I I" " ; ... -'. . " . i . . . i K . . . ' f i 1
;::'..',f: ' : ; " ' " "
Ti.y ol l.c-lVatcUman.
S-'' not p.iJ in advance, Two dollars
I .L.i..tCi tk first, and 25 eta
P1it 1 1 .tTwa lent insertion. Court orders charged
V; ;Sr tha these rate.. A liberal deduo
TL lio who advertise by the year.
-t ik EditorsuM b postpaid.
L N 0
rtc celebration ofj the members of this
i order in our place, last Saturday, was
iLdactctl in A nAvel and very interesting
jflipr. The inrductiorbf resolutions,
bodying 'the several and distinct aenti
Luis adopted by the association, sup
by well considered remarks from
E movers and Aecortd., gave a variety
pixft to the proceedings uncommon in
Jablic celebrations. Thc address of the
BRUNfiR & JAMES,
Editors Sf Proprietors
Keep a chick vtox all tot
t. Mr. Morirari. at; the close, was evi
jntlv the result bf mature thought, and
Uced thd objects o the society on the
fflost elevated ground:
jjhe regalia of the! order is simple, neat,
LpropriAtft to their governing nentiment
M " iOc, i ur i aim r luriujr, mm xuu-
I fbc material embodied in the associa
tion is such as to give it dignity and an
Influence that must be felt for good in the
immunity. And heaven knows that our
tomtnunity, ns well as others, needs the
tonceniraiion oi every rignieous miiuence
irfcichtnay counteract the baleful elTccts
pf dissipation in drin)i. Greensboro' Pat.
. . 1 .
Do THIS, LXD LiBEITT IS SAFE."
I NEWS SERIES,
NUMBER 33, OF VOLUME IV.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, 1848.
F'rom the Grefhsboro Patriot,
A public meeting was held by the Sons
jjf temperance on Saturday the 8th, for
e; furtherance of the great purpose of
(ieirassociation. iTh'e Presbyterian church
iris occupied at the1 appointed hour, be-
jo and in' the galleries, by a full audito-
ffoi ladies and gentlemen. Close atten
iioawas paid to all he proceedings, the
tinjdst silence prevailed and strict pro
prieJy was observed by the assembly
throughout. It was1 refreshing to see the
ictp interes , feltjby our community in the
use of temperanqe, as manifested on
lUt da'. , All Seemed to be concerned
ind every one wasj. anxious to see and
lear all that passed! It is earnestly hop
ed, good . wai 1 1 done, j
The members of ihe Order met in their
Division ooinj a,' 12 o'clock and moved
in processioi , clothetl in their regalia, to
the church. A number of the members
of Salem I) vision iverc present and uni
ted with the ri, having come down for that
purposejs they entered the church and
trere beinie seated, the choir saner, ' Wel-
i come Broth Its, We come Brothers."
i;hc Rev. jMr. pretter, Pastor of the
churcb, corr menced the exercises by read
:ng afportioij of scripture and prayer.
The presidir g officer announced the ob-
ject off the Ttieetingand invited all to co-
eperate with cordial freedom in all that
was done The following resolutions were
then presented In the order named and a
t I s 1 ! i
pon each separately. They
anied with such remarks as
the mover saw proper to make, some of
an extended nature.
esolusioh, presented by Jas. Sloan,
and seconded by Samuel D. Coffin :
- ficsofved, That th.e history of the Tem
perancp clause n Geensborough furnish-
urgent motives for anew, moreerma-
"8 morei nonoreu: anu eiacieni oociety
1 1 . '
U by P.p.
the glass as it sparkles in the handof beau
ty, or is consecrated on the altar of love.
8th, by William E. Edwards, seconded
by Benjamin E. Woollen :
Resohed, That the gospel requires a
christian to forego a privilege when its
enjoyment leads his brother into sin.
9th, by John S. Dare, seconded byi Wil
liam S. Gilmer : j
Resolved, That such are the habits of
society such the power of female exam
ple in educated and christian communi
ties, that the cause of Temperance is tri
umphant when the ladies, married and
unmarried, co-operate for its support, and
is reversed when they cannot be confided
in for setting a pure example.
10th, by the Rev. Mr. Morgan :
Resolved, That the act of signing the
pledge is one of high moral dignity, wor
thy the sons of men who pledged their
honor and their lives for the liberty of our
Each resolution and address was fol
lowed by an appropriate temperance ode
sung by the choir, and the exercises were
closed with an anthem of great beauty,
executed with surpassing excellence.
The Sons of Temperance returned in,
procession to their chamber, and adjourn
ed to meet half after 6 at night, for the
admission of members, installation of of
ficers, and their regular business.
according to their nature, and sustain and
protect such measures.
i he, custody of the prisoners and offi
cers in charge of tbe municipality will
continue in cnarge ot the torce which the
civil authority has allotted for it, compos
ed of forty men of the battalion bf the
iree, (lib us,) allowed togofreefroni Vera
Cruz as a convict guard, until it be re
lieved by that of the United States, when
said prison guard will be allowed to re
tire with their arms. j j
H'dquarters, Chichapa, May 15, 1847.
Approved and granted. I S
W. J. WORTH, Maj. Gen. ConYg.
The second cause of complaint on tbe
part of Gen. Worth against the General-in-chieG
was the disapprobation of the
latter, at a circular addressed by the for
mer to his division alone, at a period when
the entire force of the army, including the
General-in-chief, was garrisoned in the
city of Puebla, with the exception of the
June lth, 1847 the General-in-cbief,
verbally and in writing, has harshly and
injuriously characterized said circular,
and in manner uncalled for, and to the
undeserved reproach of said inferior offi
cer. After an investigation of the above mat
ters, the court made the j following deci
sion in the ase : - ;
iThat, regarding the remarks of the Gen
eral-in-chief, dated June 17th instant, en
dorsed upon the translated copy of a let
ter from the Mexican Judge Duran to Ma
jor General Scott, dated the lGlh of June
instant, as hypothetical and applicable
only to claims urged by the Mexican au
thorities which the General-in-chief, at
the time of his remarks, ! supposed to be
" without authority," anil which Brevet
Major Gen. Worth insists; were not con
ceded by any pf his official acts, the Court
can perceive nothing in the remarks of
the General-in-chief to which Brevet Ma-
PEACE WITH MEXICO.
small force left at Jalapa, under Colonel jor General Worth could properly take
Childs. That circular numorted to con- exception.
vey the information to the first division, of . The C?UT ""further ofjopinion that the
...i,- l r xr .u .u iciiiia oi supination granieu dv urevet
which Gen. Worth was the commanding MWfi,nr1l wni,6(nlL r.L
omcer. that a design was contemplated of the city of Puebla unon his entrant
by the citizens of Puebla to poison the
fountains from whence our army drew
their daily supply of 'water, and in that
way destroy us ; and placing thlem on
their guard against such inhuman and
nefarious designs, if in reality there was
with the advanced corps pf the army into
that city on the 15th of May last, were
unnecessarily yielded, improvident, and in
ettect detrimental to the public service.
Apd that the grant of these privileges was
in; contravention of the ninth and tenth
paragraphs of General Orders" No. 20;
vote taken u
which were of
Wejr, seconded by John
ie Greensborougb Di-
'won ot ithe bons ol lemnerance merits
i . . a
we confidence ;of all who desire the pros-
PrityJ virtue; happiness and honor of our
: 3d, by thd Rev. Q. T. Blake, seconded
- 1 '
th, by Robert G; Lindsay, seconded by
ter Tburkton :
That jthe principles of the
Derance are Bible principles,
Hie co-operation ot all criris
. ' 1:
f ' ' l
Rcsolvedi That no services rendered by
Wi.cers of bur arallatit navv or victorious
nies, aire more beneficial, or worthy of
ftore gfa;t' ude by pur admiring country, !
Ja the iheroic dcts of moral courage in
wiving from fleet iind camp, Rum with
bis subalterns and servants.
5th, by Samuel V. Westbrooks. secon-
Hby Jesse iWheeJer : ,
f lUsolvtdl Thftt sn frrpat ftr ovil frnm
4ei6derate use ol alcoholic drinks to
j me indunaljcuseSt that we invite far-
V ,.VTr.M,a;,8 merchants anu manu-
cturers to Unite in thai
6tb, b' Jesse II. Lindsay, seconded by
ph' S'ears : ' ' j 1 -
iMesolvpl That f ha use of wines and
l,cohold'drinks as a beverage as an or-
oient, ?i token ofl refinement and style
tbe privilege ofj the rich, of the young
lQ gay,-4-is delusive, doing evil to those
e love J and that love of country, of kin-
jca, ana, sympathy with the sufferings
?W caused, is a sotemn call to abandon
r.oso and join in the cause of total ab-
t'JlWhf Edwin AYatsori, seconded by T.
. t -1 1 11' ' i ' , v. ' :
w uokJdt That next to giving the Bible
Ml men-j-next ti their education of all
rujue, we Know ot no claim on our
om, benevolence or justice, higher or
renW i: .u i i Jr.
L .1 Krcfiier rewarus, man :ei
kiT. f Punish froni the social circle those
' i ih,ch ,cad tbe young to admire
General Scott and General Worth.
From the St. Louit Republican of Dec. 20.
Messrs. Editors : In one of my letters,
written from Piiebla, Mexico, I promised
to explain the jmystery that, up to this
time, exists as to tho serious and much
to be regretted (difficulty existing between
tbe two distinguished and gallant officers
above named ; land to furnish for your va
luable jourrial the proceedings of the
Court of Inqui y demanded by General
Worth, growing out of the causes that led
to this disruption.
To a correct understanding of the mer
its of the controversy it is proper; to re
mark that the first cause of complaint on
the part of Brevet Major General Worth
against theGierieral-in-chief was the un-
qualified disapprobation of the latter of
he terms pf capitulation entered into by
he former with the municipal authorities
of the city of Ipebla, in his advance upon
and occupation of that city. Gen. Worth,
it will be itec0llected, was directed by
Gen. Scott to act with his division as the
advance corps?pf the army until reaching
and occupying!;! Puebla. As a matter of
history, andjfbf the purpose of permitting
every man to. draw his own conclusions of
the justness jorl! unfairness of Gen. Scotfs
disapproval 'jofj the terms of that capitu
lation, I deem H due to all concerned to
insert a copy of the capitulation itself.-
It is in these vjords:
"Generai : If, as is to be supposed, you
are possessed ojf a true and ardent love of
your country, U will not appear strange
that the. first sentiment which the munici
pality of Puebla manifests in addressing
you be that !of profound grief for the in
evitable necessity it finds itself under of
regulating Vit$ the enemy of its nation
the terms leasl (opprobrious for occupying
the capital of tjiis State by troops of the
United States of the North. It consoles
itself, howeyerj with the idea that its im
mediate sacnrHe has the only object in
view of savng if not the same national
rights, (which is beyond the possibility of
their attempting) at least the very dear
interests of the Unarmed population which
the municipality represents. Compelled,
hcrefore, toi this duty, truly very; paintul,
but inevitable, md stimulated by the pro
posal whichjyoa thought proper to direct
o it from Nhpstlucan, that before arriving
oo near the! city you might enter into a
conference with the civil functionaries, in
order to concert with them the best and
most secure measures in relation to the
nterests mentioned notwithstanding that
some have been adopted analagous to the
present case already the municipality,
the only political authority which has re
mained, in view of the defenceless state
of the city, and In virtue of your announce-
ment ot having to occupy u in a military
manner, nasragreea mai ine commission
from its body, which has the honor of ad
dressing youj, accept the guaranties ofTer-
ea in ine louovying terms ;
During tbe occupation of the capital of
Puebla by the jroops of the United States
they will inviolably Respect the Catholic
religion, whfcch! the nation professes, the
public worship the morals, the persons and
property of all the inhabitants, j
. The civil local authorities will continue
in the free exercise of their functions con
formably to the- laws! of the country. In
consequence! if! the General of said troops
should consider any other measures ;ne
cessary besides those dictated heretofore,
especially foi' the maintenance of public
order and tranquility, he will communi
cate his .wishes; on said subiect to the a-
bovc .meotioned authorities respectively,
any ground of apprehension whatever published at Tampico onj the 29th day of
that such threats had been made, or, if February last, and was not icarrantcd by
made, whether there was the slightest ietterof instructions of the General-in-
nneelk'l't C "U U ! Chief Of GeO. Wol'th.
possibility of their being put in execution. Th. rn,, o iir .u i i
m . , , , U f 1 he Uourt, as required,! further declares
lo the exceptions taken by the Gener- its opinion that the " circular" published
al-in-chief at these two official! acts of by Brevet Major General Worth to hisdi
Gen. Worth, the latter became greatly in- vision, dated Puebla, June 1C, 1847, was
censed, and. permitting his feelings to per- improper and extremely objection
vert his better-1 inrbmp.nf. WmU mnJ abJe. in : mW respects, especially as it
x. ,tltr , V " " might tend, by exasperating the whole
violently and bitterly inimical to the Gen- Mexican nation, to th wart thl Wp!i.bnWn
eral-in-chief. The result was, what eve- pacific policy of the United States, and, in
ry reflecting officer in the army most deep- view of the high source from which it
ly regretted, a rupture in those friendly e"inated, to disturb the friendly relations
relations which, for Upwards of 30 years, f ?ur Qpve'nment with Spaiutorat least
. i . . i . . ir . " give occasion to that Power to call for
had existed between these two; gallant, explanations or apologies. The barbar
and distinguished military chieftains. j ous offence against which the circular
The following order, published to a ve- warned the soldiers of the first division, if
ry limited extent by the General-in-chief u existed at all, equally affected the whole
It is an indisputable fact tht ihe annexation
of Texas, then at war with Mexico, was taut
amount to a declaration ol waif, and that the
comparative weakness lof Mexico alone pre.
vented its Government jfrom considering it as
Under these circumstances, itjwas evidently
the duly of the United Slates to nsie every means
to soothe arjd conciliate the Mexicans, and to
wait with patience for and unconditional recog.
nition of the independence of Ttjxas, till the
feelings excited by our aggression bad subsi
It has been shown that alier Mejxico had re
sorted, as a substitute for war, to the harmless
suspension" of the ordinary diplomatic inter
course, the attempt to make it relraipt that meas
ure, before any negotiations for the restoration
of harmony between thoj two countries should
he entered into was neihor countenanced by
the acknowledged of natrons, nor necessary for
any useful purpose, nor consistent with a pro
per and just sense of the relative position in
which the aggressive measures ofj the United
States had placed the two countries. : But that
the refusal of Mexico to submit to that addition
al contumely, should have been considered as
an insult to the U. States, betrayes the pride of
power, rather than a just sense of what is due
to lhe true dignity, and honor of this nation.
It has been demonstrated, that the Republic
of .Texas had not a shadow of ithe right to tho
territory adjacent to tBe left bank of the lower
portion of the Rio Norte : that though she claim!
ed, she never had actually exercised jurisdiction
over any portion ot it ; that the Mei cans, were
the sole inhabitants, and in actual f possession
of that district; that therefore its forcible oc
cupation by. the army of the United -Slates was
according to the acknowledged lawof nations,
lie. Imbued vrtllfa deep feeling of tljeir r
and duiiei, did not deviate from ihcie Fri
pies. The tound tense, ihawUdom,iherr '
tj, the respect for public Mih, with 4vMch t
.......... w.Miv.crm V( UQ ukiiou wereeman? -
made our institutions an object ct g-neral i .
miration. Here, for the first lime, ws the c r
periment attempted with any prospect cf t .
cess, and on a Urge scale, of a Rtpicscr .
live Democratic Republic If it railed, il,c I :
hope of the friends of mankind was lost or ;:
definitely postponed; and the ejetofthe wc '
were turned toward you. ; Whenever real-cr
pretended apprehensions ofthe imminent dsn
ger of trusting the people at large vith pov; . .
were expressed, the answer ever was Lo
at America 1' ".-it .'
In their external relations the United St a?: ,
belore this unfortunate Var,hadwhi!eu?tani: ;
their just rights, ever acted In strict cjonfoTm ty
with the dictaies of justice a.nd displayed the i;t.
.vrti m j uau t uiuma
ly injured any other nation.5 Ererv acculslii :n'
of territory from Foreign Powers was; bones h
made, the result of Treaties, not imposed, I'J:
freely assented to by the other party. The r're.
servation ot peace was ever a primary object.
The recourse to arms was always in self ib.
fence. On its expediency there. may Vavcbee.i
a difference of opinion; that, in theionly lwi
instances of conflict wiih civilized natrons wile!)
occurred during a period of sixty.thxee yer.rs
l783to 1846) the just rights ot the Unit e 1
Slates had been invaded by a longlcontinu: 1
series of aggressions, is undeniable. In V
first instance War was not declared f and tl.c e :
were only partial hostilities between Fra'
and tnffland. J be Congress of ttc Un;
States, the only legitimate organ of he nn;;
for that purpose, did, in 1812, declare Y
against Great Britain. Independentlof de;
dations 09 our Commerce, she had, fjr tu c
years, carried on an actual War since iLcr.
now but one opinion on that subject a rci
al of the impressment of men sailing jurd? r i
protection of our flag would be tantarhr ur.t :
declaration of war. 'ITie partial opposition t
war of 1812 did not rest on a denial jT i!.
gressions of England and of the justice ,
cause, but on lhe fact that, with the'exc
of impressments, similar infractions cf c r
rights had been committed byjFrancc, r
tho most erronous belief that the Al:..'
uon was paniai 10 inai country, ana 1:,
in their apparent efforts to. restore rra
I At present, all these principles vc' '
to have been abandoned.: The mo;t
purely defensive war and no other i
hie is necessarily attended with u :
great and unavoidable evils. Vh:
spjy of one, iniquitous in its origin a n '.
as well as in fact, an act of open hostility and ed hy ourselves, of a war of aggress
war; mat mo resistance 01 the .Mexicans to
after the finding of the court of inquiry t?e ln,rmation obtained by Gen.
demanded by Gen. Worth, contains suffi- of notice, should there-
army, lhe information obtained by Gen.
iriTf nil V0 no An : ffm m it n I ir f n . U n
ciently explicit all other facts material to General-in-chief, that he, might have .ex
a correct understanding of the affair by ercised his discretion on the means to be
your readers; and, by simply setting out adopted for correcting the evil.
in hac verba" shall close this communi
) Headquarters or the Army,
J Puebla, June 30, 1847.
Abstract of proceedings of a Court of
Inquiry which convened at this place by
virtue of general orders Np. 186, head
quarters of the army, and of which Maj.
J. A. Quitman is President:
1. The said Court of Inquiry proceeded
indue form to investigate the! subjects
embraced in the two papers herein cited,
viz.: First, the General Order No. 186,
With these views of the circular allu
ded to, the Court is of opinion that it call
ed for the emphatic admonition and rebuke
of the General-in-chief. ;
In conclusion, this Court deems it mate
rial to the case to express the opinion that
isjthe right and the duty of the General-irt-cbief,
and indispensable to the preser
vation of proper discipline in the army,
that he should at all times possess the pri
vilege of freely commenting upon, disap
proving, or censuring the official acts of
his subordinate officers.
II. The General-in-chief approves the
Headquarters of the Army, Puebla, Mex- proceedings and opinion in the foregoing
ico, June 24, 1847, as follows : CJio
' At the instance of Brevet Major Gen
eral Worth a Court of Inquiry will meet
in the building called the Palace of this
city, at ten o clock to-morrow morning, to
investigate certain matters in whjch that
General Officer conceives himself to have
been injured by the General-in-chief of
this army, viz : in the matter of the terms
granted by the said Brevet Major Gen
eral io the functionaries of this city, in the
way of capitulation, as guarantees, at or
about the time (May 15, 1847) of his en
trance with the advanced corps of the ar
my into the city, and in the matter of a
circular, dated June 16, 1847, published
by the said Major General to the officers
of his divsion." U
If there be other matters in tbe conduct
of the said Brevet Major General which
he mav sneciallv desire to have! investi
gated by the said Court of Inquiry, he will
submit them to the General-in-chief, thro'
the Recorder, for further orders in the
Detail. Major General Quitman, Brig.
Gen. Twiggs, Brevet Brigadier General
Smith, Members. Lieut. R. P. Hammond
is appointed special Judge Advocate.
The Court will give an opinion of the
merits of all the matters investigated by it.
By command of Maj. Gen. Scott :
H. L. SCOTT, A.A.A.G.
Second. A brief statement by Brevet
Maj. Gen. Worth, of the matters in which
he conceived himself wronged by the
General-in-chief, and to which the inves
tigation extended under the order institu
ting the court, in the following terms, viz :
I. In the matter of an interview had
May 15th, at Chichapa, Mexico, between
Brevet Major General worm, commauu
ing 1st division of the army, arid the civil
authorities of Puebla, at thcMnstance pf
said Brevet Major General thte General-in-chief
(verbally and in writing) has im
properly, in manner and in matter, char
acterized the proceedings at Said inter
view to the prejudice and wrong of said
Brevet Major General.
Ii: In the matter of a circular, which
was addressed by Brevet Major; General
Wortb, to the 1st Division, op or about
illl. This order will not extend beyond
the commanders of divisions and brigades,
and the chiefs of the general staff.
IV. The Court of Inquiry, of which Ma
jor General Quitman is president, is dis
solved. By command of Maj. Gen. Scott :
H. L. SCOTT, A.A.A.G.
1 regret that the circular alluded to in
the foregoing proceedings has been mis
laid by me, or I would likewise have giv
en a copy of that. GOMEZ.
The Charity of Nashville. Vfe learn
from the Nashville papers that during the
late distress in that city,! when wood was
selling at trom 88 to $10 a cord, Messrs.
Thos. L. Speace, A. G. Payne, Alex. Fall
arid Lynch Hughes sold it to the poor at
82 a cord the price it cost them last
Summer. Such acts of benevolence are
worthy of all praise.
We notice, also, that for the alleviation
of the suffVringiin the city, sums amount
ing to S500 were handed in, by private
individuals, without solicitation, to the
Mayor, in one day. The Masons, more
over, contributed 8250, and the Odd Fel
lows and Sons of Temperance were like
wise engaged in the work of relief.
is now publicly avowed tq be one cf
If persisted in, its necessary cor
will be, a permanent increase of o r
Establishment and of Lxecutirn r
its general tendency to make man !
to awaken his worst passions, to acct
to the taste of blood. It has :.;.
moralized no inconsiderable portkn
The general Peace which had Ic
ed between the great European Pov.
the last thirty years, may not be ascii
purest motives. Be these what l!,rv
long and unusual repose has been -ficial
to tho cause of humanity, Ni
be more injurious to it, more lainci.
scandalous than the war; between t
jacenl Republics of North Americr.;
lour mission was, to be a model I
rrGovernments and for 11 othcrlf;
tions, to adhere to the most elevate 1
of political morality, to apply all y
to the gradual improvement of your
tutions and social state, and, by y
to exert a moral influence ma.-t 1
mankind at large. Instead of ll.i-,
has been made to your worst p:i;:l
pidity, to lhe thirst of unjust b'r
by brutal force; to the love or in';
and of false glory; and it has eve:
to pervert the noblest feelings' cf '
The attempt is made to make yo i ;
lofty position which your fathers
substitute for it the politicel rncra!
then patriotism of the heroes an J r
I have said, that it was attempt
even your virtues. Devo'.edne-s t.
patriotism, is a most essential th:
national existence of any society (!
it. Unfortunately, our most virt
lions are per verted, not only by c r
selfishness, but also by their own vm
the most holy of our attribute?, i!
feeling, may be perverted from ti
was but too lamentably exhibited i
cutions even unto death, of if. re
deemed heretics. It is, not, there:'
ishinsr, that patriotism, carried to x
also be perverted. In the entire C
their country, the people, every-v
all times, have been too apt to.Lr
imposed upon them by justice tow.
lions. It is against this natural :
you should be specially on your ;
blame does not attach to those ul.
patriotic feeling, though errrn j , ;
the national standard. On the c:.:.'.
are more worthy of admiration, i
VII. The Mission of the United States. lof,ne IDan OI mc.r couniry, u. v
J j after war has once taken p!ac
The people of the United States have been : by the purest motives, daily 'an 2
placed by Providence in a position never be- most self-deyoledness, brave cf a:!
fore enjoyed by any other nation.' They are
I possessed of a most extensive territory, with
a very fertile soil, a variety of climates and pro
ductions, and a capacity ot sustaining a popu
lation greater, in proportion to its extent, than
any other territory of the same sizq on the face
of the globe. j
By a concourse of various circumstances they
found themselves, at the epoch ofj their Inde
pendence, in the full eniovment of religious.
rivil and nolitical libertv. entirely free from an v : irreproachable prirate character
hereditary monopoly of wealth or power. The j MenU and of all the members of L -people
at large were in futl and quiet posses- i ion. known and respected, 'i :
sion of all those natural rights for uhich the 1 one of them who would not span,
people of othfr countries have for a long time nation the most remote hint t.. a',
contended, and still do contend. They were pretences to those alleged for c.
oj v- c.;ii ar. tK enro nvriiTn an. Mexico, he miht be capable of c.
knowledffed as such by all. For ither proper j appropriate to himself his neiU
... . .i i f -.
In the total ansence ui any
that invasion was legitimate! and that there.
fore the war was unprovoked by them, and
commenced by the United States. !
If any doubt should remain of lhe correctness
of these statements, let them be tested by the
Divine undeniable precept. ' Do junto others
as you would be done by." j
If at this moment France was to contract a
treaty of defensive and offensive alliance with
Mexico, a treatry taking effect immediately,
and pending the war between tne United States
and Mexico and binding herself to defend it
with all her forces against any and every other
rower, would not the United States at once
consider such a treaty as a declaration of war
nemtnet thpm (
..... . ..a,... . . j
If, in lieu of declaring war against Great
Briiain, in the year 1812, the United States
had only suspended the ordinary diplomatic re
laiions between the two countries; and Great
Britain had declared that she would Dot enter
into any negotiation for the settlement of all
the subjects ofdifference between the two coun
tries, unless the United States should, as a pre
liminary condition, restore those relations;
would not this have been considered as a most
insolent demand, and to which the U. States
never could submit ?
If the United Slates were, and had been for more
than a century, in possession of a tract of coun.
try, exclusively inhabited and governed by them
disturbed only by the occasional forays of an
enemy; would they not consider lhe forcible
military invasion and occupation of such a dis
trict by a third Power, as open and unprovoked
war,commenced against them ? j And could
their resistance to the invasion rerjderthem li
able to the imputation of having! themselves
commenced the war? '
Yet it would seem as if the splendid and al
most romantic successes of tbe American arms
had, for a while, made the peop! of lhe Uni
ted States deaf to any other consideration than
an enthusiastic and exclusive lovej of military
glory ; as if, forgetting the origin of the war,
and with an entire disregard for jthe dictates
of justice, they thought that those successes
gave the nation a right to dismember Mexico,
and to appropriate to themselves tljat which did
not belong lo them.
But I. do not despair, for I Jijivo fiith in
our institutions and in the people!: and I will
now ask them whether this was their mission?
and whether ibey were placed by Providence
on thia continent (or the purpose of cultivating
false glory, and of sinking to the level of those
vulgar conquerors who have at all times deso
lated the earth. '
their own lires in the conflict a;
enemy. I must confess, that I i!
the same charity to those civilim-.
and deliberately plunge the ecu:
i unjust or unnecessary war.
We should have but one con;
' most happy would it be for r:; .
statesmen and politicians only as !.
management of the internal or ext
al concerns, as they are in prn
Flood in Tennessee. "-From the Tus
Cumbia Alabamian of the 24th ult., we
learn that below that point great loss of
property bas been occasioned by an unu
sually high stage of water in the Tennes-
see river. ji .uc i ii i v in u uuuov .3 . mvu - , i ., , .
the village of Eastport contained, only :, .ii.u , .k
nine remain where they originally stood. w -,d w anJ to he A Imihl y ;ne in- who
; has poured on you such unparalleled blessings.
S Your mission is to improve the $taie of tbe
; world, to be -the "Model Republic," to show
; that men are capable of governing themselves
and that this simple and natural form of Gov.
j ernraent is that also which confers most happi
j ness on all, is productive of the greatest devel
opment of the intellectual faculties, -above all
j that which is attended with the highest stand
j ard of private and political virtue and morality.
Twentv-three have been washed from
their foundations, and of this number some
were totally swept away.
The citizens of SoutH Florence have
suffered considerably, ami Waterloo is al
most entirely carried off4
JUST received and f 6r sale A large sop
ply of W. Hull's best Tallow Candles.
BRCWN & JAMES.
can justify the war in which v. e
volved, resort bas been had to a r.
dinary assertion. It is said, t! .-'
of the United States have au Len
oriiyof race overihe Mexicans, w .'.
the right to subjugate and keep in
inferior nation. This, it i3 aK
he the means of enlightening '
Mexicans, of. improving their tf?:
cf ultimately increasing tho ha;
Is it compatible' with the spirit
Jan. 1, 1848
Your forefathers, the founders of the Repub-! cj, which rejects every hereditary