t :. . j j- . -.1 i . -ij; : : : j. c-- - - -J. .!'!!v-;-:' :,',vc .j j- f . : f
CONSTITUTION v AND BY-LAWS
.i-'-Vl f'i 'Kit' ''-ofIthi'. - ' "' i ' '
A SONS OF TEMPERANCE,
f4i.' IVTren tlie Division yot in favor of refinstate
initt.ahd t',a inKcr neglects to come forwajrd to sign
CVnVtutiop for one mouth thereafteryfie jmay be
At-clated p'Ili a fwo-tlurd yote. j
Jhh'j If" Division refuse to reinstate ther meniber, he
Lj,.! U declarrtt expellkl by the W. P., arid thje R.
I.' 4 tt tli neurit twta-A i i
jOth' A momlxir convicted for the third tuiujof hav
i W vi fated ArtiVle lit shall lose! the privilege jof reinr
f 'ntalt inpntl aud shall be declared! xpelled ; and the R.
ji shinf g've the ttsual notice.
!, 11th If a brother come forward and acknowledge TT Z YZZthZ -
feut he ha. vioUUd Article It. Except it be third ers, or receive the pass-word lor the ensuing quart
I'idencei) Uis Division after the Erasure of nuroc ma
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editors 4' Proprietors.
Kexf a check upox all tocr
Do THIS, AXD LlBEETY IS SAFE
? Gen'i Harrison.
VOLUME V NUMBER. 49.
TJea of tW actual cost t-f iJiVo Cuitf lo the
community. I hare put inyelf to ro'tn paios
to procure information on thculjec(. In rhoat
instances it hat !ecn obtained frm gentleman'
on 1 1 i floor. The expen&rs of cch coijnij3e-
paratcljr are now befire me. Any. iiiernlir' de
sirous of doinir so. can examine them fur him.
In some counties (Anson, Uraufart, Guit.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1849.
" 1 . .;
, Sjrt their puon, reinntate turn 01 the i r'f
i.-jiriHthurdi of the feneinlbeni voting are in favor thereof.
.Vil2thl An officer or feprewiKative-1 the firaiiJMvi.
iU vkJadng Article II, -hull he H.g.We to fiJI any
I official jpoaitioii fi.r twelve iiMi.tM from the time he is
ieinitatetl, '.' . j ! .
ljthj A Jii'mheV ex iled Bnd. this Art. shall not be
; )gUe M iwm-phip under ni jnnth8 thereafter.
1 ( Aur.jxir. N jilttion or addition hall Ijk; made
! ti thU Coiictitutioii, unjcH by a two-third vote of the
tNatioha Diviwnu; S
ORUKR, AND RUtES OF DEBATE.
AtT. I. s Tliin Diviwon Hhall hold Htatel meetininton
fvrry'11,,'rH,.y evening at Hch! time a the l)ivition
4r.iU'fnn lime to time designate.
2d. Every member who shall neglect or refuse to pav
his dues for the space of eleven months, shaft be notified
thereof ky the F.S., if practicable ; and if afte four Weeks
his accounts remain unsettled, he shall be expelled.
, 3d,. Any member who shall maliciously brjng charges
against a brother, which he is unable to prpve, or shall
knowingly "propose unworthy characters for member
ship, shall be subject to fine, suspension' oir expulsion,
according to the enormity of the onence, as the Division
may determine. 7 I ; ;
4th. A motion to expel a member, shall prevail only
upon the vote --of two-thirds of the member present, at
a stated meeting.
SUSPENDED MEMBERS. '
At. XIV. 1st. A suspended member, On beingre-
CENTRAL RAIL ROAD, t
THE NUMBERS OF CARLTON.
-. No. VI. '.
THE RAIL ROAD IS ACCESSIBLE TO ALL.
Having explained some of the reasons
for commencing and prosecutine a rail
I road through our State, it is now propos-
y muic pai nuuiai ly me au van
tages to result to the people individually,
whatever may be their situation, in dif
ferent parts of the country. Were it to
1 profit a few only, and not a large propor
: which would have become due, had he not been sus-
i ' i - J t
2d. No member who shall have been suspended, shall
instated, shall pay the amount-standing against him, att tion nf onr nnnnUtlnn tha wn.XA k
the time of susjinsion, together with the whole sum . l UT P?PUJatl0nv tblS WOllld be SO
. AST. Uv In addition to the jlnty of officers as set
f,rftli Hi tiif Constitution, the folKdwing is enjoined upon.
t liit,.- Itjall In Uie duty of the W, P. to enjoin upon
Vtl nielriti r of this Division, to treat each other during
I ittiiigf,.with all unei deln;ucy and respect ; aiid that
aH'uhjtert:riiuii- remarks, personal ullusions or sarcastic
f laniruU'''. B' ' c,reftilly voided, by which the feelings of
' jinv bftrther inay le Wiiunded, and the most prominent
Ijilfrli (he institutioh, 44 Temperance, UeneVolence
iiid IIar(jM)ny," bo diminished or interrupted and that
f',1 iIwniioh le conducted in that Kjxrit of candor,
i'iiWii.ti4iu and ojh'u generiity, which leads men to
1 'tjie ulUrf ronc)rd and good fellowship.
1 2il. Tile lKikof the Treasurer shall be open- at ev- '
; . t i . r . .i i II
Tyirrgiunr meeting jot tne hikn'ciiou i inemoers. iw
inn, iiMye,no .yvr to Kan, or personally io ue me
mils of 'tlie Uivision. i'
3L' T&e'CotuUctor hall ktvc all election and iriee
it notices, ' I !
:V. . or stANiniNo committkes.
'4 AT..il-lst.; Th? acting PA'. P., the W.P.' and
Oie W..V1, jdiall Ik a 'oiyinittrt ttf Trust for their re
( ifyeetive i.liirlerly terniur; they hliall receive all moneys
1 in the hajidn of tht T. at the clow of his term, and luld
tii amv suhjert t tile order of the Division. When
T . i 1. ' a I II I ' - I
Uirri &yine i'ivihmhi, iney snau loan or invest siicn
jkotHi,Nunl in the manner the "Division may direct.
till.! Ajlicationi for Joan or loans nhall lie laid before
le'.ieiety-j and if the1 toucher le considered guod, by
ina jority 'of tlie tneniFiers of. the same, then the Com-
(nittee of I Trust shall be authorized to make such loan
I f TViaI nnu.iinl of vtiall inviirtiililv irotn:iin in
receive Benefits for three months from thef time he is
'.the Treusiirj',' after such loans shall b mafle ;
tMiti!ini flint should Im'i reduced by jjyj contingency of
he Crt-4tiiution or By-Iaws, then such 'loans shall j
lifthwiiii be cal.et.j in, -
i;,., i: i. i" i. .ii i - -
4lh. jVitiHg Vommittf't. Tlie W. P. shall; on the
tt'igUt "of biiriiotllut'un, apMtint no lest than three mem-
'iv, u Iiomj( duty it shall lw tvisit brothers who are reg
. fclarly ' reptijrteil sick, 'within twenty-four hours after re
ceiving, iiiih infivrrnatHfii ; and if the inemlnir or mem-v
li-rs sue f ittuled ij benefits, to report the same to the
; I)ivistoiut iThey sliall r.ontinue, during the; sickness of
lid meifih.ers, u convey to them such benefits, and
five Utein such attention, as the Constitution and Ily-
Lnws require.. .1-
. f AT. )V. Tlif ; Initiation Fee for members shall be
'i Aut.; y-lst. No brother shall he entitled Ui benefits
titil he shall Uiix been u uiemher for one veari
: ' '! 1 . ; i "
i' f t 2d. Urother whirls over three months in arrears,
1 shall fpe eligible to office, or rcCejtve lenefits of , this Di
iiwnrt fut three lijoutlis after he has paid the.pjanie.
e wevkly !Jenefil to every dulyqu-alified mem
? ier, iir,aii' of jiirkiH'ss or disabilitv, sliall Ik; Three
i l)41art4 ruiihjeet; to thin exceptrmi stated in the Cousti-
4 funof), Art.,vi. Sec. 2d.
1 .'jASTi-VIi 1st', Any travelling brother who raayTTp-
pJj - fjir Mt'HeuJsy r aid in distress, shall produce his
'travelling i:rd and travelliuir puss-word to the W.P., or
,ih hi ulmeiire, to the. W. A., of any other committee, if
tll Divifiioi .is iii Mssioii, who shal convene the Divi
f'H. um lay tip canei In'forn the same; whereupin,
. iij .travelling brother shall receive such relief as the
' iiuiruMoii!!nuiy feel authorized t grant him.
! V' ' 'j' I ' - v '
I 2fl.. N viothen: desirous of travelling, shall le bcne-
1 P41 f'f a longer tiniu) than one year, and in all rases,
f) tuiull pay the regular dues of the Division in advance.
W'-'" l"-' ' j iWITIlRAWIN ANW AMJOIMNij.
v '; 'lAtrnv Vlj 1-1 st'. Any brother; may withdraw from
1 -iw Dixsion and demand his ennl, by paying up hit'
; tfiM S and "all demands that may npHur against him on
I ktie Uioks, niil there 'are charges ugaiust hiiti which
Sff. uiiiti r inveiHtigatioii try the Division, at the time of
Miii anpllcatioii to .withdraw. ' L ,
I . ;ny'1'brotlir miking application lo adjoin this
pifisiiiu, liitist Hernd ini his canl, when a committee of
(fiVrHtupiiioii shall be Appointed; and if they renrt fa
Vnndl)he!inav Ik- ballot ted for and elected; his time
o J;iie:iroii1 tuiul election, unless lie comes under sec.
;1 llVi lin lur wit lulrri wiinr Tri nn tliiM Division limv
' Ofiin, y paying up his hark dues, jirorifleil. applica-
Won W, iniuIV; ii writing, after hi withdrawal.
Jt : ! If' IMPOHITIOX.
: I AT.!vitI ltt. Any bnlhei receiving IsMiefits from
V OiVisHiir, whv inay ! found imposing (hereon, by
fl'ljauig? sickiu-ss ior dissibility, shall. Im lined, suspended
. J "h'Btji as a iinajoriiy of the Division may determine
, M Tegtilar nm'f'tiiig.
vi j2d; Any brother claiming Benefits on account of a
(Wa. U liJch can lw' satisfactorily 'proven, to have been
Htitri.redj,'i.d tik have mauiiVsted itself previous to his
'..WtiatMifi. Shall betlenied aid, or allowed such Benefits
Art. XV. In balk-ting for members, th0 ballot box
sliall lie placed in full view ofUhe W. P., ind shall be
examined by the W. P. and V. A. I
" ' -'!!'
Art. XVI. Should the funds of this Division at anv
time bexHausttnl, there shall be an einial: assessment
upon every member, for the relief of any tjiick or dis
tressed member or members. I
Art. XVII. Tax.- This Division shall jhave power
t tax. each member, a sum riot exceeding jtwenty-five
cents, for any object, by a vote of two-thirds of the
members present, at h regular meeting, after two week's
notice shall have been given.
Art. XVIII. All committees appointed for special
purposes, shall report their proceedings in waiting tu-the
Division. No jer9on shall be -appointed a rnember of a
committee, except of the Visiting Committeie, unless he
be present7at the time of his appointment.
Art.' XIX. Quorum. Twelve members, including
the officers, shall constitute a quorum . fori the trans
action of business.
RULES OF ORDER OF BUSINESS FOR
Art. t. The presiding officer'shall take His seat pre
cisely althe time apjiointed for meeting ; liand at the
sound of the "mallet, the officers and members shall take
their places, and come to order. I
- f -
Art. ii. The Recording Scribe shall call the roll of
officers, and note absentees in the minutes.
Art. in. The W. P. will fill vacancies.
Art. iv. The Division shall open in due form.
Art. v. Reading minutes of preceding meetings, and
if not objected to, they shall stand approved. If their
correctness is doubted, they may be altered pr amended
by a majority-votey .
Art. vi. Newembers, admitted. f
- Art. vii.' The R. S. shall furnish the-presiding officer
with a list of airunfinished business, arranged i under
Art. Tin. JJew business.
Art. ix. Are any of the brethren sick ?
Art. x. Has any brother violated his Pledge
Art. xi. Has any brother a friend to propose as a
proper, person to become a Sou of Temperance ?
' Art. xii. Has any brother any thing to offer for the
good of the Division 7
Initiation of candidates in watting, mayitake prece
deuce of other business, unless otherwise ordered.
i ' . RULES OFDEBATE.
M tll Hiviukii innf deem exiel.eiit and oronier.
r r t , , : j ; j
j 1C V',' p ; ' Iivri.i:ii.
I Art. ijXi-lH't. No brother shall divulge the name of
fly hu ndwr of the- Committee of Investigation, the
Mai?i.t any brother voting for or against :'any applicant
;7 nieWrshi tlie unanimity or noii-imaniiiiitv.of the
4lT7lior the circunistances'of the trial, or reprimand
M a brotfter- '
i j.; : ., ;
! i2t Anv lirotlnir viailntinfr Art. x. tu-n lui oVinii
. I j ' 1 - - - , w.Mti in:
jfillile to as fim (! ine dollar, connected witlv reprimand ;
jpytf tlf DiVsK.rt so decide, to sunjx'nsion or expulsion
Art. i. It is most especially enjoined that the mem
hers of this body treat each other with becotning dignity
and respect, and while tact, energy and perseverance
in debate is highly commendable, ungenerous, sarcastic
or iersonal allusions, shoijdd be carefully avoided.;
Art. it. When a member wishes to speak, he shall
rise in his place, uncovered, and address himself to the
W. P. When two or more rise together, the W. P. sliall
announce which shall have the floor, when the other!
sliall immediately be seated. j
Art. in. When a brother obtains the floor he shall be
heard so long as he continues in order ; and any attempt
to interrupt bun, shall be deemed disorderly.
Art. iv. hen a brother has been caueq to order, he
sliall take his seat, when. the point shall be stated, and
after it is decided, he may proceed. . t
Art. vt All points of orderfihall be decided by the-
'presiding! officer, subject to an appeal to the body ; he:
may however call for the sense of the body on any ques-j
tion ot order, which shall be decided without debate.
Art. vi. No questions to be entertained, unless ipov
and seconded. ?
Art. vifi A motion to lie upon the tablejshall be ' de
cider! without debate., j
Art. vim. There shall be no debate on 'a call for the?
previous question. .' i ,
Art. ix. A motion to adjourn shall alwayjs be in order,..
except when another has the floor, and shall be -;dt'Ci-j
ded without debate. : ;- j j
Art. x.Any member who voted in the majority, may
move for the reconsideration of a question, during the
session at which it is decided ; after which no vote can
be reconsidered ; but any resolution may be repeated,
Art.; xi. No' member shall speak more than twice on
the same subject, Jn the same evening,- unless by special
permission of the Division.
Art. xii. No bflother shall be permitted to take part;
in the proceedings, unless clothed in suitable regalia.
Art. xiii. No part of these By-Laws, Rules of Order
and Debate, shall be repealed, annulled, altered or sus
pended, unless after a proposal in, writing shall have
been presented to the Division, l least two regular
meetings previous to-the discussion, when, i two-thirds;
of the members present vote in favor of such proposal,
it shall be adopted. - 4" . I
serious atv objection, that we mtsbt well
be met with the; inquiry, " What; is this to
me ? Are .all these pains to be taken, and
this expenditure of funds incurred, and !
alter all, is a particular part of the coun
try only to be benefited, while I km to re
main under the pressure of the same dif
ficulties? If I am to pay my share into
the Treasury for a public improvement,
some of the advantages ought to be en
joyed by me in return. If it be not so,
no matter how small a payment you ask
1 shall feel myself oppressed for; the ben
efit of another Let us then examine the
object proposed with our eye directed on
this difficulty. It is one which has ever
presented itself as insurmountable in thej
improvement of bur rivers and the con-!
- f i - ' I
sirucuon 01 canais. uur rivers are sol
numerous, that to provide by taxation for j
making them all navigable, must be leftr
to some future, period, when our popular
: un u j . i i.i . s
uuu auau ue mure uense, meir weaun in-
creased, and their resources enlarged. -5
Ti r i ji
wpcu auj uuc 01 uui laigcr rivers aUU
dig the canals necessary to make it navi-
gable to a seaport, the whole strength ofl
the State must be concentrated ; upon it,'
not for one year only, but perhaps for three,
or four. In the mean time it is for one
portion of the people only, that the ex
pense falls upon the whole, and far the
greater part must postpone indefinitely 'to
future time their prospects of sharing in
the , benefits of such un wieldly plans. -We
all know that we shall never, as a
people, consent to measures so partial and
burdensome. And if the cost of a single
river, even were we to direct our attempts
upon it with united force, would be more
than the people would be reconciled to
endure, the expense of improvements up
on numbers of them at the same time,
would in reality, be oppressive in the ex
treme, amounting to a taxation, or else
incurring a debt, to which it is visionary
to suppose that we should ever submit.
Far different from such a system is the
provision of a single rail road for the ac
commodation of all the people, within a
reasonable time. Such a structure calls
for not more than one-fourth of the whole
sum necessary fpr the improvement of any
one of our important rivers with the
requisite canals, especially if we would
avoid the result of having our commerce
terminate in the neighboring States. We
shall be required then to show it to be a
real and unquestionable truth, that the
plan recommended, is for the personal in
terest of each. That it is so to all per
fectly alike, it would probably be admit
ted hardly reasonable to expect, but if al
material difficulties shall be removed ou
of each man's way to a certain and easy
market, it is not believed that he will be
disposed to swell trivial differences of op
portunity into causes of serious objection
against that by which his great purpose
shall be effected, and his essential inter
ests evidently and completely secured.
il The following list of places and distances
Guilford, North line of N.
South line of N.
Haywood, C. H., S.
Henderson, Montgomery, S.
Hillsborough. N. ,
Hopewell Church; Mecklenburg,.
Island Ford; over Catawba, S.
Jones' Ferry, Edw. Haw River,
Kinstoni Lenoir, S. W.
Louisburg, N. .
McDowell, Gen. Burke,
Montgomery, C. H., S.
Moore, C. H., S.
Narrows of Yadkin, S.
Nash, C. H. E.
New Garden M House, Guilford, N.
Old National Ford, S.
Orange, North line of N.
Oxford, Granville, N.
Perkin's Iron Works, Stokes, N.
Person, C. H. N.
Pittsborough, Chatham, S.
Porter, Col. Rutherford, S.
Quaker M. H. Cane Creek, Orange, N.
Randolph, C. H. S.
Redfield Ford, Chatham, S.
Red House, Caswell, N.
Rockford, Surry, N.
Rockingham, C. H. N.
Rockingham, Richmond, S.
Salem, N., ;
Salisbnry, S. -Sampson,
C. H. S. W.
Smithfield, S. W.
ford, Mecklenburg and other) l)iiso Courts'
j cost annually no abort of $ 1500 00 ! Out oC
j 77 count ici in the Statp, 67 haTe j lrjr tftalj In
these Courts. In 63. Court and jury are both
most usually paid. In 4t neither receive com
pensation. I estitnate for ouly the former--"
though I learn the system of no Hiyin oje.
32 I 1 he wear and tear of his team, his wag- , Their average cost in 42 counties; havtn- four
G gon, and his gear, are no small items in juries a year, for pay of justices, juror. Court
50 ; the account of expenses, by which his pro- tficers, extras forsherilTi and clerks for station.
28 fits are reduced. His shoes, which are issuing and summoning rtires dec, U
20 worn out, or spoiled, cost him more than 8257,04, per term t or 81023,lfl ahna.il!y.
30 . thirty-seven cents,all things considered. : Their cost in 21 counties, with only tiro pit y
C i Yet this is the man you will sav. who will (and lwo non-jury) trms, is S23i,3(i, each ju-
0 : forbid, on pain of his displeasurcand the ' r lerm' or 850S.C0, annually making ah
6 j loss of his vote, his Representative in the ! aSS,re,e jn G? counties of $!5,123.32 1
South Carolina line, Rutherford Co. S. 48
Statesville, Iredell, S. 5
Swanano Gap, S. 12
Tarborough, N. E. 33
Trenton, S. W. 12
Tuckasege Ford, Mecklenburg, S. 38
Virginia line, Ashe Co. N. 48
Wadesborough, Anson, S. 50
Washington, Beaufort. N. E. 26
Waynesborough, S. W. 9
Wilkesborongh, N. 21
Williamsborough, Granville, N. 42
Williamston, Martin, N. E. 45
0 ! Assembly, to say for him tlat he will pay r..m9l Va l D.rn 10 .rT,.,!d:4 ?htePr
25 thirty seven cents a year for five years, to ' "7 VT 01 Ju,7 ru,nfs- J"
in nnt nn rxA Cn rM i ir u- u i T"hly been allowed to each eminty for the
n Tin VnA Z Zl f m flf' h,S J) dispatch of all it. Probate and Police matter.,
Odren and the whole country, to i this and lhe pa yoflhe Courrturi ng that time U not
2G j v retched system of marketing. No, I included in these estimates. Under the prri.
30 j shall reply this cannot be. Let the reme- ( posed system, this item of eipense would still
7 dy for such evils and disadvantages be remain (if these counties continued to pay lheir
22 fully understood ; let its efficacy be com- justices,) and is therefore properlr allowed In
27 : pletely ascertained, and let it appear to be these calculations. It would, howeTer, be com-
0 i attended with such an expense only as paratively 6mall. Usually one day each term
18 ! has been stated, so that it shall not be on- would suffice for all such business.
52 I pressive, and the people in their wisdom
32 ! and fidelity to themselves, will resort to it,
and persevere in its application.
September 24, 1827.
MR. RUFUS BARRLXGER,
Here, then, sir, is 8o3J23, 32paid annu
ally in 63 counties for litigation in these Courts!
Will the people of those counties say the ben
efits conferred by the tribunals in the attain
ment of justice, are commensurate withlhis
enormous expenditure of their money ? Will
they say, there are any useful purposes accom
plished by them, which would not be as viell
nay belter accomplished by one additional
term ol the superior Court? It is, sir, conn-
OF CAB A KB US,
In the House of Commons, January 2d, 1849, dently believed, that three well regulated So-
on the BiH for the more speedy and certain Prior Courts, with the proposed modifications,
administration of Justice. I wU1 Patch all litigated causes in nearly every
-c . . .. . . count yMn the btate. In a few cf the larger
Mr. oPEakeii : As I seldom trespass on the i ones. tw wko. t nm .,f iVo i.r,. I.-
time of the House, I hope to be pardoned for .i : ru'
, vniuuaiii iKjuiiru a iiu i-iiril. 1 IIC ripe-
Vu m u l0mn7 1 ?brif- ! riments been fully tested in several other
Ibis Bill, bir. embraces the Judiciary Re- , States ; and ten counties in this State bare soma
form heretofore so strongly recommended by ; Jears since dispensed with juries in their Coun-
" imiuic is rue v Courts, and are now oettin nn with nn s
j t k e w ,
An, example will best illustrate the use
of this scheme, and render it perfectly
easy to every one. A person is supposed
to live at Concord in Cabarrus, or in .the
vicinity of that place. Looking into the
list he finds that he will be situated twenty-six
miles south from the rail road. He
knows then that as soon as that work
shall be completed, he has at any time
only to load his wagon in the evening, to
make an early start the next morning, and
with a little diligence he will be at the
rail road in the evening of that day.
Lines of wagons run daily, receiving and
carrying goods on the rail way, regulated
in times and distances by law, and there
fore responsible for failure, rivalling each
other in accomodation and cheapness of
conveyance. The least rate at . which
they travel is with ten tons to a horse, the
horses changing every ten or twelve miles,
and at four miles an hour night and day.
This is to have the goods carried precise
ly ninety-six miles in twenty-four hours.
I We shall be safe in saying it will be one
I hundred miles in that time. Now if one
horse and one man or boy can carry ten
tons one hundred miles in twenty-four
hours constantly, it is easy to calculate, j
and so reduce it to a certainty, that the
charge of Conveyance from Lexington,
which is two hundred and fifty miles, is
not more than twenty-five cents and a
half. It was intended to spread out this
is to put it into the power of every inhab- (calculation to show the reader to his en
itantof our interior country to determine ! tire satisfaction the correctness ofits prin
for himself and his neighbors how nearly fciples, and the truth of its result. Our
they are interested in such a rail road as space will not admit of it in the present
is proposed, by. showing him the distance number, but it is our purpose to give it in
of it from his own house in a direct line. the next, believing it to be "the .wish of ev
The list is alphabetical, rendering it easy cry reader that it may be possible to con
to find the name of the Courthouse, anr' vince him of a result in which, if it be un
several other places in the county in which deniable, it is impossible not to see, that
he lives. From the distances of these in lhe is most deeply interested. If a man
miles, as given in the numbers, he can Hive fifty miles frem the rail road, and this
abolition of all jurisdiction of Pleas in the Coun
ty Courts, and provision for three terms annually
of the Superior Court in'every County through
out the State. The former tribunals are still
permitted to remain : but only for purposes of
Probate and County Police. The details of
the Bill having received the approbation of
your Judiciary Committee, I shall pass them by,
and confine myself entirely to its principal ob
ject. The high source from which this measure
comes to us, and the favorable public attention
it is attracting, entitle it to the gravest consid.
eration. But I fear, now as ever, we are too
much averse to agitating questions of State Re.
form and State Policy in our Legislative Halls.
Public men seem reluctant to throw themselves
in the front on such issues. They are not
at once fairly met and discussed. On a bill
similar to this two years since, not a vote is
recorded. Its merits were never convassed.
It perished amidst friends and foes alike undis
their two Superior Courts. In t,wo of these
counties, some little inconvenience has been
felt by the change. But while two terms will
fully answer the purposes of none of our people,
fAree will be amply sufficient for all.
The cost of this additional ternvwill be about
as follows : If the Jury be paid in every Coun
ty the present average per diem, (90 cents,)
I " " o y a uuui jk li 1119 ,y .iiu Lc UclillllCU
i in trying suits as many as five days throughout
' the Slate (in most coonties 3 and 4 days will
I suffice ;) and $25 extra be allowed.to SjheritTs;
I 820 to Clerks ; 820,00 to the Solicitors ; and
i $1,50 per day to Court officers; we have
j 82G9, 30 to each County, or $20,730,10, for
j the whole State. Add the salaries of two more
j Judges $3900, 00 ; and we have a total of
, 824,036,10. This is a nosf liberal calcula-
tion, but deduct the amo'inl frcm the above
sum of $55,123, 32, an! there yet remains a
nett saving for only 03 counties of $30, 47,22 !
And to this sum the incalculable costs annual-
tinguished. This, Sir, is wrong. A question ; ly poid in different counties for frivolous-and - -
rf iliiBn nnrl irPnpral inlnrficl (inu'Avcr rlull onrl P.. I I "...
of deep and general interest, however dull and
embarrassing it may be our solemn duty re
quires us to investigate it.
The first thing, sir, which strikes my mind
with astonishment, is the remarkable fact that
here in North Carolina with a law abiding peo
ple, steady in their habits and " slow lo anger,"
wo pay for the support of more Courts of gen
eral jurisdiction, than any State in the Union.
With six terms-a year, wisely regulated, caus
es should be here tried and satislactorily tried
unsuccessful Stale prosecution? in llicse Court;
extras to County Solicitors, and all jjthcr
"draws" constantly making, directly or indi
rectly, on the finances of every conuty, on ac
count of these tribunals, and our impoverished
Tax Payers will know why it is their taxes
for 44 County uses" (apart from any school or
Poor Tax) arc invariably hih compared to
their State burdens though the Utter'support
the whole machinery of Government. Add fur
ther, sir, to these considerations, '.the lo of
every four, eight, and twelve months. Yet, as i time, often at the most busy seasons! the an.
t 1 I I -. ! ' LI. J .1" J 1 c "1
Vjtov. yi ran am remarks, lawsuits are WHO US i uuunce, me irouoie anu 1110 expenses ui ev.
handed down through a long seties of years, ery kind, to jurors, justices, witnesses', parHes
"from father to. son, loaded with costs far ex.
ceeding in value the orignal subject of contest."
I hence infer, either that our reputation for
"good order" is underseved that our Courts
fail to discharge their duties or that our sys
tern is wrong in principle and utterly unfit for
tne speedy administration ot justice. In my
and the people at large, in being dragged out to
Court G times a year, over and above au oth
er public services required of Aiem, and the-!
burthens of the system become intolerable to!
But, sir, after all, what are the useful ends
the substantial good accomplished by ihesa
bumble opinion, sir, the lault lies in the sys- j Courts in the administration of Justice? Are
tern, and in the system alone. I recur with parties ever satisfied with trials in them? It
pride and pleasure to the many very superior - is, sir, morally impossible they should be. Wo
advantages in our Judiciary. But these advan- j not only see men, often of the most ordinary
tases furnish no argument against its further understandings, without sludv of a single dar.
0, j 0 j ,
improvement. One palpable error and defect
pervades it throughout. We have loo many
Courts, each possessing concurrent jurisdiction
over too many distinct subject matters. The
public business is too much divided and dis- 1
traded. The time of our Courts is wasted in
trying over again and again the same suits; is
wasted in undoing what has been crringly and
inaccurately done ; and is wasted in ascertain
ing when and what to do. The whole system
is chaos and confusion. To remedy this : se
parate the litigated business from that not liti
gated transfer to one tribunal all causes re.
quiring the intervention of a jury, and leave to
the other all matters of a Probate and Po-
form a iudcrment of his own. Thelletters
N and S will show that the place he finds
is north or south of the rail raid.
assume the ermine and grow aV once up to the
full statue of learned Jurists, W, fcir, they are
men coming from the very midst of the parties
at law, and are naturally mistrusted as imbued
with all the passions and prejudices of the com
munity, the time, the place and lhe occasion.
Honest and r.ampuhic though they be, (such
men, such Judges cannot inspire confidence.
Let them do their utmost let them judge
wisely, yet are counsel or clients ever im
pressed with tlrtr conviction, that impartial
justice has been done that lhe Jaw of lhe
land has been decided ? Yhat it lair awl irto
are the. Court, that people should thus believe 7
And what arc the practical facts in this view
'! i'-1-: !' IMMORALITV.
AjitI I Y.l t nnv hfSitVior Ka lflrnllv pnnvihliHl r.f
ltinyi Fraud, tiir; any other crime ; or if he follow any
(wlep jiMirally rttTenxive practices, or use any inimor
t.l niaim in procuring a livelihood, ho sliall he expelled.
H jSjl. Any brother who may have the misfortune to ac
IjlVj1 jteneraj hid charuffter, nhall liable to charges.
Ti Anr raernler who hall use pnfane or indecent
1 Xy 'a' lh lviiwon, or refiwo to tey the W. P.,
r;il I ; i "IJed to order, or ue di8retHctful expreiwioiie to-
j j-ttI officeril or members, shall Ik' repninaiuled,
rpPal f expellwl, ns the IWviskm may determine.
I .1 -'.-r .. ji ATTENDANCE.
J XI 1st Every brother
Tp1 jtciul kt the time hnd place appointed f
'R-'f - d h S., shall bring their 1
Any offjcn uWntinz himself fr three successive
1 vote ol
d for his
who aecepts ofTiCe,
FINE GREEN HOUSE FRUITS, i
We were presented, on Monday last, by W.
D. Haywood, Esq.,vith a fine orange, and two
or three very large lemons, the latter of which
were taken from a tree in his green hoiise,
which has borne during the last year between
three and four hundred. The lemons exce in
sizn and beauty, and the orange in flavor, most
of the West India fruits we have seen in this
market. : 1 !
Pour cott present delicietise. nous fraire a
son honneurle rnaire notre plus profond saltier.
tWrV'?::-l',li'ia',lliiy dcc,ared vacant by a
r H'wonunhnil sutricient reatioiis be assi'Tnod
fHltc.! i r- i4V . ' - -
Alt 1 II , ! .
i&ei n txtl vacancies piiuu oe niieu at regular
n nieer so elected, shall m rve the residue
I j 'Kiii atiq be entitled UT the full, honors.
' I f ' RMAl.TirH.
ill. Vtii i '
" ' t- Jiu member of this Diviskui, who is
0" Some of the downeast ladies, at a jdoJ
nation party, recently, actually allowed thcir
sweet lips to be tasted at the rate of fifty cents
a kiss, this being considered a suitable pricef
for the privilege. One gentleman J: took five
dollar s worth. i i
BOOTS AND SIlOES, ;tbr nl4 bj Greenville, Pitt, N E.
Dec 21, 33
. 11, $ysis$.
Allemance Church, Guilford, N.
Asheville, Buncombe, S.
Bennehan and Cameron, N.
Bethany, Stokes, N.
Bethany Church, Iredell, N.
Bird s Iron Works, Lincoln, b.
Boon's Ford, Yadkin,
Brevard's Iron Works, Lincoln, S.
Carson's Col. Burke, S.
Caswell, C. II., N.
Catawba Springs, S.
Ce.ntre Church. Iredell, S.
Charlotte, Mecklenburg, S.
Chatham, South line of S.
Concord Iron Works, Burke, S. ;
Concord, Cabarrus, S.
Cross Roads, Randolph,
Dixon, Gen. Lincoln, S.
Flint Hill, Rutherford, S. ;i.
Forney's Iron Works, Lincoln, Si
Fullenwerder, Lincoln, S. j
Germanton, Stokes, N. u
Good. Cross Roads, Rutherford, S.
Graharri's Iron Works, S. T
Green, C. II., N. E., t !
is the utmost distance at which any one
can be in the back part of the State, ex-
! cept perhaps in Haywood, it will take him
two days to arrive at it, ana we snausay
two to return.
There is some difference between this
and being from home a week, a fortnight,
three weeks or a month, upon a continual
2G expense, away from his family, his horses
often tugging and plunging through deep
I and heavy roads, and drenching rains till
their hearts are broken, himself in contin
lual exposure to the weather as it comes,
by night and day, till his own is ready to
break, to get his produce to ah uncertain
22 market, where every article he purchases
18 S has its price augmented by a succession
38 j of freights, cartages, and storages. He at
18 I length returns to his family, and they
14 it scarcely know him. How should they?
2G " He is haeeard and weather-beaten. His
lice character. Such is tlie object of this Bill. 1 of the subject ? Appealsfrom their judgments
In the very nature of things, sir, our County crowd the dockets of your higher Courts.
Courts are unsuited lo the trial of litigated or Thousands of suits arc abandoned In them from
jnry causes, and must prove expensive to the ability to appeal or from a just dread of further
public and ruinous to parties. It cannot be costs; but none from a full conviction that right
otherwise. Three or five men (the more the ua3 prevailed. No sir ! They cannot they
worse,) must necessarily take three or five do not inspire confidence. Thcv cannot even
times longer than one man, to
point or question before them. And
trates comparatively unskilled in th? Law, how
ever respectable and intelligent, must necessa
rily consume far more lime in the trial of law.
suits than a Jurist, whose whole life has been
devoted to that particular study. The farmer
must first labor to convince themselves, and
command proper respect. Lvery Court room
presents a scene of " confusion worse confound,
ed." Legal prowess vents itself in a storm
of words." The quickened zeal of ardent ad
vocates displays itself in numberless feecbes
" long drawn out." Inaccuracy arid error mark
all their proceedings. ' Unable to supervise tbo
work before them, these Courts necessarily
then undertake to decide for others. Again ; (ru3t every thing to the fidelity of counsel, and
sir: these Courts are ordinarily overwhelmed j the faithfulness of Clerks while their constant
with business. All sorts of matters crowd up- tendency is to make negligent lawyers and
on their attention. They are not unfrequently ' careless Clerks. Public and Private rights.
seen discharging at the same moment all the Gf property, are wholly insecure under their
various and complex duties of Courts of Pro.
bate. Police, Equity, Civil and Criminal juris
diction. No man or set of men are equal to
tl.a tail- T kivp ftticpmientl v known the nun
beard is long and black, and full of dirt, mnr. r;m,nr,P than one. exhaust whole davs
in the investigation of causes, which finally
went to the Court above, and were there again
tried in less than a single hour. I have known
them further spend one, two and three days,
and not a contested issue submitted to the jury.
Do the Public and Parties sutler nothing by
Groye, Duplin, S. W.
40 j; because for many days he has not had
34 I time to attend to such trifles. His clothes
27 i; which were new and clean when he left
30 ' home, are full of mud, and after being
31 1; washed, evidently show that they are
34 nearlv fretted out with roush usage.
38 ) Perhaps he has not thought it Worth while r all this ? The Courts no doubt are busily en
30 ftd change them through the whole time of gaged all the. while. Bui Jurors are there
6 Shis absence. His! constitution too.-how idle receiving pay ; witnesses swarm . "n-
21 much has it suflered and been broken icej valuable tune ,s lost ; justice 1. delay-
22 down by this and all the oVher trips he has ed and nght de.ed.
30 r taken of the same kind in his lifetime ? : Really, sir, our forbearing people have no
eye. 1 ney sow me weo oi unurc ii"8'"i
and I firmly believe they now contain, loud fur
law. suits for years fo come. i
Again, sir : They otherwise cause litigation.
Low tribunals of eay access, and frequenj in
their sittings, the) hold out every possible in
ducement to thoughtless and irritable neop!,
on the slightest pur, to fly to the Court llouw.
Fuel is there added to the flame. Thousand
of suits thus start on the way, ami finally reach
the topmost round of lhe -law, break up paries
and iheir friends w!.i-h but for these Courts
had never-gone to the Court House al all.
They invite and prompt m n to go to law.--I
h-'y do worse, i : 1 tempt theni to do
wrnn" They increase nime. Innumerable
offices, of an'infviior grade, are daily commit.
1 - -it