lit' . i ';' . .f ' : :: .i-
V farm bt the i Watchman.
ir Lripr .r. Two
not paiM auu
fifiVetsJwili be charged
" !V ' -JL .J';....r, i rr the first, and 25cts
lit inSPrilOn. vuun uiurn tujro
than these totes. A liberal deduc-
adveftifMf by the year.
f,r each taWq
tionr to Ihose, yn
T ' . . .. r i
o the Gdiidrs must be postpaid.
11 C,W Lm
ratification of the Treaty.
n A OAil TO a -w
i i i
LATER FROM MEXICO.
left Mexico for New York
Inquiry adjourned and
New Orleans Probable
N. O. ricnySinr. May 8.
States Meamer New Or
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editors 4 Proprietors.
" KtEf A CHECK UPOX ALL TOCR
Do this, and Liberty is safe.'
VOLUME V, NUMBER 4.
SALISBURY, N. CI, THURSDAY, MAY 25, 1848.
"Lieut. O'SuHivan I have already spoken
of as having resigned his commission in
the 3d Ititautry and gone to Queretaro to
An Sunday from Vera Cruz, join theenemy. He is not a legal deserter,
Ihence on the 3d inst. i hut all the dishonor of moral guilt will
general 'Jcfft arid suite left the city of ) ever attaqh itself to his name.
he 30th. H? immediately i Queretaro until the 29th or 30th instant.
Mexico on the
rtilmrkeU ot) tne.hrig f terfchurj; lor j In the meantime, the troops which are to
Npy'YbrkJtin lcr a salute from Fort Con- j form the escort are being prepared to prevention-
Hd Ans waited upon by the ; sent a fln6 appearance, in point of cloth
CommanUer o' the fleet andeceived a ing and equipments.
SaKlte from th j flag ship Cutttherland. j The trial of Lieut. Hare, of the Penn
On Mob day, the 1st int., theKt. Peters- sylvania legiment, for burglary and mur
burg kus towi d .to sea by the propeller ! der, was Concluded, but the result was not
.Thorn rtaoW I i passing the store ship Re- j known. j nolle prosequi had been enter
li if 'anil frigat Cumberland their rigging ', cd in the tnse of Lieut. JMathison. of the
on this continent. This, with certain sug
gestions as to the occupancy of Yucatan,
gave such a color to the interference, as
brought it within the circle of those ob
jections that have been urged against
fresh acquisitions' of Mexican territory
and additional warlike expenditures. Jf
we were to take possession of Yucatan
after the lapse of such a length of time
as to have allowed our humanity to be
come cool and calculating. the;impression
of the whole civilized world Would be in
derogation of our claim to benevolent im
pulses. Charleston News.
wh mikniied ajnd three cheers given the same regiment, and he was remanded to
ixchantcdi! vi its with Com. Perry and
W iS SHjuU'd bj the;flag ship Cumberland.
I Amoig the mssengers on the New Or
le ins, vetraGt n. Pillow and staff, Gen.
TowkoA, Gen. Pushing and staff. Colonel
Bilk nap, Ool.lChilds. Col. Duncan, Col.
. Witherk;'ahd t. number of officers.
f po desperat at one time was thought
thfi chance of pringing1 together a quorum
w; i r v
prison. Meut. Uuttons trial was next to
come on. 'Lieut. Tilden, 2d Infantry, has
also been implicated by the State's evi
The letjer from Queretaro, referred to,
gives an extract from a Government or
der, calling for a forced loan of $150,000
to 82OO,O0j), to pay the expenses of Mem
bers of Congress, and urging it on the
ground of the shortness of time for rati-
tat the' President had de- j lying the treaty, which should be ratified
22d ijJsUntJ w
" hd ,wass irvnaj
jefrnintW to exclude the vStates of New
MeXicoL Cluhuhhua and Yucatan, in esti-
esentation. so that a small
er punjberj may constitute a quorum.
Si.bMeqw'pt epnts led him to believe lhat
a juorunij coud be obtained, and the Pre
tic eflt re-co'nsillered his determination.
Spe cil Corjespondence of the Picayune.
r cr Anril Oft lftift
left! here on Sunday, the
th an escort of Louisiana
Tlie hinht before he left
lied l)y the splendid band of
: and the next morning a
large number of officers accompanied him
Some' dljstnnce upon tne roau. 1 tie Uourt
6H Inquiry left on tho 24th.
an mrfait I tter 1 stated that General
JDvitler Vasi to 'review the volunteers in
thp city oh ih22d inst. The review was
lap more extensive than I was informed it
would be a!"nd came off on the plain front
ing IMqlinay dtir Key. 1 he divisions ol
d Pillow, the former con
regiments of Infantry of
bquaUron of horse, and Col.
ry, jnavv commanded by
id the latter of the sixre-ituclh-.
T vunessee. and In-
diiina. volunteers, were reviewed, and the
litld when qxulnded Was over a mile in
length.! This Is thj? largest review that
JiH been ijuriilg the warand all present
confessed, it: wajs the most magnificent mil-
Gin. Worth at
silting 'of five
th! old line, a
lJeu. Huiji, a
Eijnenta ol K
ittiry d splay
by the 15jn May, at the latest, to reach
Washington by the 2d June. It concludes
as follows1 !
His Excellency the President thinks
that the salvation of the Republic impe
ratively demands the prompt flieeting of
Congress.lAnd in order not to incur the
terrible responsibility of losing the nation
ality of the country, the .Executive will
dictate extraordinary measures, which he
never would have adopted if circumstan
ces were hot so very difficult and danger
ous The priest Sanchez, the clergy's organ,
in one of hp sermons, at which the great
er part ofjjhe members of the Adminis
tration and of Congress were present,
said: "Gentlemen: The only way to save
the Republic, and in pardoning the in-
i t mm
juries you; have received to prove your
selves Christians, is to make peace."
1 1 Queretaro, April 25, 1818
.Few of the Deputies are wanting for a
quorum. iQueretaro presents a most ani
mated aspect, and nothing is talked of
but peace; j The most vehement party for
war, is without doubt, the army, but it
has fallen jio low in public estimation, and
is so numerically weak that it is doubtful
if they cahjget up a pronunciamento, as it
was publicly rumored here within the
last few days they would.
hev had ever beheld. A
irest was added to the spec
tacle, by'Um display of the torn and tat
tefejd colbrof ihc 4th, 5th, and Gih regi-
menu pirinianirv, as mev marched ny
ueneri-iii-eruei. xju uj; i;in, tne
The Court of Inquiry. The court of
inquiry met at the St. Charles Hotel in
this' city this morning with closed doors
and adjourned until to-morrow morning,
when variolis witnesses in this city will
be examined. We understand that the
I members of the court will leave the city
tTif, olithd, 23'd ins
full ibf interest! and
is i n port a
Gen. Smith was reviewed ! on the lOihjor 11th by the way of the riv-
t I . I 1 1 il i m m i
IX f bv the General-in chief and its manocuv
erpig eiicueu tne aumirauon oi every mil
itary manjpres jnt. I These reviews were
inrahticjpation of the possibility of a for-
ykn mbvemcijt being soon required.
., which I send you, is
some of his informa-
The extracts from the
cr to hold ;a session in Frederick, IVld.,
where theyjjwill adjourn about 29th inst.,
unless something '-unexpected should turn
up in the meantime, N. O. Picayune.
rnsage of Roka to the members of Con
i Cress nti w; at Ciueretaro, show that Pena
y Peha fully realizes the dangerous posi
Intelligence from California as late as
20th Marcl) has been received. It con
firms what' has been before, stated, that
Lieut, llayvood, who was hemmed in by
T lit r ri I Im rft Sm It T ii line K a r 11 rlioi'orl
natioMality of the country. y ;he crexjof the C yine, alter an e n-age-Vitv
not he ratilied in season i ' ... .i .1 m r . j
i :4 i iiii'iii iii ifn p ii j yh'm nu vi nnrpii
and also shoUs an energetic determma- , t 1 i ni n o
U . ' I i " -. -MM tin 1 II I 'N r I i r 1 . I III. I 1 11 III . Ml. 1111
I Jose, had received a reinforcement of one
! hundred ankl fifty men from Upper Cali
i fbrnia fronithe New York regiment, and
i had marched upon San Antonio, taken
j the place, killing- a number of the ene
my, and taking many prisoners; also re
taking the American officers and men
I cViftnlil flirt P,'.
lion iumkuu iiujrwon if tirmg uooui peace.
,! f. Thn n:iJvH (T ill t.lir rritipl nviitn nf tln mn.
jg. g , fyf-' I r xyw..B-wi. till J
I sage, l .presume reters to the intention! ot
1 A the Prefiident lo decree that, in cortse-
Hi , .i
quencc plj tne condition. ot i ucatan, and
other Sliatej;. a isiug from the war.a cer
tain nurnbejr (I ts thah the constitutional
qu'oruni j lit improbable he will have to . . . .n eonfihpmpnt fnP mnnths.
resort -14 ths fura as ,t is understood ! Thoge re,se(, wele Prfsspd Midshipman
here MiAti-eial Congressmen, who are DuncRrif 0f) Ohio, and Midshipman War
not will ng to Appose the treaty by a di- j ... c..ii. ..:.u u..
i! r. . I . , ,. i i . r ui nuuui uaiuuim, wuu inu men un-
VOip,intei U to ue.eat u oy oreau.ng ; der ,h;,m Report savs that Co
The rapid increase of number, and
great popularity, of this kind of Roads. at
the North, will justify a frequent refer
encc to them, especially in a part of the
country, like this, where the population is
not sufficiently dense, nor the produce and
wealth sufficiently abundant, to justify
the construction of a great number of
Rail Roads. ji
We are indebted to the lion. D. M.
Barringer for a copy of a Report made to
the Legislature of Wisconson by Philo
White, Esq. (formerly of this State,) who,
as Chairman of a Committee, has embo
died a great deal of information derived
from Reports to the N. Y. Legislature by
Engineers and others. From this, main
ly, we collect the following facts and
Plank Roads have been in use in Rus
sia for many years. They were ficst in
troduced in America by Lord Sydenham,
who had seen and appreciated them in
Russia; and who, when appointed Gov
ernor of Canada, determined to improve
the highways there by introducing these
Roads.. Accordingly, less than ten years
ago be commenced the first plank road in
America As soon as its advantages were
seen, others were projected, until about
fifteen of them, of about the aggregate
length of 4 or 500 miles, are tither finish
ed or in progress of construction, in Can
In New York the first planklroad char
ter was obtained in 18 44. Since that
time, 20 such roads have been; or are be
ing constructed ; and a number of others
are projected. The length of the whole
being about GOO miles.
On a single track road the plank is best
8 feet long. On a double track two sep
arate planks 8 feet wide each. All over
8 feet is found to be, for all practical pur
poses useless. Ordinarily one track, with
a good side road for a tjarn out, is found
to be sufficient. The plank should be 3
or 4 inches thick, and 8 to 15 inches wide.
Two sleepers, 4 inches square, are had
L lengthwise of the road, for an 8 feet track.
In some roads, however,! sleepers are not
used, but the plank lai( directly on the
earth. When used, they should be placed
so as to be under the wheels,! and should
hbe sunk in the ground so as to leave the
upper surface visible merely. They will
last as long as two or three plankings, if
SideT ditches and cross culverts are in
dispensably necessary to the durability of
the road, by carrying off the water. The
plank' should be laid close, tight, and firm
on the. surface of the earth. The grading
required is not often great ; an ascent of
one foot in ten being perfectly admissible
on a plank road.
It is ascertained that a plank road will
last from seven to twelve years. The
wear of the first year is equal to that of
the next seven ; and the repairs of the
first year double those of any succeeding
year until it is required to replank.
Mr. Geddes. the engineer, made the fol
lowing estimate of the average cost per
mile of the Salina Road :
Sills, 4 by 4 inch scant
ling, 14,080 ft
Plank, 8ft long, 4 inches
' v 1
es, and owners patience, un a goou
plank road the load of the same team
would be C000 lbs. the distance travelled
(with more ease) probably 30 miles. A
trip to and from Salisbury on such a road
would occupy eight days. Now it takes
twelve. Here would be a saving of four
days to drivers and horses. The freight
received for hauling a load of 3000 lbs. is
now, at 75, $22 50. A load of G000 lbs.
at the same, rate, would produce S45.
But probably the price of hauling would
be reduced one-half. In either event the
difference would be saved. A load of
Corn is now about 40 or 50 bushels. On
such a road 80 or 100 bushels mjght be
brought. Now, Corn is not worth haul
ing from any great distance. With plank
roads, it would be well worth hauling
from even beyond Salisbury; and we
might hope to see the produce of that rich
section of our State meet the produce of
Ohio in the Wilmongton market, and drive
it back, freeing our agricultural State
from the reproach of buying its food from
Ohio. Fay. Observer.
From the Richmond Whig.
HOW CEN. TAYLOR CAME TO CROSS
Notwithstanding the pertinacity with which
the supporters of lh Polk administration have
defended the order given to Gen. Taylor to
march to the Rio Grande, on the false and flim
sy pretext, as admitted by themselves in various
official acts, that that river, from its source to
its mouth, constituted the true boundary between
Texas and Mexico an assumption, which, if
it had been well founded, would not only have
justified the order in question, but rendered it
imperative they have nevertheless impliedly
confessed that it was a great blunder, by en
deavoring to divide the responsibility of that
act between the Administration and Gen. Tay.
lor which they would never have done hud
the act itself been a defensible one. For this
purpose they seized, in the first place, upon an
expression iu one of Gen. Taylor's letters to
the War Department, to the efFect that the ar
my ought promptly to take its position at some
eligible point on the Rio Grande, if he Presi
dent had determined to insist, as a sine qua non,
upon that river as tho boundary. But this per
version ot a suggestion founded upon a contin
gency over which the President alone had con
trol, into a positive recommendation, Is mani-
ing large discretionary powers, he preferred to
take a position on undeniably American soil
rather than infringe upou disputed territory.
He therefore made his head quarters at Corpus
Christi, a place that, beyend 'its being within
the acknowledged boundary of Texas, was in
convenient, and in no way favorable for an en
cainpment still General Taylor prepared to
suffer every evil incident to his situation, rather
than in any waycompromit his government.
After General Taylor had been some timeat
Corpus Christi, Maj. Donaldson, the represen
tative of the United States government in Tex
as, came to Taylor's camp for tho especial pur
pose of advising General Taylor sot to cross
thk Necces, lest he should involve the gov.
crnment in a war with Mexico; Gen. Taylor
in the mean time having been informed by the
government" that it wished him to confer with
Maj. Donaldson. . In the course of events, Maj.
Donaldson left Gen. Taylor's camp, and there
came on from Washington hitters to Gen. Tay-
lor, inloiming him that he should move part of
his force we of the Neuces. Gen. Taylor
not wishing to divide his small command and
the government having relieved him of the re
sponsihi'iily of crossing the Nueces, he took his
w hole force over, as he could by so doing,
readily obtain a good camping ground, and a
depot convenient for his military stores. The
events that followed this movement on the part
of Gen. Taylor are familiar to the world. The
above is a true statement of the preliminaries
that led to the advance of our aimy on Mata
moras. The main facts can be gathered, as I
have stated, from tha "public documents" al
ready published, containing the correspondence j
of Gen. laylor with the war department, pre
vious to the battles of the 8th and 0th of May.
Oiher facts stated can be proved if denied.
The most superficial observer must perceive,
that Gen. Taylor has never been inconsistent,
and that charges made against him, whether
fi ivolous or of weight, when examined into, only
cause his prudence and strict "obeying of or
ders" to be more and more admired. The
statement made iu Congress that some individ
ual from Mississippi bad called on General Tay..
lor at Baton Rouge, and that in a long conver
sation he had with General Taylor, the Gene
ral admitted he took the responsibility of mov
ing across the Neuces, caused me to write you
this letter. The publication of an admitted pri
vate conversation that never took tlace, it
amounts to the committal of the most offensive
If ever a party shoLhl f
forth its energies, it js t!.
and at this time. How rr. v
wc shall havc.if thelictnti
now prevails be enduring
country, no man can tell,
state of Europe, no man en.
we may be involved. : If tl.
er had its war, we doubt r
would be called on to la'.,
revolutionary struggle r.c
Europe. The leading m; :.
have for a long time been
hearts of the people for war
they have given tbem- a t .
the Mexican struggle, wi.
where it is to end ? ;
We object not to symp
tions. We rejoice in the
al principles as much as a:
we thmk we discover a
some of the Locofocp lead :
tlutn mere sympathyin fir:'.
country in u European v;r.
the wisdom and popularity
ington to keep the country
war in the first French r
we now need some tnan
the Government who can
dom steer the ship of Stat .
But, whether we shall !.
or not, we have an acco w:
the party in power for the
sisting, and for which this .
to pay an amount yet un!;:.
tainly enough to entail u;
mense national tlebtj whic!
have to discharge at last,
so unnecessary, 4ind whic
manship might have guar
party in power are respc:
time is near at hand whc:.
bil'tty is to be tested! befc,:
Let the Whigs but be firm ,
wc shall once more win
like that of 1840. Kcnluc
From the Richmond Whig.
Our readers are aware that the Legislatures
of most of the non-slaveholding States have,
within a few years past, enacted laws, the a
vowed design of which is to prevent the en
forcement of the constitutional provision, and
festly so preposterous and absurd that ithas ' of the law of Congress passed in conformity
been abandoned except by a few ot the more
unscrupulous party hacks, who, like the witness
that had testified that a certain horse in dispute
was fourteen feet, instead of fourteen hands high,
refused, as he had once sworn to it, to retract
his declaration. More recently, however, a
convenient witness against General Taylor up-
thereto, in regard to the recovery ol abscond.
ing slaves finding refuge within their respective
limits. To this end all btate othcers are lor
bidden, under heavy penalties, from acting un
der tho law of Congress, either in arresting or
imprisoning such slaves. And so difficult and
hazardous, indeed, has it become, to seize upon
an absconding slave within the limits of one of
Delegates to the Con vc n t
Convention fortheSth Co:
trict, at Hillsborough on
appointed Edwin Gi Heat:,
son county, Delegate to
Convention, and Calvin Ii.
of Granville, Alternate.
pressing the opinion that
was the choice of tlie Ditt: '
ted, - there being isomc
opinion among the Dele; .'
is the first choice of the I V
Gen. Taylor or Mr. Clay."
cheerfully to abide by the i
National Convention, and c
port its nomination,! was ;
mously. c- !
The 8th Congressional I)
tion appointed a delegate I s
ty to the National ponvci.
ward Stanly.of Beaufort ; l
of Hyde ; Josiah Collins, c .
Charles Pettigrew,! of T :
Washington, of Craven; J.
of Wayne ; Wm. Fpy, of J
Jones, of Carteret ; Churl
Greene ; F. B. Sattrthwai:
John C. Washington, of
Convention pledgtdj itself t
al support to the nominees
al Convention.- ay. Ob.
on this point was found in one Dr. Rimmell, of J - , . ' ' , , , i , '
r an finrf ia nnw rarpiv mane to receiver him.
itil - - - v aw " " - - J - - - - - - - - - -
made ll' the S
V whenever the question is put. , Joncg iU(.ns faki b ordrs
e naraiminh in tne letter relative to evnm rmr n,Wmmnf r,mmn.,t,.. st.
I ,, .. J i"- , , , i ."in uui jwh llllliuiili VUllllllllllUl,! UH-
the sernfidn of flic Padre Sanchez is at thjs. fridire has sailed for th United States.
ratimentt very itnpoitant. It was supposed,
that in jc onsen he nee of the amendments
mate of the United States
Yucatan, In the Senate debate on the
to the clauses ht the treaty relating to the bill to occupy Yucatan, Messrs. Clayton
recogniiion of jthe Mexican church, in the ; and Crittenden said the bill, was in viola-
territory hropoked-to be ceded to us. tfiat tion of the treaty of - peace with Mexico.
uie clergy wo nu uppo-se mu auiicmioii i nis position was laKen uy us.ai ine inst
of .;tlie ti'eaty. c j at least require that the blush of thej afiair, and we are glad to
clause t ej re inserted. Not so, however, see lhat ouri views are sustained by such
Yciur ctirrespo ulent isi right in represent-j gOod authority. Mr. Clayton observed
ing tlie Padre Sanchez as the organ of i that during!the armistice and the penden
' clergy, ant a great majority of them cy of the treaty we could not take pos-
Vvbr the! rati! cation of the treaty as it session of any part of the territory of Iex
ttands. 'the lergy of this city, fearing ico unless ie obtained her consent. On
' the inability o Pena y .Pena to raise the ! the first communication of the fact that
forced Jdan o' 8150,000 to $200,000 in the white I population of Yucatan was
Queretaro, for Jthe piirpose of assembling , threatened-fwith extermination, the hu-
-I - . i L f . 1 1 P . I IT T .
ipporung me uovernmem, inane instincts oi me people oi ine unueu
translated, means lor the states wefe for extending assistence in
bin'g the relractory Con- the mode suggested by the President or in
ii.).jhelr meetings and resolved any other jtWode, but a more calm consid-
le money from the funds of era! ion olf the circumstances has modified
.understand the whole sum i those lee lings, i o employ the fsaval lor-
At $5 per M, 183.000ft
Laying and grading, $1 pr rod,
&c. at 10 per cent.,
Gates and gate houses,
Sluices, bridges and contingencies,
Aggregate cost per mile, 81,500
This was the estimate ; the actual cost
of the road, as we learn from the Super
intendent, was only 81,487 per mile.
Persons who have travelled in England,
say that there is not as good! a road in
that country as this Salinii road.
Two horse light wagons, with five or
Hinds county, Mississippi, who transmitted to
one of the representatives of that State in Con
gress a fabulous narrative of a conversation be
tween Gen. Taylor and himself, in which the
General was made to assume the entire respon
sibility of bringing on the war with Mexico,
by the movement of his army from the Neuces
to the Rio Grande, and cntiiely to exculpate
Mr. Polk from all censure in respect to it !
Even if the fact were so, we are at a loss
to conceive why the friends of the Adminis
tration . should in one breath contend that
all the territory between the Neuces and
the Rio Grande belonged to Texas, and there
fore that the President was bound to take pos
session of it, while they assert in the next that
he would not have discharged this high and so-
lemn obligation had he not been prompted so
to do by Gen. Taylor's advice ! They hetray,
by this mode of argument, ;their own conviction,
that the order to Gen. Taylor to advance from
Corpus Christi was unjustifiable in itself. Oth
erwise ihey would place the President's vindi
cation upon the impregnable ground of right
and duty, instead of endeavoring to show that
itUvas necessary that he should be instigated
to its performance by Gen. Taylor's recom
mendation. The New Orleans National throws addition,
al light on the subject, by the publication of the
following letter from Baton Rouge. (Gen. Tay-
howevcr boldly he may exhibit himself, and
however clear may e the proof of his identity.
It has been thought proper, therefore, by some
that there should be additional and more efll
cient legislation on the part of Congress, in or
der to render the constitutional provision some
thing more than a form of words ; and we are
informed by the Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore Sun that a bill was reported lo
the Senate, on the 3d inst.; from the Judiciary
Committee, which gives lo the owner of ihe
fugitive slave the right to assert his claim be
fore any postmaster, collector, or any United
States officer, and thereupon procure a warrant,
addressed to the United States marshal, whose
duly it is made to arrest the fugitive and deliver
him up lo the owner or his agent ; and any
person who may hinder the marshal or rescue
or conceal the slave is subjected to a penalty.
But we doubt whether this law, even if it
should pass, of which there is not much proba.
bilily, would render the constitutional provision
a whit less a nullity than it is now. The laws
of the non-slaveholding States, by which both
the constitution and the act of Congress passed
iu pursuance thereof have been nullified by ihe
anti-nuliifying Legislatures of the North, much
more effectually lhan the tariff was by the or
dinance of the South Carolina Convention, are
unquestionably ihe embodiment and reflex of
the almost unanimous public sentiment of that
region. And it is scarcely possible that men
who have gone so far as to abrogate one law
of Congress, by forbidding iheir own officers to
execute it, would fail to find means of prevent
inf the execution of a similar law by the offi
cers of ihe United States, should any one of
This being the regular v
County Court, eachj party
the occasion, in accordanc
to hold political meetings.
On Tuesday the fc)cmoc;
which was addressed by 1
Esq., in a speech marked v
strong partizan feelings. I '.
evidently well satisfied wi
mittee of twenty-five, ap;
chairman. (H. M. Wat:; .,
the following nomination ,
lature, to wit: for the Sen
try, of Ashe ; for the Com::.
McLean, Charles jWhith
Sheek. These nominees i
l r. e
Congress and s!
urposd ti hi
upon I oil tilt) g t
the church. 1
by a gentleman acquainted with the facts,
(not improbably by Major Bliss.) It not only
exonerates Gen. Taylor from all agency in ad
visins lhat act of war, but shows that he would
not even cross the Neuces until he had re
ceived positive instructions from the War De-
six passengers, travel irom o lo iu miles partment :
an hour with ease on plank roads. Two
horses usually haul 4000 lbs., br 16 bbls.
nfriM.,n nt And thesirt roads arp Editor of the Evening National : The Na-
in iiiui lib - ivrtivs - t -
not affected by good or bad weather. j tional Intelligencer of the
The travel in winter is about as good as the proceedings of ihe I
lor's place of residence,) written, it informs us, I Jhem be courajreous enough lo attempt its en
forcement in ihe teelh of ihe universal opposi
mally accepted or
On Wednesday the V
meeting, which was ably
John A. Gilmer, Esq. Ar
Col. A. B. McMillan, of A
nated for the Senate. A
for the Commons, it was
ry Whig in the County h
delegate to a general co:.
held on Tuesday of June ,
the Superior CourtJ when t
could be brought forward.
Williams, Esq. was propc
gate to the National h
alternate, Hon. N. Hoyden.
Baton Rogue, April 27, 1949.
will be sent tp Queretaro to-morrow. ces of theUnited States in removing such
These fKcts', toj my mind, settle the qucs-
lion as to whelher; the treaty will be rati
fied or noti in Ihe affirmative.
I fi : i 1 , ! - I i .1 . i
-ino inuiviuuai reierreu io as navmsr
portions Of the distressed people as are
Ueeing from massacre, fulfils every dic
tate of humfinity. without committing us
to unknoyvnliazards of intervention. The
simple proposition of humane interposition
been bantised U-ith an much namn at Que
retaro, a-tul wlfo had the honorv.of having j was mixf d lip in the President's message
Vena v Pena stand at the bantismal font I with the 'inapplicable abstractions of Mr.
is, his gbdlathdr, is, without a doubt, the Monroe, iagainst European colonization
m i l ? . . . J II I i : . .
in summer. l ne uisiance iraveneu may
be nearly double, vith double the load,
usual on our common roads.
The tolls charged on the plank road at
the North are from 1 to 2 cents per mile
for each two horse vehicle. With such
tolls the Salina road has paid dividends of
12 2 per cent, per annum, and accumula
ted a surplus fund.
It will be seen at a glance what a
change such roads would worli in North
Carolina. A four horse wagon, loaded
with perhaps 3000 lbs., now struggles a
long at the rate of 20 miles a day, with
great wear and tear of wagon and hors-
8th instant contains
lower House of Con-
gress of the previous day; ihe spirit of which
is, to force the impression on tne people of the
country, that Gen. Taylor originated the order,
and marched on to Matamoras by his own will
and judgment. Thai any member of Congress
should be so unscrupulous or so ignorant of the
true history of General Taylor's movements, is
a matter of surprise, as docnmenls already pub
lished by tho War Department " give ihe out
lines, if not the particulars, relative to the sub
ject, so clearly, that there need be no justifiable
cause of misrepresentation.
When Gen. Taylor was ordered to Mexico,
he was instructed lo take up a position xbar
the Rio Grande, Point Isabel being named
tion of his neighbors. hether the South
ought not to devise and enforce some remedy
for this outrage at once upon the Constitution
j and upon the right for the protection of which
this provision of it was intended, is a question
well worthy of grave consideration. But we
are satisfied, lhat any new act of Congress on
ihe subject will be as perfectly a dead letter as
that already on ihe laiuie-book ; and we can
see no wisdom in urging ils adoption therefore,
which, if ever effected at all, must lead to an
exciting and irritating discussion just such an
one us we of the South have always professed
to deprecate, and which the fanatics delight to
engage in. ;
fbopek place, but in consequence of bar- ! reporting against it.
A locomotive named the- " Lightning," an 8
wheel engine, with 8 feetldriving wheel, made
a trip recently in England of 53 al the rale of
75 miles an hour. The pngine was perfectly
steady at the highest speed.
Wh'Uneys Rad- Road. i-The Committee of
the U. S. House of Representatives appointed
to examine into lbs merit! of Whitney', project
for a Railroad to the Pacific, have reported fa-
1 vorabl?. only one of ihe Committee, Mr. maciay.
; w 0
DEMOCRATIC, MOV i:
A DemocralicDi itrictCa:,
assembled at Fincfistle en t
consisted, says the Valley V.
dozen delegates from the c
tourt, and but three others
Twelve or thirteen countir
vited to send delegates. Hi
es were of course fie liven I
Letcher, of Rockbridge, wi
defend the course of the Ilr
Botts, and another y Mr. 1 1
gomery. who shoyyed mc
as he thought, that Mr. C
strongest man among the
nnnLl In tin nnminnfPli 1)V 1
UUltfc ..N,... ...... .'
tional Covcntion.--KcA. V
"If- TiTnnln in Tfidr. Vi
a gentleman in Hyde, that
for Governor met his appo;
and bad a very large numb'
ties. No man, it H said, h
produced in that County, a :
impression.'. Both parties t
to the captivating influence
and. it is believed that, in
his majority will bo about t
si re' -'ever obtainedj in the
im fn thn finest he:.!:
and is most industriously c
duties of the canva.-1-' '
ft !i; i i
A ) .. U:f.;.'-