,V: ' filV 'A X ,.- - ;.: 1 .
. ' .L ' iii! s - ' ! 1 1 '
I I.. HI, I ' : i . "
1-i ;, s- , .i 1 .v . 1 ! " -4-
"1 o lVfc
I . " , iiiJ .i lL, Mire for the fir-t.
F.- ' JichjutocQaent Jiweruoh. .j.tfcurt Or-
. VI ... CtllM - ,
f THE iTOUSn f LSU IRECTiON.
Th German papers wiiicn.iMivriimy
- -inn to hand, savs the Journal des Debats,
hingTJCWa.rrora' Cracow kip,, to thp 21th
The ryspassing tn Poland appear to
i. ive asfunetl n' Serious character. Avbich
jnot disguised by the . principal organ
mnt. TIj city! of Cracow, the capital of
)eflad under Jtsformerj kings, ibe de
jtCn(Jants jof InVjaelldns; had,,nccrding
ojhwe journals',: foj- four ;datv, beetv the
searof a iijrw government; entillingjifself
fA Provisional I Government !of the Po-
hlNrttiob. I was on the 2d ul'the
xij jonwhich thn lAustrin troops and fhe
Senate, evacuated ,t,hp tovvn.that th new
power has! eonst I futejd and i nst In led iitse I f
in jhe oldi mansion known by the Wme
of Krysfojoryi anil with which the !dear
t M jassbciatjons cjfitho Poles of the period
m unrcn inn uuqny oi wnrsniv are
VI' v.. "l"v V""" I'H A VIII (11 (.1 t IVI
-d;in it in 170!durihir the Polis
'iffn asaihst Auitria. The new coVern-
.neiit.' imnvdiatey;Upon if ihstHlment,
.jfjiishcn a man i Test o to! the i'ohsih na
.n, in which it dwells u)on thesufler
muji of j the' PoJij iaiid calls upon the peo-
ne to rise fn muss inrouirriout ine who e
.ancient PolandJ On the 23d it issued
crec Torhiddinir," under! pain! of -'death.
rtfihh attempts against private and pub-
, propeny, nnuj peciann, nr. ine same
thnt any persons "whb should i estab-
? h ipojitlcal clubs, or assnciaiions vith-
oiit jien nuthored bythe government
in ii y so, sijouki oc ueciareu as minors ro
.leir, country. Thj- following are iheUoc-
r lo mn poiisn nation roles
. k insurrection has struck. Th
V..iiti)atiMl INolund and becomes crear.
': y 'tebdv haye ourjjbnjtherk of tie. Gnd
1 h.V o lisinvKjQssiria Poland, and Li-
iimiaiiia risen; ami are ligiimg in Itiissia
r f nl nsl I he imemyl! ! 1 hey are fiirhfinfcrfor
iWMsacred l ights, of which they have
Mwlrprivvtlby force arid baud. The
of ouryouj areJanuishihg in dun-
on v'ur autrHUJFH. wnoe counseis.sus
liied usrartj trjrnted wiih coiifemrif.-
I ! ' 1 it -I '. . - . . - - i i
e c;ierjry nre Uepriyeil ol all rejpect ; in
word, all whb have resolved to live or
jlMlaiid have been destroyed Or irnmur
Jn ht iioivor are in dancr r of beinir io at
viry Instant. The firroan.4 of the mil ions
ktf our brothers whoi neristhed Under! :h
nout or In subterranean cells have reach
d juc hearts, which are profoundly' af
Tfciedi Ve; have been robbed of nurVtln.
a)u our lanKua.jand he rfli?ion of
iwr lathers ix lorbiiilib'n tit T
if)Je barriers havt been ipposd to the
imelioratiou of our social onmlifiMn
. BRUNER1& -JAMES, j . Ij. j',:' ' --Ir FMi ' L, ; L il :.;.'-'( -NEW,' SERIES, '- ; '. i
wenlthiest and most influential citizens of
Poland.? ; ; vrr;;:- T 1 ii-
The Provisional Government haa resor
ted to the most urgent measure of defence,
for considerable forces were jsaid to be on
the march from Austria, Prussia, and Rus
sia, to crush the insurrectioiiibefore if had
time to' spread. The Austrian Colonel
Hanfeldt, who formerly commanded the
militia of the Republic. -composed of 466
men, for tHe most part chosen from the
Austrian regiments, had together with the
whole of hi troop, gone over to thei insur
gents. Seteral desertion were said to
have takerJ nlace in the recirhents of Ma.
zachelli and Bertoletti, and the Austrian
He would continue, in order to serve the
cause, to appeal to foreign! nations the
name of Poland ; but he would be ready to
give daily the example of obedience to the
maniiestations of the najibnal vlll. It
was agreed at this meeting that the name
of the whole body should be published
next day (Sunday.) expressing sympathy
with their countrymen, and entire identi
ty with the movements which had ! taken
place. ' I . !lh :
Fom the London Standard; March 10.: n
The Paris papers continue to be chiefty ;
occupied wiih the; Polish insurrection, but i
the rumors they contain on jlhe. subject are
of l he most vague and unsatisfactory; cha
in' consequence, ordered
V I L" iru!7 , n L Z U r insurgents are
lllt'lll. ,1 ! I 1 i j
The Journal des Debats gii'es extracts
from letters to the Gazette de Cologne, of
2Ch and 4?th FeHruarjV frdm Iireslau,
stating thatjup to-lhe 25th the insurgent
j were in possession of CrHcou,and that the
IVovisionalj government, in hntieipation
of an nltacron the 21st, by the Prussian
troops, had jordered the male jinlujbitant
from 1810 liO years of age, t6 take ai m?
in support qf the insurrection jj
A letter ii the Augfiburg tGrtkftle of' 2&
March, fron? the frontier of GallaCia, says
the' insurgents had crossed tiie Vistula:
Madrid with the exception of one or two
ip the pay of Na'ryaez had1 been suspend
etf. The country is in a most agitated
state. ' ; . ' -.
EXI).OF THE. WAR IX INDIA.
I Sincd the dispatch of ourpapct hyihe Uni
corn,'!! our advires from Bombay inf rmu? of two
inre irreafliattle! having len fought in In
dia bfjhveenjhei British and Sikh armies, loth
terminating in decisive victory to the firmer.
Trie first, was under the Commiind of Sir II.
SmiihJ and the most bloody on record.
In .Sir II. Sbiilh's battle, the wholo army of
the enemy.hri been driven headlong over the
didicult ford of a hroad river; his camp, can
non, (ifiy.six pieces ) haggaig?, stores of am
THE OREGON QUESTION.
, Just before tbejfin&i pasnagfl of lie Oregon
Notice Resolutions through the Senate, the fob
lowing passage-at-arms took ! place ' betweeu
Messrs. Crittesde:! and Allcx :
Mr. ALLEN then rose and
rome to the main ptiiiVt in the
said : Wo now
which we are required lo do
one upon which the welfare of the country rests ;
and in doing this act. for myself I shall act with
roferenre to all its relation?, present and remote,
that may be involved iu i. He. prceeded at
considerable ltMigth and closed as fillows:
The Senate does not say they want the trea
ty ended. No, sir. they want ijpgoti.ition, bar
gaifi, tniffic to proceed ; hut they hate not de.
L,:(l"iW nmni,U fA I Vom.hiirt liy the repeated charges of cavalry ! dared that the convention shall end.
Vll TL? I d infantry ; and in that;of Sr. Hunh G.iSb ! ,he s,a, rheease. The PreUlei,
ussand men clrtr. I had done with negotiation, and he ice
The English bad three j the law-maliing power to take jip the t-ut.ject ; j as the great standard bearer, tor
een of whom were of. ! and, instead of doing so, they, divided, faliering, ' banner alone Jill national unaniinity
n t . . . ' L IJ I L.".L f -1, .! . '
nliimtionrand cram his al . in fact, wrested
Hmrh finiiah ,ne s,a'o ot the case. 1 he rresident told us he
I i " i i i ' I l! f ' ,,,c Hl.niC UIOIIV4UU men Hlld SlVtV. 1 .! tin iirgiiiiauiiu, UIIU HO I VV-lllltllir IIUCU
tHiLH ; inmiiMiPS !t i r.rv niiiriR rtiM nn. . ..n .n. i. . .
i . ' . V : : ,,ve Dipces 0t nrti lerv.
Irpm which it appear that it has exfend1 hundred men killed, Ihirt
ed to the Kussian army and that lt vvotild ! fleers, arid two thousand five hundred wounded, paltering, manacled, ham,ered,;with a frightful
not have broken out at the. preserjti mo- of whom one hundd and one were office rp.
ment had not the numerous chanps of j Her Majesty's i fifiyahird and sixty.second re.
detection n'lered delay impossible j giments su tie red enormonsly, General Dicke
.The provisional Governraen ol'CMcow i and Brigadier Tavlor a ro among the dead.
; The; action commenced in the morning, and
the work of destruction had closed by eleven
man is Chairman (X the Cm:..
Relations; but what confidence ;.;
in liis lectures addressed to .'
alaflairs, while he is hinu-lf ua ri
to the bdy to wbich.be belong :
ing to in flue nee ibis Senate by !. !
the course r.f the House, be hit ii
def of iLe Senate and treated it. v.
Weafe'noltobc in(!uei.ceJ h.
less is that gentleman to bect( r
us that we arc bouad to this or ti
lion, because the House cf Kej ri
adopted jf. How would they
indignity t j hope that no mnrr -mill
be permitted here. It i c",
gentleman tells us ibat thn. Pre il
behind no btuh What does 1, i :
he mean that the Senate will t'
his remark of that innocent sott c :
has no meaning in it T Tbe gr f : '
ing upon us fr unanimity ; he i ! -here
to be unanimou. Why, r. v
ever heard f A gentleman, ia .i ;
of this bod v. calling upon us cont r.i; i
nimity. He vety modestly req-iirc -other
members of ibis body shall c:
don their own opinions, Dd go-over
small minority to which he belon.
tbe gentleman's comprehensive i
out no other mode of arriving t t
Suppose I he gentleman himself)!,
with all pis dignities of Chairmin .
mittee on Foreign Relations, am! .
majority, would that not be soirj ? .
unanimity T Co, sir, that will nc! !
all. I suppose, to consent that cut xl
unheeded, antl we are all to cot:ie
lier has been nrmd against brother, and
he rmoSt honorable 'men of ht count rv
bTn calumniated ahd persecuted.
not her step, and tjtent would bri no roore
I'nles. l Our grandjchildien would curse
aw-inrtmrjr.tMr vr5 Ufttlm finest nart
. the iarth a desert and a ruin-4-lorT1aY--T
;g ;rtljbwed chains j to be put upon 'jour
aibkij nation, and forced it to profess a
JVange worship, to; speak a foreign tan
nage. ; The ashe of our marlyred; la-t-rs,
the. rights of pur nation, call to us
vi ,-,4 ii, nriii (oiuo 10 mpnge iiienp ; tne tninni
jit tlie ljrea,st caljs upon usjto; preserve the
country: vybich Gik1Iihs confided to us.
vv I'he frciivhationsbf jlte entire world would
. tnvilv lis to resist t,hc destrujtioii of our
-- !..;.! L-:..'-! - s:'t tJllz.t Lt.. .J.'.i. I .
miiuinun. vji uimseii gives us inisiin-
Moo wna win one aav aemana
ana bfn. uolin had la len back on Mosrhi-
larnnl Wadowicze. ! - - h
tter from Breslau of the 28th posii
tivf Hstatesl that the latter attacked Pod
j on tbl 23d, drove the aristocracy oiit
of the Itownhand followed them as far as
Wadowicze fhe .. western- p; it of Galla-.
cia wa 'then in actual revo t. No ac
counts had Reached lrornthe eastern dis
tricts. Theinsurgehfs h?id, oil the other
hand;1 penetrated into the kingdom of Po
land, without experiencing an serious re
sistance.; A report prevailed'! hat a revolt
had broken ; out at Lembergj Countess
Potozka had arrived at Breslau, with a
passport Ieliyerel by the Provisional go
vernment atj Cracow. Israelites of that
city were said to have tendered their ser
vices to the overnmfnb
The dissenting Catholic clergyman ar
rested at; Cracow, had been sejt at liberty.
The PresideJik of the Senate of that! Re
public hau arrived at Vienna, j- Two regi
ments were jtp march on the IbiloWingday
from Vienna i to reinforce the corps com
nanded by GVn. Colin. Gen. Klopiki bad
re fused to place himself at tbe head of the
mvemeiitiieclaring! that he considered
th(r attempt Inopportune and likely to end
were acting with vigor, and up to the la
esli authenif, - accounts nohattemnt Shad
i -. . i : i ji -
been made: hj'fteriera Coli to attabklhe i '?-loc in the fircnoon. Sir. Hugh Gough'a
city, it was. however, reported in
on Sunday that the Russians had assaulted
.Cracow, reduced half of it ito ashes, and
driven out the Poles, who. in their rejtreat,
encountered a large body of Austrians
and defeated them. i j I ! '
The Prussian Government, notviith
standing the svmpathy opeiik avowied for
-the insurgents in Polish Prussia, appears
to be disposed to remain neutral in the
matter. : i
In the Chamber of Depu ies, on Satur
day. M. Guizot is said, when questioned
as to the extent of the insurrection5, lo
have replied, " L Allemagne toute enliere
est en feu," ( all Germany is on fire !")
and a report is eagerly noticed in the? Pa
ris papers of Sunday j that the state of
Lombardy is far from satisfactory. The
Polish refugees' in France jwere divided
into two parties, but have laid aside jthir
differences for the purpose of co-operation
against the common enemy j !
An .iddress was presented to Prnce
Adam Czartoryski expressive of the Unan
imous desire of his co lint ry me ii to place
themselves under his direction. The op
position journals of Paris have already
opened iu aid of the Polish cause, j I
! : M . N
ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA.
tfrni uan nccoif n'tj of, ou r cond uct. Ve
gD.OOO.OOflm risp. as. ne man,
Jm lUioj viblneej ean ! crush our power.
VelulU enjy a libifrty Which has never ,
U-rii kt'niwn on earth. 'Let us endeavor
) tq it. randal jCom'mtin in which
pyery nian shall enjoy hts share of ihe
iVuits"pft,he earth, according to his merit
n!lhH capacity ; let there be no more
privileges. lietleach Pole find lull guar
Ii nfees for himself, jh is wife, anq his chii-
FIFTEEN DAYS LATEIt FROM EUROPE,
The Steamer Caledoriia arrived at Bos
ton on Monday, with London dates to the
3d, and Liverpool tothie4lii; inetnt;,! ju ,.,
The Oregon question seems to be com
nlAtlv snhm..rfr..ci in the interest attached
to the great victory over the Sikhs, in In
dia, which we notice below. H
Commercial matters are in an uriset-
ilrrft; and let him who is i iferior bv birlh.
j hind, of body, find without humiliation
I ie j n f;tf fibje ; assi sin nee Ofllhe entire com
tnutlityl which will lhave the absolute mo-
l !y t( land how jjiossessed by a- few.)
; J; dl forced labork and othVt burdens cease,
tnd1hose who shall devdie themselves in
frm toHhe cause of iheir country shall re
vive a5 property i inland als an. indemnify.
Thef jNureniburg Correspondent of the
nd inst., states that the who e of Russian
plana was in ,.. r flj-,r,.Q,
engagement .bad already takdn P1hc be
tween the troops and tho i..,.. ' t . .
at viiii;i. rouuus o-i grape snot naa neu
fired against the people, and that the Rus
sian soldiers had been ordered! to give no.
quarter. 1 XJ-
Butlif the intelligence, in the! Franhfort lied gloomy state. In many of the rrian
Jouriwl of. the! 6th- inst. is to be credited, u fact u ring towns there (are thousands of
the Russians1 have already struck a terri- ; workmen out of employtnenti and thernar
ble blow at the insurrection. The- follow- ! Ms for all descriptions of produce are in
ing appears in that paper, dated Nur- I'a staje of stagnation.! The iron trade
embeir. March 4,: A letter from Vienna, ' seems to be the only exception to this;
of the2dtti, st ites that Government . had LargecargOes of Indian corn were dai
jiitst received ntelligence of the burnins ly reaching the British jport lrom the U.
of Cracow. The Russians had arrived j States, and large quantites had beeh re
with uch rapidity that the insurgents ! leased from bond, duty free, under the
were unnhle tp oppose any serious resist-1 l ieasur
ance, rind the Russians, in thejnidst of a i retail sale were being opened in many of
terrii)ieDomnardment,seizeil onlhe toWn I the large towns, and the American mode
Another letter! confirms the news of this i of using it was generally adopted.
disaster,, adding, however, that, in their ! The House of Commons have passed
llight, the Poles took revenge upon a body ! Sir. Robert Peel's bill tcji asecond reajdihg, j
o!f Austrian ; troops which they encoun-' but it is spoken of as doubtful whether it
tered. I Mil I j can pass the House of Lords.1 In -cHse it i
I The insurrection in Poland still forms does not pass, the question will go jo the
the principal feature in the Paris papers, country in the form of a general election, j
Manv of the refusree Poles now residing I he second reading was carried 1 1 th
.at" Paris, to, the number, it is said, of three
hundred, assejnbled at the houseiat Prince
account of this battle pmves it to have been.
while It lasTf'd,' oiie pf the mostterrific on re
cord. , lTnlike the able manoeuvring of Sir. H.
Smith,! this afTur seems to have owed, its sue
cess to the daring intiipidity of our men, who
stormed the enemy's entrenchments, bayonet
id haaH, defended as they were by thirty thou
sand Sikhs and seventy pieces of artillery.
The slaughter;! was ' immense, for our troops
braved his enemy's fire by reserving their shot
until they got within his entrenchments. The
action terminated in the complete rout of the
enemy, the capture ; ofjbis guns, and the loss
of his i esimp--and baggage. An awful sacri
fice of ' life took; place on the Sutlej, in attempt,
ing ti; cross which our troops .mowed down
thousands of the flying foe, and those who es
caped the. fire were drowned in the stream.
This victory has put the finishing stroke to the
war. It has brought the Sikhs to their knees,
and I hey are. how humble suppliants for mercy
and forbearance. 'I hey have agreed to pay a
million and a half sterling, in the course of four
years, toward the expenses of the war, the pay
ment to be enforced by the occupation of La
hore. Thus has ended a war respecting the conse
quences of which a good deal of anxiety not
unnaturally prevailed a war forced upon us by
the. peculiar exigencies of the case, from which
we could riot shrink, but for which we had made
no previous preparation, used no adequate fore
sight. The Silibs took an ungenerous advan
tage of the long alliance which had existed be
tweeii us and iheir great ruler, Runjeet Singh ;
and their perfidy has leen punished in a man.
ner fully commensurate with its enormity
punished promptly, energetically, and in a style
which promises in all future, lime to prevent a
".Um. tmAuot ut once base, dishonora
ble, and uncalled for.
Proclamation bxjtlic Govcmor-General of India.
Camp, Lclleaxee, Feb. ie, 1846.
The chiefs, merchants, traders, ryots, and
other inhabitants of 'Lahore and Umritsur, are
bzarlorviski; jn Saturday last,! and pre- j ceived when first introduced. .
sented lo the tPrince an address in: the ! Private letters mention that
J 'Pw...kt ...... ji t iL . i i i. r r "T:U.;
. f1 e.:.M tl.tJ nr.n 1 1 iwiiii. III wrr a a ill i uiif lliousauu roies.lll - nous lor mrvisii ui vurru luiwnawiiiin
:r!l which ,hy olired tothatcbiea warm- ; King and Queen of the French we rero-
rXr'lllln r est co-operati6n, and a ligors obedi- ceedin- withoul intermission :at the tTuil
leSonlofono rho hJuCeof one fa- , encft . nis onSm;ndf !Covincedl that this ! leries. Neuiily. St. Cloud, and iVersajliies.
jrr God, whoJs inhCaven. Let us in- J M-n , -j . ,, ., i i . i r r .u.. A.:n! f;:U-
U husup prevented bv indibosition ironn at-
its. repre$fntatves, the inore efficaciously ! tending the Queen's drawing-room 'blithe
associate itself with ihe . heroic! -st niggle .1 10th ult.. but Mrs. McLane, hnd theiiA-
-w , I - i
rv order. &nop tor nts exiusive
The Governor-General and the British troops,
i f I tie condition! above adverted to are fulfilled,
and no further .hostile opposition is offered by
the; Khalsa army, will aid their endeavors for
the' re. establishment of the Government of the
descendants oftMaharaja,b Runjeet Singh, and
tor the protection of its subjects.
The inhabitants of the cities in, the Punjaub
-J.. :. J : - .1 ! J- l i r . i i i . r'- .1.- f. . I
v. second reading was carrieu r ine j wiu mi mai case ue penecuy saie in jcrsoii anu
Commons by a majority of eighty-eight, ! property from any molestation by the British
which is nine votes less than the bill re- j troops, ana they are tie re ny caned upon to ois
in nnstnlmilr. nil unanlmitv licrnt ;
unwillingness to meet responsibility say, oh ! ican, is ta 1m;' found. Yes, sir. TL
we leave it all to your discretion. With all j no contraband there. The flagjis t
these things staring them in the face, do you cry thing, and to be the witness I f :
think Great Britain, whose trident already holds ity of all, over which it is spread, at.
the world in awe; will crouch, will get on her ! tleman, as one of those who are 'u:
kn'es to. us ! Do you think vod will encourage I alb', sir, I hate supposed it to be & i
lreat uritaui to give up any thjng by showing
your unw illingness to claim anything ? Not at
all. I shall, for one, vote, if! 1 stand alone,
against such a proceeding, trust in j: that the final
result of i he business may produce a resolution
more in accordance with the inierets and tbe
dignity of the Senate. jj
Mr. CRITTENDEN rose in reply, and-suid measure stood "solitary anduluno."
he woulajmt sutler imputations; such as those j then. I irryigine, not quite so aruci.t
which the gentleman had madejagamst the ac
tion and the character of the Senate to pass al
together without notice. Wbat asked Mr. C,
is his commission? and whence is it derived ?
and who authorized him to assume here the air
and tone of pre-eminence which so strongly
marks his lansuajje when addressing the Sen
ate ? " On what meat does Ibis our Cxsar
feed," that he is to rise here ana lecture us for
decisions to which we hare deep)d it our duty
to come ? Where d:d be come from ? Is il tbe
litlle petty office of Chairman ofthe Committee
on Foreign Relations which warrants him, in
his own opinion, to put on thesejairs of author
ity ? to assume this predominance ? and to lec
ture us to our official duty, as he lias now done ?
The Senate had just adopted a resolution propos
ed to it by the Senator from Maryland, (Mr. R.
Johnson,) when tbe gentleman from Ohio gels
up and says in his place that the Senate has hu
miliated itself that it! has adopted a miserable.
.t . -t - .... .
feeble, nalterinjr, contracted, and (as he irouhl i estly invoked, and which was loJrn
have said) abject and slavish resolution. Let j liberations to a close has only quid,
me tell him that be does not know this body,
nor the material of which it is composed. And
let me add, there is another and a more difficult
lesson which I fear the Senator has yet to learn,
and that is, to know himself. Then he knows ! the gentleman's course may no d5u!
himself a little better, he will le;;in circuimtan- I of preat regret, and be may cmisji.t I
ces better to appreciate what is due from him to al dignity by standing alone anl.f
the Senate. He may vaunt himself iu bis as- ) and waiting in solitary grandeur;ti!S ' '.
sumed office of.exclusive vindicator ofthe Pre- i and all Congress shall flock and fcnrjr
sident of ihe United States, and defender of the bout him. Achilles in bis tent?;
honor of the House of Representatives ; but j Achilles in his tent ! Laughter.l I v. .
that gives him no warrant of consideration. As ' recommend the lesson to which (h;' (
a member of the Seriate, I feel hat its oinity j ferred know thyself ? It is thcjwi:
has been assailed, and Mts character traduced, i that any man can lcarri. f
Mv own personal share in the remarks of the j The honorable gentleman find c .
........w ... u,.,.i. nu VINII15UI. OIU - ., ' , .1 ( i .1. . . : t. n.ml, n -. '
hereby informed that bis Highness Maharajah .R"rt"m" " "V ",n V"y o. ,. , ..... - ' - ,
m ,,,, q:i ' ,i ? i , J. i jury and offence, are absorbed tn the stronger , nate has adopted is entirely incobert
RfS til 1 ,V htda Wad UP" lh! 'conviction ofthe disrespect which has be"en I relevant to the other portions of )he
?J? pi,pH 1 V GV7r ,(,7r A d : manifested towards fhe IhkIv. The. Senate has The Senate, it seemsid not know Hi,
expressed the coutn on himself and the , aJ d ( ancft of ion wf)ich ! hftve just adopted both. And how d
) "!Z 5 I Je,r Sn V ,C P-Ceed' 1 had myself the honor toTer, and?ihe gentleman ! it out ? The President has askeJ , t
ings. he Maharajah and Durbar having ac- hag feh ,)ims4,,f authorized to characterize a re- 1 ize him to give the notice to Grcr t
qu.esced in al theterms imposed by the. Bntish j wUkh had reccived hp of ; ,he crmination of ,be convention, , :
Government, the Governor-General having ey. I h- , ag a ftltPil timi,it trem, j ,lllion (Wt aulhorize. him. . And v
ppv hinp Hint tlif rpisitifina it tripiirUliirt will . . . : . . . . . . t . i
J "' . " r . . . " : iiliMia ihin. 1 ran fell that Senator that I he II dec area it tn be tie W rati e mat. 1.0
majority of the Senate and the bjumble individ- j the notice and should abrogate tie c .
ual who now addresses it are as litlle moved by j Now, I ask, is there anything In cm :;-.
the dread of any responsibility but that of doing this ? As I understand the matter, it i
wrong, as the Chairman ofthe Committee of j compliance wiih ibe recommendation (M
Foreign Relations. ! ! ! sident. But it is now first discover
Does it belong to this body tolsubmit to re. j Senator fn.ni Ohio that there is no
marks, no matter with what force! or vehemence i in . and he goes against the who. ,
of gesticulation and loudness of tone they.be de- Mr. President, have no p!ear,' i
livered, which convey injurious Imputations on j of animadvert'"' gTe me- to v
its official course and public acts ? I, for one, 1 whatever; M Icannot and w.ll not i
shall not stand here to be rebuked, nor to hear j "' languase and see uah a
thi Senate schmded or called to1 an account by I rioriiy yd aupereilioui arrogance vv;
anvsnch authority. Tbe cehtleman undertakes P''- "
to make himself the advocate andbefender of ihe sP-re, and Irom the tame quarter!
n rn tt't.. .. man seeks liv vehemence ot eeitici
i nn. n ni 11 nrff spiiihi i vf.s. i nv. sir. u or . . . w
what is the House of Representatives of ihe I7.
. - . - . . .
! that a man may have as jmuca aw.
i as much bravery, in the ordinart m
man life, as even" the Senator bi n-
not rally under that standard. TI.
seems to think hehasunanswerall
voke our unanimity, because he toil -
many a long year he himself, on a pi
But, mark it sir, such was tbe irT '
influence of that mananimoui ex:
now the Senate and all mankir j a?
rally rounl the gentleman f nU) ,
he says it took five years to'accc: ; '
Now, sir. will not ihe Senator baj e i;
ty enoujb to allow us five years to r
principles and ourconvicfions an !
Or does he demand instant subii
is thai bis new doctrine of unani i.' ;
I had tbouht, according to the fir;
proposed, thai we were to-day to" !.
than vote. We all know that that "
here in this place and in his person 1 i
with us. has expressed ihe greatest
sire and solicitude that we would l.x
when we should arrive at a resu't ir.
ter ; and yet now, when that day is r
tbe 'gentleman's own appointed tin
ed. tbe course of the Senate which 1
- 4 I
renewed eflorts in prolonging time
now tells us that he will vote agnin-l :
tions ; as we have not adopted l.U r.;
be goes against tbe whole. e!.
sj)jedily be established between the two Gov
emmenttbe inhabitants of Lahore and Um
r have nothing to fear from the British ar-
hitcivc usLvicteTy;: but for Him to do
vtis. wtt must not qishc
ishohor ourselves. ; Let
u not treat1 with despotism those who are
eonfldeii.to .usj et ns hot mass icre those
who nre. disarmed, and h s foreigners IxyljiQ
do fiof think yjth us ; we do not struggle
g'Mnst xatiotiJ, but against .bur opprJs
irsi la 5ign of ou union, let u j make the
mi country, wiih rny codhsel, -by words
and;my nets.! il svvvar td sacrifice, to her
iillrmopmiotis, rrjy life, Uy fbrtiirie.
II-swear absolute Obedietjce to Ihe natidn
1 il corcrnment wh ch has been Established
Vt at CracowJ the 22U ol this month, at1 V-
, f clock in the iBTenltig.in the hov seoi Krys
1 .lofparrii, and to all the author ties instil u-
. If. -. 4.. -I . ... L . I".
ten iiyjno covcrnment, as uoa may stahd
r me h heed.; Thismaniflest6 shall be pdb-
nsnen in ail the journals ol the govein
which has re-commenced in Poland. 1 I me.rican Secretary of Legntioti were pres
ine jaiiuress. terminates wun a ueclara- eht.
ion that thel hour for sncnlide having I The emiirration from Germany tot
arrived, they offer to their camjmniohs in States
miss apprehension, and to follow their respec
live callings with all confidence.
By order of the Right Hon. the Governor
General of India t
i F. CURRIE,
Secretory to (lie Governor of India.
i i ...
General Smith's battle was fought on the
28th of January. He had been ordered by the
cotiimander-in-chief to form a junction with the
fbrctl in Loodiauah, which was menaced by a
formidable body of Sikhs; 20,000 strong, under
I tkr Aoinmond ff Kniitnf . KinfTti Sir ll irrv
lr TT I SufitVs forceds set down at 12,000. ; The Sikh
lorces witb s.ironuiv riiiicotut-u uu ir sj'tmj.
ition cohered by some forty or fifty guns
i ! rni ' I . ' '. . J
arse canoe r. iney were enureiy rouieu.
Thb British bss in this battle is reported in the
despatch at 151 killed, 413 wounded, and 25
volume of sound to give effect io
States that it stands in heed of such an advocate
The gentleman's advocacy of ooe of the bus.
es of Congress is equally an act of su; roga
lion, shall I say of assumption, with fjs rebuke
of tbe other. Who here has rragned tbe
IfrwttA Ronresentativs ? ; H'fco is there a-
pleased to say, and really, air, in f
gestures the gentleman is not nly
but really alarming. NotwitLsta:
reasonable Vneasure of natural ccun
men not accustomed to arms, arul .
ing has only been in bodies of a pr ;
The secondibattle of this series the fourth
in all was fought on the 10th of February.
The Sikhs were attacked in their "position on
roic Rising whjch had, taken plaice iri dif
ferent parts ol Poland f and th4n declar
ed his resolution to serve it with all' his
means, which the said would,' wiih the co-
claimed from t
.l .... f if.: ii ; ; ! 1 1 ill
nuu siucK un in an nuoiic places. JJa-
ted Cracqv FebJ22j 1840 ; ah(rgne
tt . LOUIS GOUZSKOWSKYJ
A private letter; which; we havenust re-
f states that; further decrees j had
aoucu uu iiiQ iinaii oi w nico we're
86ncd: ,bv ; Count! Potulicki,
one of the
0 lL. i if- ! i . ' ! mrees were
s would this year have; beenivery i ... .
emigration, who do not partake-ol the o- ereat, but the tear of war upon the Ore- !
iiuiuns irjmfieu oy ine socieiy oi yiuc gon,quesuon prevemeu large. numoens irom
frhird pfMiy'j for seyerat-yearsj.pasf.-rlie ' leaving. . . i hi;
temporary abandonment of theirxloctrines J There is nothing of interest from France
and tljelr theories, in; order that all the and, the Continent. The Committee of
emigrants may be united in one bond of 1 the Chamber of Deputies on ihe Algiers
un on. uireciu in ine rrmce. anu irivinir i u jpi mp.i on uruav. neza no iuarcn
tn bini ihVir i'o.nnpratinn n vTb Pi-irie i vvlmn b IVTinwtor nfiVVAi ii-n nWiiPnt I the! Sutlei hv the whole Anulo-Indian force, the
renliprt bv M rendprinirr hnmairp ti thU ht. TIia nr5nr1nlp. nnplinn ' iens:pr1 vv.iS n div!sin UllderSir Harry Smith having rejoined
m I m tt " -- - - M , mm k -- mm i m-r m mm B. v m -r m m mas W mm mwm vw w: . - -
to the formation of Algeria into ajsepar- j
ate department under a new Minister.-
The members of the committee expressed
themselves generally as tavoraole joi that
the report will: be irji tavor
the Chamber 'approve of
believed that M. Dufaure
derabfe :assistince to! the countrW andlioS will bet fie new Minister for iAlgeriai
obtain for Poland .allies, loansl and the 1 From Spain we learn that Naryaei had
uintris.ni SUnnon OI DUOIIC OniUIOn. Il cr" ni luanu u ti iviihii"
. . j .i'.ib . x - Y' f!i::.'..: t t .i t. j trt-'a::.
ter of War President of the Council ad
interem, and-Minister of Foreign fdirs.
In consequence of the stringent measures
of theMiutry, all the j NejvtspajierS in
. j ,-,u:ir of and treat it with ! acter, migbt sutler some personal
monjl us whj does not, think oi inu ireai ii vim o I t
1. " r tVboa.non.ru-i nw i Sir, the gentleman may get up a f
... i - u J..J etnor enWrl fTAnileoian there is no teljmg what may be
ii) earn iroiu mm cn e .
that the IWe of Representatives is a co-ordi- panic, i nave neara i ran i;.
ate And i ducing effect, the most terrible s I
Kc.r HUanv member of this lodv rise j " '"""'F' YlMt' '
his place tell us we are o lie controlled
our a m ion here bv the action of majorities, or
nen in an tne journals -oi trie govern- i v V TT " t rA7 vv"r
ntt and inl the ! supplerheiiary 'bhta ?PrWn eto grants, undoubted y measure, and
nt th;r6ughout-IUndJnnd Aall helpro.!100?6; 1-T'' i f ! . ,t-1W(!
iirhedfromihe riulpitsikallilhechurih. , It vvotild ithf n be possible to give consi-f the-plan, it is
the! main bodyafter the battle of Aliwal. The
British loss in this battle was 2 383, namely
320 killed. 2.063 wounded. The forces 'en
gaged were ekpial the Sikhs having 30,000
ont ii,ir aC3ilnf aliout the same numner,
after the junctioaot Sir. Harry nith's brigade,
'hich it bn.d inst rriven.
could hot forget that Poland lildne could
HU.U1C a vuici vt a uauuimi KUYcniuicuu
DC73 There was a great Mood at INew
Orleans on the 7th inst., Caused by heavy
rains, anil by Northeast winds..;. Several
streets and many buildings; yvere inunda
ted. On ihej 6th at 12 cfciock, the water
was within 3 Inches oft he greatest height
of the flood h 1831, ind was still rising.
tenible: but here sir. we have I.
the resolution; we have adapted b .v;r..
paltry thing ; that the Senate is V il. ;
double sen-e ; that it is biding be.bir" ! :
lhat k i skulking from responsili'i
sumin io differ from the House Lf II
lives. , . l !
"And all this is brandished over; i.
magnificence f style and manner t!
sir, I scarce know where the Sepati ;
what is to become of iu f
Mr. AlXEN's-4id,he thrA1?bt tb"?
nary remarks made by the Senator" f:
lucky would justify a reply, thouli i
them all vrcmld lake considerable
Senator desired to kpow (continued !
... V. , mmiasiin I crtak f I fit' '
tou wuetuer, in. rpeaHHiur ,J ,,u". vMmvi , r - i - - --
J - '. 1 t lid . . C" . I .,, '
votes and majorities ol.a co-ora.inaie uranrn, mi iy ie an inieiugrni ccuiui .
m.,i.m bCm ue the. member from Ohio has ressitr of askin? such a nuetion. : 1
IUV aui'-k.l u.v'i.w m., ----- ,
not violated more than the "mere ruiet tn ine se
nate ? The theory of jCopslitution is, that
the two branches of the LdgislHure shall act in
dependently of each other and lhe"rules which
forbid a reference to what s done in tbe other
branch has its foundatlon iu lhat pnnciple. It
is for you to judge whether !th the rule and
principle have not been violated. The gentle-
in our anion here by the action of majont
the lar',e5i, f majorities, in the other IIMise
of Congr083 ? The gentleman tells us of the
majority by which a certain1 resolution has pass
ed another lody, and he. brjng that here as an
argument to govern and to control us in our in
dependent legislative action. Vhat would ihe
other House of Congress Ihink of a member
there who should tell ibem'tbat the Senate had
passed a certain measure, and 'that out of a de
cent respect to the Senate they .must pass it loo ?
Would not that House think as jilely of us, could
we he actuated bWiich a motive, as we, in like
) ! case, should le warfauted In thinking of ihem ! J th
. ! As the presiding officer jf jtbisbody, I appeal to ! S
. ! you whether, in speakings in this chamlier of ;df
J , 7" .
der the commission of a State as rc
every particular as any other State; :
ion. speak under a comniia&Hn i f ;
acter which I bear as a man, a char . '
sullied, sir. as lhat of ihe Senator frm 11
or any of those with "whom he act?. 1
sir, under the commission which a'-c
ty imposes upon a Senator as decj ! v I
U .4- . :i . ' .1