- . .'. I.'.
'rtiWntlinrtei it $1 peiiquwe for the first;
j S cents for fac!i8ufqi?ft inrtioa. .Court Or
rgf 25 per celt j bet. , ,; " , -;J-; ; :
f. jJj,ui!oni of 33 1 'per tent.- i'ill le' rnasle .to those
jvcrri: vj vy 7
B45f cn the Resolutions
1 If jikUanncga A of Indiana .declaring
? to the, ichcle cf Oregon Tcrri-
' i . Editors & Provrfciors. i.Ar,:....-..i. . : r ' ; 1 f . -rwt- - -' r . . - 1 , . W-.f rrlr ... - Q MTT1TUT?1 qq nT?sTmi.TTrT IT .
s , - n t n n n : . - ; -t- i "n . i . . 1 - , . . f.
liie followinj; resolutions, oflfered es-
by Mr. U4V.tx, coming up;
tilht paraUcU pf forij-.lvvo .degrcri'iaiul Cfty-
fKJerf c i'njr nnuiiics uunn i.nuuue, ana
of1Orccon,,hhre nw exits'" abd have Ion
existed, conflioiing claims to the possession o
thi same between them and Great Rrlfain. th
afyiistment pf which hive been freque14 thel
t 8ii jeci oi nf gouauon ueiwcen trie respective
G(VvernmentsJ V' I "'-i I
iJesoZcfc therefore j, That the President of
thd United Bt4tes has rightfully the power, ur
der the Constitution, and wi(h the adricet
disputed boundary ! But if it were with
feeble Mexico that we were about to come
in collision, we would then! hear noisuch
cautions. .There was a question ofklispti-
iea nounaary neiween. in is country ana
Mexico, and t hose who ha; ve
know something of the history of that
boundary told us jthat our rjghjts extended
..J ii. .-i i I -fi . (; . ..-I i : ' ' :
vevinlrla pnecies of oraisewhtcH' he was
not prepared Jo adminiiteriitclthe Presi-
and consent of the -Seijiate provided that twoi" n,3 to the river Nueces, j How did We
thirds ol the inembers Present concur, to ad ust 11UU lue wenus oi lexas moving on mat
by treaty 'claims f the two countries tcj j occasion ? Iid heyhalt fpr a monientlat
th said territory, hvt fixinsr a boundary be i the Nueces? No, sir, at a single bound
tVccn theif rspective possession.
Ret(Uved, that the ?reident of the United
they cross the Nueces, and their war-hor
ses prance upon the banks of the Rio del
States, in renpwing the ofler, in the spirit of i Norte. . There Was no negotiation then--
I 1 1 ' ! ' i .tt . a 1 . ' . . Ji 'i .'
peace aim compromises 10 esianusn ine 4y aei
' "''a Lift.. i ' . 3
grcc oi nortn I latitude ias a line between tbd
the two countries ; to the said
we tooK tne whole ; but when Oregon is
concerned, it is all proper and right, to
give away ah empire, if England asks it.
any treaty yieldins: an inch- of
ground below 54 degrees and 40 minutes
north. f , ; , . j: T'
Mr.'CAliHGlN said he! merely jrpse'tp
allude to a single, remark which applied
to himself personally. The Senator from
iiiJini from the i ltotky Mountains to.the Pa-
Jjc Ocean, knqwn as the Territory of Oregon,
property, and pirt and parcel of the tefri
- ift f the United fetatcs.
J'' 2. Ilesotcecti That ihe re exists no powpr in
jjlfr Gii vein rnenpotrapier its soil and tboallp-
pare of ki. citizens, to the dominion, autlwyity,
..cSwU iw'id tuhjeftior w any t foreign Power,
Pf,nadbUto, r Soverumnty. v.
licsolvw, I hatvtl) abandonment or . sor
: - e i: rv r:
jIJ lc an abannniient of the honor! char.
urter, and lAo'bcsf intrsts ,bf the American
rj'hn resolutions having bfen read i
il IT k VHftVn Ut'I .
k ur jiAiir.uAt rose and said that,
Js thc benate visxl hot at present full, he
.Vduld aSk'tllat' llle W'Snllltinn ir
MhieciaV order fti somnf,.tnrl1nv.nn! ! U,P Constitution to majkc treaties.
wuuiu inline next luoncay wetK as : V- t u"3C,'vm ujai inn
t'ilav. r'i ;'!f! -; II i two first propositions of the Senator: from
JIr. MICIIEU stlggested to the, 'Sena- SolltD Carolina heupposedvould not
tofjfrom Indiana thktsumcieBttihi ought cbntestedibV any o. AUthat was sta
rf ."oWrbcloVn'thcresolutioaverc ! W W peri,eCuy correct - wej j lndtana haU i endeavored td drawa con
troughtp lor Una action before the Se- V-n pcouptweno sou oi oo, . trast between his (Mr. C.'s) course lupbh
i,, Uiat tbeyimiht bo printed and re- JUon tojajiy thingjthat they contained, the Texas question, and his coursiupbn
aeeieutunon, not oniv nv oenitors: but hv
ojcommdnity. . le thought it wo tiki be
W'jler to prolong sotnwhat the time nam-'cljbivrM-'cnatolliind
to order that the
solution be prinfrd. ! )
Mr. IlANNKo;X tb
hat the resolutions bo printed, and made
,hi?&pccia! 'order Tdt the' third Monday in
.atwary.. --ir ." j .
jNJr CALilOUNiUtd he did not rise to
ipjwso this motion hut to request that the
Senate woujd permit him to make a few
wratory irirtarksjbfore Submitting-the
numcnisie lmrnuetl: to move to lie
etious nov; bef)ro the Senate.'
MtvPrcsident,;(4id he.) though I ca;n-
yjisv'v "j "j-n'r'f iw iur.au. resolutions,
irti very. mUch-jjrMrficd that they have
?eb moved by thefeenatoV Ifrom I nil in tin
Whatever objectionp therejmay be to them
tlu j have at least the merit' of being di
ecH open, ami matily; Thhj dcnvVin di
KxtJtcim the nut(iority ofl'this Govern-
tn nt to make n, trenty in reference to the
dent. I When
of England: he badjyet to
' - . - i'
sunsiantiai argument cr nrui i-
England's title bcyorJ t!:e ri .i -ant.
No man couM produ :
proof. No man couU do rnc. r ;
Pakenhamhaddonetoestabli !. .
title, and he had, ajtr all, si:; il':
'Thebenator fromjbouth L.ut.
told them that he was as warm
;of Oregon as any man thatcoui I !
: .i . r-w t.i .1 1
in me country, uouuness c so '
jbut, if he were a tree mother, '
inot be willing to cut jhc child in t
j give away one halC j Loo!; at t!.
Oregon; the whole fcontrol c; t
Pacific lies above tlsc ferty-nintl:
tire session, while negotiations were goin
onis lie trusted theJ Senator' Would either J the whole maritimt; control, c
make the motion which he had proposed j bor worth possessittgj And
or ci?e snomu a proposition to remove tnc j give u-away,
sunject trom the Legislafive to the Jxec
utivcj rpcordsl lie. would riot object tot he
discussion of itj there, for that was the
appropriate place ; but he1 regretted eve
ry effort, every attempt that was made to
disciiss the question at this crisis before
the country, especially if it were the ob-
iheiquestion should come up
intended to make a motion
if ijt prevailed, preclude all
furthenbroceedincs unon the subiect. He
intended to move 'that the whole subject
be laidl iipon f!he able. ! ( i; ;!
Mri OALHpUN disclaimed any inten
tion of jjaudinp; the. President in or did he
accuse tthe gentleman fromlhdjana of any
-H . ' 1 t.' 1 ' iLl ' .1' SI . ..
mieniiqn to censpre mm. lCj was very jecioi any person on uiai iioor to pre
c'ertainl ' however, that the sense of the j parcjthe hearts, of the people for warJ"
Senatjp when taken upon the original res- j In his opinion the resoliitions- necessarily
'.: . i ' I I I
Senate to assume it. It was the duty of
ine penaie wnen negotiations were open
ed, or expected to be opened, to wait un
til the President informed them whether
has always '
very cTearly'thc views entertained with utivei was entitled to the initiative id
reference to the settlement of the Oregon thesri matter?, and it did not become '
difficulty. . Those; who ; agreed with the
honorable 5 mover of the original resolu
tions Mbuld reject jall further negotiations;
those 'on1 the opposite side would be dis-
Haxxegas) that he
devoted friend of Oi
lates himself upon tl fact, ur. 1 I
ry to see that a, poriibn of the j r:
country nas itcnuea janu reiicrau
lation to his views, iat beautiful (
ion embodying the Ifabain policy,
I believe, by Lord Ciatham, M A v
masterly; inactivily.f1 I must mv
regret to see this policy so highly
in connexion with this question. I .
the talents as we Ijiis the high
which that distinguLed Senator i
among the mcmberslofthe hum
but I have, I confess little adniir;;:
the course which the Senator pit..
- .. Tl- 1-11-
on mis Question, linu tno m i to
1 the Senator nlludcd passed throu
posedltol continue the negotiations. That ; he had made a treatyJ and, if so, until he
was tjjie whole amount of the matter ; : had presented the treaty to them. If thev
nnil Vii ir1 ren ?nn fnr mnvinir flip nmpnd. Wero to pxnrnss nn nnininn in fn vrtr f lli ii M-r. Iinnin w -
ments'was that tne sense oi .jnc senate i resolutions or oi tnci amendments they ; have been ours; twenty thou:
mieht be fullv taken. ! would stand .committed committed hvl wnnl.l h.ivo i.(.nrr, it? hm t,
least. with pim, for tjliey directly conflicted
with the'j principles which he had laid
down. , His pnl)' intehtion at present, howf
As tor the residue, however, they presets tn5 tk viv wKi.K La jAA
matter I for serious consideration, a at t.ni iiLv.di
s ii i .. i imiiiii ii ii iiiimx i v 1 1 irrxirvn j iii u m
so upon this, pursued in reference! to
Texas what I conceived to be the best
onnrcn T C. T ,ntAA J
i ' .if. . - :f !. f that occasion, it was becaViSR hntflnpssnnfl
. 1 T "!T. i
jjiuuipiupa .wrru uucessary 10 success. ; lit
Was thd golden opportunity: ahd one
year's delay would have lost Texas to us
forever. If I am for more deliberate mea
sures on this occasion, it is not because I
am not a friend to Oregon. On the con
trary, Oregon has no, better friend than
myself: there isino one who would ven
ture more to save it. But it is asked why
T rl r tint nurcno tKo c?o m d Atin n 'lm-
v v ; r ! vj .r kiwi. r dui 1111, i-i i i ii , i i .1 11 n i -1 irr
tention. He had merely said that. bv im 1 t ir.i .iu ...:n
'Mri .ARCHER ?aid it seemed lohimto the1 legislative vote, in the face of! the ho act; you held blick. when y
e a matter of n great importance what whole country. It must- be manifest to ; despite every hazard, have eccurt
isposlllthe Senate might! finely make of j everyone that, whether they decided for;; right.
ri i V to What harl fallRn from thp ronntn
from South? Carolina, who had stated that
the j resolutions .introduced by hirhMri
II aritiegah.) by implication at any rate,
conveyed ;a censure upon the Presidentof
the United ptates. j Sir, (said Mr. IL
hfid no intention of casting a censure dpi
o l the President. 1 ' ' i !
Mi CALHOUN observed that he hk6
not charged the Senator with any such in!
tlr. t : .r-vc..i.c nit- Hrfm 4hum I III; 1 Ul I II 1 11 1 II I KITH 1 1 fir IMF I R UnfllP fll i nrti U .
Jiujwiirana ..v imim. - - - r- Ane masses were? waitinjr in c
He, considered it chiefly.of consequence as regmi, it ouiu pe prejudging ot , the 1 lion of movcmiint; xhfTv
u..1(.j,.i, lUv, ,v.o..ui.iuiiitu . , tt . , , iinginine expectation uiat tnc v.
viduaL Senators; and he merely rose at resolutions before (he Executive had act- j menl wouW back tlem; but thrv
this time tor the purpose of expressing his V? co""TDu. c,on 10 nem:i in vain, and this is ti result of voir
profound satisfaction at the course taken 11 vv9uM be assuming the initiative, which.; and masleriy innctif ilv.w -.This - v.
by the distinguished Senator 'from South I did not belong to them under the Consti-jj masteriy inactivityl has ruined Or
Carolina- ne uao naa occasion 10 express i ..iii.v.u a j assure yOU j ay thj3 jn no
-. r- v
nis views upon tne sunjecinereioiore. tic .wu.m, uu,.u , j sa jj sorrowlullr fori nnn
came here imbued wi'th apprehension, but the amendments submitted, (it could not sul- ir I was sout'to-v i-
he hailed the attitude taken by the Sena- b by a veryJarge Vote, by the way.) what j not know whethcr it bc . ou '0
tor as'lan undoubted omen of peace. And wou d be their position? A majority lu-s time, that the precipitancy of 1
fromlty nlace there he! nroc'laimed the would have said or; recommended a settle-j nf rtt. in i,,; tU. ...o...
1 .tl ..: ' "II
p ication, the resolutions conveyed a cern
sure upon the President, on the ground (of
boirjg williilig tasurrender a portion of the;
territory of Oregon " v
Mr. HAIVNEGAN resumed. The Se
n tof would certainly not deny that the
whole-aspect of things had changed sincd
denounce. n I nn. M,e time when, m consequence of theipeH
ttytftnid them, by iinprijcatjion, t)ie proro- i nnptory nijd almost insolent refusal by
t (ins that tiave Ke-n .already made ,v Mp Wnush pegotialor ot the propostiori
. ....... . t .11 1 . liar n fitfi&.'ini
fer to my remarks in 4813, he will find
that the views which governed rqe then
are the same with those which govern rne
now. I believe that precipitancy Will lose
you Oregon forever no, not forever ; but
it will lose you Oregon in the first strug
gle, and then it will require another strug
gle hereatter when we become stronger
to regain it.
I will not go into this question bow;;
r 1..; . - -V 7 . -r" , ...v. xuuuuuij 1 , . . : -t . , , f ! am prepared, wnen it co
kdivisiort along thf Iprty,ninlh parallel of I p.oppsitioiifwas thdrawn by the Goyi CUssion, to show, ir ar-ui
Urih tatitdde, Iflibq Senate should sup- j e nent otj the United States; but if it that thp prtflcipie nvoye
brdthese re:solutioh., it is clear that the were notoVif at any .time and upon an1 lutions, so far from jraini
mriuon can oiny imj ,seiiicd liiereatter by HMl;i5,,u" iwuuu ; uuucn umcuug uum
pur government to settle the boundary bv i 'V .. n paraiiei,tnM am nPftnnr,fi vvhP u , rU
rnent con hpy.
olved in these reso-
ng Oregon, will
urinnri r;in i iii.i v i w ikim i imrnn t tn. , mm!iuu iju iuuiiu iiiiiioci i uiuci hi:, u win .un i
HArVit, rr nri.i'u. n i, J L .1 ,. I it .. . A t h i K x hc f3 1 1 Vf. hf wns n. frfp man. nhrl
anaAVar b commenced between this j r1,!ll,d !P I'10 ee exercise of his own o
coinitry nhd (n-at jlJritaiii, no peace can
jevrt takcphitie betwcen'the t wo countries
but hv our dictation at the eannnn'snmnili
I iMf. President, th j vote, upon these res-
wuifiHia win umiw iy uroMu line-,' wiiicn
cannqt bn misunlci stoodbctween those
',U are in favor of settlinir. the ouostion
by an apjileal to arns, and those in favor ,
of a! more1 pacific t urse. 1 myself am in ; y
for the present lose every inch of that ter
ritory ; and it is hot on that account, as
crlaoV news. And why i The v of that side
of thd llouse found on thei otjier side mem
bers though to sustain them in the ground
which they were; going to take.
Sir (said Mr. Archer!) when I speak of
peaces I disdain' to say! that the word
means no other than an honorable peace.
If there are any in this Senate who are
markable contrast to his wise ar. 1
ly inactivity w in relation to Or.
charge no improper-motives npen r
ator, and least of all upon the ciibii:
Senator from Soutlj.Corolina ; 1 ;
nears to me that wtien a ouriti'
. . ... i .
ment of the question by the parallel of for
ty-nine. And suppose that the President;
could obtain better term3 ; or suppose, in i
I me exercise oi nis aiscretion in conduct
ing the neg-qtiatiohs, he should determine
to accept twenty-eight degrees twenty
miuuies as jne opunaary, taning nan o , torial acquisilion riscs upoa t
wiugun, wuuiu u iiou uu nivoiMUi; uie in.u- .V4f tPr, i tint tfc Knmn rrr r
willing to make !xiny sacrifices of national r "nuu. u c.i.umnu . , n j the part of Souther;i gentlemen M
honorfthey will! not, after such a delin- i NV?uld t hesitate to meet the question j te. precipitanc; the Sanatcr
quency dare to exhibit1 themselves in the V? and properly, but ; relation tp Texas, -n-as Wie, but v.
face of the popular indignation which will ! let it not be forcej uponthem ; let it come lhe Case of Oregon. Hearcnknov.
meetllthem on jail sides. Sir, the good I om, President ; for on him devolved , has bcen t,me enbtth for maturit:
and had men here, if there, hv anv of the, " . X. 1 . ! T V . " " - V",v : it is now time lor action. Vine t.
latter! description, will equally be found ! not ta.Vm m a lwr!," tlie1reT ! tries stand front to front ; and. t:
to concur in this. Hut who over hoard-U"."" i t" . i"."rV i",w"!" . ! It. it it were a Question Willi r,:e:
unfit ' fiv orrn thf flKnJ tKQ "", Miner. nc rc rcmru wnll Ke V.t otrt
until a few days ago that the honor of the
plnion, and though he was the political
friend of the President, and exnected all
ways so to continue, yet if the President!
on any occasion, should assume a ground
which be! could not; endorse, he claimed
for hnnsnlf the same right, and he woulot
I exercise il. to express his opinions, as thei
! rresidentmatt to communicate bis own to
qngressJ without intending, wishingor
"Mr of rt' pitcific bourse of an adjust- i d -siring to cast any censure upon himJ-U
wi' av, ii posMoie, uyi negotiation ; and un- i ' y i ' . . . , " 1
rkhesc Views hn4 itnnressiotw. Mi-- Pro- the people lof this Union, and, as such re
! 4t,I havct prep4red a series of resolu- Ph'sentathv, he had a right to expressing
nlahtftffonSstieallto those of the Sena. v ews ln relation to all matters pertaining
iir(ronvIndiana,'ant asserting the oppo- x9 th? Government; but he would repeatj
:tetnrincintcs: wh ch I nrobose to move ! ,l?atiie mPHnt 10 convey no censure upon!
J.. e ' i '-. . I .1 i i .'. ' 1 ho Fremont
v oi amcnumcnt to trie resolutions
fllic Senator, and ai'; also that they he
much from the far of losing Orcjgon! as During the eight years okhis administra
ronnne uesire oi avoiding war that l ; tion it was thought no dishonor that the
have, proposed amendments to the Sena
tor's resolutions. Sir, if my advice had
been pursued we should never have! been
involved irrthis controversy at alii I now
act under circumstances not produced; by
u' it -ii i .i t ' . t s . ; i
mysen, ana i win uotne Dest l can to save
country !was involved? Was not Presi- iar according tp lhe;letteraswelt as the
dent Jackson sedulous enough for the pres- Jpi1 - lH C.onptitution. the Senate, had
. .t In.. I. ...... - (Mmr I hp initlnlii'n nnl if ttiA nnf lmrrmm.
ervationot the .honor ot the countrv f , r . . . "r".
en moment ; if
them to express an opinion; they should
leave the matter where the Constitution
i i i 1 1.. . i
Government should allow ai question of ?r' n A Vvr?!iv '
this nature to be arbitrated. What has f Mr. HANNEGAiN said that he entcr
produced so great a change now t Are talnfd the nios ;profound respect for the
vvpmftnPnvihp rl nn h ohnnnrt mn onn H ..v.vw. ..
- ui. L. ! ? " ! . Uelawc
ureuueessors in, ine uovcrnmpni oi iinti
would be the gold
for the acquisition of Cuba, or
1 amid the bur:
t would be .r
sessions further sti
gions of Panama,
moment, oir. i lodc a matcntv
Senate will not re ject these re
They assert only i hat the Preiit
asserted, and no m rc. ,
Mr. CALHOUN said he was i
are, but it certainly seemed to him j er advocate for ihrfacquisjtion of f
o- ji-iz strange to near irom a gentleman oi his "'r-TT1""." 1 ".. x
'iiiirv iii. iiifiMiN iiiii iMiniiin 111 i'mii '
The Senator from South Carolina had,
the territory oft Oregon, which I hold as ducti of pacffic' negotiations. Nay, in fa'n!"g l;
valuable as the Senator from Indiana him- mvmvimhn ihP will
self can do. If you institute a cbmpari-
1 learning and experience the declaration ! oraD.le Senator wa
son between Oregon and Texts. I would
say that the former is as valuable to us as
1 .1 1 . 1 . it-
c.c, sentiments nnon inis snmecr.
11U 1 lLlL LU (lasuiiic
iy state of facts. It
i v . . . - , ; . . . Kcnmpn to mm I ihn Konrnsinin i
runt rri? them hr hastv and -adv sed con- ! . fl...
- J .-,o T J
1. . . . . - . . 11 . 1 1 . 1 1 iiii-t-ii;ii ii;ii 1 1 1 riiini ( :i vm i i n i
myopjnipn there will be more honor in ; " r ;-f J , -J : - j was a member of Mr. 3I6nroe
continuii g the negotiation than in inter- L ' L , . i ' . . TVC vt '"V",.. " ho had nhwvs hor4i Avorso fn ,!;
vi'ij in P'l t 1 ri 1 m 1 1 n r inn ic o pne o nt n t 1 i'pc 1 - - - - -
possession of Spain in Cuba; Le
now; he would bathe last man
Pflnk-d. Vj ihlnt it- i ri inronpf nrnnslnn ! hat the resolutions wereplain and?
talvoving thh set timents which I enter- ! tISrect. coining: at once to the point, andj
It.pon this sul)j ct.; 1 am for peace,if ! lfat th V of them, it he had : un-
tipract5 can be honorably nreserved: 1 am uprsioyu ine onaoi, uuiuuccc5tiuy
mfiiVoV of adiustinir the dillicultv. if it can
6eadistcd,. by negotiation ; if it cannot
fie adjusted by. negotiation, I am in favor
"Hflai course to ue. pursucu ny mis uov
mrtient which Niall throw the onus of a
W. front jour'jp wit shoulders upon Great
5main; I ahprOvc of the course taken bv
allol, tinker all the
ofTering the! 49th par
circumstances of the
.ttsfcas the bbunda'rv. 1 believe that the
neucefor; anll honorable peace; but
honorable -ptkacc' cannot be presry- v
1 if we are to haW w.vr, I will still stand :
involve this country in a war. Sir,, said
Mr. II., If the adoption of resolutions which!
j contain the immutable principles of truth!
ill'. i!r , . ' . 1 - nri.J.1
mnng war upon us, let war come. , 1111;
American is there who, through fear of
war,! would hesitate to declare the truth
in this Chamber ? I am also for peace
s r. I shrink back from the thoug
war as much as the Senator from South
ing the President ; I simply said that, :by
implication, a censure woiild be convey
ed. I do not suppose that the Senator in
tends to reflect upon the President ; but
there can be no difference, as far 'as this
question is concerned, between the; time
when the proposition for division! at the
such a movement,
should arrive, and
: i'. 1 ' .i 1.1
I up lor uiscussion, uc niougnt uc w
1 i - 1 I; t 1 t .
wereboundtoconccalortobtdelhemselves I aoie.io snow, oeyona ail uoul:. :
until the strirs-bould bo pulled and they reasons which go jrerncd him r;
'When the prr
his subject Le
luH""o iui iii ui iii umiurnuM3cin.uu- - . : c. r.i.:TT: I
say mat trie lormer is as valuable to us; as ! duct upon t his floor. What iii the aspect i U1 "u," Ul 'u.18 u ,,,uu
the latter, and I would as manfully defend ! whicti we should present to Hbe -country ! a n?ht to. a,je. !he uPon .anJ
ir. u the senator and myself disagree, supposing the case reversed, and the qucs , ?u"Ilon "gui .10 American
we disagree on ly as the means of secur- tion boifght up in the British Parliament ! tTrl7' U Seed, -IT
ing Oregon, and not as to its importance. r,A iJno f inu nA ntn.nnK- i coulJ be no Pver behind which they
Sir, I intend to say nothing about censur- .ll.tA 7 Wnni.l nn nnp ,m,lr rh
irratation be disposed to listen to concili
atory It ei ma of pcaco ? Wc ought not,
then, to do that which, if done by others,
we should be disposed to resent, as the
highest indignity. Let us apply the ar- 1 (jenj
gument to ourselves. ji we seize every
I if "i-;t sii 11 1, ml 1 nr. 1-1 11 1 1 1 1 11: 1 1 iiciiiitiil t lu i .1 . . t 1 1 -. . m 1 ri;o in tii upantn v f tin r 1 . ,
-i - - ,he; progress of the. controversy. ,o . ffiSTS'S! i rfThe War .1
" c'""e ,nen as 11 woul(? De 10 heap Hcvery sort of contumely upon our ! " "Jk ' .T:.i.. .TT. ' f , ! I eJ tbo Senator thai he
-j " ' . . n i iiiu in i ii ii i.iiu h xv ii inn i v i inn i
1 .'m.Ar i.-ht nl'o IfP tllPYnPPt fit tllPIP . - : J
repeat the offer now.
Allowed to proceed to action.
The Senator from Delaware sard it
would be interfering with negotiations.-
Had not the Presi
Texas question, trotemed !iim
this question; andlhat if there
difference betwccnlthc Senator
self, it was only as So the means t
n ldsmcssagc informed them that ' plyed n efiecting the same to ,
was no proposition now pending ; j desired I more particularly to. rn t!
adversaries, what are we toexriect at their
Carolina himself can. I love peace, but:
MjcM the Executive is, like my own, when ncacc becomes degrading and jdis-j
lOf (?actifnr iin' bnnnrab o nnoe i but : "pnqrauiea a war nci. ui Atciumia lyu.
if an hooornl.lp hAAm ounnnf bonrrv. I vN ould be preferable
iirT I nn rrncwinnr mill itinm iimr iho r r .
iu . Lin. i KJK.fr suiu ne rnsr ttippp v i 1,) i7 1. .n.-chn inn .1 : - 1 - ......
t .-!.....v.t IltlllUSiS II 11V. lllut llic.l oiiuuiu iiiuk un 1 i.!.1 . . . ior
' to suomu a motion tnai tne suoiect should 1 ; of ni!..imn , p. .f" .
hi otr;-K mlr thA npr'ilnlAr fnr rriW 1 . 1 T 4- . - . were at an end f negotiations could now
i !..!- J i ;? i- i r,il repeat, it IS not lor the purpose . nnl,.-lw, restimod hvanntrnr from Iho Rrit- i i"S
ner l' vei u. irreat ue ii
u rj -
was as t
verse to forcing a discussion a-?
himself could be: but he tl.(
Senator was entirety mistaken in
that this was not a case in v. .
: of entering into an exposition of any opin- uh'Governraent, for he felt assured, from ! SJ"ate was cal,cld in to fcrci t :
elheSp -ns of my own that 1 now address you. ; the high and manly ground assumed by . f discussion and o action. Wit
! Let the proceeding of this morning go a- ti. p.-i.ipnt in b; m,.nrrp ihit hr nt t deference for; the opinions pf the .l
The Senator says that War, when once
7 my country in every emergency. I.; cpmmenced, can only be terminateqat!
'wll never be found antagonist to her J the cannon's mouth. Sir, I for one pro-i!
tion to the subject, he hadjarriv
conviction that it did not Become
mue to inieriere in ine imuier ai present. , broadlasjlhey pf course mustdo, and they
ne imu t icnsuuijiuc v;uiiimttiij; s 111 111c
c a" . the President in his message, that he at
least would not renew them. The Presi- I hc thought there ought to be no t!
?t 11 It ib hnilurl oc an n m oil r I ripn vn on1 i t I .1 n .ill' rvnn I n is rmi riT Aillif 11 rn riT 1
rkn4tit,r 1 "u"iu " "vf. i- uent i now canea upon the cenaie -to aia i i , ,"T'
inn: i.:m ; if " " -r aim jn ine seiiiemeiu 01 ine question, anu j ; - . z . , : r
iUii; ui 111 ; ioc hv sntrif pcrrAcriniic nf fn IK . i lft i .J .1 1 11 . .i i vp.'i or nnv in food Tailh before t.
v0.vn. .w.VT jjuuusueu 10 ine fvoriu uie enure uipio-; i j " j D .
rlittnrn tli rlfinns; .'if rrpsMit AVitinr. ! i it .1 WorltL 1 i
President, and inasmuch ai the
tion of the country had conferred'
the Dower of conducting the negotiations.
. , a w m m w Vf 1 I I 1 I - f, r r rl . I 1 S y
, t , . . "... 1 1 :.k r-' . t; i: .1 . ...m 'ir - ... v ... - m;iiic corrc )U uai nee unon uie si
. lyunirri nfnr.nini t' i inva . .-i-v t n o . r p :iiiii prH. iiiiii ii vn r iin nri'ML rirn.s inprp nrp 1111111 iim vmv nmnpr in r-.-iii in . m. ..... 1 1 . . - . i. ..
H VJLU11.M wj. miwov x v to v rr- . r i "-i . w i " '" I ne controversy can De terminated, ana ci.n.vmr. Annninciv.i.r j ndrr sac i a declaration as i:
tcView frominy own; But should la n upon th Oregon quest.011 sh9uIdoc- the aid of the benate, cr until the fcenale wilh yr to tiie coun(rv, in txe pr0gress . 1, .i I I W w l h i taincd in the resolutions submit: c !
Ic M? "ot going to be an'i-cr, 1 shoa.Avisti it never to be termina-1 thought it incumbent on them to jadvise Gf further negotiations. J believe as firm- i thou.bt ofanv Government which would ! Senator from Indianji, acted on
lny hfnrf hn Silnif a fnr H insinti vva
the calmest manner, and
rounds arc clearly seen ahd
O' sppoort. I Vill hold those resnonsibln I selves
Vo rashly precipitate the country into a The Senator
1 Sir,. on a deiibcratc view of the i the cburseUri
cstion. I hope that whenever it comes
lilrli. I '.e 1 It 1 r-'l f . ' i .
S' 'iore.tue oe
V 1 ifitrue groun
I j0rsto9l, we shall comelo the conclu
i Wavert tv war if possible ; but if not,
tjUe shall ,be u'uitcd as one man in
rt or the countrv. I
f,Vf-'C.' resolutions were then read as
Wrrci,frhatih4PresidenJ of tho United
. T b fpwer, '-ih and with th' advice
or 'CRl' tho natc,' to make treaties
in'ij'I'htU.llic power of making treaties
r 't thit of seittlli)-? and lixin's boundaries
lil at; the cannon's mouth we'e-ur-j him to surrender all negotiations, and the , as i?(jt jay fhin which eiists that such
shall dietate the terms of peacej.- sutyect should be transferred to the Sen- j -jj jts termination. 1 ' ; t
intimates that, if we pursue4 ate legitimately, arid the Executive should
firirl : nnP Jlrtna AiS ihn
i "-I, "r i "
rl rJtal?l hnd ,th4o Mother- Powers, . in
rJ . inflicting rilaims between them int
-o tne aamci
yWf l'hat, however, clear their claims
Jp 'a if opinion, to Hhe country included
Vii t,ar5l!-l of 42 and 54 40'; north
'li'pCx.lpnd,-S from the Rocky Mountains
I rcific Ocean, known as the Territory
indicated bv these resolutions.
we are to be plunged rashly into a
vlar. If if be rashness so to bringbn Jar,
and the supporters of these, resolutions are
to bc held -responsible, I for ope fear not
the responsibility. Sir, there ;has Ibeeh a
j si igular course pursued upon Oregon mat
; ters, and I jnUst detain the Senate one fno
ment in 'relation to it; it contrasts' so
! strongly' n$(V so widely with thei course
pursued upon a precisely similar question,
1 the annexation of Texas. Texas and
Oregon were born at the same instant,
and cradled in the same cradle -the Bal
timore Convention. They were adopted
atfthe very same instant throughout; the
land, and pot a moment was allowed to"
b lost whtje Texas was hurriedly brought
info the Upton, while the peculiar :.frieri.ds
of Texas did all they could to strangle
Diegon.- fjj Y ."'" ...'.' Ji;'
Sir,1 the fcpuntry is 'not blind ; thelep
pl see. ah4eomprehend.r It is a most sinr
gi lar state, of things ; and here we are
tol d that We must he careful, arid not come;
have washed bis hands ot it, he thought
until this took place the Senate would be
acting improperly to interfere in the mat
ter. But when once legitimately; trans
ferred to the Senate, he Would then be,
ready, in the1 love of country arid the fear,
of God. to take part in the settlement of
the question. But until their he should
i public " diplomatic : correspondence"! ted by the Senate, tie inference
e the negotiations were at an end ?! that if you make ajtrcaty in rc!
I 9mrrrrt fh.it trriiv Vnn hivn ni 1
betore the negotiations
Tn rpfpppnpo tAlliP rcmnfls nf f!i Sn- i
ntor from North .Carolina, he had but a ! O' force, because, ydu declare t!
,i it 1.,1 t.o,i,. a;' exists no power in Ibis Gover:
' ' via I tm vtonc!AW nn
Sir, I arh indifferent whether the reso
lutions! be inowaid upon the table or dis
AiKtsAflfat laro-Ai A nt 1 nnt it to Senators
-i ; ' O - KVIU U t. AiV. UUU UHk UV. , ,"-' !,
on bot& sides ot the Uhamber, now can u dmed an ihtentibn to cast any imputa- i tr,u ws-l7 an Pa" U1 V' '
possiblyb'e.of ajny impoiiancej j Suppose ; tion upon thc presjdent; and it wasjun- AVW what is the ciihracter of my :
the resolutions should belaid upon the ta' neccss rv to'reneat it. as. in all the ordi- nient? Arc they adyisatory I A
ble, in febnfbrmitv with the mot on of thc nary transactions of life, af one explana- are simply a denial V the poMtioa
n i irl i. - "xt . i nL U1 ,i . J . .i . . ,. ' i An rv tKn rAcn'uf inns, of the oennti
. .t eni imanr ha Ann il rrr nn mr. I ...w j;
IIU11 II. " llt JUIlltlllli lit. vuuiu ,u
How could it be an attack on the
Senator from North Carolina,, does he
... i , , i suppose that wi l-interrupt-the progress ,ner j
.... . "r;r: "AT "iTu":i'of the 46ns deration ol the subject I Vtf ' presipnt. with this lancuace of his own
?! iaX"ZZ.?Lci Wwt ame.M I hype it will : before thcm J .ML A,A1I here read
me tin1uCrpu.u.Mp.- ..vBr.uT.,.!j Unmp. fAr nm Vrat fied to find that it Wtl ! i: r J IP;,I0.-. m..cCnr,oh
r m ... - . i iiui tiuu u i -iiiu. I iivsmi ui iiiievUnii i
more than re-assert
j 1 . mi. i . i
Carolina himself mdant in reference tothe 1 ta CUTM! 1 , " ; i wnai.neuaa nimseii assenea i ine mm
to urr-gon must ne susiaineu, as it nau
been already noblyj sustained by the Sen
ator from South Carolina and by the pres
ent Secretary of State. And he would
ask, iii what Quarter of this country would
they find an-assembly of American citi
zens who would got for the relinquishment
of a single foot1 of it 7 Wuh the irrefrag
able testimony of jur titlewhich existed
there would be as much propriety in .the
! making this remark he did.M -an d aSree rfarm in yZf
M!, .h ' ouWf to that which a dehate a fcw j t'he MbiSl
original resolutionS-namely. that a. cen- J f: PrT' " 5,.' ! :
sure, rrti-ht be understood to be conveyed , Mr. J. M..C EA TON the n rose and ob-
. I. i ' -11 L : . ' I .
una had sau no wouia move io-my uiu
by implication ; tht the passage of a res
olution declaring it a violation bf hdndr to
surrender an part bf Oregon was an irii
plied censure upon the President who had
authorized a proposition for such surren-
der...v Z 2'' v "!1 " : j T ;c ;! I ! -:
f He;was, on this ground, adverse jto ine
original resolutions.' and he f was quite as
wholfi lubiect unon the!1 table- He as
sured toat honorable Senator that when
ever hejd-disoi his motion should receive
at leastldne other vote besides his own.
He fully concurred with him that it ought
WhA sddisnosed of.arid that if! was high-
. . : ! V ' .i: CI . iJl-.
T'lrT'L"". " VF .E " iira ,;. ',.1 Qotnnrl a Ka nrrpnMr nf Florida: Or Of 31ame. OflVlftSS
oppcea-to'ue'amenamenw;;De-jymipi nfTer oftho fort v-m-
tii' ... . . . . ; ;!-. i . m j 0.,0fi n tr ihismaitpr Trpmin f.TPrn. npnnscns. uc inimu laiauwuviuv jiki i .n'0 .
in colhsiortiwith Great "Kritam aDoot a icause uiey misni ne consiaereu 3 jjum uiu.w. w -rT.. t i . t . . , " -l
hv thn. rAn!utionsfof the Scnr.ff
hnoii tKnnrrK lam'kiversc to iii-
Mft-vy v ry " '
upon these matters generally, ytt
this is the proper c-ccasion Tor d;
onrt rlrrirlini? the DoinL o there rr...
UIIU ww --- j 1 ' - -
hesitancy or doubt in the mind of t
ecutivr, or of those yith wheni w
have to treat upon this question,
views entertained by the Senat
tion to it. And I think it thc more
sarv. because there tas bcen a r-
j tendency to deny the? authority of :
vernmcnt to settle bt , treaty que .u
twecn us and other Powers rclatir:
ritory. . :: ' . - j :
Sir, mv last resolution, to which
' ' i ! i l- .i
nator.has alluded, as lauuing u.
flAnt cimnli ne-ntivek lhe imnlic:.!
m w mr m j " T Q I
. v ii : . . . ! . i - -ir --f vF l . . . ! ! l t.