From tie" Wilmington Coinni
I, y.1 PC.V-rr:Ut Rnfr.s . was cimmuhi- f rHr . ; . . 1 -"7- r.. ', ' . ' 1 -i-, - i .': ' "Ti -p-r rr-1 '.
k j a Mrs. l:;) .... r: . :mr -
EdUors 4 Proprietors,
" KxEf A' CHECK UPON ALL .TOCit
1' ; is safe. i . i
: . 1'. .;: i; i
'i f M ijroKHrxoToT, May 11
r.Wj ciiio'J ate f! thc relations be
1 J rrviiipd States and Mexico ren
Jt pr i , . .. f c g, . Tn Paredeik and ask to be officially receiv-
jecrio ? i, t n'mmftnceinent of vbur ! ed byhirh.l I There would have! been less
'Ilit session the; state of these relations j ground for ttaking this step had General itablished itj the interior land Upon
;hWwhich led to the susponsion of ! Paredes conie into power by k regular dian frootier. ' 1 ' ;
Tntohi'atic intercourse ! between the two 1 constitutional succession. I Jnf tjiat jevent
(;conttn0ed andftinrbdressed wron&and In-1 sideredjbua jmcre constitution
lVrirs corrtmitted by the Mexican Govern- uance of the Government! of G
! . , '. NEW, SERIES, " '
. JTarri; ; . J tJMBEU 4; OF VOLUME
are afibrded by the Del Kortej in- fbrvvardr
ing supplies to such ports as! may be!es-
lo auinorny yesiea in nim,Dy any uirec-
The movement of the troops to the Oel
Norte was made by the commanding gen
eral, under positive instrbctiobs to abstain
irom ail aggressive acts 'towards Mexico,-
A company tf two -hundred
up ! three tjrtjji luter'ffow
' 'Embarkation of one thou:
tana Volunteers la the scat r
Mexican Frontier. '.
P' ' " T T i tinal authorities had Wn subverted.
Hi i Wilt WIIII1MIMVIIWI
aries by whom it wjxs administered.
Under thfse circumstances, Mr. Slidell,
in obedience! to mv direction, laddressed
'I bQStrongdeSire to establish price wfth
. Mexlcb. cjh liberal and ! honorable terms,
and th'fl readincssi of this Goverrjfnentjto
relulate and adiust ! our boundary and
other pauses of diiference with that pow
cron uch fair and;
as Would leadi. tot permanent
I . ' A. ftVaMA 1 I 1 W n I
uicmosi .r ni . ;.-f-u eminent in-the diplomatic character to
ClLl ' '" 'LVi1 Ti which he had been appointed, iThis Min
andon the governor of Louisiana for four
regiments! ofinpintry, to be sent to him as
sotii! as practicable.
f Iii further vindication of our rights and !
defence of our territory, I invoke the prompt
action of tJbngress to recognise the exist
ence of the War, and to place at the dis
position; ot thej Executive the means of
prosecuting therwar with vigor, and thus
hastening the Restoration of peace. To
lulion, by which the subsisting constitu- j on the 11th" of March, and ori 28th of that 1 this end I recommend that authority should
month arrived on the left bank of the Del i he given to call into the public service a
, where ; it j large body of volunteers to serve Tor not
We rcceired through a pa?:': i
morning's Steamer, who camedirr;:
Orleans, that ctartlinc nmt lifrl.tf i
The following is the latest of the series had reached that cit va few hour I
i of letters from General Taylor kvhichM 'eavnS of Volunlccr Company i
e American, oa their in i:
Camp, -having hern infers
anu in making a r:
j An rif rens oi me uniicu oiaies in i ra, nu nit wuci.iu kuc vci w iuwican ciuzens, ana 10 resaru ine
C Iluv;" . , ,. : ... . i . IH!,,:- ,U l'- .I.-aU l.l-.:. L -1 Jlif -!"m.i rr
thfir (persons ana properly, were oneny j vu inn huuiu ; uccmcu j wuuns ueiween inat repuuue ana me qni-1
Lr A'iL ' . - i i J conclusive, unless an inlimafton had been i ied States a npappftil inlpW shnntd i
As tiio' facts arid op'midns wh ch were S,ven',b' G,nea! ?ar:of ps desre declare war. He was specially directed
then fAid bclorc 6u were caref jlly con- to j!?f.lecI? ?!cf sor, to protect private property and respect
iSeUI cannot better express mypr-l . But Governmen jof, Genial Pare- 1Personal nghts. . f ? !
Ihn nni An r thp Si . v.-.v..vv .v ii.v 1 c HIIUV IIIUVCU 1IU111 UUf )US IITISLIJ
. . j . , j -s , , 0
Message on the-subject of our relations i met with great slaughter, and wl
with Mexico. It contains, Ave believethe i ,,ort of lif-onheir number, uh. u
The form of Government va entirely I Norte, opposite to Matamoras
latest oflicial intelligehce from our army
on the luo Grande : ! j
Headqcarters IAemy of OccrrATios,
Camp near Matamoraa, (Texas,) April 26j 1846. !
Sir : I have respectfully to report that
General Arista arrived in Mata moras on
the 24th instant, and ( assumed thc chief
command of the Mexican troops. On the
same day ne addressed mc acommuhica-
some means aa escape, were all n 1
or taken prisoners by the enemy, j S!
account prove 'true, Point Isabel u.Li
hands of the Mexicans.
Our papers from New Orleans ar--
9th inst. 'ITiey gire no account cf i
They however, were pulih'shcJ a !
day morning, and it did not says th j
reach the city m-late in t)ie
day. .To-morrow's mail will eitbir c
contradict the statement. We r
ouino uuj MO auuicsacu iiiu acommuniCtt" : tumniujci me siatcuieiu. we Vt'
tion, conceived in " cqurteous terms, but ! receive it, sincerely hoping that c j r i
: .1. . l 1 -j i i i ..... : ...l t ) .
changed, as well as all the high function-! encamped on a commanding', position, 1 less? than sispr twelve months unless ! saying that he considered hostilities com-
wnicn nas since Deen strengtneneu Dy tne vuvcl a volunteer iorce is, ; 'c,:ui iuu uwmu iruscvuiu mem. a
erection of field works. A depot has been " beyond question, more efficient than any ! translation of his hole -and -copy of my re-
established at Point Isabel, near the Bra- omer aescnpiion oi citizen soldiers ; and ! Py i wiii ue iransmiueu me moment they
x of the i 1C is snot to De douoted that a number tar : can De preparea. i aispatcn this ; by an
ne onti inai required wouiu reaouy rusn , express wnicn is now waning.
Pltri' V II II I MM I Till r , . - 1 i
nni,;f.ln. rX-Ji n note to tnf Mexican Minister (if Foreign zos Santiago, thirty mils in : rear
rrWnt rXWt ionVnf f Ke,at,on.s- umier date of the 1st March encampment. The selection of his posii
vVb: JL I.J ! j ul. Li ! . - 1 J. .1 . ;
hmfriendlv!Aaturc. induced me. in ! "IT l oov- iion was necessarily connde to the juu
(J.piomatie rciauon ueiween jne iwo jste . his rply under date o the 12th
our.rfaVt htid for its object the furtherance
(f'thesf desired" results. In conjmUniea
ting toJt'origrcJjs a! succinct statement of
the injuries which w had suffered from
Mexico, and which .have been accumiila
tirig diiring a period of Imore thfin twen-ty-cars,
every expression that ciuld tend
tojinflamq the peopje of Mexico, or defeat
or; dcl.iy a1 pacific result, was carefully
avoided; An EnVov of the United States
Vchaired to Mexico, With full pbwersj to
March, reiterated the arguments of his
predecessor, and, t in i terms that may be
laiyustevery : existing
difference. I But,
Mexican soil bv
to the field upon the call of their country.
I further recommend that a liberal provi
sionfbe made for sustaining our entire mi
litary force, and furnishing it with sup-
Plies and munitions of war.
Tpe most energetic and; prompt mea
sures, and the immediate; appearance in
ihh'iih rrernt' on thri
---p'-ji - j j . "j
ngreenir.nt between the two Governments
itTTcstcd vyith full powers, and bearing ev
idence jof the most friendly dispositions,
Vif miionlias jbeeh ;unavailing. The
Mcxicaii Government not only refused; to
rcccivclhim or listen propositions, but,
Wlcr al long-continued series ofmena!cs,
have at last invaded .our territory and
hep th4 blood of our fello w-citizens on our
if. ;,. j ;,;;! ,. .:f j;
h now becomes my. duty, to state more
hi dctaij the iorigiii, progress, anjl failure
of tlhat fission. - j In pursuance of the an
sjtfllctioiS give.n( in September lat, an n
imjry wismadc,on the 13rhOctoDcr,!lct45
inlthft rnost friendly itcjrms, thrcjuh ur
Cansul In Mexico, of thclMinister for Fbr-
eirt alairs, whether I the Mexican Gov-
c rnineni " would receive an Envoy from
fhe tn)tcd .States, entrusted With full
tm iri , tho affirmative, guch' an V.n
oy wiKi nc immetiiaxeiv uispaicneu 10
)hixico. -r'he Mexican Minister, oh the
5th October, gave an affirmative answer
to 'Uiisnquiryr requesting' at tne same
timVthat ournaval force at Vera Cruz
ijught be 'withdrawnj lest its continued
presence mightj assume the appearance of
mefraceJhnd coercion pending the nego-
luuiptis.j Aims: iorcewas imineuiaieiy
vi(h(Jratvm. Otj the lfth November, 1845,
Jfn-Johrj Slidell, of Louisiana, was com
mi'wionrid by nie as Envoy Extrr ordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Uni
ted States to Mexico, and was entrusted
vith ftil powers to adjust both he ques
tions pj the lexas boundary ahd of
Jcrnnillcation to bur citizens. The
-dress jpfithe wrongs of our citizens natur-.
ally anl inseparably jblebded itjself with
tlie question of boundary. The settlement
of Alio One questiptii jin any correct view
of the Subject, involves that of the other.
ment of the general in command.
The Mexican forces at Matamoras as
sumed a beligerentattitude,! and on the
12th"of April, General Amputlia, then; in
command, notified Gen. iTavlor to break
considered fa giving iust! grounds of of- ! up his camp within twentv-foUr hours. and
fence to the Government and jPeople of; to retire beyond the Nueces river, and in: arms a large and overpowering force,
the United States, denied the Application the event of his failure; to comply with ' are recommended to Congress as the most
of Mr. Slidell. Nothing thefelbre, vp these demands, announced that arms, and j certain and; efficient means of bringing
arms aione, must decide tne question; - luc rA13"o cuinaiuu wuu iucaiw lu a.
But no open act of hostility was commit- ! sPeedy and successful termination.
ted Until the twentv-tourth Ot Aonl. . Uni . maKiug iuese recouuueuuauuns, i
that day, General Arista, who had suc
ceeded to the command! of the Mexican
forces, communicated to: General Taylor
that " he considered hostilities commenc
ed and'should prosecute thra.?, A nartv
of dragoons of sixty-three men and ofii-1 ment; and, in this view, I shall be pre
cers were on the same day despatched pn.red to renew negotiations, whenever
. . . . i A ! 1 1 I I 1 .
trom the Amencan camp up the Kio del iuexico snau De-ready to receive proposi-
. . . i . . . . i . : - . a. . i.i
who has every appearance of a zi-
may be relied on, may have been?::
of the nature of the news receive at
- '' -'-'' !
The Kete Orleans Bulletin cfji!.:
that Louisiana Volunteers t to I he c;
bout one thousand, will embark t;.'
I rpfrret fn rnnrf th?f r rnrtv rC rim.
goons sent out by me on the 24th instant, ! we understand, from- the DarracJ.,
to watch the course f thp. river ahm nn ! ci0' tbe seat of war on the M ni '
r ' - ' : i . .
uer. oixieen companies lor ano;a i.
now been mustered into tie - r
thic hinlr KnAnm. 1 1 - . I. L
iui uunn, wc;auic ciijjaeu wiui a very ,
large force of the enemv, and, after rtshort ,.aJ
oflr;w ; ,. i,;k c -.i' i -n .1 nere
""" i uiui auuiu sixteen were Kiueu
i -j, j r
mained forour Envoy but to demand his
passports and return to his, own country.
Thuslhe'Giovernment of Mexico, though
solemnly pledged by official acts in Octo
ber last to rebeive and accreditian Amer
ican Envoy, jviolated their plighted faith,
and refused the ofIerwoT a peaceful adjust
ment of our djfficulttesi Not only was the
offer reje'ctedl but the indignity' of its re
jection was jenhanced by the1 manifest
breach ot latth in refusing to admit the
are several ready 10 be rcct in '.
and woundedappeartohavebeen surroun-! Ukedforfrom the country. As fa
ded and compelled to surrender. Notone.irg, we icarn frorn arriTai3
of the party has returned, except a woun- I country is in commotion. A cons! ' r.
tied man sent in this moaning by the Mex- j ber of volunteers were ready at It a.
ican commander, so that I cannot report j and wailing for transportation. At .V.
with confidence the particulars of the en- (Rapides) a company was formli t: -
caeement or the fate of! the officers, ex- lest citizens of the parish. TLcy;w;;
t , s m ,
deem it proper to declare that it is my ! cept that Captain Hardee was known to ; we think to-day or to-morrow.
1 anxious desire not only to terminate bos-! b a prisoner and unhurt. Capt. 1 horn-, "f miorms us, mat a oeiaq i ..
tilities speedily, but to bring all matters I ton and Lieutenants Mason and Kane j fate, i roops .being a portion of ,
in disnn e between this Government and were the other officers. The party was "try a,r,ved tWaon the l.th.h.
- son uarracKs, .Missouri, i Lev nu::
Mexico to an early and amicable adjust-
ostilities may now be considered as . v, . . ,
i j i i , u, ' ,"u , i ilson, commanding detachmcot i
mmenced, and I have this day deemed , fant Company K. Brevet Mnj.r T
The officers are as follows : Li ;t. (
u necessary to can upon tne governor oi , ,romu Camnanv E. Cant. A.
m x" a' . ' i. . i . . l l .
l exas ior ipur regiments ;pi volunteers ; Lieut. J. 13. Plummet, Urevet 2d 1
Flnvnv who rnmo hpfnnso th0,r i,.l KnfJ Norte, on its left bank, tn aseprtain who. I tlOllS, or to make propositions of her own.
themselves- to receive him. Nor can it ! ther the Mexican troops! had crossed, or I transmit herewith a copy of the cor-1 two to be mounted and tjwo to serve as worth. Company, G. Capt. K. W
be said that the offer was fruitless1 from ! were preparing"-to cross the river, "be- ! respondence between our envoy to Mexi-1 foot. As some delay must occur In col- Lieut. G. W. L. Wood, A. A. fl .
tl,- wnt WrAUr,u, a:; . nnmR ,1 witl, trlv f ibd co ahd the Mexican minister for foreisn ' lectins these troops, I have also desired ter and Assistant .Orderly feergc
i-i i f T . .i i rv . . i .!-r . i i o TVi i ic . .-. I r- m imlr. I, .n.ni.rnn iho I ,nv rr n rw ri! I .nittcin rtfi til rrl rlit (nnp 2. 11. L.ari)Cnter. 1 LOITlDanV l.
iroops, anu auer a snort an air. 111 wui.cn min mutu u mo uncsuuir , i.. -vr.v. . v. .v...u.. i -- -
our Envoy jwas present on their! own soil.
Nor can it Jbej ascribed to a want of suffi
cient powers? our Envoy had ! full pow
ers to adjust every question of flifference. !
.or vvas there room lor complaint that
our propositiqns for settlementj were un
reasonable ; rjermission was not even giv
en our Envoy to make an v proposition
whatever. I ror can it be objected, that
we, on ouri part, would not listen to 'any
reasonable terms of their suggestion ; the
some sixteen were killed arid wounded, dence between hat envoy and the becre
appear to have been surrounded and com-' tary of State, and between the Secretary
polled to surrender." I j ! I War and thei general in command on
The grievous wrong! perpetrated by j the yel INorte, as are necessary to a lull
Mexico upon our citizens throughout a
long period of years, remain Unredressed ;
tiation, and heve made no proposition of ! est duties
and solemn treaties, pledging her public
laith lor this redress, have been disregar
ded. A government either unable or Un
willing to enforce the execution of such
treaties, fails to perform pne
In my message, at the commencement
of the present! session, I informed' you that
uponjthe earnest appeal both of the Con
gress and Convention of Texas. 1 had or-
understanding of the subject.
JAMES K. POLK.
Was1iintox, May 11th, 18 16.
From the Rational Intelligencer.
I Lc followim? is a. list ol the Kc:.
unteers, (Riflemen,) Capt. ll. II. tu !.
Lieut. Win. Polke, 2d Lieut. Lpvh A
n I . . I i t miiclA.A1 I'Alnr. '
embark to-day. -
Persons who left "era Cruz
part of last month represent the j
of its plain-
Our commerce with Mexico has been
almost annihilated. It was formerly high
ly beneficial to both nations ; but our mer
chants have been detered from prosecu
ting it by the system of outrage and ex-
dered an efficient military force to;iake a 1 tortlon wnicn the Mexican uthoritlejs
position " between the Nueces and-the' have Pursued against them,! whilst their
Del Norte.'' jThis had become neo.sau ! appeals through their own government for
to meet a threatened invasion! of Texas ! 'Jnmnity have been made in vain. Our
by (he Mexican forces for which exten- 'forbearance has gone to such an extreme
sive military preparations had been made. as to be mistaken in its character. Had
The invasion? was threatened! solelv be- ! we acted with vigor in repelling the in
cause Texas thad determined, Jin accord- lts and redressing the jnjiiries inflicted
ance, with a soleinn resolution of the Con- b? I,c at l"e commencement, we
gress of the United States, to annex her- j f0? doubtless have escaped all thedif
self to our tJnion : and. uiider these ' ncultles " which we areinow involved.1-
circumstances, it' was plainly pur duty to Instead ot this, however, We have been
reeriments of infantry.' as "soon as nracti- ; Lamonte, 1st. Lieut. G. Barry, A jt.,
cable. 1 his will constitute an auxiliary j 'f', J ., crifu j
of nearly five thousand men, which will
! be required to prosecute the war with en
I ergy, and carry it, as it should be, into the
; enemy's country. - j
j I trust the Department ivill approve my
course in this matter, and will give the
! necessary orders to the staff departments c;tv as ouitc prepared for a war iith
for the sunnlv of this larire additional force. ii t
WAR WITH MEXICO DECLARED ! j If a Jaw could be passed authorizing was daily increasing. The grand r
Our readers ivill learn, nine-tenths of the President to raise volunteers for 12 San Juan d'Ulloa .was In admire
them with well-founded alarm, and dis- 1 monthJ t would be of the;greates t impor-; defence, well mounted,' well pr..V i-i
i n . T .. i r. . lance ior a service so remote irom sun- l-uns mauuru nu j kiiui hu
. . i i i i j-
ners, and tne wnoio. iorce amouuui; i
' 3000 men. The stores of shot riji I r;
4 f nil kind, though larp. was still fn :
; o n - -
i time added to, crcrylhing bctokecin'
, tion for a siege. If all these siat .:..
1 true, it would seem that the Mexkin
i termined to make one place at Kn.it v
trouble of taking it. , '
We take the followipg from
I rom era Chci -By the h J
Capt. Robertson, fiom-Vcra Cru, m
counts from that place three daysilat r
ceivcd by the Orleans.
r c tt..:j c?..
uiay mm uurtyss oi me uuiipu oiaies : port as this
linvri nrlnntfd 1rif Win with tVipl Tlpnnhli" ! . .
v v v w v v 4 v f v j v I' a w
I am, sir, very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
' Brevret Brigadier General tT. S. A. Com'dg.
The Adj. Gen. of the Army, Wahington, D ,C.
of Mexico, in which the President has,
without their consent or authority, involv
ed the country ; I nnd that all the best in
terests of this People are staked upon the
hazard of the dfe. We do not j mean, of
course the hazard of a fierce and hlnndv
War with Mexico, though that will in all The northern part of Texas is settlin
probability be fpund to be no child's nlav : UP Wltn emigrants from Arkansas, Mis
but ihe immineht hazard of bringing on ! suri, Illinois, Tennessee, and Kentucky,
a general War, by which, even in the 1 The southern, middle, and western parts
heated imaginations of those who look 1 f Texas are filling with emigrants from
upon War as synonymous with Glory, we i tne Southern btates and burope. A large The long promised revolution in
nonUnf nvnoit k rvnno L.,- : I number nf Rprmnn nrp spltlin'T in that Snnta Anna had not vt tat-on n'vi
i vuiiuuii iv ui caniciai uui lllcvlla- ...w n - j -.v.. -
bly and enormously losers in every sense, country. They, as usuali arc huddling there any apparent probability of v.ff
i : a a a - . I
extend protection over her ci
This force was concentrated; at Corpus
Christi, and remained there until after I
had received such information from Mex
ico as rendered it probable, if not certain
that the Mexican Government' Would re
fuse to reejeiv our Envoy. j
izens and 1 exerting our best efforts to propitiate her the entire destruction of our widely ex- together so as to form a foreign embodi-
goou win. upon tne pretext that Texas, tended commerce being among the small- llieuu xucj W1U luu: lllc,l lu'cls11
a nation asindependent as hcjrself, thought i.est of the items to be taken into the esti-
proper to unite its destinies With our own.
she has affected to believethat we have
mate. ! .
But the loss, far more to be deplored
AfonntirtiP TVvr Kv the f5n?ll notion nf ';
wuu t..u , iui iiiuiMui, ciiiriaiu uic ...... f XT i uJ ' " . " in the mean time, we have
t. iL.4l.fl.. .PL... -.1 i-vnr r.nnnrroeB hail hpcnmp nn lntnirrril . f
'Vy4 "lu4"yIS U1 uur "'J1- !U1U " . wrwsvr 1. " n7- A r ellort at reconciliation. The
m inn .. r..!--!k::..j. i ... i. : u i i no i-r ni nnf nmn i no i nno-p ni i f - . ... i
sr "".sp p..u ut ..Tium ... mu rVr;"n ."IkV. ; i Pearance had been exhaus ed,
j existed ior more tnati twenty years, snouiu ia ava culuC1 r ,i. rfnnt ;rpVtitin;nT
11 I 1.1 Tl t 1 "- . . I 31 1 :.l ' .'"v " . - v . . ii va (ULbtivu a
. i Ucviaicu inu iuu uci xui iciu uu uiu uui
prejudices and antipathies. So long as
ft v '
they thus congregate anq form foreign
settlements they will never become Ame
ricanized. Having in ; bur Republic dif
ferent languages will deprive us of our
American nationality and mar the harmo
ny of our Republic. NewlEra.
. ' ......!! .1 - . ! - i VI .
be postponed , or separated Irom the iset
-.lLir e a! LU...1L ' f
Hwmenuot mo,, uoiinqaryi quesiion.
.IrHdc'ir arrived at Vera Cruz 01
tlitrticth ot November, and was courteous
ly received byj hy, authorities ot that ijsity.
Cut the Go veriimint b( (GeneraJ Herrera
waslthejri tottering;tp itsjlall. ' The Rfvo
latioii ijarty liad .seized upon the Texas
severed her rightful territory, and, in offi- than the highest aggregate of all such
cial proclamation and manifestoes, has jre- ' losses, is that to which we find ourselves
peatedly threatened to -make war uponjus exposed by tliis additional evidence of the
for the purpose of reconquering Texasi- ; feebleness of the Constitution of the Uni-
tned every ted ptates, which has already become a
cup of for- ; mere" dead letter whenever it comes in
even be- i conflict with Executive power, or a party
rom the fron- H purpose in Congress.
1I1U- ,: f.L-TV.l AT T . i ' ' A . . mi ll x! t. a ' - ........ ..
r.i -vi.il ii- i. .. 'jj- 4:. uci ui iuc Lfti nuiiCf XJUl HOW, tllirr 1 C- 1 iins is uui mc uiuc, uuwevcr. 10 pursue a npv wnrr w th nnp ronvlorc rn,l Jt I
ary oi mat uepuo ic. iisjurisuicuoi imu itftpatfif, mpnapps! fk n nn.H ih with th rP.nnititP. r.almnP.S th tmin nf ; 11. .. ' T" . I 'll . .1 " 7
7 - may occur agnin, anu is important as u-
Ch the events Of the tWO ' lncfrAtintr tlir. -nnt nf vAPt'v iKi.iL- It
- i '
as puunc attention waycmireiy r;i"r
the anticipated war with the I ' n it c
i ut v x w rt mil 't"i h rn n i v a r n ; n
al hostilities having broken out oil ilo I
vo) and an attack upon- Vera Criz.
tively preparing to meet. There v.
two thousand men in the castle ofj.V
L7oafland they were constantly cicrci
The whole Mexican naval fore? v
thc Alvarado, including the two j-lt :
to have leen sold, cither to the Siani-
ohlthe ! been extended and exercised beyond the
ivueces. - x up coumry ueiweeu iiitit nvci
and the Del lorto had been represented
in the Congress and in the Cohvention of
Texas had, thus taken part in the act of
annexation itself, and is novv included
V W AM V V SJV V f ftV ft M mm' m w w
Iterated menaces, Mexico has passed the With the requisite
questioh to cflect 'jor ihastcn its overthrow. within orieofj our Congressional Districts.
Jtjetermtm friejridly tela- Our own Cohgress had, moreover, with
lions with the United States and to recefve great unanimity, by the act approved De
ouV Minister to negotiate for the settle- ' cember 31, 1845, recognised the country
.mpnfftf rhlkntiiisftn'n ivha VinlprltW awiail- beyond the Nuecesas a part 'cf our terri-
-cutanq was made the. great theme ot de- j io ujrt."o vui yu icc
nunciation 'against i iu, .iThe Gdvernment I nue system, a-nd a revenue officer, to re-
ide within that district, has been appoint
or General ; Herrera. there lis cood reason s
to etleve.l vvas sincerely desirbus to, re-ied by an with the ad viceand consent ot
ceiveUur Ministcri but; it yielded to thel the Senate. It became, therefore, of ur-
storrri raised hv tinm p and hn th.iKt. cent necessity toproyiue ior uie ucicu ui
Chapparal. The word; Chapparal oc-
PUTS 5 r iKo nolC "mm 'T'A.roc ifVinli li-n
vuiu III kuv livxi IIUIII JVA(1.' 1 IIIVII r I t, 1
publish this morning. As, that is rather . "..ulf i,,r :
i cios, was the John Adams, the , . r-
i . . .. ,
boundary of the United States, has inya- thought into which the events of the two : lustrating the "scat of war'iwe think it daWanilh vTSr nH""
aeo our territory, and sued American bipod lastjoays are caicuiaieo to leao us. hie ; proper to say that chapparalis a term ap- (names not recollected ) I
upon the American soil. JShe has pro- miscJuiep is done : it will now and hence-' piiea to a species of evergreen thicket. The Enclish steamer. Treed 4a t
Jlorvyard be thee business ot all good men composed of the musquit bush matted with , Havana the day after Captain UoUu,
who still retain an interest in public af-! .vines. It generally' grows about six or ; 27th.) - ; . -
i fnirs to nnitp thp.ir p.onnspls nndrthpir pf- i rni L..t'i. ' ... 1.. ! ti i i r . . 1. .
r, -"'.rf " - " w , seven leeL iiiirri. 1 x ur vvnnin pouiiiiv-uc- i 1 uc uiiit njirituuiii
our efforts to avoid it, exists by the act ofi'i forts to repair Jt, so far as repair of it be j tween the Nueces Viver and the Rio ' was the Saria, Gardner, from ev.
Mexico herself; we are, called upon, by; possible, and to mitigate the evils before Grande is more- or less covered by this , which had discharged, and wouldpll
every consideration of duty and patriot-! us py every means ei m tneir power. s chapparal. intersnersed with- salt lakes. na miouraajs.
ism, to vindicate, with decision, the honor,
the rights, and the interests of our country.
Anticipating the possibil ity of a crisisi
like that which has arrived, instructions
were given in August last, "as a precau-
tionary measure, against invasion,, or
claimed that hostilities havje commenced,
and that the two nations ai3 now at war.
As war exists, and, notwithstanding all
ccctftbcr refused ta accredit Mr. Slitlell that portion our country. Accordingly
Upon the most frivblbus! nretex s. These on the 1 3th ;pt January last, insirucuoiis
frivolous! pretexts. These
1 1 a- . . i -t-rr-i r 7 . -
are SO tUHV anartvblv PTOosed In the note
o? Mri Slidell of! the 2 ith December: last
. to the Mexican M mister of Porpicn Rela-
' s tionsi herewith tranWittod, that I deem
z-iAt . ' ' - - ' . ! ' '. ' : . -I . '' ' L .'i
ii unnpeessafy tp enter intp Turther detail
on inis portion or ine suuject. , :
? Five dayst after the datei of Mr. Slidell's
snofc General; Herrerai yielded (the Gov-
erntnent to General Paredes without a
; struggle, and lorrjthe thtrtiethofj December
fesigned thb Presidency.1 ; i This revolution
! J was dccompHshed solely by th z army, the
people. having taken little part in the con
test ; nnd thus ijthq supreme j poWer in
v Mexico passed ihtb the hands pf a railita-
p-rycldcrl r- p S: . ' '.i,,:
petcrmiried to jcavp jno effort untried
; to effect ail amicable nldinstlment! iwith
Mexico, I d(rccted Mr. Slidelll to present
his cr;cdentials to the Government of Gen.v
were issued Ito the-GeneraLin command
bf these troops to occupy the; left bank of
t" ll n"!,
A large proportion of those Members of De had
both House of Congress voted for the De- j met
claration of War, did so under an idea; ; anj
wholly erroneous, in -our opinion that,
though unnecessary to measures of de-
is vprv 1 tt p frps i water or irrass to " i"o " " 1 '
J -r.L ,...ui ; at Vera Crui. bn the 2Gih ult.. ill
in any portion oi wuuie nuer- . , . , - . . . . . -
j . .amir!nrr.,n i, i j vvommerciai oi iuis vviiy: .
tate distance averaginone hundred ., , J .
-T -t ' n?k? r c den. Alvarez has pronounce 1 in !
fifty miles wide. i Al. t. &. te. infaVorcflhe rederali6ts, and in "the
' calls for a Triumrerate, composed
ill?- , . - ir : i n: . .' , -
oiwn,, .a - . . . .. , . . -TL. n nnhhn ion mnr rn f ho ro. ' m -imio, ucilicr Bliu miituii, ..
threatened invasion, authorising General ; I.enfe- 'T'.'"' , ""'''T! a I w he nera from Rio G Ande at Phil- iMicounlry until a free c!cci;,a
Taylor, if the emergency rljuired, taSacii Tke , aCet)ra
cept volunteers, not Irom Texas only, but j " - ' " " ' befi.m: a eommon sensation i -be.e pronounciamewoMuai bey .
iuiii iuc iiiai power now given ,,v7 ; ------ , fo anyining. onmeium l;i i;.e
fmm tk Stntoc f i rt.i;erio AioK,Wi separated irom tne tatai power now civen
. . ... . w uiuiva w 1 XVU10i(..llCk, iliuuuitl, ; -l T 'J I l j till
Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky j i lV;UK Yc' p y
and corresponding letters were addressed i received a single negative vote. Too late
uthwoster ; boundary o. the State of ; to respective governerspf those Stitesj , aXrythU d.' TP y
Texas, ,s an exposed Iront.er j from this These ms ruct.ons were repeated, and hav- ? u(r . theLfelveS-toPi de-
- . ..j . - ...... ... m. . i rn n in laniiAMt, - ... ...... . i . . . , jj . c j
. . , . i j , iu aiiiiiiuipi v .m ww. uii.. n.-
of deep mortification, and settled anger, ; 'lfl-..f .1.. rnn;, :m,,. ,
mingled with contempt at the adminis- j soned an( sen, :toSan ija5 ;-
tration of the general Government, which, .
to carrv out a bad burnose. would do 1
- 1 ', . .1
it. and iti is immediate vicinity, in thei; ation of " Texas into our union of States,?
judgment of jhigh military experience, are i General Taylor was further " authorized
the propef stations tor the j protecting 1 by the President to make a requisltiort
forces of the Government. In addition) upon the executive of that! State for such
to this important consideration, several of its militia force as may be needed to
others bccurlred to induce this movementJ i repel invasion or to secure! the country al
Amonr Ithele. are the 'facilities afforded 1 gainst apprehended invaiion.w On the
by the ports! at Brazos, Santiago and the, second day of March he jwas again ref
mouth of the DeL Kifte for thb receptiori minded, " in the event of the approach of
ot supples by sea ; the stronger ana more i any consiueraoie iMexican; iorce, prompiy
healthrtil rnilifnrv nbitions!: the conve
jpiencel for obtaining a 'ready ahd a more
abuhdjiht supply of provision, water, fuel
arid forage I and the advantages which
and efficiently to use the aiithority with
which he was clothed to call to him such
auxiliary force as lie might need." War
I actually existing, and our territory having
a ... 1 I
wrong, and continue wrpng, depending at """t1 '
.' . .. n . . Philademhia U. b.Oazette. that wit
nori tfl.nAAri ; : ivhiph ', length upon tne teeiings;oi true painuiiMu . 'c x. n :
ium.u ui Miuubuv..u ill IliailUCI III I . .-. . ., '. 1 .1. .'1CSSIS. ijillCIJ Vik VJ., nun iuuu;.' i
thdy have been. ' I m tl?e people, ihat while I it .s lJe ceived an order from government,; ta
If ! ' conduct which brought ithe nation into its htjndrC(J lonof caimou ;
disgrace, and those wno assisieu iu m m , 1 ;
nevertheless stand by jhe country in its i Ac;nsiaVraUe decline in the r!ice
disgrace, ana aeienu eey incu iuai is 4 . - V(.w vrV rn fnndiv.
claimed, rather than see reproach and in- . fce intelligence fhat Cotn
1 .'.mo .insert 1 O f i rt n t H t 1 Cl f H fl P n t- L . . .1- I '
jurj;twpc uyw -y- rthat a war lietweon tnn coumr; ar( i
IViniured and subiecta to reproacn oy
the incompetency; of; itsj rulers. J7. 5. C?a-
We are rejoiced to learn, by this eve
nitg's mail, that Captain Seth B. Thorn
ton and jLieutfenant Masons with; two dra
goons, had arrived safe in Gen. Taylor's
rihnt;n TKpnton. discOverinsf the. am-
f mill Jm, uw v w - j - -
bjtBcadeltoo late1 to retreat, had; plunged
gallantly through the enemy's ranks, , and
cut his way vith his oivn: jsvyord with a
boldness and intrepidity that is almost in
crcdible. Union of Monday night.
A Scold. Footc Uin Kldtd y a tady.raiJ.I have
heard of Tartar and Brimttone. Voa are the cream of
the one and the flower of .the .other '
isted. ' A still further decline will, j o
place when they receive the I'lc.l Ji :
mation to the saine efTect.
. . . : !
Mare's Jlrvmdimttan is - rtnnyitanit i
prrs Mate that ty divorce have ten:
I LeKi!aaiie U" Ff nn-ylyania daring ihe , :
v r-' ' 1. -
. - i '