North Carolina Newspapers

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RRTTNP.R & J A MRS. ! i ''L. : "'t:) r"xmmtMM, ' ' r ! i xn?w srpiro ! i
dtwr 4- Prwjriptor. . ) , isun. ' ! m. ) NUMBER 34, OF VOLUME III.
, N. G , jPREDAfl DECEMBER 18, 1846.
' - ' ' - 1 - 1 1 f . 1 ; ' ' i ' -i . . .
seized, and dur flag insulted in her port's.
If money wris wanted, the lawless seizure
and confiscation of our merchant vessels
T r . u i
l'.r.T-7a. ! ,at on haS visited our poun
Iucnn:Hri i ! i.l ti .ooA . aim conuscauon oi
iryVnVnl gooa, nea.m . . y ' and lheir was a ready resource1 ;
t ... tHM nn( irmu miw w. ...w ., - . . ,. ,
t L..ilinw
h ffir-wlytni! an ample rewai-d, while
UtWini science and the arts are rapid-
Ivfoiaryiigtucrnoans of social happiness.
The progress tifur country in her career
f cret'trifs?, riotibnly inhe va$t exten-
and the rapid
but in resour
hannv condi-
Ln if4ur ' jpelei! without example in the
sltrcnsrth. rind henefi-
;on bf ur trrtdnarlitriits
ncrcaff oU f popujation.
-rs ahdiWcaun, anu in iu
1 , 4 ,J I i all . I ...
the gracious Giver of
'istorr-pf 'Dn;
of our frt institution are unfolded.
ffrv dhVddi Vh: motives to content
Mfnf.''S incentives to patriotism,
Oir vout 'and sincere
rints; nje; due-to
it I coV ior the
Which bur b-loved country finjoys.
Ill is! af source! pf high sMistaction to
;novv.!lilt ti6 Relations of the) United
t.,iJ uiih nFt other nations, with a sin-
lr : - I I 7 I ' t i." ,t ' - . ..
Vlr excretion, are ol ine most amicanie
fbarjicfcrj rely ahached to the pol-
cy of peace, early adopted and steadily
VurstiPu. -oj tuis govcrnmeni, i nave anx
iously li&tfirpd jtajjcultivatej and cherish
ricnUMiip-ana commerce wun every ior
ign povef tJijo'kpirit and habjtsof tfye
mcricjin! peoplei iare favorable to the
ivfcUnanrft of s;ujU international harmo
j Id adhering' td this wise policy, a pre
ipiiiarjf 4d panount duty obviously
rtmastsjin the ;irpjecti.6n of! our 'national
nT r r est Irom n c oiic h m e ri t or iacrifice,
inouqniiional: honor; from reproach.
Hpsu:mult be maintained at anv hazard.
L. I !. i ' .1 "i . .
bfy (mil oi i;q cornpromifse, or negiecr,
iJ fnt be scrupulously and constantly
wrucu -in me.rf viguani vindication.
national flag.-i-
government to
Legislative departments concurred ; and
yet such has been our forbearance, and
desire: to preserve peace with Mexico, that
i nr i
and conflict with foreign powers
become unavoidable.
jt-bikk p'en our scrupulous adherence
b lW dista'S ol justice, in all ouj- foreign
:rrcoupfl, wiai, nuiugn sieaunyianu ni
Ay adyaftcih n prosperity and power,
eotvc given no jusv cause oi complaint
any nation, and liaveeii joyed the bless
es ot peace far more; than thirty ears.
row 4 policy so sacred to humanity, and
ialutiry jn Us tjilVcts upon our politi-
Kjviten ve! hold never be induced
The V!ii'f)ng war! with Mexico was nei-
nor:pravoueu py tne United
!cs. ! Pij thcj cint rnry, all honorable
faui fi rc rebrtdd to to avert it, After
V!l:J;i-A: r-'i .
jnui epuurancep aggravated and un
Jresd iwrongs our; part. iMexico.
r1cMitiprijof solemn treaty stipulations,
iofrttverv principle of justice re con -
KfdiylVliizeU nations, commenced hos-
ties, and thus, by ljerNown act, forced
? war! Upon UH. MLongx before the ad
ince ivur arrty tofthe lejft bank of the
io GraM?. e imd ample cause! of war
:ninsti' .Mexico i niid had the United
.utesrpsorted.t this extremity, we might
,ive appealed tc the wholecivilized world
pr jusjiee oitour cause
I derm fuo be mvi dutv to riresent to
L ' ' T" k' ''I'll ' i
p. ofiitR present occasion, a condensed
new of the Injuries w;e had sustained,
the dftHS,PS u Hinh pA tn th war nnrl
I tts 'prugress bnelits'- commencement.
ia Ti ijuereu ijuc finore i necessary ue-
udcoj ttje misapprehensions whichhave
sonii fXtentj prevailed as to its Origin
4tru character - The (war has! been
prticniru asi umust and unnecessary,
iWjOne qi aggression on our part upon
Ja'jid, j itljuhf d cneny. Such .erro
rtf i jews, though entertained by but
Vave lieen i widely and extensivelv
rciiUtrd, not! bhli i at home, but have
reft rpread throughout Mexico and the
Iwerw-otld. : ;Aj more effectual means
pM not liave been devised to encourage
j-cehfiDy and protract the war than to
ftocjitej and adhere to their cause, and
rEirelhemjjfa d and jomfbrin
I U ft.
, 7
and if to accomplish their purposes it be
came necessary to imprison the owners,
captains and crews, it wsdone. Rulers
superseded rulers in Mexico in rapid suc
cession, but stilljthere wks no change in
this system of depredation. The govern
ment of the U. States made repeated re
clamations oh behalf of its citizens, but
these were answered by the perpetration
of hew outrages. Promises of redress
made by Mexico in the most solemn forms
were postponed or evaded. The files arid
records of the Department of State con
tain conclusive proofs ofj numerous law
less acts perpetrated upon the property
anu persons oj our citizens oy luexiconno
oi w anion insuus 10 our;
The interposition of our!
ootain reuress was again ana again in
voked, under circumstances which no na
tion ought to:disregard. j I II
It was hoped that these outrages would
cease, and that Mexico Would bje restrain
ed by the laws which regulate! the con
duct of civilized nations; in their inter
course with each other after the treaty of
amity, commerce, and navigation of the
5lh of April, 1831, was concluded be
tween the two republics; but !this hope
soon proved to be vain, j The course of
seizure and confiscation of the riroperty of
our citizens the violation of their per
sons and the insults to our flag pursued by
Mexico, previous to that time, were scarce
ly suspended. for even a brief period al
though the treaty so clearly defines the
rights and duties of the respective parties'
that it is impossible to misunderstand or
mistake them. Jin less than seiTen years
after the conclusion of that treaty our
grievances hrid become so intolerable that,
in the opinion 01 President Jackson, they
should no longei be endured. In his mes
sage to Congress in February,' 1837, he
presented them to the consideration of that
body, and declared that
time since some of the in
committed, the repeated
applications for :redresstbe wanton char
acter of some of the outrages upon the
property and persons of bur citizens, upoh
the officers and flag of tle United States,
independent; of fecent insults to this gov
ernment and people by the late extraor
dinary Mexican Minister, would justify in
the eyes of all nations immediate war'
In a spirit of kjindness4 and forbearance,
however, he recommended reprisals as a
milder mode of redress. He declared that
war should not e used as a remedy " by
just and generous nations confidingjri
their strength for injuries committed, if it
can be honorably avoided," and added,
" it bas occurred to me that, considering
the present embarrassed condition of thalt
rnuntrv. vvp shnnifl ncf witK Knil. urloUm
nnH mnrlpmtinn Ku trivintr tr H(av!nn
.w.., J b f O HlA.VVJ
more opportunity to atone for the past, be
fore we takejredress intb our own hands
To avoid alt misconception on the part of
IMexico, as Well as. to protect our own na
tional character from reproach, this op-
tniriuimy snouiu oe given wun tne avow
ed design and full preparation to take im
mediate satisfaction, if it should not be
obtained on a repetition of the demand
for it. To this end I recommend that an
act be passed authorizing reprisals, and
the use of the Naval force of the United
States, by the Executive, against Mexico,
enforce them in the event of a refusal by
the Mexican government to come to an
amicable adjustment of the matters in
controversy between us, upon another de
"Thejlength of
urieshave been
and unavailing
rongs of which we then complained,
and which gave rise to these solemn pro
ceedings, not only remain unredressed to
this day, but additional causes of com
plaint, of an aggravated character, have
ever since been accumulating. r
. Shortly after these proceedings, a spe
cial messenger was despatched to- Mexi
co, to make a final demand for redress;
and on the 20th of July; 1837, the demand
was made. The reply of the Mexican
government bears date on the 29th of the
same month, and contains assurances of
the anxious wish" of the Mexican gov
ernment not to delay the moment of that
final and equitable adjustment which is
to terminate the existing difficulties be
tween the two governments;"; that no
thing should be left undone which may
Contribute to the most speedy iand equita
ble determination of the subjects, which
have so seriously engaged the attention
of the American government;" that the
Mexican government would adopt, as
the only guides for its conduct, the plain
est principles of public right, Ithe sacred
obligations imposed by international law,
and the religious faithof treaties ;" and
that " whatever reason and justice may
dictate respecting each case will be done."
The assurances was further given, that
the decision of the Mexican government
upon each cause of complaint, for which
redress had been demanded should be
communicated to the government: of the
United States by the Mexican minister at
These solemn assurances, in answer to
our demand for redress, were disregarded.
By making them, however, ; Mexico ob
tained further delay. President Van Bq
ren, in his annual message to Congress of
the fifth of December, 1837, states, that
" although the larger number" of our de
mands for redress and " many of them
aggravated cases of personal wrongs,
have been now for years before the Mex
ican government, and some of the causes
of national complaint, and those of the
most offensive character, admitted of im
mediate, simple, and satisfactory replies,
it is only within a few days past that any
specific communication in answer to our
last demand, made five months ago, has
been received from the Mexican minis
ter ;" and that "Tor not one of our public
complaints has satisfaction been given or
offered ; that but one of the cases of per
sonal wrong has been favorably consider
ed, and that but four cases of both de
scriptions, out of all those formally pre
sented, and earnestly pressed, have as yet
been decided upon by the Mexican gov
ernment." President Van Burenj believ
ing that it would be vain to make any'
further attempt to obtain redress by the
ordinary means within the power of the
Executive, communicated this opinion to
Congress, in the message referred to, in
which he said. " On a careful and delib
erate examination of the contents," (of
the correspondence with the Mexican go
vernment,) " and considering the spirit
manifested by the Mexican government,
it has become my painful duty to return
the subject as it now stands, to Congress,
to whom it belongs, to decide upon the
time, the mode, and the measure of re
dress." Had the United States at that
time adopted compulsory measures, and
taken redress into their own hands, all our
frrvolous jand dilatory points raised by the
Mexican i commissioners ; and it was not
until the month of December, 1840, that
they commenced the examination of the
claims pf our citizens upon Mexico.
Fourteen months only remained to exam
ine and decide upon these jnumerous and
complicated cases. In the' month of Feb
ruary,:1812, the term of the commission
expired leaving many claims undisposed
ofj for Wain t of time. Thej claims which
were allowed by the board, and by the
umpire authorized by. the! convention to
decide in case of disagreement between
the Mexican and Americab commission
ers, i anion nted to two million twenty-six
thousand one hundred and thirty-nine dol
lars: and isixty-eight cents.; There were
pending before the umpire when the com
mission; expired additional! claims which
had been examined and awarded by the
American commissioners, land had not
been allowed by the Mexican commis
sioners, amounting to nine hundred and
twentyeight thousand six; hundred and
twenty seven dollars and eighty eight cts.,
uppn which he did not decide, alleging
that his authority had ceased with the
termination of the joint commission. Be
sides these claims there were others of
American citizens amounting to three
tion for the injuries and insults we had
borne, a great aggravation of them con
sists in the fact, that while the U. States,
ahXIOUS to Dresrvf a mnd nnrlrfitnriinr
- - o , 1 B
mere departments of t!;n Cent; .
raent.! The people of Texas v
ling to submit to this usurp.ui
tance to such tyrany became
ty.r Texas was fully absolve !
nllrgiance to the Central Govt ;
Mexico from the moment that pr.
had abolished her State consist
: in its place substituted an art -itr
despotic Central Government.
ouch were the principal cvj
Tex an revolution. The people
at once determined upon resii!..
(Ir.w o arms. ; In) the midst cf
port ant and excited events, howe
did not omit to place their liher;.
a secure and permanent foundati
elected members' to a coriventi
in the month of March,' ISC!
vainlv emnlm- i -L j r formal declaration that jtheir
v mui, employed in seeking redress for -.l- .l r
Dak wrongs n.. . ' T " connexion with the Mexican i:
jjtiai wrongs, new outrages were constant-1 r j j
Iv occurrim? whirl, i. , . forever ended.and that the pec; '
occurring wnich have continued to in- j 1 4
crease our causes of complaint and to
swell the amount of our demands. While
the citizens of the United States were con
ducting a lawful commerce with Mexico
under the guaranty of a treaty of amity,
commerce, and navigation," many of them
have suffered all the injuries which would
have resulted from open war. This treaty
instead of affording protection to our citi
zens, has been the means of inviting them
into the ports of Mexico that they might
beas they have been in numerous instan
ces, plundered of their prbperty and de
prived of their personal liberty if they
daj-ed insist On their rights. Had the un-
'j ... .
as uo now constitute a rscc-sovr.
ixdetexdext retlbUc, and are full
ted witballthe rights and attribute"
properly belong td independent r
They also adopted (or their; gov en
liberal republican constitution,
the same time Santa Annri, then
talor of Mexico, invaded Texas v. ;
merous army for the purpose of r
her people, and enforcing obt-J;
his arbitrary and despotic govrn.
Oh the twenty-first ot April, 16"
met by the Texan citizen-iolJier ,
that day was achieved by ;thc:n t!.
orable victory of San Jacinto, by
lawful seizures
me violation oi ners
of American property, and ."T '?e,r 'ndePenf !; -of
personal liberty of oir cit-! !'de""g ,h, n0?.bfw 'W f:l :
izens. to v nothing nf fh in.lx in I P" jiis.ory uocs not i
flag which have occurred in the ports of! 'J J"1 "'
Mexico, taken place on the high seas, they
would themselves long since have consti
tuted a state of actual war between the
twp countries. In so long suffering: Mex-
na himself was among the captive
In the month of May, 1830, Santa A a treaty withtheTexa
ities, iu the most solemn form, "the f .'
and perfect independence of the repul!;:
as." It U true he was then a prisoner
C. !. II... .11 lii m t.
erty.aml imprison their persons without ' n,,lr tt? 1 j V j j - .
nflf&rdirti them any redress, we have (ail T' hi a i ?1 1 ''
P J . .u , ... . . ,hat ha authority had not been tew
ed;to perform one of the first and highest lhat hy vir1ue of Jlhis lbat heobtaim.j
dupes which; every government owes to ; soal release. Bv it hostilii es wo f
its citizens ; and the consequence has been ! ed, and the army which had invaded i
reduced from a state of allluence to bank
ruptcy. The proud name; of American
citizen, who ought to protect all who bear
it from insult and injury throughout the
world, has afforded no such protection to
citizens in Mexico. We ample cause , 1 lhe language of the Secretary ct St.
oi war agaiusc luexico long oeiore tne! '"c ouues, in a uespaicn io our
breaking out of hostilities. iBut even then
we forebore to take redress into our own
hands, until Mexico herself became the
aggressor by invading our soil in hostile
array and shedding the blood of our citizens.
million! three hundred and thirty six thou- j icd to violate her most solemn treaty oh
sand eight hundred and thirty seven dol- j ligations.plunder our citizens of their prop
iars ana nve cents, wmcn uau Deen sud
mitted to the board, and upon which they
had not time to decide before their final
adjournment. j
The sum of two million twenty-six thou
sand one hondred and thirty-nine dollars
and sixjy-eight cents which had been a
warded to the claimants, was a liquid
ated ami ascertained debt ojde by Mexico,
about which there could be no dispute,
and which she was bound to pay accord
ing to the terms of the convention. Soon
after the final awards for this amount had j
been made, the Mexican government ask
ed for aj postponement of the time of ma
king payment, alleging that it would be
inconvenient to make the payment at the
time stipulated. In the spirit of forbear
ing kindness towaads a sister republic,
which Mexico has so long abused, the U
nited States promptly om plied with her
request. A second convention was accor
dingly concluded between !the two gov
ernments on the thirtieth of January.
1843, which upon its face declares, that
" this new arrangement is entered into for
the accomodation of Mexico." By the
terms of this convention, all the interest
due on the awards which had been made
in favor of the claimants under the con
vention! of the eleventh of April, 1839,
was to be paid to them on the thirtietn
of April, 1843, and " the principal of the
said awards, and the interest accruing
thereon," was stipulated tp be paid in
five years, in equal instalments every three
months." Notwithstanding this new con
vention was entered into at the request
of. Mexico, and for the purpose of reliev
ing her from embarrassment; the claimants
have only received the interest due on
the thirtieth of April 1843 and three of
the twenty instalments although the pay
ment of the sum thus liquidated, and con
fessedly due by Mexico to pur citizens as
indemnity for acknowledged acts of out
rage and wrong, was secured by treaty,
tier his command retntneil In mirsii.1 re
arrangement, unmolested to Meiico.
From the day that, the battle of Sr.
was fought until the present j hour, M x
never possessed the power to reconnwor
m .Mexico, under date ; of the eighth
1842, Mexico may have (hosen to c
and may still choose to consider Texr
ing been at all times sincej 1635, an I
continuing, a rebellious province ; tut t!
nas oeen obliged to take a re fy time m :
the matter. From the lime tf the butt:
5uch are the grave causes of complaint Jacinto, in April, 183G, to the preset.t
on the part of the United States against j Texas has exhibited the samn externa!
Mexico causes which existed long be- j national independence, as lexiro l :
fore the annexation of Texas to the Amer- i w''h quite as much stability jof govrn
can Union ; and yet, animated by the love ! Practically free and independent, ackn
of peace, and a magnanimous moderation i as a Plilcal sovereignty by the princl;
we did not adopt those measures of re-1 ers of lhe w6rld nt hostile foot finding r
dress Which, under such circumstances, ! V! hfr 'rrl0.rJ ,r.,i.s' f!,rcLn -r
are the justified resort of injured nations. 1 "' 'erself refraining forall that h ;
The annexation of Texas to the United I W'tI a"empt to re-establuh her .
States constituted no just cause of offence , UinJ to firid Mr de egra" (d.
to Mexico. The pretext that it did so is tary of Foreign A(rair8 of ieZco) c
w iiiiiii i iii'i hi vi hiii h iii i i r rm r n n r i in nia i r... r- - . i i
a j mm a v v a a v j m m W vil VII CaV
with well authenticated facts connected
with the revolution by which Texas be
came independent of Mexico. That this the more manifest, it may be prop
er to advert to the causes and to the his
tory of the principal events of that revolu
tion. Texas constituted a portion of the an
cient province of Louisiana, ceded to the
T T n i r rt Sf o toe 7 ra nra in tk. i'aoi. 1 SflO
... 1 .rtmmArtf tilrt .llTAn a . I in irAP.rhm.M
In the year 1819, the United States, by ! . 7" " ""r"? a.:: ' i
tne f lorida treaty, ceded tqpain all that ; ded
part of Louisiana within the limits of 1 ex- succorare giiren to Mexican rebel. '11
as; and Mexico, by the revolution which CUrrent of Mr. d Rnrnjr rm,
j i r C" : f l i i . ... . -f . . .
acjaraieu ncr iiuiii upaiii,: nuu rciiucrcu
her a independent nation.sdcceeded to the
.1 r .i . , i k . ..
ing max lor mat wnoie periou citizer
U. States, or its government, have I f
ing the rebels of Texas, and supply i
:.u t . t.? L ' j "
"liu 'I SJtIO, OllilllUlllllUlI, UIIU IIIUIII ) , .
war for the reduction of the 'province
had been constantly prosecuted hv M":
I... . j I . t :'n
abroad." In the same despatch' the S
of Slate affirms that since 1537, the 1
have re;a
eignfy, as
ntrl 'IVrfld 9 ah lm!rir..'
much as Mexico ; and lhat t,
the obligations of which are ever held sa- rights of the mother country over this ter
the same direction as if t the indepe
r i j l! i
lexas naa not neen acKnowicfizft
cred by all just nations, yet Mexico has
violated this solemn engagement by fail
ing and refusing to make; the payment.
moderation on our part only had the effect
to complicate these difficulties, and render
mand thereof, made from on board one of an amicable settlement of them the more
difficulties with Mexico would probably The two instalments due in April and Ju-
have been averted. Magnanimity and ly, 1844, under the peculiar circumstances
our vessels of war on the coast of Mex-
;soUrcei;of jnaticlnal pride! and ex-
eat pody ot our people
:K obstacles in the way
! . '.la r
?! gpvernmen? in prosecuting the war
ftM ly, but ha ve shown themselves
VM eminently tpatriotic, and ready to
-tuiv vuvu i jwUUifiiy nuiiut o-iiu iuii:i
tt, itiv sacrmce. The alacritv and
,rwptnqs with iwpich our volunteer for-
-tfashed to the' field on their
proye not; Pnlv; their patrio
their country's
iction that our
ism, out
cause is
If deep con
ine Wrong M-lif-h w have
rorarMexicp ;jvlh)ost ever since she be-
muV- mj, iuuewrnuent power, arid patient
njluranco wiflv which jwe have borne
fn. arc without n parallel
rroderh civiliked nations. Ti,r l a poo
tobclievJ tliht if these wrongs had
resWed kntl resisted in ihe first in.
hhfee the ni'itserit war imiirht hnvo ,,.
Wided,!' Oiid odfrage, ihowevfr, permit.
e to pass with Smnunitv. almost
arily ehVourageaithe perpetration of an-
ico. i .
Committees of both Houses of Congress,
to which this message of this President
was referred, fully sustained his views of
the character of the 1 wrongs which we
had suffered from Mexico, and recommen
ded that another demand for redress should
be made before authorizing war or repri
sals. I
The committee on Foreign Relations of
the Senate, in their report, say : ' After
such a demand, should prompt justice be
refused by the Mexican government, we
may appeal to all nations not only for the
equity, and moderation with .which we
shall have acted towards a sister repub
lic, but for the necessity which will then
compel us to seekTe4ress for our wrongs.
either by actual warpr Jy reprisals. I he
subject will then be presented before Con
gress, at the commencement of the next
session, in a, clear and distinct form ; and
the committee cannot doubt but that such
measures will be immediately 'adopted as
may be necessary to: vindicate the honor
of the country, and insure ample repara
tion to oujf injured citizens.
The Committee otji Foreign Affairs of
the House of Representatives made a sim
ilar recommendation. In report, they say
embarrassing. That such measures of
redress under similar provocations, corn-
been acknowledged- it vp& acknou!
1837 against the remonstrance an J ;
Mexico; and most of the acts of am
tance, of which Mr. de Bocanegra c
t. .
ritory. In the year 1824, Mexico estab
lished a federal constitution, under which
th Mexican rfinuhlie was rflmnoswl nf ft
number of sovereign States, confederated , flow necessarily from that! recc-r.;
together in a federal Union similar to our Paks of Texas as still being 'an int.-
Executive, legislature, and judiciary, and
mitted by anv of the powerful nations of j a remedy for the claimants whose cases
Hiurope, would nave Deen promptly resort-?, were noi ueciuea oy me onu commission
connected with them, have been assumed
by the United States and discharged to
the claimants, but they are still due by j for all, except federal purposes, was as in-
Mexico. JButthis is not all of which we
have just cause of complaint. To provide
ed to by the U.t States, cannot be doubted.
The national honor, and the preservation
of the character throughout the world, as
well as our own self-respect, and the pro
tection due our own citizens, would have
rendered such a resort indispensable. The
history of no civilized nation in modern
times has presented within so brief a pe-r
riod so many wanton attacks upon the
honor of its flag, and upon the property
and persons of its citizens, as had at that
time been borne by the United States from
the Mexican authorities and people. But
under the convention of April the eleventh,
dependent of the general government, and
that of the other States, as is Pennsylva
nia or Virginia under our constitution.
Texas and Coahulla united and formed
one of these Mexican States. The State
1839, it was expressly stipulated by the : constitution which they adopted, and which
sixth article of the convention of the thir
tieth of January, 1833,that fa new con ven
tion shall be entered into j for the settle
ment of all claims of the government and
citizens of the United States against the
republic of Mexico which Were not final
ly decided by the late commission, which
met in the city of Washington, and of all
claims of the government and citizens of
Mexico against the United States."
In conformity with this stipulation, third
Mexico was a sister republic, on the North I convention was concluded and signed at
American continent, occupying a territory the city of Mexico on the twentieth of No
contiguous to our own, and was in a fee- vember, 1843, by the plenipotentiaries of
ble and distracted condition; and these the two governments, by which provis
considerations, it is presumed, induced ion was made for ascertaining and paying
Congress to forbear still longer. these claims. In January, 1944, this coji-
the territory of the) Mexican
but it cannot but understand that t!
Slates do not so regard it. The real c
of Mexico, therefore, is in subsista:
mnrp nnr lf. than ft. .nmnlalnt r
recognition ofTe xas independence. It
thought rather late! to repeat that c
and not quite just io connne it to lie L
to the exemption of England, France,
gium, unless the U. States, havinir !
was approved by theMexican confedera- j first to acknowledge thej independence
cy. asserted that they were ' free and in- ico herself, are to be blamed for set;!
j r .1 iiv t:,1 ! imr.1. it.. 1....:.'.'. . r i'
uepenueni ui me uiucr mexican c iincu mc irtuuiuuii u inn i
States, and every otherpower anddomin- j And he added, that "the consiituti
Inn wlintsnnvpr." nnrl nmelaimi-d the creat i treaties, and the laws oblige the IV
- - . r . , r
i rift
.... ....w ww;..f 0 Mexico to overthrow of conoue
vernment under this consmuuun, as wen . t r ii k
vcriiiiiciii unucr un . j than ten years before Mexico co
as to that under mc .cuc n, tu.ismuuon, r,,t tvr ainat the U. Siaiei
n l . J . Cm .
pies of human liberty, that " the sov- garu iasan inaepepoeniate, ur
gnty of the State resides originally a " Fa" .."
essentially in the general mass of the ! 4as. na,a M " " ? Lsa
ii'wlnnlc whn rnmnOSe II. IO tne CO- i .. . . ! p . '
r tier
j -n . . . ,1 .11 '
the people ot lexas ucu auegiance. ; giren 9Uch efijence 0he Arorld ,fl
Emigrants irom ioreign countries, inclu- to maintain ner eparaie exisiencc
- . . i . . ..i a. ii i ll r
the United States, were invited by pendent nauon, mat soe naa ueen ir;
nr cognised as sucn, not pniy oj i:.e i
G-Ta aHlaHvMcxl? seeded to at- that they " fully concur with the President
im wmzc?
weaTihcss and indecision on our thnt miL iAU hco atl V l nnr rorlraec
ailprbcarahfee which wqs the off- into our own hands, land believe that we
irr P magnanimity, and of a sincere i should h ihctif;,) n iu nnininn nf nth.r
?ritti frienn ly reHtionswith nalins for taking siich a step. But they
h " ariT.TW I ae wimng to try the experiment pt ano
ther demand,! made in the most solemn
form, upon the justice of the Mexican go
vernment, before anv further nrbceediners
are adopted." - A
No difference of opinion unon the sub
ject is believed to have existed in Con-
The Executive and
I .carcely hd( Mexico achie v W her in
!cv n",Til ,,,c v. orates were xne
'bt among the nations tn nrl-nnwlp ftcr.
cj?Rhienced the system of insult
TV-- yi uiiizens eniTH in inwtni
. . , , M v w aaa a i
ncc were imprisoned, their vessels
grcss at that! tinie.
Instead of taking redress in pur own
hands, a new negotiation was entered up
on with Tair promises on the part of Mex- i
ico, but with the real purpose, as the e
vent has proved, of indefinitely postpon
ing the reparation which we demanded;
and which was so justly dua. This nego
tiation, after more than a : year's delay,
resulted in the convention of the eleventh
of April, 1839, u for the adiustmenVof
claims of citizens of the United States ol
America upon the government of the. Mex
ican Republic." The joint board of com
missioners created by this convention to
examine and decide upon these claims
was not organized until the month of
August. 1840, and under the terms ol the
convention they were to terminate their
duties within eighteen months from that
time. Four of the eighteen months were
consumed in preliminary discussions on
vent ion was ratified by the Senate of the
U. States with two amendments, which
were manifestly reasonable in their char
acter. Upon a reference ot the amend
ments proposed to the government of Mex
ico.;! the same evasions, difficulties, and
U lri-t ion laws nf thf Staff nrt
tt, f.nVral novernment to settle in Texas. by several of the principal now
Advantageous terms were offered to in- j .Tbese W T'r
, . b . . . . . . of amity, commerce, and navigation
. . ! They had received and accrediteJ
mis mviiauon ,.,v.. ,t:t .
beomelMexican citizens.
ii f . 1 - --
.ifoc o .n.rT.1 r r manif r All ftiriTpnv in . . i
o.w uj iwaiij w.v..w., ... , ppeciVe courts, ana tner oaa cf-
the full faith that in their new home they ; m;mslers and diplomatic agent. n
j would be governed by laws enacted by.t l0 tho government of Texas. If M
! their representatives elected by them- i withstanding all this, and her utter i
delays were interposed which have so long I selves, and that their lives, liberty, and . ubdue or conquer! Texas.jstill ;
marked the policy of the covernment Xo- i nroDertv would be protected by constuu- , fused to recosnire ue as an in
wards the United Statps. ! It has not even tlnnal .marantpps similar to those which tion, she was none t
yet1 decided whether it would or would existed in the republic they had left. Un
not accede to them, although the subject dpra irovernment thus organized they con-
has .been repeatedly pressed upon its con- j tinued until the year 1835, when a mili
tary revolution broke out in ine city oi
Mexico has thus violated a second time
the faith of treaties, by failing or refusing
to carry into effect the sixth article of the
convention of January, 1843. j
Such is the history of the wrongs which
weihave suffered and patiently endured
from Mexico through a long series of years.
So far from affording reasonable satisfac-
Mexico, which entirely subverted the fed
eral and State constitutions, and placed a
military dictator at the head of the gov
ernment. iBy a sweeping decree of a Congress
subservient to the will of the dictator, the
several State constitutions were abolished
and the States themselve converted into
be less so on t:
i L
.u ex ico nerseii diuuwu .r-"r."" '
dependent nation by tbe 111 States, a
er powers, many year before Spain,
before her revolution,' she Lad been
would agree to recogoise her as .1
Mexico was at that time, in tbe e:
the civilized world, and in fact,T.
and independnt power becau :
claimed her. as a colony.j If SpT;
tiooed until, the present peril i
Mexico was one ot tier coiontes t:
gainst her, this wool4 not have r
changed the fact of ber indcpcnJ:
, if i
't !
i- ?

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