!'; TrrihVi4I - the; Wntclimait.
Ur SaNicriptioni pr year.Twp DoiXAKs-pSyslle in
' jrshr'. j Butjlf no) pail in advance, Twjo lclUra
ni fif wiM charged- Los
ADtmnVTslnfu-rtrJ t 8 for the first, and 25 cts.
f for Hch sVweqnrnt Insertion. . Codrt orders ctmged
'.! 23rjhi2hfr tfcti these rates. A libera dedac-
f tion la 1,howe mlio advertise by the year. i
tlTTltRS to jlhe KJitora tnuM beQ't paid.
'U THE USE.OPLbAUrtiwu. r
Bf T. 9. AtTIICB..
I'm i i red of going to school T said Her-
hfrtWHcji toAyUliam Wheeler the boy
who sai next; to him ; i dont see any
great us for; my part, in studying geom
rryVrtn! (navigation, and surveying.
; mersuration. and the, dozen other mngs
MhaH am fixprcted to learn, itiey p
!ef do meinnynod. - not to get m
liVinsr M "rveyor. or measurer, w SC
yiPfrfin.' ! 'Iv are you going to ge
Your living I ferbcrt V his young friend
;nkr. Mi qufft tone, as he looked .tip in
;t)ii;lai-;i ' r- , !
: .Vhv. I'm going to Irani a trHtJe : or ni
"VfH Oilier says that I am
VX-M o ami I replifd William
"'.vlniu- father lwidies rne to li iint i.
,dnt that' I cnri;-foT. he assure r
t'tl S- usfful some time or other in my
Irnrri'sire: I cant see what use I'm! ever
ULvMoiiiake.ias a saddler, of algebra
h, v;tjllv if we can t secjt Herbert, perhaps
ur liilhers can. for they are older and
f uiW:thao we are- And we should en
tVkvor tp'lpftm, siroplj- because they wish
fVh'.fn f. every thing we are ex-
li.i leArn We do not sec clearly the
I rail a fee.i o, Herbert replied, tossing
-hU hciiik'atid I dont beleive that my fa
ther m'tV any more; clearly than I do the
WiM al jhis. ;
VVou nBC wrong to talk so.' bis friend said,
in ja'serious lone ; I would not think as
yoh ! f6i t)i world. Our father? know
uljat is b -st IVirtus, arid if we do not; con
litle in litem, we shall surely go wrong.'
j:'! hin not afraid responded Herbert,
e fusing t$e book over which he had been
;it'luctnt)y poring for half an. hour in the
i rain attempt to fix, a lesson on his uriwill
ifig mrnory ; and faking some marbles
irnin his fjocketicouime need amusing him
sflfwjth'them frorri the teacher's obsrva-'
said no mpre, but turned to
i with an earnest attention,
en co in the character of the two
o plainly: indicated in the brief
BBUNER & JAMES,
WdUors 4- J'roprtetors.
,.!. ? .; ,; , T? if I : ' . V i ,
. ... , 'jj -- I !-! ,, " 1. - II IN. I , M - , ., ,M . j j!'. I.I,. , . , - -
S Stafc t -- . .
!" Kek a check upon all rocit ' 'KKmS' 1
Do this, ait d Liberty is safs."
VOLUME VI NUMBER 21.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1849.
A shadow still darker than thai which
rested thflre, fell upon the face ofheme!
chanic. f Alas ! sir, he said, I have not
the slightest knowledge. It is tru I stud
ied it at, ar rather pretended lostiSdy it at
school but it made no impn-ssioojjon my
mind. I iavv no use in it then. ardni noj
as ignora it of surveying as if 1 hall never
taken a I 'Sson on the subject.' j j I
lam vpry sorry, Mr. Allen, trje tner
chant renlied in real concern. lf du
were a good accountant. I might, perhaps
gt joj ' t store. What is your ca
puc'Tn It his respect V I ought to have
been a giod accountant, sir, for I studied
mathemaitics long enough; but I took lit!
tie interest in figures, anil now, although
I was fo many months at school, arid
pretended to study book keeping, am ut
terly incapable of taking charge of a set
of books. ! j
'Such being the case, I really ;do .not
know what I can do with you. But stay !
I am abotit sending out an assorted cargo
to Buenok Ayres, and thence round to Ca-
lao, and want a man to go as supercargo,
who caniSpcak the Spanish language. II
remember, that we studied bpanish to
gether. Would you be willing td leave
vour family and go ? The wageslwill.be
$100 a mpnth.'
'I have forgotten all my Spanish, sir.
I did not see the useof it while a school,
and, therefore it made no impression on
my mindi.' . ' ;
The merchant really concernedfbr the
poor mechanic, again tbougnt qi some
way to srve him. At length hejsaid, 1
can think of but one thing that you can
do, Mr. Allen, and that will not be much
better than your present employment. It
is a service for which ordinary persons
are employed that of chain carrying to
Jhe surveyor, on the proposed railroad ex
pedttion. I r
noys is. t
coiiversai on we have recorded, to need
further illustration; Th their teacher it
wasl evident, in. numerous particulars in
Hirfr conduct, ttu'if habits and mariners.
Wiliijt'rri j rxiteu his lessons correctly.
vhilo tie ;bect nevi'r learned a task Well.
O.nn hs vlways punctual at schooli the
ot(yer a 'hlVterer by the W4y. William's
)ift,U v-rv well taka care of Herbert's
d ton, disulirerl, and broken ex-
jia! ly and intertially. s
Ihus tli'y bigari lijv. .The one obedi
ttt.'it.idus(rioU5, at'tentiveto the precepts
ni! I hose wjho were ; older and wiser and
iilUng to be guidt'd by them ; the other
M.ldoh nt. and iielnied to follow the lea(U
inziot,;his own will rather than the more
fX!rnnecGU icacnings oi oiuers.
: a i :
r ,' '. - ' - I i x
As then at the ae of 35 we will a;gain
ph si-nt thelra to the reader. Mr. Wheeler
w'ti irtteiligent merchant in an active
huVmess, 'IhIc Mr. Allen is a journey-
iitiin.mechjinic, poor, in embarrasse4 cir-
tiiniHunceK and possessing but a mall
U ir of general information.
!fUow di(iu do, iMr. Allen ? said the
.uw-rchan! libout this time, as tu latter en
t;te(l Vlr Counting room ol the fo rimer.
Tlw cOittr ist . in their appearance I was
vry gieiit, Tho' merchant was well and
f hti a chee.rlul looki while the other was
poorly clad, and seemed sad and dejected, j
t'ltanVay that ; I do very welli' Mr.
Whejler,i ihe mechanic replied in a. 'torn;
f j djiijeipondency. 'Work is very duU,
ivnd ivgesflbw, and with so large a fam
ily kk fijaiV, it is tough enough to get a-
llanginderllhe best circumtances.' j
:! 'l ant really sorry to hear you say so,
Mr. Alien! replied the merchant in a
Mndltohel'how. much can you earn in a
;VU now '
" j irj r(vi jKtesicTy work, I could earn nine
Trt ffHars a week. But our business
ib'i. tho sulistitution of steam en-
iX'rtH' railroads for .horses upon turn
tk'.s, lUs j broken in seriously upon; the
aiiu: trjaking biiisness. The conse
'iuence'is, jthat 1 do hot average six dollars
4;wtljlt the yenf found.' S I
'J$ it possible that Ihe railroads have
are the wages, sir7' ;
And found V f
'I wilt j accept it, sir, thankfuljy," the
man said. 'Jt will De better tqan my
Thenimake yourself ready at once, for
the company will start in a week'
I will be ready, sir,' the poor man re
plied, and then withdrew.
In a week the company of engineers
started, land Mr. Allen with them as
chain carrier ; when, ihad he, as a boy,
taken th advice of his parents and, friends
and stored up in his" memory what they
wished him to learn, he might have filled
the Purveyor's office at more lhan double
the wages paid him as chain carrier. In
deed we! cannot tell how high a position
of usefulness he might have held,had he
improved all- the opportunities afforded
him ip youth. But he perceived the use
of learning too late. j
Children and youth cannot possibly
know sojwell as their parents, guardians,
and teachers, what is best for them.
Men who are in active contact Vith the
world, kjnow that the more extensive their
knowledge on all subjects, the more useful
they can be to others,; and thef higher
and more important use to sociely they
are fitted to perform, the greater is the
return to themselves in wealth and honor.
' THE ROLLER
Among the many implements of hus
bandry, says a writer in the Olive Branch,
which science has lately brought to the
aid of the farmer, we may enumerate the
roll or " roller," as by no means the least
important. As its form is various, so also
are the uses to which it is applied. It is
in raci, impossioie lo Oispense witn it in
any complete system of tillage, let the na
ture of the soil be what it may. In re
maiking upon the practical importance of
the roller, a late foreign author very cor
rectly observes :
" 1 he first object usually aimed at in
the application or use of this instrument,
is to break those clods or indurated mass
es of earth which have resisted the ac
tion of the harrow ; or, at all events, to
bury them in the ground, so that, at the
next harrowing -which, when thus bu
ried, they cannot well escape tbey must
necessarily be somewhat diminished in
Size. ! '
The second object, according to our
own author, is to give greater compact
ness to the sou, and to eftecta union of
its component parts. The third use to
which it is applied, is to press down and
make firm the ground about the seeds,
and to cause the latter to adhere better
o the soil. The fourth" is to cover wjth
mould, or, to press into the soil the roots
of those plants sown in the preceding au
tumn which have been detached by the
Xrost. Lastly, it is employed for the pur
pose of destroying insects which injure
the young plants, and which, particularly
during the night, come up to the surface
to seek their lood. The shape of the rol
ler is"various. It is generally round, yet
we have the hexagonal, and octagon
al, and a roller armed with long-pointed
jron spikes, intended not only for pulver
izing and breaking the indurated clods,
hut for scarifying the surface of soils that
have become bound out, andvhich re
quire renovating by breaking and manur
ing. This is a valuable instrument. ;j3y
passing it over old grass lands, and spread
ing a coat of manure on the scarified sur
face just before rain, and then smoothly
rolling it with the cylindrical roller, a de
cided improvement is at once effected..
TO T11E PUBLIC.
The following letter from Dr Alexander M.
Henderson in relation to the late difficulty be.
tween the Hon. Green W. Caldwell and my
self, explains the object of this publication. It
speak for itself and is submitted without one
word of comment. In order that the whole
subject may be judged of fairly and fully, cop.
ies of the printed articles " C." and 44 A Vo
iTEB," referred to in the correspondence, are
Concord, SrpL lllh, 1849.
A Beautiful Anecdote: The Washing
ton Republic, in the course of anfeditori-.
al article, introduces the following beau
tiful anecdote of the Father of h(s Couri-,
try frorr) Sparks' Life of Washington -
By a vote of the House of Burgesses of
Virgiriiaj, the Speaker, Mr. Robinson, was
directedj to return thanks to Washington
for his distinguished military services in
behalf f the colony. Upon his appear
ance in the House, Mr. Robinson discharg
ed that duty with dignity and eloquence.
At the conclusion of the Speaker's ad
dress, the historian tells us that 'f Wash
ington rose to express his acknowledg
ments for the honor, but such was his tre-
itrougtit fciich'n change in your business ? nidation) and confusion that he cduld not
j ..Vies the harness making branch: ol it
"pfCiaUy In Urge cities like this, where
(he heavy wagon trade is almost entirely
broken up 1" i .
' Did'vousav that six dnHr i 0t.-
1 T ' "..n
We're all that you Could average?'
i es sir. . ; . ; -
'Howl large is your family V ;
"l nave nve emiuren sir.
If'FiVQlcbildren, and only six dollars a
'Thkt'is all sir. But six dollars a week
ill not! Support them, and l am in conse-
Suence going behind ha nd; -
; 'IM I dont know any other.' f
erchant mused for a while.hand
o said, Perhaps I Can aid vou in j get-
hM intoj' something better. I am Iresi
ient ,qf a: newly projfcted rail road, j and
ftrii ahout putting on the line a torn
Niy oi engineers, (or tho purpose of! sur
I.tid i engineering, and as you $tud
dtliesc!scienco's at school at the Same
!,,nr t4t I did. and 1 suppose have still a
c?rtfct iknowledee! of both : if so. 1 1 will
!eJprt The engineer is already icho-
rib and at mv desire will eive vou all
Resile I ntrnt!rtria until vmi rau!i.
, I ft ?7 is one hundred dollars a month.
LONG, LONG AGO, vs. WAGONS.:
i Fifty-six years ago witnessed the first
rattle of a wagon wheel in the county-of
Buncombe; it was brought from New
Jersey by Beaden and Zebulon Baird. It
was as great a curiosity as an elephant
br giraffe to an untutored savage I Peo
ple dropped their plow and hoe handles,
left their houses and gardens, or patches,
and all run to see "Me was;on," Col. J.
Barnett afterwards used to charge $5 for
helping persons to get wagons to Bun
pombe His plan was on the hill -sides,
to put both hind wheels on the lower side
land to tie saplins to the axels to keep
ibem from turning a somerset ! The first
road to or across the mountains from
South Carolina to Tennessee, was opened
put By Col, E. Earle, who was employed
and paid to do it by the State of South
Carolina for 82,000. If any one wants
H know the whereabouts of that road,
and will go to the highest hills and ridg-
us in our country, he may find it Get
ting up a hill was never thought about in
ancient road making the idea was al
ways, first and last, to get on a long ridge. I
' B. and Z. Baird brought the first goods
that ever came to Buncombe. A jews
harp m those days created as great asen
sution us the telegraph, or a railroad a
cross the Atlantic' now !
An old friend and citizen in town, Had
ajevvsharp given to Aim, which forever
immortalized the;giver in his estimation,
and produced as much gratitude as ' Yan
kee Doodle" would produce meriment now
upon that instrument, from the lips of
that gentleman, in the midst of his friends.
We expect in future to gather up, inci
dents of the olden time in Buncombe, and
give them to our readers. Asneviue iues-
Letter and Statement of Dr. II.
Sailisbury, Sept. 10a, 1849.
Mv Dear Barringer :
I learn that in Mecklenburg, reports are
in circulation prejudicial to yur condurt in the
late difficulty between Capt. Caldwell and your
self. At this I am exceedingly surprised, for I
never knew an affair of ihe kind more honor
ably and satisfactorily adjusted ; and your con
duct throughout was; most unexceptionable.
And I am happy to learn that these reports are
in no way attributable to Capt. C. or his
Friend" Mr. Davidson, who, I think from
their gentlemanly hearing during and suhse-
quentto the negotiation, will fully concur wilh
me in this opinion. But he this as it may, as
your " Friend" I deem it due both to you and
myself that the Public should he put at once in
possession of the farts ; and, therefore, advise
the publication, without delay, of the entire cor
respondence with the subjoined statements of
my own :
When you called upon me to act as your
Friend" and hatided me the " note" of Capt.
C. of the 17th ult. addressed to yourself, 1 at
once unhesitatingly pronounced it a direct in
vitation to the field.. Such you told me was
your own opinion as also the opinion of three
different friends, to whom you had had occasion
to divulge the subject ; and that acting under
this belief you had already made the necessary
preparations for any contingency. And such
I found to he the fact.
When the parties metal the Catawba Springs
ion the 37th ult. in the further prosecution of
the affair, I learned from a source entirely re
liable, though not at all authorized by Capt. C.
that his note to you of the 17th ult. was not in
tended as a challenge.
This information, of course, altered my posi
lion as your second" and rendered it my im
perative duty to learn directly from Capt. C.
whether such was the fact: otherwise there
was but one course left me to deliver vour
note of acceptance, and arrange the -prelimina-
lies for an immediate meeting in the field.
This explain the cause of my addressing the
note of the 27th ult. to Capt. C. But knowing
also that he (on a point of etiquette) could not
receive a communication from tne, without first
threon is pottponed (for reasons which he will
gire,) until he can address a liue to you and
receive an answer, when you may again ex
pect to hear from me.
your oli serv't
Capt. G. W. Caldwell.
Lincoln Co., N. (J. AuguM 27, 1849.
SlR : Your letter of tho a.ov date has just
been uanded me by my friend E. C. Davidson.
ou say that my note of the 17th inst. lo R.
Barringer Esq., plares you as his Friend in
an "awkward posiii.n" b.-cause you do not
know whether it i? an invitation lo the field or
a ripmand for an explanation
- ThGrsrr his" speech was "taken up.'wUk
Moorish about how he had driven ibree cortipe.
liters from the field; -with a lira do about tho i
evil of contentions ths most offfading of-aH'.
which bodies was the Albemarle Convention
because it snatched seat from ' under him j t
which he confidently hoped to luxuriate, at the
next session of Congress, and fiaally; witbia,
lecture lo the Whigs about proscription; JLU i
this part of his remarks was spoken to Demo-)
cratic ears. . .; . i 7,1
He now turns and addresses ibeTWhigs-ia tho
blandest manner and in the most conciliatory j
iyle. A man never looks so ridiculous as i
when he is attempting to prove iiimselfl to; be
what his whole life strove him mi to te judge.
then, how Capt. Caldwell looks while! lrjlnl
to make out that he is a very decent tort cTA
something in the shape ol a whig 1 ! If fci'
oujci mere noi too obvious to b mitundcr.
stood, we might U terrpied to congratulate tha
whig party upon his accession to their ranks, i
But we have no notion of hufftuir a deluiloa .
j or of bosoming a serpent. He wants mhl
votes. lie cares not the valua of a petmy4bc,
Whig principles; and his own eoursA akotra
! this. In Mav he addressed ihm
which he addressed on Tuesday and in tha
same church and from tho same stand,. We
ask Capt. Caldwell if he remembers his arovr.
al then, that he was not ouly a Democrat, bu
an ultra Democrat T We ask him and tho coun
try how that avewal comports wYi his attempt
It was not intended as an invitation to the on ,a,t Tuesday at Concord, to make himself
field, but a demand for satisfaction for the com.
mimical ions signed " C," and AJV'oter," and
especially the latter the whole of which I thought
G. W. CALDWELL.
Dr. A. M. Henderson.
Catawba Springs, Aug. 27, 1849.
Sir : Your note of this date directed to my
Friend Dr. A. Al. Henderson, in reply to a
communication of his, has just been laid before
me by Dr. H. in which you say that "an in-
hearing from you, I asked you to write a form
al note to him to accompany mine.
On the reception of Capt. C.'s reply to my
communication, disclosing on his part that his
note of the 17th ult. was not a challenge, I re
marked to you that it was now your duty to fur
nish such explanations of the alleged offensive
publications as would be consistent with justice
both to yourself and Capt. C. You thereupon
wrote the letter, approved of by me, which was
accepted as satisfactory by Capt. C. and a re.
conciliation immediately took place.
i Your Friend,
A. M. HENDERSON.
Rufus Bakrixgek, Esq.
Charlotte, N. C. August 17, 1849.
i Sir : I have been informed that you have
if acknowledged, that you wrote the communica
Mion C." published in the Hornet's Nest ;
;and I also learn that you are the author of the
article which appeared in the Charlotte Journ
al, bearing date 23rd 'July 1849 over the sig
nature of " A Voter."
Now, sir. both of those communications (es.
pecially the latter) I consider a gross and un
provoked attack upon my character, for which
I demand of you satisfaction.
This note will be handed to you by Mr. E. C.
Davidson, who will act as my friend in this
matter. Yours respectfully,
G. W. CALDWELL.
R. Barringer, Esq. .
vitation to the fie d" " wa nm intonr!,!" ..
your note lo me of the 17ih inst.
Thus understanding vur note of the 17th. I
am free to say, under the advice of my Friend
ur. ii. arm wi.uh also meets wnh my own
views ,f justice between gentlemen, that Ide
signed nothing personally offensive to you in
either of the communications alluded to in your
note. I merely intended charging you with
political inconsistencies particularly in voting
while in Congress, for one of the peculiar
measures of Mr. Tyler's administration ; and
I considered that in afterwards accepting of
fice from Mr. Tyler, you laid yourself open to
ihe imputation of having been more or less in
fluenced by interested motives in giving that
vote ; but if in this I have done you indTvidu.
ally a wrong, I have no hesitation in making
you ample reparation hy withdrawing all ex
pressions conveying any such imputation.
In the allusion made in those communica
tions to the lime and circumstances of your vol
unteering in the winter of 1847, 1 do not ques
tion your patriotism. I intended saying, that,
in addition to motives of patriotism, there may
have aluo been other considerations (probably
of a Parly cast,) which were believed by ma
ny to have somowhat influenced your conduct,
but these considerations were by no means of
an improper or unworthy character. My in
tention was to guard the Whigs against voting
for you on the ground of having volunteered,
when it may have been a part of your purpose
(not at all wrong in itself,) to advance the in
terest of your Party by so Volunteering. And
finally I suggested .that ample remuneration
had been received by you for whatever
vices you may have rendered, without design
ing to cast any stain or reflection on your char,
acter as a gentleman, in part of cither of the
Your ob't serv't,
Capt. G. W. Caldwell.
out as little objectionable to a whiz at Got.
Graham or Mr. Deberry T But mark tho mo
tive for the avowal and its subsequent recanta .
tion! In Mav he had ihrea nnnnnonti. II
- - I - J- ---. - . I
knew with such opposition, if he could secure
the full vote of the democratic party, he must-,
be elected. Hence be went the whole' lengtji
of unterrified Locofocoism and scouted,1 or at
least, was indifferent to whig aid. In July ho
has one whi opponent : and ho knows now
I hat beaten he must be, unless he can wheedle'
whigs to his support. Hence wo are told that
we have all been mistaken about the charac
ter of Green Caldwell, that he is
Aug. 27th 1849.
give distinct utterance to a single sylla
hie. ll'e blushed, stammered, anl trem
bled forja second, when the Speaker re
lieved him by a stroke of address which
would bave done honor to Louis the
Fourteenth, in his happiest momepts:
Sit down, Mr. Washington, (said he,
with a Conciliatory smile,) your modesty
equals our valor, and that surpasses the
power of any language that I can ex
press. Prolific A Singular, but True State
ment.Jit our present writing, there is a
lady inlthis county 82 years of age, who
has' had 21 children. Two of her daugh
ters also reside in this county. One of
them, t$e wife of Mr. Wm. Fairclpth, has
had 1G Children 14 of whom are row liv
ing. I he other the wife of Mr. Mathew
; A Wonderful Deformity. A crowd of
persons were gathered around a country
wa'Bron. which standing: in front of the 1
Farmers' Bank, on Monday afternoon, to
look upon one of the most repulsive and
remarkable instances of human malforT
mation probably in existence. The un
fortunate person is a young man from
Catawba Springs, August 27 A, 1849.
Sir i This note will be handed to you by
Dr. A. M. Henderson of Salisbury, who will act
as my Friend in the difficulty now pending be
tween Capt. G. W. Caldwell and myself.
Your ob't serv't,
. E. C. Davidson, Esq.
Lincoln Co. N. C,
Sir : Your note in answer lo mine of this
morning addressed to your friend Dr. A. M.
Henderson, was handed me this evening by
Mr. Davidson. And in reply I will say that
your explanation of the communications refer
red to in our former correspondence, are re
ceived by me as satisfielory, and are such
as one gentleman had a right to expect from
another. Very respectfully
your ob't serv't.
G. W. CALDWELL.
R. Barringer, Esq.
Mr. Editor : The candidates for Con
gress the Hon. Edmund Deberry and Capt. G.
W. Caldwell addressed the citizens of Cabar
rus on ihe 17th inst., being Tuesday of County
Court. It was the first time they have con-
whig hardly, indeed, a whit behind tho vete
rans of that party! Strange and sudden tum
bling, that 1 ! ! The trick won't take, at least ,
we venture to say, in Cabarrus. Allow -us,
Mr. Editor, to express our surprise that tho '
gallant Captain should condescend to beecrao .
a political jugglor.
But, says Capt. Caldwell, there are no is-
sues at present or next to none between th
parties, and taking into consideration my other j
merits, whigs may well rote for mo as Mr
Deberry. This is another piece of news which
Capt. Caldwell carried over to Concord. We
did not know before that the Democratic had
deserted their side of all the important ques
tions beiore the country and had come over, on
nearly every one, to tho whig side. We aro
sure the whigs arc standing to theirs.
But, Mr. Editor, we close with a few words.
The whigs of this district are too well acquain
ted with Capt. G. TV. Caldwell and hit course
qnd his politics to be charmed al this late day
into his support charm he never so wisely.
Wo remember bow he accepted office under the
man (John Tyler,) who so basely betrayed our
interests and principles. Wo remember bow
he allowed his partizan feelings to carry him
to the point of contempt for the State authori-
i I- ..
y orcause a wnig vvovemor appointed a
whig Colonel of the Regiment of North Caro.
Una Volunteers. We remember how he spent
all last summer in a war of words against the
illustrious soldier under whom he had served
in Mexico. These things and many more wo
remember ; and we see too clearly through bis
tergiversations during this campaign. Conse
quently he cannot succeed in seducing from
the path of duty any true whig. The univer
sal belief is that it is only another attempt lo
letray with a kiss; and ih wbigs are deter
mined not to leave Gen. Taylor at the mercy
of such friends as Capt. Caldwell. His ad
ministration is to establish the Peace policy,
of the general Government. He is lo put down
the thirst for War abroad in the land. The
great issue before tho country as the distin
guishing one bet ween parties at the present day
is whether the future intercourse of the govern
ment with other nations is to be one of war
and enmity, or one of peace and friendship?
Those ,who vote for Mr. Deberry go for Ibo
44 country as it is" for the constitution and for
peace. Those who vote for Mr. Caldwell, aro
indirectly encouraging the leaders of the De
mocratic party to plunge the nation in mors
unnecessary Foreign wars are in favor of
blood-shed and conquest aro in favor ol sub
duing and subjugating other countries to gratify
an useless ambition and avarice. Remember
the issue mark the prediction and think of
the result. C
For (he Charlotte Journal.
T a a ar a.
r. tMuor : Cant. Caldwell basil learn 1
some account of this conflict of arms. l!e ej?ontery to claim votes from the People of
Mr. Deberry rose first ; and j,nt as our eye j ,h,s d,s,r,ct on ,he firound of having -resigned
fell upon his erect and robust form, we could 1 a '''dative appointment and volunteered lo go
not heln wishing the Editor of the 44 Linroln ! ,u 4'-c"- ow, r, uo me peopie remeraoer
Catawba Springs, August 27, 1649.
Capt. G. W. Caldwell :
Sir : Your communication dated
Auvust 17th. directed to my friend Mr. Rufus
Rowan County, N. C., apparently about Barringer, by the hand of E. C. Davidson Esq.
21 or 22 years of age. We are unable to j. is now before me.
describe the deformities anatomically, and j I confess it places me as the friend of Mr.
words can hardlv convev an adeauate t Barringer in an awkward position, for it may
j ' . : . . . , .., - . .
are now living u sons and 9. daughters.
These ladies are in the prime of lite with
every prospect of increasing family. An
other sister Mrs. Parker, recentlyf died jh
Scrivenj coujrrty, at the age of 38 years,
who had 25 children. The children of
the Mrs. FairclotbVwere all born in this
county. If any county in Georgia can
beat Baker, either in luxuriance! of its
idea of them. Instead of bands, the bones
of his arms have forked out at the wrist,
making a malformation at the termination
of each arm resembling the letter V, on
the ends of which are the usual appenda
ges to fingers. We will not. attempt to
describe his nether limbs, as it would be
both a difficult and revolting undertaking.
Fairclothyhas had 23 children, 18 of whom The young man stated that his health was
' . ' . f A VUKiat tiic rrinttvf wn in
its population, we would like
from it.-4&any (Geo) Patriot.
ons, or the domestic . increase of
verv eroocl. wnat nis motive was, in
Coming so far from home, we are unable
fo say. Richmond Rep.
I Two Baltimorians, Capt. Wilson Fow
ler, who has just died of cholera in-Missouri,
and Capt. Washington Hand, who
tiied at sea o cholera, few weeks since,
paid 634 each to our Life Insurance com
pany, securing to each of their widows
82,000, which has already been paid,
f Baltimore gaper.
be understood either as a peremptory invita
tion to the field, or a demand for explanation.
It is a matter of absolute necessity that I, as
tho Friend of Mr. Barringer should understand
mv own position as well as that of Mr. Bar-
ringer before I can take any step in the affair
The course of a Friend in matters of this
sort is a plain one, and .he. having the honor
of his principal as well as his own at stake, is
compelled to act promptly and decisively ; to
do this, he must understand his position Hence
the almve communication directed to you, which
emanates solely from me. Respectfully
your oh'i serv't,
A. M. HENDERSON.
Catawba Springs, August 27, 1849.
Sir : Your note -of the 17ih Instant was
handed to me at.Morgantrjn on Tuesday eve
ning the 21st of this month; Its contents are
now. undsr consideration, bat alt he suggestion of
my Friend Dr. A. M. Henderson, final action ' the blush of shame
Republican" had been there, in order to have
ocular demonstration of how near the truth he
was when he said Mr. Deberry was a week,
feeble, senseless and deaf old man !
Mr. Deberry proceeded to state his devotion
to Whig principle- and to Gen. Tay-krr. He
vindicated the policy of the administration as
far as developed denying that in any instance
it hud violated its promises or disappointed the
just expectations of the country. He dwelt at
some leng'h on the matter of proscription about
which democratic papers are making so much
ado. and shewed incontestable' that Gen. Tat lor
had displaced no man whohad not prostituted hi
office to party purposes or was wanting in one
or the other of the essential qualifications of the
Jeffrrsonian standard " capacity honesty
fidelity." He condemned in unmeasured terms
aod concluded with
j a -"V - . I I - .1 . . .
,a nrm uut moueTaie expression oi us unrnm-
nation to adhere to the rights of the South on
the slavery question. We do not aim at any
sketch of his remarks. It is sufficient :o say
that it was a nrvlel speech, as th man him
selris a model Whig politician, candid, honet,
conservative,. priotic and devoted to the Un
ion. Ii mJ"fa f.n in:reion on the audi
ene aiif . '.ver: W hig with th selection
of the Con . v, whil i straightforward.
ne elicited p . ven frotn tho Democrats
Cap. CaldweU re lo reply ; and really we
wish we were master of lha stenographic art ;
fi.r we woukl like to publish in your columns
his remarks entire. Sincerely we think ifj
Capt. Caldwell could see his speech in bat
form, he and his parly would be utterly asham. j
ed of it ; for it would be next io impu.aiu.o
read over eody such a rigmirole of effroniery
and contradiction without being covered with
that spirit of warand conquest which ch'
the circumstances under which Col. Gaither
was removed from tho Mint and Capt. C. Ap
pointed in his stead 1 The facts are theses
In 1941, Mr. Caldwell was, chosen a Repro-
sentative m oongres. j ne men i resioeni
accidental John Tyler haviag betrayed tho"
a a a A
whig, ami not meeting witn tne tavor ne . ex
pected at the hands of the mass of the Demo
cratic Party, was wholly without friends in
Congress. The traitor set to woil; to manufac
ture some. The enormous patronage of the
Government was at hi; command. A certain
; measure known a- his 44 Fiscal Agent' scheme
' fur collecting anddiabursing the Public revenue
. was employed as a feeler in the House of Rep
! reser.tatives. This aburb financial projectre
' ceived only some twelve or fifteen rotes in the
1 'noose. That number consisted of Henry !A?
1 Wie,Geo. H. Profit, W. W. Irvine, ' Green
; IV. Caldwell and others. It is known, sir, that
nearly every member who voted far that ahomi
j nahle measure received from John Tyler au-
crative appointment. Mr. G. W. Caldwell re
! ceived ihe best office in North Carolina. To
i make way for him Col. B. S. Gaither was re
Ijec'ed. Does Mr. C. think the people hav
forgotten these things 7 ;
But, says Capl.X:., J did voluntarily resign
my fat office to go to Mexico. There are soroo
n-onU who have never been satisfied on ih'tt
t noint If patriotism alono prompted ihe ex-Su
perintendent, why did he not answer the call of
his Democratic President in the ummer of
'iff 1 Wbv did he not lead off immediately on
1 recerVing ihe second call in ike winter of 46
'47 7 1 have heard it aiiegea inn nuiuin uui
party leal and party pride induced Capt. C. to
step forward, when be saw his Democratic
friends in Mecklenburg tvere about to bring dis.
crace on themselves and ibe party In N. C- by
..r..inrr in raise a inisic uiuii-i. r-
extricating the country out
oi the unnecessary