d';""kicrjiort per year, Two Doiaes payable i
ftfjrtn.t B "nopaii in advance, Two dollar
'n j fifty pia, will e ctinrged. .
v)tTJ9jitx inferted at 1 for the first, and 25 cts.
i etch subsequent insertion. Cowl order chirged
v Jj-perctl higher than! these rotes., A liberal deduc
thoae who advertise by the Vear. " ,
1 1 UjTtKS to th Editors tnust be post paid.
; h -Hri r-if--fr- -:
j; . : it q .. -r-'i ' - -
! Vt hav on hand and for sale at this Office, the fol-
),ri(ig AKKS, Jo wtt: ,-' -
V;. S. U. ri I OS.
. Wit. .Tickets.
Com. to take Depo.
" Prosecution Bonds.
"Com. to take depositions
Notes of Hai J.
Hank Notes, C. F. '
Lund Deeds. .
Deeds of Trust. : 7
Ca Has and jknds.
Ill MBOliSA I. ; tf AMliSv;
i i i
BRUNER & JAMES,
T Editors Jf Proprietors.
KEP A CKCK rPON ALT. OCR
Do this, akd Liberty is safe."
VOLUME VINUMBER 5.
I5d (State cases) -
Pa.lCCivil; -I )
Prosecution V ! CpC.
TorindiA'K free hegroes.
' Bastardy Donde. '
letter of Almimiri'ri
. Special ' ??".
,C;A. B. Court , Writs.
I Attachment ' "
: C and B C, Bubpajnas, I County and Superior Court
) Stire ,1 acioa vi. Defaultin;
-do t , do
; to revive judgment,
tolieirs at law to show clause.
, do et al. -, ' ' V
I yo do vs. Special Bail.
FrX'scnimcnts of Homljt.
do fr Awiu't and Battery. -
jMo'i : fr Alfrnys. i
'jii i r for retailing witliout license,
iiarin others of not -so" common use.
hfTierM-of Courts, and others who require Blanks,
'ailwIiVed to gtve us a. call, or forward their orders,
are also r kept
Salisbury: n.:. c: Thursday, june 7, 184?.
TilE DISUNION QUES.TIOK. .
Yes, we triay faMy write it down ; (here is
such a question mooted in this1 American Re.
public, as a question of Disunion I But, we
are happy to say, that, save in South Carolina
and, Accomac, norgraro andxolemn iistie ever
enlisted so entail a share, of popular sympathy.
Whilst the business of manufacturing political
capital is In band, it is very easy for sounding
resolutions concerning. the VVilmot Proviso to
be adopted; but the thoughts of the people are
lar away from any such lamentable emergency
as a rupture of our glorious Confederacy! The
New York,-riot the St. Louis fire, the New
Orleans inundation, the progress, of the cholera
are the subjects that command public attention.
At the very moment when a Conventionfof De.
puties in South Carolina was, the othr day,
not only resolving upon conditional dissolution,
but actually deliberatitrg the wild schlme of
present non. intercourse with the North, a large
majority of the Southern people were more in
terested in!tbo contest of the Hungarians with
j i ,a4 ,j,y iihntl lr,sp-edily otienuVd to.
, Jtnoj'of .tlic (onus enumerated above,
. '7i I V -STOCKTf)f.at Statesville,
' 'ul 'Yryii'hf. HENDERSON, at Concord,
V v.M. r. iv i f, ui uocKsviiie,
..L'v FAW.-nt Jefl'fwjn, Ashe Co.
Any f tiu ' 'Blanks which ; we may riot have on
'-jjid.i:f V ' printed to order, without delay, if a copy
I ON ; i
THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH,
Delivered before the Young Men's Mer
cantile Library Association, of. Cincin
nati, Ohio ; January 1G,1 1849; j
jl BY ELLWOOD FISHER.
I CONTINUED. ; U
; But the most disastrous and appalling
consequences of city avocations, is the
waste of human life. In the city of New
York, tne deaths last year; exceeded 14,
000, or one person out of every twenty
eight; and it was a year! of no uncom
mon mortality for that place. The great
pfioftality of the eastern cities is supposed
to belong chiefly to the emigrant popula-
tiorj. But this is not the case. In 1830,
when the deaths were 8009 in New York,
their Austrian rulers, than in the sul.ject of the only a little over one-fourth were foreign;
discussions at Columbia. 1 I and that must have been about the nro?
A very remarkable and gratifying proof of .j portion of that population. In 1847 the
ne attacttment ot tne people ot most, ot tne ; deaths in the city of New York! were 15.
the North only 178,275. ThiT is about
97,000 less than the proportion the North
ought to have, to equal the South. But
when wb consider that the foreien rODu
lation settles almost exclusively in the
Northern States, and contains much more
5 I'll I NT) NC
lr u'iJi nhintinnr of anv tlpscrihtinn don, are
" i i O " J 1 ' -
..Tf quested to give ' -
l iJRUKR JA3IES
i i eaH.-t ;Thy w prepared to do almost every vir'tety
.JafinVfate style, jffom a book down,to the alphabet. '
;bai beefl'.ppdy compared to yreasing wheels. Wheels.
. will oftn! turn without grease, and bo may a Merchant
'or MecKahic' eet on without ad veriising ; but it is hard
I i 0rk,'anA all- who "have':ptiperly tried the experiment
Know jqrril the advantage boili ot oil to macmney, and
advfrtisjng i$ business. 2
CHEAP for CASH.
1 1 H
.lllIAillllS c CRUMP
A$.RE-hufwirerei:fing from New York and Fhiladel
iJ.1l. pll"-',, a Urgr and ttplrndid stock of
Southern States to the Union has recently been i 78S, of whom only 5,41 were foreigners,
afforded in Tennessee, where, as our readers although the mortality of Jr. at year was
have been apprised, ihe btate Convention of Vincreased by the ship fever, which was
the Democratic party, seeking to gam political j Vjry fa , emj Th deaths week
profit ty assuming a peculiar righteousness on ; , rr , . a t , . ? ", "
u i f i i j c before Jast were 236, of which -108. or
SPIUNG AND SUMMER:
wbith they are determined to oell os low as any house
irnhiibaH ojf JNoriJl Cajrolina, consisting of all kinds of
lajiet rt4;;'iitlemen'H dress goods, of the latest and
Bf'weM'iMeswhich haye been selected with greait care
nd boii girt a j the very lowest cash prices.
.'t' I: 1 For Lady's IIar,
li'aiitiftllklLustres, Mode Cashmeres, colored do.,
tun njrjptd 4o., Mouseljne de I.nnes. silk and worsted
VWttrJef.'Clierji Alpnecns Kd'k and col'd Merinos, plaid
Gitiglutli'sj French do., haw!, C,Uve8, Kibhonti, fine
CollarXinen Cambric ftand'tfr. Bonnet silk, Velvets,
J Bonnets id Hosiery, '. -
j Ijrt il'or-Gcntlemcn's Wear.
:-B'lok trfncHand KngliHh Cloths, French Cassiniertfs,
li drifancy do., wool TweeJ, Kentucky Janes, Ker
.'rya.lig'J satin Veatjug, cot velvet do., plain-satin do.,
ara worsted do. A wo.--brown and bleach'd UrKii, Do
e$ric Whitney I)lankrts,
UnU Caps Hoot V Sliocs
!' V I ". '', WsBiles a; general stock; of j
Uajtarfiand Cutlery, (Jrormrs; Crorkf ry, j&c.
'Thon;wihift5 to huy goods, we respectfully invite
ejr a)(teiitiiiHo the nbovestock, as we are determined
to b4utsold Vy any: . '.
Wood (Jrove, Rowan co .Oct. 26, 1818. Iy25
OPBpKAR STRUIB0AT COMPAQ
' .!',' f: J" OF FAYETTKVILliE
ry question, adopted, as a port
the party creed, the resolutions of the Virginia
Legislature. General Trousdale, a distinguish
ed soldier, wa9 put forward as the champion
of the principles adopted for -.the occasion.
II is competitor. Gov. Brown, had taken, his
station the side of the Union. As is the cus.
torn in Tennessee, the candidates went before;
the people, sustaining their respective causes,
bypublic speeches in the different counties.-
The following notice of one of their discussions
we find in the Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle :
In the course of a stump speech made at
Springfield on the 7th inst., Gen. Trousdale, the
Democratic candidate for Governor, exclaim,
ed : 'Who was mad enough to talk of a dis-
solution of the Union ? 1 We must resist, but ice
will not give up the Union in all futipre time ;
IT IS ABOVE EVERY THING. i
In reply to Gov. Brown, Gen. T said : L-;
" II is competitor had travelled beyond the res.
olution of the Democratic Convention some'
thing he had he ard of beyond them ! lie had
been called upon to answer specifically to
answer as to whether he was in faver of this
other matter, so alluded to. He did not con
sider himself called upon to answer the ques-I
lion. Jle was for the Democratic platform, and
did not stand there to bc catechized, J He did
nofbelieve the Union could be broken up by
any invention of man. He was opposed to dis
union, let it come from where it might.11
Does not this language of General Trousdale
ineontettably demonstrate, that he has found
the temper of the people of Tennessee to be
different from what the Democratic Convention
thought it? Committed to the resolution of
resistance, he adheres to that, but, pressed to
the. wall, he declares that the ujjion is
ABOVE EVERY TJIING, and that HE IS OPPQSEti
TO DISUNION, LET IT COME FROM WHAT QUAR-i
ter it may. The sentiment will be separated
by nine. tenths of-thepeople of the South ; but
what a commentary is its utterance ; by the
nominee of the Democrats of Tennessee, upon
the brave declarations of their political mana
gers ! Richmond Times.
more than one third were foreign, and the"
proportion of that population is now much
more than one third. The mortality of
Nev York is much greater than it seems ;
because being so largely emigrant from
thc;interior and from abroag, the propor
tion of adults in her population is much
greater than ordinary, and among adults
mortality is not near so great as (among
children. . New York has 50,000 children
less than her share. '
In the last twenty years the population
of New York has nearly doubled,; but its
mortality has nearly trebled. ;
According to an official statement of
the duration of human life in the several
avocations in Massachusetts in 1847, it
appears that the average of
Agriculturalists is 64.14 years.
r Laborers, 46.73
This is the average life' time in the sev
eral occupations beginning at 20 years.
According to this, the three avocations of
city life, merchants, mechanics and labor
ers; average about 46i years, whilst far
mers live more than 64 J years,; or one
third longer ! This enormous, and I had
almost said atrocious destruction of hu
ma life, which is continually going on in
towns and cities, is enough of itself to ac
count for the superior progress of agri
culture in wealth. The loss of so large a
proportion of time, in adult years, the ex
penses of sickness, and the derangement
of business, make an aggregate of itself
enough to sink any reasonable rate of
the people. The division of land for cul
tivation into very small tracts is destruc
tive bf its value. The soil of France is,
on an average, of unusual fertility, and
its climate so genial, as to be favorable to
a great variety of productiveness. YeL
therei with a dense population of its own,
and in the neighborhood of Great jBritain.
With ts mighty cities, the greatest mar
ket iri the world, the average Value of
land is only five or six dollars per acre
is less than in Virginia. In England the
average size of tracts held by the several
sorts ot tenure, is about 150 acres, which
is about as small as can be made profita
ble ; 'as small as is compatible with the
due rotation of crops, a judicious variety
of stock, and the prompt adoption of im
rovements in culture and utensils. In
France the owner of a three or four acre
arm, worth only twenty five dollars, can-
hot of course afford to buy an improved tation or the opportunity for sensual grat
plough much less can the renter of such j ification to be found in the city life. It is
It tract in Ireland. It would cost more the cities that the passions and appetites
than the whole crop is worth. According-j resort for their carnival. The theatre,
ly a large proportion of French and Irish j the gaming house, the drinking house, and
tillage is performed with the spade, at a places of still more abandoned character
great expense of manual labor ; and ac- j abound in them, and to these the dissipa
ordihgly, it is in England chiefly, where j ted youth goes forth at night, from home,
he tracts are large, that the modern im- i along the high road to ruin. In the fam
jjTovements in agriculture have been made j 'y of the Southern planter or farmer, al
and there the soil is more productive , though wine may be drank and cards
In determining the-condition of civiliz-
led communities, it is generally considered
(-essential to Inquire into the state of " their N
pauperism ; not onlybecaose the paupers
themselves usually constitute a consider-
able class, but because their number af- .
fects vitally the condition of the entire la-lf
boring class. ;
In the State of New York the progress 'V
of pauperism has been rapid. In 1830
the number supported or relieved was
15.505. In 1835, it was 33,462, accortj-,
ing to Chaplin's U. S. Gazetrer for 18 i t
In 1843 or 44, the number had increased
to about 72,000 permanent, and the same
number of occasional paupers, making a
total of 144,000, as appears from the
Journal of Commerce. These were for
the whole State, and there was thus one
pauper to every seventeen inhabitant?.
In 1847, there were received at the nrin-
than its proportion of males, it is appa-1 ciPftl alms houses for the city of NeW -rent
that the deficit of the North in male 1 York 29,692 persons, and out door telief.
population is much larger. Now the vi- j was given out of public funds to 44,572
ces of civilized society affect males chief- I persons, making a total of 73,264. So
ly, young men and boys, far more than ! that about one person out of every five in
any other. And if it were true that the ! the city of New York was dependent more
South is more immoral than the North, it ! or less on public charity. The total cost
would appear in the deficit of male pop
ulation. But the reverse seems to be the
The explanation of this result is to be
found in the same circumstances that de
termine the relative wealth of the two
sections. The South is rural in residence
and habits. It does not present the temp
that year of this pauperism was 8319,
292 88. For this present year of 1849,
the estimate is 8100,000, according to the
mayor's message. -
In Massachusetts, it appears by the re
turns, that there were in 1830, 5,590 pan-
pers, and in 1848,18003.- These were alt
in the alms-houses. Those relieved out
of the alms-houses, were 9,817, making a
total of 28.510, according to the report of
the Secretary of State of Massachusetts.
And the returns from forty-one towns are
omitted. If allowance be made for thesr,
it will be seen that in Massachusetts, one
person out of every twenty is a constant
or occasional pauper. It thus , appears
that in these two States pauperism is ad
vancing ten times as. rapidly as their
wealth or population. It has become so
and profitable. : That some Virginians, 1 played, all is dontrat home, under paren- great, as to include large numbers of able
instead of adopting some of the new meth- tal and fvminine observation ; and there
pds of preserving and restoring the fer- ; bore excess can never go so far. Of course
jility of their lands, choose to emigrate to the sons of planters visit the cities, but
pew States, where the soil is already rich those in their n?ighborhood are trivial in
by nature, and is cheap, results from, a I size, and meagre in attractions those
mere calculation and comparison of the
cost of the iwo systems. And if it be
found more profitable to remove to a new,
thari to renovate an old soil, it is an evi
dence of thrift, rather than poverty in the
emigrant. And of this the superiority of
the new Southwestern over the new North
western States, which will appear by a
comparison of their property and popula
tion, is ample proof.
But the impression exists that the pop
illation of the South as a section is really
Stationary, or is declining. And this be
ing assumed, it is regarded as evidence
that the people of the South are migrat
ing, either from dissatisfaction with its
Institutions or with its progress and pros
pects,' or that the vices peeuliar to its sys
tem are unfavorable to the increase of its
population or that all these combine to
But all this is a mistake. If we deduct
from the free States the foreign emigra
tion and its offspring, the residue, repre
senting the native population, does not in
dicate so great a natural increase as the
more distant are the more seldom seen.
The ancient poets, w ho' thought that the
lower regions were the abode of great
and good men, as well as bad. located the
entrance in a remote and solitary place.
Thus Homer conducts Ulysses on his visit
to the shades of his brother warrior Greeks,
bodied meu, who it appears connor, or
what is worse, will not earn a subsistence;
and if such be the case, what must o the
condition of the great mass of people
hanging on the verge of pauperism, but
withheld by an honorable pride from ap
plying for public charily. '
Now, throughout the greater part; of.
Virginia and Kentucky, pauperism is al:
most unknown. I passed some time ago
the poor house of Campbell county Kcn-
tucky,-tn the opposite side of the river, '
to a thinly settled country of dark skinned I antl 'here was not a solitary inmate. And
" When lo, we reached old Ocean's utmost bounds.
Where rocks control his waves with ever-during mounds.
There in a lonely land and gloomy cells,
The dusky nation of Cimmeria dwells,
There he found the portals of the infer
nal world. So Virgil conducts Eneas to
the sombre and solemn forest of the Cu
mean Sybil. But with our improved con
ceptions of the character of that place and
its inmates, and the most direct avenues
to approach it, the modern Epic poet who
desires to give his hero a view of if, will
have to fix the gateway in the heart of a
great city, where the vices bold their rev
els. Tis there
" The gates of Hell are open night and day,
Smooth the descent and easy is the way."
It cannot be said that the excessive mor
tality among the males of the North, is
I; MrtjfcGovAGltA JUJU, (20 inch draft)
j wJot; MlKE KM) VN,
Secrets of Inquisition. The correspon
dent of the London Daily News describes
a visit he had paid to the many small,
dark and damp dungeons of the inquisi
tion at Home, which have lately beqn
thrown open to the public. It is out bf
the beaten track behind St. PeterV. The
" The officer in charge led me down to
where the men were digging in the vaults
below they had cleared a downward
flightjf steps, which was choked up with
old rubbish, and had come to a series bf
dungeons under the vaults deeper still,
and which immediately5 brought to my
mind the prisons of the Doge under the
canal of the Bridge of Sighs at Venice, on
present number of people in the Southern
j Of the foreign emigrants no register ' owing to their unwholesome employments
was kept until 1820. From that year un- For the females are employed in similar
til 1840, it amounted to more than 700.- ! or more destructive avocations. In Mas-
profit or accumulation in any pursuit. 000 persons, according to the returns. sachusetts. about fifty thousand women
And, hence it is that the South, which is But large numbers came by the way of work in factories, and yet in that State
.Canada, for which during a considerable j there 13 an excess of 7,672 females, where
'period the facilities were greater than by ! as the natural proportion of the sexes
the direct route. These have been esti- exisieu among tne native population, or
mated at half the number registered in
the custom house. Assuming, however.
so much exempt from the corrosive action
of cities on property and population, has
made such rapid progress in wealth
Thus, then, the superior productiveness
of agricultural labor, the great intrinsic
value as articles of necessity of; its pro- i the whole number to be a million, which
ducts, the extravagant style of living in j is the lowest estimate I have seen, their
towns and cities, and finally, the( ruinous j natural increase in the twenty years, could
waste of human life and labor they occa- j not have been less than half a million
sion, are reasons enough to account for making 1,500,000. Now the white popu
tlje fact previously demonstrated, of the j lation of 1840, in the free States" was
such as is found at the South, Massachu
setts ought to have an excess of twenty
two thousand femalesibeyond the due pro
I have known a populous coanty in Vir
ginia to have but one. r
It has generally been supposed that the
paupers of Massachusetts and New Yprk
are principally foreign emigrants IJut
this is a mistake. In the 5,580 paupers
of Massachusetts, in 1836, only 1192 wtfte;
of foreign birth but little over one fifth,1
which does not probably exceed the pro-!
portion then, of that population in the
State. In 1845, of 1016 persons admitted
into the alms houses of Boston, 490 were
foreign, of -whom 392 were Irish ; but that
was the year of Irish famine. In 1848, of
18,993 paupers received into the alms
houses of Massachusetts, 7,413 weje for-,
eigners. We do not know what propor
tion of the people of that State are for-!
eigners ; in Boston there is about one third. -When
pauperism extends to the class
that are able to labor, it is evident that
the wages of labor arc reduced to the cost
of subsistence. And hence the wholes
class must be subjected to the melancholy;
and terrible necessity of working, rather
to avoid the poor house, than of bettering
their condition. And the pauper in an!
alms bouse is a slave. He works under
a master, and receives nothing but a sub
sistence. And there are already in New
York and Massachusetts, about one hun-
portion. It is true that Massachusetts ded thousand persons in this condition;
loses a portion of her male population by ! "ooui an equal numorr occasionally m
she is ' anu llieJ nre increasing ni uic ruic uruu
triumph of the agricultural States of the
South over the more commercial States
of the North. : ".
j But it is objected that ; the Northern
States are more populous, and that if the
average wealth of their individual citi-
9,557;431 ; deducting 1,500,000 it would
be 8.057,421. In 1820 it was 5,033.983,
and has consequently had a natural in
crease of 60 per eent.
i The white population of the South was
1820, 2,833,585 and is now 4,635,637,
emigration to the West, although s
reinforced again by the excess of males in
the foreign emigrants that have settled
there. But there still remains a large
portion who .must have perished by the
sickness and vices of the towns and cities
that contain so large a part of her people
Boston alone, with its suburb towns,
percent., whilst the whole population does
not increase twenty percent, in ten years.
In Cincinnati, the number of paupers, per
manent and occasional, already amounts
to two thousand.
Whilst the property of the North is thus
compelled to contribute to the support of
zens is less, the aggregate wealth of the ! vhich exhibits a natural increase of 65
State is greater. This however, is of no : percent. I have included all the foreign
having a population of 200,000, or nearly ;h's Srcat and growing burden, an
one third of all the State. So then, the , !bor of the North must not only as;
'rhti.vaii i itt
!; ,: V. hi ft fa T 'ft 4 TT yw
MI iril f . I I f j I II
j .rprtlinbbvenoAts rUn regularly between Fayette- ! ,V thaLhere there Was a surpassing hor
i -tjjfctd Wilmington ot the lute reduced rates of i ror. I saw imbedded in old maonary,
:Wipt$6drre a well prepared for the speedy und safe j unsymmetneally arranged, livej skele
t .'npWriaiiori of Goods un and iluwnoa nnv Un nn tK - i : - i .1 iH i.
v.uuip-..- """V 1 of our people, as attected by the fespec
nau oniy jus uegun ;; tfie peou ui iM tive institutions and pursuits. And I think
iLb i ' j ... . 1
nrvi. A, W, L. .Mcttry, Wilmington, N. CLwill
w-wrwaqajr tree-tt coouniHjiion.
AJl fJuj-jj froin th-country sent to W. I,. MeGa
fj, rijfelivin'. will U'hiptifd to where .l..irP.t fr of
eanmni,a!,. 'In all i':i u. ,:.. it rJ.
V,4.f !rF,N;at '' -parture of .goods. j
will''' tttu?i!'il to J . t w. L. McGarv
! 1 f :( on 1 q in
Lt Sr)f? h-V,ng 50oJoua Ware Houses
VWtKrver, and having U-en long engaged in the for
!fnei, will receive andforward all goods sent
pnnspnnpnfp tn tVio rtrnmpnt lKf arr- omi orrn f inn ! n tYit TNJnrtVi A little r f it i &l3-te Ol lllC
gregate wealth of Ireland is no doubt ' however, has gone to the South ; but not
greater than that of any of our States, as 1 more than the excess of Southern people
her population is so much greater. And j who have removed to the Northwestern ;
yet her people die by thousands of star- j States. f j
n nn.i .l.iwn na nnu linA nr. ik . . 4 - . l.LlI Ll , ww. ? A...v. . , ... w & .
: fThrifru j W the lnt yeaFs hune8 we solicit ftron-
l t...i,'' 1 !... . , " .. ... j - ' . I . .1 1 B i- '
7fu..nq increase tor the luture. a eaoda con- insertion in tins snot must nave Deen more .i i ...t.:- u
than a century and a half Fromanoth an( philanthropy and philosophy are con-
ci vau... ..in ,ku11S c,u ? j l i ' cerned. M ' I bor :ahat therefore the white people of
man Tematns, there was a shafts aboUt j fiut -t asserted that the system of the Uhe South refuse to work, and live in idle
four feet square i ascending perpendicular- . gouth js depopulating; that the people of. thess they become dissipated, vicious and
ly to. the first floor ot the buildidg, and !!-Virrrii r Artinr-h'. thAi:-t.nnn. i-irAt Rnt ViV i ftl to tb ;nArA
tend w l' cVpary .rWfteviiie, wiij meel i ending in i a passage oil the ha lj of the ulation of Kentucky is almost stationary ; ! of population. . It destroys constitutional
chancery, where a trap-aoor my oeiween j and that the whole-Southern section is vigor; diminishes the number of children,
the tribunal and the way tnto a suite Oi jQ thinl' settled, and promises to remain i and afflicts the jew that are born, with
rouillb UCMtlini lur UIIC Ol iuc uiw.h- ; if . U mpnnt hvn l c 'lhtKnnth. 0r.H torvlnfirm tv flnrt nromntnro r Pth
PVi Aft KJ ftAvtft v J uim kfticf ; 4yUlLi v j iva miiuiui v
jern modes of living are incompatible with One fact is disclosed by the census, which
a dense population, I admit it and rejoice is very significant on this point. There is
in it. So far as the concentration of peo- an excess among the white people of the
operation of the institutions.of this model I its support also, but must work in compe-
North, is to violate the laws
of nature by a separation of the sexes ; i
to send thousands of her sons away from
their happy condition at home, to encoun
ter the hardships of the West ; to send
multitudes of others to die by dissipation
tition with it, they are subjected to ano
ther mighty evil, which springs from, or
at least aggravated by the same causes,
and that is crime. . " .
The number of convicts in the three
penitentiaries of Newr York, Auburn, Sing
Sing and Blackwell's Island, is about two
thousand, in the penitentiary of Virginia
i.. .. . i i i i
crease of Southern white population is an her cities, anu to place ner ionciy anu
' -i - . rlscartoil ivnmnn rrt in pnni'pnta I'll 1 f in
answer to anomer imputation againsi u ' "V. i i " ' . . T . i there are onlv 111 whites. 89 blackj
verv current at (hp North It has hpen aciones. 1 nave saiu mat mere arc auoui " . . , " r .1 .1 r
yer current at the iNorth. it nas oe;n mnn,., :n ,u 1 his indicates four times the amountiof
held that slavery is a degradation ot la- ) u - 1 l'Z I crime in proportion to the white ponula-
lories 01 Ajassacnuseiis. oucu ismc iri - . . . if. . . .
timony of .the official census of ihe StaYe on " New Wk. as m Virg.n. ,In
in 1843. Those who ore thus employed. ; Mnaaehusrll. there were m 1817. 288
it is'well known, are mnemlly young, un-; P ' S a,e P"",n tch mI..
. IMcG AU Y, Agent.
married women ; as such a vocation would
COME: AND BOY BARGAINS !
loeiauverbojiineM. resnectfiillu invit nnKli.,kitn.
rntrii . . i
J uV4 ;u1ndr",8neJ having formed a co-partnerehip in
tiotH w t ", ittirvuutiy invite puouc niien-
1 Jirjtaf,liment, and to their supply of luperb
Umaircs. fi.irnnrlif. nrtfbwnvv;
'OiCh bmlioKtn l.-.... f fj
Ut'i i'1"''Me V material cannot be surpassed by
I Ir'JS j" he southern country. .
trV aVe in th'iraploy a largonumber bf excellent
'ur.L i it . i . I :.i i i .
rk I "'.im'hiiviib.- wocki-workmen, irim-
fcw afl1 P'innire all men of experience, and have
m to sum in netr several departments.!
!Pifinj -done on Very short notice. Wort" done
. P ttrh or approved notes ; or country produce ta
toeichanire. - II
: 'H i f OVERMAN, BROWN &. CO.
-.nry, Feb. 8, 1849.
The object of this shaft could not atlmit of
but one sprmise. Ther ground of the
vaults was made up of decayed a,mimal.
matter, a lump of which held imbedded
in it a long silken lock of hair, as I found
by nrsonal examination as it was'shov'
elled up from below. But that is rot all ;
there are two large subterranean lime
; kilns, if I may so call them shaped like
a beehive in masonry, filled with layers
of calcined bones, forming the substratum
cates more than twice the crime in that
ho rather incompatible with the domestic : ' "S""- -"'S "F
duties of wives. Now. according lo the , England S ales toother, the.r pen.tenl..
census of 1840, .here were but 57.000 ! eonvic U are tw.ee a. numerous, ia
wm in .hat State between .he atreso! , proportion to populauon.-as m .rg.n.a.
-i - c .u... o',hii,c ! as wil
I I anu ZD. OO llini awuui actirciuiu.j
nf thfi marriacreabie women of Massa-
be seen bv consulting the Ameri
can Almanacfor 1849. It contains sketch-
' r . i i r r . i.
. t i -e .1 . i . u . ps oi me criminni siausiics oi iue acci-
pie in towns and cities is concerned, I j South of 132,072 males. Among those of; chusetts, at a time oi iiieinaiou.ui iu States, and is New England authority
have endeavored to show that such a thing
is not so much to be desired. Nor do I
think it expedient to promote the augmen
1 . i .1 1. : ,r nloocnra ai Ola
7Tu ir , w a a- , r SaCT 1 1 7 r TV a e ! Ohio there are 470 persons in the pen
Tii ih krntiirkv AnHitnr'a rertort of 1 R-lP urr find rl tn hrrfiP tn nnmp and to SOCielV. are I . - .
- : ' j . ' anu " "
taKI rKn 1-ril nf. tK rliatrihiitiran cJC nronrtv in tKat . . i . t . I
StaeTwhick ua,;;.; dee of weaithV and of IOriD r " C. V""' " 20 Dcr Cent, the most, according to popt
. , . i . i . . . i i t . '-. . . . . " ... . ro iiniincM rn an nvpr. npftiru I iJyJ in. . .t
lallUII UI ItUlilUCIS WlllllH IUC : bvl I liUI lal ; fqutli(Lilc uiiwmciu, nuau uiar vnaucugc ouy tuuiiti'J- i j -
slimits of a State, by a minute subdivision nity for comparison
. . J . . . Without Drooertv
of farms and plantations among a multi
u . "unw, iorim tude of proprietors or tenants. Such is
of wo other clmmbersonthegroudflooTtoo tenderi in he free Slates
in the immediate vicinity of the vefy mys
Inrinnt. ol, P. I .: I " i
iciiwub outu auuve iiieniiuiicu.
i r A I 1 A 17 I 1 !
l Ve irithc practice of Medicine, can always be
"bury, Dettmbtr 16,1847 tl 33 i
iTGov. Maxcy,has sprained his ankle at jbockport.
It is an unfortunate place for him, for there is where the
awful rent occurred, which cost the State of New York
fifty cents, j ' '
j : 1 : 1
No man who has paid regularly for his Newspaper,;
nin. I. . i l:. 1 - .l. J. ..L f
" mi kuuwu iu uo uil uy a im uu-- litiHiinc
and in other countries ; and it has been
found fatal to agricultural improvement.
It has resulted in France, in reducing toe
average size of farms to an area of three
or four acres, held under their ! laws of
descent by the distinct proprietors And
in a part of Scotland and in Ireland, tracts
of a similar size are Held by separate ten
ants. And it is precisely among the pea
santry of France, the crofties of Scotland,
and the cottiers of Ireland, that stagna
12 344 "
f to iabor 1 i'entiary in Kentucky 135. t)hio being
ent. the most, accoraing vo pojiu-
t I : A IT.. . ft.A ...lima f InA
lil'lOtl. ACCOrUltlK it mo iciunu w.
con....... - uu7,wf7"" " thir. K. utucky penitentiary, one ball oi ner
fined to a space five eet square, ior thir- . . h . vears,came from
teen hours a day, under a male overseer, M; wh4 Louisville. her
and not permitted to receive a visit from ihe s located-and one third
a lover or a relative in the mill, except by ! we number were born in free
the permission of the proprietor s agent ; , much for he SlaIes of ihe
nr At the hoardin? house, except by the n,.nnr.M..rin!f and
" t i T iortn, BLTItUliumi, inanuiwi-.o - . -
nprmission of the proprietor s house keep-1 i.i ai1L vv com oared
Dibtrict AttoinKv TTnrv W. Miller! Esa,
Ualergh, has .been appointed Attorney of the United ! t:ftn ad dpnltin k.i rnothi
stwesibrth4 District of North Carolina, iri place of Jl0n and i esolaUon have o eppread the
. , 1.' .T I 1 UnI anil em W n BV i .1 i; An
J Duncan K McRac, removei.
- ;r - - -- j uru auioilg ine iiativcrs,
land, and semi-barbarism and starvation below that of the South
I With less than $100 worth
I " from 8100 to S400
. " " 8400 to 8600
fi over 8600
; It has been alleged, that in the South there are only
about 200,000 slave holders. Well, supposing each a
dnlt slave holder to have an average family of six, the
slave holding population of the South woold amount to
1300,000, which is probably as large a proportion as . for sucn are the the regulations and
lbe land holdin PPuIalin North- condition of Lowell. This confinement
t It has been sussrested that the emigrant population I to factories, postpones the marriage of the
arrive poor, and therefore when included in the average j women of Massachusetts to an average.
of individual wealth in the North, reduces us rates. ' r jo 01
therefore acquires wealth more easily than the native. ! age, preci
If. however, the emigrant population be stricken out of 1 i. hnt the
jibe estimate, and the whole property of tbe North divi- fewcr adults, has 100,000
ara union g ine naiivrs, lueir pruwniuu wiu yri uc tar
f thrr South in crime.
results are uniformly and largely in favor
I re rtfTirml rrnorts of crime
years. I do not knowat wnai . . weiur. North, we be-
sely. marriages occur in v irg n in a ebibitedf-i -bich
census shows tnai irgim-. uu. --;---. ' in jwonTibe nam-
more of tbemtnaisa "r:-A fnt.
ber of persons annuauy ttrr.sv
' ; ! '
-1 1. 4
1 - li T