Term of the Watchman.
v Stance. " But
per. year, Two Dollars payable in
if not paid in advance, Two dollars
n J firtr cu. will be charted.
oscTi6ME5Ti inserted at 1 for the first, and 25 cts.
fat eacjh 8ubequent insertion. 1 Court orders chirged
25 perjetr higher thiathe&e rates. A. liberal deduc
tion toj those who advertise by the year.
JfErriis to'the KJitors must be post paid.
A Jlcvicw !of the Career, Character
, ' I and Services of
' ZACHAUY TAYLOR.
Republished from the, North American and U. States
j iGaiette, Philadelphia.
v j j CONTINUED FROM LAST WEEK.
' - , - r - . -.. ' -v" -; " f ; j'.- ' " ., . . .
' ' ' . ':-.,! - . .j !
' : ! - ' i ' .,
Till :f) TRffl ,11 A W ATOTM II I
" Keep i qnECK upon all yocr
) Rulers. j "-
BRUpR & , JAMES,
Editors 4 Proprietors.
Keep a qnECK upon all yocr
Do this, and Liberty is safe."
Gen' I. Harrison.
VOLUME V, NUMBER 17.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1848.
that Taylor, apprised by his scouts of the
approaching host, fell back, in good! order,
to his intended battle-field; where the
magnanimous" Benemerito (or well de-
Who forgets the attempt made so shame
lessly by Locofoco adherence of the Ex
ecutive in Congress to nullify the vote of
.11 .'nrprif nnit meritorious as were the vie- I thanks to General Taylor lor that im-
v . - - .. ---- r , . . . - , . 1
lories so admirably we might almost say, mense success oi luonterey, iy a prowso i serving; ot Mexico, on the next day, in
so unexpectedly won by Taylor, in the censuring me capuuiauon granieu uy mm
moment of national anxiety, at Palo Alto to lhe Mexicans in other words, to affix
and Kcsacade la Palma, the calm judg-' "P0" Mm the; stigma of having failed in
ment of the intelligent citizen cannot but ' the performance of his whole duty as an
concede?-that, amid the circumstances fol- I American cOmmandt-r in battle against j ty of the rudeness of affecting to cbnsider
--Tf' . i.t t . i . tlio nnomv f i t hu i 1 1 r m r f r-l I r rnnn, I f 1 orfa At-..-... ! ...
lowing incsc exploits, oppresseu ny newi ",v ',) .? .ww.. .j.n.m jxmias, uinmons as a request, i
difTiCUlties vhich tliev broucht unon him. :' wi,h injury ijpon its authors. The first not deeming thai a Mexican. Geners
lic.cxhibiteot everf higher qualities than reflection convinced every right-minded j would dare make any demands on him.) !
those which had blazed out so gloriously . American mat ine capuuiauon oi iion
on the field of battle. The war no long- , tcey was, in, itself, the greatest of Gen
r a'calamity to be prevented ; it had be- cral Taylpr'sacts, and that one of them
an wucp iwas oy iar ine mosi iiouorauie
to his country ; and in a moment the sen
timent of gerrerous pride in, and lofty ap
preciation of,!the true merit of the Mon
terey capitulation became universal, which
in the memorjstble Senate debate on that
subject had been proclaimed by Mr. Clay
endeel, and ihe public interrM rv
by nwerinj; ihU inrjuirj, I ri '
f this transaction i n iv , ,
i.CJlobr, Tol. 14, paj 339 t.i n V
iviiai uiuue oi February 2 Mi, 1
When Ihe -joint resoluii
; term on which Con -rest wi 1 : ;
the Union at a Stale," n-as Lt:
it was soon found that a number
cratic members who were Um ; .
mission of Texas woulJ ro!c r -
i lution. I was one of them. I :,
j ihe matter it was profwed tJ.r,!,
jecting the House resolution.
v3 oaiintra$ an alternative
MR. CASS'S "EXTRA ALLOWANCES." ' derrd' runninS back ,hrough ,fn or twelve year,, during substance of Mn Benlo.i's till
j a period in which all or his own accocsts were, or "H negotiating. hd strong t 1
We invite the attention of the people of North Caro- ! ought to have been, rendered and settled in quarterly re- ! P'an fr 1 did not seethe HPCC5-
lina to the following account, from the Correspondent of j turns! This account of 53,128 95 made out while he ! ' P9ng the l!oue res.!u!;.
gunj anjd was to be fought ; the enemy
was to be followed into his own land, and
compelled to peace : everything was to
ffi bte thought of and .'resolved on, without
l oeiay, uy n vicior ynose uovri nmeni nau
tleltbtm; without-sulJicient bupjilics, and
particularly jU ithout the mdans ol trans
portation. Troons'vvere at first wantinsr.
but they1 soon came pouring in, enthusi- the Republic!
the Baltimore Patriot, of the Resolution offered in the
formed him that he was "surrounded by i House of Representatives, on the 5th instant by Mr.
20,000 men," and proposed to allow him j Slewart of Pennsylvania, and the evasive expedient re-
the humane privilege of SUrrenderino at 80,1(1(1 10 by Mr. Cass's friends, to deteat the examina-
discretion. Here Gfn. Taylor Was ffuil- ,ion il ProPsd, and to withhold the vouchers called for.
iow, wnat reasonable object could the mends ot -lr.
Cass have had to. the Resolution, unless they 6nd the
awkward disclosures which these vouchers, or the ab
sence of them, might and probably would have elicited.
and the further incivility of - declining to Asthe writer shrewdly remarks, ,hese vouchers could
he was Secretary of War, under his potent influence and
direction or otherwise, was audited aud agreed to by the
subordinates, which brought the government i:i debt to
Gen. Cass, some 835,075, in addition to the majestic"' ,r Benton' plan fur 1 1.
without the propotej amende
urjied that the session vn so t -th
measure would be defeated
accede to it. The cantain of four thou.
sand men to reply in that way totlie com
mander of twenty thousand ! Buti it was
on the 22d of February, the birthday of
Washington, the second national holy
day of American freedom. On such a
day, indeed, General Taylor might laugh
Santa Anna and his summons toi scorn ;
on such a day, young Crittendenj in the
ton in tones which went to every heart in j midst of the Mexican host, might proudly
ostic volunteers, in embarrassing numbers
iri numbers beyond Taylor's wants and
requisitions but as nothing else came,
tbey'only made bad worse, and increased
the diilicuities of his position.
lJut, in the midst of these difficulties,'
l)is thoughts and resolutions were equally
ftctiveu ! Within nine days after the atfair
of ka Pal ma, his fiag floated over Mata
moros arid the whole lower right bank of
the! Hip Grande ; and as early as the 20th
of May. only twelve days after the first
blow at l'alo Alto, as we know from his
official jcorrcspondence, he had already!
j meditated the enterprise, the march, the
. very rpuio 10 oe pursureu, against ine city
of MoniereyJ This march, in fact, against
Montercv made with insufficient subsist-
! anee and ammunition ; this march, which,
i cdnsidej-ihg llje consequences that must
I have flowed Ifrom a repulse, timid critics
ll'nilM IihI'p ! nrr:in ww h nn n Vffila ri n r
hazardous adyenture, is one of the most
.li ! .I1 - Lf rp ! l ; ;
ucciuiHj pruyis oi xayiors juugnieni as
wJcU asjheroism. His very destitution ren
dered it; necessary. There were food and
ammunition enough 1 in Monterey; and
with young aind zealous volunteers, anx
ipus to $ce the foe, there was less loss to
be nppreheHdtd from a hard mrch, and
a harder fight, than from the pining inac
tivity of tick ly camps on the Kio Grande.
auu autumn; was coming, nay, wasuirea-
leclare "General Taylor never;surren
1 say, therefore," (said Mr. Clayton) deis."
"that. from the bottom of my soul I thank j Who does not remember the first ac
the brave, gnerous, and merciful Com-! counts that reached the United States of
mander of the American troops. I thank j: the results of Santa Anna's attack Mex-
him not only1 for hisrgallantry and skill,! ican accounts, fabulous, bewildering, but
his conduct find bravery, but eminently j fearfully exciting, which represented
and above alj other considerations, as an l Taylor as retreating before the immense
American Snator, I thank him for his hosts of Santa Anna, fighting Ijis way
humanity ! lonor him because he thought jj back to Monterey, there to turnj like a
of, and spared, feeble and unoffending !: lion at bay, upon his pursuer, charging in
woman in that hour of her utmost peril. !j to the midst of his legions, and Covering
I honor him because he spared tottering!; the earth with the slain. Wcll-j-he was
age and helpless infancy ; and 1 glory j surrounded, but he never; fled ; the lion
that an Amerjcan general has shown him- was at bay, but it was th4 favorite lair of
self thus alive to the best feelings of the -j Buena Vista ; and it wasi there that the
human heart!? ! multitude of Mexicans fejl, lying1 side by
No, from the moment of that debate, it ; side with heaps of American volunteers,
has been feltjihat thejlaurelsof Monterey j The day gone the night closing around
are all the more glorious, and will be so the mountain peaks and deeD erorsres. and
regarded forever, because they associate, that puny army not yet driven from its!
not ine nornq! Druiaiuies oi a city taKen lines ! let a second day daVhed, and
by sack, but jrecoilecions of a generous the conflict was resumedlas obstinately,
humanity worthy to tje prized as the no- i as furiously, as destructively as! ever.
blest attribute of the American charac- Then came a second nighl; and the brave
j ter. The victor of Monterey, the hero of old General and his brave! youngltroops
mat capuuiauon, is sn true representative so raw and yetso courageous fiuhthem-
of the people) who admire and love him selves down exhausted, upon the bloody
the more for that reason.
In the last find greatest act of his mili
tary life, fortune seemed resolved to prove.
in the most Unanswerable manner, how
dy at hand ; there were pure waters and much of General Taylor's fame was due
breezes! and imountain health, at Monte- ' himself tohis wonderful resolution of
rey what-dilferencc did it make if there ! character, anil his power of infusing his
vere treihetylous fortifications and (the own courageitnto the; hearts ot the men
it an ding rule) Mexicans in superior num- under his command, ejven when undiscip-
nncu volunteers, wnq nau never seen a
foe. ' t .1
The fine army the veterans of Monte
bersT The inarcli was resolved on. nush
ei in every way ; and, about the same
period, almost the same day, when Santa
"Anna was 'j passed" into Vrera Cruz, to
raise and head that army which was to
rey, were gone -drawn away to open a
new path of glory on; the route between
j meet Taylor iit Buena Vista, the latter ! Vea Cruz anrj , Mexico, which Taylor him-
advanced the first division of his army i se" had indicated as the-only suitable one
I from Camargo to Ceralvo, on the expedi
iion agai.nsi;monterey, it was on tne
September that Santa Anna arrived at
on which to attack Mexico with effect j"
and, when shdrn of hi's strength but not
his valor, andjstrong in judgment, fcfe had
the Capital, land, in proud array, amid g"C to watch; the designs of the enemy at
be produced and would satisfy the people, would they
not be called for and produced with alacrity by his, Mr. :
Cass' friends ? ;
Correspondence of ihe Baltimore Patriot. I
Washington, August 6, 1848. j
Mr. Stewart, in the House, yesterday, produced a re-
solution, specifying the many numerous charges made
agaicn the Government, in the shape of extra for al
leged extra services, which have been allowed and paid
and pocketed by Gen. Cass, with the proper dates and
documentary references, and calling upon the Secretary
of the Treasury to communicate to the House forthwith,
the vouchers for said accounts as rendered by Gen. Cass.
The following is a copy of the resolution:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be di
rected to send to this House, forthwith, the original let
ters and vouchers in support of the claims and extra al
lowances, paid to Lewis Cass, over and above his regular
salary of 2000 a year, ns Governor, and ex-officio Su
perintendent of Indian Affairs for the Territory of Mich
igan, to wit: The letters and vouchers in support of the
extra allowance paid to him.
1st For clerk hire, office rent, Sic, from the
9th of October, 1813, to the 31st of July,
1831, at $1500 per annum, as per docu
ment No. 245, 3rd session, 25th Congress,
Page 2, $26,615 00
2d For rations, to wit : ten rations a day at
20 cts., each from the 9th Oct., 1813, to
29th of May, 1822, as per same document
and page, 6,610 00
3d For services as Superintendent of Indian
Affairs, said to have been rendered out of
the Territory of Michigan, from the 29ih
of May, 1822, to 31st of August, 1831, at
$1500 per annum, asper document No. 6,
3d session, 27th Congress, page 11 14,375
4th For aiding in the negotiation of sundry
Treaties, whilst Governor and ex-officio
Superintendent of Indian Affairs as afore
said, 772, at $8,00 per day and 40 cents
per mile travelled, same document, page 11
5th For attending al Washington city to
settle his own accounts for extra pay, &c,
208 days, to wit, from the 31st of October,
1821, to 29h of May, 1S22, for mileage,
ten rations per day, &c, as per document,
6th For alleged services whilst Governor
and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, ' in
preparing a code for the regulation of In
dian Affairs," 111 days, to wit, from the
22d of October, 1828, to 10th of February,
1829, as per same document, page 12
7th For extra pay whilst Governor, as a
foresaid, " as Deputy Quartermaster Gen
eral" in the Army, for one year, as per
document 18, first session, 28th Congress,
8th For extra pay and allowance as a Cap
tain in the regular army, whilst Governor
as aforesaid, to wit : from the 12th of May,
1817, to the 28th of June, 1821,8ame doc
ument, same page,
sums ne nad betore charged and received. A warrant
was drawn for its payment. He received the money j
pocketed it and wrote upon the amounts as audited, ;
that inasmuch as he was Secretary of War, he would
defer the settlement of the account to a future day to i
be approved by his successor. After he left the War
Department, and on the eve of his leaving the country
for France, he got the then Second Auditor, William D.
Lewis, to put the old account in proper order and have
it endorsed by the then Secretary of War. The work
was done. The date of the warrant by which General
Cass pocketed the $35,075, was July 1st, 1832 ; the
i number of the warrant, 2956.
i Objections being made to Mr. Stewart's resolution, he
moved to suspend the rules that he might offer it. On
this motion the yeas and nays were ordered and they
stood, yeas 87, nays 61 ; not two-thirds voting in the af
firmative, the morion failed. You will see when the
if we made it an additional
readily pa ihe House in that' f.
foiling did not satisfy me, Im: ;
friends were all satUF.ed wish
arrangement," kacceded to i: ;
could have satisfactory assura;
proposed in such amendment m-
one used and submitted to Tex;. .
.Mr. Polk was in ihe city; i! v
that he was very anxious Ci
on the subject before he came i
aUo understood thnt the pn-j -the
House resolution origtiiaird
Il had been suggested that, if .
the resolution. .Mr. Calhoun vv v."
House resolution toTexa, nr.
lorotal ihe action of .Mr. lVk ;
Duflie, his friend, having met !.!-
the declaration that he would n t
im ; .
yeas and nays are published, who voted to get rid of the dacity " to do such a thill V i"
call for the vouchers! If these vouchers could be pro- thought of. One difficulty Tv.:.
duced and would satisfy the people, would they not be wa he danger of putting it ii.!
called for and produced with alacrity by the friends of Mr. Polk 0 submit the Ib u-
upn-Cn9S Tea. We understood, indei .!
Does not the General, in his book written in France, 1 td to submit the Senate nrrr
r T' ... . .
in praise oi rving l.ouis rtiiMippe and Ins monarchy (now
overthrown) contrast the small salaries of our Govern
ment officers with those of the officers of European Go
vernments, and Tefers to what had been said, that our
officers frequently make up by stealing for the small
salaries they receive ? If bo, does he not discourse
knowingly on the subject T If he does not know oil
about the system, pray who does T And is this man to
be made President? No. "Old Zack," who never
charged or received a cent in the shape of an " extra,"
is the man.
ernment ; but without being i
would do this, I would not voli
tion, and it was, well ascertain'
my vole, it could not pass. 1 1 r. i
had voted with me, and was (
House resolution, undertook to
Mr. Polk on the subject, and did
wards told me that he was au'!
Polk to say to myself and other
if we could pass the resolution v.
ment proposed lobe made, l.e w.
earth, beside their cannofts, to snatch a
j short, uneasy slumber, and then! up once
more lor a third day of battle. The third
! day was soon there but ivherc Were the
Mexicans ? vanquished routejl utter
ly (led their dead and wounded left, like
the whole exposed rear of their army to
the humanity of the General ivho had
been so short a time before recommended
to surrender at discretion j
Where, in modern times was there such
a battle ? where such a! victory ? No
wonder, when the news of this great field
reached the country, a field at once so ro
mantic and so heroic, s exciting and
so saddening for. oh. the1 Hpm1 nf ihnsp
tvvn ilnva xulxnca M1 h.w.kt .,c, I. It. $63,048 46
.... Mbv ua una 9th letters and vouchers filed in support of
" irv i
the mi! stance ol Denton's bill, n:
resolution as il now stands on t!.
It is matter of history that Mr.
have the audacity " to send :'
sener wilh the House resoluti :
the 3rd March, a few minute !
out of office ; and that Mr. VV.
confirmed this act of Mr. Ca.h r
ting Texas into the Union, an 1 1
States in a state, of -war vih JV
Knowing that my esteemed Jni
'roaring festivities and the clamor of Mex
lean oaths of patriotism, swore to drive
(he perfidious Yankees," the " barbari
an of the North," from the sacfed soil of
the "magnanimous republic. $Gfir days
later, on tbcjjl'jth, the Mexicanlca-nnon at
Monterey Was playing upon Gen. Taylor,
as with n Ijttle reconnoitering party, he
rode up to inspect for himself the lormi
dable defences of citadel, redoubts, forti-
ficd heights, and stone houses wilh na ra
pe ts, each ft Moorish fortification, or a 1 deemed, an assured victory over, an illus
If patt of one great Moorish fortification, ! trious victim, provided to his hand (won
(l embracing the whole city, which it was ( derful coincidence of folly ! for we do; not,
the farthest optpost of Agua Nueva, ra
ther than shut himself up within the cita
delled safety of Monterey, he had, as the
world has lon known1,, but 4,073 men of
whom only about one-tenlh were regulars
artillery anp horse not a single com
pany of infantry to meet the 21,340 men,
composing thie Mexican army. These,
well armed 4n(l equipped, Santa Anna
had provided, kt San Louis Potosi, ready.
tor a sudden $woop upon, and, what he
H now necessarv he should carrv bv storm.
R and that, too, within a few days, to pre
vent the effects of an entir0 want ot all
p the-necessaries of war and cf 1 i IV? in his
own army. ;
And so he carried it. What need ol
of course, impute it' to a designed guilt)
by the same unfortunate administration
which had so foolishly sent himself to
Mexico, to re-animate and re-organize his
defeated countrymen, r ; !
There, then; lay, wilh his feeble force,
the deserted pro, in that solitary post
teDeaiinz the details of this irlorious siece,
of which everv navicular has become a1 among the Mexican mountains, entirely
I part of thcreclollectionsof every American ! beyond the reachjof relief or of any hope
I mind-4the 'chivalrous exploits of Worth's out of his own camp or heart ; many a
l ISlOn OH iUJB Weal, Carrying-llie UIUIUU v.ij mnv mauiuiiLv v muim-n.j
heights j anil hemming in the Mexicans in ny a league from the line of the Kio
I tl. f ' 1 . I 1. 1 .1 1 . . n k ( i rn nln ft irrlm an1 pnnit'. t oo IP of-
f mc rear, anu me uiootiy tiituiis ujiuu uic . , y.m vuoini, io n i
J town itself, ou the east, made under the ! the head of th-p proudest army on the fron-
orders of Tavlor himself. On the second tiers of his own country; expecting the
day the f Weak man had the stron man at attack,! whiclf he had already provided He may have a bank and coixs and not be worth
' for. even to the field of battle, on which a penny have small caps, and neiiher wife
nor cnutiren. umers may run lasi, oui ne gets
along swiftest by setting fast. He may be
that the fame of Monterey was
eclipsed by the greater splendors of Bue
na Vista, and that Zachary Taylor was
enshrined in the very hearts of bis coun
trymen ; and no wonder that the purpose
of those hearts was confirmed, to call his
great qualities into a new; field of civil
action, in which it was felt thatiprecisely
such qualities were wanted. -Jntegrity
and honor a spbtless life! and rigid code
of moral principles ; simplicity, frankness,
kindness of heart; moderation of views
and feelings, prudence, excellent good
sense and judgment : add to these, invin
cible COSfancy of purpose and a bravery 4th For overpayments on ac
nkvflvs n f.lm nml r fl,.W i v- L? n, x t count of annuities under the
ii i , . i . P Appropnation Act of the loth
assuredly have presented ousimany of i of May, 1820,
those noble trails which Went tOj Compose 5th For overpayments on ac-
the solid character of Washington, and i count of annuities under the
fitted mz to shine so well so equally well i rVitlll?
. , i , j otn r or overpayments on ac-
Ill the camp and the cabinet. ! j count of annuities under the
It is from the stronirlv marked analogies Appreciation Act of the 25th
of character that the people of the United
States have formed their opinions of the
fitness of General Taylor for the office of
President of the United States ; to which,
if we can believe the signs of the times,
they have manifestly maderup their minds
to elect him.
(To be Continued.)
the following items in the accoun render
ed by Gov. Cass against the United Slates,
the 21st July, 1832, (about one year after
his appointment s Secretary of War,) and
said not to be embraced in any of the pre
vious quarterly settlements of his accounts
with the Government, to wit: for alleged
balances and overpayments made by him
as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, on the
following accounts, as per document 112,
3d session, 25th Congress, page 16, to wit:
1st For overpayments on ac
count of contingencies for In
dian department, $3,398 55
2d For overpayment to Indian
sub-agents, 363 15
3d For overpayments on ac
count of 'presents to Indians' 416 80
I Senate amendment as the
CHAPTER OF SECRET HISTORY. ' ; MVSrw"
From the New York Ereuing Pott.
The two letters which are subjoined, form an
important passage in the secret history of the
Annexation of Texas. Our readers are aware
that several Democratic members of the Uni
ted States Senate strove to induce Congress to
adopt such a method of annexing Texas as
j would avoid the danger of a war with Mexico,
! and satisfy every part of the Union. The plan
1,448 00 i of Mr. Benton, proposing to arrange by neo- had taken a deep Interest in tli
j nation the terms on which Texas should be ad- " ' before Congress, I ad Ire
j milted into ihe Union, had ihese objects iu view. bim requesting a statement of 1.1-
! If it had been adopted, we should have acquir. ' fll WB lhe '",!,,,?lio X) "ll
I . , .. 1 the benate. The following is I.;-
1,520 00 j etJ lexas without war, bloodshed, or a nationa
debt. The Democratic Senators who support
! ed it had it in their power to compel Congress J
to adopt their method or none. II ow they were ;
induced to consent to a measure which put it in
the power of the President to annex Texas and
, the war at once is related in the letters. They '
2,426 66 ! were betrayed into the step, it seems, by an act
of the grossest perfidy, which is' disclosed in '
i the letters of Mr. Tappan and Mr. Blair, which
I we publish to day.
j We think, for our part, that this fraud should
; have been disclosed the moment it was consum-
mated tho moment that Mr. Polk, after his
j solemn promises after all his pretences of
haste to recall Mr. Tyler's clandestine messen- f annexation, which necesiaiily 1 r
it the war in which lexas was n
Mexico. All had determined to a
Silver Spkim; Ji '; :
Hon. Ben). Tappan, SleulcncL'lc, (
Dear Sir : You letter of il- I
asks me to state what I know
the Texas question was got ihrowL t"
I comply, and will not encumber I;
with immaterial details. i
When the resolution passed by i!
Representatives for the annexation
reached the Senate, it was asceria"
would fail in that body. Beiibm, I'
Haywood, aud, as I understand, ) .
absolute in opposition to this nak !
j ger, and to -revoke the offer of which he was
tho bearer, declared in his annual message that
he had ratified Mr. Tyler's proceedings, and
1 confirmed his offer to annex Texas and the war.
': A regard to their own reputation, it seems to
' us, should have led them to make a frank and
j full disclosure of the treachery and duplicity hj
which they were made involuntary accomplices
biil submitted by. Col. Benton,' f,r t:
ment of a commission tu arrnnr t!
annexation wilh Texas, and to make l'
to tender its accession to our Union
ble as possible to Mexico before its c
lion. It was hoped lhat this point ;:
been effected by giving (as has L r:
ine laie ireaiy oi peace; a pecutu m
! in the guilt of precipitating the country into a ration, fully equivalent in value fr ti.
7th For alleged balance on ac
count of the Treaty at Prairie
8th For alleged overpayments
and balances due him on ac
count of Indian Department,
prior to 1829,
! war. They seem, on their part, to have thought
The only important point, however, is the
J truth of the narrative. Mr. Tappan and Mr.
, Blair agree in its circumstances, and, if more
testimony were needed, there are other Sena-
tors who, if they ever speak on the subject, w ill
tell the same story. We are sorry fur the pre-eminence
in trickery which it gives Mr. Polk
desired by the United Slates, and
Texas could justly assert any title. 'I.
ate had been polled; aud il was . .
that any two of the Democratic Sfi..v,
were opposed to Brown's resolution, !.'.
pased the House, could defeat it, the
Whig party preferring annexation by i
tion. upon Col. Benton's plan, that of ! .
While the question was thus pending. S
Mr. Brown, (late Governor ofjTenr.esM ,
a member of the House) who snge !
the resolution of the House and the bill f '
Amounting in all, as per docu
ment 112, 3d session, 25th
Congress, page 16,
A printer is the most curious bejng living.
making impressions without eloquence ; may
use the lyk without offending, and be telling
truth ; while others cannot stand when they
set ; he can set standing, and even do both at
Uri and. vpulunteers had wrapped in a j he was resolved to bring Santa Anna to
girdle of bayonets and grape-shot a Mex-; a stand, and ;to beat him. We say, to
ican city , of .fifteen thousand inhabitants, j " beat him ;" for, incredible though it may
deended by va garrison of ten thousand seem, all the circumstances prove that
toldiers ; i and on that second day the city , General Taylor, knowing, for he was per-
l ' ' . 1 t i . i r jiL' i . . , i.. - P
larew up its nanus lor quarters, ana tne , iccuy aware oi, oania Annas immensely game ,ime; may make furxitire, and yet
ten thousand Mexican soldiers hoisted a superior forces five to one never once have no dwellin" : mav make and put away pi,
1 at - aa.-f.. & O 7 J I J
nag of truce, and capitulated. This was bad tne slightest doubt that ne should re: jajid" never see a pie" much less eat it during
the third glory of Taylor in this war. pulse and vanquish him. The selection ,j3 life be a human being and a rat at the
,HqW. this nation exulted! It was only of a field of conflict at the narrow pass of same time may press a great deal and not
the newborn malice of political jealousy Buena Vista,--a kind of Thermopylae lor ask a favor may handle a shooting iron, and
for on a sudden the wondrous popularity ; the Americans, where a small army know nothing about a cannon, gun, or pistol
acquired; ;by Taylor as if by magic, and might best oppose a large one, and the
the presentation of his name as a candi- continued refusal to fall back behind the
date for the high ofiiee ol President by Sierra Madrej bhovved thrs plainly enough,
vast numbers of citizens, and in particu- j which never, fjiowever, was declared in
lar by tho entire Whig partyi, had render-, boastful worijs or promises; though it
su hiiu ii yujecioi terror to the scheming once oroKe out in a hasty expression, sig
Administration which;had made the war; ! niiicant of all the General's thoughts,
It; was 'only, the strangely Unnatural and j when an officer one day as the anecdote
ungrateful hatred of Locofocoism which ' has it ventured, rather freely, to ask
strove, for a moment, to, censure that ca-; what he thought Would be the result of
paulalion, and to reprehend, nay, if pos-: General Santi Anna's making a sudden
jble, tojerush, the bravo old victor for the 1 march upon them from San Luis; to which
n of not haying finally captured or ex. Taylor quickly replied, that the result
terminated the whole garrison, and put, would be his making a " sudden march
iPertiaps; the whole wretched population ; back again."? And so it happened !
over Mr. Tyler. In all future histories of the
annexation of Texas, this story of a promise Benton.) preferred by the Senate, uu.
solemnly given and deliberately violated, will tended, making the latter arj alternative
form a part. ... . x .
I h:ivf lime In rnnsnmmil lh mo'imrti I
MESSRS. TAPPAN AND BLAIR.
Steubenville, Ju!y2l, 18 IS.
To the Editor of the Ec. Post :
Dear Sir : Since ihe admission of Texas less ihey were satisfied in advance by Mr. 1'
into the Union was consummated, I have thought, that the commission and negotiation ctr.u
Secretary at jr after th e issue and pay- on (hat Teq,lir.c plaled by Mr. Benton's plan would be tried,
&1ZmJX finafs; : ed explanation. I was in favor of receiving fore that of direct legislatirej .nnexv; .i :, v
unt was suspended owine to " the peculiar lhat State into the Union as soon as il could resorted lo. He desired me to see Col. Bet.
10th -The requisition drawn on the Treasury in favor
of Gov. Cass, No. 206, dated the 21st of July, 1832,
about a year after his appointment, as Secretary at
War, to settle the balance alleged to be due bim on
account of the overpayments, &c.,' aforesaid, same
document and same page, 35,075.
11th The endorsement on the said accounts, by Gov.
Cass, then Secretary at War, after the issue and pay
ment of said
of his account was suspended owing to " the peculiar
position which I (Gov. Cass) stand with relation to
the Department," until the 5th of December, 1837,
when his account was finally closed, as appears by the
letter ofWm. B. Lewis, 2d Auditor, of that date, as
per document 112,3d session, 25th Congress, page 16.
According to this resolution, gtvinjrTacts, dates and
figures, carefully hunted out and arrayed in order, Gen
have time to consummate the meature) t
under one or the other al his discretion. 1 t
Mr. Brown that I did not beliere that tl.-i I
ocratic Senators opjwsed to h rrtob.li' a
the House, and who. hud hadj its fate ia t!
hands, would consent to this arran?em'-::t,
he may move the lever that moves the world,
and he as far from moving the globe as a hog
with his nose under a mole hill spread sheets
without being a housewife he may lay his
be done on fair and just terms, and with the and the friends of his proportion, subtt it
consent of Mexico ; and I believed, from all I suggestions be had made, ana then confer
could learn, that this might be accomplished at Mr. Polk, to know whether hewou!d meet t!
a less eipense than It would cost lo wag a war views. I complied : and after 'n"f eral i:.1
of one year's duration for obtaining it. So din- views wilh Mesrs. Hywo6dt; Ben'ur, ;
posed, I bad not only voted against Mr. Tjler's others, (Mr. Allen, of Ohio, un his "u.f. .
ireatv of annexation, because it was exception- in the same direction.) finding lhat lie t
Cass received bis 2000 per annum as Governor of ajje jn j,s terms, butin violation of a rule of plans could be coupled and curried, if h v
Michigan Territory for some thirteen years, and besides tj,e Senate, from an imperative sense of public understood that the pacific project was It
some sixty odd thousand dollars, for other services, and tJutv DacJ published it, and ihe correspondence he tried, I consulted the President tied t
moneys alleged to have been paid out of his own funds, with which it was accomnanid. because t op. subject. I 1
for the Government, during the same period of time. wared in me that the tcliole affair afforded eri- In ihe conference I bad with him, !.
erey to the sword.
It was on the 21st of February, 1847, confinement.
form on his bed and yet be oblige a 10 JP j After he had made the8e ch and hi, denceof a daring conspiracy to divide the Union, me full assurance lhat he voutd ajjx.ir:'
tho flinr hi mav use the T witnouti sneoumi 1 , J . . 3 ' . . ... . . .t1. i n
J umvmmw j j
blood, and from the earth may handle the ;
he may be of a rolling disposition, and yet
never desire to travel ; be may have a sheep's
foot, and not be deformed ; uever bo without
a case, and know nothing of law or physic ;
be always correcting his errors and yet
growing worse every day; have cm-bracks
without Pipr hnrinir the arm of a laSS around
bim bvn tZ Irv-kpH on and ai the same ; count during the first year be presided over
" MSk9 V A V
lime be free from iail. watch house,1 or other
pay, the regular salary aa Governor and 860,000 and arraying the free and slate States against mission, as contemplated in titfhiU prrj ;
upwards, in the shape of extra allowances, he was made eact other ; evidence which considerations en- ot. ncmon, ij passea in conjunct un v.
Secretary of War. S tirely paramount to all Senatorial formulas re- I House resolution as an alternative. I..
It appears that when he enters on the duties of the quired to be immediately divulged. , course of my conversation with Mr. IV.V . 1
Chief Officer of the War Department, he found himself The inquiry is a very natural one how men ' him that the friends of this p!4n were
indebted to the Government 818,000. What course did ; who desired the admission of Texas and roted that the eommission should be fJ. led U
he pursue! Why according to Mr. Stewart's Resolu- against the treaty of annexation, could after- guished mn or lth parties, arid lhat (..
tion offacts.datesandfigures.be made up . new ac- wards vote for the resolution brought into the . Ion had menUor.ed to ne ihe names , . I
count durin- the first year be presided over the War De- House ot Keprescnlativcs by Jir. Minn urojn, : - - ...... -
partment in which he ch.rge.Ue fresh sum of $53,128 which was more exceptionable in it. terms ; than ; tbuuld be forunrd. Mr. Pu Ik resr-.n
lTnS"u Government or past extra services ren- ; the treaty. Now that the war with Mexico . 1 clarmg with an emphasis, - Vhat t,: :