ri . ofcjthb Watchman. j
A n vparrTwalDoLtiiis navablle in
fjr st!T, nt' if not raid ira'advance. Two dollars
?' WMsm-insrtteJ' at 1 for the first, and 25 cts.
X' ' i.. ...(.u.uirnt insertion. 7 Court orders crnrced
fcf't"' i.l.J.-r il.n 1 ho raioa A li'hrnl dedtlC-
? ..i, Irlhcr Ih'pin iheee rate.
"',! 10 i)ioe ho advertise by the year.
w Hie juim musi uc yum yniu.
f"r . - ..iJ-: Z
HAitiiis & ckump
i ' RE QoW Truro N "
L. phi.", lrpe .rl'nd.J .rocker
SWUNG ;M' SU3lMil.lt
.-. . (iOUJ)S,
plESF: for CASH.
- . ' ' i . 1
BRUNERf & JAMES,
Editors fr Proprietors.
:.- ' I -1 V :! : . 1 ; - ! , ..,., ; ; - 1 ;
j. 1 11 -1 , I . I ... f . , i . J , I ,,
I 1 KKeE? A CHECK 7POX ALt TOUR "H-'V ' Do THIS, 1M) LlBERTT IS SAFE."
SI Rulers. i .1 i&sT Gail Harrison. )
, , " -."..-.--1 ,4,
Do THI8, AM LlBERTT IS SAFE.'
VI NUMBER 4.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1849.
'fr.Vi-ii.lL r'.f.-Mriiiiini'd to sclls low as any hose
f . J.i. ;,, nnnaiallnrr nf sll Irinila nf
iiindjgenijenWn'i drt-8 goods, of the latest and
J rH nhit h 5ve been selected with great care
rf!M$Nt aMh? ry lowest ca?h prices
' For j Ladies Wear.
r i'ifttfi't j' tMrt , MoUs Cashmeres, colored do.,
. ,,(fiprJ d(:;Mptiteline de LaneBsilk and worsted
rirr,Uheii,A!p4cciis. bl'k and coi'd Merinos, pla id
I .w'riil t'rxjticU ilflj., Sliawtls. (llolrfs, Ribbons, fine
;ir,;inrnfCatibric Ihnd'rT,. Bonnet sifk Velvets,
V; i .yor(lent1(tmen'$ Wear.
, jtjj Kfinrh inJ tiifjI'iKh Cloihi, French Cassimeres,
j j,, jHncjf 'do tM'ool Tweed, Kentucky Janes, Ker-
!. il; ..r,i( Valine ml vrlvpt do- tilain satin do..
j.-..-.4,!.il . ' Alw. bfown and bleach'd Drills, pd-
...M-icvf h'tney lflake'tis - , j
Hal a vais oi uov, j
e'frf a general stock of
re'inil' Cullfry, liror mts, Crorkcry, It.
.'V . 1- .r..n..
tisli n" t( oay g,Ji-, we respettiuny mviie
'tf!ral,ji,rt .jtlt above dtock.us we are deterrnilned
' . i 1 1 i.. 1. ..
wi-rf c 0cC- 1848. Iy25
jVe have iJ' hand land fr Bale at this Office, the fol
o. S. l. Fi Kas.
" Com. to take Depo.
" Prosecution Bonds.
"J2om. to take depositions
C. " Venditioni Exponas.
C. ' Juror's Tickets.
Apprentice Indentures, j
Ntxtes of Hand ,
Bank Notes, C, F. ;
Laid Deeds. i
Deeds of Trust.
Ca Sas and Bonds.
j i? .(.Sine case ;
riilfCiril ;". ,)!'
j)'.1fff I '
V5cution i , : ;
rtlrm f Administration.
ifscrs Tomf ntorv.' '
jiKtm.-riV . j V ! - .
(Vlnd G.'fciubpiroas. (County. and Superior Court
rcire 1' acia vs. JtauUing Witnesses.
fdo y. Jo 'to rciive judgment.
do"; j "" du ' to heirs at law to Bhow cause.
.Vl-do '" '' 'do do et at.
iilSrfo -,f! do ivs. Special Bail. '
rresctllmen,t;of Boada. V . . '
d-- i for Awn u!t and Batteryr
;), clqt' ' j. ftr Ailraj's.
' do I for Fornication and Adultery.
' 'i it - dd I ! for retailing without license,
nd piak others of not so common pse.
OrTiCr of, Courts, n d others, who require Blanks,
f . 1 . 1 1 -. c ; i . i. i
irfiH3teu pi give us a' rail, or lorwaru wieir orucrs,
-an! ill' Afi be spefdil'y attf ruled to. .
iifny-itf thi Tonnii enumerated, above, are. aiso kept
ia! by .':;. . ' ,
; J.. ! STOCKTON', at Statesviile, '
'U .M .-M: HliNDEILSON, at Concord,
r!' V.Mt F;. W-ATTtf.'nt Mocksville,
JFjy. t JeH'erVon. Ashe Co.
Any fomtl ol Blanks which we may not bave on
irul wV'l bc?W,.t'u to order wilhout delay, if a eopy
Alt yhfj wj"li printing-of any description done, are
HitrstMlo give t):
SENATOR BENTON AT HOME. I !
Since the arrjval of Mr. Senator Benton at
St. Lcuia he Juis published an Appeal to? the
Tcople of Missouri, which we copy from: the
Si, llouis Republican as follows :
j 1 Tthe People of Missouri. - j ;
The Generaj A-ssembly of our State, at its
laie session, adopted certain resolutions oq the
subject of slavery, and gave ine instructions to
obey them. From this command I appeal to
the People, of Missouri the whole body, of the
People and, if iheyi confirm the instructions, !
shall give ihem an opportunity to find a Sedat?r
to carry their will into effect, as I cannot do
any thing to dissolve this Union, or to array
one. half of it against the other. I t
- 1 do not admit a dissolusion of the Union to
be a remedy, to be prescribed by statesmen, j
for the disease of the body politic, any more.;
than I admit death or suicide to be a remedy
to be prescribed by physicians fbr the disease;
of the natural body. Cure and not not kill, is
the only remedy which my mind can content),
plate in either case. j j
1 think it probable, from what I observef that
there are many citizens good friends to the
harmony and ability of this Union who do
not see the Missouri instructions and their pro
totype, the Calhoun address, in the same light
that I see it, and in the light to which it is seen
by others who best understand it. For the in
formation of such citizens, and to let iherp see
the; next step n this movement, and where it
is intended to end, J herewith subjoin a opy
of (he Accomac resolutions, lately adopted in
that county of ! Virginia, and fully endorsed by
the Richmond Enquirer as the voice of the
South. I do not produce these resolutions fur
the purpose of arraigning them ; on the contra
ry, I see something in them to admire, as b4
ing bold and open, and to the true interpreta.
(ion and legitimate sequence of the Calhoun
movement. consider the Calhoun address
and its offspring, ihe Missouri instructions, as
tutulamentally wrong ; but, to those who think;
them right, the Accomac resolutions in Misspti.
ri. I produce; them to enable the people of xMi.
souri to see what it is to which their Legisla
ture would commit the State, and what it is
they have instructed me to do. 1 !
I appeal from these instructions to the, Peo
ple of Missouri- the whole body of the Peoplo-
and in due time will give my reasons for do.
ing so. It is a question above party, and goes
to the wholei people. In that point of view the
Accomac resolutions present: it, and present
it truly, and I shall do the same. I shall abide tHe
decision of the whole people, and nothing less.
Kespecllully, i l ,
THOMAS II . BENTON, j
Sr. Locis, May 9, 1849. i: " j i:
In the same paper we find also the follow,
ing really interesting Letter from the (Hon.
Senator, in reply to an Invitation to a Public
Dinner by a committee of the citizens of St.
Louis : 1 ; !
St. Louis' May 6, 1849
Messrs. Rice, Howard, Haight, & others.
Genwemem Your kind - invitation to ap.
Lujpt a Public Dinner from my friends in this city
-HjjdJJ. hraM to receive the answer which similar
itttifip? have received from me, and pe de
clined. A puH4tc Hinner to a public maii car.
ries along with it an obligation fbr a public
mai inrough the wilderness, to uregon ano
California ; it is time now that the Govern
ment should give them a roald to the empire!
which they have added to the Republic. The
central highway is the grand national object,
and the first months of the next session of Con
gress is the time to try the question of its loca
tion and construction. So far as my efforts
can go j this question shall then be decided ;
but to enable me to work with hope and heart
I must have health and backing; I must be
seconded by the movement and backed by the
power of the people. St. Louis has spoken ;
the Missouri Legislature has spoken; some
cities have spoken on the line east; but once
speaking, and scattered far and wide be twee rr
will not do. The massive rock is not split nor
the royal oak felled by one lick, Still less is
Congress moved ty one voices To be felt
there many voices must concur and continue.
To gain attention for the central highway there
the central continent must send forth its votjee
from all its recesses, from the borders of Mjs
souri to the shores of the Atlantic. f
Respectfully, gentlemen, " " J
your obliged fellow-citizen, I
THOMAS H. BENTON.
THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH,
Delivered before the Young Men's Mer
cantile library Associttion of Cincin
nati, Ohio; January 10, 1849.
' ' BY ELLWOOD FISHER.
The State of Ohio, a nevv State and an
agricultural onc and very prosperous,
may be presumed to enjoy; a tolerable e-
qual distribution of property. There arr licst material of bread, of any other St:t
population since llio-annual product: oif 1
Virginia Is only about seventy "mUIidnsV j
But on scrutinizing 4hc! Massachusetts : .
statement, it isfiound that Vcbster inclu . j
ded as the prou'uet of her" industry, tho f.
raw material employed in' her manufac
tures obtained from other States ; the raw:
cotton, the wool, the raw hides, the dvo
stuffs,' &c.,&c : -J . . ff"
It was but the other day that we bail- :
an extract from the report of the Commis;
sioner of Tatents, published in nil the pa
pers which undertook to give os an esti
mate ot the wealth of the respective!
States. On examination, it is, found to
assume population as the basjs of wealth. 1
An average is made of the wealth of each;
man in a few States, and that is rauItU
plied by the number of men in each
State. By this rule Indiana,.. which,
is more popijlou than Massachusetts, has !
met w.calthr-anil T.e North, of coarse,!
mcr,:de the slave as wll n ih Tppp nnn. creatlv more th:n the South. Tb fVm.
ulation ot the former States. missioner of pare s is a Northern man, .
A reference to the quantity of l.rfid- ! and travels deliberately out of the sphere,
stuffs and other vegetable food, leads to o bis dutis to make ,-ip and send, forth'
the same conclusion. Virginia is the hirg- i l's absurd :rtble and in thus undertak-!'
est nroducer of whpat. iU(inpctn.l Anwt. . itiT olliciallv anil ofliciouslv tn ntiabtf
I till vwb M & Vriw - J m iiqwv
proportion. For when it is considered
that the hog is killed for food at the age
of 18 months or two years, and -neat cat
tle at 5 or G years, it will appear that the
excess of animal food in Virginia or Ken
tucky over New York or Ohio is quite
large is quite large, indeed, even if we
de the slave as well as the free pop-
The St. Republican of the 10th, remarking
on Col. Benton's Appeal, says :
1 "The ground taken by Senator Bentoh,in
his appeal, exhibits the fact that the Barnburn
ers in this State were right, and their ene
mies wrong, as to the opinions of Col. Benton
on this question. It settles the question that
he will not regard the proposition to prevent
the introduction of slavery into New Mexico
and California as justifying him, as a Senator,
or as justifying the Southern States of the Un
ion, in any attempt to dissolve the Union of
these States. It settles the question that he re.
gards the passage of the Missouri resolutions
as a direct censure upon him,; alihough their
advocates in that body, and in county assem.
Wages, have disclaimed any such purpose ; and
he distinctly tells the people that they may be
gin to look out for some other representative if
they persist in tjhe exaction of such terms from
him. It places the Barnburners upon High
ground, and they will now see how far their
opponents of Col. Benton will persist in tfieir
denunciations of the last Legislature and Pol.
Benton, on which question he appeals to the
Col. Benton is for the Union, &nd scouts the
idea that, because the privilege to introduce
slaves into free Territories may be denied, this
glorious Republic must be dissolved an4 de
stroyed ! Congress, under every Administra
lion, from Washington to Polk, has asserted
the policy of prohibiting slavery in territories
of the United States; and it is too late in the
day now for any section or any faction to! dis
pute the right. If it be asserted by Qongress
in reference to California and New Mexico,
we do not doubt that there will be founcF even
in -the South men of sense, patriotism, and in
fluence enough to inculcate and to secufe an
acquiesence in tha law, and a suppression
of all treasonable schemes against the Union.
in this State, by the last assessment, about
fifty thousand pleasure carriages, and the
possession of one of these is an indication
of a comfortable condition-of a family.
In Virginia there were in 11847, over 19,
000 ; and that in a white population about
one third as great as ours is novv. This
proves that the degree of j comfort which
such establishments indicate, is more dif
fused in Virginia than in Ohio. The pro
portion of dwellings built in a year, is
another indication of comfort and the de
gree of its diffusion among a people.
According to the returns of the marshals
in 1840, Massachusetts, whose white pop
ulation is nearly the same with that of
Virginia, built 324 bricl houses in that
uuuuiuuig iu ut-r population, iier crop
ot 1B1U was 10.109.716 bushel? : that
of the people, displays hisl
Not by importation, but by the
substitution of potatoes, that cheapest ar
ticle of vegetable food, to which the mis
fortunes or improvidence of Ireland have
driven her. New York, instead of pro
ducing her proportion of wheat with Vir-
year. Virginia built 402; or nearly one- j ginia, which would be thirty five millions
fourth more. Massachusetts built 1249 ; of bushels instead of twelve, produces an
wooden houses the same year; Virginia j nually thirty millions of bushels of pota
built 2G04, or more than double. The ' toes ; and it is remarkable that Virginia,
cost, of the houses in Massachusetts was ! with nearjy half a million of slaves, in-
$2,767,134; in V irginia, only 81,367,393. ; stead of resorting to this cheap food for
iiww ii una cAucaa in me i lurui, prouuees oniy aooui inree millions
L5ut whilst I contend that statistical eyv
"vt r t ' f . . : j i. ... ii " - '
iew iorK was only i-;,su.4l ; ot Uhio i wt,'ce may oeMJiiicieni to convince, i am
16,571,601. AH these are wheat exjort. ! aware thai it is not enough to satisfy the!
ing, as well as wheat consuming States, ! rnid, particularly when at variance with'
but still the great mass of that article ! prevalt-nt opinions. It is h legitimate. ami '
must be consumed in the respective States i laudable desire, t ven after knowing that
of its production. In proportion to her , a thing is so, to know why it is so. AndV
white population, Virginia produces 25 j 1 acknowledge it is incumbent on whoeis
per cent, of wheat more than New York. er attempts to overthrow a popular errov
How is the deficiency supplied in New ' f show not only that it is such, but lhat
or about half.
cost of the houses of Massachusetts be
attributable to the excess of business or
manufacturing structures among them, it
of bushels of
negroes with corn
crop is about 34t millions of bushels, and
a a ... I ....
swells the proportion ot dwellings built in which is a much more costly and substan
it must be such, on the recognized princi
ples ot human judgment. '
The reason, then I conceive for the
I great pecuniary prosperity of the Soulhv
is that she is so generally agricultural. 1
About half the population of the old Ndr;
thern States reside in towns or cities In
the Southern about one-tenth. f K
Even Ohio.' a new State with gredter
agricultural attractions naturally, than
any other, has already a town and city
population estimated at one-fourth of the
whole ; the sinsle citv of Cincinnati. onlv
potatoes, and provides her fiff)' years of age, containing more people
lorn, of which her annual I lhan len f the largest towns of Virginia,
Virginia, and thus displays a still greater
progress in comfort among the population
of the latter. But if the excess of cost in
Massachusetts is owing to the superior
style of her dwellings, it proves, since the
number is so much less, a still-greater in
equality of property. A comparison of
the houses built In Newj York the same
year with those in Virginia, exhibits sim
ilar results. And I wilTadd that the same
thing is true, by the comparison between
Virginia and Ohio, although one is consi
dered the most declining, the other the
most advancing! State in the Union ) one
supposed to be the most unequal in the
distribution of property, the other the.re
verse. In 1840 Ohio built 970 brick and
2764 wooden houses, at a cost of 83,776
823. Thus, whilst we had twice the
White population, we bpilt only a fourth Decrease,
more ot houses. Kentucky, also, as well J
as Virginia, surpassed Ohio in this respect. (
Kentucky built 485 brick and 1757 wood- i
en houses ; thus with only 40 per cent of j
Ohio's white population, she built 75 per i
cent ol the number of houses Ohio did. !
The lact is that Virginia and Kentucky
tial article of food. The tendency man
ifested by New York to prefer the culti
vation of the cheapest, but the mote pre
carious and less nourishing article of ve
getable food, is also distinctly visible, to
all the Northerb States,, and is a fact
which always deserves to be considered
the oldest State of the Union.
But why is agriculture more profitable
than manufactures or commerce ? One
reason is, that agriculture is more pro
ductive or multiplying than them: that
its products are the principal and the in
dispensable articles of human subsistence,
and are obtained with less of human la
bor and skill than the others. The fecun-
in any estimate of their present and future jdily of nature can never be rivalled by alt.
comfort. In Massachusetts agriculture
is rapidly declining ; particularly the pro
duction of the finer sorts of breadstuff's,
a fact which is admitted and lamented by
one of her leading papers the Boston
Atlas. The following statements are from
the official returns of the State ;
Bush, wheat. Ind. Corn.
i . . .
rrilf I : J ueyj are .pfe'areu to do almost every vntiety
fir4"tate style, fin u book down to the alphabet. '
I ' J;-' .; Aiivi:urisi
f i bdt pi) com pure j to greasmg wheels. Wheelsi
fill ofmn ttir witlwuit tie!f!fe, and no may a Merchant
r Mcchartiii cet oik. wiiiout' advertising : but it is hard
1 .L I II. I I "V 1 . r I
DGr3 In another column will be fpifnd a
a numper ot gentlemen ; wnigs ot un
Decrease, 116,000 70.000 83000
Of course it is not pretended that-States
of a commercial and manufacturing cha-
it w i t
f n rt r 1 1 ii'hoii 1 n i n ciinli a eraAn n im
I eiito make several of them in the p0ui4eicorresPondence betwen Mr.- Little,. and
of this summer I always wisjMo speak to a
larger audience, than can be found at a dinner
table. ' . j ., : ;
The immediate object of tho compliment
which you now offer me cannot be otherwise
(han agreeable to me, and if any opportunity
shall offer forgetting at the object without the
constructed in that year, more buildinsrs racter chiefly, should produce as much
in proportion to their whole population, . from the soil, in proportion to population,
black and white, than Ohio and Massa- j as the agricultural. But the articles they
chusetts. This result, does not appear, in- 1 do produce, and their proportions to each
deed, in the cities, or in the principal ; other, indicate the quality of food at least
w ..r . .. ,i .i r 'I . c .1 . i I it
; nM tK cKiof f niW.f creels oi cmes, aim uiereiore nas not. ; oi me agricultural population, iience it
Convention. Mr. Little, it will be Seen, come to he knowledge of fugutive and appears that the farmers ol Massachusetts
is willing to suhmit bis claims to such a superficial observers, or newspaper item- consume but little wheat bread, and use
convention, and stand by its decision j .nongcrs.; but it is demonstrated by the ' rye, Indian
Hp sncrcrpcrs nn nlnn for thft rrpttinrr nf it I labors-of the officers of government, who ; tUlfS.
dd. nor for its organization : mit thinks were "quired to visit the country as well
A grain of wheat when sown will produce'
an hundred fold, but no fabric of the loom,5
no cargo of the ship, can have its value
augmented in the same proportion, with-;
out the; co-operation of much a greater
j proportion of labor and skill. Commerce
and manufacture are chiefly artificial;'
j agriculture Is for the most part the work .
of nature. It is true that the facility with
I which articles are produced from the soil,
influences materially their value in mar-'
ket, and that! lie prices of different kinds of
1 labor tend to equality ; and it is true also,
that prices of corrTTTTodities are alFected
by the relations of supply and demand.
Hence there is no such difference between ,
the profits of the farmer and the artizan,
, or merchant, as the relative productive-
ness of their labors would indicate. But
the interchange of commodities between
the tWo classes, is by no means equal, nor'i,
is it obedient to those laws of trade. The,
farmer holds the subsistence, and conse-'
quently "the property of his civilized lei
i low men in his power ; and this power ho
will exercise when Tircumstances-permit
; according to the entiments which the
! high-ways, and it is triumphant evidence
..?iD l ,ra. e ,r,,eJ , ,K ?,eru,ie"i'i compliment, Tshall be happy to embrace it.4 ' . that the people alone, and not the Candi
.i.-.i . - . :V The American road to India is the obiect. and .,i Aat haw a rJcrVif to sv wtiaf wnn H nr
. f. . C . I ..l 1 ie . - . - " . . ' r trio tiVtrc rrr inaMi nnfrrorrata nrcnopi t
in every movemeni lor me esiaunsnmeni of won d not he a fa r v constituted conven- I "4 vv,w.um..,; ugg.vg, .w,,.
that great highway of nations I shall avyays tion." From the other candidates ve
ue ounu a reauy assistant. , Hi have not heard on this point. We Under
1 hirly years ago, as you are pleased to re
corn and potatoes as substi- ! possession ol power inspires, according to
j the prejudices of his class, to the appetite
I think now. that if any thing c:in be ! ol monopoly, and not according to the
as the towns, the by-ways, as well as the j shown by facts, I have demonstrated the ' wages ot labor.and the law ol supplyand
UNI M Ui 1 STEAMBOAT COMPANY
OovjGRAIlAM. (20 inch dram
,V. Boat, MIKE BROWN,
' . : i , ! b'rk j. P:r: n a p it
j have not heard on this point.
stand that they were; written to
Sir Little were also propounded to them- I Palhles and the Vlct,ms ol the,r eones.
but weTknow nothing: 'about it of our own The same relative condition of comfort
GEN. TA YLOll,
Ill'fhbove Boati miv regularly between Foyette
0'i Ond Wilininuton at the late reduced rates of
firitUrid irip as well prepared for the fieedy and safe.
nrNrthU(iij'i)f Goodrf Bp and down as any line.on the
I afokJul :fo- tje last year's business we solicit jacon
!inttn.ni.ihcrtae.for the; future. All good con-
N''-riaj. h. McOary. Wilmington, N. C., will
j ftrw(lnl frwrof coinini?ion.
jhAIJ .MHlucejfYoiii tin rountry Kent to W. L. McGa
fj, f tPltevilW': will b kbirt.t
WnimiwSon. In t' fh H H VA . fill'. iKo anrlt.fif infirn
if-lite arAi-nl .l...'.........'.r -i.
ri i -t "rinurc oi koou9
bum nunirnitiitwh. . . . I .
kithk lelitlotl ,
tn! fr i Jin
iThtf under hrned hnvii? eommmlinng
th illlver, lind laving heen Ions engaged in the for-
--.-.Bjirt.uimiew, win receive and lorward all eoodssent
t'Mddres8 it the usual commission.
JSi0 i i W. I, McC.AHY.
CQJtE AND BUY liAlUiAINS !
!; t i i ;
r.LJi v.. i: .
JT f, deisigned hsiving formed a co-partnership in
&. W. L. McGarr.
M c( ; a ry ,Fa y e 1 1 e v il le , w ii 1 meet
W. L. MctJARY, Agent,
mind me, I did something to start the Hdea of
this great communication, thenxJeemedjvisiofi.
ary, now on the point of realization. Poor hu
man vanilv finrla snmn rrrn I i fira t inn Jn,Biirh n
...... .v to ! I i i i t ..LM:U,1 .1. . r ,i f .1. . it..
consummation ; but 1 assure you it is a very Kowieuge : nor nave we ,pecfl luroisueu ( in me two respcciive seciions oi me i n
secondary and a very transient gratification j vvlh any further correspondence on the I ion is indicated in their food. Although
with me; and, unless followed up by the lufe.. subject. They may jhave aken tiriq to j Virginia is not an exporter of animal food,
cess of the obiect, will turn to bitterness and ! answer ; or they may not agree toacojnven- j she is one of the greatest producers of it
mortification. Forward is the word ! ;Let the ! tion.. They will doubtless speatt for'them
thing be done, and done qtiickly ! And Uo dojjt ! selves in relation to this matter. -n the
we all know requires the concurrence of many j mean time we cannot conceive of any
wilband the legislative action of the Govern- better plan than for the people to go on
ment. Action is now wanted, and avejry thing , antj hou a Convention. They have a right
is ripe lor nciion. juuug man, sprung iroiu. ; to sav whether thev will be represented
j ( - t .
by a Whig or a democrat ; and we Hhink
they have a right to adopt such measures
as may be calculated to harmonize the
uperior wealth of the people of the South
over those of the North in proportion to
their respective numbers ; and this by
comparing the lessprosperousof the South
with the most ffourishinj; of th" North.
and wide spread individual comfort of the
States which have been selected by the
new school of politicians and political
presume that the same questions Put m economists, as the objects of their sym- j And, I think 1 have shown the outh to be
111 lllWOl IVsl luimiC III I1IC U 131 I IUUIIUI1 J I
equalization of wealth, as well as in its
the ranks of the people, obeying" some high
impulse, and accompanied by the children of ;
the mountains, has accomplished his work. 4 j
The sealed book of remote western geography I
has been laid open. From the Mississippi to
the Pacific its leaves have been unfolded, and ;
its pages written upon with a pencil of light.
What tho adventurous hunter, following the
of all the States. In 1840 she possessed
1,992,155 hogs, which is almost identical
ly the same number that Ohio had, al
though Ohio has twice the white popula
tion, and as is well known, is a large ex-
acquisition. At all events. 1 have rescued
the controversy between the two sections,
from ihe control of bold assertion and slip
shod declamation, and confided it to the
umpirage of argument and document.
There are some who sneer at statisties
and assert that anything can be proved
by them. But such expressions, 1 think
r t .
demand, l he monopoly ol the necessa
ries of life which agriculture confers, has
produced some of the inot striking social'
and political revolutions in history. It
enabled Jacob to extort from Esau, who
was a hunter, his birthright for a mess of
pottage. But Jacob himself and his fam
ily preferred the lighter labors of shepherd
life, to tillage, and 'hence liom la scarcity
of corn, became dependent on the granai
ries of Egypt, and fell into bondage In
wars between agriculiural and commer
cial notions, ihe former have generally
conquered. Athens was ovcrcomeby
Sparta Li reive' by Maccdon Garthago
by Borne events which indicate the sit
rior resources of tjie conquerors more than
their bravery. . In England, whose com
merce has been enriched by the monopoly
of the trade of colonies in every clime,
and whose manufactures have been ex1-
i . a
are peculiar to those who deal in asser-
porter of pork, whilst Virginia imports, in j tion chiefly, and find it unpleasant to be
addition to her own stock, every year a j answered with facts. l or statistics are
large quantity. New York with three nothing but collections of facts. I admit
times the white population, was materi- that facts themselves may be powerless rvtiIpmrt.,.,nnjMn,!nl.Ml!nM
party. If the three Whig candidates now j ally behind Virginia in this respect. Now : or pernicious to a mind not logical or phi- i ' f agriculture still maintains ore.
in the field continue to run ; the result is , it is well known that; Ihe great mass of , losophical enough to comprehend and
manifest to our mind : Green W. Caldwell provisions produced in any State are de- classify them. But in relation to the af
will be elected and a Whig District, signed for domestic consumption, as the ! fairs of this world at least, I ask with the
trail of the buffalo and vexing the home of the i with a majority of thirteen hundred votes ; cost of transporting them to the dwellings English philosophic poet.
beaver, had unknowingly discovered, science
has digested into a knowledge, reduced to ex
actitude, and made known to the world. Be.
fore the light of science errors and illusions
have vanished(; the impassible mountain has
become passiblethe uninhabitable desert has
become inhabitable ; the Slderia of America
has become a promised land ; and the exult.
will be represented by a Democrat -'and; of an agricultural people is too great to
, an ultra Democrat at that ! Such a contin- , admit of 4heir importation. Hence the
j gency ought, by all means to be provided products of such a people afford a good
j against. The harmony of our party is of ! criterion of the character of their food.
; far more importance than the success of The stock of neat-cattle in New York was
any particular individual. We take sides r 1.911,244 ; in Virginia it was 1,024,148,
Wabove,tMHiness,;respectfully invite publid attend ing fact stands revealed that, from the Fattier
T-J r fW'ment,aiid to their.9uply of superb to
with no one : we really think that some
thing ought to be done, and done quickly.
ftiaiiua it" tutu mat, uuiii me raiucr ' tt7 j i. 4
the Mother of Oceans, the rolling tide iof , -padesboro Argus
I American population may go . on spreading jts "
1 wide and lofty wave ; and from San Franciscd ! GotQuick Gone. A
! to St Louis, jn a straight line with Canton and w
iajres. uaronrhrs. HnrL.iwnve
i' "( VJ l1 7 . - J 1
i ' ! Buartries. &c &c. n
-...lor ngritriess, beauty of design, manner of execu
tOTk in U;. .. 1
.Ibat in their enibloV a larsre number of
t. "ien. I llM hlif lia.uiiKa u,w.l:'....t . I !. ...t U l-.J -I. 1
fcUlaK7Lm ! ifU.m:,vof M have I These gfekt facts are now revealed, establish.
j i iiii iKiiic uii trv nnori nrtn vvn.t .1 1 1 j " ---t
r ,pf0rraiiVi ir'nnrov.l ni . r : nnnn ihpm. All is readv.
I !J Li, 1 - ' r v-vuiii 1 jr piunuLC ia- "I - J
the proportion of Virginia being still the
greatest. In sheep alone was New York
belter off, having 5,1 18,777, whilst Vir
ginia had 1,293,772, which, however, is
only about 150,000 les$ than her share.
" What can we reason, but frutu what we know"
Facts constitute the great restraint on the
imposition of interests, the dogmatism of
fanatics and bigots, the fallacies of the
vulgar, the prejudices of the sectional, and
the dreams of enthusiasts. Facts are the
tests ol systems, the landmarks ot pro
gress, the harvest of time, the elementary thus controls an extraordinary proportion
nasseTby ! London the rich stream of oriental commerce, j lne olher day bore this graphic inscription ; doubli
r j after wandering for forty centuries upon unsla- on its back ;My father was. a hjanfc di- these
f excellent I ble and devious routes, is to find its last, recto- jjc failed and retired oh a fbr-H supen
particles of truth.
But it is peculiarly important to resort
to statistics on this question, because they
are so much employed and perverted on
the other side. From the speech of the
Senator to the columns of the editor, we
are continually assailed with statistical
8. J ? OVERMAN, BROWN H CO-
7Tit tL. , , j... -. .
JJ ' A GAUD.
The knowledge is
acnutred : the means are at hand : the spirit
of the people is up. All that is lacking is(tKd
action of the Governmenf; and that, as always
needs stimulating. Il is of the nature of 0ur
Covemment that it should follow the lead or
wait the stimulus of the people In "this
J !e',in the oractire of Medicine. cartel wavs be
e Mhrdriii;store whennotpTofes8ionBllyieng2ed case the people have been leading long enough.
1 ' . f ' V, .. L I .... I l l.i r. ' ,
Dtctmbtf 16,1847 tf33
,They have; latterly led the JSoTernmeut, nd
hicb was handed into an Easterln office ! The proportion of poukry in Virginia is
uouoie mat oi iew i orw. Anu in an
articles Virginia is still more the
superior of Ohio than of New York. So
A n;p x xxW also is iveniucKy. &o that it it De said
children. This is the last of my tern HJ uianncw i orK is an; importer oi sucn i comparisons ueiwreu iue ivuuu nou iuu
got quick gone ! and here's off for Cali- provisions, and therefore consumes more ! South derogatory to the latter. In 1839,
fornix. I j than her production iqdiates, what is to Daniel Webster presented, in a speech- to
j r . I l ! to be said of Ohio whih exports them all. j the ; Senate, in praisV of Massachusetts, an
' Davidson College. We learn that Now in determining the relative comfort ; official statement of her annual products.
Judge Strange is expected to deliver the, of two civilized communities in the same ; which amounted to nearly $ 1 00,000,Ouu
of genius, agriculture still maintains pre
eminence in wealth and political power,
although it comprehends only about one
third of the population. The agriculture
of the South produces a greater variety
and abundance of tho staple articles of
human comfort and subsistence than that
of any other region. Besides such bread
stuffs and provisions as the North affords,
the South has by the superior genius and
energy of her people acquired almost ,
monopoly of the cotton cuhure. The ooutli
of that food and clothing which the world
consumes, and hence makes a correspon
dent progress in wealth.
Whilst agricultural life is so much more
productive than other avocations, it -U
vastly less expensive or consuming-. Al
most all other pursuits resort to towns and t
cities where the style of living is costly,
and extravagant. It is very rare to find
farmers or planters residing in palaces or.
marble or granite. It js seldom that even'
public buildings In the country are con
structed of sueh materials. But in cititf v
JJ v . - 9 . .
lv fruit they arc not unusual in private dwellings
i-v . . . !- . . ' i . l! ' . -i1 ... ' r i r 1 . 1 '.i-Lt l . ; I . 1 .. -
annual uratton belore the.Literarvaocte- , ciiipaie, me quantity oi animai ioou tney ; which ne cuaracieriicu as me c..j :j - . wl,nt
.. - rv . . .. r .! i ' ... i ,i . ' ! I TLIo ,l-rtflM With ttlOSe WtlOriae III" IllCrtUS
ilia , .... .-
number ol puonc dujiuihj$.
ties ot Davidson College, at the (next
Commencement, on the Second Thursday
resnectivplv rnnsnmp. is a well establish- ' of her industrv and capital.
J -- . . ? . o, . . - . J . , f i ! ih crat
ea criterion, let here is a otaie in me sirine every mmu as euuniw fK-- a-- fTre of cof-
warmer climate consuming the greater productiveness and profit in a State of her ! churches, banks, ottiv.es, o.c-. are
i -. '
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