TeM 01 Hip Vatc:.mun.
' vear Two D.ir.tARS payable in
S' f ; 1 :7 I i nJvaitce . Two dollars
It IB I I. tV ' "
Nf , JiinrJ 41 1 for the first, on j a j cts.
Cnurt orJera chnrireu
jPVI'W" 'T.i.J'"'- : ..: : , .... ,Z.
V, hi rf iun lty"" ntte. A lioerai ueuuc-
the-- M Jvi-r; by lb year
li e lillfo-rn rtVlft'be postpaid.
f I fi i 'n
U'ESD.i"JTEMXCf FBRIARY 22.
i ' Svi.kiunv. Feb. 9. 1848.
V ? f
-J iJ , t .. , -J Li - I L" ' i ' , -1 ,,.-;''. :
lor tj Proprietors.
Keep a check rpox all tocr
j I, Ckmmonk Es(
Pear Sir : ;Tlie lice
Vicocutive Committee of
SalMury IitiHite Jiaviii liti-no( with the
ivbftt prtHticpi ion your vt ry uutu mm in.
JUive ftoclurh of l,vt evonin, respectfully
Hut lneljfoftl. Society, a copy of the
I ... V , ' ' i Your ohd't perv'ts,
1 j. clat.ki:,
J.3VV' ELLIS, V Com'tec.
Sal$hi;uy, Feb. 9, 1849.
Do THIS, ASD Lir.EETV TS SAFE."
lien' I: Harrison.
NUMBER 43, OF VOLUME IV.
SALISBURY,- N. C, THjURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1840.
government Upon an equal footing with
the best regulated private establishments.
If .competenf teachers aire rrot sufficiently
numerous, spiools for their education maj'
easily be made a part of the system.
Free schoolgirl the South have doubtless
been retard (Id by ari aversion on the part
o( some, to having their children intermm-
bwn ignorance upon this subject, when
brought to th test. But why tpi defi
ciency of . learning upon one of the most
interesting branches of science 1 It is be
cause our mineralogical learning in the
schools has not kept pace with the actual
experience of the world. It is because
1 too manv of our nrofessors are aritiauated.
ic iimiaoi iiijiiiniuij uic umiurcu oi i men ; anu wnne tney are uoztng over
the masses, while many of the poor on the j their ancient lore in the cloisterdthe out
other hand, look upon them as charitable door world is leaving them far behind it.
institutions, Ind from a foolish fear that
it may be tpught, they patronize them
I Otntlcmcn : t herevi fth enclose a copy of my from ne cessity rather than choice, refuse
; lturc'detiverd on last evening before the ' to sustain them. These prejudices, how-
ever, l am ixappy to believe are last wear
L isWy Iititqite which vu have done me the
Ifertortf . request. r puttlication. However
Kh;b!e I may !q of h defects, it is due from
ir.e o ft)!ow the societal to make any use of it
they may dee rrjlp rope
llaka this ocasion)6 acknowledge with pro
foand inihililyi the Jifjnor which ha3 been done
p-e hy tie Ihstit.tito, aoij in an especial manner
Uffcotiizo thji? kind attentions which I have
pst tror'n each of its rpembers.
Accept foi yourselves, gentlemen.
, ' my seirfjinents of n'iraid,
J,';7 I J- I- CLICMMOXS.
0,.ClaRR'k, J. V. JtLI-is, J. 15. Lord,
ing out, and
ish during t
v ill perhaps completely van
ie present generation.
Free schopls are now no longer regard
ed as chari
It is not intended by tlise reijnarks to
undervalue the ancient classesj; for as
a branch of study, their importance in
acquainting the student with the philoso
phy of language, and imparting ajcorrect
and elegant taste is at once acknowledged
by every well educated man. Yet the
extent to which even these are to 'be pur-
able establishments, but as j sued should be regulated by the demands
ol the age.
Nor do I wish to be understood as ad
vocating the introduction of speculative
theories, and unascertained truths into
tained principles; but 1 learned societies
are designed to move in untrodden paths,
fheir labors should be directed tothe dis
covery of new scientific truths to new
applications of known principles to the
cprrection ot established error, and to the
t a r ' . . .
country, who will aid in framing laws for
a hundred millions of people. They are
now born who will witness a hundred
sovreign States, controlled by our won
derful Constitution, and clustered together
like a galaxy of brilliant stars, under the
extension of human knowledge beyond its ; banner of our glorious Union. In the
From the Xcte Orlcant Pic
later rrio.i Vi;::
The fehip Napier, Cap:. .
ship Dan vers, Capt. Grutt ,
morning from Vera Cruz. 1. .
29th ult., three days later t:
. The lollowing gentler. ,
to the U. S. Navv. came p.
Danvers: G. J. Van Bru: ?, t
the Etna and late Cover; u r
Lieut. S. W. Godon.Iati- C: ,
guna ; and Lts. J. M. U-:n
The steam frigate Mi; :
tra.the Flirt and the
Water Witch were lying :.:
The sloop of war Alb.mv
29th ult. for the Wand 7
Commodore was to leave i
. w.i j. cruise io me wmauar :.
present limits. Our own emmtrv hvnnd mnn t!mo r.t t.i ! Ae train which leA il.r
. -- j ..v.. ! .....v. Hun-ism iuc vuiiiuic anu j , ... . - . ,
aJl others, presents a splendid field for the ; Pacific will be united by American enter- i i . V"- arrivcd v i N
... .... "iiiiuui UtCIUCIli
The train comprised about t
wagons, with the foUouii j
Major Caldwell, of the Ye!:;
One squadron of cavalrv,
andG,2d Dragoons, commv.
Merrill, with Lts. Dicknell r.:
' i ; riEcg'uiiE,
Dtl'ntii'l before tht ialhbury Institute 1th
FtbrtM'! IB bp Junius L. Ci.kmmons,
of 'l i'ililW , iV.J C.
-!jfn.: pVpu itNt :-I understand the ob
.jectf !tliiJ a. tfocratioti to "be the promo
tun of 'ki.myjM 'dgn fgenerally, and cspe
cillly the jfpri'ad ofteducation among our
people . SU'i: being its design, 1 propose
to olfef 1 (Mi this evening a few reflections
B necessary educational agen
cies, as welpfbr the rich as for the poor ;
and lying atj the very foundations of our
national prcperity. To render them ad
equate to the purposes of their creation,
they must cf course be placed upon a
scale of excjfllency which may challenge
the patronage of all classes. To bring
the system tp perfection will require much
time, but tl b work is going bravely on,
and will crqUong it is to be hoped, meet
the most ' ; anguine expectations of its
warmest a locates.
Upon wmit plan these primary es
tablishments should be laid, and what
studies are x be pursued it is not my pur
pose now tfjjenquire? Much light may be
had upon tL fs interesting subject from the
experience pf those countries where the
free system pas been long enough in vogue
researches ol learned societies. All the nrise.andthe
natural, and moral laws of the universe j China will be made in eight weeks' time
are in operation here upon the most mag- ( Twenty years will not elapse before bro
njficent scale. The extent of our territo- ther will hold daily and hourly converse
ry the variety of our soil and climate with brother, the one standing upon the
the diversity of our population and the coast of Oregon, and the other sitting
fosierinsr influences of our most pxppllpnt
. t . n . - " a i in i.ti.i:. i..r. .
system ot government, open up to the en- j believe before this generation shall pass ! rZt u T " r'
quiring mind themes more abundant, and , away, the force of our example upon the : P "uggies, oAi Infant r;.
v 1 "v.niura iuuic uuweriui man can governments o thn i ) ri WnM u- itfr - ::- . v-
- . . . " . w . ...I. ..,
sewnere be louml upon the globe.
Such societies have already done much
fdr the advancement of knowledge in Eu
rope, and promise to be still more success
all control, and at a moment when least ! T'f.T1'
tottering dynasties' of Europe. The day '""T Sd lnUlMr
has already come, when our commerce n n '"v
has outstnpt that of every; nation upon
earth except Great Britainj and we are
They are in every way fraught
our schools for the education ojf; youth ; j with good. They concentrate talent, and
tor which they should promptly kpep pace i bpng together the scattered elements of gaining upon her with rapid strides. That
wnn me improvements ot tne agtvmeir , wnowieoge irom every corner ol the land 1 moment when we 'shall surpass her in ex-
teachings should be confined to! known I rthey encourage timid merit by nffording tent of commerce will bp tlipfat.il orWi
truths, and well established doctrine. j it; an easy access to public attention and for Europe. The commercial supremacy
The work of pioneering into the unex- j by sharing with it the responsibilities of of England is the only pillar which sus-
to furnish fiji example. Whether
it'ic-liiic r tit x t7 t a t 1 r cj rt hcia orrrinnl .
Cpor. u v M.,j4,,,M.ic; uiauuiHiug u, uu, UTe busind$s habits or religious creeds
TOUcatrnuisyMc tnto me genius ot our , shouM ic fraught. Whether corporeal
Sn . ' T TV . i ! punishmenty, awards of merit, or appeals
r.pvrd theme, it nd' lifts been so thorouirhlv
, i i st. .i . . .t3. ... .. " u-1 ,)C au
oiiquru, ng Hv c,a,,K,i , e ( anJ u.QCUUn should bc attaclied to each
sm mm n. n lias ieen demanueu by ,u 't
plored regions of science must be left to
learned societies, and erudite men i whose
experience and mental discipline, may be
a safe guard against the facinating influ
ences of new-1 angled theories, and who
may be able to silt the truth from that
which is erroneous.
There is another element which should
be incorporated into all our educational
systems I mean moral suasion. IjThis is
emphatically the great reforming agent the large field of inquiry so happily pre
The Salisbury Institute from its locality
hjis the power of rendering its labours
pre-eminently useful. The researches of
each of its members may be periodically
made known at its meetings, through lec
tqrf s and essays upon every variety ot
interesting topjes. Subjects for investi
gation may be thrown out and the whole
rrjind of the Institute put to work upon
I - M a
to the better feelings of the heart should
be adopted whether libraries, cabinets,
"J trlirrl o rn Vi 1 1 rinnttinilt rC 'ort' rrrn vo im
. ' ' -? . i;,llUUIt (tlV 1411 Ulll.t4VUJ wi l,lt nu
! , i- ., . t . - . iiwi irtucc, iinu ucaci U lliU I1IUSI Clilli:illCIl
iiintr ui piinic necessity , .1 c .1 4
t'U CUIISlUCI illlUll UI lliU.C U)U11 UIlUlll lUU
duty of laytiig their foundations may de
There is pne requisite, however, which
must be attended to in all our schools of
learning wliether they l)e high or low
they must le made to conform to our po
litical iustitiUions. nd to the spirit of the
i?i 'tit 111.
age. or rattier, they should Keep in ad
world, and as a thing ot prime necessity
Jias been i subject of deep and anxious
study lrmahjy eeNijries, and will doubt
leis cor)tirue to be o in all ages to come.
The rarhihaT truths connected with the
education pf, the uH-al and intellectual
powers! of man art A.ot however, to be
throwni jaVul earner ey because they are fa
nnliarbut they a nr. to be oft repeated, and
again ;h( ag.in prtscd lidine upon the
irynI-s of all' tjio.se --who wield to any ex
tent thCidrs.4nijes oour race.
, The hiriueiiceofeducation in forming
the chaVacfer bf aLwhole people is now
univt rsilly acknpwlcdgcd. Its conquests
Jiave become Ohif)) etc, and opposition is
of the present dav. It is a feature of the
age which naturally results from the free
dom of thought so universally enjoyed by
our people. No enterprize depending up
on the popular will can succeed i without
it. Force is no longer adequate Uo any
purposes .of good in the intellectual or
moral reformation of our race. Jn legis
lation in religious teaching ill every
effort to move the masses even in the
sqnted by our great country. The pbilo-
tains the edifice, and whenever that is
broken, the whole fabric ; of European
Monarchy must fall. : England cannot
susTain her umciclilly system as a seconda
ry commercial jwicer, and- a secondary
commercial power she must become ; be
sides the republican elements which now
, pervade the very foundations of Europe
! an society, require but the! application ol
; a spark to produce the fatal explosion.
In this event revolution will succeed rev
; olution until the purged ejements will bc
I 1st Lieut. Tilton, command!:.
Cochran and Swan. The 1:.
itzer battrrV(0 pieces.) Ut I
commanding, with Lieut.;
guers. Dr. Barnes, U. S. A.,
surgeon ; Capts. O'Donnell .
assistant quartermasters-, C
A large number of officers t
with the train. j
Several members of the S;
matic company also catnc t
Mexico on their way to I lava:
The train met Geji. Mar !
Miles, with their respective ct :
the 17th at Pucbla.
Our files of papers fromtli c
ico are to the 1 1th ult. Ti,
Star of this date thus mentic:
ture of the train.
We have only room to jav '
.1. . 1
cation-Natural History-Botany Min- fixed and defined iiponinekv foundations. 1 F 7 V'
tiA-.. a:-.,i.. "ti... .1 i fri.:.. Tir -V .J- ?. . Pi'ing the mineral and other
. .ui;j-uvv;.v-.l;..t.uuu.t iuc ru- x ui, iur. a resmeni,.is-noi prontiecy , nA .1
sophical, mathematical and natural sci- formed a new, and the civil and political
uemisiry ana 11s practical appu- rignts 01 man in the old World will t and
ucational systems of different countries-
Iistory Statistic New discoveries and
inventions Ethics, metaphysics, and'poe
fry Meteorological and astronomical ob
servations Electricity Every theory of
administration of justice itself, the) power j knowledge and a thousand kindred sub
of moral suasion has become indispensi- jqcls, would afford abundant material for
ble. And certainly there is no depart-
ment of human labour where it is so sig
nally appropriate as in that of instructing
youth. -The understanding is reached
through the heart, and the moral man is
improved by the very process of cultivating
vance of tlife age, since it is their business the intellectual. And what indeed is the
to teach. They must meet the constantly 1 most splendidly endowed-intellectual with
increasing wants of each successive gen- out a corresponding moral power? It is
eration : for
tig rlans'urj ;anySvhpre to he found. Its
benellts' have trowed in such enninii. nml
fertilizirig strie ims all over the land, that
the humblest c itizc ti in the obscurest cor
npp,hoever jbstliate his father's may
have been, is ijiow ijnploring for the ben
tfvUC hjs.chfltlren, he blessings of edu-
cajwi.jie u.is seep how it abridges la
bpur -how it enhanees the enjoyments o
tM.om'Sticcirtde4-how it aids the law
iamamiajuing oruer now it bears up
nJ illustrates liis. Ijoly religion how it;
perpetijailcs hi civil and religious liberty,
ftrdhow It adds to the w ealth, character,
power, alkl greatness ol his country. The
Cnrdudatcd mifn dial been made to see the
iefonnjtjes of -jignorfmce, and to feel the
immense . distanc he is lelt behind the J
itNyhich iv lies. And while the
Masses are befog (rlvated around him, as
sonic magic pwer, he feels himself
I helicVe thd timelhas come Mr. Presi
dent, when our peopleairo willing to make
immcnsefsacrih'ces, (f it were necessary,
to secure the' cjdudayon of their families,
wheji the itatesnan need not fear the
csequeiices pf taxjng a general system
primary. establishments upon the trea
of the Stiite. !
The practlctibiliiii of establishing free
cHools by la has j)een well tested not
yly in Scotlaiid,. Prussia and the New
fnglaml .Stated bu; also in most of our
Southern anil jYestCrn States.
' The policy a I free system in a gov
ernment JiktVbUrs cannot for a moment be
joubtcd t 'for it is ari axiom in our system
uo jstamuty and perpetuity ot our
Rovernfiient niiist d()ctul upon the intel
"Sence'f the pcojHe. k .cannot there
ore U;j(np(jlitc fori govchimcnt to lend
ltaid inj Wpung its own perpetuity.
The stficcs )f fn I schools in the South
by some been dubted, and certainly
s tins, heen iJonelbr their establishment
jjlhe bouthUihan ilsewhere ; 1 believe,
'A'evrr,' tliat pur people are at ht fairly
vake thjilmmpoVtancb, and that their
Jamais preijvkletice basf be.come inevi-
Thj c4isest which have heretofore, re-
Wlhe estubhshhient of free schools
2 Sopth arje very apparent. Our pi i
snlUoJ. l; J... 11.. 1 . 1
as the accumulation of know-
rise to new branches of sci-
a ship, without a rudder a poison with
out an antidote a burning curse without
ence, our systems of instruction should be ! thej hope of redemption ! j
While it is the bounden duty of our
to embraceeach new improvement. It is ; schools of learning to enforce a rigid mor-
that some of our schools and ' ality, and to teach such lundamental prin-
colleges have allowed their course of in-1 ciples of religion as are admitted to be
struction tojbecome somewhat antiquated, orthodox by all our people, there is a point, pondence with learned men at home and
Most of life learning and philosophy of . beyond which, neither public sentiment, abroad, upon scientific gubjects, would be
tho ancients, which was onnn tttousrht to nor the legitimate business or lifprarv .01 mucn aiue.
be the pcrflction of wisdom, has now be- ' teaching will allow this to be carried.
' ' r ' come useless lumber, and indeed many of It must always be remembered that the
jlltS Ot 1. . 1 1 it .. 4 . t . i ' ' 1 ' t i' .4 t . : : .t
11114 piiiiuuuicni ineories 01 receni uaic, ; ousiness 01 our scnoois is 10 impart a mo
have been entirely exploded by the supe- rough course of literary and scientific in
rior intelligence of the present dav. It struction, and they cannot be permitted to
would be atguilty wasting of the precious . usurp the prerogatives of the Church.
time of theistudents, to compel him to ex- To the pulpit to parental instruction to I imperatively demands that our literary
. A. ... .. . .... 1 . ' 4 . . . T i 1 . t 1 1 1 1 1 1 -l r 1 ..
plore the ctiarnal-house ot dead learning, bible, missionary, and other religious, so- ' men snoutu ooiuiy striKc lor nigner auain-
While on the other hand a failure to in- cieties must be entrusted under our polit- ments in learning. It is not only our duty
ical system, the main responsibility of su
perintending the religious culture of our
people. In this country we have no es
tablished creeds or authoritative; bode of
these great events must naturally, and
inevitably lollow as etlectsot causes now
in operation, and which nothing but Al
mighty power can contravene. In the
midst of these convulsions of the world,
America will stand as the proud exem
plar of all that is free in government, and
great in intellect. Hoyv fearfully respon
sible will be the position of the next gen
eration, and how deep and wide should
the foundations of their intellectual and
moral education be laid ! It is yet a pro
blem how high a whole people may be
elevated in the scale of mental improve
ment. There is no other country on earth
however, where that probjem is so likely
to be solved as in our own happy Union.
The history of literature and science du
lies, wny may they not become equally so nng the last seven centuries does indeed
among the friends of learning ? The In- j present a wonderful progress. Philoso
stitute might also connect with it such phy has triumphed over land and sea;
auxiliary instrumentalities' as would fur- ; she has. almost by power creative, press-
mer us oojects ; among wmcn a corres- ed into the service of man thesubtile agen-
the most labored researches of each mem
ber of the Institute from year to year.
These and similar topics might occasion
ally be made the subjects of extempora
neous debate, and the Institute, in addi
tion to its stated meetings, might hold pro
tracted sittings once or twice a year, when
it would resolve to consume days, or even
Weeks, in these interesting labors. Such
protracted meetings arc common among
the promoters of religion and party poli-
points around us, and that ti
are being rapidly collected f t ;
of the American army.. This i
ance with the policy which t!
vernment has marked out. A"
advices from Queretaro a quo:
gress was not in attendance,
was but little prospect thai r.
would bc transacted atjpn
Anaya had been succeeded !.;.
na as President the term u
having expired and the latter
as President of the Court of .'
new Presidentjs to be chosen
Congress assembles. YJto it
mattter upon which wcjcjln c
ion. There have been rutr.c:
Trist has for some time been
ence with the Mexican: c :..
and that certain terms have! 1
upon, but we have nothing a:
the subject. j
Gen. Marshall will pjobabl y
i The usefulness of the Salisbury Insti
tute with its foundations thus broadly laid
would be at once apparent, and its influ-
citv with his command samr
cies of the atmosphere and the magnet ; week.
she is everyday, like the; enchanted ad- j From the same number c
venturer of the Arabian Nights, unlocking We copy the following nrtich
Father Jarauta barely efca;r
not absolutely certain that he 1.'.
ence upon the reputation of upper North ; her pathway in the fie!ds;of morals by a
Carolina would very soon be felt- ! thousand trophies, and thrown around po-
1 . I 1
The situation of the Southern States
to view richer treasures, and developing
to man still more splenqid resources in
iii u(iu.i ui iiaimc , urta inai ftcu j yig j,e a leoiinuacan, some iv
to the north-east of the city, n
Jnnnarr Itn vno, vli h r, V
struct him fin the great improvements of
the age, aid. to acquaint hijn with the
mighty ag3jnci.es which movd the moral
and physic tl - world around him, would be
equally censurable., .
SupposejlMr. President that one of the
ancient phijpsophcrs, Socrates for instance,
morals inforced by law. Here
gious character of our people
moulded by 'voluntary effort, and the su-
could suddenly appear among us, endow- preme authority in this great work must
ed only with the know edsre of his dav. be conceded 10 tne cnurcn and its depen-
how transcndently ignorant would he ap- deuces. For the faithful performance of
pear in on ;jof our well educated and in- ' this work the church is held responsible
telligent circles ! Why ? Because all the to public opinion, and whenever enlight-
grcat historical events which have occur- ened public opinion shall perceive any
he last two thousand years thing pernicious in its teachings it is due
the rise ati'd fall of nations, and the causes
producing these changes the Nvonderfu!
period of the dark ages with all its instructive-
lessons the revelations of-the
New TesYnJment, with its floods of light
upon the (tlep things of the human heart
the(tiscrt!ery of America the ten thou
sand discoveries of science, and the Won-
uies ot modern genius wouiu
iin unknown, and unanticipa-
to ourselves, jind the integrity of our gov
ernment boldly to censure. Indeed, the
to push forward general education amon
the masses, but as there must be in every
country that Would sustain its literary re
putation, an erudite few giants in intel
lect, and prodigies in learning, whose con
tfoling influence gives nationality to the
literature of the State our efforts should
a,lso be directed to their production.
j It has been said that we have no na
tional literature in this country, and if
that saying be true, it is because we have
ItHt the abstruse sciences to the plodding
German, while we have been content to
take second hand the result of his labors.
dred Rangers and a few ct t!.e
unteer, reached that place ; in
padre. Whilst bis men were i
selves at a hacienda, their bars . ;
and unsaddled, Jarauta came -
litical science a grandeur which free men
alone can appreciate J yet science has
only commenced her career, and man is
destined ultimately tovstand "but little
lower than the anirels.'
i What changes, Mr. President, hare been ,hem wilh a PrtJ ''f. , "
I wrought by the. lapse, of 'years ! Time was, CT A A 'TrrTT
x ,1 1 , i 1 J r u 4 4 . About one hundred and filiy hi. '
when the short lived meed I physical valor, to . . t ,
: , , ,1 , 1 i ; . ! by the Rangers, aud a hundred ! ,
I be won at the joust and tournament, was the . n , r ,, e ,u i
I i- , u-l , t-.s j . f cans the balls of Ihe latter a::
, ohjpct ol the highest ambition, and summit of . . . , tr i- 1.
.u 1 r . . l 0 i4 ; ' . . i and not taking efTect. Light "I :
! .he lofuest hope. Gallant youth saw no h.gher ; kmeJ anJ nJf ftn Americean w .
j gem-age itself courted na honors more splen- , woJndetL Fa,her JarauU-,loi! (
i did. success here, was indeed the surest pass- , . :..j i
port to distinction, in every sphere of Jile. Mere , , mttt- -L 1
r 1 ' t . ...1 : 1, it ' last seen he was reeling in l.si
animal courage was the pivot upon which ail .. f 1
. n-.. 1 n... ik rt, ! "i a few moments aUcrWur!-
r 1 ij . ,voU I i, . 1 came back, saddled and bnucJ, ;.
afres of the word, when man erected an a tar . , ,. ., ...
to himself, and oflered oblations to brute force
running down his side. A i,u
all bc to
of the anc
; 1 t .4' . .1
when ihe human intellect chained down bv Kt" H""ur 1
It is because we have been satisfied with a thousand years of ignorance and superstition. ! severely wounded. It was 4 ven
1 : ...l. : 1 . u 1 : r.fh. t:, j . .u . .l: .1. i....t i..' i . 1.. I cane lor turn. and. it living, we t
inr-in run u k i.iik r lucaicu ir iiiiiicri-ii iiinir r iit ri ii-k f-ifinii rin i v n na 11 v. . - - -
T ....0, - - - - : - . io 1- : j -j
only way in which the church and the M" countries seek to attain erumuut.. ; ,nr intern uy in the darkness ot a dungeon
dependences can remain potent for eood. 1 Why may root the Hebrew, and Sanscrit , What though nature did spread before man all
is by maintainino" their distinct classirtca- I be as well understood here as in Uerma- j her rich and abundu-nt themes for study what
tion as the only lawful religious teachers, "V ? Why may not the labors of La- ! though the star fretted canopy thickly studded
and the chief moral instruction of our peo- i face and Newtoa be as well performed with the gems of night , unroj ed majesty and
ieA luui t 1 (here as in Europe ? The American mind grandeur above him what though ihe glad
li must not bp sunnosed that because I is as vigorous, comprehensive and inven- ; waters of the dark blue so ' invoked from him
It must not pe supposed mai, pecause . o 1 . .t l0U2nts as boundless arid a soul as free" he
r schools ot learning cannot; properly J Me u' y V'j 7 l'cuH,c waj jst to al, the h
ted. An intelligent boy of ten years could
Why, therefore, need we to
discoursing upon the wisdom
tnt philosophers, and holding
make religious creeds a department of
study, that therefore our youth will go un
taught in these interesting and important
Every where our happy coun
them up apthe great exemplars of virtue 1 try abounds with the means of religious
and knowhldge, when both their virtue j instruction. In addition to the i teaching
and knowMlge fall infinitely below the of the pulpit of the fireside of the pub-
jydo not ! 1,c press, anu ini; ut uunuoui -
ture ; there are many regularly; prganiz
commonest standard of our day.
believe with those who charge intellectu
al and moral degeneracy upon; the pre
sent agc-Hljam one of those who 'believe
the American hand is as skilful to execute.
The myriads of worm eaten volumes piled
in the crowded libraries of Europe are
much less important to high attainments
than is generally supposed. Books may
sbon be made sufficiently numerous here
fpr all valuable purposes, for we have the
vyealth to purchase and the skill to select
tnpm. Anv deficiency however, in this
W.V... F 1
beauties of nature, and in
sensible to the wotiings ofdijs lofty destiny !
Man was an automaton, h6w could he think ?
He was an ingcus bclua, how could he philoso
But, Mr. President it has already been an
nounced that "the days of knight errantry are
p:tt," and the achievements! of mere physical
piowess have long since been forgotten in the
triumnhs of mind. Man islands to-day, re-
at any foriiier
have irenerallv been rood. is belipv.il ffbat : ' rrianv nf nnr Colleges
.ourjileopie lavevery generally been j while they pre striving to inculcate the
ijjto fpporrJ them liberally. The fa- useless wisdom of the ancients, are far
jles theyyliave aflorded have superce- behind thcMresentageinmanyof the mod-
jf- fo sotno exjent the free system. Be- em sciend& Take, for example, the sei
zes. ri- ;i:.i.r.. ... .. - i c ;.. . i t .. .??'..
j -1 v.ia muiVu uccu eiueriainea inai cucc 01 luuieraiogy. ana l win veniure 10
I'Mvuio .siauiisumenis wouiu De t say mere is not a college in tue unueu
btates whiOh has kept pace with . the prac
tical miner! And yet mining is a pursuit
eminentlyj i cientific, and in our; country,
of immense importance. I have seen, sir,
a graduated mineralogist from one of our
best Universities, thunderstruck at his
ronage of differe
c ,;cf.,t iTr.i,T,r ! creeds, and doctrines are ably, and sys
ItS 111VII Li U31.1U1 1 i ' .
fety, and more" pure! morality jtematically taught. There is no other
in the world than has been country upon uic ucic
of- man s moral nature are so adequaie
supplied ; and owing to our peculiar po
litical organization, there is no other coun
try where such an entire separation be
tween literary, and theological instrumen-
talkies is so imperatively demanded
al seminaries under the pat- ! particular, is more than compensated by deemed, regenerated, and disenthralled "; and
tLCc1 superior vivacity and boldness of the when we contemplate him in his own great-
ltlerent denominations, vv"e' i n m:mi J , ness, and in the vast relationship which he bears
Annrr,MK nm nKlv find svs- American ininu. ' . t ;.. ' , ..4,
period of its history. It
ind 1 ' ""WP U) PP& ,nc ,rce system,
.mcoiTipetiek, teachers Would take the
itll 0Uho.s.Hu Jiavo 'j hitherto; done
1 j -ui PPreensions in 1 my esti
4rn . VoiBcFn PrOv'ed to be groundless,
1 ' W uwvtp iiiu; uu juaccu uy
The time has come when there must be
cpnsert among the educated men of the
South. Our text books, and particularly
those designed for elementary schools, are
becoming the insidious instruments for
undermining our peculiar institutions.
They must be written by Southern men
the safety of the South demands it. Great
events are approaching, and it is the dic
tate of wisdom and sell-preservation to
to all that is around and abuve him when we
view him as the grand forij, where even the
eminations of the great Deity himself are made
to concentrate, or as the centre of creative de--sign,
around -w hich the ofT rings ot nature and
of heriven are made incessantly to play, we are
assured that the grand drama of human improve,
ment is only just begun, and: that ihe coitivation
of the intellectual and moral nature ot man, is
fraught wilh an immortality pf interest. Then
let all those wh'o bow at thehnne of knowledge,
My remarks have thus far been confin- ij
edtosomeot those leatures wn j j we evervavenue to the vital parts, kindle up her fires afrest.land Pu$h forward ( VmU nc.
conceive, should cnaracterise our scnou, p if , v.jth rcne wed-ardor, her conquering banner. ! , r mm . tn vou.. . m- f)f.
not hold out much longer.! In
instance, had not the Rangers !
napping," their horses without 1 .
die very few of the Mexicans
escaped to tell the story. TL
so lucky as to do so have rec vi
which' should be of advantage t
Gen. IJustamenle, cx-Presi
ican Republic, has issued an
fellow. citizens, dated at Cutrr,
21th ult. He says thatthough v.
ihe last drop of blood In dffei.ee
try, he has not had the suti-Iac'
ing in the honorable battles -in v. !
trymen have, been engaged. II
when (en. Valencia in lsll .
lie peace under the pretence i f -his
(Rustainente) being iri ti c .
chair, be withdicvr from a at.iti-n
-0te3 oi the people had elevated 1
few other reinatksin regard jio hi -and
return to his country, he pr
lows. Wc translate from the 'I
1 should not wish to recall: to y
in the manifesto which I issued t )
citizens on ihe 20th of Sfpte.mb r.
ted that the band of time would i i
' view every action and deei,anJ :!
t.-n'ii who bad been elevated thn
' and infamy alone, would shortly '
to shed tears of blood. But ul
mournful events in regard to th
fr ihp instruction of vouth. Learned socie-
ties, however, occupy a different sphere,
and are also entitled to a distinctive clas
sification. Schools of .learning should be
confined to known truths and Well ascer-
une srreai ouesuuu acmcu, aim uuw-i . , , . .- , . . ,
viic gica '1" ! . . .. ... Anrl lot thi wnrk nf ednration be laid upon
the I'rovidence ot oq, e (.nKi m ; commenturaleiith ,b(! preent and
be ,settled. Amencamast become he most j r.MBrofoW peop.e !
riortnorlfnhlA nf all nations. I believe the
m k A M- w v - - - r , ; ,
children are now being educated in this
No man ought to cooateuan ifnaioral y in any way.
lor me on v to tell vou mat mis; r
rented me from being at your si 1.
and that no opportunity has cfT-
your trouble, which perhaps I 1:
measure alleviated. I am this
. - It a I