rr ..(.(:.- t-
I 5, cents for ear
v i ! I :; .
Dollar J per annum
F MR. HUMON
of the Vr with
I .i Ml
fcr.iivE3. Moy 14, 1846
ii H! Uh UJ Mry-M AV : - :VAW " A ii.MU - h AVHW. '
JjJliL.lL U it- liilJil VI , 'lii--iiJ J..; N"''-t.;jii i.,..;,.V. r X Al Ji .yjL2L SOLI. Aldt N 0 ;
:i .:- , . - - f . . :i-i.-riA r.';-i! !iM--n-- it m-- s.r-,- i-
i r-' , . , 'Jt 1 t- Li , - , . : .' -i ;i h' i . L.i- i ,. , i. . ,
, i. i i ...
i li r.. Int- nnnrchension, one cap
ital defect; In-t""''',": "r,7,h
i o carre l' . . I , nmu-.
bank of the.Muces wno
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editors 4" Proprietors, r
KEE? ! A CHECK VTOX ALL
IS SAFE." . i
RrtERs. Do this; axd Libektt
' Gcn'l. Harrikm.
. . NEWJSERIES,;- '
NUMBER lnOF VbLUMEIIl.
ySByfiYtjNC.ipiY-:JLY 10, 1846.
W are. a
I.. ' l.,tl.,nTiif!in Hi
- - arri it i i i a i : a t,,Atiiiv r
" ... irVfl.. l.rt v:ilIiV 1)1
i i . i i ....
nnU llV tilt' WUUCnif SS UIIU
ence that the Mexicans made the first
ttack. GeneraI Taylor in his ; despatch1
Ces nottpretend it. : :- 'W&'-'W--:
From the view 1 have taken of this
whole subject it appears to me ; that we
$kve been the aggressors. iWe annexed
Texas to this Union-; but the Texas we
III ( .
I Lt, iu hPtw-fcen those two rii ers, : and hhnexed yas limited in her territory to the
fnAvhivc rcL'aTrtled themselves as belong-; Xueccs lor that immediate vicinity,
Ui tbTexafriBut this, if it be admitted though she had made several attempts to
6 the fullest eitent, does not ptove that ; pxtenci ner "tory by arms o the Uio
Tvn ''lina ever extenueu ner laws one Mm. f"i' aiwa)a ucen uusuccpsv
k A " . . 1
. Mexico beinsr the original owner, on evc-
. yy, prinCipiR Ol lfV UUIU SUM LUIUMIUj;
to own all except wliat actually revolted
or wa conqucjed by Texas. And as Tex
as, neef (conquered the country up to the
)Vto Grande, anif as it is now, or was on
tlie approach bT General Taylor's army,
ifihahitediby the subjects of Mexico who
Wed allegiance to that Government, and
'who were ;sp faithful to their own coun-
- i ... ! n: .
try as lO uuru Miv- uhuiiiu uii iuu,hj-
p roach of the American army, and cross
tHe rivqr to their own countryrren, I con-
tend that therd
is not a particl
ulations, nor the spasmodic emotions of
nis painousm win in me siignresi uegrcc
alarm me; The gentleman may j t
li Shake hia ambrosial locks, and give the nod,".
;j ' ... ' ; j , i . i " i
and some gentlemen may, perhaps, trem
ble in his presence, but 1 shall remain un-
a cu. xus, lie my ? M ;
i! " Assume the goJ, j
Affect to nod, .
And seem to shake th$ spheres,"
but he will not shake mv convictions of
; duty, or determination to obey them j
I The g;entleman Irom Ohio,; (Mr. Thur
man.) who addressed the ciommitteej yes
terday, read numerous extracts from the
n( f ftv miles lurtner to tne mo iui.
Gfantle and ofer people oi ano ner .race, m"mc w.iuv nucvur uerinuuy in me
VncaUI'n" another language, uiul owing . m?sert, remained in the hands of the Mcx
L J. .'-.L.,V...7!. on.,rK.r1f Tfvns ! leans. Thev had settlements in thf ter.
t.L-Ailt1p(nit herself excent wh it she ob- htory, they had mi itary posts there, and
liined by therbvolution that i by con- bustomrhouses, which we havd always ac
ciucst and possession. Did she carry her j knowledged as belonging to Mexico by
arms West to toe Uio Grande ? She has paying duties there to the Mexican Gov
rnadcl several Attempts, and hap al ways i ternmentf Though Texas had j laid some
iJnV?fpritWlXin--each' 'case her forces 'Maim tojthe territory, Mexico was inpos-
lavc been driven hack or captured. Does , Session, and we had always acknowledg-
.L i i.i ik-j",i.tfAvpjt. n th" Nnfippx- tea ir. Anu vet me rresiuent oi me uni-
nc iww.iuu vu..,v r: r. . ' Ll., c.l. ...-.....L!,..r.... man
except pcrhnjHa very small portion in me j iiru oiuij, wjuiuui auiuun oi iaw,senus i
immcdiatti vicinity ofthe river T There our army 10 uispossess me mexicans Dy
is not a ndrticli of evidence thai she does. Mtaking possession of the territory, and
being the original owner, on eve- paanungjour sianaaru on meDanks oi. tne
these extracts with an air of triumpih, as
if he had demolished his colleague (at a
bofltrobps, but of the conquest of Mexico.
ThiS;WaS:in fact'the question which the
majority; pressed uponthe House; and if
bur army should have suffered by the de
feat of that bill, the responsibility would
have rested upon those who, to gain party
ends, were pleased to connect the Ques
tion of supplies with gross falsehoods, and
a war of conquest and aggrandizement; K
But we are i told by gentlemen on this
flooj that it is treason to oppose the Gov
ernment in time war. ; Sir, I have no sym
pathy with that dastardly sentiment.-t-
What I has it tcome to this, that a weakw
or wicked Executive may usurp power
and involve the nation fn an unjust war,
Jt ederal papers publisnea aunng me iar j ana. an unscrupulous majority may press
war with England. ; He has produced .hrrvncrK tl.o Ilim wltlmnt ilebnteia hill
11 .w.-g,.. , v . , . ,
anctioning that iniquitous procedure.
and: then all mouths must be closed
-! orders with" alacritv. ar..l vrr .
reached the store-room ami c ;
to a.quantity of- whiskey, tV ;
cended to thc 'rboC and the ::. -all
for Jost; The heavy fire ;
nnd'muiketry ine "yelling of ..
savages and above all, the
wailings of nine or ten won. a .
dreh in the' fort, were enough : '.
fused the bravest soldiers ; it v.
ed, also, that if the block-houi r v.
ed down th'e barracks, next t o .
made part of the fortificatic i.
I destroyed. 1 So completely 1 :L i
! ;n 4k e i: ! . - ?
area of freedom,- bit the area of bond- Lv " . "Iaea"CIl -'r;
age. And I wish to commend .his sob- 0 stoat st -;-'
ject especially to the gentlman from III,. ed iheniclced and ran away J i
S i.": i a moment which tested thci, ,:;
ThZ a y 00d m wh;Mexco-: may. get oVsmithly, when I
I,LSlema?Vasb0rn 10 aSlate, Where difficulties to meet, but it is c:rfv t
TJa k ?;- -r C V K"n; great who know bow to ovcrc :
am u:.li!!SleP.ce P now in a free S.,ate and to rise ahove the pressure c:
ru". T6 UP! we may suppose, nave -circumstances.
(uccu in iaur ojjrceaom, anu yet ne is
jWiTling to aid in riveting fetters upon oth
ers, now; as free as himself. 'Yes,. Mr.
Chairman,' though he professes an ar
dent JpVe of liberty, and would have us
belive that his bosom was warmed by the
very fires of patriotism, he is desirous of
spreading the curse of slavery over a large
section of country where it' is now un
known. He is so devoted to his country
blow, because that gentleman had applied j on tne sub?ect t . Is this the liberty and the I and so in love with her institutions, that
ot the epithets li 0nH liberty granted to the representatives j he is willing to sustain, with blood and
"The Commander took his rr.r-i
promptness, tile ordered a put;,
to mount the .barrack roof, throw
part of it on fire next to the ,
and then keep the gable thofc
He pointed out to his men.thkt t:
ings would thus be saved, f Y!
block-house was burning dop, a
rary breast-work was erecti jl. y:
the entrance bver the ruinsjv!.!
but about twenty feet widoj T.
arangement being made, thq cl
of the block-house was of no cot',
in the final defence if attacked.
These skilful directions gavt
tb the present war some
whicli bad been applied to the war ol j 0r a free neoble? Is it treason to noint I treasure, an institution at war with the
1812. But, granting all that the gentle-; out tke faultsJof a corruDt Administra- first principles of a Republican Govern-
an has said, Vhat does it prove I His j ,:nn7 Arn w tn submit in all things to ! ment liberty trnfaaualitu. He denoun-
nr Ipq imp lcf1 dnnnnnoriil f kt nrouoni ivur:.i . r - i . t i r , itr : 1. 1 k .l
v..w0w.v. w Uv,1,v..ww v. me win ot tne rresiaent f 11 so, we nave . ces lueAico as an uuuvuucu uiu unu- t j- r;f t.iev Wcnt tcj w
and its authors: and he meets ,t by say- i nothing left of liberty but the name. We I rous Power, and still he aspires to be a ! , e nUv bv dl y
vng that the war of 1812 was denounced. ftre airea(jy Ullder a despotism. Such ! leader in policy designed to extend and " ej faltifor'i'
He does not attempt to show that the pre-! HnMrmes marnr for nnrmnf -rn. ! Demetuate slaverr. and 'to Plant on the 11 ?J r r r .1- ' T
JsentwarisjustfortMtheipjecutivphasph t0 the Executive for ! soil of Mexico an institution which she, vhen mornin cam e C anV
of ! I1?1 trasc5ed his powers, but contents but they are unworthy of freemen. ; barbarous as she is, and corruptasthe gen- ; CT1S shots with
that the whole country east of the Hip
Grande beloncbd to Texas, or belongs to
the United StatHs. '
I The President himself has furbished ev
idence that the Mexicans were in posses
lion hi the vall;-y of the Uio Grande ; and
the most that c an! possibly be sr Jd is, that
Vho terrilory is ah dispute. In all such
peases, possessic tt is a good title is against
an iniperfect one. Ye) had, :thereforcfby
no'prluciph:' of law, a riglit to ilisposscss
her by arms; pending the controversy, and
specially-as she' Was willing tc receive a
ffieciul minister io treat expressly upon
?tlijs subje.Qt o" bdundary. The advance
of our atinv, therclore, was an act of ag
gression. Ve have encroached upon ter
ritory where ; s le had the, possession, and
pajmed to haii) a perfect til le. Let a case
like this be su muted to any cobrt ol jus
tice, and the rerdict would be rendered
I will even go further. If our title were
tlie best, or we were In possession up to
the banks of the uio Grande, bven then
e very, extreme point to
thich the most sanguine ever laid claim
en. Taylor had, also, b' the direction
he Executive, erected a battery opposite
viaiamoros, wim nis guns pointing inro
he towd, as if to awe them into submis-
ion. This can be regarded in no other
Ight than anj act of aggression. So im-
atientAyas .the . Executive to dispossess
he Mexicans and take possession of the
vhole country between the Nueces and
he K10 Grande, that, as early as June,
pretary of War, in his instructions to Gen. . , , . , . , f i , .
l.i r cwJl itnlh r I -v i r o tfom if r r ttfao.w . . I I 1 1 . t 1.1
..uti . 1 1 1 c i protest agairvstall such corrupt and cor- j ueman wouiu represent ner 10 oe, youiu . . . nn(i; effect that they d.c v
mis is me j .ut .
never lliauc iiirtr njijiramiitu
popular prejudice against jhis colleague, j rupting sentiments, Treason to speak a- 1 not permit to pollute her soil
, I UCCI HUIUC lUCll. l " IIHUIV.XI'..
ii ueicii. cuuipeicntiuiueciiucaiuuicins inst the measures of the Administration position ot the gentleman wno "enounces The whole oUt1
of his colleague why did he not do itJ because we are nt war j Sir, I have from 1 all as traitors who will not bow to the die- , nresen't at this sie-e. U
Why -depend upon the cry of Iederalisrh ? LMest bovhood had profound vene- tation of the majority on this floor. ! Jt.n e.CB ? i,n;r ,
u iiuLivi4v ; v v "hbc"- rat nn fnr the Karl ot Chatham, ansinar ne may occupy luai ijosuiuu. um i tu- nnA
tleman obtained his ' elegant extracts,
but it is suggested by gentlemen around
me that he 'might have obtained them
from his Democratic friend now. at the
from the - manly course he pursued in the
English Parliament in pleading the cause
fess that 1 do not covet it.
fray lor, informed him that his " ultimate
kkstmalibn was the Rio Grande. This
is followed up by an order of August 23,
1645, in which we find the following :-
Should Mexico assemble a large body of
Lroons oil the Rio Grande, and cross it with
a considerable force, such a movement
must be regarded as an invasion of the
United btates, and the commencement. of
lostilitieS." In an order of August 30,
1845, the Secretary of War goes further,
plnd saysl: W
M An Attempt to cross the river with a
arge force will be considered by the Pre
sident as; the commencement of hostilities.
There may be other acts, on the part of
Mexico, Which would put an end to the
relations of peace between that Republic
ind the United States. In case of war,
ither declared or made manifest by hos
ile acts,your main object will be the pro
ection of Texas; but the pursuit of this
?biect Svill hot. necessarily confine your
ve should le the aggressors, according to 1 action withiniho territory of Texas. Mex-
Gcncral Taylqrs own account. In his
despatch of the) 15th bf April, hb says that
he btocked up the Rio Grande and stopped
ail supplies for Wqtorkoros. This was the
nrsi act oi aggression, ror at mat time
it is not tirctcnllcd thatjthe Mexicans had
made any attatk upon our troops. Col.
sCross had been imissihg for a few days,
ln tl k u
" .Ills UlUI Jkl (t VUVIIOIUIl IIIUJ IIIIIV 1IU
inicht have been murdered bv sbme "bah-
Sdittt known to he in the fieichborhobd.'
And what' provocation hadXJeneral Tay
lor lor blockading Matamorosj and put
ting off the surtplies for the Mexican ar
my T, Ue tells us that he had received a
despatch ; froni iGeneral Ampinlia, sum
moning him td Withdraw his force within
twenty-four, hoars, and to fall back! be
co having thus commenced hostilities, vou
hay, in H our discretion, should you have
Sufficient force, and be in n. condition to
do so, hoss the Jiio Grande, disperse or
tapturetlie forces assembling to invade
Texas, defeat the junction of troops uniting
for that purpose, drive them from their oo-
itions on either side of that river, and, if
eemed practicable and expedient, take and
old possession of Matamoros and other
laces in the country. I scarcely need say
hat enterprises of this kind are only to be
ventured on under circumstances present
ng a fair prospect of success," -
Mr. Chairman, it seems to me that no
man can read these orders and review the
he had one drop of democratic blood In his
veins he would apply the lancet andilet it
out. . I
While the gentleman was denouncing
the " immortal fourteen," and represent
ing them as enemies of their country, he
ought to have recollected that two of them
from his own State had proved their cour
age and patriotism by fighting the battles
of their country, and some of the rest of
that number have seen more of the tented
field, I presume, than that gentleman: him
self As to his attack upda the Federal par
ty, in 1812,1 have nothing to say. They
need no defence from me. They number
ed in their ranks some of the "wisest states
men and firmest patriots of the coiintry.
If they erred, I am not responsible forjheir
! errors, having never belonged to that par
ty. Though young at that period my teel
ings were unlisted on the other side in
Mr. Sims, of South Carolina inde
some inquiry about the conduct of the
Federalists at that period.
I should be pleased to hear the gentle
man, but my time will not, permit, j It is
rare that we upon this side of the House
can obtain the floor; and I have not time
to be catechised by the gentlemen on the
I agree with
the late Whig candidate for the Presiden-
. . 0 .. .. . ,, - . .
nf Amen. He snake freelv of the im-1 cv, Mr. Way. "that all wars are to De re-
policy and the injustice of the mother gardedas great-ealamities, to be avoided
country towards the colonies. 1 He com- j iff possible r ; and that honorable peace is
meiiced his patriotic course before the ; the wisest and truest policy (or this coun
war began, but' he did not cease with the 1 trjr. I agree with him, also, that in a war
breaking out of hostilities. He pleaded for conquest, and especially in a war to
for America; he exposed the Administra- extend and perpetuate slavery , we . should
tion: he denounced their measures as in- stand disgraced in the eyes of the civilized
fnmni, while the wnr was in nrosrress;- ' wprld. in such a war, 1 lear tnai mcio-
tti : t a. I
When opposing me auminisirauon
ployed language like th
thnr Ameriea has resisted
nennte so dead to all feelings of libertv ! free institutions at home. War under any
as volutarily to submit to be slaves, would j umavmn.c is a. giuai wiauuij. TAfPHPTAVT TO MITT (IV
wnen it is wageu wunoui an aueuuaie ijii uxixiuix j.v i""
I .?!! 1 1.1 .1 C. . . 1 .Um, n
. Hvp i wniiui iiriivH 7-t. iipirii. ni u niaL a 1 1 i . .
ue em- t ij v. wnoie suosequeni
is: "Sir, 1 rejoice : iriumpu ucri-ucujica m iui.i6u scjf a prU(ientf
three millions ! would eventuate in me uesirucuon oi our nrav mai,
Captain Taylor gallantly" mi:.t.
position against a large and sq pe r:
It seems as if all victories j we:
won with odds against himi 'i
munication which the gallant yt
cer made to Gen. Harrison :
sion was written in the mo t '
ing and modest manner, and i
tivc worthy of being read. C i; :.
on the recommendation of hU I
was promoted to a majority', nr.
career has r ..
modest, intclli -
cause when it is carried on to gratify an
inordinate ambition, or an unholy spirit of
conquest, it is more than a calamity it is
a ci'ime of The deepest dye. And the Admin-
be fit instruments to make slaves of all the
rest;" ; ' The Americans have been wrong
ed, they have been driven to madmess by
injustice,.'1 " If I were an American, as I
was landed in my country, I never would ! istration which shall use the power re-;
. . v I nniul in if Fnt. rrnnti fnr G11fh VVIrk( Till P. lUKWiu.wu o
l.w -iinvvn mv arms rvbr. NEVER. NEVER I mw.iil ,vv, w. , . - l ; fnn .nJ uccesul oooratn ) i
........ -' 7 - ) t . . . I I - -
yi solemnly cilt upon your lordships, and ; poses, merits and justly merits puuoic ex-
evruiiun. xci. niuae in jiumci iwiv t
to it that this execration does not fall up
on Uheir heads. They may think it a
light thing, but let them remember that
IXotcltUiJft's Vertical Water
, . s
TN consequence of ibe Ter'. great j-,
JLnhtfe w-heels have attained tj the a
.... -. . , j ...
county. vnen propeny imroauccu, i.; i.
th. vlue of the mill. nd in quantity A
far exceed the most sanguine expectatu
many of whom are gentlemen dift in i ' ' :
ence and practical skill, who have attee ! :
this improvement, rhe wheels are 1 0 '
bloodshed for unrighteous purposes will more easily kept -r. 'J" i.r'
M , ?. t,. ... i . ' trether. than tne common flutter wheel
cry trom the ground to mm " wno onng- . ;ne.third of lhe water,and run welliu!
upon every order of men in the State, to
stamp uponjhis infamons procedere the
mdehble stigma of public abhorance.
Such was the language of the friends of
libertv bn the floor of Parliament, and that
L Iwwl. .nitron im rl or that (rrannin Aflninis.
tratlon, had not the hardihood to attempt i eui; me princes io iiuimug, aim uu vu , lhcre is a neaa aoove.. inc -i" v'
to suppress it. The last act of-fcis life was up the isles as a very little thing." ! SZZZJ&Z'':, ,.
j.an effort of the colonies. The opposition I 1 - is 50. . I
in irrtniauieiit nave always spoken Wim (ZV.X TAYLOR 1 Trili L,AS1 VAK. nemer,iiuuaSuiwiM.
freedom in peace and in war. This is T' ........ lu i.jZTZX:-;.
English liberty, Pitt, and Barre, and LdLtX'iZ: ZT7.XbS
lllii lliv.u.u,... . . -.L .u;.i,r.mvmnt.rul'.,
uicir wim W1.U.U-........
Rorlro on,i oil fh ian,i. f fU TQDiivion me IOllOWl
uuiikb.aiiu uii nil iluuui ui lug uiiuuai . ... . . . hum
tion, even at that dav. were too enlUt- 1 aylor was engaged during me last j anJ even b5gh 5000 feet
. , , n - . i r .
U c-A,-. . ilioit urill Vinvo tdaiv turn !rioia. nnnil Wa A nn. a.dont a Xnfnnf lltvn.l.i n. ar . I Deau Ol aiCf.
after. But if the gentleman from South subscribe to4he degrading and cowardly 4On the 3d of September, 1812,soon af- ,
Carolina is troubled about threats of dis- ' sentiment which we hear proclaimed ud- terjthe beating of the retreat at Fort Har- ,
union, 1 will ask him what he thiuUs ot
those xcho rvshl y commencchostditics"
Soi according to his; own confession, bc-
iorc iue iuexicuns nau commenced nosiu-
morc modern threats of nullification and
disunion in anothej quarter ? He j may
perhaps understand that better. j
But we are charged with withholding.
vhole cburse of the President without per- ! succor from our gallant little army in the
civing that the Executive was seeking ji hour of its peril with being lndillerent to
. .. . I 1 A
on this floor in the hall of an American ; nspn, m the then territory oi inuiana, oi ,
Corigress. which post Captain Taylor was in com- j
I have no bbasts to make of my devo- ! ma'bd, four guns were heard to fife at a ,
tion to my country. I am a citizen of this short distance, in a direction which left ,
country. This is the land of my birth. no idoubt that two young men who had
My lot is cast in the United States, and gn out a few hundred yards to make
J ' a 'lit t 1 A " 1L
I my fortune is Connected with hers. When ay. a4 D?en auacKea. j poruon oi i ic
iweniy.iour.nqars, and to IaU baclii be- cciwug u-u - - uuve was seew ,g , pour o. um uu j S STS Ed Vf Prophet's party was supposed to be in the
youu the ueces. was this summons an ! an ogwiiuii aainsi xejtico using every us present aianuiug cuiiuiuou. , a uia o-.,- , ... ! lThWhAfv1 Cantain Tavlor having
act bf hostility t It was not sp regarded ! Wns in his power, and means which, charge, sir, is founded upon an cnliremis- oei e e ner io ue in merong, i not ; f;;;":' fiA or s5xtlen mcn fiT
; n i ; m m t 1 i i . i 1 - . i . i i- . - . i it biu 11 or t itiir a i i 111 11 n i f 11 11 iiiu ur-r-w-w - - - - - - - -
by General l ayior, lor ln his nbte in reply . py lhe constitution, ne aid not possess, to i representation oi
he says the responsibility will rest upon bring on: a war with that Kepublic. And Does any person
i r i . i . .. - i i
GrLdeLfore the lte lour young men must be offered on the al- Corporal to learn the facts, cautioning
f :m i ,i..:. r.i r. .l tar ot nnr cnnntrv. we mav sainiv com- ,
aded their town
and cut off
Hies, he block
their supplies ( Does
a right to blockade
.and so cut olfj supp
t his is hot a! threat
We were not only t
ding h countBy in possession of Mexido,
but we were
'jguillyiof the first overt act.
not this make us the
yc in time of peace
:the Mexican ports,
kjs from their army ?
lounueu upon uu viuirt uus- "" - o - r r.( n
of the facts in the case j g her up, but will point out the errors, not more than fifteen or sixteen men fit
on believe that any bf ihe and do allin my power to bring her into for service, probably waited till morning
on believe mat any or tne ... if war must come and when he sent out a small party with a
y virtue of our act. of war , the right , so tnai, ii ar must come, anu , i . .
after these numerous acts of aggression,: troops raised by
he President has the effrontery to tell us, ! can reach the Uio
. i i.i . . ' .1 4. ii r l
n ntss mu; iiiussiie, iuiii, - war cAi, iiut- : oi our aruiv win uc .ucviucu iui gwu ui , - - , ' - , ' . i.. A'. A P.ntoin TUmtnn
Withstanding all our efforts to avoid it, for evil ? The collision between our for-: ePd them to: the iod ot tatue-to mat . men Wcrc found
Ld exists by the acts of Mexico herself.", ces and those of Mexico took placeion the Being who rules in the armies of heaven ,d0 J,,? iTl and stTfl and
n , i . 9 i i . a a l n . "i ii i - . . l I.- no m n 11 it inn inr n i imihu ri inp pnnn v ----- w
rsxr. i rpn in ini npf nrnrmn n iittptiv vziifi nr Ann ann i s n ppl was nrn lanr- anu uui"n v w v... - .
' " . . " 1 ' 4 . .1
untrue ;r and, as it was incorporated into before us on the 11th ol May, seventeen
lhe bill and preamble, I could not vote lor davs alter the event. We could riot ex-'
L . ... . . . - . . . . . .
but an acl of holtnity. ft. I believe the preamble to be false, and pect that the subject would be disposed;
le aggressors in'inva- was satisfied that it was connected with ' of here under two or three days, and the
llhe bill for the purpose of shielding the intellisrence of our action could not reach
President. - I believe that this recognition j Gen. Taylor before the last of May, some.
of existing war was connected with the thirty-five days after the first collision. It,
. - . . ... m a A ' -
J 1." II "I
i thonrwenni-ifi. f rrw onnntrv on,t were DrouffUi in anu ouricu.
nothing but my devotion to her interest,1 -A communication of a threatnmg char
ahd to higher principles of moral rectitude acter was then sent in with a white tt
induced me to senarate from those with from the Prophet's party, which satined
dties. ; HJ
even if the
And I should like to be told,
Hio' Grande were the true bou
ther the texicans i were not
crossing the river to cut olf G
lor's Supplies, after he had blockaded the
: 'pori anu cut pu meirs f l no aggression
vas on our part. , We commenced hostil
; TMr; Joses, of Georjiia. 1 wish to ask
the gentleman froni Massachusetts who
thcr he hasjiiny authority for saying that
thO-MeXicanS crossed the river simplu to
. la. r ' L...1 i ' . i i .. - i -
qui oiruenerui A ayiors supplies. J
I will not higgle with the1 gentleman
' from Gedrgiri aboat terms. 1 suppose that
roencrat Arista nau sent nis troops a
-cross the rivpr to oppose General Taylor,
:by throwingithemselyes between him and
; his supplies, i 1 regard 'Arista's movement
- ai a hostile one, .brought on ,by the hostile
movements of our own troops. Our forces
i hdd blockadi'd Matamoros, and cutoff the
supplies from the Mexican atrtiy ; and the
Mexicans, m return, attempted to inier
cept our supplies. Both wejo actsjof hos
vtilitv 1 know no difference between at
- ' m . I-'.:. i , ...... . 1 ,,. .(
tacking the army itself, and cutting o
their provisions and munitions of war It
- is as much an act of hostility to cut off art
army by famjne as by tho sjword.
Eentlemen rbgard 1 nothing as Avar
?tual collision of forces, wt have
. n, i .i i .. ntf.iPkefi;
wlvom j have generally acted. 1 eould V'jriSrZJZ-
nio nrriirii iniii; mil it: 111. iiwi''
gl A Vv W a a w a - - j
A. Graham, .
Col. Alex. Marchison,
Col. A. S. McNeill,
J. W. Howell.
On. James McKay.
H. N. Richardson,
Tomas C. Smith,
C. T. lUil1'
Parri k Marphj,
JuJjn 11 Spearman,
' Charles Henry,
Lemu'.I .c .
join : r.
Juhn , I'.
J. R. .
. Dr. 1.
' : I
Co A I
no consent to involve my country in a
. V i i J . " Hn nnrnnallv Pamined the men s arms
war wnicn l Deueve io oe unnecessary . -j . ..
w v -r 7 . tc-Mkiriri inoir rririiAi
supplies for the army for the purpose of is also manifest that volunteers could not and unjust a war oi conquest orougnt
committing as many as possible to this be raised, organized, and sent to the scene; I abput by ambitious mcn to answer person-
base war of conquest, and to this crross of action before the middle of June Some al and party purposes.
encroachment upon the constitution. Re- six or eight weeks must elapse before the Before I conclude my remarks, 1 must
garding the preamble as false, and the troops raised by our act could reach Gen; notice anomer sunjeci cioseiy connecieu
war inexpedient, and one got up for the Taylor's camp. How, then, can it be pre: : with mis, anuione out oi wnicn our pres-
purpose of conquest, 1 could not, as a laith- tended that our action could have any ret , eni uuuouiues u.nc B'"""' U"U1C,1I
ful representative of the people, give it ference to the immediate Condition of our with whom I have acted on this floor will
mv snrtnnrr T hpl uv I shnnhl hnv hfPn m,. Fi-nm !hp farts snhm tied bv tieni Dear me Witness mat l nave uui uecu 111
ialsc to truth, to justice, and to the best T
interests of my country, if I had given my fat
sanction to such a measure. j or
Tliul rfunllnmnn Cfnr-- 1 11 1 n xt A T 1n.t moriftiitrr
Xll,n'"llt-'U1 UUIU11III1UIS UUIt J7UU 1AA1.11VA. "J ' .wv ; . . ,
v . . v . . . r ..i .j, : u: ! riA AAwr nvpr if in thp Statn?. I have been
IVsidrs many otlera in tlifcrcnt t
With such a deservedly high fban.t
ffA jiiHtified in ofterinf these w!-
They will ieell iaulividual or county t I
tenus. They also keepcoru-tamly o s
,.t ..Um rr.rvin in m'-T ta tiuit ci: r
w - i c C v " r- - - -
a severe attack oi lever, ter ) ia thli piett Wilmington, W.
slvtPPn rounds ner man. and though just
saw for himse
comminioned oier was ordered to waiK
around the iierior of the fort during the
;rrht m ci've the alarm, if the sentinel
should rt ; and though it was well un-
. iWi the Dost could not verv wen ue
if" . . r - -.. . .. . ,
If ev?ry disposition made Urn, anJ also for sale by Jan.rs T
nv renuired A non-'"county. Tliey caation aU pern tlj
pepcy required, a pon- ns bul
. i . i:t-. . i . : . r .. n n ueraif" . . . .
aylor it appears to be certain that the j me naoit oi gotu uui ui uiy "y j - rded by its small and enleebled gar-;
e of his army must be decided tor weal ; tacK me insuiuuons oi iub oouiu. x uuugu - t Capt. Taylor rf solved not to sur-
for wo within a short time. The Com-; 1 have always regarded siaery as an e- n(jcf -t while hc ,ivcd
Cpnnr.J Un infnrms us that he i vi I a political anu moral w roug uavmg 0, llf . . '11 nt hnrht the Lapt.
i 1L ALLUUla A. A. -M WAWW&
lass) lias pronounced every one a hypo- had, in virtue of authority reposed; in him, no power-ove. n iu lu.otai" -
i v . . , .l c?.J.., n'oc ort-T'-n.-.: disnospd to leave it with those who
critc. a iranor, ana a coward, wno voied caueu upon me oiaics oi; iwaa m Tt --- --- - in"-
against the bill, and' who charged the Ex- isiana for 5,000 men ; arid he hadauthor- ; ltjin. their-keeping to manage, accord
ecutivb as the aggressor in this case. f But, ; ity to call upon several other States. The j to; their own; sense of proprietv. .
Uir. I shall not be deterred from what I call for these troops was made on the 26th ; wiien gennemen r?w.ini"u..j- '
consider to be my duty by any such intim
from iayinii any perwvns
Agents fwr the right of in lftre v?-.-
NOTICE TO yilLLlVRlGUTil
p!oynKntr acquaint yonrsrles ' w:& ;
Wle-ls, as we now wih lo employ 1
buncsa in dillrrent prta of trw Sut .
A. A. McKETIIA
FaycJlezjlle, January, lS lO-pl;
TO EDITORS Any Editor of iy
i.n.j r L:n' ,i.n.nra Kv Ins nrnfr. c i :n ..i.r,uK ,v
vvasicaueu irom uia ijutiii "j " w . vnwui wu ., s
ly and lnlormeo maiuie muiaua :"T7 t--;- ,
W f - B-vl A T - 111 II 1
ceeded in nnng me lower uiwn. .
idation. I come not here to bow to Exe-
, cutive- dictation, or to register the edict of
of April, and would reach the authorities ; path-wben they bring it up n- -
of those States ten or twelve days pciore ; v" l , will not mvP
ivi cnoo lt Tinn net itmpi ----- - - .
the intelligence of the collision reached
' James K. Polk, or any other President. I us. These troops would be sent irrespec
have no ambitious ends to answer,
t i i . t '
tions to gratify, and hence shall not be ve-l thorized ta call for; that Gen. Taylor must
ry -suuciious ot courting rjxecuiive lavor, aepena. ii is not irue, iiiereioie,
will crAntr tirirl nft frpelv
it my countenance it snaii "uu-
J . . C Ik. A A
This building contained in me iow-r c- jxjarp TT?f )
:nn ith rronprtv of lhe army contr.ctor fj U O X UJJVx-
and I was used also as an alarm post, in .
which a corporal and ten men vvere sia-,
i,i Thp firing commenced " at me
11UIICU. o , ,
i I . ...... n 1 tr L'ont nr nr
. ., .i c.rv.i iimp. ana was ntmnj h -e-
.nonati tiJft of anv action bv this body, and it is ! ed by me. This war is one oi me, nrst , y Captain Taylor immediately )
alinra-1 upon them and others, which he was au-1 fruits of the annexation oi a exas. ana , fire buckpts to
or flatteririg the morbid sensibility of noi-! fate of our army depended tipon any' ac-
sy anil restless demagogues- -onr. altiio j tiort ot ours, uurjactionnaa reierence,
that gentleman ma jr.. brand us as eowpfis; t h6tto' the ' imtnedidie jfatc of our army; but
j will assure him.that neither the strength j to the future operation of that army: It
of his voice, nor the violence of his gestic- was a question not of immediate succor to
that measure was cot up and consumma
ted to extend and perpetuate , slavery.
Mr. Calhouhj in the correspondence sub
mitted with the treaty, avowed this to be
the primary bbject of annexation. ' I op-
nnO.il) !l thft1 j and I voted airainst the war
LWOWU A ' T . '
FRESH UK IU 1
, ! -
. rrf I O i
! . ' . ' i.' ..... I '
made ready.' CNUFFS.Ci.TeMcc, .
rater drawn frorn the well,' and the fire au;nJ . rid ' t
xtinuished, as at thU moment it had not , andfentWDKn. soda n. a
L-UA-A vfV rrJ' SYUUl'Sonaraa- .,: : .
because Us bbject is to extend, not the 4X)r
i 'Id the captain's' despatch to Gen.JIar
a cvlrnm debilitv. apprehension
,.w other. caused his mcn did not obey his
care. and medurmrt delivered at a.. I
night. The aliote anicies '
FalisboOVJ 12,1SIC if ?
i : - t
' -1 :