.,..t of the
i v-iiiii f f Tear. Two Dollars payable in
3b1r,P iTt'K t paijin advance, Two dollars
m i. :..h.I . ftl for the first, and 25cts.
Court orders charged
A liberal deduc-
Vfi. igbr than thew rate.. A I
STi those who lilvertiw! by the year
,o the PJitoi must be posipaid.
., 4 -
From.tJie puUjin Nation.
ffEREI BUT HIS OWN WE.
'. I but his! own wife, to guard and to guide him,
Jail on my dear : s
stealing be?ide him,
heart would but hear ;
little of sorrow vould
hnt my low love verses
l. &int and no, tender his
ild b ossoms from valley and highland,
itl there at his left I wolld lay them all down ;
anrfrm the songf Ujtur noorxtneken Island,
.,.' ' t . '"."l - I 1:1. J
fjl his heart vas on fire wun iuv- iikc my own.
ytt i Wseby his ilwelJihl I'd tend the lone treas-
- ore,! : . ! i J 9
Tt he n'g''t have flowers when the summer would
fca'P ' hall I would wake its sweet meo-
s . ure j
fur he rnot have music toj brighten his home.
f.j I but; his own wife, to uide and to guard him,
iTjlitile of sorrow should fall on my dear ;
try kind glance tny 'hole lif would reward him
fa tkkness I'd soothe and In sadness i d cheer.
IVsrt fount wrllmg upward forever
tfbip I think of my true. love by night or by day,
ifcVirt kefps itf faith lik fast flowing river
fia gushrs lorever and lings on its way.
It ihoughls full of peace for his soul to repose in,
i f!tn I but hit own. wife to win and to woo
fc'iittl, if the i night of misfortune were closing,
frri like the morning star, darling on yo'u.
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editor 4 Proprietors,
Keep a check cpox all tocr
Do this, axb Liberty is safe
NUMBER 47, OF VOLUME IV.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1848.
REMARKS OF MR. LEVIN,
In the House ofc Representatives, March 2d,
Mr. LEVIN! said : Mr. Chairman, I
have been so often misrepresented by the
paid agents of the Jesuits who hang a
round this hall, -rind who swarm over our
land, that I have come prepared to-day.
I was surprised; to find in the bill now be-
on the tortowfuldeatk of two Loter$.
My pong is of a nie young man,
hioe name was Peter Gray,
Tl State where lWr Oray was born
This Peter Gray dl full in love
All with a nice young girl :
. The name of her Pm positive
i Was Lixianny Querl. j'
When hey were giing to be wed,
Hrr father, he said " No
. Ana brutally did send her ofl",
i Beyond the Ohi-o.
When Petej found liis love was lost,
Ttfirknew not Svliat to say ;
He'd half a imind tf jump into
A trading went to the west,
, Tor' urs anLotlii :r skins,
And Uiere. he was. n crimson drest,
I$y bloody. In-ji-i ns.
When Lixianny heard the news,
She Straightway' went to bed,
And nver did sheget ofTof it
' Until shct d-i-ed
Ye 'fathers I1 a wllrhing take
Each one'as has a girl "
And think upon ijor Peter Gray
Anl Ljxianny Querl.
'Frorrf tle Bannei of Temperance, i
TRUE. TO THE LETTER.
1 lijiJ a friend, !, He was, in his youth, handsome, in-
u-Hi&M and learned Sucban one was beloved by all
ho knew btrri'; .he was the idol of his fond parents ; the
'J nd esteemed of all His companions. Mo one in
TcqiiinUnce was belte calculated to interest and
inrtine a social party; than ray mend. He had his fault.
ii yes it was grievous; jjThat which had been the
rum of thousands, hke the nioth worm of deaih, was
trastinf upon my noble frieiid's vitals. He fell by the
kinJofihe destmytl ; but pis full was not speedy. At
tot, be only took an occasional, social glass. And then
'appetite was formed. He then became less guard
iiui was made 'iintoxica ted. once, twice, thrice.
lo'.hs pased by.and he lay in the gutter a drdnken sot.
tart passed, and he seemed but the wreck of what was
nctia poble and soj fair. The stroke was too much for
lifting mother. -Rrokerl-hearted, she died, and was
Wrd while her son was drunk. Sooh his father fell
I With jhe stroke. The poor unfortunate son now was
Jlilone amidst his! ruin, j Nothing remained of him
toihe wreck.'!!' H !
But Rark ! an angfl of mercy speaks. Its tones reach
T friend's ears- He listens, and -obeys. Months roll
' maintain) his! integrity and is himself again. I
him then. Oh !, how changed. Though the marks
feesiroy.er werf on hin, still I could see a resusci-
piiioo o( the long dormanf beauties of his character.
Tfiri Da.Wd awavJand m friend was still safe.
j . - f : -- - -
i f ' ! ! ' I J.
"Ming one day by a farm house, he was induced to
-.moment to obtain ifsoine refreshments. Those
inli knew hot his! weakness, and they proffered him
fore the committee an appropriation for
a cnarge-snip to Kome, and still more sur
prised when my friend, the honorable gen
tleman from Alabama, informed me thai
he intended to move an amendment, sub
stituting in its stead a minister plenipo
tentiary. An embassy to Home I had sup
posed to be the pet measure of the Presi
dent of the United States. Sympathy
wun rope riussjA. appears to De tne hoo-
by horse of political leaders. OConnell,
the Irish refornier, is dead. The curtain
has fallen upon! that last act of the na
tional farce, and now the Pope, an Italian
reformer, steps upon the stage to conclude
what O Connell left unfinished. The hur
rah has gone through the country ; public
meetings have i been held ; sympathy for
the Pope has grown almost into a fashion :
yet, sir, in no legitimate sense can this
embassy to Rome be called a national
measure, intended for the public benefit.
We have no commerce to protect in the
Roman States ;j we have no seamen whose
rights may neetli even the supervision of
a Government agent or consul ; we have
no navy riding n her only harbor; we
have no interests that may be exposed to
jeopardy for wapt of an ambassador.
1 he Papal Hag has never been known
to wave in an American port. No Ame
rican vessel hs received the visit of a
Pope. Dwelling under the shadow of the
ruins of antiquity, we have never been
disturbed but by the bulls of Pope Greg
ory and the intrigues of his Jesuits. What
then, has prod deed this sudden revolution
in the concernsjof the countries ? We are
told that Pius the 9th is a reformer. In
deed ! In what! sense is he a reformer?
Has he divesteid himself of any of his ab
solute prerogatives? Has he cast off his
claims to infallibility ? Has he flung aside
his triple crown ? Has he diminished
aught from the; imperial elevation of the
tiara? And does he no longer hold in
bondage the bodies and souls of his sub
jects ? Has he ; become a republican ?
Does he acknowledge the inherent equal
ity of mankind t Has he abolished tithes ?
Has he emancipated his people ? Has he
suppressed the! Jusuits ? Far from it.
Nothing of this; has been done, i He main
tains his own prerogatives as absolute as
Gregory the 19th, or any of his illustrious
predecessors. :jn what, then, does the
world give him credit for being a reform
er ? Forjbuilding up on a new and firmer
foundation his own secular power; for
permitting a press to be established in
Rome under his own supervision and con
trol ; for carrying out measures not to be
. censured, but certainly giving him no pre
tensions beyond that of a selfish sagacity,
intent bn the study of all means calcula
ted to add stability to his spiritual power
and firmness t9fhis temporal throne. But
a sagacious monarch docs not constitute
rican people by a sermon from the nation
al forum, that he is the mainspring of the
American Congress? Combining the cha
racter of priest and politician, allowed to
the ministers of na other sect, this ambi
tious demagogue, taking for his mqtto that
" impudence is power," has dared to dis
play an extent of audacity never practised
and never allowed to any other (clergy
man. This embassy, and all the! public
af i a
at open war with the happiness of. man
kind. We become the patrons of an ab
solute monarch. We tell him to "scourge
on, scourge on."
We are about to act in a crisis of pa
pal history pregnant with the most event
ful consequences to the world. It is not
we are implored to send an embassador
to Rome to have our manacles forged
in the furnaces of the imperial city, under
the special care of the Holy Father, who
acknowledges no human authority in mat
ters of government, but who pleads a di-
vine right to bow down the neck of man
reformer, for whom a faction i:
nited States would txprr m: ;
with whom they are willing to t :
True, we send a minister to 11
is an absolute monarch ; but ,
cial relations with Russia justir
in the case of Pius we propo ? :
sympathizing embassy, spoei il
agent, to uphold his political
and encourage him in his cta.it
throw American institutions !
Sir, I wage no war agair.it .
ious opinions of foreigners or A
nor do I conceive Jesuit influe:,
any connexion with religir i.
Catholic countries have in sue:
nounccd, expelled, or proscri!
suits as the most formidable
Government ; several Popes Lv.
nated their bulls against them,
trite a part of bistorj to di t .V
know that it was Pope Clem
in the dust, and yoke him to the iron car j who nromnUl(li ,L mirr
g "-aaa.. a, a v iiiv n
a common occasion. iNo ordinary lm
... i inr innir iiinnrceinn n r ?-.. r
power, whose wheels are oiled by the ad- ! Do Americans who think favorahlv nf V ' r i:1! ' . " i . '
turmoil that has led to its suggestion, is I ulation of Jesuit priests on the one hand ! this measure as a stroke of policy to con- L ?i anum," was !-
tne work ot an intriguing, restless, grasp- j and demagogues on the other. Not only ciliatc the foreign Catholic vote, calcu- ! ... " ,1 nl r t
r i i . ? ! i- . . . 'DunitOi me i woman iviii tio . s c.
ing, and ambitious priest, who fans in his
bosom the nefarious hope that he lis him
self to be the destined organ between a
free republic and an absolute hierdrch.
Is it not enough that he-should draw us
into the vortex of European tyranny, su
perstition, and corruption, but must he al
so dream of the vast honor of consumma
ting in his own person this revolting alli
ance between. the crimes of hoary guilt
and the purity of youthful innocence l-r-
b or what, after all, has this popular Pope
done but oiled the chains of his people
that they might never have power to break
them asunder ? What are all his reforms
but gilded thraldom, and slaveri made
eternal by modern rivets forged in the
hres ol that progress which) serves
equallyjo gloss the schemes of tyrants
and the projects of imbecility; which can;
be used with as much plausibility by the!
arch-tyrant, who understands how to en-i
slave men through their passions and im
aginations, as the political empiric who
disguises his own ignoranee by prating of:
the march of-mind ; whose tongue dis-j
courses of benevolence while his iron hand
is armed with the power of oppression ? j
I ask has Pius IX. abolished tithes? -j
Has he granted universal suffrage, or any
suffrage, to his Papal subjects? Has he'
established a representative government?
Has he introduced trial by jury ? j Has hej
granted the writ of habeas corpus ? Has'
he abolished the college of cardinals ? t
Has he established common' schools ?
Has he struck dawn the power of the cohf'
fessional ? Has he repealed the demor
alizing edict of celibacy ? Has he thrown:
open the gates of the monastery! or un-j
barred the iron bolts of the convent ? j
Has he separated church power frbm state;
authority ? Has he abolished that pest-j
house of intrigue and pernicious propa-j
ganism, the Society of the Jesuits ? Hei
has done none of these things. Then what
has he done to entitle him to the; sympa-f
thy of the people and the homage of thej
Government of the United States ? Noj
He has made no fundamental alteration
in the papal system. The edifice remains
entire ; it is supported by the same gothic
columns of mideval ignorance and super
stition. He may polish an architrave t
he may repair a broken step leading to
the vestibule, or suspend a new wreath
around the altar, or add an ivory crucifix,
or even lay a railway into the capital of
the Cajsars, but the palace system remains
entire, unaltered, unimproved the same
W J J J ' - aa w aaS'WM OUI
is Rome coming into a new epoch, but the late that it must cost the honor if not the j Vt
ITnh,l Sioffle oUn Kan;n; . .0,1 r . mnr coHcgcswcrc aunnn-
X " l"J-'-0 urfe....ii&aiic na. wui tuuilir) , Wlien UieV propose rpVpn,lp .nnfinfP(1 hr Pnom-
Whv wp Vva nvr Yitnr -xA n I tht w shall .liot.i, ' i.. : reenues contiscated D) Koni ,
bassador at Rome, is answered by the
prompt reply that Rome never before had
a Pius IXth on the papal throne !
have nothing,then, to justify this proj
innovation but the modern charact
thft nftVV Pnnp. P'.mlmsslps nnnr rno r tfl I nn nmhnccnrlnp C mm onnni .,1.. '
are never closed. We cannot compliment ' branded with heresy, but outlawed asdem- j f " 1
Pius by an embassy, therefore, for even ocratic from the pale of legitimate gov- ! Tf "VJ "iSimJ'tW
after his death it must be continued. Weernmcnt? The practice of the Papal PVi i e, V
mr.. . . , ip,.,, . f, . ' lM j to the United btntes, and are i.
compliment the papal system of govern-, Court has always been adverse to receiv- lhro h th , h ftnJ h ,
uj u'6 " iiti5oa.ui, i"o miociuiio iiimii i uwers nun uiu not, 111 lonil WTth cm:i;n(V ,l
sador to a pr nee who maintains that all i p.relalfef' p)peS, ?nU r,ns- 1 '
t man a us uiui un ,,on Qr ignanus Loyala was n
power emanates from a Divine source.! n f.fi,.,
I 117 I .1 . 1 . . I 1 , , iiiuiiuiiac IMG dlllUltiUli HI t'i..
?1 ! II il , M ? r5- m1,bemselveS IugUed with derision at lb
gected ; no inherent rights ? Has it been ascer- slfttt.s to extlnguish it; it
:ter o tamed even that the Pontiff will rece.ve more formidaWe than ever thro
no commercial interests to settle or polit- some form acknowledge her sapremacv. ' lheir purposes are all useful i
ical relations to adjust. Nor is it possible Even England has for ages maintained I lin'frV;fii rrAnt . ,KM..rv' ,
im n r rliniA m ntA aa.I.4.AU.K ....it. II I w J ml
to compliment Pius without compliment
ing his system of government, for he has
as a liberal reformer made no fundamen
tal alterations in it. We are therefore to
cornpliment him on his modified manner
of administering a system radically at j
war with the rights of man ; pernicious i
in itself, and dangerous in every form it
may assume, and under every modifica
tion that individual genius may venture
to adopt as arcovering to its deformity.
We have sympathized with the inde
pendence of Greece, of South America,
and of Mexico, when, casting off the yoke
of kings, they established their claims to
self-government. But how did we sym
pathize ? Not by sending an ambassador,
but by passing resolutions in Congress
applauding the act of emancipation.
Here were cases in which nations achiev
ed their freedom, and yet we sent no am
bassadors. If Pius has emancipated the
Roman people, bring forward your reso
lutions, and then we may have an oppor
tunity to inquire how far the extent of his
reforms will justify even that manifesta
tion of our national applause. The inno
vation now proposed is against all prece
dent, is frowned down by alt principle, is
denounced by facts, and rendered ridicu
lous by itsextravagance. It would indeed
be a farce but for the tragic character of
no diplomatic relations with Rome, owing
to her protestant contumacy. Are we to
bend the knee first, and then to acknowl
edge the Pope as the source of all power?
Must we prove recreant to our clorious
Declaration of Independence ? Must we
destroy life; but bear the sec ptr
ledge in their hand, and un ' r
ner of "education" they instil t!
doctrines that invest them v. .
omnipotent power over the tnh
uiscipies. I'oiccr over me ;(.
renounce popular rights ? On whattcrms j ,he of tIie Jesuiti nn;! ,
nosmnt1" r f '"J DeS ' -e- Pr-1 ,hat o rule man l,v
wTth our own rT ,hf,l 0!r-tOr "Ste him- A community under 'lh
,h "I.?.a.b,ne' ' The.s.e ofjesuiu must be a commit.
portant questions to answer. Has his Ho
liness turned democrat, and fallen in jove
with our free institutions? This is not
probable ; for if he cannot tolerate the
idea of a Protestant hierarchy like Eng.
land, he will not assuredly be able to look
with complacency upon a people who
maintain the radical equality of the hu
man race as we do.
If the appointment were a mere mer
chantile arrangement, to negotiate a trea
ty of trade and commerce, it would wear
a color more rational even although the
Pope is not bound to keep faith with
heretics ! But. alas ! the Pontine Marsh
es are the boundaries of the trade and
commerce of the Roman Pontiff. He has
Implicit obedience to the btln
pot is the first law of the onlcr,
you give fresh vigor to that cr,'
ting a legate of the.Pope to I
in this city for the purpose of r
its influence Sir, foreign cc!
j ted among us, under the influr:
i a central poiccr, cannot fail to
their designs, even to the ov
our free institutions.
I tell you, andltellthenntic
is yet time to save it,) that the
dists of Europe are colonizn
try ; that the foreign populate
dexterously located not only v. i:
to the holding of the balance (
certain States, butwith re Pert i
nrrranivalinn rf nnir nnnc titi.t,
UlgUlllliUliUII VI t i V 1 1 Vllkl Uilut
no trade, no commerce, no exchanges of
muc iu oner lor our couon, our looacco, i;nP ;nnnn r ih Ignite
our rice our flour or our hemp. It be- spreacr their ample wings over
comes, then, a pure political embassy ; yet where lhey mu ' Xhe Jv,uh
nni'inrr rr nn irinoi ..a intinc .tt I ' . . r
'uutiini iciaiiuua . viiii ivuiiir.
its consequences ; and these entitle it to j it becomes reduced to a mere nullity, an
our unmitigated abhorrence. j empty form, an unmeaning pageant, a
Pass this bill, and you insult the majesty ; rediculous display, wicked in its concep-
ot the people by the desecration ot their Hon, disgraceful in its tendency, and pro
t... u .i .u i i i . i
constitution, by the violence done to the
genius of our Government, by the outrage
on free principles involved in the propo
sition to recognize Papal Rome, an infal
lible Church power, as the head of the
When we talk of the genius of repub
lican government, and allude to the spirit
digal in its expenditure. Is this a time
to play with expensive baubles, while we
are borrowing millions upon millions to
prosecute the war ? Must we add to the
burdens of our national debt by taxing tea
and coffee, in order that we may send xin
ambassador to the Roman 'Pont ill, to ac
nneu io me couniry lie is a:
ry where. His web is throw:.
His power benumbs the soul .
the body. His victim is cot.ti
moves, and acts at th'CTwill of
and it is this master whom yo j
serve by the passage of this I
Sir, a Jesuit College of m
now familiar things, to be ner:
ces, and daily increased withr
a sensation or giving birth to
v a . t m "1
tlabit reconciles us 10 cvn,
of free institutions, said to be so mortally j the frivolities of European courts ?
quire the vices or familiarize himself with most odious and revolting in l!
wounded by the Mexican war, let us re
member the wrong done to the spirit of
llnw ctnnrht true Knocfml Iftilion rurnr. '
mer as1 a constitutional monarch ? Is he
stern tyranny, the same inflexible corp
nound of earthlv and celestial desnotisrri.
i f , I r i Ml? .l . .1 t . i
Yet the man who is Pope is not a Caesar- ireeuom oy mis scneme 01 an amoassa- j wining 10 pan wun any 01 niR ooasieu
Borgia. Pius is not as a man so narrovv dor to the Pope, whose spiriual character j prerogatives as an absolute king. . Listen
and contracted as Greeorv. Pius under- i ls tne ansoroing one ot Ins throne, and 10 nis own declarations, spoken at the last
a . I
Uut a gilded exterior makes f
come object to our senses. W
man whose bland smiles c:.
whose flatteries gratify our v.i:.
I tesy and learning both unite t
' - . . a a 1
Jesuit insinuating; and lnd :
lJ mi a a -- 1 a I S a a I C3 w
a liberal reformer, even though he may stands human nature, and knows how to vv'ho. " ne ,s no Pope, is no sovereign ! opening ol his Council ol Mate, and mark j but thc single purpose of i::.
correct many abuses that disgraced his j render the papal system popular by wrea- i he holding his right to rule his subjects the holy indignation with which he repels j intellect of mankind, he
predecessors, who, by their bigotry and ! thing chains with rose blossoms. Perhaps , from a divine, not a human source. In alii ahe slightest imputation or suspician of his the homage of my admiration
intolerance, had reduced thft nnr hnnstP.1 the elements mix more srentlv in' his bo- i other monarchies the right divine is abol- ' despotic character ! And yet
we, the Am-: education mav be pure!; .
a a. I mf
power of the Iapal "See to a mere cipher, j som. But all this does not make the papal j ished.
As a free and civilized Government, anx
ious for the continued progress of the pop
ular mind, we had infinitely more reason
for applauding Gregory the 19th for pull
system less odious.
It was said of Augustus, the first Ro
man Emperor, that he made tyranny sp
In Rome, it is the essence of sec
ular as well as ecclesiastical power. A
hence it is that no Pope can be a reformer,
in the true sense of that term. He can
a a. I mf
;c- erican people, propose to send a deputa- -j, a price. After all. can
nd : Hon, an embassy, to this confirmed des- ejjre inculcated by the Ji
beautiful by his amiable character as to not give the people the rights they are
fing down the power of the Roman See destroy in the Roman people the: love taf
than sending an embassy to Pius the 9th I liberty. Pius is now doing more than
for having revived the drooping giant, and I Augustus, for he is reconciling the world
.If li . . . . . .11 . f :t
to the concentrated despotism oi me mosi
iron-handed hierachy that ever flourished.
If Rome will not come to America, Ame
imparted fresh energy to the most des
potic power the World has ever felt. Why
was ho ambassador sent to Gregrorv ?
tin . L J . !
wft cidr. The temptation was too strong he i v ny is an ampassauor senito nus f JNot
l-'iwatenougn like hungry wolf.a taste of blood because the interests of the country re
hetted his appf tite fo more. The monster had its i qui re it. And who believes it is because
of the landed liberality ol one who seems
ambitious of the renown of a man of the
age? Who believes it is because Pius
encourages railways ; for what are Ro
man railways to us? We have a more
rational though less pleasing solution of
this wonderful and newly awakened sym
pathy for Rome in the increase of the Ro-
"'in. In an hour he wof beastly drunk. For days he
T Sunken sotand theili I saw him. I spoke to him,
4 tried to present to him some reason to hope for his
oT He cast hi eye oni me, and h ! I Bhall never
"fjet ihit look of anguish and despair, as he said to me
' i IP '
tooei which made my very flesh creep, No, no, it is
I ninfy m damned forever' I tried ro speak ; but there
vwwunjj ih hils nianiijpr'hich sentrtlie conviction
10 njf mmj iWh spoke ijruly, and invotuntarily I re-
TWi'i believe it.' Aid he spoke truly. A few
I aftr he jet1 jlrunk. r He was damned for
entitled to, because from that moment he
would cease to be Pope, and the people,
ceasing to be slaves, would become sov
ereign. Pius never can do what would
entitle him to American approbation. No
mjw . meal, me ma nuius. j education . 11 is nor, ni it
44 1 thank vou for vour irood intentions : ucation of an American or oi
and, as regards the public welfare, I es- i A republican, come from wl
Pope can ever be worthy of an ambassa-
nca must so to Rome ! I his is the new . . . . ,
doctrine of an age of retrogressive pro
gress. it tne rope win not esiaousn a
republic for his Italian subjects, twe, the
American people, must renounce all the
ties of our glorious freedom, and) endorse
the papal system as the perfection ot hu
we now hear maintained.
Would you have a serpent sting you
twice ?" We have had experience of the
evils of monarchy in its best form, and
shall we risk the perils of its deadly ven
om in the worst ? When did the Church
of Rome, or theJPope, ever receive horn-
mail WISUOm DV Senotll ail aiuuassauui , . .. . - (!, i VU0,.
it . - i . .. TT TT 1 ' ' il ILK Mini II UIU UUl c:Alv;t. itain s tn.it
to Rome to congratulate " Hi Ifohnew ; P . . . march ftfer
nn hoirincr m.L n.Kot 7 I hs l!nm!in utvt - f n
tu uu nib iiiauc i link iiu i
Frbm the Taumon - Dtvt Drop."
WHOiwbULD MARRY A DRUNKARD t
'lwild( Be wU Sf young ladies, who may be receiv-
tbe attfutions tf wineidrinking suitors, would pause
kjr.- - ' - hi . . . . - - .
reoectikr a moment. 1 r.ey should remember that
'''drinking leaJs to brandy-drinking, and that there-
is almost a moral certainty that he who drinks
ill become drunkafd. Faciiprove this ; reform-
i " 'mnkards have thus Dublicty
V re of hinU who freque
man Catholic? vote,, caused by the Irish j4nade ty
famine and me auncuuy oi living in me
German States, which sends among us
such countless: legions of foreigners.
And what must be the occupation of the
American ambassador when be reaches
Rome? Will he devote his attention to
the increase of this supply of alien voters,
or to the interests of the United States in
the Cabinets jot continental Europe ?
Having no commercial or political duties
to perform, save, those connected with the
universal dominion ? When did it ever
teem them of value. It was for the pub
lie good that, since my elevation to the
Pontifical throne, I have in accordance
with the counsels inspired by God, accom
plished all that I could ; and I am still rea
dy, with the assistance of God, to do all
for the future, without, however, retrench
ing in any degree the sovereignty of the
Pontificate ; and, inasmuch as I received
it full and entire from my predecessors, so
shall 1 transmit this sacred deposite to my
successors. I have three millions of sub
jects as witnesses, and I have hitherto ac
complished much to unite my subjects
with me, and to ascertain and provide for
their necessities. It was particularly to
the globe he may, ought to hnv
soul expanded to the utmo-t L
erality-free, daring, energetic,
less in its soaring flight ; feeli:
be feared to utter-burning wii
he dare not express. Thb,
sis, the only basis, of Amcric;;
Unrestrained freedom of t';
speech, with no master but G
rior but the laws conscience
and reason for his counsellor.
If no other evil resulted to
can people bu! this system of
ucation by the ambitious Je " '
to control it, wrapping up t!
our American youths in thc
stated in their address- A mA: o n haltstt.hnY hn. must L-n nn ihri
i a k a a : a . a uia a a. - a. m m iiiutja a- ar u
freauenta the hotel. Beware . ...t. u
ji i . iv - i auPPiy oi voiers, vnu nre 10 uc juuiuiuua
" who riuiculei ike lemnerance cause, or ieera at i . .. i a i
. i . i . . i t f -i i
, Mfprtmn those wants, and tonrovitie net. oarre oi r2niiau uarhiir.
ner kjix : no : uui wii' na mi; . . . 1 1. . o r- ,,
rahnv amiable- in havin su- sieeP 11 pucrwrta l" uc6d,,cu . 7 ' ter for the exigencies ot the public service, ' quite a sumcieni inaucemeni i
Doisoned cake. As forthis the o ; " V . . . ,nat j naVe assemoieu a permanent coun- i on ine cvn ramcr uia w
me against freedom, we are to , """ - y . . . cu. u was to near your opinion wnen ioiunr u.Bij i- - ...
i . I ii ! Tko flru-ul nf immiarfltinn IS SWPPnin? , -.aaacco-i. and In ui1 mo in mir vnvoroirrn I t it tint hf foriTOtten th'.t
an amoassaoor o nome j ;js' -L - i , uc.i.ui;, .v .u ...v, ... .- , i i t
its millions oi ioreign uoman uaiiionc vu- resolutions, in wnicn 1 snail consult mv oi inieueciuni anu murui m ,..
there an American heart that does pot
recoil from the utter degradation of the
scheme ? j !
! ters over the land. The past is gloomy t conscience, and confer on themt with the , a means to a great ulterior i
! enouffh : the present awfully portentous ; Ministers and th- Sacred Collece. Any is political power and reli-
but the future is black with shadows, bodv who would take anv other view of Although the Popes have, at
iiti i r .:?inA i
wnen nations proies to wMiai ,Iari.PSS This eountrv seems ! ,uf,mMinn vnn r nfoA m fhlfil wnnl.l
anrl tn rirnW PloSer ' . . . . , r. Ti . '... .. .
riods in the history of the worl
to suppress the ordex of thc J
hav never failed to avail t!.
their aid as missionaries. 1 1.
ll. for frefeh exertion
h ridicule, ike mpernce "use, or Jeer, at , ! j &(J j e of the pope.
mperancen Tr.t not your life wh j who so capable of this great diploi
L"J?F'X': . ? reform' duty as the man who has so industri
Urd. where here ia'one to believe he will reform. "Seated I this sympathy to Rome, to gratify
W.tu.tn;to,r4 wine drinker.! Your haPPi- his inordinate nd gigantw ambition; who,
rM. Ui de
f 'or all for this world, ia depending upon that i in
t decision wliich yott may be about to make in re.
Mia-JL '.. 'I., flit . -
r rrjrcunjj tne audresse. ot mat -young Inend.
't tWthoamniUrrinkarl.' -. . l.
- ! ; are pirvnj in sorrow, emaciated witn
Hon' 'fBiAt.:..- . - j .Li i
. "ttOnff WttrJiiilT mnA n.Lln.l
thtir advice ! We seem to hear it from ten
'li '7- . . t i ti . t r t . I
. - .u.-sraoie women, eominz from ten thousand power oeninu sne inrone who moves me
kraV tttvii. L Ji.'-. . . ... . ... ! ii l 1.1
hum iidi inr win-a.-ifanir-PM--.nav avaii iTHViiipni t iviiii vviiii ii nnra i n uriiriii
(a no aafety bqt in total aUtioence. j believe that, because he flatters the Ame-
i " novel.,
for years pasUhas been the dictator, the
trader, and the pander of the foreign Ro
man Catholic vote ; who one minute acts
the priest andthe next day plays the po
litician ; who ivould have the world to be
lieve thdt he is greater than the President
of the United States because he is the
a a g ' " .
principles oi amny, anu to ! destined to be the grand theatre of Ro- mistake materially, as well as he th.
the ties of good will, it is on the, ground CalboUc power-not American pa- -. wouId see in the Council: of State I hav
OI a common cause equally ueai iu wi
either of freedom or of absolute
if 'Rnm w r n rpnnhlif. thp nrnnosal
. .w .r- i r-lt . . ! Shall we grow wise in time, or snau we Pati
pies common to both Governments
eouallv dear to the people of both
; . j a- . r l !: .w..."'..--i'-"- - ui ....v. . - - .
tries, would resi on aamereni iounuai ...;,u oKni.,t I?nmp. or shall we .u 'u r nm nA find that u- hpad. We hna no othi-r i
In that case we should have congenm in-; , , .. n.;inat:on 0r the dav of ! n iplm nf his absolute now- that of the Pope concentrati:
terrsts to preserve; in that case we should 11. , , the iw, in despair, to fet- LP to denounce by anticipation any ! to accomplish political powt i
- - T m I - - ' - . 11 ..,.
a blow l ! -.,ihlp. surmise of his interiUon to part culiar io ropery never iuu
with or relax in favor of popular freedom , it incorporates its power u ,
oower ! PKy ut lhe PaP'strv ome the , created the realization ol their own Utop
P i ' ' i old world of Austria and of the Pope. jaSf anj the germ of an institution incom
posai io , gajj we QW wise in time or shal we ; natible with the Pontifical sovereignty.'
' H , suj-render up our rights without resist- j jOWf what are the facts ? The United land. It never was content v.
5 ance ? Shall we make a stand now, on a j States can only regard Pius, in bis tempo- ; al diffusion, but always tr
,C?Un Government proposition to unite this free j rai nn(j political character, asa soveregn, : pants to g:in temporal pou t r f
I Q I inn I . -r-. 111. . . a a I 1 LZ -1 ... I 1 ,
terrsts to preserve; in that case we should p n
be co operating in the common cause of 1 1 , hands be(ore we 8trjke
human rights. But now we exhibit to. ) . ,
the world the spectacle of a pure antag- Sir, if it be written in the bl;
black book of
meiit to that fae that this great republic is yet to be
us in the fact
tk. ci:-Mdc risvriinn nfi ht nhcniuie crovernmenu
u ri v i nr ' ' iiii.tu & rwa iiwii wa aaia a-a i r-j
i . .- av am un i i nnr Taiponrri nun i in - a. j iiimii vw
w- . j w . i i . tKA i nnvt t if nmo I nrprniiiiivrs. lie hi i uu j tm- " - a
of Rome. Two systems more pppos.le come a aepenun.. . r " -i . which he hns rcceiveJ ; gion founded on tlx union
couM no, exis,. When Uber.y maesbon- M" Xrti uU K This predecessors and temper ,1,
fe of ,be:Wnl,00,on,,lnconiI