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0 / 75
I - - - . - . - T; r-rrr- ; rrr ' -- ' 1
, - ...
vr Jj ni i-tt;inw, an'i Ivoo dollqri and
J :I , iviU be rect?frf for a less lime
Uiiutsijod fuui al Hie opu,
f TeWs pF AUVEBT1SIN0.
fI j .hr rpr .quJ"'r i tie first inserliun and
07 J,is tdf each coiinnuanw.
.tl'rt ;i!chr2ea"25 per t. tigh-
? fii.iaof-aii'Pr nt wiU be mad6 10
lh4 -ibjear. -
,jm"nis will he coolinued nniii
J1' . lur' accordinffly. ihi!S3 oier--
' ..,in: number uf lime?
rf" tn'rt add&sse'd ttf N EditoiS must
F ' ; '
' ' . ,". - ' Cents. ,
Molasses ,r 40 a CO
8 a 10
15 a 20
10 a 12
"18 a 20
10 a I2i
8 a 20
$4h ilv-riiwr.Liiiea, 16 a 20
in sec. 2 4 . , vmoi, vi.
i:,v?m rm salt,
i... i i r .
PENDLETON & BRUNEKi
T .HDITOnS7 AND r.PROPRIETOKS
See that the Government does !nol kemnr'e too much pover. -l Keep a cheek , J
.1 9 i ' ivr'y f?u libkkti is safe.'- ueo'i. Marrisoo. 'r-i
SO. 8 TOEUME IX.
. WHOLE ;.A0. , 424; . :
SBCTY.BCTBMBBK' -18,- 1S4
North Carolina Book Store.
Vaaable works on Farming, Girdi-nipg, Boial
nj,CauIe, Orchards and - the Giarw, Vine!
-&c. &c ' ' j...1. ."..- - f
The complete vFarmfr, American GarJnel,
Florist Guide, The Green , Hou, Qridjreman
Gardener's Assistant, Loudon's ICncjcJopedia &
Gardening, Art of Winemikirior, Memoirs of ibe
PeonajUania A"ricohurI Society. Treaiise oh
Call le, i heir brew! , msinag emen t f fre? Farmera1
ll....i.-fii.!li J n t. ii- . -m :.
vwu uwn, ..nourj on riMiiiry, nisiory oi ttie
Horse, New American Orchrdisf, OrnsraentaJ,
Tri?es, Farmers Regisjer, complete as far as poo
lished, Masons Farrier,; iroproved, : Loudon's
Eucy eloped ia of Aricultore ; tojjethtr wilb tii
splendid collectiun of Books io every depanmeat
of .Literature,, for sale! ai reduced prices bv !- I
V TURNER & HUGHES, f
I Knii, ; roi j ' uHiuuij uuiib wuu n-amess ana
.fcd0il,;pr-. ; i Wool, (clean) . -
4 a5 j Wail? cut assor, 7i 8
7 ajjg -wrought lfi a 18
15 . Ott I Out busiicl 40 -a 50
m1 iQit galUfs 75 aSl
iaatrJ 1 larn p:- $125
8 V ji linseedU 10 a 1 25
Pork 101) I Us 5 6
Rice, 100 lbs ;4 a 5
( bush ' 50 ,h fSugV 1 :8ta 124
ail sacic a
lit tope lb
Great tlFtesf crn Siagc Zinc
FROM SALISBURY to ASHVILLE, Nl Gl
.;rrv.v-: ,;. t - Wilmington, N,
Refer to .. : ",
Mr. F t. Sl AV. Wihslnw. FJ
1 rmnn ;.V : . 4. .1 : ' i 1
Lfl,riV aoove ne pow in full operation and liWil?kin23. John Huske & Sen. (5 J
jut arrives ai, ana uepans irum Salisbury as tur
FALL A3TD WINTER OF
' neat w itbout being, gaudy ; tauieful," wittl
ztlr-lier cnuntains sre cotered wii'i :
dore Vo their summits, her trees are in j
repnial, leal, and the blos.'ocn, iho luJ.
the frui: arc corhmciv cocjnjnicr.s.
aione is oeradrd liere.
; In th(t government of Brazil there isal:
hrntire disregard ofithe plainest snd l:zl
interests of the (eopIe. a tol a I a c t c f j a t ; c 3
in the adminisirstion cf the laws, :n
absolute benog' among those in r-Cs c to
wards ibe people at large; 'a npglect cl huni.
ble petitions for protection from and rf rutdj
of, abuses: ( and. regulations, onorou and
injurious, have long diaiintnushed the ror-
f crnmenW -These features are still prun.inent
will.' rin .. L-. r T-4 -
iu na vuiiicirr. s
oat being expensive.; Too many :- far
mers t bo have , money v to t spare, f and
some who have not, teem to suppose, that
the most inrongrnons manner, very likelv
i&zy&ir uuui o ; t7nvrr . . ' : .. . i , rsiiiuinng a mixture oi sy tue orders ot
jr i ' S-fi AVING parchMsed ffaai weli known: and f , 1 tt "
Pw ; 1. I $Mf wtaWhed.Ppbiief H.ui-oow0 1 biectore -. the . pillars -and porticos'
nriHR SnWriLrinfir. tKtV .fc.l.Y' i1, ol l!gbter Tavern,) in U.e which surround them, they havrvenHhe
il-hlosi ieceil .hroohVrlhey i iTrl indisputable prools of a?cultiT.
nunc jjr-riiij, mil me sswe is now
open for the recrpnon of Travellers' &. Boarders.
His iTable and Bae Will be soWlied with
the besl the market and surrounding: country af
fordsV V 6 r- K
has just received throrish Hie Norihern
Cities f lift lntiwtl ant
liUiAJO & PARISIAN FASHIONS,
... k S
And is prepared to execute orders, in the
Slvlish and satisfactory manner, j
j : AVork sent from a distance shall .be carefully
put up and lorvrardel. . , ;
- - ' t wfc ,- wt r wk a. nrvA -m. v
A few .Bonnets, Caps) TorbansJ
i It is, however, Mtisfartory to observe a
tendenej to improvement which occasion
ally appears in the acts of 'government, nd
1 m ntm-A kI.imL m L. - I T" I I .
,f the, c,nt Urge ,nS10n.. eot p ihp,n,oo;expreitd-tbiwh UiS nrcsj. Ins
other articles, will be kept on hand (
! Mrs. S. P.' is also prepared
Cftmjiing and Flutinjf on tfa$mable terms
Salisbury, October 18, 1839.
.-- ' II
Others : 45 aW) ;
iso lOOlbs p i a f i
'iba Yarn, 16 a S2.
aseed 90 aljDO
.iie;s,;35 a 37i;
Leaves rSalisburyrOT jMondavs. vThuisdaVsl 1
Sri I UU tuu ociuiuaya, ai a o cioCK. A. iJ arrivaa at
Steel Amcr. 10 a Oo j Asbtille next days at 8 o'clock,' P. AJ. ; I I
: v nh-!' i ii i Ret arninj.Iea ves Aslrville on Mondavs. Th a rs-
aays, ana paiuraays, ai d o'clock A W.; arrives
at Salisbury next days at 8 o'clock P. M. t
' . . f ' A. BENCINI,
.'I ' ! R V. LONG,
N. B. Passengers ileavin? Raleigh. N : O.
: - German 12 a :14
Teaiinpe; 81 $137
riTTriLLf Sepvemberl 91840.-.
Jiafy,pe3ehi45 a502V-lylasses, ii:S3 a 371
Apple 57 a 42 j Nans, cut,., or a 7
ooar Drown, a is
Loaf, : - : 18 a 20
Salt.M: : 75 a 00
J5ack,'; '$2i fr2l
Tobacco leaf - 4a 44
Bale rope, v , 8 a 10
Wheat new; 80
for Nashville Tennessee, will fiod no delay
whatever on jl Ms roote.! AB' & R.AVL."f
Salisbury S. C. Jari. I7th.' 1840.
",v f i -
r-zfm a vft
15 a 20
1 F. FULElj keep9 constantly on hand
. : : la MockstilU. J C.
TUOJTMS FOSTER 1 I
INFORMS ihe public that be has removed
from his former stand, to his new buildings
on the public square, ih the Town of Mocks
ville where he will continue to keep a
V House of Avriiertainment, f
His House is roomy nnd commodious; attach
.uiki-Ti. . .ii,t' ;i. les nimseii io i
rw Hi tin, mtitJ'rtJt sausfactioo to such as .may call on him.
- ft .ir . ''ti-fTv, - . ... l l ARIK. BA
s. ue win teacn iiie. i
ART 0X1 DOTTING ; ;
'U toou approd and Fashionable Style to
tes himself to the most diligent exertions, to give
taiisiaciioo io sucn as .may can un nnu. iijs
FABLE, B AR & STABLES are prodded fn
the best manner that the country will afford,
auu ui sci wains aia iaiiiiiui tuu iwuijfc,
Jan 26. 1839 U26
pK&N oj) arpiclcnmitted fto ,the Jail o
tf April, Brj$i) a4ne2r6 man, who says I said Factory, consisting of vaiinua numbers.
f fflHE Subscribers.iAgents for (he Lexington
JL Cotton Factory', would inform the pb!c
that they have just received, and now offer for
i i , . " il. ..... - j Li
saie, wuoiesaie or reiau, ineiuuon i arns oi
rellYarbtough & It -j 7,' Joseph Baker pi
I v riaigfi, turtis & jtl f ro?e r. , ;
FatettevUle. i. V.
March 27 1840 6u35 1
His tables soacions, aod bountifully ;sup
plied, with grain aod provender, of all kinds, at
tended by fatthfu! and aMmuive Qstleis. i
The undert igijed pledges hiru&elf ihat-no ex
ertionjon bis pari shall be wQtrng lo oivegt-n-erai
ati&laclijn to all who mar favor him wth
acaiJi . .,. - ,
I JAMES L COWAN.
Salisbury: Sept. 11, 1840: f7
DAMSEL of DaYien, by the author of Vem
. masse. &c. 1'he adventures of an Attor
ney. id search of practice, by the athortf The
adventures of a gentlemao' w search of a horse"!
2 vols. 7' The man about Town, by Cornelius'
Webbe. , Nar. Darrell.or the Gipsy Mot her, by I
Ihe author of The, Squire,' r Charle Tyr-j
rell, or ihe Bitter Blowl, by James 'I he Gpn j
tletnen of the. Old Schoof, by JJames, author ot
the Robber, 3re Just received ai 1
. TURNER & HUGHRS'
N. Carolifta Book Store. 1
THE Sobscribers would respect folly inforul
the citizerts . of Concord and rts' victory ,
that thev have purchased Irooj Jorhn Clark si
his STOCand TOOLS connected with Tir
and Sheet Iroo Baines," arid ure now prr-pai
to manufacture all articles in Jitir line, w hich
they f'ffet at wholesale iw retai
sonable terms, and confidently
tomers4hat they can depend
executed better and with less
have ever been put up heretofo
hers flatter theiiJ-elvt-8 that heir ariH-Un hal
at the most real
assore their cns-l
ion havino order!
delav than they
e; 1 be 6nbscn
vt$ a tplerablalk color, quick spoken and
? ''Il f e belongs to John ; Mc-:i?-rhe
don't kiid-w iwhprp hia master lives.
raseiilljjjhn ; Campbell of.- Cra? en
'''I in .tbrltSiateiand his master wa? takinr
J 14. m .....
I'be superior qualities; and character of the yarns
of this Factory are sq well tested and known, as
to need no recommendation from os Those
. ". " i.: J:il
wishing to purchase wil
C. B & C. K.
April 24, 1340 1 138
please give us a cll.i
jvV HEELER; Jlg'Ut'A
BW EAIS H IO N Si,
-Hsisipp,i;atid that he runaway Trom
5 Uwrgia. 'f h owner is jrequesied to
I .Wwird jandploe property , pay charges'
hiaii wa . 'Ir! he - will be dealt with ac;
N. I i
' ANDREW PORTER, Jailor.
T':ohalsces-tb ibe public.
ffl 21-1340 -114
MORACB. H. BEARD,
EESPECTFULLY informs his friends and
the public, that He still carried on he TA
LORING BUSINESS al bin old stand .on ma In
street, next door to ibe Apothecary Store. ie
is ever ready Xo execjiiej the orders of his custore
ers in a style and manner not surpassed by atfy
wnrbman in the Western bait of i.eState. lie
remoied his OfTtce to the so-
of Mfowan'a Bricks row (for-
l mV'-. ?mlt ) Pc!r,r U in tWresular receipt the latest London arpj
1 ih 11 . ;u. l ... ? T i . . . . . a . w . . - . . ... . x
'a Mnp. rtni in, ipniiu r i ' . . . uitiii.il' . -. .
p uiwit, fuiuvi; .vm.- 1 rev7 KorK r AOniOildt ana nrvuarea 10 bi?-
- I furmmodate the tastes of the fashionable at all
limes.1 .. - ' ' - - '"'v : '
i - Catting garments of all kinds attended
to promptly , aod the Jatesl Fashions furni?hd
at all times to country tailors, and instructions
I tING? located; himself permanenily' 10
le t jwrtiefilnoffv tenders, his sem;
CititeSlasn J - ihe adiaceot coontrv. in
evif hml iL'-ji- Jif 4.: - o.a.:. u
,1 r ?miCU OI ilia iuc?aiuu . i
9Ed jaf liti otece'on main Streell one
nrifie.ffi4orihe Weitern Carolinian
Hfeol David RamsayW Oakly
!W 1 ""v" CO. x; jr 4uu levuai'
nig.rie to public, io the va-
Jtt?" ?J 9 4 i hi profession:. 7 -
4 PEtlf if j;Y V,: nrnfaeeinnal
ciiixeas 'f .'Salisbury and
wt; fontr.yt -ins; umee is in wr.
ct a(ld.ing neatly opposite J.
V'ljvf il-VekA Ren Ilovkr rn
V;?.?wUlsW Orchard Grass Seed,
4 .??ee sre tor "sale - a r fi IVU t
given in cuttins. - . s v - - i
1 SaZitaury,"Jtffly I840.j25 1 Is
' ' - - ' "" ' '" ' ,
IFViolcifWIc oil Ucf tl, I
18 Hhds. Sugar, I - , I
189 Bags Coffee, j
ISOOilba, Loaf, Sugar,. , . . I
16 Kegs Powder,! . - I
T bbl. Madder,! ;
: 200 lbs. Spanish Indigo, . 1 ' 4 .
: 206" Bottles iSbufl: : V .
-T ? 15 large covejring Hides,
1f ;:80 pr, Elliptic Springs;-. . "
15 cases Hals, L j
i 10 case3 Shoes; I . ...
? TOO pr.1 Trace.Chiins, , ; ,
' " 8 Mouse Hole Auvils, ..'
:f"8 Bright Vice?;
& If pr Blacksmiths Bellows, ' .
; ; V 300 Sacks Salt (large size.)
i l5 Kegs Nails asstM sixes, ?
lOO'Ke White I Lead,
f? 0yJl &w MURPHY
Salisbury April 29, 1 840. , ;
! 3 l IT Ull N E U & 1 1 U G H ES
fllHERE will be a !Camp-meeiinf held fct
' JL ; Mount. HarmbnT.i7 miles outb ot aim
S x"; d w"d ay sv ihe ftHowlcrf buri: (ftear,iiM. Si McKn ) to com-
, jLaceme; Whuej? Clo 25J of Se-
and request the
or the present is
be inferior to none in the Slate
avor of a call Their Shop
in the tear ot Aliisn Mows', and
Col. Barrwsrer's nfiice.
N. B. The attention of the pnblic is -nartico
arly invited to the subscribers plan of roofi
jng, which can be seen on the f Salisbury Cotioti
P. J5. Pewler, Lead and Copper taken in
TAYLOR & ELK1NS.
Concord, June 12, 1840 tt
if Rowan County;.
, a 'Neyro rr-an ivhjj
A ND committed to Jail
7 on the I3'h instant
savs his name is John, aril beh'njr? to r.iotct?
U. atone or Aiaoama. jonn fs very orirK,aoou.i
45 years' f age, is lame tr. the riht lesr, ;$.cd-
ed by white swelling, lo.w spoken vvnh j dowp
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions,
I August Term, 1840. j
j ; i . Orjg.'r.ai Attachment.
Harrison M. Wapgb j Maik York. VV inston-
vs. Somers, aod NaibBoy-
MarifawW.i.' Hughes, de'n, stimmond as Guai-1-
3 oishees. -
IN this case it appearing to the satisfaction ol
the Court, that the defendant Matthew M.
Hughes resides without the limits of this Slate :
ll is thereto! ordered and adjudged by the court,
that pub'traiion be made tor six successive) a s-r Ks
in the Carolina Watchman, that ht b e lid ap
pear at he next Coort of Fleaa and Quarter
Seswuns. 10 be beld for said county, at 11 or k ford
ori Uif 2nd r.uoday of Noercber next, ihen and
tbere to plead or replevy, otherwise judgment
final Will be rendered against them, and Execu
lion issued Against the Guarnishees tor the a-
muUiit they have in their hands belonging io the
Wit'jos!, F K Armstrcnw, Clerk of our said
court at office, the 2nd mood ay of Aognst A. I)
1840. F K-ABVSTKOti,ccc
Sept. U 67 Printers' Fee $5 624;
HiTftusrrn y ref.
Tiiere are few points of domestic econ
oroy of so much consequence in themselves
that receives so little atteitJliose re-
latir.g ta tarrn butlcltnjV e very
(reqi.enllv badly situat
ronf tructed, ;itid destituo
requisite such buildings It
They are built apparent
ereuce to the purpose lo which they are to
be devoted; ihetr extent is governed by no
rule but the caprice of the owner: andT be
be farm large or smhll. dairy or grain, ir
lendcd for the plough or for pasiure, ttiese
things are foigolten in providing ihe build
ings 'upon them. There are some things
we deem indispensable in the erection f
farm buildings, and which those who are
aboo't to b4ildt will do well lo consider,
j Farm buildings should be convenient
iFewl' are aware how much labor; is saved in
and perhaps refined taste. We do not think
so .Well chosen ornaments are 'indeed
jnsffibler'ii constructing a farm-house, but
where utility is evidently the !eading object,
every thing that savors of finery and show,
should be shunned. Neatness." about a
farm-house is no less indispensihle tban
neatness of construction.- A' jewel in a
swine's ear. is pot more out of place, than
a pretty farm-house, surronnded by dirt,
fiUh, and rubbish. Costfcf conitruction,
can never compensate for want of nearness
in keeping ; ihe Parlhenoo itself would
lose its beauty in the hand of a aloyen.
There is no one form of construction,
lht will suit all esses, or he adapted to all
farms. Hence, though the effort to furnish,
drawings of farm bcilJings is a laughable
one, as it calls the attention of those about
to build to the subject, ills evident, ft must
in a great measure fail of its object. Io
sme eases, situation, in others, want of
material, must forbid the following any de-
Msnaieu torrn, sou leave ine matter in a
great degree to the judgment and the wants
of ihe builder. One great difficulty is,
thai ibe buildings recommended are in moat
cases, far too costly for small farms A
hnue so costly that its construction will
swallow all the profits of the farm for years,
is an absurdity that should never be tolera
ted for a moment by the farmer. ,
We are convinced there is usually too
much room in farm houses; perhaps' we
may say in most others ; more than is re
quired for any useful purpose ; more than
cdri be well fibibhed and furnished ; and in
losiiy cases more than is kept neat and
Mean Comfort and convenience .are not
cnuftuited- when lhe " shingle pslaces'? for
which we-are o famous, are constructed.
Lrge rooms, if leaaiit in the summer,
are uncomfortable enough in winter, unless
warmed at an expense wj?irh, in a" few
year? would impoverish an ordinary far
mer. Let the man then who is about to
'build, ascertain 'what space he requires in
Ins building; whit sum he can afford to
expend ; lei him remember? that it is better
to have a. small, well planned, well built,
and well finished house, than the most ex
tensive skeleton of a dwelling; that clean
groond, planted with shrubbery or trees,
3ie an evidence of taste in the proprietor ;
and that the money so expended in embel
lishirg the grounds of the neat, snug cot
tage like home of the farmer, is most ben
eficially expended. We are anxious to see
the public taste corrected in this particular.
We have too many houses standing naked,
destitute of trees and shruhbery, yards
lumbered and clanged with all kinds of lit-
tfr-r; ant evidences existing on every hand
fnrsometimeejerciseda salutary influence,
and it ts reasonable to expect it will go on
to cqaire trengt h a nd gradually cma e to
a bVe powerful. control over the feffitrs cf
this country asto ottief free states.
AThe change inr the constitution m 1S33
aimed to effect a,federal freedom in tbo prov
in ccs ib but t h end i flerence of t h e p e op! 0
and the jealousy of inimical parties still a
verts the desired otj?ct. ;
- Tb e govern men t itself was' or lgi natcd.
managing a farm, by having. the buildings
not only well arranged and constiucted in that convenience, neatness, or taste, have
themselves, but property located-with re- ' had little to do in st-lecting the location, or
feieuce to the condition, business, and sit- j "pc"nieiiuing lot ouoc iore
00k -aboul 5 feet 8 or 9
o-wrier is requested to come
perty pay charges, aori taue
r v uAvtu
Jan: 24, 134H it6 -
:.chts hichv The
or ward, piove piof-
Saliibrirv Vcffcc-ISonsem J
ONS. ROUCHE. would iiiform- hisioid
friends and custtmers, that he stilt has
00 hand a general supply ot jarticles of a stiperi
. - t:"i't: .r l'.. L ' 111 .' .li ll .
orqnaii'y m nis une 01 uoii-a. ue aim ue
pleased to v accommodate tme woo may tavoi
him with a call, on terms toe mosi cvcerne
uation of the farm. There is too great a
disposition among farmers to get ihnr bull
tims, iheir houses and brns, upon Ihe
road; we had almost said into it, ''-when such
s position ts a serious inconvenience to. the
buiiness"' of the farm.Tcausing the annual
loss of much time injdnvmg. cattle, draw
ing grain, transportiI)maliure3,&l, which
woujd have been avoided, had the 'bild
Ingslbeen properly placed. The conveni
ence of water, of fuel, ihe nature of the
soil and lis fi nest for placing buildings up
on, the prospect of dry airy cellars instead
Correspondence of the JVew York Signal.
Rio de Jate'ir . J une 26.
Deal B. In accordance, with the reqacst
which yoji rnde of me on my departure from
New Yi-rk, in Ft :iuarj .last, I write 10 give
yf.ti mv impressions of Br azil after a to
Nature have been lavish of bet gifts o
Br zl. as weil in soil as scenery, in miner
al as well as vegeUblejirodnciion. Great
livers an extensive seaboard bathed by a
gentio ocean ; ibundent forest ol enduring
timber, graceful trees and plants for orna-
ot wet L.n ventilated nties, the natural course
of the travel upon the form, io fiiiort, rvery i iricni and use some offering food to sus-
Tle earnesny ; reqtests all those looehid to ' thttiff relating to the lessening of labor, the ! ttr. life, some sources f new comfort to
him, either by note or account, to cooic forward
and settle the same between! this aiu ttie next
Rowan fSuperior Court, as he is obhged to bae
money io renew his stock ot Groceries, &c. AU
who do noi comply with this request, may ex
pect to settle with an office ri w iihout res;teci io
Salisbury, August 28, 1840. c j
Just Received and Receiving
JL LARGE STOCK OF FEESH AND GI.C1U J ;
Paints, Oils, Brashes, Glials Ware. Lemon
Syrop, Inrumeni8,Siaps, Candles, Frtkh
Rice, Spices, Perfumes, Tobacco, Cigars. r?a:e
I .V . it .... 1: 4j
prest rvatUm of tlte buildtnffs. and the ! a" leo numanuy in uie r rotujcu.ai prop-
flllv?, auu i n nr i a v j i uuiiijiicii itcjui;
the heailb of the occupants, should be ta
ken into consideration, when the farmer
f Farm buildings should be proportioned
to the size of the farm Lire and costly
buildings are altogether out of pl.ee on
rsmall farms, and are t.s-ially unnecessary
on any While the buildings sltoold be
and jsusUfined by a parly jnitbis city; and
ttie pojlilicai concerns i of theempifeare nov?
in a degree managed by the leading rucn cf
- There are boweter now established lo
cal legislatures to regulate the provincial
concernsi independently of the general gar
ernment,' which fctlherto exercised a iep-
dames authority otr tbe whole national
Theg;otsesVbfJu.f?ce:w a la
dy of easy'tirtue, and freely admits the ca
reuses of the high bred and the i vulgar, with
cut scruple or thame : all offer sacrifices at
her shrine, and pollute themselves by her
worship, priest aod laymao, lawyer and cli
ent, iefislators and the people, regents and
ministers. -" ' " , - - , V
It is next to impossible lo, recover a debt
by law but thrpt-gh bribery. Jf a debtor
hos money, or patronage, and refuses to pay,
even the payment of abond acklowlcdged,
an t lie drawers possessed of. property, it ia
difficult to force it by, law,- yet to the rrraiso
of the people bejt. said, it is not often ne
cessary to enter this foul temple for the par
pose if the parly is able; to pay.;
Tere are two tribunals of justice which
are offered to the public where causes arc
decided on appeal, by a raajoiity of judges.
In. r the first instance there is. the Rcla-
cao. composed of eightyjudges, of which
there ara two.tn the empire one at Rio,
the other at Bihia ; then in the second in
stance is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice,
where there are twetre judges, whose decis
ions are final. - .?.- ' ."... . . . -
There are jasticcs ;rof peace. in each
district : and, as a curious instance of un
kind kindness- there is a singular court, or
tathrr judicial appointment, rested in a sin
gular p. rson, entitled, tne Judge of Lisms
and Findings,' wilh whom, Ihe finder cf
any thing, lost in the street, or elsewhere, is
bound to deposite it, and the loser, before lie
can recover, his property must ha,to three
witnesses to swear they siw him lose it, and
three r thersthatthey saw the finder pick it up;
otherwise; it remainsjoominally in deposite,
and the jodge may keep record or not.
Besides the preceding thee is the Pro
moter Publico, (Attorney General of the Na
tion) who is the accuser in all criminal ca.cs.
. Therf is a trial Gy jury -ihe jurors being c
lected for one year. It was at first Itmsted
to political ifivnecs and violations of iho
1 1 her ty. of the press hn t j t is no w r r x t e n ( 1 -ed
to criminal case?, and' in some instances
to civil suits. ixty persons compose a
jurv, and forty eightare rtqiistte to try
causes. ' yl.-''VC V- "-'.
But the people of; Brazil lake Jittle inter
est in general politics ol the empire, are of
a temper so wildand of habits so adversa
to mental excrtlonVindeed "so little calculat
ed bv education or practice to extend their
views, beyond local interests or personal cf
fairs, it would be difficult to excite in then:
a deep feeling cf concert rt political tnatiera
-they have not yet shaken offline meotal
slumber which the mother country, s tu di on s
ly, and from the usual policy of European
governments'-towards their colonies had
dragged them in to, before - the voice of lifc
eity troke upon theuYVlt is even now lis
tened to wan apprehension, andjtVmc'anin
but imperfectly underloi ' The people
9 re contented wilb the good the Gee's
provide them, without being ambitious to
grasp j at rooret remote, and speculative ad
valitges.,, : They are ceremonious and
ponciTlious, easily flattered suspicious in
d isposilionrourieous, though dilatory i a
conduct sc!fiib, but assuming frankneu
and generosdy cunning, but easily over
reached by a bold demandtimid, but pre
sumptuous unsteady in purpose, anil with
out laige and comprehensive political views."
Still the people in Brazil, as in other coun
trie?, are farther advanced in morals and
intelligence than tbetr government, and tbo
spirit of improvement is abroad among them.
Thty have an old political fabric to pull
down, tinsuited in their c.ndition, and a
new one to erect. suggested by their circuo
They are -low to act, and patient
and great value; while in ununited nature,
are ibe hornn -sinking boa-cor-striclor. nd
a iielighi ii varietv of insects, and lb- most
soleodid in nl inute of the feathered race, ' stances
The fine rliniote of Brz i free froat tne i unrHr oppression, having passed through 2
dreadful penrdicai diseases i f countries in j long Mght of despotism, the Sn r t 1-tJ-
ii. i !...... t.. ...... i. . f rniiainr. and : en h; risen unoii tlitm. and .although c z
vamoe ir, terno-rat.re with the degrees cf 1 yet his morning rays are loo feeble
latitude thai mark-br lirritis, ana as moon-
.(tp.klk numlrl.rlOll In K hpet m-l. t.r '.. Isifl fT allfri mail nrevati oo er surface.
rr..,i. t ,i.,iat i,r- Tt isa reatort whtre one cad reveir lire
propriety in their .being larger than use re-j
in Ibe Ktudv of Nature Ail fi.Vds ample
! eini;lo Oient , commerce, a wide fie ld of en-
trate the treat m'3?s of society, they areirt
injr oa ibe mtstsf superstiiion, and llo
ihick.foeof ignorance hirh so long con-
cea led from them their humifiatinj- condi-
.- . - ii.'J.'j l. . .
lion, flluch Has ajrcaoy oeeri oce. suilv
nice, c? nices, reriurnes, aooacco, sarv.rase v- v u i i ; ; riui.M msm , --. . . , 4 . r t u t tl c
Boards Writing and Wrapping Paper-atsi I Wc PP.rttc.ul.rJy. ol the - f rieltqrf; i,rr hihe.t reward ; J the deplore of John I. for Eo r pe
large supply of superi or Wine and Spirits It lib? use; the &ize of ihe baros mu?i of coarse philosophy a:ay e indulge her ardent con- ; Schools have been mu.liplied sgricuFittro
medical use, which will be Md whole sa'eaHd K :Ud..tf.l h ihe nrniliiJ Atth .f-i i.nlaiinns on the ?cstf5iies of man, an i is extended-, the aUve Hade probitite
retail at prices io sail the pressure ofiheiimesby I . i .n r-. ! , . '! rti: .w.n erect her lerrples amio the richest the regular standing army disbanded--and
II K li'K WHKKI.Kfi ,uic i-uusrs, nw bwi iou uu uanis, ; - V r.:1. .iriJ.:. .1. ' ...mon nhn ,11 mlrinli. 0(1 U woosa
rm btildios rhotdd be i rKarac.terix- d
A house can be j Nature, indeed, nyvtr frowns uponct-
June 19,1840. U47
JOR i9 R9yTiJG
Of every description neai I v doce aribis Office, ' by oc4tuess and Uatts.
barns, j r v. ..ik nmin who re ll ntrioln. nd to
C iSfDIS fl niuri ' imsiiuo nci j .nrii " '
spor.tanrHiOdorstioQ for the miluence nanons are w,a ...
f'br'Arcftiteci-Divme.': their gr'ezt men, are now btmg cdocatpd.
; .t L -