.,uerea at $i pery -
-nS 5.-. cent lor f sen OTV4
23 per cent
Vr triTOTlY. PKODUCTIDN,
TPrTn0V! A0 MANUF ACTURE,
.vjb;ilcfiiist!':-:: ' : T , ,
irahrcam fii Fftors of the
1 J I jl iVf4,a' UlelligenccA-
.'"s'mti tfWilUn urired 'nrrainst the tariff
ill wyv. -f, ; a
i 1 Ihh! M I .- .. Krr. - -. ,V MV a a r-A 7H7-- AY : 1 . 1 'f i:- IL-:H
f i i t II i ' i i - i t t . i m i ; -
is itha'Mmdq (s .reciprocal, and that con
sciuenttvery cent of diity le vied by us
uiwri the ;forc gt1 fabric of cotton import
fdrifitb this Icbuniry recoils uj on the cot
totj grower, jwjho compelled either to
sell hh cdtton for so much less asTthe dnty
titles frorti i:'tfic profit of the manufaqturer,
orfo witHdraU ifroni tha foreign market
sotiiUch if the cotton as would be con
sumed In ithatlpartjon of the foreign fab
ric Avhichi is sijilwtftuted.by th; manufuc
tures With Kvh'ich Jibe dury levied cpables
us to rnj&b urMNlves at horri;. The ar
uract wuntls yijll, and at first blush
'cbvjijcl;-uut.W find He
reason hj;ppractical results falsify 'so
rrl touwirnd i a tlieorv. A, in most ca-
of rcaliwiihg a priori, nil the facts rel
evAntlto the iDisue are not brought before
the-' imndi I TllwcjWJii'o urge this objection
(0iQl sefm tp-have inquired into two ve
ry important .matter of fact, viz: how
Tar.tbe poiild of England ani under ,the
lnfv far, ty rccjuctionSofdutieshn any way
btajribg.oli thefanufacturc. ngla!nd( is
capabh? of redju;ing the cost otbe fabric.
TMsephjectpfiJ had, levn as many as jif
yn or eiht'eln! years ago, falsely assum
'ejc.ihajt tba cos!t of jabricaiing n England
was reduced ltd ifs-Iowekt rafe;jf. We will
iinquire hito ,tbi branch of jhe subject
jiiore full) prieenlfyi ; !Nor do these same
"objectors seej to have looked into anoth
er questioji of fact equally important and
that ii whefei" oqr Uluties upon the im
ported fabric Have ever affected the a-
Nmount.of' American ; cotton consumed a-
broadJ jHuVpppoo,jfbr ibe j ake of ar
gUiinent,' that .the Iprotctive duty takes
from the cotton grower so much of the
foreign market for hps! raw cotton asjt
affords hornVmarkftt (or tbedojmestic ma
nufacturejit js;palnalle that it would, at
thcjsaVi'j itiricl givp htm. a &rne market
fmr fullv flip !snmf limnnhf nf raw nnttnn
alt Would bc itriposVible for us to fabri
cate without !tlm raw material , Besides,
jtliis homej market jmast be,f toj the extent
of- it aj much 'better one; than the foreign,
Miie grcai prouis.oi our, lactones are noc
flip, zuvyv j uuijcaiwnj oi oouinern poiui-
ciartsv ; X.ou, win pajcion me tor saying
ht Ahe.seirMjltticiaiJ.s must have a great
ral pfYf;;iru7tO;Work uphn at home,
... :i ... 1 ii' : . .
p or ujejpvouiu jjcyer sjenu so gross a Jab-
rc iruiu loeir poiiifca
f. j jiaiory provi'S i ttni
:r & JAMES,
Editors 4 Proprietors.
Kezt a' check vtots all toxts. If
. r " ; -I
CLEKS. iX) THIS, AXD Libeiitv
; NEW SERIES,
NUMBER 54, OF VOLUME HI.
SALISBURY, N.lC.i' EHI1AY, OCTOBER 9, 1846
r-p ""Hments in this 1inever given o t!.
-r - a ne -improvement consists in, rv !,
of applying -the power to tlie
wheel now generally in usc by
I vast increase is given to the ir.f: i
4! cr, or by which fi. mill can !d cc
I and' worked with half the quanii'
Uer .now required by ordinary mi!
j inventor, Mrl Kmanuel Parf.cr. !
constructed on ibis plan, wlcj r r :
nave Dcen Yitnrs.fi hv mnr
as Washington, Adams,5 Jefferson, Madi
son, arid, aftei them, even John.C. Cal
houn, Lowndes, Clay, and a host of oth
ers, saiv at once how beneficial it would
be to the consumer of the fabric, as also
to the producer of the raw material, if We
could but manufacture this cotton at home
and thus sav6 from eight t!o ten dotjafs
per cwt. on tie cotton in the coarser fab
rics. Ilence' he protection :of the earlier
Administrations and hence, among other
reasons, the liVely support which Lowndes
only 131,000.000 lbs., and the yhole ex
ported from the United States was 14!
2-5 millions, while last year 489,000 bales
iwere consumed by our manufactures!
which, at an average of 17$ lbs. per bale,
amounts to upwards of 182.000,000 lbs. j
j. 3. By our protective duties, j first thq
English excise duty on theumanufaclurei
and afterwards her impost duty on thej
raw cotton have been removed, As a
corollary from this proposition, ii perma
inent reduction in the price of the fabricl
and Ca.lhoun gave to the tariff pf 1810 ; has been effected by the same cause so
and hehce the frequent urcinsoi4 this sub
ject upon thej consideration Tof Congress
jby Madison, and after him by Monroe.
Our manufactures had taken some hold
duringlthe restrictive systerei of Jefferson,
that thei cotton grower and the consumer
of the fabrics have been equally! -benefit-!
While these; results in the operation of
that system were effected, the manufac-j
land afterwards during the war;! but, af- j ture of this staple in England has progress-!
uer pence wns i caiurcu, mc nuuuiug nnpor- i eu wiira me increase 01 i.n crop in me U
1.... r 1 1 i .1 1.. . -.i . . . lt - i , .
utuuijs; iiuiii A-O'oiaiiu ; arcupru. -iiKfiy 10
overwhelm them in their ihfancy, until,
by the lanlts ot 1824 and 1828. adequate
protection was given them.f Now, mark
jthe efltjet. Jpckson. in his 'first message,
I believe it was, adverts to the tariff of
1828, and accounts for the singular failure
in the prediction of its opponents respect.
izeris, who prouounce it to bo i,c :
improvement on the water wlvd
covered. , Mr. Parker has fcrv.n:
j model to Washington to obtain a
! which no doubt will bo speedy ;
j It is but seldom that we havd nn t
nity to record a Southern invent: :
ciprcity, but strictly on considerations ofrit could not have discriminated more ina-
internal policy ; in a word, o give the ror of Britisu -workmex." ;
Brijish laborer cheap bread. We have , LET THE PEOPLE REMEMBER,
SISi, T 6 ! That Mr- "aywiod the Democratic Sen- jhe- numerous ' Yanki
Brilh market is much over-estimated by ator from N J fa Carolin ,vho resigned ! vvhrels throughout the south will
! !lis seat sooner tha vl' for the riff 1--Wc therefore feel sc be ;
u .c..u,c ucumuu u, 'iJawori84G,saVs.iahisHldrpssto the neo- lll,lng. upon Rood authon v. to t
ncau corn. Ana we regard this as un- r:vrtr,k r ' i- m -A- r
questionalply established by the recent !
fluctuations of that market. Corn was'
exceedingly low notwithstanding the pre-1
: vibusjrepeal of the corn laws, and the cer- j
tain Success of our tariff bill, until the as-!
certajned failure of the potato crop, and j
the doubtful weather at the period of liar- 1
vest, spread an alarm about a scarcity of:
provisions. Was it inquired whether the !
American supply would not meet the de
ticiency ? Not at all. Prices immediately
rose, Decause ot the supposed insulhcien
States Tfvithout respect to the duties-laid cy of, the British supply. In another week,
upon her fabrics. ; ; t however, although the ravages of the po- i
In thisie.w of the subject, (and I believe I tato 'disease were more certainly ascer- i
every word of this argument is sound and tained, the weather had proved to be un
based pon established fnicts.) I ask you texpneiedly favorable, and the harvest oC;
candidly to say, is not the, cotton planter
-more indebted to protective duties than
any other man, not excepting the mantij
ing the prices, of protected articles by the ! facturef himself t
extraordinary; impetus given to manulac-! I have attempted to present this subject
tures thereby! increasing them so much as
...nt. . u.- .i. , i
ctuiimiiy iv.jr-puvc iiig pncei, noiwiinsian
ding the duty (That mode of accounting
for lovprices(underhigh ilujies was sound
and true and republican in Jackson's mes
sage, but in the mouths of Whigs now it
is f.alse?and absurd aristocratic,, federal,
British or any thing a demngogue choos
es to call it.)Jrf
i Now let us mark the effect of this same
bill of aboniinations" upon: England, and
we wilUoonsbe what a lever we held upon
her on this subject. The great competi
tion wiih England which thftt "bill" raised
in our domesfic manufacturbs so reduced
the price thai the English manufacturers,
in 1620 and 1830, were compelled to com
in a new light, by adverting to one impor
tant fat which had escaped the attention
of our people-. If I have succeeded in
demonstrating the true effect of our pro
tective duties upon British Legislation, I
bave brought to view a matter which de
mands the attentive consideration of states
men. How far I have elucidated this sub
ject you must judge.
wheat was pronounced to be an average
one; j ; The natural effect of a fall in price
took place forthwith and we deem it as
yet entirely uncertain whether this fall
has not more than counterbalanced the:
These fluctuations we say, prove that
the British demand docs not depend on
; DUTY UPON MADEIRA WINE.
, We stated the duty uponMadeira Wine
under the act of '1842, to be GO cents per
gallon, which is 50 per cent.
. The Constitutionalist admits our state
ment to be correct, but says, under 44 the
treaty of reciprocity with Portugal, the du
ty levied was only 7j cents." which is 5
per cent. Welljthen, if a treaty makes
it 5 per cent., dont charge fhe Whigs with
putting it at 5 per cent. If a Democratic
Secretary will place upon the treaty a
construction not warranted in the opinion
- - a l VA W , A
! fifteen month's study and lalt r, 1..
length, the gratification of sccng t :
tical operation of his improvements
he tells us," exceeds even his own
pations with regard to it. (L:;
rial. ' I
The Rip Rap?. The fortifi iruic r.
Rip Raps, in Hampton Roadf, ati
two miles from Fortress Mol'ircc.
enclose a space 6f about thnje acrs
nearly two millions have alnyidy 1
pended by the "government iii t!.
struc'tion. The water on th k bar
Rip Raps, was, at low water1 at
1 Itn ivnrl.-o A n i. . . 1 iC
of able judges, nbd pu, Mlir Wh.e at . , I ' n,
a duty of 5 per dent., for the sake of com- foundati' of ,h ' ' ,rl:L
mon just.ee donl parade the duty, n Ihe bIoek of rani wc're nX u;'.
by the side of it, a duty of 10 prr cent, as
the work of the Democrats. If a Demo
cratic Administration will construe the
treatv. so ns to defeat thn Whic dntv nT
the foreign, but on the domestic supply ; ; 50 per cent., perhaps it may do so to de
j and they show, further, that the British fcat the Democratic duty of 40 per cent.
nmrK?i is not expecieo, Dy us own ieai- why put a dutv of 40 per cent, upon
crs, td furnish a very reliable demand for j Madeira Wincin the act of 181G, when
loutid ihcjh'ss ofojir iotton onlr
"any increased protection of our
England, the great
jias never taken one
Okctures,iiorj;oncj ; pound the more be-,
cause of nny! reduction of duties on our
jiart. jShclbas: goie dn from year to year
rajiiilly ihcreasng tfiefjuantity of her con
sumption pf our stajplf irrespective of our
duties. She;' seems: id have acted under
a stern nrfccsiity. ;yiuch impels her,
der ail circumstances, to manu
product o? our soil, ajnd beg
tance at ourj porfsj jith fabrjics of her
loom at noy price, 'J These statements are
not tootel mride. ; ,1 kvrite from the re
c(rd, and jo substantiate my position, re
fer to tha fatlo rcspecting raw cotfon
p i)c touhU lrgtjie j National lrlelligencer
as to its effect upon the flour and grain
menceasystemof retrenchment,and throw 1 market, yet we beg to-present this addi-
out of employment a large number of la- i tional one to our readers. ; They I will find
the foreign supply.
So much for breadstuff's. A slight ad
vance! in Cotlpn. an article, which we free
ly concede, does find a most important;
market in Great Britain, which it found I
just ajs efficiently, long before the era of!
tree trade, has been very naturally caused
foundation, somei four acres or mcr
tent, was formed. The buijjii:
fortification wai then comnSrjc(
had progressed Id the height; of
fifteen feet, when it Was foijnd 1':.
foundation, under the weight, kvas
though so imperceptibly as ht llr
scarcely noticeable. The further cc
! tion of the work was in conserjucr
The subject of the New Tariff is such
a fruitful theme with the Democracy, that,
although we published articles' last week
showing how false were their conclusions b' !hi intelligence, that the cotton.crop is ; upon
PTt ,n nkn. rrrto be; sort one. Unlike the case of chan
borers,pndsUch distress arid consequent I it very ipain and clear.
disqyietude resulted from this course, that r 1 1 u
;r iori LmonJ 1 1 1 . utterly unfounded are th
it 1 arljament had not interfered so as to . , ,
the Secretary will not permit it to he en- j poed, the first tier of port to!'"
V,V , , 1 Hcen completed. The walH we.
Was it put there to cheat the people, buiIt up t0 lhc intended height, v.;
and make them : believe that the Demo- granite blocks designed for the 1"
crats were willing to favor the poor while lion but without using the :uiunl c
th)VhA"? Wished to fPPre;8 them ? and so arranged that the weight 1.:
. c ",g 1 c foundation is much greater than it
ion Madeira Wine. The Democrats when the fort :$ romnl,tpdJ Sir.;
charge them with putting a duty of 5 per j ninn u-.n.lnnt.it tk fnnn,!ni;m,
wheat, the demand for Cotton depends on cent, upon it, while they were willing to '. atejy beneath the walls has settle
the foreign supply, and an expected dimi- j put one of 40, and now it turns out that J ten feet so (nat tn q co
are nearly on a level with the cct
nutioii of the supply has produced a slight ; the 5 per cent, duty is the work of a Dem
and wilKsee how -advance in.the price ; not by any means j ocratic Secretary! That is, that much
the reasonings and I such 9tn advance as the lnquirer takes j only is collected by his construction of
3 iu . . i . t i f tnr crvtk n rif1 in nr rtnlmrr tnmo ctotnmont r tli t-o-mo rt o Irontir with 1'nrlnnrQl tr
removes the ciuse of distrps thp Fnalivh 1 conclusions ot those who are accrediting "-r" , V, . , i , , , , 7 V M
iriuuu uir tnuse Ol UlSireSS ine rjnglisn i . iNJpvv N nrL- nnnpp TI.P P.nnn rnp ad's 1 tvKnm t ip k Htiftnf A Mflpirn hp nnrrsi
Government .".self would in jUl probability ! to the Tanffof '40, every good eilect up. , advance L .o be as- i , Aur&nlincl.
1 1 . J '11 I . , .1 . I .... t - i
uc uicuucriunieu. a lie manuiaciur- , on uie iiiari.eis
?rs insisted on the striking off the excise
duty of3d. rjr square yard or they could
n0t compete fvith the American factories,
and the necessity of the case compelled
England in 131 to take off the excise duty
entirely. This it is that the much-abused
tariff of 1823 brought about a permanent
in inc cost ol the fabric in inr-
From the Richmond Times.
THE BRITISH MARKET.
The Unsettled effects of the recent
i. cribed, like the rise in wheat, to the potato !
f rut ? Assuredly not, but to the failure of ; Maine Election. -!
the cotton crop. A deficiency in any kind j Thursday says :
The Boston Atlas of
of e ptem.be r S't
Cul loch himself,
free traded : ! .!
i, taken chiefly from Mc
the treat champion of
Jf it is iskeil ivh'y h is that the expan
sion pfj tljo manufac ure of this article
has; eontiijued, hotvifhstandir g the con
tinual redaction 'of the price of the fabric I
Pe rhap$ avo will find the true answer nart-
l- .LLVL-! i t . .'it . :. -
in inp rppiq ucviapmeni o
try hself, kholfe, ineximustiblf
pnoducttoii act1! by,! means of
trade, as a stjpiulus on the
,n1 all kirids: and a defieiencv of cotton will
telligence from England, have set the De- - produce a demand jpr cotton. But, we
mocratic journals very diligently to de- j doubt not, it is as pertinent to attribute
monstratmg the admirable effects of free the small enhancement of cotton to the
trade. Their peculiar COUrSe of reaSOnr i nnlt,vrnt n tn Tfr Wllrpr' tnriff nr tr
muu uuiouniing 10 more tnan the present ing, may be stated, in a lew woras, inus;,f tne repeai Qf tne corn laws
price Per square yard of the coarse fab- Someweeks since, itvas asked b thej But how is it with toha'CCQ ? IIere .g
It'j" ?e..m ! ! XIhJ?JR"??,Sh2 Si anothr article not produced in England,
K l ' k V7-Ml"t,"w" "4 oo anu 10 ; s xucjr and fdr vrhicfc the demand like lhar fbr
hold up the price of the raw material than
acture this -any one thing in the course; of its history,
for admit- Shortly after this master result of our pol
icy, which seems to have eluded the ob
servation of our politicians, in which mill
ions of revenue raised by England from
our staple WSe re released, our own dis
putes at homfc effected what England so
anxiously desired. The tariff of 1832
made almost levery hempen article free of
duty, ahd otherwise affected the duties on
manufactures ; and in 1833 the compro
mise act established wholly a new system
of 1842j was in operation. But since they j
" Gur friends in Maine did nobly at the
second trial oh Monday. Thomaston, for
the. first time almost within the memory of;
man, has elected Whig Reprasentatives ! ,
This is almost equal to the election of a
Whig in Nobleborough and Bremen. Bel
fast, too redeemed, and has elected Hen- 1
ry Colburn, Whig, by a handsome vote, i
Richmond and Bowdoinham have each
elected a Whig. Lincoln county has done
ever, me wans. nave not settif u mc ,
an inch, and the work will probaU
be recommenced and'complett d. I
perhaps 8500,000 more will be re
Vlin pnmnlofp;) it i-!ll nfif ?i I n fi'
ges of port holes, and about t
large calibre. ; ;
KJfect of Cannon balls on Iron .'
At Portsmouth some remarkable ra-J
been produced by the experimental t.
tice, from ihe Excellent, on the Sir n
Ruby, and it is expected that the tvd.T.i:
in consequence, stop the buildipgcf ir ;
ers and other vessel for the preecr.t. T
i i i -i . r t . 't !
wq cn nn me lwuur aui en r ncuuna;ru
rrr t tirrr i tit fnitnifvit r . . , . r. 1 . . . I . I . . hnr, nl.Andir aIaaIihI itiapo V i iitl' - c-t 4 1..., 2m nr a in;i,npld n i ;
asked this question, there has been a rise X" . 8 .1T ! ,,uu!r"u 1 c c ' 5 I ! , . " f " l f
! 'rpi , -it c 1fli0 :L. tet'.n n, , w''iuiiaicij(;iui uui uj)jiuucius, louaccu even man oiu ijeuueucu.
in prices. , 1.tllVl J T. ? ! contirtuea to he more and more depressed, ' 4-So far as we have returns the Whigs
upmuimuuuui iou iuiui, jn of M(. Waker and the tarjff of
1 he excellent circular, from one of
has had the effect." Thus
is bad (is due to the law of
whatevier is good is due to
A . 'ur r Uhembst respectable houses in Liverpool,
184G. Or, to put the case differently, it ( tiv. Stn Iir x,utU
1 i 1 1 r - "11 i. ! -J, "V- - l J HI uui IVkHWIUUI
rvtu. r n a iirao .' i t 1 1 c fiiro thillinrfe ! nilCir. S ir. '-- . . J-.
IIUUI Vlly IV Ul.. 1UIM lA.vol.llllllo.fri...
ter, it is the abominable system of protec
tion which causes it ; but if the next week
it-rises jfive shillings, why it is Mr. Walk-
gives this unpromising account of the Bri
tish tobacco maijiet :
4' Tlie heavy stock of. tobacco in Europe, the
er's free trade which is to 'be blessed for : large aipplies still to come forward, und the re-
of-lluties. which th nm nthr VfVr.nll i it. hnt. if flour shoidd ncrnih. in the third ; ported-Juxurious state ot the growing crop :n the
loch) hUiled as the harbinger of prosperity ! week, fall back five shillings, we should j United States, lorb.d expectation oj a satire
. , t i l t i it. , '"'l J'v 'T p ' , , j tory business m the article during the ensuing
to , Lng and. Indeed he exiiltinglv declar probably be caUed on to recollect tha the gesouVnor can a h e for futu?e business b
ed that those modifications of the tariff ; tariff of 1842 is still in operation, and; be '. entertihie1 umil lhe uhure of tobacco in the
had given a death blow to our manufac- j assured that it has caused the depression. United States be discouraged hv unreinunera-
have elected thirty-six to twenty-seven
Locos and one Liberty.- The classed
towns do not vote again until a week from
Monday. Portland and Bangor try again
next Monday." .
. 1 i
The Wrhig Convention which met yes-
terday at Utica has nominated Mr. Young, !
of Livingston, as a candidate for the office ;
of Governor, and Hamilton Fi?h, Esq., of ;
this city, for Lieutenant Governor.
The Massachusetts Whig Convention
met in Boston yesterday, and by acclama
tion nominated Mr. Brig;s for Governor,
and Mr. Reid for Lieutenant Governor.
the other side, carrvinu with it uluue
In ad ion this would lisK. t:e
of the vessel, for on heeling over to l'.. 3 '
such a body of water must ruh in, t!
ing could prevent her sinking, wijh all .
A representation of this important circ
arising from the recent trials, ljas be
to the Admiralty; and should jfuitler
mental firing prove that serious ri:k v i
casioncd to iron vessels ot war. wi.cr;
' to the chance of being struck bv 1
is doubtful if the Board will not
as men-of-war. !
But fortunately for the country, ! This, we submit, as a fair sample of the ; ljng pcesa result which, of necessity, must , They are the present able and esteemd in
! cotton I the destructive period of that act was just! argumentation of our opponents about ihet be ne;tr at hand."
Stintu us oiri the abcfr-cravmir i betore the close ot its ten vears continu-! resultsiot tree trade. J heir style is a per- ; . . ,
Jh .tslj-i' Jji ! lj ' iJ j .... .j. i; ..Uj ,.j -i .f i . . j :! .ui r u .i,..i. ...-I isoAvgeniieT
i'pujuuoii oi. i j4jIijiwuci, ynicn, in us sun a4iut-, vuu we, were noi oounu uy me so- icci inriuiuincici ui mc mamcu,
? i J 1 t ' ! ! I ? J I ' I ... 5 n . .1 . . . . . . . 7 it 1 -1 - - - - - '
i-mnuy ol its pledge long to bleed under , may always Know wnemqr prices are
increasing demands for' our ra
reacts with Atoltaiii energy up
flnrtivrticrirtrit VklT. tiAhnla 'i I
uDon the pro-! the cruel stab. In 1832 the ound was bad ori good, as the laws of 1842 and
dQCttvcjs'rarit .of! oljr people1 Production,! stanched, bui the whole politic was in the 184G are alternately described as in the
mahufactaro, jand poiiisumptiph of the fa
oric, ha.vri kept iaJeogethcrr As an out
let for theW'ellih manufactbrp. rpdncin'rr
prices jiek u'dUiobtjnualVyl- expanding
consumptionJjarid thus is explained the
very last stages of sinking.1 Yet see how
like a charing with the returning smile of
a fostering Qovernment, life and activity
returns;, and every industrial interest
springs" to its feet again. But the irrurri-
difficult probieiri why production, in the bling cotton -planter, like the elder brother
.hi id at of. its id most rriiraculous expansion,' in the parable of the prodigal son, stands
but 6lowlyjab:iVdit extravagant profitsj, j off afar and j refuses, to join in the univer
4 the '$mprqybiheihtk in machinery, toge- j sal joy upon his brother's return. It seems
The Enquirer, of yesterday, falls very
much jnto this manner of argument, but
in oneportion of the article expresses more
therwvthjthi fedUcipg priced of
" Nqv, we do
that the recent
entirely owincr to the revenue measures here
and in England. We are willing to give some
credit to the potato failure, and to the axiom
gentle nen of the free trade school
why is it. that your free trade does not im
prove the prices of tobacco ? We pre
sumef we shall be told, we ought not to
expect any thing better as long as the ta
riff of 1812 is in force. But with wheat
and eottpn. it is perfectly clear that the
tariff of 1842, though in f orce, is not work
ing, and that the beneficent act of 184G is
the 44 full tide of successful experiment !" j
o not contend (says: that paper) Truly, our free traxle friends possess a won-
rise of agricultural i products is diM facility of accommodating their ar- !
guments to circumstances. ;
A Disappointed Pautv. The remnant of
the Fifty-four-forties in the West are giving
vent to their wrath in such manifestations as
this, which the Ohio Statesman, (the organ of
democracy in Ohio,) with some severe stric
tures of its own, copies from the proceedings of
a Democratic meeting in that Stale :
: ...... i
41 Resolved, That President Polk, in his irucK
Una to the South, and his crouching to
California It is supposed t!
Government at Washington: has i
' information respecting the fiction
squadron on the coast of Lahlor:,
that which recently came to the
Minister. Tho Union of Moiul
says . '
The events and prospecti on t"
of California are bright pnd c
There is reason to believe that 1
time the whole of that coast has i
cupted by our squadron. Mo::tcr
tainly taken, and Guimas, fcnd it
tain that the Yerba Bucnajon t!.
Call I I autisbi't duuiuiviii
" ' ' . . . C
i: r.i, n.:i;.k has oeen cuuiy oi
Krowini"s ui iuc UIUI51I in.-", , t j k i 1
In inconsistency and treachery too base to be tain Montgomery, and it fs be.
to be the fatje of Southern politicians to be
matcrval.1; "enhbled the manufacturer to embarrassed with sisrnal failure in all their I that prices devend won the supply and demand
contindc hisfcductiQn of prite for the fa- I predictions. They complained that this i But wi are just as confident, that the more ex-
larin oi ior' wouiu oni)T cause rjiigianu r,,u,ru "Ul 'cici ui ut.....v,
to lay countervailing duties, and to shut !lnd more probable a rise in prices." j
her port's in a measure against our pro- , It is something to gain a concession that
duce ;i but, unfortunately lor theiri reputa- Mr. Walker is not entitled to all the cred
.one, so likeAvise thepimprovdment in the
V.UHUIO mm i,ie mactiinery lor preparing
the. raaUrial ;fbi marked enabled the
planter lop fronihis prices, and preserve
hts gains hUtilitUe impaired, which still
vununuep, anu : m inis Uay remain greater
culture, .with perhaps the xeeption of the
KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE,
That Mr. Lewis, the Democratic Chair
man of the Senate Committee on Finance.
Cinriven. and a wroni? dishonorable to me na.
tron, and has forfeited all claims to our conn
dence and respect."
The South Carolina papers are discuss-
vith some warmth the expediency ot
have been taken without anv r
4 IVAo )ar'VR truly! aniu:
44 how dark the locofocos'keep " in
ject of the UrtfisJs.Tarifl. Tlje j o
cininor to realize its destructive m .
man J( mc ucuaio VUUII1UIH.V- vjit x- hkhi, nrr with SOflie wainuu r Ajiruu in j j i o c , , . - i
during the debate on the tariff bill, stated ! sferrin- the appointment of Presiden- bu3iies .rcad R"d 'Jf Jf"'
thnt the fithnd Oth sections of that bill. 1 "Sf " frnmL T.errislaturn to the : and fcare rVuIV, " .VA '
both of them 44 substantially COP- peoD!e. South Carolina is the only State ; ftran,f'
1 r 111
C t k n v cfiruitd nretend to
tut. w - -
rk. ra mmAv & mucH fri '":
in wnicu iwc prupic am iiwv , ravafTe9 Unon ousiness as omiii
culture of sugar.
; ButjljwjsH joshdyvyou, Iry a plain his
ioric detailthat this splendidly acting and
reacting: Vpcfn betjween th marufac.tur
Jtr in Enghind and the producer in Amer
ica would lbnir' since have ceased its
orous Action but for the protective arm of
Ahiericip Congrcssj.H ! - . ;- j . ' ., .
In 1171 England J repealed the statute
'Qichimade iVikhalio manufacture ariu
WicteMholltjof. ckton ; and .from I hat
hme tiU iqOGleyied adutyf 3d. sterling
?TPn i Iery Kuaro jyard manufactured in
? "Mm. i j In J 800 this excise dutv was
, V b'tfdf 'Tfr Muare; itard. v lftsides
ition as propfiets and wise men, the first ! it. The absolute destruction of nearly all , ;Le?in nnifcu Svi'Tift
thing we hear from England on the sub- ! the fdod of theIrish is at last admitted, in lbb U.b A Hon o 1 A 1 U 1 L ton
ject is that she has taken off the last pen- ! Democratic estimation, to have a slight
ny of duty Upon cotton, in order to sustain I effecton prices, and what is more impor- j KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE,
and encourajge the manufacture thefe like- j tant, jthe law of supply and demand is not j jThat Mr. Payne of Alabama, when ask
wise, i Herb then is the remarkable spec-1 wholly discarded from the Enquirer's e- j ed how the country would get revenue, re
tacle of two of the most powerful. nations ! conomy. plied, 44 Easy enough wc shall consume
on the globe, rivalling each other in en- JNqr are we disposed to dispute the Jbn
couraging the manufacture of a staple, ; quirer s axiom, that 44 tbetmore extended . atrwme ! We shall derive a' revenue ot . uui no oiaie n v"c " . rVA about Lome. Then; (J
the nfodur.e'rs of which nrofess to regard mir market the irrfiter niir demand, and i ft ihn nnnnnni ,f nd h hv iMPORTliNtj I tion SO thorougniy ari . 1.1 1 l:. i . Ano and
r- j - n . . . w. , w..w.vuvr,vsw, .v.uvw, , .. it .1 ...ii.n ni irmi'ii 111
that. nnAnrBrmPnt :hv tri nti'nn wh'ieh i tnnrot nrnrht .eA ttV nriUec' tWhn ! T?Il?:.TIf 17SJi A Q f A TM V AS WE AOW i Visions, ana DV me oww , .
: r. . J. . j i ? i . i i . ... ,r !. . t ' i . . .. will f the mai
ioremost lo act anu compels us rival to j ever pojecieu 10 me uritisn opening ineir
- .1 1 I - ' I M
vote m a I'resiaentiai eiecuon. x uc
Charleston Mercury warmly resists the
proposed change. It! thinks that South
Carolina is now the best governed Com
monwealth in the Union, and it is con-
FORFdON GOODS instead of roods made tent to keep her so. i ns may
i .T . . . . e tit, nn Stat, in the Union nas a cmu
faial ravages of the Cholera, b l4--old
story hut we will repeat it fur i! :
Gumbo had been told of.the tavcr j
made among the intemperate, an l !
torious drunkard himsell, but he !. :
. the story any more than lhe kco-
imunous etiects oi ice j uru,.u
"f&pecwti waspaid upon raw cot--;
wn under the English taritrUr 1 -Jft7 tvhieh
T?iVisc? . 71. undejr their tariff of
, ... , - I j .! v ... t ;- , , "...
do likewise) the greatest 'curse which le
gisiation can bring down; upon them; j
Yhat, (then, have been the effects of
our protective system on this staple in
America T - t I1'
1 By! protective tariffs it was first plan
led here. . , " V . :;4
2-i protective tariffs a home market
has been built up for this staple of great
er- importance than the! English marker
was.tweniy years ago ; . for when tne la
riffqf 1 824 was passed; the whole arnbuht
lot cotton manuiaciurea in
s country, such
dm. ' . m
ports to American corn s It the measure.
is to make their market available to us,
who s there that will not be - pleased at
it? Nd Whig, we are sure, has ever ar
gued that the repeal of the corn laws
would he prejuaicea to our people, unless
they jwere allured hf t iritokhe adoption
of unwise measures of their own. I What
we Have contended for is, that the British
measure conferred no manner of obliga
tion !on us 5. : it was adopted from regard to;
British interests entirely li and was based'
i on jxp eniargea system ot commercial jrc-.
,; ' ' i;C5!t- '.:j. ! ;ri! 1
his knees at once and beg-od 1!.
ns, ami 17.'- u: i : .r l.im "disone time "and Lev
11 e .1 . t ir ni T ri R wuiic uuuuia' . . . .
Hail " wll 01 me iimjw. j , . f '-rate ever aflerwards. A jwag
KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE,
V . - r-. . t -I 1
That Mr. McDuffie, ot ooum
in replying to Mr. Webster,
this 'extraordibory language : It was j ernment" upon the prospent
ikot the LABOR of the coun- i c nr rnmmnnwealtb.
trl would be eflected by this bill-THAT, 1 1 Uat nigga beendead two, tn
If Y..n-. I ...nnntrfMPVT n Tl K.WATEK 1ILLI " J. ,,fa 1 l OO UC II
(SaiU iUr. WCUUiuc, i,uuiciii nuuusn 1 x i.
n ' l. t j rpi nrrate ever auerwarus. .
tion is soeffec.ua ly pra yzed Jt te ; . ,
. " .7' may be, for an mis, wcu . unnck 4t the door. u ir
Jouth Carolina, H ( bef it only affords another illustration , Tfae cholerat rrp!;ed xU
r, made use of of lhe trifling influence of 44 forms of gov- j he want .Weut Gumbo! (h
ige: It was! rnmpnf upon the prosperity and happi-, ft, Llowed , oul bis candle v..
and hurriedly replied "no 1
BtTTlA SMALL MATTER U"
CEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE, '
' fThlat Senator Cameron, "of Pennsylva
nia" said of the new Vtariff-If ; the. bill
had been arawn dv a Drmsn oiaiwiuou ji
.DBaotmfvt nN Tf IE .WATER WHEEL. Am .r,,r de fic
. V. . . 1. . ... 1 t. .
ht t . ..nnrfnmtu 1CT WTC.lv. UI I ann uriliua v
ivp nan nn uunui kcmi, . iiw. . .
inspecting thej model pf an improved wa
ter wheel, tbej discovery of a worthy cit
izen of Kershaw District, which promises
to be one of the inosumporiaiifc
doors, show their alarni by t ;
tellio their friends it sha!l ro;
uch'nigga bere-ha bce.i C
vrttkY'Beltoiri Fall Caulic
5. iff ti
1 - 1 ' ,
- -i 'J --.-4 :-;f-- S"-1",- V V