H j A DAY IN CALIFORNIA.
teene of a .Man's t(V get up ay atC
Irom a hard kot witfya kupple of Blankets on
it .yorni & look. .round, wot is supposed by
l fttj Rash persons io be bis Room! worlsi and
sealing kutered wiib Rotten Manter, & filled
i! Rat holes & Rat Neit,; stained orl orer glad.
1 den his eyesite -a jhalf burnt out kandel,pvile
jj slumps of rank cigarty quidsofTohakker; odd
shoes, dirty woollet socks, bak numbers of old
papers, unclean linen, an old dagereotypel cer-
j lane and an unsitiefy epiibox, are sure So be
teen. He may be fortunait enufLin having a
dirty wosh-bo'e in pnekorner, hear witrh, on a
ery rusty nail, a diiter or a pudden cloth may
be banging, used by him (or a' towel! a thing
used for. years previously as a curry komb by
tome dcd hosier is .hard by, wile orl around the
most perfekt disorder; re chedness, and want of
Comfort prevales.IHe goeott, perhaps talks
his Bitters t. 1. jtwenty -five sents gone to
, blazes orl drinki are 2 bits each mindl that,
lie turns his atlenshun lo his hrakefast Buck
wheel kakes 50 cents a plate, Coffee 25 cents
a kup, Beefsteak 50 Cents, Boiled eggs, rotton
at that, one Dollar! A rler Breakfast he is lobt
can fell the Grst step 3. ' Y-u havehaken them.
Slop and think before ypu j o any arther."
; Look here, landlord," paid l lie man after
standing thoughtful for a feW minutes, "I'll make
a bargain with you." i - -
"Very well, what about " . h y
If you'il quit selling; I will qtfit drinking."
The landlord did not an; wer f4r some min
utes, but sat with his eyes upon tpe floor. At
length rising- up slowly, he extended bis hand
to hit customer, and grasping it Irmly, said
."Agreed ! .it a bargain !"
A hearty shakealedthe bargain !
An hour afterwards those who! went by the
" Punch Bowl" saw the bar closed. And in
less than an hour afierwarkls, the! sad hearted
wife,' who bad seen her husband walking in the
road to ruin, saw him return as sober as when
he left, and heard with gladness hi promise,
never again 10 put the cup of confusion to bis
Thus it is that truth scattered even in the
fields aid by (he road side, find its way into
the minds of men, and doeU its Mrork on their
hearts. Our most imperfect and defective ef
fori are alien overruled by Providence to the
accomplishment of the greatest good.
ite ot By his most intimate Friend, wen of a
sudden he is sean Running orl over town, nod-
ding -and shaking bands with every Cloddy;
Bilding Houses. Byingoods, Morgaging Prop.
I rty, Loaning 'Mupny and' Borrowing it at the
same Time, now 4n administrator of an Estait,
Sc 10 minutes arfner driving an ox-Teem, this
brings him to 12 o'clock, when hearing a tri
angel jingel, or 'agoing yelling hideously, he is,
brought up with a, jerk, and goes into a Kanvas
Tent, with Miners Retreat" ritten ini frunt.
LINEN TERjSUS COTTON. ; 7
Great Discoveries. T wo discoveries or
inventions are announced in the London
JVIorning Chronicle.; which, if real will ex
ert a vast influence! upon the political, the
economical, the moral, and the social con
dition of the United States, but especially
the cotton growing! States. One of these
inventions is that a mode of preparing
flax, by a combination of mechanical and
chemical means, which, at a. very trifling
expense, renders trie filbre fit to be made
up in fabrics of either the greatest coarse
ness or'the greatest fineness either the
coarsest canvass or Brussels lace. The
other invention is one adapting flax filbre
to cottoti, woollen or silk machinery, or for
mixing it with these materials. The
Chronicle says that from one hundred and
twenty-five pounds of flax, one hundred
pounds of a material, identical with clean
cotton, can be produced for less than half
a crown. The mixture of wool and flax
forms a fabric exceedingly durable, and
SAN FRANCISCO AT PRESENT
f . : A ALT , I Sec. 12. Beitfra,na,f,J. Tl, :r
The Pacific Ne devotes three columns to a descrip- ! To incorporate tlu ' Sali&burv and Tavlorsrllle J". eb&Jl wilfullv or in!io.rai! u; ptTt
' Plank Road Company. " f
Secv'1. Be it enacted by the. General Astemlly of
the Stale of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted
by the authority of the tame, That Wi!liam Murphy,
D. A; Daris, Joel II. Jenkins, Matthias Boger, Michael
Brown, John I. Sharer, Joseph F. Chambers, Thomas
IL McRorie, Joseph W. Stocktorf, Samuel Bell, Joseph
F. Alexander, Quincy Sharpe, Thomas A. Alliaon, John
Davidson, William G. James, Thomas S. Boyd, Alfred
Carson, A. C Mcintosh, Azel Sharpe, Robert C. Wil
son, E. C. Harrington, William Lenoir, C. W. Clark,
James Harper, John Hays, Calvin Jones, Ezra Shell,
Samuel F. Patterson, together with such persons as now
are or may hereafter be asaciated with them, their suc
cessors or ass jns, be and they are hereby created a cor
poration and body politic, by the name and style of the
Salisbury and Taylowille Plank Iuad Company,"
ana by that name and style, may acquire and hold, pos-
tion of San Francisco on the lt of January, 1851.
We extract the most interesting Particulars :
AnCt of Gold Duet shipped from Jan. to Dec. 30, 1850.
5JU 1,000 .October,
The editor of the Asbborough Herald speak
ing of this place says : '
Gold-Hill, in the county of Rowan, is the
prince ol mines in North Carolina. It was
discovered about eight yeajrs ago by Archibald
I Jloneyeutt, Esq., and has since been the field
Ki -1 ..J c.ij i; rL
wi caicusivc anu prouianiq uperauons. 1 nere
are now three steam ertzines in operation.
which, with mar.hinerv thrthv hrnnplUfl nri.
.L . j'.. . L r.:..r..i jr.. .j.. . . ' . V 'T..r-v l '"r
wocro spreu 0.11 ui ,rneiui greasy ajsoruer, g,naiy Co8t not less than thirty jthousand dtfl
areuuiiocKs tiecu, vrim tne uorns on, ana ev. ars. Thefee simple ofithe Mnd is held by
ery tanely ol dish lr(.m a andvitch Hand I'oi Mrs. Heifig, who has made numerous leases
to a dyspeptic puhkiq Pie. He puts this thro' to gentlemen of enterprisi and capital. Many
in minutes, ami rushes ouir fust stopping at of these have amassed opdlent fortunes by their
the Magnolia, kept bV Kirnal Johnsont of the operation here. This bukiness cannot h so-
Suthern CountryL on the East Banks of the cessiully fWcuted without the most ample
Mississippy, and getting drink 25c. mor means. TN nature of operations is such that
gone. He then runs all about town, liy s out ar2e expenditures are Wredarv m in,.rA
1 - - . I I ww -j .W
20 konserns and sells em 10 minutes arfier
wards, meets 10. friends that he never sor be
foar, or ever will againtreats them 5'dollars
gone., Irtangel brings him up agane ; He
goej lotea vulgarly korled supper ancTabfiut
the lime an orditiary Iman would have sipp'dhis
fust mouthful, he's 3 miles off & engaged in a
largo damning operashun ; this lasts him till
About 8 o'clock, whendarknes maiks him loose
sight for a time (if his daily bisness, and he re.
Ihe labor done at this blare is almost be-
yond conception. The bound of machinery,
the thunder of the blast, ajnd the merry songs
ot the tolling, (biiudavs elxcepied,) may at all
hours be heard. Laborers under ground work
eight hours per day, lhoe above twelve. If
the reader wishes to know what is going on at
a depth of 300 feet, he mpst go and examine
lor himself, for we cannot tell, although we ex
i tiros to one of the hundred gambling saloons plored those capacious subierraneousabodes of
n ana; drinking shops, gets frightfully cocked, and the living. There the sound of the hammer
id joyous laughs are Heard as above, and
ere are riisnlaved thn hpUmia nf iKa minanl
f is rinds his llnnm f 7,1 whom All Kati nrp pn. .. u :' l i ; . , . . r
j , a , w...- wunu. Acres aave Deen excavated, and a
f riged in a cordrjill, or sumthing else, scamper stranger might wander fof days 'without beincr
1:;-;?J qtKnS pissing and snorting as able to find his way to thd upper world. The
Aho let loose, like a Cack of Hounds. Rats re. traveler can form no just loea of what is coinr
K .w"Tru,?.I0J,rer WmrHe,unkorishu3, dreams on Bt GolrHill without exploring the depths
; oriittle children in his. old Homestead, patting below, which may be dorje with entire safety,
; his cheeks, and Mckling him with their tiny fin- nrotided one ran Inolt A fi.ll in iK rL
, , 1 . II f Ow .".vw
1 ceri, and toying with his hair.- Ileldreams
j of his own bright fireside, and of bis smug arm.
chair, he beers the Black bird in thej wikker
kage, And sees jhim-U yes, sees him pecking
at a peace of Loaf Shuggar. He is so happy
ho is agane fat home 1 What are! M Tovn
:j lots" or " SquaUer lliots" now ? bow he press
; esthe hand of his deer little wile, and she looks
tnlA I.!. . J . V... I. . . I . It .
iMu uia cjo, as uiu nrr very soie wonu oursi
its bounds, as hie resiles to her his extraordina
Total amount for the year
Fixing the amount of gold exported, and which was
regularly shipped iand entered, for the period named
above, at 30,000,1)00, in round figures and add to it
an estimate of 12,000,000, as having gone forward in
private hands, and S6,000,000 retained for circulation,
and the aggregate shows the enormous 6um of 48.000.-
000 ; an amount exceeding one-third the total of all f
cai j; t . ,,. v i l- f-'ss and transfer such real, personal and mixed estates,
nSCal Vearrnd nor J ini .lllh 1 Ki anri noariv nna.tKi.l r
the amount of imports. j f" a-8 necear" " tte pitrporof construct
tu.Kioi ,m , , i i j .i mg the road herein authorized to be made, or of man
1 he total amount of bullion received during the year .t .r r j j u u l
was 1,722,600, the largest proportion of which was
l oiiijjj Mic annuo ui caiu v-uiiipanj j ttiiu eiiau nave jrt-
. i , .: i i l i At v ii
from the Atlantic States. wiu tu, auu a i-uuu.mii v men u.ey snau
v .a j .u j i-- u ii : nave power io aiier or reiu-w ai pleasure, ana snau nave
ror the time included in the period for which all our ! , . ,, . . .
..:.: i i .i . and eniov, and may exercise all the powers, nrrhts and
I wilfully or toIiciously ijUro
ciooslr cause or advi n. ,.,u j 3 tiIL
Injure, hart, or obstruct the .aid Planki 0?!! 10
or toll houses, belonging to takl Company, cS
soofTending.shaUbehable to indictra,nt th-i
on conviction, shall be fined and imprisoned at' ,T,U
cretion of the Court. . V , at lh U
Sec. 13. Be it further enarttd, TUt dinJn-
3oard shall be made by them to the ainual mr
the stockholders. !
Sec 14. Beitfurthervnaeted, Thtwhnew
construction of said road, k may be necessarF181
intersect any established road ot way, h hal! Z?
ty of Kud Company so to constrnct'thi said p7r?
acrts such roads or ways, as not toirapedetu i1
or transportation of persons or property I X?
and if in the construction of A Pu n xneiae:
.11 u .. . " AktJ
statistics have been made up, viz : the twelve months
past, there has entered our harbor, from foreign pons,
1,743 vessels. During the same periiKl the number of
vessels which cleared, was 1461. The vessels arriving
ti'liMo oc i 1 a j having landed upon our shores, 35,333 males, and 1,248
v title wool costs 4s. 6d., the flax prepared LfPmaiL Th. L ' .v w L-.i '
anu ready lor spinning may be obtained
for 6d. per pound,1 so that with flax and
wool spun together in equal qualities, the
cost wqdld be reduced by nearly one
The present price of cotton in England
is about 8jd. ;
The New York Tribune says, that flax
mignt ne protitably grown in nearly eve
ry State in the Union for an average of
j 0 per hundred, or 120 per ton. prodded
machinery existed by which it could be
broken and cleared at a cost of not more
than 20 per ton
Even now godd flax is worth but little
more than half the price of cotton in this
market, although! all knew that the filbre
of the former is by far the stronger and
more enduring. With the best machine
ry and ample demand, we believe flax
could be produced on the vast prairies of
the west to good profit at 100 per ton,
and delivered in any part of New York
or N. England ai120, while good cotton
so delivered, will now command 280.
We say flax could be delivered at the
mills for 120 per ton, if machinery were
common whereby it could be thorough
ly dressed and ajl theL-filbre could be sav
ed at a cost of less than 50 per ton ; but
we trust it need not be sold lor less than
150 or 200 per ton. Even at 200
provided it can be manufactured as easi
ly and as rapidly as cotton, or anything'
like it, an openirig clearly exists for a new
manufacturing business of signal profit
and steamers during the same time, was 26,503 males,
and 8 females.
The report of the Secretary of the Treasury on com
merce and navigation, for the fiscal year ending June
30th, 1849, shows the number of clearances from the
port of New York, to have been little more than twice
that of San Francisco, for the year ending December
31st, 1850, and the number of arrivals at that port the
same periods compared to have been 268 less than
twice the amount.
As compared with New Orleans, the difference in fa
vor of San Francisco is, clearances, 340, and in arrivals
645. When the comparison is made with Philadelphia
we find the difference still greater in favor of San Fran
cisco, being in clearances 922, and in arrivals 1,137.
The same Would ibe the result were the comparison
made with any of the sea ports in the United States.
The total value! of merchandise received by foreign
vessels, from Nov. 21, 1849, to Sept. 30, 1800, was
3,354,952 65. The tonnage of the vessels was 151,
604. The total value of merchandise received during the
same period in domestic vessels, was 797,275 10. j
The tonnage of the vessels 82,949. I
In the month of March, 1849 the pioneer steamship I
entered the "Golden Gates." In less than twenty-two !
months from that date, we find the following 6teamers '
traversing the waters of the Pacific :
-Pacific Mail Steamship Company s Line.
California, Oregon, Panama,
Northerner, Tennessee, Sarah Sands,
In addition t these, belonging to the regular lines,
are the steamers New-Orleans, Ecuador and Constitu
tion, which have been engaged in the Panama trade ;
and also the Gold Hunter and the Sea Gull, which have
recently been upon the route between this port and Or
egon. There are now employed in the river trade, the fol
22 El Dorado,
527; Com. Jones,
AN INFAMOUS PUBLICATION.
VVo have received a paper called the "Lit.
erajr Miscellany professing to be devoted to
Literature, Art, Science and jDiscoveries in
Medicine and Phisiology" published semi-
monthly at New York, by I.f Trow & Co.,
which is the most infamous sheet- that has vet
fallen under our notice! Lar?e numbers nf
.MJ.:-.j-.u- r . r u , . . . Mtt,,c" u,,u our nonce
.Virrll ' un.; L r "SL1: whole mailpou h full-passed thro
nr.Ai:7-T i -f 1 Vl n n 'i16 st oK,ce nere a refr evenings since, ad.
ee.lity ol U and kno the Poetrj-a Rat (freed Q s re8idirS chiefly in Pi.tsylva.
"EST M ? r t h'A It 5 HS .WakC'' nia aBd counties, who, we are suJ, are
ln? H ?hf07 "r5 not subscribers to it, and whoni we take occa-
.agane commence.. He sigh, aloud, a!ce8 a fiion lo warn a?ain8t il8 immoral and corr t
drink, and roes thn Itnunrl ai I hnva nLiivu.-tu. . r, m. . :. . 1
1 1 T w.w v mnuence. Ihe paper, brotessinff to be 44 de.
Knoca. ..... t , ,. . . .: .
uicu 10 L.ucra,iore, -otc.,j in oraer to swindle
the Post Office Department, whilst it more ef.
fectually deceives the public, is nothing more
than an advertisingslieeli for that base publica
tion called The Married Woman's Private
Medical Companion" bj a profligate French
quack, who brings with Jhim all the polluting
practices of Parisian biothels, in which, for
the mere loyjrof gain, hp impudently seeks to
indoctrinate American females. It is neces
sary to speak plainly thai the reader may un
derstand thecharacter of the ivork, as well as
its pimp 44 The literary Miscellany." nohaste
fernale can touch without being defiled. We
therefore earnestly warii ourireaders against
these corrupt and corru ting publications, the
authors of which richly deserve a life-time im
prisqnment in the Peni entiarv. It is a sad
commentary on New York Society which tol
erates their publication. The whole affair is
a Yankee trick, founded pn the immoralities of
French Society and punderihg to the lowest
passions of our race, in order to swindle those
f THE TEMPERANCE TRACT.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
"There is danger," he at length murmured,
tract as he spoke. Rising he
ft as to whether he should return
on his way to the tavern. Had
lorainz up the
home, or keep
any one thrust the tract into bis handl he would
it ; but coming to hum as it did.
It found his mind prepared-to hearken unto its
appeals. Hut the love of drink had been form
ed, and, at lhe prospect of having its accustom
ed gratification cut off, began to cry out for in
dulgence. A combat in the mind of the man
was the result; and this continued, until appe.
tile gained the victory so far thai he con
cluded for this time, at least, to go to the lav.
ern, but to give up habit thereafter. i
" I hate to turn back after I once start to do
a thing," said he as he moved on towards the
tavern. It's bad luck."
Still the argument for and against any fur.
ther indulgence, kept going on, and he could
not turn his mind away from it.
At length the sign of the Punch Bowl,"
whither he was wending his way.came in view
and the light affected him with the old pleasure.
I- ! !-.; .1 - 1 1 1 .
aii imagination, mo reiresning ana exmiaratin"
glass was at his lips, and he quickened hi"s
pace involuntarily, t ?
As he drew near, he saw the landlord sitting
on the porch.- The good natured old lellow
did not smile with the broad smile of welcome
that usually played over bis couutenance when
a customer approached.
How .ore you to-day, landlord t" said the
man cheerfully, as, he stepped upon the porch.
" Do you know the road you have come V
i asked the landlord with a gravity of manner
l itiflt attt.!..-1 UI. J .i
j, w ruiiiiuru ins V-UMOllier. a
MYei,M replied the man, "Pro come the
road to the 4 Punch Bowl.' "
" Better tfy the road to ruiri l"-retdrned the
landlord. j '
What is! themitterl" inquired the man.
1 j "I never heard a landlord talk in that way be-
l lore." j
' 'y ' It was the road to ruin to poor Bill Jenkins.
; I That I knoW loo well, and has beerKlhe road
I to ruin of a good many more that I don't Irke
! to Ibiok abot. It will be your road to ruin if
; 4 jou keep on: so I would advise you to stop and
1 think a little' on the matter. If vein wnt nnv
! liquor, you can get it from Jim at the bar ; but
j I'd rather not have your siipence in my till to.
We cannot too earnpstly again warn parents
agaurt the. evil tendency both of 44 The Mar.
ned W Oman's Priralc (Medical Companion,'"
and its co-worker In ihirtuily and crime, 44 The
A Self-loading Gun. Mr. Porter resid
ing at or near Memphis, has constructed
a most novel and curious fire-arm, called
the 44 self-loading gun," in which the sim
ple operation of cocking to shoot, by the
assistance of valves or equivalents, sepa
rates from the magazine attached to the
gun the materials for each load, and loads
the gun. It is capable of being discharg
ed 40 times in a minute, and shoots with
tremendous force, and with usual exact
ness. The Editor of the Memphis Enqui
rer, after carefql examination and repeat
ed experiments; is satisfied that nothing
which can bear comparison with it in el
ficiency has been discovered, and that ro
. 1 n 1 1 , . . . t. i w ven uve unu six nunc
-revolver of any kind approaches it in'' of the largest class that
destructiveness, nor in the adaptation of
the means of safety against accidents in
C. W. Grinnell,
P. B. Redding,
61 Fire Fiv.
251 Lucy Long,
27 Wm. Robinson,
239 Jack Hays,
392 Gen. Warren,
10 'Victor Constant,
8:11. T. Clay,
30 j New Star,
30, San Joaquin,
b7 Jenny Lind,
ANECDOTE OF THE LATE BISHOP
While on the Circuit of Western Vir
ginia, I think it was, Bascom stopped, at
a log cabin, recently erected by the. road
side. He sat down, by invitation, to dine
with the family. A lovely little child,
83 NOT YET REGISTERED.
151 Confidence, about 450
60 New Orleans, about 850
19 Benico, about 106
38 Total, 6.632
In addition to this list of steamers, there is also en
gaged in navigating the rivers and the bay, 270 craft of
j various kinds. Ihere is also now lying in port, many
of them abandoned and others used as store-ships, be-
uveen uve ana six hundred vessels, not a few of them
can be found in any of the wa
ters of the globe.
The auction business of San Francisco bears no un
important relation to the trade of the city, and the State.
The number which we propose to name as the principal
individuals and firms legitimately engaged in this branch,
In addition to what has already been mentioned, we
will add, that San Francisco, with a population of over
35,000, sustains seven daily papers, while New York,
numbering half a million.'axn boast of only douhle that
number :: We have eight Express Companies, the prin
cipal ones being Adams tfc Co., and J. W. Gregory ;
over sixty orick buildings where six months ao-o there'
privileges, which other corporate bodies may lawfully do,
for the purposes mentioned in this act, and may make
all such by-laws, rules and regulations, not inconsistent
with the laws of this State or of the United States, as
shall be necessary for the well ordering and conducting
the affairs of the Company ; and by said name may sue
and be sued, plead and be impleaded in any of the Courts
of this State.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the capital of
said Company shall not exceed the sum of Two Hun
dred Thousand Dollars, in shares of twenty-five dollars
each, the payment on securing the stock of said Compa
ny, to be made under such rules and regulations as may
be prescribed by the Board of Directors hereinafter pro
vided tor. 1 he said tympany shall have power to con
struct a Plank Road from the Town of Salisbury via
Statesville, to the Town of Taylorsville, by the most
practicable route, to be determined by said Company,
whenever the sum of tenN thousand dollars shall he sub
scribed to the capital stock of said Company.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That after ten thous
and dollars amount of stork shall have been subscribed
to the capital stock of said Company, it shall be in the
power of the members of said Company or any portion of
them who may have subscriled the sum of three thous
and dollars to call a general meeting f the Stockholders
at such time and place as may be deemed convenient
for holding the same, by giving public notice in one or
more of the papers published in the Town of Salisbury,
and by advertising at the Court House and two or more
public; places in the County of. Iredell ; at the Court
House and two or more public places in the County of
-Alexander; at the Court House and two or more public
places in the County of Caldwell. That to constitute
any such meeting, a number of shares entitled to a ma
jority of votes which could be given upon ail the shares
sulscriled, shall be present either in iterson or bv nroxv :
j and if a sufficient numlier to constitute a meeting, do riot
i attend, shall have the power to adjourn from time to
i time, until a meeting shall be formed.
; Sec. 4. lie it further enacted, That the subscribers
I to the stick of said Company, at their meeting herein
ueiore uirecieu 10 oe cuueu. and the tickholders at ev
ery annual meeting thereafter, shall elect five Directors,
and the Directors when appointed shall choose one of
their number President, who shall continue in office un
less sooner removed, until the next annual meeting after
their election, and until their successors shall be elected.
But the said Directors or any of them, may at any time
be removed and the vacancy thereby ccasioned be fill
ed by a majority of the votes given at any general meet
ing. The President with any three or more of the Di
rectors, who may appoint one of their number President
pro tempore, shall constitute a Board for the transaction
of business. In case of vacancy from daath, resignation
or otherwise, such vacancy may be supplied by the ap
pointment of the Board until the next annual meeting.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the Board of Di
rectors of said Company shall be, and they are herebv
invested with all the rights and powers necessary for'the
construction and repairs of the Plank ltoad herein au
thorized to be made ; and also, to make, purchase, and
construct all such mills and other works as may be ne
cessary for the construction and the well ordering of said
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the said Board
of Directors shall have jwer to make contracts with
any person or persons on behalf of the Company for the
construction of said Road and of performing all other
things respecting the same which they shairjudge necessary-
and proHr, alid to require from the Stockholders
from time to time, such advances of money, on th.-ir re
sjective shares, as the wants of the company may de
mand, until the whole of their subscription shall be
paid ; to call on any emergency a general meeting of
the Stockholders, giving at least twenty days iuTtiee
thereof, in one or more of the papers printed in the Town
of Salisbury, and by advertising at the Court House,
and two or more places in the Counties of Iredell, Al
exander, and Caldwell, respectively ; to appoint such
officers as they may deem necessary to transact the bu
siness of the Company, taking from them, at their dis
cretion, bond and good security, for the faithful dis
charge of their several duties, and duly accounting for
all moneys coming into their hands ; to appoint such su
perintendants, managers and toll gatherers as may be
necessary, and generally to transact all the business of
the Company between the general meetings of the
Si:C. 7. lie it further ennrlnl. That if am- ctt-i,. ji
toll gate or loll house it may become m,.r J
d!ent to use or cl.aDge any established w rt,?
may be lawful for the Board of Direct, t! u V'
said road or roads at points where the Cl! Jban?e the
cessary or expedient ; Provided, hou-ern 'Tv " D"
ous to making any such change, the said cLl!
shall make and prepare a mad eoudlv Food
portion of the road proposed to be substituted, U'
,ng herein contained shall be .0 construed a. 'to ma H"
encumbent on the Company to keep id repair tr'
tjon of any road which they may hue eS uJ
Sec. 15. Be it, further enacted. That the p, , ,
D.rectors of said Company shall be, and ihec Z I f
by invested with all the right and power. oeclT
the construction, repairs and mainta,t,, V, for
Road, to be located as aforesaid, anJ tti- Sr' r'nk
with the same powers and rights for ibe IvT'
lending said Plank Road to Lenoir, in iL, r l'
Caldwell, if thev shr.U -I UaB'r of
' ii tApruieni,ai
. k k. ..... .: r .
Uj i""' wcuons 01 tnis act lor
t.on of the main stem from Salisbury to T.vVu,
tt 10. oe xi junker enacted, That Hi, ac.
be in force from and afier its raiificat.on 4
Read three time and rat.fied in General" Asettb',
this 2rfth day of January, A. D. lt-51. '
J. 0. DOBBIN,
Speaker of the lluue of Cvmmcu.
W. N. EDWARDS,
Speaker of the Sencu.
THE CAROLINA WATCllil.ll
J. J. BBrSES, Editor Jt Proprietor.
T . ... . 1 C.IX.t m- ,
,,kJ .inoiir), J. No 42
TIIIKSDAY EYEXIXG, FEBlAttY i7, SiK
heart-piercing cry was heard from with
44 My child ! my child !" screamed the
mother; and quick as thought all rushed
to the door.
Father of mernips ! what n sitrl.t .1-0 a
who are weak enough o he gulled by H, or j here presented to the gaze of a doting
""nru ciiuu"u iu encourage 11. out 01 ineir i,
1 o : ' - 1 uiwLur;!.
was not one ; eight or ten first class hotels, at the head ' h,ollers s!lit!1 fail to Pay the pllm required of them bv the
,.C U:U . 1 .U . T T ' . ii.. liO.'inl if l)iroftrc it cli-.ll .,.1 ... I... I c.. r 1
oK,,f fu. i ,1 1 r . . 1 1 i Ul wiuuii himius ine union, just erectea by elover .v ....m aim m. iN; lawim ior saia
aDOUt three jearS Old, Which attracted his j Co.. and under the management of Isaac'M. Hall, the 1Wd of U-or to sell at public auction, and to con
attentlOn hy its SWeet Smiles and rare St. Franc'.s, Delmonico's,the Revere, and the National. yey to lhe P111.91-'1" hare or shares of such Stock-
DeaulV. Was n avin? in front f thp lr I 1ul a lew months since, tlie boundaries even of San 1 . i- .ung, gumg twenty uavs notice
- r :i , ! I Francisco were hardlv defined with KntVi-i,M,t .l.-finitw. . ot u,w t,m- a,,(i P'-:,ce of sale, in manner aforesaid, am'
vvi, ue trie lamiiy were engaged around j nes8 to ffuide the inuu'irer in his search. X..w w.. h.,v i retaining the sum due and all the charts of sal
their homely repast, when suddenly a' one hundred and seren miles of street laid out, one ou proceeds thereof, to pay the surplus over to
Literary Miscellany" 0!
copy lhat falls into iheir
either of which every
hands, they would do
well to commit immediately to the flames.
oay. 1 wai 1 leei right about it.
What'i the matter, landlord ? WW hai
pjit you In tli bumoe V .aid the man, who, in
turn, became serious.
I found a piece of paper on th road as I
walked alonjjjuit now, and it had something
printed on it that hat set me to thinking. That'
the matter. Ah me! I wish I was in better
buatneii. It don't make a man feel very pleas,
ant to think, that in building himself up, he had
dragged other down. And I'm rather. afraid
tbat'a my position. So go borne, my friend, and
don't let. the tin of your ruin le , on my con-
science. You're got to loving liquor a little loo
well. May be you don 1 (hjok ao ; but I know it.
I've teen a great many aieo go down hill, and I
A terrible panther had sprunc
upon her unwary darling, and was ascend
ing a tree, bearing the child in its mouth.
"The gun ! quick ! for God's sake the
gun !" frantically exclaimed the father.
Dr. Bascom rushed into the cabin, and
seizing the gun from the rack, rapidly re
turned ; but, alas ! it was too late ! He
was only in time to see the innocent, love
ly babe torn in pieces, in the presence of
the frantic parents, by the infuriated
beast. Completely unnerved by the ap
palling sight, it required several shots
before Dr. Bascom was enabled to brinr
I can ne-
quarter of which is built upon and occupied, and over
seven miles of it substantially planked, and most of that
distance properly sewered. We have now a simi
monthly mail, where a year ago it was only an occa
sional one reaching our shores now and then, and half
the time not as often ! One Marine Insurance Compa
ny has already been formed, with a capital of 500,0U0,
and another in progress of organization.
Such is a bird's eye glance at San Francisco, at the
the close of "Eighteen hundred and Fifty."
the former owner or to hie legal representatives ; and if : they who Understand th
the said sale shall not produce the sum required to be i ,. i. ,u . r
advanced, with all the incidental charges attending the nl ,ake the Pa,nS to ,nf(
PLANK ROAD, &c.
A public notice has been given for &
meeting of the citizens of Ilowail and
Iredell at Mr. Foard's, on ThirdCreek.cn
Saturday next, to take measures for jab. -ing
the capital necessary to complete the
Plank Road to Taylorsville. We can not
commend this undertaking stronglytn "
our friends in this region. There are ma
ny who have done nothins for the Rail
Road who are abundantly able to help
on this work efficiently. In Iredell, ex
cept about Mount Mourne, nothing hu
been done at all for the Rail Road, and
nevertheless the amount of subscription
for Iredell county for the Plank Ruad is
only about 8S.000. For a great couc
ty and Iredell certainly deserves that
epithet in many respects for a county
where intelligence and morals are as
much cherished as in any other; ukere
industry and enterprise are vainly . strug
gling with muddy roads and' declining
fields, and worst than all.vith the ex
hausting drain of emmigration. for such
a county, to stand counting pittance? when -her
rescue is promised, and a dnwn is-,
opened for her entire redemption and re
suscitation, seems strange ! ! Iredell is
not up with the age in this respect, that
is certain : and if she exprcts to main
tain the high position she has always
heretofore maintained, she must not uaif
for other counties to make her .pubVic
works. We have faith in Iredell, though
she is slow in coming in : Cabarrus was
as hard to move on the Rail Road as Ire
dell has been on this subject, but Cabar
rus has nearly, if not quite, the most
1 creditable subscription that was made by
any county Jo this great enterpr'e. If
ee things will
arm the people
interested, there is no
TRADE WITH NORTH CAROLINA.
At a meeting of the N. Yoik Chamber of
Commerce recently, tie report of a special
committee to whom had been refeired a corn-
munication from Andrevy Joytier,. Eq., Presi- I down the blood-thirsty animal.
dent of a Convention reDresentinr the North, i ver forget thftt awful rn " cA n-
O O : - " - vv..w, . t I u xj 1 .
eastern counties of Ndrth Carolina, for the j Bascom, vvheri relating this incident to
purpose ot considering jind adopting measures the writer, some years since. And well
to secure the opening qf a safer and more ex. ! miirht he sav so. for a mnr ,lPPnl, fTQ,
t. . . . j . o J ' v. vwi
-r0i I t I m I 3 A AI V m II II 1111 t t si r ' l.nl ll-nAr. L t m m
oouua ana me Atlantic Vfoean, was presented.
Report of the Board of Health, for the week
ending Tuesday Feb. 8lh.
" The Board" have no new cases to report,
and they are gratified in being able to slate,
that the last cases occurring, some two weeks
since, are up and nearly well.
ROB 1'. F. DAVIDSON,
JNO. A. YOUNG,
R. C. CARSON.
Charlotte, Feb. 18. 1S51.
P. S. Later accounts by private letters state that
four new cases have occurred.
The Committee regard the matter as one of
much importance, affecting the commerce of
the whole country, and especially the coasting
trade from the Eastern States, to the Gulf of
Mexico and the West I idieg. The North. eas.
tern part of North CaioJina is hounded by a
coast of a dangerous character, and it is pro-
posed to remedy existiag difficulties by open-
ing an inlet at the footbl Albemarle, where it
is-said a good ship-channel formerly existed.
and lo construct a darn or embankment
miles in length, across Croat an and Roanoke
Sounds. It is given asf the opinion of scientific
men who hare investigated the subject, that;
this measure is practh able, "one that will in
volve a comparatively : mall expense, and one
that will result in all tl at is desired.
The report was accepted, and a copy order
ed to be forwarded lathe Senate and House of
Representatives. Ratftgh Uegister. ;
been recorded in the history of adventur
ous pioneer life.
It is a notable and) impressive fact, that
no great cities in the civilized world ex
cept those ol the English race and lan
guage have materiality increased in pop-
uiauon witum lue last ten years.
Cedrone seed, recently discovered in the
valleys of Costa Rica, Central America,
and said to possess the property of curing
madness, and of neutralizing the virus of
the bites of dogs and venemous serpents, is
attracting the attention of the Faculty in
Paris. A Medical Congress, including
representatives from different states of Eu
rope, is shortly to be held, to test the effi
cacy of Cedron seed in mental disorders
and epilepsy. From experiments on va
rious animals, great hopes are entertained
of its high remedial value. Some of the
seed are to be sown in the Jardin dis
HEALTH OF CHARLOTTE. !
We specially invite attention to the report
of the Board of Health lor the week endin" on
the ISth instant. It will he seen that no new
case has occurred during the week. We think
we can safely say that " the prevailing dis
ease" has entirely disappeared and there is no
danger for persons to come to Charlotte as usu
al. We are glad that alarm has been in a
great measure removed from the minds of the
people, and that our village, for the last few
days, has been assumins its wonted business
appearance. We understand the Board of
Health will continue to act a week longer, and
if no further need of their services appear they
will make a final report. Journal.
sale, the said IJoard of Directors may recover the bal-
executor or administrator, or either of them, bv suit in ' aQot liie u'11 " as e people ol La
any Court ot Kecord having jurisdiction thereof, or by
warrant before any Justice ol the Peace of the county
of which he, she, or they are residents ; and any purcha
ser of Stock of the Compiny under a sa by' order of
the Board of Directors shall be subject to the same rules
and regulations as the original proprietor.
Sf.c. b. Be if further enacted, That the said Doard
I f Directors, their officers or agents, may agree with
j the-owners of any land over which the said road is in
( tended to pass for the purchase and transfer thereof ;
; and in case of disagreement, or if the ou-nora K)V,'i
emene covert, under ae or nn compos mentis, or out know what they have done
, ... .. .u., ui'jiiiiaiiou 10 any two justices ot the
! Peace of any county where the lauds lie. the Justices
, shall lsSH,e their warrant to the Sh-r.tF of said county to Care of themselves. While We are Tea
..u.umoii iweiuy ireen.iuers to meet on tlie land to be
, valued, on a day expressed in said warrant, not l.-ssthan '
; fifteen nor more than twenty days thereafter; and the
said Sheriff on the receipt of the'warrant, shall summon '
I the treeholders accordingly, and when met, shall draw ;
! twelve of them, who after b-ing duly sworn, will im- ;
i partially value the land in question, and ascertain the '
I damages the owner thereof may sustain, and the in.iui- !
D....u.i . iiKen,,snau be signed by the jury and counter
signed by the Sheriff and returned to the Count v Court
to berecorded, and in all cases the jury is directed to
uescnoe in- land value,!, and the valuation shall be con- vvil1 m. tl, .l .L i . .1 a trade
, elusive; and the said Company shall pay the sum as- I rUP' Uie dft W"en lhe' let the "
sess d, and upon payment thereof, the said corporation of the great mountain region 0 tChar.'
fciiau nae tne same interest therein as if the title in fee
simple thereto, had been conveyed to them by the owner, i
O Ho . I 4.1 T1 1 i , .... 1
11 nr, tnuricu, inaisalO IKjaTQ Ot IJl-
in the counties
barrus have done. Just convince them
of their true interest, and all people wi!i
alike pursue it, and their diligence and
spirit will generally be in proportion to
the strength of their convictions. V'e
have said nothmg about the people of
Alexander and Caldwell, for we do not
sume that they will, at all hazzards, take
ing homilies to our neighbors, it must rot
be supposed that we feel satisfied w;:a
what the town of Salisbury has done. -There
are many who have not subscribed
a dollar to the Rail Road, who might cone
; to the aid of this great artery of the pre
1 perity of our commerce. The mercbar;
rectors or their agents, may ;agree with the proprietor or
proprietors, i(Jr any quantity of land they may deem ne
cessary for their purposes, at or near each place or sta
tion intended for the collection of the tolls, fur the pur
pose of erecting the necessary buildings and gates ; and
in case of disagreement may proceed as above directed
in the preceding section ; Provided, That in such case
no more than five acres shall be condemned to their use at
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That it shall and may
be lawful for the said fk.nrH r.r 1l.ru.,.r. .. .
lotte or Concord. They had better me
a large sacrifice than to submit to such a
state of things. Verb urn sat."
RAIL ROAD SURVEY.
This work, in the hands of Major Job
McRea, assisted by Messrs Fry and Sig
ner is progressing on this part of tbe lioe
quite satisfactorily. The party have r
cated the Road from Charlotte via Cos
cord to within a few miles of ihis.pla-
The wet wealher, and some few unex
pected curves which they had to put il
Nobody blames a rich man for going with
his elbows out, because erery one knows that
he has got money enough to get him a new coat;
but it is unpardonable in a poor man logo ra.
ged, because every one knowg lhat it ia out of
bia power to do otherwise.
The Slave Trade. Letters from the uc'awiul "e said lioard of Erectors as soon as five
British steamship GladiMor. dated Bight ! KS ltVZZ
Ot Benin, September 29th, announce that I from all persons using said I'lank Road; said road to be
6he has taken five prizes, one of which i made not less lfl3rl e'?nt nor In"re than sivtv-six feet
with 250 slaves on board, was sent to Si! I ZTZTAiVT lbe V" hM"Z-
' KJl uiaiea tnat tne prouts shall not exeeed tweutv five per
erra Leone. and that the Centaur steam. . cent on ihe enniiai ts , r....,..,.
frigate bad captured a slaver, with 250 ! Sec- u- Be farther enacted, That if any person j on account of private dwellings, ba
slaves on board, a fortnight previously. ttT itT l P lhe l"" " 'a rmof ff caused some dela). bt energy and indus-
J lenng to pass the place or places designated for the col-!
,, T ; , lection of tolls, the toll gatherers respectively may refuse i lry "ave brought them forward with5
1 he curiosity of an honorable mind ,' a passage to the pen or persons refusing to Pav ; and much raniditv as the most exacting cocli
willingly rests where the. love of truth 1 ,f an' lwrson or Per,ns ha!l f"rdby or fraudulently "CD raP,d,l as lhe most exacting cu
does not urge it further onward, and the !T an7 S'' withoul havmg paid lhe ,e?al ' have required- To breakfast and get
love of thejielghhor bids it stop; in other paying thecal toil shall with w.Te,un;e.rri. or ' Work sun UP and o work till sun doy
words, it willingly stops at the point where , h,,rs"' URe M,d r"a(1 between the points designated for i without stopping for dinner, which is t-e
the interest of truth do not heck. .. on- ?Lr; nraetice of this corns, is more
1 ...! i l . ri i . t i scuKi vui;aiiY, io ue recovered 1 1
ward, and chanty cries, Halt!-' :ertdSe. in other c than is reouired of slaves.' nnd vet tbese
. . i