.iTcriM1 of the M'atcliinau.
. .. n at Vi f k
Fir Subscription, per year, iw .a;u": "
a t W M .!
advnnc. Hot U not paid m advance, i wo aonara
.n.l Litt els. will be charcrrd.
AnvEftiisfiMEXTs instrted at 81 tor me nrsi.anu cts. i
..' , r at
ffr each subseti .ent insertio. court oruers cringed i
pr ct. hlghetJthao ,iheelrates A liberal deduc
tion to thow'whb advertise, by the year.
I.KTTCij to the, Edirors must be poat paid.
M 1 , - -
' T'""" i ' 1 N'N ' , .
. . m r a jlh a wm w w m
BRUNEI. & JAMES,
tVe Occupy a large portion of our present number with
IcMers from the pen of General Taylor, and some inter
num notice f his personal ami public character. Our j It is made
a check upo, a li. tocr
Do this, and Liberty is safe."
Gen' I. Harrison.
VOLUME V, NUMBER io.
a republican government?
men., in which the people -not
elect their governors, nn 1
erciso the smallest rcMrair.t
influence over them. Sir, ii i
ous to call such an institution :
, How, then, do gentlemen tn:.'
from this general power of (1
conferred without qualifier.!!'
cd the power of excluding t'
. - o
SALISBURY,' THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1848.
UejUuty f the Pr-id.ni. Con.u,u. j every member of the body, of-his best un- ! nable, of North Carolina, in the House of ' ted States by the Cons.itution. The l're-
I u n lent e information to Concrresa. it is fir--, .lor.to -.!: . i. . in . .. J wwninv-.. . iic I rc-
the dett rutinatitin lo be the President of the People. President Pok iae returned to Congress, with his ob
Huch waa theidesire uniformly expressed by Washing- jections, a bil
. f .! 1 CM ..
1 r :..: f . i it .
mw vyuuMiimiuii oi me L niir .
State institution. It exists i:i
which allow it, as a State it.
der their laws. ' It does not
HP-" of.n.W..n,icpriv.,e ,o cnm11e inror.na.io,. .oCongrs. . I. ,- demanding to this sob ect. and a full. ' Kenr;Trv";Z. hV. r.,r ... " " .",e !! : "?' f United Stat
" . J l"3 U ,
law of the United States. 1
ry is introduced or cstaU; ,"
forded to enable Senators both to reflect Senfate will see, thev have an immediate ! ticular kind of treaties, as includt-d in or ?.lh? ons5itcli
u:. i vi 1 vi.!,,i r. l v , ,r" -iics, otncrwise man;
and pofitical correspondence of the cand.dd.e for. so made his .at, when a bilMs transmitted to him with deep, thorough and nr'chinV invti.n i SI- 3 ,VJ "L i" "Vt ""r o " . ""UC0.n I n institution that owes its c
jiesenifu in an us pans ! speecn are some remarks m reien
. .. ii i- :. ti i.u . . -.1 .....u u:- t .. i t --" ' nine snuuiu ucai- inacii, anu i rcau mem , Decause. as trie ar.
t , - . ------ j- - ,- ,
ll.-rr-.iJ.no,. Th-B-.lr.ol.Mn. of .vh.ch h,3Usl ll.e ncon rffbi.il, hoo of ConSre,.io sign it. if h. ,: of ,uR Y -.,-,, :.: " 'JL - - f . " .:".. '" ""'"'V mi-Ke . Uw of ,be United Slr.tr, l.v
"O,. TW of approve U,e If he oe, no, appro il.i, isbiadu- I an(J beari ' : ., " f ,r '"JT , 7 R 1 i.;: .T" .1'. T - , TU, L" P".,'. "" I r)' introduced 6f U;
uv vuuouiuuuu sjJtrciiira un par-
- . .
to, aticn was tne aesire unuortnly expressed by the
lamentcJ IlttRIsdx. Stione- is it, indeed, that a wish
that wan uttered by these great men, should have been
the subject of such seyere critidsm when uttered by Gen-
r i ... , m . .'-
which he does approve. He sends a mes
anu to debate ; and that, so far from the connexion with the subject under consid- ; excluded from the grant. Nor does it
sage to Congress, not to communicate information, but
to discuss thelpropriety of their bills, to reason the mat
ter with them aa if he were still on the floor of the
House, and a jeuject of the one-hour rule. Such a pro
ceedins is unauthorized by the Constitution, is an as-
, , ' i . : I "( '
Ilia Cratifyinff to turn from tlic contemplation of a life sumption of pin ?i leges not granted to the President, is
nd character like those of -Lewis Caw, to the life and
--vw-----w.-m.w, 4 vi vi -j a b jiii- ciiTniiiM '.. r-
usual order of the Senate beiner reversed, eration. Thn naMnm w-ill ho fnnnrl fon ' cifv the nurnosp. for whiM, ,vnr t u oni.reien r
and this question pressed upon a weary important subjects 1 like to be precise on ' waged, or the manner in which it is to be whirlrL 1
and exhausted Senate motions to ad- j the 7th page, near the foot of the left hand concluded, but leaves these as necessary ' ih one S'ate - under i? 7'
journ after a continued sitting of seven : column, and is in these words : incidents to the treaty-making and war- anJ escnimV Into i.W
and eight hours, resisted, and the yeas and -uA . r e ! making powers respectively. -ain the f i,nP!B ? B"0iVr
nav (l(.m!1n,L,l .. ' . J r i ! distinguished Sontaor of my own State, n . . -0.iin, uie ered up Qjj.compla.ui of p:.r :
HblJation iSd ni PP TityKAr df Mr- Kadg0 a gentleman of high attainments Constitution has not only omitted any ex- such service or labor may be
liberation and discussion would be with- . and extended reputation, in a recent speech on Prcss restriction upon the treaty-making then, do gentlemen find grou:. 1
!vt u u, r. r- , the Oregon bill, admitted the right of Congress ; PYr' but declares that all treaties elusion thnt, although Cor.-r
i n , onoraxb,e frlencl frorn Delaware, to legislate for the exclusion of slavery in the ' mild w"ch shall be made, under the er to govern thec territories i
(Mr. Clayton.) says that no intention was Territories, but placed the South upon the prin. authority of the United States, shall be er particular it has no pou t -
announced to press this measure through ciple of expediency and the sense of justice of the supreme law of the land." Whatever them in recard to this nrm
..P .......iv-. -i tliCtk lie lilt. illl? ! I IlilL I -. I u i UCHI3UUU1L'. .iiimuiiuilj, tllkll lll.lt IIIUII111I RCPS' t.-n7 Ii -..! ...- ....
j , i .... x hi .nn ,,,,, , . i, , I, , v j
Now, to those who are curious in such OI u!e case Dc "rrd--as lor m
matters, it mav b somnwhat infprrstincr stance, that a treaty cannot be made to
to learn that, in this speech, distributed in
North Carolina about the middle of this
month, and delivered, as stated on its
face, on the first day of June, reference is
made in the passage which 1 have read.
I character of Dachau v Taylor. There is nothing sor-
I did or alenlatinj about the heTO of Buena Vista. He
ia always generous and sincere. Lewis Cass never did
or. pa id a thing in his Ilife, except Cur the purpose of turn
mz to aoiiie selfihh account. ZAniARV Tavi.or lias
achieved more great deeds under trying circumstances
irian any other man of hirage and country. Seldom is
it that be permit. himself o write or talk about them
but, when he does, it is, with a modesty that is only
equalled by his merit. As far as deed go, heaven
kyows that Lew ii Cass can show but a meagre catalogue
and yef he is never tired of pgotizing nbout his milita
ry" exploits. Even when writing a letter to Mr. CXtli.n
about bia Indian pictures, With the view of recommend
wg them to public attention, he could not miss the op-
an invasion of t!je rights of the Legislature, and insult
ing to individjiaj members. Taken in connection with
the insulting tjornmunication from Mr.' Med.ll, of the
office of Indian 'Affairs, made to the House of Repre
sentatives on th same day we: iappreherd thatmore
gross assaults fbyf the Executive Departments upon the
legislature arte riot recorded in Enfilishor American an- Such terms Were Used, lie is nnrlniihtM.il.-
ntyls, since th rights of the English Parliament were correct. But, in point of fact, how Stands
vindicated aginpTthe executive encroachments and us- '. the matter ? My friend annollllbed that
urpationsof (haules I. j he would press this, bill upon the consid-
We thougWt e had reached a pretty low deep in po- ; eration of the Senate. It was first called
litical idegraditin, when we saw important legislation up, if I recollect aright, Oil Satttrday af
arrested in Cinress, by the threats of the President's ternoon ; and, after a long and laborious
Irit'IldS. Oil Itie HOOTS OI Dotil llOUSPS. that it .1 fprtnin nn- . . 1 ii .- . .
r . ,. acsa u . in iHinnra iif irin.i i.c,-f. . . . i , ... i i . ..
propriationwerej contained in a certain bill, the Presi- ' motion for adiour, r7nt il o SIHC rema,'KS SUOmillea mc m lhti
dent would vtJ it But it eems there was still a tow- ! J or adjournment, and on the yeas Senate upon the second day of the same
wouiu cTu it. jjui u setms mere was s.m atow- anf navs v nt Pft atrfl ntt TL. T i -t r r. ..J
,r6ni(y to aaythat he had "roroHT icith Indians and 1 er deep for ub. That we reach when the President ' nrfn.. , - , . V , x " mu, u monitl OI June. iiy IirSt impression was,
.. . . L . . . . . IS . . un
ugatnit ttiem. .lie must always have something to say
aUat hifl irara and yetwe all know that the only wars
e . ' t i , i i
oj any aeveruy in which ne was ever engageu, were nis cidmg
wart tipon the Tsuryiof the United .States. There holds the Executive authority as a sacred trust!
it not follow, that to intro;
as much beyond the power
as to exclude it T
was snptit in tl. (nn-iilarni;nn .1... i .i .
sends an unconstitutional communication to Congress,! K.H " 1 '"V. WI me gentleman Was incorrect in Ins
officially warLml them that if thev pas. 7 bill, not coin- ! b",nnd precisely the samC result took chronology; but benre committing my-
ciding with 1 is views he shall veto them, because he M 0nor;f friend in charge of self OU this point, I thought I WOlild follow
destroy the Government, or the Constitu
tion, or any integral part of them, or to
introduce an) new element of political
power it is certain that the treaty-making
power is subject to uo express limita
tion whatever. When the Constitution
was formed, various kinds of treaiies were
known among nations ; and all these were
undoubtedly included in the granted pow
er. Amnnf tbpsp Vl'ri trrnfiv rf .
sion, by which the United States might IO' vrnencan
Mr President, the opinio:; s
pressed do not depend on n:
of my own, but, without fefer;
precedents which have been i
the past history of the Gov.;;
fully sustained by the solemn
crate judgment of the Sapr
the United States, in tie
both as t )
lie wast perfect hero we admit. He broke his sword
and threw away his fcliiehJ, with the most devoted self-
I j Mcrifice in all , ! these battles. He carried away much
plunder from the-' wars, .
There in no point of view in which the character of
Zachak .TaVlor stands in more honorable contrast to
We should like to know if Congress do not hold and
execute a trupl equally sacred ?
W'e should like to know where President Polk finds
his authority for Insulting Congress with these premoni
tory vetoes 1 I
The more ve reflect upon this subject, the better sat-
the bill to whom its Intends naturally look- the example commended to us by the Se- Acclu,re. as ,we11 as ccde, rr.tory. The 1
ed for the course they ought to pursue up- nator from Mississinni. fTr PnntP ,pv. Pouer 19 a Iar6e one' a,ld the limitations .!f" "l?
rived, and the nature and
: nn mnlinne Cir A , .n w .-. m -i!ll .1 1: .1 1 .. . . . V linnn if. vvhatpvpr tliov mrv r hn vp nnf
, ........ .-. ..v.ju,. ,.,.., ,, ureiuipu erai limes thissession, and have a pcepat . , 7. , ' .. f A.. ' novver over whnt is rrouirc '
to adjourn. Yes after a session of lull the dictionary to astertain what th s word 3'' "ned or apphed. The extent P " ol" ,
seven hnnrs; nn rlf rt.. T n,. .,.!. i ...i 1 . t . ot this nower mav liei miitpi from a fpw J o uc wl""'"' v ltu,tUl"1
, 7 v v?14'' V,,nJ luu ",ir" cnronoiogy means. 1 lountl that 1 was , . . " , J , . J P . : . . Ch ef Justire Alarshal s
ncrn nroo ifirniLiio.i rw i rm nicr-xi t 1 - - -
my honorable friend from Kentucky, (Mr. mistaken in ,mv first'nntinn. for the f1pfi. ! '"stances furnished by the history
i 1 i 4 i i . . . : ... ...j .. ,
L iiuciMuuu,; .use. io auurcss trie Senate, nition c
isfied are we that;, unless our downward career isnrrpst
I j tm v J I i" ' itio "Ujii nvi ' 1 J v J'V. VUIII j a' - -
try considerations. The old w-ldier is no peculator, j ed l,y ttie eJefnon ot Ueneral 1 aylor, our lorm ot gov
7fe nerr? reerired a dollar of extra romnenafmn frnm ! eminent willl.be completely revolutionized. What our
j .. j , t
ih public Trtatvry. . For all Ins extra services, he nev
t anked for. a dollar of mileage, extra rations, or pr
jHryin. ThU npears on the face of the public docu
riients. lAnd ye; among the many slanders that havebeen
nhowered uroh the ahivalrous old man, the bosk'st of all
is the intimation- the insinuation by Mr. McClei.laxd,
of Michigan, in his speech in the House of Representa
tives, that Zauiary Taylor had been, like Lewis Cass,
j.Iundercr of the Treasury.
Mr. McCi.ei.lani na that the sum paid in the .way
of tttrat to r. Ca.s, w as " jirulubly much less thai, an
examination cf the accounts of his distinguished oppo
nent would fliow that he had received as extra compen
ation during his career of erice which service it is
po disparagement. to him to say, has, for the greater part
himself a member of the committee; when
many Senators were exhausted, and some
prostrated ; and when even I, with a con-
practice of the nation.
-j "The Constitution confers
uovernmeni ol me union the ro
of " chronology" is satisfied by ar
ratlfinor pvpnt nppnprtinrr t n llir. rtrnnop , ITTcf T.. it. !.. 4 1 C
o-"o ...v.wv.1 11 . 1 xiioi. uv ucan uic 1 icmuciil nun rf.n- : . ...
. r..t i.. r , 1 ,1 , " . , in war ana 01 tn&Kin" ircancs : c
year ; and, therefore, the gentleman was ate can exercise a power expressly con- th (;overnrri,nl poises the
UUlltV Ot no violation ol enrann Uhtu u'Iipii f
ancestors reined from Charles I-the restoration of , stitutioii of iron, and youth besides on my he represented himself as referring on the can regulate commerce, and confer citi- "? be ceded bi The Ueav Vhe V
its constituuonalfcharacter to the House of Commons-. i side, let some respite to be necessary a first oi June to what was said on the ic zenship. Again, by treaty the United . become, a part of the natJn to ,
we .re .., . f r Way of losing under the dynasty of ; motion to adjourn was earned, upon the conJt both days being ill the same year. States can exercise a power not conferred nexed, either on the term, .ti.ulat
Jacksons, 4n CpRENs, and. I olks. I yeas and nays, against the vote ot my Some persons, on reading this reference in upon the General Government at all, but : ty of cession, or on such a lu
ILsenemy say what they please of Ins little ex-; l,lend Irom Delaware. The proceeding the speech to my remarks, and finding, undoubtedly reserved to the States. Of : .hall impose. Perhaps the Pou,r
penence in affair ; w-e conceive that m General Tay- j was, in my opinion, unfortunate very Am- from the proceedings and debates of the-' this examples arc found in the treaties ; a TerYiorj belonging to lire 1
s v,ews n tle subject of Executive Power, as ex- (ortunate though I attribute nothing of Senate, that I had not said one word on ' with France and the Netherlands, by w,,'ch has not, by becoming a 5-':
anSdi: until after the speech was which the subjects of those powers were triZTu'uV
public has groaned (br the last fourteen years. It is to ! or ose ho acted with hun. j . i made might suppose that a slight inaccu- enabled to succeed to the inheritance of l'th ,!"a.:.
the assumptions and usurpations of the President that 1 , Mr' Clayto. It is very extraordinary racy had crept in, and that those remarks lands in the United States without becom- , 3 h.rS riV-n
General TAjr.oRSattribu.es tendencies and powers that thfl the gentleman docs not rdcollect that were not made at all in the House of He- ing naturalized, and thereby the laws of g je r, o""efft r
are working a revolution in qur republican system, it ; when the Senator from Maryland, (Mr. presentatives on the first of June, which the States excluding aliens IVorn the sue- tal.,e onse qui.ne 0f ,e ,t t
is to the undue and injurious influence of the Executive Johnson,) who was exhausted and un well, , refer, 5 .rt to a speech of mine, cession were repealed and abrogated. ,orv Whichever may be The .
by his rATno...GF. in conjunction with his veto that j desired the Senate to adjourn, I, in oppo- made on the second of June ; but were in- Again, by treaty the United States can tbe" power is derived, the voiscis..
.'ii rJ i i--.i-i i r titwn tn ll.n ii'iwline rvf tLi 4Vr--J. -. f !-.- cut, nrl Crw Vt r f7 rct- ft tm a u 4 V - -V.r, .7 . --. ) -. ..! ... .1.. l . ...l.!.l. 1 .
of the lime, consisted of only the formal routine of light 1 we.,,iay wtu reiV 1 "e process oy wmcn our oovernmeni ...v. .n . o v. i iwo incuua ui nit xkjl tin, moi. uuic in iuu una set uj i uciikiiiu iui n ucui which u;is questioned. j
is rapidly transtornnng itseii into what 3ir. Jefferson -t uui, eAj)e.eu a uesne inat ine .motion speecn in tue iiionin oi juitj. jjui i uraw ieen uy tiue course oi law paiu anu sat f T
military dittif, at rornparatirrly Nuitnportant pout s, and
ifyr which a calculation of only his regular and ordinary
' in . ....
pay, ana allowances, in ttieseverul gruUes through which
Le liaa patted, (sEfARATE AM) apart from extra allow
isi'w.) the Urge Sum of $ 127,000, as will appear from
a statement In'-my pos!Wsion,"nnd subject to any person's
Mr. McClella.vd ought to be ashamed of the nnirnth
which he has suggested in the parenthesis we have print
ed in ama!) capitals. - He knew at the time of making
tliia apeiech, that Zaciiary Try lor had never soiled' his
hands w'ilh o sinui.e im-lLar of extra ( o.-virENSATioN.
Mr.82M.4GS U itch tB knew this fuct when he trave cir
culation to this untrurli, in the columns of his hired or- ; forminS 'JVashingion City Battery
gana. I 1 he Uemocratic Congressional Committee knew 1
it wheij they printed Mr. McClellano's speech for uni
versal circulation. And yet they tell the country that
Zaciia ik V. Taylor has received a large sum in exrtra
rompenaation as the man, on' account of whose si mine -In
peculations Cbngress found it necessary to enact a
artxut LAwj For the protectiox of the Treasury.
In conducting the present canvass, we have nut found
it necessary lo occupy our columns with the defence or
might succeed, and gave it my support. ! no such inference. The whole matter isfied. This was done with regard to the
That the gentleman call " hot haste."
Mr. Badger. Unfortunately, the gen
tleman contounds two dillerent cases.
Mr. Justice Johnson, in bis
livered in tho same case.1 w I.e ..
i called a Monocracy.
- The wise old ijfinn has solved the great problem in our
affairs. If we-wfould preserve our system, we must re
store to the J.egislative department the dignity and pow-
, er of which it haU been stripped by the President. The kiKiw that the jrcntleman assented to the descended upon a man, the seer, "rapt into the treasuries of the respective States. $ altogether incidental to t
will of the PtorLfc must supercede the wili of the Exlc- motion to adjourn last eveniii for the ae- in tuture time, often saw events with And, again, bv treaty the United States power, and, perhaps, to the po
! 1 1 1 W t It. ! I 1 B
any such uncharitable supposition. In confiscated by State authority during the C CO ' 3 expresses lur:
ancient times, when the prophetic spirit Revolutionary war, and the amount paid i " The' riht, therefore, of ncr-;
uTiviE. Popular-privileges and authorities must over- commodation of my friend from Mary land; ! such force and distinctness, that, in pro- may acquire authority to erect judicial new States into the Union ; and t!
ride Prerogative.! The one-man power must yield to Dut h0y was it when my friend from Ken- Ptic strain, he spoke of them as past al- tribunals and confer judicial power with- j of ch acquisitions is of course !
the omnipotence of the many. Mr. Jefferson's doc- tuciV (Ir. Underwood,) uho teas sujinos- ready. Again: This is the age of pro- in the territory of a foreign and indepen- islaiive power of the Union, is fir
19 U 1IV-1-1I I 1 VI IV U ' J 1 J
trine must be lived up to that acquiescence in the will
of the majority ii the vital principle of republics. This
is true Dempcrady. This is the Democracy of the re-
! SPEECH OF
MR. BiYDGEU, OF N. C,
cd to be opposed to the bill, desired an ad
journment for his accommodation ? It was
to this case that, I referred. Allow me,
sir, to add what I was about to say when
interrupted by the honorable gentleman,
1.1 is a -- 1
(Trp I n tl.rs rl.fn f 1 m r it wuu c4tl I lint jliif nntinn I If tliij wo h r vr ri ti Ptam
cominir events cast their shadows before;" pie in the bill now on our table to erect fl"ire ciler P"jly or uh
ty improvements of such tribunals and confer such power to ,ormer,u,5r y" '
Tf case of such acquititions, 1 ice r.
ii . I ? 1 .i
the eulogy of ZacharTayi.or. His great deeds speak
for themselves, and are freshly remembered by his coun
. trymeri. ; His conduct and character require no defence
J ourliandi They are uninipeaohed and unimpeach-
and now, in the mighty improvements ol sucn tnounais anu contersuch pow
.l i i. ....,........ ..r ... v.,. ; .;, ,r
i ru ii tv hiii lis . tue v titiuni ui i c: . l 1 1 1 tiuii ii cvci li.lu iii i u rijurii u jr viiiii.i. al ,
... .......... ., r. . . ,,' ., the nower arnuired over ine c
electricity, it may well Dc, mat " coming seems, tnereiore, io loiiow necessarily, as n f ' ,t nnwA- r:. .
that I regard his course as peculiarly un- words cast their sounds before !" And thus well from the express grant of power as , 0f nations by any other
fortunate with regard to suchja bill as this. ' ic nappenea mat my cuiie-iue ui me nuui uiu 1'iaui.c m uic uuvn.iuiuiu, mat aCq,reti 0r ceded tenitorv."
The ?reat end and obiect of the. bill, as House, in the dark hour of midnight, had the President and Senate, by treatv, may
; j on the ; avowed by the gentleman and the com- his spirit troubled with a vision so clear acquire territory for the United States. Now, sir, here is. if I can v
Bill Offered hi) Mr. Clayton in the Senate mittee, is to pacify the public mind, to set- of the atrocity which I should commit on When that acquisition is made, by the ex- ' a clear and decided! opinion c
- . l - v . 1- a 1 -. f T . -.. Kr-lxr.rr-k -r-fc r r-r ' ,-T- f I i. a--..r. )i-. I I. 1 . 1 ifttrJ 1 1 A B rVa tnont t TT
(z a Coww-oflWiCofAc QiiMioiofStf. t,e tlnsagitating.suoject, anu to restore uie vcuna 01 j u..e, .nu .u uu.,,,,, , , mu, t, ami., , u, u- uu..,l, w7 uH. ...... - ..
UUUIIlry, LIU W . KJH IV UlVCaLU UUUll UIO IUIIIV4 i M v v ill i ., xr-..-- .mv.. . -ww.qI - -
1 -. I . -....., - I I . J A 1 . . nr-ok'n.l 1 1 nnn
4 r -w i Wt ) V lli I lit CUUII 'V. I l()W I tflllV uiCOLU uuuu
)iii fti tttr i d i' ri fr, s o f ir I irof : t t J J J .... ... . . ...... . t l
..cy f. l .. , ...o . vv ... -,0 v.. ...- f snfh. hfi n in pi in it on the lirst. And the nower to lecris ate or the irovcrnment who was tnmseil tue emtio
Mr I.Anrrilr. said : lam verv snrrv thnt i free America
mv hnnnrahlp fripnrl who rinnrtrl ttiis Oil Occasions
III i ji'iiia'iv' m vj a 'jrva v a.aaw 4 - , . , . ...
v t . .a 1 1 ii I. . . ..! . k--k n, I . t . I tf t i I I m 1 1 1 t-i
those which I have quoted :
" Gracious heaven ! are we reiluced to lhi?
Is our only, our last hope, the verdict of a j 1 1 ry
whose interest, whose feelings, and whose of-
! 1 1 1 nij... i- 1 . l : . 1 c 111.
m- vh.h Mr -or:ns n.T.-rr ,., ft... ! oui, iMr, Clayton,) ten nunseii compeneui
! tit. of his h'en roost robbers against the old man, we by considerations of duty, under the infiui companies a measure, should be as exten-
tarn from them with disgust to the testimony of cand.d ence of 1 which I know he always acts, sive as possible in its operation ; and
and manly opponents like General Smith and Hum- heye and elsewhere, to press the measure therefore, 1 think, there should have been
rmiYlMAJtviiJALL-.the statement of either of whom i thfou&h the Senate, and to prevent, so far shown no disposition to cut off any gentle-
would outweigh the owhs of -an acre.of the favorite wit- I as dependedibn his action and influence, a man from a discussion of the question, by ganization fix that verdict against us
j fnesjesd" Mr. Ritchie: Indeed, it would seem that a lull, ample, and thorough investigation of pressing a vote nere umu me pnysicai en-
man must have been caught stealing eggs, or robbing 1 the subject ih all its bearings. What is ergies of the Senate should be broken
' hen roosH, to qualify for a witness in Mf. Ritchie's eyes, the character of .the measure? It is a down, and the members be compelled by
No man aeems to lie competent to give evidence satisfac- proposal to settle a most difficult and anx- exhaustion to submit. This is the long
4 :.'tory.'to the- Union, tHJ he has 'disgraced himself by some . iouslv considered subiect. UDon a nlan session, and the Senate have refused to
itf action. . It is in no other way that we can account entirely novel one heretofore proposed fix any day for its termination ; and.there-
i for the factthat Mr. Ritchie passes by the testimony of j)y no one, and, so far as is kno wn, thoucht fore, there is no excuse, in my judgment,
.V.. ' ll I I 1 111 l . 1 i . . J . r . : . i . i i if 1
wcu-anown "u no.ior., ine.noers o. ms pany, io o fa noone; Jt ,s a meaSUre of immense lor til
...Una coiu.nns wuh the vituperations o. iiisj petty lar- imnortance. reaXn S it does, to a Sub- The session
iect in itself of vast concern and enmnli- Ionr one
.,. . ,-
oral power, x o u cannot cuange 415 auuu, u. miu.cu iu n. w . . mt- ... jiv" HQi.um.. . . ..n. pin - ...ui-ih ....v. ...... . . ... .,
ion, or settle the discontents "of then, his patriotic horror, in this clear of the territory so acquired. For it con- judicial excellence that, tn:
erica, by the mere force of law. foresight or forchtaring of my offence, im- fers on Congress the power " to make all ty and war powers, the Unite!
sions'of this kind it is all imnor- pelled him to make a pious appeal to hea- laws necessary and proper for carrying under the Constitution, .the
' 1 ' .... . . ' -i .il.i- : . '. - .1 .1 ..
tant that the moral influence which ac- ven in these words, immediately tollowing into execution lue powers vesteu uy mis quire territory, uiai iuc
cetiy aflidavij makers
' Having given to, our readers all the political letters of
General TaVlor, we
military deanatchea. These documents are tis charac
terise ( tl man aa are bia private letters. From his
CiVl dcatch st Fort Harrison to the last at Buena Vis
la tliejralt breathe the same spirit, manifest the same
fnpdeat digaity, and exhibit the same peculiarities of
j stkle and character. The Union says that General Tay"-
L)a "Hriies nly the ungrammatifal despatches. We
Hfeitly lsay that, if General Taylor had, lived as
Itf. Rrrcuit has, to the rie age of seventy more or
less in the daily use ofhis pen.it would be well enough
for the Mrs. MaLATrof in intaloons to reflect upon his
" parts of speech." And though General Taylor has
had other things to do besides studying Lindley Murray
and things of much niorCjcansequcnce, the most hurried
into execution the " powers vested by this quire territory, uiat tney ac
Constitution in the (government ot the the same terms as any otLtr i
United States, or in any department or that it is subject, in their I.
officer thereof." To my understanding it terms and conditions as they
is therefore plain that, by the treaty-m tk- proper to impose, subject on!
ing power, we have express authority to strictions, if any, as may be c
acouire territorv : and. bv the orovision I the treaty of cession. Now,
And a little after, still referring to me, nave cjte(h Congress has express authori- expect, after this decision, to
exclaims tv to legislate lor it when acquired. Now, the Supreme Court of the I'
And da southern statesmen sound the first sir, upon this power, what are th; restric- an adjudication that, indep' :
note of retreat ? Does the flag fall first in their , tions, and where are they to be found ? gether of legislation by Cor: ;:
hands?" There are plainly none in the Constitution slant any territory becomes
... ..itself. It is one thing for us to think that stitution of slavery cxi-ts t
iow, as 1 intend to aovance again mat nnnM tVl n r rnprft rnrne 0r thft Constitute
citizen has a ri'.
- Vn. .r V which has hWn nursTied a v V V- certain restraints upon the exercise of this mere force of th
ess?on which, delivered b wouia be convenient, would at ted States 7 Ge
Te and he wadier vm ho T " "T P5 Ttt this particular lime be reasonable, would American citizei
1' LthTr the prophetic rror of my colleage of the P ye the interests of lhat section 0f the newly acqui,
,rreaJ.al. .he poluica! Wu ,s of -.,,, b k ' inci(JBntB, difficulties.- and exha.sting. .1 am aslanxious as any u.use on the fust, and & his speech.no f" ? X ' we 1 ,nen io ve ess to e.amin. bat for no .
. r .NW.itWscemtoime.lbat when the gentleman to return to my home and my doubt with lle kindest feeling- towards fl0 r "h , ""P PZ,r Jl SH U is :
the whule ; and it is another and very dif- different question, whether .
fercnt thing to show an actunl restriction to carry a slave there, and.
upon the power itself. The former relates slave was recognised as
i I.- - r :..: C n i . fmnm .. t. rrmr '
10 a 1USI aim proper Ilioue ui ecrcisnig iian. iiutu ..v. ,.
sses itseii to tnose in inereiorc, sutu iauanaii i
. l : mm .l - ..- r tlii Inrritrrr '
power is vesieu. 1 no oiuer . y v.. ,
an actual exclusion af the power, goes. Ihe allirmativc ci
Ipavps nothini? for the exercise of cannot, in my opinion, t -
ir.St nOtC ,. . it 'PL. I l I. C , . nnnnvo wlilph IK tft pA f: ! !
. - - . . .... - - j- i ' - . i ....-..,.-. nr ..ii . tin r . 1 1 1 1 1 1 r;i 1 1 1 f .i.'ii.iLU. uuiJ.rvvi - - - - - -
in aa eminent desree. due to this body, or should, at most, have made a very briet nf retreat" from a nosition which I have ; . 1 ? - 'nr. n x ,mo.i-o,i u-iri,in a fewveara we '.,;:
i ' n.i ii i i t . ., t rnm iro'liiia, i .11 r. liuuici.i icmumvu
itse f. tht. instead of beinr introdueed to statement ot the ground; Upon wmcti I
npvpr assumed, and thrown down a flaT . , . 0 l 1 -.. . nr.imnlp nf frrat Hritain.
' ' ., o , . , - i , . , " tharalthoU-Iiiii oeeuieu io 111111 iiu awiu.- ..... j .. -, -
, us with k significant-notification that it , have formed an opinion .adverse to the vhich j nevcr raised. 1 tvto denv Con-ress the power to gov- the cession or some station (
I was to be pressed through In hot haste passage of the bill. But, Under present jn orter to a fun understanding of my . .,.r::,orv v..t that Lwer must be the dominions of the lb; :
tit ni . .'. .. : l: r .i- .-f .... ...- ivifh nn ni. imitffl cpc.inn .L.I,.l 1.1 1 1. eni n.iiiiwi;tJLu j , rr ...ii
cised in subordination to some gen- in order more cueciuaio i-
He commerce and protect our c
gentlemen comnosins the committee, af- . children, but 1 see no reason why this great me .vas nrinted and circulated extensive
ter the yarious diveijsities of opinion a- ; and important measure sljould be hurried jy jn tne gtatt 0f North Carolina, the Se
mong themselves, which were stated by through the Senate. If, Indeed, the Sen- nate wj see why I have made this refer
mv friend frbm Delavvare. (Mr. Clayton) ate had passed the resolution from-the fine.e. and lhat it is demanded of me, as a
at last h jt upon and concluded to present, House, and the House had adopted its a- matter of respect and grateful considera- 10 a J usl 1 r, e
as a compromise, a measure before un- mendment fixing the final day of adjourn- tion to him, that I should state the grounds auinonl a . '
J.'i .. j i .i r qiCf w c:i-,J,i,i Uv ctnr.,1 ... .- i... whom the power is
Known miu uuconjeciureu, ii was uue io mcut .m. aUVu.u -on wnicn my opinion rests ; an ojjiuiuti, uy . ..
the importance of the occasion the high, in a very different conditiofi. i In that case, the expression ol which 1 have, accord- . Vjs.a
solemn, and lasting interest at stake and, I should myself have given a silent vote, infT lo liS phrase, sounded the first note w -
i. . . ! .. . . i . f o I ..... i tef po 1 1 r?
o eral rule given in ine lohmuuuuu. .... . w. ...... t .
this Government has a right to acquire un(erlook lo pccify 0nc case, and ccr- country, could it be mau.t..
territory, and whence that right is deriv- u- . -t was unhappy illustration stantly upon the cession, frc
ed. Upon this point different opinions of ruie he had Uid down. He remark- of our Constitution itself, i
deppktch that ever came front his pen " in the noise Mr. Cjuavton, (in his seat.) Nothingof circumstances, vitn an uipiimiiea session views, it is necessary that I should go back
" -...' ... i ii i .!.. I . 1 C-f4-?-l J-jrt n"kcrurfrii-.rv r t . . i . I f !.
ana oonrusion" or any one pi ms victories is more ac- ine Kind oeiore us. i irr.i jusutau .t. .ov,,.t...s . a little in the argument, aim snow mat , , iv , :n the Constitution.
-.,.-.. .i . .i .i . -iu. ..!;,. ;i r at. ui t s sit . u ... i ! ..;.,.. full,, nnrl nt lnrirpj I shall nndpr. .1 !., ,:t,i .,,:.. Ciai ruie incii ju 1
iirij wnucn mmi 11c iiiobi nuwu.c vunwuui nuiu llir. IJVUUtK. x 'Will ouuw mere Was, ico iu.m ui.u "e -
he pen f Mr. Ritchie hat ever appeared in the Union, though perhaps it was not intended. I was take to show that this compromise mea-
Eenj it aiimulua of $27768 has'never goaded Mr. about to say, when interrupted by the Se- sure, which my honorable friend has re-
KtTcma into writing decent English. Grammar, for- nator, that in these circumstances, instead ported and recommends, Involves a total
sooi-j. wnetai tyL0r wuld teach Mr. Kitcihe as Gf such n announcement being made to and absolute surrenGer, op ine part ot tne
muciMi. uie wt grammaticoi in ,he art military. lne Senate, we should iiave been inform- South, of whatever rights, leelmgs, or in
I Washington City Battery. cd that" the 'committee, unable to agree teres
I ' I " . I i . . I ' A.
upon ail lilins cisc, aim acting lroiii uic ; uui mi ' 0 l t ... j power iu acquire an assum." v" wp pr0p0sc to do by this Very
have been expressed. My inend Irom , Con-ress was bound to establish
me 1 . r 1 v ' . n hl mM
lUassacnuseus, (Mr. uavis,; in a erj tn itorv a republican form of gov
l f T, m.MArT. ftinr CrfK kt- f
j in.iwj,.. ov."f, .v. .ti ma t.QSOns lor Sign- , ,!'
ing the Oregon bill, and his insulting advice to Congress j". 01
o to adapt their
to, presents only
sa in our Government
-hidej m his ALLrsoxletter
y tomprehensive enough for every man's code. country,
th, of whatever rights, leelmgs, or ,n- s ch on this subjecff lreated this as a " 1 sir, what has been here
st we may have in the subject with- casus omissus in the Constitution, held the , "J1"1;..; uoi of Congress ? What do
any advantage being j gained thereby pver to acquire an assumed one, and the ; t. hv th- . b:u 7 j.s.
v. - . . . -..1 . . - 1 ur 111 w 1 .v ,-......,-... , -
est mot ves, had thought proper to pre- to us, or to tne counir. ; rlght to govern as a consequence merely t j- h'0 republican form of government f
ent a new and unheard of plan of pacifica-; Mr. President, on the first day of June, ot- te acquisition. In my opinion, the ' pesjent anj scate are to send
ion on tills momentous question; that they in this present year of salvation, one thou- power to acquire territory is expressly con- f - t(j evV Texjco ana five to Cal-
would spring up and beco;
institution there? This v
be absurd. Yet it stands v.
arguments, applying with
on which rests the alle;
, ..a.tu - that in ihi rnntrrtrv. ' sand ein-ht hundred and tortv-eisnt, a fprrA nnnn th Government of the L ni- ' ... .1 -.i . .1 .... mns renuest
Elation .. ,0 steer dear of u, vE. i 7 In vfkdd from mbcY7S speech .was delivered by an honorable '
another phase of the revolution going ' L ' .T. . .u. iU w ' Imhpr nf ,U tU rthr. Unnsn. renre- After this speech was made I was informed by Mr. O. subsequent sanction 01 11 ,
to which General Tavlor al- enaiC ipe-IUliesl .crutiujf , iua iupj ..u . - -, yESABLE tba, 1 wa3 misxaken in supposing his speech are lo exercise legislate e, e' ,
, to wnitu Ajeneriii iaur ai- , j - t .!.? oc cpntinrr a rlUtr rt in mv own Slate, which enable inai . . ... . . . . .1 1 ronnh.
that eDi tome of sound do- y wispeu anu uujicu, uui urua..ui,ui ) , , , ', ,J , , . . . .. . to have been nrsi circu.aieu iu .ui , uwi .1 ,utic,al powers over uiciii- .'"l ;
brief enouch for everf man's creed, and auc to the nselvej, the innate, anu jUie j a S ! cr. rT" . r , !act: "rcuiaieu m -u. , l" i lican ? Is this What the tOiiMiiuuvu
!the application, on tho part ot ' anu cuuueu, " opeecn oi tioti. . . v- JTOuce as wvu w - v- .
propagation of slavery h'"
can territories Sir; the ir. ;
sent itself, whether slavery v
tulion of the territory before.
fac any slave was carrscu :
of our citiz-s- If so, then
ried would be recognised
the territory by force of us o