' " v ' - u I ,'! -
!''. 1 1'V.T, '
.r ' i ' - - r
- I ! , ..-..! . .
"VI i ' ; t .-
TomH bl llio uaicnmau.
:' i '
, an J 25 eta.
'"' S rt-r ct. highft' ef rir.-, A liberal dducf
S;rffIohw wlio.advjrrlbe by 'ihe year. -J ?! ' -.
i . "r, to ihe Editors taU.U post P"ad. -!
; lj v , ' ;;-; . : , ..
TTAlJinS & CRUMP
1 A JltfoM rcriiins from York una rai.0.1,
SFimNG AM) SUMMER
I... fi0Ol)S, ; :
iiLh tti?yiare 'determined to Bellas low as any house
T ih, iiatt 'of Nortili Ca'rpRiia, consisting of all kinds of
"Nttyl which have been selected with great care
jjyhi'Bi.ai U'e .very jywjrei tusu pwweo. ,
Fvr Ladies Wear. .
k .Luntjrrs, ode Cashmeres cotoreJ do.,
VtkrtneisadS Hosiery. , ; ;
1' t"kk Ffetich' and.jfcngtfrh; Cloths, .'French Cassimeres,
f di ffcy do., wool Tweed, Kentuckyanes, Ker
' Jti tSi'd WtliA'eHing, cot .iretfet do., plain Jaatm do,
1 ridUr9(ed do. Also.-brown and bleach'd Drills, Do.
I st?Ay)rjtney'JaniieV, ;
ViTHat A Caps Kool Shoes,
: ' I i ; I l)eijides a'seneral stock of 5
r! Ilatjwarc !aiid Cutlery, Groceries, Crockery, ie.
V ifh-i" WisltipgitO buy goods, we respfctfqlly invite
' their atetitiojn (toflie above stock, as we are determined
to 6f putFolJ Jiy ny. s v i
v i !-Xew $nrid2 & Smame Goods for 1319! ?
- ' t ! '. . 1 ! 1 - . ' . .. 1 !
i subindriVrs have receivrd and opened decided-
f 4 JL ly the If rrest, cheapest, and npal desirable stock of
-.t'Frertoi Lnglili Una American
' w v
' . ii hi v XLiici niaitic urv uoou.
f tlmibttpffl l'ett exhibited in the'State. -Al90, Pana
:nWlRiwi.Thilpicoi, California, and fine Tushionable
; kUk arttd lx;aver Hits,Fiiench Lace, Pa melo, Leghorn and
L'tiglinh focktjlii Ifcnnets, Boots, Kid Slippers and Goat
': shoes, catrla M aiidtsaddlers Trimmings, smith and Car-
; j)iq;erTol,'hardware ond cutfery, white lead, linseed,
.im .anjf tanner oil, coach and copel varnish, 8 by 10
j ih i byl2 lans, riite and blasting powder,
i1 l '; QtilcKMlver, IVIiiiins Hope,
f j - i- --;( i ; '
!e, harneiii, apJ, upper lien ther, fine French and Phil-
aefplii4 calf hklns, ho; and lining do., travelling trunks
1 afld oa'rptt bagv i L-
l; ' -' Two Keg lrliit3rN Ink,l
: " ' I . ' ; .
ill wool arid woof and'eotton carpeting, 30 Lour and 8
daycIotiVwarianted good) and cheap ;
I fycirat ktre Kind Bolting Cloths, all Nos.
! j- ,1 -( ', I, V i ! "r '
sfcrl hoes'i'Ujn platp, mackercfl no. 1, 2 and 3.,;brown, re
Jttifi) and loaf sugpr, Rio- and Jva Coflee, gunpowder
'.and hy'$on,tea, tyrup, New jO deans and CubS tnolasses,
; (vcrop orchard grass and clover seed, horse shoe and
and iwee(firoW nqils, a very bjEge stock of rolled and
j hfimtiirW ifon and castings, cast steel, hoop and sheet
( i iron, iuxlthousamti of other articles. Their fetock is fuil
'and complete, aiulstyleH most beautiful and neat.
The nlnvt irotids were boushtfor casluin Ncw'York
vd Fjiila Jphjaik pre ious to the advance of prices, and
far tibw olljred at wholesale and retail for cash, lower
t&in tfiey h;ve ever been sold in Salisbury.; All ciash
.' wle youngl tent lemen, and -the ladies particularly, Ore
i ciwcft'(jliy: nvit!3 tjjcnll and examine -theif large and
ptaJitd spick, as they feet confident the goods and pri
ce! will gtvi satisfaction to all.' '
'. . , q A 1ENKINS Sc ROBERTS.
'wfe, Ay fit 5 16-10 ' . ( 848
-N ?(J. Ay erions mdebteid to the late firms of. Jen
kfpn'Ac 'Bile1, and! J. 11, Jenkins & Co. by note or book
IvDuit , art requested to; ''pay- the same, on or before
U't : AuRtis Cort,as longey indulgence cannot be given.
u;::ffJj-a:fflvi9. J. II. JENKINS-
CU1;KAR STEAMBOAT COMPANY
, 1 i ii ; j. Ul' t'AYETTBVILLE
'Ktevntr Ooy. Gil A HA M, (20 inch draft)
float; MiKE BllOWN,
' 5v I-
oVe float run regularly between Fnjrette-
4 Wilmington at the late reduefd rates of
fnri'jjlui iridj are as well prepared fprithesptedy and safe
T-ntyftrtfttiun ot Oooua up ana down as any line on tne
tirf'r, :r , t ' ' '
:' Tfnlikfuj fyir the last year's bosinewi we solicit a con
tinuing and tncras?' for the future. All goods con
rf(nd.i J W. L; McCJary, WilmingtonfcN. C.will
frv irded fret; of commission.
AM roduce from tie country sent to W. L. McGa
rf'. laetteVille Will e shipped to where desired free of
cttninilwion. Io all cows we give the earliest informa
?fon o tti: arrival and departure of goods.
CoiftHunteibns'aildreed 10J.& W. L; McGary.
v. mtori.a.nd; W.L. Mct.ary.rayettev.lle, will meet
in.a trriuon. i t W-. L. McOARY. Acent
1 : ; C,',u!fu '.""G"' having commodious Wa re . Houses
,t tneiKiT -r, and havinz'hepn lon
Warditiff husineMi. wilt receive n.l r.u nr.l ll A., 1 .
UTii Idris at Ihe usual comm
i 1. Ll.. b.. tal . . . I
i , .- - .MV4 Ull 1 vw a CT 111 -i
Jarw I84t V
1 : . i 1 '
W. JL. McOA'RY.
ICOMNI) BUY BARGAINS!
. l- ill!. I..
CXtt It I A G i: MAS UF ACTO RlV
v rlifunderfgnel hating formed a co-partnership in
.''. lh'aboveJUHiness, respectfully invite public atten
tion to ljeir Establishment, andj to tlieir supply of superb !
i j f arria'ges! Barouches, Rockaways,
Mtektr39i beauty of design, manner of execu-;
t,10n. iwf VjtcellenCe of material, cannot be surpassed by
L0' 1" the southern country. J
TbveJn ihetrmnloy a large number of excellent
f r0rnJ Tlirir black mnitha. wooil workmen, trim-
' 't'',,"t 'pointers, ate all men of experience, and have
: . t f(lu B toikill in their several departments.
, LjNrihjj done oh very short notice. Work; done
:j ?ap fyf ja9r or approved notes i or country produce ta-
,. ;.' '.!: OVERMAN
r -liMiutjr, .Feb. 8;r,1849. -
, BROWN Sc CO.
f w Sicll v WinD and Tallow , Candles.
LTST Teccivir 4 a itarge supply of fintTallow CAN-
Y. 1 -Pv'W.! Also, pn i excellent article of Sicily Ma
f fti of White Cooking WINE.matiufactured forsook
1 ' WrfcoVi expresaty. I CROWN &. JAM Eg.
h ?w?unr.Oct. is. i84fl: -ij 23
r- -i ;, 'J .
jT"TA'UV mill Waonic ! Gloves,
fii t i '! ir J.ll.ENNtSS:
Bahitary; pc. Sl, 1818. . i 33 y
- 7 . r
9 McrTptjonrjcsr -fvo Dollars
Fr5 i ..... h.u if not paid inadyance.
V. 'JUiiVytW. wilt.be charged, " .
InM-riel at fit for the first,
.".t! U -VSJi- v. :.. ..,.1 ... I ,
atia 'jip ? do-. MouseUnede jJahes,silk ana worsted
t ;fJ,Cheni AliJcca9, brk2, and coPd Merinos plaid
JihcMms. French, jJo., Shawls,' GJoves, Uibbpts, fine
rAum linen 'Canibric Uand'lTs, Bonnet silk, VelTets,
, ,i . ; ;r4' TEAS.
. i r i l f - l l . I'-i M f 1 1 i i -J r -11"-. II, :
i : bt ii . I'll a .-' i n 1 m t ars -E.ri i - b 1 i i i n
1 H I 1 '1 VLO. LU.,1LL,VX;W- U 1 U T 0 -JJl-
i - ! 1 i ;? ' t " t 7 ' - ; . I .' - -, ' ' 1 f - .
BUPER & JAMES,
Bliwxf Proprietors. '
The Women of llje Revolution.
i',:- K. L' ' t
In poblisbing the following tribute
the patriotism of the Ladies of North Car
olina during the Revolution, we ake oc
casion jto express an earnest desire,; that
gentlei?nenin Mecklenburg, Rowan, lrje
dell, &!c, would even at this late (lay take
some pains to examine any old RecordSOf
Correspondence, and tq commit to vvriling
any traditionary evideiice, likelylto throw
light op thie important evts of Ithat pe
riod. The;re is the more need of this now,
since it is estimated that Messrs. Bancroft,
and Sparks, may possibly, in the forth-
coming Histories, decide adversely to th
genuineness of the Mecklenburg Declar
ation of May 20th, 1775. There! are nla-
ny cadses .which will make such a decU I
sion peculiarly ungrateful to-North Caro
. .1 ! i I I 5 I
lina, even though the equivalents Resolve
" I i
of the 31st May, ;1 775 be prominently ad
mitted as ihey must; be, to-bi beyond
doubt authentic. Fat. Observe?.
V: W "1 L :' : I
, ! i For the Observer. I
THE LADIES OF N, CAROLINA DU
RIND THE REVOLUTION.
Among the many Revolutionary doc
ments which have survived to the present
time, none demand more special attention
than those which follow. In their con
test for civil and religious freeilom, our
forefathers were animated by a spirit
whichjhas called lorlh; universatadmiVa
tion. Undoubtedly, this spirit 'was pro
duced by many co-operating causes but
among its many supports a very promis
ing place must be given to the lively pat
riotism of; the Ladies of that time. They
who borejtheir parts in the council cham
ber anid on the battle tie Id, were! sustain
ed by thei assurance, that at home bright
eyes and warm hearts were deeply inter-,
ested in their success. ! For in those dys,
Sisters urged on their brothers--Maidens
sent forth their lovers4Mothersjcontribu
ted sons,; and Wives gave up ; their tfus-
bands, to the cause of their country and
1 . ; t - I. - i
of their God. ! i 5
In Vol. I. of " American Archives," Slan
I ia ,fj-irrtt trio i fftT r rr A ccnAiotiAn c i rr t
ea by fifty-one ladies of Edenton, N. tC,
Oct. 25, U774." f'v I r
"Asfe cannot be iindiflererit on any
occasion; that appears to effect the peace
and happiness of our country ; and as it
has been thought necqsisary for the public
good to enter into several particular Re
solves by a meeting of Members of Dep
uties from the whole Province, It is a duty
that we owe, not only to our near apd
dear relations and connections, Hut to our
selves, who arc essentially interested inj;
their welfare, to do every thing as faij as
liesinjoiir power to testify our sincere ad
herence! to the same; and we do there
fore accordingly subscribe this paper as a
witness iof our fixed intention, apd solemn
determination to do so." ! .
The existence of this paper pakes: us
deeply regret that no one has yet dislovj.
ered conies of ' The Associations of the
Ladies,'? in the counties of Mecklenburg
and Rowan. For they would be wreaths
of immortal honor to their signers. The
Ladies of Edenton applauded th$ Resolves
of the first Provincial Convention which
met at iNewbef n, Aug; 24, 1774, be
collision had taken place between
Colonies and Great Britain. But the La-
' e 3TlJ U.. T ..1 J....JI
that even bloodshed, and the lpss of the
defenders of their firesides, outd !not
friehten them, from giving an earnest
Godspeed you," to thei signers an3 tti
the supporters of the Mecklenburg De
claration. A notice of the firstlof thejfol-
lowing papers can be found in Dr. Footers
Sketches of N. Carolina.? The present
is supposed to be the first publication of
the proof of thp existence bf the second.
We leave, the young men of ourfown time
to judge what effect these declarations of
Independence frorn Tory sweet hearts
mUst have had on the heroes of '7G. IWe
, . . . , . . 1 ,Qr,iX,,f
JU Joseph Johnson ot Charleston, bjj U.,
for the following Editorial article. (It can
De lounu n ine - oouiu uaronna aiuij a.
41,1 . r.K l n-nr' . I
44 A North Carolina correspondent who
signs himself, "1'hilogune, rtormsi us,
"That the young Ladies of the best lam
Mies in Mecklenburg County, in N. Caro
lina, havp entered into a voluntary Asso
ciation,' that they will not receive the ad
dresses of any young gentleman of lhat
place,; except the brave volunteers who
cheerfully served in the expedition of
South Carolina, and assisted iri; subduins
the Schovolitc Insurgents : The Ladies
beinc of opinion that such persons as la
zily stay,t)asking at home whn the, im
portant! calls of their Countiyj demand
their jnilitary service abroad must cer
tainly' be destitute of that nobleness of
sentiment, that brave manly spint: which
qualify jthe gentleman to be ths Defender
and Guardian of the Fair, sex j 0orJcor-
anayuarman ui mc ou.se. puw tut.
respontjent adds, "This is thej substance
of the Association ; and we hear that the
Ladies ;in the adjacent county of ROwan
hiw ilrtvirpfl n similar Association to be
drawn (hp, and prepared immfedjatehr for
- The KSchovolite Insurgents allud
(in this! peclaration,;scemed td have
Mi - " '
Keep a check rros all tocr
" , Rulers.
the.royalists who lived in the fork-between
the Broad and Saluda Rivers irifSJ Caro
lina. William H. Dayton, and the; Rev.
William Tennent, visited this district iin
1775 aTid invited its settlers to. join the
large majority of their countryrrieri Inde
fehce of their common rights. But j part
ly through zeal for their Sovereign!, and
partly by the management of ambitious
and misguided men, these royalists took
:- . .- -t ' r .1 V-i if
up arms against me cause ot tne upionies.
Late in theS fall 'of, 1775, the Provincial
Congress sent a force under the command
of Col. Richardson and Col. Thompson
against these .insurgents and completely
subdued them. Among the troops in this
expedition,! were nine hundred men from
N. Carolina, sent forth by the conibined
energy of! Love and Patriotism! r This
"Association of Young Ladies" must have
been signed very late in 1775, op early in
177G. ..' i '' W, .
The Ladies in Rowan County imitated
the example of the Ladies in Mecklen
burg, by signing similar Associations, ac
cording to the expectation of Philbguhe.
Although vve have not even the suilstance
of their declaration (except by inference)
yet we have sure evidence ot the manner
in which the old men of '76 receivejd these
expressiohs sympathy in their jeflbrts.
In the manuscript Record of the proceed
ing of the Committee of Rowan County,
there is the following entry, undqr the
date, May 1776. , :i j
A letter from a number of yoiili La
dies in the County directed to the (hair
man, requesting the approbation I qf the
Committee; to a number of resolutions en
closed, entered into and signed by the
same young Ladies, being read, j! if;
"Resolved, That this Committed pre
sent their cordial thanks to the said young
Lad ies for so spirited a performance ;
look upon1 their Resolutions to be sensible
and polite that they merit the honor and
are worthy the imitation of evr young
Lady in America., i f t
The Committee adjourned to Commit
tee in course. ! r I ;
j iSAM'L. YOUNpCh'ni
Wm. Suarpe, Sec'y. ! ji ! I
' ' ' i "i;
The document from which thisliextract
is made was brought to light by the Rev.
iur. ltockvvell, ot JredeIlcounty-r-tfi whose
praiseworthy zeal in hunting for revolu
tionary papers we are under mariy obli
gations. The publication of these Asso
ciations renders) entirely reasonable the
untiring exertions of the people ot Meck
lenburg and Rowan counties in behalf of
their country, which earned for their
homes that honorable distinction M The
-Hornet's Nest." : C P.
THE CAMANCHE INDIANS,
The Cherokee Advocate of the 9th ult.
has the following : ;.-!' r
" A deputation of Camanches, who late
ly came in to see and ask the advice of
their red brethren, the, Seminole? had a
friendly ' talk' with the Seminbles at the
house of the polite and efficient Semjnole
Agent, Mr. Du Val, on theGttl of March.
Wild Cat told the Camanches5 that the
Whites were a great and powerful people,
and it would be better for the Camanches
if they would be friendly wjthih Uncle
Sam,' as he had once been at with them.
You had better go home and rape wn
ana swen, as tne oeminoies do, anu pe
ncuuijf uu an imuuus. xxc, nuvvai,
I hoped that peace would soon be establish-
( ci ovr tYtf tfhrJe innrJ ' ftYu nrnl rif' A
"The Camanche said whatever his
mends told mm to do he would dp. rine
Camanches were sorry for vv hat they had
j done, and would be friendly fith the
whites, arid those who were going across
the Prairies to the bis Water should be
j safe from the depredations of the Ca
manches. Good news this -for the Cali
fornia emigrants. But if the Camanches
keep their 4 talk' no better than thelUhi-
! ted States have their treaties with the
Cherokees, this profession oil friendship
will be all talk:'
Gen. Van Rensselaer. This veteran,
i 74 years of age, with seven balls. through
; nis Doay, leu vy asnitigioti on r f tua uiuru
inc last, at 6 o'clock, and arrived a the
f!itv Hntl. in this citv. the same dav. at
- -j j T 'H '.
half past 0 o'clock, P. M., as fresh and
active as when he led our troops to battle
on the heights of Queenstown.? His health
seems as perfect as it was forty years ago
and we trust he may
may lon live to show
his friends and countrymen the three com
I m,sslons wn.cmiercceivcu.ruu. fc,,ua
' f Washington. N. 1. btpress 0th ult.
missions which he received from the hands
Touching Expression: k certain Jady
had two children, girls, both young, fand
nearly of the same age. But the ejder
one, by some whim or accident, possessed
all the mother's affections ; i there Vas
none for the youngest, nothing but harsh
nes Verv lately the mother fell sick,
ari(j was conhned ti
s ingthere.she heard
and was confined to her Ded.f vynue 'iy
gentle steps approach
"Is that you, my child ?" said
woman. ! .
" No, mamma" naively anil! softly said
the resigned one, " it Is me
Most parents and all mothers wil tin
derstand this simple answer, i
r- . - i i m v. ii -i t f ii i , i -
Do-nn,JiNi Libeett ,is safe"
t ; ' 1 1 Gen'l Haniton.
G4! THURSDAY, MAY j 17 1849.
NATIONAL CPURTESY AND HU
MANITY. The National Intelligencer of the 3d
inst., says : Happy are we, and happy
must be all our Whig associates, to find
the President of our choice, in the outset
of his Administration, ! employed in the
exchange of good offices and courtesies
with our Transatlantic brethren of the
Anglo-Saxon race, instead of the very dif
ferent position held towards them at pre
cisely the same period of the last Admin
istration. Thanks to the right sense of
the body of the People of this country for
the blessing of this change in our public
policy ; and thanks, above all, to the over
ruling Providence which crowned with
success the exertions by which that change
was brought about I ! ;
We have not a reader, we are satisfied,
be he either WThig or Democrat, whose
feelings will not be moved by the appeal,
both eloquent and affecting, by Lady
Franklin to the President, which, with his
reply, through the Secretary of State, will
be found in the preceding columns of our
paper of this day. With one accord, we
feel sure, they would -respond to such a
Letter, addressed to them to such a stri
king illustration of Woman's love and her
Conjugal devotion that they would re
fuse to her earnest supplication nothing
within their rightful authority to grant.
Such a response has (he President made,
with a promptness and a cheerfulness of
will which adds grace to the act, and, as
the first public act, so to speak, of his in
tercourse with the exterior world, cannot
fail to be unanimously applauded by his
Highly Interesting Correspondence.
Letter from the Lady of Sir John Frank
lin to the President of the U. Stales.
Bedford Place, London,
April 4, 1849.
Sir : I address myself to you as the
head of a great nation, whose power to
help me I cannot doubt, and in whose dis
position to do so I have a confidence which
I trust you will not deem presumptuous.
The name of my husband, Sir John
Franklin, is probably not unknown to
you. It is intimately connected with the
northern part of that continent of which
the American republic forms so vast and
conspicuous a portion. When I visited
the United States, three years ago, a
mongst the many proofs I received of re
spect and courtesy, there was none which
touched and even surprised me more than
the appreciation every where expressed
to me of his former services in geograph
ical discovery, and the interest felt in the
enterprise in which he was then known
to be engaged.
The expedition fitted out by our Gov
ernment for the discovery of the North
west Passage (that question which for
three hundred years1 has engaged the in
terest and baffled the energies of the man
of science and the navigator) sailed un
der my husband's command, in May, 1845.
contained 138 men, (officers and crews,)
; and were victualled for three years.
A ha LI 1 .. i I I . f I J .1 1 1. IIII . I I I 1 I -
j They were not expected home, unless suc-
cess naa eariy rewarded their enorts, or
some casualty hastened their return, be
fore the close of 1847 ; nor were any tid
ings expected from them in the interval.
But when the autumn of 1847 arrived.
without any intelligence of the ships, the
attention of her Majesty's Government
was directed to the necessity of searching
for and conveying relief to them, in case
of their being imprisoned in ice or wreck
ed, and in want of provisions and means
of transport. For this purpose an expe
dition, in three divisions, was fitted out in
the early part of last year, directed to
three different quarters simultaneously,
First, to that by which, in case of suc
cess, the ships would come out of the Po
lar Sea to the westward, -or Behring's
Second, to that by which they entered
fon theircourse of discovery, on the eas-
I lcr" B,ue Vor iavis s oirau.;
And, third, to an intervening portion of
the Arctic shore, approachable by land
from the Hudson Bay Company's settle
ments, on which it was supposed the
crews, if obliged to abandon their ships,
' m,ght be iound.
This last division of the exnedition was
placed under the command ot my bus
band's faithful friend, the companion ot
his former travels, Dr. Sir John Richard -
son, who landed at New York in April of
lasi year, anu nasieneu io join nis meu
year, and nasteneu to joi
and boatswhich were already in advance
towards the Arctic shore. Of this portion ;
of the expedition I may briefly say, that
the absence of any .intelligence from Sir
John Richardson, this season, proves he
has been unsuccessful in the object of his
- ; searuu. me upeuiuu iuwhuw
ring's Strait has hitherto been a complete
failure. It consisted ot a single ship, the
Plover, which owing to her setting off
too late and to her bad sailing properties
did not even approach her destination last
year, me remain ng anu mo unpor
tant portion of the searching expedition
slt.-f ttvr, Mr4 nndpnhP command
. v 1 1 . vi ii ii i v ii a v I t i . -
VOLUME VINUMBER 2.
of Sir James Ross, which sailed last M
for Davis s Strait, but did not succeed
owing to the state of the ice, in cettins
into Lancaster Sound till the season for
operations had nearly closed. These ships '
are now wintering in the ice and a store-
ship is about to b,e dispatched Iron, hence
twt.t..t ,i i c " pnd proceed northward, by t broad
to stay out another year; but one of these ..,' i ... n . V X (,"
from iB 1 ,H'r WIt,u,faVVnJ Islands,commonlycttnodW i!inguaSt&
from active search, by the necessity of provided it pp;ared , 'and eU-arl br
.!l?l"Llll r.!Ua"C? Lancaster ce. lt is evltVtVnl lhat aWnty to Vol
Sound for the arrival of intelligence and
instructions from England by the whalers.
1 have entered into these details with a
view of proving that, though the British
Government has not forgotten the duty it
owes to the brave men whom it has sent
on a perilous service, and has spent a ve
ry large sum in providing the means for
their rescue yet that, owing to various
causes, the means actually in operation
for this purpose are quite inadequate to
meet the; extreme exigence of the case;
for it must he remembered that the miss
ing ships-Avere victualled for three years
only, and that nearly four years have now
elapsed, so that the survivors of so many
winters in the ice must be at the last ex
tremity ; and also it must bo borne in
mind that the channels by which the ships
may nave attempted to force a passage to
the westward, or which they may have
been compelled by adverse circumstances
to take, arc very numerous and complica
ted, and that one or two ships cannot pos
sibly in the course of the next short sum-
mer explore them all.
I he Board of Admiralty, under a con- i
viction ot this fact, has been induced to
offer a reward of 20,000 sterling to any
ship or ships of any country, or to any ex
ploring party whatever, which shall ren
der efficient assistance to the missing
ships, or their crews, or to any portion of
them. 1 his announcement, which, even
if the sum had been doubled or trebled, j
would have met with public approbation,
comes, however, too late for our whalers,
which had unfortunately sailed before it
was issued, and which, even if the news
should overtake them at their fishing
grounds, are totally unfitted for any pro
longed adventure, having only a few
months' provisions on board and no addi
tional clothing. To the American whalers,
both in the Atlantic and Pacific, I look
with more hope as competitors for the
prize, being well aware of their numbers
and strength, their thorough equipment,
and the bold spirit of enterprise which
animates their crews. But I venture to
look even beyond these. I am not with
out hope that you will deem it not unwor
thy of a great and kindred nation to take
up the cause of humanity, which I plead
in a national spirit, and thus generously
make it your owji.
I must here in gratitude adduce the ex
ample of the Imperial Russian Govern
ment, which, as I am led to hope by his ex
celleny the Russian Ambassador in Lon
don, who forwarded a memorial on the
subject, will send out exploring parties
this summer from the Asiatic side of Beh
ring's Strait, northwards, in search of the
lost vessels. It would be a noble specta
cle to, the world if three great nations,
possessed of the widest empires on the
face of the globe, were thus to unite their
eUor m lne.-truly christian work of sav
1 ins . ,r Perish,nS fdlow men from d
It is not for me to suggest the mode in
which such benevolent efforts might best
be made. I will only say, however, that
if the conceptions of my own mind, to
which I do not venture te give utterance,
were realized, and that in the noble com
petition which followed American sea
men had the good fortune to wrest from
us the glory, as might be the case, Of solv
ing the problem of the unfound passage, I
or the still greater glory of saving our
adventurous navigators from a lingering
fato lY'liitVi tlto m 5 n fl CfiftLroriQ tn I it-roll An
.u u t cK.,m .u,'
Uiuugn i ouuuiu hi ciiuci wsc irici iuai
it was not my own brave countrymen in
thofiSeas whose devotion was thus re-
warded, yet should I rejoice that it was
to America we owed our restored happi
v-j WU I ItOlUHU no iui-
du ..1 I I. r U
should be lorever bound to her
by ties of affectionate gratitude.
I am not without some misgivings while
The intense anxie-
1 IIIU3 auu i loj uu
1mo mlUnco rnn I ho l nt o new unrio.
tiesot a witeandoi a aaugnier may nave
i js i i. t
led me to press too earnestly on your no-,
: , , , , i i rr
ticethetna under w'hich ve are suffer-!
. V " ' . 1,1 1 , r ,l 1
ins, (vet not we on y, but hundreds of otb- j
eu . : . t ,uj
ptsA nd to nresume too much on the4
sympathy which we are assure
. .. ....
beyond tne limits 01 our own ian
: if vou deem this to be the case
i . r. . , . .t . I
- still tind, i am sure, even in mat perso.mi
! intensity oi leeung an excuse ur lUc
! fearlessness with which I have thrown .
! myself on your generosity, and will par- ,
uuu iuo uu.8C i'v
; high character, and to that ot the people
! over whom you have the high distinction
1 have the honor to be, sir, with great
respect, your obedient servant,
I beg to annex some explanatory pa
i tfotice 0f the Expeditions of Discovery
and Search now in the Arctic Seas.
! In the year 1845 her Majesty
. . . . . - a a n .
- , lWpst nasac
vpoc ui ui3cuc.,..t - . -
between the Atlantic and 1 acific Uceans,
alongf the northern const of America, or
between Davis's and. Br hririg's Straits.) j ,
, The expedition consisted of two shipi
the f Erebus" and4he Terror " under the,
command ofSir John Franklin and CnpC
Crozier ; the complement of officers, and
men ja the two shipsbelng about , one
hundred and thirtyright. They were v c
tualled foMbrce years. - ", V ' -'; ;
- Their instructions were, to proce'ed jlQ '
Baffin's Bay, and,, as soon as the jce perl. ,
muted, to enter Lancaster Sound, and
proceed westward throuirb Barrow's iSlrnit
in the latitude of about 74j. degs., until I
they reached the longitude of . Cape W?il-
ker, or about 03 dg. vet. ;Thy.-wc'.I
then to use everv eflbrt to penetrate south- "
wards and westwards inwards Be hfingV
Strait, and it was in this part Thrtt their
groat.'Si uimctiUHs were :pprehendcd;
,f lhf d b
t directed (orp.
tirnto Uarrbvs 'Strait;
low either of hesc courses must have de ;
penned upon local tircums'ances, or which '
we have no cognizance. . j '
The discovery ships sailed from -England
on the 19th of May, 1815, and wjere
last seen on the 2Gth of July of lhes&no
year, in latitude 74 deg. 48 north, luhifi
tude CG deg. 13 west, fastened to an Ice- -berg,
waiting for the opening of the ice lb
cross into LancasterSound., .. I t
These ships have neversince been heard
of, and it is for the purpose of relieving
them, and at least of ascertaining their
fate, that in 184S her Majesty's Govern
ment again fitted out art expedition.: 'It',
was in three divisions. 1 j 1
The first (in point of time) consisted bf
a single ship, called the Plover, comm. an- j
ded by Capt. Moore, which left England
in the latter end of January, for the pur
pose of entering Behring's Straits, on the
i westward passage. It was intended that
she should arrived there in the month of
July, and, having looked out for a winter
harbor, should send out her boats north-
the discoverv shins, if surCPvvfuL wLfd
be met with.
Unfortunately the Plover never even
approached, last year, the place off her
destination, and whatever search she niay
yet be able to make has to be accomptish-l
ed this summer. The Herald," surVcy-
sib,p to supp,y her wilh additional stores.
ihe second division of tho expedruon
was one of the boats, to explore the coast-
of the Arctic Sen, between the Mac
zie and Coppermine rivers, from
135lh to the 1 1 5th degree of longUud,
together with the south coast of,' Wplas
ton Land ; it being supposed that if Sir
John Franklin's party had been conpeiled
to leave the ships and take' to their boats
they would make for this coast. The
non-arrival by this time (April. 1840) of
an express from Sir John Richardson
proves that his last summer's search vas
fruitless. . ' .l. ,
The third portion of the expedition of
search consists.of two ships, the enterprise
and the Investigator, under the command
J of Sir James Ross and Captain Bird which
sailed in May, 18 IS. for Lancaster Sound.
They were last heard of on the USth' bf
August last, when they were at the en
trance of this Sound. ,;
Sir James Ross intended to procccfl !n
the Enterprise, carefully examining jthe
shores of Lancaster Sound and Barrow's
Strait on his way to Melville Island! or to
Banks' Land, and thence to send outiVx
ploring parties in boats. ' ! j i
His second ship, the InVestigator,tuV-i
der command of Cf.pt.. Bird, appear to I
i nave receivea instructions jroni orras..
! Ross to watch Lancaster Sound, fori tho
purpose both of commur.i";iling with,tW
whaling. ships from EnUnd this summer
and of looking out for stragglers fromthe
Erebus and Terror, should any be! en
deavoring to reach the neighborhood of
the fishing grounds.
From the late period of the season, ho'w
ever, at which the Enterprise and Inves
tigator reached Lancaster Sound, itlsjfcil-.
culated that they can scarcely have! had
more than a fortnight for their operaiiqns
during the last summer, and thus a wjde
field of search remains open, during; , the
approaching season, for which, however,
the means at present in-activity are by
no means adequate lt Kthe general be-
i lief of those officers who have servedjin
( , - . ,.. i 1 it.
l?e former Arctic expeditions thathe
u,scov") au,,s. .ouu
whatever accident may have befallen
them, cannot -have wholly disappeared
- - , - - I- g.
I FOlu lUOSc seas, ouu uiai ooiii unvc-av
j y1" .. . - i ,
meir late, u nui butuc iitiny icuihoih, w
their crews, must eventually reward the
conr.Vi nf iKp diliorpnt in vesficator. !
I, ,' 2
It is possible that they may be found in
. r L.utC. hnr lriii,,
----- , I? ;
first instance, the attention of snips, en- ,
",Sfc ! i- i mi. ir
cased in the search should be directed to
the quarters pointed at in the admiralty
tuc r" 1 " r. . , .?' f :
; nrobable Sir James Ross has
j Xniored. and where, if entangled
j , . - e
and exhausted lor want pre
condition must be in the higU-
otlt A0tt.A Hnneprous.
It is iilso very desir;
of Boothia and .North
rable that the coasts
Somerset ahould be
carefully examined, as we i as lor w" ",:
f thp Gulf of Boothia and Regent sJnletj
. ii . i .i ....
and the coast eastward of the Coppermine
ic Great Fish or Back's river ; also. the f
rvnnnrl and in ets north and west oi 104-1
j j v - r
finfs Bay. which are supposed to commu-;
nicate with Wellington channrl to the :
rrP nf ihe?e parts might be ex-,
plored by boats or Und partitas ouU:
all that pnrt, aUo unprovided for. uhtch
Hp, between Mackenzie; river and 1
Cido to the wett.
Oapc io iuc
d is felt 1 wv... - - - 7 i i
1 Yet especially to the channels leading put j;
-.; I nfRarrow'sStraittothtmortb. ltreicKief I?
i nciniftinn mvpn tn Mr Jotin rrankiin.
. you Will j . . . yj,-n.nn flrrWSr.l
i oi luese is luni cnucu frii"D""
r i '
.1 i i
- ii .