i - ' - - 'f If - i " " r - -
THE 5PECTRE SHIP OF SALEM.
The RevGottoii Mather, -D.-D. anil F.
s g, in eminent clergyman of Boston, in,
ffassachusetts who flourished about the
t0d of the 17th century, wrote a-curious
i I Wk. entitled h-JMagnalia uhristt Amen-
cans, in wiiicu ut? u;xsxuu)iieu, wot uiuy
jiis-own, but "the prevalent superstitions of
Retimes in which he livedo ' The country
jjad been, in the language of that period,
fxposedjo u war from the invisible world,"
during which jthe inhabitants were afflct
e5 vithaemoris, and so wrought upon spec
res, as to pinie, languish, 'and die under
tfcruciating jtorments. , Sometimes the
ieroons attacked one part of the country.
jnu soiiieuuiq.3, uuoiuer ; ana tne - oojeci
of the learned and reverend Doctor's book
jsb authenticate f the very tragical in
sfanees in which they infested the houses
jwl afflicted the persons of the inhabitants.
Flashy people,M says he, may burlesque
ihese things, but when hundreds of the
most sober people in the country where
tbey have as much mother-wit certainly
ss the rest of mankind, knowthem to be
fT ,TI fttr Kilt t Yta fhtOttfA Ond fnltnrJ
spirit of sadducism. can Question them:
I have not mentioned so much as one thin?
that will riot be justified; if it be required,
bV the Oaths Jof' iMore consistent Tiemnn
than any that, pahndicule these odfPphc-
nomena. And certainly few facts, if we
may judge by the evidence, have been bet
ter established than the existence of witch-
crait, ana tne wars of prodigious spirits in
the provinces of New-Ene'laiid. during tb
time of Df. Mather.. : We have accounts
of trials conducted with all the forms and
implements of jurisprudence, in which
many persons were convicted of holding-
jinmmnnTA'ifiAYi iirUk t
I " f - . ,T . ....
inerciore, as the records and archives of
courts ot JaWj can verify the truth of any
liflvcstigationjrwe must believe that many
01 me luuigsxnai i;r. iviainer has set forth,
i are not only. true as historical events, but
also naturally fncident, however rarely, to
me cuuuiuou ana xortunes ot men. It is
tot for us, however, to rcue this mattPi.
but many of the Doctor's! Rtnrios i
1 sirikiu, rcjvxewmg them merew as ere-
itions of fancy, andlome of the feom-
i-na which he deserih. Kr u
ena which he describes, and boasts of hav
ing witnesses to confirm, have in difler-
ent ages been seen i in similar forms, and
in countries far remote from New-P.no--
land. The prodigy of the Cross, which
vonstanune ana his army beheld in the
n . . . - - -.
air, is of this description ; and apocalypse
vouchsafed tb Godfrey, in the Crusade, is
oi tne same cnaracter. JJr. Mather de
scribes noise and bustlinsrs heard :in"'thW
air, a short tfnie prior to the Indian war
of 1675 aepmpahied, with beating of
drams, as m battle. But without enter
ing into any) particular disquisition! con
these omns and. nntmrc w-
. . i -j' r, i r i
tne naval apparition, onlv nromisin ihnf
it contains sral particulars which the
Doctor has notiqed, but which, we are per-
noueu, are nof less true than those he has
paring to sail from: the port of Salem for
, uia jc,ngiand,j when a young man, ac
companied by his bride, came and ensracr
ed births for) himself and her, as passen- ship brightened! as if some supernatural
one in : all Salem was in the light shone upon her alone. This won
attest degree acquainted with this hand- derful circumstknee urn a nnf
tome couple nor did they themselves seek
VM I if i , . . . I
wy acquaintance in the town ; but until
the vessel was ; ready, lived in the most
secluded State. ( ITheir conduct was per
fectly blameless, 'and ; their appearance
as highly (respectable ; but the sharp
aghted people jjojf Salem knew thresti
Ijous appearance jof the demons which
aalicted the icountry, and they discerned
something about tlem which could not be
deemed otherwie ithanimysterious;
Many persons, intending to -visit their
in the old
country, tpok passage
HnVO t4i' Vi'anJo I
m the Joah s JJovft htif rtth- fritnAe
W Some nf ttVAm tViAiKvtit U
wooinsr SO. arid that it wnnlH he no wll
. - "i,-i"T1?""b"v ""jo. laau
7 team Something &f their tvr mwstmn.
a -"Vr n"Pov.ftsis9 unaruiug
WCmsclveSHtSea-With nersonssn nnlrnnwn
U PmCA J -1 a I
ad singular These admonitions gave oc
casion to much talk in Knl
M having the bffe jit intended, a fatal ob
ftinacy.becalrie evalent, andV prevented
trery one who nroDosed to Rail with th.
Jesse! from pdying the slightest attention
Rem. ljhis strange infatuation onlv
wved to deepen tfif interest which tV
town took iri the 'departure of the ship.
r At last the day appointed for her sail-
iD-arrivefl. Ilfvf hA ou
v becn sefcn in Salem : and.
appeued ,to Ijej a Friday V for the Cap-
finer nf lWf J.rtn.; . r Ir
)A grdajmultitude crowded the
w acn. a goaiy man as the ma
&arves to see their rplnli rtne omkn.lf nil
Jeresorro wful,y nd many in tears. At
sythe shlji Jioisted the signal for sailing,
JM. wonderful to tell, at the same time
at the.flad was unfurled, a black bird,
5Qch lijje ajrh, alighted on4 the town
k, and by its vyeight pushed it forward,
said fljjll tdn minutes. Every one
JJJWnessed this sight; was struck with
rrer,and some, laid hands upon their re
Klf,n,s t0 Prpvent them from embarking.
lb- fT j T"UT; cugagea logo wiin tne
ineSft SfrnrrfHoe h .M
1. T I -
4e th e rs came also t0 embark. and
hiH va? l1 ide was ln tears, weepi
.6 mtterly.5 ; However. thiv 'stonrwl Xn
jr,oian? sudden gUst of wind at that
Wrn'-( exSll,P beinS cast loose from
a3 U ng.s,) made er yaw off, and she
Wev lnstantIy at sea- The crowd,
ler rJ rcmaihed anxiously watching
Pfopss until she was out of sight.
Kleii "rned fo their respective
af " u ine whole conversation of
-'lOrTh'. - i . , . - .
, -uvcuin?, was saaacned with
- . .. :.:y.t:?;r; - : : - if v ! ' fomm. ) NUMBER 45, OP VOLUME
i ' 1 . -. ----- -'
presentiments and forebodings concerning
Sin the i course of the night,' the breeze
iresaea inio a gate, which before the mor
ning was heightened to a temntesL The
sea raged with tremendous f.,rv. flnrl the
wrnnl- rTW., iuL- 3 ? .i-- ,1
.v..v.u iutti careerea in ine nea-
vens, was scarcer Jess tumultuous than
h DWl16 CeaIoW
W" 4' "' Tlv V "wv.jivisMiim,u
"-I u - M . 1 someming to do
With the mysterious passengers in the No-
vinced, that the. ship had perished, arid re
signed themselves to grief. For three days
mm iaree mgnis, me wrath or the Storm
was unmitigated. On the contrary, it
seemed to increasej; forlthough it was
then midsummer, dreadful showers of hail
mingled with firk and thunder. Innrlpi than
had ever been heard before, pealed. con
tinually. No man bould doubt the fate of
w v, iuuccu. ib was me per
suasion of all, that every vessel which was
so uniortunate as to be within the sweep
and phrenzy of the Winds and waves could
not survive the vehemence of their de
, -'f "V . P orning of tte fourth
me clouds in ereat
wintf almost instantly be-.
came cairn the nan ceasedthe thunder
. .. -. . :
was mute and the
" t . : T
muteand th billows from raging
ts, rolled themselves into a noiseless
surges, ronea themselves into noiseless
swell. A change soabrupt, convincetfthe
Pjous innaoitants o Halem that the doom
of the vessel was sealed; and although it
was in vain to expect that the sea would
present them With any sifr ht of her Wrrlr
oroi mac 01 other Vessels, the v hastinnr1
f -i . n . h . " " --"f
in great numbers dbwn to the shore, where
li png and won-
u",u6 w"" mixiew ana sorrow.
Just as the sun dlsaDDeareH. r
exclamation arid bJurrV: aeecXTC
movempnt n '
hl mJt Up-frma
Who were standing on the ton nf th
ji l , ' - . . x w
consiaeraoiy elevated ahnvp t Vi
ana some one cried that a- vpssi in
sight, 1 he whole biultitude, on hearing
fluctuated to and fro. eairpr tn tnin n
, w tuiuyvn iiuu cornmonnn. nnri
glimpse of this unexpected phenomenon.
it was, nowever. long before she came dis -
uncuy in slgnt,;lor anv wind whiVh .
then blowing: wasoff theshore.andMinCf
Liif vi'vp l inenmHAh ij i
U 1 i . 6"w"
:" an oia erav-
Was lmDOSSible she cnnld
wort into the harbor that niirht. Rnt in.
their astonishment,! she still came forward,
with her yards squared and her sails full.
notwithstanding she was steering in the
wind's eye : before her hulL could be nrn-
perly seen, it was the opinion of all who
Deneia ner that 4t Was the NoahVDove.
By this time the twilierht was mn Ah fn.
ol doubt, or question ; for, wheiuhe stars
appeared, she W asjseen as distinctly as if
she had been there in the blaze of noon
day, and a panic of dread and terror fell
upon the whole:! multitude. i
The Rev. Zebedee Stebbin, who was
then in the crowd" an acute man. and one
who feared the Lord, knew that the ap-
. U 5 V ..wv ivilg lUUtlt'l
pu.reni, snip was ajdevice of the prestigi
ous spirits, that it behoved all present o
pray for protection hgainst them ; he there-
fore mounted Upon a large stone, and call-
ed on the spectators to join him in the
A fill T 1 ...Ul.lj L- L- .11 1
Aath p.otrn u'u:-u -
-: . .
TVio crKni.Aa -li'A ...:u u i ,
ira.nuir iue une. aioua. ana tnen sinsrinjr.
VAxr nnA. hA W1A nJ i
me lncreasine waves.
While the Worship was going on, the
sound of sudden cies and lamentations, as
of persons in jeopardy, Was heard in the
air; the ship atthe-same time came straight
into the harbor, and being illuminatefd as
described, wak sesn rigged out in every
part exactly like the Noah's Dove. Many
of the spectatx)rsj saw their friends on
board, and would have shouted to them
with joy, but ther was something dismal
and strange ih tlieir appearance, which
awed them to remain silent. The strange
young man and hi h ride we re Rffln . tfn-
-w-vra . 1 ,
derly embracing ebch other. But no noise
Or VOlCe-Was li heard nn hnnrrl At thttt
ucru on ooara. ai max
moment therriasandgging fell into the
sea as if they I hai been t Jn
lightningand sigbals of distress were dis
played, but still nb sound was heard.
. The multitude suspending their breath
ing, convinced that the vision before them
was the unsubstantial creation of the pres
tigious spirit.This belief entered all their
mitfds simultaneously, and in the same
mcnirthe mighty spectre vanished.
lheXVoah's DoVe was never heard of,
and tt was believed that in that hour, riv
en by the lightning and the tempest, she
had foundered. ,
"Count me says the Rev. Dr. Ma
ter, at the conclusion of his narration,
"struck with thej Livian superstition, in
repeating prodigips for which I have such
contestible proof4w - . .. -J . .
Letters from Rome state that the Pope
mi it inoss aiarming siaterot nealthand
that the cardinali are on ; the qui veve for
whatrraajr.llapperiHU" holiness is up
wards of sevehtyTnine years of age, -.
: A rich man's son frequently begihs'lhe
vorld where his father left off. and ends
where his father beganwfimVcw. "
SALISBURY, C, MARCH 8, 1845.
LAWS OF NORTH CAROLLNXj
An Act more efiectually to prevent the imprison
ment ot bouest debtors. ,
u?t ener9l. A'1?,
w o iMorui . Uaroltna and U ts herebvitnac.
- m.. urJA.
1 aiuuavu, in wnung, Deiore me clerk otj the
court in which said judgment may be dr! the
Justice of the Peace to whom application is
made for such process, that he believes the de-
iendant has not property to satisfy such judg
ment which can be reached by a firefacMs and
has property, money or effects, which cannot be
reached by fieri facias, or has fraudulently Icon.
ceaiea n is property, money or etlects, or; is a-
bout to remove from the State.
Sec. II. Be it further enacted. That nq court
in this St&te shall permit an issue of fraud to be
made up and tried, under the provisions of the
act for the relief of insolvent debtors, Revised
otat. chap. 58, sec. 18th, unless the creditor,
his agent or attorney, shall file a suggestion, in
writing, of such fraud or concealment, tni rem
BpecujiDg me particulars ot such Iraud or con
cealment, and shall annex to the said suWeres
Uon his affidavit that he verily believes j the
iijuuers iiierein siaiea are true.
Sec. III. Be it furtTier enacted. That when
ever the plaintiff in any judgment shall be de
sirous of subjecting the bail of the defendant in
81IC. Jud-ment l e payment thereof juch
P,a'n.t,ff sha11 ,be at liberty to proceed, infthe
ursi instance, DV SCtre tartan no-ainst ciuh
without having previously issued anv rnnisia nil
euiVuLiruaun againsi me delendant ; but jsuch
sctrp jacias shau not stand for trial at tho ap
Ratified this 2d day of Jan., 18451
An Act in favor of Poor Debtors.
I. Be it enacted bv the General AssemMu of
'N'nri'k 1: - TI i ; -lis. i
vuuuho, tyc., uni in auaiuon to tne
!u - V r W . law e.xemPted irom ecut,on,
!1."eear ,n ,avour very Muse
""f ' uc CiCI"pi irom seizure unaer execution,
n debts contraed a"er the first of July next
ih r : i " '
wooui ui iiiiu' luuia iw one iaoourer :
members of. th fcmilv
for the family; four hogs; and all necessary
"uov-iiulu auu nucnen lurnimre. noi to prrAri
fifty dollars in value. II'-
Sec Be it enacted, Thatwhenever any
r ...Hnai1 aPPv Ior Ine "oenent otthis
r " """" uc "10 uulJ Ul luo Justice pi ine
ce to whom such application shall be made,
lO aDDOint thrn rcntaMa Va.l.nMa 'J!.!.
ri voFi.viuiv ii ituuiui a. uiaiii-
tAA .m 'ti .u- :r j , ...
to which he is entitled under the provisions of
this act, and to make report thereof to the next
oourt ot jfleas and Quarter Sessions fori the
county in which they reside. M
Skc. IIL Be it further enacted, SfcJ That
all and every conveyance by sale, deed of trust,
or otherwise, for the payment of anv debt or de.
mand whatsoever, of the property hereby! ex
empted from executions, shall be deemed and
held and is hereby declared to be null and Void
and ot no e fleet.
Ratified this 2d January, 1845.
An Act to prevent frauds in levying executions issued by
the practice of taking security for the forthcoming of
single luaeiatraie. ana to encourage mi rp im.
yrupeny seized under execution.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the
State of North Carolina, Ac, That hereafter
when any execution shall be levied upon er
sonal chattels, and bond and security taken for
the day of sale, it shall be
the duty of the officer making said levy and
taking said bond, to specify in said' bond the
property levied uponand, moreover, to furnish,
under his hand and seal, to the security a! list
of the property levied upon, attested by at least
one credible witness, and Rtatlnnr ttiArom! th
day of sale ; and all the DroDertv so levied nn.
on shall be deemed in the custodv of the secu
rity to the forthcoming bond, as the bailee of i
tne otticer; arid all other executions thereafter
levied on said property shall create a lien on
the same from and after the said respective le
vies; and shall bo satisfied accordingly out of
he proceeds of said property ; but said cfHcer
thereafter so levying shall not take the said
property out of the custody of the said security
for the forthcoming of the same on thejdjjy of
sale : provided, that all such sales shall take
place within thirty days after the said levy :
provided further, that if such sale shall not be
made within the time aforesaid, any other offi
cer who may have levied upon said property
may sell the same. . j "
, Ratified this 8th day of January, 1845
An Act to prohibit the levying of executions npon grow
ing crops, until said crops are matured. j
Be it enacted by the General Assembly o f the
State of North Carolina, 4c, That it shall not
be lawful for any sheriff, coroner, constable or
other officer, to levy an execution on any grow.
ing crops. ,-.-(,
Ratified the 7th day of January, 1845.
Jewish Press i in Palestine. Sit Moses
Montcfiore has presented his coreligionists
at Jerusalem with two presses, and the
necessary types for printing Jewish tracts.
The office consists of twenty two people
of that persuation. A number of works,
as well as an almanac for the year, have
already been printed at Jerusalem, j
; The influx of Jews to the Holyj Land
has been very great of late: Therb is no
more room in Jerusalem for them ; they
have already spread over a ?aft jof Jthe
x urniM! quanrr. auc uoa uccu aciccieu j
byi them lor th establishment ot a Josbi-
ba, and several Rabbis have been appoin
ted for that purpose. Many new pomers
have settled at Jaffa and all along the
'coast. V' Y ' - ; :- ' 1 "1
2 . t , : " r 7 i-?
f. I Description.- A run-away slave ,is .hus
described zCr He is thick set, usually wears
a glazed hat, five feet high, and iron shod
.shoes with cross-eyes." - - 1 . - ' : V
! ' I - ' ' -.- ' : is
1 J FROM MEXICO.
j (The New Orleans Bulletin express slip of
r " urines us micr intelligence irom
Mexico, j On the 18th January all was quiet in
lie city of Sfexico, and every thing proceeding
in me usual manner. On the morning of the
13th Jan., the firing' of cannon announced to
the populace the raising of the. state of seige'tb
yhich they had been subjected during the late
troubles. We .find nothing about the papers
for the cession of California to Great Britain
being discovered upon Santa Anna,
j Santa Anna Is still imprisoned in the Castle
of Perote, subject to the most rigid surveillance.
R has been decided to try him for mal-practicea
in his late capacity as Commander-in-chief; or
President, and not as a traitor, which indicates
that some milder course will be pursued towards
him than what had been predicted, from the fu
ry of the people generally. This clemency ap.
riears to have emanated from the two Cham.
bars of Conirress. according tn i!ia
j ' O W BMW XVMf
Francois of the 18th ult., which paper gives a
beautiful speech from Senor Pedraza, before that
tody, on the occasion of the mission of Gen.
Haroy Tamarez, who, it will be remembered,
was deputed by Santa Anna to request a safe
passport from the Government. The more vio-
lent portion of the Chamber wished to seize the
General, who bore a flag of truce, but which
course was frustrated alone bv this sDeerh. nnH
doubtless has influenced the subsequent action
J The Government has decided to try by Court
Martial all the officers who obeyed the orders
of Santa Anna after the election of Gen. Her.
rera as President of the RenuLIin. ;Thv tav
already been disolaced from tJir rnmm
The effects belonging to Santa Anna, at his
residence of Manga de Clavo, have been seized
by the authorities of the department of Vera
Cruz, and removed to the city for sale.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT
By and with the advice and content of the Senate.
Thomas W. Hehndon, of North Carolina.
to be Consul of the United States for the Port
of Galveston, Texas ; vice Duff Green, resign.
Washington Rkkd, of North Carolina, to be
Consul of the United States for the Port of Su
gua la Grande, in Cuba, vice P. J; Devine, re
ected by the Senate.
mong pther particulars published in the
Nashville " Union," of the 15th ultimo, upon the
authority of Major Donelson. just returned from
Texas, we learn that " the result of the recent
election in the United States was highly ac-
4 ceptable to President Jones ; and, as an indi.
4 cation of the opinion of the People of the
4 United States, met with a hearty response tn
4 all the branches of the Texian Government."
MR. BARROW TEXAS.
An attempt was made in the House of Re.
preventatives of Louisiana, on the 15th ultimo,
to instruct the Hon. Alexander Barrow out of
his seat in the United States Senate. Mr. Bick
ham, a Locofbco member, offered a resolution
inviting Mr. iBarrow to resign, inasmuch as, by
Ms declaration of unconditional hostility to the
annexation of Texas, he exhibited
temptuous disregard to the wishes and best in-
icicms vi in. cuiisiuucnis. mr. rine imme
diately moved to lay the resolution indefinitely
on the table, j
When the tote was taken, several Whig
members declared that, though opposed to the
doctrine of instruction, they were willing and
anxious to meet the question, and on that ac
count only would vote against the motion to lay
iipon the table, j Among them were such staunch
and undoubted! Whigs as Messrs. Stille, Par
ham, Crossman,dic. The motion nevertheless
prevailed, and the resolution was laid on the ta
ble by a vote of 22 to 20. It was the courtesy
of the Whigs alone which prompted them to al
low th6 resolution to go to a -second reading,
and induced them to vote against the summajry
proposition to kill it on its presentation. Had
the resolution taken its usual course, it would
have been rejected by a majority of nearly ttco to
one. There are a number of Whigs .in the
House favorable to annexation, but there is not
bne who would dream of evicting Alexander
Barrow, because that gentleman has the inde
pendence to think for himself. The slavish
doctrine that makes' the United States Senator
a blind tool f legislative behests finds no favor
with the Whig party in Louisiana. New Or
leans Bee. hi
! ' ' ' "
j A Havana correspondent of the N. O.
Picayune, writiug under date of the 5th
instant, says :
j I believe firmly that the export of Su
gars for the present year, (1845) from the
j north side of the island, will reach 650,000
boxes. For five years past (exclusive of
the" last, which was a most extraordinary
vield) the average crop has been 712,000
boxes, being Ian excess over the approxi
mate estimate of the coming crop ot
mate estimate of the coming crop ot nine
fner cent. only. The Coffee crop may al-
most at once be called no crop at all.
; 4The election now going on in the State
of NeWfYorkfor . county officers, shows
most gratifying results for theAYhigs.
Every where, so far, they gain'ori -the e-
lection ,of- last Tall, and the; Whig sptnt ex
hibits itscU slill undaunted., -. , . , .
. " Prom the Baltimore American. r '
DEFENCE THE LAKEai
The policy of England in the construc
tion of ship canals to connect the Ameri
can lakes with the ocean, a "policy now
on me e ve oi consummation, has at length
attracted some attention on our part, and
the inquiry is arising as to the best means
of counteracting the movements of our sa
gacious rival. The subject was alluded
to in the Senate of the IJnilgdJSrates on
Friday, and a resolution adopted calling
upon the Secretary of War to report as to
the best means of defending the Lake fron
tier. - ! . ..i
- An article in the Southern Literary Mes
senger,' by Lieut. Mauryjfpresents in this
connection a strong array of facts and con
siderations which are of the utmost mo
ment. We Quote some nassarrps
. t o
"As soon as Great Britain besran to re
cover irom the exhausting effects of her!
last war with us and the continent, she re.
collected what had occurred on the lakes,
and with deep, but smothered feelings of
national chagrin, besran to cast ahnnt hnw
she might, for the future, best strengthen
herself in that quarter. The treaty of
Ghent stipulated that neither of the con
tracting parties should keep afloat on the
lakes any armed forces be vond a gun-boat
or two. How, then, could she make rea
dy against the next war? To build a lake
navy, and leave it on the stocks terror,
would be bad economy. Besides, it would
be attracting too much attention, and
woum put us, too, on guard.
fore, quietly went to work, and under the
pretence of carry ine: out a svstem of intpr.
nal improvements merely for the accom4
modation of Canadian commer. Kt n.
bout connecting the lakes with the ocean
by means of large ship canals the larg
est on the continent. Through these ca
nals she can now, in case of war, cover
the lakes with all the light forces of the
British navy. - . ,
- For the last IOjot 15 years that nation
has been constantly engaged on these
works. She first const ructed the Welland
anil the St, Lawrence canals : with these
two links on the military chain thus drawn,
she atjfirst thought to make sure her fu
ture supremacy on the lakes, lint kV.pchw
the importance and power and strength of
ic y est growing and extending and en
larging themselves by broad streading,
more and more every day. She therefore
judged it wise to tear down her first works,
to commence new, and build larger. The
Rideau canal was forthwith commenced,
and no less than 6,000 laborers set at work
in deepening and widening the Welland
canal. This canal, though not yet com
pleted upon its enlarged scale, is nav
igable in the summer. They are now at
work on it, and expect to complete it next
year. It has a lock at either end 185 feet
long, and 45 feet broad ; and, though un
finished, it is already capable .of passing
vessels of 450 tons burden, (larger, be it
recollected, lhan Perry's flag ship of Lake
Erie) from the ocean around the falls of
the Niagara, and ud to that verv Ial nnd
thence through Huron toMichi fran nr Su
Our commercejm the Lakes at this time
amounts in value to one hundred millions
of dollars annually. If is but in its first
beginnings. Every year adds to the rich
aggregate. It will soon exceed by far the
entire total of our foreign commerce. In
the event of a war with England what
means have we of protecting the trade?
By what possible device could the vessels
and cargoes of our people on the Lakes
be saved from the hands of the enemy or
from destruction ?
Apart from the value of the commerce
on the Lakes to which war with England
would bring immediate ruin, the exposed
condition of the towns and coast on the
Lake frontier is to be regarded. Buffalo,
Erie, Cleveland, Detroit, nav every port
and village on that long line of Lake shore
would be left at the mercy of the British
armaments, which in a few brief weeks
would be transferred from the docks at
Plymouth and Portsmouth to the inland
waters of Erie, Michigan and Huron.
Lieut. Maury urges the fact upon the
country that unless, in a war with Great
Britain, we can-assemble as strong a Na
val force on the Lakes and get it there
as soon as slie can, we cannot defend them.
Suppose," he adds, "that England should
declare war with us to-morrow i in two
weeks time she could have, of her sixty
war steamers, thirty or forty on the Lakes.
In that time not one could we add to the
only one which we have there ; we could
not build them iu so short a time. To do
that would require months, and there is
no channel by which we could send there
any disposable, naval force which we
might have on the Mississippi, intueGalf
oft us, .what would, become 'of our, lake
commercet v.lt would be struck lifeless in
a day;' -The lakes are narrow and these
steamcrk in a; line abreast,' stretching a
cross from shore to ; shore, might with
brooms at their mast-head. literally sweep
the lakes from Sacked Harbor' to 'Fond
du Lac There would be nothing to pre
vent it In one month's time all r our tra
ding vessels there might, for aught the go
vernment could do,be cither snnk, or burn- -ed,
or held as English prizes." 9 i
r ai can pe aone to aver ih;a
pective, though contingenVcalami'ty t
is not the part of wisdom to'sit? inactive"!
while the means of doing us so much mis
chieT !Sthe haridsof a, foignwel
reaay at any moment to be employed a
gainst us, and that at our vctv doorsi TVTi.
Government, unless Imbecile or impotentl
cou31 be expected to remininert while 1
thepossibility oCsuch a yisatrous visitfu I
tiori existed without WineOTar '.
f vllappily themeans oiemprotection are
at hand : and iti only remains for the Gov
crnment to make: an efficient use of them -
Lieut Maury suggests that the Illinois; ca
nal, designed to connect theMississippi I f
LSe Mjchiga, beaakenun
control of the "Government, ami cbmpleted f S;
upon an enlarged vgcafejgo; (admit
steamers and large ' vessels to pass from
the Mississippi to the Lakes, heestab
lishment of a vy YanTaOIc &
been already directed by act of Congress! t
At this point could lie built vesselsof anyl I
'. . . 4 ''".j,".: -- . - : r i
Hf uc uuu aiuiaiicin lOueTiTansicr-
red as occasion demanded from the Mis
sissippi to the bosom of Lake Michigan or
Erie, or Vhere'vefdaiirUnrea'te
that quarter. The resources ' of the great
could be thus brought into active develop
ment for naval purposes; and a perma
nent communication being , opened ! be
tween theIississippi aild the Lakesan
identity of interest would be at' once es
tablished along the whole extended circuit :
from Buffalo to New Orleans. Let us hear
Laeut. Maury on this point :,-2:''; h- ?4
" The Illinois canal "is Tor saleit When
completed on the scale ofthe Welland and
supremacy andad vantage on the western .
lakes that Great Uritnln nw lio; w
Avtucau tauaia, n WUU1U glVC US tne Same
lakes that Great Britain now has in the
eastern. . She can approach them from
the sea and we cannot ;Ywiththe Illinois 5
canal equal to hers, we could approach '
ine western iaKes irom tne ; sea, and sho
cannot . We could therefore meet her at
least half way, and dispute. lakelasceri- 'r
dancy with her, with many 'natural nad-?
vantages m our favor. -The latitude of tiftf
the Rideau canal is 45j degrees j thex f
treme northern point of thellinois is buP-Hf "
aearees : more than ?on miiA HifTorC
ence of latitude in our favor. ' We could.
therefore, in case of war, commenceVtho &h
asjeinoiage oi a uqei on tne lakes at least f f
a month or six weeks earlier in the spring, -KB
or later in the fall than she coaldwhlch
natural advantage wouldU)e "sufficient -of
itself to turn the scale in our avor. pv
The completion of this work upon 'a
cale commensurate 'with the objects in
view, (the connecting the Gulf ! and the'n
lakes by steam boat navigation,) is an im-' V
portant link in the system of -general de- ;
fence. It is a great national work" upon
which' in-war, the integrity of bur soil in tq
seven States entirely depends,and one up'
on which the great western"" valley Itself 1
must mainly rely for safety and defence. - ;
I therefore run up the, lake flag, and go --i-i
for fortifying theniwith 'moles andditch-i & "
es,' instead of parapet and wall." &J
This is a grand projecteTmOTeover
which the dictates of prudence and polii S
cy commend quite as strongly as it is Jem
Dracea at once by the ardent mind of ep4 rti H
thusiasm. It satisfies the reason ; it1 fillsHS : .
ance with the spirit ofthe age;it is ivprj: :M
thy of the Republic and its destiny ofm&iSiZ
ness. What remains but to accomplish it
forthwith ! Let no abstractions -ot the
brain come in to divert mt national mim fc
from so practical, so usefol purpo--;
iui uc vuusuiuuuuui powerin me caso
it would be a hard thing, indeed if a! na
tion had not the right o selffdefenceland i
self-protection and this measure looks to
that end, and is essential thereto. J
John Adams and the Sabbath.The el
der John Adams, while President of thft
United States, as he was iitxrnhig-m
the country to his family in Boston, was
interrupted by a New England snowstormfeH.
which efiectually blocked upl his way lb
i lie was then at Andover, twenty miles 1.
irom iosion, wuere uts lamuy, as ne learn- -ed,
were waiting his arrival Sabbath '
moining the 1 roads became for the t fir$t j
time passable. On the question of oing ff -
to Boston that day; it was the opinion I Of H i
the clergymaiTof- the placethat the ciir- H
cumstances of his detention and the jsick-j C '
ness of his family, would justify his) tra J :
veiling on the Sabbath. 1 llileply'.jwas,
that the justifiable occasion Ink this case "
would not prevent the bad influence of hist) I '
example on thosewho mightbee himtraH ' ,
veiling on the Sabbath, withutTvnowingri 5
tho TT. therefore decidetf to wait !3 V ;
till Monday. Have we chief magistrates i
now who arc as scrupulously careful jto ft
avoid the appearance of evil f ; IT; "I
Mrs. Fax & good Whig) of this City wife ?t
of Mr. UiciiARO Fax, (Democrat) presented r
her husband tpdayi: with two Jwuncing boys
who alreadrejoice . in the names ef Folic and , 4
Dallas. ; The Parents' arc poor, but the Jr- ?
tunes of the'lilUa folki are 'madeiTclselhercla rv i
nothing tit a name. '. yJ. ;
' Money or' not, a man 'a a man," - : j ' ;
"';See its proofs in our own Dick Fa? i . i?
- - ' Two at a tirneJhBeat him who can .! I? - 'jy