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0 / 75
Ajfrtvellin curnispifadeiit.ol I Fraer Mag.
time, writes Irmit JUmcionaii. and thus de-
tcrihei lbo( cuuotii by wLich the bog is
uifd up: ' I ' I j. . - . ' ' ' '
What crnd.ilea jver.e jn Egypt what , cows
If jo 'Denial, or lorkk in llatiund, pigs are
reJ uiih thU IriAinif difference -their a-
creiiieti of chararlerjatu hut as long a
thtiMiortul coil; and lliM i$ abbreviated with
owl 'j ceremony' anil from the most worldly
motives. ' In uribe pitr it, free is humored:
bei rsjuges the sirerjs he reposes in thorough
yotirfown; he U eerv r kvheife respected; but let
the llhread of bi ekitnt le severed, anoV
hade of Mahomet! ' what a chance! ; They think
in Cincinnati n i thlrisj but making the most of
..hint. How many 4f Jjisyklnd perish annually
to cement the vast prosperity of this city. cai.
Dot he I ol I. About liftVb njyears ago, when it
. Contained only .one hfi H of its eiisting popula-
tionja few bold spebulaiiors , began the trade.
Selecting the bains and ibe sides of the anni.
trial," I hey made; pickled pvk. of the rest they
tooaUmall accounts : toon, however, the idea
occurred to one nnWe acute than his fellow.
tbittte hPHdi und Hie leM. nay. even me
spirt J tnd the vertebrae, might be turned to ac
coutii. Trotters and cheeks had iheirpatli.
lanii and thesV nants looked iid in the market.
!Aiboot ibis time the markets of sauages
caWht the inspiration, they found these luxu-
liei Saleable ; and so nany pigs were to be
ilauiihtered that the butchers were willing to
do itjfor nothing, that U to say, for the perqui
tile 01 the entrail and otTal alone. I he next
step jwas due gniii ' of France. A Frenchman
established a brulu manufactory and created a
market for Ibe bridle j but. his ingenuity was
outdone by one of bis countrymen, who soon
afiejrjarriyed. This man was determined, it
eeqs, to share lh spoil ; and, thinking noth
fnglse lefi collected iie fine hair or wool,
Mrasjjed, dried, and curled it, and stuflVd-7 mat
tresses with it, but he was mistaken in think
ing Nothing else hft.Is.yet little was done
with iho lard ; rh y invented machines and
quftzed nil out of it ihe refused they threw
awaj. Mistaken rnen again ! this -refuse was
he fubMtnce of si carina candles, and made a
fortune for the discoverer of the secret. Last,
ly came one who could press chemistry into
the er vice of mammon;- he saw rhe blood ol
countless swine flowingfbrongh the gutters of
tbecity, it was all that was left of them ; 'but It
wenj to his heart In see St thrown away ; he port-
derrd long, and collecting the stream into res-
rs, made pros iiate bf potass from it by the
The pig was usedj up.
h i BLOODY AFFRAY.
On Tuesdnv last a company of six sailors
belonging to the U. S. steam frigate Sosqu
haioa called at the groggery-of John Cooper.
Iii Portsmouth (one of their cruizing stations.)
and j after imbibing pretty freely led without
paying for their licjjonr, and returned to Gosporl,
to house of ono Smith, who also keeps a li
qu6t shop. Cooper followed immediately after,
and! on entering the shop an altercation and a
row( eiuoed between him and the sailors, in
ibe -course of wlii -h, lie made a pass at one of
tbffoi with a diik. but without injury, when one
f'th-e sailors prot need a gun, on seeing which
Cooper took to hirijheelsi and the sailor fired at
Kirn without cflectl' Cooper in his retreat took
belter (ua shop by the way, and shortly after
.savy the same gang of siailors pass by, in loud
conversation, Irom) which he gathered that they
Wte on their w;aj to iyf house and intended
to kill him if they caught him. y'
!rfier ihey had passed on, he porcured three
fowling pieces vith he loaded and took home
whb him. The iailors had in the mean lime
taken possession of his house; but without
making any show of violence. Cooper, how.
fr, delilerately discharged all three of the
gujis at them, niu a they retreated into the
yard reloaded and fired jai ilhem again 1 Three
- (he sailors, vizi John Walsh. Robert Mc(iee
tr)jl Samuel Retid;. wer? mortally wounded, and
S&rnuel Shannon severely but not dangerously.'
"lbe remaining iwfo also received slight wounds
MCee had his elbow shattered to pieces by a
tbarge of buck sljot, and his arm was atnptj.
ted the same ejening but he is not expected
lljrecover. Walsh and Reqjd received wounds
io'lhe breast. hjulder sides, lace, dtc, and
though still alive there are no hopes of recovery.
Cooper was at-rei ted, and after a hearing be.
fore Mr. Justice Uaugh, committed to jail lor
farther examination yt;erduy afternoon. iVor.
qfk JleraJd of 20lh March.
The Post Ofuk Coin. We learn frorrv the
Philadelphia Ledger that the die for the three
cent piece, ordered to be coined by the last
-.Jpongre'ss, has bjen finished, and that the coin,
jige would be prjoreed?d with at once at the
31int but a defecjt .in the Uw which makes no
.provision for proering the silver and copper to
;commenco withJ In coisequence the coin,
'age will be delayed until the proper steps are
taken by tbe authorities here to remedy the de.
tfciency. The new coin is described as de.
eidedly neat and tasty, and will be a convert,
lent substitute for coppers. It is one-fourth
popper and lhree.fourlbisilverso that the baser
metal affects the, color but slightly. In size it
js between the gold dollar and ihe five cent
jiece( but it is sj much thinner than either that
i blind man can easily distinguish them apart
l,ly the touch. I be face of the coin has a capi.
j lal C, with three innumerals, indicating the
jWalue of the coM, embraced wbin it. Around
1,'lh edge are the! thirteen stars A the originaf
sh Stales. On the
reverse it a afar having in its
centre an Amirican shield, and around the ede
of America, 1831."
In ihe middle of last January the Schaffler
!nee was perfo rmed in Munich. The Scbaf-
fler Tanx dance
is this :
Yin lfc-jretr.lpl7t aj dreadful plague ravaged
Munich. All doors and windows were closed
fnd men avoiced their neighbors. In tbe
midst of this trW and silence, a troop of men,
coorn bf trade, (Schaffler, in tbe dialect of
Ibis psrt nf Germany,) came in from the coun
Irj with much, 'and green branches, and wenl
fom. house to house tailing to the neonle lo
pen Iheir winflowi 4nd doors. The people,
ftt lhj uneipedted iujnmoit, Cami forth, and,
at if fo frantic joy, danced through the streets,
and ilrangely euoug),tlie ,plauge spell war
pi' u .viiiniiruji anvil vi i ma eveni. ID
t iSchsHler Tani is performed erery fetentjb year.
Ji .Tbe men weaKgay icarUt coata, black velret
; :: 'tmalf elbthesyillow aprons and eaylv orna.
i! inented hats : Ihey always dance before the
royal palace. Tha bright dresses, music and
atUndaoee of tbe harlequins, made a lively
tceue. Tbe S chafHer Tanz is generally ibe
iomrafnocoten of the carnival.
The" St. Lawrence (U. S. frigate,) Com-
mandey J. R. Sands, arrived offCpwes on tbe
12tb instant, withJbe American contributions
to the ureal exhibition id 1851. She has made
the passage IromlSew xork in twenty days.
The process of seceiving and arranging the
articles to be exhibited in the crystal palace is
going on very satisfactorily and no doubt is en
tertained but that theliuilding'will be opened at
tbe proposed time in ihe month of M ay.
A JargH body of Hungarians arid roles, re
fugees from the late strugglefin Hungary, bad
arrived in Liverpool for Ameria,tbut on iheir
arrival frornTuikey in Liverpool, tbef were
met by a deputation from the London Demo
cratic Committee, who have induced them io
be at hand in case their aid should be required
to assist the Democratic cause in either France
or Hungary. f -. A:
Th English government jhave, so far, paid
or ofjered 3 to every man who will go to A
merica. A few, of tbe Hungarians have ac
cepted the offert but tbe Poles all refused. The
local magistrates and mayor of Liverpool have
had several interviews wiljjthe, to pusuade
tBern lo migrate. Public meetings have been
held to raise subscriptions for them, and it is
proposed lo have an amateur performance in
the Theatre Royal for their benefit. They are
said to be a fine body of men, and the firm, qui
et and orderly conduct in Liverpool has, it is
also said, shed a lustre Vjpoii their cause, and
made an impression in their favor .which will
not soon be forgotten, j
WTe have but little news of moment from
France, brought by this arrival. ,
The weekly account of the Bank of France
presents the commerce of that republic in the
most unfavorable point of view.- 1 he-bullion
in the bank almost equals the amount of notes
in circulation. I
The celebration of the carnival has also ex
ere bed a depressing influence upon the com
mercial prosperity of the capital. The manu
factures and wholesale merchants complain
that, with the exception of a few English, there
are? noforeigners in the city.
Tbejiccounts from the. agricultural districts
however, are more favorable ; for it appears
that the Urge stocks of wheat, formerly held
at Beauce,' are nearjy exhausted, and that
the recent large exports to England induced the
farmers to look fir higher prices, i
Paris, Wednesday. Gen. Exelmans has
been raised lo the rank of Marshall France.
The President has reviewed several of the re.
giment8 leaving Paris, and, has Issued orders
that at these reviews no cries whatever shall
be tittered. .j . j
Aaecrel society at Lile has been discover,
ed in the very act of banging art effigy of the
President. : ' . j j
In the departments, in all the'iowns, theSo
cialists have been attempting 16 make some
demonstration, but without success.
All hopes of a fusion between the two branch
es of the Bourbon family is at an end. The
ybung'Prince at Claremount has written to that
e fleet to the Orleanist committee at Paris.
' AUSTRIA, f. .,
Beyond the discussion of the complicated
Roman question,' we have; nothing new from
Rome. The Austrians ire being advanced
Lin unison with the Neapolitans, close upon the
frontier of Rome; with the view of keeping in
check my revolutionary movement in that quar
ter. We have news of various cohpiracious, as
proposed or threatened; in Italy, but nothing
We learn that a cabinet council was held
upon the 19th, at which it was resolved to is
sue a comprehensive memorandum of ihe Ger
man question. This document Will, it is said,
contain the views of Prussia upon the whole
question involved in the revival of the old Ger
man confederation during he past year.
We learn from official reportsl thai the com
merce of the Zoll Verien J has Increased con.
siderably. There has been a falling off in the
customs receipts of sugarjcofleej and raw ma.
terial ; and this is more than compensated for
ihe increase of manufactured gobds.
We lake the following terse but graphic de
scription ol the slate of affairs in Hesse Cassel.
The political conflict seems loi be degenerat
ing into a series of vulgiir quarrels helween
Prince, officers, ministers,; chambers and sub.
ordinales, who abuse each other w ith Provin-
cial intensity. The truth of whiich cannot be
doubted when we read ihe following :
' Latest proclamation from Baron II ay man
to the officers of the Hessian arrny of Cassel."
This Hessian, it should be' remembered, is a' re
lalion of the Austrian butcher. ( .
Gents : I have summoned yon here lo jell
you I have been coirunissioned jby His Royal
Highness to crush under; foot hat pernicious
gang that threatens the welfare pf the Slate.
Sirs, The question is, who is to rule this god.
abandoned, godless, pernicious gang.
" We shall soon decidejihisqijiestion in Cas
sel. Sir. in this little State the throne is in
danger, and all ihe thrones in Europe look here
and upon us upon this little arrhy. I ask not
if you will obey. It is for that I have called
ypu together. You must obey; for he who
obeys not shall have his soldier coal pulled off
his hack and have a blouse put on him. It is
nothing to you whether the orders given you,
irs, are constitutional or not. His Royal
Highness has sworn to the cotjsiitution, and I
have lull powers from him. I aim the constitu
tion for yon, sirs ; I. If any ofj you prefer the
smiles of that gang of traitorspo ihe favor of
your Prince, whom God has sft up, I will pull
his coat off his back and put i blouse on him.
Gen's, your servant." ; ; x
The State of Baden has also passed a law
for the regulation of the press. Its main pro
visions nre as follows: Abolition of the cen
sorship ; all articles lo be signed by ihe writer;
caution money must he deposited by publishers
and authors : publishers, printers and distributors-
of work are responsible or the contents,
and alike liable to arrst and prosecution.
The Chambers of Deputies has been burned.
Cape, of Good Hope.
We learn that the Kaffir war is likely to be
more piolonged than was at lirst anticipated.
Sir Harry Smith, at the' head of 5.000 men,
had given battle and killed seventy or eighty.
a. : : i
.'The rumor that Pitt, the murderer of Hunt,
had been arrested in New Yolk City, turns out
lo be unfounded. Information has been re.
ceiced here that Pitt has; tailed from N. York
for Calilornia, on board the steamship Ohio,
and was to touch at Nf w Orleans ; and we
learn that tb Mayor of that City baa been re
ofiested, by telegraph, to secure bim.
The negro man, who committed the murder,
under Pin's direction, is in Cumberland jail
availing in s inai. uaietgn standard.
RALEIGH AND GASCON ROAD.
We learn from a reliable ource that unless
a moveni ent is made to resusritate this load,
that at the end of a month, operations on t will
be discontinued. We do nol use the language
of exaggeration when we say, ibis is an appall.
ing fact for Petersburg. It wjill not only f ut off
a vast trade which we now enjoy, but will de-
prive usi ot all chance to secure any portion of
the trade which the Central Road will open in
North Carolina. Let the Raleigh and Gaston
Road go down, and a Road will be made from
Greensboro', N. C., to Danville. These are
facts; and tbe question is, will we sipp y the
proper remedy ? Will we tome forward and
doonr part, in again putting I le Road in tirder 7
We have heard a good deal said about clubs of
ten. twenty and thirty being ormed to take ibal
.portion of ihe Stock which Petersburg should
SQouiaer, oui we pave not neara yet inai as ma
ny as three have been found J'ho were willing
lo put up the proportionate amount. In our pa
per of Saturday we published the adveitise
ment of one of the first wholesale bouses in
Petersburg, stating that they will make an
rangement by which merchants residing; in the
upper Counties of North Carolina can receive
their goods direct, and at as low rales as if
sent by Raleigh."
Now, what a tale is here
told ! We know
the firm will do what they promise. They have
Ihe enterprise and t he means to do as long as if
can be done. But how long
until the Raleigh and Gaston
will that be ! Just
Road is down be
yond redemption, or placed under the control of
those whose interests are rival to those of Pe
tersburg. Should the first contingency happen,
'the upper Counties of North Carolina will
gel iheir goods, not by wagons, but by th Dan
yille Railroad, which will get access into Car
olina, and tap tbe " upper Counties" at the very
fountain of our tfade with them. In the event
of the second contingency, we shall be, obliged
to. trust to the lenjder mercies of those who,
with every interest in the world to divert trade
and travel from us, will possess a voice! in the
management of the Road sufficiently potential
to enable them to attain their ends. Again
we say : "these are facts," and we should be
glad to see a sample of the logic that will con.
travene them, i
We regret to have in the above article,
which we copy from the " Peleraburg Intelli
gencer," (whose Editor, we are certain as
much regretted the necessity of penning, as we
did the reading of it,) a Confirmation of the ap
prehensions we have latterly felt, that Peters
burg would fail to do her part towards the re
building of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road
and for what reason ? Simply because it is the
belief of a certain portion of her citizens that
Norfolk, whose interests are rival to those of
Petersburg," will thereby divide with them tbe
rade of North 'Carolina 1 ; Without flopping
or carmg to enquire how far this may be so,
we may venture to state as ' fixed facts'" 1st.
That the re construction of the Raleigh and
CJaston Road, in connection with the Central
Uoad, will open both upon Norfolk and Peters
burg, a largely increased amount of trade
that it will augment greatly tbe business ot
Petersburg, whatever it consequences upon
that of Norfolk ; and 2nd That the digicom inn.
ance of operations upon the Road will !certaih;
ly prove a fatal blow lo the traffic of Peters
burg with a large section of North Carolina.
Let the Road go down, and, as the Inteili.
gencer suggests, our upper Counties! will net
Iheir goods l.y way of the Rail Road that will
inevitably be buiSt from Greensboro' to Dan
vine, connecting with Richmond. Let the
Road go down, and, so far as this immediate
section of the State is concerned, it; will be
much easier for us to obtain our Groceries
dec, by having them shipped to Wilmington
from Baltimore or New York, and thence by
the Cape Fear to, and a Plank Road to this
place from, Fayetteville, or even by waggoning
from the latter place, than by way of Peters
burg, the n. With the Central Road completed,
how easy will it be to get all arliclesideslined
for Wake, Johnston, dec, by that route? If
Petersburg, therefore, is blind lo her own in
terests, she alone is to blame.
It seems quite strange, by the way, that,
while Petersburg is thus deterred from contri
buting her quota to this important work, thro'
jealousy of Norfolk, the latter place does not
seem to be at all anxious to avail herself of
the superior advantages which, it is alleged,
will enure to her behalf. That Norlolk will be
a great gainer by the rebuilding of the Road,
and its connection with .the Seaboard Road,
there can be no question. Th wonder then,
is, that, with such a field of competition for a
vast and varied tiade open before them, both of
our Virginia sister-towns do not entr upon it
with alacrity and energy.
iAnd what shall we say of the Counties along
ihe route? what of Raleigh? Are we all
asleep? Has such fatuity taken possession of
our minds, that we cannot perceive! what an
appalling blow the discontinuance of the Road
will inflict upon our interests ? Rat. Reg.
. A VISIT TO THE MEXICAN ,
A correspondent of the Union, writing from
the city of Mexica says. ! !
One day last week I spent a whole ran;.
ning(six hours) in examining the Cathedral
and its treasures. By special favor ihey show,
ed us every thing, among others the custodian,
in which the consecrated bot is exposed on cer
tain occasions. It cost) $500,000, and you
will not wonder at this when I inform you that
it is full four feet high made of solid) gold, and
studded with precious stones. The pedestal is
a foot and a half square, inlaid with: diamonds
and rubies. At each corner is the golden fig.
ure of an angel, exquisitely carved. Around
his waist and neck are slnns of the finest
pearl. His wings are inlaid or covered with
diamonds, rubies, and emerald. In hi? right
hand he holds sheaves ofjwheat, made of yellow
topaz ; in bislett, hunches ot grapes, made of
amethysts. The shaft is also sluded with dia-
monds, rubies, and emeralds. I he upper part.
containing the host, is made to represent the
sun, and is a foot and a half in circumference ;
the rays that emanate on one side afe made en
tirely of the first water, beginning with some of
large size, and gradually lapering ofF. The
cross that surmounts the top is also on ibis
side made of diamonds, and is superb. On the
other side, both the crossi and the jrays are of
the most beauriful emeralds perhaps larger
tban Ibe diamonds.
FANEUIL HALli REFUSED. The
Mayor and Aldermenj at Boston have re
fused to grant the use of Faneuil Hall,
oh the 27th of March, to R. E. Altborp
and others, for the purpose of holding a
mass meeting of these opposed to the
fugitive slave law.
THE CAROLINA! WATCHMAN.
-' ; j V ; - Salisbury, X. C. - ' -! :
TnrnsDiT Evoixd, ipcil io, mi.
.,, i i ...I-- . -
' . - i , ., . ; . '
Corruption in Neib York Legislqiure
A nice mess they've had in the Iiegis
lature of this State: A Bill was present-
i - j -
ed more effectually t) suppress gambling.
The Sergeant atj Arms, undertook to de
feat the passage of lhe Bill, and the Gam
bling Houses in N. Y. City were to fur
nish him the moey necessary for the pur
pose. Accordingly, he went to work on
those members hy whom he expected to
kill the measure, and bought up three of
them at 8125 each. The three bought
men composing .the Committee on hills,
suppressed the bill in question; and gave,
the Sergeant at arms notice of their ina
bility to reach it in lime; which notice
was also the signal for the payment of
the corruption money. But the whole
thing jeaked oqt, anj the guilty parties
are now in trouble.
O3 A Letter jn the Philadelphia North
American, from Charleston, says "the
sentiment of resistance and revolution in
South Carolina! has greatly abated al
ready, and is sensibly declining every
day.' "The action of Con
gress has tended to soothe-the asperities
of the people which 'existed previous to
the passage of the Compromise."
Mr. Clingman. This gentleman has
published another remarkable speech.
VVn have some notice of it on file for our
next paper. He is setting bis sails to
catch Whigs and Democrats enough to
elect him to the Senate, it is thought.
He will get his share of tbe Democrats,
but we hope the Whigs will keep clear
The proposed renewing of the Raleigh
and Gaston Bail Road is likely to fail of
immediate success. !This is matter of se
rious regret. It appears that the Vir
ginia stockholders vy ill not take hold of
it; and in fact, the North Carolina stock
holders have shown a degree of unwilU
ingness quite unexpected at the time the
subject was before the Legislature.
QUIt isThought Pilt, the murderer of
Hunt, will stop at Havana. If so, he will
be safe from the lavy, for a while.
Mr. Deberry-. of the Anson District, de
clines a re-election to Congress. Augus
tin H. Shepperd also declines a re-election
from the Greensboro' District. Jas.
T. Morehead, is spoken of as bis successor.
DCP The importation into tbe Port of
New York, of foreign Dry Goods, (or the
first quarter of the present year, exceeds
those of the two preceding years about
Messrs. Berry & Hill, and the Misses
Hill, gave two Concerts here during the
present week, at the Mansion Hotel.
The Electric Piano an improvement
on the common piano, designed to pro
long the sounds to any desired length, hy
curious connection of an electric battery
with the chords. The applicability of the
i ' ' J
discovery has not yet been entirely estab
Town Ordinances Repealed. We Irani
from a private letter, dated the 31st. ult..
from one of the Commissioners of the
Town of Salisbury, that the Ordinances
on the subject of Small Vox, and in rela
tion to intercourse with this place, were
all repealed at a meeting of the Board on
Saturday last. By these Ordinances our
citizens were not only prohibited from vis-
ittng Salisbury, but the people of Salis-
hury were also forbid coming to CharlottP.
We are glad, therefore and especially
so, as we learn several persdns of that
Town wish to visit us that this harrier
has been at last Temoved ; and that they
may now do so, without risking their per
sonal safely here.or hazarding a large fine
and other inconvenience at home.
- I'vJ Char. Jour. April 2.
We can assure the "Journal" that the
citizens of ourTown received with great
pleasure the news of Charlotte's final ex
emption from the disease with which she
has beerrso long afflicted ; and the Com
missioners repealed, without, unnecessary
dely, .be Ordinances of non intercourse
thus evincing their sincere desire tore-es-
taonsn mat intercommunicauon lormenj
, . . . p
existing between the two places. May
it long remain uninterrupieu oy similar,
or other causes.
THE TRUTH IN A NUT SHELL.
, The Washington correspondent of the
Pennsylvanian speaks a deal of truth in
this little paragraph:
"Talk of the settlemet of the slave
question. The idea is absurd. It wjll
never be settled as long as a demagogue
can ride into office through its agitation.
If the South were to tie its hands and seal
its lips, make no resistance to anti-slavery
preachers and ngro stealers, and make
no attempt to. reclaim their property when
robbed of irrthe agitators of the North
the Greelys. and Garrisons and Abhy
Kelleys would not be satisfied. Then
they would go in strongest, for arming the
slave for assassination. "
PLANK HO AD STOCKHOLDERS
A friend writing from Statesville, on
the subject of the meeting of the stock
holders of the Salisbury and Taylorsville
Plank Uoad Company, says:
Col. Thos. A. Allisrn was called the
Chair, and Mr. R. F. Simonton appointed
Secretary. The Charter was then read,
and proof adduced that advertisement had
been made of the meeting of the stock-
holders according to the provisions of the I
charter. An election was then gone into
for Directors. On the first bIlot, Messrs."
Wm. Murphy. D. A. Davis, Col. T. A Al
Kson, and S. R. Bell, were found to be
elected. H. C. Jones, J. I. Shaver, E. D.
Austin, and 0. G. Foard, were run. but
neither had a majority, whereupon anoth
er vote was taken between E. D. Austin
and O. G. Foard, (the other two being
withdrawn) which resulted in the election
of Mr. Foard. A committee was then
appointed to draw up the necessary by
laws for the regulation of the Company,
consisting of H. C. Jones. N. Boyden, J.
H. McLaughlin, James E. Kerr, and .
P. Caldwell, who are to make a report of
the same at an adjourned meeting which
is to he held at Salisbury, on the first
Tuesday in mav next. The Directors are
to meet at the house of Mr. 0. G. Foard, !
on next Fndav, to elect, a President.
Our subscription in IredeJl is 8.350,
and I think that we will find less difficul
ty in obtaining subscribers hereafter than
Books are ..now open here forsuhscriplion
to the Charlotte road, and several thous
and dollars are subscribed. I hope both
roads may be built, but the citizens of
this place will have to subscribe very lib
eratty if we. succeed in getting both roads
to this place."
WE ARC (iLAD TO HEAR IT.
The New York Courier and Enquirer, in
the course of an Article on the consequences
of the agitation of ihe Slavery question, makes
the following remarks :
The time for nipn to reason calmly upon
their part, has fully arrived ; and we now call
upon the merchant! of o:ir ci'y to look about
i hem and observe the actual elate of affairs.
We do not ak I hem to lake our Word for "any
thing ; hut we do demand them, to look at the
facts as they . are, and arrive at conclusions
based upon the fads a they discover them ; and
we boldly assert ih'jjl sneh investigation will
lead lo the following conclusions :
First. There-has been a very large falling
off in the Consumption of domestic manufac
tures by the South.
Second. There has been a very large fall
ing off in t'ne Spring tiade general, ofihe South
with this riiv.
Third. The diminished consumption of do-
mes'ic manufactures lv the South, arises Irom
ihe deliberate charge made by
the Journal of
Com merce nd backed by iis co laborer in fo
rnenting agitation, that the manufactures of N.
England were encouraging outrages upon the
, lights ot the South and disunion iie.
Fourth. The falling fT of the Spring trade
' generally, of the Soiih with ihi city, is justly
attributable, to Ibe constant, daily eiiortsot ine
Express and Journal of Commerce, to inculcate
the belief at the. South, in which tliry have suc
ceeded, that the whole Noiih is siiU agitating
the question ofSlaveiy that this city is deep,
ly infected with ,l'W7iort.vi that our Piess
es are Abolition Pi cs-es. and supported by Ab
oiition reader and Abolition adveitisers anil
that our merchants are in truth. Abolitionists
the blackest die. ami only seemingly Inend-
ly to the South to benefit by this trade
Whether ihe Courier .and Enquirer is right
in attributing th .above facts io the course of
,' ihe New YoiU ICxpr--ss and Journal of Cim
! I . MM .. r. ...
; (iierre, we are not prepares 10 sa. i ne ialm
j that New Yoik i bsiii; her tiade with the
j South in consequence oj the aiialion ti the
', Slavery question, is enouh lor
u-, and a mo.t
gratify inn lin t it is. e learn frotn :otiihern
merchants who have returned from Bilti
more this SpiiiiL', that the trade of that city has
heon greatly fieyond all precedenre orcmlcula.
lion. Iuiinen.se ftoeUsof goods have been sold
out and replenished over and over again. Ma
ny Southern merchants who have heretofore
deat exclusively in New Yoik and Philadel.
j phi, have this
j than Baltimore.
Spiing gone no further North
THE COALITION ILLUSTRATED.
" We mc st coye into
collision vitit the ame
RICAN Government. I
say must ! For the Fugi
tive Slave Hill shall nev
er be enforced tliroi'chout
the land !" (Apff,
From Rev.Sam'l. May's
ppeech at Syracuse ; An
li Slavery Standard, 20 h
" We mist rrifft the is
sue or tamely submit lo the
tyrannies of one of the tnnH
intamous and corrupt fiov
ernnients under which a
civilized people ever lived."
Charleston Mercury, March
Here we see that the object which Nor
them Abolitionism hopes to attain by its
incessant agitation of the slave question
is precisely and strikingly identical with
; that -
na are! r. i n uuniuiuu ui mrsr wui
; a u '. - " - . , j .......
Th p jno he hfnds of
i pach other with a faithfulness and a unity
ise which men whose thoughts,
hopes, and aspirations are Jhe same only
To get up a fight with the Government
at Charleston is what the Secessionists are
after in the South ; to have the ArmV and
Navy brought into the field to enforce the
Fugitive Slave Law is what the Disunion-
istiare longing for in the Xorth. They
are now raving SO frantically as lo induce
the impreSMon that if tbe Government will
iv will Httark thp (tov
emment. AT. Y. Express.
1 1 w iiii'ii,n i 1 1 v j - - -
Our Rail Roarl Ts aghin all right. Pas-
penger are cariied over as heretofore, and ihe
FreTght Car pajs over ihe Rnad without diffi-
cultv. It is not likely thai a serious detention
will asain occur; at least, we hope not.
Plaxk Roaos. We copy from Hunt's MeV.
chanta Magazine, some remarks on this BCJ
improvement : i
44 In the list of ihe. great improvements bica
give lo this age ihe character which it will tlr
in history above all others the. age tf ham,,,
ness lo'ibe peop!eihe plank road will be,,
prominent place, and it deserves it. It chan.
s ihe condition of the farmer, wherever it "jj
found. It gives a thoroughfare, second onlj 0
the railway; and in this repct, superior to it
thai it may be used. by all, without heimr ,ujj.
jfcted to the rule and regulations of othiri 1
lo ,time' P",t. ?r equipage in which the,
I ina i vmwwsc iimn. ii aiiuiuiiaies one of lbs
' sorst evils known (in our rufal life an
w iiujii uaa ii.niriiu innue a larm In
...i I ... i- e '
many parts of our eoun'ry, an iniolunlary her.
milage, secluded, and attainable only by a weal
ry pilgrimage over- no, not over bin tfcrouh
roads which seemed lo have concer'rufd n
me evils mat couldjemliarrass tbe traveller.
I. .1(1 mart id tin Innnar 1- ... I . L
i , ii "ucip inrre 15
nlanlc' rond. The larmr la l.rrwinl.,-4.. .l
, ....w. a uumui II Qp jj
cinity of the village. and city, enjoying ki Wq.
etiis, and exempt from the inconvenience. Tho
plank road finds its way to ihe forests, first,
building itself from them, and then placingThe
wood treasure into active use. h allurr ihe
settler to redeem lands hitherto et down as
desperate real estate ; unreal as to income, and
real only as to taxati..n. l goes up into wild
lands and civilizes them, li threads the envi.
roii of a rily wiihlpleatant drives. Ii magni.
fies ihe means used by the farmer in takinghi
pnduce to market.) li is the road of the peo.
pie open to all, and like the nation in whosa
enemies it has grown into wich favor, it it tv.
? r ;at 'greasing its range and extending
ucur wis .
I w w
Railways, with all their value, and ihey are
of priceless worth to many, are yet the thor.
oughlare for iheitizen away from his borne
for the journey, ihe travel, ihe tour ; but tbe
plank nad is for home use for the transit
which is begun and ended in a day or its frac.
lion which is to him who uses it a double
value or occupation for the hours of the day,
which increases the happiness and comfort and
piofit of the firm, (hat foundation of all the in.
Mituiions of society."
Bounty Land Certificates.' There was
shown us this iporning the new bounty
land certificates which have been en
graved by order of tbe Secretary the -Interior,
to be issued to those entitled to
the bounty undfr the late four of:: Con
gress. They are printed hy Messrs. Top
pan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co., and arc
really beautiful specimens of the art of
engraving. Thq hundred and sixty acres
certificates are ornamented with busts of
I'residentsTaylor and Filmore, and those
of tbe forty acres certificates by busts of
Senators Clay and Cass. There is also
on the hundred and sixty acres certifi.
cates. a representation of the young sol
dier setting out for the battle. field : then
a picture representing bis return: and
then another showing him settled down
on the laud, granted to him by the gov
ernment, and engaged in cultivating it.
On the forty acres certificates is Genera)
VahinotoiCon the battle-field ; a veter
an soldier looking out lor a home in the
far west, and another showing him en-
i fruToil in aii I f i t u t i 11 rr tf rfl-i4 i-tw! rt a.
" . , .
ln nun r -V. uui luii nir nil in 1 1 n ur .
We understand that the department. is
now engaged in'iuing these new certi
ficates to those entitled to the bounty.
Sketches of Xorth Carolina. We hi
the pleasure, a few days since, of seeing
Col. Wheeler, author of the forthcommg
Sketches of North Carolina, on his way
f rom Philadelphia to his Ume in Lincoln.
Col. Wheeler took his work North with
the view of having some engravings pre
pared, and to ascertain the terms on which
be could have it printed and bound. The
work will be published in two volumes of
about 300 pages each, and will be deliv-
ered at the low price ol one dollar per
Col. Wheeler has prepared a plan, in
the shape of a tree, showing the origin of
the Counties ofthe State and the date of
their establishment. The Counties are
all traceel fiom the three main stems, in a
very ingenious manner. It is little sin
gular that the Count ies of the Albemarle
stem are all embraced in tbe- Ninth Con
gressional District, and that these are the
only Counties which sprang from that
source. Tbe plan is to be engraved and
attached to tbe work.
I Col. Wheeler's work has received the
highest commendations frorfl the Press of
the State, and be has been cheered in his
arduous labors by the approbation of
"some of the best and ablest men of the
Every citizen who can afford it ought
to subscribe for a copy. We learn that
Ihe author expects to appoint Agentj in
all the Counties, in the State, with the
view of making it convenient to the peo
ple generally to subscribe,
j We copied a paragraph, a few weeY
ago, from one of our exchanges, stating
that the rvf-v. Francis L. Hawks, formerly
of this State, was also engaged in writ-
g a history of .North Carolina.
Z"C7t Z Theological cha-
- j -----
1 racier. Rultinh Standard.
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENCE.
New You, March 20,
Yesterday forenoon the weather wm b!utely fa
try, and must have astonished ihe strawberry vinet
ry materially- Indeed, it most have disturbed te?ti
ki. miiirc treneraJlv. in its winter's nap. A few hv
Df ,uch warm weather wca!d be highly conducive 10
j Q 4 '
th growth of mint, and furnish us with juleps equal U
those of which the New Orleans Picayune has txB
boasting, lately. In the afternoon, huwevrr, a co
westerly wind aros. to notify u. to shut our doors
windows, put on oar jreat coats, and not try to- cro
Articles for the World's Fair hare ceased to arr
hr,nn.t uld mv come, it would be U late no
It is a great pity that the Americans did not hate k
cr police that there would be a place awpned Min
, Crystal Palace fof their prodlictiona. As it . the
' tides that have gone from the United States, t oo.
pie of American ippnuity and iluH. MMJ ci -
""i." ' ' , Krtt
inflDKITCI, 1 J -
. i Kit i b vmrw 1 1 1 u m "