J -Uuhit ihc Watchmaiv :
, U';L.r ieax. Twp Dollars nyalle in
M!Tf ilo dalJara
cJV beictmrged. r
M WrW at SI for the firt, and 2o cts
fnwijiW. ; Court wdrs charged
,aT. Wlj'lf thin these, rntes. A liberal deduc-
tihU ' JvrrtiV- by the year.
sV 4, ! La r. mora iivix iiws.
THE IIOBY LAND.
;triU i Warning's Walk.
LesvingH-City of Jerusalem by the
Ajchoih feftte jwef descended into the
Ilinriom. ullere. there fire ma-
I'lombt ch fa rock", With entrances like
Lvavs. When lispcak of Bethany I
J ' I ' - - ' ' " " ' -! 1 I - JlC 0
& JAMES, ; ; . N: ( to sms i
A Rulers. vwti'A. -?:V ' ,, txt,-.
- j-j ... ; j , , s 1
Editors 4 Proprietors,
SALISBURY N. C , THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1848.
ijjfbaVc ofcdasiofflo describe the tombs
f tbc Jew!; 1: was in this valley, and
ht hy the; fountain of Siloam, that in
"Ms ofl jtuvish idolatry children pass-
5 through jifco fire in -minor of Moloch,
his is tfto-piace called Tophet in Scrip
jrc fiMo.jb'e spoken of, as it was as an
fjjrc of hll. Herf, in this place of cor
pption anil c rueltyj vphdre firo hovered
uIivin bodies, and. worms prayed on
ede;d npro was the imagery of ter
the VijomuJhiii dicth not, and the
crc that s Opt quenched." Tiie scene is
,rj dilfercht now. frhe slopes are tcr
c:d,lhHt the Winter rains may not wash
ittavthe son ; and these terraces were
the. midst bf tpefse scenes to-day! We
stood where thjv jloorn was pronounced ;
below us was tho camp of the single le
gion I have; mentioned ; opposite was the
humbled city, iv(th the site of the temple
courts; and oe to the north was the
camp of the eneniv. Here was the whole
scene of that M great tribulation, such as
was not kriowti from the beginning of the
world." I )
From the summit of Olivet we went
dovyn to thfj scene of that other tribula
tion that anujsh of mind which had
perhaps never been surpassed from the
beginning of the world. When Jesus
had spoken tijek words" (his words of
cheer after the flast supper) 44 he went
iorth. we are, tpld, 44 with his disciples,
over the hrool Itedron. where M as a gar
den." Thjs garden we entered to day
from the other: direction, and left it by
crossing the bfidjof the brook.
It is a drear Iplace now, very unlike
wtiac it must tjave been when "Jesus ott
' 1 . .
(fiygrer with springing wheat; and
eifrculiH olives and lig trees c.ist their
3Jovojthe richjthough stony soil.
5;rtams Ut jld froJn.'the Pool of Si loam
0t ther Hijlds Hd gardens ; and all
JooLed coo( jritul fr.est(iti the once hellish
qjt. On the jop ofjthe. opposite hill was
e Field of Blood -i he uVId bought as a
brinl platfe for straijgers by the priests to
ionJudjiS returnee! hisjbribe. For the
tarial of grangers it was used in subse
QMt,a;e1,jfor pilgrims who died at the
loy City wen? laid, herc. Iris now no
bnger enclosed, but a! tharncl-house marks
he spot. p ; ,. j
The pools xll around Jerusalem are
beautiful the cool arching rock roof of
the fvi efd tufteil1 sides and clear wa
rn of ajl, a(e 'delicious. The Pool of
i!o.un is still Jprwtty though, les so, no ; but hollow trqtiks and
(wbt, than vlim tli(i blind man, sent to
'it j .
fisli thet, opened his eyes on its sacred
srtMin. The Fount-lin of Siloam ismore
xnutiful than,th pdol.' It lies deep in a
jve, and mast be racied by broad steps
LicIovTndclown iiifthe shadow. A wo
ma saTio day. in tle dim light of reflec
:rdsunshi(ic,Mwashih ;-linen in the pool.
Hfre it w, that in days of old the priest
came doi vith his golden pitcher to
ir i w wait ft if "I or" the ifemple service and
i.lher iftfnsrthat tho thought of Milton
tanwrwlieit hd sangllbf
44 Corrupt Federalists? tyc It has be
come ancustom with the "Standard." when
any free citizen of the United States con
scientiously differs from the President, arid
has the independence boldly to declare his
honest sentiments, to shower down' upon
his devoted head, all the harsh ami libel
lous epithets to be found in the foil vo
cabulary of its Party. 44 The King can do
no wrong' seems to be the LocofFoco
motto ; and to canvass his actions or ceh
sure his motives, raises at once the cry of
4 Treason," and such an one is jbeslimed
with its choice invective of 4 Tories"-
emies to their Countr",&-c. However
chaste and decorous such language may
sound in the ears of the Editor of that pa
per, by the Whigs it is only regarded as
the groupings of the surly and cowardly
cur. wno iears to meei tne nomp luasun
face to face in open combat.
But is it not strange, that a-Paper pro
fessing such illimitable freedom of speech,
thejr natural lives or widowhood of the
wife, and during the minority of the chil
dren; and your petitioners, as in duty
boufnd, will ever pray, &c.
Bluebla, Mexico, August 1st, 1847.'
It is due to Gen. Scott to sav, that in
signing the petition, he had ad'ded these
words: 4 Without any desire of p rocur
ino for my own family any contingent
benefit from the proposed change in the
pension laws of the army, 1 entirely con-
retract before any negotiations for the arrane.
ment of exisiing difficulties could take place ;
as an assauh to the Government arid to the
nation, which mu$l compel it to assert its just
rights and to avenge its injured honor!
General Herrera was not mistaken in his
anticipations. His government was overset in
the latter end of the month of December, 1845
and fell into the hands of those who had de.
nounred him for having listened to overtures of
the difficulties between the two natiojis.
When Mexico felt its inability to contend
On the 24th of March Ge
lm mi mo rouie irom .Malo
Isabel, eighteen miles Irom tin f
from the latter place, where a
him a formal protest of iho Ie :
em district of. rhe department .
declaring, in behalf of the citL
trict, that thejr never will con
themselves from the Mexican II
unite themselves with the Vtu
the 12th of Arril the Mexican G
dia required General Taylor i
camp within twenty.four hours.,
to the other bank of the Nuec?
tided him lhat. if he
upon ihe soil ol the department !
it woulJ clearly result that the .M
! accept the war to which they !,
vf.ked. On the 21th of April, G
I arrived in Malarnorn?, and cm f
I informed General Tajlor that !
j hostilities commenced, and u
j ihem. On the same day a put v
. American dragoons, who' had 1
' distance up the left ,ank of i
j engaged with a very large furce
I and after a.short aftuir, in whi
were killed or wounded, were
compelled to surrender. These f
Lr f! . . I... I. T1
curjin the reasonableness of the foregoinjr , with the United States, and. instead of consiri.
I pention, and can see no military or other j ering the annexation of Texas to be, a!s it real-
i ui eouon IO lis Deill"-sip-nfM anrl nmspntpfl. ' V was. lamamouni to a dee a ration n nvnr. nn. ! r.u h.l
4-CorrupUFederalists"-"Eh-j j Wixfield Scott.' i ly suspended the ordinary diplomatic delations I , . J J' 1
Gen. Quitman also signs with the fol- j hetween the two countries, its Goverhment, if i V M"c ciaim J 1IX$ 10
lowing addition I approve the measure 'rectcd by. wise counsels, and not impeded by j j Norte as its Boundary c
of placing the regular armv nn tho wmn ' PPu'r irritation, should at once, sinqe it had
limes resorted jthither with his disciples." j and liberty for the Press, should be found
n is a piuij oi grpunu on a slope above the j
brooK, encrosed with tences of loose stones,
and occupied by eight extremely old olive
trees the oldest, 1 should think, that we
saw in all our jtrjavels. I do not mean that
they could have! been growing in the days
of Christ. That is supposed to be impos
sible ; though! ts never could learn what
is the great.es! age known to be attained
by the oliyc-trH. The roots of these were
supported; by thb little terraces of stones,
that neither tres nor soil might be wash
ed down the sjdpe by the winter torrents.
But little remftihs of these once fine tree
a few straggling
branches. It is with the mind's eye that
we must see filling up of this garden en
closure werel Jesus 44 ofttimes resorted
thither" its orphard of fig, pomegranate,
and olive tree and the grass or young
springing corn? under foot. From every
part of it the (approach of Judas and his
party must have been visible. By their
4,lanternsandiqrchesand weapons. gleam
ing in the light', they must have been seen
descending the hill from
to rail so exceedingly, at the exercise of
these great and inestimable privileges
guaranteed by the Constitution ! If the
doctrines of its opponents be false and da-TK
gerous, abuse, it has long been decided,! is
no argument, and never yet won over or
convinced an honorable disputant, j Why
not, then, meet on the broad platform of
popular rights, and discuss those questions
upon which they differ, fairly, respectfully
and uhderstandingly V When this :is the
case, we may expect less error and! more
honesty. Raleigh Register. j
looting with the navy and volunteers.
J. A. Quitman.'
PEACE WITH MEXICO.
BY ALBERT GALLATIN.
IV. Negotiations and War.
In September, 1845, the President of the
United States directed their consul in Mexico
to ascertain from the Mexican Government
Avhqther it would receive an Envoy from the
United States, entrusted with lull power to ad
just! all the questions in dispute between the
The answer oi Mr. De la Pena y Pena, Min
ister oflhe foreign Relations of Mexico, was
j already agreed to recognise the independence
j ot lexas, have entered into a negotiation with j
the United States. At that time thee would
j have been no intrinsic difficulty in making aJ
final arrangement, founded on an unconditional '
I recognition of the independence ol TeHas, with- j
j in its legitimate boundaries. Popular feeling .
and the ambition of contending military lead- i
! ers-prevented that peaceable termination of j
' those unfortunate dissensions. j j
! Yet, when Mexico relused to receive Mr. j
! Slidell as an Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- I
j ler Plenipotentiary, the United Statcjs should !
i have remembered that we had been' the as- !
gressors, that we had committed ani act ac-
i knowledged, as well by the practical law of
i nations as by common justice, to be tantamount
i to a. flpntn ra I inn nf wnr- jinil tlipv elimilrl tivo I
, . . , j
nwaiinJ ...:.u .til I r-i: 3
1 hat. a'.thniirrh th :ltTiran nn inn nr ,1 r n i I t
t a i.u. ,r:..i -. I " r ! uyur OWn condu. t had subsided.
I jihla's bniliv tlvat fluwed,'
. Y$ jby ho 'oracle o( tlod.
We Nert1! now in-the valley of Jehosa
bat ; ajidj: we crossed the bottom of it,
;bere.thtJirook Ke(Iron must, run, when
; runs iat all ; but jit seems to be now
:.crcty a jWii ter torrent, and never to
:iv(f been l cpnsfiht stream. When we
m ascenojcu tne opposite siue oi the vat- I
a: vc wefe on the; mount o( Olives.
"icrnt wasjsteei) now among
I how pastiields of waving bar
(J with thqlshHde of (dive trees.
ie?)ded,thntol)osite hill seemed
rise, i"i d jthe city 16 spread. Two horse-
Tlfr ; in lllir :IIiV b'Iiv mi1 n u'nmnn
itl i bilrdetrioti her! head, mounting to
ac cwy ny-niani up AloriaU, looked so
urimily small asj to prove the gran
'curef UiC; scenery.) j Hereabouts it was,
sauJiand liiay resoh.-.Uly be believed,
UlJesifvfetjioiirned 'Over Jerusalem, and
all his followers what would become, of
Vftoblq city which here rose upon their
l.li we list
tho j sacred mount, and
ear against the com ess skv.
teller' ill our climate cannot oonreive
I ... I
rvMght. .as Jerusalem seen Irom
nit. of the mount of Olives. The
ab n otintJtinM, o'(fr towards the I)
dies(d in thi; , softest hues of pur-
and graV. U tie hi eountrv to
CTorjli i is;alrtiost gaudy with its contrast
'e'oluf; iti vhjte urjgray stones, red soil,
tii cnlps oV vjvid green. But the city is
egjoy--lo(t pa the steep, its long lines
uli clearly defining it to the sight, and
e!S liiinaj-et 'and cupola, and almost cv-
'D S.'oni rnt-ii tl'i'it nt'. Iiv lbi I 1 1 i lit vim.
gjiiirst deep blue sky. In the
ynnbjiil( oirwithiii the walls, are
-Its M verdure ; aij'd cypresses spring
tpdj ihlenj-from s)ine convent garden,
fth lawns of tjie Alosque of Omar
PPfjjd outjsrnalj before the eye, with
H jjroups of tiny gay moving people.
t ii nowsoj glorious a place to the eye,
ntj$t It have lien-in the days of 'its
lc r X1 in thatufciy, when every one
uu4or:lhdcxultiitg blessing "Peace
. , i. im voiiii ii i Willi-
Uliv nakcpJi" .uJ-i i ... :
-i . "n ' fine tciiiu: uiMeuu me
ntation .uvet thbljerusalem that kill-!
4pronhets and vt,li .i... r
' Wll,UUU WllOse hlllK.. mnt tw. lhnr.
I U a tit tf mi rf-h
mil ii viii iii vii catr;
The sleeping dsciples may not have heed
ed the lights andJootsteps ot the multi
tude ; but stej)jbystep as it wound down
the steep,! and (heirerossed the brook, and
turned up to the garden, the victim knew
that the hour Jof his fate drew on.
By the ;wa the crowd" came down, and
we ascended toward the city, turningaside
however to sltirt the north wall, instead
of returning rme through the streets.
Not to mentirj now other things that we
saw, we noted much connected with the
siege : the ature of the ground favor
able to the ejiiqampment of an army, and
the shallow incmt under tho walls, where
the Romans b lough t two great wooden
towers on whels, that the men in the
towers mighjtlijght on a level with those
on the walU,jajnd throw missiles into the
town. The! scene of conflict is very quiet
now. A crop of barley was ripening un
der the very falls : and an Arab, with a
soft mild Cojutitenance, was tilling his Water-skins
at;tlj pool, called the sheep pejol,
near the DenUscus gate. The proud Uo
man and the despairing Jew were not
more unlike cjach other than this Arab,
with his pathetic face, was unlike them
both. A.i he jstooped under the din) arch
es of the rockUand his red cap came into
contrast with jibe dark gray of the still
water belowjand the green of the dang
ling weeds Oyer his head, our thoughts
were recalled to our own day and to a
sense of the beauty we meet in every
nook and Gorier of the Holy L tnd
From this ramble, my readers may see
something of :vhat it is to take walks in
j : the neighborhood of Jerusalem.
OCT3 A Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore Patriot, says 44 1 can as
sure you that, When the proper time ar
rives, a large majority of the Whigs of
Congress, will be found in favor of run
ning General Taylor and nobody else-
as the Whig candidate for the Presidency.
There are now many, or most of) them
would, of course, greatly prefer, with
"Old Rough and Ready" himself, io see
Henry Clay occupying the Presidential
chair. But Mr. Clay will not be a candi
iv imuitu uy me uinieu oiaies, inroun me
acts committed by them in the department of
Tejfas, which belongs to his nation, his Gov.
ernment was disposed to receive the Commis
sioner of the United States w ho might come to
the capital, with full powers from his Govern
ment to settle the present dispute in a peaceful,
reasonable, and honorable manner ;" thus giv
ingia new proof lhat, even in the midst of its in
juries and of its firm decision to exact adequate
reparation for them, the Government of Mexi
co does not reply with contumely to the meas
ures of reason and jeace, to which it was invi
ted -by its adversary.
The Mexican Minister at the same time in
j limated that the previous recall of the whole
naval force of the United 'States, then lvinir in
General Taylor had been instructed bv the
War Department, as early as May 1845,
to cause the forces under his commarjd to be
, put in a position where they might most prompt
j ly and efficiently act in defence of Texas,
in the event that it should became ne
j cessary or. proper to employ them for
i that purpose - ly subsequent instructions, and
after the peeilei of Texas had accepted the pro
: posiion of annexation, he was direct d to se
lect and occupy a position adapted to repel in
vasion, as near the boundary line, the Rio
j From what precedes it appears i
ted States considered the refu? .t!
receive a resident envoy or r.;..;
ficent cause for war, and the III ,
the legitimate boundary of Tex i
opinion is now of no importance ;
tion of boundary, which was t!
cause of hostilities, hasMo tils '
greatest impediment to the rck i ..
1 feel satisfied that if this was
would be no insuperable difTU-L!:
! The United States claim no :1
the Mexican dominions, utile i:
j o conquest. The tract f coiaitn
i Uio Nueces and ihe Del Noite i-
which has been claimed bv Lc t h
specuveiy ocjougmg enuer lo le
iqo. As regards ererv other pa::
can possessions, tho United .V:
, claimed any portion of it. TL o i
j quiring any portion oi it othcrui'
compact, freely consented to by
evident. It is in every respect i..
to examine the grounds on whic!.
j the United Slate to the only ten
I both nations is founded. It is l!.
tipn at issue. . j
! The Republic of Texas did, by
cember, 1S30, declare the Ui I:
its boundary. It will not be s
ed that a nation has a right, by ;i ,
to determine what is or shall be
onlv continsencv which could naval ,orce 01 lhe v
ennse bim to viebl to the wishes of his i in eru ruz, was ino.spensa
friends for lhat purpose, will not happen.
Hence General Taylor will be the jWhiig
was accordingly done by our
oranoc. a9 oruaenee won a aieiam : nnn ih.it. .,
! with this view, a part of his forces at least ; othi moro lhan tlje CJ .
. should be west of the river Nuces. It was cer- I OP nrPAk;nn. r ,un 1
tainly the duty of the President to project Tex- Iy practical eflc.ct wa, lljat ( ( u.
uaiusi invasion irom ine moment u nao 1 (nrrm r 1 :, .
! J ! ts" ",J",,'V- "'-"'i, u 1
' n r - n n 1 .
candidate. He cannot be beaten ! I Poli
tical trimmers, whoseWhig predilections
are not over firm and strong, may, if they
choose, give him their cordial support.'
But they must not expect to take the lead
of the great Whig party, and point out
ble:; and this
But it is essential to observe that whilst Mr.
Black had, according to his instructions, in
quired whether the Mexican Government would
receive an Envoy from the United States with
full power to adjust all the questions in dispute
between the two Governments, the Mexican
Minister had answered that his Government
what course the members of that! party! was disposed to receive the Commissioner ot the
must, or must not follow. If they db, they ; United States-who might come with full powers
will find their error.
been annexed to the United States?: and as
that Republic was in actual possession of Cor- 1
pus Christi, which was the position! selected !
by Gen. Taylor, there wns nothing, (n the po
sition he had taken, indicative of any danger of
actual hostilities. j
But our Government seem3 to have consid
ered the refusal, on the part of Mexico, jo receive
Mr. Slidell as resident' envoy of the United
I States, as necessarily leading to war. The Sec
; retary of State, in his; letter to Mr. plidell of
j January 23, 1846, says :
44 Should the Mexican Government finally re-
ir -ir . 7 t r ; 2 . "f
l. Mtuuui insurance company, i pointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
The annual meeting of the members of Hlenipotentiary oi the United States of Ameri-
I this Company, for the election of Direc- I cat"ear the Government of the Mexican Re-
tors, took place in this City on Tuesday , 7"''- ,,c "' "' y
1 . "rpi 11 . .1 ' ii i 01 iJeeemlier.
lasi. nie 101 lowing genueiiien woreouu
sen Directors for the current year, viz:
Dr. J. O. Watson, Albert Stith, Richard
Smith. H. D. Turner. John Primrose, Jas.
Litchford, Theodore Partridge, and Wes
ton R. Gales, ot Raleigh, and R. N. Tay
! to settle the present dispute in a peaceful, red
sonaoie, and honorable manner. ( fuse to receive you, the cup of forbearance will
3lr. tslidei was, in November tol.-swinrr an- ! iK
Mr. Herrera, the President of Me.xir.o, was
undoubtedly disposed to ""settle the disputes be
tween the two countries ; hut, taking advan
tage of the irritation of the mass of the people,
his political opponents were attempting to over
set him for havini? made, as thev said, unwor.
lor, Newbern, George McNeill, Fayette- j thy concessions. The arrival of Mr. Slidell
ville, James Sloan, Greensborough John ; disturbed him extremely; and Mr. Peua y Pe-
to take the redress of the injuries to oijr citizens
and ibe insults to our government into our own
And agai-n : J
" Should the Mexican Government
fuse to receive, you, then demand passports from
AN IMPORTANT HINT.
It is knwn jthat there has been for two
McRae, Wilmington, and James E. Hoyt,
Washington. j i
At a subsequent meeting of the Direc
tory, Richard Smith, John Primrose, and
Weston R. Gales, were appointed the Ex
ecutive Committee ; Dr. J. O. Watsdn was
re-elected President; Albert B. ! Stith,
Vice President; Richard Smith, Treasur
er ; Theodore Partridge, Secretary, and
Charles Manly, Attorney. j
The Business of the Company has been
greatly increased during the past year;
and whilst its losses have been promptly
na declared to Mr. Black that his appearance
I in the capital at this time might prove destruc
! tive to the Government, and thus defeat the
( whole atTair. Under these circumstances, Gen.
Herrera complained, without any foundation,
that Mr. Slidell had come sooner than had
: been understood ; he resorted to several frivo
lous objections against the tenor of his powers ;
and he intimated that the difficulties respecting
Texas must be .adjusted before any other sub
ject of discussion should be taken into consid
eration. But the question was, whether Mexico should
AHverv intelligent gentleman,
' rMiin i lift ppnnnmv n f thU cvtPm of In- i ded diplomatic intercourse cou
;ive observation, informs us that Snra' w Think thev would oatrbnize it I ed: and aTresiding Minister Plenipotentiary be
. i . . , . 1 1 v ' "w ;:. - ti i,i;;,ij '
ui, -Ait;iii, oci otui j :o
The iliscinlesJ lookin
.1 - . f 1"
V M l" o
thjofthfe walls the massive
C , r."' "1"' "Vl i'"nsmg480 eet
Jl lh bed Of the brook below, and the
rpggfdness ol the ravine
rtrp5v Mr Sliftf!l in lh r.hn r.-irtir nT Kiivnv
met, no call has yet been made upon the Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to
members for an instalment on their Pre- 1 ree n lne Republic. It was insisted by the
or three years: past an unusual amount of ! suredf up to lhe day of meeting, .wiis wifh- to ! receive a Commissioner to treat on .he
sickness in the up-country, which has not in a fraction of $1,400,000. If thefpublic, qnestions which had arisen from the events m
ocen sausiacioriiy iraueu 10 any paincu- generall, would examine into the elii- ! Texas, and that until this was uou upc..
lar eanseJ AHverv intelligent irentleman. i : nnnm,r nPii,:0 oeArJ r t. i rfnj dinlomatic intercourse could not be restor.
he has no donbt it has been produced by
the immense number of the; dead Oak
Trees standing on every Plantation ; and
that thererwil be no decrease! of sickness
until they; are cut down and burnt up.
He is, himself, acting on this opinion, and
is cutting down and burning the dead tim
ber on his farm. As we have never be
fore heard this cause assigned, we have
thought we might subserve the cause of
humanity !by mentioning l.Raliegh Reg
ister. i u - .
the proper authority, arid return to the
It win then become ihe duty of the ii
to submit the whole case to Congress, and call
upon the nation to assert its just rights and
avenge its injured honor,
WiuVlhe same object in view the Secretary
of Waf'id, by his letter dated January UJ,
184(h in&rriict" General Taylor
s - If -
To.atdvance and occupy, with tne troops
under hs command, positions on or near the
east bank of the Rio del Norte.
It is presujned Point Isabel will be considered
by you an j eligible position. This point, or
some one near it, and 'points opposite Matamo
ros and Mier, and in the vicinity of Laredo, are
suggested fur your consideration.
Should you attempt to exercise the riht which
the United States have, in common with Mexi
co, to theJree navigation of this river it is pos
sible that Mexico wouIJ interpose resistance.
You will not attempt to enforce this right with
out further instructions. , j It is not
designed, in our present relations wit Mexico.
thatyou should treat her as an enemy; but,
should she assume that'eharacter by i declara.
PETITION FROM THE ARMY, j
Mr. Dix, of New York, presented the
annexed petition in the United States Se
nate, a Few days ago, in a feeling speech :
44 To the Senate and. House of Representa
tives of the United States of America i
44 We the undersigned, omcersj of the . j)eace nave been almost universally negotiated
United States Army, t)eg leave, mosi re- ; byicommissioners, or plenipotentiaries appoint
Tains and lhat until this was done the suspen- I tion of any open act of hostility towarkls u, you
not act merely on tno aciensny, 11 )our
ve means enable you to do otherwise."
Thp. Administration was therefore, of oninioh
SWby our Government should have insisted, 1 tjjal tj,j3 miitary occupation of lhe territory in
tnat tne intenueo negouauon suouiu ou carrieu
on by a resident Envoy Extraordinary and Min
ister Plenipotentiary, is not understood. The
questions at issue mighthave been discussed
and settled as easily, fully, and satistactoriiy,
auve on tne executive not t
peace with Mexico unless lli A 1
agreed to. As regards right, t!
Is a perfect nullity. We watit t'
and documents by which the cl it s
I On a first -iew the prcten-!' !!'
ling. There is no exception : t!
from its source to its inoulh is
the nirtitftii boundary ot lexa?. 1
its source within the departm m.'.
Slate of New Mexico, whit a
' .1 u ...i.l 1 .1. e .
IUIlMI"ll 119 WIIU1C ICIl"lll IK) 1 I.
dividing it into two unequal pat!-.
; and most populous, including Sat
1 ital, lies on the left bank of t!.
j therefore, embraced wilhin the c ! 1
ow this province ot .ew..lc
visited and occupied by the Sj
Vasques Coronado, in the year? 1
lit was at that lime voluntarily f v
seniientlv revisited, and som" m "
about the year 15S3 ; finally
1595 by the Spaniards und r
Onate. An insurrection ol iIk
awav the Soaniaids in the year
Ire-entered it the ensuing v m r,
long resistance, reconquered it.
internal conflict with lhe ab ui,.
1 related to foreign Powers, ll- -the
Spaniards over that territory v.
ed in question ; and it was, in
made the western boundary of L
i Koyai narier 01 me 1 rencn v.m,
The conquest of lhe province !
' place five and twenty years pri -r
: of the Pilgrims in 'New Eugi.w.
)rau in init mij 1 111411. in -
( been made in North. America, u
the Atlantic, by either Eag'n. !,
i land, Sweden, or any ether Po'.v
! Florida by Spain herself.
I I have in vain sought (or any
anating from the Republic or S:.'
for the purpose of sustaining it -
New Mexico or to the country I.
lower portion of lhe Del Niit.
ficial papers within my reach,
claim of Texavis utdinrd, an-1
message of May 11 an I I -
anu inese reier oniy mirie cour.u -the
lower part of the Dei Noj: .
of the message of May 11, 1-!
that subject, i as follows :
44 Meantime Texa. bv the fi . i
question was not an act oi nosing lowaius
Mexico, or treating her as an enemt. Now,
I do aver, without fear of contradicjion, that (Congress, had become an iat
whenever a territory claimed by twij rowers union. The Congress of IVi
;a and has! been for a length of time, in the December 19, 1830. had dec! u
; by! Commissioners appointed for that. special ' possession of one of them, if the other should jNorte to be lha boundary ot ti. .
purpose, as oy resiaing iumisieis ur umujs. invade and lake possession oi u uy uuinary iisjuriuigiiun imu wen run, i
It is well known, lhat when diplomatic rehi- j forcet such an act is an open act ofl hostility beyond the Nueces. '1'hs c
lions have been suspended by war, treaties of according to the acknowledged ahd prac- ithat river and the Del Norte 1.
Jng the city (?tf three
The Rev. yalter M. Lowrie, (formerly
of Pennsylvania,) an American Mission-
spectfully, to represent to your honorable I ed for that special purpose, who are personally
bodies that many of us arc married, a'nd j amplv protected by iho law of nations, but who
have Veft wives and children at home are not received as resident Ministers, till after
tnt xx' r rnrtsranttV the oeace nas resiort-u i M.
..w ...w .... -.-r, , , c a f lrjq
1 nils uie iriiiij ii j-uii 'i
I l4. nrrvll lie
K M mir.1.1 I . 1 llf'llllilllL UUUU
at . ; I 1 1 I .III . 1 ,1 lL.iL I ..,i.Anr-H n IP fill U irj.- "I
ti avir ii-i. -it.: i i.i l r , arv at i nrno. nas oeen crueiiv muruereu -fi. i amrpr ana suaaen ae uu, hui mir.Lim,- .
i inn inuor. in u3 Diiuuiu lie. nnn j ' ' jf . - XT' a ifuacu v-- . , nH Km? .mi wi ne'iTiaieu
they snould iie accomplished. On n the Chineseas by pirates, while on ony on the field of battle, but by exposure Great
JJourth sldf.he; iorth, where there is his way fomShangnae to Ntngpo. He ; to unhealthy and deadly climate ; apa hy a commisj,ioner or plenipotentiary,
sooted in the Congress and in i'
I C 't' 1 I.I
ti i ii4u tuns iii)cu p tri i.
oexation itself; and is now inc!:.
i.f our Congressional ditrirt. 1
gress had, moreover,- with grr it
the act aeoroved Ucccinber
y.. We coblil nose that
7 M ith corT fle
v -mhiiw mcampeu one legion on Hi
Roman tents, but
and olive grounds.
t w 1 TI I' : lio:1a
was, ,i.L Ia.k.i o.i iiM.J bv I that in sroing to the ngnt many oi
i . !T ...... ... nnr hparts depressed bv the melancuol
the !rat.,s wfio feared, it is said, that .1 ,??rir WB fall.oar wiles and I
Mr. Lowne to escape, he ( . i n. be helplessly thrown on the .
. .to.tht cityt: uini the only avail
i j j T r iu,i. it
a moatfand three walls. The
might bring tjjem to justice.
Charleston have presented to General
Shield fa, thU
Vvj ,V T? ;J S0HnS tlml m(rnts hearls arm a snS Hade of deep blup satin, on
k.i r9,nor fear. And At lnc nn. Aim: whirb ;-Lmiro;;,tA.Ari ; !i.i.lif-Pi-
nh charities of the world.
W most resnectfully ask the jcountry
hmpi;ment.-Th ladies of j to give us the assurance
kve ,Ppnfl to General lives in her service, that she u ill ,prcn tile
for our destitute widows ana orpnanb,
K .; wu- ." ate
n li ol
Per own child ; and at L metto tw?e, Istirrounded with, a' colden
'?tS 'OiKeTT-nnfl " nnnrtu '!! I vvrfitb -?ti iWrAtr trWl, il,nmnrfn T.
J v ..wm.. ..j.-wvi wit.i, uui,tiiiiuwn null divbl V, r .w
who was not admitted as a resiaeni nnwyor
The only distinction which can possibly be
mfjde between the two cases is, that there was.
not as yet actual war between Mexico and lhe
United States. But the annexation of Texas
was no ordinary occurrence! It was a most
clear act of unprovoked aggression ; a deep
Li mt r,frnive iniurv : in fact, a declara-
tical law of nations. In this case the law of
nations only recognises a clear and positive fact.
The sequel is well known. Gerf. Taylor,
with his troops, left Corpus Christi March th
to 11th, 1S46. and entered the desjrt which
ifpuratrs iwui ..... - rr-
.... 7 - . i . ...
ti i v ...... ti. i)Ki l, n tiir-:i iririon w tiiipii iin rminlrv irnnfi iii .
lei .orie. on n -t. " v- m--- 1 ---.r j
three miles ?outh of the Arroyo, or wme v.01. r, our leiuw.ry, ny inciuumg :i v.
orado, having by the route he took niarched revenue ytcm. and a revenue
one hundred"miles distant. He on the 19th Ai hhin lhat dit: id has been ap;--
... ..c 1 .. f .,.,non cav rv. u'hn m-itK ih arlt ir ana onetit ,l 1;
met a pany oi micj;'iii -' ..
informed him they had peremptory orders, if became, therefore of urgent 11 .
he passed the river, to fire upon his traops, and for the defence of lhat portion .
that it would be considered a declaration of Accordingly, on the. 13ih of 'J
The river was, however, crosied, wnn- ftruciions were isiuru iu im- r
tIo shot having been fired, fin a pro. rnand ol these troops to occupy 1
lhe Del rsorte. '
and that she may do so, we humbly peti-1 tion 0fwar, if Mexico bad accepted it as such.
tion vour honorable Doaies " F " ; in lieuoi iuiss maicou.i .j m. j -
ioi ivnn in vour wisdom shall deem a iU5Dension of the ordinary diplomatic rela-
r:X, It would seem as U our Government
uon u w.-.. D- .... . 1 - - I . i. t I .U:- m. nn or
me sione per sustajnei f he PalmeUo-.he lre 'of officers and I M
r ...:ii.J.-:.iIou:i.i . r t'-i' -1 enrtnon- nf the - country, pensioor tiuniip auuacity, wmc
the: temple, not one stone
oui a sinmta oii n. .
.im,(;n lean.,! nn the l'Jth. Ueneral 31 ua,
who commanded the forces of the Department ! 44 1 he movement r,f the.trr
ofTarnaulipas, asserts lhat the limitstf Texas ; jNorte was made by lhe com-;
Holn nml rprofrnised.' and never had cx- under posiliie instructions to ;
tended beyond the river Nueces ;! (that, lhe Ugressive act toward Mexico .
t. ir : 1 .1. lt?.JJC .
iLenuoiic aniline uniini o:iu'
adviancin to'jless he should. declare war,
r,kinAi ftt ih United Stales covete0 the re
prions on, the left bank of the Rio Rravo, and
3 . . . .i.i. .i n-.nw tvaa nnw aiiirancinz k
1.41 considered .his a, an act oi unpara '? J.l of faWuli?a,
i lc coinpciicu io wr1n,", M. c ,v ..'it
lK)stii"nr indicative ol a t'at?