one - impulse,
ami with a view tn a common end t Sir,
these are, hereafter, lo constitute the Pva
t.irian guards of America, wralifjt the ap
pointment of a successor by the Executive,
t bave read that 4br Was f time, sinte 4he
R v.d u tion w hen ihcre was danger m Me
sscendahiy of uionarchieal principles hut
sir, never ha any thing tended so directly
a I . I ,1. . ...k raueal aaal vkStt
to aupn s reauti, anu iuiti !
oAri.ul. a the countenance which is now
given by a large proportion of the People j
to the doctrines and practices of this new
party. In one view of the subject, it
would be just to denounce every Supporter
of this new system of pany tactics as 1
nsotiarcriisi I ior 11 is noi tue iiiiDutein, "
ih unulcncv the result of measures and
practices which constitute their supporters
inoiiarchtsts or otner wts& . , 1 nateaon up
ceasive President ill appoint liia .sueces-
or if ihis.svsiem shall once
be nrm IT
" . w a .
taili!ieu 111 practice, snu isinv iia
noon all the States, is ae certain as thai the
aun shines this day in the ' heavena an 1 j
this will coDUnue. uuiil by some . terrible
akocka by soma ouua.e, most sommouljr
Ihe Wsuh'of Aa long esjaaMaaeVsirweT; I 1
n ina aams nanus, US paopls, Shall be -roused
to reaistaaca. , Even irf
a sen now, when this hydra las ahoi forth t
less than half its mnnsireas-progeny, does -not
every member of this House know anil
feel does not every sharp-tightsd ef5ce. " '
holder and office seeker tliroughoat the U
nion know and feel,' (hat the only, road to v
Executive paimn-;e and favor lies in an 1 "
actual or well affected devotion tn the ia
teresuofgpariieular eandMlatatui the Pre . " ,
idencyf And this has been the state of
tilings fur more ihsn a year, and yet there . ii
has been an effdftaal titiag of the people 1vV
urn eigni years agiH ir such, a slate or
things had been understood W txisl, such
a burning heat would have been suiMeniy
kindled in Ihis land-reach a censumiag
fire would have raged io this Hall, as to
hava left nn veaugs of a party which would
then have dared to pvacti ee upon saeh a
principle. I entreat, the Hoove 1 conjure
the couutry to look to the futare results of
this etauv of things, N ay, airi-1 eonidra
litem to look lo present resalu. Ilsve not
the power and influence of the Executive
been felt in us slection of meraSors of thlg
House 1 iiew bmg will it be before tha.
prauiice of appointing the presidinc offices
of this House by the President shall ba
ripened into usage I Haw long before tha
Speakership shall be but an appendage of
Executive patronage, to be disposed of lika
every other office or sUtion, for the benefit
or the party f When these things shall
come to paas, where then will ba those di
visions or the powers of sotrtigaty into
separate departments, which have ever . j
been regarded as the greatest safeguard of t-,
our libertieaf Where will be your eepa- ' '
raiv inu intiepeiiuvni iegisjaiive afparv'
ment where your Judiciary, lor that tea
must soon yield under tits sressnt DressareL
Sir, with iha powers and influsnoe of tha ,
ui niwvra ami lutiosnne os mo
x-MiL present -egeteised, tMa-j t -irnl
is aa - electtva rsonareliy, J-
that wa ma loeger deceive" ' .
is wall that ww ma loseei
ourselves with namesj Ii bt'thls'dar f
an elective monarchy. The sun 'of Ex ? ,
scutivs patroaags J'wUasa thU'apfeJa-",,
iion. 1 ue cousiueraiton anuetrcunisianca ,
of aute conceded to the presijent, jttiufy e
tins new coguomen. 1 org Uavs to refer. ,,
lo several passages of the report mads hy a -
leading member ol tha party in IS. 3, lit,'
Beutitn,) in the oenale of the Unite Jf .
Sutes, upon the subject of Executi va puw '
er snd patronage, a btrodgly cofuL rut .'.'
. . ! ...-.... . . . ,s-.:
01 uieso views, ry ., v.
ATtbiMiffk the Iwrnua wm nnrf v enl vsv- J
a)ikai a(omeuiMtoftowseiieriic.hMctcr -T
bad Dnasae iMMpsioabiy aecear.yet,ra ee
der ike iiiflwrnei f tine exif hitlmi suck was v "-
tha dread ul pwav aad-eat !(; H it tJ.s J
states with sxiieme reluataaos vieMcd telr as .. . . .
seat Itf JkeesuahabMNmt of Ike Fadrrsl U.i"ra- T A
meal. Nd was thia Ibe tBet of kla and v.
sHSiary lira re ua 1I10 part of an laoiant multitade '
wtih.Mt knowledge oTlbe aatare a4 tendency of , -
pawer. On theetmirary.il reautted from tha
utoateslaualvaaad erofuund fliurw kmiwl - ' "
fpsa tke bead of atatesmsn aMurpasaed iaf 4
any a-, ia aaxaeily and patriodsra. Nothing '
oaild fesues le ike great mea of Ibai day Is a Con (
aiiiuiiun m ai muva power, ran ins guards waiea
ware put ap.j ll against ike abuse of sower.
Oread and pakaiay of tkia a boas dwplayse baelf
lliron)h.Mii the iiaiirameMl. 'la thia spirit we
are indebted f.rr lbs treed. an nf ike prtaa, trial kg
Jury, lilieny of eiNwcleiiee, freeduqi f debate.
respatsiMiny locamiuneeis. power id Mpeaca
inetit.iiis ctdHtof tyf ike debate ia rpulalaveals la '
lifflee.' ' '
I'he act.M nf seek a andy of awe, aesMnlng
them tu be animated by one saint, Meat be Ira- .
inendiaiata an rleoiroa ; and thai they will ae
an anima'ed, is a prep eiliut tua plais to seed
.leiwMMirai ne. rower over s ana's mibport
haa alwaya been krld and admillrd to be imetr
.er his aeitf. Tke Preakhut haa ' pwf ' ever
ike upMi id" all lbee idfiiwra ;aad Ibey again - -have
suppat of debus? nterckasta to Ihe sewaat
is ten with. sis idd'dlars ytf snrntevaSS uvutks .
daily autpirt 4 tn Iwiimnmw aasibsr m ladivia-
. T k ! 1 . A . . -1- -
nai. pr.seaHMai,Bieeaairai, aaa try lasurmr
lo lean ihey saw and will exiesd at Stray a vaU
uahle private a evil aa public patnaiags. aeeurd
ing lo ihe pan wktek ibey shall am is Stmtt ae
well as in FtJtrut alert sis. 8tiH ikh) is only
a branch, a wens lueng, of Ksderal fslsuasge in
the etty id New Viek."
V Every vikere, to ike eitresM froailsf af
tkefeuioles: hiateer M-nltury, Federal saifua -t(
will be found, ia dgra sad fbree, pfier -lienaui
In the p f uUtkajJ of tke place, sad ee- '
ver augmented auk the biereasing auaerufge
veinment. Duiiiaeiii of riruoage is u4 ..,
thought of ; Ibe state of ibe cast.aa tH-a in, .
N'Nlidk ia already aregnaat pp4 of this. This
puw ef id pelt., unless chevied ay tke vigidw .
mm uiieruwdieia ul Cimsre, bmsi g on fa-
ereaiMi.ge.iiil FraVral mfl iesee, ia aiaey pans
JT ihistJ.Mifedersiiue, will aredumiMiS ia ke
ion a oaupleiely a UHii-k kiffdetiee pvedtsn.
ianie 111 lbs efeemsw of bVuilaiid ahd. lrrlaiMl, ..
iu ediea dtMgh towi.s. and is lbs' jrresi aavtl
Stalioi'ia id Put tsmueth sed ' PljAMmik. la as
pirt of tke pm;iical tferatiua a lbs Frderal fin; '1
veriHN-al hare Ike predicikHM of its ablest adr. c
eaies bere uior ewapWlrly tsleiflvd Ibaa US Ikif
euhjo l t.f psir.ataife.'
e wUlu id this gteaf power will centre's
ike President. The Kit g ol Entftaad is tbs
hamtai f t ee;' lbs Preaidrat 4' tke United '
Staira it lbs aoa'S tif pa't eiage. lie presides a
ver the eatirv syatera 1 4 federal appuiaiuieiits,
iy, and e mtraoia I Is has sower ever ike
aaiHiori' id ihe Individuals who administer Iks'
aieiu,'' He matte and unmakes leem lie
j e oea Irian 'ne ciii ie u aie, imnru ana vep-
piMters. snd af dtumiM iaem. and. epim an
Ihe p meiple ol kamae acikai, wi'fl aie.ba
iheiM aauftsn as ikeyddMppsai liisetpvcvaiks'S. .
llis sj im anlieatea ibeir actions is all tke ele
UiMia ' w tta and1 FaossAt iffe-ee. laera
nty ke ex-vptseis, kel ike irath ot a general
ruirt is pwred by Ihe exceptive. 1 "be iniended
aiieekkSSMied id ibe 8 aa-e,wilbnut ftvweue-'
uiaraial oaminry erevisaswi wtlfream to
opera's'. Ptnit.e will pet euae ihb) baly ub
du it eapatrty 4 fre.isnce,eklB it to j be car
of no, t. aiutctiaWethe PieaiaV bl to rule, a em-. ,
. 1 .1.
V, ai d Htm wun- -npn-y , una wnavti.
j n.i.iiial eheib id ibe Senate.- 1
j M w imint iken k ieward to the
Ohen ibitpiiblicreieiiMvtwillke d.aihled Wbeo
the eivd and mdtiary idfleers ol Ike Federal tio.
tisMMsitt; pill is ua4rnU4 waaa its iiJa