Term of the Watchman.
rr p.icr!piionptT year, Two DoiAtftpyaUe in
i iivAnttf Dot! if not paid, in advance ,!Two dollars
' .nl fiftr cw, will b cbargfd.
A.nviRTl'r-MFTs (mwrted al Jl for IV firsjt.and 2j ctsOj
i'r faH1 ("Ul'int insrrtioii; 1 Court orilrTs'ctnrged I
;' tioo who adertiw by the year. ?, - -
XlTTCR tne Editors must be post paitK H
: NQlvril E UN VIII L A NTHUOP Y.
v .7 pluses EdmomonK writer
lhe j. Tribune, in speaking of. the $2000
pbso' to .purchase the freedom pf tlie two
garter gajsi' asks-j4 ,Vho evr befcjre
heard, ojfsijch a.singlc deed of piety, love
fend beneficence ?" Ah ! who indeed ever
fceard of S2nnn hrinrr raised for the btene-
m of iwo colored girls, when hundreds ns
,good,fas virtuotw and as intelligent are!
without a friend or a dollar-nay, hun.
urctisinnu mpuaiuni.ui. poor wnite girls
(ifw(cgirhcan find favor in these davs !
jkjhlaek; nttachmemsy are toiling night j
nna uay 10 earn an honest penny, without
ftlnena 10 raise-a triMe to enable them to
purcMse h cloak tor winter ? But this is
not nlJ. There ismorc humbug, more im-
nostuce, more donations required and so-!
Ucite J fur the .aforesaid yallcr . cals.H
Thj? vf nter says they mw bo educated
tltfyl f l,,c and JruJgcn; of
! i I&lx""'. (certainly iol Who wishes fo
! .J?? "y"u,luj?I, "Kraueu ty labor f, It i y'ng me past yearr the home squad
Isojily the white gjrl whom nature inten- ron consisted of one frigate', four siooos
-1 dedfdrsuch low pursuits f) -but in its nine steamers.-seven schooners, four bomb
llll'lnltlf ' n n1 molli. mi
of tbi' enlnrnil ctit.llmo f- 1 t
Pi - t.- ... 7 ,,C -JU j.Ml 1
, .el,.Uerry hrmth says he will give 850
rto theieducation fund, and the writer pro
poses that nine rriore should give an equal
feupv anu eighteen morej give 25 each; !
and thu make up another cool thousand
W educate, in a rehned and delicate man
ner, these two colored Indies. What next
shall We hear ol in the shape of monstrous
and most ridiculous folly ?
ViJttie Rev. Dr. Cox and the Rev. Mr.
frreber who have, made such ; pathetic
Appeals in behalf of the two rirls. visit fhn
wauino vi Hilary in men' own parishes, i
- ( a o
anu see iiow many poor t ln.vJrcii are with-
oat shoes how mtlny poor widows with
puvcoais now mat y 'Sick, without nour
iihraent' howj many shivering without
cljjtfiiog? Will they count how many
hearU would have been madejoyous
how tnany naked would have been clothed
hpvv many hungry would have been fed,
with the large sum of two thousand doU
brs T , Would their Great Master, in whose
footsteps they declare they walk, and who
was" ever the true sympathizer and almol
met ot the poor, have given two thousand
floMar) to have purchased the freedom ojj
iwo colored girls ! He nevcrwould have
A committee, however, is appointed to
take charge of the subseripU6ns to give
the .two Misses Edmonson a rmlirM nrt
policed education atid then what tlwn?
'Ahoi'her rajse must be made ito marry
t.lum- We hope they will nbt lie missing
1',ai 1o onc WH atxluct theni. They are
' ! Mart irls. antl ? mnf h vioibtniU i..,;i,.t
after and protected.
j -4.?Af:iN Point, Yesterday aTternoon,
ag rt anout lUanother perhaps about 12
A h'ttle boy of 5 or G. openfed the door
V"f VICQ :S' 5'Harclay street, and
. I:1 t .1.. .' ' .
assec permission to warm thnir'-for Tti
girls vvere) without shoes anil stockings
ne bpyjjnd an old pair of t rowers on.
The story they told was-briefiy that they
Yivedjit.No. 12 Vaiide water street, where
if"Y "i.iiei nuu nor are-inai itieir
jfothef had gone to the railroad, and their
momer tiqu sent thetr out to beg for some-
uirig to eat Here tbey yerenlmost na
ked and starving in the midst of a Chris,
hani communitvl at this iliclemrmf. SPnvnn
Would hot a,t rifle oi the 8000 paid for
tae Misses Edmonson, have done some
good Jo this starving family
' ! 3
Improvement of Cape Fear and Dcev
uccrf.--The Report of the En-if.(;rvvbniin11 a ypguiar communication be-
Sccntljjsurveyed these Rivers a
lacri i.- an Interesting document
. ' O t " f
locument. It will
uv. luuiiuon our urst page.
r If it he true and we at least have no
. knowledge to controvert the Engineer's
ptimate.-that the sum of 81 85.000 will
loptjn' a ood navigation from Wilmington
-200 miles to the immense mines of Coal
fnd Iron which are found on Deep River;
pat tHe head of that navigation will be
vuhin 33 miles of the Valley of the Yad
jma region teeming with all the wealth
1 mn which a rich earth rewards the la
porjf of ,an industrious people; and ex
(fndiQ.j by an easy navigation nearly 200
JHiles. further to Wilkesborougb ; if this
fe?Ue, should tberu be a moment's hesi
wtirf in expeniling that amount, so paltry
tfcbnparison to the objects to be attain-
'rt UrelV not. f such nn Alm .,r.-
ii view in one of ib nrtu't '
oureiy not. 11
iUiius would not be deemed i " X ,
. . . mv"
le persons are
of opfnioii that this
tf finished, would, injure; the trade
crayetteville. Impossible J That which
riches .the ' (vhnbf rfrifiri vf thm SfU.
rMnvwhich we are connected ! by neigh-
Thbod and trade, cannot well be injuri-
ousj A vastleal of the trade open-
ery sucli navigation would necessarily
centre b.ri. ... 1
. in tTilm .1 ; ... 1. . b !
' mangel nnlievr V wisbiw,!!1
eterV i:r-- ' . . h . .
;K!fePro,Pe,!,' ol 'North Gawrti
iicine Avnicti wi 1 nromore ihei
Inn-'tv .1 0 . """"MVftis 111 vasning-
VJIJ IT IMA tr a fti ft .: !... fir . I "
r wri A I I
1 T.L. 1.
the V a .v..vv... ..I KTintHiioer
Hct ?t bUe oul wh so i. much vi.
;0t 7po .0 .-niim -inui- -
Miiled J vTUnyallrK 01 me
qisease. hat. Int. . "v '-!'"
na. iui.. m.. . n- . . . . . ... . 1
UIl. J. IwenellPr t lnrl. r... It , nrnnncm In ftranla n. K. f.
- , . ....u. . w . 1 j vv lit - mj in uiiiio-m iv v. 1 1. 1 1 : . iiiii fH n I 1 1 l r
Wti'f P 6 ' If ,TS 0 U,e king-,denng and detailing officers for service,
rii -tXlsri,V Ir, Ii- an(l; his family to superintend enlistments, discharges,
:1o;lC?St"8?rs'Jlllhc P,l(rkct sI'P iVewjifcc; these duties now "occupying too
fj? niTTri7n tamfs -. . - . - , - --.-rr: --: .
iivi'iih k j . fMiiaiJ&i ' v l . , 1 . .
Editors Proprietory . l " Kmf ryojc all tquh - wotbm " ) NEW SERIES ' i
-f i ; RcLfeBS i" ''yfSSi 1 this, axd Liberty is safe." i -. . uilliuOt r "I
in y4 ' : ; - - JLJLs--L1 ' r' ' - i. , .''-..,. VOLUME- V,-.NUJlBEil 38. i
- ' . : ;SMlSBUItY, N. C, THUltSDAY, JANUARY 9n. .Sic
Attract of lHe Report of the Secre
tary of the Iavy, for 1848.
w.rJ " ear ine Lawrence
The construcliorv'of four stearni f
war. authorized by law, are in pro-ress.
1 "e oaranac has been launched Th'p
PowhatanI SusauehannaK o,i o' T.
cinto, may be launched next year TW
twar steamers are of the best model tU
Dcsl materials,' and th h ."
l! There are unfinished at the several na
,lvy yards, four seventy-fours and two fri
I In the Pacific there ap twA r .l
0"e razee, one frigate, four sloons
and two storeshjps. Commodore T. An
C, Jnnes-ommanda the squadron
vr.vseis, anu two storeships.
Th.r b? k,. 1 1 ':.
r . " , t n,i,,o3ea0n he coast
of Africa, three sloops and three ibrigs
Commodore Cooper sailed in tqe Sloon
Yorktown in November, to relieve Com-
oaore liolton, who commanded the Afri-
i There have been employed in the Me
diterrantean during the present year, un
der comtnand of Commodore Read, one
frigatene sloop, one steamer, one schoo
ner, and one storeship. 0
1 uerf? nave heen employed on (he coast
ot UraziL under the command nf'fl.mn.
; 1 - wwmAaaw-
- ot7er ne irigate, one brig,andone
The s bop Plymouth, Captain Gednev.
was despatched to the East Indies in
March last, carrying out the Hon. Mr.
Uavis, tfommissioner to China. !
'In the month of September last, thefri-
gai?L o vrence was sent to e Baltic.
JAe Secretary says: The condition in
which our ships have returned from Ion
cruises under their services abroad, have
afforded gratifying evidence of the hi"h
state of discipline in the navy." 1
The ofiicers and men of the squadron
acting against Mexico are complimented
or their - skill, and courage, and'scrupu
lous regard to justice and humanity"
their duties having been performeld "with
out a stain on our national character, and
wiujouian act 01 extortion, cruelty-.
The Naval School at Annanolis (Mri
land) is eulogized-its " beneficial elfWts
being already sensibly felt." It is expec
ted to "produce for the navy thekill and
knowledge which the Military Academy
has produced for the army." I:
It is recommended that the "hags and
omer trophies taken by the navy from
Public enemies in war" be sent to the Na
val School, there to remain.
Dry Docks are to be constructed at Pen
sacola, Philadelphia, and Kittery the
first to cost-$921,937 ; the 2d, $813,742 :
the 3d, 8732,905 total, 82,4G8,584.
The operations at the Observatory at
Washington have been attended! with the
"most valuable results;" among them is,
the adjustment of chronometers and oth
er nautical instruments for the navy. It is
recommended that charts and a; nautical
almanac be; published. .
It is believed that the various, contracts
for steam-packets will be complied with.
. . -.v....wv.. 10 iw icau x iiiictrrm ior Urefron
T 1 r January, nd it is expected,
f 3 " yw . 1 . . . .
,t'c.,,.tvv AurK nnu u,rt'Son s establish
f'VlSt: be made in 35 days.
R is believed that a passairelmav h
passarelmav h i
inaue uy sieamers Irom (Jhina to San ,
1- 1... . ' . . i J l
l-ranciseoin twenty days; and that in
telligence, passengers,- and merchandise
can be conveyed from China to Liverpool
'via New York, in one-half the t me now
I he contractor for the line of Steamers
from New ork to Liverpool hast wo ves- 1
seis reauy to De launched, of 2,$00 tons
each ; and two others ready to be placed
on the building ways. ;
"That American hemp can bc3 prepar
ed in quality erjuat to any-tn the world has
bcei. established by 'experiments, under
the. most rigid Jests." .'. -
7'he niilitar' contributions collected in
. the Gulf of Mexico at ports and places in
" vr" .- rtl
the military occupation ol the naval for
CP!' amounted to 8131,835.
1 .1 .1 .... 1 m .
,i 3 csiiiiiaitu uiui iue expenses 01 ine
navy for the year ending the 30th June,
1850, including invalid and widows' pen
sions, and the marina corps, will! amount
to 85.997 94(5 58. The aggregate amount
expended in the two years ending on the
30th of June, 448, was S21.598.GG1 18.
"It gives me pleasure," says the Secre
tary, " to bear testimony, as the result of
rny own experience, to the efficient organ-
i liesides all shins nn tbi? stnrL- ;
1 Asides a I ships on the stocks, in ordi-
nary, undergoing renairs. or in J enmmi..
' " . 0 . ' . i
and lands held for naval purposes, thfe
value of the public property on hand for
naval purposes is estimated to be worth
Ai MAA 1A
-large a port I
revised book of regulations for the
much; wanted." 8 , I
lhe oppointmentof a small number of
asstant powers is recommended.
V'T .-X - iii.r2
on joi me secretary s lime.
- J- ; 5 ! ' T - -M- S
THE NORTH r t nrr
. . vnuuwAA KAIL UUAU.
it is with deep regret that we announce the 1 ?Jn the S.anrtarH" nr r o t
defeat ,n the Senate, of the North Carolina Cen ' a !. ' . nuary 3J, there ap
lxal Railroad hill, on Saturday last. The hones ' - an edl,or,f 1 UP f sulyect, which wc
,.tuuawnea have been blasted : and unless
-. ...c consideration which has been agreed
o, something is done, the State may bid a Ion
farewell tq every prospect of improvement m
We havie exnrpcorl ik i, i :. r. . -i .
the scheme suggested by Gov. Graham, would ; T'P tda ,ast' "P0" ,he bil1 to establish
harmon.ze all interests. It is the hgmnincr 0f i a. 1 "rnP ,ke pad firom Salisbury to the Geor
a general system; the back-bone to which ev- ' 8'? ne'J?.nd seUl,S aPart proceed of the
erynmprovement in every .corner of ihe Stale '
may tie attached. It would cross Deep River !
at or near n nnini a i r. i 1 . '
I : t - . . . - -
- " i siucK-waier navira.
1aTi. h.e cean a,.auforlr in'terstctiag with
luty e carried it mav bP nnlh-J
ne v iimin"oi lii!m-i,l 0nr,:jT:
ilminston Railroad- anHna;nniY I
may be extended West tn 1K0 lt r .u. 1
Mountains, if it may noUscale them4-and late. !
rai Koads mav radiate frnm U ot i.
points, so as to make it accessible ti the peo.
pie in every q.iarter. VV;e cannot conceive nf
n tiillVCIIIf 1H
a more liberal design one. Ip spoiionoi ; !
riincp vo rr
t objects or in the benefits it .will confr !
It is true that ih Kill hof, ii I
- y' "v.u, me xrijisiaiure
will do its duly,; succeeding ones wilt have less
I iCk rr iel a t n.
uo. 1, what is now proposed had been done i
ten years ago, the foundation would not now
have to lie laid.. . But preceding Legislatures
nave arted on the misnr:l,U if
ims which we fear govern too many! now or
by the same sectional jealousy which'paralvzes
the energies of the Slate. "
Vill the Legislature adjourn levin" the
Stale prostrate ? Will they do nothing lo gal
vanize lhe industry and enterprise of the peo
pie ? Can the members face their constituents
v-ith the wretched recitals of theirlsectional
brawls ? Are they afraid of taxing the people ?
Are they afraid of laying a tax of sixUr eiht
cents upon the hundred dollars worth f)fproper
y, while, as was demonstrated by Mr. Tuns-
iaii, me other evening, they refuse to repeal the
transportation tax, amounting nfhn tr. twn
jdredtper cent! He showed that itieo!, thl
people of the mountain regions from two to three
bushels of wheat or potatoes to send one to mar.
ket and that this enormous tax can only be
repealed byestablishingjnternal Improvements.
Mark it j ihe people of North Carolina will
hold their representative: in a cirli
... f. ' w.. ,v,i uiuMlllld. i
oility tor the mamtenaurn nf th f-i U i.
Mr. Courts and "Division of the Question"
It w-as amusing on Thursday night, when the I
Steele trap reso utions ivcrp.mfri;, .: i
to see how some of the Democracy were iron-
1 1 1 . 1 1 mar . i
v. uviui, wiis ff CIC fjllllrrr IIIRrllQCI All
o.eu jr some amendments flr. Stanl-offered. '
rhey were unwilling to allow the question to
be fairly decided, and wished to take (he ques- ,
tion first on striking out, so as . to make tboso j
who voted for striking out, appear opposed to !
the resolution as it then stood. In Mi
and conHsion" produced by some cf these votes!
Mr. Courts seemed to have lost his balance.
m the 4th resolution, Mr. Jones,; off Rowan I
...w.u ,lu auiiv oui me words. s?. a-aiast the
meaning and," o as to make therUolution
read, against the spirh of lhe Constitution. Mr.
Courts, with great solemnity, demanded a "di
vision of lhe question !" Mr. Stanly asked him
what there was to divide ? Mr. Courts looked
round; and wrapped h'ys cloak about his shoul
ders 0, little while afterwards, Mr. Courts with
drew his motion ! ! Raleigh Rrgistd.
Mr. Vatterraare. Aentofihn P li Pl.
her of Deputies, arrived in this City oiiThurs
day last. The object of this distinguished F
o -..v. 11 1n.11 viiam.
gentleman, in visiting the several Sidtok ml
. .:.: r 1 .. . . .
i 1 t- . . V .. . . 7--
gisianve opinion, is to idtrod
jauu pvneci a system ot Uteraiy and historical
urmmi 1' ranee and other nations,
j His reception in lhe various places wliich he
; has visited, has been most favorable and flatter
ing and we hope thdt our Legislature will eor.
good which he d
tiou as a man an
dially receive him, not only in view of the "rea't
signs, l)ut also of hisfrenuta-
and a scholar. '
Mr. Vattermare, we learn, will deliver a lec
ture explanatory, &c., of his plans, iiuhe Com-
. . .. IT II .... - ! - " . -
mons nail, on this ( 1 uesday) evening.
CHOLERA PROTECTOR, j
This is a new rralvnnir.bplt !nvpnte?t!Kv 1 r
makes no provisions ?for any thin, blyo d the TtSfi indeed with nothing beyond what ' d baU C"!amS. a? a
extension of the Raleigh and CJtnA R ,1 . I ,he mlShl Produce by the labor of iheir own ! U,lrnal cla"condemumg the recent abolition
Charlotte-but Mlosbuuli h hus compelled to ; ZTT !
Let us do what tv -V? a rates which have been ir,mi.. 'k..-' i 1 m-lde w,'"c.t- of Columbia. Would not one
day, when the Si a isUi UP,n lhem dayt6bu7 Sh i hat, he patriotic gentleman from Cum
nlete the s..m ir ,v, 1 " 'i ca.n .com- I sidered a neeuliar hflu.!-...- ' ? 1 I r,and Would SP at such an amendment ?-
j . -... a a nic iiicirni 1 iPrr c 4t avn . 1 --- "wio & vciua ci 1 1 1 ( 1 1 inp r
difference between it and the galvanic rings is
perceptible at a glance. The invention; is the
result of practical experience during an exten
sive practice of 16 years in various partb of the
world, and it is based upon sound reason no
guess work about it. Our readers may remem
ber that the presence of cholera in St. Peters
burg and other places was accompanied;" wirh a
diminished quantity of electricity in the fatmos.
phere ; this tact has been corroborated Iby the ;
rk., r a r t rr w- ,,,ls ui usrin siniiif , une a siigni change 01 nhra
Chas. Rodgers of Jefferson, W isconsin.and the 1..' ' 1.1. T ..... r ' 1 .
experience 01 me inventor. iow it is a well ; would not only be gross wrong, but also contra,
known fact that between our nervous system ry to the true meaning and spirit of the Consii
and electricity, there is a mysterious cbnnec- ' tution, and contrary to the intention of its fra
tioir. This bell is to wear round the body to ' mers." It is evident that the two clauses are
generate and impart to the system the desired so interwoven as to he inseparable, without des
quantity of the galvanic fluid. troying lhe sense; and for this reason, Mr.
.The intention of the belt is to furnish jja con- Stanly has laboted to amend the resolution b
tinued flow of the fluid especially to thejjgang- a simple change of phraseology, which would
lions of lhe sympathetic nerve and to the nerves render lhe 'question divisible. JJut his efforts
of motion and sensation at their origin from the have been in vain. The parly diiil is so iho
spine. This is accomplished by moistening the rough on lhe Democratic side, that the least
pieces of felt with a weak acid solution.! The - hint or intimation from their leaders is sufficient
conducting chain is taruperior lo a wire or
ring as it will conform tD the motion ofthje boIy
and it is easy to wear and keeps lhe places in
contact with ihe skin.: No galvanic bet Jike
this has before been presented to the pulie.
R is constructed on the best principles aidjit is
woriny 01 general attention. " Measurer have
tnar t lr a n tn c - - l
been taken to secure a natent.
r Scientific American.
nflP.RfVk'PP u vnci
i ""c'' io nave commented on, but olh
ters caused us to forget our purpose. The ar
ticle to which we have reference, is as follows:
THE CHEROKEE LANDS At
w,e course ot .ir. Conner's remarks in th
1 j "oKee lands tor 1 hat purpose, he al
luded w.th much justice and force, as we think,
to the hard treatment which the neon! f ih
cnlao r ri I 1 . - .'
i ooum-wesiern Uount es hrnn Hav.
pttrom C?...L .
' - ' Che1rok1ee'0 have received, from lime
totirne, at the hands of our LefTisairi. In roe
a Conner stated, our State repi nn An
f?S ,rthe General Government somethino-
"RU a. minion and a halfofdo Jirs in rl, .
I .1 . . ... ii.iu
suoiilv alter that, w K a.. nknri.
1 . - . ll.lu
-on hand, with Kik ,v,;,. 1 a . ,
l 1 wunu4iivc 01 money
.' auu an imiaieu cur.
re.nc these hxn(i were put into market mni.
, lS Were invited to come forward and bid for
lPeni and the men of the Wpst with
, , . . """'
I 1 fVv"5 C S!vf ur Peop!e the honest pioneers
" ro..na. ,
e agree with Mr. Conner that these Wes
tern people have not been treated bv former
g.s.aiures, with as much kindness and liber,
altfy as Ihey deserved; and we holpe'for the
future a com rary course mav b .,0,1
f :i. .: V" V
Deal liberally by this people, and vou not only
f.vvwt iimycciuems wnicn win prevent
from emigrating to other regions, but v
present inducements which will nr,vp J
. s . n,.cn w,,, Prevent them
OU in- ,
vile emigrants from other States into their midst,
abd thus develope the resources of
Now we shi uld be glad that lhe "Standard"
qr its Senatorial prompter, would specify the
hard tre-atment" referred to. Whatever Mr.
Thomas, of Haywood, Macon and Cherokee
may have slated, we hardly think Mr. Hayes
will join him in saying, these people have been
" hardly" treated. We had thought that for
mer Whig Legislatures had dealt very kindly
with the people of the " extreme Southwestern
Counties." But what good can .come of excit.
ing in this Legislature a feeling of resentment
measures which maw l.o.iof.i 1
neoole. bv rastinrr oc .u 1
' J '- l il V, v? U
members of former Legislatures ? And the
4 -- C3 . . w v. , v. v.. iiiugc uo were
"Standard" agrees with Mr. Conner, and Mr.
Conner agreed with the Senator from Macon i
i , . . . v.uu,
naywooa and Cherokee, until he had a chance
to vote for their relief. And how " liberally
and kindly" did Mr. Conner deal then with
these people? Did he show a willingness to
relieve them from a peculiar hardship ? Hear
the proof: When the bill to enable the people
of the West to build a Road from Salisbury to
the West, came before the Senate a bill for
the relief of the extreme "South-western Coun
ties," which Mr. Woodfin urged with ability
and zeal will it be believed that this same Mr.
Conner, the friend, personal and political of Mr.
II f l ly-t . ...
1 nomas, the benator from these
South. wPstrn P.,,j .i n.,i " . . i
' niovoleeroieam 1503155 had been built in this'
for ue very bill to establish a Turnpike Road j place, and some in Wilmington, before the
from Salisbury to the Georgia line," &c, re. enjerprizing gentleman mentioned by Mr.
ferred to by the " Standard" yes, this same Stepbenson came to North Carolina.
Mr. Conner voted against the bill. 1 j FuytUeuillc Observer.
This is a fair specimen of Locofoco profes- " "
ston and Locofoco friendship for the people of! SoiUhern Railroads. The official re
thc oppressed South. wpstttm C!n. mt; 1 t'U., port of the South Carolina l?nJI !o,i
will understand and remember this. Mr. Hayes",
we hope, will remember it. Mr. Conner on.
II - wuni.,t; , A
posed the bill too, (let it be known) because
wU- uiu iiui jms ojr ie;inie s roro or,
in other words-bright through one of his plan
l at ion s I Raleigh Register.
j THE RESOLUTIONS.
i We regret lo say that the substitute for Mr.
Steele's resolutions, is still from day to day con
j suming the time of the House of Commons.
The pertinacity with which ihe Democratic par
: ty have held on to them, shows that their sole
j object is to make political capital out of them,
i It is known that severalleading Whigs in lhe
i House cannot vW for lhe fourlh resolution m
stantral part of it. They are willing to vote for
c-vvivj uuiu cuauic iiicuj iu voiu lUr I 'DC SUD
that portion of it which denies the justice of
Congressional prohibition of slavery in the Ter
ritories, but believing such prohibition within
the letter of the Constitution, they cannot, a,s
men of honor, declare the contrary.
The two questions of injustice and uneonsti
; stutionaltty are so blended in the fourth resolu
tion, that they cannot, in parliamentary phrase,
ti 1 1 1 . . r
i ne divided
the resolution running substantial-
ly thus : " that the exercise of such a oower
o bring every man into hue. A ludicrous il- -
lustration of this weakness was exhibited in the
early part of the session, when the Steele reso-
lutions were first discussed. Havin" voted al-
most unanimously, that Mr. Polk did not violate
the Constitution in signing the Wilmoi Proviso,
and Mr. Dobbin among the rest, they all as
... L I l "T. i ' .
unauimously changetTtheir votes at the prompt.
mg 01 mat gentleman. 1
Can the oniniuns ri surK m.. tv,.., .i
, - " - - ...v.. Him ll.lUilllU,
upon grave Constitutional questions, be expect
ed to have any weight with the public ? Can
ihey expect to manufacture Constitutional law
fur the nation, after such tergiversation ? an
indecision lie tray in: not depravity, but weak
ness? The thing j absurd and "ridiculous.
Upon the Democratic party will rest the re.
sponsibility of this useless eonsumntion nf .!.
t public time. R i, a miserajble party trick, an
etrort to . cram a set of South Carolina abstrac
lions down the throals of members, on" pain of
! being misunderstood and misrepresented. We.
trust that the Whigs will not hesitate to perform
their duty the people are too intelligent to be
, the dupes of such legerdemain. LocofV.coism
iii le unable to make capital out of this ques-
The n-onlo f----. .u. . ' .
I j - v m it u iui i;r;i t Hill lJS I F I V
have at this very session mtPrf ih w.'.
1 roviso is constitutional, though it U true, in the on lhe application for a Charter for the -same
breath, they changed their votes, and de. Danville and Charlotte Road
ir . ...
u nit v.tiii iurj .
,ai any circumstance could be wanting to de.
monstrate the purpose of the loeofocos To make
capital out of this most delicate question, it is
theJact that they refused to accept Mr. Stanl s
imenamcni. notwithsiandm it con!;
1 ossessinT as he nnrHQ9 i u r..
vid devotion to lhe South, is it not surprising
that he will not join Mr.' Stanly i reprobatin
this movement ? I But no ; he (with his party)
thinks he sees lhe game entering the net, and
tn ...:n n-. 1 0 '
c .11 uuer no cnange to lake place in his
I , ' ana ine PeoP'e cannot be deceived as
to the mot ves of mpmi.pr. tvK
,U: 1 j i.i . . a "ecu
. , uu mull v,oii3v.ieii- '
tlOlllV I'Al n Qirnlncl I U L !
- v,6..,0 lllC7 icsuiuiion.
W o L I I -
so much credit to the ability and ingenuity of !
Mr. Stanly, who has successfully fnib.il hi, ;
poner.ts in every encounter. Messrs. Rayner.
anu oauennwane, and others, have also, occa
s ion ally and ably, taken part in the debate,
though it has chiefly devolved on Mr. Stanly.
Raleigh Register.! .
Navigation of the Neuse River. We
were not a little surprised and gratified
to hear, through the Smitbfield Telegraph,
that there were three Steam Boats at that
town at one time. Smithfield is nnlv
. I I I
nines., oy land, trom
ivaieign. a little
more enterpnze, and a little
ment from the State, would probably en
able l!,ese-bPats to reach a point within 8
or 10 miles of the capital
By the way, whilst in Raleigh we beard
a' speech in the Commons by Mr. Stephen
son, of Craven, in which hR nr.-iknH Mr
i T.-Il .'.-( I
I iiooie ior Having, as Mr. S. supposed,
j built, a year or two ago, the first Steam
. lioat ever built in North Carolina. This
j was a very great mistake. The first Steam
j Boat ever built in North"Carolina, is the
; Henrietta, which, though launched in the
; Cape Fear at this place as long ago as
i 181.7' is yet running between this place
! and Wilmington, and is still one of the
best and useful boats in the State.
besirlp f h o tl.nr; i.. .i .t
. vm?ua",ca" auoenoin-
I . ...... l uaUt U
J.U!.. .1 -.
the six months ending 31st December t.
shows an income during that half year
only "of 8157,180 05 an increase over
the same period in 1847, of $153,152 57.
The profits for the month of December
alone, were $70,155 81, of which produce
down to Charleston paid $49,832 80.
The Receipts of the Central Rail Road
of Georgia, for the past month, were 808,
002.03 an increase over the receipts for
December 1817 of 30.580 30 nearly
double. The freights amounted to 600,
These are important facts. They show
that Rail Roads in the South can be pros
perous, and that too. as produce Reads,
for on these roads, five-sixths in one case,
and three-fourths in the other, of the re
ceipts for the last month, were derived
from goods and produce.
These facts ought to have an effect up
on the members of ihe North Carolina
Legislature. Fay. Observer.
The Cholera. Mode of Treat ment.
The best and most reliable cure of this
disease, as stated bv Dr. Whitinir. in his
report to the New York board of health
is calomefTadministered in moderate dos
ses, with morphine, at short intervals.
Recoveries have commenced, in every
case, from the moment the slightest bil
ious evacuation was produced. He also
states as a remarkable- fact that, worms
have been discharged, either by vomiting
or the bowels, in a large majority of cas
es. One third of the whole number of pa
tients at the quarantine hospital have
been children under fourteen years of
age. X. Y: Jour, of Commerce.
At a sale of Negroes yesterday morn
ing, prime negro women sold singly at
6500. and negro men (cotton hand-) rang
ed Irom $G00 to '$650,-tThis is a substan
tial evidence that there'is a steady de
mand for this species of property in our
city, and at fair pripes. -Char. Mercury.
The Raleigl Standard :of the JihU
instantays. that the bill ibf thereliefVnHL
Rail Road Company, has passefl.the'Sen
ate and gone to the Commons, lit had its: '
first reading in that body orr Monday last.:
The bill introduced by Mr.. SheparUr
providing for the repair of, the Raleigh- '
and Gaston Road, for a Road lo Charlotte,
for a Road to Goldiborough, and (brcth
er latrral branches, having been tvTceV
rejected by the Senate, on Satarday last
Mr. Ashe presented another bill to. that
body, providing for a Rai! Road Trom
Goldborough by way of Raleigh to Char
lotte. This bill was made the order of
the day for yesterday. A few days since I
Mr. Mebane introduced intothc Commons
the above project offered by Mr. Shepard, '
and r.-jected by the Senate ; and on Mon
day last, when the bill came up, Jiff.
Ashe's bill, above referred to, was substi- !
tuted in its place soluatlhe two Houses
will probably be considering thV same
m nn enn 1 L . .
ou.c m iu same time. Aoiiaa ac- .
Uon nas yct been taken bv the House rm.
The bill to lay off and establish a new;
county by the name of Watauga, has?
passed both Houses Tind become a Iaw.-l
The friends oT this measure are much in
debted,' for its success, to the exertions
made in iis behalf by Messrs. Bower,
Dobbin, and Courts.
The bill to provide for the construction
of a Turnpike Road from Salisbury west
to the Georgia line, is still before the Com
mons. It will probably pass into a law
in the course of a few days.
On Saturday last the Senate decided,
r . . 1 " afc c"Sion, in ua-
, vidson Count v. Thn Hnfrnm "
the LiTnatio Acv nm w t -r.
- - - -v v xyitiiiiuua,
', t w. .1 L . 1 ...
i ia iuuu'mii ov manv. wi t.itTrttr. ikio
1 locaieu ai me seat of
we are compelled to omit Monday's
proceedings: Nothing, however, of gen
eral importance was perfected in either
House. In the Senate, the bill to amend
the Common School Law was taken up,
and after having been torn pretty much
'all to pieces," by amendments and so on,
it was laid upon the table. In the Com-
mons, on the same da-, the bill to estab-
lish a Medical Board in Ibic St r.t
. v 1 u iu undOvU
,lJ "iru reauing oy lUe casting vote of the
Speaker Mr. Cad. Jones, jr. in the Chair.
The same body also rejected, on its second
reading, by a vote of 54 to 49, the bill
making an appropriation for the improve
ment of the Cape Fear and Deep Rivers. '"
The Resolutions reported by Mr. Dob-
0,1 -n,e suttfect oljblarery, are still
oetore lhe Commons ; gfntlon Monday last
Mr. Shepard introduced the s,ime Resolu
tions into the Senate, lie spoke of the
: importance of passing fhera at the earli
; est momentj and said be was prepared to
vote upon them at .once. On his motion
they were made the order of the day for i
yesterday, at eleven o'clock. 1
! No final action has- yet been takqn in
the contested elections fromlOrange and
Surry. The Committee in the former case
; will doubtless report in the course of a few
j days. The prevailing impression is that
Capt. Berry will retain his seat.
Th ere is much talk among the mem
bers in regard to a called sessionfor the
pu rpose of perfecting some general scheme
of Internal Improvements. The indica
tions of public sentiment, in the course of
a very few months after the adjournment,
will no doubt be of such a characterinY
to enable Gov. Manly to judge correctly
as to the propriety of such a step; and
indeed, if nothing should be done with the
Raleigh and Gaston Road, and if no effi
cient measures are adopted to increase
the State's income, an extra session will
be the t thing to a necessary result.
1. S. We have only room to add, that
in the Senate orr yesterday, the Resolu
tions introduced by Mr. Shepard on Mob
day, on the subject of Slavery, came up
for consideration, and were advocated by
thatentlcman in an able and. powerful
SpeechT On the fourth Resolution, deny
ing to Congress the constitutional power
to legislate on the-questionof Slavery,
the vote was, forty-four in the affirmative,
and two in the negative .Messrs. Albright '
and DanieJ ; and Messrs, Gilmer and
Thompsonof Bertie declining to votc.---The
other Resolutions passed unanimous
ly. On motion of Mr. BetheH, the rules
were suspended, and the Resolutions were
read a thiid lime and passed.
In tin- Commons, on yesterday, the.jvote
by which lhe bill to establish a Medical -Board
in this State was passed, was re
considered ; and then said bill was post
poned indefinitely. The Cape Fear, and"
Deep River bill was also re considered, t
and laid on the table.
Extra Session f the Senate. The Pre
sident of the V. S. has issued the uual
notification lo the Senaiors, of an Extra
Session on the 5Jh "March. ,
- S -
" .-1 .