4 - i'-
j -1 1
! - old V?ljov amongst them who attracted my no
: 1- - tied nirtitaUrly. . H was just the sort of man
1 one sees in pictures of Napoleon's kwHIc garde,
V:&-s&dier legibly '. written on every one-of hi
' rrJr'. and in everv movement of hi J upright,
-:. nrt in ovir movement of htS UPf
tAiiitkry figure teis hands and face weather
v! t-,itf.rttnihtii!orif rriahoffanv:ihis t&l stern
and jDsled his thick. iron graymoastacbe cov
r4Hi 'mouth, and the point descending ai
brent. ; He had evidently made a
. J 'brt!olSaticmit to furnuh himself up1briMtB
aniho yTiarade.-aiU uniform jacKernau au
thMlnocked out efJVandrwa, but oned
closUp fo the chin,aseU a. the
tiutronk 'oo allow ; his forage cap, or rather
wbaYrert ained of it, was placed on Ms ad
wita a certain air of smartness, an d his t altered
.hdetVk fastened with bin of iw ne. Pipe
-tlaafd Mackinsjiad of course not been at fets
wjlstn tho pl ? roere spec
tatbr, dTwhiie we tvere wailtng the arrival of
tbeodceJ commanding;! walked up to the pris
onerl Kaddescribed.and offered him a cigarette,
fcarrie time giving him tne one, i was in-
- ttnM irtt it with, i Ills mee-Drignnrnru 'T
1 " , -"ri . - . . . .fl
easurc, and be thanked me cnergeucw.
OiZ etalias tenor r: aiu ne. -n
day fined I tasted tobacco.
iVijt miss it much?" I asked. .
eVioij ration of food is small enough, but I
would tive half of it each day for half cigar.
. w - 111
I tindfrstiind iftni. sbiu i,
' .n.,4Jiifitiirmn. scnor." aaaca ne, vwuj
t j l ;.i
. smile, wfth your ran enrt-aZ, cot ri Lorcic
-rcnifc- -1 Ah! those were times ! Hainan
solado&cn'Mcc's; There were soldiers then ;
butbf-- Pah,!" r . V,
And taking a huge puff at his paper cigar, be
i looked krotind with much contempt at the boys
and Invalids by whom he Was for the most part
: surrounded, and al a bat!alin of rather raw
looking! Chfistino VecjruUs that was drawn up at
righfcanglej wit Uthe line of, prisoners. I had
' a packet -of cigarettes in my pocket, and I took
thcin' outand offered them to the old man.
:'.' "iMarty tbanks, sir," said he " no me hacen
fallal I'shal not want them j dr stay-you won't
y-ri ridjtakiag thrcigar? from my hand, he turn-.
d roiind anjl gave themto a prisoner in the rank
Tehmd, and who clutched them eagerly. Uefores
I haditlmo tp ask the meaning of this strano
proceeding, khe general and his staff galloped
x upV ihtropps tobd at iattention, and I was
obliged to step one side! with my curiosity un
-1 Presently a shako was brought round, con
' tain Ing the lots which 'the prisoners were to
" draw. I wns still observing the'old soldier, and
VL was!nar chough to hear wha passed. It came
to hjs turn td draw, arid the shako was held out
tohfrni- j . . 1 1 r - ;
" Ppie vdadclanfe, growled the veteran.
ffMovj$ cn, a!nd never mjnd me. j Put me down
as a dead man. I'm ready."
J:":fro ifpmbre!" n ofiicer who was
svperiritending the drawing, 44 try your luck, the
charicl arc ten to 0110 in your Jfavor. You
must draw." v ; j ,
ITh Carlist persisted in his refusal. -'-.
u. I do not want to draw," said he. "I jtnow
- what will ie? swell as if I had dofie so. My
j luck! hs alv afs been bad, and is net likely to
f change to-diy." " f
r "V 1'hcl ofBccr insisted, however, and the man at
. length reluctantly put in his hand and drew out
, a piejc4 of piper. - " . . j -:;Vereii
said heas he slowly unfolded it,
'; and wnribltei. tbo . fatal vords to those around
Ahdf with bitter smile he resumed his cigar,
and bfan pqfling away with the same compo.
sure, as before. Je, and his nineteen compan
ions jnlmisfohune were marched into the Car-
list country and shot. There was no bungling
. rthUUfne. X At thoword "Fire;," the twenty
: ictim1s foil like one man, all dead. PhUadet
orth American, -
' ROCKFOttD SURRY COUNTY. N. C.
tHS Institutien commenced its first session on Mon-
dv the 14th of Aoril. under the conduct of the
RevlWk. W. iJcacn. who is so favorably known as a
teacher In nfanjr parts of this State, and has for 8 or 10
-Tears tanerht with preat ccceotableness in the best Aca
demies of Georgia and Mississippi Under tbe care of
such 4 teacner.ttus scnooicannoj or surpassed oy any in
WesteraCaroiiha.and we can confidently recommend it
to parents or guardians who wish their children or wards
well instructed in .au the branches ot an Academical
;edMcatin.-i 1, "". . -f ,
" -The ijocatiou) of this Institution is among the most
health? in the State, hein kit ub ted on the banks of the
Ya4kin,r4any j miles above any thing like stift; . water,
f and jlbej surrounding country very broken, consequent
;ly eatiHety freeifiom any of the" prevailing diseases mci?
dent tol a level country and sluggish streams. . . .
' . -Theltertsis df Tuitida per Session i of 5 moaths are as
T. W'tLttTni T?V4; Wrirfnw n.-f Arifiritf
lArithmetife continued, Enslisa uramar, Geo-
: -'"r feraphyi History. &c. 1 8 CO
: r l ifl'he varidus branches of Philosophy, Rheto- .
VTll nc. Lojic. Composition and Declamation, 10 CO
? ! -"Chemistry, Geology, th; higher-oranches of
-,. -. . i MaiheifcaiicSt with the Languages, 12 50
.- Students enierins the Academy after, the commence-
meni of the present sessioa wL'l be charged in proportion
families :n tncSvillage and neishboihcod at hem y5 to
55 peqmantuJiacIuthas washin and candles.
- WM. P. DOBSON,
j - , F. K: ARMSTRONG,
4. . 1 r GEO,-W. BROWN,
H THX.kC.KWClf.TY '
1 M. Y. FOLGER."
Apr3 26. v' (52:4w) - - Trustees.
- Stats cf jNortli CarolimDiTio Couaiy.
, Id Ejuity Spring Term. 1S45
J NJSl !A; Chafiin. Adm'r. t$. Judith Loner and others,
"Taa ppeanni to the satis&ciion of the Court, that Joah-
7 1 .
Jt ua U. Long, one ot tne deienuants in tins case, is not
an inhabitant qf this Stte : Irts ordered, that publication
" be made, in theHCarolina WrfTchman, fur six weeks, for the
' . said defendant to appear at the next Court of Eiuitv. to
be held for tho I county of Davie, at the Court-House in
, Mocksyilic, on. the 4:h mooday sfter the 4th monday in
AusM next, and plead, answer or demur to complainants
, pill, cr pe same win oe laaca; pro coniceso,aa ue cause
K.ird xnart.i(S tobim. "- 1 w- I -- '
:AViiiie,7 Vitigham, Clerk and Master of saii Court, at
' OfScp, the 4th monday after the 4th monday in Febro
U nrjr, X; p.. 1645, and ia "the 69th year of American Ia-
s' Crfoi-Printer's fee 50 i r
fAS, take'a np and committed to the jail of
Surry county. N. Con Saturday the 12ih
soldicrj anB you appear to I a very via one.
Smislakki Old enough said he:
f.UMltr since 1800Xl have served with
5 J jW.'H.p
jAptil. a negro boy who says hia name is Little- Uhe Oregon is clear andjunqtiestionable
ston. anJ belongs to hn Hagan. of B!air,Uaf rnAv ink iir nAnU nfn..;.... ,.
03 yaTst oi az4,verj dark complected, had on when ta-
fceiufc an'old black jeans coat. whitA COtuwi paata, aad
o !dtWOot,J:at i " ,-. t; .; ,'- ,
. L r i ftrT nntinei to come for-
Auf pWCci Kiu vw.j - J .....
... '.rit m rharfes ana taxa aim away or i ti.ti .tk-. ?-tr-ri.. l 1",,u1"1- v" 'r""",i-It l U1.W3JCU
, Z rh SrfttTJia-W. . -v.- " 1 '"A" IB45,-Mrt Polk made. inahgural-address as K Does Salisi
-u, L . DMANUiSU cAiu;v, aw.. , ' 'nt . A J " ? : r "'Mr f ,wiacnu omce inaltime we had recClted.no publication of a
.il..;' ' -.ejM:. -.vt the contry of the Oregon was clear and unouos.Wr;Br-, .. r fji-M" . -
. - Apr.jf icu, io.-. v r . - x ' I 1 " . "" ; t I 7rfwM-iv wm v .luisier, woo oaa on-( vanety ot
: From tbe V- V,Coarier. I Enquirer. ? ; ; t
' cyea 2ays from Europe.;
tittarrived at Boston on Monday evening,
brining Liverpool papers to the 5ib: instant
and our files to the evening of the previous day.
Our correspondent letters of Itbe 3d, 4tb and
5:b April, will be found m ur columns today
The Caledonia left Liverpool on the 5th, bar.
ing been detained one iday beyond Jierstated
time lof departure for the purpose of .bringing
out tei result of the debate in the House r of
Commons on the Oregon question.- lTiat sub
ject had become the theme of exciting interest,
and Was promptly brought before the House by
LordlJohw Russel, immediately upon the re-as-aembling
of Parliament afierthe Easter recess.
As lh?s business seems v to have assumed a
decided not to say a startling--earnestness
Sn bcitb sides of therBrltish House of commons,
we give- at length, the speeches i Lord Jonn
and of Sir Robert Peel in replv. .The premier,
it will be-perceived," confirms the statement putl
forth by Mr 'lyler.in Ins annual message as 10
the amicable mode in which thePregonques
tion had been discussed between ourSecratary
of State amTlhe BritisI? Minister at Washing,
ton, Air. Packenharh, almost directly con.
tradicis the assertion of the American! Ejxeeu
tivc,cf a favorable proVpeVt of tbe result of the
no-ri!infinn ' An f.nr from anticioatinT SO desi.
o ; . c
xjahiftH rtstiit. Sir Kooeri reei seems io sec
but little chance for an amicable termination
of the. controversy, while the (J. States Govern
tnent continue to maintain the ground assumed
by Mr, P4k in his inaugural address. It is not
to be concealed, therefore, that the remarks of
Sir Rllbcrt Peel aflbni grounds for grave appre
hensiis of serious difficulty. He as' sternly
and uncompromisingly maiotains the British
right (f the disputed territory, as our Govern
ment, land wc may add a great majority of our
people-assert our own undoubted claim to that
territory. Still we do not believe and wilLnot
permUtluirselves Jo' believe tha the two coun-fries-wjll
suffer this question to involve them
in the calamites of actual war some mode of
settling this question satisfactorily short of au
unnatural and profitless appeal to arms..
House or Lords Friday, April 4.
1 V The Oregon Question,
Lord Aberdeen said he would willing'y lay
before the House the details cf the ' negotiation
upon the subject of the Oregon territory, arid
appeal f o them for his entire justification iu the
wee oi, Europe; out, aiioougn lais migui nere-
afier m necessary, it would now certainly he
mpolit c. He declined to enter into an ex-
aminat on ot the liritish title to the territory in
dispute but proceeded to explain the course
the negotiation bad taken since, the sign-
ing of the treaty of Washington and quoted
the expressions ot President Jyler in his
T -Ji '.L.-fl. "L.. ' t r II. I 11
in a lonnigni aner, nowever, nir.-rouc naa ae-
liveredj his Inaugural address, in which he
claimed for the United States, an undisputed
title ft the whole country. It was, indeed, to
be observed mat ttu speech did not possess the
urcpuijan omciaiaocumcni, as no ministry
au ucrii lurmeu, congress was noi in session,
audit formed no-part of legislative' croceed.
ings ; but it was stillvorthy of the most seri-
ous -attention. Our position was precisely the
same asj it had been for the last 19 vears. under
the treaty of 1 827. The provisions of that
treaty hkd been projonged for an indefinite pe.
riod, subject to tho sight of either party to ter-
mmate it by giving a year s notice. This could
not be done without a vote of Congress, and
continue upon the Drincinle of an amicable ad.
justment by tho mutual concession of extreme 1
claims s and although ho waadaiiv aemistomeri'
to see himselj described a "pusilanimous, cow.
ardly, and base," he was perfectly satisfied
mat mose vuuperaung terms nugnt be translated
as applicable to conduct consistent with justice,
reason,innd common sense. No one was ever
US eVCr I
morn ardentlv desirous of neapt. nr i) nnfl
to make greater sacrifices to preserve
t. . . fi m . .
merr wre limits wnicn couia not be
and although our character and position ena."
bled usj to regard with indifference matters res-
peciingswnirn oiner countries mignt po jusiiy
more sensitive, our honor must never be neg.
lected, jdnd.we raightowo it to ourselves and to
our posterity to adopt a course which was re
pugnant to all our inclinations. Y ith the most
anxious desire for peace, he still trusted that
this question might be amicably cont
if not, itro possessed rights, clear ai
- LT-r ... it . .
eluded ; but
lionable. which, continued the hhMr nrl amit
loud arid general cheering, by the blessing of
... r w - - w Mm ivaw
uoa aqq the support of Parliament, the Gov-
JHsrnmetu is prepared to maintain.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
- t-iorqj. twussei, on reading the order of the
unJ gnmg imo yommuiee ox - supply, called
mw mm aVk..!!-. ? 1 - fa. 1 -
ine attention otthe ilouse to that part of tho
'"ffTlf i - . r:cs,aenl 01 lu0 Jnted States
WH," fT-- l lerruory oi.uregon. it was
uuii,BiraHon,B83aia, to enter at all into the
question of the foreign policy of her Majesty's
y,.rl??!7cA"eDW meir policy on tb very
ju.-jecci ice uregou, neither wa it his wish,
by anyjdbservations which he might then make,
to emoarrass ineir proceedings. JTJut the inau
gural oil President Polk hsA tnbnn thi i.,A.t:
out of the ordinary course of diplomatic arrange
ment, and required some notice on the part of
mempera pi mat House. ; that distinguished
functionary had adopted a course entirely new,
which, if it were not met with something onus-
ua 1 on jjeir part, would let questions of great
national importance be decided hereafter by pop.
TJSiiT..r'OT,'not,?.,r;,,, l"T" "f
Li.ui. tl i .. . - . ' : .1
r. . irr '"? VM,IB, oiaiei lenueu to tern
I '' ft i " 'A u y.Jw- '.t
I U,Tr . ",d he 44 to the country of
tie by Occupying it with
dren. 1 ; In ccnseqticnce
(Lord j. Russell)felt compelled to call the atten
message oi ioe.iu;n oi renruary.as inaicauons agents of the British an
oi a tnehdiy teeling, and ot desire that the ques- meuts but, as it had
tion might be brought to an amicable solution, hand he mold do w
that bodjy-would not assemble until December, to' the contrary. If the noble lord had thought
so that sufpeient time was still left to bring the l right to depart from that cc-urse on tbis occa.
mattcrsin dispute to a satisfactory conclusion. sion,he ought not to be held responsible for the
The negotiation had commenced, andwould consequences; Tor it appeared that this question
T r.se iromine ueaa oi ine government, the 19tb of February. 1845.about a fortnirrht be.
Una hVlne tvmillm nrltnn raaulrTnr iUmImmi I I l i ii I . . !
tu tlli - j ' rT i ,.w.. lum inis inaugural aaaress was aeiiverea ny
W PJ r ,denit " h" racsM-.e M a,luded to lbfl President Polk, President Tyler, in reply to an
annexation ot Texas to the United Rtttm n L AAk, r .l o e - rT. -S o.-
Pre. dim rf X.n. .nt 8cntencetho gotiations are still pending, this information earf.
mSnSn br to assert and not be given. Considerlbleprogfess has been
So ,ade in the negotiations; which hav been car-
.r,t?atPOIl?n,ltoi' tp-r"oV ried on in an amicable spirit! between" the Kwo
ti on of the House and the countrv to th! nna. i
- ' i . f 5 ' i I , . ' 1
- - . r , : : . ; ' . , r . I
, - - 1 j ' k - 1 i ,
lionable, and Indeclaring his in eutiuj to take it f taime to make'any comment oh it. ; The
Into tis possession without GSmSf President P,4k: bad been ery
treaties which were generally f Xpointed; and ho diplomatic comma,
between independent nations. to" I nlcatidn aVfar as ho was informed, had takea
modes by whicb a title nigbt toa eqoired to a n Ue thought Jt highly " probable
country like tbe Oregon; the' swa uVpanhanvwould have continued with
cient cMscovery ; the seconoMy ? tbd lrnment the negotiation, whicb
by discover ancient or modei,,fonowedflp by WSnced with the last ;,bi,t. be.bad
occupation aid setdement. $"" rS&ubiecHe trusted that
purpose of showing that it tne 'Wine yjjfr 1' mutant da v tbeyrwould know the result of
resTd on ancient dfj0 thWdhl
in a claim far superior to that jJftjSWer, f6 "lf lhc proposals of the British
that if it rested on treaty, we had a cbiim that . rejected, and no propo:
wa, undeniable, whilst that ot m uniteaa mmauVbythe Government of the UnZ
had no ground whatever to staadjon ; ndthatlf A o3?o fvblch he could accede, he should
the Columbia, made, carried oh, and authorized not oeet. on d COrnmunicatIons jiween
by regular officer, of r the British Goyernmen . g He still hoped that an
and tbe subsequent seUlementj of territory .uf 55 SSitoble adjustment of the claims
rounding it by British.ub;ect , gave us a titlp am .J bcTnade. He must,
t.;k th American Uovenimeni eowa noi qw-
ry s- L - t ..m
rivt-r vuiuu.iia , . i. i t- - ,
t, mile, up it. trm, and Bn .sj.aH,ec. from
Canada bad -rected igDie. ,,. ,W
banknand had long earned od a Ktrral,!c tradp
there. - O. (hen gave a history toe n
lions ueiuccn wiw - - . - il
RMnjxiihe one sideanAMr. HuskUsoa enJhe
other. A WW-H W
tka PrAcirl-nt bt the United States had made a
peremptory claim to all this territory, and bad
called upon the citizens oi thd United- States to
go forth with thir wives and children to take
possession of it. Now, Columbia was become
of more importance each succeeding year. Th
Government ought, therefore.to insist on a speej?
dy solution of this quesHou ; forlhere was dan
ger lest the citizens of the United Slates should
- ' u
disturb British subjects in the enjoyment of their
property on the Oregon, and should thus produce
n collision hetween the two Governments. He
was not prepared to say that Great Britain shoulc
abate any of her just pretentions, nor where we
should draw the line between the Americans
and ourselves. He thought, however, that wc
could not accede to a proposal less than that
made by Mr. Canning in 1827, with any regard
to our own interests, lie baa nearu 11 saia mat
the value of this territory was a mailer of indifj
forence to us ; but it was not a matter of indifj
ferenco to us whether we should yield any pori
tion of our territory to what he must be pej-mit4
lc( to call a blustering announcement. It was!
nnt a matter of indifference to ns, that the means!
bf communication between Columbia on the one!
hand, and our Dossessionsin India and China crt
,he other, should be surrendered- to loreiffu;
pwer. It was not a matter of indillerence to
,hat the tone and character Sof England should
he lowered in jnv transaction which we carried
on with t,e United States. -Hei should have ab.
stained from entering into this question if it had
been left as a diplomatic question between the
Earl of AIwhIppii nnd Mr. Rurhnnnn.as the
U American uovrrn.)
, r . i 1
ueen tawen ou oi ineir,
hat the Minister of the
" ' " . T .
Crown was precluded by his position from doing
l)C could state to the people of England what
wro their ricrhts. Hnvinfymarlethatfitntement.!
ho should leave the whole matter in the hands of
ilie Government, and h had ha doubt that thev!
would consult the interests of the country and
t,e honor of tho Crown. H
' - -- v - t' K
. Sir R. Peel could not be surprised, and should
not ec' regret, that the noble lord had taken the
course which he had pursuedj He was of opin-
ion tnat whilst these matter were pending in
negotiations between the two Governments, it
was Pllc to abstain from exercising the right
of discussion on subjects calcuiatedtexcite pop-
"lar feeling, unless there were cogent, reasons
had been withdrawn trom tho cognizance of
those to whom it had been entrusted, arid that a
popular appeal had been made to the passions of
n. peopie in ine unueu otaies ry mose wno
uSut lo have discountenanced such an appeal.
t,lc "o,J'e ,u,u uu WAs . miuisicr oi iub
Crown spoke on such a question as the present
ii4a. aw. uM.iAi!klKlif fl n a if l-i n l V. A T A T t. ..
,I,IUC Va",il,,,,t,lJ ,J " VI lJUm UUU
Riissell) was not liable. That was undoubted-i
I 1 r aoc a nr.1 Vv o e l- b 1 "l I Kapa ITkl nlteTain 4 attv P. l
hi wing tho noble lord through his statement, as
he could not do so witheiutjimplying opinions
from the expressions of which heought to ab-
1 "", iwwcver, uiai h was ipeu io mm
to inform the House of the general state of our
negotiations with the. United states on this ques-
on In 'he year 1818 the northern boundary
of lhe possessions of the United States and of
Great Britain, westward of the. Rocky Moun-
I i.n i x.T J . " il
w ut-unea. no ugreemeni was maae
to the country beyond the Itocky Mountains ;
but a convention sisrned between the two Gov.
i - n - - -
I ernments in 1818, which was; to continue for ten
years, gave a ngnt oi joint occupation to the sub-
Meets ot each country. In 1824, and again in
182S Wr CamnnS nd0 sf veral attempts' to
I come tri nn nmirahlA nniiicfmant nt ntt racnort.
ive rlnima with th AmprUn nni-rnman
I mwm -
Those attempts ent re v fa ed. At the end cf
ten years the convention expired. A new con
venthm was framed in 1827, which-continued in
force for ten years the convention of 1818 with
this proviso : thai the convention of 18.27 .should
not necessarily deteVmine by the Iapsetime,
but should extend beyond the term often years,
and should terminate after a year's notice from
either party, when the rights of both should re-
vive. . That was the convention which now af
fected the territory of the Oregon. Mr. Pakeri-
hanvour Minister, had been directed in 1842 to
form an amicable Arrangement of the claims of
tho two countries on equitable terms.' He read
a message of President Tyler, dated Ihe 3d of
llecember, 1843, for tho purpose of showing
that he had expressed an equal desire to come
to an amicable arrangement. Nar, more s on
akin (or infurmation relaiive to the neeolia.
I .. 1 T I . I . tk - I . '" : ,
I countries, anu l nope mat it win '--ftc speeouy
J hrou?bt to an amicable termiWatinn: ' He rSir
but he could not con6rm his statement as to the
progress of the negotiations, and to his hopes of
w ucuiuc ui lug uiuieu
t v UI1IT ll St V IIIH.I. Bt tUt3 UC
n M.rrail .Ml Y.tww. I . .1 m. . I
, ana ai. i ttohert Feel 1 could connrmthe language Of Pre. I nnweaned iadustry and a fair share of
Ct that tl- I Bldenl Tvlor rixnlintr th limKU .rvi,! ir, I WK,K, MMV K
ineir wives and chil. I which the1 nArmtiitlAn. tiait yon a . r ftf tii r.i;.:-k -ifAr. ii
y - j.-'t tht. whifA ttiA
. .- fT j Statessbou d, coutrary 10 an usae.
Ttner cot:nRcie than a
&v tcimWlw of them; Such an allusion
t.,?It" lPad to .ucb a result as the
j(,e(wU of bolh lri8s d.
the Government, to state, in language most tem-!
perate, but at the same time most decisive, that
peraic, uw ... . . . ...
they considered that we have a right to' the ter
ritory of Oregon, 'which is clear and unquestion
able: that we desire an amicable adjustment of
the differences between ourselves ana me uni
ted States ; but that, having exhausted every ef-
fort to obtain it, if our rights are invaded, wc are
resolved and prepared to maintain them.
A tremendous burst of cheers from all parts
0(the House followed this annunciation.
In consequence of an intimation which Sir
Ri Peel gave at the termination of his speech,
that it might be expedient for the House not to
express any further opinion at piesent on this
subject, the subject dropped, after a declaration
fromiOrMonx Russell that he would not sub
mit any motion on this subject to the House un
til all the papers connected with it were laid on
the table by her Magesty's Government.
j Salisbury, No. Ca., May S, 1545.
We are authorised to announce JAMES E. KERR,
as a candidate for the County Court Clerkship of Rowan.
We are authorised to announce JOHN H. HARDIE,
as a candidate for the County Court Clerkship of Rowan.
DANIEL M. BARRINGER.
rr-s- r A. CO 7W U TTTTTT. K ,V 3S William
j-v - -
Srf. Merchant Exchange. are our sole Agents in the
XHii - unf ATin Vnrt.fnrrrtiriv& Subscriptions and Ad'
w.., .j-.. o
Wrrn our last number closed the first, and with the
present commences the second volume of the new series
of the Carolina Watchman. There are a few sugges
tions relative to the condition and prospects of this pub
lication which we have for some time had it in contem
plation to offer to the public, and it occurs to us that the
present may be a not altogether inappropriate occasion
to call tbe attention of our readers thereto, with some
degree of distinctness.
The Watchxax ZarjfcspafraHage.and patronage which,
it will not, pejhaps.be presumptuous in us tosay. it me
rits, and should receive. A year ago, when we under
took the publication and editorship of this journal, its
list of nominal subscribers ranged from 750 to 800 ; but
well knowing, from the experience which we had alrea
dy had in this department, that the naked names of non
paying subscribers, could with extreme difficulty be con
verted into paper and:ink and type and press labor ; nay,
that the approving smiles of such patrons were not so
contagious in their character as materially to contribute
to the equanimity and flow of spirits which should char
acterise an editor, we decided at once to strike from
the list transferred to us, the names of all such as had
" gained a character " by the uniformity of their conduct
i i ww V a n.vli.i.Uv nYlltrtarl TK I Q f Tr..Ca am t ll in ft
1 lit IUC JJttll.VUlU. UMUUWU V. . WVS. 8VI.J. IKIUg
more than decimated the ranks of our enlisted forces.
I . .t Am ta Antr trf tk A A inv nUF rorm ta TrVm ft n
J parent. Since that time, we have received repeated and
I veryj gratifying assurances by the accession of new and
j paying subscribers that our efibrts do not altogether fail
i ot being appreciated.
I For this measure of success we trust we are not un-
thankful. It seems, indeed, to foreshadow some distant
jay, when, if we should live we might get full pay for
0ur labor, and the public its full share of the advantages
Livable therefrom. What we obiect to is. the slowness
cf; the process by which this is being elTected ; and it is
precis ly this which we wish if possible to remedy.
Now, what are our claims to patronage ? First, there
is no larger paper published in the State, with a single
exception, than ours : We present toour readers week
ly! a greater number of square inches of readable mat
ter; or,. in the language of the craft, we aet up more
em than are to be found in any paper in North Carolina
with the exception just made of the Standard, which ex-
ceeds our dimensions by a small fraction in length, and
throwing advertisements out of the seile, we beat that
respectable journal very considerably. : In point of neat
ness, tastefulness and beauty of appearance, there is no
thing in the State that begins to compare with our sheet.
This point is universally admitted. There was some
contest, we recollect, several months back, among our
brother editors, as to whether we had attained to abso
lute faut'essncss in this particular none, we believe, in
regard to our relative superiority.
T7' T FriCMWO a.oua" 1
.the end of the year-is actually
Secondly, our price two dollars in advance and two
less than that of
any paper in the State from our own size down.
From these facts it follows, we think, that ours is a
a more desirable paper, and one deserving a more ex
tended circulation than any journal around us, which is
published in a place of no greater business or mail facil
ities than Salisbury- and upon these points we have a
word by-and-by provided we do our duty in an edito
This point we approach with some hesitancy, because
upon this in some of its aspects, it may not become our
selves to speak.
The higher departments of editorial labor we have
never assumed to occupy. To do so would be out of
place, as much in regard to the wants and wishes of our
readers, as m reference to our own capacity. A country
paper, like ours, consists mainly of selections. To make
I t i : ! w a . ".!; r . .f iioJltu.
aee jjuaiciousty anouia oe ne lesumg tum wi tuiww,
I and to do this reamr tittle more than care, attention.
possession and exercise
h iu not for them' to nr.
I Certainly it is our object to. furnish our readers with an
j abstract of the most important and interesting matter
our numerous exenanges. - .
ury possess jany local advantages . for the
iMwzpapei I , ... W thinj( so, and for a
reasons, - . - . - . -
- Out fij.r is put H i)U pr3su.Fr&y.A ftsv Lours
after the receipt cf tbe great KorAern msil; and always
contains the latest news received from tlact quarter.
Front this point the mail branches in several directions,
la some instances net leavin till the 'next or sacccedins
day, la .which cass the saise mail carries car sheet ani
the Northern pajsxs from which its latest intelligence has
been extracted. Adi to this, that the great majority of
those for whom oar publication is intended are able to
take bat one or at most two papers, and that there being
necessarily, to a'considerable extent, local in their char
acter, cannot When coming from a distance be so well
adapted to their peculiar wants, as a paper published in
their midst. ; iiv .'':"Vv;-;: tpyrX
We may remark too. that as this, is much the largest
4uaess place in the western part of the State, its prices
current and the advertisements of its numerous, enterpris
ing merchanto, and industrious, thrifty mechanics, carry
the most desirable intelligence to the farmers and wag
goners who sell their produce, and the numerous small
traders who make their purchases here. J 1
Another inducement to take our paper, extending
more particularly to the adjoining counties of Davidson,
Davie, Iredell, Cabarrus and Stanly, is to he found in the
factihat after the first of July our paper will co free of
postage to any Post-Office wuhin thirty miles of this
place. ' " ' '-. ,
So much for the paper and ourselves. A word now
to its friends and ours. - - ,
That these, so for as mere goo3 wishes are concern-,
ed, are pretty numerous, we are sufficiently assured.
What we wish, now, is to bespeak, if possible, a little
active exertion on the part of each one of them. Almost"
every subscriber could procurer additional name: the
more influential could easily obtain several. To our
Whig friends in this Congressional District we feel that
we can make this appral with some propriety We as
sure them that shoul 1 our subscription list be increased
by some two or three hundred names, it would so far im
prove our means as to enable us to add most materially
to the efficiency and influence of our paper, by adopting
a more perfect division of labor in conducting it than is
permitted by its present inadequate support.
Heallh of Salisbury. It is reported, wc un
stand, in the upper Counties, that the health of
our Town is exceeding bad ; and that it is
dangerous for strangers to come here. This is
an error. Our health never was better than at
this time ; nor have we been particularly afflicted
at any time, recently. We do not now know
ot a single case of dangerous sickness in Town;
and can assure the public that there is not a-
mong us any plague or fearful disease. They
may visit us in perfect safety.
. CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION.
The time for holding another election for Re
presentatives in Congress is approaching ; and
he notes of preparation are sounding in our ears
rom nearly ahparts of the State. Both the
Whig and Democratic parties are manifesting
a disposition to go into the contest with a bold
and determined spirit. Both are more or less
sanguins of success- 1 One by a reliance upon
he unchangable principles of the firm and vir-
tuous people of the Old-North ; and these are
the Whigs. The other, by the hope (vairi, we
trust) of management and cunning. Thes are
the Democrats : They prideThemselves (as the
world knows) in their superior tact in political
matters; and we suppose every one conversant
with their character, will unhesitatingly conpedo
to them a great deal in this respect. They can
take both sides of a question, or either one, as
circumstances may require, and yet preserve
their consistency. They are Jish to-day and
fowl to-morrow ; or terrapin like, fish and fowl
together; and yet, uporv occasion, neither. In
their proceedings towards preparation, we dis-
cover, nevertheless, that there is not the same
degree of harmony manifested as we are hap
py to witness in the ranks of 'the Republican
Whig party. Among us, there are no undercur
rents no double-dealing to distract. We pur
sue a straight-forward, bold and independent
course : a course worthy of the objects sought
to be accomplished the general good and pros
perity of the Country.
It is already known that Col. D. M. Barrin-
ger of Cabarrus, is again the Whig candidate
ta represent this District. His name was an
nounced in our last paper. For ourselves, we
are decidedly favorable to Col. Barrjnger. lie
is every inch a Whig; nor yet is ho ultra in
his sentiments or feelings. , He is tbe very last
man on earth to find fault with a fellow citizen
simply because that fellow citizen is opposed to
him in politics. Such is not his nature; but
whilst he is liberal towards others, he is firm
as a rock in bff own opinions ; and what he
engages to do, that will he do. He is one of
the jfficienl-working sort of men, as ail know
who know him just such a man as a good
Whig and well-wisher of his Country will de
light in sending to the Halls of Congress.
We are yet in the dark as to who the Dem
ocrats will, bring forward as a candidate in op
position lo Col. Barringer We see, however,
that Mr. Charles Fisber, of this Town, has been
nominated by public meetings in the Counties
of. Union and Catawba. Wo had expected
this ; and we presume that if Mr. Fisber pri
vate affairs will permit him, he will, provided
his nomination by these Counties are acceded
to by the: other Counties of the District, be the
The Fayetteville Obserrer says ' The Lo.
cofoco Convention held at Barclaysville, in this
County, on Friday last, selected James C. Dob.
bin, Esq. of this County, as their Candidate for
Congress in this District. The choice was
made, we are told, on the 20th balloting, and
was finally unanimous, though in the course of
previous balloting, others had run frequently
and materially ahead of Mr. D. Mr. Busbee
at one time received a majority of the rotes,
(the counties voting in proportion to their rep
resentation in the Legislaturc,)Xbut.tbe two
thirds ride having been established, in imita
tion of the Baltimore Convention, Mr. B. wa
"not nominated, and further ballot ings were had
until Mr. Dobbin obtained the requisite vole."
. TheAVhigs of the Wake1 and 'Cumberland
DUtrict have not yet made s noroinAtionTfiie
name of George W. Haywood, Esq. has been
proposed byi a writer in the 'Raleigh Register.
'jThe Whigs of th&Edenlon' District met in
Convention on the' J7th tdtixno, at Edenlohj; and
a!ler thi uiual rotinu of proceaJing.tLeaatm
V;.irW. 'of Bertie, was presented to
the Convention, and he received tU unanimous'
vote cf that body as the nominee of the. VVKu
Party, iu that District. Mr. Cherry being u
Town at.the time, was informed of his norai.
nation bya'committee appointed for the pur.
pose, when he .forthwith appeared before th
Convention, and in a vigorous, eloquent speech
made known his acceptance of ih'o high honor"
confo rred on h im. :;,-. v'- V'-.:'':.-4Xf-. :"
1: Thoreader will see in another column ta
amusing account of the proceedings of the De
rnocrairof theEighth District, in '! Coaveatio
to bring out jt candidate". Owing to some uo
fair means, used in the..Convention to procure
the nomination of H.' S.i Clark, Henry 1. Toole
has declared his purpose to be a candidato oa
his own hook. - .
CoL David S. Reid, the lata member, has
been nominated by meetings in Caswell, Ashe
ana oiones counties, as pe locotoco candidate
in the Third District. -Messrs. Kerr, Puindex.
der, McMillan and Shober, arc spokca of by
the Whigs. '-i , . X X "
Mr. Cliugman is a candidate for re-electioa
in tho Mountain District, j Gen. B. M.-Edney,.
JVhig, is also a candidate we understand.
In the Orange District, Mr. Daniel haabeea
nominated by a Cohventioa for 're-election..
There were many aspirants for the nomination'
on the Democratic side. The Whigs have out
yet brought out their candidate,'
(KT The W higs of Montgomery county have
recommended Ex-Gdyernor-MosxiiEAD, to the
Whigs of the 4th District, as a suitable candi.
date to represent them in the next' -'Congress.
An excellent recommendation we think. Ifs
would be an honor to the district and the State
at large. Wc know of no man within the bounds
of tho old North whom we had rather see inthe-
Councils of tho Nation, than John, M. Moat.
THE PLAQUEMINES FRAUDS.
The Report of the Committee of the Legit."
lature of Louisiana to investigate tbe unparal.
leled frauds committed at the Presidential Elec.
tion, in the Parish of Plaquemines,; showshat
the accounts heretofore published has not been
exaggerated. John Slidell, member elect to
Congress from the first Congressional. District,
is deeply implicated, he having procured the
transportation of a large nuraberoT persons fur
The purpose of voting there, a great many ot
whomI)eing foreigners. fThefollowing rcso.
lution was passed respecting one ot the princi
pal actors in this disgraceful outrage-upon the
country, and the sacred privilegeguarantied to
us by the Constitution : j o
Resolved, That Gilbert LeonardT Judge "oT
the parish of Plaquemines, in- this State, has
abused his official station, to the detriment of
the law and publis liberty by witnessing, with,
out check or, rebuke, public tumult and person,
al outrage at the polls, in the parish of Plaque,
mines ; by lending himself to the distribution of
illegal lax receipts, for party and selfish purpo
ses ; by openly causing the votefsrof that par.
ish to exhibit their Votes before depositing thetn
in the ballot box ; by knowingly and fraudulent
ly deceiving a magistrate, in relation to a (act
on which he and said-tTUigistrateWcre to act
ofiicially : and by approving, on his own , part,
and inducing Mr.Toca, by an ofiicialflijsehood,
to join him in approving the official bond of
Sheriff llutillet, before he had obtained from the
Treasurer of the State the receipt, oruieniii
required by law. ' , .
"Measures have been taken for the impeacbT
"ment of four Justices of tho Peace, who parti
cipated in tbe frauds.
We learn from the Virginia papers, that a
most disgraceful riot took place at'thV"Univcr
sity at Charlottsville, on, the I4th inst. Before
the disturbance could be quelled, tbe civil au
thorities and finally tho Military toTthe number
of 500 had to be called in. It appears rom
statements given, that about 50 disguised stti- fl
dents formed Themselves into what they railed;
the Calithumpian Band and made the night hid-t
eous with their horribly discordant sounds. Af
ter several nights of this kind of jamusemcnt,
the students were denounced in a lecture of one
of the Professors, who jyas serenaded onj that
night tu his heart's content for presuming lo re
buke them for such disorderly behaviour,
the next day, another of ihe Professors denounced
the rude conduct of The band, and at night he
was treated inthe same way. TNot content
with serenading, they attacked the bouses of the
Professors, breakipg windows and doors, besides
doing much damage loathe rotunda doors and
windows of the buildings generally. Sucb un
becoming behaviour deserves the severest cen
sure, and not one engaged in it should berper
mittcd to go unpunished. , . t-
The subjoined paragrapji from jhe NashvUlo
Union, Mrs Polk!a mouth-piece ?in Tennessee,
throws some light on tho notions and intentions
of annexationists in this country. It seems that
whenever our countrymen take a fancy to any
part of the dominions of a foreign country, there
musnhe United States extend her protection,;
and increaselhe valuepf ihtlrmpeTt)Knd fn'
large our territory to the great injury Jof other
nations Tbis is progressive democracy:! w -
, "Tho last advices fforn California inform us
that' the province is ift a state of revolution
the natives, wishing to expel the 3Icxican, and
havingerery prospect of success: The strug
gle will be short, if it has not already terrhina
ted. We learn also that many of our citizens
wbo emigrated to Oregon have fallen down and
settled m North Ca
found the most delightful climate and a rich soili
They affirm that Oregon is but a bleak, barren;
waste, compared with California. We refer
to these facts to show that it is not at all un-
reasonable to suppose that California may.M
in a condition at a very earl? day to be Awctx
cp-to theUhionr, ;; ..- J1
.- f i ' - . .... '!.t'..-...V ,. .... E . i.:-. ' '1 '' ' " v " " : ' ' - .4t '.: h .f I. '
J '. 1, . ,, - . - - - " - - . - - . . - - I - ' - , -