rj 1- !
I f -
T t 1 I W .
: 1 i
' V( .r
' at f
i PaWUyiw I TTall giil Mi 1 i isis wst " 1 ( -'
!' ; .i.';:.i;Ji! .' i; r,atc6n:ituteaStole f . : . C "
1 1 1 Ni hj'itfc Wtleme uts of laWd, mound,
' .'''NTl llMs ivullor moated pale, j
. J. . '. . .1 ' . -.1 t J . ia J
I iot ciuesprouu, wan Fpircn una lurrciE erowu
; t i biy nljbd nrm'd ports, j
UVre-laughter ai the storm, rich nay ies ride,
,'1 i; l (Noritarrt-d,iWi'janfflel eoijrts, ! ;
'.Where low hrow'd bast-iiefs waft perfume to pride,-
..;.- u f': : M '
M; - fNo. .JMenJ.hisli minded men q H
i -.Men whp thtir duties know, ' '
' ! But know their rights ana kuowir, dare, mam-
I The depo.iition which pervades otft State, caused
J ' ' ! by Unji reefnt death of Chaei.eaFmhe.4 is evidence of
ith high ppreclaliou with which ;h:s character, epri-
"f cei, and taent'werc regarded. i .
. ! ' Akaitriatrd hi ha been his service, with the hintorv
j t if the State for the la thirty year, it i alike duff to ; qjg private affaire. He wrote a letter tb tM Convetion,
t W-rvioetai well o a tribute to hi talent and irir- I he being absent from the State, declining 4 fon
' I' i'tne that inil,mcmor;a1 ahonld 'be pregcryed wliich stated, and the' Hon. G. V. Caldwell wap homiaatcd.
!! 'j- fclwuld trnthfullf present them to the country. I He-- also declined on account of ill-heafth ahd p(riv4e af
' ; i Such i a graceful obhtion to departed worth ! Not kire, and Mr. hepard, (James B.,) was chosen th,e
h f t'. .ji - ' J..... I I a.. .1. - .l.J u.. . I ! . r S" . '
. benefit may reu!t to the living. It act a an incentive
I to other Vhilf they'admire hi service and brilliant
. i career, to emulate bi patriotic example..
Q . wh'q nhnll lightly ay that Fame
Is ntliiig but an empty name,
WlMle1n;that natnc there is a churm
iTtn nerre to brace, the heart to.warm,
n thinkiiiff t.i the mighty dead
Thf )ouLli(lia!l rnH from slothful bed,
And vow with ulift hand and luart,
A record of .ch Service act. dirertlv on 5 others.-
like tuna to act a noble part.
! Sailuft1 inf.f-m iim that Maxima and" Sipiu, wheneycr
tbey bctH-Ul the mfmilo statm-s 01 ineir iiiiisinoucoin
a..4 . .. -L .-!t L.I T. t.l .....a 1... -M
irrtnen Were vimentiv exriieu, "iicouiunoi, ntnnm, i
: V . t i. . ... i
"txitn Cola marine mat potWHHru mm .miniy wrr.
It wa the reelection of nobie action winch Kind ed
" . . r . . . : . ' . .
i which Kindled
thi generii flame irf thfir lratoiily
- , , a . , I ..-.Li, "-I, "i ti:,
, i. ,;: When they; alo by their actions and virtues had acqu.r-
V . iw nuencneu,
, ' r:,d,,ul.rnm'a5K,n;. ... i . . . i
' ii The ehornrtcr of her son chiefly constitutes the cha- f
i i'ricter of irfc?talf. " They elevate or degrado her. j J
.' i"Korth Carolioa, in th death of Charte Finlier, hWj
i-kt one of her most ciiterprininjr citizen,; llow.ui county
one of its hrijjhtest ormnients. society one of its most
1 useful ineinlKTir. ' j,
An untiring f try of charae'er, a cKar and compre
hensive in tiellictj a penetrating antr persuasive, if niot
roniinndin j tfiuemee ; knowledge depp and varied,
Utll o mcjn and Shrinks, elevated him to high and re
spotisihle 'stations in our republic ; and his mcritB we)rc
alwnyii equal to his jiosition. . ! . .,-
' As a statesman, ho .was patriotic, liheral, and un
daimttd ' as a citizen, he wns puhlie spirited,' generohs
. ami activo ; and as a friend he was devoted, unflinching
and incrrv - j I , , I '
i To say Uiat hie had no faults, would be to siy that lie
was not a fnan. ; 'Actively engaged ns foe oftn was, by
I circumstances in the angry contl.rfs ot party, it is not
. ; to he disguised that while a wnn:w;,:d ,angu.ne temie- f
r r. ,a FHiu-r. i i , V i a "
creates c-nemjes. Rut Mr. I .sher cherwaed no malice.
1 1 If to never forgot h.s SrmuU, he f..rgave his enemies.
!J,;T!P thm wh, felt the force ofl..s lareirts, the energy ;
rVVt? C r'1,1 1 H,Wcr n.r,n ",; Vih d,FCUTai'
I when th contest was over, acknowledged the geneM-
ty of ,hm tnnp-r and the nobleness of hi disposition.---
k When the news of hi. -leath reached his residence, a
i ..l.l-. ... i:.. Ut,l ' .U- I,,.,nl I.. ,.;,. , !
I 'tiling mcfi.iii-' n ua in iu uu hip iiiiiaiiiivMY iituuoiuu .
' L , ti ia u- ' i
inany who wer always politically opposed to him united
:.. : . i . r L It' '
m it, and one of trie nut-t active in that meeting, was a
Piitlemah who was his opponent fur Congress in a heat-
ed And Violent contest, ill 1839. - .
. It is k redeeming and noble feature inhuman charac-
ter not Wwar agabst the powerless or the dead. In
the heat of contest, ;
'Tlint stern joy which warriors feel,
j ' . j In finding foe men worthy of tjiesx steel,"
: animufes us ; but the Contest onco over the merits and
4 : virtue! of a geneKms adversary, are appreciated and ac
. kndwledjcd. 'Hi in was the case with Charles Fisher,
, j i Such men are alike the ornament and defence of a State.
-'I'll! 1 1 ' f tk np A nil innmifi' n raft ti a tvfitiii u iPrvrAHif '4 A
be chcrislicd liko the Uoinan matron did her brave bons.
slier brightest jewels. -
' . If there be some among us who knew well the origin-
ai, and with whom the excKement of party and person
T O, n 8,l",,1rC,," Wvbe Vrtmt. although No. 34 Aw'T GENEltAt'S pFhcE
trnJhfuUy :akctehcd. may arom t.w highly colored, jtl' . ) WoshingtolVUne 19, 1849.
ahuHild he. rvcollvclrd, that the most faithful artist often r , - ,. . , ! I. A . ,
feels at liberty to hide some minor defects of counten- ! L 1 hc blowing orders of lhe President of
ance, by the lijjht or shade of some bold, prominent and ' live United States and Secretarvlof War com
- commendable points of feature. : . . . . . , .J!.. I . i, r, '
iv.t ... nit ;t. k. ma.ju.i:l - : 1 municate to the Army the death of the Jata Ex-
and v1rtuef departed worth, and such faults as are in -
from our nature, bo buried in the irravc with
jj aiay aviivarml II II 11 IV a
(Km r.klla.. ..1ln .. I -
Charles rislicr was Imm in Rowan jcountj on the
Ortlli faa.'..n. 1-Ofi It:., a...! -1.J.I
iu yvHnrii i icj., 111a miner rwnovcu irom onenan
doah counly.T irinia, to Rowan county,; before the Rev-
, , otuiNtn, ami was a sturdy Republican iu,1776, andserv-
t j ed in the War aa a Militia Officer. T
I v. Hit education was conducted under the caro of the
" Jtet.'pr.-John duMon, in Cabarrus ctuhty,&iid finished
;! i'i i V J;f;.IclbetHcr, of Ualcigiji. It never ex-
tended beyond tins.
lie married in Apnl, TSI4, Christina Beard, daughter
a of Ikwia Beard'alifbury, by wliomlhe had several
; chiljilren ; three of whom survive ; a son and twodaugh -
' Vr wi e dioct taut June, on her retarn from Honda.
wrnisj B4mwW f mill vutuni vu n na ivv vr 'ivviv y
but such was the dtnand made on hit time by other
fmnuiti he never practiced it to any extpnt. Doubtless,
, lad his ixclusivo attention been devotejd to the profes-
' aion, from his natural quickness of perception, his ready
J tact, his strong and comprehensive reasou, and laborious
j, research, h'o would have attained tho highest eminence.
ronnne nau marHeu out for mm anotiier career, to
4 i which his elementary knowledge of the Law, was an
i unporiaoi aid and here he sitone conxnicuous.
I i j f Senntorrl the $tatt fiCBjwIattiro from Kiwan. Iu 819,
;J 7 on Die death of the ; Hon. (Je. IMunifotjd, he was elected
j "i. , v Mil memherof. the House of Representatives in Con-
I .". . awA. 1... .-.:.. .f nnt ..-a ' nr 1 .
! ! Ifl.ie-M, he wWaJain re-elected to cUgrc, tor a
; f, ', j :i term, by a Urge majority, over HonXhn Ijon-r.
n j er! ervuijf thrunghnnt this Con jreiw, hp retired from the
V' ioi!f .n4- fatiJTtJ;f il rvicci, to attend to the welfare
i H fwi Jieir aervice. , Iu lbl, he wan ejected a member
;.; ,ff he Ifoii.10 of rjoimnons from Rowai county. From
4hituneito l3G, he ervedinthe H.iiuseofCommins,
Wmwmxwm, as a member ;hjr from the conn,
IVOI ICuWanortlie UnU'T!i -.f Snlikliiirv n latnir nnaj tin.
urUhi Deriod nf rmMirt
- ' . 7 ' " I . " " ' -'"6
diowii akcr of tho House of Commons. Those
: ... . I -.1 L ' . - . ..
no crvoa wwn nun, (amonjr wiiom wa writer
1 ' , i Th? teadiiirM with which ho perteived, and tho
1 'Tl' p ' r,y,,,M!,rw!i,l y. otMuaed . 411 parliamentary,
! : wup, u;a wroaniuvaud unnartialatvi Hinteil nttiveitanl
linnrobation. IbIK..u ilfZn
Wm a dWate fnm Uuw.iV. t r-.li.:..--n-i
r.-.v..v,,.Hi81Vm .Billion, mc uiTiny anu gociaieu wiiti it in History than tne Army and
IhTlIone herrfcW'ti'Bn' P' achievements. Accordingly, the
in UoUbc, comoo of such men as Gaston, Nash, .- . a . . .....I " -M ,
Hinry, Kath's. Hill. Bra-, and others. i President orders that appropriate M ill art hon-
J ! r . i'j uJMBd tho Constitution of the Stale This was an im.
I : if' cai,n - Tjiw was the firvU convention that
? m f .1 m niei snato ner her iudepcfcdoneo had been
i I'i' i i aelMoved. ImiHriant onci'lnm Knl Ai:-..- '.
ht ' ' inUrc't! Iw,,rt' 1 be reconciled, and Heat .princiides d;s" . On the day succeeding UiQ arriv
I- ' tj H LThiT1m.ft,H lh'- aud wfc'hcitab!ert n en, " General Order" each Miliary
ijljlnX'tr Yli ill-he paraded at 10 V
f . J iKDe -'rhtiSani'lCarmn. Wtd-n V l.'ji.j: "i " iiirni, ucr v
h t !. " . '7. r . " ' --------....... i'vhib oua:rni. Jesse a .1 ...
f tl i j. . 7i ;r --un, auu oiiiere, i . ti . J :n ... 5
; " m . ' invention, inere aMr. FisWr.
ijntsaHd acquirements slion confpieUmaly. The de
. . a, , ,. f ... . 7 . r n r part
i K:rrrrrrr.'7 '"T-'-V,:"f7ulno1 amse,i At dawn.ofdav. ihii teerT o-iiha ,...11 .
.- r ' i rf Ml iiiiiA li Mfril i tiiTi hjiiI rK.nnlnr nnTit4t nrAH 1:1 i -
-'t::. i - . .
- ,: .v,!. nu, ajum uruuni urwaru 8 a canaidatii
r n a. iaia i . . - . ....
. i ! r. i. f ..r 1 F f-v ' . ' '. .... ;.,
Hi. prmcinles bmd hi. party Vere in lar-e minority.
fnsopposuap was aetivej and itscaijdidate (Dr. riea$
i nt lienor tfi) Was talented and popular. Jlr. Usher
' VV, r'1 u y "iaJ-'rn; 01 1 J vote His majority
tor 300 votes at-.i.Uhury, anions hi neighbors anddai.
a M aVJ F
I . I
A Anef pcrvipig :thrtusb this Congress he retired to
n-s iinww..ti aat,.ntlf,u to his privat concerns which
fmili his co'istat.1 anil ii iL. .,m:. iv
td tiif saaia Qualities in nrirai
I BBiI it wn r-i.n minifmt in hi snccriU. But it was not
wi.7 m wo wioweo uy m people tcMemain iu
tircuii rt. 'li, 1PJ.V ml,ii a a,. .
. " . - t . ' " r . , T V v ifyn mo state, na
, as conunBlii d by a D.utrict rKvenftHn ,f ih ra,
fecfa ic jiarty as a candidate fur Conjrja,, jn h- distrielf
Ui rrrecentid by Hon. V. M. Barr!
io?r, He rcfus
. t istate.niauliVW. lie was mio of the edinmittee by whom : aT l'wardaTat intervals oftf ir.tyjninufes be
' -j ''jthe pivKent CmMiiation ot it now exist v was drafted, ! tw(een the rising and setting siln.'.a sirgl gun ;
i :j he ,inosf UsofMl wemjfowcC'the conTen'' and at the closer of the day aliational fealute
- : I
ed at firet, to allow hi name toXe u?d ; but finay be
consented much against m wwra, mierw.. m u piyaie
matter. Ha enjraged in the canvass,-ashdidinYery
thing cle, witli all hi heart and . mimtr He iiddrjessed
his fellow citixen at every place he possibly could, it
great length, and often twice a day ; Sometiire8 iding
more than fifty mile without rest; and when he bould
not go, he was active in writing and sending pi-intcfd ad
dresses to the people. Such were his exertion, sucti the
force and ingenuity of his arguments,"that he onl lost
hi election by 27 "votes in a district fwhich, wheal he
commenced, was sappoeed to contain an oyemhebiilng
majorHy.against him. This is the oniyeiecuon m rmcn
he ever failed before the people; and such was the ef-
fprtnf hUfi:rtiiihat hi political opponentsiiia not tnmK s
he dis Hct any longer reliable, and alredh a thinext ;
Uion of the Legiature. 1 ! f
i At various times ne was Daiioiiea xor in me ufiisia- j
ture as Senator in Congress. At onetimq, (IB29 only j
a few votes would have elected Jiim. Io 84l?, biwa. j
the unanimous choice of his party vne qiaxe loroy- s
ernor. He was compelled to decline ft, oh atcoilnt of
contra! committee. S
Deeply imbued with the principles i( republicaaiism,
Mr. Fibhcr was the strong advocate of th rights hf the
people, againt the encroachments 6t privilege i and
Well versed in history and theory o our Cohstiution
he wb the firm, undaunted, and unyielding fncjnd of jay, the Treasury Department will be jmme
State llieht against .Federal, eneroacedt arid usW- j dialely'p!aced in mourning, ndH business' will
tions. The last effort.be ever made in pbliCk tht the j , J r , ,
writer of this recolleets, was last fall oft the intUafjon of
the citizens of Catawba County, whenpe addrepsectthem
with the Hon. II. W. Conner, BurtonCraige,
?Jhcre' true PrinciPIeB he ffP f
I iiivpmmpni. i e
It would swell th'.s sketch far beyoild the ptopeflim
its, to discuss, or even allude to the various public meas-
' , , . , - ... a .
- ures that he originated. advoSated amonjr the people,
. . . y in,vi Vlrr.(a
" v, ... -"-s- ! . r J J 17 -
from 1na vannim renorts. or codv his Tarious sneflches.
z,: . - ---- ' ' . a a
inese belong to some omer pen. vv.neii .oiu itiure
- Ar t.. nrPo.nt to North Carolina the
names, services, and labors of her son!, hp carifind am- ;
r-. V, , . .. sitn4ii,--m r,
pie materials on the records of the State and hat,n, to
do j uHtice to Mr. I' islier 8 rf Pu'on ifj TT 1 n
extracts would be improper here. In writing this a con- ,
slant endeavor is made not to stir up ijhelfiresjof politi-
cal excitement, now covered by the ashes of jthe Slead. j
But all of
f. r(a ilia '
us now aainu i, . ""l I
welfare of his nativ e: State find coUnt was :
' . w. . a u ;
the chief object. I j I
iTo Rowan county, his lods is severe; As one ojf her
magistrates, or one of her representatives, hej ws al
ways a devoted servant: Her people! returned this at
fectioiu " They loved himbecause hefirst loved tlem."
His last effort with his pen, was devoted to her welfare
and improvement. I j I
It may not be improper here to notice,vthat to but few
counties, has the councils of the Stale ibeen morjB in
debted for able and powerful men to elevate her chlirac-
a , .. v. ... .-. r r.
, . .nnntvi f
time ia 183l,and 1832; B&e had the Sfeak-
era of hoth Senate-and House of Commons from Row-
Uo D F. Caldwell in the Senate and Mr. Eisher
. f. mrttia At an. h fim h& (uralionfcom.
wiih the Hoi$ R. M. Person,
now on the Suprcine Court Bench. lt, is doubtful if
t, . f, , BL4 ...L iw
J ' , r i i
of "Tl J u;. ...
. , I , . . . i s.: .Li. a j
ample and patriotism remain for hereto emaiates and
: ' . cK. 1 u ' ' u T 'J
I cherish. She is worthy of such a son, as he Was.lwor-
.. J . . , L,ai. u
JlllllUUli UlIU 11 IIICTO UOO UCUOI WH, ovaiiivv, v-
01 ,icn a """"f- """1 "av3Vr:
l,mS iwair county,. ior ue is mutiny -fuu
m heJ fY- . . ; 3 1
Hue dled'5fter a" ne.88 J 8eLtel1 Pr twajveaya,
?? ,--e 7t,h 1849' l ,the 00th year of his aer at
iiiiisuoro , tscoii eouuiy, iVLissiBsippi, on nis reiura noiiie,
surrounded by kind friends and cheered by the consola
tions of Religion. j
Although he lies buried far away, his; name and ser
vices will be long cherished in North ; Carolina, h& tal
ents admired and his virtues emulated! VV.
- I I ;
' 1 1 1 1 .. i ,. , . . b , at. .
DEATH OP EZ-PRESIDENT POIiK.
" " 4 I I
OFFICIAL. I r
General Orders, ) War dIwrtmeInt. I
i President James K. Polk : t l
Washington, Juxe 19,
The President, wiih deep reijret, announces
i to the Amencan l'eopre the death ol James Iv.
! !- II- n !Jl... -P.I. VT!aij C5.-aJ -Lllt-L
, .T , ...
occurred at Nashville on the lath instant!
j A Nation is suddenly called.; upon id mourn
v the loss of one the'recollectionrl bf whloseS long
services in its Councils will be forever prd so rv.
, . .... r . . . li 1 i
ed onlho t&,h of story. j ! j
s As a mark of respect to lhe memory ofla cit-
' izen who has been distinguished by the high-
csl nonors which his country eonlri liestiw, it
is ordered that the Executive IViansioij anki the
several Departments at Washmgton lie iinme
diately placed in mourning, and all bufeindss be
l-J J I a- L A : I I
suspeuuuu uui ing lo iiioriuw. . i
It isfurther ordered that theB War and Navy
Departments cause suitable A ihtary land Na
val honors'to be paid, on this occasion, to the
memory of the illustrious dead. '
War Department, Jis'e 19,
The President of the United Sta
fulUf regre , announces to the Army the Heath
Af - James K. Polk, our distinguished iand hon-
ored fellowcitizi'O. ! t
He died at Nashville, the 15tS'instan.t. hfivln
( "u,,.e9 al tnjs Capital, and retted to his home
amid the congratulations of his ' 'fellovt.citzens.
He died in the prinie of life, after hhvirif le
ceived and enioved the highest; honors of ,h
... " J - i
I Administration wa? eventful. lo likncli
of oi tne uovernmeni wn; : t more iniimateav as-
- 1 C . I ar.-i . -ii i :' !
! ors shall be paid Jo his memofy by the Army
q the United Slates.
r" A"J'"l vencrai wnigive ine neces
i mm... .i: ...... i i ...tnf. .1 . J. '
instructions lor carrying into.drleet the
tpregoinj' or. e. S.
' G. W. CIlAWHOuD.
-- ar . . .
secretary oj qr.
al fif this
clock A. M.,
hibh nil la
or "r iuc uay win cease.
- i The National Flag will be diiplaydd M half
' J " m99 " u uc?uiiu.i
o ah rtv in. ' i i
rvu. fiK ,.r i S iti ...L !:
'- .J'.v. T , - weari crape
! "i aua,on Vf swfdf
- "'"' oi ue several regimenis will pc put
, 111 imournjl2 for 'the period of sjx miintfis.
Py order : R. JONES,4f dtneVa.
StatC Dkpartmext, X0xe1 19 ll49.
cive i 1" pursuance u the Pregidnt's order Vf this
I . - A . i i I t
: day, the State Uepirtment v0l Ue inimldiate
! J . 1 . . j "i. HT.,"T'ai.e
and albuinei$ 4:ill be
morrow.1 !i ) !
JOIh n. CLAYTON,
re. 1 1 1
- - : i 4 h ! -
NaVT PErRT.UENTvJ71Nl2 10, 149.
The President of the United Stdlei with
deep regret, announces to thcfNavy aridjto the
;: ,r, " MS-;..
Marine. CorDS IM dealt! of James K. P4k, our
latdisiingisl.pdf arid H9orediVl!ow.:iitzen.
He died Lt Naihvilje,! the; llhiinstaiit, bav.
ing but recently left the theatre' of his high pub.'
lie duties :.alA thi Capital, ant! retired to hir
home amid the coiigrattilations of hi fellow.cit.
izens. He died In the prime of lifv after hat
ing receired and enjoyed the hlghe3t honors uf
the Republic. j ' : " 1
His Administratioin was eventfuU r The Na,.
vy and the Marine Corps and their, glorious
achievements were intimately associated with
.. . . . . )
history. Accmaingij, '
that appropriate Military honors be paid lo his
its history. Accordingly, theTresident orders
memory ai eacn mi na
Slktions, and on jioard all the!; Public Vessels
. cornmiljSioni ( firjmr thirty tninute guns, be.
nVlrk M. on lb dav! after this
communication is; received ; b carrying their
flags half-mast for one week, find by the Offi
cers wearing crape on the left arm for six
months. !.'(;' 1 i :
! VM, BALLAUb PRESTON.
j Secretary of the Navy.
Treasury Department, Jue 19, 1849.
In Dursnance of the President's order of this
fe. ...... p -. .... -j- ---- f,
i :' i ; -
suspciiucu uu'f ';
W. M. MEREDITH.
! Secretary of (he Treasury.
. ,U.; S. REVENUE MARINE Gexbal Orders.
, Treasury Department, June 20, 1849.
ThVPresiJent has, with dep regret,. an
nounced the death of James K. folk, late Presi.
dent of the Uni'ed States. -' . :
As a tribute of respect to the memory of, the
deceased, the OfHcers of the Revenue Marine-
.7, ' , X ,-t , - rt
wIj wear ,he cutomr badges of 01OUrnmg
for the period of.ix n,onthS. 1 !
At dawn of day, thii teeft minute guns Wllf
be fired ; and afterwards, at intervals of thirty
mmute3 between the risinff anrStlin!r sun. a
a . . u . vy h....wva. . " a.w. -.y .....
single gun ; and at the close of theay a sa.
o & ' . r . rjx''
luie oi itnriy mtinuie.guns wiu ue ureu,xjai iiie
d.iy next succeeding the receipt of this ortJer by
each vessel in commission, and the colors hoists
ed at half mast fVr one week. ' '
I W. M. MEREDITH, v
Secretary of the Treasury.
Rowan Factory. The Ilowan .Factory at
Salisbury, was built and put in operation by a
Company ; but it has fallen into the hands of
Maxwell Chambers, now sole proprietor.
The business is managed chiefly by Mr. J.
G. Cairnes, Agent, under vvhpbe superintend,
ence all the various branches 4re successfully
There are 3000 spindles, arid 70 looms in
constant operation ; and, the number of hands
emploj'ed male and female, 120. The Ma-
chinery is propelled by a Steam Engine, of 50
Horsepower, which consumes from 5 to 6
loads of Wood per day. Not less than 60 Bar
rels of Flour are used in Starch ; and 1000
Bales of Cotton are worked up in a year.
The Cloth which weighs 3 yards to the
pound, and appears to be of an excellent quali
ty, is made of No. 14 and 15 Yarn; it is call,
ed 4-4 Sheetings. Besides supplying the home
demand, there were shipped, in "five months, to
the Northern Market, 249,000 yards of Cloth
and 6,400 pounds of Batts.
A spinning frame in this Factory, made by
the Matteawan Qommpany oi J'few York, pro
duces nine skeins per s,pindle per day.
Although the Ho wan Factory1 appears to be
doing a flourishing business ; and, doubtless,
upon the present investment which is, perhaps
not one third of the original' cost, the profits
are large ; yet we have no idea that it will
eventually be able to compete iwith those driv.
en by water power. The expenses of the pro
pelting power alone, over and a&ove the wear
and tear of Machinery, cannot, at present, be
less than from $10 to $15 a day, amounting, in
a year, toa large,sum, not less than from $3,000
to $4,000 ; no inconsiderable item in the an.
nual expenses. ' , '
A sensative man ought to be cautious how
he enters the Loom rooms of Rpwan Factory.
It requires firm nerves lo sustain the fire of
more than a hundred bright eyes, all levelled
at him at once, i We only took a p e-e-p.
j Lincoln Republican.
The editor of the " Republican" impressed
by-the remembrance of seeral responsibilities
at Lincolnton, dared only to "peep" at the girls
in this Factory. ! Had he not been encumbered
-ah! had he not been! We remember sever-
al cases of vnnnir Tontlemor. wUliino- ih
. . a. i f . . H T .
!ory iu B .ub macu.nery; put oy toe time New life, new energy, arid a new exist- ! admission of Missouri, which he makes,
they had got fifty yards lom the; building tbey ence, will at once spring up ; and there will, we think, trouble. Mr. Calhoun, no
could not tell you a s.ngle thing bout ... But : wi remain not even one to enquire who ' little to extricate himself, with all his lo
just drop a hint about tho girls, and you would i - to hfl hpnpfittPfi hnt ftn w1m fPPl th. i : 1
find the chaps " at home." About a week af
terwards.they would want to see the Factory
again. ! ;
CAPTURE OF A SLAVER.
The new Bedford Mercury gives the follow
ing particulars of the, capture of the schooner
Zenobia, of Baltimore :
"On the 23d of Alarch, 1649, arrived at St.
Helena a schooner called the Zenobia, of Bal-
timorc, (for adjudication in the Yice Admiralty
Court,) which vessel had been captured by H.
B. M, sloop PhUomel, on the west coJst of Af-
riea, with a cargo of slaves numbering 550,
(33 of whom were females.) the vessel not be-
ing over one hundred tons burden, fche was
aLan av nn u,.,.,,. g, u.i "
v a . aa u. i a vaaa ava lTtaoJ"tl-w iu ai, mriCHU. .1 1 1 1
t lar tr.
i iuoi uu vi v-a i tn ui in : id. iicac puui urea-
! tures were in a perfect stale bf nudity, and
I many of them (the women in particular) bear
uij; me uiiiuus ui u uoi uuii rfceuuy mipresseu j
On their UreaStS. 1 he Vessel beinn SO small.
and the number of negroes so great it was
next lo impossibility to go from one end of the
vessel to the other. ;;
It appears that when the Schooner was
dispatchedby the Philotnel shes was about giv-
ing chase to an;Amencan brig which had just
tirrainrnl In it Mplinn uilh unt.i
- " p. --- - - - (.....a- uifiiHiuj va mit
ououieu swi-si'ii uuitiu. ;iier;uam?was riar.
for them themselves, and beinj tinabie to
into port on the coast ot Africa, . suspected i itplf m nnr oommon sense, and Inurllv S receiy-fU reports of his illness previously, the means of efieclini' that elorious .wj".
purpose jf takinr on board a carsro of i . . i . ' r - Fnur mnmL l-.oal t.oii., A t, i Twentv.onn ronniie were reDresesifl' -
. It pnly lateiyjthat a brig has been . . . had !eft the amce to wh- . Hr . . . upwards of two hundred delegates, ana
. i . . " : . . . . p ! nnp s to everv L'ooa citizen to nut mrin -"""a nau Miiii nouwu suite uc ' - j
net. latelv of PhiiadelnhinU and; rommandpd tv I t : ...:il U cn ed to his last aernnnt. Tp Plh darlvKoml i to th f!nnrpniinn. Th rmintiei reprf
. l- , , J MOCK, in 111IT, iUli) n ni jccii, umc . v. i.uUcuun.u - -
Captain- l)ulin, who had' sold the vessel at . ' i. , ... .1 x . Inrn-oK- in tt.a i were nrincipallr-those aloni? the
Aml.ro-r In o HroICur. 1, . lk .i i 00'" V WCilVM.uwua iu. t.mai-v.,,,. 1 - i . I i D.ii rn.d ..,..1.... kl In rpRia
m,Un. . .f iUa.Li ... A.r. 1 pv-pi-v man who is ab e to subscribe, if it Having been elevated lo many places of i:. i ..i..- ' - :. f. .Le
- . . M-tn uwv vvui u cuiu i - j , . ll'V 14 B IfUIill, riJiiii vtiiicu ct ! j
away from the coast, were obliged to re. j jjgSt opportunity to do so. The livelier SreSS and Governor of Tennessee, his
M.'sloop cnct!"11 Tf TtUr ! the work is commenced, the better will it Copied Stale, an4 then to the highest Of
'"These seamen hate i given iheconsul at progress. , .. , ficc jvithin the gift of the Nation. Bat
St. Helena a faithful account of their ill-treat-j r - t w i all tho honors which the world can be-
mnt b Captain Duling. and hare been pro- j fJ James W. Osborne, Esq., has been T stow are not able to stay the monster
AtlhcX-'H.X Vl'tg&uft i Presillent Superintend, j death in his ravages open .be hiiman race.
Cygnet's boats, she had the Ameflcao flag fly- j ent of lne Branch Mint, at Charlotte, in The hiigh and lhe humble, arc alike sub
ing at the peak, and in consequence f the brig place of W. J. Alexander, removed. I jret to his dominion, and when lhe sum-
men was sho
in; the shoulder, apd is now ih
the hospital a
St. Helena, under medical treat.
ment. . f.
it t ill l..?L ln iKa htrlinr rr St. Tlolpna n
slave v'esset Condemned, formerly the barque
Alio ItlUIl - i
California, of Koston. - -
THE CAROLINA WATCHMAN.
Salisbnry, N. C.
THURSDAY ETEMiG, JOE 13, 1S49.
o-We are Authorised and requested to announce ;
firin" upon the boats one of the American sea.
Jo?Jl if.: iVXnd .h.fered by Mr. Calhoun in the Senate in
? ,. r i i i i f- ... i
as a (jaiwiuaic .i irwm-" -
next Congress of the United States.
"Who will the Rail Road Benefit."
If the history of every great work pro-
posed and ckrried out since the world was
launched into space from the hand of the
r watt cenrehprl w UIIavp
one of the rAost prominent facts brought i ti-hatever mat sua. ,drec tij or hy its etlects ; . - - prospect ot becomrng TerjB,e
one oi luir iwv ! , make any discrimination between the States of ! ful and highly creditable to our Town tl1
to light, woild be, that whilst each pro- j lhis llnioIlt by which any of them shall be de. distinguished ability of this gentleman ' 'l
ject had its kvarm and acti ve supporters, prived of its full and equal right in any lerrito- Teacber-his eminent success in arJrin,? r
there xvere jreta number of others, though ryoHho United States acquired or to be ac 8cholar . ,earningf aod j. . ;
in some cascjsverymall, who either would .iR'esohc(l That the enactment of any law j mindnhat self respect and manly deu.e,J
not helf) towards the success of the under- which should, directly or by its effects, deprive conduct so desirable, but yet so rarely re
taking, or e(se openly and actively oppos- the citizens of any of the States of this Union t among boys, is a subject- of common reniak
ed its accomplishment. It were a task ! fr,om emigrating with their property into any among lhose-who have had an eye'ubon fi
- , . i , ,. of the territories of the United States, will u i v u u .w u i . " - ' "
far beyond our powers to mention the nu- , make such discrirninallon and would lhere. j school. We cherish the hope that Urna,
merous cases on record, to prove this fact, fore, be a violation of the constitution and the I ,mue t0 ProsPer drawing to its support tie en.
Indeed, it were a work as unnecessary as j rights ot the States from such citizens emigra- ergies of our whole community ; and that ii i,
as it would prove tedious, and difficult, te( n? " dergaton of lhat perfect equality only the beginning r,f an institution which liia ,
. , . , x 1 which belongs to them as members of the Un- I orow un hr uUsa ;nnnpn. .u,ti k
since no truth is better known. Let no ; io and would lend direcU tQ subverlthe Un. , &r UP uhoe ,nfluence sha b
one be surprised, then, when we state that ion itself. j felt, and appreciated by a much larger cirdetf
trp ,Pp fw nprnn .itirpns nf tV,A " Resolved. That, as a fundamental nrinri- . Pa,rons ,,,a:i " now enjoys.
VI1V I V - ft W - fcJ-"-f au SJW v S.al w
State, who, in a spirit of opposition, ask
the question " who will be benefitted by
the Rail Ro&d." With some of these, no j think best calculated to secure liberty, prosper
argument, howeverconclusive.could avail ! I,v and happiness; and that, in conformity
any thing ; and with such it were useless j )eelo "? " condition is imposed by the
j t m- u i federal Constitution on a State in order to her
to debate, jlime alone, can show them i admission into this Union except that its con-
their errors and the good results of the en- stitution be republican, and that tho imposition
ternrise flowing in upon them, alone con-
vince their minds of the unwise course
they pursue. But of those who are open
to conviction, and whose lives are living
epistles of patriotism and usefulness, we
entertain the liveliest hopes. They will
not finally settle down in opposition, with
out first giving the subject that serious
consideration its importance demands ;
and having arrived at the truth they will
as heartily co-operate with their fellow
citizens, now friendly to the scheme, as
though they had been among its first ad
vocates. " Who will the Rail Road benefit?"
Why here is a field so wide that we des
pair of exploring it. But as we cast an
eye over it and see the thousands of in
dustrious men and women toiling; on their
farms and in their shops, and preying up
on each other, shut up, in limits prescrib
ed by great distance from that natural
out-let, the seaboard, with no prospect of
relief except by Rail Road, we at once
perceive that this great enterprise is to
benefit every man and woman so situated.
It would be much more difficult to say who
it will not benefit. Every man who produ
ces, or manufactures, in whatever depart
ment of business, must find it to his ad
vantage. The annihilation of distance to
some half dozen nzxv Markets, all bid-
rding for his products and manufactures,
will raise the prices in his favor, and stim
ulate him to greater industry and enter
prise. The home of his fathefs, which
he had seriously thought of abandoning,
, will become doubly endeared to him, and
. he will at once resolve that the theatre
of their career shall be bis theatre, and
I ,..1..,. .ii :i -,u
i l"a'' "s oua11 """ ulri.s.
I ' f ,7 V. n
ImanAQnal, rr x' t r f Ilia rrnnl inflnnnnn m
'" t""1 w ,,",u'"
suiting to themselves.
This is the general conviction, sustain-
ed by that of almost every intelligent man
in the State. It is the experience, too, ofcours3 of Mr. Benton, all acknowledge
every community where the thinghasbeen lne speech to be one of great power, and
tried. There is not a single exception,
! but every State and county which have
i buiU Rail px0ads have thereby increased
, . , . , , , . .
I their wealtand promoted their prosperity
j and happiness ; they are, therefore, ex-
' amples to be seen and read of all men.
r . ,i .-i . r u
Even the mercantile portion of such com
i iTmniiies n Pa a DGen d e n e n 1 1 e. it . tuns
j ' . w
j who only trade, without producing: large-
- j jy benefitted for though they have lost ;
r ,i..,.,a,c .t.....
! before the construction of such improve-
j ment, yet the increase of business of pro-
I ducts of consumption of goods, &c.,
, . 1 . Tr in
i have more than compensated for all losses,
: This important subject, then, commends
i commissioners to axeMc uuiciiJiiuus
et ! is onlv one hundred dollars, take the ear
o rt ,1 hv a i ma ursi riiuua iu iiuoii n iui aiu. i - v- i : .,f.nri.n-a rr.m oriu. .
: raa-vAin nrtr.nnl tir I." o Inr Thar till rnnvp aa, lUi -av tuiillUCULi: (II I II! Ilflllllf. "V c
MR, BENTON'S SPEECH,
f Wesee in the National Intellig?ncer,
of the 21st instant, a speech of this gen
tlnmnn. fIe1lVf;red ftt th nn?trl r
1 - - ""FIIUI Ul UC I
State of Missouri on the 26th Mav last !
on f. snilipct of siaverv in thP T.--;,.
j ries. The speech seems to be mainly in -
! tended as a reply to the resolutions passed
1 by the Legislature of Missouri at its last
i session, instructing him to present them to
Congress, and denying the right of that
i body to legislate on the subject, and pret-
tv nwch the same as the Resolutions of.
February, 1847, VIZ :
"Resolved, That the territories of the United
: States belong to the several States composing
this Union, and are held by them as their joint
i !infl Timnniri nrnnprtp
j Resolved, That Congress, as the joint a-
j gent and representative of the States of this
i Union, has no risht to make anv lawordoanv
' " f ' - - - -
! i . t
pie in our political .creed, a people, in forming
a constitution, have the unconditional right to
form aiid adopt the Government which thev mav
j W -other by Congress would not only be in
violation of the constitution, but in direct con-
flict with the principle on which our political
evefu m racts 1
Although Mr. Calhoun seems to be so
strenuously opposed to any action now by
the National Legislature touching slavery
in the Territories, it is clearly shown, and
as we have seen, has never been disprov
ed, he, in the year, 1820, as a member of
President Monroe Cabinet, gave a writ
ten opinion at the President's request, af
firming the right of Congress to legislate
and prohibit the introduction of domestic
slavery into Territories. This opinion was
given by Mr. Calhoun twenty-seven ynarg.
ago: he has doubtless changed his opin-
ion on this question, as his conduct for
some years past will show. But as soon
as the fact was brought to light, he drop
ed his resolutions, and they have been
permitted to rest ever since, proving that
Mr. Calhoun had entirely forgotten lhat ! riner. has been appointed by the Presi
he ever maintained the power of Congress ! (,ent Minister Plenipotentiary to 'Spain,
to legislate on the subject or that he ; in Place of Ex Governor Gxaham, who
thought that with the death of Mr. Mon- ! declined the appointment.
roe that written opinion also become ex-
tinct. And that he now might venture to
make himself appear more devoted to the
South on this vexatious question than all
the rest of her Sons.
The knowledge of the existence of this
opinion was first produced by Mr. West
cot, of Florida, and afterwards by Mr.
Dix, of New York.
Taking the speech as a whole, it is one
replete with interesting historical infer- ' Carolina comprising more of zeal, abililr, lib
mation, and bears down upon Mr. Cal- I eralitv of spntimpnt and dvmio t il.e snte.
houn with a Svengeance and from the
! charge of propagating erroneous opinions
! about this and the compromise, and the
' . . 1 ' l.
reasons wny opposition was made to the
I B 7n. c,,"cuul-
rrl 11 . r. 1 r .1.1
j 1 ne speecn uoes not una lavor witn tne
w w . v w 'wiwaamf tAIW-Jt, Wt b li U III till IIIq
given in their adhesion to the Calhoun
P'atlorm. liut while they condemn the
lamenting that he should have seen pro-
Per to ''fir with the South Carolina iSen-
ator 011 lhis PO't. nd intimating in pretty
ni ,, f, u- i- ,
-plani, terms, that his prospect for political
Promtioti is at an end.
1 or the ""formation which this speech
1 is ditino-nivhf1 wo
- , 1S n0uibheU, we
shall give shortly
,v,,ai- ;r k
1 . . t a,... .
vnuio ui ahC uuir, n ., uan uc
i r.P.ATII nX? PY.l)nrcinrvT nnru
Mniirihp of rhelnrirv rnr v In faClD
lls ay have to record the death
f -his distinguished citizen. He died at
Nashville, Tenn., on the 15th instant, of
' el.mni,. .li,, t .
chronic diarrho. lo some extent, we -
1 "c P,f l,rtre Ior inis cenr, as we nau
oi j ..w.w. nouan
- nonor during his life, as a member of Con
monscomes.mast yield up their lives V v '
out a marraur to Him who spoJetHefIl !
to existence ? , . Ilw 1
. ... . . . , . t
Qr -urnished, by; k .'
! uinor, itn a "SKeicn oi ttle life ahd.
1 V1"S of lhe lale IIon- Cblrles; Puht,
Avhlcb w,U be found ln this PPr. ij
j Se place to t with pleasure, feeling
! . lhat many of erfriends ahd
! C'tl.Ze"S of lhe late Mr F- chcing ia
j their heart3 tho memory of one so cl0Sej
' rnucarcu lo-lucra w,u notlessgra..
,U1 lo iae 6eneman wuo prepay
r l i .1 i y-
memoir, than they will be pleased to W
i a copy of it for preservation.
MR. ALLISON'S SCHOOL;
Hobert Allison's School, ih '1:
of which was announced in the Vatchma0
some weeks nast. is now
Cholera and Small Pox. This communhr
has been twice grievously wronged Ly the cir
culation in the Western counties of false rf.
ports relative to its health. First, we bad ttt
Small Pox here, some half dozen case?, e
believe. Next, we see thet it is reported m
Lincoln, that we have the Cholera, "twr citi
es" having occurred. We have once before
i co,radicted the report of Small Pox existing
t T . a
nere. it is entirely without foundation. And
we now assure the public that we are as cleir
of Cholera as we are of Small Pox.. No cue
of the AsiaticXholera has occurred here ; cot
have we had a death in Salisbury from aj
cause within two weeks. Our Town is rf.
markably healthy ; and as an evidence of thi
our Physicians are all nearly idle. Some f
them are absent from Town, either hunting up
business elsewhere, or are seeking their plea,
sure abroad. Others have just returned after
an absence of several days, and one or tires
we understand, are prepared to go visiting ooi
of the county. We hope this statement will
j silence the injurious reporis alluded to; and
lhat no person will be prevented by them fnna
coming here, whose business or pleasure may
either call or inviteJhem to do so.
' Minister to Spain. Hon. D. M:. Bar-
Small Pox. We have been requested lj a
citizen of Lexington to contradict the, rumor of
the existence of Small Pox in that Town. It
is entirely false; there is not now, nor Lri
there, at any time, been a case of the disease
THE SALISBURY CONVENTION".
There has never been, we venture lp aj
a voluntary assemblage of the citizens of North
! than the Convention, which met at SMury
lne 14,n of ,n's montn Second onlv in irr.jr-
I '"u'lX" Pub"Y'T
i e leg.lative body which granted the Cen'u,
I Railroad charter, tho result of its deliberw
have been looked to as controling, so far as fU
liamentary deliberation can control, lhe futurt
destiny of N. Carolina. We trust that. its it
l ion will meet the expectations of the. friends ot
the great project and of the public everywhere :
Zeal, patriotism, wisdom in counsel, and can-
i dor in opinion, could do no more than has befP
done by this body. Regarding, as wc do mo
solemnly, the success of the contemplated
ject as the turning point in the destiiyof cw
State for year to come perhaps f r all lime
we think tl.. ;re.sioti of one of lhe memy'l
by no iii ;u.- t-v'iavagant, when he pronouocei
it the most important convention for lhe inter
ests of the State which had assembled sid
the war of independence. '
The results of lhe deliberations of this ClS"
venlion will be spread before the leadin? pu'
lie in the newspapers : Would that even ci'i
zen of lhe Slate, and more especially iCi
wh live along the contemplated Kailrr-ad rot!
cou!d have listened to its discussions and
! nessed the earnestness and solicitude f
1 sterling, patriots who threw lhem$elTf5 wl .
ihpir vhn! efnf Jnln ita friincels. 1 P"r
were no set attempts
at oratory no itw
ear or the fancy. But there was r'
earnest talk reasoning togeiher fair rfF,r?'
ntations of the actual humiliating
of lhe State of the necessity of prompt, uniw
. anJ ful . effJ .J hJ fani
dust and deliberate and solemn coup" l
! o c c 111 aalLa, lluailLU Hum Ian
- ( i-ortsmoutnv a., w no were coruiau ' . j
.... : . u nri i r. : . ji fioni -
Hanover, Brunswick and Craven in lb
The counsels of such men as Gen; Mc M f,
President of the Wilmington and Ra!eiSb . 'j
road, and Dr. Hill, a member of the
Internal Improvement, in connexion "
of three ex-Govcrnors, other old and i
public servants and suUtantial f j'2eD ir
were present, are surely calculated to " 'Cf.
public confidence and do "the state lOtac