; 'Hi . V '
T 1 ' - - K h ; - i" ;: .
Tl V i ' -T . " II ! " ; ! r-n
; . '
m m m a a rw m -
51 ; ? .i?ncL Bfit if not paid in advance, Two doljars
inTitSTisiiMMTted it $1 for the first. and 25ct
ilMcli .abluent insertion. Court
' .per . higher than these rate,. A l.beral deduc
.vf twit it hoe whoadtrjertise by the year.
f ttrrtta to the Kditors must be post p'-
"U From the Presbyterian.
I itTbe SfcofcWirlsb of North Carolina.
.!"!..'.' K ! ' )jr I (CONCLUDED.)
The first Constitution of the Slate of North
Cajroltnaj was discussed und adopted at Halifax.
! 'u'rth Carolina, in the winter of 1776 77. If
Veilifcthfi unchanged until 1835. and at that
timVwai'the only Constitution among the IT.
Sure wUh had been set forth by the father.
"of I ho! R Solution: The changes which were
tnad In 1833 did not at all aflVct its fundamen
utplincipl'. They altered only the means
Iby which j those principles were manifested.
-!Thi :U continuance of an instrument, adopt.
"if id a ihe ' midst of our Reiolutionary troubles
' cleajiy evjnres the witdotn of its provisions
I ifrfirjfavourableness to liberty and religion.
'.'We nave inow the means' of showing that the
Scotch : Irish of North Carolina were not a
thil behind I h foremost in proposing and es
1bliihing those provisions. The evidence has
"hrf n ;!roiJCa!ed for many years; lut now thai
it Is -discoy
ered, it fs irrefragable. It is con.
paper whose liody is in the hand
Waightsiill Avery, with marginal
and inie rliuati"!is i'J a different
ttlnd irt a
hind; This, paper seems to have been the
origljial draught of the propositions submitted
tolbe'consdration of the Convention to which
it refers. For oil its margin the word reject
. cdT' Is wriljen against some of its articles. The
true:bisUry of North Carolina is yet to he writ-
tfn, and lo i si writer the whole of this paper
WtU.ta of ibe highest value. Having hut liml
ltd jfboin, hp rjl extract only those suggecliong
. wkicl) are f the ;most impoitance, and of the
most1 general interest, that the readers of the
Prehteriai may agnin he assured that Pres.
.'byie.tlabism is profitable fur very nany excel
A (teneal Conference of the inhabitants of Meck
lhbufg cwumy, tsnembled at the Court House on
jhe 1st Jay of November, 1776, for the express pur
.'bosei'of d rawing up instructions for the present je
presentat ves in 'Congress ; the following were a
t(eed to by the assent of the people present, and
.". ptdtrd to signed by .Chairman, chosen
! W preside fof hr day ire said Conference
' '"Td VVajghlstill Avery, Hzckiah Alexander, John
' .fliiier.'Kobert Erwinjjand Zacheus Wilson, Ea
y 4'qtiirB :
Senllemen' -You are chosen by the inhabi
Untl pfirhis jrouuty to serve them in Congress,
cii General Assembly tor one year ; and they
".have agreedo the following instructions, which
,'ywiafej to (jhserve with the strictest regard,
'Mu -you areilnsttucted,
ji ; I. jrjbat you shall assent to and approve the
' peUriltion ',of the Continental Congress, (Je1.
claringlthe thirteen Colonies free and indepen-
iVletv Spates.! 1 '
.2. P.hut you shall endeavour to establish a
"' feif giternn)ent, under the authority of the peo.
ple'ii the Slate of North Carolina, and that the
goyertitnent be a sirjijile uemocracy, or as near
J 3. That in fixing the fundamental principles
of jpotemmept, yuu shall oppose every thing
tb'a) leslns to fftistocracy ; or power in the:
haigjs of . the rich' and hicf men, exercized to
tbelojpressioin ol'the poor.
you fhall endeavour that the form of
govVrurnent shall set forth a lill of rights, con.
tairiiiig jhe rifihts of the eople and of individu
als Which shall never be iufiingey in and fu-
,tur rtxe, by 'j the law making power or other
-urriru powers in ine oiHie.
9. That you hall endeavour that the follow.
ingmtiims he subniutially acknowledged in
lb bill lf rights, viz. "
. V Ift Political power is of two kinds. One,
ypibft'fj'al and uj(rerne ; the other, derived and
iufeiior ' -
i 2d. 5 The p incipal supreme power is pos
I IfiseiJ by the fteople at large lire derived and
jnfeWr power5, by the ei rants whom they em
J JSu.j Whatever persons are delegated, cho
letil'eknployedl and intrusted by the peotile are
their ervuoi : and can possess only derived
tm Whatever is instituted and ordained by j
tte principal supreme power, cannot be altered, j
luspeiided, or jahrtgaled by any other power ;
Wthe same imwer that oidained may alter.!
, v ... . . .
; i "i ' "poogaio ns own uroinuuces.
y'h The riije whereby the deiived inferior
Jorlr is to be jeiercised, frre to be constituted
hy the principal supteiue power, and can be al
ttjl, iuspetidedr jiud abrogated by the same,
indtlio ther. i '
'P.', No aulnority can exist or be exercised
fcufMat shall appear toe ordained and crea-
fd J.ihe priiK-ipal supreme Hwer; or by a
wnied inferior power which
nferiot power which the principal su-
pftie. power hath authorized to cieate such
K 7thj.That.the .derived inferior power can bv
5a .Construction! or pretence assume or exercise
I powtr to subvert the principal stipieme pow.
5f ! K ';'' J
I $tp4Thal jttv- shall endvaviHir the govern
fceiU, shall be in tormed, th4t the derived infe.
rior tMmer shal be divided into three branch
filinct from each dther, vii. the power of
piking laws ; !the power of executing laws ;
M4the powerpf judgingj
!kUvinakimv 'nnivr thnll hnv full
f 'pple authority, for the good cJ the people,
ptbtids legal; remediesior alLevils and abu
'? . "iay .ie. in the State. The execu-
r? power thai) have authority to apply the
fl?.?niediet ; when the judging power shall
5.ac.CriaineiJ where and uoon what indi.
;the ferrij'diei ought to be applied.
. I Pu shall; endeavor, that in the original
fitution of tbe government now to be form
v le ! uthoriiy of officers possessing any
?jrV?f derived power, shall be restrained.
. f oUmple-U
w-'nK"g power shall be restrain.
IV? H fuluretjine, from making any altera-
Iw1" 'l16 furirj of goveitunent.
i 18; Yrt.. A ..ii : :.. i . . i .
ill 11 f "u euuc4four inai mats ny jury
PH'i'J Ud m ,beir u,inosl
'Uil1.' l endeavour that any person
W f hereafter profess himself to be an a-
Wor deny the beipa of Cod; or shall de-
ai w nm l i . t
I.TJUfinhy ; or shsll deny the divine authori-
ol U n ?nd New Testament, or shall be
'uitLVu" Catholic religion, hall not sua-
e of'ynh Caroli na.
, - win
THE fttliOMM i W
BRUNER & JAMES; 1 1 "Js (
. ! ; " KE?r A CHECK OfOS ALL tOCR - -i Do THIS, AKD LlBERTT IS SAFE "
i Editors Sf Proprietors. j ) RClees. J . Gen'l Hmrrimtn.
20. That in all times hereafter no pi ofcssi tig
Christian of any denomination 'whatever shall
be compelled t pay any tax or duty towards
the support of the clergy or worship: of another
21. That all professing Christians shall eh
joy the free and undisturbed exercise f religion
and may worship Cod according tojlheirj con
sciences without restraint, except Jdolatrious
worshippers. - l j j
22. You shall endeavour that the Form of
(lovernmenl, when made out and agreed jio, by
the Congress, shall he transmitted t: the: sever
al counties of this State to be considered by the
people at largevfr their approbatiorjj aiidjcorj.
sent if they shall choose to give it ; to the end
that it may deiive its form from the principal
supreme p4wer." . P j x
It is difficult for the prosperity of the authors
of wh a i paper as this lo judge aright of its
merits. Rruiyht up to regard thejrrineipi4
here laid oimii as axioruat ir, we seem incap4v
ble of realizing that they were ever denied,
that is taken the world near six thousand eara
to acknowledge their truth and to define .the
limits within which they ought to be allowed.
It must be that this unprecedented pjtperipni.
ceeded from aeople Ui frontier settlements,;
among whom there were no prominent light.
of jurisprudence ; whose wealth was small and
means of education were limited. Yet I bow
respectable must have been the peopje who, in
a (ieneral Conference, could understand j dis
cuss, and approve such a paper as this. Much
doubt isj there whether their desceodants io
this day of academies and colleges can produce
its equal. It has no rhapsody about Jraterrwty
nr any visions of Utopia, such as might ba,ve
proceeded from men who had !een suddenly re
lieved from galling oppression. r But dictated
by common sense, its language is very simple
yet, its truths are'very profound. lis provis
ions are concise, yet their comprehension is
exceedingly lare, and experience has shown
them to be sufficient. It is full of Jarge liberty
and jealous watchfulness ; of good orqer, jsound
mortality, and pure religion. Grea honour
then he to the Scotch Iiish Presbyterians of N.
Carolina ! " 1 1 ' ' V
How these suggestions were received by the
Congress to. whom they were made can best
be ascertained by comparing Instruction No. 5
with the Declaration of Rights, which'nas been
the fundamental law of North Carolina for; se
venl. three years; and the other instructions
with the various provisions of a Constitution
whose principles have never required' altera
tion. We will dwell on one or two instances
which clearly prove that their fellow Icitiieris
approved these suggestions of the Scotch Irish.
The thirty-second section of the Constitution of
North Carolina was, until 1835, in tbe$4 words:
No person who shall deny the : being' of
ud, or the truth ol the Frotestant religion, or
the diviiie authority of the Old or NeUpPesta.
ment, or who shall hold religious opinions in
compatible with the fieedom and safet of the
State, shall be capable of holding any dffice or
place of trust or profit in the civil department
within this State." T'he original of jtpis sec
tion is to be found in Instruction No. lQlabove.
In 1835, the only change in this sectim was
made by substituting the word Christian for
Protestant. For many years it had be et warm
ly debated whether, as adopted at first, the
thirty second section was intended, to exclude
Roman Catholics from, place and power in N.
Carolina. The instructions of the Scotlh Irish
leave jo douU as to their desires ; but he ac
tion of the framers of the
it uncertain whether they coincide! entirely
with the Scotch Irish. The words they adopt
ed are ambiguous. The truth of the Holes-
tant religion,'? may mean the truth which the
Protestant relighin has. Hence, thej oman
Catholics contended thai they were not! exclu
ded by this section. But the natural express-
iorT fiir ihid litflor !litua ennma tv. tiA tlV . .U
- " on MIO m C MP IIMII
in the Protestant religion." It is said that an
English-L rd Chancellor has declareylh im
H.ssibjo so to word an acl'of Parliainet as lo
urevenl ''iinreiiioui mon from Hrivi,..r J rnarh
and four horses through it. Instructions No.
20 and 21, are subslamisilly embodied In Se.
tion 34 of the Constitution, which prjiivides,
"that there fhall be no establishment of any
one religious Chuich or denominaiionlin this
Slate in preference lo anyother ; neither stiall
any person on any pietenee whatsoever,
be compelled! to attend any place for wor.
ship, contrary to his own faith, or judgment;
I nor be obliged to nav for the purchase jof anv
? glebe, or the building of any house of wiorship,
or for the maintenance of any minister or mm-
istry contrary (o what be believes to b$ right,
, r has voluntarily and personally engaged to
perform ; but all persons shall be. at liberty to
exercise ineir own moae oi worsnip. rroviuea
that nothing herein contained shall le construed
to exempt preacnersoi ireasooanie or semoHs
discourses front legal trial and punishment.'
Another paper has been lately discovered,
which bears the marks of having beert siumit-
led lo lh action of the Conference at Charlotte
in November, 1776. Its hand writing is the
same with that of ihe preceding Instructions.
Some extracts from it will be serviceable to
place the principles and consistency ocjpndiict
of the Scotch Irish in still stronger light. In
reading the papers it should ever be borne in
mind that they were produced in 'tims that
tried men's souls"- when an appeal :to arms,
and to the God of hosts," had been maklJas ill
that was left to the inhabitants ot the Thirteen
Colonies. How clear and steadfast must have
been the vision of their authois I 1 j
' After ihe Constitution and Form of Govern
ment shall be agreed upon and established, and
ihe General Assembly formed ;"you shill en
deavour that they, exercise the lawmaking
power on the following subjects of legislation
viz. ' j ' '. j-
1. You shall endeavour to have all Vestry
Laws and Marriage Acts, heretofore in force
totally and fbr ever abolished. I I
7. You shall endeaver to obtain a law to
prevent clandestine marriages ; and that gos.
pel ministers reularlv ordained, whetlier by
Bish ops, y Presbyteries, or by AssociAtons of
regular ministers, shall have legal autnorny to
marry, after due publication of bans where the
panics rcaiae, '
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1849.
Pheftf lil Wl iuim A .1 .L:
- uuiaiucu, a ii ii ao cii i nt: i r
earliest opportunity were secured those objects
ot the Scotch Irish, for which as petitioners
tbey had been " spurned from the jbot of the
Command Ni. 5 is,!' You shall endeavour
to diminish the fees of clerks in the Superior
and Inferior Courts, and make the Fee bill
more nrspicuotis, andfree it of all amhigui
lies." Here then the Scotch Irish insisted on,
and obtained thatedress for which the Regu
lators made their pat rjotic, but ill ttined and
unsuccessful effort. f
Nor in the midst of iheir own troubles did
the Scotch Irish forget the wants of the joor
and friendless ; for they directed. ' j
3. You shall endeavour to obtain a law
lor 'the rebel of the ttoor. whn ihlr mwl.
are sold by execution. i i
6. You shall endeavour to obtain a law that
overseen may4be elecjed annually in every
county wnii power to pfovide for the poor.
13. You shall endeavour that so much of the
Habeas Corpus Act, and the Common and
Statute Law heretofore' in force and use, and
favourable to the liberties of the people, shall
h continued in force through the state, exclu
ding every idea of kingly office and authority."
North Carolina is rerrfarkahle among her sis
lerjStates of the. Unionfor having always had
the following among the provisions of her con
stitution : "Sect. 41.1 A school or schools
shall be established byfthe legislature for the
convenient instruction of youth, with such sala
ries to the masters, paid by the public, as may
enable them to instruct at low prices ; and all
useful learning shall b duly encouraged and
promoted in one or more Universities." The
maintenance of a University is therefore as
obligatory on the legislature, as is the mainten
an-e of its judicial or executive departments.
In obedience to this Section, the present Uni
versity was provided for In 1789, arid opened in
1.795. This creditable provision of our Consti
tut ion is but another instance of Presbyterian
attachment to sound and extensive learning.
The fourth command in the paper 'now before
usis. " You shall endeavour to obtain a law to
establish a College in this county, land procure
a handsone endowment for : the same." In
1776. the Scotch Irish did not get what they
most wanted ; but Hie hint they threw out evi
dently Jed to the establishing and ample en
dowment of the University of North Carolina.
The Scotch Irish of North Carolina are on re
cord as among its earliest, most intelligent, and
firmest friends. One of them, Drl McCorkle,
preached the sermon at jits foundation, others
have been liberal contributors to its library,
and numbers of their soiis have, been educated
in its halls. In Dr. Foot'e's Sketches of North
Carolina, can be found life story of the efforts
which the Scotch Irish made before the revolu
tion to establish a college at Charlotte. , They
were disappointed at hat time, and the
disappoiniment was thefmore bitter because
all the incorporated academies in -the colony
were placed by law under the control of Epis.
copalians. Hence the 'University of North
Carolina must be looked upon as the first re
ward which they obtained for their praise-worthy
efforts. Still later, Davidson College was
established in Mecklenburg county, to complete
their satisfaction, and to show by its: name and
location how much the Scotch Irish of North
Carolina value the blessings of a sound and
religious education. : I
LATE FROM NICARAGUA.
Correspondence of the iew York Tribune.
Leon de Nicaragua. Oct. 19, 1849.
Gentlemen : I am happy to inform you
that the contract for tljfe ship catlnl across
this republic, made with Mr. D. L- White.
of New York, as the representative of the
company, has been .unanimously ratified
by both Houses of ihf Legislature, and
has become a law. The ratifications wrtl
be exchanged at the city of Managua,
where the members of tbe Government
are residing. The treaty of Alliance,
Friendship, Commerce?, Navigation, and
Protection," concluded! by our Minister,
Mr. E. G. Squier, has also been approved
by the Chambers, without a dissenting
viirf min tr Fithpr HpnrHSpntHfivps fir
Senators, and to the universal satisfaction
of the population.
I do not know that I can better convey
to you an idea of the spirit which ani
mates this Government and People than
by translating a passage from the address
to the Chamber of Don ibebastian Salinas,
the Minister of Foreigfi Relations:
-The identity of principles and, inter
ests between ourselves and the great sis
ter Republic of tbe United States of North
America must some day unite the two
countries in the most intimate bonds of
fraternity and mutual! advantage. The
American continental spirit cannot be in
different to European pretensionsiover our
territory. Hence it follows lhat our re
lations with that rehublic have been
drawn closer by the strongest ties between
the two countries, both with regard to
commercial and political interests. To
realize this, acompany of responsible per
sons has concluded witli our Government,
under the influence of that nation, a con
tract fbr the opening of the inter oceanic
ship canal," &c. !;
You will notice from the above that this
Government is fully imbued with the idea
of entering into more and more intimate
relations with the United States, a line ot
policy which looks towards the, peaceful
organization of the enfire North Ameri
can continent into one grand Federal Un
ion. A great deal of the talk about man
ifest destiny we may safely set down as
designed more for selfish than for serious
purposes ; but at the same "time we must
be struck by the Providential preparation
of this continent for neutralizing a great
end 0I4 all the vast movements of the age,
namely, a universal brotherhood of na
tions. V I can also inform you that Mr. Squier
' has negotiated a treaty with the Republic
of Honduras, which has some provisions
pi great importance tothe American lines
of steamers in the Atlantic, and indeed to
our commerce generally. This treaty
renders evt?ry port of Honduras perfectly
free, so far as. the United States is con
cerned; and, with a view to securing these
.privileges, cedes to us for the time being
jtbe island ol Tigre, n the Gulf ol Fonse
ca. This island corrmands the Gull, and
indeed the whole coast. It has been or
is speedily to be taknpossession of by an
American naval force. This a great dis
iappointment to the (English, who have
long bad their eye upon the island, and
have'been intending to seize it under the
prt-tence of indemnifying themselves for
debts due British subjects. The announce
inent of the, cession and occupation has
made them look foolish. As Mr. Squier's
circular has excited good deal of atten
tion here among foreigners. I subjoin a
copy of it :
Legation of the U. S, in Central America,
' Leon de Nicaiagua, Sept. 28, 1849.
; To . Sir: I have the honor to in
form you that the island of Tigre. in the
VjpuII of Fonseca. hasj been ceded to the
United Slates of North Ameiica by the
Republic of Honduras for the time nend-
. ) , ; I
tng constitutional action upon an existing
convention between the two Republics,
and that accordingly speedy possession
will be takm of the same upon behalf of
the United States. The existing port and
other regulations of the island will be
continued until otherwise ordered. I have
also the honor to add that the U. States
has acquired interests in the Western Isl
ands and coast of Hopduras which will
not permit her to look with indifference
upon any measures which shall affect the
present order of things in that quarter. '
I am, sir, with high ponsideration, your
i E. GEO. SQUIER.
jThere is a little locaj news here. Bu
siness is dull ; but a great impulse will,
it is supposed, be given to industry and
commerce generally as soon as the works
oti the ship canal are fairly set on foot.
A GALLANT SOLDIER.
At the funeral honors paid to Worth,
Duncan and Gates, John Van Buren de
livered an oration, in which he related
the following anecdote bf the former:
While General Scott was under char
ges by order of i General Jackson, and a
court of inquiry was Sinvesiigating his
conduct in Florida, a party of gentlemen
met in this city, and after dinner the con
versation turned upon the subject of Scott's
services. Worth, indignant at the pro
ceeding, was describing; the part which
Scott took in the battle pf Niagara. He
saiid that Scott's brigade were advancing,
towards evening, under the cover of a
wood, from which they were to deploy in
to open field ; Scott had already bad one
horse shot under him. and as the column
were deploying, his second fell and be be
came entangled under it. Tbe column
wavered, and Worth, llien his youngest
aid, rushing to his assistance, dismounted
and tendered him his horse, saying, Gen
eral can you mount, the colomn falters
for a leader ?' Scott immediately mount
ed.fand riding to ihe head of the column,
cried out. Advance mert ! tbe night's our
own.' and Worth followed Scott, as his
aid on foot. At this moment a discharge
ol. grape from a single cannon prostrated
Scott, the hore which he rode, and his
aidi Worth. Scott and Worth were im-
mediately carried to the rear, Scott seri
ously, and Worth, as it was supposed, mor
tally wounded. Attention was, of course,
first paid to the commanding officer. After
some time a deep groan was heard appa
rently from the adjoining! tent, and Scott,
with that forgetlulness of himself which
distinguishes him on such occasions, beg
ged the surgeon to repair to the quarter
whence the sound proceeded, and attend,
as be said, to poor Worth, who must be
dying.' Instead of this, as Worth conclu
ded, the cry of agony proceeded from my
faithful dying charger, who had managed
to drag himself upon three legs to the
edge of my tent, where he had lain down
to die.' Pausing for a moment, while there
wasj hardly a dry eye in the company, he
added '1 beg your pardoin, gentlemen, I
find that, in defending Gen. Scott. I have
been incidentally led to describe my own
Hie Dreadful Murder in Connecticut.
The correspondent of trie Boston Trav
eller, writing from New Haven, gives the
following report of a trjU in that city :
The trial of Henry L. Foote, for mur-
der,' which took place in this city last week,
excited unusual interest, in consequence
of the unprovoked atrocity of his crimes.
This brutal murder wasj another of ihe
'countless tragedies of rum. I have sel
dom seen a person who seemed so com
pletely demented and embrated asdidthis
Foote. He manifested the most stupid
indifferences at the triil. When the
bloody garments were brought into court
as proof of his guilt, he coolly took them
VOLUME VI NUMBER 3a.
up one by one, and examined them with
the appearance of the greatest indiffer
From the evidence offered in court, it
appeared that on the 14th of September
last in Nnrthford. a few miles east of New
Haven. Miss Emily Cooper, a girl of 12
years of age, left the house of Mrs. Foote,
mother of the prisoner, for the purpase of
going to school, less than a half mile dis
tant. As she was passing through a dense
wood, where one could not be seen for
several rods from any bouse. Foote met
her, led her aside from the mad, attempt
ed to violate her person, and then mur
dered her by cutting her throat.
In the evening of the same dftV, after
getting again inspin d with the spirit of
a demon, at the village, rum shop, be rerl
rd home, bereft ot reason, and murdered
his own mother. Her anxious inquiries
about the missing Emily were answered
with fatal blows which she survived but
a few hours.
After an absence of a fewi minutes on
ly, the jury, brought in a verdict of mur
der in the first degree.
There was one affecting circumstance
uuurciru wiiu mis transaction, it was
the last day ol the school. Emily was lo !
receive a prize as a testimonial of her !
good deporiment.and scholarship. In ac
knowledgment of the present, and as an
expression of her gratitude to her teacher,
Emily had written out the following beau
tiful verses (supposed by her friends to be
original). But whether original or not
it seems as a sort of presentiment of her
FORGET ME NOT.
Forget me not ! what a varied feeling
Tlwse little magic words impart,
Absence and love at once revealing ;
They sadden while they soothe the heart.
Forget me not ! whatever woes
In life's precarious path bejet me ;
They'll soften if afaction knows.
That those I love will not forget me.
Your affectionate friend and pupil,
Emily H. Coorsa.
The paper on which these lines were
penned was ornamented by two flowers
neatly painted by herself. Little did she
think how soon that appeal would come
to her friends. M Forget me not." These
verses were placed in her dinner basket,
which, together with her; bonnet-and par
asol, were found in good : order near the
head of the murdered girl.
Insanity. Miss Dix, the distinguished
philanthropist, in a memorial to Congress,
by which she asks a grant of land for ihe
benefit of the insane in our country, shows
that in the New England States the pro
portion of the insane to the whole popu
lation, is about 1 in GOO ; lhat in the Mid
dle States it is 1 in 900 ; and that in the
Western States it is 1 in 1300. The worst
state is Rhode Island, where there is 1 to
every 503 ; and the best South Carolina,
where there is 1 to every C,15S. Jn some
of these states there is comparatively ex
cellent provision for the insane; but in
others little or nothing has been done.
It was a cold winter night in the West,
many years ago, and a small party were
sitting around tbe bright blazing fire in a
Utile country tavern, the only one the
town boasted of, when the landlord was
suddenly aroused by a knocking al the
door and a loud 'hallo! here.' As soon
as the door was unbarred, a stout young
man entered, buttoned up in a brown over
coat, with a fur cap, booted and spurred,
with a riding enp in bis band.
Lodgings tor the night.' said he to the
landlord, 'and have my horse well fed.
Then approaching the fire, he spread him
self, and tapping his boots with bis whip,
gave a supercilious look upon the little
knot ol men around, who bad made way
Devilish cold night,' said he, unbutton
ing his coal : why don't you have more
wood on here.'
That was a great shot of Billy Robin's
yesterday,' said an old man in the corner.
peering over his spectacles at tbe slran-
.1 j . i
ger : ne snoi an inaian ai two nunureu
and thirty yards.
That was pretty fair, said the stran
ger, but I'll bet ten dollars thai I can out
shoot, out ride, out wrestle, out run or
whip any body about your diggings.'
No one replied to ibis banter, and at
last tbe old man, who stood about six feet
We don't fight much about here, stran
ger, except with Indians, but asyou ap.
pear keen for a bet I'll bet you ten dollars
that 1 can beat you spitting at a mark at
tbe distance ot six feet.
Done,' said the stranger, I'll take the
And the money was forthwith put up,
the distance measured oil, and a cross
made on the floor with a piece of chalk
for a target.
Well, go on said the old man; your
The stranger look his position and cal
culating the distance witbr his eve to tbe
mark, spit within an inch of tbe cnalK
nrr.cc Wotl Koor ttiot ' ca'iiI he. WllD a
look of triumph. f
That's just what I'm going to do, said
tbe old man ; and taking his place, fixed
bis specs -firmly on his nose, knelt upon
bis knees, and stretching out his hands as
far as he coold, he leaned over and spit
plumb on the cross. 'I rather think I.
drove the centre that timej said the' old
man. resuming his feet ; while the party
round, who had been watching the sport,
now roared with laughter. j T j
The old man quietly pocketed the stakes,
while the stranger, with a grave yard
countenance, simply remarked. Ms jhgt
the way you do things hertr V and retired
to his lodgings. i '
M. DE TpCQUEVILLE ANDMRlr ;
CLAYTON. H' ;-f5-
More of the French Quarrel.- Accor
ding to the Washington correspondent of
the N. York Herald, M. de Tocquevilje
does not take Mr Clayton's reproof kindly.
We gather as follows:
The French Minister has, since the pub
lished correspondence, written a letter to.
our Secretary of State, in reply to tbe let.
ter of Mr. Clayton to the French Minister
in which our Secretery took occasion t6
admonish the Government of France that
the United States were competent to
take care of themselves and their own
dignity as a nation, without the gratuit
ous advice which M. de Tot-qtteville con
descended to give toour Secretary ol State.
M. de Tocque ville. it is sid . drm.ttifs of
the Secretary ol Stair, to trirnct. modify,
or apologise, in ie-p ct to tb oli'rtiMVn
expressions in bis v-ry imh-prndrnt letter
to France. He farther states lht sever
al Cabinet meetings bad been held at
Washington; Mr. Clayton was disposetl
to compromise, but that General Taylor,
who "never surrendeis. protested against
the Secretary abandoning his position---:
and the question being taken, the Cabinet
unanimously resolved that no retraction,'
modification, or apology for the letter
shall be made. Mr. Hives' reception wilt
oe delayed till the answer to the demand
of M. de Tocqueville is received. The
next steamer will take out General Tay-i.
lor's emphatic reply, and the next bring
back Mr Rives.' What tbe next step will
be depends upon circumstances."
Both the N. York Courier and Tribune,'
also, supply us with rather dark bints from
Washington in this matter. The letter of
-Alpha," in the Tribune of the 12th insU
says : .
I am apprehensive, for reasons that
it is unnecessary lo enumerate, that the
aspect of our relations with France is not
so pacific as it was when the steamer pre
vious to the last two left Europe. What
I mean is, that there is more of a disposi
tion manifested by the French Government
according to last advices, to be die-satisfied
and find fault, jhan there is any reason or
plausible pretext for."
Of course, we do not know what degree
of confidence to put in all bis. To the
contrary of one portion of it at least -the
reception of Mr. Rives letters from Paris
intimate that Mr. Rives will be received
in Paris; that he has had one or two in- :
terviews with the President and M. de
Toqueville, and since those interviews he
has rented a capacious hotel, belonging
to tbe Duchess de Marmier. for the term
ol'three years, which certainly tloes not
look like fear on his part of the result.
The voyager enters a current which
seems propitious, there is no apparanl di
version Irom his course, bis bark speeds
well, his oar does not toil, nor bis sail
strain. In his confidence all promises sue
cess. But while he examines, scarcely
does it seem lhat he has advancedmuch,
again and again reminds him of what be
has noticed just belore. A strange famil
iarity impresses his sense. SStill current
flows into current, while onward and buo
yant is bis track. Soon he feels an un
natural vibration. Where be glided he
now whirls, along. The truth seizes bim.
He is sweeping a whirlpool. . Long since
he has entered ihe verge of a inealstrom,
and he is now the spoil of its g rations
No power is left his helm or mast ; be is
the trembling, uiiresiMing p "' He hears
the roar, he is drawn lino ihe auck of ihe
vortex. Not only ihe circle l-a.en, the
very surface idopes. The central funnel
ami nhyss. dark-beaviug, villous, yawn.
The mariner shrieks, th skid" is swallow-
! ed up. where the waters only separate lo
close, where outermost attraction was but
I the minister to the famine of this devour
This is Dr. Hamilton's discription of a
whirlpool. O how exactly does it depict
the course ol ibe unhappy drunkard!
Thus does he enter, scarce knowing tbe
deceitful current, and, ere he is aware of
it he is swollowed up and lost forever.
O that we could impress our youthful rea
ders with tbe belief thai the first rounds
are made while they are young, and lhat,
even more rapidly iban tbe years roll
round, do they sail ibis awful circuit and
plunge in tbe dread abyss.
Let us beware ot the first wrong direc
tion of thobghl and feeling, however min
ute ihe degiee ; learlul may be ihe alter
Soda Coffee. The flavor of coffee ! may
be very much improved, by adding forty or
fifty grains of carbonate of soda to each
pound of roasled coffee. In addition to
improving the flavor, the soda makes the
coffee mote wholesome, as il neutralizes
ibe acid contained in the infusion.
NEW YORK ELECTION.
From the few returns received, this State in
its recent election, for members of ihe Legilar
lure and State Ofucert. wrth the exception of
Governor, teemi 10 hate gone lor ibe Wbigs.
In the city, the Whig majority it over 2000.
So much for Democratic and Abolition Coali
tion then. What a rebuke.
xVeir Jersey. Whig by a handsome majorU
n the Legislature.