position to it, and o
n 1 r- . , ,
U wiesi statesmen have al-
i. m il -if1rin (ill
I ' : " r " " . ! ! -! ill 1' -' 1
ificU,t reduce ihe duties, and an vviii lie rigui i w'-j; "r , "Y-rLt! 7 -Ti u i. i "A i r
AYhen we hare too miich money in the Treasu- w was pqrtjuwcuuuu hoi paucu(um reauera m. " v
1. ways rejected it. Mr, Buchanan himself in hi
J great mecb on the bill of 842 lor which he
' , : Jeinnation of. it as unwise land "iPc;
That system had
IV contained a mlsturo oi aac
! trand to that I nn for a
U conijincejl that a le tter ami
i , il frJfrJpuatedion a revenuejstah.
y v mis new , i. I 1
i dardV is propped al a peack mea&ure, and by
t -,tm profess great and constant re-
3 garcl for the noon and opposition to an increase
' of the price of the necessaries of hie ; yet it
contain a duty on iea and cofl'ee, iilipensa.
1 l1e 'necessaries, not as a war measure, format
' dot was recommended and inserted in the bill
, JWb the existence of the war with Mexico.
: "-j.t'.t, ' . 1
niv-...: u.t!t... ... nnmirm! and. noi ueiD?
UUBU Blllbic ii- , - - - a
rr. low duties are the panacea to reduce the
plethora of the system hut when we want more
monev low duties are still the nostrum by which
the arteries of the Gcirernment are to be re-
-pienunea wnn ine siream m hw i
cy is like the nostrum of a quack which ope
rates ecmally well in directly opposite condjr
- ! tions of the system. Sir, this was not the wis-
dom of our predecessors. In the list var
Great Britain, without the aid of recent lights,
our staCesmen o!oii6eJ all the duties on imports
to increase the revenue. Rut ipc are to havfc
an increase of the importations to increase the
meins of the Treasurys l)o you expect, sir, to
their objections l;novn
before ithe ;innd
Mrr &he.pard and the Rail JloaJ.Oar
liad dravvn the.last cent.tbey coUld expect
oat of thfttpofikets ot nty DWCk-rrSpm.
S32,0Q0 -and then raise I an armed force
ani refuse to let them take possession of
their property as they jKaye orie. iWe
Jook ppqti the whole proceeding ajs outra
gequs in the extreme, and; the participa
tors should be severely punished.f Vfhnt
makes the thing worse, $ the fact that a
number of those who were fiercest in iheir
opposition to the blacs,jloudestin their
threats to shoot j &c, were! the very 'men
who sold them land, received wages for
Anliraetho ahilitY oi the people io consume j construcimg ie uuuui uS. nuuau;
foreisn goods bv the passage of this bill? : pocketed a large amount ot money for
Will yoq uat rather lessen , cnppuog me i prqvjsiQns, noi ivvu weeiwa uciwu mc or
resources of the country and destroying the j rival ofthe poor creatures, :whomUhey
prosperity of the people ? But suppose by this have h0 unjustly treated.. i f
, . . v , rnaAaaiwn. iaii cum m p im uuaiiuus. auu v
t A.,.i ,,.m,trkf t all. a dutv on mem is a J - ' . V
... 1 . , , brin" in more eoods man. we are aoie o r
iiiiiVi.it m iho consumersJ If an indispensa- ur,,, " ,,,u, bf .
pure. tax to tno consumer. . for bv our own native products, a child rmg
We necessity wer cieany .u - , . , the balance of trade
'MmA .r tvnfi ITiP lhi fax. I WOlilli DO V 1III1IT: III " . - . ,
f 1 L' . ....Wirw. omrl no a nrirpi1pnf in I (uuui I iuc . - -
,nn.rniie COUni Will UMMWCU, S"11-"" "
prevail in the land. The evils of excessive im
portations are obvious. Our whole experience j
has taught us that, when the? balance of trade j
continued long against us, and our specie was j
rcsponsiMlity of imposing it themselves iinddi- ! dramea irom me country ; o go aun, .
kectly.1 Whcnevea deficiency occuraj (as! it ; f and commercjatrevubion
the'mole now propbsed is highly dj
jVhat is that mode, sir? There is a most ex
traordinary feature in this bill- The President
U directed to have this tax collected by procla.
nation. (iCntlemdn seem to slifink tram toe
i.t ; THE CAROLINA ! WATCHMAN,
thus ! : . i :-'r. . j' L
FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 31, 1846.
FOR GOVERNOR, Li
WUliam A. I GrahainL
OF ORANGE COUNTY, ;
Shepard has placed himself in a position,
on the subject of the Rail Road, fairly ad
mitting his veracity to be questioned. In
thedebate between himself and Gov. Gra
ham, at:Asneville,'he said that he had vo
ted; in ConventionJo-amX the recommen
dation for the State endorsement of bonds
for the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road. -
About the, time he made this denial the
italeigh Register charged him of voting
for said recommendation. Mr. Shepard
was a delegate in the Convention from
the city of Raleigh, which city was most
deeply interested in the success of the Ra
leigh and fiaston Road. Mr. S. was him
self known to feel a great interest in the
' matter, and it is not at all probable that
the people of Raleigh would have sent a
man to that Convention who was so op
posed to their especial interest. We think
it behooves Mr. Shepard to prove that he
voted against the above recommendation
j certainly, under the circumstances, he
cannot expect that the people will be sat-
THE TARIFF BILL MR. WEBSTER'S
1 CALCULATION. I
Mr. Wkbstek read the following statement
to the Senate on the 16ih inst. The object, he
said, of the Tariff bill was to raise 829,006,X)0
for the service of the year by duties on imports.
It is proposed to raise this amount by ad zaio.
rem duties entirely. These '-duties are arrang
ed by the bill into clauses, being charged re
spectively 100, 40, 30, 25, 20, 15, 10 and 5 per
certainly will) in the revenue, the lresident;is """Tctr ' aZ wrvies i Turner, uS a candidate fur aheriff at the ensuing Au-
I L' The-ancient Anio.Saxon principle was .to
j tescrre to tho Hepr?scntatiyes of the people the
! exclusivo bower of taxation and of holding the
i nurse of tho nation This duty will, I suspect,
bo stricken from thb bill. You cannot pass it
of thft frrr!il hnAv nf thft heODlC. 1 he mail
- fc J T I 1 .
whose expenditure constantly exceeds ins in- (
come must fail ; and similar indiscretion must j
assuredly bring a like disaster upon nations.: j
a . . m .. w ewek nlAit Ana mm !
ai. present our impons aing'v juu-
isfied with Am denial. If he voted against
0 We are authorised to announce Ilezekiah it, surely some lew out of two hundred
delegates present, will remember so re
cent. V - ' i
The average of these, according to the com
mittee of Finance, is 23 J percent. The ques-
'tion, therefore, is what we may justly expect
with an importation this year, as at; that aver
aee the year will Yield a revenue of $23,000,
000. ! To judge of this, we must, in the j first
place, be brought to the amount of, last year's
importation. '. . ' ..
Bj thcTreasufy statement it appeara that the
value of merchandise imported trom Job; 1,
1844.10 June 30. 1845. was 8117,254,504.
This is a larger importation than the average of
-ill T . .
me lasi nre years. iui mis amount mciuucs
all the free articles, the value of which Is $22,-
It is said the free list will be diminished by
transferring several articles to the dutiable lists.
But the main articles still remain free under
this bill. Tea and coffee and specie are .not
taxed, and the value of these imports last year
was 815,914,649. ' Deduct this from the aggre.
gale9 of importations and the balance remaining
is 8101,339,815. . ii
n i 1 ti. r i i . .
markable a vote. 1 he lialeigh otarsays, ! . , . x . . . . ,
. , , i tea and coffee and specie are the priucipaL
tnat only two persons (Messrs. Jones ana : Xow the sum of 101,339,915. on an averacc
duty of 23 J percent, will produce 823,814,877 ;
but this is the gross product. From this is to
TI7TTTM CJ fPA VAT1D DrtCT
1U I utii l vx. j Hall) voted against the resolution in fa-
' I ' l vor of the Raleiffh and Gaston Rond :
dred and one millions, while our experts reach j This is the last time we will have an j d the memoriai cf tt Convention to
bcrowihout this prUision included. But sir, Its bin a ract.on of one uuu Cu ;.nH,ons. ine , op
insertion in the bill Li exhaled the disjosition balance .s we ja.tei It is a good rule o fo
ft a . . il . II L a ? " IPI WP I Pn(l !' 1 V .UllUi - II 11 V II lI III iJ 1 1 11 L VJ - . . . . n 1 J I n
ot those having uie majority in ine w mi. , . 7 . tvith the reooi. principles-advocated by: the heroes and ( . unanimit nf 8aif. nnnvPnt;on Afler this deduction there remain onlv 819.
roseim.uncaueu.wr uuraenon iwpeopie even i j rM. ihtR nr thti rlOVCrument. ! saires of the Revolution. -triu'rrinhaht :i : .u ! 930,439, as the nctt revenue from importations.
in loe urac 01 peace anc ,t iMrineraemonsiraies, ; -.r Z" :V " " u ' T .u.u... .u "o.J.ll ' aLJa ! M' Uil lu ruuuunaeiiuatioi preenieu. thi, 820.000.000. then'h wouhi f-ll
If Mr. S. voted as he declares he did, it j short of eight millions of the sum necessary for
... C C lllinfl rfll l-.illlr.no Tt 1 !l 4. . . . f-.m n..ln i Vl '
wimm a iracuouoi ' ...vu ,iimUil9. v , oDDoriuniiy n say. a icw vuiua tu uu uc- , ,u t Q:.if : 1
re tne election IS Over. ailU Olir glorious f. H nmnnnv nhnnnrU Jn wI,;a, I at iKa Mm mnnnt M.t Of Q-Q rtn
be deducted in the first place, for the cost of col-
lection, two millions. !
In the next place wo are to deduct drawbacks
nnrlit ftt rtnr rlo.mrtiiet ra f i
cftncluiivcly, the belief of the framers of this : ana utfr wnicn ine country is generany pro,. ant tnrougnout tne tate, or, aeieaieci.
bilhitndoftheAd.riniStrati6n in power, that the IrewusJ; Why, too, I ask, make this great Which (lo you prefer! You have the
rou can make 'them successful
scheme of revenue how insisted upon by tbem i v' nower !
mi ..L... r I ..u .!.-. -r live in remarkable times. 1 his is said to be ruvvcl A
will urovu iMSMftc('r to inuui iuu juui uuuis im i . , ., , , ' ' t
il, ' J Lnmi. ; tho age of progress. Take care that we do not it )ou atte
lua uovernment. . i , , , ... . .
:.Thoro'cannot be a question of this roiult,! o- "progress imcKwarus : mere aru Kim.reu , all that 1S
ialn tmn r v.i ni mP.t iho ' measures on your table, as parts of the great v- , '.
is very well ; but if he really voted for the the use of Government.
resolution in favor of thn KnlpiMi Ar fins. ! To produce these eight millions at the skme
nd the polls to a man!: This is Q Roadf nJ f h k f I te of duties there will be required an incrpas-
ncGGSScirvT to ensure victorv ; (w luiuiuut uicuvih
. Lii,olrt 4 j i cial ends,; not only condemns the whole j gregate importation of free and dutiable articles
on ii fl hnt nr . 1 Will if if' nnAe : . . . .
h flnvnrnment under its Executive scheme, which we are urgedtopass, ""' 3 ; t " - . project, but denies that vote, let his name ol Slo7,2o4,504.
lie liovornmcni unuer us 0 . . nnf nni;nc.n :t WhniviiJ,.BWhin-nmiiin A 1 -v .1 1 . l.
tho extraordinary sums I because, among other reasons pressed on the !-cw'fc " J " " i be recorded among the infamous. It de
fer the energeticf prose. I consideration of the Representatives of a free ; ing at home, or inactive fr silent on the ! yolves u Qn him tQ rflow hig in'nocence
I have voted for : pfopie, iney are tne measures 0 ine Aammts. , Sixth , day of August next f VY ho ivill 'i ; , .
nate over and govern the judgments and con- j "sK ot Deing instrumental in electing any j Carolina to see the Property of the State
ordinary expenses of the
operation, much, dss 1
' which; Will, bo required
cutlon of the Mciidan war.
the: declaration iof the existence ,of wr with
the'KepuMio cf Mexico, and I expect j to vote
for every proper measure and all necessary mo.
. neys'to hrina that war to a speedy, successful,
and; honorable termination. I will not howjn
( quire into the causes of that, war ? it ts sijfti
; ciotfli for me. to know that it mjfoand that our
lionor and interest require its early term nation,
I hivo felt proud of the gallant spirit which pur
, peoplo have, without distinction of partj', min
' tfested in defence of their countfy, and none
mora (0 than: the cheerful promptitude with
' vhi6h the citizens of my own patriotic and no.
ble Staid have met the requisitions on their pat.
riotistttf 4 I feel especially proud of the gallant.
! 1 ry of my own district, the first iu the tate to
i ' ; tender, tho services of an organizesd company of
V tvoInteers. -Uut, sir, whether this war js to be
')'.:'. a Idng or a short one it will be a very expensive
'one, Wo shall have a heavy bjlljto foot up.'
'I'hfli expenses of the Florida; war vill be small
y In cipmparison with iho inevitable jcosts of this
war!;2owt sir, I prefer thaty' if additional means
f ;ttre! vrki)ted for the prosecution of the contest
! 'Willi Mexico, they should bo provided in a sepa.
t rata war bill of dutjos, and limited in its dura.
: (libn to tho continuance of the war.! A peace pol
I Icy ought tO;be permanent. But the folly of re-
-'; duqjng existing duties and curtailing the Sources
duct of the' immediate representatives of the
true sovereignty of the land! We are asked
to reduce and graduate the price of the public
lands, and to establish the warehousing system.
And it is said that each of these measures will
increase the revenue. I do not believe that
such a result will be produced by either. In
regard to the first,' you cannot compel the peo
ple to buy more land than they need, and ex
one of the Locofoco candidates? None j depreciated in value her credit ruined?
we earnestly trust. Let a more noble spi- j jet him vote lor James B. Shepard, the
rit animate every heart. But if there U talented" and decent "young senator
should be such, we beseech them to re- ; from Wake" for Governor By so doing,
mcmoer meir country i ,r orgei u not. ne w,n have the mortification of seeinc
Work once more for its redemption from
the hands of those who would destroy the
Now is there any just ground of expectation
that such an increased importation will take
place ? Or, if it were possible that such an in-
crease should accrue, can the goods be paid tor
without draining the country of specie, and el
fectually deranging the currency f
Let it be remembered lhat to meet the im
portations of last year specie was exported to
the amount of $4,530,273, viz: of specie ever
imports of the same article 83,691,807 ; and of
American coin, under the head of domestic pro
ducts, 884 4,400, making together $4,530,273.
perience, in ordinary times, has shown that a- j prosperity -the peace of the country and
mount not to exceed about two millions of a- I Liberty itself I Look at the doings of the
cres. Twill say nothing of the gross injustice oAf..n disffu;se I Set, thp Prps;
done to the old Slates of this Union by such a 7nonaicntsts oisguise. , &ee the ficsu
bill as is proposed, which will operate as a vir. , dent and his Cabinet Ministers interfering
tual cession of the public domain to the States with the Legislative Department of the
ui wmcn mey ne. 1 oniy mean to say mat tne Government, by persuasion and threats, to
revenue will not be increased, but reduced by j 1 , , . . ? rL j
it. I he warehousing bill, without -any ex
pression of an opinion on its general merits,
all this; and the place filled so many
years with the first men in the State, oc
cupied by a tenth-rate demagogue. In
stead of the Governor's office being given
to men because of their capability to dis
charge the duties encumbent on them, it
will be made an object for political gam-
I might add, said Mr. Webster, if we expect
an increase of forty millions in dutiable goods,
that we might expect also a corresponding in
crease of free goods.
Mr. Webster concluded by putting some ques
tions to the Chairman of the Finance Commit
tee, as to'his expectations of any such increase
I in the imports of the country. He also called
Among the it
I notice the I
the Oregon trei
ain the pcrpetu
not only as to tie :
itself, but to the 1
the authorities eft;
I shall presently i'
When the treaty
some doubt was t
st ruction of the art;
vision whether t!
the Charter of ti ny
-which" expires i .
at. It was the c:.l
was introduced by
limitation, which c:.'
ity of the Senate.
Webster, Mr. Itevi
tington land ot!.!
highest legal tain..
privilege was pic:
of the Charter.
The Hudson's IJ.
ficial existence en
ment, enjoying ccr.
strictcd as to rid:
years hence.' Oct
to admit this Co: re
jects trading with
navigation. . :
nates, the privilc
treaty. A re-chr.::
rights, or a chant
fairs of this Com;
ed by public act i f
we shall be fully a;
ain should cxtcn i t
tantamount to t!
poration with w!.i.
nothing to do. 1
son's Bay Corn par;
no other that ins
istence. At the sugec-ti
treaty was delav
investigate the jh-!.
result of his cxaiai
concurrence with 1
tors whom I have r
Superadded to al
were taken, to pro
understanding Let v
parties. Mr. ; Pale
as to the meaning
to his view as the
He did not l.c:.
al Senators, amor ::
Foreign Affairs, M
carded the nai itstit
of y'our revenue at d time when your patriotism ! and then in ihe custom-house, may
, is, 6 me, most extreme and un. f reu Bu.yeci oniy 10 me amies under me 1
1, T . 1 l 1 I 1 1
uieis 10 i:rauiJie uiicr uucausc 01 unnri u- ... .r. .t. i .i r
.K Un r il 1 i w , uis aiicmion 10 me eueci 01 ine passage 01 sucn
lf S.tatf.$ r ,he Procfcf ! devotion to party. People of North Caro- a m woulj bare upon lho cJ,t of fhe coun.
01 me 1 udiic lianas Dy He passage ot the . :.. ,), nrr,CK ,n tu.
m:in who bns ! A ,i. iai. 1.1 n j .1...
11 1 .1 . 1 1 .. -r.i! .v rt. . 0 1 mj vj 1110 uiuiLuiiics i uilu wuuiu aiiciiu iuv
w iiiu same ICIIVICWU. i 19,111 IIC4, UI1 UiaUUailUII XJ11I. OCC IUU CllUl IS HOW Illil- C,L11, l,:mnlf r.l.l l, 1 J . r T . j i
extension of credit to the importer, giving him kin bv these Locofocos to brin- tne coun I T ' I I CaJble' neSt"a ,SSue of rreasur noles undcr such Clmstan
tho privilege of storing his goods to awaft any , 7 J? , oco tocos to bring the coun- j tely attached to the welfare of the State, ces.
and the most favorable condition of the market, ! mt0 olonial dependency upon Great independent of party considerations; Such j Mr. Lewis said he could not reply to the ques.
or withdraw tjremat his pleasure within the ; Britain, by destroying the 7W, of 1842 ! j a man is WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, our tions which had been put to him iithout time
Jl:rilJrr hetrS See the IatC attemPtS made e !?me Pent worthy Governor. He is a North ' for making calculations.
V - P.u uyurc x,ec. . party to destroy the of thfc I'rCSS j rf4rfti:n:fln :n anA mnn
In his hands
Uonimi'tco ol Ways and. Means will present
1.111 for thft itctin nfCtnm ten fiAooin millinni nf attention.
party to destroy the liberty
UC i 1 n t-l 1 1 1 ' ?. . f
demands more, is, to me, most extreme and un-i enleretl euiyect only to the duties under the new i"""4 , "? T , , I l"e snip ot otate will steer clear of rocks j Prom the Army. We nave accounts
Ijusiinable. What, sir, will he the etidjof this aw Vho ' 3 not sce lhtlls ration, at an American to express msuisapproai oi and shoals. Trust him again. You have Lfrom the Army as late as the 8th and 0th
General Taylor, who
and delayed in
as at last been
. 1 1
rapidly moving forward
in the direction of Monterey, where, if he
does not give the Mexicans another bat
tle, it will not be his fault or the fault of
his gallant army. The Rio Grande had
swollen to a greater height from the late
rains, (of which there was a long and heavy
luusurdity 7 Voq w II be compelled id resort ,UF , nVv na,I.year musl decrease the j tne, course ot tne rresiaem in uriugingon CQnfided the government of the State to 1 inst. All is well.
S "yZo ,0L Cut, Mr. Ch Twill no longer, even "f, C and we has he Charged j has been greatly cramped
lhatJn less than ten days the chairman of the if mY hour permitted me, detain the Committee, I anq ia'uB the trust committed to him. j his plans of operations, h
Committee of Wavs1 and Means will bresent a t0 wno i am so much indebted fbr their kind I to grainy personal a mouion : ana inen asiv ; . . relieved, and is
rhis jbilll believe will pass.
- 3 lrcasufy notes, i his, too, sir, will be done at "" general goou, u ai Honesty and Patriotism, to contribute in abili
1 .rr t. inp same time inat you are descantin on the i j rcais majr ui ue reaiueu, irum me , rT - .
1.1 v S ;lnLiAf n LlLn... destruction of a nolicv under which we have an resPect to the success pfiLocofocoism. elect
:X L ':J. 'act cfipassing that most ol.iectionable and oft. I lhus far prospered, and the adoption of one j Our principles are the; same, and will : to tn
j ' f fejected, mpasure ofjtho subtreasurv, requiring i 7llcn mav ,nJur us much and certainly
f : 1 "alpaviilontstothe Government to made in old j Place 10 a most dangerous extent, the destiny !
!i ;v antjjsilr, What wonderful consistency I ofour induslry and trade' under the control of
i f':'-rThoie:rTieasury not is are intendsd to furnish a foreiSn ,abor capital, and legislation. I trust
! 'I ..' 'tlAMr rSrnilni 2 tint madium TIa.Ua.-.:. -i.u:- that the results of a bitter experience will not I
'ui I ' t-aawBBBLLL.iaawuBuaiad 1 JI..IIII M. nil. n.1 I II 1 I
very p'mp I suspect the Secretary of the fi'rea.
eury pituet hai or u iibcut to issue a Govern
be required to teach U3 wisdom when it is too
late. For one. if this bill become a law. I am
If so, yourselves if you can reconcile it-to Truth, UZr Do the Whigs want proof of their
ty to carry the county at the coming
ion if they desire it ? Let them turn
e contest between Fisher and Bar-
have the effect, when successful, eitherin risger ! We beat their most influential
the State or National Councils in prosper- man one never before beaten in Rowan,
ing the Country in maintaining the Na-; ONE ilUNDRED AND TEN VOTES ! !
tional Credit in elevating it to the high- Are any of the candidates more powerful
est pinicle of fame, honor and dignity, or Jess obnoxious to the Whig party to
among the nations of the earth; spreading the friends of liberty than was Charles
limited to the ensti i.
the matter in cor.tn
the dispute, bclievir
of the unnavignbU- :
ment to either cour.:
river will beccmr '
trade, still I consider
that the stipulation
be properly under-:
pie, and that the t rr
corrected. I have t
these few facts, bee
this particular m re
.The Union is c!i;v
vince the country t!.:.t
in many parts of t!.o r
pretended result of a j
lion, there are too many :
ington, of the Dcrn xrr;
cret of their appre! rr
on of Pennsylvania, !,
is a DEMOCRATIC I
Washington is be 3 a 'i"
bers of the dominant j
Coonings ofNcwYr i! .
Jersey, Porters of Vci.-..
ny others," rcmon-:i
iiMlnt itnrur... i t ...!. J 'i? I WlllinO tn frit'A it a tnt Irtrtl irl lot it Vwv i-.
Z,rr,,v,,T,"utu,im,"f:,":u- .7:. I:..:, , Umvi.. A-r m th risino. Fisher? Not one narticle. All we want
iiiuuh,(iw iuo nape oc checks on )rour deriosilo-I wucmucu uj us aciuui iruus. ....... ,0, .... v. w-....0 ...x 1
ries,ltor sums of a huhdrecl dollars and titt' v dol. ' Whatever may be its fate, the ' good old North eration the benpfitX)f a universal education, i every Whig to be at his post on
r- : Otate. from Whir h I rnm: will pnntmiin tn An- i T . it I 1 - : 5 J Tl.'.i Ki'.ln n.vf Tn Cs T 1
differently is re-
Ilrj Lilt n' it ..f L . i . ,
... ...w Uj ut i4iirciu& iu me uurern , . ------ -7- ...v,. ... v...,..., , constant eiions 10 eit 1 uie every t t-ass in 1 uuisuay ucai. 1 un;
:a!13i!'-, W KSKLT the country lo a higher station in society not men. He who act,
cburBo of procccdin-J us mostdaiifrdroiw Unda ! the Union, add to the blessings of liberty, and ; by striving to raise the wages ot labor creant to lnmsclt and his
: gross tipltion of lho powers vested in the Trea- Promote the happiness of the people.
instead of paralyzing the business of the
country, thereby bringing down the price
of labor to an equality with the poor : degra
ded paupers of.Europe. And last,though
fall,) than it had been known for several : of -r- McKay' hill : :
j oe ueraocracv c 1 1
ed the alarm, and i 1 ;
li.-hed yesterday, fu r:,i
tary upon the dialr i". -panic-makers.
Tl . r c
we could almost Ul :
and that is that t!.r t
properlr runihed I' r 1
vltifei l s ncy H vhlch li w 11 WR. POLK AND THE OREGON
:, t fl for theso J reasdry nptes, that I have no ti?i?atv
; ' dout will bo asked &t fron, Congress, and that i TREAT! .
is, that tftey shall bo j hown to be indispensably ! The Philadelphia North American pub- not least, will be a sure guaranty of brin
nccysarytomectour cxpenscs in time of kvajr ; lishes .the ' message of the President trans- ing about a Peace as glorious and honor
. ..iumiMMwni wouk preier the good old fash- I mitting the otier of Great Britain to treat
1? trCSrIVetl,ofloan- Both modes Ion the Oregon Question together' with
-'rlsiltu ,,etibt J ne ia 6PH M the Treaty, &c. The surmise that the
E.,,,"gr(Vlt pf the; peo- President had in his message declared his
W it". "?r . ucr ,rSr?Hfeu and deceptive.
ble as it will be lasting. Not by, basely
surrendering up our rights as Locofocoism
has done in regard to Oregon, (according
: adherence to the views expressed in his to their own declaration) but by maintain-
session, , ing and defending firmly; that which is1
ours by always being in the right, with
?fn; Of forecast ofian individual, in any!.avo. i gw gucstjon . were fully made known to : . , J. . .
Yn1 ll uie, who shbuld at iht; same moment Congress in my annual message of the 2d l,e cuiuViismiici.i uiueac uu.u,c
V"v,1'TV:;u,,.ePeasc4 and diminish his means ! December last, and the oninions therein ends, the great Whig Party ot the Lmon
1 - sr vMCeA(4 wm tnr tiin nn nhn 1 a 1 ! I ' 1 1- 1 1 .
years. Its banks were, in many places,
overflowed, and a great number of the
encampments had to be removed.; The
general health of the army is represented
as good, a few cases of dysentery and
camp lever alone occurring. Some little
apprehension is felt lor the health of the , in electing .Mr. IV! .
army when the flood of waters which now !he 'n oi th0 b'adcr,
, .., ,.,,. r ., 1 .1 hourers, who arc if ri"! v
cover ast tracts ol countrv along the rj- ., 1
' .0 deem Ihe repeal ct t!
ver, shall pass off. The fourth of July ; sion of manufacture -
' 1 t .1 . f-. 1 ! .:. . r .t .1 . ! 1
lief for the State, we have frequently 'c""-" iummnoros ny numer- 1 r uc iu.urau.:
heard it spoken of, and never yet but with ous dlvlsIons of army ; and it is said !
1 . 1. 1 . : 4 1 1
the greatest contempt. The thought had "1U """"""45 -American guns in sucn j
itsorigin.nodouht, with the single object of nu,nbers. so early in the morning, a- j
tickling the ears of confiding and credu- Iarmed thc Mexicans about Matamoros j
lous voters who do not belon- to those rriuiy. noiner paper nas Dcen started
at Matamoros called thc "American Flac.
Taxing Lawyers and Doctors. Since
Mr. Ellis first proposed this measure of re-
There was 11 di?".
ui..ir, 1 auain ask in ir,. 1 .1
j:j : ciniw imi hile'jour eS t. J tatP oot..? He lays
; creased J W hat, sir. would b ii..-.i. Ac I My opinion and mv action on
uf discharrinr tho
! Bdt gjutlemen denVtht
pisi 11141 iuo moans 1
Increased by a rcdu
niost re lAarkable ant
tr.butcd lo this bill, jt When th i.l ";TT
expressed remain unchanged.
is contending for; and anxiously look
1 villi on Wednesd.-tv
i r i :,. at Jiaiamoros caneo 1 no. - a moriMn n in or ,
classes 01 uur cuiiiiiiuimv. it is .1 pure f ,
hnmhiio- inst like the Maior's nrnmis tn Thc Ameriean people can dispense with 1 1
get the School Fund. It is just such u their 'daily meals with no more ease than , j1"!"'
weapon as a demagogue woulU use. "UU,H:.U n-Bu,t mcaa wi
Sensible men can never be deceived by
such stuff, and the credulous once taken
in, their fondness changes to hatred.
DGT The Sheriffs of the several coun
ties to whom we send this paper, are re
tible a square. C
bably: fully coven 1
loss perhaps -SI Co
lluskc . 85000, pi f !
s consenuence and in. ! T of tViAco -r (rlriff TVf- nn 1. ' . . r a- u r
liononhriTT for the settlement of the Oregon question : put lhe ball again in motion as in! 1840
imiraruin... J-. " ?0," i remember this. Mr. Polk's conduct
'uvifl II llllfSK B PA tk ff . - .. m . 1 Ti III I ' W III I II I III VM Til lil I 11 I II M T
perleot an instance ot riding or attemnt. ! vj n
quested to forward us the returns of thc ! Mr- Kirkpatric
i . ..
Il i . t
Tie Trophies. Col Payne election of their Counties, by the first op- 1 ?Tonu n 1
. i xr u- . i i- j . ' a ,i u Estate of I). Melt :ir.
having arrived at Washington, delivered portunity, alter they have come in, or as i 2000 F. D Breeze
nis tropnies oi me uauies on oaiuruay to mey come in, ai our expense, in return j ir. Hobbs 8500, 1
ias jer.acteOxno of the great objections i 1 in to ride both sides of the sapling as reasonuble expectation by inactivity or re- the President of the t . btatcs.in thepres- for the favor, we will either send them a 81000, loss much
Sr"sF " vva8 at it would not produce Prlrtk ! was: ever seen. His party being divided tnaining at home i Will you be the cause ence of a multitude of Officers of the srov
' t MAMA v ' T v . I . ; S a . .
n ;HviXi ernmentand of the army, and of ladies . tion thus collected, with the least possi
V,, X::-?y'" ,Ane cx.iraci S,vf.n aoove de I of our brother yh,gS of the country!? We and gentlemen. The following is his ad- de.av. En,roM op W.v!
-r. r..,...vusef was ; ouuu as a iiaier iur lurwresoi meo t. , ,i-ifK n. ;mn.,i.,tnn dress to the President ol the IT. States t '
106 Uv kcausa t aiwH 40 IHpii. WK!! hv nvbinrr 51,1 fVnm tU ""H" 'JVW,U s"1' - j ; " : 7 .. . , .
a .ystem of tmpo Senate, which he knew would be- peaceful, ! ?f dereliction (of duty oh your part ' i?10? K very satisfactory. -The Union
"AJS! -oped he would make fair Veather wW not believe untiUte see it. ; :On says: I
a '"wio iu ue rescue : xiaicii u iuu taus ui
l i. : 1
: k: . f.
- - j
then ohjeictcd against
too mnctf revenuo. If
, . : !M i L . L..
and wheik tho countr
would rehui re modification hv a rcduriionl.fi k1
duties. (lJut, sir, what wonderful proprieties are
diectfwrijd in this new scheme of financfe and
reveouoL The profound statesmanship of the
Secretary , of Iho Treasury presents the isamo
measure; to suit every contingency of ihe lieccs.
siticii of the Government. It answers both th?
purpOsciKfn-aceand of wari Thd sanio ar.
Cumnlsibavo Leon abpliodj t both condiiiohs.
IIis philohy teaebbs ibat when thertf il a
and when thero is la de-
slip or a paper containing all thc informa-
euiplu.-r reduce duties
party who preferred
compromise on the 40th parallel 40 war.
THE RANDOLPH NEGROES,
The Sidney "(Ohio.) Aurora, of the 1 1th,
says these! negroes remain on Col, John
stons farm near Piqua, The paper con
lemns,in decided termsf the conduct of
lhe citizens of Wercer fn the laieoubraalt
and insists that-4 Tliey shbuld have made;
I atriotism I Kwr country expects every
man to do his duty ! !
The Z?4crof,he Uth inst says r We hope mf cl is.not n hc sPirit of tr;,uroPh over
the Mexican Wad will be settled any how, be. a 4f feated,. and. 1 must say, gallant enemy
- .. i i;;,-rcT M 3 . that they are presented on the part of the
ff'V army; but. rather in conformity with u."
not, the Whigs will he hard run to carry their tQ gratify popular curiosity, and as
man, as most of their voters jhave volunteered some evidence that thc soldiers of the re
de l for the war, and will b4 absent from the polls. public have dotie their duty.
to iexpress my thanks for the distinguished j We have heard some anecdotes of 'Mr.
compliment,) of presenting to your excel- McLane's manly bearing in London in
i .. .i l: .. . . . .1 i ? . !
5 lency these trophies of victory, won in the ! clearing up some very erroneous imnres-
ueuuc n x niu citu ncaaca uc ia j. ai- biuiis wuicu ine llllilisirv nan irnnihPil .
probably covered ; .M
ered. ' i
The Augusta Ins
company looses hi,
85,000, "lhe Conti slr
N. Carolina Mutual
burg $3,500, the 2,.
8 1,000. The Etn?.,
Agencies in this p! .
It is believed thr.ti'.
of an incendiary.
and we should be still more gratified if;
we were at liberty to state them, because,
as soon as some errors. were dissipated! by
our minister's - explanations, Lord. AbWj
deen did honor to himself by paying to the
bead of our govenimcnt the compliment
to which he was justly entitled. : f
We learn from t!
mercial, that the S
their Rail Road to
commenced by cc .
the 13th inst.