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0 / 75
. , ' : - . :- - . I- : -
' ' - - - ' : ' - - ' ' ' M ' 1 . - : "
. twance. 1 5 t If 1
' in J fifty c-nia v;ill
,r minrf for rath
n-i New 1 i4l
yenr, Two PotXAts payable ry
t toid in aJvanee, Two Dollars
Med nt 1 'for the first, and 25 ct.
LuWnumt insertion.. Court order
I . .. .k...,., ....... A
. HXlIrr lllilll HIT-pr- loir.
one who advertise by the year.
ltitt. tc the EJjU mini be post paid.
. . . - -.. r-' , . . i . r - " ! 111 .
- a - t - - i i fr h rr i if 1 it - t -
J. J. CRUNER,
Editor fy Proprietor,
Mory of the Talacc of
V Day, 1837. Sir Uohert
irocpditi in .it native Imat,
ration. uj the riv? t Brbice,-
i his attention va attrafieu
jjje jouthoru fiijiirin y an extraordinary oli-
C V.- ..:r-i;4i-nr,nrA!.nl..l .h hirrKiT his ' he Times," and perused with 8mnathiz.'
i i . i: i i i Incr intprpst its ntrifMV iircrpn iihiprlifin strains!
raised. 1 ni)ii!n an arcomuimuru . r . y : -m - -o :
" Keep a check upos all tocb.
Do IBIS, 15D LlBEEf T IS SATE."
Gen' I JIarriton.
VOLUME VII NUMBER 50.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1851.
. 1 . j i
,.rfnist. he had rtevrr 6'mi any lliing like it
(I.ftf. . It wa ijTitanic waier' plant, in siz
ndshapo nnlikH ftnv other known plant.- A
.jvaniie leaC frim five to ix 0-et in ' diainir,
aWrrfhap'U, a nroaa nrim, ot a ugni.
vrvd crimson oehiw, rest-
Quite in character with
..n aimvr, iiiiu a
.4 nnon thv wat'tri
A... uunueriui ici
of art J
$ini n attertik
Sir Itobert Sp
r first 4lifrn, ai.nl ,M
was the luxuriant flower,'
(iiinenso number or petal, "i
e tints Irotn j'ure white to
the invasion of Hyde" Park by armies of exca-
valors, bricklayers, blacksmiths, and timber
fellers. The picture daily drawn of the tearing
up of fashionable road by the carting of jmore
bib.ks and mortar (lor, mark, a temporary edi
tice) than the internal pyramids ot Cihizeh con
sist of; the cutiin down from one side of Rot
ten Row. for its most cherished ornaments, the
trees ; the uncertainly of miles of brick jwork
being put together in time for consolidation to;
bear the weight of the tremendous iron idotrie'
designed to rest upon it ; the impossibility of
th entire mass ( mortar and plaster duljr dry
ing: all this, thoiigh occasionally overdrawn
apd exaggerated, presented a black persppdive
Alter some in successful I wnc, 'ne means ana appliances ot ttie Viclo.
ria Kegia conservatory would, thought Us archi
!ect, considerably lighten, or altogether fobvi.
ale. Every new' thunderbolt from the news
paper Tonans, strengthened this notion in the
projector's mind. All that was wanted, was a
grat many great lily houses joined together.
A multiplication ot hands and of materials could
j be raised so quickly and so cheaply. 1 The
I promenaders atd neighbors of Hyde4ark would
l. r!opU:;Vori i rL,.,a . -,m ! lie relieved ot the rncessant "click click ot
i,illb r t...Pa,i i..-. loncklavers trowels, the maddening noise of
w. r wi nuiliru H'V" """i i ,ii I , ll
.rrpai Ini.l.orlJ J..iv.. i.v I ' ne niarKsmiui s rHeiung nammers, ana nave
..... tj "r- '.
ibmhurgk, not contfKif with
up whole plants : and sent
erward seed?, tjo England
where the tnigtiijicent lilly was hafnrd the
. . " iJ r e. '' . . . ii'
lttpmiiK ;!'hi? lorcing it to niosom in an
vas confided to Sir. Pax ton.
tin celebrated ytdicullurisj of the f)j
When the 'ictt ria Kega was to
ed estate at Cheswoith.
nke of De-
d Mr. lixton dejermmed to imitate Nature
i . l.
to closely as to n ke that Innocent f flspring-of
fancy hijrnself bacik again in
the lr""' waters find undid r burninig heats of
'Wddin-! tnern in w
ppat ; l'H de bidet
etiwi ihein float
i he coin
I, the gen-
. ' ii- i i .
in a tank, to wnic
mun'u'iiedi'by minstit a little whee
ll fi:)i!e of theiH
'.'tfoiKrd the -flowed
ifrbcian clirnlte m a tiny South America,
jnder a glass ca&v
With that glals case our" history properly
Mr1. Paiftoii haij already effected many im
provemenis . in Jiorticolnual buildings; the
workmanship of,v hich has always been unne.
ceifarily maslvtl, ,i With the conviction i hat
ehts houses nrej lot K'gyptioti tornb'f built for
!tfknri and rterpjiiy, he set a hour rnnlkiug them
J, hot h as regards aeiinisin
lie discarded' as: much as
dermis and opaque materials.
ill clumy sash bas, whose
lined plants ol the nay; he
lijhlef than -of 0
practical!? all pm:
lie pared away;
broad shadows r
aholiihenl dirty at)
ir pa'nes, amfl
of 'putty. Lastly;
iWiini! rtof I he i
the jjU-" prese nt j
amoi! any patt t
y anii ate.
In a green hm
II leaking overlaps
peifecl immunity from the- hourly transit of
brick and scafTdd oles. yhe proposed edi
c i i i . .J r: ! i '- .
own tranquil rivr ; and he ' cou,u ',e ;n"f"' o.rm.ngnam, at
into blo.m by mat ufacluring A7,,nie' an,J ai ' ,,a,me8 ,,H"K' urouSni ,me
io ii(i laitv icaujr uiauc, anu pui up imo it
But, alas ! feasible as the plan appeared, it
was not thought of. The fiat of the Building
Committee hadL gone forth. The competition
of architectural skilt invited by the authorities
had not produced one available deign. r The
first erhrltition of the Industry of life Architects
of all Nations hail been pronounced a failure ;
and fact of th Building Committee having in
vited tenders for the construction of a design
of its own, shut out fiesh competitors..
One-day, however it was Friday, th? four
teenth-day of June Mr. -Paxton happened to
tie. in the House Of Commons, conversing on
this subject with Mr. Ellis, a memlier; of it,
who accompanied him to the .Board of Trade
to see what could be done; for Mr. Paxton
was off immediately to keep a. special appoint
ment at the tubular bridge over, the Mejiai.
Alier bis journey, the next '.morning, the con-.
ersatin with his friend, the M. P., was clench
ed by another. and more than usually puwerfiH
Imrst of thunder in that day's issue from Black
friars. .His mind was made up. 1 uesday
i tmiirriiiir iKm hi K l u 11 1 h - nf Tiinp. fimnd frJ
with some "r " '
ration at Derby, seated as Chairmanlot the
Phe next day wa Saturday, the twenty-ninth
of June. The Roval Commission met. head.
ed by Prince Albert. The Paxton scheme was
referred to the Building Committee ; which,
jn the regular order of business, could not en
tertain it, having rejected all the designs it had
invited for competition, and having devised a
plan of its own. Nothing daunijed, however,
Mr. Paxton determined to appeal to the British
public. This he did by the aid !of the wood
cuts and pages of the, London ' Illustrated
News." Never was an appeal more promptly
or satisfactorily answered. The practicability,
the simplicity, the beauty of the scheme con
vinced every member of the many-headed court
of appeal of its efficacy. j
Meanwhile the projector of the building
waited onsthe projector of the entire Exhibi
tion, Prince Albert, on another memorable
morning 'that 'of the Christening day of prince
Patrick. What passed need not; be divulged ;
but the encouragement vouchsafed, added to
the expression of public opinion daily gather
ing strength, induced Mr. Paxton to decide on
procuring a tender to be sent into the Building
Committee for his design. He therefore- sent
straight to Messrs. Fox and Henderson!, and
these gentlemen immediately engaged t6 pre
pare a tender. It happened that the Building
Committee in their advertisement had invited
the candidates for raising their edifice, to1 sug.
gest any improvements in it that may occur to
ihem. This opened a crevice, into which
Messrs. Fox and Henderson were able to thrust
their tender for Mr. Paxton's plan. Seeing at
once jtwas, of all other plans, the plan the
supreme desideratum ibey tendered it as an
improvement on the Committee's design.
Here a new and formidable difficulty arose.
inserting them in wooden
water light by a'spaiing use
finding, that into th ordinary
inbam enter at ah indirect
ifgle, Mr. Paxton ijnveuted a
fotiiposed of angular ridges
jig itself in a straigjht line at
le day .: but especially ear-
iflse improvement, and arclimated as we have
, a tctnjria Kegia was plant-
ed on the 1 0i h of
every thing 1ei j
it flourished as vigorously as if it ha
August. 1849. S.
irepared fr i's rece
i i a
soil and rl'imate, ips growth
nt were astonishingly rapid ;
November a flower! was pro-
itored to il5 nutiv
una the tfetfliiprrv
forion the Uthlofl
1 i ! -
ouoed.a yard tn c
than a month afiejl. the firt seed ripe ped, some
of them were lilMd. and otvlhet-lGth f Febru
! Aw ISttl e more
onivg plant jin'nde
pearance. ' -'Suedes, however, bpuvht fresh
ed Natrue's biwi-aif deveUipment wilh
than one purpose. Tbejixrow of columns
arenas had been atreadysaid, not only props
but drains. They are hollow, an!d into them
the glass roof will deliver its collections of va
ter.j In the base of each column'is inserted a
horizontal iron pipe to conduct the drainage
into! the sewers. These strong tubes serve al
so as foundation ; they are links that connect
the whole of the three hundred uprights toge
ther. At the top, each column is fastened to
its opposite associate by a girder, tun up by
means of a pole and pully in a few minutes ;
and, once fastened, no other scaffolding is re
quisite for the roof which it supports. Thus,
by means of the iron pipes below: and the iron
ginjers above, the eighteen acres of structure
is held from end to end so compact and fast that
it becomes an enormous hollow cube, as im
movable as if it were, instead, a solid cube
dropped down beside Rotten Row by a gang of
Toe roofs of which there are five, one to
each aisle or corridor, the highest in the middles-play
many parts. They are windows,
light and heat adjusters, rain conductors out
side, and condensed moisture ducts within.
They are interminable rows of roofing, so plac
ed as to. form in the aggregate a plane ; in
other words, they are parallel rows of the let
ter V thus : VVV. The apex of each "ridge"
is a wooden sash bar, with notches on either
side for holding the sloping laths in which are
hud the edges of the glass. The bottom or
of the public lands, half a million of acres
in a lump, have been given to the new
States, for internal improvements, public
schools, and other purposes; and prospe
rity and thrift have made their home
there. But since the distribution of the
surplus revenue under the administration
of Gen. Jackson, what have the old States
received? They need internal improve
ments, and public schools, and hospitals
for the insane and the blind and the maim
ed, as well as the new States, and does
not justice demand that the same liberal
ity should be extended to them ?
The Standard says : We are opposed
to the distribution of the public lands, or
their proceeds among the States, we care
not in what shape the proposition may
be presented ; and especially, at this time,
would we hold North Carolina back, if
we had the power, from asking favors at
the hands of Representatives in Congress
from Massachusetts and Vermont."
These are strong terms in which the
Standard express his opposition to a dis
tribution ofthe public lands, or their pro
ceeds, among the States. But does he
stand by the principle ? Has be offered
one word of reproof, one whisper of op
position to the numerous donations of hun
dreds of thousands of acres to individual
t. c.L i .1 . . e. . .
X,k 7 . r ra.ter,s no. .w, in tfae an(J othfir gratuiliesto
off a n 4 n a trt iHH In t bt a nuiU. ...l.:.L
ill mo Uiivjvjit;, yj luilll a gUllCI. IIJIU WUICIl
that it outgrew tl e dimen
ionSf it honv in tittle more than a' month.
ll tliierelore set r. rax ton a problem to solve,
the . lormula of wb'ieh was something like this:
Giveh, an exotje growing in a grn house.
ttKe rate'.nfsix hundred and forty-sevn square
inches of circumference per-diem : required in
tferee months, a r ew house of dimensions prop
er for it ma'nrit f 1
' " Mr. Vaxtori went to work, and, combining
all hisiinproven'if it in constructing green hous
ei wjih hi specji l inventions fr manuring the
ictoria Kegia, fie very snnn produce the 4 Q.
' K I).,' in the ijiape of a novel an elegant
conservatory, sixty feet long by forty ! broad'.
This building bin am' the, immediate precursor
. of .(he gigajitic L ructure in Hyde Paik, why
necessitate, a snort explanation.
, Among tiy rntlny desiderata required for ev.
ery kind of habif iitjon whether itlie designed
- fir'pl-ints ot priji es, for a pinehouse or a pal-
. are, for tho Virjrria Kegia, ofor the enormous
fclass ease under which to collect tho products
?f All Nati(ns,-W- he most imperative conditions
tfter stability, se, perfect facilities for drain,
jje and for vcutjiiation ; another, though scarce
ly subordinate proviso, is economy. The man
., ho can construct house which shall re
Pfl external tnif mliiy, and allow of a constant
tnd gentlojcha of atrnosTdiere at any cr.n-
It was now Saturday, and onlv a few
more were allowed for receiving lenders.
before an approximate estimate of the expense
could be formed, the great glass manufacturers
and iron masters of the nort h had to be consult,
ed. This happened to be dies mirahilis the
third, tor it was the identical Saturday on which
the Sunday postal question had reached itscii-
sis ; and there was to be no delivery next dav!
But in a country of electric telegraphs ? and of
indomitable energy, time and difficulties are
annihilated, and it is not the least of the mar
vels in the connexion with the great edifice,
that by" the aid of railway parcels and the elec
tric telegraph, not only did aU the gentlemen
summoned out of Warwickskire and Stafford
shire appear on Monday morning at Messrs.
Fox and Henderson's Office, in Spring Car
dens, Loudon, to contribute their several esti
mates to the tender of the whole ; but within a
week, the contractors had prepared every de-s
tailed working drawing, and had calculated the
cost of eveiy pound of iron, of every inh of
wood, and of every plane of glass.
There is no one circumstance in the history
of the manufacturing enterprise of the English
nation which places in so strong a light as this
its boundless resources in materials, to say no
thing of the arithmetical skill in computing at
what cost, and in how short a lime, those ma
terials could be converted to a special purpose.
What was done in those few days ? Two par
ties in London, relying on the accuracy and
good faith ot certain iron-masters, glass-work-ers
in the provinces, and of one master car
penter in London, bound themselves for a cer
tain sum of money, and in the course of some
four months, to cover eighteen acres of ground,
with a building upwards of a third of a mile
long (1851 fee the exact date of the year.)
and some four hundred and fifty feet broad. In
order to do this, the 'glass-maker promised to
supply in the required time, nine thousand
square feet of glass, (weighing more than four
hundred tons) in separate panes, and these the
largest that were ever made of sheet glass ;
each being forty nine inches long. Th - iron
master passed his word in like manner to cast
in due liuie4hrHe thousand three hundred iron
columns, varyilrgijom fourteen and a half feet
in length ; thirty four Utiles of guttering tube,
to join every individual column together under
the ground ; two thousand two hundred and
twenty-four girders (but some of these are of
wrought iron;) besides eleven hundred and
twenty-eight bearers for supporting galleries.5
every drop of rain glides down from the glass,
anrj passes through the transverse gutters into
the; hollow columns. These longitudinal gut
ter? are formed at the tops of the girders ; for
thel roof is self supporting. This is not all:
in converting a conservatory for plants into a
resort for breathing beings, and a depot for ar
ticles emphatically "to be kept dry ;" internal
as well as external moisture must be drawn
ofT: the bieaih of myriads of visitors, con
densed against the glass, would otherwise re
luui in Scotch mists. That difficulty partly
dictated the V like form of the ceiling. Mr.
Paxton ascertained that vapors ascending to
glass inclined to a slope of one foot in two feet
and a half, do not 'condense in stparate drops
and descend again, but slide down over the
smooth surface. To receive them, therefore,
he grooves each rafter under the inside of the
glazing. Into those grootes the condensed
breath of "all nations" will fall and be con
veyed into the transverse gutters; thence
through the: columns into the jurisdiction ol
lbir honors the Commissioners of; Sewers.
We must now give proof thai the floor is a
Woiks and Ways Committee of the Midland
Railway to try an offending pointsman'. This
was the first leisure moment-he had "been able
to secure since he resolved to plan the great
building. At the end ol the tabby stood the dub
pril ; and, upon it, before the Chairman was
invitingly spread a virgin sheet of blotting pa
per. As each witness delivered his evidence
Mr. Paxton appeared to be taking notes with
uncommon assiduty ; and when the case closed!,
one of his colleagues turned specially to hint,
" As you seem to have noted down the whole
of the -evidence, we will lake the decision froitl
"The truth is," whispered the Chairman,
" I know all about this adair already, having
accidentally learned every particular last night.
This" hecoutinued, holding up the paper, " is
not a draft of the pointsman's case, but a del
sign for the Great Industrial Building to be,e
rected in Hyde Park."
The pointsman was left ofF with a fine, and
before evening the blotting paper plan had
found its way into Mr. Paxton's office at; Chats
worth. By the help of that gentleman's ordi
nary assistants, elevations, sections, working
deiails and specifications, were completed in
ten days. . - i
When he made his next appearance at the
Derby station, at the end of that lime, Mr. PaX
i ton had the complete plans under his arm. -'
There was not a minute to spare, for the train
was nn I he noinl ot start inr. and the Roval
Commissioners met the next , morning, fte j The carpenter undertook to get ready within
entered the carriage, and. to his extreme dd- ! 'he specified periodrtwo hundred and five miles
light, he found one of the greatest and most in
fluent ial engineers of the day a member,
moreover of the Royal Commission who was
i going to London by the same train.
This is extraordinarily lucky !" he exclaim
' ed ; " for I want you to look over a few plans
and a specification of mine."
Accordingly the plans were unrolled, ,
" There they are," said the impromptu archi-
ventilator and a dust trap. It is laid four feet
above the sward of the park. A series of sub
terraneous lungs are thus provided, and air is
admitted to them, by means of louvres, fixed in
ihe outer walling of the building. These be
ing made to open and shut like Venetian blinds;
will admit much or little air, which gently
passes through the seams of the open "flooring,
and circulates over Ihe building. Finally,
through the openings of the floor, the daily ac
cumulations of dust will be swept into the
sjace below by a machine, which Mr. Paxton
has invented for that purpose.
Enough has now been said to indicate ra
ther than to describe how each part of the build
ing " plays many parts," and how, consequent-
l I i t I 1 k Vft I
iy, incalculable saving has been enecied in
time and money. It is hardly necessary tore
peat, that the interior of ihe edifice is ihe most
expansive covered space in the world.
That a Palatial Exhibition building, provi.
ding a total exhibition surface of twenty-two
acres, and affording space for nine miles of ta
bles, shall have been put up in four mouths, for
less than penny farthing a cubic foot, would
in itself make 1651 famous in ihe history of
enterprise, if nothing else were to happen to
stamp it as pre-eminently "ThJ Industrial
Year.'' From it will al least be dated a new
eta in building.
secure "freeholds and a home" to all
sorts of relugees from abroad ? does not
his whole course tend simply to deprive
the citizens of his own State of any hope
of relief, but by abandoning the loved
scenes of their youth, and swelling the
tide of emigration to the more favored 1
regions of the west ? The allusion of the j
Standard to the Representatives from
iMassachusetts and Vermont was intend
ed for effect ; we are asking not for fa
vors, but for justice.
This question of a distribution of the
public lands has been so long and so ably
discussed before the people, that there is
scarcely a reading man in the country
who has not formed a settled opinion for
or against the measure. The principle is
solain as a matter of right, that it is to
be wondered at that any reasonable man
should oppose it. The public lands were
ceded by the old States, in trust, ia the
General Government, for specific purpo
ses. These purposes have been answer
ed, and a large surplus remains. The old
Slates demand as a right, they do not ask
it as a " favor," that the remainder shall
be distributed equally amongall the States
of the Union, or at any rate Used for the
general benefit. Justice 1ms been delay
ed by the refusal to make this equal dis
tribution ; and the very policy which the
editor of the Standard so beautifully ad
vocates, has aided the scheme of enrich
ing the new States out of tWs fund, while
the original donors, for the most part.
tbr Republic's article :" but as Mr. Cling-"
man has acqoired a position of some pro- '
minence as a Southern WhigVwe will make
use of some of its citations Which fortun
ately snpply their own commentary. "
Mr. ClingmanV there is strong reason 4o J
believe; is now on the balancing point be-
tween ihe two g:reat parties) andit is sup- '
posed that his particular ambition is to be '
elected to the Senate of the !U. States by
the aid of the Democratic party, of his '
State, which he cannot expect to retain a ? ,
majority in the Legislature. ( The cqnjec-
lure furnishes a ready clue to the intrica- :
cies of his present position. It is, in no -small
degree, confirmecLby the following
dictum in his late speech : 1- '
There can be no doubt, Mr. Chairman, ' "
the Whig and Democratic parties, once
essentially divided as to measures, have
now become mere factions."'
Now, then, for some of Mr. Clingman's
inconsistences. And first with regard to ;
the tariff. Mr. Clingman says in 1S51 :
"Few persons appreciate the entire
amount of-'the burden which our (tariff) .
system has imposed on the country."
And he estimates this "burden which, ,
he argues, is chiefly borne by the South-
em States, to be more than r seventy jive
millions." Of course, Mr. Clingman's ob-
jections are urged more agajnst the pro
tective tariff of 1842 than against itssuc
cessor the tariff of 1840. But hear what
he had to say in the 23th Congress, in
1814. after the tariff of 1812 was exhibi
ting its full operation : '
"This favorable state of oUr finances
has been produced, thus far without any
practical injury having resulted to any
section of the country. Not only cotton,
but all of other productions command a
better price than they did before the pas
sage of the tariff, while foreign articles
which we import and consume are gene
rally cheaper. I believe I might say in
variably so." 1
On the same occasion, he maintained
That we should have " incidental pro
tion to our manufacturers and artizans, to
sustain our own industry against the op
pressive regulations of others, and coun
teract, as far as practicable,' the hostile re
strictions of foreign nations.
Thus, as a Whig, in 1844, he directly
advocated the principle of protection, and
argued that instead of injuring, its opera
tion was beneficial to Southern interests.
As an agitator. tn 1851, he contends that
the South is, through the tariff, annually' '
paying an immense and oppressive? trib
ute 1 ' !' '
But, with respect to the Compromise,
measures, and the general qpeslion of the
advantages of the Union. Mr. Clingman
is even more glaringly inconsistent. He
denounces the Compromise bills as a sur
render," which will exclude the South
from all participation in the Territories,
and yet asserts that the Abolition party
gained no victory by their passage ;. he
declares that the additional strength gain
ed by the Free States may lead to an over
throw of the government, and yet denies
that the Southern States have anything
to apprehend ! All this appears in the
; following citations from the speech ot a
In the first part of the speech, where he
is discussing in his peculiar way the tarid
question, he says :
"The legislation over the. territory ac
quired from Mexico, the bills then passed
l-tnt-A I r banf tf - r- rw I 1 -x n. dtt ti w a 4 i n -
. u ... o u u u .u tr . r wre, in my judgment, not as their friends
its benefits, buch has been the effect of! . f . aj e -
a " Virginia abstraction," and such is the
effect of the principle advocated by the
editor of the Standard. If, therefore, he
shall receive full credit for his courage.
he need not be surprised if it is obtained
at the expense of its reputation for sound
When the article upon which we have
been remarking, first appeared in the
Standard, it attracted our attention, but
a pressure of business prevented us from
noticing it at that time. It was brought
claim for them, measures of compromise.
but bills oj surrender. In their legal op
eration they exclude the slaveholders of
the South from the occupation of every
foot of that territory. This is ihe settled
opinion of every northern member of eith
er party on this floor. It is also the opin
ion of a majority of southern members."
And again :
" While, therefore, I cannot too strong,
ly denounce the acts of the last session in
relation to the Mexican territory. I do nor.
nor have I ever pretended, that they would
be followed by any great immediate prac-
MMe temner'uflure. and at the lowest cost
content witri'j "durahIy, is, -of course, the jiecl; " look over them, and see if they will do
fr'tice pf btiifderk Now, in order to be eco- br the great Building for eighteen hundred and
nicai, hj must necessarily so manage, that fitly-one!"
On oiflir viilo Vt (ifrKto onrnpctlr I i L n
Representatives on the last day of the true gvvjss soldjer We'have been not
session, not an account of its unpopular.- ft mc ,e tQ acCQunt (Qf he WQn.
ty, as vve fondly hope, but because of the , (erfu, m the yiews of the R b.
limited time for action. It could not be n - Qn . rf t- . . f. .
en up without a suspension of the rules, t. , . np at ,vu:u'
'wh ol his malf fials shall perform as many dif
.rent funclonj jas it is possible for it to per
I'rm frciifaUyp! Pnbm, when he set a
yut lh riw Victoria Regia house guided by
yfeyioiij nudy ipd experienee, and forced into
,,lw expedients py the peculiarities of ihe ex-
nary tenant he was building for had
,,sCom nn rroJio-iiif Th reull i. shown
" hii :ne effort the great Buildingthat
"l wall and foundations are hot simply walls
n(l foundation but 'ventilators and drains as
; Jell. f I isjj r o k are not simply roofs ; but, be.
' bV mogt ei tensive of known skylights, are
'W and heal adjuster. His sash bars do not
BI hold the p1is together, but are self sup-
Tn,n2. and his! rafter form nerfeel drains for
ih sides of ihe elas for riaimmr ofT imern. i no siffn of pleasure or surprise appeared. Al
ll.lt I 4t n I !L. ' ..... l ' I . v l . . I ! I....ik mm n t Vi a ! m v ikn . trr nil Ail ntt rto to 11 Tl I n a
,rP" and aid
iliing ij. w
" For whal 7" asked the engineer, looking
at his fiiend with a serio-comic surprise of iri
credulity. - j
" I am serious."
" But you are foojate ; the whole thing is set
lied anil decided."
" Well, just see what you think of them."
There was a dead taciturnity ; the .Royalj
Commissioner wewt over ihe plans slowly and;
carefully; their originator narrowly watchingj
their effect on his mjnd. Ii was an anxious mo
ment for the one ; for upon the opinion of the
other no little depended. At first there was
not much toaugifr from. The drawings were
scanned with no more than business like atten
tion. No word of commendation was uttered;
nits also. Hif floofj are dust ! bundle, he threw ihem into iheopposite seat.
The. Standard and the Distribution of the
Our readers are aware that the bill
making an equal distribution of the pub
lic lands among the several states for the
' . c u i . a :x r.. .. i-,u:.i., ,v i 14. f .1 . u:u ,.
u sasil-oai ; iiuui mi; 101 an aira ui i u 1 1 1 v -1 u i c irneill ui UJC I ill l IL tr u i i usn ur, v uiuu JdSi- ,1 ...J.- .u:Ul U . 1
f . J 0 ' l the npw rlncl r nps vvn rh bfnas psnnuserl
millions of cubic feet ; besides enormous quan- ed the Senate, was lost in the House of I "... . 1 . u,a , ,,' ,;. ,
tities of woodeu walling, louvre work, and par- 1 Representatives on the last day of th
The public have long known what followed;
Mr. Paxton's Glazed Palace was eventually
chosen unanimously; not only by the Building
Committee, but by the Royal Commission.- lrtK,c" 1 1 . a 8USPc?' lue,U1?' j lution that we can arrive at, which will
Some modifications, W2re; however, adopted. ant ol"er Diness requiring more peeciy QQn honest CQm js Q
It was decided that the most revered of .he j act,on having been left td the close of the thfU whjle one p.rson lms been lhe
trees were to be admitted into ihe Industrial j session, a motion to take "up was lost by a ; ostensibIe edilor aM the timef another, a
hmldinT : and the central transept the apex j Vote of yeas 108, nays G8 not two thirds !nii- npmn(.r!,t --,ik. n,rnniM hi
of whose curvilinear roof is one hundred and: as required. At then ftt prpspnt The hypothesis is
1 c f. .l I 1.:... F... ! anil hulll'O tho Kill Wl II IIP nnfiull . ' . . . J 1
Vr,. i" r t c" . strengthened by the fact, that the editor
The editor of the btandard, in announc- of he Standar3f whom hp so rPCPnt, t!e.
mg this lact. takes occasion to express bis ! hed lQ ftUackf anJ vho jn turn wmmfm
opposition to the measure, and indeed to;., derided him for hjs ..cakes- and
any distribution of the public lands ; and , MgjJ has takpn the pditor of lhe
lie laivca gicad uicuu tu uiiuscii iui iiis
there is one man who has the cou
ro to' tn frillnw nrininl ftrft t n fin rat
transDarency is astounding for its cheapness. , ,
dually less costlyhan an agricultural j regard ess ot consequences,
barn or an Irish cabin ! A dmsionV its su- I Wei , we commend the "courage which
perficies in cubic fee. by lhe sums to be paid , dares to follow principle and do right.
Lit, brings out the. astonishing quotient, of ; regardless ot consequences : but it is not
little more than halfpenny (nine-sixteenihs of j always that those whomake the profes
a penny) per cubic foot ; supposing it to be la- ! sion, possess the reality. The ties ot par
ken down and returned to the contracters when ty, the desire for popularity, the pride of
to our attention again by seeing it copied
into the Halifax Republican, ihe editor of , ca injury to us."
which, who was whilom a Whig, now. Short lyafter. Mr. Clingman says :
giones in iue support 01 uemocrauc mea
sures and men ; and though, when a
Wb i i,: ,.,;,u
"u'e "c aun,u,iru WUTO ",,,J i the tree soil or Abolition party
earnestness wnicn oespoKe an nonest con- j - The Abolition party staked itself on
viction that be was in the right, he seems j the passHaP of a positive act of exclusion,
no less zealous now in bis advocacy oflviz: The Wilmot proviso or JefiVroniMn
J ' - v - - ' W f w f
I do not pretend that this exclusion
cotrid be claimed as a political victory by i
the Free soil or Abolition party."
twelve feet from the ground Va contrived by
Mtt Paxton for their inclosure. In August the
space in Hyde Park was boarded in; and the
first castings for the iron columns were deliv.
ered on the fourteenth ol September, j Yet,
when these pages meet the reader's eye, the
cheapest, most gigantic and substantial slrijc-
ture ever dreamt of, will be nearly ready for
If for nothing else, this tremendous pile of
v.iwu.ww.. v. , . , i gmger pop, has taken the editor of the reauires it. That
kes great credit to h.msell (ot his npjhlican into his special favor, am! ! nTtl "re it no
age" m opposing ,t. lie says : "We i heP seem jus, ow , 'be a ver). oving j ?
-I that paper (.lie Krgister.) .hat . CJ pe. HJwt.VFr this bewe ,X
ic nna m c r ll hue tho ,nrii. i . . - . 1
sorry that the Standard has found even
such an ally in an effort to shut North
Carolina from a due participation in the
benefits which are to flow from the pub
lic lands, a large portion of which .she
ceded to the General Government, and all
of which she contributed largely to pro
cure. liillsboroi Recorder.
Thus he saves lime as well
ll Kegia house, which combines
too! oflhaad'va ntairpa linv hlailr uraa fin.
Jed in aeteniV VVPpLa' lta-tf(i limrt anil incl frin -
k J . ... Ml i
"urrat.l v i.riLj .. I .u i i .
V. ,r iM'"iiri, iiiuii I lie siruurirM
...... i 1 T ' " " T - -
While Mr. S
i ventilation. Lastly, his whole j exclaiming" Wonderful ! worthy of the lhe cxn.o.uon is or. yr. u - ...F' "I'r "
i -. . J' ' , rv, ... , . i i ,1.- ,ato nf onst will h rather les3 than ; PSinHnpnpps whir.h are. ton ant to warn
h ie in etiurse ot construction, iri mairniticence ol Uhatswortn ! a tnousano t . . . Z , ww - r
d . . 1 J nn. In.. Hh aI a n.nnV HAT Tl I I1 i I An ,t tl-is nnlmnc ft
a penny aim uc. icii.u ui a ptimj rv" , line juugiucut auu a v a j iijc vjpiwiuiia ui
foot. The ordinary expense of a barn i more . men. Has the courage of the Standard
than twice as much, or two pence hall penny i fc.een proo agdinst these 7
ner loot. Here are toe Dgures : i ue euuet
edifice contains thirty three millions of cubic
feet. If borrowed and taken down, .the turn
to be paid is seventy nine thousand eight bun
dred pounds : if bought, to become a wihler
garden, one hundred and filly thousand pounds.
The smallness of cost is due to the principle
we have previously explained, of each compo
nent of the building being endowed with more
na r...t.i i i .
in . " fff r ""use, u iioi war was rugmg
Mnd6n abokia site for ihe new huildinrr for
rJ iV 11 n P f jf t nn e n o t the Art and. Industry
. TPS' .Ill, lailVII N U KAUCI
limes belter than any thing that has been
brought before us I Whal a pity they were hot
prepared earlier !"
" Will you lay them before the Royal Corn
mission t" . I
w&tonedconsflvatorv that has ever been built. The value of this promise and of thi favor
it. I . . . . i . A . . . . . . . ' . i .
able expression of opinion winch would doubt
less accompany its performance, will be best
understood when we divulge to the reaper that
the gentleman who made it was Mr.
Shortly before the adjournment, Mr.
Clingman, of North Carolina, made his an
nual speech. His subject, this time, was
The Standard savs that "the public no less imposing than "the future policy
lands belong to the States jointly ; and it : of the Government. The Washington
is the duty of Congress, as the agents of j Republic has taken the trouble to make
the States, to manage them to the best j an elaborate and thorough review. of this
advantage for the good and benefit of the discourse, which, for inconsistency with
whole." This is the true policy; but is ! itself and with the lormeriy prociatmeu
it adhered to bv the Standard and his
party T Year after year 4arge amounts
opinions of the. speaker, is really a curios
ity. We have, not room for the -whole of
. .......... w . . M a - v. i UICVUOIUII
it was driven from this ground, being de
feated on a direct vote."
Next, as to the reasons for Southern ap-
" When Texas is filled up by our emi
grants, they cannot be prevented from
passing the Rio Grande and revolutioniz
ing the neighboring province's. They are
destined to be occupied by our siavebold
ing population. It will fill up all the
country around the Gulf, including the
peninsula of Yucatan, and, perhaps the
northern portion of the South American
continent. This state of things will be
likely to occur even before our interest
requires it. That, whether jt be desirable
power on this continent
exico is altogether too
overnment itself cannot
do it. It had as weli attempt to curb the
waves of the ocean. 1 sny, boldly, lhatifk
the Government makes the effort, it. will
itself parish in the attempt:
"No sane man can imagine that we
need have serious fears of an attack from
either the northern States or any foreign
"There is reason to fear that the addi
tional strength given the free States rriay
at a future day embolden them to make
an attempt upon us which will result in
the over'hrow of the Government."
AH which the Republic happily con
trasts with the following passage from' a
speech delivered by Mr. Clingmnn in 1847.
Then, speaking of disunion, be said : -.
lt would be vain, however, for usl on
either bide, to hope for such prosperity as
we have hitherto enjoyed If the stream
of oar national existence should be divU