1 f i
c r ni I oft lib Wa t c lima 11 .
b ariDtfon. prr,rf r Two boixai pf l
i, ' ! i ' D.i if nnt nnl.l Sn ijvinrt Turn Holla
I ;.rtJ flftf el- will be charged.' -J--,
f, uih !iS'tqVrtt in9rfun.,:; Court orders ch-ijrgel
, j'j per ct. hiifr jlhin1 these rites. A, liberal deduc
.;wrtib tfcovwno nUTertise ty me year.
f i: ' I ' FROM EUitOPE.
( y 'the Atlantic steamer Canada, which
afr'''1" nl Aew K 3 esteruay we have
I nJricifS from Europe to the 13lh instant,
4lSrv,a(brtiiight (aterihan the previous
V Accjordingfo bur understanding of the
'fpitqrnajof hr rjeWs. sMit to u by the
, ieiegfppn, it is as toiiovvsi : i
fjlthtl PresWehtbf France has been Oc
cupied -in giving grand reception ,u ""
erf men of ry hade of political opin
ion? When !iePrs in pdbltc the p p
ittWee receive him with every respect.
TherJnad ben ,Vev;ral disturbances! at
"r-:'- , - , i .
I hrsopl . n,arft,r,8.t,uul,ey were cpA-
- I :
IThfi French fund? vvete rather'lovvej.
The Crpat !puht which prevailed respec
ting tho uncertainty of the Chamber in
bring willing'to ?e dissolved without ariy
politioal struggle, is the main cause of the
Jrprcion. Trade, however, has impro
' ved. ':Th French five rur ccntsare quo
' tctl at .75 francs. V !'?' 1 " .
! ;.Th(Sl4tc6t date from Paris states that
tlie movement in favor of dissolving the
; Katiorjal Assembly meets with favor, and
that iV, Limartine. approved of. I and
Wuldipupportav measure for the imme
"rjiate dissolution of that Assembly which
he lately look so much pride in consiruct
ing. The collision foreshadowed betjween.
:ii6 colordinate departments of the Presi.
dent a!hd the Assembly, which js pefceiv
ed by Lnmariine to be inevitable, has indu
ced h m.to take this step. j
Tht President has determined that the
candidates for the Vice Presidency -shal
I be MiOdilon Barrot, M. Abbattucep, and
, M. Bou,Ia"de Laburthe. The former will
! ondotibtedlv.be chosen. M. Dulaure. it
is sahj, ivjjl succejciTOdilon Barrot as Min
is ister of Justice. W 1
Ko(tB--r-It is:' said on the authority , of
! i M'mislrrial circles in Paris, that interven
tion jo behalf of the Pope will be imme.
iv diately tiiade by -the great Catholic Pow
; , ers of Europe. ' !
j: AubtriaI- Pesth has surrendered to
! Srm.Ge n.:Concha . has resigncdhi5
C oalcopf Captain Gerieral of CataTopia.
be Qarlistsfhavq blockaded Calcma.
liwinpooLt Markets, Jan. 13. The pri-
cotlon have advanced one-eighth of
a penny. Fair New Orlenhs 4 ja'nd.4f;
Mobile 4 a 4j ; Georgia bowed 4 a 4.
Sales during the two last weeks of 70,000
4 ' -ti-'.: : : 1
Flour.'United States sweet, 27s. a 27s
) Cl.fndian Corn 29 . a 33s. Indian meal
. Us. 3(j a 15-. .9(1, Wheat, United States
r td, Gj. 10d. m 7. 21.; white, 7s. 4d.a Is. 9d.
' The general aspect of commercial af-
jj hits is irneouraging, and u wood business
i nnic)Hien quring me coming spring
iMon?y ts quite easy -discounts
at 21 to 3j p. cent.
Tii .New Orleans papers of he 27th
contiln'full accounts of thb late doings in
j iticitan, ot which we published a tele
I graphic report several days a-o.
, v It jappears that there lmvrs been se ver
bal engagements between tle YucAtan'Iji-
ianfi and the American y6lunteers to Yu
eatati which were4 raised some time since
in Naw Orleans.
- In 'one of these engagements he volun
' trers are said to have lost thirty-eight men
killcx) and wounded. In the first fight the
yblunteeis numbered 300 men, under the
command Ol Lieut. Basoncon ; j the Indi
nt iyere greatly superior in numerical
force and fought ol).stinatel-. This took
Jilacc on the 24th of becember.
! Uri the 23d the Indiahs-made an attack
upon' the town of Tihosuco. but they were
rfpiilsed by the volunteers under Colonel
iiuiic, auer a narn action. ii was here j
tbnj the volunteers met with the joss- men- j
;t4j.Wh'itcaft erwards marched to'n
town called Tefu, about eighteen milesdis
4nt,landj was greatly harassed on the
fJ by the Indians, who took I every ad-
t. viniage of ground, and seemjo havedis
i,1 pUt every inch of the road. the. vol-
Lppters, however, overcame allj resistance
White in this expedition amounted to 700
..raen Americans and people of the country,
i jA lhe Cth of January the volunteers
torpmenced their march towards the town
of Bacalar. not far from the English set
rtlepient oft Honduras, where the Indjarts
Wite concent rated In great numbers, un;
dr tneir famous chief Pat, or Tah. It
' uSx expected a very severo engagement
would cnsue.-iY"' nt-
in Paddle Wheels. Mr.
WiUtam Webster of this city
hew imnrovpment in naddle wheels.
kicV is certainly destined to perform
' V:T?Q-in navigation. He employs two
.Jf Bjore paddles like vertical oar blades
b?f;een th rim of the wheel instead 9f
olid reatangular paddle, and by a
jFTy simple and ingenious mechanical ar
roCrhent, thei paddles are operated, so.
lbcfr greatest amount of s urface, will
5r P the water vvhile jiassing through
I lt Prt,Kfnt their edges; to the face
3 l?' yxhec when rising out of, passing
J"gh the air, and entering the water.
! fy ftctmost eflectualy where they are
i wanted, to act, and ofTer littlejif any. resis-.
,QCe to the medium thbugh which they
J?s, where they cannot act o propel the
res have heed
"re a patent. iV. YASci.Af
taken to se-
I . ri - ' ; ' - v ' : . 4:ir- - :tt rvhf ..rT? , .1 '.T : - , . .
I II I IT' II -.11 t'l"""hfl 1 A II JJ'til II. II l : '.t ' ' - I r - I "l Iil I 1 J I . II IK A I- A fV I
y .j '! V " 1 - , " -1 . - -1 ' . .
Editors fr Proprietor. - : V fL . , -.".iT cro3r Att Tora ' if ;- v Do this, a Libett is safe." y
i T JL1 i'
ITEMS FOR CONSIDERATION.
The.State of Massachusetts has lent ill
creditfto Rail Road; Companies j to enabl
them to complete, their works,) to the al
mount of 85 049.555 5G. She has nelthel
Lan nor Poll tax, except for Schools, but
derives her.' income chiefly from tax on
Banks and Auctions, and Dividends front
iima. out: Ii5OOU miles 01 itail
IWJ cosiinsr upwards of thir.yiev-Pn nil
lions of dollars.
The State of Marvland colleri imu-nr.ll
of 81.100.000 in taxes from thejpeople olf
that State; It pays nearly a billion o
dollars interest. The particular of taxi
?ation not stated. I jj
Virginia collects in taxes upwards of
U0O,U00 ol, which nearly 250.000 is from
Jands and town lots, 253,4 17 Slaves arl
taxed 32 cepts each. 315.924 horses lOcts!
each, 9.378 gojld watches 81 epch. 4.332
patent lever silver Watches 50 pents each
812.981 sil jer watches at 25 (fents eacHI
ininiiiu uiocks 'zo cenisfeacn. 3ty
v ui..,. cej,is eacn, 12.05 .
?' ' r' ?se, uo carryalls, 3,845;
fc.s, .xiiu o.oio pianos. 1 per Cent, orl
their respective valuations. Beides these;
gojd and silver plate, interest Ion money
lent, incomes over 8400, Attorneys, Physf
Cians, Dentists, Bridges, Ferries, Newspaf
pers.and collateral inheritances, merchantis
pedlars, ordinary keepers, houses of pri?
vate entertainment, lottery offices, shows,
insurance, offices, stallions, billiard tablel
and ten pin alleys are all taxed.
South Carolina collects upwards of
8300,000 on slaves, free negroes, goods!,
professions, lands, and lots. - j
Alabama collects taxes to the amount
of 829 1.024 a year. 1
f Mississippi collects 8380.000 in taxesj,
on lands and toxvn lots, money Kt interest!
bank stocks, merchants, auctions, pleasure
carriages, watches, clocks, ten iin 'alleys!
rrt rwL .....100,0 - " ml
jistols, (1G24 at 82 each.) cattle!
die or carriage horses, old ami l
iaut? irauKs.uowie-Kntves, f 1B4 at l each.l
at each.) cattle race, sadi
ge horses, gold andsiilvernlatel
pianos, bridges, ferries, stallionst jacks, fre
negroes, slaves and white polls. (I
In Kentucky, a tax of 15 cents is col
lected on each 8100 worth of property;
besides specific taxes on carriages, &c. 1'
In Ohio, the taxes are 80 ceits on th
8100 value of property, besides taxes on
lawyers, physicians, Auctions, kc. I
; In Michigan the State tax is 25 cents
on the 8100 value of property.! Ij
In Indiana. 25 cents on the 8100 valuei,
and a poll tax oi 75 cents. . j 1
, Tn Illinois, besides various other taxel
not specified, reil and personal propertf
pays 25 cents on ihe 8100 valie. jj
We have been at some pafns in com
piling the above facts from the pages of
that most-valuable and reliably work, thd
American Almanac for 1849. I We ha vji
some hope that they may exercise, an inll
fluence on the public mind in Jjorlh. GaJ
plina. To us 'they present some obvioul
inference. 1st. That the people of everf
State 'enumerated, notwithstanding the
enormous taxes paid by them, Hre richer
more prosperous, more enterprising, betted
contented, with their condition prouder of
their States, than the people of jNorth Cat!
lina, who pay the State only Q cents oil
the 8100 worth of real property, nothing
on personal property generally, and 20
cents on each whifn nnd hlnrvL- i-wa I OJf.v
r -' - i. iifi i. .uv.
imi lumr uti'rs air Lijuibiiinu v increas
in population. ly immigration, whilst
Ol, IIUIMIO antl
r. nuim iyrtiuimtiis superior
nrii'uin -l'irriia ivnpih '.... ..!...
iu niij uc 01 mem. s r
Is it not time that we should abandon
Our State policv. or rather want of Static
North Camlinais daily losing bopulatiorj! aj?c between members from the cities W
' . -""e. Cl r i iew York and Brooklyn. &c. The eh-
mate ; mineral, wealth, trtel manufacturing j tire average expense of Congress, inclull-
laciiiues, 10 say notr
. Bu -pnu, . it Wriy f conducted. But let us look to the com
not be in State policy as m o her things, ; pensation of individual members. The
that that is most prized which costs, the average of pay and mileage, taking one
most ? And that consequently, to giv. ; session with another, is about $2,000 per
North Carolina that place in the affections annurn. The number of members of both
of her peoplewhich she ought to have. Houses is less than three hundred, and
she should im them, make them contrtb-J hy the theory of our plan of government,
me liberally to her support, and thus make j the wisest and the best men in the nation
thern feel that they have an interest in hef. j. are supposed to be and in fact ought to
i ne uiea, ,s not so aosurd as it may af-
pear to some. Fay. Observer,
Trn Trihps Minr Trt,
that the Indians are the descen-
the ten lost tribes that were car-
oants ot tne ten
ried awav bvalmanezer anl went into
a tar country. He believes
crossed from Asia by Be bring
aw - ft I . r s 1
UU turn mem anu nnatly peoj
wnoie country. The reasons
are stronger evidence nf mr
inir of Scvthian than HhrJ, i
VI UUI 111111113.'
their rights, customs and lajio-uage are recei ve more lban thfiir idle timers worth. ne nas taen measures to secure a patent,
radically Scythian. The true test of JevV- i II is the fault of the constituency, the pe- j he is now ready, we are informed, to en
ish descent, above all others, iithe fciorl. I pic. if incompetent persons are; selected ' ter uPon negotiations with Railroad Com-
of the Sabbath." j - j I
OCT Mr. Joseph B. Hinton advertises in ihW
Rnlftoh nr. u't.'-.i..m.'. i. 1
Raleigh papers that he .smakmg up acomp.
7J?JL Ivfn'si ,rnra "1 , Pri!S U '
particularly anxious for the irls ivho are can -
A',Atta for mitrimrtnir i .,ttii J
didatet for matrimony to go outf as wel as
wiuows wno nave no oijeciion to a good nus-
band arid plenty of gold. Each person jwhfn
goesjs expected to pay down 8200 towards j
chartering the ship. &c. If one hundred, per. j
sons cannot he obtained, then the company wjll
' I I . I I-' I !:
go hy waggons, ii n which case, aUo, the ladies
will be particularly provied fur ! ) .-. i
Mr. Hinton will scarcely have rnuch trouble
in providing for them, or not many of tbem at
SALISBURY, N: C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1849.
J . : . I -;!!
From the Jonesboro' Whig;
THE RAIL ROAD. j
The. Lynchburg and Tennessee Rail
road is becoming the question of the day.
Every section of our .country, and of
Southwestern Virginia, is becoming alive
w ijiiiiuriance ni irir imnrnvmnT;
and all parties regard it as the great im
provement of the age one, not only Es
sential to the prosteritv of East Tennessee
- and Southwestern Virginia-but one which
. ,1 ...Ml .1 1 '
niuov ujiu win prove ine very saivanpn
of both these large, wealthy, and growipg
sections of country. The people, the rejal
people throughout all upper East Ten
nessee, are moving in this matter. Tie
farmers and mechanics and day-loborers
are moving in this matter, and are deter
mined to have a railroad through Est
Tennessee and Virginia, if they have !to
build it with the products of" theijr farms
and shops, and their own hands. j
We say to Virginia, in a spirit of kirld-
ness and of anxious concern, that she must
wake up, and strike now while the ironHs
hot. The imnorta
importance of this great work
of improvement, to the whole State jof
Virginia, cannot be: t6o seriously consider
ed, by the Old Dominion.. Permit us to
say to Virginia, what we know to be true,
to wit : That a Georgia Company has sent
agents into this county, the counties jof
Green, Sulivan and Carter, and to Wash
inton county, Virginia, with cash to buy
up Wheat, and boat to the teminus of the
Georgia Railroad, in flat boats, and last
week on a fine tide, in the Holston arid
Chucky Rivers, they got their Wheat ojfF.
Six thousand bushels went down the Hols
ton and four thousand down the Chuckv
River, in all ien thousand bushels of the
very best article of wheat, purchased at
fifty cents per bushel. All this and an
hundred times as much more, would have
gone to Lynchburg and Richmond, if this
Railroad were in operation, to say noth
ing of the thousands of our Tennessee Irop,
Nails, Castings, Bacon, Oil, Lard, Frut,
&c, &c. In a word, Virginia must arouse
from her slumbers, or she- is gone hhr
political influence is gone the products
of her soil the fruits of her industry, ac
tivity, and enterprise- all, all are gone.
We are determined iri East TennesseV,
to complete the Road tojthe Virginia liife
and, if she does not meet us there, we will
not only take all our trade to the South,
but will carry with us the entire trade pf
South western Virginia, literally using ifp
Old Virginia. We greatly prefer going o
Virginia with our trade, -because that is
on the line of our trade but a market we
must, and will have. I
We close these remarks, for the present
by calling attention to the Preamble and
Resolutions adopted at a late meeting in
which party was laid aside, and all came
boldly up to the question, like patriots arfd
men of sense. Also we refer the reader
to the long, able and higly interesting
communication, from Col. Jno. Cambejl,
of Abingdon a man of experience, pf
sense, of observation, and of extensive
; , 2 'I
When we consider the vast importance
of the functions of Congress, with an eye
to the trifling cost of our national legis
lation nri in tho nratont i? o a
i .1 it .r . . .If
nnn inic 1 inmn iho, ,..- : ji
j statesmen ought to be occupied with gra-
inor rnmnpnlinn nrinlinrr anA
i.,kiA u. r u
1 ZnS .t,bl1:" L!5a
A nd for this small sum not three per cent.
o.,.,, c 111 VUIlflUiaaiUII.-r-
nil tlf r!oti ll rff An ssiim.i A .
i Legislation of this great empire
; he$ elected to this station. Is it too much
to say that, in this nation of twenty-fiye
millions ol souls, there may be found three
hundred centlemen whose time and ser-
' vices arfe worth two thousand dollars pe
annum Are not legislators of the high
estiorder of American statesmanship en-
" ' V
; that a Iare:e DroDortion of the members
i to represent them ; and, as nbljiliscrirnj
i nation can be made, it may be necessaily I
! ! a,,ow a 'erai compensation io an, in
ortier to secure tne services oi me jew
; and;vatue t(y tbe ae-
tio" of our National Legislature.-, f.
! r. . 1
- express. .
i , I
Since tire appearance of cholera in the
West the Roman Catholic Archbishop has
i .i u r -wMkiiJt
notified the members of the church that
abstinence from the use of meat on rri-
days is abolished until further! notice.
The Artesian Well at Charleston. S. C.,
has now reached a depth of 428' feet and
a. A . y . k -
that theiv 'iiea to as iioeral wages as the cantai'n ,u& iU oreycni rau-roau collisions, ne . at foreign rowers alter mutual hatred , .. ' . : .
5 Straits to of a steamboat, the superintendent ofSa.nas "ecutedian operative model which , shall have proceeded to the catastrophe ,i't,,'7"",Lr "ri r T.
: . : T J'K.r - ilftmonstratik.atKatvn in ihBv.ntf r J Und or wl,er- This threw M t Clement's
lied our , . . large Hiai.i- j 7""" " " T 1 1" V . n "J T:l , " ! Wl U.,S.V",UU: , a,lu,u amendment into ridicule, and be dropped ii."
bf his belief! uon 5 ,l ls no answer to say mat twe j oiwmis ai iuu sprcu iv v m uperaie , io yield, ana tne oiner wouiu not consent t ,. . r,, ., , r.
iiunJKi. ! ablest men are not alwavs elected, arid j without the help of engineer or fireman. ' to concede a privilege so valuable. If. L. Z . J . i 'TV 7,lfrd u''r-
i the water s pne fppt from the surface.
The Southern Whigs have just been
put to atrial like that we Northern Whigs
went through, when 14 the Free Soil" hob- I
oy was got op here, lo run over ns and i
k"l!.100r 'e. General Tay- j
wi , anu mi iiuiiur nr. in inpm inr inn mun.
iy manner they have stood the trial. Our
situation was very like theirs and theirs
like ours. We were told : General Tav
lor owns 300 slaves.' ' You are sold to
- - ,-.. .w. .......
slavery,' . The South has whipped you,
in your candidate, and fastened General"
rn , . . I. iriuiui
1 aylor upon you; It is a victory of the has failed only in the Senate, and there not
Sodth overjthe North.' 4 And now, away upon the grounds that such a charge
with us to Buffalo ! We did not go. We ; (though legal) was just, but upon the
stood the taunts, and staid at home, and ground that as members of Congress were
gave Rough and Ready overwhelming poorly paid directly, they should he paid
majorities. The Union, the Union. No , indirectly, in any way they could be le
sectional issues then were our rallying gaily.
criesand then aroused and carried with j Now, however, after all the noise that
us the people. Ohio alone went astray, j has been made in the Tribune, the expo
and she only because the Whigs there did j sition there, and the hue and cry about it.
not do as we in the North didthrow
overboard all the disorganizes.
Southern Whigs now "are going through
in Congress, and are to go through at home,
the same sort of trial. Mr. Calhoun, who
is an uncertain sort ot a Democrat, after two or three times before. It is human
annexing Texas, bringing on the Mexican i nature not even to do right under a threat,
war, with the inevitable addition of Free j and reforms are not to be won by per
Soil Mexican Territory, now re-mounts sonal abuse, or any of that sort of attack,
the ultra slavery hobby, and the party of ; Easy blows do the work, not the lash,
which he is now the acknowledged South- j We hae expressed the opinion before,
em leader will soon be riding down all j that Congressmen ought to be paid a sal
Southern Whigs who will not follow them, ary, not a per diem, the result of which
with the cry, These men are traitors tor' would be shorter sessions, less irrelevant
the Sooth: they have sold out to the North.'! debate, and more work, it being the inter-
1 ney deserted us in the Southern caucus,
Slavery is in danger from treachery at
home, and conspiracy with the Northern
1 he great effort will be to make
the coming Congressional Elections there
turn upon this issue only.
Now, just as Mr. Calhoun, after causing
all this slavery agitation, mounts this sla
very hobby, so Mr. Van Buren, after be
ing "a Northern man with Southern prin
ciples," mounted the anti-slavery hobby,
and attempted! through the agency of the
Buffalo cabcus to ride over us Whigs.
We beat him, though with Cass to boot ;
and vve have scarcely a doubt that as long
as the Southern Whigs stand up to the
Union," they will beat such sectional agi
The position of these Southern Whigs,
however, who are standing the test of this
sectional appeal upon a topic most exci
ting in the South, too, and in which they
are probably more interested than the
men who afesajl them, is one upon which
we of the North ought to dwell with ad
miration of their patriotism. Nothing
makes us so proud of our Whig Conser
vative Party as such a trial as this, when
such a temptation is thus resisted. The
loyalty of Southern Whigs to the Union,
their devotiPn and self sacrifice, are admi
rable displays of patriotism, and also of
moral heroism We rejoice in and wel
come them as brothers. We are in the
rnoodf too, to sympathise with them in
their trial, for when General Taylor, was
nominated at Philadelphia, just such a
din wras raised in our ears as rings in
theirs, and We passed through the same
sort of fiery trial ; and may not our success
be a precursor of theirs, under the com
mon flag of the Union ?
,But as long as the Whigs of the North
and West withstand such inflammatory
appeals as we, withstood, after the Phila
delphia nomination, and as long as South
ern Whigs talie the stand they have just
lSen. in Washington, there is no danger
toThis UnionJ Neither the sectionalism
of a Calhoun, hor of a Van Buren, can jar,
I " vuiuumh, iiui ui a nu uureii, can lar,
mocb less break, a liak in the Kraod chain
nfllninn Tk ; -...II . u
w ..ava. a may pun ttvvny, ine. One
at one end of the Union, and the other at
the other ; but the metal of which the links
of the chain are wroujght are of that endu
rable texture, that no such forces can tear
The lesson, however, is thus impressi
1v taught us that there must be modem-
fion. We may both inflexibly adhere to
our principles and to what we deem
right ; and when we cannot agree, there
is the Supreme Arbiter of Constitutional
Law in the Supreme Court of the United
States to decide between us. N. Y. Ex.
Invention to Prevent Collisions on Rail-
i Koads.---Mr. W. FrcElich, engineer in the
a7 ar a Washington, has invented
! an apparatus which is radically selfact-
I and prevent a dangerous collision. As
- ! pans on reasonable terms.
The Cherokee Adrocate announces the death
, ui '"-"Cr, ,uc pmiL-ipai cmei oi me
! Semiuole. . suddenly, a few days since, at Fort
i Gi,f e ae down uPon business, appa.
i'rentlv. m the possession, of unusua health 1m
t ... , .
ere the morning, M.ch-an.no.pee was a corpse.
V fndmnpoprmmn.The Ind.an appro-
prtaiions by Congress this year amount to 774..
doUarsvUcS uPla " lhan , t J! .
.- i : & J v
& uii iniuiii . tv w
Enterprise. Mr. Emerson, of St. Louis, is ; Union ; for the impious act cannot be con
about to proceed to San Francisco, to build a ; summated without producing tenfold worse
steamboat on the Sacramento river. The en. wrongs than any that can be inflicted un
gine is to be built in St. Louit,
. NEW SERIES,
VOLUME V,-XUMBER 41.
The Mileage Action of, Congress only
shows the impolicy and absurdity of irv-
ing to sro ahead in a reform tan iw. nt
bvappeals of passion or personal assaul.s.
rfilheno. there has been upon a vote, in '
in 1 1 rnca -i 1 ArKAnnn,i..n 1
jonty in favor of doing away with the con
structive mileage, which many of the Sou
thern and Western members charge, and
by which theyiare paid far better than
Kawuot ui iiuuirsciiiALiir. n. 1 i 1 i'p in m
, QW .....
other members of Congress, who come to
Wash in?ton in a dirert linr Tho T nrrv."
as if to threaten members with consequen
ces, the proposition for the reform" has
had only thirty-eight votes ! The mem
bers have refused to be whipped, or scar
ed into doing now, what they had done
st of all of them to shorten, not lengthen
the time oi absence in Washington. Wre
regret to see, that the House had not the
courage-to stand-up to Mr. Schenk's
I . rt , ,
amerwlmpnt ni a JsQfinn cnlort- Kf
" cu, uui cir jun.ai.uBuig luasicrs i tne governor oi irgima, in
aftrighted from it by the fate of the mem- i n,s la,r ,nfssa ill Legislature, propo- t direct
bers who voted for the compensKlion bill ; SJ !? VUt b, teaw the Stite. True.
w,Lft tit, n.. J 1 u l i i u they work but little, and idleness is the parent of crime
When Mr. Clay and John Randolph Were -true, they corrupt the honest and i.idWrious slave,
members Ot the HoUSP. People, We are aJ ulet-s to themselves, and a burden and injury to the
sure, feel very differently now from what ' SJate That freedom s-o essential to the whites is to-.
ikai. ,i;,l TL cr them an unbearable burden. What, however is to bf-
the did then 1 he Sessions of Congress come of lOO.OOO r.friendless.free'bl.cksdiven from
have necomc longer ; the House IS larger; J 'heir own Siate to lake refuge in the North, where we
debates are more scatteringt more time ; allow ,,,m J" frw privileges I Suppose all the slave -wasted,
and ihe evils of the existing svs- i ?'a,,M w"r4oy " ' fr bI"ks-" M'
"' JfJini . we have rrivrn vnilrinii i.vni.ni.n.lk.J I
I tern are extensively felt. Besides, the
j salary system is now generally more pop.
uiar man the per diem system, and a
majority of the people, we feel certain.
are convinced, that if members are to be
paid any thing, they ought to be paid
enough to support, with them their wives
1 r -r I 1 ' 7 U,em l"e,r. U.S
and lamiheS in Washington. Nolhing IS
more demoralizing than that SOrt of econ-
omy, which compels memf)ers ol Congress,
' . . I , , -
nine months in the year, to be absent from
all family influence and family restraint
and to seek amusement, excitement, or
pleasure, wherever it can be found, but
such is now the economy in the payment
of members of Congress. If the Senate
were to send back the Appropriation Bill
with this amendment in it, we rather think
it would pass yet. N. Y. Express.
The flippant levity with which many
men are now-a-days accustomed to speak
of a dissolution of our glorious Union,
cannot but make good men grieve. When
once the language of reverence is laid
aside for that of careless familiarity or in
difference, the slightest irritation, real or
ideal, produces that of malediction.
Is any one so weak as to imagine this
Union can be severed, without producing,
besides other incalculable convulsions, the
horrid crimes and woes of war between
the fragments? How would the line of
partition run ? Oh ! of course," answers
some flippant talker, "so as to divide the
Free and the Slave States. Let us sec
how this absurd line would run. Wes
tern New York and Pennsylvania, Ohio.
Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, and
other States yet inchoate, have an imme
diate and incalculably valuable interest
in the free navigation of the Mississippi.
Is that susceptible ol division ? JfaSou
I hern Confederacy were established would
the States of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennes-
see, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and
Missouri, all of these immediately on this
great river or its waters, and one of them
holding its mouth, give to the members ot"
the Northern Confederacy the right to
navigate their inland. waters on terms of
equalitr with themselves? If the repel-
Iant spirit of the two classes of States be
.j so great that they cannot dwell together
; under the existing Union, is it to be ex-
pected that they will not treat each other ;
, f -i r . i ni t . i
pected that the millions ot people in Ohio
- and other Northwestern States will ever
yieiu mat rigni wu cn mey nave uougrn
' and paid. for ?
i 0n a Reparation, in what proportion
.if. L -i. 1
wouiu tne iragraenis assume me nauona
! xu. 7 Q4.i ku.:a 'Li
; TheSe, and many other equally 'pertinent
y . I " . , V '
interrloptor.es that might be propounded.
show the foil v. the treacherv. and the des-
i peration of any attempt to dissolve the
m w inr rri w n r ii.irni j hi iiiii f r. n .v m
oeiore tne loresis were .e.n in ive mucKV. Iry , , Wm it suhlime ? And nhj showM
a handful of settlers there demanded the he think there was any censure of! the South
opening of the mouth of the Mississippi j-eriicrf who went inio Contention !j DWih
at all hazards, when the Union asserted ' thinkhe Uni.ia is not worth presernng? Jiud
no proprietary claim to it, is it to be ex- it so, does he correctly represent his odsiitu.
4 tjer iLOincinnqii (3ironicle.
f- H ;rrrt ABOLrTIOXISJi:
The "MubiV AJrertiwr of the"9 Jth sitMj : tbf i
morr ta crrate it (be ivnli a rrganf for oar nzht anJ
our quiet ia oar domrstie rrlalion. l&aa U -tti JaUuU
nations of tbr Cbarlrstoo Mercury, or rwsriUj ibinan ;
ifestors from WBsJiington, put lojruWr. r The foi'tortH J
is oat of his articles litat every maii fhovM reai.'pTbe
iJea thut all ihe Soath rn . SUe abiulj TJr.Ie ib5Uie
passage of bw expelling the. free ttacka fruiiirsck
Slate, is a gooJ one, so far as it WoaW eoone lionv nt
once to the abolitionists, an J show what afftleir sym
pathy is maJe of. To favor the escape of few slaves,
and to open their arms to receive tbem,isa!l very Wat
tiful in humanity, anJ patriotic, when xercisetf ion a,'
smaH scale ; but an influx of 200,000 Degrees inl the L.
free States woalJ awaken the sense of the free soijraen
lo the enormities of iheir miscalled sytnpaihies. At
would be attended unquestionably- wiJj cnes.of great
SJt. JZT-. W.' i
If-preserva rton. is
hope oar cotcaiporark .
will copy. . . . 4 : '
A Fsiexd nr Nbkv The co'rrJ raee in this conn
try never wanted friends more than they t'o at ibis time
tiol professinyr friends, who calculate ImjW much Jii--ical
capital can be made by being clamorous in their ' be- ;
half, but true friend, who wista t see thrtn comforta
ble, saV and happy. When has Africa been tvppyT
Laboring under divm displeasure, a marked and differ- '
ently created race from the white man, always at war .S
with each orher in their own'country, sold as staves bf
our Xurtkcra ancestors, and purchased by the Soii'h to '
til! the land, the only comfort, protection, security, and
saiety which they have ever enjoyed since they leli the
land of Cush, is in what is called their slavery in tlu
Southern States; and this domfort and safrty ihty are
about to be robbed of by aluwt of sympathising politi
cian, calling theiuseivt's free soil rnea and the friends of
ihe colort-d j race. '
Here, at the Nonh, the poor black are permitted to
work alongside of the while mail. S e reduce taem lo
the .lowest grades of civilization by making them our
dependants. Once thry were permitted i.. follow the
humble employment of carrying up bricks' and mortat',
but they were kicked from the ladder by our white- fellow-citizens.
They clean boots, scour clothes, but are
not permitted to swrep n reels ihey do; not own or
command a ship; they are only cooks anVI steward
they are not merchants, bankers, or brokers :hey hold!
no public appuintments, and are rudely tlrrust from oar '.
cars end carriages we d not rat wih tbem or. pray
with them, and in our places of amusement there: are
' ens and divisions in which thy may sit by themselves.
Is it any wonder that they are poor, vicious, and-tbe in
mates of our hospitals and prisons I AnJ.yet we, who
persecute, neglect and repudiate the free black' ma
here, are filled with l.oly zeal to make the slave free '-!
the South, and deprive-him of a home, of food an-!
clothing, and of a kind, considerate master; anJ e
struggle for that freedom even at the expense of break
ing down, dividing, and destroying our glorious repub
lic f Well iay the blacks say, - Save us from our
friends ! Save us from the pity and protection of the
' political abolitionists!"
What is to become of the poor free blacks when
thrown upon the world without protection, deprived of
- 1 IV "- oiirr, BIKl Ol
. .i , , .,
tneir nappy home in the slave States, and of kind and
- - du , uu l ) our al)n
II..: f: j ..i . .
imioii menus in me xonn are anxious that you should
come forth from the iniquity that surrounds you go to
them, and see if they will do as much for you as we
have done '." What is to become of more than half a
million of freed blacks driven forth lo seek ihe cold
charities of the North? They it ill ttarrt V.V of
i ,hc Norlh W1" give lhln " 8uccr. ' employment,
' yet we "re even in fa!or of rrndinff ou' "Purio'
I constitution to pieces in order to give them liberty !
' When wilt the age of reason be revived ? We cannot
! r'bukt l,ie slave .States in ridding themselves of ihrir
! ff' ;ich.are a .ad P ticm ; rd
: yet we oread the day when they shall be thrown 'unon
the North for Support and protection. Wherever W
,urn- we nothing in the agitation of the s!a-.e ques-;
tion but ruin and distress to the Colored race.
A circumstance occurred here last week which lias
led to the foregoing reflections. Passing down Nbwii
street, three or four persons were, standing inside If a
store talking to a black man, and they invire.l us to
I com in.
is a black man," said tne of" 4ie ie n-
who wishes lo sell himself as a slave for
We entered thrtore, and saw a fhort, stout fellow,
! in rags, with a good countenance, and no indication of
" Where do you belong ?"
" To New York. I was borfr here."
" Don't you know that you coniot 6ell yourself as a,
: slave in this State I" - '
I " What a.m I to dot I can get no work j I hare hid
j no breakfast I am almost naked ; no one cares for me,
. and I have'o friend. Is it not !etter lo have a pood
master whom I can work for, and who will care for
me ?" , .,.
I Here was an illustration-of the practical .benevolence
J of domestic African slavery, while it exhibited ihe rank
j hypocrisy of the abolitionists. They coold raise 2000
to purchase the liberty of two-.mulatto girls and jet al
; lowed a poor Mack to offer lo sell himself as a islave to
i save hircsdf from starving. in a free; Northern Stale !
Mr. Clement, of Davie, and his amendment.
We have omiited, by some oversight, tt call
attention before, Jo the fact, that when the
Dobbin Resolutions on Slavery and Territories,
were under discussion in the House of Com.
toons. .Mr. Stanly offered an atnemlni Mil, which
he stated was extracted from the Farewejl Ad
dress of (Jen. Wushinglou lo his Countrymen,
in these words :
And to " repel indfgnanily any attempt in
alienate any portion iff our couulrv from ihe ren.
or to enfeehle the sacred ties which iiow link to-
gher the various pris'
Afler it wa read. Mr. Clement. fLorn.l wlio
mtJ.repres,ented the Waig County ol Darie. !"-,
ferrcd lo "amend," ly adding somelhitglike
the follow in ; : L
"Provided, That nothing contained in ibn
said resolution is intended to cast censure ipou
those who lately attended the Southern Con
veniion. at Washington city, nor upon those
who did not at I end.
Mr. Hamilton C. Jones ridiculed this amend
. cnts! Ilaleigh Register. '
Death of Benjamin Walkins Leigh.-Yt -
regret to learn from the Richmond JtepuMiran,
that thi euiineni enllernHii died on Friday
week, aj;ed about 70. His health"' ad heen
iu a decli'nin condition for sereral yeafs, an. I
the event which now affect so larjj a portion
of his countrymen was by no nieaus uni'xecl
Mr. Leijh had srrjuired a repot atifn lhrnnS.
out ihe whole Country, as a gentle mni ofiiij'i
abililie ; anth iii the injrtnt p.iii.i:n fiH. i
by rrun, in ihe Convention, in the Senate fihv
United Siai. and at the Br, wtm ahv.iys i i
Nhe front rank. S rne pen coinp- leoi to-ttivj
, task will doubtless da justice to hii cb.tracter.
ment, hv moving I.. A.l l(, fr. nmam'Pr..
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