u n f . if -i ', ; 1
rfwuiN of flho Watclnuaii.
1 1 all JrUitoi.Pt 'r'Two 'Dollars payable in
HSiS ' - Bk 5" ot M in advance, JWo dollar,
1 ffBtt&ttl i-rted t 8 1 lor the nrst;and25 cu,
M'ltitf'ittWilln insertion. Court order charged
slSwr!ct..WVrtlaoPiKefe rates. : Aliberal deduc-
aJo rW wlio advertise by the year.-
irtii& Ambers of carlton.
- No. VII. : : .
( tfeX OF qON VEYANXE CALCULATED.
l.ftttfrotTiisd has bee p made to show that
jpji goods, wares, or merchandise are
Jciuftlvj arrived npon the rail road at any
jlnj kfe'frpfn the neighhoring part of
e couiity,tieexptnsetKJ time of trans
tLttitiohJonhn M'fi const, or taany other
J,iW;nrini Hi rail roal, arc of so little
cfnsequfhce as l lit .scarcely worthy of
tibricr-.-'tit amounts, as Has hern said, to
j,HJeshort ol a complete annihilation ol
space, to place these goons,
; - -.-.il '"-... - . if .- i - " '
V V 2 AL JL yiLJLiiVJJ 1 Ail
JL N O
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editors $ Proprietors.
4 ' ' "
, hiii ."" ' ' " " : ' ' r
A CHECK UPON ALL VOCR
Do tp is, asd Liberty is safe.
Gen' I Harrison.
VOLUME V NUMBER 50.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1849.
.4rs. ormerchantlise, at any otheroint
,!nihe. fail vuy. Is lime, for inMunce.
vUWteiJ in those pai ls ol ihv country r
11 Jilt 'This article is only to he pre pa
j iiCirryi htoke;, nrjClsrcwherp, ji
. L ilc ril road hyjthe nearest
thVll : with the ad'lnional expense of two i
crms U4M u "ujin-i it iimy uc niuceu in
, lftlie; reader Avill consent to accomna-
iiJvtie cflcufation now to he made, it will
tcliih a specimen of such calculatidns.
jf M inla,nces wliere there is uncertain
tplY nuinhers,vili he. taken 1o the di.s,
ijvwfttJKe of the rail road and of the di
liUjiotj of expense, hy it. If will he thus
-fjrrrthttt th rte of charge upon the hun-
i! -"il: ..i::Lt. t. i.. . ii ' "
! irfuiin ii'vii ii .'terminates, is greater
:)n it woild he inlreality, and that the
fcibiic MNiotiJit ubich we arrive stands up
Vh;s vfe -ground.,.. H were easy to make
lailir1 sscs to. our pride ur our passionsj to
,bftvfexuh(:raht in figures 4f rhetorfek.
hno tesettt h thoirsaud tiliantoms! to
MriyleJjihthiHy tjelore our wrapped im
youth at eighteen or twenty years, to drive
and take care of the horse. Enough of
such persons may he had at twelve .'dol
lars a month, or one hundred and forty
Tour dollars a year, each finding himlelf.;
This will be less than forty eight cents a
day, but we shall say fifty. 1 !
In a regular line of carriages for the
transportation of goods, a horse passe ten
miles-with a load toward the sea in ;one
part of a day, and after resting, return
with another load back to the place from
which he first set out. Hy this mean? ten
horses put in successively, and travelling
each ten miles forward, and ten miles
hackr convey one wt of goods one hun
dred miles in one. direction in twenty four
hours, and a returning load the samedis
tance hack on the same. day. Hence the
ten horses carry loads through the space
of two hundred miles in twenty four hours.
It is one half only of the expense of Uhis
work done hy the ten horses, which tails
upon a load on "its way to market. To
this it is equivalent uTojhsider five of the
j' horses as travelling forwafcHtione djirec-
nun itniy iniis facu, so as 10 couipieie
important and desirable to all others as it
K lo ourselves to resort to this rail road,
rpr the opportunities of trade. The towns.
ahd villages, and merchantile houses that
The discoveries which have been made
in this art are wonderful. So important is
up on each side of it, become the fH now considered that manv distinguished
depositories and places of assemblage for men in France are claiming to have been
every species of ; merchandise, which oth- the inventors. According to the Revue
era wish ioseji or we to purcnase. Ana ' j.. ir ? 1 u t l-x-
ii ,jr,,r r t. t : , i u des deux Mondes however, Joseph N
at any of these places, it may in an hour , ' , ' i
hp (LtirminpH x4.r- k, ro !. pnore Aiepce was the first who found
by a weak acid, he cut into the metal, the
parts protected by the resinous coat re
maining untouched. He formed thus plates
for the use of engravers."
M. Daguerre, who followed Niepce in
his interesting studies and discoveries,
was a skilful painter in Paris, and the. in
ventor of the Diorama, i It was in 18:20
be determined, where is the best market Pnore A,ePce was "e tirst wholounUthe
iiono th wlinl pvteni r tV, i;no iKf.nrrK means of fixinsr. bv the chemical action
the whole of ourown State, and in frirmcn I of licht. the imaffe of external obioets : ! m optician, the news of Niepce s discov
- - -: ' - " - ' O " m3 "
der" of them, should tLbccomq necessk.;
ry hereafter to take act on the ipntter j ji
-I have, on several occasions..taken jan j
oath to support the constitution of the IL
States, and that of Virginia, the State if
my residence. The Democratic party, f
which I am a member, has always coii
tended against the extension of Executivoji;
power ; and I myself have always partib;)
ularly supported that principle of the par-!
ty (expressed in one of the resolutions ;
the Baltimore Convention) weich enjoins
on all officers of the. Government bower- .
er humble their sphere, to carry j put that
conservative doctrine. The conscientious
scruples I felt concerning the use of thoso!
instructions I found but little difficulty in
reconciling with my firm conviction that; i
a diplomatic officer of the Goveriiment:tS!
bound, while such, to carry out with zeal1
; and good faith, and to the'best of his abn- ;
; ity, the instructions of the Government,
u itiiouk . v a,w 14 t a u w to a ii I'V
ing their propriety, expediency, or eren:
countries, for such articles as it may be
OUr object to vend. Where the farmer at
the distance of three hundred miles from
the sea. the transport of a barrel dt flour
to the coast would cost him fourteen cents.
With respect to tolls, they are of little
consequence, and can have but slight ef
fect upon the expense of transportation.
So great is the assemblage lof merchan
jdise of every species, passing to and fro
upon such a highway, that a very small
payment upon the hundred amounts to a
vast sum. This can be realized by reflect
ing upon the result of two cents a hun
dred, upon five hundred tons everv him-
-J I - T
the distance of one hundred miles per day:J dred. miles. 1 he facility afforded to tra
1 . I . . I ' . I . i' LL : ' 1 1 : I. I 1 '
i : - . . i i ,
but Louis Mandi Daguerre perfected the e""' c' ine" cmP,0.V,a ,or
uringmg me iwo puuosopners logettier.
.1.1 r . . .
that he tirst received, in the shop of a Pa- i their legality. I then-fore determined that
(if it should prove possible and recondla
it.;.. .1 i ....-.
fullest xextrnf, no ' isooncr would our
ii'fivU he, permiffiMf to cool and return to
sht)ffi.ieeinig.iiinn we suouki say. and cor-
rrCty 'too, All. this-: was very handsome-
tljut-loW much (lependence is to he placed
and this shows us the cost of conveyance
to the owner . of--the ' goods.. Collecting
together these different Jtems, we hall
have the following estimate of expense
for carrying ten tons a hundred mils in
twenty four hours : f
5 Horses at 37 cents each, 81 85
5 Wagons continuing through the j-
whole distance, i 20
5 Men or hoys at 50 cents per day, 2 5&s
.veiling upon sucu a ran way, vvnere a
sfagecould run continually nine; or ten
irjiiles arTifqur, together with the business
created to-mrcjiants( planters, and other
persons from OTexU'emity to the other,
yould doubtless sooricreate such acur
rent of passengers,. that Uieplls necessa
ry for sustaining the expenses 6f4he rail-
photographic process of Niepce, and dis
covered the rrtethod now in use.
M. Niepcef was a simple proprietor,
who lived in a country house on the banks
of the Saone. He was. a lover of science,
but made no pretension to learning. His
photographic attempts go back to 1813,
and he made his discovery in 1814.
"The principles of his photographic
proceedings," according to the journal al
luded fo, " were of wonderful simplicity.
He knew, what all painters know, that a
certain resinous substance of a black co
lor, asphalte, exposed to the action of the
light, bleached very quickly ; he knew,
what all ch?mists know, that most of the
compounds of silver, which are naturallv
without color, bleached by the action of of his life,
luminous rays. This is the. use he made scuritv.
of this proper!'. He occupied himself at j
tirsi wun an onjeci very insigniiicani. in
and an intimacy sprung up which lasted,!
four years, during which time Daguerre i
i became possessed of all the facts relating
i to the discoveries of Niepce. Once ini
tiated into the secret, Daguerre applied
j himself without relaxation to bring the
discovery to perfection and the result is
now before the world in the beautiful por
traits and pictures of the Daguerreotype.
It seems to be an established fact that
the real inventor of what is called the
Daguerreotype was Niepce, v,iio, at the
age of 03 years, died in 1833. It was not
reserved for him to enjoy the definitive
triumph in which he had placed the hopes
He died in poverty and ob-
iSotnethingjnore than this is ne-
orj'isry to. cony nee rue trial mere is any
nni substantial, and tangible, and prac
ncnoy true, in iner titiiiiy oi a rail road.
i'itl j'ri-he fj"is . lot' tconst r uct i ng it. .This
"iOni certainly speaks to us with no ordi-
nfittf ,poiv rs of persuasion ; but he has
T60.tvuca-'seise,'an.U'.we shall io well to
' tm$ cre hoW-'Avj trust dim;' Let him
rivius jlm f iu 1 1, So that we are not pur- i
iiiii, visions- 61 aney instead of sulistan
CM.d To 1,he Sttbslsince, therelore. let US
For 10 tons 100 miles a day, $4 01
We can now determine the cost of this
transportation by 'dividing the four dol
lars and sixty one cents among the ten
tons, and the result will be less than: t wo
cents and a third upon a hundred weight,
through the distance of a hundred miles
in a day. ' I
This exposition may have been tedious,;
but it is of infinitely greater value tHun ai
hundred arguments, and twice'. as many
periods of glowing imagery, that f-nter
not into the recess ol the subject, nof dis
close its essential merits. It is hoped that
though it has been necessary to f pass
beins levied ch'ieflv. and vet without ! appearance, but which had the advan-
w ' a - .
oppression, u pom them, would reduce thoeJ tage ot preparing and proving his future
proceedings. He applied himself to the
reproduction of engravings. He varnish
ed an engraving on the back to render it
more transparent, and he put it afterwards
turin.-and de-ai in inures of ar.thmetie UHr.ough a detail ol numerical statements,
-.1 . r.'( L- " r-r---- V . "1
not lb figures of oratory.
Ti. conveyance on a rail road, are ne
ci s.Wyy ! ! Horses. i2.-Wat:tis. 3. AMeri.
iLet It ht adiwfred- that one horse
.ii till; a poller will endure five years iu ser
vici'.fur example, Irom.the end of his fifth
!uhl.eud)f his' tenth year. He is such
m v? in fidget for one- hundred dollars.
,1 fntr tvveiiJv four dollars a year must he
::imdw good lor the perjietuify of such j an
tnr0H. H he eats twenty lour barrels
f 'cornva year at two dollars a barrel,
its A ill com fivrly eght (lollars .Should
,3if rfmiire a ton and a hall.td .hay, or any
: N h r f , Vo rag e for" a year . a t I i ft v c en t s ne r
l!t...l.f'...t ...mi .1 ! j-. i 'h
i jiuimreu; ii win in; uueen dollars more.
it is still so obvious in its nature, arid all
its successive particulars, to every farmer
and every experienced man, that h has
had no difficulty in following it. Should
this have been the case, or should it not,
the reader is requested to peruse it a se
cond time, with a close and attentive eve,!
lest an error may have crept in, of suffi-!
cient consequence to impair or destroy its:
validity. It is a subject for the inVesti-j
Ration of every, arithmetician an ac-
countant, every pfanter and professional
man. Should it be satisfactory and con
vincing to any one whose neighborvUnfor
tunately cannot look into it for want of
the education which himself has enjoyed,
upon merchandise and agricultural pro
ductions, to a rate scarcely worthy of.our
notice. r :
It was just now stated, that according
to the. calculation already given in -this
npmber, with every disadvantage against
tle railway, the expense of carriage up
on a barrel of flouMliree hundred miles
Would be fourteen cents. Could other
States, with all their privileges of soil,
ahd habits of closer industry, cope any
longer with the farmer of North Carolina
within his own State? If, they can sell
vik flour at six dollars a barrel, our own
flour brought from the remotest, parts of
the country could then be sold at Beaufqrt
I with profit, for hve and a half. Could they
afford it at five and a half, we could furnish
it at five. By opening the Harlow canal f or
Meain boats, a thing to he done by a few
thousand dollars in a single. season, we
could enter with fair competition, through
oil r seaport at Beaufort, into a trade with
Europe, the Mediterranean, South Ameri
ca, and the West Indies, as well as the
Ignited States. Money would flow in : a-
I moug us from abroad, and the prompt anil
easy transportation tnrougn tne wnote ex
tent of our State, would distribute this
returning tide of wealth into numberless
streams and rills, to quicken our energies,
apd infuse alacrity and confidence into
all our exertions. T I
The combined discoveries of Niepce
w re first announced to the public by M.
Arago in 1839. A short time after I his
the art became public property, and a
national recompense was awarded to Da
guerre in the shape. of a pension of 0,000
c. ' 1 1 iv-
on a plate of pewter or tin, covered with , "'"" m,u lo d on OI ""Tee a pension
a laver of asnhnlte The hl.rL- nan r of 4 000 francs. With regard to the ad-
the engraving arrested theluminous rays;
oh the contrary, the transparent parts, or
those which present no line of the.gra-ver,
allow them to pass through fieely.XThe
luminous rays, passing through the trans
parent parts of the paper, go to whiten
the layer as asphalte spread over the me
tallic plate, arid thus was obtained a faith
ful image of the drjawing, in which the
lights and shades preserved their natural
situation. By afterwards plunging the
metallic plate. into the essence of laven
der, the portions of asphalte not impress-.
tjd by tlie. light were dissolved, and the
image was ihus protected from the ulte
rior action ol tmi light.
vantages which have already acci vied to
the world from the invention of photogra
phy, they are matters which we leave for
the investigation of those who are inter
ested in the inquiry and are qualified for
it.xThe few facts that we, have now giv
en werenew tous, and we presume will
be so to many of our readers. Nat. Int.
CUBA. DIPLOMATIC DISCLO-
The-Charleston Courier of thread inst.
contains an Address to the Puldic by
Meantime the photogenic-copying of ; Thomas C. Reynolds, Esq., of Virginia.
engravings was only a prelude to more ! Ute Secretary of the American Lpgation
at Madrid, mainly explanatory of his
!lVn;tintenance of a horse a Year then! is l nl of a magnitude to indnce him toj
1 1 1 . i .i n . .. . i i i i
If the;owner receive tlfuty per cent
Uit Upon this species ol capital, the pro-
Lfpon eighty seven dollars will he twet-
I'.-. i ii . ' t . - i i ii
take the first opportunity to read it n his
hearing, and set it before him with such;
confirmation arf evidence as his 1 own
views will furnish ? Is there a member
of our Senate or House of Commons whp.
will riot feel himself solicited by the ties,
that bind him to his constituents, to enter!
calmly with them into the discussion of.
this subject, not as a partizan.or with the
Sea Serpent. -Since the account pub
lished last fall in the English journals loftgent lens is placed at the luminous orifice
dollars and ten cents, but we shall Knpat P.1 argumentation, but as a sincere
f.llt i.' f ' I ' i . v n,il liun.ni.innuto !HTr tf Vila nmltili.it !
Jollirs; This lidded to eighty seven doll that truths of such vital importance to
Ur (lives an a'triount of one hundred and j rvTry ma an(l pvery family may be per-
Ipuheeu tlollHrs, which ought to be receiv. ceived in their plainness, mid felt wijh alj
'd UnnuHllv 'ubon .ihe service of everv t,,eir uPan thpir interests? It is not!
W$,for keepi-ng up th property, and I recoijnmetded to any man of influence m
iHthing a handsome profit upon it of society, or 10 anj canumaie, 10 engage m
t u ! W
liirty neT cent. This will he admitted to
llWtal Profit enough, and arl nj hi
oqd not he nlhmed lo enjoy lj(ng by
competition, but we shall suppose it.
this subject, or any other involving the
public good, so as to excite apprehensions
of him in the minds of others, or tcf lo$ej
the confidence of the people. Let ft be
the discovery of a monster of thedeep by
the officers of her Majesty's frigate Dae
dalus, in many respects , resembling the
ceature known as the sea serpent, the
belief in the existence of such an animal
is beginning to obtain many adherents,-
Ve find in a Florida paper the following
account of a monster, furnished by Capt.
Adams, of the schooner Lucy and Nancy,
which arrived at Jacksonville on the 1st
instant from New York :
Captain Adams states that on the
interesting operations. I he end to be
obtained was the reproduction of the
drawings of the camera obscura." Every
body knows the camera obscura. It is a
sort of box, closed on all sides, into which
the light introduces itself through a small
orifice. The luminous rays emanating
from objects placed without intersect each
other at the entrance, and produce a de
creased representation of these, objects.
lo give more field to the, image, and to
conduct in certain particulars, in which
it appears that the Minister (Mr. Saun
ders) and himself disagree. The commu
nication of Mr. R. occupies several col
umns of the Courier, and, embracing as
it does references to various subjects of ! answer which
ble with the privnte interests which re-;
quired my speedy return to the Unjtea
States) 1 would delay: the dissolution of
my connexion with the legation until the
Department of State had had aft oppor lu
nity of passing that action of Mr. Saun
ders in review. This I succeeded in do- r
ing. Reasons, unnecessary here to men- .
tion, but founded on considerations eon-j
nected with the interests of the U. States,
induced me to postpone allaction in ttin'
premises until 1 had learned the result.of
the Presidential election. Had "Mr. Ca$s
been elected, I should, though I am and
j always have been a decided member of.
the political party which chiefly support- ;
; ed him, have felt constrained to take the '
advice of some eminent counsel, learned
1 in the law, concerning the proper legal ;
mode (if any there be lor a simple citizen
of the United States) of bringing to thoi
cognizance of the House of Representa-'1
tives an Executi- p:veeding which' I
h'-mbly conceive to ". not ot.ly beyond
the constitutional power of the President,
or his agents, but violative of the c nsti
tntional rights of every citizen ol the Un
ion, contrary to good fai;' deioaipry to
the dignity and eminentl delnmetital to
the interests of out conir.ion country.
" The state ments contir.ed in the letter-'
of a correspondent of the N. Y. Herald
dated Madrid, September 19, lb48,r.mount:
to an assertion that Mr. Polk's Admints-k
. traiion had given Mr. Saur.dt'rs instruc
tions, under which that Envoy conceived
himself authorized ' to sound the Sj. ...sh
Government on iheir dispositions to sell
or cede the Island of Cub.i to the United
States.' and, if so, to buy it; that Mr.
Saunders 4 made an informal inquiry' into U
the subject ; and that ' accordingly nego
tiations, w ith that object in view, may be
said to be opened by the despatch con
taining these instructions. Ol the-substantial
correctness of those assertions!
have not the slightest douht. The Spanish"
Government, very properly confining ii-
j self to its own acts and availing itself of
j the careless expression of ihe correspon
dent, bas denied that there were any ;ie
gotiations on the subject; for negatia-
! tion' is a technical term with a fixed.;
meaning, and the Spanish Government!
I could with truth deny its existence; for
j as I am entirely sure, in answer to the in
I quiry of Mr. Saunders, the Duke oi Vn-.
lencia (General iNarvaes) gavwMhe same
he gave to the inquiry
diplomatic aim and anxiety, on the part i made him in the Courts, some months
of other Legations at Madrid as well as oejorc, and when he has repeated in reply
ivgiiv iiiuiv jkiu iv iiw huuqI uiiu iu , i . i ri'
augment the distinctness of it, a conver- our own, it is not without public interest ; j J l.he samc: ,ml?u!ry en made of h.m
of it. It becomes, then, an artificial eye
on which all exterior views are painted.
These ephemeral images are to be fixed ;
the camera obscura is a mirror ; of this
mirror a picture is to be made.
"Niepce resolved this problem in 1824.
To a plate of plated or silvered copper
but, as all these are mixed up with mat
lately, as published in the American pa
ol personal and official controversy I ... . c .i r .i rw i
recmess oi me assertions oi ine jiciaiaj
with the Minister, and animadversion on , correspondent, it would have been entire
his character and proceedings, we do not j ly removed by the fact that the official
feel at liberty to transfer the article to organ of the late Administration he Un-
our columns. One of its topics, however ouj-conlined itselt to copying the denial
is of such grave concern, and discloses so
he applied a layer of asphalte. The plate confidently a deep scheme of our Demo-
thus covered was placed in the camera cratic Administrations, which they have
obscura, and the image transmitted bv
the lens of the instrument is made to fall
upon its surface. At the end of a some
what long time the light had acted on the
sensible substance. The plate then beinir
appeared to disavow, and would fain have.
of the Spanish Government ; by what I
learned of the matter iu Cuba itself; by
the reasons, given by Mr. Berrien in the
U S. Senate for his request that Mr. Mil
ler should withdraw his resolution of in--
liWUum of otic hundred and fourteen I sincerely with a view both to receive.and
I- - I - X
impart liuormaiion. Ana wnen lniprp-
cess of time all, or at least a large major
i .. . .
doljfys a year is pine dollars and a half
' hi r less than thirty seven cents a
jIfftltavijng three hundred and thirteen
Xo thri year, hy the exclusion of Sun-
h4J- " I hjs receipt ot thirty seven cents
keeps un the capital, and yields a
. .. . j .
r'fOiil ol -thirty her cent noon it.
M.j.L',r.us next suppose that fivcpwag-
liut be procure-d, all to be connected
i Jflhcr Upon the. rail road, and to be
tfcost 6( one of these iron wagons, ac
r nti i nun uurstv. oi v ncn thn
HI maintenance hav
ng to Strickland, is one hundred and
ity.. shall -have seen their lnterests.land j
made up their opinions, then let him jear-j
ry their concurring wishes tothe legisla-!
tive body.! that the Stat may, by its or
ganized representation' resolve deliber
ately and with perseverance founded bn
conviction, to jprosecutelheir mature land
enlightened purpose. These are undoubt
edly the true methods of n free Slate,:at
once growingin strength and augmenting
the happiness of the people. 1 1
The breadth pf our State from north to
morning of Sunday, the 18th of February, I r.i D,i -tntn 0 m;Vf. r n. r i..
about D o c ock, when off the south point ender rtnd etraIf lhe ts of the bilu.
o Cumberland Island, about 12 miles m;nnlK n!a(itl1. tht ih i;hf h,l r,l-
va b v w m v k m mm -m v vaj
frjbm the St. John's (Florida) bar. the at
tention of himself, crew, and passengers
w'as suddenly riveted upon an immense
sa monster, which he took to be a ser
phit. It lified its head, which was that
of a snake, several times out of the water,
seemingly to take a survey of the vessel ;
and at such times displayed the largest
portion of its body and a pair of frightful !
fins or clavvs several feet in length. His
tail was not seen at any time, but, judg
ing frooLthe dimensions of the body, the
captain supposes the leviathan to ben
bput ninety feet in length. Its neck ta
pered small from the head to the body,
arid it appeared to measure about Seven
'remained untouched; the others dissolved
rapidly. A drawing was thus obtained,
in which the light corresponded to the
light, and the shades to the shades ; the
lights were formed by the whitish plaster
of bitumen, the shades by the polished
and uncovered parts of the metal, the half
tints by the portions of varnish on which
the. dissolvent had partially acted. These
metallic drawings had only a mediocre
vigor; Niepce attempted to give them
Strength, by exposing the plate to the spon
taneous operation ot iodine, or vapors
vealed by Mr. sCass in his published
speech on the Yucatan question, and the
terms of which I have communicated to
no one were consideied by me, as soon
as I examined them, (in May, 1817.) to be
the country to discredit, that we consider quiry on the matter ; by the tactics of Ml
it proper to quote the testimony of Mr. i Kusk a"d Mr. Foote in the Senate debate
Reynolds on the subject ; and this is no ? U' V'' f,bi.U8,i
, J , . . A P Miller s resolution was adopted, there has
ess than the al eged intrigue set on foot t, tM r ,,
been no response to it on the part ot tlm
with a view to the acquisition of Cuba. President of the United Slates, uuless that
The following passages (divesting them ! response has been communicated in secret
of some personal references)contain what f tltt Senate.
Mr. Reynolds says in regard to that mat- j Oar readers wilLxecollect that the Span
ter : ! ish Government gave an apparent corj-
" The instructions given by Mr. Forsyth i iradiction to the reality of this alleged
when Secretary of State in relation to 1 overture, and the organ of Mr. Polk's ad
Cuba, the very existence of which I felt ministration in thiscity endotsed this con-
i.i il. i r . i
oounu to Keep conceaieu, u.u.i u was re- i tramclion bv COnvini? it. If Mr. IL is rieUt
. I . O - - - 71 -- -
there must have been equivocation in tba
denial. Nat. Int.
emanating from sulphuret of potass, with eminently unconstitutional. It was chief-
the design of producing a black or color-
I ed ground, on which the lines should be
& It k 4 .
r. H0,',r8' .a,,ul ""'refore ' tlu: live " will south in its western part is a hundred
, inJtevcn hiiticlred. 'The wheels are of miles. IBv extendina- a mil mad thrnocrh
ttlrpn,ahd axletee.s wrought, and we , the middle of it from east to west,! (the
( suppose them to last thirty years by ! greatest distance at which anv manlcan
I'S ie.taxlelrees anew sometimes. ! If! be is fifty m'des, or two days travel with
a loaded wagon. If we were to divide
this distance of fifty miles on each side of
the rail road into three equal parts. itl be
comes evident that one third of the State
I feet across the broadest part of the back. ; (lrawn with more nrrnness and vigor; he
LTFprietcTr of the wagons he allowed
Tour dollars a year for thirty years.
ut" "tore mun mane goon nis capital.
PJIU furtl er allow him an iutcr'St of
'"lrcent upon this capital ot seven ; would he within seventeen miles of this
iaii ;V-.UP ars.uoixper ceni is common great nigh fway running through ihecoun-
The color of the creature was that of a
imAAAAlit l-i Villi innAmnlnfrjIi'
""i rMni.iwasmQv.f inconvenience of this photograph
ing towards the mouth of the St. John's.
The monster moved from the side of the
vessel, and placed itself athwart its track,
jc method, however, was the length of
ly for this reason that I called the atten
tion of the Department ol State to them,
in my first despatch in relation to the Anglo-Spanish
debt, though the humbleness
of my position prompted me to make no
comments on their legality or propriety.
The Slavery Question a non the Chervkerr.
The fud in lhe ?.leihodii EHcopal C'h ir b, '
Noith and South, In apjp.ired i i the ChfiO
!:ee coun'rv, in a nu5t rmcorouj th'-i . 'lhe i
a'iutheni Cburr'u have suj!ied l!ie Cheiolteei J
with pastors fur some year, but iho Church
North, according to lhe Chei.ke Adveat, t-f
- rl out we shall allow eight; and ; try like a public street through a com-
M-M UV 1 ! Pr0n,S "Pn SUC"
lio.; 'e aild certnirt mntM-MiU Titnrlif fa be
that the profits upon such mercial city. Another third would bd he.
tween seventeen and thirty four miles
from it, and the remaining third between
Thirty four and fifty. No sooner does a
farmerra manufacturer, or a merchant,
rlVr-L '- -r l,lui in
l 'us and const
i-if riif,nreM f eight per cent upon j
y"ly six dollars interest will he eighty
U ' nir tor the live wagons, which
i'r r)(Jr,(! nnJ lmrtcen tlas t0 H
than twenty six cents a day,
1 l call it twenty six. ' M ,
on horses and-other
twepty four dollars capital
,: ntxtsupposc a man, or a
arrive with his produce or his goods at
such a rail way. than the whole extent of
it, with all the ndjacent country, is thrown
open t him for a market, by the payment
of two cents and a third upon the conirey.
ance of a hundred weight a hundred miles,
every twenty four hours until, he is at the
i sea shore. Let us consider that it ii as
time exacted for the luminous impression, i In addition, I felt assured that they had ihe 2Gth February, srrt another paiof, who ar.
The asphalte is a substance which takes had the most disastrous effects on our re-
,0',;.b"t. L te impression of the light very 5lowly ; ation9 witb Spain, particularly in reier
not feeling partial to an encounter with
his snakeship, ordered the vessel to be
kept off. A boy on the deck, not knowing
his antagnist, had seized a harpoon, and
was in the act of striking, when he was
prevented by the vessel moving off.
The Bussing Service. The New York
Journal of Commerce states that Gen. Taylor
was kissed by 500 young ladies at Georgetown,
Reckoning twenty seconds to a kiss, which we
think a very moderate average, considering
these who hung fire and those who held on
s,ronS 11 must have required two hours and for
ty jminutes to go through the labial exercise.
T6e General, we think, on despatching the ex
treme left of this battalion, must have ft in a
good condition !o give ihe word. " Order arms,
rest !" Communicator.
as much as ten hours' exposure is neces- ence to our present and also our possible
sary to produce a design. During this future interests in Cuba. These views I
interval the sun, which does not await the I did not conceal from Mr. Sauudeis, and
good pleasure of this jndolent substance, I was gratified to find before rny depart- ters which he deemed prudem "
displaced the lights and shadows before Ure from Madrid that, when suggested to le ph!ic cungregHiiei. The !
the reflection was entirely fixpd. The ' m (rnm nnnlrior r..i'ptor tht. lntter of funded hy a mob. Mr. (.'ur:.y
i J ----- . ii i in aiii awvasv i i v f -
success could never be assured before- the opinions above expressed was. in prac
harid. This process then very imperfect ; tice. adopted bv him. But, somewhat to
t nevertheless, as it is perceived, the photo- my surprise, he had, on his return from
grapnic proniern was resolved in its pnn- ' France, thought proper to act cn these in-
Ciple. j structions. although he had himself refer- , M-p e-xriiemnt has got among the irreligiiui
"Considering his discovery, under all ; red them back to the Department of State p,,rti.,n of the nation, and matters rnut coauj
its aspects, Niepce thought that, by apply-1 for re-vision, to ,Mr. Buchanan, because ; to a ciisis shortly."
ing the art of engraving to his results, he he ,rhad greater confidence in the present 1 r.
should render his invention more useful, Mr. Polk' Cabinet in regard l to this j 29S ii,hth9 , New,0.le.n,
and give ,t a serious development. His ( important subject, and "W the WCplt ,ndin2 on the 17th of which
attempts in thisnew direction were crown-i to have the benefit of hisMr. Bnchananj I "u -
cd with success. In attaching his plates 1 views, so as to avail himself Mr. Saun-; 192 were of cholca.
lived in ciue time. The Advocate say : y
44 No reiigious meciingx ran ht ,je!d at night
w.ihout a riof. Mr. Gurley aitei;iied it al a
priv.! house, where it was supposed lie iriteu.
ded to lectuie his dis I ;!-sene;!v m m-ti-
udfiit no! to hroucb in
iou je was sur-
. . . i
by a mob, .Mr. dur.-'V Cormjellfd lo
flee, and the meoiiiig broken up. The win
dows of our new bii'k ('iiurc h have ten daib
ed to pipces, ile ilivef turn down, a; d lhe in
terior of the Church thrown into the widel
disorder. Hence arts of retaliation follow. j.