1 . 1
n tv! Q Tni: cui'cTi:vii4i:.M rn.l-. Tnr. roH.
'aissioN.", I comtnuiiicrtied the result of ibis
iiulervieMr tt-Mri. Jicntun, Dix, Haywood,.
i..-., , ..... ! 1 . . .. . . : .. I ... ... f
ui!pn: pbraseohijy of IJenton's bill, lo suit
iin.aii alternative for the resolution of the lionise,
jktul trwaa passed after u very genera! under
landing of the course which the measure was
i Doth MfssrfJ Dix and Hayirood told mc they
hafl intcrncics with Mr. Polk ont lid subject if
thi rommunicaJion 1 had r ported to them from
hw, and they were confirmed by h'n immediate
asturancc fa pursuing the course uhichlhey had
rehired on in consequence of my representation
of f his purpose hi regard- to the point on which
ii.. -tU,t .lmttfit, tr L After the law was nass-
mifjr uinvn in "
cdjj and Mr. -lJk inaMgu-it d, l.o npIicd to
Oin. Dix (a.s L a ni informed ly ihc fatter) lo
llr'MJ UK' tjriMIC 111 UA V Ul'inj Willi i mv ru-mvj-
. . I.-. I... ;,!..! ! district,
t 1 J - ' ' r , . . i at diflerynt tin.es during the session, with opin
1119 " UWIMH3I IIU'JII wiiuiiiiM .....-. ...... . .j
falfoffjufc'i the instant recall of the Messenger
vndcr stood to hive been despatched by Mr. I y
leh and' to revoke his orders given
It. a DONNELIi, OF N. a,
I I OX TUB ( 1. w .
; bferedAhy Mr. Clayton iti lhc 1 Senate
as u 'Compromise of the Question of Sla
vcryin the Territories: Delivered in
the House of Representatives of the U. S.
Mil. $pkaeer : I am aware that, in declar
ing rfluVtaucc lonsk the atlenti..:i i.f the House
lo my view's of the important constitutional question.-
gowin out of the nrcession of territory
under tTe late. treaty with Mexico, I am adopt
ing the customary, and often unmeaning, intro
diK'lion o speeches in this Hall, In my case,
at least j I trust you will believe it is sincerely
My cpllerigue from the fifth Congressional
Mr. enable,) has indulged the House
,-itadel and' whose "voire ahtl opinions wotild ! admits il l.y the strongest application. It make?
have Welded forever the claims, .if the South- a form of government, for Oregon, California.
:d committed his constituents, politically, lo i and lcw Mexico, in m.co a.iu
o mercy of the North. In doing so, I shall ! forma it eslabhsnes jiJcmd of oligarchy, with-
the reasons which induced me to bold from tfee people, oi me icmior.es u.r
"ivc an nfiirmative vote on the motion to lay the j voice in tbe enactment of the laws that arc to j pro
Senate bill, known as the Compromise bill, ! govern them. The Legislative power is al i re
unon the table. (vested in their governors, secretaries, and . fere
...... j . niii'fpt i nu n mi i -1 r i j ;i 4ii j itaiun- w
I gave that vote with a lull sense ot the pain- , j r ; '!nmLitrMm;1,,;on of the newer which ! cnou-h to abolish slavery.
mjmj -. -
4dn$ which I do not think either meet or merit
the! approbation of a majority of the people of
1 i f thcrState which he and I, in part, represent. I
tn inc. las: i t ....-i ., . . ,.r :
moments of his potccr. to thirart the design ot j . a ; .
" V .' n 'in llin luiiie that some at nor I C.pnresn'ative from
. ilAxfinifliirii ir,- l'n'i.- flip mrnni . .
LUflljf fT i ." f... i.i. ..... j,.... -
of inst tinting' a negot iation uilh a view of brivg.
ful responsibility then resting upon an Ameri
can Representative. No one in this Hail re
alized more fully than I did the obligation we
were under lo adopt, if possible, some measure
that would lend to calm the public mind upon
this excising subject. I regarded that bill as
a blind surrender of the claims of the South, a
treacherous bait thrown out to entangle her.
And, so fir from bein
afrlfritli.n In thn riiiintrv
J o . j i C 4 a
bpo-muiivT of another convulsion more violent : T OI ur
- r- - e . i
ilUU iimhu iu UK uicaucu tuait un " men i hi;
Union has yet encountered, would not grasp
at the shadow, and let go the subsfance.
The only claims which it had to southern sup
port are founded on what is called the. non-intervention
principle ; that is, the principle that
Congress should not legislate upon the subject
of slavery in the territories. It is contended
table descendants are now in the fistncl I be re
presents, there is a proviso or condilion that
,k no regula'.ion made, or to be made, by Con.
gress, shall tend to emancipate slaves." This
admits the power to be in Congress, and it
proves also tb'it, in those Uays o simplicity, a
regulation" was not thoughi to bo a very dif-
rent thin" from a law. ai mi evenu, wnem-
" i I ;
nmi-republican feature of the er a law or not, it was luougoi campreuens.ve
To be Continued.
enacts with ihat which interprets, or declares
the Taw, would be sufficient in an ordinary case
lo determine! rny vole against it. No one who
advocates this bill can deny the right of Con
gress to legislate upon the subject, for il is up
on that assumption that its character as acorn-
omio is founded. It is at least intended to
wn out to entangle her. ! P'0"1' ana' , u " ,7 "V
g a measure to quiet the ! make Vh ,m?rf ?S.'n V l,ho nrlh ,ha, , U
iTry, I regarded it as the firms lhe prph.b.t.on of slavery in the lerr
1 i t" L. tv of Oregon for a limned time.
If 1 may be allowed a digression here, I will
! commend to the attention of the House another
j extract from my colleague's speech, which,
I when taken in connection with his subsequent
I vote, affords another striking example of his
! powers of vaticination, as well as tho practical
! application of his doctrines about truth :
! "I know that it i3 asscrled, and that by
Salisbury, HT. C.
THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 24, 1849.
GENERAL ZACIIARY TAYLOR.
tjgf Texas peaceably into the Union
i. i our irienu,
I 1'. 1 liLAlU.
THK BUFFALO CONVENTION.
southern statesmen, that Congress has uniimi-
'i T'i ted power of legislation over the territories ; but
the sub- ).,. . . i . r, it
.i r .1 1... Cii, 1 i II U1I3 UC I UL, llicil vyimicss um,
fron hiili, requires an answer from some one
of lis bijforc we jo back to our constituents.
He made a speech here oil the first day of June
jiiqsnvrr)' thing else but mostly of Nor-
ithdrn Democrats driven from the parly
bylthe nominution .of Cass, Iihvc3 nomina
tciMrtftiil.Vnn Hurrn for the Presidency,
nriu Ctuulcs t. idatns lor Hie V ice rrs-
We look upon this nomination as lalal j avuw
to thci Democratic part at the North, , presents but one Congressional district.
llt. mnfmr ... r.nivii!. r it n k d.. fn not. bi'O speaW for that, and I shall not object.
Mkrtln Van Uuren is the ctnemy of Lew- h Pe:!.rf tho.blal as hoJu,l,g hf .
is Crtss. and. takins advantage of this ot iir. l'Oik on the su.yecl ot interna
luenis an iuc ve
the; fctate on this side of ihc House would reply ! , . , , r r ,i n
. It, . r i i i mai, under me isonsmuuon oi me u. otaies,
to him. 1 I do nol feel at liberty to re.ma.n si- i .... , r . '
, i . . ,r j . anu w u noui any aw oi ionsress upon
lent uiivtlonver. I he extraordinary manner in . . .. . . J , , -,.'
" -5 . " . " : I mrT trirt itione it thn cmvfl nine hnva
which lie has reflected upon those who diJJer ; rT; C-l" 'commit the entire government of the persons
i IUl LJ IT UU II 3i(l3 lllllf UJl' lllllUI 1 Ul t. . -II
lA?wrS ..v it;i.i tn.oa . nnrt it.-.i ,u.n and property ill the territories to the will of a
slaves would be regarded and protected there ng1c individual, and thus present the anomaly
as property by the Constitution, although there i . . . . . !
in the territory at the tune of its ces- , " . " u"" V "r'Z . r r u I
ch excluded the institution. This, I as umJ uurV "T, luc
s the doctrine of my colleague. 1 con- r 10 evc0' m,nav, !
My colleague wouiu seem, wnn me power oi
Cassandra, to have f neseen that he would be j
rallefl imnn bv hid own oartv friends and south-
. I I . , l ' c ioo iiaiii, i iiiu ijui iii9iiru iiiai i nine ua- "i j i ,
al.p repj sent, his opinions as the opinions of ,ract?iis idea , ,he ini , wag puzz,ed e,n coadjutors to vote for a bill vesting lhe le-
inc. oiaie. now came sue ins Carolina . . . . , . ,Ur ... ,
..-t. 4f i , i . i ... . at the outset. He fays down in the lust para-
i urn uiu miu uccornrnouaie i) in wnn uer ii;uiiu , . , . . . .,,,,
c ' , s , , , . . , . ! crapl). as the basis of his argument, this new
i lor the endorsement ot such oinnions as he then p .' ... . , . .
ed ? 1 beguiim lo remember that he re- j 1
L.t "I ruin reduced to its elemental' principles
Hut ! " affiirds the only safe guide .to investigation,
opinions " and lhe only satisfactory conclusions are those
, i ,t i i 'r i r L .1 I a ,
improve- j wnicn are iurmcu iroin sucn a uevciopmeni.
ry time that we hau upon our In mv simnlicitv I had supposed that truth
.1.. . . . . , last wluftli 1 did hot have, the measure or ttertr. I
. Tins moUcy nsscmti age, composeu oi . j , ! f , . , . . . 1 , . . i was a a
Alio htionists oMioth parties, Hai iiburners, ; j ., . , i.:.,r i. i sion whi
Liberty men. 1 ree soil fanatics, and al- i cu. iWn f,' f,,lnl ... T rom,Jr..iwl. I believe, i
( a a m v w i vri lit f I V A. III la
r -i ... t . I . i l: &
a flint l n c idite r.n thn I I h id li mi'ifir I
,u I , . i ; ,r . i . i i y ; 'or, a thouh 1 have read his remarks again
uiitjn this sunji'ct of internal improvement, be. I ; '. ' . T " . . c , , . ; -
, t . , ,i r' nntl again, I am uot satisfied that i have ex-
The 55ti !joi tied r.rt!
Carolina 'Argus, 5
views, on the inis-c:.
which lately pr.s-.
Senate and failed i::
scntaties, that we
to any thing of our t
How any man cnu!
unless it was for ti
the latter part eft!
terly at a loss to
that it was grasp u
the substance was
pouring out the via!
upon tho devoted 1.
members of Co:.p
ing on the table t!
commonly called, t".
lately pending I :
Are these grr.t!
they know what i
tell us what were f '
about the passage
much anxiety ? '
to inform us upon
in dispute was to !
portion c the tr -i i
and California wr.
I nrr1inrtinn nf fb .v
his slaves? Un U:
I1ENUY A. WISE. stitution'to be lo! cr
This great man, who twelve years be free, and what :
ago, went to greater lengths in abuse and j We have never :
denunciation of the Locofoco party, than JeH; but fr(?ma
u-.ii ii i iiiu i uu iui .
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
OF NEW YORK.
Dist. No. 1 KENNETH RAYNER.
" " 2 EDWARD STANLY.
" " 3 HENRY W. MILLER.
4 W. H. WASHINGTON.
" " 5 G EO RG E ) V I S.
. C JOHN WINSLOW.
" " 7 JOHN KERR.
8 WILLIAM WITHERS.
9 JAMES W. OSBORNE.
" 10 -TODD R. CALDWELL.
" " 11 JOHN BAXTER.
Vr4a Soil movement, he trios no thcl Pres-
T " - .-- f J - .
idential heels ol lhe. isnid Lewis without
AtHAPcn fiit Itiu i1r..itl in iVir "Vtrf
made inevitable by1 tjie divison of the
Detnocratic vote while by the same
incWns, the vote of that great State is sc
cufed to General Taylor.
.So much for the Aristocratic principles
which ultcmpts td prevent tho majority
from ruling, lor fear that the schemes of
politicians may be defeated, and sets aside
it great fundamental principle, when con
venient, in favor of atwo thirdls rule. As
. Uns and his friends defeated Martin in
the Haltimore Convention which nomina
ted I'olk in 1 8 1 f. just so surely will Mar
tin and his friends defeat Cass before the
people in 1 8 IS. Itule or ruin," is now
thilir motto. !
i tr ' i .J f . . ? .i
Mip iiaxo no means oi estimating me C0B ncvc ride unless Congress will improve
prqhahlo sfrcnglh oj ibis Free Soil party, j the inlets Ion the coast. The lights there can
in Ihc different States represented in the j i;ver serve our navy, and are, therefore, ac
Uulfalo Convention. It is our impression ! cording tofhis argnmeur, unconsiiiuiional. Wis
inougii, inai ouiswie oi iew i orw, anu i u'mocraijc irienus, wno nave the ottices there
desjts the! resolutions of her last legislature re
questing Jus to use our exertions to obtain an
appropi i ;il ion from Congress for the purpose of
reopening one of the inlets on her coast. Not
content t disregard her expressed wish ; nay,
more, oplnly, I had almost said, reproachfully
to thwartfit, as far as his speeches against the
whole system would have a tendency to do it,
he -must misrepresent her Hews upon the sub
jeejj, and unwarrantably invoke her spotless
n a line to support doctrines which, by her actions,
slid had jfiai repudiated. Those constituents of
mine wh have been tempted to read his re
maiks, have been, no doubt, startled to find their
own Slat declaring, that alnv'ist all the liiht
houscs aifd light-boats on her sounds and her
rivers aref there, and have been there since the
beginning of the Government, in direct viola
tion of the Constitution. Lei me inform my
colleagueilhat on those waters a ship of war
was itself an elementary principle in all scien
ces in politics as well as philosophy. I was
not a little startled at a proposition to reduce it,
lest it should approximate its antagonistic prin
ciple. I was relieved to find lhat it was after
wards to be developed again. Not being very
well skilled in metaphysics, I have not yet fully
comprehended what it was when it had gone
tbrough my colleague's crucible, and come out
in its new form. Hut this profound piece of
metaphysics enabled me afterwards to reconcile
gislative power of New Mexico in four men,
:l iwl iti.-il . if rV.i ! i t! ir n i 1 5i five ivlui H'ii n In l.a
tho creatures of executive appointment. When man of lat day ; and who, against
this compromise bill was before us for action, j Gen. Cass, espicially, as one of lhat party,
he would appear to have lost, iu the realization made charges the most serious, and "to
of the exercise of such power by Congress the lhose ch addc( C Soiemnif of an
hnrrnr ti illi it'lii. li mo nn ii'innlan il llu Imnr
..w..va i . . r ....... . . v - ii, iviiui vu ... & . . . vj
.1 ? .1 I
ged the " monstrosity," and sustained the '-fal- j man, man wnom no one was
lacy," but there was no inconsistency. His Esteemed more devotedly attached to Whig
magical metaphysics vindicates his vote upon ; principles this man, who called so loudly
' .1 l-.l .1... wr
the motion toay tbe bill uiion the table. He
reasoned upon truth " reduced," but voted upon
truth h developed."
The power of general legislation being es
tablished, what is there to except power over
lhe subject of slavery. No one contends that
there is any express clause in the Consti
tution which so restricts it. Why, is not the
for a " union of the "Whigs for the sake of
the Union" this man is now, strange to
tell, as strong a Locofoco as he was a
Whig ; and more strangely still, denoun
ces his old friends, the Whigs, with great
er bitterness than the most rabid of tbe
power of Congress over the territories as great j original Locofocos. And yet more strange
j as the power1 of a State Legislature over the
some apparent contradictions in his remarks, j State ? No one denies that a State Legislature
which would have otherwise hopelessly puzzled i may forbid or establish it within the limits of the
me. He starts with the position, that the only State. Why may not Congress exercise the
legislative power winch Congress has over the j same over the territories ? It is said by the Se.
than all, is an elector on the Ticket of
Lewis Cass, the man against whom he
came forward in Congress, and volunta
rily swore, that to the best of his knowledge
territory of the United States under the Con- j nator from South Carolina, that the restriction and bcli(.ft had bccn guity whiU. Secrc.
stitulion must be found in the clause which de- ; is to be found in the nature and objects of lhe 1 , - , , ,
' perhaps Oliio, their influence will not be because thy have been to their party like Dog
felt iu the Presidential Hleclion while it i 'rry swatch, "good "mm and true,' have been
i insures both those States" for Taylor. As
Old ttack will sweep the 'Union any bow,
nil ijie terror in the North must beonlin
ed to flit!; Drnocritic ranks and we re
gard it ns ominousof complete and uni
versal overthrow to Cass and the Demo
cracy. N. C. Times. ,
THE OK EG ON BILL.
Wo slopped the press, late on 'Monday
night, to announce the fact, that the Pres
ident had signed the" Oregon Bill. The
alarmed t learn from my honorable colleague
lh.1t they lire sleeping in unconstitutional berths
and trimming unconstitutional lamps. We may
erect beacons for our navy, and if tlie same
Iiliit should happen to save a trader from shm-
w . j ' i
wreck, why, it's al! well enough. IIo;will not
: cohiplain.l The Government mirsl tuin awav
j from the cjry of the sinking mariner, unless he
j sails undeijr the stiipes and stars, and wears the
I unijorm off her navy. All those beacons upon
the watery of his lown Carolina" that fret with.,
j golden li;Jit the dark recesses of her bays, and
: throw a welcome radiance over the maddened
, waves to 2uidt!,the sailor on his nathluW wav.
JJaltimoro Sun of Tuesday, confines this are to bo extinguished, and there is no consi'i
intelligence. That paper says : j tutjonal pcver which can such lights " relume.''
Thp presiding ofiicers of tbe two Hons- I BUt ldesujo to direct my remaiks to the speech,
cs Imtnediately signed the bill, and it re- ; I -have in my hand, and which purports
r celveJ also4 the signal urc of the President, i o have bcen made on the first day of June last.
In-returning it to the House where it orig- i Plv-r?:l$ V1 s,Tch a1n0,,U!r maUei' M,uch
InntPi will. bi vi.mMtnr.. nrirnt. i ,uorc oojecuonaoie man uie one 10 winch 1
( w : wi;f.w "pftftffMa ii ij i.fti'
" Congress shall have power to dispose of,
and make all needful rules and legulations re
specting the territory or other property belong
ing to the United States ; and nothing in this
Constitution shall be so construed as to preju
dice any claim either of the United States or
of any particular State."
Imagine my surprise to find him, after argu
ing himself into the belief that there was no
power under this clause to govern our teriitory,
falling into the following train of thoughtful
" It is true, that the power to acquire territo
ry implies the power to govern it when acquir
ici-Te ui me . . r rr ...l l I..
trust. I admit that tho powers ofGovcrnme.it ini 01 ""r 01 olu nci5 WMICU 1,01 om
are a trust in the hands of those who constitute rendered him liable to impeachment, but
the legislative branch of the Government. But
this is not a trust subject to tho same rules
which are established by courts of equity to go.
vern the relations of the trustee to the ceslui
que trust. It is a trust sui generis, controlled
by its own principles, and the trustee is the su
preme power. Take, for example, the case of
public property in the hands of the Government,
to be disposed of by sale, with a view to its set
tlement and ultimate admission as a State into
the Union. The tiust does not, by the sale,
attach itself exclusively to the fund which aris
es from the sale. All interest iu the land is
were calculated to damn him forever in
the estimation of every honorable man in
the community : This man, Henry A.
Wise is out in a long letter, before the
world in justification of his apostacy, his
inconsistency and'.vc a letter, to have
for its author a great man, (as Henry A.
Wise, thinks himself, and some few oth
; ers think him to be.) is strange to a de
gree, wonderfully curious, and execeding-
uot lost; its naWe only is changed. It is the bT Tunny. It has no parallel in political
ed : but it is also true, that such government ! duty of the Government to look to the laws history, that we know of ; and we sincere-
must be in accordance with the Constitution, ffrhich are to govern the purchasers in the use Y )0pe that it may forever remain as il
l . .. ' .. .1 .... . . . ; . . mm ' ..f t n.nn.i ...M. .... . . . I. 1 J ' ' 1
uui voogiess ooes uoi acquire territory. 1 ue j Ul lllc '"op-,ji outu wmj icspeci 10 meir reia
Secretary delivered also a message in
writiiig, understood to be a protest against
that clause in the bill which contains tho
have alluded. It is the unchai iiableness of ac-
People of the United States acquire it, and have
the right to govern it, and have limited Con
gress, as their trustee, in the name of Govern
inent, by the Constitution." I
Again, iu a subsequent part of his remaiks :
" There can be no civil dominion over any
territory of the United States which is nol found
ed upon the Constitution."
Two distinct positions, one the result of an
-.argument based upon truth " reduced," the oth-
cr ujo:i truth "developed." 1 admit the pro.
1 constitutional question of deserting their con
Ct f t tT n t C I T M f I'Al f t !i '1 t lut n.-ltF A. 1 tl.iji tlmt Iwi
t I 1j - 1 . 7nuvic iii wiu 1 niiu in uint 111 iiii? ui'U lit
t'iMiiuii rowMj.munun suuseipjciu siage , in5y iiave some cxcu?c for the introd.icti..n of
cufing those colleagues who differ from him on ! position that lhe right " to acquire," brings with
1 . i .- t ! ! ... . ....
it, ex' necessitate, the right to govern teriitory;
but I believe that the clause in the Constitution
confers expressly upon Congress the right to
of the proceedings the Speaker of the 8uh matter, he refers on that first day of June I legislate fir teriitory belonging! to the United
iiouse siaicu 10 inai uooy mat an impor- j to a speech that was made by his colleague in
1 a lit message from the President was ly- tluj Seiiale (Mr. Badokk.) 0:1 the second day
jng1 on the tablf, but tin House would not of the samp month. He resorts to tlie proceed".
Upcild the. business then immediately iugs of lh Senate to find the excuse for intpo
under' COnsldeition if being then 20 mill- doling into his printed speech a sweeping de-.
Utc to J 1," to receive t4;e same. And this ' nuhciatioiifof all Southern gentlemen who were
message Was not read i.i tlx House.tliougb j o;uiitoituiate as to have an opinion upon a
11s to its character, what 1 h.ivn sfnt.wl I ' constitutional question differing from his. I
have IU) doubt may be relied upon.
Terrible and D struelivc Conflagration
in tilbany. About 10 o'clock last night,
wo received a -despatch announcing the
occurrence of one of the most awful and
iV. . I . r 1
rcier 10 1 rn,3 singular instance 01 clairvoyance,
or ;whatever else it may be, because I enteitaiu
thci. same opinion of tlie prwer of Congress over
territory belonging to the United States which
my collea'gaie was prescient of, while it was yet
unentered by the honorable Senator from N.irth
Carolina, and which called forth such uii'narin"
1 ? 1 i- . . .. 1 . . "
dcitruclive fires that has taken place in censure fiJm his indignant patriotism: and be"
t lie United States for many years.
States. If we have a right to acquire foreign
teriitory under the Constitution-, which I am
not prepared to admit, then it must necessarily
fall under the description of property provided
for by that clause. Laws are riiles ; they are
so defined in all the books. The word rule, in
its primary sense, is more comprehensive, but
is oft en used synonimously with law. A law is
a particular kind of rule. It is a "rule of ac
tion, prescribed by the supreme power in a
Slate." This is the very kind of rule, meant
by the Constitution. My colleague, following
the remarks of an honorable Senator fromS.
Carolina, Mr. Calhoux.) as they were "de.
veloped " in a speech, made after his, of the
1st. of June, sayj that this power is restricted
lions to one another and to the Government.
Il must be purchased upon this implied condi
tion. Otherwise, you would make it obligatory
upon-the. Government so to dispose of it as to
make it bring the largest sum of money, with
out reference lo any other matter. Vatiel thus
lays down lhe principle :
All lhe. members of a community have an
equal right to the use of the common property.
But the body of the community may make such
regulations on the manner of enjoying it as they
think proper, provided that these regulations are
not inconsistent with that equality which ought
to be preserved in a community of properly."
"All the members of a body having an equal
right to their common properly, each ought to
have the profit of il in a manner that does not
injure, in any manner, the common use."
These principles, applied to our action on the tongs,
subject of slavery, would seem to indicate a fair
partition of our whole territory, with a reference
to its situation, soil, and climate, as lhe true
basis of a compromise. Il is true that, sti icily
speaking, the exclusion of slavery from the ler.
ritory would not exclude any citizen of the
deserves, an isolation as complete as its
disgrace is above .any thing of the kind on
record. Well may the Whig press of Vir
ginia laugh lo scorn the worse than vain
attempt ot .Air. Vise to justify his course ; ! it? Could be not pu;
... W. ..... .
portant seclion at ;
Section 2G pro j.' .
power of said terri;
shall otherwise pnni
ernor, Secretary, an 1 .
Court, who, or a n - j
power to pass any 1 r
justice in said territj
pugnant lo this act,
laws and constituti :
no law shall be pas? .
marj disposal of the
liibment of religion, .
no tax shall be nr.;
the U. States, nor s!. .
perty of non-resiJc in
lands or other prop-ii ;
laws shall be suhrrn;:
United States, and, if
Now, if this be t:
the mountain bran
labor the grand j
heal the difficulties
XT . 1 .1 O !
iorui nnu iuc ouuu.
concord upon lhe tr
terness and strife :
ly obliged to those
the House who vet?
the table. What c
tain ? What sccuri:
South does itprovi !
propose to put to i
verilv, we are told !
of the Bill, had it L
the Southern man i:.
any part of New M
and settled with his ;
right to do so had b:
he might have lc. '.
Court of - ihc U. Stat.
And can he not do .
mcnt on the subject 1
out tlie passage of tl.
On Wednesday last, a fire broke! out. should be jfioted here wln-re my colleague's re.
which destroyed FIVE HUNDIiEI) hcus- marks re Represented lo have been made. I
s, Sriveraf vessels were involved in the ' ,h,?,w hcf "H'.M'n lhe charges which he has
general destruction, ihewing lhat the con- f'"l!ae,,ly headed upon others. I will
. ilagration must have taken place nearthc ; e,,?pa.vr f show-that it i he and those who
basin.-the business part of the city. "" T wL. e .deserters, who have
The loss sustained i estimated at TWO null(?d dwn lhe flaS' and surrendered the
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, and tho dis- ; ,Mr. VEiL. who wn, raised u ,he sker
t fAMfttt llllil IlillKlHIl I ! . I . . A ..... Il ll. . ' Tir ft .
.iiiv iiiix inurij 111,11 mufci n-fcuii mere- aio?r mt. unnell's hour expired, in the course of an
right, which would practically destroy, or un
justly impair it. On the other hand, while the
toleration of slavery would not prevent a citi
zen of the free States from going there, ii is
contended that, according to his views, it im
poses such ohji c ionabio political and social cn-
caiise I think it due to Mr. Badger that the lad to such rules as are necessary toi dispose of tho i cumbrances upon the territory, as, practically,
and if the Locofoco partv expect to retain
him on their Ticket as an Elector, we do with his slaves; ar
most heartily commend them for the zeal were called in quests
,. , 1 .i 1 . 1 1 .1 u ; peal to the Courts to
displayed m the work to which they have ' 1 . r .
, , , , , ,. 1 possession or lus prr,:
loaned themseves tbe work of concealing 1 very cannot cxi-t in
the deformity of ibis interesting "subject." been abolished bylaw.
And if we were a democratic voter in Vir- j tablishcd and legaliz! !
ginia, we have only lo declare that, rather ' ritory where it does r
than handle that ticket we would not vote g?sitivc enactment ?
. .. , .. ... r ' blavery does not exist !
at all, or else go it with a pair of oyster n:iiifnrni , ib. T,,..
i was laid on the table
I the passage of any law
" As to the politics of the Commoner from j ing the subject ; and v.
Ashe we are not informed. We learn that Mr. ! know then, hoW:any .
Reuben Mast was elected from that County ' could move in with t1 ;
without opposition ; and we know that Colonel ! galize the holdin of t
iftiftft A rt fn f ft otftfta.t
slave States from settling in the terntorv. but it c c- . 1 . V ,' 1 11 . , tnis territory. What
imposes restrictions upon iDe enjoyment ot lhal nn . f, . .;pnt Mp . .
more than 200 votes. Under these circum
stances, if Mr. Mast should be a Whig, we
doubt very much whether he will consider it his
duty to go for all tho Whig measures and Whig
men in other words, to play the paitizan in
the House of Commons." Standard.
would they have for &ucl.
Suppose the slave were t
ence to the comniands of
could they be enforced ?
to abandon the cmplovnu ;
how could his services L
Suppose tiin question of I'.
lands. He gives no reason for It ; but the Se- 1 would exclude him. As it would seem, there.
Will the Editor of the Standard, in his to cmc UP f.tbc P-.
1101 ue compeueu 10 auju
. ... r. O... .."' l: .1 TM. -. O . i fnra lti-l l!ii enmo nnrli,,n ,,1' lar.!',,.,, :.... ... .U:,. : C I .
uaior 110:11 oouiu i:i o.uiu. ootss. j x ue oenaior ; - y ichhwij tauiiui ;iiiMei, cii mis 11 uie, lor iiiemuers 10 carry i. ruL i 1
i . . .. .- .. . . . . r - . .... -. . . i . . . . . . . a a M . .
i l:...1 :.. .V. r .ii or o .In in onnn tv ol i:rlHna!nn 'IM.o or... auiau lUcasia. ELEMENT .inU UOLE- OUIll. X VUUflS Ul CUI...
ijv. v l O J uppiiuu ftv zwiiuutivi iijv. w 7 l J l ' 1
1 . . S "a . 1 ...
asserts lhal the terms " rules and regul
are not applicable to Government ;" "they
a;ions 1 be made equally available to both sections of HU .vnrpu,; Uf.t as no aw ol ncianj oy .
.1 it 1 . V r out the expressed willof their constituents, be held in bondage ? Mo'
ey are ; l"c Union, ve can only in a partition hope for , . ' ""f ( ue neiu in oonunge i uov
" no saw or experienced the effects of lhe
awful conflagration ii our city in 1838.-
Charleston Courier. !
for the iTovernmcnt of the land and; nav
;" "rules r i0 sacrifice the interest of any seclion of ing Whig majorities for Governor as well ' to term it: and toe Su'prerr" (
ral forces." j the country, or of any individual of iho comrnu- j as in the Senatorial election ? Be consist- ! United States have expressly
iw(i , iui : - j - I - " yy- . . , . . . , . . ;
refer to property, things, or some process, sucll cation, however, of these, and other principles max, Commoners lrom Kowan, Davie and ,OI,b aince ueciueu iqis qur ;.
as rules of court." 1 find, by referenco to the? relating to government, is a matter which ad- Buncombe, to do so ? Ouirht thev to - nlav 10 lue mw now XR orce in
Constitution, power is given to ongress " to Besses itself to lhe sound discretion of govern- ,he partizatt in the IIouSc of Commons 7" ! r.eSPefCl,ne "WC, thcr
regulate commerce," " to establish an uniform ment itself. Iu the application it must look to 1 - m doubt : slavery, did not ex; .
And are thev notclected lrom Countipsfriv- . : i .. t '
irotll. Can onlv tir Mntirtnntl lit t tunc a explanation on this sutnect. said -thai, in Ins mmwIi on" J . . . ..... . . o .1 . . . c . . . uti .. 1 - vv:"r"' . " '"1 1
who Jtvv r ir....' r'i : thejlst Jun4hehad named no Senator, hut had in his' cern.ng captures on bind and water
...... uo....y.c...u ii i ot-iiuiors irum me ooum, ana i
lhat, upon seeing altorvvarJs lhat Mr. Badger helcKthe
sanie opiniofis, had, in writing out his remarks, made
reference to bitn.
mm n . . .. ' -
PfomXftn'nrlrnitm P-.l.. . r. iaj.ixell aeniea mat any Vh g Senator from the
,-fovi lcw Ui leans. Larly yesterday i Sooth had. m the time, ooene.t .u v ,t.. n..K.
. . w j ' ; ' i w J ii v uuj,,ft.
morning, we received a Communication ; in Senate, and asked to whom his colleague alluded I
from our New Orleans correspondent, Ida- ! Vexable said, to Mr: Underwood, of Kentucky.
ted 10th instant, announcing later inlelli-' Do?iELL denird that Mr. Underwood had then
irenoe from Viicit-m Tbn .lMtM fi'V ,he 8ul,Ject- The Register of deba lea in
KtllCL irom Utat,in. 4 IC dates from, ,he Senate showed .that he expressed hU views upon this
UAmpeHchy Were tO the 5Ml Hist. subjecl on ttfe third day of June, the day after Mr. Bad-
Numerous, engagements had occurred ger's speechl
betWcriVljm whites and Indians in that Extract from the Register of Senate Debates, June
country; in which the whites wi-re victo- J 1048 : S
riOUS, llhd most Oi the towns that lhe! In- I Mr DTiw.-Ai the Senator from Kentucky is
ft ' ft ' ftw ' t .1 . - I J.-. . . - . .
Ulans had captured were recovered, hnd u s . . ,1,s pro,08s,
.i t i- t . V ' ii ... . T " nts statesmanlike views. I an
imp nuitti, r,.t,.,:u,-Vrt((nfJw, enunciation of his princi
. m . . . . m a ( . . 1. II . . -
l he honorable Senator is, in xhy ludsment, nity, unless ine puuiic wenare imperiously ae- : , c ttu .,.i , i tb lv rt r;,r,;;l L.
equally unsound in his argunW, that the words : mands it. In the discharge of this trust the c" 1 nexmumoer, j j r1 f 1 -
or other property" musjrestrici the power I Government may err. It may even abuse its , read thrse members elect a lesson on the . . lIiC ;
vvhinh would seem lo b jmvoiv bv thn term i powers. Hut could its action bo declared by imnronrirtv of " nlavintr it, rai-t;7n " I 100 rcmam. In lOfce ontll Char
...1- :..i..,U . .U. ' niir rnHrlQlnLnniiernulilnliiiiml I On rnn. ' 1 . ne W SOVCTCIgn POWCTi I .C
.Uii.. a3 tucjr -T y - i ney ougnt not by all means to 44 cons d-' conveved bv MH Polt tn f
show that those lerrns relate to the territory re- trary, it would be the abuse of the constitution- . ' . . : -oc ru 03 iur 1 oik to 0.,
ded as propeffy only. The answer is oh- al power; a violation of lhe principles of good lv lwctl UU,J 10 o me oco- special message! Il at the temp
ernments established by hull in IN
ico and California having Iccm
mere tuie to the land. It is in ithe empire -orth or the Oouth are, ai uesi, nui rights ot
this rerv rinht of sovereign command. If the imperfect obligation. They could not be en-
u n n : -
vioiis. Theproperty which a government has government, and not the assumption of uncon- foco measures,
in its territory is not simply in tne estate the slitutional power. The imagined rights of the
1 .1 . . t .4 rri
n r n . . on me rainiCHiion ni 1 rrniv
? '.T. ' Ur,"T?n' by, he United States kti&vv,
J . . 1 l 11 v iitiuu uiaica nun im 1 t".
lUleT to every acre of ihe land bad! been granted forced. I will leave this part of the subject nig, has been elected Governor of this therefore the neonlr nf tl t-c U
away. it would still be the territory belonging with lhe remark, lhal the southern States them- State by over 7,000 votes, and in the Lc- were without law or! muhicip!
bThn LouisVlllo Jouhial is rosnnnL: under its jurisdiction
. ' r.vlt.. :A.V 1.S ,:iri . i him to admit the existence
.uiui.. nig ! b uiucreni
IJven tho , democratic caadidatej for
the'Pwaidciicy '" j I
MUnc of lhe Uo;toiv;transcetvdentnists
wtys that ' too inuclf.tife H death.' If tljat'a
the easv we apprehend tha? Cass's seven
jives win uetiic ueaiu 01 nun.
eral Govetnnient to exclude
" i in tho lliiitPiI Slutes. and urnuLl cfn-ilv inH selves have heretofore acted on lhe as;nmn. . I xtti . . . r . ! . .1
onal reputation, as weir as i -.y . .7 . , , ., . , 1 . tuu ing majority IS also in- uous oi any Kinu, was NVtttiOUl 1
, n,;...,- ,n Ka properly be denominated its property. In he tion lhat Congress had lhe power to legislate , J !.n,U;,i k . .i!... i . ' ,
, ... , . . , . , , i r r . 1 creaseu. ' - wut cn o iu siiuw ins i' 1
Dies as to the. riit nC4he Fd. vcrv message under consideration Mr. Pok. in on the sutiiect. I'assmg over the compromise. 1 - ., i . I. .
slavery in tb territories his unaJiUfn.-i.irv account of the vnlim nf n..r I refer to the cession of territory to the United In Missouri and Illinois the Locofocos "oranco .OI .In? iWDOlc SUDjcci.
Did I or did Loot understand ! ..r... u... u .il:, 'c,., u ,ucl.u.rno; .i v.ni, r.. t 1 . . .. . . the war be had onlv a. usufruct-
oi mat riTit i . . . ... . .; . .
j olina, after the adoption of the Constitution. JuceJ maiorities
They both expressly provide against the aboli- ....
. a . . ft ft
Mri Uu.vderwood I admit jin .u. e,Sn'y we have acquired! that "consti-
a tt a rC 1 1 t s-l n n-A.-.. i . ' f i if t c intAntniti f.v iI.a nnst i W i it V . I h n v litt h nrnrnfialv tiriiVi
IllllllUidl LilJftftTIEIlLlt-riLAl Urkll rfkcft A r.l.t 4 .-v , ftUVW itlUV.lllll I 11 r I I IlL ft '4 A U l llllll r 1 Tl rvft VA'ft.-3a l'iv - ft.ABftaftlvlfll m - . .
a J vvaiiiiiiLtiJ J I " v ' I I IT I t i. . . a t
legislate for ihem within tbeimits of the Constitution that maybe, mycol!ea"oe admitsthat Con-rres tion of slavery in the territory which they res- 1,1 urnn, ine same party nas otitained ry continued until the Irc.lty v
to the territory U'hichihe Had $u
The latent right bf MrxicO to tb
lyi said, however, that there is ! has the general righTof legislation over lhe ; peciively cede. In the deed of cession, made a niajority in the Legislature, owing to the and its inunicipa
of the- United States.
bibUirv rrJrSr. territories, and so does the Senator from South ' by North Carol
rj j . . , , iiviuiu IV HUH. 1 . . . I Tr . .1 11". l.t
ihere is none : I m. moreover imlinel tn nniiM Carolina ; annouga they do not derive lhal an- Samuel Jonusion and lienjamm ilawkins, I poruunru, wane 11 is saiu Itie popular vote ler of nronertv
thai slavery caR?Ti)i exist in a territory without the posi- thority from the express words of the Consiitti- 1 need not stop to tell my colleague who Icnia- , is against them. Such bein" the cac ! nre;s enactmenf.
1... ..,i.,-o :. I ... : . ' . - - 1 1 1 ' . . . 1 1 1 . . 1 r ...i .. - 1 ...... . c 1 t . 1 .. . . . , 1 .
.v,.wuAi,.b . . llUM. lula vouiproir.iac ui:i, as 11 is caueu, ' mm nawiviiis was, or uow many 01 his respec- i ucn. layior is good lor Indiana. United .Stales.
ina through her commissioners, way the floating Representatives are ap- by that power fo the possejiic"
'ii and Iienjamiu Hawkins, I Portioned, while it is said lhe popular vote fer of property will contiubcj:
they are ch:s::
But this Dili I: