;.t lie Watchman.
i Option. Pff r Two Dou.ars payable in
hr 5 W nut -fi LI paid in advance, Two dollars
wilt h r ha reed
in,r!i,--rl!n,Jild it ftl for the first. and 25cts
Lu'd ...Wa.iht msertiorU Court orders chireed
tlf.!: J, Wffifi tl ah the rate-. A liberal deduc-
PV. i. .W who ji'J vert ise by ihe year.
1 1 10 Hie ftliinMrnuat be post paid.
"If j.&Y- ..JSf.OW papers.
n ton Vefity Syn.b.4 ',' thus im up the du-
nP"S'0n,... - JLll .hi. n.m.W-After phasing
'r'BS- 3 irab 'advice, let the reader
'X iu the "G.,
'' ui of his d: IV supplications, ana mm icu u
4fh- "niw hc ha " p pr,n"
kliAe t.L.-B are-U. pay adrancc,
.W1A' ; WjTCIM AN.
; - -, - ; . , : EH. f I 1
BRUNER & JAMES, 17 I f fvyr- s (
- J Ill ? A CHECK nN ALL VOCR 1 , D THIS, AX3 LuERTY IS SAFE."
Editors 4- Proprietors. .j ?) j Rclirs. 5I irr"Cf Ge, i rr,W (
ft-1,'- -? . . ' .'
' f L'S r . viW of readme Pa
,uu. j.4,u ." ii",""-," l lire your res-
iniXf M V ' J v ItL your
': .J t ti... nltf boneat way tortop
lht?woi ' frr; , . ; into tlu. hand9 0f ge
!.r.l ""f W I"!"""1" wr"" " i vil
VOLUME VI NUMBER 28.
ALISBURY, N. C.f THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1849.
'i f t
-I : . . - f -- n ' r . . :
-.3 I i
Ji. M l '" I '.
' i LT ..... u.Jni llll' liritMT. t I.I . . i '
j.-.rfi ,r; rr . - ,r , . .. ' anu umi sucn a ne in less than ten years,
ihafVf' r LIi.:..u .1 C S ..i :i....l ; Will hllllt. n rit tkit ifnurn.r.
Mi" ii'k cf.fr'rr ordered. We never stop a do not dit thai foreigners will. atil that
are piu up, nnirmi :
rifurc', to order a pap
CENTRAL RAIL road.
This great enterprise is now out of the
reach of a. faillire, and we confidejifly
hope and prediclt that it is but theharpin
ger to a road froml Its terminus tolthe
mountains, thrdugh ; Ashevillef to Knox-
ille, TennesseeL We expect to be able
,.ttra or pnpcfn with the poMape nn- 1 tO SHOW in OUT heXt, that SUCh a TOap S
'is- i . rrt
il l .i.A i.iHM-(i. i Here is no use in nono-
ou f'i i.)iiii.i-nut'corin'.ia.iiif th pub- perfectly feasible, desirable, necessary
..i.i i . . . -
Irautfl 'irr"r,T,'n: P' P. nn' ai "r P; if we do not they ojight.
;lhpfaV of jyUppor.. t. Snbscribers
II"' T l . t n
' 4 r. i. i.u i,iiLi.inliiniA t. . A I. .. ...:! ii
" Tu iiiiiu mini ail
This is an agre
of improvement, and rail roads arejthe
chief means of jmoving every successful
jiotict? to the contrary, are con- . enterprise, and giving permanency to! the
iitiiiUf tht ir aubsc riot ions. L t. . .. . i .. : S
T the discontinuance of their pa-
M f f r i
jf Ltrdivrs of'!
- ' if ,,tt-jC,(H t) wiiH'h they, are directed, they are
t1 u .riv..'t.l tiH "tbe!thvc settled tlie bill and order-
'"'l j T ...... I. la ... . J tin. ... . . I. . :
i r'J'i Jihi ptii)!ili'ers, Und the pa'ier ia sent to the for-
t Tfc Courts have landed that refusing to take a
- '( . fcwniLiha oiiireiMnrrmovuijj una leaving u uncau
tjr, in,n:i'i'!llvl t'v't'cncc f intentional fraud.
ft FORT MANUFACTORY
T i! I ISallimorc.
I S '
'HUM iiitf-T!i cued cnlls ihe aitenlion of
it I lhf Midies. PritK ipnl! of Academies,
business interests off our whole communi
ty whejever they stretch their gigantic
arms. We arej so confident that North
Carolina ought hnd will at her next ses
sion extend a qharler to ,the mountains
from Salisburyj that we are opposed to
making one fbotj of the turnpike fromthis
place to Salisbury, for the reason that, if
the rail road be built in ten years it will
be that much capital wasted on a load
that-thereafter will never be travelled
enough to keepiif "in repair. We must
open a communication by rail road direct
ly from one extremity of our State tol the
other, if any qne says we have no riri.n-
cipal communication, we say it is not so,
or cannot be long, if we do what we ought
ii. e i- . v ..u r.. i ; . i m ii j ii .i i c s.i:
sic, n hU private amines oi. orui wnr- t iiiiuulUll, II tl mil I'UUU IS run irUtlliiniS
point to her, wiu soon rival many of i our
flourishing citie True she lies away on
one side of the Skate, but does not Charles-
!.-,.4i i.l - Mil
T?",-! I ,, i.: L.. fiC
i.Jll.Mmrior il UHV Ol HIS l i:ium. i ui oimtu
.in li ii- iieyXeeii 4 use in Pennsylvania, Maryland,
ufV'ir ihih. nn.l hv pven .entire satismciion. ue
LO.I.lLiiMn the latt ree months, in this Spte, twea-tt-pUiU
have pf if d to be su.erior i-rt quality of
A -int-Jnfknanlifii..- lo'anv purchased elsewhere.
niVcliftinlnntiehnnpl of weather have no effect on
fie iff tTufnrntf ,ni t Uy are almost entirely of cast iron,
.i msniifarturir a:4ies the ouhlic ttiat they will do as
! bfjierifiiji to hii S coining ihernsrlves or sending
i,IZfiUtoiselect aiijiilftruinent. Respectfully,
- ! 1 LK'TII()NY KHUN Sl Co.,
!. i iVb,' 7.,' S'tn tk seventh Street, Caltimore.
!.iln2' 1.49. eoWaOJr
J if iSttvela good nlcbnil lianJ riano for fltile at Mr.
Vtfocksvillei sTrice 8100. A. K.
Fear! i Steamboat
A in "now nfrpar
MlM-ruD or tl
Vre rlow iiis so'
JL having purchased of J.
tSi, W. Mctiary their interest
ifAPE f;ear steamboat
EL? TaST 32kf 9
Proprictdrs of the Line.
I to forward goods with great
I I Tl I .
vMn tne uiver. on as goou lerms
f ' "I f LI .
rMjifriliiie i- (i)d4 consiined to us at W ilmmg-
JI 1e forwarifeijl Brep of comtn,ission, and at ray-
flit the ti!a! ( tinrke. Adtfres,
DinlHiH & BROTHERS,
I Wilmington or Fayetteville.
nti'fiair. .Vnrrtiisst liV. 1819. 16
N. York afrdBcston ? Every one of tbem.
Let us never lie idle till we feeder
from our every mountain top and luxuri
ant valley ; then she will be what I she
ought and ve wjhati we should have been
years ago, a floprishing, industrious 'and
thrifty manufacturing State, what we can
and must be. We never intend to le the
moss grow on opr ball till it rolls from the
mountains) the sea coast, unobstructed
by mountains, gjates or causeways. lore
herealter. Ashevtlle Messenger.
Kr l iflJ wil'e.'Jne
Lliibes lj. Kerr and wife ; Martin
oiland Huie, Pauline Huie,
R.-UrJ W.'lonj, Wii tC Benty and wife, Nancy ;
wUirtl'Lortf sn4 Alilieill. Lous-; Julius Love, Eliza-
ih cri ail Hirry' ,t e.''
U ibtj'rafif, u iapVarin2 thnt the defendant?, Rich
U.1W U i, Aiinr la aaJ F. Iward Ltniz,. infants, Mar-
19 E itia wife.. jJ net: VilliHin C. Beatv and wife.
Miiwt ; 8int.ii( llnii, nivil Pauline Ifuieinfanl daugh-
54 r'L rn li'iie,'.Itn.l, are Mihabttnnt9 of another
.cllVt fhirv Jin n.rtilii.l i
r . ....... fvM rr -
Mr. William patton has just bought 70
head of Saxony! sheep and placed tbem
under the care of J. R. Osborn, Esq! on
the Swannanoei two miles from this pace.
They are said to be full blooded. Not
withstanding tbjs and the fact that the
Saxony wool is &f a superior texture; we
consider them greatly inferior for muitton
or a large yield in wool to the South
Down or BakeWelH breetls, yet .we! are
glad to see a spirit of improvement gbing
on in old Buncombe 1 he wool from these
sheep, owing tpjits fineness, is worth a
bout 150 per cept, more than that from
our common shep ; on this account if no
other, our farmers ought to got some of
the stock. Mr. Patton has several. fine
bucks which it is possible he might sell.
When will our farmers turn their atten
tion to wool growing? If they would
sow down their old! fields and dry bottoms
COMM ERCE AGR ICULTU RE- M A N t F AC -
TL'REd. At the recent Fair' of the; Ameri
can Institute, in N. York, a capital lecture
Was delivered on the subject of thi; Mental-Elevation
of the American Farmer."
by j W. ). Wallace Esq., some of the lead
ing points of which are th lis noted in the
tribune: I :
Mr. W. commenced by alluding to the
jpoiver and predominance of Commerce
Jving commerce. As an evidence of
his power, when religion and the school-
master had failed in opening China toltbe
christian world, he stalkedjover the obc
dient billows,.and the walf of Chirja, ven
erable with the memories of 3,00Q years,
tumbled down before a chest- of Qpxum !
Yet what supplies King Commerce with.
his pabulum his life blood ? AbRicuL-
If fITl 1 a if . -
tube, vv ny nas Agriculture nermilted the
1 w -i
l"ater-born, the dependent, tp overshadow
it. I ' ' . ! I ! '
Commerce was wakeful! as theOcean
ubiquitous as the Wind, ihrevvder than
the fox ; his existence demanded it. Ag
riculture, from its very natural advanta
ges, was prone to be "supine!, unambitious,
unprogressive. The speaker inveighed
jagainst Agricultural inertness. Harmony
required that no one great branch of In
dustry should outshine another in mental
ity but if any branch was to predominate,
it should be Agriculture. We must look
to the rural walk for the largest amount
of political and domestic virtue. But vir
tue, to be efficient, must act intelligetitly.
Mr. W. spoke of the intereft of the; pock
et as a potent argument to offer the farmer
4vhy he should cultivate his mind- I A-
mong many other sciences absolutely
necessary to the farmer, the speaker
dwelt on Chemistry. He also alluded to
toe great activity of the manufacturing
spirit. A single machine had been made
to perform the work ok 400 men. The
farmer could also subdue brute matter
could teach it to work for himcould
make it drag him up to poNver and opu
lence, as the steeds of the ;un wheeled
hisichariot up to the perihelion of ijay.
The triumph over matter ivould give an
immense quantity of time to be dqvoted
to mental improvement. The speaker re
gretted the absence of a great Agricultu
ral College, where the sciences necessary
to the. farmer could be theoretically as
vyell as practically taught. But the! defi
ciency was somewhat supplied by first rate
Agricultural newspapers, lit could safely
be said tbat no farmer can constantly! read
Mr. Skinner's publications alone, and! re
main an uninformed man. Science has
been greatly simplified by Genius stepping
up from the pedestal of Pedantry to the
mountain of Common Sense. The farmer.
'now, who neglected the -acquirement of
knowledge, could not stand guiltless. God
gave him brains before he gave him hands.
Mr. Wallace enlarged on the glorious
position of an educated farmer. He was
a man that had stood in the shadow of
Deity. The farms of the United States
ought to produce the leading natural phi
los9ph?rs in the. world. See how many
eminent professional men, amid all iheir
glory, yearned towards Agriculture. io
Fremont and his men. The following
description is extracted frorp a new woik
entitled "Four years in the pacific, in her
Majesty's shipCollingwood.by Lieutenant
the Hon. Fredrick WalpolejR. N.M:
Durjing our stay at Montjerey, Califor
nia Qaptnin Fremont and his party ar
rived, preceded by another toop of Amer
ican tyorse. It was a party of seamen
mounted, who were used to sour the coun
try to keep otTmarauders. i'heir efficacy
as sailors, they beiti nearly; all English,
we wijl not question. As avelry, they
would'' probably have been singularly de
structive to each other. Their leader how
ever, was a fine fellow, and one of the
best rifle shots in the States. Fremont's
party naturally excited curiosity. Here
were true trappers, the class that produ
ced the heroes of FennimorejCooper's best
than religion or marriage, should ever bo
dragged into i political discussions of iho
country. To thrust slavery eternally be
fore the public to promote patlizan pur
poses, is the way to render all property
in slaves, sooner or later, utteily worth
less. Augusta (Ga.) Sentinel. "
From the North Carolina Standard. ... t
Sketches of the North Carolina Press.
II ai ndble t : by wh'ieh the worifi- I
Thouch kn in barbarism hnrled, j
UNION OF TH E SOUTH FOR TH E blo,min2 t"'ns n.
. . And sceaee wafted t the kn-s-
SAKEOF THE UNION. Aided by the, tberrintrd Pz f'
We clip the following paragraph from inr.. u rh aP ; I
r & 6 lM "Ui" ne in one boor more nheets appear f
the Columbus Times': , j Than scribes oald ctpy in a year.
- We believe the great heart of the l 16 Press in our country its astonishing
North is right and sound, but that it has Prfn moral influence i.n tb aappi.
permitted its pulsations of justice and fra- ! ntss of ,,r a,,, ba rurrl me the Mtemioa
ternity to be stifled by the' noisy, active, I h rily T'!' r '
militant, political factions which have ' r , V y ry "r coun,r.v we re
seized npon the abolition crusade a n I n,fore.d' ,b1 when lhe C 'llant ami advetHur.
ready instrument of amU;ious aa?ion "V " ' P VT
A reftt mntivf o "-.nation, j hritan. he en Hvorel to effect his rausmn lT
tv nf ?h m"me-S,,C,,l1an one Ihe safe- j pr0cu,ing ime articles of value fr..,n the for!
tyheUmon-W, I rouse that heart. of.be colony at Jamestown. He sent a letter
to rise up flvnnsfnd hreak in sender th.v nn ..r ii,. i.,;,.,- a; .u ..:
. . , , ft' " j ..-w . ...v i.ui.oa-, unrvilll llll llir Hill-
writhes and- bounds of the pijrmy parly ; cles needed should be placed at mch a time at
j tyranny which misdirects its energies and "he foot of a certain tree, and lo ! ihe desired
Keens ii in nonuae. I h nnU r ariu-N u-p
worksl These men passed
years in the
South can alone furnish this great motive.
Let that be given, and at once, the nu
cleus is supplied for a nowerfnl nwr.
whelming, national, union party at the
AT . i ., .. ... '
wilds, living on their own resources they I North, to strangle the Abolition Hydra
which threatens interests so vast and so
dear as those involved in the American
Union. Ihis motive can never be sun
.1 r m -t m ..... . I
were a curious set. A vasticloudof dust
appealed first, and thence inlpng file emer
ged this wildest wild party. Fremont
rode ahead, a spare active looking man, ! plied while the South is divided against
with such an eye ! He was dressed in a j itself, and one half of it rejoices at every
blouse! and leggins, and vvorp a felt hat.
After mm came five Delaware Indians,
who were his body-guard, and have been
with him through all his jwanderings;
they had charge of two baggage horses.
The rest, many of them blanker than the
Indians, rode two and two, he rifle held
by one hand across the punmel of the
saddle. Thirty-nine of therrl are his reg
ular men, the rest are loafers picked up
lately!; his original men arje principally
back-woodsmen from the State of Ten
nessee, and the banks of the (upper waters
of the Missouri. He has vyith him one
or two who enjoy high reputation in the
prairies. Kit Carson fs as well known
there as the Duke is in Europe. The
dress jof these men was principally a long
loose coat of deer skin, tied with thongs
in front ; trowsers of the same, of their
own j manufacture, which when wei
through, they take off, scrape well with
a knife, and put on as soon las dry ; the
saddles were of various fashions, though
these 'and a large drove of horses, and a
brass field-gun, were thin
picked up about California,
the gang were a rough set ;
their private, public and moral characters
had better not be too closely examined
Theytare allowed no liquor-itea and su
The rest of
much to do
gar only ; this, no doubt, has
with their good conduct, and
top, is very strict. They were marched
up to an open space on the jhills near the
town, under some large firs, and there
took up their quarters in masses of six or
seven, in the open air. The Indians lay
beside their leader. One man, a doctor
six feiet six inches high was an odd look
ing fellow ; may I never come under his
" I I . J I . . I, ; : i .
ilUrr P.T,. . .. L. i...i. n l grs nuu ciqver.anu turn uieir m-ii
iiiul.ii' .ifiit ill, if, Jilt 1,.iii':iv in Ktntr mlier. tion to sheen raising, they would soon find ! man conld discourse more nrofoundlv on
tniiiT r.l.-ti nr micuur inmnlninnnla Hill. it tlio m net nin ( f a lilo int'oclmont lflit T... P..nlni..l monnrac llxirt llaniul
I : I . V I .'T " . lh hiu iiiimi I t' """IV ill , oi in. hi. tin i iilCi.V- X-A i L lanu lllCltllil V O llinil LUUIL I 1 w u-
'jU'PtWir-'Mw tunfAtM tie rendered and the cause, . i,. -fl.. M..i:MM . M.,mt.'i. f . .1" tvt : i.i JL :
L.- r i t I'liiiiu nmiir. iiv iiiiiikh' iiiiniiiiiiiiJi-fiiii eTO-r vii rii m ii rrui in ij l v iiim r i l iii-i. iiiss
er vinle it to them.
? IP, ie-43:
- 1H, . A ll CALUWKLL.C.M.K.
I NMwty, N. C , Alt 2 J 23. 1819: fitlfi
10 KARMEliK INI) MECHANICS!
t'iwi'i!ser!rr h :i' Foundry in operation, near
Mck.Jille,hnd ,voil, hr pleased to furnish Cast
.Tt.VH H- H iirlnled with a superior fcL!UE
"in 'nil i pittfuphnachinery, dress mill 6indles,
Cjjtittgif ak-ers c;in lie mipplied with brass circle on
Oven Lids. Sec:.
tt rnt n l. i " 3- li i .1 :n ......L...nn
j r ijiiihi. I nnjum will ur u iur 111 iiMioir
'yie, ind everv hint made to irive HatMaction.
: ' .. B. CLEUG.
illei Da v ie Col N. C. ) n
. i r t .nil i ii
Ais; 171 lMl'J. i K
bells, and keeping them in pastures, tfiere formation as to the requisite points in the.
I would be little tjanger of dogs, those great farm-house than Henry Clay. See how
, destroyers of tleseJ valuable animals in our glorious President, cradled almost as
' this mountain cbunry. We hope this ex- he had been in a field of battle, bowed
-! ! n r 2 t J . . i ; ' 1 ' i .ii . i ' -.
peruneni oi iviijr. rmion may prove a puu- , clown as ne is unuerine laureis ot victory,
cessful and profitable one to him, and he
the means of introducing a better breed
of sheep in our country, out we tear
. ; ill . t
ha repeatedly gone through the country
to improve his agricultural ;khdwledge.
Mr. W mentioned the Vice President and
many of them will keep the old kind'and Woodbury, also as devoted Ho the noble
stick to old customs, like the boy that caljing. Among our own citizens, Max
went to mill wijth his corn in one endfand well, when crowned with the! honors of
a rocK in ine otneri wunoui neing ante to . the nrolession, could be seen at the early
Ouir enterprisicg townsmen and mer
chants, Messrs. Rankin & Pullian, have
now nearly completed in the west end of
the village, a large and we 1 constructed
Tan-yard. -The building is two stories
high, 18 by 34 feet in length with a wing
20 by 30 feet, covering the bark house.
mill, &c. &.c. Everything
constructed for durability
and the dispatch of busines$. They have
a workman, and are buying
give any reason fbr it; more than fvPad
always did it indI intentKto keep the ! tically studying agriculture. O, farmers
e ihis th"j
MttN IA having remov-ycrj
the room in ihe ltlll(K
y (louhl Si Hiw- IT
I family rock as
( lOThe Edi
ong as I live !w Asheville
gceiy of morning, with plow .in hand, prac-
very plain and
Reader ! are
of A merica ! exclaimed the speaker, in con
clusion, now, when the world of mind is
in such brilliant motion when the- Arts
are making such an unparalleled progress
when your calling is the most beautiful
bark, and doing every thing possible to
mend and strengthen the soles of their
customers. We know of no Country where
had the facili-
seems to be
or of the Milton Chronicle
. i ....ki.:i ' . . i. rn.:
t , O o.-.,! ,l,.o.r..KI.. nn. ll h hnlUXUh TII1 GllllTI.
tier? "Labor is worship ;"hut to worship
AND THINK !
you ia subscriber to this
i paper, or do you read it at other people's RAIL ROAD TO THE PACIFIC.
expense l If you-are a subscriber, pave
ypu been for several years and never !paid
R(JVj formerly oi upied I
. iottld tjrupecltuily inWrni lhee public, that he j ia
"'Hlo t-iil aim i lalie m 11 kinds ot (nrments in lie
!:wrblU land r,ii.iiat.ltf ixvle. He is also, in ihe
fc'ii Tpct-ifct of ;ihe i !
Hllloil' from ilKt Northern CTifiraL
hti "lo havr f ivored him with their natron-
?. Kti miimo lii inrt're ihimk nn.l l...w.
'irtion. iu hi hi Ht-fr-, and a desiie to please, both the lirst dime l)r itsf We have sunscn-
''7irctsilir stjhj oiid prices, to merit a continuance, bers on our bckk men abundantly table
,WI1 r TT ' " , to pay who hkve taken the paper from
td asi am Ufrimied to spare nopams tn the 1 J - I i , 1 ,r !
'"f.oo of all work, i )
I i I T rntlV A. W F.I R MAN.
J.ibtiryfept. C, 1P0. ; 18
u KrrtTTm l id .lamPQ
well we .must labor intelligently.
its commencement up, and who have nev
er paid us the! first red cent ! Others
received 8111002 a variety of other arti
', a large' qiariHty of superfine salad OIL.
MryUpril if, (349 49
. f., . I :r i
NTp Ai'i T T. . T r n iatc uiu iiius c ni we nave now me
Sfir6hr! D"T? money we havL it to borrow at 6 ner cent
Tp"f-casi n..Jnfl ,;rn.ii, i..r,.i. hv l interest and trust to Providence7 for vou
ir '1 tij.iiirf mi n . iihinvT Ti.Ai i. r . . i 1
Ai:,r, iv tiAniuaUii. i-v t'nJ U5 "u or lew punctual patrons
i we should lon since have been corrrpell
jto "shut up shop." i If you intend tot pay
f you dont intend to Spay,
quit faking the paper. Who does the cap
fit? iousir !; 1 hen wear it.
n i i r.i
Ui Vfived nid ft.t ale cheap at thetore of; US pay HOW
L J- Mt X : " 31. JIKOWN Si, SON,
JTI.WI. It 1819 23
i -... , ,i
Great eclat was given to the late con
verition at St. Louis, by the participation
of many distinguished tytizens. Many
who jlid not attend expressed their appro
bation of the project proposed, through let-
i..i n,l.lrcDcnil tn iho PnmnnlltpA rtFithp.
. fbiive takeo irfor two, three, and foot-ami I s, I .. . ,fc r ,! '
- j fTve ears, andfhave never mentioned pay Convention. Among these are Lesw.s
nnip i i,pm pmpn nnp nnii ail ennh scinn i unas. juuii v. ihhwui - -
v.. v -.......v... w . . . . u i o u v tj .3 1 w I ' ; .
1 L!. 1. I ri -J i- it 4 til
anu ininK : i"owj cap we live I we
have house rerjt, paper, wjorkmen, fype,
feci !kc, fcc, all to pay for and when
these bills are.poked at us we have to
this business could be done
fully than this, if we only-
ties Of cheap and speedy transportation
We have the bark, operatives, provisions
and materials, but we lackia cheap mode
of transportation, and we jmust have it.
A Rail Road must come to j Buncombe.
Farmers and capitalists think of it, talk
about it, and never let it rst till it is ac
complished. We have now three good
tanneries in town, this one and those long
established of Jas. W. Pattpn and James
M. Smith. The very sight f which from
their age and standing, make a beef trem
ble and a negro laugh ! Success to them
all and all home manufactures, and three
cheers for a Rail Road frorp Salisbury to
Buncombe. Asheville Messenger.
successive triumph of a Northern noliti-
cian. annough steeped to the eyelids in
Why is the M South divided against it-
self" in any degree ? Has not the Dem
ocratic party moved heaven and earth to
make political capital out of the slavery
question ? Even Judge Hill, a native
South Carolinian, whose every pulse and
feeling are truly Southron, owes his re
cent defeat, it is claimed by his opponents,
to his refusal to answer questions in re-
lerence to this subject. Have not plat
form mongers tasked their wits to the ut
most to contrive new issues, in the pro
gress of which they might gain an advan
tage of the Whigs ? Is not a new organ
ization of the Senate districts advocated
solely on the ground that it will weaken
and injure one half of the citizens of
Georgia, and increase the power and
strengthen the ascendancy of the other
half? Who will so stultify himself as to
pretend that this is the way to unite both
political parties on any question? Now
that the Whig candidate for Governor has
been defeated by the adroit perversion of
a purely sectional matter, and the Whigs
placed in minority in both, branches of
the Legislature, the Times thus appeals to
them to forget the wrongs which they
have suffered and are threatened with at
the hands of unprincipled opponents :
" We hope the Whigs of Georgia, will
go to Milledgeville, prepared and deter
mined to meet this great question in the
spirit of Southern men, and not rest the
great hopes of the country on a " master
ly inactivity" and a fatal trust in the pro
tection of the present administration."
That is to say, the " Whigs" should
withdraw all trust and confidence in
such men as Zachary Taylor, George W.
Crawford, Reverdy Johnson, John M.
Clayjpn, and William B. Preston, and con
fide alone in the united Democracy of
Cass, Van Buren, and their Southern aU
lies! This is modest advice to say the
the least of it. For the Whigs to trust
the presetit Administration" will be " fa
tal" to the pure, unselfish, patriotic, Cass
men of the South. This is much to be
regretted, seeing they have done so much,
recently, to conciliate the Whigs, by treat
ing their representatives!!) Congress, their
friends, the President and his Cabinet, and
their candidates for State offices, with
commendable fairness and courtesy ! The
Washington Union says : " iNo matter
what face the Administration may put on,
we will oppose it to the bitter end ;" and
this reckless bitter" sentiment isapprov-
tored mind attriluled lo mayic this mjsierioui
art, which thus could "inak paper talk."
Such would be the effects on our mind unen
lightened liy civilization and art.
In our own day. and in our own enlightened
nation, (he ida conceived by the Philosopher
in his 6olitarjr closet, or the plan suggested by
the statesman in his study or in ihe Senate,
can in the course of a few week by the art'ol
the Press be seen by twenty miJIi n of people,
enlightening their minds and influencing their
acts. Under wise laws, virtuous rulers, and a
united people, the national eminence and glqrj
destined lo be attained by our Republic can
not te conceived or imagined.
The art of writing, handed down to us from
an Asiatic source, through thellreeks and Ro.
mans, like that of language, could only have ita
origin in Holy Inpirration. The first writing
that sacred or profane history gives any record
of, was indicted "amid the awful promulga
tions of Horeb, amid the thunders of Heaven,
which shook the base of Mount Sinai," bv tie.
FINGER OF GoO. i .
For many centuries, by monks, cleiks. and
others, the only writings were executed on
stone, wood parchment and bones. The origin
of Printing has been the subject of learned,'
long and able commentary. It is wondrfulw
says Lemoine, "but it is true, that the only art
which can record all others should almost for
get itself." ; 4
Timberly, in his " Enclopedia of Literary
and Typograpical Anecdote,? in summing- up
all the evidence and arguments, conclude!
v win, vjuiruiucig iii ine cuy oi .nentz.
is due the appellation of the father of Printing
to Peter Schoeffer the father'of Letter Found
ing, and to John Faust that of the generous
Patron, by whose means the wonderful Art of
Printing was rapidly brought lo perfection." .,
Thus dividing the honor into a triumvirate, be.
fore which that of Anthony must sink iuto in
significance. .This discovery was in the 15ih century.'
rrinung was introduced into England, the na
lion from which we derived it, by Wjjlianv
Caxton, in 1474. He consulted the workmen,
who were taught at Mentz, and caused a fount .
of letters tube cast, and at Wealminler, im
England, be printed, in 1447 "The Game of
Chess." This is ihe first book ever printed
in England. It was dedicated to the Duke of
Clarence, brother of Edward IV.
The early newspapers piiuted in the United
Slates were on a half sheet of pot paper, some
times in folio, sometimes in quarto. At ibis
time (1704) there were but four or five postr
offices in America. The firt newspaper pub
lished in North America was the " Boston
News Letter," in 1704. by Bartholomew GreetC
son of Samuel, who wa printer to Harvard
College. The proprietor fur the firet eighteen
years was John Campbell a Scotchman, lh
postmaster of the town. At the end of this lima
it fell into the hands of Green, and continued
until the evacuation of Bustion by the British!
in 1776 the only pa rw r that continued in
Boston through the siege. The Botnn Ga
zette, No. I, was issued, Dec. 21., 1719, by
William liooker, who employed James Frank
lin, the brother of the patriot and sage, and to
whom Benjamin Franklin as an apprentice.
The American Weekly Mercury, No. I. trar
printed and published December, 1719, ai Phil.
adelphia,by ndrew Bedford. This was t bo
first newspaper out of Boston ever published in
Printing was first introduced into North Car
olina, says Isaiah Thomas iu bis History of
Printing in America," about 1735. Before
tbat time the necessary public printing , was
done at Charleston. There were only two
presses in North Carolina before 1775.
The first press was established by James
Davis at Newhern, and his paper appeared ia
December 1755, by name of 4 The North Car
olina Gazelle," with " freshest advices, foreign
ed and applauded by Southern journals, ! and domestick." It was poblihed weekly oir
which nreach harmony and union to the I hursuays, on a sheet oi pot size loi.o, and al.
iV1 enr i5hp(n hand to supply any auxili
j !y licit feqtj rinJ wer -100 copies. .
j ! J CAlKNES.Pres't
to the American lirtle tociety, nave
1 4.. rl ,.r M.-ra M ttrnwn and Son.
. . V f " l"'v
ptblrs jjiiid Testaments at New York pn
More Forcible tfian Elegant. Bishop
Chase told his
congregation a short time
since, in one f hii sermons, that Jhere
were among i is female auditors crirset
boards sufticieait to shingle a hog-pcnV.
Win. H. Seaward, John A. Dix and Pres-
toniKing. i -M
; influence of Newspapers. Small is, the
sum that is require to patronise a news
paper, and amply rewarded is its patroii.
the gazette which be takes. It is next
I care not how humble and unpretending
to impossible to fill a sheet with printed
matter without putting into it something
that is worth the subscription price. Ev
ery parent whose son is away from Urn
at School should supply him with a news
paper. I well remember what a marked
difference there was between those of my
schoolmates wbo had, and those wno.naa
not access to newspapers. . Other things
being equal, the first were decidedly su
perior to thejast, in debate, composition
and general intelligence.
ray tell me
those tears V
dear ? Don't
A Wife in Trouble
my dear, what is the cause o
"Oh, such a disgrace !"
What what is it, my
keep tne in suspense !"
vWhy I have opened one your letters,
.supposing it addressed to jmyselt. Uer
..? . V -I HI.
tairtly it looked more use iyrs. tuan mr.
Is that all ? What harm can there be
in a; wife's opening her hushand's letters?" ,
No harm in the thing itself.
contents ! Such a disgrace, T
fl e ra -k r v j fr r ! ! f - ViP aI I I a imntiril fVrflfn
" Whigs of Georgia, but not to those ,m- , copy efore ,fae wri(erf wa .
maculate politicians, Georgia Democrats. ! . Newbern, priut.-d by James Davis, at the
No one can more desire than we do, to j printing office, on Front street, where all per-
see a union of all citizens and parties, not ! 8n'm ,MJ eulktJ u,'h ,,hi' PI'
, J , ii shilling per annum. And where adverlise-
only in Georgia but in every slavehold.ng : mfnl(b,)fa m.Hierate length are inserted for
State, to resist all encroachments on their three shillings the first week, and two for ere-
equal rights and privileges, come-they : ry week after.
from what source they may. Nothing is
more needed at this time than a union of
South for the sake of the South. But this
auspicious result can never be attained,
by denouncing in advance, a Southern
It continued about six years. On the 27tb
of May, 17GS, it again apeared and continued
until the Revolution. James Davis was a Vir
ginian by birth, was appointed postmaster at
Newbern by Benjamin Franklin, Postmaster
Ciencral. He was Printer for the Colonial Goi
vernment of North Carolina, and held the corn
mission of magistrate from Governor Tyron. In
President ; and no matter what face his
But the ! administration may put on, opposing it to ! 1778 he primed a folio edition of ihe lawa of
the bitter end.". The intensity of parti- , North Carolina oi sou pages.
n .L ' II
. . i- j 1 1 .1 L.jur 1 he Dress 111 ivmni vjuuuuii was set up in
i i IlttL . Urts nuy one upku w " zan lerunu must au'i u onj- ll7 . . .-no 'j I, M. j
mepa letter unfit to be read by my wile 7 h nke mutual confidence can exist. j Tbp Cap? pt.ar Gazette and the Wilmington
-n, no. ii i cuuouris ... When the Democracy of the South shall
rKl.nntPts! tb. contents !" ! ase to pervert the relation of master
Here the wife buried hef- face in her j and slave to political and selfish purposes.
handkerchief, and commenced sobbing j to the incalculable injury of the slavehold
aloud, while the husband eagerly caught ing interest of fifteen States, then anti
up the letter and commenceu reauing me
- ... . i .
epistle that had been tne means
hrenkinfr his wile s heart. I
&njf wauoi. , ,ng interest 01 niieen oiaies, men nun- jw. n
I reading the $la prejudices and abolitionism at the
ans of nearly . , ... , . 5 -L -A.nA:- partook
It was a bill North, will begin to wither, and soon die A
. 1'. : frnm tb IapIt nf aliment. The domestic ( Corern
Advertiser, by Andrew bteuari, " printer td
tbe King' roost excellent Majesty." Irwaj
discontinued in 1768. ! j
Andrew Sieuart was amative of the Emer
ald Isle. He lived and printed for several
years in Philadelphia. He was possessed of
much talent and industry, but bia character
of the mercurial temper of his coun
At first be was much encouraged byi the
from the printer for nine ybar's subscrip- trom tne lacK 01 ai.menu . . UoTernrneni pa.ron.ge oui ,rom .om w
. . 4 . "i 1 e . torvnnt nn mrvrn 1 .omnor thia and the nubllC Confidence WM wllQ
lion I j i relation Oi rnasin aiiv. v , .vr uivi w 1 I i - ---- .- 1 ,
'! I.t! ii' .lv- : i
' i '.!. -