North Carolina Newspapers

    i -
41 .UrttlflVillc. in his work o
ietfsWw. has given to the world w I, at
, lol c Vecn i desideialum. a clear, intel-
1 , ill i.l li.ih the. eve of a statesman
le result
ll etlu jWilti the eye ol . it
u'. an J oortrajed th
H t" r'T-T " .V l In nnH
enlU'f But the object of tins ar-
e hMQ much to e f-
It haabfjea been mooted, whether par.
Jiit!.3,cpnJucve to freedom or the sU
fr U fute institutions, but, in realuy,
MkMx viewed with allenlion, it
- i'L altatftpr foi doubt or
n forcottderatipn it IS one 01 imncuv
.,, triad ants of Iieeaom anaoi nee
iifiMtit which the? cannot
T V 1 " 1
I. - i J, n:nrnt lltfl hcl.
, cpff"f'tj feiagnaiion of the community,
iht blltBg heaving of the ocean is to
srtk itsMMty V and it ppeiates upon ibe
ilical, a$ lightning does on the natur
iiriicSi,hqre!!; jet, like all other blsio,
23 Its etflsj Anbiiioumea and dema
ue? teitl on it to promote their own sel
purpol and it .sometimes happens
t, bVjits'inJ. such men are elevated to
f errvh'i'jsi the awre worthy and the more
iest,areft "m the ranks vf private life ;
J $!iboujjtf ill is .one of the means used in
tdenrig the chains of despotism, and estab
jingffegoiVrnments, yet it is too often
;d bylth popnncipled Jo ofertbrow the
Me monurhents of its own creation, and
ler ite thdjencejbere have been but too
ny jnsjartces Svhere the people forgetting
jrtfue mterpsts, have enlisted under the
:ner of BobiVpartv chieftain, and march
bimagalestjthe citadel of liberty itself.
thWchiinftuated men, 10 redress their
binary,, or promote the ambitious
sTs of a C)Tio1anus or a Cear, is of more
)drtaice5lli to preserve their country
a anarcly( and bloodshed. :.
'a eteryiination, ancient and modern,
re tjhe hjind-has been free and unshac
J btofy Infonns us of parties and parti
s j Bnd,leven in the piimitive ages of
istia'hilffi we are told in sacred history,
t one for Ful and another for Apol-
; it vaJ flicre fore, hardly to be expect
, Or prlar)s! desired, that our own coun
should hd exempt from what seems to
70, beeri ill common lot of all free gov
:menis j in fact, our country "was peopled
the 'party ;stnfcs and political conflicts of
old world1 Whilst our colonial depen
;ce tonUyUed, and even since, to a very
iaiderafltj extent, patties here have de
2d theiBhrnes, as well as principles, from
1 mother country. "! When the lion-heari-of
70strMck for freedom and indepen
bce, they 'found sympathy and aid among
1 iVbigst 'ofGreat Britain, the liberal
bjled, fiih 'spirited j men of that day, who,
der sue!) phanjpions as Chatham and Bar
, hauled for the rights of manvj The A-
ncan patriots possessed of the principles,
r FuMishetl.irceniylat.Tivo noils, and Fifty Ct$? "V
17VOLUME Vill.
power with tfe States B tb parties ran in
to extremes, a'od (experience has prot ed that
both were wrg, in media tutifsimti &L
The federal party appear in many respects
to have taken: the Bntiih constitution; M thjeir
model, and of course, would naturally fa for
the operation ot inai governmenit wnnsi iuo
and for a $rrn
looked more to State-rights,
o government that was more
!nl ntir( thA Innkpn with
timed tlio name of the .Wh'i29, whilst !
so who slili adhered lo th mother coun- j
'of. ratbetJlp the lory administration,
ich ftlieh (governed it, were designated id
being' rneruly the name by which their
rtisans were knowri in Great B'ltain. j
A'l the cqmmencement of the Revolution,
j ferhr tories had -110 more oc'ious signifi
ipo herbjl than it bad or now has there,
trig , merely in contradistinction to the
hig?V tbol laAters; i nclinibg to democracy .
, 1 Jorme;li the aristocracy. Butas the
tclutior ;ttrminated successfully for the
big, ltfljas natural that the tones, being
posed independence, should be looked
jn jas; enemies of this country, and I so
ited in 'public esticnation. . This, then,
J the fi'rst division of parties in thiscoun-
I ti'ti&rtpd Tory the former were fin.
i tlie Democracy, and were for the rights
hq people,- the latter were the aristocra
,tahd ;wfire well content to bask in the
ishine'of power and patronage as then
sepiinatby the 1 administration in the
jihjtjr country,. . ;
Ojf naiipoal independence achieved and
'mowledged, the sages and statesmen; of
.t day- began to look around them for the
:t form qf government,1 to secure and per
tua'te that freedom which their ?alor had
tainedj 4nd when we consider how little
;skiioriat that period of free govern
.imcnts,ind how lamentably bad failed all
; mer efforts 'of the kind to establish them,
i 1 noi fftauer of surprise that a great di-
X . . sity C;bpinion should exist amonur the
purest aMVt8l of men, and that some of
l. lm, ,0, . t . 1 r exce83 of fear lest the country
.oiuo oBppeouy overrun with aparchy,
origni prospects blasted in ih
fluence of demaffornie. Khnn?(t
d monarchv or a cirAn
cat DtjUip, n eoryral least, wa, Con
ereaastliQ very spiritoi perfection, where
r 'b"f ' v,"6 j-"r,uc "uu commons,
;re; airprptef ted, precisely balanced, and
fckedacb otheryv ... I :
Dorirrg and after the. formation of the
Ifral constitution, tho Country-became di.
mlc new parties,- federal and antu
(cilheLrbrmeK in lha cnnvntion. fa
-. r . . . . . r " " " w
democratic, and of course taey looked w
no favorable eyie pn the constitution of .Great
Britain, or the operations ot that government
Thus matter stood when the Frenrb'Rev
olotion brokiiout. - At its origin, all fpartjes
in this county looked upon it asja noble en
terpme but as tjit great : and good jmen jof
that nation were jone after another; tBrustia
side, & their plaices usurped by wretches wjio
spread violeoceapd anarchy through the land,
many began to doubt of the stability f thjir
institutions, and of the benefit of (jer ."dp-1
mocracy. Stijio the cootpsts of that na
tion with Great Britain, a very; large pfo
portion of the people of this countryjcbr
ishing the oldffQstility against England, ahd
warming withjthe spirit ofjliberjy, and wfth
gratitude towards France sideldj with rjie
latter, and were n favor of; assisting (leijio
her conflicts against their old enemy; , 1 ? I
As the controversy between these -two rja
tions waxed warm, party-feeling here became
more excited, arid when the anarchists, for
democrats, as jtheyl styled tbemseltrf-s, f in
France, broke; pot into the moat frightful Ex
cesses, those who, in this country, ihas fa
vored the revolution, were styled, by way
of reproacbj democrats the others retain
ing the name f Jederalists. By jihese nances
the two parties j ere known for many; yea p ;
the democralsj liventually :. assiimiiig i with
pride the name which had been forced too
them.;, -: ., . . j Lj J
During and for some years after .the ad
ministration; o'f the! elder j Adams, political
contests were fery high, and even very mUch
embittered with personal feeling, and doulbt
jess both parlies were more or less in (be
wrong ; eventually, however, theifedera! par
ty wasoverthown and completely pros(ra
tedthe derrioicrats were triumphant and
retained the government for many jearsl"
The administration of MrMphr0e seti,s
to have beeri'jtho halcyon days of the
public, when jhe old party! distinctions were
n a great measure forgotten, and: demociafs
and federalists, excepting perhaps ihetr po
minent leaders mingled together iii harnto-
ny. i nese iea,f rs 01 iiib oiu leuerai piny
were marked, by. their opponents, and bad
thrust upon them all the sins ascribed to tfteir
party ; of course, they were in a great mea
sure proscribed! and kept out of power, jbut
J all its
d by tlie
or 1 1 in
fifient men of the party at the eapttal, and
in almost every State in the Union I : We
say not this in reproach of that by gone, and
iri some respects, once highly ' resptable
party, but for the purpose of exposing the
cant aod vby peer isy, of those who now as
sume to be the exclostve democracy j and
sjyle their opponents 'by way of, reproach,
federalists ; who hope by taking to, fthem
selves the name of a once triumphant party,
and attaching to their oppouents? the flame,
and in eomo respects, the odium of 1 de
feated party to blind the eyes of the pc dple,
and remain themselves, the lords of tke as
cendant But tbey are mistaken, t(ie p iople
have more intelligence and discrimination
than is generally awarded to lbem-thei may
be deceived for a time by names lidd pro
fessions, but they will evehtuallyll0cikj to
principles and acts, as well as enquird
the fairness and honesty of names; and
fessions -the v can discern that
any other name will smell as swtjet. arid that
! i!
a thorn will be a thorn still, call-it by
;! as ' ' : I f ! f
name vou win.
i 4 '4
BT MI33 H. T. GOCLD. ! i;
Founded on the singular incieot jof finding the;
j ecatof a hanging bird, io . a Sycamore treej
I formed eptirely of silver wires, plucked froml
fa Soldier's Epaulatte.: it j i
;A stranded soldier's epaalettfti
- lay waieia cast asbo(e ; i
A little winged rover metj
. " And eyed it o'er and oer.
The silt er brighc so pleased her sight;
un inai loDeiiaie vest; 1 i, i
She knew nut yhy 6he should deny
Herself a siljer neat. , ! i '
The shining wire she pecked and twirled,
Then bore itjto her bobghi j ! f '
Where on a flowery twig twas carled.
The bird can show yon hovr. I
Bat when enough of that bright stoff,
rThe canning builder bore 1 1
Hr hoase to make, she would not1 take.
-I'm- . . i! i a.
ix or did sne covet more.
1 - "-.I rv -u.
And when the little artizan
VViih oeithi pride nor goilt, :
Had entered ioj her pretty plan, I
Her resting place had boilt j j .
With here andthere a plom'e to spare,
A boat her-ewn light form,!
Of these, inlaid with skill; she made
A lining soft; and warm;
But do yon think the tender brood
She fondled there and: iedtj "j
Were prouder when tbay anderstood 1
. The eheen about their; bed ? ,
Do you suppose; they ever rose f
Of higher powers possessed, f
Bpcaose they knew tbey peeped and; grew
Within a silver nest t : J I
i - Hi -V t
. - -
f !
- . . j' Mil . k
The most prevailing fault of con versa
tton in oar country, nd, I Ibelieve, n al
social rommunities,is gossiping As weeds
most infest the richest soils; so gossiping
most abounds amidst the social virtues in
small towns, where there is the molt ex-
they were ambitiou3, daring and reatless,
iQuch talent and keenness of
possessed , of j
some favorab
and ever on the watch ffor
red .one ceneral government for all na
W Purposes, organized under a distinct
luAlpti, theUtter were opposed to Ibis,
flavor of amending the articles of
tedtntion, md of the nation remaining
.ere league or confederation of in depen
?t and aoverVtgo States. The constitu-
?mes1of both p.rlie9t and 8alUftclo.
tq 0tJ,er : but those favoring a federal
; government m preference to a
Z!t T 1 Prom'nd, and lbe con.
tut.on wasdopled by the States: yet, in
Je cosrtruction of Us power,. tbe same
,eling$iapd sentiments prevnlcd that 'had
-een exhibited, in the7 convent,on, The
? r. ' ntU?1 ere for
,tvtgfutl scope to its powers, whilst their
PTptnn!s were for limiting them bv ttnri
e opportunity by which they
might again cpme into power. V The Presi
dential election of 1824, afforded them the
long looked .opportunity to make a man
ifrstation of their strength, ami to evince
their power of iorabination The Congles-
sional caucushad been exploded, land four
democratic candidates for the Presidency
were in the irled, Crawford, Adams, Cay
and Jackson i Thu old Federal leaderssaw
at once thai by acting in concert, and Hear
tily supporting one of the candidates, tey
might be the jmeans or 01s success, and thus
be effected' thejir long looked 1 for -j restor
ation to power. After much5, secret cu
cussing and canvassing, they at length sfet ,
tied on General Jackson as the man , for ttfeir
support, not because lney; had; conpdence.
in his fitness, or had been therefore rar
tial te bim : no, they had but little confi
dence in him, but much in themselves, by
whom they: hoped he would in some mea
sure be governed, especially if j to them lbe
owed his electipn' Many of them ;hadf o-
penly declared lhat for his conduct in Fljr
rida, and at Ww Urleans ajler tne oattle,
he ought to have been huny. and all pflhlm
hA rtnnnipH lhat war in which he oainediall
bis laurels and political capital; -yet there
was a popularity ana a giory aooui pe 010
cbief that took; with . the people, especially
that Dortioh oil them who misbt the more
easily be led bydesigning demagogues, and
the publication of the celebrated ) Mqnrotf
conesDondence. settlrd everv! doubt, and
determined: them to prefer him to either, of
. r 1 , l r- i
his demociatic competitors. Thus the lead
- . . e . J . i.U ....... ! IT.4lJ
ino leaeraiisis iiurouguuui; iuc.uuiuu T'F
ranged under: the Jackson banner,' striking
out the word federal, they styled themselves
Jack ton Republicans, not yet having : (lie
courage to assume the name of democrats.
Cvtntuallyi kheir efforts were crowned with
success, and the old he 10 marched into the
capual with a greater share of popularity
loan had been enjoyed by any man slmce the
! ,, ?P,gton. nis menus, me teaa
ers Ol the old Federal nurtv. and now the
pomment acjtora in bis own, were hot forget?
ten in bis distribotion of the1 spoils.,'is
is abundanilv emcpl in efrttnni!nf
his cabinet and the appointment to man r of
toe roosrimponani omees in the nation, i;
From the inauguration of President Jak-
son to this, day. bis, parly , baa jrmbraced I a
very large proportion or the, leading meiii-
nad joitted
i Having shown the otigtn and character of
the present self-styled democracy Jet us
look for a moment into its principles! and
transactions. The federal par if were j ac
cused, whether rightly or not, 13 irnbajerial
in the pressnt question, of endeavoring to
strengthen the arni of the National Eecu
tive at tho expense of the rights of the states,
and of the people this in fact, was the
great test question between the federal and
democratic parlies, s represented l and; un
derstood by the latter. Ou which side! has
the present dominant party arranged itself ?
Lias it not been on the side of federal pow
cjr, and against the States and the people ?
The federal power arises from j the piihlic
purse -from patrooage, or from powers i in
the constitution, snd their extension,! and
which of tbem has not the party fxer
Cised to the utmost, limit ? Is it the money
power ? When before was it assumed; that
this belonged lo the National Cxecutive,and
not to the Legislative authority B IDin lany
farty ever before claim to place the purse tenuea muiuai acquaintance wnere persons
and tho sword in the hands uf the CXe;cu- live io the closest relations, j eserob)ing I
itve? Is rt the power of patronage ?rlwf hat large familycirclf.- To distdfb the8wee
administration before the late and l tpy pre- uses of these little communities by gbssipj
sent, ever dared to govern the nation upon ng 8 surely to forfeit the benefit ot on
Mie broad base principle, that ju;(lyspbils f the kindest arrangements of Providence,
jtjjf victory belonged to the victyt fknd The habit of gossiping bens in ruth
irnight be used to .perpetual executive! pbw I once attended alsomety of young persons,
jer ? - And what express or implle4 r is frora thirteen to j seventeen ears j uf. 8ge
here in the constitution that haslhot been i woo met lor oenevoieni purposes. ;
stretched to its utmost limit to cover exec- I reading or talking afternoon??
asked one of ihe Igirj.s, ; It .... "'"' .
Reading,' replied the president ; !and I
have brought Perry's Reliquef of Englifh
Poetry to read tojyou.' .;;! j '. i
ls not that light reading ?'i asked; Julia
Ivers. "These ate old ballads: and songs f
Ys. I suppose it would be called light
reading. j. '" "' '' : 1 I
Then I vote against it; 'mother donfi
annrove of liffht vealin. ii. ;1 1
Julia, who had the lightest bf all minds,
ani th most voluble of tongues, preferred
talking to any residing, and without loss f
hers of the federal party, ; who ; b
his ranks from sinister views.! Overreach
ing the ert6cratJthey?tbokvthe lead" rjpd
carried off I the spoils ; of this, any roan; of
orqmary political intelligence mus oe coo
vinced, if, he will loolc through the ranks; o
the present dominant partyvJfiey have for
the last tea - jeirs' been the leading, !ef-
ulive usurp iiti on, or to promote: executive
power ? And yet, with all thesis things he-
ore the world, the dominant party jproless
tb be th a democracy, the exclusive! friends
of the peopje, and of their rights!! Like
he French Jacobins, they cry at every cross-
rnd and corner Le pauvre peuple I Lppau
vrc peuple! whi st they aie aitempi iig to
lead them on to their uwa destruction. For
the purpose of strengthening their (ottering
power, the people are flittered intn( every
kind of excess they are told that ft hey are
aholmr. iinrnnf rolled Kovpreiah. thai Iheir
r, ttT-in?niT 1 ' -v . . 1 . 1. i ? 1
ill is paramount to order, law land cplifti- ,iroe sne pet?an x9 01 gins, who 101.
have the
tution. th it thev
. . 1
the risht to t ke th responsibility,! and
ride over all opposition The;sii 'ar4 .dan
gerous doctrines, proinuigatedl ti u litical
age, yet they nave long oeen prornlgl',n.
in tneory, ana recent evcnis snein-y
being forced into practice. ''f u , thtj peo
... 1 t . .
pie aie an.i ought lo.oe me sovereigns, dhi
that sovereignty is to be reguUtrd and re
strained bv Uws and ' Mtitutihh$5 r it be
comes the force of a mob. (sola led man
must be restrained by taws hum in 40H !
Vine, and when he assonateg intithe bod
politic, the necessity of that restraint be-
ooies :more apparent.' M ij M
We have perhaps, extended our remarks
further than the su'-ject required!, out the
great efforts made and making, jo; place the
VVIiiiTs m a tal.sf itnaitrnn. would seerh In r.
quire thnt Hip stihjecl be fairly placed btfore f?c ! "lounng p iu oer eyes.
.1 j j I- 4 , I , "- . x uinij BaUitfU
aweh resembled her.
Did you notice Matilda Smith last Sunt
i ii h k
nav l . ! .1 h f
J i !.. -. - J
Yes, indeed ; she had on a new silk
(IT'S. H '
That is the very thing I wanted to find
out, whether you were taken in with it
It was nothing but her onTsky-blue dyed.'
'Can that be? why she has worn it ever
since she was thirteen. 1 wonder jl dfd
po see the printf of the tacks.' f t ;
'I .did,' interposed another of the young
committee f inve?tigation. hi took a good
look at it as she stood in the doors , She
couldn't deceive ne. with anhi! iSallv'l wed
ding sky-blue dyed black 1 1 j , .ijK
I don't think Matilda would rare wheth-
0r you were deceived or not,' said little
MaryMorns the youngest: jmmbenof the
the country.
.'. . . : THE LIGHTMNG KOI).
i It is carious to fiml that the conductor, bii light
ning rod, wliich so many men cf geiiius: Isarn
iug and iogenuiry, have beeo at the pains to; com
pieie. wnicn in iih nas mi ways reo ieraraea as
ulia livers
f that Matilda is your cousin.' i i ,!
i j not oecause sne is my i cousin,' re
plied';Mary. ""' "-'-rj - J " k't; r t
Well, what is it then ?' f f i
Mary's tears drooped on her wotk, bti
She made no other reply. P j She had too
much delicacy lo proclaim, her, consin's
one of the proudest trophies of ! science -was
known and employed by people of no rnprrrefined private good deeds;, and she! didVnot ill
iohfej of ihe ? ,1 lwv"?w,f 1 v5 T
bastions of he Castle of Dona. onithe shores n a new shk g-wn. gave it Jnsieaa jto oe:
.---s.i rr ii ! -
therimoTe nor Kinaaant oaiiy, vhs" unking under
trichyidesctibes a prarliee used; bn johts of the T
of the Adriatic, which is literally helthertmore nor kind 'aont Sally
less than the process which ena&fed Fninkhn to a Icn g iri d is pqis 1 1 on: which jjier physician,
bring lightning down from ihe clouds M An .iron said might be' removed bvJt lioorney.' ! fli
the name of the society should be rfcaeged
for as she said, Ube little charities; they
did wiih their needles were a poor ohet
against the uncharitableness of their tongue.
-There is a specimen of gossiping aggra
vated by treachery; but, bad as this i, it
is sometimes committed more from thought-
leasness than malice. A girl is invited to
pssa a day,i weekv nr a month, it may be.
in a famdy." Admitted klsuch an irtimary,
he may see and hear much that the family
would not wish to have reported. Circum
stances often ot cur. and remarks are made,
from whirh no harm would come if tKey
were published to the world, provided
what went before and came after could like
wise be known; but, taken out of their
connection, they make a false impression ,
It is by relating disjointed circumstances,
and repeating fragments of conversation,
that 60 much miscnief js done by those
admitted into the bosom of a family. ;
You know that, with the Arabs, partak
ing salt is pledge of fidelity, because the
salt is a ymbotof hospitahty. Show a
sarred gratitude for hospitalrty, by never
making any disparaging remarks or idle
communications about, those into whose
families you are rec ived. 1 know persons
who will 8ay, unhlushingly, I am sure that
Mr So and So is not kind to his wife. I
saw enough to convince me of it when I
stayed there.' Mrs. S. is very mean in
her family.', How do jou know that V
I did sure I ought to know, for I stayed a
month in her house. 'If you wish to he
convinced that Mis L. has no government
over her children, go and stay there a week,
as I did. The B and their stepmother
try to live happily together; but if you
were in their family as much a I am. you
would see there -is no Jove lost between
them. i
Now you perceive, mv young friends.
that the very reason which should have
sealed this gossip's lips, she adduces as
the ground of ymtrlaith in her evil report
I have dwelt long on this topic of gossip
ing, my young friends, because, as I said
before, I believe it to he a prevailing fault
in our young and social country. The on
ly sUre mode of extirpating it is by j the
cultivation of your minds and .the purifica-,
lion of your hearts. V I
All kinds and degrees of grsiping are
as distasteful to an elevated character as
gross and unwholesome food is to a well
trained appe'iie.
ings -if Congress and th LfguUtrTp
considers thai paper the bsi whirh c ,v
greatest qoantity 4 such reasJir. - U .
papers! tor the light and Imlj rrac'ir -ibey
contaio -and L wonders that it,?
not twbtifh Oeweys ferrouns, aKd vr'' ;
f oU tnatiert will ootetenrni u
that doe not expose the evils of sectar:
and N is decidedly of the tpinioo that t!
awl nVtba pre$s stjoold meJJle wtih tc !
dogms.3. O like to read pylicc rf;
whoseippethe is less morbtd, tvn-.! l r.l-t :
paper Jia which thfse Vdlj repcris r- r.
hiv hciise. Qlikf s anecdotesana v
a paper that publutifrs theto.--U sajs i.
ders and other dreadfoi accideo is o - lit r ;
'pot foj the papershrsri,rap'air(it at !
eribte piper gites no account f ih.t I
robbery last week-T ajs tt.etjp? i i I
ard Ul thiaks it too large V p-j i,!3 p
faose! ft coQUihs bntbing butadvcrti?trts f.j
all that W wants of it is to see whuis t -X
wilj not tak? the paper it is U u
door befote sunriseand Y 'declares h v.
pay tVjr it if left s eaily, that it is si,,.,
hia doiuiicife htfaie he js tip.AnJ.I! ,
comesj the coroplinjenta of s roe of : the L
(ihe dear creitorts.,)whoUet!aie ihe pat
teresug, beeausp it. 'does nut every wi k r
a list f marriages, imi as if it were - t
pK)r printers ta marry pt-oj-V, whether if
ties will or not. .Vcw EtJfofd Gazette.
siati.u eenw, was ereciea on iu oasuon or me was -anti we believed Matild
castle dortng ihe aorome;, and U waas.a, part much these girls gossiped
Ul tuc uu vi im scunirit n urui;ic( biuiuj frock f ' " J- ' ' '
ibreatened, to raise in-iron piloted Hba! be iri, to- T V f ,
U,rH im fei.flr if nnih 9nnrnK?nflti. h,i. Juha Ivers turned the con
bert, sparks were emitted, (which n
ireu now
ibOujUlief dyed;
versatinn by
! iieVscien "ringy fpon't fon thinkit; .9 uaiigf thai
tirlcmiod would show that the staff Was; charged 51 ra Sanford Ietsj Maria ride put with Wal-
with electricity from a ibnader tload;; the senti ter Isbel "? "': ;- ;'" ir' 'j ' 1;"si1 - if 1
nel was made sore thai a Istbrm; !imp$hlded,and 'Yes, indeed and,? what jisotse yejtj
be tolled a bell which sebtfoarih ihe, ladings ot accept presents froaii hiro.f j f ! ! I i J
danger tthe ?"roanding wf4i otbing . Wh r;;doerfhrP:eiUimVd juffaj
can be moredehgb fo ly .miabl the pater- . J - - evesandaken o.lite U
nai care oi iu eui'jeci wdico inia provision or . . ? . I t 'i -
the goveniment,exemplaed.; iiTheTalmonish- back b7 VV9P k?f t f
ing soand of the bell was ibeyed; like'a )reterna- gossip which had not reached her ears ; j
laral signal from the denin of theifirrnameat ; Yea.ishe does ; he brought her three ell
shepherb8 were seen: harrying over the valleys egant plants firoai NewYork.jand sheweari
orgtng flxiks from exposed fields i to places of a ring which he'must have glven her ; ft
8helier.-The fishing boats, wiihlwhichsbeciasi von know the Sanford emitd not .flt,rH l ivl
of the Adriatic was generally studdedrjh with ba?acU th,bgs anuhidelAhey ner do !
began to crowd sail,& to:makior Jbe, bearcat h - . r nh-f I, inttL'. LLl
port, whilst many a soppiicttion wasipot from , . - "'-?.-" T t" ijr Tt
many a gentle and devoot heart onshore before " itumuancw "UFH
some hallowed sbrine, for the safety of ihe Utile I d, till the yourig gossips were interrupt?
It is a startling fact that human life is
shorter in New England now than it was
fifty years ago. J here are diseases now
which were hardly known. then, and which
bring thousands to a premature grave.
What is the cause of alt this? flas our cli-
mate essentially changed i Mo- unless it
be foi the better. The cause is to be found
doubtless in the corrupting fashions of the
times, which regulate tbe food and the dress
of people. and 'wfnrh mike idleness more
respectable than honest sturdy industry. We
deprecate those fishions ; they' are rapidly
leading us as a people into those excesses
whirh have proved the ruin of other and
earlier nations. It is time tl t subject were
looked into with as much s to nude and
cafe as politicians look Or the causes of
a . k I M
civiLiioeriy ana public goi a
In oidenlimes in the days of the revo
lution, when sons wotk d willingly m the
forests and tbe fiehfs, . and ' ptitook c f ihe
simple but substantial lure Ji their own
farms, when daughters wre thik shoes,
loose gowns and laooied at tiie spinning
wheel and !o.m, such diseases s consump
lion and dysper-si. wire seldom or never
known Doctors were rare arqu nntces
(hen. But now, if a young man would ap
fear respectable, he miift carrv a gre n bag
to court rather than a meal hag to mill ; h
must wield a yard stick, rather thsni hoe
or shovel ; and as for young ladies alas .'
it would soil their lily hands and be an u
reparable disgrace. to he sen cleaning hus
1 art
es or hei raught at a wash tur. i tieir
shoes musThe of kid thin as wafers; their
chests. must be pent up in coryets as closely
as a Chinese foot, and their time must be
spent in spinning street yarn, thumbing
the piano frte or-discoursing sentimental
songs. All these fashions are prejudicial
to human life and health. 0. thai lafhion
would ever take the right direction, and
gt upon the maxim of sanction nothing
wnicn nnerieres wun tne taws ot neaiin.
Then would the hopes of our country
hrighten-, and ihdividuals would enjoy, an
amount of comfort which is now too will
ingly but blindly sacrificed to false taste.
Maine Cultivator
fleet r pMentblj Review. Y
erv, and
How endless is the variety of newspaper read
huw hard u is to saiisy h-ir Want.
Mr. A. beliefes he shall di- i n i "e his paper,
becso-e ilctmtaius oj ptliticl ne9 and B. is
decidedly uf opinivn thai the same het dabbles
too freely in the political movements ol tt.edy
C.does not lake u because it .is all on one 6i!e
and D. whfe opinion it generally express,
dies not Jike it 'because it is not severe eunugh
qpon lbe opposition E thinks it die?j not pay
dae'auenihm io ff tunable literature and F
cahnol.bear ihe flnimy notions ot idle uriters
G will not ffuffr-r paper to lie on his ible which
vent ares an opnitHi a?vnst ulaverv and H ne
- - - a
er patronizes one ihat larks inonl courage to ex
oose-lhe el f he dT. I declare he does not j
by a proposition from the preahJeat that j want a paper filled with the hodgepodge proceed-
i Legislators.
MrLTcceksi The dictates of exper't ru
of cooimoo are,muat convince any cauciJ i
that8even eighihsurnin-tenthsi4 the :u ;:
mechanics. For this opinion ttvo rtu. ;
sufficient, if no others could be ae'duced. 1'
the principal object of Una is io promote t
terests and protect the rights vf jhes-e iv (
es of citizens, as they constitute seven e
ar-d ought to constitute nine ttn hs of il.t
ittHoity.. Second, they are educated in ti
better, fitted lo make sound V eniightei.e o s
men. than ever are or can be nnmi. e.i n
other schools but those of experte ce.
1 he soundness of the first rfasuii-R ill i
blr not be called in questionrby manv ; ii
the second, I am aware, will be dyub: d t
ns0 and possibly by some, faraeis arul c.'t
ics themselves. '-"Ii tit 1 have for sovrrjjl
been entirely convinced, that farinf rs at;J' .
cbanus were better qualified lor com punt '
legislatures,, lhao any iheviretical ti:--,
from the fact, that tbey have geati r i :'.
and, ad focal? soander and more republic jd
trines, in all legislatures vt which they are t
hers. The only misfortune is, that th y a-
elected to fill our legislatures, or to tun!i
majority ot them. - j
It I am not greatly mistaken, one cf tl:
cipal suurcirSol the civil and political evi!
aufler, is in making the prtfe$aion t I:
macb the cbapnel to otSees '-of emolufnt-r t
bonorr"r Tbj' practice presents an ; incc -and
highly improper, lhat one iclaj '
should institute Jaws, expound laws, sr ! .
vuic tans, nuibu i ui j ? wc - cu j'jHrjru u,t
do to promote iheir interests, nhile tbat
iobsulotes a very amail minority uf the c. r.
ntiy, though there are ten times, and pn '
fifty times as manyj, as the iuot healthy
ol the community requires. The greavly
creased, the rapidly increasing, and the I i-
dipptopoTtiooate number of our citizens, v. !
on tu the law for a profession, is! I;
the least evil resulting from appotntitm So .
of this profession to places of honor and tr-
Without any prejodice against the met:
this profession as individuals, fur by tn eit ,
arquaintance wun laew.i Knew many ot :
tu be honorable and respectable men. I a::.
vinced, as they themselves will undoubted !)
knowledge, that a large number of !ar.vrt : ,
mote litigation. And , no one will p.retc:: !
extensive : litigation is favorable, either t.
pecuniary,' tbe moral or social health arJ ;
peril y of the community, but highly dfstr
to all--- Consequently any arrai'g'tents cr ;
sures adopted lor conducting the opera:
society, which have tendency .lucre:
number of lawyers, which is already r:
out of proportion with lhat of other c'a
tbe community, must do an injury io that
moniiy. And appointing ihem to Hll t5.'
in our legislatures, especially the chairs ( i
and ihe highest seat in the nation, rnu?t
oouble and an irreparable injurr ; it i r '
oad laws, ana msiigaies qnarrtis anu cuiiif
in the observance and ex&cui'ing "of those !t
To avoid these evils and as far as jk-
repair the injury already done, by ih a
ent and ami -republican practice reftrrd t .
stituting oor legislatures and filling our T.
a great measure with farmers and nif ;
appear to be the rational, perhaps the
tual measures to be adopted.. ,
, I be education ol faraiera in lis present t: ;
ed state, is better fitted io make soumlcr !
tors," hao are produced by oor colleges, cr
jirofesston of law. If . larmers cducail. :;
whu it ought to he, and what il'niii.i
they duly appreciated the knowledge thy
dy possess, and their facilities fur gristly -
ing ihat know Jedge, they cjuld hardly fil
li.g the propriety, or, of availing' iheniv j .
ihe privilege, of appointing from ihetr o a ?
ber, guardians of their own rights and f
I do not pretend that lbe jnierrs? J i
or ofj'rtiechauict. or of both, aie the i oiv
rsis io be projected and promoted j n r it I
tend that our legislatures, a other odW s
to be filled ntily from those cUtss. f
contend that they ooght to be represent-! i
portion ro iheir numb rs. and repress r ;
themselves. I hold to? this doctrine !
they1 must be supp'ed to ondersiand tluir
interes's tetter tban ihose in other pi ru ; "
l,.r th in ; because, being educated in the -of
exoenet ce they may b soppd t
th-y are actually found o b, sounder sr -i -men
to be relied upon and becacfee b) r.t-j'
I tier io nit our nw ." y-v,v. v,.
the nuintier engaged in ihat profession u, - '
diminished and h'igauoti diminished wn h i1;
by ihat means the wealth, the inifl! -g. "
ihe virtue ot our Republic greall) prta o r 1
If the education of fa risers as vhit
tjonal and an enhghind yttm would t
al a le-s expense d time and money ' :
incurred for ihf ptirpe, they would U r;
qoal.fied to perform n ahy kindi of bH!r;' -wbich
they now resort to the lel t I -
such as drawing contracts, givirg power . :
lorney, making out bills f sale, , con eytt z
! perty, by deed or otherwise, ana n,
i acts of a Muiilar chancter, which wlu!-:
it)mt Ives great, expend and trouble, an i
mil lawyer to engage in pursuits better
led t i prom.-re Ihe health vf society.
To avoid the evils and secure ihe l r
here referred to, no one need to act u r
influence of prejudice or desire cf prrfcn,'v:
r armer ani uecoMiic unr
and apprini individuals from thir o n p
sions.'to protitrte ihetr iflteresrs end rd
and proiect their rights, and tbey can t
fad to accomplish their dj?c. - i rem o ,
Trulv and always, J Holes v
4 r.v

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