Qtlean Ticayune of July 20.
fadDeath of Vice Pre-
urn-- , - -iu
ndcrson -Incursions and
bf the Indians-r-General
t,; the Arrival
of the brig Hope Howes,
, C. & ?haf ,fro.m Galveston, yester
vVe 4ref apprised of the glorious and
V ; rUoiiKUri finally consummated.
ij.firvin',1 rapt nn i'"' ju-nu" iiiiucA-
hd honest ana unwavering con
i.,f nf a free people, have "the machina"
!. f trhitbrs at home and , enemiesa-
upra(l been foiled and frustrated. Honor
to the rcnu
n jeans oi irAas ior lue Dart
in thie achievement" of
I We ci i'e
a letter, wnicaieiuui itccs u. ciear ana suc-
: t i i . i. . i 'n..'
cinct narrauou ui iuc jruceeurngsoi ine
ronventiqn up the latest! period at which
it were possible., to receive Austin news : '
Austin, July .7, 1845. -
an assembled on the mor
(Jen. uusk to presiue over , its delibera-
... t: ,i - . . ...
V.ons. ujp.wwkHig- me cnair ne made, a
short addfesS, which was weir delivered
find suitable W Jthe occasion. A commit
tec of fifteen j was- soon after, appointed,1
ti-horeporte(i by their chairman, Judge
LinscoulbLati ordinanr Msspntirrr.'nn !hn-
half of the pebble Texas, to the terms of
Annpxati n j proposed by the United States
liovernm ;hf.j It was adopted with one
iissenting voicebut five, members ab
sent. It was, fctagrossed and signed bv all
tie- members present. - It is not a little sin-
?p!ar that ih()bnly dissenting ; voice vvas;
Richard Jiacljel the father-in-law of your
tqe Treasury and brother-in
4avv oi t
jVice Tresident. ' J . . -ie
weecssaryl resolutions were
jthe transmission bf the ordin.
sllnjitcd Statesa resolution was
Poli Love, and'unanimouslv a-
ance to t
Tbat the members wear crane
5ft arm for one month, as n. ies-
&grft for the decease of Gen-
S Whatever Iditterences of
st as regards his political
opinion . i
(Texas owes him a debt of
dm we are indebted for
becoming; a member of
cah' Union-4-a measure so
and I hope to you. The
adiourned. . It was a nn.
the privilege of
the trreac Ameri
yel cejeljratiotii j of the Liberty Day rto
sorrenuer ijuu i nue uciiuence oi our nanon,
and bv thes
to Us incbrporatiori with another, and of
fer a tnoute ot respect to the man through
whose lhfluence -the measure W'as con
V On tM 5 h ve appointed committees on
the plan at optj?d by the -.Virginia Conven
tion, to rep3rt jn various subjects submit
ted. It c ll ;d i pFth some discussion which
jvas creditable 'to the speakers it wasthe
skirmish that irecedes more heavy fifing.'
The delegates to the Conventioh, for-in-
telligcnqe, integrity and vorth, would rank
vigu jii iinj coujiiry. x,nere is not, - per
aps, miicli q( brilliancy, but a great deal
of matte r-4f-fdct sense and sound know
ledge ; and Ij predict that we shall form
and send Mou; a sound and sensible Con
ftitutionl tree from the worst features of
praismL : I I
f annexation, are not, per-
haps, subh .as
we had a right to ask : but
SQauxidusiare: we to free the subject from
farther igitat on in the United States, that
w vuuu yiws wnaie ver win pe annexea
totheCbn$titiition diaerinpr from the res
ed by the United States Con-
( A despatch was received from the Uni
ted Stages (n the tnorriing,and Major Don
eJson ariruicd on the evening of the 5th,
wyirig beiri detained at Washington by
Serioufc indisposition ' TKrsr rlpsnntchps
relatetbTjIe;!)ccupatioil bf our frontier by
u w0' i.nfy are now on their march
ae ffotjbjj water to Corpus Christi, on
weklpank t the Neuces; the dra
goons I y land jc San Antonio. -
The ;tef ii taken that will decide Mex
ico irt her policy. Foreign troops will soonf
UP0 le kitl she claims. Her choree-
most bk ajdejcUratibn of war, or, if she is
ttisc, h ?gbtiatidn. She may acquire mo
jiey by th0 lafttCT defeat and disgrace on
7 oy t ic fornjer. To-day, a resolution
'as p;.ssed, requesting' the President of
we United States; in behalf of the neonle
jrTexis, jto send troops forthwith to our
xnis rcsouuion is a sanction on
bf the neo'nle of Texas. '.of the
Movement noted above.
- a i i i .
t i -
The antrigub, of those in power here.
Mich in itsldbmrnenccment. was advised
hytheJex4PjMsid ent. has hnn dissinnfnrl
Jy the bower bf the people. The Execu-i
?lVC ocEuriies no envied nrt?silion ;T am
ink he has been victimized
5V his ri
and patron, as well as her
Minister. True to his faith,
ae issued his Proclamation, ad-
tate of war and a disputed ter-
ry, whcli f not intended as treason to
1J co mtr y,jor proceeding from disappoin
nopcs.Mas excessively foolish.
rx"!1 Aoemeen-has avowed to ur. Ash-
ith kHathpr TUni
W not inter fere in thi nnpttJnn'Sn .hfi
i Writes1 hotnU A Th?
war ; so if you get to logger-
mm John Bull, it must be about
f 0n4than will fight for whale's
if! SUTar. cotton nr i npornps
Pncdflburishin villas? lain n ctnf
nt H Wi(lati and ruin--the ef.
ah arbitrary exercise of bower;
cause and without precedent
pogh'the author bf all this minis
.11 - u.
cannot he dare not look upon
3 tfkkh he has in his wantonness
mtzj San Antonio." He, with
RUNER & JAMES, ;
' - "Editors) Proprietors,'
JMcHovvard, delegate from that place.
uas ior some aays Deen expected.! Painful
apprehensions have arisen for their safety,
as many Indians are n; ; the frontier who
have committedseveral murders lately.
' "e ennreiy exposed to the attacks
of Indians and Mexicans not a soldier on
guard, and but few fire-arms.: So callous
have people lo jTexas become to danger,
that they sdarcly ever; prepare (ta repel
attack. On my way here I met a young
manwith: Iwol young girls in a buggy,
with no protection :whate ver, from ''attack;
almost atthfe very spot where young Homs
by had been killed two weeks previous by
the? Indian.n;They:were;-ih''- hifch ;'gleet
laughmgatid talking merrily ;I could
but think that an hour might consign them
to death, o a Ayorse'fate ! ; ,
The Hor Iwes reports onlv40bours
from Galveston- to the Balize. The latest
C i! i z i : - ( n Tt . .
vjaiveaiuu papers we nave is oi the lath
inst. : We are Indebted to Captain Shaw
and Mr. Nf ck Bflil vin for papers, &c. v t
The British brig Persian arrived at Gal
veston a few days ago from Vera Cruz.
She brought despatches for the Govern
ment, anq pas tcr return as soon as she
heard front Washington. It was rumored
in Galveston tbfit she was there for the
purpose ofllearning the fate of the Mexi
can propositions to President Jones, and
ii iney werg rejected, mat the Meet ot Mex
ico would be down on Galveston j without
delay 1 AVfe Kore Gal vestonians will
noy evacuate thir city on the strength of
this fearfut rumor.
The Hon. K. t. Anderson, Vice Presi
dent of Tdxas, died on the 10th inst., at
Fanthrop'slJSIorjtgomery county, of fever.
The paperaren mourning for4heSad
event..'' j- - ... 1 . ' ' r ,
- Mr. Edward Bourne, a native of Coven
try, England, left his residence on Clear
Creek Lake in a boat, on the 3d inst., and
is supposed to have been drowned on the
4th. . '! ! ;-4 . ' .- i T
Ashbel Smith has been recalled from
England. Speaking of this, the Galves
ton News If the 12th says-f We should
like to know jwhat he went-for. what
has dobe, Tfow much money he has
jiutivcicu, ucii ue is going again, or wnat
plan will next oe fallen upon to disburse
our public -funds."
The following appointments have been
made by the President : ; , v
Hon. Ebjeneer Allen, Sec'ry of State ;
Hon. ;WfB. Ochiltree, AttorneyGen,l. j
Hon. J. Greer, Sec. of the Treasury.
The reports jof the crops throughout the
country are highly favorable ? Galveston
and the other cities and towns continue
healthy ; Emigrants are fast pressing into
the countfy from the adjoining States bf
the Union I and the orosnects of1 Texas.
view therrj thrbugh what phase we will,
are prosperous land encouraging.
PROGIIESS OF CORRUPTION !
The Washington correspondent of the
New Yorll Tribune express the fohowing
facts, which serve to show the extent to
which the public treasury is plundered by
those who should be its guardians. In
the account oftlje Clerk of the House of
Representatives showing the disbursement
of the Cintingen Fund, is the following
entry : .j I
1843, Decdmberj Nathan CiifTord,
to 17 das pec diem as Member
of Congress from 3d of March, f
1843, tojthe ! 20th of the same i
month, 4t $8 per day, while conf
fined atlWashinston by severe T i
indisposition and unable to leave
for home ; I $136 00
Now it friustf be remembered that Mr.
Clifford's trmJof service expired on the
3d MarchJanc yet here he is paid $8 per
day for 17days subsequent to the expira
tion of his tepm, on the ground that he
was sickat Washington.' This is a prin
ciple which, it admitted and allowed to
fake root, jwilj spread itself with fearful
rapidityflr tHe facility with which mem
bers of Ccligress habituate themselves to
graspingall tfie public money whichlhey
can havejanjexcujstf to handle, has bebn
strongly exemplified. Witness the Con
structive Mileage and the immense sums
paid for tfieir luse at every session of Con
gress. Were j will this stop if it be allow
ed to go on unchecked if every member
who may happen to be unwell at the closei
of his terrh of service, or at the adjourn:
ment of af session; can remain in Wash
ington ana charge and recover his 88 per
Hay as long as 4 he remains sick ? A few
pages farther on, in this very document, I
find a strong ekemplication of what may
be expected, if. this principle is to be act
ed bpon. j On page .1 14 of the same doc
ument there is the following item : I
1844, April, J.J. Roane For thir
; ty days detention by sickness in
" Washington pity after the ad- i
journment o Congress, in July.
'1843, atj $tfrjendayfj; j v$240
;S-: Here we . se4 tbe principle illustrated.
Per diem pay Having been allowed to one
member whose term of service had expir
ed, because be was detained " by sickness
iaVyashingtbnl Mr; Roanegoes back a
period bf melee years, and claims pay on
the same ;accouht for 30 days detention.
Is not this an abuse ,? And should , itr. be
allowed to' go fen and - take root .without
being checked ? Nor is this .all.: I am
informed that during the present year, the
KEEF X CHECK rP03l XIX YOUX
IS 8ATE. - .
accounts of which will not ' be published
until December, the executors of Barker
Burnell, a deceased member from Massa
chusetts,; who died; in this city; offer, the
expiration of his-term on the 3rd. March,
1844, have made a claim and recovered
payment for per diem for him during the
time he was sick previous to death, and
after the Congress was over." . Is this i to
be allowed to continue. and groy jap un
til, by prescription, ; it' becomes a nested
- , From the Utica Gazette,
An Abolition Mob Great Cry and j Little
A very ludicrous performance has just come
ofT in our cily, which has gained imijerishable
laurels, to some of the distinguished philanthro
pists of the liberty party. j-John Jlunbi Esq.,
formerly a resident of this place, but bow re
siding in Mississippi, a few days sincei arriv
ed here with his family, on a visit. Il4 brought
with . him an old negro woman, a slave as a
nurse to his children. Intelligence ot the fact
was quickly disseminated among the Urate and
liberal spirits who sympathise with the " poor
African " at a safe distance. On (Monday,
Wm. M. Allen, Esq., who has been llhe lead,
ing spirit of the abolitionists since Mr. Alvan
Stewart went to establish the libertjf party in
New York, obtained a writ of habaes corpus,
returnable before Judge Roet.
Mr. Munn is visiting at the house of Mr. Eli
F. Benjamin, who has also with him bn a visit
l! ;T C 1 ri-'J -r I..-
uh sun, ur. oadiuei jjenjamin, oi iortn varo
lina. The writ was, through a mistake, issued
against this latter gentleman, who, happening
to have left all his slaves at home, had yho diffi
culty in clearing himself from the process.
We understand, however, that he was: jso murh
struck with the courage and address of the gen
tleman who had the principal chargd of the
proceedings, that he invited him to visit him in
North Carolina, oflering to pay his expenses
and give him free access to his slaves, to take
away as many as he could persuade to leave,
by his eloquence and the confidence which his
appearance inspired. j
The writ having been corrected, a mob of
white, black and mixed,, of all ages and sexes,
accompanied the officer to Mr. Benjamin's re
sidence. The poor object of their Sympathy
was so much terrified at the appearance and
actions of these M angels of light," that it was
feared she would die of fright. She is some
57 years of age and suflering under the dropsy.
Mr. Munn assured the zealous philanthropists
that he was perfectly willing they should take
the woman if they would give security for her
maintenance and she would consent, and in
form them that he had told her on first coming
into a free State that she was at liberty to leave
him whenever she pleased on giving a few days
notice.- But the liberators were far bo eleva
ted in their conceptions to take pecuniary mat
ters into consideration. j
Judge Root, at the request of the Mayor, who
had visited the scene of the disturbance, post
poned the return of the writ till Tuesday morn
ing at 8 o'clock. The old woman, in the mean
time, was in continual terror lest her loving
friends should liberate her by force. I To allay
her tears and the apprehensions of the family,
deputy sheriff Johnson passed the niht at the
house, and a body of watchmen were, stationed
in its vicinity. ' .!
The morning came, and at the appointed hour
Mjv Munlwas at Judge Root's office with the
slave, and the sheriff with the writ, to which he
returned that the defendant did not detain the
woman.; Judge Root explained to the woman
that she was at liberty to go where shb pleased.
She, notwithstanding the arguments and entrea
ties of her new friends, insisted upon j-emaining
with hejr. master, and is now abiding; with him,
though still laboring under much apprehension
lest she should be abducted, and left o the ten
der mercies of the busy-bodies who have given
themselves so much unnecessary trouble on her
A recent letter from Madrid brings in
telligence of Mr. Irving's continued good
health, and the prowess of Mr C Li y i hg
stone, in a grand display! of tauromachies
in which he and other members bf the Di
plomatic Corps rivalled the professional
matadors rthough it is maliciously; re
marked that two year old calves were sub
stituted for the monarchs of the Analtisian
herds. They call themselves the " Socie
ty of Babel,"-and are soon to have a grand
tournament. The reports which were in
circulation last year concerning lan alleg
ed criminal intimacy between the young
Queen and one of her generals, re again
whispered about. ,On dit, that she is to
marry a Cobourg Prince, brother to the
King of Portugal and the Duchess of Ne
mours; and that the Duke of Slontpen
sier is to marry her sister, the Infanta Ma
ria Louisa, The recent discovery of a se-
l cret correspondence between the Pope
and that crafty woman, Queen iprisnan,
hds occasioned much surprise amongst
those here best acquainted with Spanish
affairs, and it would riot be thought strange
if she. was sent out of Spain by
sent Ministry, who so recent ly
her from thje exile into which
sent Espartero Paris Letter.
? Ex-Governor Clones, of Tcnnessee is
tiow on a visit to; Mr. Clay He arrived
in Lexington yesterday w eek, and was re
ceived by an address: from Gen. jCoombs,
and a military escort. . . j I ;
1 1 Two country attorneys overtaking a
wagoner on the road; thinking td break a,
joke upon him, asked him why hisTfore
horse was so fat and the rest so( lean ?
The wagoner knowing them to be, limbs
of the law. answered, that his fore i horse
was his lawyer and the rest werp his. cli-
ents. : , ,
Do THIS, AXB LtBESTY
Geitl. Harrison. .
AGXIST 9, 1845.
-The " American Republican " is puzzled with
the remarks we made upon the admitted fact,
that German shoemakers here were driving our
own, put of employ by underbidding them, and
by living on cheaper food. It is so indeed,
so not only with shoemakers, but Irish porters,
Irish hackmen, Irish servant girls, Irish labor
ers of all kinds, German piano forte makers,
German: musical instrument makers, German
giass cutters, Swiss , watchmakers, jewellers,
.dec., &c. A man born and bred in poverty in
Europe, does not feel the want of, nor need, the
comforts: that the American insists upon, and
can, therefore,! underbid the American in this
country, and work cheaper. The only remedy
we 'saw, was for the American to change his
pu rsits,---yturn farme r. The Republ ican ex
claims : I
' " We enter1 our- solemn protest being thus
driven from pillar to post.' If we in an evil
hour abandoned our native born rights in politi
cal matters, it is time to take such steps as shall
prevent any further innovation. Scarcely a
corner now in the city but what is occupied by
a German or Irish grocer, and if our mechanics
should be as effectually rooted out as are those
who used to keep stores of -various kinds, a
native' would fare full as well in Holland or
among the bogs of Ireland as he would here.
But we believe they are made of sterner stuff
than to be thus unceremoniously disposed of,
rand lit is to be honed that a new order of things
is about to bo introduced. They-are not quite
reaoy to be forced into the wilderness against
their will, and toi change their habits and pur
suit of life, j I
t "j We go for the American System,' at home
or abroad. Our system is more comprehensive
than the present Tariff,' and will protect the
American mechanic from cheap labor here as
well as in Europe, and will bring about a more
equal division of the labor of the . country.
While tee itish to fee liberal tee are determined
notlto be robbedjjakd if we prefer licing in a
city we shall object to going into the woods, or
The American Republican gives us no reme
dy. - To stop their voting can't stop their com
in here. When they start from the foot of the
AlpVthe borders of the Rhine or the Baltic,
froro Dublin, or Cork, or Tipperary, when
Michael O'Shaughiessy writes to Bridget O'
Ilannegan to comje out,' as all can live here
in a palace, on the! banks of a beautiful river,
at the public expense, (Bellvue Poor House,)
(miem, a published letter, inviting immigration)
none of these emigrants think of voting.
That our demagogues first dingdong into their
ears on Staten Islaijd at the Quarantine grounds.
Tley come here, tempted by higher wages than
they get at homes, j The dollar a day calls them
from their homes, the exchange of mutton and
beef for potatoes, the better fare, the easier
work, the happier life. , Now there is no stopp
ing this but by draWing around the U. States
a cordon, which the emigrant cannot pas3. We
must tuiiri Chinese, or establish regulations like
thoseof Dr. Francia in Paraguay before we can
prevent it. Is thje Republican ready to do this ?
ff not we see ho remedy for the American
where the Foreigner underbids him, but to learn
some other trade, of to turn farmer in which
last remedy, sure there is no calamity.
N. Y. Express.
Health of New York. The official re
port of the city i inspector for last week
presents a frightful increase of mortality J
m: Jew York, the number of deaths du
ring the week being more than double that
of the present week, and reaching the un
precedented and trply appalling number
of four hundred and seventy four ! The
News remarks that this statement would
afford just grounid for the most serious a
larm, were it not evident, thai the great
excess has been occasioned by no deterio
ration ol the public health generally, but
has been exclusively the result of pauses
originating in th0 intense heat of the wea
ther during the week.
We learn from the N. Yew Journal of
Commerce of Monday afternoon that the
following insurance companies have re
solved to wind up. They refuse to issue
more policies, and -ask that all policies
now out maybe cancelled, though they
will be able to pay nearly or quite all the
losses by the late disaster, viz : .
The Americal Mutual, The Guardian,
Merchants1 Mutual, East River,
Merchants' Firej T Manhattan.
j The rates bf premium demanded by of- j
hces which go on are double the rates ot
lkst week, and the citizens are rapidly
paying the rates.
1 Superseding Gas. -The rumors of a ve
ry interesting and astonishing discovery
begin to be circulated in Paris. It consists
of furnishing the means of lighting, simul
taneously, all the different highways which
cross France in all directions, by means
of simple iron wires connected with elec
tro magnetic machines. The utility of
this discovery is immense, as it will ren-
ter the roads : as well lighted and safe
s the most frequented streets of the cap
ital. Several experiments ; have already
been made on the rtad from Paris to a
small town on jthe Havre road, which
were crowned with entire success. Gas
light is said to be nothing in comparison
to that given by the above process. ; ; :" :
I , Evening .Mirror. . .
OCT There died recently at Unity, in Maine,
a lady named Mrs'. Hannah Chase, at the very
advanced age, of 106 years and 25 days. She
left 10 children, C6 grand children 160 great
grand children, and 12 of the"fib generation.
There were about 150 of her descendants pre
sent at her funeral, and 150 walked in the fu
NEW. SERIES, . :
NUMBER IS, OF VOLUME 1L
A TRUE WORK OF ART.
" FROM THE AMERICAS BEVJSW, TO KTtT, V
There is now in this city, ( New York) brought
over from Italy by the American Consul at Ge.
noa, Mr. C. Edwards Lester, a more exquisite
ado noble work of art than has probably ever
been in this country. It is a Christ on the
Cross, wrought out of a single piece of ivory by
a Geaocse monk. The circumstances attend,
iag its execution and disposal, and the character
of She old monk by whom it was worked, are of
Sjtagular interest.-. - ...
Passing one evening near the bid convent of
St. Nicholas, which stands on the scmi-cjrcular
hill that sweeps around back of Genoa an im
mense picturesqueiiuildiug, at one time used for
barracks by Napoleon, now half in ruins - and
tenanted by a few old monks -Mr. L., wander
ing through the long, dilapidated corridors, saw,
through the cell-door partly' ajar, an unusually
large ivory figure, lying on thetable, unfinished.
Rapping on ' i the ghostly lintel, a hollow, step
came, and the door was shut in his face. Mr.
L. requested entrance. A husky faint voice re
fused him : , The cell vassacred and a rus
ty bolt grated to finish the reply, lr. L. f want
ed toee the holy image he was working."
" The Divine Christdid not permit him to show
his crucified body." Mr. L. " wished, to talk
religiously with his father." The monk had
nodesire to speak of these things with a Strang
er." Afier much other ascetic conversation
Mr. L. finally declaring himself any American
deputed to visit all the holy Catholic convents,
the door was at length "cautiously opened. A
long and singular conversation ensued. The
monk was one of those strange intellectual be
ings, peculiar for centuries to the Catholic
church -a true ascetic, gloomy-souled, thought-;
ful eathushiast, worthy of the times of the Cru.
saders. His account of the origin and progress
of his sacred wort was extraordinary, and en
tirely in keeping with such a character.
There had been in some garret or store-house
in Genoa, for years, centuries perhaps longer,
at least, than any one had remembered or heard
an immense block of ivory, of a strange ap
pearance. It was two orthree times as large
as any piece that had ever been seen, being a
seamless solid beam over three feet long, four
teen inches in diameter, and weighing more
than one hundred and twenty-five pounds. . All
the antiquarians in Italy who have looked at it,
have: pronounced it a relic of the antediluvian
world, no modern piece of ivory being at all to
be compared with it either in size or appearance.
It was supposed to have been brought from tho
East in some Genoese vessel, when that state
was famed for her maritime enterprise, andnad
ships in all parts of the world. It might, indeed,
have come fromjany region- having been pre
served by some natural means as there are in
several places fragments af umueuse tjsks fos
silized, which must have belonged to some an
tediluvian or pre-Adamic" race of animals that
produced ivory ; and, what is more to the point,
it was well authenticated that there was discov
ered, many years ago, in the north of Europe,
imbedded in century-accumulated ice and thus
preserved from decay, even to the flesh, skin, and
hair an individual of some extinct genus very
much larger than any modern kind of elephant.
It was looked upon, however, as worthless,
except for a curiosity of unknown orhif -the
whole exterior. being thoroughly discolored and
decomposed, and the decay apparently reaching
to the centre. vFrom some indications, tho monk
is induced to suppose otherwise. He feels him
self moved by a sacred impulse. Heaven , has
provided marvellously a jubstance for ah im
age of the divine Christ. Ii must indeed be
made, by exceeding skill and toil, such an one
as was never seen. But how blessed srhall he
be, who shall execute it aright! With hurried
eagerness, the austere enthusiast boreHhe hea
vy fragment up the hill, to his ruined consent be
yond the city as Ho who was to be imaged
forth from the shapeless mass, once ascended
his hill of suflering with the burden of his cross.
He shut himself up in his cell away even from
the inquiries of his fellow monks and begun
his labor.'' ':.:":-'-v;. ; ..
It was necessary firsMo remove thcdecayed
portions. The outside was fuund to bn of a dull
gray, and porous ; the parts next to this were
denser, and of a dark mottled brown ; it then
deepened into a substance black as ebony, and
nearly as hard as glass; beyond this there was
nearly an inch thick, almost as hard, but of a
curdled yellow. " Having with great labor cut
all this a,way much of it being almost imper
vious to instruments of steel i solid mass of
ivory was reached of a pure cream-color, 'en
tirely unchanged by the action of centuries,
measuring about 33 inches in length and eight
inches in diameter, and weighing about 80 lbs.
From t his substance, which could with diffi
culty be cut, hul slowly etched and scraped a
way, the crucified Christ was to be wrought.
The account which the monk of St. Nicholas
gave of his long labor up to the time Mr. L.
entered his unfrequented cloister, was simple
and affecting.' He jinew nothing, by practice,
of the! shaping of images ; he had never wrought
upon a piece of ivory ln bislile. iut ne lnougut
the dear Lord, and gracious Mary-Molher, would
aid him in so holy a labor. He would be in.
'spired to mako a divine work. And. suddenly,
Jhe said, the inspiration came like b thought.
A vision sprung uptn".7"h him (he did not know,
that thus the ideal always arises to genjus !) He
saw God on the Cross dead.
It never could
pass away from him, and he kuew H was sent
to him for the holy image he must make. Al.
ways, therefore, day and night, he prayed before
that crucified vision in his soul, while he began
confidently to give it form from the hard beam
of ivory, that lay constantly before him. It be
came to him a work of devotion and sublime,
hope. : If be could but make it superior to any
other such representation in the world, Mary,
and the Sort of Mary, and the sacred Angels,
wouldperhapsv give him a higher place among
the Blessed l---And jt was with him: a workjof
penance. Oflen-, be said, hislhoughta wandered
.Ur. towe n, the American sculptor, conversing with
Mr. Lester in Italy abbot this irory tta roe, eta led that
there were in the Cincinnati Museum, with which be
was once connected, some fragments of a fossil tusk, sev
eral feet Ions when united, end so large thronghmit.that
he eould only tell by the grain, which end had grown
Btarest the animals head. . ' - ' '
away from the divine imaged into the world
Then he would bow'humelf before the form hi
was'shaping, with sighs and tears i; and hi3 pen
ance was, to continue his prayers and his slow
labor without food, or diink, or slecp--for 29
and 30 hours at once deeprthrough the night,
till the day-brcak looked into his cell. " On such
occasions, he saw, sometimes a miraculous glo,.
rj enriching the head of the figure, as he work',
cd upon it I (a natural eflecti of his solitary
lamn upon a vision fevered by intense straining.)
J , With such patient and severe enthusiasm-
ascetic, inspiration famuiarto the days ol L.oyo
la and Peter theHermrt, and it ill found some,
times in the followers of the Catholic Church 'r
the Monk of St." Nicholas had been nearly four
years engaged upon this statue of Christ when
Mr. L. visited him. " Ho was very much worri
with his constant toil, and, what was more, tho
restless excitement xf a "naturally vivid mind ;
but the high,ale forehead, and tho eyes, glow
ing and thoughtful, though deeply sunken, f poke
at once-the intellectual capacities : of the man.!..
The work was so far completed, as to show at ar,
glance its remarkable character. ' Mr.. L; in-r
quired what he intended to do with It. He seem-t '
ed only anxious to have it placed in some church,
where it mtehl loathe looked iinbtiland fever-i
enccd by devout people, himself receiving a lit.
tie remuneration for four years labor. Mr. .L.;
immediately 'offered him five "or rsit , times as
much as the poor monk had dreamed of rcceiv. -
ing, adding, that it should be carried to Ameri-j J
ca, and placed where it should bo preserved,"
and receive great veneration, i; Afler much hes-
itation, he accepted the ofler, and Mr. L. had ;
him carry the statue at once io the consulate '
residence, where he came frequently, for sixi "
months longer, to giro it the last touches. , J
Certainly, the figure, as it now exists is aa
extraordinary work equally In conception and
execution. .'The ideal seems to have been thd. .
Saviour at the moment after: death, hut before) ;
the agonized expression had left the divine form. .
an ideal we do not remember ever, to havo
seen represented. .The first great impression :
emanates 10 tne uenoiaer irom tne enure appear
uucb oi me irame, as u nangs upon; uie. cross,
distended with the immortal pains that Vhavo
hardlv departed. The exactness of detail, and '
the wonderful effect of the whole combined, are
truly astonishing. The anatomical . structure,
to the mo3t experienced eyes that -have scrutt-"
nized it, is tound penect. tho atdicale veins f
are seen coursin: under the skin, as in the liv. :
ing model, while every muscle is sloped to its
termination with anexactness and naturalness,
that seem almost miraculous iNot the slightest
particular effect, moreover, that would result ju
a body hanging in so unnatural a position as '
the great protrusion of the iehest the5 unusual -
distension ot the chords ot lhe arms-7-even tu "
the gathering of the flesh above the nails in tho
hnnH ttnA (Uit. liv tV v?rKt rrlTnir unnn iVivi-n
" ..... J W'V i4lklll .
fails to appear in distinct execution. . But the",
triumph ot the work is in the :fUcc. of the. Re.'
deemer. 1 ne characteristics theroprcsenf ed
can neverbe once seen and forgotten"; arid with,
prolonged study they appear the more; remark.
able. The li jeaments, slightly bolder than the
usual Grecian, but beautiful m theextreme -the
wonderful union, in the features; of manly mas
siveness and exquisite womanish delicapy dhdv
contrast, above all, ot intellectual agony knit
into the bfows and frozen unon the loft v fore
head, with the sublime composure of sweet and
calm resignation that sleeps around the almost
feminine mouth are a combination which could
belong to-no human countenance, which . wo
hftVft nflVPf tPPn ulnnli'ynJ in' on w .tirrvi-tr ,f.nrt .
Q nl ctr nlAn. n B Antil J ! .a . 4. t . a r.-
conception of tho Son of Deity, who had been'
able to feel a deep joy in dying by an infinite
torturei '- ":f'V
It will appearxtraordinary; that asolitary
person, who had previously studied no anatomic
cal models, fashioned no images, nor even amut.
ca lumseii witn working a titUe in lvory. should
suddenly be able to achieve so triumphant bn'
efTort of art. But if we do not . believe, wfth
the earnest monk, in Heavenly impulses in silch
cases, .we may remember another inspiration
the power which-arises from strong native fac
ulties and a constantly excited, resolute ahrfcx.
pectant spirit, concentrated together ona singla
absorbing object. r This is in facfi dimply tho T
inspiration of genius whose wonderful achicrc.
ments aiwavs come uniooKea ior.
The fact, at least, of this achievement is 4e- -
yond question. Wheii the statue was finished,
it was once placed, universally and by the finest
judges in Italy, at the head I of ul Sculpture1 in '
ivory. There are thousands of irory liguca in ,
the Italian churches; csneciallv at Flnrcnca a.nd
Genoa, but nonf rfmld Iia finmd - with tin If; if
length, a third of its weight, or any thinff of i its
extraordinary execution. ; Numerous critiques
uppeareu in iiaimn juuriiai9, aii speaKinglp one
effect; and many persons, with that enthusiasm "
for all art, which is almost the only remaining
honor of that unhappy people, made long and
expensive journeys to see it. . - l '
The opinion of our eminent artist. Mr. Pow.
ers, will be of particular weight in this connec-:
tion.1 The statue had been taken by request to
Leghorn, to which Mr. Powers, who resides at
Florence, made a journey principally to see a
work o.f art, already so celebrated. Mr. Paw.
ers at once expressed his surprise and admjra
j tion at the extraordinary character of the exe-
At his request, as also the requests be.
fore preferred by eminent persons in Florence,'
it was carried to that city. ; " " 1
After looking at it, a Jong time, Mr.. Powers"
id he thought he could touch the brows with
a slight improvement. Mr. Ll readily told him"1
to do so, having the-fullesl confidence i in jhis "
skill and judgment. The figuro was accord jng- 4,
ly carried to tho artist's studio, and fine insitru.
ments were prepared for the purpose BuJ af
ter retaining it ten days, every day contemplar
ting the divine lineaments which he thought to
retouch, he finally resolved not to do it, saying
that not a line could be altered without injury ,
at least he could not do it." ' In addition to.
the high estimation unqualifiedly implied in this
incident, a passage may be subjoined from a-
I private letter, addressed by Mr. Powers to jtho
I "lam clad to hear that yoti intend 'Jakin
: your beautiful ivory statue of Christ to the Uui-
t . fw. w . ! ...Ml . l - J m .
ted States, and I hope it will remain there. It
is the largest work that I harever seen in ivo- .
ry, and I doubt if another could bo found of so
great a size executed in the came material.
IJut this, though of, considerable importance, is
the least of its recommendations. There is an
expression of calmnes3 and dignity about it,
which I conceive to be quite characteristic of
'our Saviour, and which I have never seen be. i
fore in any similar work. The fonr isfull and
manly, and therexecution is quite bt autifu I
hope if you part with it, that it may.rjmaia in
pome place where It can le generally seen and f
studied, for such works will improyt our tastes
in the arts in America, and the "nioro vc have ,
of them tho better."