- ": -- I v - ; . . - .-. ... ;
of the Watchman.
41 ;8ripn.Pf. year, Tw6 I..ias-p.y.Wlrt
or o"1" .. . . ft;! tn mlvnnrr Two dollar
i. " ZA..-i in.riJ at ftl for the first, and 23 cu.
- i . nuriiAn nnri nri ria in piuu
.in iuim'uurii j .i-; i iivhi . -. . . ..
425 rwt'-t, higher tfton three ratrs.
't ion .I 'those who advertise by u year
titTCni 1 $f EJ'tara mast be poet paid
A liberal dtdae-
BRUNER & JAMES,
The Austrians entered ihe PapaJStates
on the north, aiiu Marshal Winpaibthreat
ens with fire and sword all those
sist him. In the south, the Nea
were advancing lor the same object, but
met their vanguard at Albano anq defeat
WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
iTiei'foliowini is the report of the Eu-
fopean news nrouui uy uiBningarn, as
it appears in the New York papers.
The elections in France on the 13th
nasscd'offjAvithput a single violation of
good oiderV Nd definite opinion can, yet
be formed as to tho relative success 01
parties" 'No! doubt is entertained but
tbpf c ii a large majority in favor of peace
and ofuflrii I -
iTlin JVench expedition to reinstateithe
Phpe h'ad not efJWted an entrance into
Rome '(it. IAtft Advices, Tho Neapolitan
'army Mas not been more successful, hav-
Sn"j be(?n defeated in an attack on the
.insiani.i r r .
The Avar m Hungary, has assumed no entered Rome j on the evening of Ihe 5th
5W icaiure. i cine nnunir cpes on urc.i insiani. i
pUtihgly.ahd the fortunes of Ihe Ilurjga- j A private that wasfrom Rome the 18th
iarjis arc reported to be in the ascendant, i instant annpqnces the landing! jof the.
rtlryl are tsaaJ ;to be within a few days j Spaniards ja Fin Micina. On thd previ
Inidrch !of Viennn, to which point the Rus- ous day alRoinan' division, commanded
iansarcprcsin forward as rapidly as ; by Rocilli and jMezzacapo, is saitj have
pQ.ssjie. - ii is iiiougui ui.u me m rung ; eniereu ine Auruzzi ; anu ijarrioitiai
01 r ranpe, scconuea prooabiy tjy i is believed ito be armed at another point
of the fronliejrs, ready lo support that
movement Ihe INeapolitans arp forti-
hearing the resisi
Keep a check cpos all rov
Do this, akd Liberty is safe
1 Gtn'l Harrison. :
VOLUME VI NUMBER i
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1849.
a closer connexion with Germany. The Get-,
miin States and Austria are never to go to war.
They are to . form a defensive alliance and a
foreign war may he carried on by either Pow
er, i( this Power da not succeed in proving to
the pther that its interests arc mutually involv.
ed in the dipuie.
JThe Emperor of Austria and the, King of
children are, not educated at public ex- j nunity almost infatuated, had ceded to the ' are novv ss of them in Coston than there'
ed them. Th Neapolitans consisting of j prussja, as hereditary chiefs ofhe new Ger
twenty thousand troops, after X short con ! man Federal State, are lo annointcbrnmission.
flict. threwj away their arms and jfled. -. : etii who are to act and advise as the executive
The Romans had taken fifty prisoners and j power of the two Governments. This scheme
two pieces ot artillery, with" which they, j his now received the attention of Europe, but
its realization depends" upon many contingen
I THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH,
Delivered before the Young- Men's Icr
l cantile Library Association, of Cincin
S nati, Ohio ; January IG, 1849.
!' BY ELL WOOD FISIIKR.
Whilst the" South has been so much
thern State, the proportion changes as we
advance Westward; until we find a great
er proportion of thdm in a new state of
the North than in one of the South. And
thus it seems that in the new states, where
pense, and wiiere, therefore, their parents
must provide for them, the children of the
the war bad confirmed her title by the
patriotism and valor of her own citizens
who rescued even Illinois,- from British
power. But before the present constitu
tion was lormed, Virginia,; with a magna-
sary to.-nable htm to'compele successful i
lj with; the white, laboVer In theSutol
of New York- tbe Constitution conferred ?
the right of suffrage on colored persons -owning
8250 wsnb or property. Yet in
the city of New York in 1845, out 'of? 1 1 j.
939 colored people, there were only 103
voters, land notwithstanding-their nunv
bers are augmented by frequent m ana- "
missions and ffigitlve slaves, they donot
increase so rapidly as tho slave popubw
uon; wnicn is evidence that Ihrir condi.
tion is not so comfortable. It is also a
curiou fact that of 380,293 free persons
of color in 18 10, nearly half 183,7CC) pre
ferred to remain in the slave States, where
cenamiy, as a class, they arc treated with
peculiar lavor. In Massachusetts.
where so much sympathy is expressed for
mem, uiey cannot or will not live. There
dinay have the effect to check
tliB advance of the Russians.
'ftiftthcJuudrrdtli time. - Pin lrjnn
r r, i j , . . . .
U is Uatejil that the Danish question is the Ilomans, is said to have declared he
iall butjSetilrd ; the only positive? facts are ; would not return to Rome at suclj a price, ! rhore secure
tVl-kf IrilfV I I'ltW'C'lin Vf Cllllrnil nnnlhnr fo. i I torn c-nnf a 'm acci no
ir'.ui I,. 1.,... t.f l. it'.y .t . tr: r v i.i '
firm, tuiu iut 1 uiuin jiuii inn- uupiick loine; i. i ii" u l auitis aim 10 jen. ! ho n ot nat -- 1 1
lJ 'Ii .. ,.L. ' . - - - -, a , i .r ."in u i iv not. i iiu'in ) ;.r in it u UU ill i i. i- I i i
niiiiAi i ;i ri!iT inn , nnrni uui n iiir imiiui i nuiinni rn iminr inm n riiri . in tlio .1 : v. tm t ? yiuu iu uumuiiitotiiuuio.
A -Ill - . 1. . - rfv n . . II. Of
UoVe.rnmeni ts himi directed to mat quar- -mean Jime; uutlinot has been reintorced
confederacy, for the - formation of free i wcre twenty years ago; and in both Vir-
states, the whole North-western territory ginia and Massaehuetts-there are ten
South are better educated; or rather,! now constituting the States of Ohio. In- tis asi many fm; colored people in the
perhaps, it would seem, that the emigra- diana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, "pfiiitentiy a3 their proportion of the
tion from the North is much more ignor- containing 201.G81 square miles, and ma- vt'hite population. U it then for the sake
ant than the South. Still, however, the kin-; the territory of the free stales rather of such emancipation as the West Indian,
odds of school instruction are decidedly I more than that of the slaveholding. The ! u'hich results in i Illness, barbarism and
with the North. This results from obvi- object of this cession and the ordinance of cv' war nmong t he blacks ; or for Libe
ous causes. The territorial area of Vir- I 1787, was to equalize the ereaof the two i r'an which extennin.ves ; or the Ameri
ginia is probably nine times as great as .sections. The acquisition of Louisiana in ' can which subjects them to crime and
that of Massachusetts. If, therefore, Vir- 1803, added 1,133,103 square miles to our want, thnt Philapthrophy would undcr-
ginia, were disposed to adopt the com- territory, of which, by the 'Missouri com- laKe ln overturn tr.e unrivalled system ot
mon school system, it would require nine promise, the South obtained only 22G.013
times the school houses and teachers to square miles, or about one fifth theo!!ir
afford the same conveniences for attend- ; four fifths, notwithstanding it came l; us
ing school that.exist in Massachusetts. as a slavcholding province, were allotted
h.a .yicvy to e fleet a restoration of by many thjousjand troops, and hel'Kas pro
)a'ily News asserts that Denmark
jhaS( accepted the propositions of Lord Pal
imcrsiop j jbut what those propoinions are
h iin4 f tint nnnonr
black population have not been jrealized.
bably now a large and well appointed ar- The proportion of white and black re
my under his command ; but the cnthusi- r rhains a at first about two to one. Even
asm of thej Romans is "raised to the high- ) jh Brazil, where this proportion is re vers
'est pitch, and if a single handed: or com- eld, where there are two blacks to one
' The plot gradually reveals itself in Ger-
I mtoy- , 4 "0 sovereigns have evident ly
I tornbinied for the overthrow of the Liber
j'iljttSJ has been a formidable dis
itdrhancerat Ousseldorf, on Jhe Rhine,i but
i ll pas ieen uupprcssru.
i:At rS'ankfort the riot was becoming
imbrd revolutionary, and anarchial every
'day,'';. the moderate men have in con-
ilcqOencn left i
j i iein !cotUinues quiet, and as misera
ble as 'ever. ' j -j -
;jNo further action has been had in tfie
lluVej of Lords in relation to the Naviga-'
tion Lhws. I be Lords were to go into
(inprnittee oit the bill on Monday. No
lice has been gliven by Lord5tanleyl and
itfier.s ;6f nmeiidments to be olfered ;! and
(t'rp codsidered quite possible that 'Minis-lets-may
h b'atm in committeeand the
bill W'hiangled as to induce its authors
to rn and retire from ollicc.
'Details of , this outbreak in Canada were
laid biftfre 'Parliament on the llth. which
irltcte4 (iiomc 'dicusion of no importance
f I iHont). the. fCt that the Government e-
viuceu ja tieierminanon 10 sustain Mru
rltjjini'i' Ivirl Cre)', in alluding to Lord
III gi n Jr pp a 1 0 b , said thait wuld show
j ill n t, h fifiact e d t h o u g h o u t -w i t h Hi s ac c us
j tdiufd judgment, jiioderation and good
! Wtise, and that he! was. fully prepared to
white, tranquility has reigned for a quar
ter of a century. And it is remarkable $
that Brazil and the. United States, the only
bined attempt to bombard and take Rome
by storm cjould be made, the defence of
the city, by means of barricades and by
the courage of! the people, will be so well two nations on this continent wHern. Afri-
tained: that the Austrians are by no can slavery prevails, are the bnly two
Which have succeeded. in the establish
ment of stable and flourishing, social and
political institutions. In all the; Spanish
American States, where the attempt has
tfeen made to introduce political; equality
among distinct and dissimilar races, it has
Been followed by incessant insurrection,
anarchy, poverty, vice, and barbarism.
; When the Union between the North
and South, under our present constitution,
means certain of success.
All accounts concur that it will be im
possible to restore the temporal power of
the Papacy in any form. : j I
'"vVe'have before us most frightful de
tails of prijestsj being dragged forth from
their hiding places by the populace, and
put to death ; their bodies have been
hacked into the smallest pieces and then
cast into the Tiber.
Southern civilization ?
But we ar tH that slavery is an evil.
Weil, so is war ar. evil, and o perhaps is -
government itself an evil, since it aUo is
Virginia is a thinly settled agricultural ' to the North, which thus had acquired ian abridgement of liberty. But one of
ine urt oiecfs ot our constitution is to
provide for war for ih common defence.
And the people of the United States pre
fer the evil of war to the greater evils of
being p!-:ndcm! and subdued. Thf yprc
fT thn evil of government, to the greater
eii oi anarci.y. oo ttie people ol the
instate, intersected by several ranges of i more than 1 00,000 square miles of terri-
Unountains. In many places there could tory over the South. Florida and Oregon
'not be found ten scholars in ten miles ! were acquired by the treaty of 1819, by
u . 4 TiT M r ! square. In such places a population might ! which the South got 59,208 square miles,
cure tnan tne iNorth in; lile and Mq q Uve comfortabyt but not to es- ! and the North 341,403, making the North
irom in. ivtciual crime, it has tablish a school, or send their children ' a!our 1.000,000 of square miles most,
least equally exempt from social . . 4 . .. , , TT , . Q4- 1 . .. ... , ,, .
" r-ii at li:nsnruuill.UArH)L IIUIJI SOCiai! i ... It . w-r . I , r . - rr
I aproau to Doarainsrscnoois. tience mere ; in loin i exas was annexed, whicn auiled
r :' U : .1 Li.i U : . I " . Ant., one con .1 o .1 ;Sri-i!n nrpfi' r l vrv f n I lm i-ito vf n d.nc
iiorn uie nusirni amy 01 lis wnue and f s . , Tn nnmmJ.;l nn,l mann(.M..P I pvph iTull Tuv..c..,ro ;n.i...t.i t ioio m:innf;rtirinT nnd rntninorrisil nnnntv
, t 'jvuwuio, 11.1 vuiiiiuqi vial uiki UKtiiuKiViui .v.. ,,,i 1 v ahi tn ir iiXIUUrU. Ill lOiCj o ...... . , - w -
.: i. : :.. 1 .1. -.t'j
nun wuiuii iiijvii iu ue nic v ji .line, Willi-
The combined Powers of Europe will ! yvas formed, the social nolUicalland eco
scarcely bej ablie even to set up hjs Holi- j tomical operation of the institutions pe
ness again on he throne of the aticatf. ciuliar to each, were! matters of theory
The tide of feeling has overflowed him ! and conjecture. We have now had the
nnd the Romans seem now bet on ex- Experience of half a century, artd the re
eluding sacerdotal and political authority s'ult is before us in the facts I have pre
for ever. sented; facts against which neither spec-
Intelligepce by tel'craph has fjeen re- ulative. philosophy, nor sectionaj prejudi-'
ceiveu Irom general Uuuinot to iJtn in' ces, egotism or fanaticism, can prevail.
slant, at which time there was a strong
ing states, or those) of small farms and
dense agricultural Population, this evil is
not so much felt. I
But Virginia' has a system of oral in
struction which compensates for the want
of schools, arid thai is her social inter
course. The social intercourse of the
south is probably rriuch greater than that
of any people that ever existed. There
is certainly nothing like the number of
visits among the families of a city, or even
the same square in a city, as prevails in
the country of the South. And these vi
sits are not fashionable calls, but last for
days and weeks and they are the great
resource of the South for instruction and
amusement. It is true that persons are
we obtained 520,078 square miles more
in the territories of New Mexico and Cal
ifornia. And now the North claims the
whole of this also and not only this, but
half of Texas besides, which would make
the share of the North exceed that of the
South nearly 1,500,000 square miles a
territory about equal in extent to the
whole alley of Mississippi, and leavin
not taught at such!
write, but they are
places to read and
taught to think and
converse, lhey are the occasions ol in
terchanging opinions and diffusing intel
ligence ; and to perform the duties, to
'; enjoy the pleasures! of such intercourse ;
to please, to shine, and to captivate, re
quires a degree of mental culture which
no custom of the North so much demands.
Accordingly the South exhibits the re
out it ; and the black marrinay prefer Ihc
slavery of the South, to the want, the
crime, the barbarism and blood which at
tend his race in all other countries. In tha
practical affairs of human life in its pre-' ;
sent state, choice of evils is frequently all j
that is. in our power. Good and evit in j
fact become relative, and nop positive. I
the South only about 810,812 square miles, terms- And the necessity is recognized, t
while the North retains 2,097.124, or near- ' b' the example of our Saviour, who ap- i
ly three fourths of the whole ! And this ' Plieu lhe extreme remedy of the Jash to
too when the South contributed her full ine money changers who prolaned the
temple. It is consistent for. a rigid sect
like Quakers to oppose slavery, because
they proscribe and repudiate war, and,
luxury, and all other evils. And we may
all hope for the time to come, when inthe
probability! that the French troops would
be permitted to enter Rome without op
position. Jn the General's despatch he
says, "Serious propositions of submission
are made to me already the anchor of
safety to the Romans. The 900 French
prisoners at Rome were accompanied to
Palo with jail possible demonstrations of
Iijutly, nnd; take the responsinlity ot any joy,
fktcpofLord fcl;in. No formal discussion j A letter of the
i i.;t" ; ".. J w.'i- ' ii' 1- . ! i r . I. ' . t.- I i
Times announces the
"' r cfCanfidian atlairs, until after the receipt landing at FinMicino of a Spanish force
I of littf tt intelligence,! which reached; Liv- v
hich was marching on toward Rome.
trnnnl'hrfdiTihliv ntl thf 'Otti I r i tUt f!nm.. i A. fruvtil tittimmt vins Kftincr mafl nt
j v "j J ' J rvw.ma, j. i k vll 1.11 j I VJ llfV w4j .,... Jt J
ma. i; . ; i y l'fiiermo to ir.ei uu nu uiijiku niaisitiiiuK
' , . . . .
It. will be observod, I do not 'compare
the whole people of the North with the
whole population of the South. I am now
comparing the whites only of both sec
tions ; it being the first object to ascertain
the effects of their respective institutions
On the whites of the two sections, I do not
compare Northern cities with Southern
but the white people, rural and urban to
gether, of one section with those of the
Other. I have referred more particularly
to Northern cities, because they contain
so large, if not the largest portion of Nor
share of the men and money by which the
whole territory was obtained. In the re
volutionary war the South furnished an
average of 10,714 men each year, and
the North 25,875, which nearly corres
.... t . . a
ponds with their respective number of progress oi nrisuaniiy me evils ot slave
citizens, and that too, although the war j T m lne ou'h, and those of pauperism,
was waged chiefly against the large cities crime an(I mortality in the North will be!
of the North cities being in war the most j greatly mitigated or abolished. But the.,,
tempting and the most vulnerable points j orth can now m.-fke no protest, because
of attack. In the war with Mexico the 1 the luxurious system of Northern civiliza-?
! South supplied two thirds of the volun- ! tlon not only subjects the great mass of
! leers, which constituted three fourths of ' PeoPle to unwonted labor and privation,
l the entire force emnloved. The rv-emi but actually sacrifices in prace a creater:
markable phenomenon of an agricultural j by which these wars have been supported, ! amount of e tnan is usually expended
people, distinguished above all others of the public debt paid, and the price forthe communities at war. . . .
the present day by the elegance of their ' territory furnished, has been raised chiefly If then the welfare of neither white nor,
manners and the intellectual tone of their by duties which notoriously operated de j "lack in the South would be promoted by
society, j signedly and incidentally to promote the lhe restriction or abolition of slavery,'
Th North ptU in Knnl-- Tn HIstnrv ndustrv and can ta of thft Xnrtk. and tn wouiu me prosperity oi me Aorta oe ac;.
shp has lUnnrnfi arirt Prnntt Tn Pntrv. onnress those of the South. I j vanced ? The only thing of .which the
Bryant, Helleck aid Whittier; in Criti- If, after all this, the South should sub
cism, Everett and Channing. In Sculp- ) mit to be plundered of her share of the
lure, she has produced a Powers. Her" territory now in dispute, when, asan ag-
i Franklin has drawn the lightning from ricultural people, she requires her full
heaven, and taught it to play harmlessly I proportion, she would be recreant to her
around our very hejarths her Morse has i interests, her power, her right, her honor,
1 H f
against the Neapolitans, but it appears ot have also preferred to compare the old
. r . a t i iiuuui iui oi tinoi : iTi ill r iii iiim .ri:i ninsi iiiil iiiiiv iiki-kiimi
osing meetings ot the iat ona ; i i Ar i . s . ., . A Ji ,
11 I At-.trvikt.r .- iLi. .in .. III. ,l5..iL..w.r.-- y 4 UU' ". w.w,H,, Miey aie Miiiuar in ciimme aim prouue-
' . disturbed by tKHse hostile proceedings. rions, but because in them the. effects of!
irv'itnailv 'SS a ma britv of $S i Al g:orn and Florence all is fighting ! the two systems are more developed and
Ut: ! - v. .. . V . ' . and confusion, i Tho Tuscan troops hav- I as has been centended. to the erreat dis-'
it wouio seem irom inesiaiemrnisinaue . , , .,,,.!" , r . . 0 :
... - . r ... ; ... . , ine hopti snnnnrtpfl hv the Austrians.enter- : nHna nto -r -P th Sr.ith
UU I UllttlgV V 1 llIU .
There is a class of topics of a more in-
ciative action, not
North' complains on its own acco int, is
the ratio of representation fixed by the.
Constitution, which gives the South a vole
equal to three fifths of the blacks. Itut:
on the other hand, in consequence of lher..
existence of slavery in the South, the
o lightning, and light- ! and her fame ; recreant to her history North has a monopoly of foreign eraigra-f
even given letters
ning to letters ! The North excels in the and her destiny.
. i i.: i : ..... i i
u.rrn pwpwmuuu-. nre ine uoast anu ts anJ ph sica, sienceSf in inventions i One of the proposed objects of these
characteristic of the Northern system. I I i : ' ..1: . ol i v-.i ...r' ' :-
, in i iiiniriiv piiipiii v i mm Tf"iv in MXMia ' i tn i in i i r i ii'i . ii in u imir i nr
fort tW iutjccl,thnV-M.Odilon Barroit did "g been suppord by he Austr at sinter
. J . .. ... . . r r -r-ed Modena on the 11th instant.
tangible nature, but not thejess important,
i uuv.utu uuy iiioii iiv-nwu iu vji ii. v;uuiuui, i rin i. L i- 1 . . 1 T i
h. - ? ,r.- . . i I ho Aiittrmhe hnrlnnt r.tprl Kolnornn
j all; and it had been determined that the , ,al he da,f h? st account but they j and which are much insisted on in this
eipediUon should Iproceed to Civita Vec- T l'Vasra?,w" Ui ",c i controversy, that.now remap to be briefly
i in s irrniiiirr v ii mi i i t'nri:irfi. i ur :j i i i i i : : j
Um, and there remaipras a moral check , r , J , , , J r . . -. consiuereu. ii is urgeu mai reunion any
dh the ladvance of the Neapolitans; and Bolognese; defended themselves ' Education are more prevalent and flour,
Auariahtfonlv to march on wld in hat,i otftH . acknowledge the , jshing in the North than in the South. It
; ; , 7 . r . , J . ri;, f.l. i lope, on condition mat tie VVOUIUCOnseni that the fnrm nf rlitrlmv evistincr
casc.of abso Ulo necessity. The Ministry ... ,. iv i'0 Ur u-.o s T"e t,!t 1 ie orm rf,,g, s.t,n8
hi wiciinoo;.... f . . i ... "f m i r w f.iiiiitKi. anu nv iaw psiAO isnei .
She excels in asso- Northern reformers, is, to promote the
merely for Railroads ' prosperity of the South. 1 have shown
that she wants none of their aid, and that
there are at home thousands of criminals
to reform and hundreds of thousands of
paupers to be relieved, on whom their
iii!anthrophy may be exhausted
however." were not uhaninous in tbis i and
it is feared that Gen: Oudinot was influ
enced, in his conduct by the advicerof a
ecrtain; factioh, of which M. do Fulont is
'the' head; ' '' !! 3 A
On Saturdav,.in: a reply to an attack by
'.MllocQn it wasj stated that as sopli as
,tW Government heard that the Russians
and manufactures, but for literary, bene v
blent and religious objects. I do not de
sire to detract one iota from her exalted
merits and high civilization. But in indi
vidual character and individual action,
the South excels. For a warm heart and
open hand ; for sympathy of feeling, fidel
ity of friendship, and .high sense of honor ;
for knowledge of the sublime mechanism
of man, and reason and eloquence to de
light, to instruct and to direct him. the
South is superior ; and when the North
comes into action with the South, man to
tion. 1 his amounted, as we have seen."
from 1829 to 1840, to a million and a half,
including its increase, ln the previous
thirty years it must have been, with it in-f
crease to this day. at least half a million!
JMnce 1S40 it Las amounted toja.
million ! -ides. So that the North has
the vote and the power of thrr-e millions,
j of people against the political power.
i ;. - ti.., ,.-..! r..- ,i, iu wnicn slavery now comers, anu mai is
JO II I VI I 111 I. ...II1IV7 KJ 1 lllb Ol li V IIH J - -
arc contending? I hold it to be the duty tquivalent to a white population only of
even of him who undertakes to subvert aboul two millions. - ;
the established order of things, to mani- j And furthermore, by the peculiar agri
fest at least as much respect for experi- cultural employment of Southern industry
ence of emancipation has been ample and and carital, the South is a customer ahu
In Hayti, the black, after extermina! ing
i ... ? -.
'.mem ; OUl Uip VVU&irmil .comtimilUKr iv . ;.v- Atremelv striet. ftn.l'selr.dfti.vinO"; -as I r T,.flT. n iu.. e 17-U: P ire i.n ini;inii,,n9 u.wl Toc-ttn,- Tho
.... I. L . . . 5 . ;-- - " J ' " " "P-.J O Ul JCUr SUII LU lillUUUII. irUIIl If ilSLlllli:- no wn i,.:iuuiiui.) cin uioillll. . liv.
plied, that, sutjects could not he permUKfU hRt of Vir?iniat the Episcopal, was then fton to Taylor. And it is lo the solicitude result is hat they have relapsed intopri
10 oiciaie cuuomuns i turn suicib. bne o themost indulgent ol IVotestant
man, in council oriin the field, the genius the white population, r mained ind pen
of the South has prevailed from the days dent and isolated, the exclusive architect
At Venice, UadetzKi has gone? lurtner spnt nut it is well known that the Pu
than this. ; Tbje Venecians asked for, an j ritan character has lir eh rapidlyldegener.
armistice,;in carder that they mighjt obtain ating antl passing away. Indeed the; forms
a mediation pf France and England, to of that fahh are no jonger dominant' in
kri,!rt ;ni,.rf,.rp in r.HKnsni' thev tvrnte "t "I.".; tioston, me ancieni seal oi us power, anu
Pfmp4ror. In, mailer. wo? d ln iMt place lhe Unimrians' have pre-
tfZ 'vil 1 -nl! Sl-ri U P!!' : '' ' nter ere Ibe. vailed, a, ,hey are fining gtounB ra-
irinUfi.. : .LuV L. i" .i . W-rcn hnn ami his rebellious suDjects ni(Sw. ia ,ew En-Hand. A ehftnge has
vp uivii iiiiioi in. ui inuiiu. i'i : n . . . i ,. n . i ,K. iQ.u
tilomntlc imenns :! and if thev vhmilil f;iiL
,. i.i a ......i.. I j ac.con.nt states
i,viuti .urn in viuivj lui ii tpiy to ine i
K itt tonal Assembly for its advice and cir- ?
enhance. ; i I Uon
i In cgnscquencn of k vote of censure by
the Assembly, M. Leon Fauchcs, Minis. The
cr oi uie ; in'.erior, rcsiirneu nis poriiono .""
into thdha.nds of the President; and it is
id. th'a several ! others of the present
will resign, as soon as thev can
. i. i . 'i . . o : o
TiiW would endeavor to annul it by di- ue AU1! , 1 1 , ! T cjrlu'. occurred in Virginia, but a change in the The abolition of African Slavery inthe , my of twenty thousand men was ad vane- the ruins of her urn
.. T : i . . . v 7 - .. inKtnntn an assault, and the Venetian L:. j: .: tl.,.,.,i r i.. v?.c ... . .: , J . :,. .u- .., x .. e i : n
- - - . iiiirif imi r iiiii'i'i uui. iiiir-nu in inn iiiiia ' niir n noc n a. n t t r nr f-kM -w - -, inn 0 w-r iiur hu;iiiil i ur iiiiiii.iii.il iu ii. wik ciu ores iti i t iru i in i
I " ; r uuuiii ii c o uccu uilcu iui ninny tcaio u y -----w-. r , ci iw w..v ...
... . . i -. i t rwy V
which the rural lite ot the South attords, ' tine narnansm. lhe exports ot llayti
so favorable to reflection, and it is to the , amounted in I7S9 to about twenty fiv
elevated rural society of the South so fa- i
vorable for the study of human nature,
that we must ascribe those qualities of ;
persuasion and sejlf-command by which
her statesmen and captains have moved I
the public councils and won so many a
I j j jl 1 1 1 I v ' " -r- T uu wvi ui&iv& iui ill n i iv jttna - j
s;that tlrey made a rally and conalians the Baptists are predominant a nortion of Northern nennle. And nnw
800 prisoners, which needs contirma- in Virginia. Thus under the operation its restriction to its nresent territorial lim- i Another plan of emancipntion is to send
of their respective institutions, ihG reli- its is the" avowed nurnose of almost everv the liberated to Liberia, but besides the
gion of Massachusetts has receded from Northern State.
Empero reached Si. Petershyrgh from one of the most strict to one of the most policy rests, is the assumption that slave- j it impra
v on the st instant. There had already relaxed systems of the Protestant faith 1 ry s sinfuf and unprofitable. The means death o
d irrio (ilallicia, ea route (or Hungary, while Virginia has advanced from one of tiow relied on to arrest its future progress, ' the emi
consumer of Northern manufactures and
commerce and of North weMevrn Mgricol
lure. Abolish slavery and .convert the
S,uth into a pe ople of mechanics, artizans
and merchants ; and instead of being a
customer, she becomes a competitor of ifio
o'her section. And if the march of pau
perism, crime and mortality of the North
millions of dollars thev do not now a- be so great now, what would it be then t
mount to one tenth ol that sum. The The condition of modern civilization5 is
llaytien contents himself with the culti- far more laborious and oppressive than. :!
vation of a few yams for a mctv subsist- tiie ancient. The seats of ancient science '' !i
ence, and a mere hut for a d .veiling. The aI;J the aits were in the mild climales'of
blacks and mulattoesare .it civil war, and the Mediterranean shore, orln the South
yesterday's papers announced that an ar- j of Aia and Europe. And in America,1 j
recorded civilization i
arenque and Copan,. I
all in a similar climatp. The genius of' j
England has carried civilization to a more I
Northern latitude, and that , of America -
ha extended it, if not higher in- latitude, '
to a still more rigorous climate than that !
of England. The wants of such a elf- I
mate are great and imperious. The cost ,
of fuel alone in the city of New York ex-
The basis on which this expense ot such a system, which renders
j it impracticable, it is attended with the
f from one fourth to one half of
. i. . i . r
progress, ; me emigrants iy iuc tuasi icvrr.
Of the people of the j The third plan attempted is that by the
9 o ivithout
, eh lllcctions. According to the re-
must oe warm worn oeure ii is overv uuor-
j,i. , . - - - lirv uas uiiBiru U'"ui iiimirs iuai uuccr To-
received uj lo mninigni on i nurs- faseg to take bink notes shall be hanged.
dafj' SAh0V lurnf 15 ociIisi can. j I GERMANY. j
u,'l-lles.' , Arrnnlinor In nmiilur etnternent r 1 .
sl Would appear that 9 Socialists, and 19 Pwssia has followed the lead of Austria, nd
'crates had been elected. The candi- wnourawniner peiegaies irom riauKior . i e
?laare known to hnve obtained a ma- oher principal j Powers will now doubtlessjdo
rJoritV ni lft !' ...: ..... the same, j I I
. ii anus vvi: iiuilce H'C
;nam.8 pf Lucieh Mhrat, Ledru Hollin,
r 11 ugo, Odilon Barret, Cavaignac,
Pierre Lerbux. i !
.Cotistttutioncile states that the election
to; the assislanc4 ofihe Austrian, 120.000 Rus- ' the most indulgent, to one of the stricter is not the Dcrsuaslon
sions, with 350cannon and 27,000 cavalrys. forms of religious discipline. There are slave holding Stales, but the numerical ' British in their West Indies the plan of; Ceeds S1G.000.000 annually. Tbe"cloth--
. . . . ii !" : - ii ; i . ' . i ' .. . ' ' " . . .it... i- l . i ' '
oen. pem is wen itreu 10 give inenp;a :;no means ol 'ascertaining the numher ot power Qf the free States acting through ! gradual aooinion uy apprenucesnip anu mg must be much warrrwr, ma nouses
warm recetioii in Transylvania,, and there membe'rs in all the churches in the sever the Federal government. Suppose 'now i ultimate equality of black and white ; more substantial, the M more nourishing, knd j
al states. Virginia has about u,uuu oi the South bad a majority of votes, and ; and this aiso nas laiieti. ine exporis ut an more eipensive nana nuiurrcimwr.. .-u i
i-..:... l uUo,9nnnn tihide . ; :.- j. :: . : Imaifa have nlraftv. in the first ten this rireat augmentation of the iMirthent i"f CI- t
uauiisia aiuur, one uoo ou,uuu were iu auiiuuuuo lis ucici iiiamiiuu iu ti - . - , -.
and a larger proportion yet of Kpiscopar rest the further progress of commerce and years of experiment, fallen one halt. 1 lie
Hans than any other state, together manufactures in consequence of their pov- J negroes refuse to uork, even for high wa
ste must have hor full proportion. ! ertyV pauperism.crimel and mortality, w hat j ges, beyond what is necessary for mere
But it is in Education that the North ; would be the sentiment everywhere felt subsistence; the planters are bankrupt ;
claims the great pre eminence! over the in the North ? Why one of indignation, j plantations are already abandoned, and
South. In Massachusetts, according to scorn and resistance. Such does the j the island is hastening to the condition of
the census of 1810, there were 5 but 4418 South feel now ! .; j Hayti. . U
white nersons above the age of twenty When the North American colonies 1 he lourlh plan oi emancipation is tnai
wno could not read anu wriie anu m tomcucrmcu ior resisiautc iu ur(.i un-
Virginia there were 58.787. Inbhio there ain, the territorial erae of the Southern
were 35.3G4 ; in Kentucky 46,010. In portion of them was 618,202 square miles
fill; . . . - . . . m- ,-. o inr ' TLi.f.- . lv f . U . TlUi.ri nrtlif 1 ft i 1 n r
TJie Grind Duke of Baden has been obliged
to fly froni his capital, whilst in Ilberfifld,
Dusseldrof Unjgenr O.elinn, and in all she
market towns in Rhenish Prussia, the insur
gents have!; erected barricades, and rhade ithe
constitution a piretence fir tumult.
01 TlO riferv--. I. mi .
: - vnimiiiiii'ins. Knnwn nn n n rcrt r - . . e . i. s i niic oi.ou : in ir luun iu,uiy. w.. . . i .
&h?Kti r..u-...i ',r. r: constitution a pretence ior iu..n ... . K ' . ,:....;; a Th,, tht nf th Ndnhrn onlv 1 04.081. or i white, or seeking other States- mis ex
. r Ml y'wmK resuui.TCV A, Berlin a sorf of Congress has assemtd, . nm... v.u Z; 17. " r:. ' , u -eei.eded. The eman
r,,Muives, ol whom 293 are moder,' and Baron! GaW. schemefa Ge man FVd-1" appears that whilst there are more ma, nouui ,our. I . 7 , rteVnntnear to be will
Vkf: 80aUsts ad 75 jeral State hasten revived, a double conM-1 twelve times as many illiteraterSons ,a j had, by Royal charter, he whole North- cpated riv""n1"
tyend! of the constitution. cration toube tie basis. JVustria cdnsent to the oldest Southern as in the oldest Nor- western territory jm her limits, and during mg to perform the amount ol vori ncccs
vilized life mul he borne in the N-iVlh bTree- '
men, not as of old by slares. U.-nce we hate i
seen the fearful struggle of Northern labor1 fnr
subsistence ; notwiih.tanding lie iaiaiense! ski j
it has derived from modern marhioery anf io-t
venfion. Hut take from that labor the ctutorii,
and subject it to the cornpetitiun cf lhe South, i
where so much less is rrq'iired f.r S'itf7iee
.uui that so murti cheaper.' and the result Wnuld i
. ..1. T l . U c. Kuan nnmnr nn tvith II a P h H t i ' ...a ...t -r. T iV. V.iU
vUlt;u nas !'. rvx'o " ' -- , ne as ruinous lo uie iirr.ii ji uniiui luc .iuiiu, .
of manumission by the will of the master; as to tal 0r ,jjC gou,,. lhee two great; sys.i
tho frprtlmnn rp rnainintr vvi th b acK anu
tems hare grown up tgeiber. 1 hul of the
North could not hae so much expan li'd with--
fli Itil.i ' 1 1 r uui
out a market
s have grown so gTeat but for the de!
id supplies of the North. Together
i -I i
: " ; ' . -!
' ----- -'- 'p;-f)r ,