tit nf ervitodrt Vtt uhieh the creditor, hy
ptitirthc ffehtoK fo he tenniunied upon the liqui
dation lof thc deht hy the lahor of the peon,
which ctctt is so managed y ihe creditor gen
3fally,'tht it Accumulate instead ol diminish
ing. With us the luve cannot contract wi.'h
hh master, and of course rould not be subject
cd under that law, unless he first Iwcorwo tree.
African slavery, as it exists in the Southern
States, was" f.rrlmWcn in that territory nt the
time it became, hy cession, a part of onr coun.
According tn the principles o inier.i.i.ou-
? ! try tierraies more rapidly, and in proportion,
, ! as extended within certain lirnk. No
donor oi i - n.ij "v" -
are Increased, and their moral and social con
ditioii improved. ,Jn its application to slaves
this rule does not hold good. The reason ccas.
Mho rule ceases also. the
the felave, moral or social, is the same. It is
the fc'ill and heart of the master that makes bis
condition more or less tolerable, .and the obli.
gatbins which public opinion impose upon him,
are certainly as great and as strongly enforced
in a country which nas advanced m intelligence
try. Accoramg o ne i- m 7 : ,llfl rifineInent. as in one that is new and thin.
ill lau aitf! tin lei'llonS Ol OUT c.iwiib, me jiiij , , , . ! . ,i
? ! "VI- : nn.u.lU.d. wert Iy sailed. In connexion w,h this subject there
..... j---. ., ....
the political Uws. My colleague admits that ;
no law were changed escept those which were j
in conflict with tho Otistilulion. I think that
I havo ihoivn that a! law prohibiting slavery is
not against the Constitution. Indeed, if it were,
the lawk in the Northern States abolishing sla
very are null and void. I
How, then, can I doubt that the courts, in the !
present state of the question, ami without some
action of Congress, would decide that, in Cali- j
forrjia aiid New Mexico, slavery could not ex. t
ist? Untenanting these views, honestly and
conscientiously, whether they be right or Wrong,
how could I havo voted for the bill I Would 1
not bo yielding the claim of the South, know
ingly and wilfully ? What right have I to dc- I
celvo' my constituents by voting fur a bill to
u keep, the word of promise to our ear, and
break U iu our hope V1 Much legs could I make
the sacrifice without some hope that it would
bring peaces It brought no assurance that the
waters wore, subsiding. There was no spirit
oftcompromisc in the manner it" was forced
through jthc Senate. It .came to the House
branded with th spirit of intolerance; Its
passage would have been the siynal for the cry
tif repeal. It would have mingled itself in the
Presidential ' campaign. -Theic would have
been a struggle to get a Northern or a Southern
PrdsiuVntr8 aB ,u have a Northern or Southern
judiciary established in these -territories. Iu
the providence of (Jod, a vacancy might oc
ruMll the Supreme Court of th; United States.
The judicial ermine might have been stained
by political prostitution. At all events, the
weight ami moral influence of the court must
have been forever destroyed in one section or
the btbcf of tho Union. We have no right to
throw the responsibility of settling this question
upon the Judiciary. 1 would not permit it to
- go there in any shape, if it could be avoided ;
certainly not in this. It has surprised mc very
inuch to see ihoie men who h ive heretofore
!ieen rcpudiators of some of the decisinsbf
his court upon constitutional questions, now
scekingirefujto under its wing. I believe it is
because they daro not meet the question. Sir,
liq who falters now is no true lover of his coun-
fry. Leus meet it in a spirit of calmness an'!
conciliation not with heated denunciations and
angry threati. Let us meet it vvi;ii a detenni.
i nation to settle it, and we must assuredly sue
ccrd. I will examine, the bill a little more iu detail.
! The people of Oregon have enacted a code of
( Jaws for themselves. These arc subject to our
control, and among them is one excluding sla.
very. '.The bill provides that these laws shall
; be and continue in force until "three months
j after -the first meeting of the Legislature."
M hen the Legislature ineefs; these must be re
! enacledT or new laws made and brought to
. Congress under the sixth section of the bill for
Frm the Mobile Tribune.
It will be seen under our Washington
head that the territorial bill has passed
the Senate by a large majority. This is
as we expected. In the House, doubtless,
it will be stopped, either by a rejection,
or by the adjourning without voting for it.
As far as we understand the nature of
this compromise, it seems to be one of
doubtful advantage to the South. Accor
ding to the old mode of construing laws
it is effectually securing the new territory
as free territory. What new process,
is a fact which speaks loudly for the humanity j h& devisej under it lo evade the
and kpdness of the master, and the comforta. of these old laws and decisions, has
Ifcr: , r tZlt yet en mePMn in speeches
natural increase of the white population, there
thr whole existence of the ! es
(. iavaBH " - - ' - 1 m . . m . - .
(Jovernment, very large accessions to it from j aom on almost an buujc c..M..g ,
emb'Jaiion, and yet the aggregate increase of principal features. We think wth Mr.
slaves has been as great as that of the white j Phelps, the anti-extension senator from
population of the country. To go back to the j Vermont, and one of the best lawyers in
subject, if it were true that the condition of the the country. He defended the bill, on the
slave jjwould be improved, it would seem to me ; ground that its practical operation was
to be an argument which appealed to the moral ( a that the Wilmot Proviso men of the
senscof the North lor, rather than against, its j north demanded it should be. It abolish
extenton. . , , e( ; slavery" practically in Oregon imme-
I cannot see, sir, how the interests or the diale, nd WOuld certainly prevent the
slavefjates is to be advanced, or the mst.mt.on .- intr0(Juc,ion of slavefy into New Mexico
strengthened at home. Iv taking away thetr cm- ; , , f- n ,, , ,
zens and their slave property. I have always d Cal.fornta. and that was all he dp
resisted this extension of territory, not only be- . In pivmg his assent to the bill in
causcjl! believed it to be contrary to the inte- committee, he said, he had not given up
rests of4 the whole country, and in violation of an iota of his principles ol those of his
lhf sttirit nf lhi Cntml it ill ion. but also because, constituents. j
? W'onld Mr.' Van Buren appoint a ; CfTTIiurldnyr389,at 4l toC.20 ; Fridaf.
Southern man to the Hench, in view of 1S8, at 19 0 -f Saturday. 3tJ at 4fr lo
such an1 issue ? Would Mr. Cass do so ? G ; Monday, 173, at 4 to 0 ; Tuesday, 210
Be it remembered that he said, " He is no at 4 to C.18. Vfe now quote inferior 4
Slave-holder, lie never expects to be, and he. to 4f ; ordinary 6 to 5 ; . middling 5j to
prays for its abolition every where, &c.w j 5j ; lair cts. ; choice, shade higher.
Could such a man lavor the south in an j Flour. The transactions in Flour for
issue of this kind ? , Would it be possible i th0 past week have been on a very limit
for any man from;the Proviso State of ei scaje consequ'cntlv, our quotations (or
Michigan, and who has been nominated ; thc present, must' bo'considered nominal,
by over twenty Conventions, which passed e qtl0tc $5, to 85.
Wilmot Proviso Resolutions, to appoint a , r n t...
Southern Judge, when that Judge might I . Corn I hc supply of Corn still con-
have it in his power to settle this great j "" a"dr P"6" are Ver' firm at
question ? No candid man will believe 1 56 to 00 cls Per bubhcL
any such thing. ! The giving up of this I Oats. We have no change to notice in
matter to the oupreme L-ouriinen is notn- tne price oi uais we continue 10 quote
not yet been made plain in tne speecnes ( . more nor ,ess than. ving u fifst 3?i lQ 40 cls pcr bushel.
on the bill. ' Indeed, most of these speech- j princi j and then thc contl ol of the whole I Salt This arlicie!has ad v
es have exhibited a plentiful lack of w s- P 1 ,
as a North Carolinian, looking to fhe interest
of myown State, and sincerely anxious to pro
mole it, J had reasons that appealed most strong
ly to ipy feelings of State pi ide. I love North
Carolma. I love her for her moral honesty.
I love sher for her political integrity. My des
tiny hs been cast under the protection of her
constitution. A portion of her citizens have
taken -j me by the hand and honored me with
their qfoufidence before 'age had given the ex
perience and information which might have
emboldened me too seek it. Surely, sir, I could
not b n true son of such a Slate if I could
sacrifice, or neglect her interests. I never could
conserit.if there were not treasons paramount
to thes;ej and of higher considerations to her, to
add a! new. impulse to that tide of emigration
which has been sweeping away her wealth and
her po Milation, and doomed her for years lobe
the "nursery of the Southwest.'' Such reasons,
howevpr, must, for the present, give way to a
queslioix of greater magnitude to thc South and
to North Carolina. I desire that this accession
of political strength in the Senate and in this
House!, hnd in all the politicalquestions which
can come before the people, shall be fairly ap-l-poi
tinned. And, hi order that the South may
have her share in truth, and not in empty promi
ses, I isk and insist upon the affirmative action
of Congress. I am told bylhoso Southern gen
tlemei), who supported the; bill, that it is idle to
expfejj that. , It may bo so. may now be too
late ijbo late for the South terscape the chains
of political servitude already clanking in her
ears. I If the wishes, (as I believe them to ex
ist,) oft'some gentle men- are to be carried out,
it may i be too late for the Constitution and the
Union If it be true that I am asking in vain,
it is nOtfon that account the less incumbent up-
on moito discharge my duty faithfully and fear
It is, therefore, we think, noti to be la
mented that the bill will, in all probabili
ty, be defeated in the House of Represen
tatives. From the Journal and Messenger.
Tug Defeat op the Territorial Bill.
It seems that our opponents are resolved
to mrike a new issue out of the defeat of
what is called the Territorial or Compro
mise Bill, and Mr. Stephens, the mover
of the Resolution to lay it on the table, is
denounced on all hands. So far from
condemning Mr. Stephens we feel convin
ced that when the facts are properly placed
before the public he will be regarded by
the people of Georgia, as one of the bold
est ind noblest Champions of Southern
S rights. The Bill itself was a virtual cap
I itulalion to the Barnburners. It was no
! compromise. It gave up every thing. It
i recognised the principle of the Wilmot
Proviso in its worst shape, as applied to
we obiect to this; The South should ne
ver thus compromise either her dignity or j
her rights ; but should plant herself firm
ly upon them and let those violate them
who seek to meet the consequences.
There is no danger of disunion coming
from this question. The North will not,
dare not. push it to such an issue. Their j
interests, their feelings or patriotism for
bid it. To do this they would have to be
guilty of fighting for an abstraction against
men who arc contending for their rights,
their property, their heritage, and their
fire sides. They will meet no such res- j
ponsibility, and if they did, our domestic
regiments would drive them from our soil. !
All the south has to do in this crisis, is to 1
be calm and steady, and firm ; to make no
I capitulations, no concessions, no compro
I mises unless met at least upon thc half
J way ground. '
anccd a frac
tion since the date of! our last report we
j now quote Sl,75 per sack, steady.
Bagging and Rope as before. S. C.
Salisbury, X. C.
THURSDAY EVKXING, AUGUST 31. 1848.
FOR T RES I DENT,
GENERAL ZACIIARY TAYLOR.
; OF LOUISIANA.
The Washington correspondent of the
New York Journal of Commerce, after
referring to the action of Congress on the
Slavery question at the close of the recent
session, makes these statements:
"The Southern men, generally, of both
parties, and more particularly the Cal
houn men, leave this city with a fixed de
termination to recommend to the South
some decided and separate action on this
" The attempt made-to procure a meet
ing of the Southern members signally fail
ed. Mr. Meade, a member from reters-
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
OF NEW YORK.
Dist. No. 1 KENNETH RAYNER.
" " 2 EDWARD STANLY.
' 3 HENRY W MILLER.
' 4 W. H. WASHINGTON.
' 5 GEORGE DAVIS.
' C JOHN WINSLOW.
' 7 JOHN KERR.
' 8 WILLIAM WITHERS.
' 9 J A M ES W. OSBOR N E.
' 10-TODD R. CALDWELL.
1 11 JOHN BAXTER.
" OCT Wc comph
Speech of Mr. !)
monly called the Cor:
who have, paid attrr
will be struck with t
of the title by vhich s'
proud that it met ti,
although we are v. !
those Southern gcntl
the measure, the very
we cannot but alio
those u Eight Southt: ..
abused.) to whose d!
lessness we owe it?
rent too, that this will
already so, the sent.
South ; for the true c:
sure, than'which nn
served the sweet sou:
promise," must be se
Iy be objected to.
Since this subject i
deal of attention, wr
Mr. DoncITa speech
j other gentlemen, so t:
be placed in posses;
arguments which ir.v
Southern Whigs lo iV
formance of their dut
the Bill in question.
approvnl. Slaveholder din mean time can- 1 lessly.t I shall never cease to make the effort
until the matter is adjusted. If it is true that
it is n6v too late, a heavy' responsibility rests
somevpiere. Not upon me, or the party to which
I helorjg. "Thou canst not say 1 did it," is the
consolatory reflection which is left to us. They
are guilty who have instigated and supported
the Executive in his reckless disregard of the
Constitution, and his ambitious and selfish pro.
" It seemed as if their source had been some migbly
Gashed to its death."
not tulto their properly, and consequently will
i not ictlle there. 1 he Legislature will he com.
i posed of free poll men, anil of course tho law
"of exclusion will ho re-enacted, and tho ques
' lion come up hofoVo Congress again. If the
: bill had paMt'd,.-we could not in honor have dis
! npproved this Uw. The ctTect of course of. all
this unmeaning legislation, wonld lc to keen
open the mhject, bring it again before Congress ; jcts ofi personal aggrandisement. W
for agitation; and secure, beyond doubt, to the " a'd a ltd comfort" he has, under the false pre.
: North.the h'are ..which she is to have under this i tonco" that national honor was endangered, but
I compact. In the mean time the South is to . h t rJt with the settled and determined purpose
! take he? chance, which I think I have shown f illustrating his Administration by a vast ex
to be a had on, for California and New Mex- ' tension; of our limits, precipitated us into a war
ico. iTho matter is to be suspended until a case with al: neighboring Republic. Our armies
is mado for tho courts. The fanatics of the 1 have overrun her territory, desolated her fields.
North are invited to send their emissaries to laid htfr smiling cities in smoking ruins, and
Btir up dissensions and law suits between the reddened her rivers with the blood of her citi-
inaster and his slave. No law can be passed
;to prevent it, or to punish the officious inter- !
meddlers. As soon as tho slaveholder gets into
iho country, his slaves aro all informed that it ,
ill expected by Congress that they will institute
uit against their master, to try the question
a f their freedom. One suit may determine the
general qucfirfori, jljut ech slave must Btand '
Nj upon the particular cirrumstances of his case. '
-What a picture lor a southern man to look up.
on. Can slavery ever in fact be carried there
under such .circumstances, even if the Consti
tution " extends " it, as it is contended it does,
over ihc territory ?-
I do not agree with my colleague that all tho
South ought to ak in relation to this territory
i non-intervention. I maintain that if we have
any right, whether that right be under the Con--stitutlpn,
or founded upon equity and justice, to
i-arry slave -property, th'erew we have also, as a '
necessary "consequence, a right to some legi.
slatihn to protect anil secure, it. In a new and
sparsely populated cpnntry the laws are, at best,
imperfectly executed, and this peculiar kind of
property requires something m i'tlniu the rules
f the common law, as applied to other proper
iy, to protect'and secure it. Look at the statute
books of ihc slave Hiates. Stfc the long list of
police and ci iminal ' laws wo have found it ne
cessary to enact. Some enforced by severe
the lemtory ot uregon and only deferred ! burgf Va., wrote and carried around a pa
the settlement of the question in reference; per inviting a meeting of the Southern
to California and JNew Mexico. It gave 1 mnmKrrc wltt
no new rights or guarantees to the South,
except that it allowed any case to be car
ried u p h o w ever sma 11 1 h e amo u n t i n vol v e d .
This provision of the Bill is of but little
importance as the value of the property
contested would be insignificant compar
ed with the amount of costs which would
accrue in such a litigation. In .all other
respects property in Slaves was wholly
unprotected because both the Territories
and Congress was prohibited from legis
lating on the subject.
In this state of the case it is not presu
mable that any sane man would carry
property into a region where there are mi
laws to protect it, and where its very ex
istence would have to be contested before
a distant court, and at a cost of thousands
of dollars. Hence we say, that the Bill
was a virtual exclusion of Slavery from
every foot of Territory acquired by the
The friiit of it all is this territory, which has
brought such distraction to our councils and to
our country. The " indemnity for the past "
with Mexico, is threateninrr tha cnniritv f.r I
the tuture at home. 1 his crisis might have
been foreseen. The history of ihe past was
full of admonition. We have once before been
in a similar situation. Once before the sky has
lowered, the. curtained atmosphere grown dark
and heavy, and the deep muttering of the thun
der broken upon our ears. A compromise
brought us a clear sky. and the joy with which
the first ray of. hope was hailed throughout the
wnole .country, told too well the deep sense of
the danger we had escaped. We were not
withouf warning. This crisis might have been
avoided ; and, warned as we were by past ex
perience, why was it voluntarily encountered?
Sir, the answer to that question will be found
in the lind folly or mad ambition oft he Presi.
dent anii his supporters ; and happy, llnice hap
py, forjfrur country will be the day which shall
determine, at once, the existence of the Admin
istration, and the power of the putty which sup
ports it. - :
If the meeting had been held, it would
have been not a meeting of Southern mem
bers, but a partial meeting of the Cass
men of the South.
" The same will be the result, no doubt,
of any attempt that may be made in the
Southern States, to get up a Convention.
Gen. Houston declared that no respecta
ble men ip the South could go into a Con
vention of a character so wild, unneces
sary, and mutinous, Mr. Calhoun would
not heed the Convention, declared the
General, because he himself voted against
the bill containing the Missouri Comoro-
late Treaty. That Territory has been 1 mise and, continued he Heaven will
purchased with Southern treasure and at ! not heed it and men would scout it."
the expense-of Southern bood, and how j
could any Southern man with proper feel-! - HON. JOHN M. IJOITS.
ings agree to offer the whole of it upon i The course pursued bv Mr. Botts about the
the altar of Northern cupidity ? Even ! time of ihe National Whig Convention, and
Judge Berrien, in his speech made imme- , his devoted adherance to Mr. Clay, is known
diately upon the passage i of the Bill in to our reders. In a letter recently published,
the Senate, confessed that thc discussions ' addressed to a Mr. Janney, he alludes to his
had shaken his confidence in the success convictions of the strength of Mr. Clay and his
of the measure as a settlement of the vexed i dissatisfaction with the position of Gen. Taylor,
mixtion. Manv other crrave Senators t in relation to the Whig party. He cannot
. i ...i.:r.. l if i... . r. i n
siuuiij niiiiMcii uy now proiessing a cnano ot
opinion. But mark the close of his letter ; it
is worthy the man, and a plain indication of
the proper course of every patriotic. Whig in
similar circumstances :
But, then there is another thing lhat can
do. While I cannot play the part of an active
partisan and pretend that Gen. Taylor is an
acceptible candidate to me, I can say that he
is far preferable to Gen. Cass, whom I regard
DAVID S. REID, AND THE
We suppose that everv man in North
. j -
Carolina, at all conversant with public '
affairs, remembers how the Locofocos !
have been holding up that party as the j
one above all others to be trusted by the
people of the South, on the subject of iVe
gro Slavery ! And how this same dough-
members, without distinction of party, for ,accd Part' slanders and villihes all who
the purpose of protesting against the 1 dare to question its sincerity and its alle
course of Congress on this subject and de- giance to thc South as being stronger than
uia.u ,ug ' fT"lr 11 uue 1 , u on 'hose who have given the whole of their purposes of rain as t'
equal footing with the North, as to the use .... f P , . purposes oi rtwi as i..
and enjoyment of the new territories. hvcs tw the, serv,ce of ,hfi Country, and : depended upon. Then-
The paper was handed to many, and very ! wno n'ue laced and confronted the ene- trees, and only along t'.
Ct I ir -v t"i tr " 1 t f A C'lfTIl if m fnTiiL-Al ' m Xw C -It-Ol tltn Pnnniv wit ylL a. I C ?
0lc;:, M iijtiij iriuacu. , iii ouvu ni uuui I f u UCU UlUl'ld Ol illOUn 10.1115 UlC lO iji'
Below wc give an c
connoisancc bf Lieut. ',
ted States Topograph:
in 181G and '17, givi:
Topograph, Climate .
Country. It will be o!
the Locofocos, docs tic: :
en b thc -orators of t:
fore the People for t bi
as well as other Count i
particular. Instead of
most desirable cpuntri
the Farmer, it is. sail!
American Officer, in t
Government, to be a:i
for cultivation, except ;
of its principal rivers,
irrigation ot in other
to be able. to raise his
these rivers to oven'
expressed their doubts, though they vo
ted for it. Mr. Badger i of North Car-
; olina openly opposed the 13 ill in a speech
j of machless power and point. Mr. Ste
phens we are asured did not stand alone
in his opposition to the Bill. He differed,
it is true, from his colleagues as to the
proper manner of disposing of it. They de
sired to have it considered and discussed.
He believed, that a clear majority of as the most objectionable, I may say ihe most
had abandoned all fdea of saving it. With- j oaks, sycamores and
out further remarks, to show' the hypocri- j most important item t
sy of those who call themselves Demo- j to be had.- Such bt in:'
crats on this vital question, wc ask the ! by any means fit for ngi
People of North Carolina, or that portion 1 certainly not thclcour.tr
of them that voted for David S. Hcid, if ; the democracy, in jusil!
they knew, they voted for a Wilmot Pro- ' sident in bringing on t!
visoist ? If they did not know it, wc tell ' borne in mind by thc V
them now, that they did vote for a man ! a portion of the Terris;
for Governor, who voted while in Con- j quired by the -Mexican
gress to prevent Soiuhern men from car- cost so much blood a: !
rying their Negroes into Oregon Territory. ! of Locofoco misrule :
Yes, DAVID S. KEID, the Democratic
candidate for Governor of North Carolina,
voted with the North upon this question.
He deserted the South, and notwithstand
ing this desertion by him, he was run and
voted for by the Democrats as thc very
type of honesty and fidelity on this vexa
tious question. Where is all thc indigna
tion of the Locofoco papers and leaders?
Will they read this Mr. David S. Keid
out of the party for giving this Northern
vote ? No ! It is not democratic to do so ;
but they will hug him to their bosom just
as they are now doing Sam. Houston and
Benton, Locofoco Senators from Texas ow'n not" "oarna!or ! y !
ana .nssoun, aitnougn tney voted lor the
Bill establishing a Territorial Govern- !
mcnt in Oregon, which contained thisun-
" About midday (20ih J;
Diego, and nrit rooming ink;
animals that had door us t- . '
on board ibe prize brig M.
Lirutrnant Schenck, of t!.e T
my leave of Upper or Alta C :
however, I may venture o; n
based upon personal oberrr .
climate, and products cf t!; t ,
covered by my survey , or i; i
vatiens were made after I l.-s !
my assistant and injMrumei
ed wtih other subjects. j Tl r i
them is, therefore, less, pred
other portions of my jourmi!.
The region, extendi fr. i
California to the parallel cf f.
' Angels, is the only portion n i
j The journals and puL'i.-!, i ;
i expeditions combined, will r'.
portions of California su.-cr; ,
I tleinent. From this remark -
the House were immovably opposed to it. ohnoxions, man of a party whose principles I just restriction against thc rights of the ; basin watered by thc
pcnallio?, snmc doclnnng r rriain inforforences
M'tth the enjoyment '-of thi- kind of property lo
lo felony without the hone fit of clergy. Are
not lhee,or some of these absolutely riecesa.
iy T If.not, then ihey are I.Io.kIv nnd atrocious,
nml my colleague "own Carolina" siands
cniiclel 1of,.To the worhi of unnecessarily
taking ihe life of ni:i:i, hy-enforcing ihe oxeeu
Jion of such hv. I do noi hclieveit. I muin.
tain that such laws are proper and ahsolutely
neccMary. I maintain that shve pioportvcan.
not lie secure in ihi? Teniloiics, nny more than
in the Brute, without somcsueh h-gislaiivp. en
nctmenfs. And hohiiiig ihe-se opinion. t;,rn
to the hiil and fuul ihaf ihe oligarchy of ulg,
governor and. serreiarios, in whom is vested
nil tho leVi lat ive jitV.vcr. is rxprely ftrbidden
lo pass i aiiy law " rspcc!i:i slavery."
i Mr. Sjiealier, I ftol; npnn the struggle now
gf.ing on 'in the r.M.nt.y us utu purely ?.?r noliii.
cul power in -the Senate of tho lTni:ed i:ates.
J cannot fee Ijou il can he one of honor
filler tyay than as the question of political pnw.
f'f naks it no. It is alleged on the p.ir df t ho
7ulh that-tli'-'y lotve coihcie-iii'Mi scruples a
lioul extending ihc tnstitutioii. Sir, the uuniher
jfilavfiH hot incrcuscd ; none are made
lave (ivho weie not ho fore. I know it has
trpn siid!hv in hoimrahle Snator from ew
xotk. (Mr; Dtx ) ih-it l.y well eiahlished laws,
M is a&t it.iiiKU, tiiui me iiopu:aiion oi a coun-
I TAYLOR MEETING.
A Taylor meeting was held; at Spartan
burg C. H. on the 7th instant, nnd resolu
tionjs passed condemnatory oi' Gen. Cass
and declaratory of their preference for
Gen. Taylor. Thei following paragraph
occurs in the report of the meeting, puh
lisheihin the Spartan. It needs no com
mcnt.; 4Tr;e friends of Gen. Cass not willing
to let the people hear bothsides. had made
previous arrangements to draw off the
people, by calling out a Hand of Music
and pfirading the streets for a while and
then commehcing a discussion immedi
ately in front of the. Court House. Thev
leg- were like men usually are when on the
OI wrong side, they dreaded to let the peo
ple, hear the discussion onboth sides, and
therefore took this device to draw them
off ; bjit notwithstanding the trick, so well
arranged and played off hy the office-
and that a discussion of its merits would
involve the country in an expense of thou
sands of dollars, and result in ah increase
of the present excitement in the embitter
ing of sectional feelings and probably en
danger the very existence of the Union
At this distance from the scene of ex
citement, it is impossible for us to deter
mine upon the full force of these views.
We have no doubt however, that this and
many others of equal or greater impor
tance, prompted him to assume the res
ponsibility of moving to lay the Bill on
the table. We look only however, to the
demerits of the Bill, which were quite suf
ficient to justify any Southern man in op
posing it. It is no argument in its favor,
that it was opposed by certain Northern
fanatics. These men are resolved to be
satisfied with nothing shorl of a positive
have warred against for twenty years, and
shall for forty or more, if life and health and
mind shall last as long.
" When I look upon his course in connexion
with the Mexican war, from which we have
hut just escaped, with a loss of life that the
mines of Mexico could not repay, and with thc
honor of the nation impaired ; when I look up.
on him as the justifier and defender, in the
, United States Senate, of all the usurpations of
power and violations of the constitution prac
tised by the present i Administration ; when I
see him bending his respectable abilities from
the I) i r 1 a purposes of a statesman to the grovel,
ling ambition of a demagogue ; when I witness
his insatiable thirst for conquest and his gras
ping rapacity for the acquisition of his neigh
' bor's goods ; when I look upon his huge tli
tnensions, reader to swallow all of Mexico"
; at a gulp without disturbing the rotundity of his
; proportions, I am constrained to say lhat no
! room for doubt remains, and that no alterna
tive is left me but to rive mv vole to Gen.
t "u,unY" u . . Ta,or' and ,:ikc chances, whatever they
utuiM worus, mc wiiuioi i:roviso. inev maybe
inereiore oppose every tnmg wtiicn does
not come up fully to this mark. Every
time the South yields, the North will be
come more emboldened and more exact-
ling, until, as was thc case in this com
promise Bill, we will finally be required
to succumb and give up even thing. If
we are to be driven to the wall let it be
a fair and open capitulation, let it be done
' I will not presunle to offer my advice to
others : every man must take the responsibility
of acting for himself jas his judgment directs ;
All I can venture to do is, to set ihem what I
hope may prove to ho a good example."
The Telegraph Ion Monday brought us
the intelligence of the arrival of the Cam-
swkerb and oiiice-holders, there was a the casp. mhrwUp ennn'nc ;ror t
largo assembly of the unhought people of Cass or Mr. Van Buren should be elected
the District, who remained in the Court
tit of t
and entered cordially into the spi
le meet inn-."
directly by Congress ; but not indirectly bria, with advices from Liverpool to the
5lh instant, reporting the Cotton Market
steady and firm, with sales for the week,
32,000 bales. What these accounts will
have on our market, remains to be seen.
As yet there is nojehange in prices from
those current at the close of last week.
On Tuesday the market wasasain active,
and the demand good prices advanced -J-to
i on those of the previous day. The
sales of the week comprise 11 08 bales, as
hy a third power, and especial! v bv the
Supreme Court of the nation. This Court
is to a greaU extent, the creature of Exec
utive will. It is even now rumored that
a majority of the Judges arc with the
North on this great issue. But suppose
President what possible chance would
there be for the South in case of the death
Southern States. We appeal to the Peo-
pie, to say, if they are satisfied with such '
a manifestation of fidelity of Southern de
mocratic Senators to their rights! Would
not every Locofoco paper and gabler of
this heterogenous party have been pcr- ;
fectly furious if two Whig Senators from
Slaveholding States had voted for the Or
egon Bill the other day in the Senate ?
Common sense and former practice teach
es us such would have been their course.
But it so happens, that thc deserters and
traitors to Southern interests are self-styled
democrats, and not a word do we hear
from the peculiar guardians of our rights.
But with that impudence, characteristic
only of Locofocos, they shout from corner
to corner for C.s., another " Northern man
with Southern principles H Will the peo
ple of the South be longer deceived by
these political tricksters ? Will they pre
fer Lewis Cass a man without any feel
ing in common with theirs on this or any
other question, to General Zacharv Tav
lou, who has always been with them and
one of them. Wc do not and will not
believe it, until wc sec if.
DC3 A meeting of the Rough and Rea
dy Club will be held on next Saturday
evening, at the Rough and Ready Hall,
opposite Col. Robard's Hotel. A full at
tendance is deircd.
The. Whigs of Virginia appear to be
confident of carrying lhat State for O-n. Tay-
or rcs.gnat.on of any of.hd preset Judg. ! follows : WcJncsJpy, 100 bales, at 1i to lor-., n.W, ,ba, He eld He,u carrj U.
t.. . 1 . 1 .
w iwrcu ii.oi nvcr ana tne rr
srnted as running east v( it-: '1
the parallel of 3G3rand the t -rado
and (Ji!a rivers.
reports of trappers, and the -
As far as these accounts
it as a wate of eand and n- k,
tion,rKoriy watered, arid ur-.f.t,
tin? useful parpo3cs of J tie. A
phyw what an imiuenee'arca
aries ; and, notwithstanding '
:. : .i:r..i. t
I" II. 11 13 U.IOCUIi IU IMl.ll' I.,"
px isle nee of such a wa Snt wn
ry other grand division ,f t
incnl feature in ihe ecliii.i .
to the wants of man. JI'o--. .
may le filled with valufcb'e t
country, tte Mvae chararj. :
i's true character and rf.ou.i . -Alta
California, between I ,
of latitude, presents to he .
navigable rivers and btia J
eraphical features of a iery t.
Two chains of mounlaiii t:
-.. .ju.i yimitKi : (J :,.
versjins towards e&ch"uher,
parallel of .IS3. Here 1!.. y
Ijower California, exteft Jm ;
minatmg abrnptly in tle oce j
The tirft chain (that r.-i:.
tains. It impincs on the t .
Snnta Marli-ira. San Jinn . .
San Lois Itey and Sanjli
with fn much Lo'Jncf-a to t i
duct the road along th nnr;
lines of hih and low wikr i
ra and San Juan prescat p.;
f A ik. . . i .
of that country. j
Between the Crt and
there is a ralley, travele d ,y
rectly from the great desert t .
les, and a defending force w. .
the createst adrantarrt-'ni (
of the jornada" acro- t!.
and locality of Cariso Crc K !
The second or print Ij-al r:
reat distance from t!;! f
" fers Mime nrnt.V land, i Tl."
rane and the ca coat var s
The yrjrfjre covered vii:!i
diflficu't to cfctimate ; aiiJ j '
, an CE!iinate s-hould It jua-.'.-. :