, t - - A "i : '--i
iff Vin- Two Illari per annuri in advance
htttimrnt's Itwtrtpd at $ t P"r "quale for the first,
J 2.vrfn( llr r ach lirUpqiicint lnertioiJ. Court Or
'Jrttiflirg 35 pgjjithiKhfr I '
jauurj njvjnLE i.y ixbiv.
jty-thrtf tluntjnd britith and Xatiti Troojm kill
Jfliti pniii(l.td--anilrrpQrtfl lv of Thirty Tfwu-
OurVadfices from Bombay, isince the sailing
of tbejstcatijship Gajnbria, caijnc doivn to Jan
ury 17 and furii is A accounts ofjcneof the
-rvatest ban)es ercf anight by the British in our
s mii'& Kmpire, in Ahich we have sustained the
; Vn" rt Tus of 3,O0) lof our brave s ddiers. in7
j,j,.rroaaiooi. j nen inese accounts lett
jjjjiicfnc or action for Bombay, fort rdn$mis.ion
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editors ( Proprietors.
I ! i
I Prom the S, C
j " Keep a check r?os ali, yocr qf!,Sei Rulers. Do this, axd Liberty
)': is safe." !r j Gen'l. Herri ton. )
"S3 v ' 'I r
1 1 ' ' -5 J ; ; , ;
: i ' n 1
SALISBURY N C, FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1846.
NUMBER 0, OF VOLUME II.
byss in which very many souls are plan-
Mr.EdUor.T -Many as are the trials of ; Ked and lost. iAmong tho most prosper
Editors, thip possess' one enviable privi- ous classes, what a vast amount of infel
lege. They have the rare prerogative of lectual life is drowned in luxurious ex-
returns ha Uoj been rcf ,v,d, 8o that a r meh mKy have a thousand liseful amon the prope
-irthcr-loss may , he clcu!ated j.pon , thoughis that are horn and die within is wantin- Vet a
count rf all lliej niilitary operatioiis nr rhis ' benevolence who wields a
fjfeat frujrglf. fTlj! result, we are jrod to his corrimartd a powerlnr er
glor.o-Hajd(.cisiviea v,c. ,,y aey. !.ROO(K jHis Imetlitations. his
(v.h field of Uroo. Pre .ous lo lay.tf ; rf d:
bfliire otir readr! iiMes 01 iUt nvne nnixir. ' . s ,f
It is one great curse of wealth.
pa m par the senses ; 'and
er classes, though luxury
.n hifraord ria, Oaietie Rfv.the official their on blasts. But a man of sense and vails, under which the spirit is whelmed.
press, has at ; It is a sad sijrht to walk through aur
nine of public streets, and to see how many countenain-
11s acquisitions, ! ces bear marks of a lethargy and a bru
SCENES AN4D DEVELOPMENTS IN
M : TIE SENATE.
! i ) j "
The National Intelligencer of the 2nd
inst.; says : A debate, of unusual interest
sprjipg up in; the Senate yesterday some
what unexpectedly.. 'Mr.. Ashley, of' Ar
kansas, .had the floor on the Oregon sub
ject, land was ixpected to proceed at one
o'clock.; At a quarter before one Mr.
Speight intimated thata Senator from Mis-
1 iiidinent to detcrmiue ttc r ;
' made of I hem. V . v
Mr. B. remarked upon t!.
this extract, j Tie fact cf;!
ries having acte(l was ass , .
the nrecise terms of their
' struclion of ihose term?, v.v.
known:. and Mn Monroe .v
examine the proceedings ( f
sariea in London- to a sect:;.,
ulars and tdacj aCcordii. : :
ment. Mr.- Monroe did io, r
the least difficulty on eitlu r
duty. The justitication for :
fication of the; boandary clau
have been admitted without ;
the purchre of Louisiana, and was coe
val with tint purchase. It was known did the other i branch of t!
to every body that the northwestern cor- counter the least difficulty.
ner of the United States could notbeclos- treaty carried
ed. hecause there was an impossible call
in the treaty of 1783. It called for a due
west course from the Lake of the Woods
to the Mississippi, when such course would
never strike the Mississippi the lake be
ing north of the head of that ri ver. Upon
the supposition that the line due west from
the lake would strike the river, the riuht
8t'dnh men t.rf whuin On nrm style; and thus is 44 doubly blest' both in
P. MSr . v .- 1 . . r 1 I I 1 a
.rw iuy wero rava(rj,; and at ut 15(1 cann
..iffy largest rali lire! uioveahle in the field, a
(jiiHiiely liiihhed-Ut artillery
irnmqapuruhly you on
ly ellingtoii Napoleon! Ii U ryily in
tforah that the ikhl are rankk-d as Idrharous.
tupy nrc a raw a$ irrous nr hody as acule
Tittf tli'Ct, aim as kijfol- in all theJirta they
cstfiviite, qf Hlnch w;ris the hiefas
fraliiy ofi Iuropeatis
,The placeadhicliltfeis fonnidaf
V tb river, in ay ho pljout 40' or
I 'Lahore, the. capital f il'iiniaulii.
. I- : eft .
nijicn'iesi mtiai(ee 01 y;rozcpire the most ad
vaiiced.ol the HHiivh jpojitsi. FeVozepore.i.s a
)nMt I') or '0nlh''s Mu'li ihe poinSt at which the
:croeJ the Mvjr,if it iso! inuch. The
mfaiiera .navuig CManMsiied iijetneves and r.
the Hriliih sidrf of the
Ie ones, are not obliged to j tal coarseness. ! induced by, unrestrained sou(-i (Mr. Benton) would be glad of a few of its free navigation was ranted to the
British by the treaty of peace ; hut, on
finding that the line would. not strike the
river, the struggle began bet ween the two
countries on the part of the British to
deflect the line, to turn it down southwest,
and thus get to the river, and With this
arrival upon that stream come tothe en
joyment of its navigation. The struggle
on the part of the United States! was to
He directl' besrins to nut J inrl
1 7 ' m r - avy ijwi-,i 11 uuiti 1.1111 1 1 nir:
I , li . I P - I II ' ! a i "
ant dpaf Ke, ur i clis the Mluuin- brief! "v Tn"V. P V,c e: lthe soul- must; restrain the appetites..; I
utline:t Oh the 11 h 13ih. an I Utl (,ffW Hnu ,n mW "wis ms own miiut, u- am not an advocate for the doctrine, that
tke Sikhianiiy crosUd! the, Sutlk ikt at the Sests ilf !sto(1 materials, and polishes hjs ; animal food was not meant for man : but
this is used among us to excess, that as a
people, we should gain much in cheerful-
minutes, to make an explanation before
the regglar debate proceeded. Thereup
on thf order of the day was called for, and
MrJBenton rose. A very thrilling scene
ensued a scene not more thrilling than
rorhmtihie.'itin"' nnrl imhihinop mfirnl ami
, D - n " - - ....v. I ' iJIIUUIII lllll IIIUI.II III t .1 1 IT-I I 1 1 I v- " , - -.v . ...waw
,1 ' 1 . i- ' : ' . . , , :j .
uai nounsnmenr. 1 congratulate ness, act tvityv and buoyancy of mind, by it was important in its bearing on the
the flattering fact, that you are less cross and . stimtilfitin? TnnA. I km nPU.iL;nn k( n.a nP i..ar at- n..
d I .1 1- T i 1 i . .'. t . . . , . w if; 7- j f - tuuLuinouuii irvciv aui av-ij-
1 ro. i.iii nr Hiii'uu 11 1 ii'ii v iii'itii in. u oiii.ii v 11 1.11 13 1.11 rum. 1 Kiriiinriv mf nufi t rw nuitntra a rvrtttn . r 1 1 . . .
i r""i " a 1 ' ' " - - ---.,---!,w.bvf!w a a 1 1 - vc . ui.iii. 1 c t&iiivf-: nii.
find kithir. a
gaMzed their force 'oh :
Sutti'j, and made $rmids
iriking leroZMpore n
the I5)h and lih ; t it,
d.iV; 'hrok. up, and tajii
lU'lUie, '.proceeded in fa
if , (W won Id. nmk l
iHWr ruM In. (hi direction, aiditi-isioiiof 30 -
OIKm'I thrt ..inVfiderj :
n'le,lo.a jilactj ealle
fninji of(the XH'hf t
every yek,jthe eyes Of several thousands i let me urge on those! kvho would bring
j of yotjr fellow-cmzens, to Ke read by thejr out and elevate their higher nature, to ab-
lamiuesj antj 10 exerr, w no. Knows, what j stain' from the use of 1 spirituous liquors.-i-influench
I qn the characters ofihoe fam4 j This bad habit; is distinguished from all
ilies. 4. paper; which has obtained ex- j others by the ravages it makefj on therea
tensive jcu'rrncy, forthaf very reason, be j son, the intellect ; and this effect is pro
comes an ohject worthy of public inter-! duced to a mournful extent, even when
est and! regard to thinking and patriot- drunkenness is escaped. Not a few men,
ie men,) It is a distressing truth or false-j called temperate, and who have learned
hood, virtue or vice, poison or wholesome bn abstaininor Cfnm tho u... furAt c;.
i ' .. .iiw.mV VI lU'IIW CWII
aiiinenMouicoiniuuii uiiuu. ji isoueoi ine r us, that lor years their minds had h
mischiefs of (he violent party spirit which j clouded, impared by moderate drink
rages through our land, that the press, without their suspecting the injury. Mill
that mighty engine of power, is made to titudes in this city are bereft of half their
the interval ll
Jipun lilm la.st
1 the i direct
outhe rlyj direc
iey were -fni t by
pander to its appetite. Party spirit is a
hot-bed, vvhich generates and shoots up
intellectual energy, by a degree of indul
gence which passes lor innocent. Of all
parhj-papcrs las a dung-heap sends forth j the foes of the working class, this is the
ttie loaitome James-town weeu.and they i deadliest. Nothing has done! more to
kr if mi
.y vSi Hugh
t Qti- l$mrh armv. ooimmandtMi
1!, A...I. .. .i.l i !., 1 t ' . . I Cv 11
irnin ii itMfjvuvrrniir teueiaii,.rir ' nenry
HUitg-, ;vtiof a 6K-ftnfJ in commaiJfl, took
'ht ni'ju in; pernor. II 1
' A.ticrre Conllict r-fH ufd. ii) winch' thei S.kh
Me that Sit It. bert f.'iile and (ieo. .'M'Kaskill
Ihe. tohlt.t prohdt d languidly 1 11 rough
UHli atnl aOth, the armies .u lji(h shi.-.s bjt
r ... i '. 1 .1 . ii 1 .1 . I .
n-nijiTt-i wjyMii iiiijiriai 01 unpr dead, ami
in their turn,iroti and give tyack their pu
trescenc to jnerease the rankness of the
mast that sustains themat once the off
spring ahd the parent of corruption. I
am not speaking now of those papers
which, tliougfi they have taken sides in
Uie great pojitical questions which figi
Vate our country, are conducted with dig
nity and moderation. It is to be expect-
lliaf. rYirll vitlMtllrl lin VP At( wImiI nnininm;
f 1 I t . 1 . , ... ...... , ,v. . a
. t.. n..-i. .1 . .1 ; i- v .1 1 . i f i- .
nit: .iiHiicii nuat iM u 10 uu'il' iiivi.ou. Ill and Sir011T tee lllirs Oil Siieh imnorrfint Hivfl
.mW n .giin. . lti'H. thU wtajje of the t-xcitinsr tonics. Hut this is no i?istifie.M.
: .'..1 ----- : I v .1 " - - w -
tion for tjiakitig our popular prints week
ly or daily vehicles for stirring up the peo
ple with; malice and hatred against .one
another-ffrnaljgningthc motivesand black
ening tlu characters of our public men
so that. ai length each party is o thor
oughly envenomed as to believe that its
antagonist has not a particle of honesty
or patriotism left in it. What a mourn-
keep down this class, to destroy their self
respect, to rob them of their jusf. influence
ii the community, to render profitless the
means of improvement within their reach
than the use of, ardent spirits as a driril-
ton's Observations, as well as thoser which
followed themi, will be found reported in
their proper place in another part of our
Paper, ; ; ' j
It will be recollected that in the debate
on Monday Mr. Webster' suggested that
the United States, had acknowledged the i
fact that .the forty-ninth parallel of lati
tude had been .established by the, treaty of j
been Utrecht as a boundary; at least on this side
inff. ' of the Roekv Mountains. Afr. Cass, nn
Tuesilay, argued, on the contrary, that no
line had ever been determined under the
treaty of Utrecht, and was understood to
say that, if it could be established that
such ' line of demarcation between the
English and French colonies had been de
termined under the treaty of Utrecht, he
would-fnever say another word in favor of
all through. 1!.
Monroe sneak for himself. I:;
to Mr. Madison, of Septembe r
savs: I f " .
44 We then proceeded toexarrur
' lien respecting the boundaries i
4 which the ratification by the Pre
ed it. On lhal'tfuhjrct, aU , I :..'.
which the documents in my j -
bled tne to say J in iaid rf w hic'i I
4 advisable, a fetr days afterward.
4 lordship a note explanatory c f 1
4 which induced the President an !
4 cline ratifying the fifib article. A
4 had become by that.circumtanrc
4gree a delicate one, and as it vr.; !
intricate, I thought it improper r ! '
nation which I had jfiren ret ) J
4 of a single individual. By com;:;
4 er, it might he leiter tintier!
4 Ilarmwhy, and by tie; Cabinet, t
4 w ill doubtless submit it."
in tins extract (resumed .Mr.
prevent this consequence to close the
line wihout yielding the navigation ; and
this contest had continued twenty rears.
,, ) W ml -------- - -
ll' n o ri 4 nirnn I A .a Z t I ' . r a 1. a at
... a ucii.j rts sigiitu in umiuoii 10 .Monroe stiows jlhal lie nelci a
terminate this contest. . It was in jhe year tion with Lord Hafrowbyv the '
1803, Mr. Jeflerson being President, and cretarv of State, and used t!
Mr. Rulus King Minister in London ; for, treaty" for both ihe purposes f. r
in those days, Ministers were not so ra- had been instructed to use if,
pidly changed upon a change of Adminis- perfect success. ; He nUo show
tration as has sometimes since occurred. willing to leave sueri an imnoti;.
The fifth article of the treaty tlien sign- to the memory of ap individual,
ed deflected the line &o as.to reacli the up the substance of Ins conv :
Mississippi on the shortest course ; and
this was done in conformity to .instruc
tions -from the Governnnrnt of the United
States. This treaty was signed in the
spring of 1803 ; and it so happened that
about the same time namely,: twelve
days before the signature of the treaty in
London the treaty, without the know
ledge of Mr. Kingfor the sale of Louisi
ana tO the Pnitcrl Starts u-ne vitrnoil
51 deg. 40 mm. j 1 he honorable Senator ; The two treaties arrived in the U. States
They are called on to withstand this pracf ; from Missouri. yesterday took up this gage, j together, and Mr. Jefferson immediately
tice.as they regard theirhonor, and would j and with what success, the public will j saw the advantage which the Louisiana
take their just place in society.; They judgl :from a perusal of the speech itself j ,rea,y gave him in cutting olf forever the ;
are under solemn obliarations to everv ef. ! i.. n . .1 1 1 ... 1 British, both from then:iviatinh of thn;
c . . m, , , i jis eueci upon mose wno nearo 11 was1 ... . . , ' , ' , . . .
deep and striking.
writing, and delivered it to Lor l
by, that he might lay it before t
net. The production of this pa:
is the next link: in tho chain
dence to be laid before the So::
here it is :
mck m Inijt.
I . .J" . ! Hill
'ie; "'iijrganizaiion o Jiifir resjtt'ei
: ii.g thele tvj day-1, jh' Brilisli
j jii.Iut' i(jiiil'iri'i(irut.s : lul
l'nrr liH. Ill li i.L iirlilli t I. .' in.ii K...U- i..-,.
T 1 3 ii iiikiii iiii, iij
.1.1.. 'm iir i ikfui ..a ..
j i" yj M" I ' 'v 1,1 "
mv augii 'u let 1 i.it-i wiMMi me s
i'4 rehl'wetl-oii tH 5it a
!' H '7.t .s h-urt aboji t I wle) - uiih in
M'iki;ei. 'At lYfir.rhbiirL the iuvadlurs' hi d irf.
ircxl a Rtiiuigly entrj ujhed r;t'mp which they
.!ttl pn-paieil to de i'id with .lj)0 pieces of
'Mrdd'Jrlljle'ry'.iiiii ,000 men.
l.UJginaliiiii i;aii i(:ely depict ;th fu ry anjd
i(hlnaeyVfl'het-LVp day's tig lit I ha I mut
'avtfCp'rcfei.h'di the'ji atiire of tljie imadt'rs'
wp wiihUtll ii-i muff ill and aitijjery, and the
iff disp(iriiouof the iinvadiug army li the
t he, most fuitiuiate es-
utlt'j, or perhaps itu the
greater p;nil were scat-
:t'nn in lifftken pnrlifa jhrough tht British ter
T'1ri.. 'Their ; los s varionly rstimited at
jfpin 30,000 to JJ5f00(, in killed td wo mded.
tW b4 in killed aii(iiwound'd. it is to he fear.
Vrd.flUlii1eihorrofa3aO, including 50 Eu-
:in(k)f Iirrember. 1
to, ii.iudH!ru ih
PiUnyvnU b;tiik, iint th
1 f 'au irtlicers. !
fill cotntrtentiiry on these remarks is af-
t t 1
forded by the late desperate and atrocious
rencontre in tile very capital of Virginia !
Here wefe twp rnen ol' the first respecta
bility, in One of the foremost States of this:
Union, ytjt, injeonsequence of the long ex
asperation kept lup by conducting two,
great partly papers at length, driven to
settle their disputes by a combat almost,
unparalleled lor its ferocity in the wild-i
est regions of our wide-spread country. 4
Hut I mUst stop this strain I had no idea:
when 1 sHt down, of falling info thischan
nel. Myionly object was to congratulate
you on your tieulral position, and the hap
j py necessity laid upon you .by the nature,
of puldicjatiqn to avoid this dangerous
ground, oh which even the calmest tern
1.1 ' t . .
! per and tp most dangerous spirits are; so
fort for its suppression. They ought to re
gard as their enemies, (.'hough unintenl
tionallysuch.) as theenemiesof their rights !
dignity, and influence, the men who de- :
sire to flood city and country with distilled ;
ppison. 1 lately visited a flourishing vil-
I ige, and on expressing to one of the re
spected inhabitants the pleasure I fet in
witnessing so many signs of progress, he I
replied, the one ot'tb Ciiuf of ihe prosU j
perity 1 witnessed was the disuse of ar- j
dent spirits by the people. And this re ;
formation we may be assured wrought j
something higher than outward prosperi- i
ty. In almost, every family so improved
we cannot doubt that the capacities of
the parent for intellectual and moral im
provement were enlarged, and the mean
of education made more eflectual to the
child. I call on working men to take
hold of the cause of temparance as pecu-
44 Paper respecting houmlanj f I'
Stales, delivered to ?A)rd Jlarrvu '
Wo; not. j u ; ;
44 By the tenth article of the treaty :
4 it is agreed 4 France shall reM r
4 Britain the hay And straits of lin :
4 er with all lands, seas, peacoa-:-. ri
4 places situate in the said bay and t".
4 Udonc thereunto,' k'C ItisaUoa ;
4 commissaries shall le forthwith n: ;
' each Power to determine, within
4 limits Itetween the said bay of Ilu l
4 places appertaining to the French ;
4 descritie and settle, io like tnaniu 1 .
4 aries between the other Biilisli : :
4 clonies it: those parts.'
4 ('ommi.sarics were accordinnK1
... . !
i Mississippi and from the whole valley
: ol that, river. 1 he most neeomnlishpii di.
Mr. Hannegan, on behalf of Mr. Cass, ; plomatist in America perhaps equal to
(who; was absent.) made a very animated any in Europe he sawat once; that the
impromptu reply, which also will be found ; acquisition of Louisiana put us in the shoes
in its proper place. But the position in i of thc French in all their treaties appli
which the distinguished and 'worthy Sen- cah'P to l,mt 'Province ; that it especially
a,or from Michigan stands will uu.louht. ! " JT.1 ,L, ''?.R
f.lir,? U;,t treaty; an,! he i.nmiv KTf&iC,
well lor Ilimseil as lor tie lltui-itmr -Inrlu I itiate v r1eterminil
' j ' -j - j . - ... v.mu.v.m ,w , i.v. rv oi Lunana anu Louixana iiv a
Senate the reaction of the fifth article of ning in the Atlantic, a cape or
the treaty signed at London, and to rely . in 5S3 30' north latitude.; thence,
afterwards upon the Utrecht treaty as a 4 wardly, to the Lake .MUtasin ; th -matter
of right to force the Britishoutof the 4 southwest, to the latitude of 405 n
j valley of the Mississippi. The Senate con- 4 equator, and along that line indelii.i
! curred with him. "They rejected the fifth Mr. H. stopped the reading.
article ot tne treaty ; and then the double
! duty presented itself to be performed at
partyj which, according to3Ir. Benton, is
becoming 44 small by degrees and beauti
THE OREbo QUESTION.
The special order of thc day having
been announced, and
Mr. ASHLEY being entitled to the
liarly their cause. These remarks are the Mr; SPEIGHT requested Mr. A.-"to '
more needed, in consequence of the efforts ! waive his right to the floor for a few mo- j
made far and yvide. to annul at the pre- j ments, to enable a Senator to make an ex-
DA 11 1 N ( J 1 1M ) B B I' U Y.
tw JMiuJav tnirtit last, wtnie the clcrUs were
H'litiu'jr, t,he St.ie f Messrs. Ul
HV, v,s ejitiircd jind money to
fTl) (Iken he re fit it a. The robber e
:VStinV'V crawling finder the Coijiutind
juile&.f ' w
n'ij tta fo
sent moment a recent law for the sup
pression ot the sale of ardent 1 spirits iii
such quantities fis favor intemperance. 1
know, that there are intelligent and good
men, who believe, that, in enacting this
law, government transcended its limits, left
its true path, and established a precedent j ry, andthe intelligence of the Senate, from
Mr! ASH LEY acceded to the request
oi MK 8., and consented to yield the floor.
Mrj Benton said he did not rise to make
any speech, hut merely to vindicate histo-
for the legislative interference with all
an error into which the Senator from Mi-
The rejection of the article of the treaty
was to be justified : the treaty of Utrecht
was to be plead against the British, to put
an lid to their darling desire to obtain
the navigation of the Mississippi. The
first was a delicate duty. The non-ratification
of a treaty, concluded under in
structions, except for good cause, is, by
the law of nations, an injury to the ad
verse Power, implying. a breach of faith
but little short of the enormity of violating
the same treaty after its ratification. To
marked upon the extract as far,.
He said this was a statement
ment of fact made by Mr. M
Lord Harrowby, and which, of i:
tablished the twofold fact, that
missaries did act under atrcatyrf
and established the 49th para'.i 1
boundary line between France a
Britain, from the Lake of the Y
definitely west. How unfortu;
the Senator from Michigan had i
ed to authentic documents, instct
ing to Mr. GreenhowV book, an I
hich yajs Hot-underpiined, and re
tumlitioni and part of tjhe hearth of
1 tire iihice in the (lojunting-rooiti, so that a
I J",SJUH(t:ieUtly arge hvja- made totulutii a per.
.. ' Atter eute ting llie. attempt Vas ni
h draw of the ijlesk in which w
iti'd t(ii)t of the nuuiev, but notlsueef
apt to slide-l-vour good destiny it is, to
. , I 1 I . I - ' . -,T l l L' . I . r . , MIH, SIIIIIU mill) Ulll I IIO lUlliltllllUlli X W
Ub,ur tojmitke men sober-so ber tn their our pursuits and pleasures. No one here ; chtgan, not now in his seat (Mr. Cass,) show this good cause-to justify ourselves
refreshments, and (as a very closely link- i looks more jealously on government than had fallen yesrerday, in relying on Mr. j-or .t sino- breach of f iith-i-was the
ed consequence) sober in their omeo.:! myself. Hut I; maintain,- that this isl a ; Greenhow's book 'on Oregon. That book irnme(Hale ca're ol Mr. JefTcVW; and im-
stuet in uien i(,oiwii.s aunri iiiiiiru ( ( j uitst; which StanilS Oy HSeiU AVniCn Can
'-tt r T
ciples, sooer in their schemes l say " as
a closely-iliuked consequence for on ac
count of thej nice and subtle connexion
between bur corporeal and mental sys
tems, let a nian's animal system be heat-
I.. L 1 li -.1 .1
oe coniounueu with no other, and on
which government from its very nature
and end is peculiarly bound to act. Let
it never be forgotten, that thej great end
maintained that the commissaries had ne
ver acted under the treaty of Utrecht;
had nWer established the limits between
the British and French possessions in
Nortli America ; bail done nothing on the
itl'Store and jtook two ra
mediately after the Senate had acled up
on the two treaties, namely, on the 1 1th
of February, H01, Mr. Madison, Secre
tary of State, wrote to Mr. Monroe (Mr.
King having asked leave to return when
he had concluded his treat) to bring this
delicate business before the British (Jov-
tnhbf r wont .into It
:'r iti which he jtult'r
'fli ta bolt .f tin btk- shot, and I
v'lVj;ii'.h.dWiw opy,!and took rlut lh
.'''it'Mik Coutaiu'mir th money. He alsii
SJ''M!ie iitoiiey draw: of what money it ci
'excrpt a ragged oSej dollar Ytrginia bill.
) l6l,. plati , seemed, to be II laiil, and
ott rtiid he lud hiAde himself Well act
.'mi ioe More, and jalthougli a new
U 'Vrn at: the biUinef s, for the whole w
; VishVd from, the Itiipe that the lerk.
cliiucb juutil thejr; niturn, which was
"'b'Mjr, uspielori tiats-rested upon a
V5 "Villi? Iiame tit j-Frjfmi.ih Kaiiiev. ai
" 'jif nihuey wliich le Ipaid lo a gentle dian in
ha hfetl Kwonutb bv unn i the clerks.
. Utfi. j warrant has been . issued for his
"relwidtin.! T" j ' - I
It 1' b !
, i w J'ursurd toii'ii)rkville, S. Ci, ahd ap
: .J,f lw, and while
.Mr. 13. sa.u ui.s eraominary sraie- against the Power wlo whs a p . : f
merit brought him to the production olh.s troatv , And what id Urd II
authorities. He would now have recourse say f Iny the fact, like the' S- :
to the language ol others, and would read is unfortunate as to follow Mr.
a paragraph from the first letter of Mr. bow. or even resist t(ie argumr r
Madison to Mr. Monroe on this subject : in Vom ,H f;ict? ot at aJ j ?
44 Iflhe fifih article be expunged, the north no objection to either the fact cr
of government, its highest function is, not subject. And the Senator from Michigan,
ed by liquor.'and, as an almost necessary n to make roads, grant charters, originate : holding Mr. Greenhow to be right, had
consequence,iis opinions will be more ex-j j improvements, but to prevent or repress adopted his opinion, and laid so much stress ernmpnf and satisfy them at once upon
travagant, his passions more excitable, his! i crimes against individaul rights and so : upon ihe fact of the action of these com- tu n;nI nf t he nnn-ratifie itinn nf tho tifth
principle more at the mercy. of these ac- ; cial order. For this end it ordains a pe- ; missaties, as to make his future conduct HrticP. The treaty of Utrecht! furnished
cidental emotions, and his schemes! Oh, i nal code, erects prisons, and inflicts fear upon the Oregon question dependant upon (ne justification, and Mr. Monroe was in
sir, who dan itcll how many foolish, ruin-i i lul punishments. Now if it be true, that ! it. If Mr. Greenhow Was wrong, and the tfPI1,.tol to nr.rj it rnrdinlv
ous Dai gains nave oecn maoeyitr uinner : j a vast proportion ot me enmes, wnica.; cuiuuiiiu: u.tu, ucieu anu esiaonsneu
If then will drink.- let them at least do aU v government is instituted to prevent anid the parallel of 411 degrees, and this fact
their business before wine. I j repress, have their origin in the use of ar- j was proved he (Mr. B.) understood the
But, sir, I am swelling into an articlej rdent spirits ; if bur poor-houses, work-hoti-wh.it
I only Intended as the preface to an ses, jails, ahd penitentiaries are tenanted
article, which I lately riiet with in anvx-'i in a great degree by those, whose first
cellant lit;tle tract by the celebrated Dr.: and chief impulse to crime came from ' the.
Chauningi o Boston. This tract is en-j ' distille'ry and dram-shop; if murder and
titled 4,Self Culture, and is published in! jltheft, the most fearful outrages on prpper-
the form pf i neat little yolumer which; j ty and life, are most frequently the issues
. . . j :i .1 I . . . . .. . f ' . ' I . c . ? i.
its tlupe and its victim. If ? .
ver could have; fallen into the
ror of denying' the-stablishiM' :
line under ihe treaty, of Utrecht :
further serious ; error of saying t
Monroe liad added nothing to .Mr.
son's and had left the question a
ful as he found it. In point of i
Monroe added; the particulars .
Mr. Madison had .declared hisiira
added tho beL'innin?rl fho. rniirwA
- ---- T- OJ ' ' '
ending: of the line ; and stated t!.
with the precision ofa man who
ken his information from the pur
of the commishries. And to v.'.,
he deliver this paperj? To a I'ri
cretary of State, tq be laid I !
King in Cabinet Council, and to 1
Senator from Michigan to say that he
would give up the Russian limit of 54 de
grees40 min., and never say any thing
more 5about Oregon north of 49 degrees.
This is, a penalty Iwhich Mr. B. would not
have Imposed : itiwas giving to the line
of the treaty of Utrecht a consequence and
I picked Up the other day on a friend's cen-!.; and consummation of intemperance, is not importance which he would not have at
1 . tre table. I The whole tract, with the ex- ( government boUnd to- restrain by legisla-
ception oljohe short passage, to which a I tion. the vending of the stimulous to those
'Southern !mkn might object, I consider re-; terible social wrongs ?; Is ..government
plete witli mcst valuable matter, adapted never to act as a parent, never to remove
to the instruction of all, both educated the causes or occasions of wrongdoing?
tribufjed to it. But the Senator from Mi
chigahjliii'l judged lor himself, and judged
deliberately ; for his speech was well pre
paredVj,and it was. his own act to make his
future conduct dependant upon the cor-
4 boundary of Louisiana will, as isj reasonable,
4 remain the same in the hands of the United
Slates as it was iu the hands of. France, and
4 may be adjusted and estah!ihi'd according to
' the principles and authorises which in that
4 case bave been applicable. There is reaon
4 to believe that the boundary between Louis
: 4 iana and the British territories noith of it were
4 actually fixed by commissioners appointed un-
"? n.tde outi jie. iriHdc his escnne froiri
I'm cWrge of iliitn.MCiftroirc Joxmxkt.
neceary papers were ' ou uucuwiru. . .c ..... v .. .( . .. .... ...... ..w - -0 y .
chisescn'pe fioirithose 1 Lecture for; the benefit of those who get, r crime, namely,; public infamous punish- he had quoted and adopted. Mr. B. would
;s a remarkable j instance of
, n a l;iav, and of narrow escape tl
.w ath. While liei was crossing thp rail-
' .1,1 . : . . S . : fc ' I .
Hcar ;.sy em sireei, iue iraoi trom
, j ??."!'! rcnfc op her almost unn bliced,
m lidrf r.: .l. it . 1..I'v.i.j imi i ... i. .
' oiih sne !iuiiio,ii-o ami ieii, iui uu
their living by manual labour, and yet is ment, an evil only inferior to crime I
so profound and philosophical in its views, government a usurper, does it wander be-
I Lrant ! as well as 'abbunding in common sense yond its sphere, by imposing restraints on
1' ' t and noblel feeling, that no! one, I will venl , an article, which does no imaginable good,
bv tore to say. can read it wunour oeneiu--t i winch can pieau no ueneut uomerreu on
J i . . i ; i i i . i J.. L l i i '.i: l c . u :.:.: 4 -
Its perusal wouiu narujy occupy uiur ; oouy or mmu, wuicu uinus uic ciueu ioi
show, by the highest evidence, fhat the
commissaries did act ; that they did estab
lish the limits between France and Great
Britain in North America; and that the
49. h parallel was one of the lines estab
lished; and, having shown this, he would
lt!u'al' arranged Jiirself between thj; rails.
' 4holij train tliuti passed ovler hef with.
frfH' lvst injury except a horrible
'( 'ywr of a Mitquita. The Pitfshurg
fSjI: J ouV'n'al ' it jj's fhat niupquitojes are
- Triall insects, Vmt one has ben known to
V. i" , n Wf?'Shngflyo hundred pound, and
'.- moving a waoje nicht at mat.
.1' . . ... . ' . . . . i i-'l. r f i . . i i
and uneducated. It was delivered as a j lias it but one instrument lor repressing recines? oi wr. urepiinow opinion, w men . der the treaty of Utrecht, and that this bound.
ary was to run from the Lake ot the Woods
4 westwardlv. in latitude 49 degrees; in which
4 case the litih article would be nugatory, as the
4 line from the Lake of the od. to the near
4 est s-ource of the M ississippi, would run through
territory which, an both sides of the line, would
4 belong 4o the United States. Annexed, is a
4 paper Mating the authority on which the deci-
sion of the commissioners undef the treaty of
4 Utrecht rests, on the reasoning opposed lothe
construction, making the 49ih degree of lati
4 hide the northern tuudary ot Louisiana, with
4 marginal notes in support of thai construction.
This paper will put you more readily into pos-
session of the subject, as it may enter into your
discussions with the British Government. But
a 1l " . I Ifl.t . C m a iprmrt t s .
r it . I - - --- -you win perceive me neccii '"r-,v'
tnendle&s woman. v ,u nt . J. r . ...
Ye, but there is one thing far meaner. It uuu' -HM upxv...K , t ' pnceedings ot tne comanss.oners, a, me
is fiir a woman sheltered by Uie immunities of Utrecjit; had become applicable Xo this , SOurce of authentic information. These are
e the feelings of a high mind question oi oounuary m iccii mc timcu noi wunin our reaco urrc, anu n mun, .uu-
States na ureat liritain. n grew oui oi i quentiy, oe leu io your on rcscari-ucs aiu
. .frniv-kx n rrrn in ont nnm af itVuilrl m a
than an hour, and l ininu you couiu no i me mscnarge oi ins uuiy iu ins couimj, iumciiu umuu.vui ujiu.i n, uuiu mrwiT
do better,Mr. Editor, than print it iii de Hand which, above all. stirs up men to the no application ot the tact, but content
1 ached parts, as you find room which I perpetration of most of the crimes, trom himself with vindicating history at an es-
i which it is the biirhest and most solemn sentiai uoun, miu t-,in ji iu uie ocnaiur
tbinL- vnti avi be nrompted to do upon
reading it, 1 give the present mqreeau as : omce ol goverement to protect society i
a specimen, it -urmg mvic unimuiaitiji
...Ini'n-.. iU ,l,.i..'irrn nflfnlir rM niiT i
44 1 proceed to an&ther important means
ol Self culture, and this is the control of
the animal appetites. To raise themori
al and intellectual nature, we must put' her sex to outrage
from Michigan to give itrthe influence
upon his own cohduct which he should
, , j ... think proper. . j
One of the meanest and most contemptible . Mp B thpn made a staement introduc
acts on earth is to slander an unprotected and ; . np . , , . , . .
down the ! animal. Sensuality is the a-i t cd man.
ference ; and Mr. Monroe thus r :
iiiii. ,-m, m - & a . .
,11. ' v. " ".- i '
sion of ihe British from the navi;
the Mississippi and jts entire .
a matter of fight, under the Utrc
ty. and by the provisions' of
could hold no territory south of V.
44 By Mitchell' mp, )y which tV
17Siwa$ Crmed. it w as evident ilr.l t
4 western point of the Lake of the
.i i . i. . u i . . i .. i . . . .
at leas' as riigu iiwuu mn uie tain .
. f.. .1 - . I. -nlS....a r.Cm'V, .......
IIV III' iuj-i ii3 -.fi. m iMMitji
4 omertothe Noiihwestefn Companv, ,'
4 to be in latitude; 49 31'. By
4 the wetern lxundiry if Canada t
4ern in ihe I,ake W.the ooI. v
. a . a -
' t'tti there, it loliows Uiat U wast!. 1
4tenlion of the Ministers who jvg.
4 treaty, and of their reipectivc (J(
4 that the United States hou!d po-
, 4 territory lying lietwcenthe Like a r '.
, 4 issipoi, south of ihe parallel of the
; of north latitude 'Vh$ is ronfn:
courses which are afterwards purf..
i 4 treaty, since they are precisely tl.
! 4 had been established between Gr
4 and France in former :treaties. V.
4 due west from the northwestern
j 4 Lake of the Woods to thc MisVusi;